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Sy -aansig van Arado Ar 234

Sy -aansig van Arado Ar 234

Sy -aansig van Arado Ar 234

'N Sy -aansig van die Arado Ar 234

Foto's met vergunning van World Military Aircraft


Arado Ar 240

Nazi -Duitsland (1938)
Multi-rol vegter-12

Agterkwartiertekening van die 240 [Luftnachrichtenhelferin] Die Ar 240 is ontwerp as 'n moontlike vervanging van die Me 110. Alhoewel dit aanvanklik groot potensiaal gehad het, was probleme met die hantering en meganiese onderbrekings te veel vir hierdie vliegtuig. Aangesien dit nie vir diens aanvaar sou word nie, is daar slegs 'n klein aantal gebou. Terwyl 'n paar deur die Luftwaffe gebruik is, was die gebruik daarvan beperk.

Geskiedenis van Arado

Werft Warnemünde, later bekend as Arado, was 'n vliegtuigvervaardiger wat tydens die Groot Oorlog, in 1917, gestig is as 'n filiaal van Flugzeugbau Friedrichshafen. In 1921 is hierdie onderneming gekoop deur 'n ingenieur, Heinrich Lübbe, wat meer geïnteresseerd was in die ontwerp en bou van skepe. In 1924 was dit weer besig met die ontwikkeling van vliegtuigontwerpe, hoofsaaklik bedoel vir buitelandse markte. Vir die pos van hoofontwerper, is Walter Rethel, wat voorheen vir Fokker gewerk het, gekies.

Werft Warnemünde sou in 1925 herdoop word na Arado Handelsgesellschaft en in Maart 1933 weer hernoem na Arado Flugzeugwerke GmbH. Op die oomblik is Walter Blume aangestel as die nuwe hoofontwerper. Tydens sy toesig is verskeie projekte wat later deur die Luftwaffe gebruik is, gebou, waaronder die Ar 66 -afrigter en die Ar 65- en Ar 68 -vegvliegtuie.

Aan die begin van die Tweede Wêreldoorlog was Arado meestal betrokke by die vervaardiging van gelisensieerde vliegtuie vir die Luftwaffe. Maar werk aan sy eie vliegtuigontwerpe is nie weggegooi nie. Die belangrikste van hierdie komende ontwerpe was die Ar 96 -afrigter, die Ar 196 -verkenningsvliegtuig en die Ar 234, wat die eerste operasionele straalvliegtuig ter wêreld sou word. Alhoewel dit 'n groot bydrae tot die Duitse oorlogspogings was, was die Ar 240 -ontwerp 'n mislukking.

Ontwikkeling van die Ar 240

Gedurende 1938 was die Duitse ministerie van lugvaart (Reichsluftfahrtministerium, RLM) geïnteresseerd in die ontwikkeling van 'n nuwe veeldoelige tweemotorige vliegtuig wat die Me 110 sou vervang. Behalwe Messerschmitt, wat met die ontwikkeling van die Me-210 begin het, sou die Arado-onderneming ook betrokke wees. Begin April 1939 of 1938, afhangende van die bron, het die Arado-onderneming 'n kontrak gekry vir die bou van drie prototipes van die nuwe veeldoelige vliegtuig wat aanvanklik E-240 genoem is. Die ontwikkeling van hierdie nuwe vliegtuig is uitgevoer deur 'n Arado-span ontwerpers en ingenieurs onder leiding van Walther Blume en deur Dipl.-Ing. Wilhelm van Nes.

Interessant genoeg, moontlik om redes soos goeie verbintenisse met die Nazi -party of die goeie reputasie van Arado as vliegtuigvervaardiger, het die RLM, selfs voor die voltooiing van die eerste prototipe, 'n bestelling van 10 ekstra prototipes gegee. Terwyl dit gebou sou word, is 'n aantal probleme geïdentifiseer wat die ondergang van die vliegtuig sou wees.

Tegniese eienskappe

Vooraansig van die Arado Ar 240 V3 prototipe. [Luftwaffe -hulpbronsentrum] Close-up van die uitgebreide klepstelsel [Luftnachrichtenhelferin] Die Arado 240 is ontwerp as 'n tweesitplek, tweemotorige, middelvlerk-eenvliegtuig. Die romp het 'n monokoque ontwerp en 'n beklemtoonde vel. Die romp was ovaalvormig, met die agterste deel meer rondvormig. Die agterste stert van die Ar 240 bestaan ​​uit twee vinne en roere, maar het ook duikremme geïnstalleer.

Die sentrale dele van die vlerke was reghoekig, terwyl die buitenste deel trapeziumvormig was. Die vlerke is gemaak met behulp van 'n tweedelige sparstruktuur. Die Ar 240 het kleppe van die Fowler -tipe gebruik wat die hele agterrand bedek het. Wat interessant is, is dat die Ar 240 -flappe met die ailerons geïntegreer is en dat hierdie konfigurasie voorheen op die Ar 198 getoets is. 'N Ander innovasie was die gebruik van outomatiese voorste latte, maar hierdie stelsel is slegs op die eerste paar prototipes gebruik en laat vaar later. Die vlerke het ook vier brandstoftenks aan elke kant gehuisves, met 'n totale brandstoflading van 2300 liter. Die brandstoftenks is gebou met behulp van 'n nuwe self verseëlende stelsel wat dunner tenkvoering gebruik het, wat die vliegtuig 'n groter brandstoflading kon toelaat.

Ar 240 vooraansig. Hierdie foto is geneem gedurende Maart 1944. [WarBirds Photos] Die kajuit -binnekant van die Ar 240. [WarBirds -foto's] Die kajuit was aanvanklik direk op die plek waar die vleuel wortel geplaas het. Na die derde prototipe is die kajuit vorentoe geskuif. Die kajuit het 'n rug -tot -agter -sitplek gebruik, met die vlieënier op die voorste sitplek en die radio -operateur, wat ook as die agterskutter gedien het, in die agtersitplek. Die Ar 240 -kajuit was heeltemal onder druk. Die kajuit was direk verbind met die romp, maar het 'n afdak wat in noodgevalle toegerus is. Die goed ontwerpte afdak het die vlieënier en bemanning 'n uitstekende uitsig rondom gegee.

Die Ar 240 het 'n konvensionele intrekbare landingsrat gebruik wat bestaan ​​uit twee voorwiele en een kleiner stertwiel. Die twee voorwiele trek uitwaarts in die enjinsnelle, terwyl die derde wiel terugtrek in die agterste romp van die stert.

Die Ar 240 is getoets met 'n aantal verskillende tipes motors, aangesien die ontwerper probleme ondervind het om 'n geskikte een te vind. Die prototipe-reeks is aangedryf deur Daimler Benz DB 601A en DB 603 A. Die later geboude A-reeks sal ook getoets word met 'n aantal verskillende enjins, waaronder die DB 601 A-1 en DB 603, BMW 801 TJ, ens.

Daar is verskillende wapens vir die AR 240 voorgestel, insluitend 'n paar op afstand beheerde verdedigingstorings. Die beheer van hierdie torings was hidroulies en hulle was toegerus met periskope wat gerig was. Die bomlading sou bestaan ​​uit ongeveer 1 tot 1,8 ton, onder die romp geplaas.

Ontwikkeling en gebruik van die Ar 240 -prototipe -reeks

Nog 'n blik op die V3 -prototipe. [Foto's van WarBirds] Nota: As gevolg van verskillende inligting, afhangende van die outeur, is die volgende inligting meestal van G. Lang geneem. (1996), Arado Ar 240, A Schiffer Military History Book.

Die eerste operasionele Ar 240 V1 prototipe (merk DD+QL), aangedryf deur twee 1,157 pk DB 601 -enjins, is vroeg in 1940 voltooi en is op 10 Mei dieselfde jaar getoets. Die volgende vlugtoetse is op 25 Junie en 17 Julie 1940 gedoen. In Mei 1941 is die enjins vervang met twee DB 603 E. Meer toetse is uitgevoer tot Oktober 1941, toe die prototipe om onbekende redes uit diens geneem is. Volgens M. Griehl is dit op 18 April 1941 vernietig. Die toetsuitslae van die Ar 240 V1 het getoon dat hierdie vliegtuig groot probleme met die kontroles gehad het en moeilik was om te vlieg, 'n neiging wat op alle Ar 240 -vliegtuie geërf sal word. .

