Geskiedenis Podcasts

Motorwedrenne

Motorwedrenne

'Ierse Godfather' vermoor deur 'n motorbom in St.

"Dapper Dan" Hogan, 'n St. Dokters het die hele dag gewerk om hom te red - volgens die Morning Tribune, "afpersers, polisiekarakters en ...lees meer

8 Heroes of American Hot Rodding

Niemand weet wie die term 'hot rod' vir die eerste keer uitgevind het nie, maar die klassieke definisie is eenvoudig: dit is 'n motor wat gestroop, opgeruk en baie vinniger gaan. En deur hul geskiedenis het warm stawe altyd 'n manier gehad om vrye denkers en risiko's te lok wat geneig is ...lees meer

Hoe die verbod geboorte gegee het aan NASCAR

Selfs nadat Junior Johnson in 1955 grondpaaie in die suide geskeur het en vyf oorwinnings op die NASCAR -baan behaal het, het die nuutste ster van die motorsport steeds teruggekeer huis toe na die berge van Noord -Carolina om in die familieonderneming te werk - maanskyn. Johnson se voorvaders gehad het ...lees meer

Volkswagen stop produksie tydens die Tweede Wêreldoorlog

Op 7 Augustus 1944, onder die dreigement van geallieerde bombardemente tydens die Tweede Wêreldoorlog, stop die Duitse motorvervaardiger Volkswagen die produksie van die "Kewer", aangesien sy klein, insekvormige motor in die internasionale pers genoem is. Tien jaar tevore was die bekende motoringenieur ...lees meer

Die beroemde "vier-vlak" open in Los Angeles

Op 22 September 1953 open die eerste vier-vlak (of "stapel") wisselaar ter wêreld in Los Angeles, Kalifornië, by die kruising van die snelweë Harbour, Hollywood, Pasadena en Santa Ana. Dit was, soos The Saturday Evening Post geskryf het, ''n mal motoriste se droom': 32 bane van ...lees meer

Die "Poolse Prins" sterf in vliegtuigongeluk

Op 1 April 1993 word die renjaer en eienaar Alan Kulwicki, wat die 1992 National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) se Winston Cup -kampioenskap gewen het met een van die strengste marges in die reeksgeskiedenis, dood in 'n vliegongeluk naby Bristol, Tennessee, waar hy was ...lees meer

Die renjaer en ontwerper Bruce McLaren sterf in 'n ongeluk

Die 32-jarige renjaer Bruce McLaren sterf in 'n ongeluk terwyl hy 'n eksperimentele motor van sy eie ontwerp op 'n baan in Goodwood, Engeland, toets op 2 Junie 1970. McLaren, gebore in Auckland, Nieu-Seeland, het 'n kinderheup siekte opgedoen. dit sou hom in die hospitale hou ...lees meer

Oprah gee bykans 300 nuwe motors weg

Op 13 September 2004 gee die TV-talkshow-gasheer Oprah Winfrey 'n splinternuwe Pontiac G-6 sedan, ter waarde van $ 28,500, aan almal in haar ateljee-gehoor: altesaam 276 motors.) Oprah het haar vervaardigers aangesê om te vul die skare met mense wat die motors 'broodnodig' gehad het, en toe sy ...lees meer

Henry Ford stel spoedrekord

Op 12 Januarie 1904 stel Henry Ford 'n landsnelheidsrekord van 91,37 km / h op die bevrore oppervlak van Michigan's Lake St. Clair. Hy het 'n vierwielmotor bestuur, die '999' genoem, met 'n hout onderstel, maar sonder bak of kappie. Ford se rekord is binne 'n maand op Ormond Beach gebreek, ...lees meer

Henry Ford II skiet Lee Iacocca af

Op 13 Julie 1978 het Henry Ford II, voorsitter van Ford Motor Company, Lee Iacocca afgedank as president van Ford, wat jare se spanning tussen die twee mans beëindig het. Iacocca, gebore uit 'n immigrantgesin in Pennsylvania in 1924, is in 1946 deur Ford as ingenieur aangestel, maar het gou oorgegaan na verkope, ...lees meer

GM veilings van historiese motors af

18 Januarie 2009 is die laaste dag van 'n weeklange veiling waarin die motorreus General Motors (GM) historiese motors uit sy Heritage Collection verkoop. GM verkoop ongeveer 200 voertuie op die veiling in Scottsdale, Arizona, insluitend 'n 1996 Buick Blackhawk -konsepmotor vir $ 522,500, ...lees meer

'Begrafnisafrigters' is vrygestel van die wet op motorsitplekke

Op 15 Oktober 2004 reël die National Highway Traffic Safety Administration dat lykswa vervaardigers nie meer ankers vir kinderveiligheidstoele in hul voertuie hoef te installeer nie. In 1999, om te verhoed dat ouers die sitplekke verkeerd installeer deur slegs hul motors se gordels te gebruik, ...lees meer

Shelby GT 350 debuteer

Op 27 Januarie 1965 word die Shelby GT 350 bekendgestel, 'n weergawe van 'n Ford Mustang -sportmotor wat deur die Amerikaanse motorrenjaer en motorontwerper Carroll Shelby ontwikkel is. Die Shelby GT 350, wat 'n 306-pk V-8-enjin gehad het, het tot einde 1960's in produksie gebly en ...lees meer

Wedrenjaer A.J. Foyt behaal die eerste pro -oorwinning

Op 12 Mei 1957 het die renjaer A.J. Foyt (1935-) behaal sy eerste professionele oorwinning in 'n Amerikaanse motorklubwedren in Kansas City, Missouri. 'N Hardnekkige Texaan, Anthony Joseph Foyt, Jr. ...lees meer

Die eerste wedren word by die Indianapolis Motor Speedway gehou

Op 19 Augustus 1909 word die eerste wedren gehou by die Indianapolis Motor Speedway, nou die tuiste van die bekendste motorrenwedstryd ter wêreld, die Indianapolis 500. Die snelweg is gebou op 328 hektaar landbougrond vyf myl noordwes van Indianapolis, Indiana. begin deur plaaslike ...lees meer

Craig Breedlove stel nuwe landspoedrekord

Op 15 November 1965 op die Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah, stel die 28-jarige Kaliforniër Craig Breedlove 'n nuwe landspoedrekord-600.601 myl per uur-in sy motor, die Spirit of America, wat $ 250,000 kos en aangedryf word deur 'n surplus -enjin van 'n vlootvliegtuig. Hy het eintlik gery ...lees meer

William Durant skep General Motors

Op 16 September 1908 bestee die hoof van Buick Motor Company, William Crapo Durant, $ 2.000 om General Motors in New Jersey op te neem. Durant, 'n skooluitval, het sy fortuin gemaak om perdewaens te bou, en eintlik het hy motors gehaat-hy het gedink dat dit raserig, stinkend en ...lees meer

Volkswagen is gestig

Op 28 Mei 1937 vorm die regering van Duitsland-toe onder beheer van Adolf Hitler van die National Socialist (Nazi) Party-'n nuwe motoronderneming in staatsbesit, destyds bekend as Gesellschaft zur Vorbereitung des Deutschen Volkswagens mbH. Later dieselfde jaar is dit eenvoudig hernoem ...lees meer

"Talladega Nights" vrygestel

"Talladega Nights: The Ballad of Ricky Bobby", 'n oneerbiedige komedie wat gebaseer is in die vreemde (gefiksionaliseerde) wêreld van Amerikaanse motorwedrenne, het op 4 Augustus 2006 première in rolprentteaters in die Verenigde State. Die komediant Will Ferrell (wat ook saam met -het die draaiboek geskryf ...lees meer

Die rolprentster en uitvinder Florence Lawrence sterf

Op 28 Desember 1938 sterf die stilfilmster Florence Lawrence aan selfmoord in Beverly Hills. Sy was 52 jaar oud. Alhoewel sy veral bekend was vir haar rolle in byna 250 films, was Lawrence ook 'n uitvinder: sy het die eerste "outomatiese seinarm" ontwerp, 'n meganiese rigtingwyser, ...lees meer

