Geskiedenis Podcasts

Young Indiana Jones - Geskiedenis

Young Indiana Jones - Geskiedenis

Geresenseer deur Dan Perry

The Adventures of Young Indiana Jones is 'n verhaal van
opwinding, geskiedenis, opvoeding en humor. Diegene wat daarin belangstel
om uit te vind hoe Indiana Jones die argeologiese geweer word
die avonturier van die flieks sal dit goed doen om die reeks te probeer. Meer
belangriker, die reeks fokus op die opvoeding van jong Indiana en
in die proses leer ons 'n paar dinge oor die geskiedenis.

Die reeks handel oor Indiana as 'n jong man en volg syne
reis en avonture saam met die res van sy gesin. Elke avontuur
begin met 'n kaart sodat die kyker die geografie van Indy kan ken
gaan en in die proses gee ons 'n taamlik indirekte geografie -les.
Die reeks het ook 'n humoristiese manier om feite wat te doen het, te verduidelik
met die geskiedenis van waar die Jones -gesin ook al is. Byvoorbeeld, in die
eerste episode Indiana verduidelik die grusame besonderhede van mummifikasie
aan die etenstafel terwyl almal hulself een vir een verskoon,
as gevolg van 'n skielike maagpyn. Daar is egter
nog steeds spoke en mummies, so 'n mens moet die feit kan skei van
storie.

Met elke episode is daar vermaak en opvoeding. Diegene wat
is geïnteresseerd in 'n paar algemene dinge oor die geskiedenis en meer
wat aanhangers van die ou flieks is, sal dit goed doen om na hierdie reeks te kyk.
As nie een van u belangstel nie, is dit miskien beter om verder te gaan.

The Day of the Battle begin met 'n uitbeelding van die Trident -konferensie waar Akins die persoonlikhede van Roosevelt en Churchill sowel as van die minder deelnemers lewendig maak. Kort voor lank is ons op die strande van Sicilië met die soldate terwyl die storm aan wal kom. Die boek dek beide die kort stryd om Sicilië te verower sowel as die langer en moeiliker stryd om Italië te verower. Ek beveel hierdie boek aan vir almal wat meer wil leer oor die Tweede Wêreldoorlog en die Amerikaanse weermag.

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30 jaar gelede: Jong Indiana Jones Begin produksie

Lucasfilm het al byna twee dekades lank flieks gemaak voordat dit in die televisie met lewendige aksies begin werk het. Die eerste vertoning wat gemaak is, was Maniac Mansion (1990), 'n mede-produksie met Atlantis Films in Kanada. Maar die eerste wat uitsluitlik deur Lucasfilm gemaak is, was The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles, wat die eerste keer in 1992 uitgesaai is.

Deels historiese romanse, deels jeugdige avontuur, Jong Indy is deels geïnspireer deur George Lucas se passie vir geskiedenis en opvoeding. Na voltooiing Indiana Jones en die laaste kruistog (1989), besluit hy om die argeoloog op die groot skerm terug te neem na sy kinderjare en hom op televisie -avonture te stuur. Van nege jaar tot sy jong volwassenheid sou Indy paaie met bekende historiese figure kruis en deelneem aan belangrike gebeurtenisse wat die wêreldgeskiedenis sou vorm. Die doel was om 'n nuuskierigheid oor die verlede by jongmense aan te wakker.

Na meer as 'n jaar van intensiewe navorsing en ontwikkeling van skrifte, het kameras eers aangeskakel Jong Indy 30 jaar gelede vandag op 13 Mei 1991. Beide op die skerm en af ​​was dit die begin van 'n groot avontuur. Voordat die reeks toegedraai is, Jong Indy sou skiet in 'n paar dosyn lande in Europa, Asië, Afrika, die Stille Oseaan en Noord-Amerika, en lok plaaslike rolspelers en bemanning van elke bestemming, wat dit 'n ware internasionale strewe maak.

Ironies genoeg het 'n reeks wat tot dusver meer lande sou besoek as moontlik enige ander tot dusver in 'n goeie stadium begin produksie. Crew het die oggend om 08:30 by J Stage by Shepperton Studios suidoos van Londen aangekom, en die rolverdeling 'n halfuur later. Die opstel van die dag was gepas vanaf die eerste episode wat uitgesaai is.

Die negejarige Indy (Corey Carrier), wat by sy ouers en onderwysers aangesluit het, onderneem 'n wêreldwye toer terwyl sy pa lesings gee en navorsing doen. Hierdie eerste toneel beeld die passasiers uit tydens aandete op hul reis van Engeland na Alexandria, Egipte, waar Indy T.E. Lawrence (toekomstige "Lawrence of Arabia") en Howard Carter (toekomstige ontdekker van koning Tutankhamun se graf).

Op die stel is 'n spesiale 'dansvloer' gebruik om die intense wieg van die skip en die gevolglike seesiekte onder die maaltye na te boots. Vir die meeste is dit te veel om te verdra nadat Indy gruwelike besonderhede oor Egiptiese mummies begin deel het. Die enigste een wat by die finale toneel oorgebly het, is die bestendige en selfversekerde Henry Jones, sr. (Lloyd Owen). Dit was 'n gepaste toneel om mee te begin: 'n besprenkeling van kennis gemeng met tong-in-die-kies humor, belangrike bestanddele vir 'n unieke produksie.