Die tweede prototipe, V2, is ietwat gehul in geheimsinnigheid, aangesien die datum van sy eerste operasionele toetsvlug onbekend is. 'N Moontlike datum vir die eerste toetsvlug is 15 September 1940. Alhoewel dit nie duidelik is nie, het die V2 -prototipe waarskynlik die DD+CE -merke gekry. Arado -toetsvlieëniers het gedurende September 1940 verskeie vlugproewe gedoen. Teen die einde van Februarie 1941 is die Ar 240 V2 -prototipe na Rechlin verskuif vir toekomstige toetse. Teen Mei 1941 het die V2 -prototipe nuwe DB 603 -enjins ontvang. Terselfdertyd was dit ook toegerus met twee 7,92 mm (0,311 in) MG 17 en twee 20 mm (0,78 in) MG 151/20 kanonne. In November 1941 is hierdie vliegtuig aangepas om gebruik te word in duikbomproewe. 'N Bykomende verandering was die installering van twee DB 601 E -enjins. Die finale lot van die V2 -prototipe is nie presies bekend nie, maar dit is waarskynlik geskrap.

Die Ar 240 V3 (KK+CD) prototipe is die eerste vlug getoets op 9 Mei 1941. In vergelyking met die vorige twee prototipes het hierdie model die kajuit vorentoe laat beweeg. Die duikremme agter op die agterkant is vervang met 'n keël en ventrale vinne. Talle enjins is op hierdie vliegtuig getoets, waaronder twee Jumo 203 en DB 601 E. Vroeg in 1942 is 'n aantal drukajuit toetse op die V3 prototipe uitgevoer. Hierdie vliegtuig het ook gedien as 'n toetsbed vir die nuwe FA-9-afstandbeheerstelsel wat in samewerking tussen Arado en die DVL (lugvaartnavorsingsinstituut) ontwikkel is, maar dit was problematies. V3 sou operasioneel gebruik word as 'n verkenningsvliegtuig oor Engeland. Dit is bestuur deur Oberst Siegfried Knemeyer, en terwyl sy vliegtuig onbewapen was, kon hy danksy sy hoë spoed geen konfrontasie met Britse vliegtuie vermy nie. Die lot van hierdie vliegtuig is nie bekend nie, aangesien dit (afhangende van die bronne) in April 1944 of Mei 1942 verlore kon gaan.

Ry van drie Ar 240 prototipes. [Luftwaffe-hulpbronsentrum] Die V4-prototipe sou getoets word as 'n duikbommenwerpervariant. Die eerste toetsvlug is op 19 Junie 1941 uitgevoer. Dit is aangedryf deur twee 1,750 pk DB 603 A -enjins. Dit is aangepas met duikremme en kon tot agt bomme van 50 kg (110 lb) onder die romp dra. Die romp is ook verleng tot 13,05 m (42 voet 9 ¾ duim). Baie gedetailleerde toetse met die V4 is in Frankryk en in die Middellandse See uitgevoer. Die V4 -prototipe het in Augustus 1941 in 'n lugongeluk verlore gegaan.

Die prototype V5 (GL+QA of T5+MH) het sy eerste vlugtoets in September 1941 gedoen. Wat interessant is, is dat dit nie deur Arado gebou is nie, maar deur AGO Flugzeugwerken van Oschersleben. Dit word aangedryf deur twee 1,175 pk DB 601 E -enjins en is voorsien van 'n stertkegel. Dit was gewapen met twee vleuelwortel MG 17-masjiengewere en twee dieselfde kaliber MG 81-masjiengewere wat in twee (bo en onder die romp) FA-13 tipe afstandbeheerde torings geplaas is. Einde Maart 1942 is hierdie vliegtuig aan die Aufklärungsgruppe Oberbefehlshaber der Luftwaffe (verkenningseenheid/groep wat aan die opperbevelhebber van die Luftwaffe behoort), gegee. Dit is toe, moontlik aan die einde van 1942, toegeken aan Versuchsstelle für Höhenflüge VfH (navorsingstasie vir vlugte op groot hoogte).

Ar 240 met sleeptoue in die Sowjetunie gedurende die winter van 1942/1943 [Luftnachrichtenhelferin] Ar 240 A-01 gebruik laat in 1942 rondom Kharkov. [Luftnachrichtenhelferin] Die V6 (GL+QA of T5+KH) prototipe is ook deur AGO gebou, en terwyl die meeste onderdele gereed was gedurende November 1941, is die vliegtuig eers vroeg voltooi 1942. Dit is in Januarie 1942 met 'n vlugtoets getoets, maar as dit die eerste toetsvlug was, is dit nie duidelik nie. Dit is vroeg in Maart 1942 aan die Luftwaffe gegee en na Oranienburg verhuis vir toekomstige toetse. Dit was soortgelyk in voorkoms en toerusting met die vorige V5 -vliegtuie. Alhoewel dit meestal vir toetsing gebruik is, het dit gedurende die winter van 1942/43 in die Kharkov -gebied 'n voorste diens gekry. Die vliegtuig word as vernietig gelys, maar onder watter omstandighede is dit nie bekend nie.

Die V7 (DM+ZU) prototipe het sy eerste toetsvlug in Oktober of Desember 1942 gemaak. Dit is ontwerp om as basis vir die Ar 240 B verkenningsvliegtuie op groot hoogte gebruik te word. Dit moet voorsien word van 'n kajuit onder druk en 'n verwarmingstelsel. V7 word aangedryf deur twee 1,475 pk DB 605 A-enjins, wat spesiaal ontwerp is om 'n metanol-water-inspuiting te gebruik om die motor se algehele prestasie en opbrengs te verhoog. Bewapening het bestaan ​​uit twee MG 17's met 'n vleuel en 'n afstandbeheerde rewolwer agter, met die MG 151/20, en twee bomme van 50 kg (110 lb). Die werkafstand was 1,900 km (1,180 myl) en dit kon binne 10 minute en 6 sekondes tot 6 km (19,685 voet) klim.

Die V8 -prototipe was 'n direkte kopie van die V7 en het moontlik sy eerste toetsvlug in Desember 1942 of Maart 1943 gemaak, afhangende van die bronne. Die finale lot van hierdie en die vorige vliegtuig is nie bekend nie.

Die V9 (BO+RC) prototipe is ontwerp as 'n Zerstörer (swaar vegvliegtuig) vliegtuig. Dit sou as 'n toetsbasis vir die beplande Ar 240 C -weergawe gebruik word. Die V9 het langer vlerke en romp herontwerp. Dit word aangedryf deur twee DB 603 A-enjins wat ook toegerus was met 'n metanol-water-inspuitingstelsel. Die hoofbewapening het bestaan ​​uit vier voor- en twee agterste MG 151/20. Alhoewel hierdie weergawe 'n groot prioriteit gehad het en dit selfs oorweeg is vir aanvaarding vir produksie. Dit is nooit bereik nie, meestal as gevolg van 'n gebrek aan nodige toerusting en onderdele. Die uiteindelike lot van hierdie vliegtuig is nie duidelik nie, aangesien dit moontlik nooit eers volledig voltooi is nie, maar sommige bronne noem ook dat dit tydens 'n landingongeluk verlore gegaan het.

Die V10 -prototipe is ontwerp as 'n nagvegvliegtuig, aangedryf deur twee Jumo 213 -enjins. Die eerste toetsvlug is in September 1943 uitgevoer, terwyl nog toetse tot laat in 1944 uitgevoer sou word. Arado het hierdie vliegtuig hergebruik vir die nuwe verbeterde weergawe genaamd Ar 440.

Die V11-prototipe is as 'n swaar vegvliegtuig getoets en sou as basis van die Ar 240 F-vliegtuig gebruik word. Weens baie vertragings is dit eintlik nooit heeltemal voltooi nie. Dit het die swaarste bewapening gehad, wat 'n mengsel van MG 151 en 30 mm (1.18 duim) MK 103 kanonne ingesluit het, vorentoe gemonteer, MG 151 en 13 mm (0.5 duim) MG 131 en 'n bomlading van 1800 kg (3,970 lbs) . V12 was 'n direkte kopie van V11, en aangesien hierdie twee vliegtuie nooit voltooi is nie, is albei geskrap. V13 sou gebruik word as 'n toetsbasis van die Ar 240 D, toegerus met twee 2020 pk DB 614 -enjins, maar nie een is gebou nie.

V14 is waarskynlik nooit volledig gebou nie. Dit sou as basis vir die Ar 240 E -projek gebruik word en aangedryf word deur twee DB 627 -enjins. V15 sou in 'n verkenningsrol gebruik word en toegerus wees met die FuG 202 Lichtenstein -radar. Die V15 -prototipe is waarskynlik nooit gebou nie.