Die uitvinder van die roterende enjin, Felix Wankel, gebore

Die Duitse ingenieur Felix Wankel, uitvinder van 'n roterende enjin wat in renmotors gebruik sal word, word op 13 Augustus 1902 in Lahr, Duitsland, gebore. Na verneem word, het Wankel op 17 -jarige ouderdom die basiese idee vir 'n nuwe soort petrolmotor gekry. In 1924, ...lees meer

NASCAR gestig

Op 21 Februarie 1948 word die National Association for Stock Car Racing — of NASCAR, soos dit algemeen bekend staan, amptelik opgeneem. NASCAR-wedrenne word een van Amerika se gewildste toeskouersportsoorte, sowel as 'n bedryf met 'n multi-miljard dollar. Die bestuur ...lees meer


VINNIGE VROUE IN DIE GESKIEDENIS | AUTO RACING ’S TOUGH FEMALE PIONEERS

U moet u hoed afhaal vir hierdie ongelooflike vroue uit die geskiedenis van motorsport. Dit het baie balle nodig gehad vir hierdie dames om op die baan te kom en hul vaardighede, verstand en krag te pas by die manne van hul dag, wat in die hel macho was, en hulle eerder sou wou verlaat as om te deel die renbaan met die wyfies. Ek is regtig ontsag vir hulle en hulle het my grootste respek.

Violette Morris het soos 'n man aangetrek, drie pakkies per dag gerook en gereeld 'n blou streep gevloek.

Violette Morris het 'n verhaal wat jy nie sou kon opmaak as jy probeer nie. Eenvoudig gesê, dit is net ongelooflik.

Violette Morris, gebore as die niggie van die Franse generaal Gouraud, was 'n natuurlike begaafde en sterk atleet wat uitstekend was in sport. Sy was 'n bekwame bokser wat gereeld teen mans meeding en klop. Morris het ook 'n fietsry -kampioen geword, en het later sy motorfiets- en renmotors voltooi. Sy was so toegewyd aan motorwedrenne dat sy eintlik 'n elektiewe dubbele mastektomie gehad het (ja, sy het haar borste laat verwyder!), Sodat sy gemakliker sou wees agter die wiel van die styfsluitende fietsryers wat sy in die 1920's teruggejaag het. Sjoe.

Gedurende die Tweede Wêreldoorlog toe Frankryk in die 40's deur die Nazi's beset is, het Morris by die Paryse Gestapo aangesluit en saamgewerk met die berugte wrede “rue Lauriston ” ondervragingsgroep. In 1944, terwyl sy saam met militêre kollegas per motor van Normandië terug na Parys reis, het die Franse verset 'n motor van Morris gebombardeer en haar saam met almal doodgemaak. Ja, sy het beslis voluit geleef en gesterf met haar stewels aan.

Hellé Nice, gebore Mariette Helene Delangle, verhuis in haar tienerjare daar na Parys, sy gooi haar naam, haar verlede en haar klere opsy, poseer vir stoute poskaarte en dans in risqué, maar onderskeidende revues in die Casino de Paris en ander musieksale in die era van Maurice Chevalier, Josephine Baker en Mistinguett.

In 1929, nadat hy 'n dans-doomende kniebesering opgedoen het terwyl hy van 'n sneeustorting weggeklim het, het Hellé Nice meters vervang en danspantoffels verruil vir handskoene. Sy wen gou die Grand Prix Féminin en juig in die pers oor die opwinding om 'n wonderlike brullende renmotor in u hande te hê wat net vinniger wil gaan. ” Die vroeë oorwinning verseker haar 'n slanke Bugatti en die bynaam 8221 The Queen of Speed. ”

Hellé Nice, die prikkelende Franse vroulike renjaer van die 1920's en 821730's.


Wedrenne geskiedenis

Soichiro Honda se liefde vir oorwinning het gehelp om 'n klein onderneming in 'n renreus te begin. Honda Racing is gebore. Hier is slegs 'n paar mylpale wat Honda Racing die afgelope 50 jaar bereik het.

Isle of Man

Honda word die eerste Japanse vervaardiger wat in die Isle of Man TT jaag. Die span vee die podium in 1961 en vervul mnr. Honda se droom.

F1 wen

Na 'n uitdagende eerste jaar in F1, behaal Honda sy eerste oorwinning tydens die Grand Prix van Mexiko met Richie Ginther agter die stuur.

Eerste renmotor

Bob Boileau koop 'n nuwe Civic 1200, bou die eerste Amerikaanse Honda -renmotor en wen ses SCCA GT5 -kampioenskappe.

SCCA CR-X

Peter Cunningham stuur 'n Honda CR-X Si na die eerste van sy nege SCCA Pro-renjaerskampioenskappe.

McLaren F1

Met die hulp van Alain Prost en Ayrton Senna wen Honda sy sesde agtereenvolgende Formule Een -vervaardigerskampioenskap.

Honda Performance Development is gestig om onderdele vir Amerikaanse motorsportreeks te ontwikkel.

Jimmy Vasser wen die eerste van ses agtereenvolgende Championship Auto Racing Team (CART) Bestuurderskampioenskappe vir Honda.

Wen van die mandjie

Honda wen 'n vervaardigerstitel vir die vierde keer en 'n bestuurderstitel vir die sesde agtereenvolgende jaar in die CART -reeks.

Eerste Indy Win

Honda behaal sy eerste Indy 500 & reg -oorwinning met bestuurder Buddy Rice agter die stuur.

Alleenjinverskaffer vir IndyCar

Honda word vir ses opeenvolgende seisoene die enigste IndyCar & reg -enjinverskaffer, en dryf al 33 motors op die Indy 500 & reg sonder motoronderbrekings.

Acura LMP2 Wen

Acura betree die Amerikaanse Le Mans-reeks en behaal 'n oorwinning in die LMP2-klas in die seisoen-opening van 12 uur se Sebring-wedloop.

Racing Line -program geskep

Honda Performance Development stel die Honda Racing Line -program op, wat fabrieksondersteuning en onderdele aan voetsoolvlakjaers bied.

HPD WEN LMP1 EN LMP2 TE ALMS

Motors met Honda wen die LMP1- en LMP2-Amerikaanse vervaardigerskampioenskap in die Le Mans-reeks.

HPD WEN BY LE MANS

Strakka Racing maak aanspraak op die LMP2 -oorwinning in HPD se eerste verskyning in die 24 uur van Le Mans.

Die Acura TSX wen die Pirelli World Challenge GTS Manufacturers ’Championship met RealTime Racing.

Baja 500

HPD se Desert Pilot wen die Klas 6 Trofee -vragmotor -kategorie by die SCORE BAJA 500.

SCCA NASIONALE TITELS

Amateur-Honda- en Acura-jaers neem deel aan 'n SCCA-wenner-en-neem-wedloop, bekend as die afloop, en wen vier nasionale titels.

FRANCHITTI 3X INDY 500 & reg WIN

Dario Franchitti beweer sy derde Indy 500 & reg -oorwinning en sluit hom aan by die geledere van die elite -geskiedenis.

B-SPEC FIT WEN

Team Honda Racing wen Rally America se B-Spec-kampioenskap met die HPD Fit in 2013.

RYAN HUNTER-REAY WEN INDY 500 & reg

Ryan Hunter-Reay behaal sy eerste Indy 500 & reg-oorwinning en die 10de oorwinning met Honda.

Rossi wen Indy 500 en reg

Alexander Rossi sluit sy nuwelingjaar af deur die 100th Running ™ van die Indy 500 & reg.

Honda betree GRC

Honda begin deelneem aan die Red Bull Global Rallycross met die 10de generasie Civic Coupe.

NSX GT3

Die Acura NSX GT3 neem deel aan die kompetisie in die IMSA WeatherTech SportsCar -kampioenskap met Michael Shank Racing.

