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Die ander doelwitte van John Wilkes Booth se sameswering oor moord

Die ander doelwitte van John Wilkes Booth se sameswering oor moord

Abraham Lincoln was maande lank by John Wilkes Booth in gedagte voordat hy besluit het om hom van naby af in 'n verduisterde teater op 14 April 1865 te skiet. Rondom Abraham Lincoln se herverkiesing in November 1864, begin Booth teen die president, wat hy verafsku het oor sy standpunt teen slawerny en om oorlog te voer teen die Suide. Aanvanklik het die bekende akteur gehoop om Lincoln te ontvoer, na Richmond te bring en hom te ruil vir Konfederale krygsgevangenes. Die val van Richmond op 3 April 1865 en die oorgawe van die Konfederale generaal Robert E. Lee 'n paar dae later het hom egter nog meer ingrypende optrede laat oorweeg.

En die president was nie sy enigste doelwit nie.

Booth het die aand van 14 April, net twee uur voordat hy Ford's Theatre binnegegaan het, by 'n losieshuis met drie makkers - Lewis Powell, David Herold en George Atzerodt - vergader en sy nuwe plan onthul: sluipmoord. Na die belofte om self vir Lincoln te sorg, het hy na bewering die minister van buitelandse sake, William Seward, aan Powell en Herold en vise -president Andrew Johnson aan Atzerodt toegewys. Booth wou moontlik ook Ulysses S. Grant vermoor, wat Lincoln die aand na die teater genooi het, maar die top -generaal van die Unie het Washington vroeër die dag verlaat.

Powell (20), 'n voormalige Konfederale soldaat gewond op Gettysburg; Herold (22), 'n aptekerassistent; en Atzerodt (29), 'n Duitser wat in Duitsland gebore is, was almal betrokke by die ontvoeringsplot (saam met 'n handjievol ander Konfederale agente en simpatiseerders). Ondanks 'n paar twyfel wat Atzerodt by die vergadering uitgespreek het, het die drietal Booth ten volle bedoel om moord te pleeg, sou die aanklaers later beweer.

LEES MEER: 10 dinge wat u nie mag weet oor die sluipmoord op Lincoln nie

By die huis van Seward binne 'n klipgooi van die Withuis aangekom, lui Powell die deurklokkie en beweer dat hy 'n voorskrif het vir die minister van buitelandse sake, wat bedlêend was, en herstel van 'n vervoerongeluk. 'N Bediende laat hom inkom en reik uit om die medisyne te aanvaar, maar Powell sê dat hy streng beveel word om dit persoonlik af te lewer. Daarna begin hy sy pad na bo druk, met die bediende en een van die seuns van Seward wat gestroom het om die onstuimigheid te ondersoek. Toe die seun weier om hom verder te laat gaan, het Powell gemaak asof hy terugtrek, maar hy slaan sy pistool uit en trek die sneller. Gelukkig vir die seun het dit misluk, maar ongelukkig vir hom het Powell dit in 'n stomp wapen verander en hom so erg op die kop geslaan dat hy in 'n tydelike koma verval het.

Powell het daarna sy aandag op Seward se lyfwag gerig, met 'n mes op hom geslaan en hom op die vloer gedruk. Slegs die dogter van Seward, wat per ongeluk haar vader se ligging aan Powell onthul het, staan ​​nou tussen hom en sy teiken. Die vermoorde moordenaar spring maklik by haar verby, spring op die bed van die minister van buitelandse sake en begin woes afwaarts steek en sy wang en nek oopsny. Maar voordat hy 'n doodskoot kon opdoen, het die lyfwag en nog een van Seward se seuns hom afgetrek en hom uit die kamer geworstel. Skreeu: "Ek is mal, ek is mal!" Powell sny weg na albei met sy lem. Uiteindelik vermoeiend van die stryd, hardloop hy af en uit die huis en gee 'n laaste steek op die rug van 'n weerlose boodskap van die staatsdepartement - sy vyfde slagoffer, wat almal sou lewe.

Herold, wat veronderstel was om buite te wag om hom na veiligheid te lei, is bang vir die wilde gille wat uit die huis kom. Sonder sy kohort het Powell vinnig verdwaal. Sommige historici bespiegel dat hy uiteindelik in 'n nabygeleë begraafplaas oornag het.

LEES MEER: Die laaste dae van John Wilkes Booth

Intussen, terwyl Powell en Booth hul bloedige stormloop uitvoer, sit Atzerodt by die kroeg van die Kirkwood House, 'n hotel met vyf verdiepings, net 'n entjie se stap van beide Ford's Theatre en Seward se woning af. Atzerodt, wat dwaas 'n kamer daar in sy eie naam gehuur het, het gehoop om 'n mate van moed te skep voordat hy na die boonste verdieping gegaan het om vise -president Johnson te vermoor, wat daar af en toe gebly het sedert sy inhuldiging van die vise -president. Daardie aand was Johnson alleen en onbewaak in sy suite - 'n sittende eend.

Tog was Atzerodt, hoewel hy gewapen was met 'n geweer en 'n mes, nie aan die deur te klop nie. In plaas daarvan het hy na buite gegaan en dronk deur die stad begin ronddwaal, uiteindelik omstreeks 02:00 by 'n ander hotel ingegaan. Daarna het hy sy geweer die volgende oggend verpand en na die huis van sy neef in Maryland gegaan, onbewus daarvan dat ondersoekers reeds 'n tweede keer gevind het geweer en mes in sy kamer in die Kirkwood House, asook 'n bankboek van Booth. Nadat hy op 20 April in hegtenis geneem is, erken Atzerodt sy rol in die komplot en het hy sy mede-samesweerders ingelig.

Teen daardie tyd is Powell ook in hegtenis geneem nadat hy by die koshuis van Mary Surratt, 'n vertroueling van die Booth, opgedaag het met 'n pik en bloedvlekke op sy moue. Herold hou 'n bietjie langer op die lam. Die twee ontmoet Booth in Maryland en slaag daarin om 12 dae lank 'n massiewe federale jag te ontduik voordat hulle by 'n plaashuis in Virginia opgespoor word. Booth is daar doodgeskiet, terwyl Herold ongedeerd oorgegee het. Tog was die uitstel slegs tydelik. 'N Militêre tribunaal het hom skuldig bevind, en op 7 Julie is hy saam met Surratt, Atzerodt en Powell opgehang.

LEES MEER: Wie het die beloning ontvang vir die opname van John Wilkes Booth?


Die mans agter president Lincoln se sluipmoord

Die berugste sameswering in die Amerikaanse geskiedenis, die moord op president Lincoln, was eintlik John Wilkes Booth se "plan B". Met sy medepligtiges het Booth 'n ander plan uitgewerk waarin die president ontvoer en na Richmond, die Konfederale hoofstad, gebring word, waar hy as 'n bedingingsbrief gebruik sou word. In Maart 1865 sou Booth en Lewis Thornton Powell en mdashwho later probeer om die minister van buitelandse sake, William Seward, en mdashmade te vermoor, terwyl hy van sy presidensiële somerhuis na 'n geleentheid in 'n hospitaal in Washington reis. Hulle het hulself weggesteek langs die pad na die hospitaal, maar Lincoln het verkies om eerder 'n ander funksie by te woon en hul planne te laat vaar.