'N Ar 240 gedurende sy kort lewensduur in die Sowjetunie gedurende die winter van 1942/1943. [WarBirds -foto's] Daar is nog twee Ar 240 -vliegtuie wat slegs aan hul reeksnommers bekend is (240009 en 2400010). Hoewel die gebruik en lot van die eerste vliegtuig oor die algemeen onbekend is, is die tweede deur die Luftwaffe gedurende 1943 operasioneel in die Sowjetunie gebruik. Dit is beskadig tydens 'n landing in Augustus dieselfde jaar. Die uiteindelike lot daarvan is onbekend.

Ontwikkeling van die 'A' -weergawe

'N Ar 240 tydens 'n vlugtoets. [WarBirds -foto's] Nadat 'n reeks prototipes gebou is, is Arado ook besig met die eerste Ar 240 A -weergawe. Aanvanklik sou die Ar 240 A-vliegtuig aangedryf word deur twee DB 603 A-1-enjins van 1.750 pk wat met vier lemmetaalskroewe toegerus is. Bewapening wat vir hierdie weergawe gekies is, bestaan ​​uit twee MG 151/20 (met 300 rondes ammunisie vir elke geweer) wat in die rompvloer geplaas is en nog twee MG 151/20 (met dieselfde ammunisievrag) wat in die vlerke se wortels geplaas is. Daar was 'n opsie om die vuurkrag te verhoog deur nog twee MG 151/20 by te voeg. Vir agterverdediging kon twee verdedigingstorings toegerus met MG 131 -masjiengewere onder en bo die romp geplaas word. Die bomlading kan verskillende konfigurasies hê, soos: 'n Bom van 1 000 kg (2220 lb) of 1 800 kg (3 930 lb), twee bomme van 500 kg (1 100 lb), agt bomme van 50 kg (110 lb) of selfs 288 kleiner bomme van 2,5 kg ( 5 pond) brand- en fragmentasiebomme. Aangesien die Ar 240 nooit vir diens aanvaar is nie, is slegs enkele van die A -weergawe -vliegtuie ooit gebou.

Ar 240 A-01 (GL+QA moontlike merk) het sy eerste toetsvlug op 28 Junie 1942 uitgevoer. Die toetsvlugte is uitgevoer tot September 1942, toe hierdie vliegtuig aan die Luftwaffe gegee moes word. Na 'n reeks verdere vlug- en wapentoetse wat by Rechlin en Tarnewitz uitgevoer is, sou die Ar 240 A-01 aan die voorkant toegeken word. Dit is laat 1942 rondom Kharkov gebruik. Op 16 Februarie 1943 het Ar 240 A-01 tydens 'n vlug verlore gegaan as gevolg van meganiese mislukking. Beide bemanningslede het tydens die val hul lewens verloor.

Die tweede Ar 240, A-02 (GL+QB), is teen September 1942 voltooi. Op 13 September is die eerste toetsvlug uitgevoer. Die vliegtuig is beskadig in 'n landingongeluk einde Januarie 1943. Die uiteindelike lot van hierdie vliegtuig is nie bekend nie.

Baie Ar 240 het verlore geraak in landings. [Luftnachrichtenhelferin] Ar 240 A-03 (DI+CY) is aanvanklik aangedryf deur twee DB 601-enjins, maar dit is vervang met BMW 801 TJ. Hierdie vliegtuig het 'n verandering in die kajuitkonfigurasie gehad, met die radio -operateur/waarnemer na vorentoe. Hierdie vliegtuig was gestasioneer te Rechlin, waar dit van Mei tot Junie 1943 getoets is. Tydens die toets het Ar 240 A-03 getoon dat dit beter stabiliteit en hantering tydens vlug het, in teenstelling met vorige geboude vliegtuie. Van Junie tot einde Julie is dit op Brandenburg getoets. Nadat hierdie toetse voltooi is, is die vliegtuig toegewys vir operasionele gebruik voor. Dit is gegee aan die Aufklärungsgruppe 122, 'n verkenningseenheid wat destyds in Italië gestasioneer was. Hierdie vliegtuig het dieselfde lot as die meeste vorige Ar 240 gehad, aangesien dit erg beskadig is tydens 'n ongeluk. Aangesien die skade groot was, is dit nooit herstel nie.

Ar 240 A-04 (DI+CG) was aanvanklik toegerus met twee DB 601 E-enjins, maar dit sou later vervang word met DB 603. Dit het sy eerste vlugtoets laat in September 1942 gedoen. Ar 240 A-04 is toegeken aan die Aufklärungsgruppe 122 as 'n plaasvervanger vir die vorige vliegtuig. Ironies genoeg het dit dieselfde lot gely, maar dit is herstel en teruggestuur na Arado.

Ar 240 A-05 is aangedryf deur twee BMW 801 TJ-enjins van 1880 pk wat toegerus is met 'n turbo-aanjaer van die Rateau-tipe. Dit is moontlik toegeken aan Aufklärungsgruppe 10 wat in die Sowjetunie gestasioneer is.

Voorgestelde weergawes

Tydens die ontwikkeling van die Ar 240 het die Arado -amptenare verskillende variante van hierdie vliegtuig voorgestel, maar omdat die hele projek nie goed gegaan het met 'n paar eksperimentele pogings nie, het niks van die meeste gekom nie.

Dit was 'n verkenningsvliegtuigweergawe op groot hoogte wat toegerus sou wees met 'n kajuit onder druk en 'n verwarmingstelsel. Niks het uit hierdie projek gekom nie.

Op 10 Maart 1942 het Arado -amptenare voorgestel dat die Ar 240 aangepas moet word vir die bomwerperrol. Om hierdie rede is die vlerke aangepas en die grootte daarvan toegeneem. Die stertontwerp is ook verander, met ekstra duikremme. Aangesien die poging om die grootte van die interne brandstoftenks te vergroot, 'n mislukking was, moes eksterne tenks eerder gebruik word. Die bewapening het bestaan ​​uit twee MG 151/20 en twee agtergemonteerde MG 81. Dit is nie duidelik nie, maar dit is moontlik dat ten minste een vliegtuig gebou is.

'N Voorgestelde papierprojekweergawe met twee DB 614 -enjins.

'N Voorgestelde weergawe met versterkte romp, 'n bomrak vir twee bomme van 500 kg (1,100 lbs) en 'n groter brandstoflading. Daar is ook verskillende enjins vir hierdie weergawe voorgestel, insluitend DB 603 G, DB 627 of BMW 801 J.

'N Voorgestelde swaar vegvliegtuig-/bomwerperweergawe word aangedryf deur twee DB 603 G -enjins.

Met 240 cm Bordwaffen

Tydens die oorlog het Arado en Rheinmetall die installering van 'n 7,5 cm geweer in die Ar 240 bespreek. In September 1944 blyk dit dat een vliegtuig eintlik met hierdie wapen toegerus was, maar waarskynlik nooit operasioneel getoets is nie.

In 1942 het dr Ing. Walther Blume het 'n swaar veg- en nagvegter weergawe van die Ar 240 voorgestel. Hierdie weergawe is aangedui as Ar 240 TL, wat staan ​​vir Turbinen-Luftstrahltriebwerk (turbojet). Hierdie vliegtuig sou aangedryf word deur twee straalmotors wat in die romp was. Dit het slegs 'n papierprojek gebly.

Met die kansellasie van die Ar 240 -projek, het Arado probeer om die algehele prestasie van die Ar 240 te verbeter deur 'n nuwe weergawe, genaamd Ar 440, te bou. Die Ar 240 V10 -prototipe was die basis vir hierdie wysiging. Benewens hierdie prototipe is nog drie gebou met bestaande Ar 240 -komponente. Na 'n geruime tyd in die toets is die Ar 440 in Oktober 1943 amptelik deur die RLM verwerp.

Algehele prestasie en kansellasie van die Ar 240 -projek

Die Ar 240 beskik oor verskeie gevorderde kenmerke, soos 'n kajuit onder druk, afstandbeheerde verdedigingstorings, reisflappe wat aan hierdie vliegtuig 'n goeie lae spoedverhogingsvermoë en brandstoftenk bied met 'n nuwe self verseëlende stelsel wat dunner tenkvoertuie gebruik het. Maar byna aan die begin van die eerste vlugtoetsing het dit met hierdie vliegtuig van erg na erger gegaan. Byna van die begin af was die Ar 240 geteister deur 'n uiters swak hantering op al drie asse. Daar was ook groot probleme met die kontroles tydens die landing, met die meeste vliegtuie wat hierdeur verlore gegaan het. Aangesien die vliegtuig gevaarlik was om te vlieg, is dit nooit aanvaar nie en is die aanvanklike bevele vir die vervaardiging van 40 vliegtuie nooit gerealiseer nie.