TAKUMA SATO WEN INDY 500 & reg

Takuma Sato maak geskiedenis as die eerste Japanse jaer wat die Indy 500® gewen het, 'n rug-aan-rug-kampioenskap vir Andretti Autosport.


10 historiese motorrenne wat motorrenne gevorm het

Motorwedrenne dateer uit die dae van die vroeë motor self. Destyds was dit egter nie 'n motorwedrenne soos ons dit vandag ken nie. Daar was motors wat ver van gesofistikeerd was. Hulle was groot gasvreters en het min krag. Hulle was onbetroubaar en sou enige tyd breek. Hulle het selfs nie noodsaaklikhede ontbreek nie, soos die voorruit en 'n behoorlike kajuit. Die bestuurders was vreeslose en ambisieuse jong mans wat bereid was om hul masjiene tot die uiterste te stoot vir die ontwykende glorie en tevredenheid. Namate motorrenne ontwikkel het, was daar dramatiese veranderinge, het dit onder wetlike beperkings gekom en vandag het elke wedloop 'n beheerliggaam wat streng reëls en regulasies bepaal.

Die volgende lys bevat tien legendariese rasse, in chronologiese volgorde, wat mylpale was in hierdie fassinerende evolusieverhaal.

Die eerste internasionale renreeks in die geskiedenis was die breinkind van die eksentrieke James Gordon Bennett Jr., miljoenêr -eienaar van die New York Herald. In 1899 bied Gordon Bennett 'n trofee aan die Automobile Club de France, waarna die motorklubs in die verskillende Europese lande jaarliks ​​moet jaag. Die voorwaardes vir inskrywing vereis dat elke deel van 'n mededingende voertuig vervaardig moet word in die land wat dit verteenwoordig, insluitend die wiele. Die eerste wedren, in 1900, is van Parys na Lyon gehou, en die Fransman Fernand Charron het hom met 'n Panhard-Levassor bestuur. Van die ses wedrenne wat tot 1905 gehou is, was vier van die naellope (stad tot stad) -formaat, en die in 1903 en 1905 was baanwedrenne, gehou by Athy in Ierland, en Circuit d & rsquoAuvergne in Frankryk. Dit was ook die vroegste rekord van georganiseerde baanwedrenne, wat later (na 1905) tot die Grand Prix sou ontwikkel. Frankryk was die suksesvolste land tydens die Gordon Bennett -wedrenne en het vier van die ses oorwinnings behaal. Die oorblywende twee is gewen deur 'n Britse Napier (in 1902) en 'n Duitse Mercedes (in 1903).

Terwyl talle onafhanklike renreeks in die eerste dekade van die 20ste eeu in Europa begin groei het, wat gelei het tot beter Europese motortegnologie en -ontwerp, wou William Kissam Vanderbilt Jr., 'n Amerikaanse motor-entoesias, dieselfde in sy land gebeur. Daarom stig hy die Vanderbilt Cup, in 1904. Dit was 'n internasionale wedloop, oop vir alle lande regoor die wêreld. Die aankondiging van die wedloop was egter deurspek met politiek en regskwessies, met mense wat probeer keer dat dit gebeur, maar Vanderbilt het die oorhand gekry, en die Vanderbilt Cup het die eerste definitiewe trofee in die Amerikaanse motorsportgeskiedenis geword. Die wedrenne is op Long Island gehou, en die vroeë wedrenne, van 1904 tot 1910, was van die opwindendste wedrenne van die tyd. Die Vanderbilt Cup het ook die opkoms van die glorie gekry van sommige van die vroegste suksesvolle renmotors, soos die Locomobile en die Lozier. Die plek van die Vanderbilt Cup is in 1912 van Long Island na Wisconsin verskuif, Santa Monica, en later San Francisco tot 1916, toe dit gestaak is as gevolg van die toetreding van Amerika tot die Eerste Wêreldoorlog. Dit is egter later herleef, in 1936, toe die neef van Vanderbilt en rsquos, George Washington Vanderbilt III, 'n wedloop van 300 myl geborg het by die nuutgeboude Roosevelt Raceway. Die gebrek aan Amerikaanse mededinging, en 'n vervelige wedrenformaat, speel egter 'n groot rol en dit word ná slegs twee jaar herlewing teruggetrek. Die volgende Vanderbiltbeker is in 1960 gehou, en dit het tot 1968 gebly en uiteindelik saamgevoeg met die Bridgehampton Sports Car Races.

Een van die oudste uithouritte, die Targa Florio is in 1906 gestig deur die Italiaanse renjaer Vincenzi Florio. Die wedloop is gehou rondom 'n baan van 72 kilometer, die Circuito Piccolo delle Madonie, om die Italiaanse berge rondom die stad Sicilië. Die eerste Targa Florio het 3 rondtes afgelê, deur verraderlike spore en bergagtige krommes, op hoogtes wat getuig van gereeld veranderende en moeilike klimaat. Alessandro Cagno het die eerste wedloop in 1906 gewen. Teen die middel van die twintigerjare was die Targo Florio een van die grootste wedrenne in Europa, want nog nie die 24 uur van Le Mans of die Mille Miglia was vasgestel nie.

Die Targa is in 1955 onder die FIA ​​World Sportscar Championship gebring, en die sukses daarvan het steeds gestyg. Dit het 'n arena geword waar groot renne van regoor die wêreld bymekaargekom het om groot Italiaanse jaers uit te daag. So sien die Targa Florio nek en nek kompetisie tussen Juan Manuel Fangio en die Brit, Stirling Moss, teen die Italiaanse kampioene Tazio Nuvolari en Alfieri Maserati. Die wedren as 'n internasionale byeenkoms het die laaste sonstrale in 1973 gesien, toe dit deur 'n Porsche 911 -prototipe gewen is. Dit het tot 1977 voortgegaan, as 'n nasionale gebeurtenis, toe 'n noodlottige ongeluk daartoe gelei het dat dit stopgesit is. Die omskepbare weergawe van Porsche & rsquos classic 911 is die Targa genoem vanweë hul sukses in die Targa Florio.

Die idee vir die bekendste van alle veteraanwedrenne kom uit 'n uitdaging wat in die Paryse Koerant gepubliseer is, Le Matin, en wat vandag bewys moet word, is dat solank 'n man 'n motor het, hy alles kan doen en oral kan gaan. Ons stel hierdie vraag aan motorvervaardigers in Frankryk en in die buiteland: Is daar iemand wat sal onderneem om hierdie somer per motor van Peking na Parys te reis? Wie hy ook al is, hierdie stoere en waaghalsige man, wie se dapper motor 'n tiental nasies sal sien hoe hy vorder, hy sal beslis verdien dat sy naam in die vier kwarte van die aarde en hellip as 'n bywoord gespreek word. & Rdquo

Die wedloop, wat oor twee kontinente en 'n afstand van vyftienduisend kilometer sou strek, was, eenvoudig gestel, ondenkbaar in 'n tyd toe mense nog steeds twyfel dat motors 'n plaasvervanger vir perdewaens sou wees. Daar was egter veertig inskrywings, waarvan slegs vyf entoesiasties genoeg was om hul motors na Peking (tans Beijing) te stuur. Daar was een Nederlandse Spyker, een Franse Contal-driewieler, twee Franse DeDion en een Italiaanse Itala van 120 pk, aangedreven door prins Scipione Borghese.

Die wedren het 'n telegraafroete gevolg en elke motor het een joernalis as passasier, wat die wedloop uit elke motor kon dek. Die afgeleë gebiede van Asië, wat nog nooit motorreise gesien het nie, was 'n uitmergelende belemmering. Die spanne het verskillende uitdagings en probleme ondervind. Die Itala val byvoorbeeld deur 'n houtbrug. Van die motors moes deur moeilike terrein met toue getrek word. Hulle het vasgesteek in dryfsand. Sommige het geput en gehoes, terwyl hulle met bensien aangevul is. Die Contal 3 -wieler is deur die uitgestrekte Gobi -woestyn gegrond en het opgehou. Die bemanning is gelukkig deur 'n groep inwoners gevind en gered.