'N Maand later luister Booth en Powell hoe Lincoln 'n toespraak naby die Withuis maak. Booth ontsteld oor die boodskap van Lincoln, wat sy oortuiging uiteensit dat ten minste sommige vrymanne die reg moet gee, het Booth sy plan verander van ontvoering tot moord. Teen daardie tyd is meer samesweerders by sy plan gevoeg. John en Mary Surratt van Maryland, 'n Konfederale spioen en sy ma, het 'n ontmoetingsplek vir Konfederale simpatiseerders besit. David Herold, wat Booth later sou help met sy ontsnapping uit Washington, was 'n voormalige skoolmaat van John Surratt. George Atzerodt, eienaar van 'n karavaanvervaardigingsonderneming in Virginia, ken die agterhout en waterweë van Maryland en Virginia beter as enigiemand anders. Hy is deur Surratt aan Booth voorgestel. Dr Samuel Mudd was 'n geneesheer en tabakboer uit Maryland, wat Booth aan die Surratts voorgestel het. Samuel Arnold en Michael O'Laughlen (wie se naam soms as O'Laughlin voorkom) was voormalige skoolmaats van Booth's en die Konfederale veterane.

Nadat hy oor 'n sluipmoord besluit het, organiseer Booth haastig sy mede-samesweerders. Booth self sou die taak kry om die president in Ford's Theatre te skiet, terwyl Powell die minister van buitelandse sake, William Seward, en Atzerodt, Andrew Johnson sou doodmaak. Die drie sluipmoorde moes almal net na 22:00 plaasvind.

Volgens die kenner van Lincoln, Hugh Boyle, het Booth voor hy die Ford's Theatre binnegegaan by 'n taverne gestop om te drink. In die taverne het 'n beskermheer vir hom gesê dat hy nie die akteur was wat sy pa was nie. Booth se antwoord was: "As ek die verhoog verlaat, is ek die bekendste man in Amerika." Kort daarna skiet Booth Lincoln in die agterkop op 'n blitslose afstand. Op dieselfde oomblik sluip Powell by die huis van William Seward in terwyl David Herold na hul perde kyk. Powell moes eers 'n manlike verpleegster en Seward se dogter afveg voordat hy die minister van buitelandse sake met 'n Bowie -mes aanval. Terwyl Seward bloei, moes Powell met Seward se seun en 'n koerier van die staatsdepartement te doen kry. Hy het die koerier se keel afgesny en daarna na buite gegaan. Toe hy op straat was, ontdek Powell dat Herold tydens die oproer saam met die perde gevlug het en hom gestrand het.

Atzerodt, aan die ander kant, bevind hom op die vasgestelde tyd in die hotelkroeg van Kirkwood House, waar Andrew Johnson gebly het. Atzerodt, vol drank en nie in staat was om sy rol in die plot uit te voer nie, het die aand van 14 April in die strate van Washington rondgeswerf.

Benewens Booth, wat deur die Union -kavallerie in die hoek gebring is nadat hy na Virginia ontsnap het, is agt samesweerders verhoor weens hul aandeel in die sluipmoord. Vier van hulle, Herold, Powell, Atzerodt en Mary Surratt, is gehang. Michael O'Laughlen is na 'n strafkolonie buite Key West, Florida, gestuur waar hy uiteindelik aan Yellow Fever gesterf het. Dr Samuel Mudd is tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf gevonnis, maar is in 1869 begenadig. Edmund Spangler, 'n werknemer van die Ford -teater wat deur Booth onbewustelik in die erf ingetrek is, is deur Andrew Johnson begenadig. John Surratt het daarin geslaag om na Europa te ontsnap, waar hy as 'n vlugteling gewoon het totdat hy in 1866 aangekeer is. Hy is in 1916 dood, maar nie skuldig bevind nie.

Die nasie rou

Klaagliedere het van elke kansel in die Unie gekom terwyl predikers van regoor Amerika hulde bewys aan die gevalle president.

"Dit is te betwyfel of die nasie 'n ander verstand gehad het wat beter gekwalifiseer is as syne om tydens die ampstermyn te worstel met die groot behoeftes van die presidensiële amp. 'n skerp, byna onfeilbare oordeel oor 'n testament waarin plesier en sterkte in 'n enkelvoud saamgevoeg is. "

& mdashRev. J.A. McCauley, Baltimore, Maryland

'Net soos die werk wat Abraham Lincoln in die bevryding van hierdie nasie uit die bedreigde gevaar van sy anargie en ondergang verrig het, sal sy plek in die geskiedenis nie beperk word deur die beperkte grense van die dankbaarheid van een nasie nie tyd, een van die tydperke, waaruit die wêreld die begin van 'n nuwe era in die voortgang van God se voorsienige leidrade van die ras van die mens sal dateer. "

& mdashRev. J. F. Garrison, Camden, New Jersey

"Hoe anders was die geleentheid wat getuie was van sy vertrek as van sy terugkeer! U het ongetwyfeld verwag dat u hom aan die hand sou neem en die warm greep kon voel wat u in ander dae gevoel het, en die hoë vorm onder u sien loop u was verheug om te eer in die afgelope jare, maar hy was nooit toegelaat om te kom totdat hy met stom en stil lippe kom, die raam omhul en 'n huilende nasie as sy rouklaers volg nie. "

& mdashRev. Matthew Simpson, Springfield, Illinois

"Ons geliefde president is dood! Vir ewig vir ons verlore! Vir ewig verlore vir sy land! Wat is daar so dierbaar dat u dit nie vrywillig sou gegee het om hom vir die nasie te red nie? Ek weet dat daar duisende patriotte is, die taal van wie se harte vandag is: 'Sou God dan vir jou gesterf het!' Ek is seker daar is diegene wat hier was, wat, as die Almagtige God hulle die keuse sou gegee het, sou gesê het: 'Neem my kind, my enigste kind, maar, o God, spaar die hoof van die nasie.' Ek ken die diepte van u liefde vir ons vermoorde president, en daarom vra ek u om vandag saam met my te huil terwyl ons sy laat verhouding met ons as 'n volk beskou. wat Moses vir die kinders van Israel onderhou het. ”

& mdashRev. John Falkner Blake, Bridgeport, Connecticut

"Nog nooit het die normale eenvoud van Amerika in groot vreugde of diepe droefheid oorgegee aan sulke grootse glorie nie. Die groot fonteine ​​van openbare droefheid is opgebreek, en 'n hele volk het hul president aangekondig om in stilte terug te keer na die stof van die weiveld. "


Die sluipmoord -sameswering wat nie sou sterf nie

Daar is 'n merkwaardige parallel tussen die huidige eise vir die vrylating van die geheime lêers van die Warren-kommissie en 'n huiskomitee wat die moord op president John F. Kennedy ondersoek het, en 'n woede oor lang verseëlde dokumente oor die moord op Abraham Lincoln 'n eeu voor.