Geallieerde ondersoek na die oorlog

Vreemd genoeg, ondanks die feit dat dit 'n seldsame vliegtuig was, kon die Geallieerdes ten minste een Ar 240 vang tydens hul opmars in die Weste in 1944/45. Hierdie vliegtuig is getoets deur die geallieerde vlieënier kaptein Eric Brown. Hy was die hoof toetsvlieënier van die Royal Aircraft Establishment in Farnborough. Hy was betrokke by 'n Britse projek om die Duitse oorlogsnavorsingsinstallasies oor te neem en tegniese personeel na die oorlog te ondervra. Na die oorlog het hy daarin geslaag om die enkellopende oorlewende Ar 240 te vind en na 'n vlug daarop 'n verslag oor die prestasie daarvan gemaak. Die bron vir hierdie verslag is Wings Of The Luftwaffe Flying The Captured German Aircraft of World War II deur Eric Brown. Hierdie vliegtuig sou deur die Geallieerdes aan die Franse gegee word en die lot daarvan is onbekend.

In sy verslag het hy gesê. 'Toe die Ar 240 uit die hangar gery word, word die hoekige voorkoms daarvan getref. Dit lyk asof die vlerke, romp en sterteenheid reguit is, met baie min krommes. Die enjins het baie groot gelyk, die draaiers van die lugskroef was gelyk met die neus van die kajuit en ver voor die vleuel se voorkant, terwyl die nacelle goed agter die agterkant uitsteek. Ek het die gevoel dat, as hierdie vliegtuig so vinnig was as wat dit na bewering was, die brute enjinkrag die antwoord moes wees ... Die kajuituitleg was netjies en die instrumente redelik logies gerangskik, terwyl die uitsig goed rondom was, behalwe afwaarts weerskante, waar die enjins inmeng. Die opstyg was redelik lank, selfs met die gebruik van 20 grade klep, en die aanvanklike klim was net meer as 600 m/min. Longitudinale stabiliteit was swak, systabiliteit neutraal en rigtingstabiliteit positief. Die klimtempo het baie min gedaal toe ek tot 6,096 m (20,000 ft) klim, waar ek uitstappeer en die cruise vaar met 'n ware lugsnelheid van 580 km/h (360 mph). Tydens die vaart kon die vliegtuig nie van die hand af gevlieg word nie, want dit het beide in die lengte en in die sywaarts afgewyk en sou lank vermoeiend wees om te vlieg. 'N Autopilot is aangebring, hoewel dit nie in my geval diensbaar was nie, maar ek glo dat dit noodsaaklik sou gewees het vir instrumentvlieg in slegte weer. Toe ek met volle krag begin, het ek geraam dat ek na drie minute 'n indrukwekkende ware lugsnelheid van 628 km/h (390 mph) bereik het, maar dit was duidelik dat die Ar 240 'n swak wapenplatform was. Die harmonie van beheer was verskriklik, met swaar ailerons, ligte hysbakke. en matig ligte roer. ….

My beoordeling van die Arado Ar 240 is dat dit 'n vliegtuig was met uitstekende prestasie vir sy klas en era, maar dit kon nie hieruit voordeel trek nie as gevolg van minderwaardige en inderdaad gevaarlike hanteringseienskappe. Volgens Duitse inligting het dit 'n diensplafon van 10 500 m (34,450 voet) en 'n maksimum reikafstand van 1,186 myl, so dit het 'n groot potensiaal as 'n verkenningsindringer, en daar word inderdaad beweer dat dit in 1941 sulke groot ritte oor Groot -Brittanje gemaak het. en 1944. Hoe dit ook al sy, daar kan min twyfel bestaan ​​dat die Ar 240 'n mislukking was. "

Produksienommers

Terwyl die produksie van Ar 240 aanvanklik in 1941 sou begin, was dit weens baie probleme en vertragings nie moontlik nie. Alhoewel daar pogings was om met die produksie te begin, het die RLM teen die einde van 1942 die program amptelik beëindig.

Hoeveel vliegtuie gebou is, hang af van die bron. Volgens skrywer G. Lang word die probleem met die identifisering van die produksienommers bemoeilik deur die feit dat sommige prototipe vliegtuie na bewering verander en gebruik is vir die paar A-reeks vliegtuie wat gebou is. 'N Ander kwessie, volgens Lang, is dat die bekendste reeksnommers 240018 was (vanaf 240000), wat daarop dui dat minstens 18 gebou is, maar dit is nie heeltemal duidelik nie. Skrywers Ferenc A. en P. Dancey noem dat ten minste 15 in 1944 gebou is. Eric Brown beweer dat 12 prototipes gebou is.

Hoofproduksie en prototipes

  • Ar 240 V1-V14- Prototipes -reeks wat gebruik word om verskillende toerusting, bewapening en enjins te toets.
  • Ar 240 A - Dit sou die belangrikste produksieweergawe wees, maar slegs 'n paar vliegtuie is eintlik gebou
  • Ar 240 B - Verkenningsweergawe op groot hoogte, moontlik min gebou.
  • Ar 240 C - 'N Bomwerperweergawe, onbekend of dit gebou is.
  • Ar 240 D - Voorgestelde weergawe aangedryf deur twee DB 614 -enjins.
  • Ar 240 E - Voorgestelde gewysigde Ar 240 -weergawe.
  • Ar 240 F - Voorgestelde swaar vegter/bomwerper weergawe word aangedryf deur twee DB 603 G -enjins.
  • Ar 440 - 'N Verbeterde weergawe van die Ar 240. Slegs 'n paar is gebou. Die projek is in 1943 gekanselleer.
  • Ar 240 met 7,5 cm Bordwaffen - 'N Voorgestelde weergawe gewapen met 'n geweer van 7,5 cm, moontlik een wat gebou is, maar die lot daarvan is onbekend.
  • Ar 240TL - 'N Straal aangedrewe papierprojek.

Operateurs

  • Duitsland - Het klein getalle van hierdie vliegtuie bedryf, meestal vir toets- en verkenningsoperasies.
  • Frankryk - Een vasgevang, maar die lot is nie bekend nie.

Afsluiting

Terwyl die Ar 240 op papier 'n uitstekende ontwerp was met baie innovasies en gevorderde tegnologie, het dit in werklikheid nie aan die verwagtinge voldoen nie. Die vliegtuig was gevaarlik tydens die vlug en baie is beskadig tydens die landing, met noodlottige gevolge. Omdat dit moeilik was om die Ar 240 te beheer, het die RLM eenvoudig besluit om die projek te stop, aangesien dit waarskynlik nie bereid was om meer tyd en hulpbronne daaraan te mors nie.

Arado Ar 240 A-0 Spesifikasies

  • Vier 2 0 mm (0,78 duim) MG 151/20
  • Twee 13 mm (0,5 duim) MG 131
  • Een bom van 1 000 kg (2 220 pond) of 1 800 kg (3 930 pond)
  • Of twee bomme van 500 kg (1000 lbs),
  • Of agt bomme van 50 kg (110 lbs),
  • Of 288 2,5 kg (5 lbs) brand- en fragmentasiebomme

Galery

Arado Ar 240A-2 Arado Ar 240C-2


Algemene inligting

Vlugprestasie

Die vliegtuig is baie maklik om te vlieg, beide in realistiese en simulatorgevegte. As die vrag aangeheg is, moet die snelheid versigtig gemonitor word, veral as u van 'n kort aanloopbaan af opstyg. Duikbomaanvalle en bombardemente op lae hoogtes is nie net moontlik nie, maar ook baie maklik danksy baie goeie hysbakbeheer en roergesag, selfs teen aansienlike spoed. Danksy die robuuste landingstuigstruktuur en goeie kenmerke is die landing ietwat maklik in vergelyking met ander vliegtuie van dieselfde grootte en klas.