Drie dekades later lig Lucasfilm sy eie glas op The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles en sy toegewyde rolverdeling en bemanning, wat die hele jaar deur die wêreld gekruis het en amper soveel avonture beleef het as Indy self.


'N Avonturier word gebore

Die meeste van ons kennis van Indy se kinderjare kom uit die TV -reeks van 1992 Die avonture van die jong Indiana Jones. Terwyl ons hom as Indiana Jones ken, is ons onheilspellende protagonis eintlik gebore as Henry Walton Jones Jr. op 1 Julie 1899. Soos sy pa Henry Walton Jones sr. Die Laaste Kruistog, Henry het sy naam van sy hond geneem, 'n Alaskan Malamute genaamd "Indiana."

Volgens Die avonture van die jong Indiana Jones, Indy was 'n vaardige kind wat vaardig was in 'n verskeidenheid fisieke aktiwiteite, soos klim en perdry. Sy belangstelling in swepe is opgewek by 'n besoek aan 'n sirkus, waar hy gefassineer was deur 'n sweep. Later, soos ons sien Die Laaste Kruistog, word hierdie talent noodwendig geslyp wanneer hy in 'n trein vol sirkusdiere vasgevang is met niks anders as 'n sweep vir beskerming nie.

Toe Indiana nege was, het sy pa, 'n hoogs suksesvolle professor in die Middeleeuse geskiedenis, 'n twee jaar lange lesingsreis oor die hele wêreld onderneem en besluit om sy seun te laat vergesel. Dit sou die begin wees van Indy se avontuurlike leefstyl.


Hy is 'n vreeslike professor

Daar word van 'n universiteitsprofessor verwag om twee dinge te doen: studente onderrig en wetenskaplike artikels lewer. Sover iemand kan weet, doen Indiana Jones ook nie regtig nie. Terwyl die gehoor Indy een of twee keer in die klas sien, lyk dit of hy bereid is om sy studente op 'n nippertjie te laat vaar as 'n goeie avontuur bel. Vergeet kantoorure - as u een van professor Jones se studente is, sal u gelukkig wees as hy enigsins in die klas opdaag (volgens die Raiders of the Lost Ark's romanisering, sluit hy ook aan by sy studente - of ten minste hul klasmaats - wat, hoewel dit nie onwettig is nie, allerhande etiese grense oorskry).

Volgens Indiase kenners is Indy ook nie veel geleerd nie. Terwyl werklike argeoloë ongeveer 70 persent van hul tyd in die biblioteek deurbring, loop Jones die veld in, toegerus met weinig meer as gerugte en hoorsê. Hy neem nooit aantekeninge nie, en dit lyk nie asof hy baie tydskrifartikels skryf nie - "Wat is sy publikasierekord?" vra een akademikus. As Indy wel ontdekkings maak, soos die ten volle funksionele grot wat aan die begin van die doodstrap gevul is Raiders of the Lost Ark, ignoreer hy hulle ten gunste van blink, maar minder histories belangrike snuisterye. Dit is geen wonder dat Indiana Jones volgens die satiriese publikasie McSweeney se ampstermyn geweier is nie. Hy is miskien 'n held, maar as akademikus is hy net nie lus vir snuffel nie.


Inhoud

Die draaiboekskrywer Lawrence Kasdan het die karakter vernoem na die ouma van sy vrou en het die karakter se naam van Ravenwood Lane in Kalifornië geneem. [1] Spielberg het die rol oorspronklik bedoel vir sy vriendin Amy Irving. [2] Sean Young en Stephanie Zimbalist het 'n oudisie vir die rol gedoen, [1] [3] Barbara Hershey is oorweeg, [4] terwyl Debra Winger dit van die hand gewys het. [5] Steven Spielberg het Karen Allen gegooi, op sterkte van haar optrede in National Lampoon's Animal House. Allen -skerm getoets teenoor Tim Matheson en John Shea, voordat Harrison Ford as Indiana gegooi is. [1]

Kasdan se uitbeelding van Marion was meer kompleks, en sy was opreg geïnteresseerd in René Belloq in vroeëre konsepte. [4] Sy en Paul Freeman het nog komedie bygevoeg in die tente -verleidings toneel. [1] Allen het haar eie agtergrond vir die karakter bedink, soos wat met haar ma gebeur het, haar romanse met Indiana op die ouderdom van 15 of 16, en haar tyd in Nepal beskryf Spielberg dit as ''n heeltemal ander film'. [4]