En as hierdie parallel voortduur, is daar 'n ernstige teleurstelling vir diegene wat beweer dat hierdie lêers die bewys lewer-'n magiese stuk papier, 'n dokument wat onberispelik was-dat Kennedy die slagoffer was van 'n omvattende sameswering eerder as van Lee Harvey Oswald, die enigste gewapende man wat deur die Warren -kommissie gevinger is.

Maar soos in die Lincoln -geval, sal ware gelowiges in so 'n plot nie afgeskrik word deur die gebrek aan bewyse nie. As 'n vasberade en passievolle ras, sal hulle hulself oortuig, net soos in die Lincoln -moord, dat bewyse van 'n sameswering ontbreek omdat die bewyse vernietig is om die samesweerders te beskerm.

Die druk op die vrylating van die lêers in die Kennedy-saak spruit voort uit die woede wat veroorsaak word deur die omstrede film van Oliver Stone, & quotJ.FK, & quot. Stone en ander langtermyn-samesweerders wat aankla dat Kennedy die slagoffer was van 'n sameswering wat 'n wye reeks verdagtes: die CIA, die FBI, opvolger Lyndon B. Johnson, die Mafia, reaksionêre miljardêr in Texas, die militêr-industriële kompleks, Fidel Castro en anti-Castro Kubaanse ballinge of al die bogenoemde.

In die jare na Lincoln se sluipmoord op 14 April 1865 het baie Amerikaners eweneens geweier om die amptelike weergawe wat die moordenaar, John Wilkes Booth, aanvaar het, met die uitsondering van 'n klein groepie handlangers, alleen op te tree.

Hulle was eerder oortuig dat Lincoln die slagoffer van 'n sameswering was. Op een of ander tyd word gesê dat Booth gehelp, ondersteun en beheer is deur magte so uiteenlopend soos die Konfederale regering, die Katolieke Kerk, die Vrymesselaars en radikale Republikeine wat gekant was teen Lincoln se beleid om die verslane Suide te versoen.

Hierdie aanklagte het in 1937 tot 'n val gekom toe Otto Eisenschiml, 'n welgestelde chemikus in Chicago, 'n boek gepubliseer het, "Waarom is Lincoln vermoor?" Wat die verantwoordelikheid vir die presidensiële sluipmoord direk op Edwin M. Stanton geplaas het, wat in die kabinet van Lincoln as sekretaris gedien het van oorlog.

Deur bewyse te manipuleer en gelaaide vrae as voorstelle op te stel, het Eisenschiml 'n saak opgestel wat Stanton saamgesweer het om sy opperhoof te vermoor om seker te maak dat die Suide as 'n verowerde provinsie behandel word en dat die Republikeinse Party in beheer van die land bly.

Soos in die film van mnr. Stone, was daar net genoegsame suurdeeg in die opspraakwekkende boek van Eisenschiml om die oningewydes te oortuig van die waarheid van sy aanklagte. Slegs diegene met 'n gedetailleerde kennis van die aangeleentheid kan sy 'getuienis' en die feit van fiksie weerhou.

Verdere vuur is verskaf deur 'n ander verslag, wat twee jaar later deur Philip Van Doren Stern gepubliseer is, "The Man Who Killed Lincoln."

Stern vertel dat 'n vriend van Robert Todd Lincoln in 1923 die president se seun besoek het en gevind het dat hy papiere in 'n kaggel verbrand het. Volgens Lincoln sou hierdie papiere die bewyse bevat van verraad deur 'n lid van die kabinet van sy vader.

Nadat hy hierdie verhaal vertel het, het mnr. Stern bygevoeg dat die Lincoln -koerante, wat deur Robert Lincoln in die Library of Congress neergelê is, in 1947 geopen sou word. In daardie jaar het hy gesê: "Ons sal uitvind wie dit was aan die kabinetstafel verraai die president en die mense wat hy bedien het. Miskien sal ons selfs 'n verband kan vind met die mans wat die verantwoordelikheid vir die moord op Abraham Lincoln met John Wilkes Booth gedeel het. & Quot

Maar toe die koerante uiteindelik in 1947 geopen word, is niks met betrekking tot die sluipmoord ontdek nie.

Dit het die samesweringsteoretici egter nie gestuit nie. Of Robert Todd Lincoln belangrike bewyse vernietig het of dat sulke bewyse nog nooit in die laaste groot versameling Lincoln -vraestelle bestaan ​​het nie, 'het mnr. Stern in 'n latere uitgawe van sy boek geskryf.

Die prentjie van Robert Lincoln wat brand en 'bewyse' is onmiddellik opgeneem in 'n nuwe groot samesweringsteorie, en dit blyk op 'n perverse manier te bevestig. Ongetwyfeld kan ons die herhaling van hierdie verskynsel verwag as die dokumente in die sluipmoord op Kennedy ongedaan gemaak word.

Nathan Miller is die skrywer van & quotSpying for America: The Hidden History of American Intelligence, & quot en ander boeke.


Die ander doelwitte van John Wilkes Booth se sameswering oor moord - GESKIEDENIS

George Atzerodt (1835 – 1865) was een van die samesweerders, saam met John Wilkes Booth, wat saamgesweer het in die sluipmoord op president Abraham Lincoln in 1865. Sy oorspronklike bedoeling was om Andrew Johnson, die vise -president, dood te maak, maar hy kon nie hierdie plan uitvoer as gevolg van 'n senuwee -mislukking. Atzerodt is saam met drie ander samesweerders in die plot gehang weens die misdaad.

Persoonlike lewe

Die gesin van Atzerodt emigreer in 1843, toe hy nog 'n kind was, uit Duitsland na die Verenigde State. Op volwassenheid vestig hy hom in die klein dorpie Port Tobacco in Maryland, waar hy 'n onderneming stig wat waens herstel. Sy lewe het die volgende paar jaar rustig verloop totdat hy na Washington, DC gereis en John Wilkes Booth ontmoet het. Atzerodt het gedurende sy kort lewe nooit getrou nie.

Die sameswering

Terwyl hy in Washington was, het Booth voorgestel dat Atzerodt by hom moes aansluit in 'n poging tot die lewe van die president. Aangesien Atzerodt later tydens sy verhoor sou bely, was hy bereid om van vroeg af by die sameswering aan te sluit. Booth het Atzerodt die taak gegee om die vise -president, Andrew Johnson, te vermoor, en op die oggend van 14 April 1865 het hy by die Kirkwood House -hotel in Washington aangekom. Dit was dieselfde gebou waarin Johnson gewoon het.

In die geval het die senuwees van Atzerodt hom in die steek gelaat, en hy kon nie die moed bymekaarskraap om voort te gaan met sy plan om Johnson dood te maak nie. In plaas daarvan het hy na die kroeg van die hotel gegaan en baie gedrink. As gevolg van die gevolge van sy dronkenskap het hy die hele nag deur die strate van Washington gestap. 'N Kroegman het egter agterdogtig geraak toe Atzerodt hom uitgevra het oor die plek van die vise -president, en het aan die polisie gesê dat 'n man met 'n grys jas (Atzerodt) agterdogtig lyk.