Eienskappe Maksimum spoed
(km/h op 6 000 m)
Maksimum hoogte
(meter)
Draai tyd
(sekondes)
Klimtempo
(meter/sekonde)
Opstaploop
(meter)
AB RB AB RB AB RB
Voorraad 710 687 11000 29.4 30.0 24.6 23.7 700
Opgradeer 777 742 28.0 28.5 32.9 28.5

Besonderhede

Kenmerke
Bestry flappe Opneemklappe Landingsklappe Lugremme Arrestor rat Drogue -tuit
X X X
Grense
Vlerke (km/h) Versnelling (km/h) Klappe (km/h) Max Statiese G.
Bestry Haal af Landing + -
1000 400 527 498 350

Motorverrigting

Enjin Vliegtuigmassa
Enjin naam Nommer Leë massa Vleuelvulling (vol brandstof)
Junkers Jumo 004B-1 2 3,735 kg 252 kg/m 2
Enjin eienskappe Massa met brandstof (geen wapens nie) Max opstyg
Gewig
Gewig (elk) Tik 24m brandstof 30m brandstof 45m brandstof 60 m brandstof 88m brandstof
745 kg Axial-flow turbojet 4,578 kg 4,783 kg 5,294 kg 5 805 kg 6 760 kg 9 350 kg
Maksimum stootkrag van enjins @ 0 m (RB / SB) Stoot tot gewigverhouding @ 0 m (100%)
Toestand 100% WEP 24m brandstof 30m brandstof 45m brandstof 60 m brandstof 88m brandstof MTOW
Stationêr 910 kgf N/A 0.40 0.38 0.34 0.31 0.27 0.19
Optimaal 910 kgf
(0 km/h)
N/A 0.40 0.38 0.34 0.31 0.27 0.19

Oorlewing en wapenrusting

Wysigings en ekonomie


Arado Ar 234 oorlewendes

(serienummer van die vervaardiger) 140312, en was een van die nege Ar 234's wat aan die Britse magte oorgegee is by Sola -vliegveld naby Stavanger, Noorweë. Die vliegtuig was besig met 9. personeel III./Kampfgeschwader 76 (later herorganiseer as Einsatzstaffel) gedurende die laaste weke van die oorlog, nadat hy voorheen saam met die 8ste eskader was. Hierdie vliegtuig en drie ander is deur die beroemde "Watson's Whizzers" van die USAAF versamel om na die Verenigde State gestuur te word vir vlugtoetsing. Die vliegtuig is op 24 Junie 1945 van Sola na Cherbourg, Frankryk gevlieg, waar dit by vier-en-dertig ander gevorderde Duitse vliegtuie aangesluit het wat aan boord van die Britse vliegdekskip HMS na die VSA teruggestuur is Maaier. Die Maaier vertrek op 20 Julie uit Cherbourg en arriveer agt dae later in Newark, New Jersey. By aankoms is twee van die Ar 234's weer saamgestel (insluitend 140312) en deur USAAF -vlieëniers na Freeman Field, Indiana, gevlieg vir toetsing en evaluering. 140312 het die nommer FE-1010 vir buitelandse toerusting gekry. Die lot van die tweede Ar 234 wat na Freeman Field gevlieg is, bly 'n raaisel. Een van die oorblywende twee is deur die Amerikaanse vloot weer saamgestel vir toetsing, maar daar is bevind dat hy in 'n onvliegbare toestand is en geskrap is.

Na ontvangs van nuwe enjins, is radio- en suurstoftoerusting 140312 na Wright Field naby Dayton, Ohio, oorgeplaas en afgelewer by die versnelde dienstoetsonderhoudskader (ASTMS) van die Flight Test Devision in Julie 1946. Vlugtoetsing is egter op 16 Oktober 1946 voltooi die vliegtuig het tot 1947 op Wright Field gebly. Dit is daarna oorgeplaas na die Orchard Place -lughawe, Park Ridge, Illinois, en op die lughawe Orchard Place gebly tot 1 Mei 1949 toe dit, en verskeie ander vliegtuie wat op die lughawe gestoor is, na die Smithsonian oorgeplaas is Inrigting. Gedurende die vroeë 1950's is die Ar 234 na die Smithsonian's Paul Garber Restoration Facility in Suitland, Maryland, verskuif vir berging en uiteindelike herstel.

Die Smithsonian begin in 1984 met die herstel van Ar 234 B-2 140312 en voltooi dit in Februarie 1989. Alle verf is uit die vliegtuig gestroop voordat die Smithsonian dit ontvang het, sodat die vliegtuig geverf is met die merke van 'n vliegtuig van 8. /KG 76, die eerste operasionele eenheid wat die "Blitz" gevlieg het. Die gerestoureerde vliegtuig is in 1993 vir die eerste keer in die Smithsonian se hoofgebou in die sentrum van Washington DC vertoon as deel van 'n vertoning met die titel "Wonder Weapon? The Arado Ar 234." In 2005 word dit een van die eerste vliegtuie wat na die nuwe Steven F. Udvar-Hazy-sentrum naby Dulles Internasionale Lughawe verskuif is. Vandag word 140312 vertoon langs die laaste oorlewende Dornier Do 335, 'n vliegtuig wat dit vergesel het op sy reis oor die Atlantiese Oseaan aan boord van die Maaier meer as sestig jaar vroeër.

Hierdie vliegtuig word vertoon met 'n paar Hellmuth Walter-ontwerpte, vloeistof-aangedrewe RATO-eenhede onder sy vlerke. Hierdie RATO -eenhede is moontlik die enigste bekende voorbeelde wat bestaan.


Arado Ar TEW 16/43-19

Geskryf deur: Staff Writer | Laaste wysiging: 11/09/2017 | Inhoud en kopie www.MilitaryFactory.com | Die volgende teks is eksklusief vir hierdie webwerf.

Met die ontwikkeling van die gevorderde tweemotorige, jet-aangedrewe Ar 234 "Blitz" bomwerper, het die firma Arado sy aandag gevestig op 'n meer gevorderde straalvliegtuig met 'n multi-rol vermoë in gedagte. Die TEW 16/43-19 sou in vyf verskillende weergawes vervaardig gewees het, wat elk 'n spesiale doel gehad het, maar dieselfde basiese vliegtuigraamwerk gebruik het om koste te bespaar, en bestaan ​​uit die "Schnellbomber" -snelbommenwerper, die "Zerstorer" -vernietiger , die "Nachtjager" nagvegter, die "Schlechtwetterjager" vegter vir slegte weer en die "Aufklarer" verkenningsplatform. Ten spyte van die belowende aard van die TEW 16/43-19-studie (ten minste op papier), het die ewe belowende ontwikkeling en aankoms van die Messerschmitt Me 262-straaljagter en die Ar 234-bomwerper beteken dat die behoefte aan 'n multirole-ontwerp nie nodig was nie langer daar. As sodanig is die TEW 16/43-19 as een van die vele Duitse "papier" -vliegtuie in die geskiedenis gedelegeer.

Design of the TEW 16/43-19 was decidedly Arado, even borrowing much of its external look and layout from the Arado Ar 234 before it. The pressurized cockpit was situated at the extreme forward end of the slim cylindrical fuselage. There was a crew of two, seated back-to-back under a glazed canopy. Wings were mid-mounted monoplane assemblies with sweep back at greater angles along the leading edges. The trailing edges also featured sweep back but this to a much lesser degree. The wings carried with them a good deal of surface area and tapered somewhat sharply to clipped wing tips. Each wing was to mount a single 3,000lb thrust jet engine of unknown make and model in streamlined underwing nacelles. As a unit, the wings were situated just ahead of amidships, concentrating a good deal of weight for the aircraft in the forward portion of the design. The fuselage tapered off into a conical tip at the extreme aft of the layout and itself would have housed three large internal fuel tanks to feed the hungry jet engines. The empennage was conventional, sporting a rounded edge single vertical tail fin and two swept-back horizontal planes fitted at the base of the fin. Both the main wings and the tail wings featured some level of dihedral (upward angle) when viewed from the front or rear. The undercarriage was to be of a tricycle arrangement, making use of two large, single-wheeled main legs and a single-wheeled nose landing gear leg. All were completely retractable with the main legs folding forward into the wings and the nose leg folding rearwards under and beneath the cockpit floor.

Armament for the TEW 16/43-19 would have varied on the model type. The high-speed "Schnellbomber" was to be fitted with a pair of rear-firing, remotely-controlled MK 213 series cannons to protect the "six". Bomb load was to be 5,512lbs carried as external stores. In additional to conventional ordnance, the high-speed bomber version was also envisioned to carry the Fritz X series of wire-guided missiles.