Uiteindelik het die motors na Parys na maande van deurmekaar heldedade vasgekeer. Borghese & rsquos Itala was aan die voorsprong, dae voor die Nederlandse Spyker, in die tweede posisie.

Hierdie wedren was 'n keerpunt in die verhaal van die motor. Dit het alle mites oor motorvoertuie versprei en aan die wêreld bewys dat motors gekom het om te bly. Die wedren het 'n legendariese status bereik toe dit deur die jare 'n paar keer herken is, insluitend 'n onlangse verordening waarin 126 klassieke veteraanwaens betrokke was om sy eeufees te vier. Want soos dit was, was die Peking-Parys-wedloop van 1907 nie net 'n wedloop nie, dit was die grootste ry-avontuur van alle tye.

As die Peking-Parys-wedloop van 1907 bewys het dat motors kom bly het, was die New York-Parys bedoel om 'n laaste slag vir alle skeptici van die motor te maak. Dit was vanaf Times Square, op 'n yslike Februarie-oggend, dat die ses motors uit vier verskillende lande die eerste wêreldwye motorwedstryd opgestyg het. Die toestande was sleg en daar was baie min verharde paaie voor die bestuurders, waardeur hulle byna altyd die spoor op ballonbande kon loop, sonder om 'n pad te vind. Die aanvanklike roete was veronderstel om hulle tot in Alaska te neem, en dan sou die motors met stoomwaens oor die Beringstraat gestuur word. Deur onvergeeflike koue in Alaska het hulle deur Seattle herlei en daarna oor die Stille Oseaan na Yokohama in Japan gestuur.

Motors in Japan was iets nuuts, veral in die landelike gebiede. Op die meeste plekke is hulle begroet deur uitheemse gesigte wat nog nooit 'n motor teëgekom het nie. Vanaf Japan het die roete noordwaarts gery na Vladivostok, in die toendra -streke van Siberië. Die daaglikse vordering was toe so stadig dat die snelheid in voet per uur was, in teenstelling met myle. Uiteindelik, na 'n uitmergelende rit oor drie kontinente, was die paaie van Europa 'n welkome gesig. Die wenner, 'n Amerikaanse Thomas-Flyer, bereik Parys op 30 Julie, 4 dae agter die Duitse Protos. Die Duitsers is die oorwinning geweier en 'n boete van 30 dae opgelê omdat hulle nie na Alaska gegaan het voordat hulle die Stille Oseaan oorgesteek het nie. Die wenbestuurder, George Schuster, is later in 2010 in die Hall of Fame van die motor opgeneem.

Die Indy 500 word beskou as die grootste skouspel in wedrenne en het in 1911 begin en word steeds elke jaar gehou, gewoonlik die laaste naweek in Mei. Die plek is die perfek ovaal Indianapolis Motor Speedway in Indianapolis, in die Verenigde State. Hierdie wedren, een van die mees gesogte tot nog toe, het 'n paar van die hoogste snelhede behaal in die wedrenne ter wêreld, met motors wat feitlik rondvlieg, met 'n snelheid van meer as 320 kilometer per uur.

Alhoewel wedrenne op die Indianapolis Motor Speedway voor die 500 gehou is, is die eerste 500 (die syfer kom van die totale afstand in myl van begin tot einde en ongeveer 200 rondtes van die Speedway) gewen deur Ray Harroun, met 'n Marmon Model -32 gebaseerde Wesp. Die uitslag is bevraagteken deur ander bestuurders, meestal omdat Harroun die reëls oortree het en die volledige wedren uitgevoer het sonder enige motorwerktuigkundige, wat die oliedruk nagegaan het en ingelig het wanneer ander bestuurders kom. Die groot prysgeld ($ 50 000 in 1912) het baie lande van regoor die wêreld gelok, waaronder gevestigde Europese handelsmerke soos Fiat en Peugeot. Deur die jare het die Indy 500 ontwikkel en volgens Europese standaarde was die enjingrootte beperk tot 3 liter in 1920-22, 2 liter vir 1923-25 ​​en 1,5 liter in 1926-29.

Na die twee wêreldoorloë het die Indianapolis Motor Speedway & rsquos -toekoms donker gelyk. Professionele wedrenne was in die steek gelaat en versmoor van onkruid, en die baan op die baksteen was onmoontlik. Dit was die plaaslike entrepreneur, Tony Hullman, wat die baan laat herleef het, die Indy 500 opgewek het en gehelp het om die goue era van die Amerikaanse na-oorlogse motorsport in te lei.

Die gesogte 24 uur van Le Mans is die oudste en bekendste uithourit ter wêreld wat nog steeds elke jaar gehou word. Hierdie wedloop was oorspronklik bedoel om die doeltreffendheid en betroubaarheid van produksiemotors op die Sarthe Circuit in Le Mans in Frankryk te toets, en deur die jare het byna elke bekende merk deelgeneem. Die Le Mans was ook 'n sitplek vir bitter persoonlike wedywerings en professionele kompetisie, soos geen ander wedloop in hierdie wêreld nie. Die 1960's was die belangrikste in hierdie verband. Aangesien Henry Ford gefrustreerd was oor sy onsuksesvolle poging om die Italiaanse hings, Ferrari, te koop, beloof hy om Ferrari op die renbaan te verslaan en het hy groot beleggings gemaak om uitstekende renmotors te ontwikkel. En inderdaad, die 24 uur van Le Mans het van die grootste renjaers deur die eeue gesien. Enkele prominente is die Ford Mark IV, die Ferrari 250 GTO, die Porsche 917 en die Chevrolet Corvette.

Die 24 uur van Le Mans het ook 'n nuwe soort wedloop begin, die Le Mans -start genoem, waarin motors langs die putmuur gestaan ​​het, en by die vlaggolf sou bestuurders na hul motors jaag, inklim, die enjins aanskakel , draai om en begin die wedloop, alles sonder hulp. Hierdie gekke geskarrel aan die begin van elke wedren het 'n ikoniese aspek van hierdie wedren geword, wat egter later weggegooi is op grond van bestuurders wat rondgaan sonder om hul veiligheidsgordels vas te maak!

Die huidige 24 uur van Le Mans sien die motors meer as 5000 kilometer van begin tot einde aflê. Dit is ongeveer agtien keer die lengte van 'n gemiddelde Formule 1 Grand Prix.

Die Mille Miglia was waarskynlik die laaste van die legendariese padwedlope. Dit is in 1927 begin deur die Italiaanse motorliefhebber graaf Aymo Maggi, wat self deelgeneem het aan die eerste uitgawe in sy Isotta Fraschinni 8A SS. Die Mille Miglia het in Brescia begin en klaargemaak, en het 'n duisend kilometer lange afstand van die Italiaanse platteland afgelê. Ondanks die vertoning van enkele van die beste Italiaanse granturismo -handelsmerke, soos die Maserati, die Isotta, die Fiat, die Ferrari en die Alfa Romeo, is die wedloop in 1957 afgelas ná 'n noodlottige ongeluk wat die Ferrari -bestuurder, Spanjaard Alfonso de Portago, doodgemaak het. navigator, Edmund Nelson en nege toeskouers, waaronder vyf kinders.

Die gewildste en mees gesogte geleentheid op die Formule 1 -kalender elke jaar, die Monaco Grand Prix, saam met die 24 uur van Le Mans en die Indy 500, word informeel die & ldquoTriple Crown of Motorsport & rdquo genoem. Die Circuit de Monaco, wat sedert 1929 die Grand Prix aanbied, word ook 'n buitengewone ligging van glans en aansien genoem.

Voor 1929 was die Grand Prix -kringe op die platteland of met doelgerigte renbane geleë. Die eerste Grand Prix van Monaco het 'n nuwe dimensie vir die sport ingebring, want dit is deur die strate van die hoofstad, Monte Carlo, gehardloop op 'n stywe, kronkelende en smal baan, wat ook 'n tonnel insluit. Die bestuurbaarheid van die motors is hoog op hierdie kursus. Vroeë uitgawes van die Monaco Grand Prix is ​​oorheers deur die behendige Bugattis, wat later in die dertigerjare aan die magtiger Alfa Romeo 8C Monza beswyk het.