Die volgende dag, nadat die moord op die president in die Ford & Theatre plaasgevind het, het die militêre polisie opgedaag om Atzerodt se kamer te deursoek. Hulle het vinnig vasgestel dat sy bed nie die vorige aand beset was nie en dat 'n Bowie -mes en 'n gelaaide rewolwer onder die kussing weggesteek is. Boonop het hulle ontdek dat een van Booth se bankboeke in die kamer was. Vyf dae later, op 20 April, is Atzerodt gearresteer in Germantown, Maryland, waar hy by 'n neef skuiling gesoek het.

Verhoor en straf

Kaptein William Doster, wat Atzerodt in die hof verteenwoordig, beweer dat sy kliënt 'n grondwetlike lafaard was, en dat hy om hierdie rede eenvoudig nie in staat was om die vise -president te vermoor nie. Hy het verder beweer dat Booth hom dus nie daardie pos sou gegee het nie. Die hof het hierdie argument verwerp, en Atzerodt is skuldig bevind en ter dood veroordeel deur op te hang. 'N Rukkie later bely Atzerodt aan 'n minister in sy sel wat die minister later gesê het dat Atzerodt hom meegedeel het dat Booth se oorspronklike plan was om die president te ontvoer.


Hierdie week in die geskiedenis: William Seward aangeval in die sameswering van John Wilkes Booth

Die Bowie -mes wat Lewis Powell gebruik het in sy onsuksesvolle poging om William Henry Seward te vermoor, word op Union College in Schenectady, N.Y., op Woensdag 21 November 2001 vertoon. Jim Mcknight, Associated Press

Die aand van 14 April 1865 - dieselfde aand as wat president Abraham Lincoln vermoor is - was die minister van buitelandse sake, William Seward, ook die slagoffer van 'n sluipmoordpoging. Beide mans, sowel as Andrew Johnson, die vise -president, is geteiken deur die sameswering van John Wilkes Booth.

Seward was 'n prokureur en politikus uit New York, en uiteindelik het hy gouverneur geword en daarna Amerikaanse senator. (Sy huis in Auburn, NY, spog met 'n kaggel wat deur 'n jong Brigham Young gebou is.) Tydens die krisis van 1850, toe baie suidelike state gedreig het om van die Unie te skei as Kalifornië as 'n vrystaat toegelaat word, gee Seward sy beroemde 'Higher Law' ”-Toespraak, waarin hy aangevoer het dat basiese moraliteit selfs 'n hoër wet is as die Amerikaanse grondwet, en dat die voortgesette praktyk van slawerny teenstrydig was met basiese moraliteit.

In die middel van die 1850's, toe dit blyk dat die land nie nader aan die oplossing van die fundamentele probleme van slawerny was as in 1850 nie, het Seward en verskeie eendersdenkende politici die Republikeinse Party gevorm. Toe die party in 1860 sy konvensie gehad het om sy kandidaat vir president aan te wys, was baie oortuig dat dit Seward sou wees. Na 'n paar behendige politieke manoeuvreer, het Lincoln die benoeming gekry en gou vir Seward gevra om as sy minister van buitelandse sake te dien.

Die twee mans het gedurende die Burgeroorlog ten nouste saamgewerk en het mekaar baie bewonder. Dit was Seward wat aan Lincoln voorgestel het dat hy wag tot na 'n groot oorwinning van die Unie voordat hy die emansipasieverklaring in 1862 uitreik, sodat dit nie lyk asof die Unie net probeer om die slawe uit wanhoop te bevry as gevolg van die swak militêre situasie nie. Met die einde van die oorlog in sig, het Seward vroeg in April 1865 by 'n vervoerongeluk betrokke geraak wat sy kakebeen gebreek en sy skouer ontwrig het.

In dieselfde maand het John Wilkes Booth sy afskuwelike planne teen die Amerikaanse regering bevorder. Booth se oorspronklike plan was nie 'n sluipmoord nie, maar hy wou eerder sleutellede van die regering ontvoer en vir losprys hou teen die vrylating van Konfederale krygsgevangenes. Nadat genl Robert E. Lee op 9 April oorgegee het aan Ulysses S. Grant by Appomattox Courthouse, het Booth sy oorspronklike plan in wraak verander.

Die mede-samesweerders van Booth was 'n vreemde klomp: daar was die apteker se assistent David Herold, die in Duitsland gebore herstelman George Atzerodt en die konfederale spioen John Surratt. Die bont bemanning het gereeld by die huis van Surratt se ma, Mary, se voormalige soldaat Lewis Powell ingesluit.

In sy boek "Manhunt: The 12-Day Chase for Lincoln's Killer" het historikus James L. Swanson geskryf: "Lewis Powell, 21-jarige seun van 'n Baptiste-predikant, het in Mei 1861 as privaat in die Tweede Infanterie in Florida aangestel . Powell, 'n aantreklike, goed gespierde sesvoet, toon 'n voorbeeld van die beste wat die Konfederale weermag kon versamel. Hy was 'n lojale, gehoorsame en hardvoogige soldaat en het baie aksie gesien totdat hy in Julie 1863 in Gettysburg gewond en gevange geneem is.

Die plotters het besluit dat Booth in die nag van 14 April op Lincoln sou teiken, Atzerodt Johnson sou vermoor en Powell Seward sou vermoor. Atzerodt het 'n kamer bespreek in die Washington, DC hotel waar Johnson tuisgegaan het, maar kon nie die moed vind om op te tree nie. In plaas daarvan het Atzerodt dronk geword in die hotelkroeg.

Powell was egter vasbeslote om sy deel van die plot uit te voer. In 'n sekere sin het Powell dit baie makliker as sy mede -samesweerders gehad. Terwyl Booth en Atzerodt moes improviseer om presies uit te vind waar Lincoln en Johnson sou wees wanneer hulle wou toeslaan, het Powell presies geweet waar om Seward te vind. Die minister van buitelandse sake was besig om te herstel in sy huis in Washington. Buiten die belangrike feit was Powell egter in die duister. Waar in die huis was Seward? Wie anders was saam met hom in die huis? Hoe sou Powell toegang tot die huis verkry?

Saam met die oorkant van die stad deur Herold, wat oorkant die straat gewag het, klop die veteraan van Gettysburg aan Seward se voordeur. Seward se bediende, 'n jong vry swart man met die naam William Bell, antwoord. Powell het aan hom verduidelik dat hy medisyne vir Seward het en dit persoonlik moet aflewer, aangesien hy spesifieke instruksies van die dokter moet oordra vir die gebruik daarvan.