The "Destroyer" (Zerstorer) model type was to sport a battery of three MK 103 series 30mm cannons along with a pair of MK 213 cannons, all in a ventral pack. This would have been augmented by another pair of MK 213 cannons in the fuselage sides. All implements would have been fixed to fire forward. Additionally, the Destroyer would have mounted a pair of MK 213 cannons in a rear-facing, remote-controlled emplacement in the tail. Bomb load would have been a reduced 2,205lbs of external stores as needed.

The night-fighting "Nachtjager" was to be fitted with a pair of forward-firing MK 108 30mm cannons as well as 3 x MK 213 cannons in a ventral pack. An additional 2 x MK 213 cannons would have been mounted along the fuselage sides while a battery of 2 x MK 108 30mm cannons would have been set to fire at an oblique angle in the upper fuselage. The rear would be protected by a pair of MK 213 cannons remotely-controlled. Because of its night operations nature, a third crewmember would accompany the crew, his position in the rear portion of the fuselage just aft of the three large internal fuel tanks. Radar would have been fitted into a specially-designed nose extension.

Dimensionally, the Arado Ar TEW 16/43-19 would have sported a wingspan up to 53 feet, 2inches with a surface area of 501.6 feet. The fuselage would have measured 59 feet, 1 inch in length. Height would have been approximately 9 feet, 10 inches. A maximum weight of 35,274lbs was envisioned for the craft.


Kagero | Monograph Series No 33: Arado Ar 234

The phenomenal 1/32 Ar 234 kit created by Radu Brinzan/MDC rightly took out honours for the 2008 LSP multimedia kit of the year. If you had planned to build this masterpiece and were prepared to hand over your hard-earned you might also want some good reference material to go along with your build. With that in mind I went hunting for new material.

Kagero released this book in 2007 but it has only recently found its way to Australia. Like most Kagero books this one starts off with the recounting of a mission involving the Ar 234. As usual, it’s an evocative story putting you squarely in the cockpit. When you begin to read on you’re already in the zone for understanding just how technologically advanced this aircraft was for its time. Even though only a few handful of Ar 234s ever saw service some of their combat sorties produced results every bit as amazing as the technology in the plane itself.

As you would expect the book proper begins with a chapter on the design and development of the Ar 234. It recounts the troubles German engineers were having with all early jet engine design but interestingly also some of the politicking involved in getting such a project up and running. There is quite a lot of detail regarding the V1 through to V7 prototypes, including first hand mission reports from the test pilots.

The following chapter focuses on the Ar 234B. Reports on the first prototypes of this series V9 through to V12 are included. The text describes clearly and concisely the differences between the Ar 234 B-1 and the Ar 234B-2. It does this not only through listing but also describing the impact of changes in the technical specifications. Following this the text begins to describe the pre-production variants of S1-S20. There is some good information for the modeler all through these chapters. Werknumbers are included along with fuselage codes. Rustsatz field modifications are listed along with the typical loadouts of the Ar 234 B-2 bomber variant.

The next few chapters are smaller. They include a small chapter on the Ar 234-C and another chapter on ‘other variants’ of the Ar234. The development of this type, personal sortie reports and great photos make both of these chapters easy but informative reading.

The last chapters are on the Ar 234’s operation service firstly in recon units and secondly in bomber units. Both chapters are easily read and have plenty of good photos for perusal. The main text book finishes with those two chapters.

Following those chapters are 24 pages of factory drawings, some colour walkaround photos and glorious port view only colour profiles. The factory drawings are kind of interesting but perhaps of limited research value. The 16 colour walkaround photos are from NASM’s Ar234 and should be invaluable for reference. The colour profiles are really very nice indeed. Having other texts on the Ar 234 as comparisons the Kagero book turns out trumps on this score.

Lastly the book contains some masks in what looks to be 1/48 scale. I could not find any labeling to tell either way or what kit they were for. It also contains a series of sepia tone 3-D reprinted drawings of various parts and cross sections of the plane. If framed they would look most attractive. They are quite detailed and much like the Modellers data file drawings.

Overall, I liked the Kagero book a lot. It was extremely well written. The English text style is very easy to digest and for once I just couldn’t find typos. The transitions between various marks and prototypes was easy to follow and made enjoyable by large good quality photos The colour profiles are excellently produced and are a cut above any of the other texts. In some ways the book is light on in detail. Some of that is simply due to the limited history of this plane but also the more entertaining way Kagero intertwine the facts in a good story. It has lots of great photos and with the whole package in mind I’d make this a definite first port of call for a build of Radu’s masterpiece.

This product is available from the following LSP sponsors

Verwante inhoud

This review was published on Saturday, July 02 2011 Last modified on Wednesday, May 18 2016

& kopieer grootskaalse vliegtuie 1999 en mdash2021. Alle handelsmerke en outeursregte word deur hul onderskeie eienaars besit. Liditems word deur die lid besit. Alle regte voorbehou.


Arado Ar 234 Blitz (Lightning)

It was customary for Allied forces during the Second World War to give nicknames to aircraft for them to easily identify and refer to them during communications. Most nicknames were given just for the purpose of identifying planes easier. However, some nicknames given to planes were done so in respect to the enemy aircraft’s performance. Such is the case of the nickname “Lightning” given to the WW2 German aircraft known formally as the Arado Ar 234 Blitz.

The Ar 234 Blitz was a twin-engine designed plane and was considered as the first plane ever to be built that could change roles depending on the purpose intended. The Ar 234 was first intended to be a fast aircraft that can be used for reconnaissance missions, however, the Ar 234 was later modified to become a fast bomber aircraft that was almost impossible to intercept.

Multiple models and versions were made from the first design of the Ar 234 and this included a four-engined version that was later on produced to some extent. By the end of the war, over 200 aircrafts of different versions of this WW2 German aircraft were produced.

The base design of the Ar 234 was a twine-engine system with a high-monoplane design. The engines were installed away from the fuselage and the cockpit was located in the far front enabling a high amount of visibility. Aircraft take-offs utilized rocket-powered tricycles that are jettisoned immediately after takeoff. This WW2 aircraft used to land by skidding on grassy fields until a powered tricycle landing gear was installed to the later versions.

Armaments for the Ar 234 included two (2) 20mm rear-firing cannons which were operated using a periscope. The normal bomb-load for the Blitz consisted of two bombs that amounted to a total weight of 1,100 pounds. These bombs were suspended from the engines.


Arado Ar 199

Arado E.555 Arado E.560 Arado E.561 Arado E.580 Arado E.581.4 Arado E.581.5 Arado E.583 Arado E.625 Arado E.632 Arado E.651 Arado E.654 Arado Ar Projekt II
The Arado Ar 234 Blitz English: lightning was the world s first operational jet - powered bomber, built by the German Arado company in the closing stages
The Arado Ar 196 was a shipboard reconnaissance low - wing monoplane aircraft built by the German firm of Arado starting in 1936. The next year it was selected
The Arado Ar 240 was a German twin - engine, multi - role heavy fighter aircraft, developed for the Luftwaffe during World War II by Arado Flugzeugwerke. Sy
The Arado Ar 96 was a German single - engine, low - wing monoplane of all - metal construction, produced by Arado Flugzeugwerke. It was the Luftwaffe s standard
The Arado Ar 232 TausendfuSler German: Millipede sometimes also called Tatzelwurm, was a cargo aircraft, designed and built in small numbers by the
The Arado Ar 231 was a lightweight floatplane, developed during World War II in Germany as a scout plane for submarines by Arado The need to be stored
The Arado Ar 65 was the single - seat biplane fighter successor to the Ar 64. Both looked very similar. The only major difference was the use of the 12 - cylinder
The Arado Ar E.340 was a twin - engined dive - and tactical - medium bomber, designed by Arado Flugzeugwerke at the request of the Reich Air Ministry in 1939
The Arado E.555 was a long range strategic bomber proposed by the German Arado company during World War II in response to the RLM s Amerikabomber project

number 199 London Buses route 199 Arado Ar 199 was a floatplane, a low - wing monoplane, designed in 1938, of which two prototypes were built 199 Park Lane
The Arado Ar 197 was a German World War II - era biplane, designed for naval operations for the never - completed German aircraft carrier Graf Zeppelin. Only
The Arado Ar 67 was the single - seat biplane fighter successor to the Ar 65. The Ar 67 appeared in 1933 and was developed alongside the Ar 68. The Ar 67
The Arado Ar 64 was a single - seat biplane fighter, developed in the late 1920s. It was among the first fighters produced when Germany abandoned the restrictions
the Legion Condor during the Spanish Civil War. The Arado Ar 95 was the basis for the prototype Ar 195 carrier - based torpedo bomber, which was proposed
The Arado Ar 80 was a pre - World War II fighter aircraft, designed by Arado Flugzeugwerke to compete for the Luftwaffe s first major fighter contract. Die
The Arado Ar 198 was a prototype reconnaissance aircraft, developed by Arado Flugzeugwerke, with backing from the Luftwaffe, who initially preferred it
The Arado Ar 195 was a single - engine prototype carrier - based torpedo bomber, built by the German firm Arado for service on the German aircraft carrier Graf
The Arado Ar 68 was a German single - seat biplane fighter developed in the mid - 1930s. It was among the first fighters produced when Germany abandoned the
The Arado Ar 233 was a 1940s German design for a civil twin - engined amphibian flying boat, developed by Dewoitine in France under the control of Arado Flugzeugwerke