Ayrton Senna, wat deur baie mense die grootste renjaer van alle tye genoem word, het die meeste kere in Monaco gewen, met ses oorwinnings, waaronder vyf agtereenvolgende oorwinnings tussen 1989 en 1993.

Die Carrera Panemericana was nog 'n historiese padwedren deur die paaie van Mexiko, wat oorspronklik begin adverteer het en die aandag vestig op die pas voltooide Mexikaanse gedeelte van die Panamericana -snelweg. Die eerste wedren was 'n nege-stadium, vyfdaagse byeenkoms wat byna 3300 kilometer oor die hele lengte van die snelweg geloop het, en Mexiko van noord na suid gestrek het. Na twee jaar is die wedloop egter aangewys as die gevaarlikste wedloop ooit, as gevolg van die moeilike baan, die skerp draaie en uiterste hoogte- en hellipveranderinge van 328 voet bo seespieël op sommige plekke tot 10,500 voet by ander. Carburateurs op die motors moes aangepas word om die dunner lug op hoër hoogtes te hanteer. Die eerste uitgawe van die wedren is gewen deur Hershel McGriff en Ray Eliot, wat 'n Oldsmobile bestuur het. Ander herkenbare motors wat in verskillende stadiums van die Carrera Panamericana suksesvol was, was die Mercedes Benz & ldquoGullwing & rdquo 300 SL en die Porsche 550 Spyder. Porsche het baie sukses in hierdie wedrenne behaal en baie van die oorwinnings op klasvlak behaal, wat getuig van die betroubaarheid van die VW Beetle, en baie van die Porsches het hul afstammelinge daaruit getrek. Uiteindelik na 'n noodlottige ongeluk in Le Mans in 1955, is die Carrera Panamericana en alle ander sulke wedrenne gekanselleer. Dit is egter weer opgewek in 1988 deur Eduardo de Le & oacuten Camargo, en dit bestaan ​​nog steeds tot op hede.

Porsche het twee van hul motors genoem na hul sukses as 'n span in hierdie wedren, die Carrera en later die Panamera -toer.


Die resiesgeskiedenis van die Milwaukee Mile

WEST ALLIS, Wisconsin - Na 'n afwesigheid van vyf jaar keer motorwedrenne terug na die beroemde Milwaukee Mile op Wisconsin State Fair Park op Vadersdag, 16 Junie, met die laat modelreeks van die ARCA Midwest Tour wat die middag se aksie beklemtoon.

Die byeenkoms is die eerste keer in vier jaar dat motorsport by die historiese, een kilometer lange, geplaveide ovaal gehou word.

Aangesien motorrenne terugkeer na die baan waar wedrenne tot 1903 dateer, sal die Midwest Tour-super laat modelle Sondag by die Vintage Indy Registry, Midwest Truck Tour, Mid-American Stock Car Series en Upper Midwest Vintage Series aansluit.

Die sterre en motors van die ARCA Midwest Tour sal in 'n 100-rondte-wedloop wedloop. Met 'n oorwinning in die reeks reeds in 2019, lei Casey Johnson van Edgerton, Wis., Die huidige puntestand in die Midwest Tour.

Die huidige NASCAR Cup Series-renjaer Erik Jones het die laaste ARCA Midwest Tour-wedren op Milwaukee gewen en 'n jaagtog van 150 rondtes op 8 Junie 2014 behaal.

Dinsdagaand se wedrenne is in 2012 en 2013 gehou, met Travis Sauter wat 'n wedstryd van 150 rondtes in 2012 gewen het en NASCAR-ster Kyle Busch het 'n donker verkorte 115-rondte-ren in 2013 behaal. Voorheen het Busch ook in 2008 'n toernooi gewen.

Vroeër was die Milwaukee -ovaal 'n broeikas vir motorwedrenne. Die reis het in 1948 begin toe die Paul Bjork van Minnesota, met 'n Kaiser van 1948, op 22 Augustus 'n wedloop van 100 rondtes gewen het, wat net meer as $ 1,800 huis toe geneem het vir sy wenpoging.

Die Illinois-wielrenjaer, Emil Andres, het daardie dag vinnige tyd gehad met 'n rondte van 53,24 sekondes om die ovaal van een kilometer.

Die inwoner van Milwaukee, Myron Fohr, bekend vir sy prestasies in oopwielmotors, insluitend die deelname aan die Indianapolis 500, het daar in 1949 en 1950 motorwedrenne gewen. Milwaukee.

Norm Nelson, wat in 1948 aan die eerste voorraadmotorkompetisie deelgeneem het en 'n vierde plek behaal het, jaag uit Racine, Wis., Wen 'n AAA 100-miler in Augustus 1950. Nelson, wat in die middel begin het, wen agt loopbaanmotors wedrenne in Milwaukee.

Don Odell, Illinois, in 'n Packard, het op 20 September 1953 die laaste motorwedren (200 myl) op die Milwaukee -grond gewen. Teague het in 1954 AAA -wedrenne gewen.

Bettenhausen het tydens sy loopbaan drie oorwinnings met voorraadmotors in Milwaukee behaal.

A.J. Foyt en sy Chevrolet Camaro nr. 51 in aksie by die Milwaukee Mile. (Stan Kalwasinski foto)

USAC-voorraadmotors het in 1956 by Milwaukee gejaag en groot skare gelok vir 'n jaarlikse skedule van vier wedrenne. Troy Ruttman het die eerste USAC-wedren op 15 Julie 1956 gewen. Fred Lorenzen het in 1958 rug-aan-rug-USAC-wedrenne gewen op pad na sy eerste van twee USAC-motortitels.

Record crowds and record purses were part of the tradition with the track seeing the likes of Nelson, Parnelli Jones (seven wins), A.J. Foyt (six), Butch Hartman (nine), Jack Bowsher (five), Roger McCluskey (five) and Eddie Sachs (two) win USAC stock car contests.

Iowa’s Don White is the all-time winningest stock car driver at Milwaukee, with the USAC driving ace winning a record 14 times, his last coming in 1975.

The American Speed Ass’n visited the Milwaukee Mile for the first time on May 7, 1978, with Michigan’s Bob Senneker winning the first annual Superamerica 150. A year later, short track legend, Wisconsin’s own Dick Trickle captured the Superamerica 150 on May 6.

Mark Martin won the ASA 150 lapper in 1980. Joe Shear, Rusty Wallace, Alan Kulwicki, Butch Miller, Mike Eddy, Scott Hansen and Jim Sauter are among others that claimed ASA victories at Milwaukee.

NASCAR racing made its first appearance at Milwaukee in 1984 with Sam Ard capturing a 200-lap Busch Grand National event on May 13, 1984. Dale Earnhardt Jr. was the winner of a Grand National contest in 1998, with Wisconsin’s Johnny Sauter winning one in 2005.

Carl Edwards won the last two NASCAR Busch/Nationwide Series races in 2008 and 2009.

Johnny Benson (23) leads a pack of trucks at the Milwaukee Mile in 2008. (NASCAR photo)

The NASCAR Truck Series came to Milwaukee for the first time in 1995 with Mike Skinner scoring the victory. Jack Sprague, Ron Hornaday Jr., Greg Biffle, Kurt Busch and Ted Musgrave, with two wins, are among former NASCAR truck series winners at Milwaukee.

Johnny Benson Jr. won three consecutive Milwaukee truck races from 2006 through 2008.

The Automobile Racing Club of America (ARCA) has been part of the stock car racing history at Milwaukee, dating back to 1958 when USAC and ARCA co-sanctioned races.

Multi-time ARCA champion Frank Kimmel won the last ARCA race at Milwaukee, a 200 miler, on August 26, 2007.

Indy car racing is a whole other chapter of Milwaukee Mile history, with the last professional auto race at Milwaukee held on July 12, 2015 and Sebastian Bourdais winning a 250-lap Verizon (now NTT) IndyCar Series race ahead of Helio Castroneves and Graham Rahal.