Toe Bell weier en verklaar dat die staatsekretaris slaap, het Powell stewig die kamer binnegegaan en verby Bell gestoot, hoewel hy steeds volgehou het dat hy daar was om medisyne af te lewer. Toe hy boontoe kom (dit was onwaarskynlik dat Seward op die grondvloer herstel), het Seward se seun Frederick hom voorgekeer en vir hom gesê dat hy die medisyne kan neem, maar Powell sal nie in die kamer van Seward opgeneem word nie.

Die twee mans het vir 'n paar oomblikke gestry toe Seward se dogter Fanny uit 'n sykamer kom en aandui dat Seward binne slaap. Dit lyk asof Powell berou het en begin weer met die trappe afbeweeg toe hy skielik omdraai en 'n pistool van 0,36 kaliber in Frederick se gesig steek. Die geweer het 'n fout gemaak, en alhoewel nog 'n paar rondtes gelaai is, het Powell in sy frustrasie die geweer hard op Frederick neergesit in plaas daarvan om te skiet. Die krag van die impak het die geweer beskadig en dit was nutteloos.

Bell bout by die voordeur uit en skree in die straat “Moord!” Toe hy dit hoor, vlug Herold. Saam met Seward was sy weermagverpleegster, privaat George Robinson, self 'n herstelde gewonde veteraan. Robinson het die gang binnegegaan om te sien wat gebeur. Toe die deur oopgaan, draai Powell weg van die stryd om Frederick te slaan en steek Robinson in die kamer vas. Met sy mes sny Powell na die weermagverpleegster en sny sy voorkop. Fanny trek tussen Powell en Seward in en smeek Powell om nie haar pa dood te maak nie.

Hierna het Seward opgewonde geraak en Powell opgemerk en later onthou dat sy gedagtes bloot was dat sy aanvaller 'n mooi jong man was en opgemerk het "van watter aantreklike lap wat die jas gemaak is."

Powell het na Seward gespring en met sy mes begin kap. 'N Diep sny in sy wang lewer groot hoeveelhede bloed op. Seward het 'n metaaltoestel gedra om sy kakebeen op sy plek te hou, en sommige het teoretiseer dat dit die aanvalle van Powell suksesvol afgewyk het, wat andersins maklik in sy halsader kon gesny het. In haar boek, "Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln", het historikus Doris Kearns Goodwin geskryf:

“Fanny se gille bring haar broer Gus in die kamer toe Powell weer op Seward kom, wat deur die houe op die vloer geslaan is, Gus en die beseerde Robinson daarin geslaag om Powell weg te trek, maar nie voordat hy Robinson weer geslaan en sny Gus op die voorkop en die regterhand. Toe Gus na sy pistool hardloop, het Powell by die trap afgebars en Emerick Hansell, die jong boodskapper van die staatsdepartement, in die rug gesteek voordat hy by die deur vasgebout en deur die strate van die stad gevlug het. ”

Seward, Bell, Robinson, Hansell en Seward se seuns het almal die aanval van Powell oorleef, hoewel sy vrou net twee maande later gesterf het, en die opgewondenheid van die aanval het haar gesondheid verwoes. Volgens baie mense was haar begrafnis 'die grootste byeenkoms wat ooit die begrafnis van 'n vrou in Amerika bygewoon het', volgens 'Team of Rivals'. Die volgende jaar sterf Seward se dogter, Fanny, aan tuberkulose, slegs twee maande voor haar 22ste verjaardag. Seward het volkome herstel, alhoewel hy vir die res van sy lewe die litteken op sy wang gehad het. Hy het tot 1869 as minister van buitelandse sake gedien, veral met die verkryging van Alaska vir die VSA in 1867. Hy sterf in 1872.

Powell het van die toneel van die sluipmoordpoging gevlug en vir drie dae weggekruip en uiteindelik opgedaag om by Mary Surratt skuiling te soek. Sy tydsberekening kon nie erger gewees het nie. Hy het aangekom net toe die federale owerhede haar in hegtenis geneem het vir haar aandeel in die plot. Sy identiteit is gou ontdek en hy is ook gearresteer.


Die geheime komplot teen Lincoln

Soos ons dit histories ken, het die uiteindelike einde van die planne met betrekking tot Lincoln tot 'n hoogte gekom toe hy vermoor is. Dit was egter nie die aanvanklike doel wat John Wilkes Booth en sy onderneming bedoel het vir hul erf nie. Die moord op Abraham Lincoln het uit wanhoop tot stand gekom, in teenstelling met die gevolg van 'n suksesvolle militêre strategie. Trouens, die moord was die derde poging om Lincoln se welstand te beplan.

Toe John Wilkes Booth die Konfederale hubs in sy omgewing begin versoek het, was sy aanvanklike voorneme met die president 'n ontvoering. Die eerste plot begin in die herfs van 1864 ontvou, waartydens die Konfederasie veld verloor en die oorlog. Alhoewel argumente aangevoer is dat president Jefferson Davis self al die Lincoln -erwe goedgekeur het, was daar nooit genoegsame bewyse om die twee te verbind nie.

Alhoewel president Jefferson Davis nie amptelik afgeteken het op die pogings wat Lincoln gedoen het nie, was diegene wat daaraan deelgeneem het Konfederale soldate en simpatiseerders. Om die afnemende Suide se hoop op oorwinning in die Burgeroorlog te versterk, het John Surratt en John Wilkes Booth hul pogings gekoördineer in 'n plan om Lincoln op 18 Januarie uit die Ford -teater te ontvoer.

Hierdie eerste ontvoeringsplan is gestaak voordat dit begin het. In wese het John Wilkes Booth beplan om Lincoln met sy geassosieerde te oorrompel, hom te bind en hom dan op die verhoog te laat sak voordat hy in die nag kon ontsnap. Die meeste is dit eens dat hierdie plan onprakties, gate vol was en geen kans op sukses sou hê nie. Ongeag of John Wilkes Booth werklik van plan was om hierdie klug voort te sit of nie, sal nooit bekend wees nie, want Lincoln het weens swak weer die nag tuis gebly.

Dit was twee maande later dat 'n tweede ontvoeringsplan saamgestel is, met 'n baie meer redelike plan. Daar is ontdek dat Abraham Lincoln op 17 Maart 'n optrede van Nog steeds loop waters diep by 'n hospitaal. Dit bied 'n geleentheid wat John Wilkes Booth en sy onderneming nie kon laat vaar nie.

John Wilkes Booth het ses medepligtiges gewerf om aan die ontvoering deel te neem. Die plan was om Lincoln se koets in 'n hinderlaag te lok terwyl hy op pad was na die opvoering, langs die buitewyke van die stad. Hy sou nie net sonder 'n betekenisvolle beskermingsdetail wees nie, maar dit sou hulle ook die geleentheid gee om oor die Potomac na Konfederale gebied te ontsnap.

Hierdie tweede ontvoeringspoging sou ook nie gebeur nie. Terwyl hul tweede geheime komplot 'n beter geloofwaardigheid van uitvoering gehad het en beslis 'n geringe kans op sukses gehad het, is hul plan gefaal. Weereens, in plaas van die optrede by te woon, het Abraham Lincoln besluit om op die laaste oomblik sy planne te verander, in plaas daarvan om 'n regiment van Indiese vrywilligers wat na die stad terugkeer, te hersien.