The Arado Ar 66 was a German single - engined, two - seat training biplane, developed in 1933. It was also used for night ground - attack missions on the Eastern
The Arado Ar 81 was a German prototype dive bomber. Because the Reich Air Ministry decided to purchase the competing Junkers Ju 87, only three prototypes
The Arado Ar 76 was a German aircraft of the 1930s, designed as a light fighter with a secondary role as an advanced trainer in mind. Arado s response
The Arado Ar 79 was a German aircraft of the 1930s, designed as an aerobatic two - seat trainer and touring aircraft. The Ar 79 was a monoplane with retractable
seaplane Arado Ar 197, naval fighter biplane - derived from Ar 68 Arado Ar 198, reconnaissance Arado Ar 199 seaplane trainer Arado Ar 231, fold - wing
prototype Arado Ar 199 seaplane trainer prototypes Arado Ar 231 folding U - boat reconnaissance aircraft prototype Arado Ar 232 transport Arado Ar 234 Blitz
Arado Ar 66 Arado Ar 67 Arado Ar 68 Arado Ar 69 Arado Ar 75 Arado Ar 76 Arado Ar 77 Arado Ar 79 Arado Ar 80 Arado Ar 81 Arado Ar 95 Arado Ar 96 Arado Ar 195
102 Albatros Al 103 Arado Ar 69, trainer biplane prototypes 1933 Arado Ar 96, trainer Arado Ar 199 seaplane trainer Arado Ar 396, trainer Bucker
low power aircraft engine, used mainly in training aircraft such as the Arado Ar 66 and Focke - Wulf Fw 56 Stosser and other small short - range reconnaissance
licence production in Japan by Kawasaki Albatros L 77v Arado Ar 64 Arado Ar 65 Arado Ar 68 Arado SSD I Dornier Do 10 Dornier Do 14 Dornier Do 17 Focke - Wulf

  • Arado E.555 Arado E.560 Arado E.561 Arado E.580 Arado E.581.4 Arado E.581.5 Arado E.583 Arado E.625 Arado E.632 Arado E.651 Arado E.654 Arado Ar Projekt II
  • The Arado Ar 234 Blitz English: lightning was the world s first operational jet - powered bomber, built by the German Arado company in the closing stages
  • The Arado Ar 196 was a shipboard reconnaissance low - wing monoplane aircraft built by the German firm of Arado starting in 1936. The next year it was selected
  • The Arado Ar 240 was a German twin - engine, multi - role heavy fighter aircraft, developed for the Luftwaffe during World War II by Arado Flugzeugwerke. Sy
  • The Arado Ar 96 was a German single - engine, low - wing monoplane of all - metal construction, produced by Arado Flugzeugwerke. It was the Luftwaffe s standard
  • The Arado Ar 232 TausendfuSler German: Millipede sometimes also called Tatzelwurm, was a cargo aircraft, designed and built in small numbers by the
  • The Arado Ar 231 was a lightweight floatplane, developed during World War II in Germany as a scout plane for submarines by Arado The need to be stored
  • The Arado Ar 65 was the single - seat biplane fighter successor to the Ar 64. Both looked very similar. The only major difference was the use of the 12 - cylinder
  • The Arado Ar E.340 was a twin - engined dive - and tactical - medium bomber, designed by Arado Flugzeugwerke at the request of the Reich Air Ministry in 1939
  • The Arado E.555 was a long range strategic bomber proposed by the German Arado company during World War II in response to the RLM s Amerikabomber project
  • number 199 London Buses route 199 Arado Ar 199 was a floatplane, a low - wing monoplane, designed in 1938, of which two prototypes were built 199 Park Lane
  • The Arado Ar 197 was a German World War II - era biplane, designed for naval operations for the never - completed German aircraft carrier Graf Zeppelin. Only
  • The Arado Ar 67 was the single - seat biplane fighter successor to the Ar 65. The Ar 67 appeared in 1933 and was developed alongside the Ar 68. The Ar 67
  • The Arado Ar 64 was a single - seat biplane fighter, developed in the late 1920s. It was among the first fighters produced when Germany abandoned the restrictions
  • the Legion Condor during the Spanish Civil War. The Arado Ar 95 was the basis for the prototype Ar 195 carrier - based torpedo bomber, which was proposed
  • The Arado Ar 80 was a pre - World War II fighter aircraft, designed by Arado Flugzeugwerke to compete for the Luftwaffe s first major fighter contract. Die
  • The Arado Ar 198 was a prototype reconnaissance aircraft, developed by Arado Flugzeugwerke, with backing from the Luftwaffe, who initially preferred it
  • The Arado Ar 195 was a single - engine prototype carrier - based torpedo bomber, built by the German firm Arado for service on the German aircraft carrier Graf
  • The Arado Ar 68 was a German single - seat biplane fighter developed in the mid - 1930s. It was among the first fighters produced when Germany abandoned the
  • The Arado Ar 233 was a 1940s German design for a civil twin - engined amphibian flying boat, developed by Dewoitine in France under the control of Arado Flugzeugwerke
  • The Arado Ar 66 was a German single - engined, two - seat training biplane, developed in 1933. It was also used for night ground - attack missions on the Eastern
  • The Arado Ar 81 was a German prototype dive bomber. Because the Reich Air Ministry decided to purchase the competing Junkers Ju 87, only three prototypes
  • The Arado Ar 76 was a German aircraft of the 1930s, designed as a light fighter with a secondary role as an advanced trainer in mind. Arado s response
  • The Arado Ar 79 was a German aircraft of the 1930s, designed as an aerobatic two - seat trainer and touring aircraft. The Ar 79 was a monoplane with retractable
  • seaplane Arado Ar 197, naval fighter biplane - derived from Ar 68 Arado Ar 198, reconnaissance Arado Ar 199 seaplane trainer Arado Ar 231, fold - wing
  • prototype Arado Ar 199 seaplane trainer prototypes Arado Ar 231 folding U - boat reconnaissance aircraft prototype Arado Ar 232 transport Arado Ar 234 Blitz
  • Arado Ar 66 Arado Ar 67 Arado Ar 68 Arado Ar 69 Arado Ar 75 Arado Ar 76 Arado Ar 77 Arado Ar 79 Arado Ar 80 Arado Ar 81 Arado Ar 95 Arado Ar 96 Arado Ar 195
  • 102 Albatros Al 103 Arado Ar 69, trainer biplane prototypes 1933 Arado Ar 96, trainer Arado Ar 199 seaplane trainer Arado Ar 396, trainer Bucker
  • low power aircraft engine, used mainly in training aircraft such as the Arado Ar 66 and Focke - Wulf Fw 56 Stosser and other small short - range reconnaissance
  • licence production in Japan by Kawasaki Albatros L 77v Arado Ar 64 Arado Ar 65 Arado Ar 68 Arado SSD I Dornier Do 10 Dornier Do 14 Dornier Do 17 Focke - Wulf

Ar 199 data.

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The Ar 232 Tausendfussler Millipede was the first truly modern transport aircraft. Intended to replace the legendary but outdated Ju 52 3m, the Ar 232 was​. Arado Ar 234 Luftwaffe Editorial Stock Photo Stock Image. Perhaps Arados most celebrated aircraft of the war was the Ar 234, the first Arado Ar 198, reconnaissance Arado Ar 199, seaplane trainer.

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Braun Clothes Iron Kiev Steam Generator 5043 WH Arado Ar 199 is a 825x761 PNG image with a transparent background. Tagged under Braun, Oralb, Online. Arado Dadd Aircraft. The Arado Ar 199 was a floatplane aircraft, built by Arado Flugzeugwerke. It was a low wing monoplane, designed in 1938 to be launched from a catapult and operated over water. The enclosed cockpit had two side by side seats for instructor and.