Thanks are necessary to the late Al Krause, who was an official and historian at the Milwaukee Mile for many years, for providing some of the above information.


2 Opmerkings

The first automobile race in PA was at the Belmont Driving Park in Narberth PA, originally build as a diversion for the Sesquicentennial to allow for horse racing. Three cars competed including two electrics and a Winton with an “explosion” engine.

1900 was the first race in Trenton NJ at the racetrack

The ambitious but stillborn Warminster Speedway cut short by WW I..

Also National Speedway in the old Shibe Park in Philly hosted midget racing during the Yellow Jacket Stadium heyday.

Sanatoga Speedway, near Pottstown, owned by the Marshman family and the beginning of Bobby Marshman’s career, not to be confused with the larger Pottstown Speedway.

Vargo’s Dragway in Bucks County which hosted an NHRA National event in the 60’s.

Hatfield Speedway, where the Andretti brothers cut their teeth in racing……as well as tracks in Nazareth, Reading and Allentown.

Indy 500 racers from Bucks County, Doc Mackenzie, Al Holbert, Larry McCoy……NASCAR Series winning owner and crew chief, Indy 500 chief mechanic Smokey Yunick who grew up in Neshaminy Bucks County.

Bucks County’s Al Holbert also won LeMans 3 times in the works Porsche…..sadly Doc was killed in a race car, Larry died by his own hand while suffering a debilitating illness and Al died flying home in his own airplane.

Then, of course, there was Hurst Industries who made the Hurst shifters, and were a major player in racing in the 60’s and 70’s and purported to quietly sponsor Smokey Yunick’s capsule car at Indianapolis.


Racing & Motor: The Early Years

To help celebrate our 100th anniversary of continuous publication, we visit the archives for this early history of automobile racing in America, as seen through the eyes of Motor.

When William Randolph Hearst started MOTOR Magazine in 1903, he no doubt knew instinctively that the automobile was about to change the world. The first few issues read like a newsletter for Hearst's rich friends after all, they were the only ones who could afford those fabulous new toys back then. But you can sense the excitement in those first pages about the real possibilities of the automobile industry.

We at Motor are proud to mark the 100th anniversary of our magazine, and are excited about celebrating this milestone, by looking back on those 100 years. A complete retrospective, of course, is impossible the history of the automobile industry is so varied and extensive we could not possibly do it justice in these few pages. Instead, we chose to bring you one small piece of automotive history that Motor recorded rather well, we think. And that is the early history of automobile racing in America.

One of the most extraordinary accounts of the development of the American automobile industry appeared in the March 1909 issue of Motor. It was written by Charles E. Duryea, the man generally considered to have built America's first practical motorized carriage in 1893 and who thereby arguably launched America's automobile industry. Unfortunately, Duryea's first car proved to be underpowered, so he began work on a new vehicle with a two-cylinder, four-cycle engine. It was completed in the spring of 1895 and immediately "went into daily service," as he put it in that March 1909 issue.

Duryea credited four contemporary pioneers for the development of the automobile: Elwood Haynes of Kokomo, Indiana, who produced a vehicle in 1893 that was the first to use aluminum parts George Selden, whose "road locomotive" wasn't completed until 1905 Henry Ford, whose first four-wheel, self-propelled auto was completed in 1893 and Alexander Winton, who built his first car in 1895 and began setting speed records in 1897.

The First Races in America

Charles Duryea won the first automobile race ever run in America, on Thanksgiving Day, 1895. There were six contestants. Duryea won with an average speed of 7.5 mph, not so bad considering the course was covered with as much as 12 to 18 inches of snow and ice, according to Duryea. He won several other races as the century neared its close. For the next several years, all the important races were run in Europe, almost all of them in France. For this reason, France can legitimately claim to have been the country where motor car racing began.

Back in the United States, road racing had not yet taken hold. Other than the occasional one-on-one match, like the one between Henry Ford and Alexander Winton in October 1901, which was won by Ford, racing was confined to attempts at speed records, either on flat surfaces or on hill climbs.

The very first speed record is said to have been set in 1897 by Winton, who covered a mile in his little runabout in 1 minute, 47 seconds. But it wasn't until 1901 that records were taken seriously. On August 30, 1901, at Newport, Rhode Island, millionaire sportsman William K. Vanderbilt, Jr. drove his Mercedes five miles in about 71/2 minutes, and ten miles in 15 minutes. But in less than three months, on November 16 that same year, Henri Fournier drove his Mors one mile in 51.8 seconds at the speed trials on Coney Island Boulevard in Brooklyn, New York. This feat created a national sensation, and signaled that racing had come of age.

Records continued to be set. On January 13, 1904, on the ice of Lake St. Clair near Detroit, the Ford "999" covered one mile in an incredible 39.4 seconds. As unbelievable as that record was, it wouldn't even last to the end of the month. Records galore were about to be set in Florida on a long stretch of hard sand called Ormond Beach.

The First Race Tracks

Interestingly, horses made the first automobile speed races possible. In its inaugural issue in July 1903, Motor reports that the "millionaire colony" gathered in Saratoga for the summer was proposing the Saratoga racetrack as ideal for an auto race meeting. And cities that had speedways meant for horses, like New York's Harlem River Driveway, were petitioned to close them to equine traffic one day a week in favor of automobiles.

Horse tracks were located mostly near metropolitan centers and could draw large numbers of spectators to the grandstands. Since these spectators paid to get in, they provided some of the funds necessary to finance the sport, a formula that works well to this day.

Horse tracks weren't perfect, however. The two big problems were dust and danger to spectators. Track owners would be forced to modify their tracks to correct these problems, or to build new tracks specifically for auto racing.

Two modified horse tracks that figured prominently in auto racing's early days were Empire City in Yonkers, New York, and Brighton Beach near Coney Island in Brooklyn. To keep the dust down, the dirt surface was covered with a layer of oil before every race. And to cut down on the possibility of skidding out of control, the turns were banked-a change that made it possible for speed records to be broken at just about every meet.

The use of horse tracks for racing brought another change-the switch from amateur drivers to professionals. Cars were getting bigger and faster, and racing was becoming too dangerous for "gentlemen." What had begun as entertainment for wealthy car owners had become a professional sport.

The First Road Races

Road racing did not make its debut in America until 1904. In 1899, American newspaper publisher James Gordon Bennett resolved to do something about the French domination of racing. To encourage American manufacturers to build cars that could compete with the French, he organized the Automobile Challenge Cup race and invited automobile clubs from every country to compete. The race, which became better known as the Gordon Bennett Trophy Race, became the first great racing series in automotive history. The race ran only six years, from 1900 to 1905, yet it set the tone for what would become Grand Prix racing.

In 1904, William K. Vanderbilt, Jr. inaugurated the first road racing series in America. The Vanderbilt Cup would become America's premier road race, featuring the world's best cars and driv-ers. It was called the "Classic of American Motordom," "the King of Automobile Races" and "the Premier Event in the World of Sport." That's how big the Vanderbilt Cup race was from 1904 to 1916. No other race came close in importance, and no other race got as much ink in Motor Magazine.

Largely because of the success of the Vanderbilt Cup, road racing in America would flourish for the next dozen years in many parts of the country.

Vanderbilt was the grandson of Cornelius Vanderbilt, the New York railroad magnate. He spent his inherited wealth on endeavors other than the family business. Indeed, William's great passion was not the railroad, but the automobile-more precisely, automobile racing.

Vanderbilt was probably one of those people William Randolph Hearst had in mind when he started Motor Magazine. His name appears in Motor's earliest accounts of hill-climbing contests and speed meets. He set the world record for the mile at Ormond Beach in Florida in January 1904, driving a 90-hp Mercedes. His time was 39 seconds flat and his top speed was 90 mph.