Wat was die bedoeling van die geheime planne?

In die herfs van 1864, toe John Wilkes Booth met sy mede-samesweerders begin saamwerk, het die Suide 'n verlore stryd gevoer. Met die stop van die handel in krygsgevangenes, word die Suide verswak met 'n gebrek aan troepe om hul magte aan te vul. Confederate agents, including John Wilkes Booth and his company, took it upon themselves to aid the army in any way they could.

Had the kidnapping attempts on Lincoln been successful, they would have spirited him away to a Southern territory. There he could be propped up as ransom to the Union, forcing them to provide a massive influx of Confederate soldiers to be released in exchange for their President’s safe return. As one of the Confederacy’s greatest weaknesses at the time was a shortness of manpower, this boon would lengthen the Civil War for an indefinite amount of time.

While the kidnapping attempts would have, in John Wilkes Booth’s eyes, given victory to the Confederacy, the failure to complete either kidnapping attempts created a desperate situation. With time running out on the Confederacy’s hopes for victories, assassination became Booth’s final option. He hoped that, by eliminating three of the Union’s most prominent and powerful figures on the same night, they would cripple their morale, structure, and resolve, effectively resurrecting the South’s hopes of victory.


The Lincoln Assassination Conspiracies

Many are acquainted with at least one good JFK assassination conspiracy, but fewer are aware of the alleged plots involving the Lincoln assassination. His murder, which took place 150 years ago this Apr. 14, prompted a number of very different conspiracy theories.

Any theory that gained more than a handful of credulous adherents had to agree with the overwhelming evidence that John Wilkes Booth, the famous actor and Confederate sympathizer, was the assassin. Beyond that point, however, things began to take different trajectories, and Booth’s alleged co-conspirators ranged from the somewhat plausible to the fascinatingly bizarre.

A Vice Presidential Conspiracy

It’s only natural for a Vice President to want to become President, and there’s one quick and easy way to accomplish that objective. Andrew Johnson, who became President after Lincoln’s death, was an immediate target for conspiracy theorists, according to William Hanchett, author of The Lincoln Murder Conspiracies.

One titillating detail is that, on the afternoon before the assassination, Booth paid a visit to the hotel where Johnson resided. He didn’t meet Johnson, but left a card saying, “Don’t wish to disturb you are you at home?”

Lincoln’s widow, Mary Todd Lincoln, wrote in a letter to a friend that her: “own intense misery, has been augmented by the same thought – that, daardie miserable inebriate Johnson, had cognizance of [her] husband’s death – why, was that card of Booth’s, found in his box?”

She added that she was “deeply impressed, with the harrowing thought, that [Johnson] had an understanding with the conspirators…Johnson, had some hand, in all this.”

Even before the assassination, it was no secret that Mary Todd Lincoln disliked ‘that miserable inebriate Johnson,’ who had been disgracefully drunk at Lincoln’s Second Inaugural on March 4, 1865. Her dislike, combined with the trauma of her husband’s murder and Johnson’s benefiting from it, easily could have distorted her viewpoint.

However, some members of Congress did express suspicion that Johnson had been involved, and in 1867 a special committee was formed to investigate his possible role. This committee did not find enough to incriminate Johnson, and it’s very possible that the congressional “suspicion” was just an attempt to remove him from office.

It is commonly accepted that there was a plot to kill Vice President Johnson along with President Lincoln. However, Johnson’s would-be assassin, George Atzerodt, lost his courage and, instead of killing the Vice President, got drunk and wandered the streets of D.C.

Did Johnson arrange this abortive attempt on his life, just to make himself look like an intended victim instead of a conspirator? Some thought so.

The Cotton Investor Conspiracy

There is evidence that, during the Civil War, Lincoln violated the official Union trade blockade by allowing a select group of Northerners to invest in Southern cotton. The President did this to “head off national bankruptcy and finance the Union war effort,” according to Leonard Guttridge and Ray Neff, authors of the Lincoln conspiracy book, Dark Union.

When Lincoln began to waver in his unofficial position on allowing trade with the Confederates, there were investors who stood to lose a lot of money – perhaps enough to kill over.

The Eisenschiml Theory

Otto Eisenschiml, born in Austria in 1880, was a trained chemist and oil tycoon who developed a fixation on the Lincoln assassination. Following nine years of research, he published Why was Lincoln Murdered? – a book which argued that Lincoln’s murder was orchestrated by his own Secretary of War, Edwin Stanton. The book sold very well, whether or not its readers fully believed the contents.

Eisenschiml contended that Stanton covertly teamed up with a small group of people looking to profit by taking over Southern territory. He claimed that Stanton, who headed the manhunt after Lincoln’s killing, purposely left open an escape route for Booth, whom he then ordered killed before the assassin could go to trial (and possibly reveal Stanton’s involvement).

Though Stanton and Lincoln had their political disagreements, there also was a good deal of respect between these two men, and most historians contend that Eisenschiml’s theory is groundless.

Killed by Resentful Northerners

Shortly before his death, Lincoln was aggravating many Northern politicians with a Reconstruction policy which they regarded as being far too lenient and forgiving. Well over 300,000 Union lives had been sacrificed to defeat the Confederacy, and now Lincoln was allowing Confederate officials to return to positions of considerable power.

Ben Wade, a senator from Ohio, said about Lincoln before he was shot: “By God, the sooner he is assassinated the better.” Though such a remark does not make Wade a conspirator, it does reflect a sentiment that some politicians of the North had toward Lincoln and his Reconstruction policies.

A Catholic Conspiracy

When, some 19 months after the assassination, Booth co-conspirator John Surratt, Jr. was tracked down by American officials in Alexandria, Egypt, it was revealed that he had served in the Papal Zouaves, a now-defunct army that had fought on behalf of the pope.

His mother, Mary Surratt – in whose boardinghouse the Lincoln murder plot was engineered – was a Catholic, and there were rumors that Booth himself recently had converted to Catholicism. These details, combined with sensationalist, inaccurate reporting that all the arrested conspirators were Catholic, led many to proclaim that Lincoln’s murder was the work of a Catholic conspiracy, one possibly leading all the way to the Vatican.

Ensuing decades would see a succession of works, some authored by discontented ex-priests, arguing that the Catholic Church had Lincoln assassinated because they wanted to destabilize an American democracy which they felt was a threat to their power.

The grand Catholic conspiracy theory was enduring. As recently as 1963, Emmett McLoughlin, a former Franciscan priest, wrote An Inquiry in the Assassination of Abraham Lincoln, a book which implicated the Vatican for Lincoln’s murder.

Of course, the same year McLoughlin’s book saw publication, JFK was assassinated, and a whole new world of intrigues and conspiracy theories came to the national forefront.