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Original file ‎ 2.325 × 1.718 pixels, file size: 869 KB, MIME type: image jpeg. File information. Structured data. Arado Ar 234 pedia. The Arado Ar 199 was a floatplane aircraft built by Arado Flugzeugwerke It was a lowwing monoplane designed in 1938 to be launched from a.

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JPG Views: 199 Size: 106.3 KB Name: 3.JPG Views: 198 Size: Did you build it completely from scratch or adapt an Arado Ar.196 model?. The Millipede Tausendfussler Arado Ar 232 WeirdWings Reddit. Arado Flugzeugwerke was a German aircraft manufacturer, originally established Perhaps Arados most celebrated aircraft of the war was the Ar 234, the first Arado Ar 198, reconnaissance Arado Ar 199, seaplane trainer Arado Ar 231,. File:Arado Ar 199 model 1.jpg media Commons. Type: Trainer Seaplane Origin: Arado Handelsgesellschaft Warnedmunde Models: V1 and V2 First Flight: N A Service Delivery: N A Final Delivery: N A.

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The Ar96 airframe was a starting point for the development of the Ar199 and Ar296 models. The last version of this remarkable aircraft was produced in France by. Arado Ar 79 Images. Download Free Arado ar 79 PNG Images, Ar 10, Ar 15, Type 79 Submachine Gun, Parrot Ar Drone 2 0, Ar Drone 2 0, Parrot Ar.drone, Arado Ar 199, Arado Ar. Arado Ar 199 Alchetron, The Free Social Encyclopedia. ARADO AR 95 RECON. BOMBER, 57. FOCKE WULF FW 198 FIGHTER, 58. ARADO AR 199 TRAINER, 59. GOTHA GO 146, 60. MESSERSCHMITT ME 108B​.

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The Ar 196 was a shipboard reconnaissance aircraft built by Arado starting in 1936. The next year it was selected as the winner of a design contest, and became. Avia C 2 Arado Ar 96B kit by Martin Pfeifer Special Hobby EN. Опубликовано: 26 сент. 2019 г.


Tag: ar-234

I’m pleased to announced that we’ve just released Version 1.2 of our build guide, Building the Fly Arado Ar 234 in 1/32 Scale, by Kent Karlsen. This update is actually only very minor, featuring a few tiny layout tweaks and adjustments. That’s it!

Being a digital publication means this kind of update is very easy to do, and we will continue to update all our books in this fashion any time it becomes appropriate or necessary.

This new update is free to download for anyone who has already purchased this book. If you have an account with us, simply log in and download a new copy of the book from Downloads section of your account. Otherwise, the download link contained in your original purchase notification email should still be valid.

If neither of these scenarios applies to you, and you’d still like to download your updated copy, create a customer account here on the website, and then contact me so that I can associate your purchase with your new account. Once that is done, you can log in and download it from your purchase history.

And of course, if you haven’t purchased Building the Fly Arado Ar 234 in 1/32 Scale at all yet, you’re more than welcome to do so! And what’s more, we’ve temporarily discounted the purchase price from 15 Australian dollars to 12! This price will be valid for 7 days from today, before returning to its original price, so jump in for a bargain while you can!


Die Arado Ar 234 Blitz was the world's first operational jet-powered bomber, built by the German Arado company in the closing stages of World War II.

Die Arado Ar 68 was a German single-seat biplane fighter developed in the mid-1930s. It was among the first fighters produced when Germany abandoned the restrictions of the Treaty of Versailles and began rearming.

Die Arado Ar 240 was a German twin-engine, multi-role heavy fighter aircraft, developed for the Luftwaffe during World War II by Arado Flugzeugwerke. Its first flight was in 1940, but problems with the design hampered development, and it remained only marginally stable throughout the prototype phase. The project was eventually cancelled, with the existing airframes used for a variety of test purposes.

Die Heinkel He㺳 was a German single-seat biplane which was produced in a number of different versions. It was initially developed as a fighter a seaplane variant and a ground-attack version were also developed. It was a development of the earlier He 49.

Die Heinkel He 115 was a three-seat World War II Luftwaffe seaplane. It was used as a torpedo bomber and performed general seaplane duties, such as reconnaissance and minelaying. The aircraft was powered by two 960 PS BMW 132K nine-cylinder air-cooled radial engines. Some later models could seat four, had different engines or used different weapon arrangements.

Arado Flugzeugwerke was a German aircraft manufacturer, originally established as the Warnemünde factory of the Flugzeugbau Friedrichshafen firm, that produced land-based military aircraft and seaplanes during the First and Second World Wars.

Die Arado Ar 232 Tausendfüßler, soms ook genoem Tatzelwurm, was a cargo aircraft, designed and built in small numbers by the German firm Arado Flugzeugwerke during World War II. The design introduced, or brought together, almost all of the features now considered to be standard in modern cargo transport aircraft designs, including a box-like fuselage slung beneath a high wing a rear loading ramp a high-mounted twin tail for easy access to the hold and various features for operating from rough fields. Alhoewel die Luftwaffe was interested in replacing or supplementing its fleet of outdated Junkers Ju 52/3m transports, it had an abundance of types in production at the time, and did not purchase large numbers of the Ar 232.

Die Heinkel He 114 was a sesquiwing reconnaissance seaplane produced for the Kriegsmarine in the 1930s for use from warships. It replaced the company's He 60, but did not remain in service long before being replaced in turn by the Arado Ar 196 as Germany's standard observation seaplane.

Die Aichi E13A was a long-range reconnaissance seaplane used by the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) from 1941 to 1945. Numerically the most important floatplane of the IJN, it could carry a crew of three and a bombload of 250 kg (550 lb). The Navy designation was "Navy Type Zero Reconnaissance Seaplane" (零式水上偵察機).

Die Arado Ar 65 was the single-seat biplane fighter successor to the Ar 64. Both looked very similar. The only major difference was the use of a 12-cylinder inline engine versus the Ar 64's radial. The wingspan was also increased.

Die Arado Ar 66 was a German single-engined, two-seat training biplane, developed in 1933. It was also used for night ground-attack missions on the Eastern Front. It was engineer Walter Rethel's last design in collaboration with Arado, before Walter Blume, assigned as Arado Flugzeugwerke's chief design engineer in 1933, took over the bulk of the Arado firm's design duties.

Die Fieseler Fi 167 was a 1930s German biplane torpedo and reconnaissance bomber designed for use from the Graf Zeppelin class aircraft carriers under construction from 1936 to 1942.

Die Marinens Flyvebaatfabrikk M.F.11 was a three-seat, single-engined biplane used by the Royal Norwegian Navy Air Service for maritime reconnaissance in the decade before the Second World War.

Die Arado Ar 197 was a German World War II-era biplane, designed for naval operations for the never-completed German aircraft carrier Graf Zeppelin . Only a few prototypes were built the project was abandoned in favour of the Messerschmitt Bf 109T and Me 155.

Die Arado 95 was a single-engine reconnaissance and patrol biplane designed and built by the German firm Arado in the late 1930s. Ordered by Chile and Turkey, a number were taken over by the Kriegsmarine when World War II started.

Die Arado Ar 76 was a German aircraft of the 1930s, designed as a light fighter with a secondary role as an advanced trainer in mind.

Die Arado SSD I was a biplane fighter seaplane developed in Germany in 1930, intended to be launched from catapults on warships. This was an all-new design from Walter Rethel, sharing nothing with his other fighter designs for Arado of the late 1920s. It was a conventional unequal-span, staggered biplane, with the slightly gulled top wing attached to the upper fuselage. It was equipped with a single, large float under the fuselage and two outrigger floats near the wingtips. After evaluation at Travemünde, the floats were removed and a simple, wheeled undercarriage was fitted for competitive evaluation with the Heinkel HD 38 at Lipetsk. The Heinkel was selected, and the SSD I was relegated to trainer duties with the LVS in 1932.

Die Focke-Wulf Fw 62 was a reconnaissance floatplane, designed and built by Focke-Wulf for use by Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine. Only four were built.

Die Arado Ar 81 was a German prototype dive bomber. Because the Reich Air Ministry decided to purchase the competing Junkers Ju 87, only three prototypes of the Ar 81 were completed.

Die Arado Ar 198 was a prototype reconnaissance aircraft, developed by Arado Flugzeugwerke, with backing from the Luftwaffe, who initially preferred it over the Blohm & Voss BV 141 and the Focke-Wulf Fw 189. However, when flight tests were carried out the aircraft performed poorly, and did not impress the Luftwaffe. One aircraft was completed in 1938.