Interestingly, as in Vanderbilt's case, racing was done by the owners of the vehicles and not by professional race drivers. Motor put this phenomenon in perspective in its October 1903 issue:

Explain, if you can, why the man of means who places a high value on his life, delights in running a motor vehicle at such pace that the odds are scarcely even that he will emerge with a whole body. Those who take enjoyment in this manner tell of the exhilaration of moving through space at this great rate, the excitement of the moment allaying all sense of fear. There are those who believe that the disease is something which grows upon the motorist until he is a chronic victim of this speed mania.

Motor covered the first Vanderbilt Cup race in great detail in its November 1904 issue. The race featured 18 vehicles from four different countries-six from France, five each from Germany and the United States, and two from Italy. The cars started two minutes apart, beginning at 6 a.m. Seven finished. After more than seven hours of racing, the winner was American expatriate George Heath driving for France in a Panhard. He averaged 52 mph.

For the next decade-plus, Motor thrilled readers with eyewitness accounts of all the Vanderbilt Cup races-except, amazingly, the last, in 1916. After the race, Vanderbilt decided to retire his trophy. Commercialism, if anything, killed the Vanderbilt. Speedway racing now offered purses of $50,000 to $100,000 and speeds over 100 mph. With the Vanderbilt offering no more than $10,000, the prestige of winning was not considered reward enough.

The winner of the final Vanderbilt was Englishman Dario Resta in a French Peugeot (he won the previous year, as well). But Motor never even bothered to report on the race.

Before World War I there were two road races in America that stood above all the others. One, of course, was the Vanderbilt Cup the other was the Grand Prize. Officially known as the Automobile Club of America's International Road Race, the Grand Prize, or the Gold Cup, as some called it, was established in 1908 as America's premier international road race. It was patterned after Europe's Grand Prix races and was conducted under the rules of international racing.

The inaugural Grand Prize race was held on Thanksgiving Day, 1908, in Savannah, Georgia. It attracted 20 superb automobiles from France, Germany, Italy and the United States, as well as the best drivers in the world. At 402.08 miles over a 26-mile course, it was the longest race in America.

The last Grand Prize race was run in Santa Monica in 1916, until Grand Prix racing was revived in 1959. World War I had put an end to road racing in Europe, as well. The Grand Prize, like the Vanderbilt Cup, was now a completed chapter in the history of early American racing. Hill Climbs & Beach Racing

When George Mallory was asked why he wanted to climb Mount Everest, he answered, "Because it's there." This classic response reveals a basic human impulse-the irresistible urge to climb. Men no sooner had invented the automobile than they wanted to race them. So it became a natural evolution in the process for them to want to race them up those darn hills. Thus was born the sport of automobile hill climbing.

For the first dozen years of the 20th century, hill climbs were one of the most popular forms of automobile racing in America.

Hill climbs always had an element of danger in them. In the early days, road surfaces were not paved and guardrails had not been invented yet. It was not unusual, therefore, for a car to take a corner too fast and plunge off the edge of the road.

Motor followed hill climbing extensively for many years. But these competitions were so popular and numerous, Motor couldn't do them all justice. As it turned out, only one climb would challenge America's best drivers-Pikes Peak.

When Zebulon Pike in 1806 discovered the mountain that would be named after him, he said it would never be conquered. He was right. vir 'n rukkie. The first man did not reach the summit until 1820, and it would take another 80 years for an automobile to negotiate the 18-mile stretch that climbed 8109 feet from the valley floor to the mountain's 14,109-foot peak.

As a hill climb, Pikes Peak had no equal. Not even Mount Washington came close. In 1916, when almost all other hill climbs had disappeared into the pages of history, Pikes Peak began its run of annual hill climbs that continue to this day.

When it came to record-breaking speeds, however, straight, flat and smooth surfaces were the best. And the best place to set speed records, it turned out, was the beach. In the early- to mid-1900s, beaches from Maine to Florida reverberated with the sound of race engines.

The one speed venue that was getting the most attention in those early days, however, was the 15-mile stretch of beach between Ormond and Daytona on Florida's east coast. Here, the smooth, hard surface at low tide was perfect for attempts at speed records for the mile and the kilometer, as well as for distances of up to 50 miles. Here's how Motor described racing on Florida's beaches in its January 1904 issue:

Here is a course with an abundance of width, endless dunes alongside that serve as safe vantage ground for the onlookers, and nothing more serious than a salt water bath opposite if the luckless pilot lose control of his high strung bundle of mechanism.

Soon, with the advent of high-speed ovals in places like Indianapolis, Sioux City, Los Angeles, Chicago and Sheepshead Bay, New York, the Florida beaches lost their attraction as speed venues. Not only were the ovals built for speed, they also had enormous grandstands that accommodated many more spectators than could the dunes of Ormond Beach. There are scant references in Motor to Ormond Beach after 1911, but the records set on the sands of Florida from 1903 to 1911 would hold a special place in the annals of auto racing in America.

Endurance Races: Twice Around the Clock

When we hear "24-hour race," we automatically think of the 24 Hours of Le Mans. Except for a 10-year interruption caused by World War II, this classic endurance race has been with us since 1923. But the history of "Twice Around the Clock" racing goes back a lot further than that.

The idea of conducting a race over a fixed period of time came up almost as an afterthought. In the first decade of the 20th century, when automobile racing was in its infancy, all track racing was over a specific distance: one mile, five miles, 10 miles, 100 miles, etc. There were some endurance races as well, but they were always from point to point.

The first true 24-hour race took place in Columbus, Ohio, on July 3 and 4, 1905, with three entries. No less than 11 contests were held in 1907, with "single car" records set and broken several times in Philadelphia, St. Louis, Chicago and Brighton Beach, New York.

By the end of the first decade, speedways were being built in every part of the country. Soon interest waned, until a Hudson Super Six finally broke through at Brooklyn's Sheepshead Bay speedway on May 1 and 2, 1916, setting a new world record of 1819 miles, breaking the old record of 1419 miles set at the Los Angeles speedway on April 8, 1911.

The following year a new record was set-1898 miles in 24 hours, with an average speed of 79.08 mph. The track once again was the Sheepshead Bay speedway.

With America's entry into the war there would be no further commentary on 24-hour racing in Motor for some time. But then, Le Mans was just around the corner.

In the first 15 years of racing, automobile enthusiasts raced on the beach, up hills, around race tracks, on public roads, even where there were no roads. Finally, this mania led to the ultimate contest, a race around the world. The year was 1908 the contest, the New York-Paris Race.

Long-distance racing in America wasn't new in 1908. Five years earlier, four motorized vehicles had actually gone coast to coast. The first was a 1.5-hp California motorcycle driven by George Wyman. He left San Francisco on May 16, 1903, and reached New York on July 6. That made him the first person ever to cross the continent on a motor-driven vehicle.

The first automobile to make the journey was a Winton touring car owned by Dr. H. Nelson Jackson, who hired Sewall K. Crocker as his driver. They left San Francisco on May 23 and arrived in New York on July 26 after a circuitous route that totaled some 6000 miles. Two other automobiles, a Packard and an Oldsmobile runabout, completed the same trek later that summer.

Having documented these events in its December 1903 issue, Motor decided to sponsor a transcontinental race in 1904, which it billed as The Supreme Endurance Test. A cup and gold medals would go to the survivors. Of course, there were no roads in the west, so the prerace discussions centered on which was the best route to take, especially over the Rockies. Said Motor in its February 1904 issue:

Not the least of the good that is likely to result from the publicity given to transcontinental motor-vehicle trips and other extended automobile tours will be a further popularizing of the various movements now afoot for good roads.

A number of motorists took up Motor's challenge. The winners were L.L. Whitman and C.S. Caris in a 10-hp Franklin, who completed the journey in 32 days, 17 hours, 20 minutes.

Having conquered the ocean-to-ocean barrier, the indomitable motorist would soon look to new challenges. In 1907, the New York Times proposed a race across three continents, from New York to Paris.