Misinformation and Conspiracy Theories about the Lincoln Assassination

Today, most historians and the general public agree that John Wilkes Booth, one of President Abraham Lincoln&rsquos favorite actors, headed the conspiracy to murder the President, cabinet officers and Vice President Andrew Johnson. Throughout the 149 years since the Lincoln assassination, some Americans &ndash and even some historians &ndash have found it difficult to believe that John Wilkes Booth, a mere actor, could orchestrate such a horrible crime. That one individual, acting with a rag-tag assemblage of comrades, could actually change the course of history and fell a national hero at the height of his popularity and at a time of great celebration, seems far-fetched to many.

Emotions ran high and misinformation flowed in the weeks and months following the assassination, as newspapers that will form part of Ford&rsquos Theatre&rsquos Remembering Lincoln digital collection (for which I serve as an advisor) make clear.

The morning of Lincoln&rsquos death, the Nashville Union, a newspaper in Tennessee&rsquos capital that opposed secession, headlined its story about the assassination with &ldquoThe Rebel Fiends at Work&rdquo&mdashimplicitly linking Booth&rsquos deed to something beyond his small group. Meanwhile, the April 19, 1865, Demopolis (Alabama) Herald not only celebrated Lincoln&rsquos death but erroneously (like many other newspapers) printed that Seward had perished, and, unlike other newspapers, that Lee had defeated Grant. Most other newspapers mourned Lincoln and printed whatever information&mdashtrue or false&mdashthat they received.

A false report in the Demopolis, Alabama, Herald on April 19, 1865, reporting that not only had both President Lincoln and Secretary of State Seward had died, but that Robert E. Lee&rsquos Confederate army had defeated Ulysses S. Grant&rsquos Union army. Courtesy Alabama Department of Archives and History.

This high emotion and misinformation of that immediate moment provided fertile ground for conspiracy theories, both then and in the future. Scapegoats beyond Booth and his small group emerged in the minds of many.

Given the context of Confederate defeat, it was not surprising that suspicion fell on Confederate President Jefferson Davis if not Davis, then perhaps Judah P. Benjamin, the Confederate Secretary of State. Not only was Benjamin a tried-and-true Rebel, but he also was Jewish and, allegedly, had connections to the Rothschilds&rsquo banking empire in Europe. European bankers were concerned about the Lincoln&rsquos trade policies, supposedly, and Benjamin was motivated further by revenge. Besides, many believed, &ldquothis is what Jews do.&rdquo

Keep in mind that the Republican Party contained a virulent anti-immigrant wing, formerly the Know-Nothings, with clear anti-Semitic and anti-Catholic overtones. Many of the convicted conspirators, including Mary Surratt, were ardent Catholics.

The fact that John Surratt turned up at the Vatican after he fled the United States helped cause false speculation that the Pope was involved in the Lincoln assassination. Courtesy Library of Congress Prints & Photographs, LC-DIG-cwpbh-00483.

This led to the theory that the Pope, or at least some high-placed Roman Catholics had a hand in Lincoln&rsquos assassination. Irish immigrants generally opposed the war and supported the Democratic Party. A bloody riot in New York and other cities in 1863 against the Republican-initiated draft featured violence by Irish residents. The theory received further credence by the fact that Lincoln had once defended a priest against the Bishop of Chicago. And John Surratt, the son of Mary Surratt, fled the United States and, oddly, turned up at the Vatican.

But those conspiracy theories did not stop in the frenzied days following the assassination. Perhaps the most lasting of the conspiracy theories was the Eisenschiml thesis. Otto Eisenschiml was not a historian. He was an Austrian-born chemist who emigrated to the U.S. in 1901 and became an oil company executive in Chicago. After nearly a decade researching Lincoln&rsquos assassination, he published Why Was Lincoln Murdered in 1937, claiming that Secretary of War Edwin Stanton masterminded Lincoln&rsquos assassination.

Otto Eisenschiml falsely alleged that Secretary of War Edwin Stanton (pictured) masterminded the conspiracy to kill President Lincoln. Courtesy Library of Congress Prints & Photographs, LC-DIG-cwpbh-00958.

As &ldquoproof,&rdquo Eisenschiml offered several circumstantial pieces of evidence. First, Stanton had a motive: he was worried that Lincoln&rsquos moderate proposals for southern reconstruction would let the former Confederate states off too easily for the carnage they initiated.

Second, Union general Ulysses S. Grant had planned to attend the play at Ford&rsquos Theatre with the President on the night of April 14 but Eisenschiml alleged that Grant cancelled when Stanton ordered him out of Washington. Further, Stanton had allegedly turned down the President&rsquos request to have Major Thomas T. Eckert serve as his bodyguard for the evening. Following Booth&rsquos dramatic exit from the theatre, Stanton closed all bridges from the city, except one &ndash the Navy Yard Bridge &ndash which Booth took as his escape route. Stanton also allegedly ordered that Union soldiers should kill Booth rather than arrest him. And, finally, investigators noted 15 pages torn from Booth&rsquos diary, deliberately ripped out by Stanton, Eisenschiml claimed.

So powerful were these allegations that Eisenschiml&rsquos book appeared on most Civil War graduate seminar reading lists through the 1970s. But not a shred of hard evidence has corroborated Eisenschiml&rsquos thesis in the ensuing eight decades.

This is far from the end of Lincoln conspiracy theories, especially in the Internet age, but, unlike with the Kennedy assassination, a majority of Americans are in agreement with the consensus of professional historians that John Wilkes Booth murdered Abraham Lincoln and led the conspiracy to assassinate other members of the administration without outside direction.

David Goldfield is Robert Lee Bailey Professor of History at the University of North Carolina Charlotte. He serves as an advisor on the Remembering Lincoln digital project. Learn more about him here.


Editorials about the Death of John Wilkes Booth, Lincoln’s Assassin

The assassination of President Abraham Lincoln on 14 April 1865 by John Wilkes Booth, a 26-year-old actor and fervent Southern sympathizer, shocked and saddened the North. This same reaction was felt by many in the South as well – no American president had ever been assassinated before (although an attempt was made on the life of Andrew Jackson in 1835).

Photo: John Wilkes Booth, c. 1865. Credit: Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division.

Just five days prior to Lincoln’s assassination, Confederate General Robert E. Lee had surrendered the Army of Northern Virginia, and it was apparent the nation’s bloody four-year nightmare, the Civil War, was at last coming to an end. Just as the nation was beginning to turn its thoughts beyond war to reconciliation and reconstruction, the president who was to lead the way was suddenly gone.

Photo: marker at site of John Wilkes Booth’s capture in 1865, on U.S. Rt. 301 near Port Royal, Virginia. Credit: JGHowes Wikimedia Commons.

After a furious 12-day manhunt Booth himself was shot dead on 26 April 1865, after being discovered hiding in a barn in northern Virginia. Two days later, the following newspaper editorials were published, one by a Northern paper and one by a Southern, both lamenting the death of Lincoln and castigating Booth.

Philadelphia Inquirer (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania), 28 April 1865, page 4

Hier is 'n transkripsie van hierdie artikel:

THE DEATH OF J. WILKES BOOTH.

“They that take the sword shall perish by the sword.” Retaliation is, in many respects, a natural human emotion, and when aspirations for vengeance are most fierce, the lex talionis, “an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth,” seems to be agreeable to the mind. In the history of the terrible circumstances which attended the assassination of the late President of the United States, the curious mind will not fail to notice that the manner of the death of the victim and the assailant was nearly similar. President Lincoln was killed by a ball from a pistol, which entered his head in the left side, back of the ear. John Wilkes Booth, the murderer, was shot on Wednesday last by soldiers who were pursuing him, severely in the same part of his body. Exactly what President Lincoln suffered, John Wilkes Booth suffered. It is in doubt from conflicting statements, whether he was sensible after he was shot. If he was not he expired as his victim expired. If he was, he endured in those two hours terrible tortures.

In the manner of their taking off there was much similarity, but in their mental conditions at the time of death the dissimilarity was great. The President was in a happy condition of mind the prospects of the country were cheering to him he had hope of speedy peace his heart overflowed with good will and kindness. At the moment of death he was enjoying the relaxation of the scene his mind was cheerful and his heart free from other than pleasurable emotions. The swift course of the bullet deprived him of consciousness, without warning, and it is not likely he ever knew the cause which deprived him of self-control. Take, on the other hand, the circumstances attending the subsequent career of the assassin. The moment of the murder was the only minute of happiness or exultation which he could have experienced. With the theatrical flourish of his knife, and the exclamation, sic semper tyrannis, his transitory joy ceased. Agitation, anxiety, the fear of pursuit followed.

In the long journey which succeeded, the precautions necessary to evade pursuit, the disguises assumed, the subterfuges resorted to, the concealments which were necessary, the assassin endured intense misery, knowing that the hue and cry would follow him wherever he should go, having cause of suspicion of each man who approached him, and bearing beside in his conscience the fearful curse of Cain. There were crowded in the twelve days which had elapsed since the assassination at Ford’s Theatre, emotions, thoughts and remorse equal to a lifetime of misery. Whilst it was the will of God that Abraham Lincoln should be removed from this life when his heart was lightest, and his hopes for the future were assuming pleasing shapes, it was also His will that John Wilkes Booth should be taken off after suffering, of a mental nature, which make of earth a hell.

The one was taken away like a flower suddenly plucked from the stem. The other was crushed like a wounded scorpion, stinging itself to death and expiring amid its fury by an enemy’s blow. The circumstances of the assassination and the punishment are remarkable, and prove the mysteries of Providence. There are many who would have preferred that the murderer should have died by the hands of the law, and they lament that the gallows has lost a victim. But the retribution has been remarkable, the retaliation for the crime almost identical with the incidents of its perpetration.

The capture of Harold (co-conspirator David Herold – ed.) is regarded by the Government as important. What his precise connection was with the crime is not generally known. He was, we presume, an accessory before the fact, and possibly one of the principals in the great conspiracy.

The Southern press editorialized about John Wilkes Booth as well. This article was published by the Meridian Clarion on April 22, before Booth’s capture, and reprinted by the Times-Picayune.

Times-Picayune (New Orleans, Louisiana), 28 April 1865, page 1

Hier is 'n transkripsie van hierdie artikel:

The Assassination.

The Meridian Clarion, of the 22 nd inst., contains the following:

We hope that the crime was not perpetrated by a Southerner, whom its very barbarity would disgrace. Such deeds could never do honor to the cause we espoused, nor to those who make themselves martyrs to madness. We are not his apologists but men have been as insane, as we deemed Lincoln, and yet history has attested their virtues. He deemed slavery a continental sin and the Union a continental necessity. His monomania was steadily pursued, even to the death of his enemies. We cannot, in view of the fact that Johnson must be his successor, approve the sentiments of those who make a crime, at the bare recital of which chivalrous courage shudders, the subject matter of rejoicing.

A previous number of the same paper says:

Wilkes Booth, we are told, was an actor in the Richmond Theatre. He is said to be an illegitimate son of the great tragedian. We regret the truth of this story, if it be truth. We deem the independence of the South eminently desirable, but never dreamed that it was to be achieved by assassins. Providence rarely rewards crimes against which humanity revolts, with the greatest blessings of which humanity dreams.

Let wel: 'N Aanlyn versameling koerante, soos GenealogyBank's


Treasure Hunting

What does John Wilkes Booth have to do with treasure you might ask? Well, there is a hidden treasure of a different sort waiting to be found by the persistent treasure hunter. This one isn't gold, silver, or rare jewels but items of historical value that would be worth more than their weight in gold.

During the twelve day manhunt for Lincoln's killer, Booth and his accomplice hid themselves in a pine thicket for five of those days. It was during this period that the horses, that J. Wilkes Booth and David Herold had ridden to make their escape from Washington D.C. after the murder of President Lincoln, were put down. The horses were killed still wearing the saddles, bridles, and bits used during the daring get away. While the leather has more than likely rotted away, the metal parts should still be intact. These items would be of immense historical value!

In a quicksand morass about a mile from the pine thicket lay the skeletons of the two slain horses. The question is where do you start searching? Well for our fellow treasure hunters in Maryland you can get a quick head start on the rest of us. The pine thicket was located about a mile west of Rich Hill which was the farm of Colonel Samuel Cox. With some internet searching I'm sure the farm and thicket can be located and a quick study of a topo map should narrow the search area down to manageable size. A quest of this sort might even be made into a History Channel show.

Now for you KGC conspiracy guys who believe that Booth didn't die as history records, but was killed Jan. 14th 1903 in Enid Oklahoma by none other than Jesse James aka J. Frank Dalton. I suggest you you read Manhunt by James L. Swanson. After reading this very well researched and written book I think you will come to the conclusion that Booth really did die as history says. The death of David E. George who was the Booth impostor who committed suicide in Enid in 1903 was colorfully woven into one of the many lies that Orvus Lee Houk told during his many years as a Dalton promoter.

I would be happy to help anyone interested in searching for the remains of the horses to narrow down the search area. I haven't taken the time to look for it myself, but I would enjoy the challenge. The exact spot Booth hid out in the pine thicket would also be a good spot to search. This could also be narrowed down to within 50 yards or so just from clues found in the book.


8. Lewis Carroll was Jack the Ripper.

To some, the author of Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland was no demure children’s book author. He could have been notorious serial killer Jack the Ripper. That was the theory offered up by author Richard Wallace, who assembled a laundry list of suspicious and potentially incriminating facts about Carroll in his book, Jack the Ripper: Light-Hearted Friend. Wallace believes Carroll—born Charles Lutwidge Dodgson in 1832—experienced traumatic events in boarding school that would plague him for the rest of his life. He also believes Carroll hid secret messages in his books in the form of anagrams that confessed to his involvement. Carroll was also geographically close to the sites of the Ripper murders.

Doubters pointed out that “confessions” could be extracted from Wallace’s own words in the same fashion—including incriminating statements about murder and even that Wallace was the secret author of Shakespeare’s sonnets.


Kyk die video: The Grave of John Wilkes Booth u0026 his Family at Green Mount Cemetery (Desember 2021).