The first stage of the course, from New York to San Francisco, was expected to take around 30 days. From California, the cars would then travel by ship to Valdez, Alaska, and then motor 1100 miles across to Nome, a stage that would take another 30 days. From Nome, the cars would sail to Siberia and from there motor 5400 miles across the frozen tundra to Moscow and another 2600 miles across Europe to Paris. This last stage was expected to take 21/2 months.

E.R. Thomas, an American car manufacturer, eventually won the race, beating out three entries from France and one each from Italy and Germany. The auto traveled 22,000 miles, 13,341 of them on land under its own power. For its effort, the Thomas was awarded a trophy that weighed 1800 pounds and was eight feet high, the largest trophy ever offered or won in competition.

The Speedway Era

For nearly a century the Indianapolis 500 has stood at the pinnacle of automobile racing. In terms of race cars, drivers, prize money and publicity, Indy's reputation as a racing classic is unequaled. While many books have been written on the Indianapolis 500, no early history of Indy matches Motor's coverage of the speedway's early years.

Motor's February 1909 issue detailed plans by the newly organized Motor Speedway Company, headed by Carl G. Fischer, president of the Prest-O-Lite Company. The stated objective was to furnish facilities for driving and testing American cars for long-distance or high-speed contests, and to furnish suitable grounds for outdoor shows and meetings of automobile engineers, manufacturers or dealers.

The Indianapolis Motor Speedway was designed to be the safest high-speed race course in the world, with no building or fence closer than 50 feet from the roadway. It would also have testing and repair facilities that would make it possible for owners to prepare and test their cars in advance of the contests. The Speedway was unquestionably the finest racing venue in the world.

The Indianapolis Speedway held its first races in August 1909, but plans were already underway for a national championship meet to be held there. With 44 cars entered, the first International Sweepstakes, run in 1911, was billed as the world's greatest motor racing event, run on the greatest track, at the greatest distance and for the greatest prizes ever offered. The purse put up by the race management was $25,000, with $10,000 going to the winner. There were also several special prizes offered by manufacturers that brought the total prize money to $33,800, an unheard-of sum in those days. Ray Harroun, driving a Marmon Wasp, was the winner of the first Indy 500, averaging 74.62 mph.

By 1915, all racing in Europe had stopped because of the war Indy suffered the same fate in 1917, speedway officials canceling the Memorial Day Sweepstakes. Thus the pre-WWI history of the Indy 500 came to an end.

The only long-running success among speedways is Indianapolis. Except for the cancellation of the Indy 500 during WWI and WWII, it has operated without interruption since 1909. Its success has been attributed to a number of factors: outstanding facilities for racers and racing teams, factory support, enormous spectator capacity, a durable surface, large purses and the tradition of the Indy 500 on Memorial Day.

Two other big speedways opened at about the same time as Indianapolis-the Atlanta Speedway and the Los Angeles Motordrome. The Atlanta track was very fast, and records were broken from the very first day it opened in late 1909. But dark clouds were forming, and after barely a year of racing, the Atlanta Speedway closed.

Open in 1910, the Los Angeles Motordrome introduced a brand-new concept in the construction of speedways-a one-mile, steeply banked circular track with a wood surface patterned after board bicycle tracks. In fact, when it was built, it was the largest wooden structure of any sort built in America. It operated with varying degrees of success until January 1913, when it was destroyed by fire.

Besides Indianapolis, Atlanta and Los Angeles, there were no other tracks of any importance until 1915 brought a rash of wood-surfaced tracks. Sheeps-head Bay Speedway in Brooklyn, New York, operated its two-mile track from 1915 to 1919. Cincinnati Motor Speedway was also two miles and opened in 1916. It attracted as many as 65,000 spectators to some meets. Its last event was a 48-hour endurance run for Essex automobiles in 1919.

Chicago Speedway enjoyed a brief success from 1915 to 1918. Omaha's 1.25-mile track opened in 1915, but broke up in a 1917 race. Pacific Coast Speedway in Tacoma had the longest run of any wooden track. It opened in 1915 and lasted until 1922. Finally, Des Moines Speedway held only two events, one in 1915 and the other in 1916. Like many of the other tracks, it was a financial failure.

Most of these tracks did not make it past World War I. Some were converted to wartime use, others lay idle for lack of interest and some simply fell into disrepair. Amazingly, racing on wooden track speedways made a comeback on a national scale in the 1920s. Some enjoyed a measure of success, but none would survive the Great Depression.

The Business of Racing

In the beginning, automobile racing in America was nothing more than a form of amusement for the wealthy who were looking for things to do with their new toys. A handful of pioneers like Alexander Winton, Henry Ford and Charles Duryea raced just to see what their cars could do in competition. It wasn't long, however, before American automobile manufacturers got serious about racing.

Typical of the attitude of American manufacturers was this comment, printed in the July 1909 issue of Motor, by Alfred Reeves, general manager of the American Motor Car Manufacturers' Association:

No one can deny the good that comes from races and touring contests, for besides lending a certain element of sporting interest to automobiling, they add materially to the knowledge of cars on the part of the buying public and on the part of the manufacturer himself. It would, indeed, be regretful to see any waning of interest on the part of the manufacturers.

They found out early on that winning races meant selling more cars, and improving the breed, as well. So what had begun as pure entertainment became the business of racing.


American Racing: A Diversity of Innovation

American automobile racing has a century-long history of grass-roots invention. Its history begins with the American-European rivalry that characterized early auto racing and progresses to uniquely American forms of racing. Some forms of racing are dominated by big budgets and sophisticated engineering. Others are enjoyed by people of modest means with little formal engineering education.

The business side of racing shows the changing role of marketing and consumerism and the rise of the sponsored professional racing team. Alternative competitions, such as those inspired by the energy shortages of the 1980s, highlight other kinds of engineering ingenuity. Finally, American racing includes the evolution of the racing athlete from the demanding skills of a bicyclist to the endurance tests of modern automobile racing.

Henry Ford racing Alexander Winton

Frank Duryea at the wheel of his racecar


Women in Motorsports: Their Past, Present, and Future

Getty Images&mdashGetty Images

Motor racing has been a predominantly male hobby since day one. The first recorded race between motorized vehicles, an 1867 street race between steam carriages, took place three decades prior to the first known instance of women racing motor vehicles, when a group of Parisian women on motorized tricycles raced around a horse track. Men may have raced before women, but women were never as far from motorsports prominence as one might expect, despite their lack of legal liberties early on.

Women still make up a minority in current motorsports demographics, but at all levels of racing, from grassroots to professional, women make up a greater proportion of competitors than ever before. Some, by mention of their name alone, conjure up images as heroic as any male in the biz. Others have names whose notoriety has been eroded by the sands of time, and accomplishments overwritten as records tumble to technology's advance.

Their achievements, however, are not eclipsed. Pelting across cobbled roads at 91 mph in a car made from pig iron and optimism is no less impressive today than it was in 1906. If anything, it is made more astonishing by the fact that girls were reared in the day to avoid such hobbies, and were often outright barred from competing. Yet there they were, lasses leaving lads to languish on the lower levels of the podium, seizing the champagne for themselves.


Indiana Late Model Series Releases 2021 Schedule.

The "P3 Graphix" Indiana Late Model Series has announced their 2021 schedule of events. The 2021 racing season will be the thirteenth (13) year of ILMS racing for Pro Late Models and will feature one of the largest schedule of events in ILMS history. This year's schedule features events at seven (7) different Indiana racing facilities.

Brownstown Speedway remains the home track for the ILMS and will host a majority of the series races. Familiar ILMS tracks including Thunder Valley Raceway (Salem), Terre Haute Action Track (Terre Haute) and Scott County Fair (Scottsburg) will host events for 2021. A couple of tracks that the ILMS has visited in the past, Bloomington Speedway (Bloomington) and Paragon Speedway (Paragon), will once again host events this year.

Two new tracks to the ILMS have also been added for 2021. Lincoln Park Speedway in Putnamville will host their first ILMS event and Circle City Raceway, a brand-new track being constructed at the Marion County Fairgrounds in Indianapolis, is set to host two ILMS events.


Kyk die video: BALKAN STREET RACING (Oktober 2021).