Na Raiders of the Lost Ark vrygelaat is, wou Spielberg hê dat Allen moet terugkeer Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom, maar George Lucas het besluit dat Indy 'n ander liefdesbelangstelling in elke film sou hê. [1] Marion word 'n gereelde ondersteunende karakter in Die verdere avonture van Indiana Jones, 'n Marvel Comics -titel wat van Januarie 1983 tot Maart 1986 vir 34 uitgawes verskyn het. Gedurende die 1990's het Lucas die skrywer Rob MacGregor verbied om haar in sy romans vir Bantam Books se Indiana Jones -reeks op te neem. "Hoe het Indy Marion ontmoet? Wat het in hul vroeëre ontmoetings gebeur? George wou dit blykbaar vir die toekoms behou. Miskien sal ons dit in Indy 4 agterkom," bespiegel MacGregor. [6] Frank Darabont beweer dat dit sy idee was om Marion terug te bring Koninkryk van die kristalskedel, tydens sy ampstermyn as skrywer van 2002 tot 2004. [7]

Films wysig

Raiders of the Lost Ark Redigeer

Marion se pa, dr. Abner Ravenwood, was 'n professor in argeologie wat 'n obsessie met die vind van die Bybelse Ark van die Verbond gehad het; hy was ook 'n mentor vir die jong Henry "Indiana" Jones, wat hulle uiteindelik op verskeie opgrawings vergesel het.

Marion het gedurende hierdie tyd 'n verhouding met Indiana Jones aangegaan (toe sy 15 was, volgens die roman van Raiders of the Lost Ark). [8] Jones het in 1926 skielik die Ravenwoods verlaat. Marion was ongeveer 16 of 17 jaar oud toe die verhouding geëindig het, en Jones was 27, tien jaar ouer as haar. Later in haar lewe tugtig Marion Jones en sê: "Ek was 'n kind! Ek was verlief! Dit was verkeerd en jy het dit geweet!" Jones het min berou getoon en eenvoudig geantwoord: "U het geweet wat u doen."

Nadat Jones die kontak met hulle beëindig het, keer hy terug na die Verenigde State om te fokus op sy loopbaan as professor in argeologie, en Marion en haar pa vestig hulle in Nepal. Sy het later 'n plaaslike taverne begin bestuur - "The Raven" - nadat die bestuurder (haar pa) gesterf het en dit aan haar oorgelaat het. As sy voordeel trek uit haar hoë verdraagsaamheid teenoor alkohol, drink sy gereeld die gaste onder die tafel op 'n weddenskap. Sy het geweier om na die Verenigde State terug te keer totdat sy genoeg geld gehad het om "met styl" terug te keer.

In 1936 beland Marion weer in kontak met Jones, toe hy haar geld aanbied vir die kopstuk van die Staff of Ra, 'n artefak wat oorspronklik deur haar pa gevind is. Aanvanklik was sy onwillig om saam te werk toe die briljante Gestapo -agent Arnold Toht opdaag om die stuk self te eis. Tydens die daaropvolgende geveg het die taverne aan die brand geslaan. Marion het aan Jones gesê dat sy sy lewensmaat was totdat hy haar die volle prys betaal het wat hy belowe het. Sy is toe deur die Nazi's gevange geneem. Indy het geglo dat sy dood was totdat hy in 'n Nazi -tent op haar vasgekom het. Met die rede dat 'n ontsnapping te veel ongewenste aandag sou trek, het Indy haar vasgebind gelaat, maar belowe om terug te keer. Die vermeende verraad beïnvloed egter nie die weiering van Marion om met haar gevangenes saam te werk nie. Belloq se vooruitgang het slegs gelei tot 'n afgebroke ontsnappingspoging, en Toht se ondervraging het eweneens ongewone weerstand ondervind. Nadat sy gevange geneem is en ontsnap het van Jones se mededinger, Rene Belloq, het sy Jones gehelp om die Ark van die Verbond van die Nazi's te herstel. In die proses het die egpaar weer hul verhouding laat herleef.

Koninkryk van die kristalskedel Redigeer

Jones het voortgegaan om argeologiese artefakte na te streef, terwyl Marion haar joernalistiek probeer het voordat sy 'n kroeg in New York met die naam The Raven's Nest oopgemaak het. 'N Tyd lank het sy ook as skakelbeampte vir die museum by Marshall College gewerk. 'N Week voor hul beplande troue het Indy haar egter sonder verduideliking gelaat en onbewus daarvan dat sy swanger was met hul toekomstige seun Henry "Mutt" Jones III. Marion het drie maande na Mutt se geboorte 'n verhouding met die RAF -vlieënier Colin Williams (wat Jones aanvanklik aan haar voorgestel het) begin, en hulle het uiteindelik getrou en gelukkig geleef totdat Colin tydens die Tweede Wêreldoorlog vermoor is. Jones se eksentrieke ou vriend, Harold Oxley, het daarna gehelp om Mutt groot te maak, en het as 'n tweede (tegnies derde) pa opgetree.

Twintig jaar na Mutt se geboorte het Russe Oxley gevang in 'n poging om die mitiese kristalskedels wat hy agtervolg het, te vind. Nadat sy gevange geneem is om Oxley te vind, het Marion Mutt gestuur om Jones te vind. Na 'n desperate ontsnappingspoging, onthul sy aan Jones, wat geen idee gehad het nie, dat Mutt eintlik sy seun was. Tydens die avontuur besef sy en Jones weer hul liefde vir mekaar. By die huis was hulle getroud en wou hulle avonture saam voortgaan. [9]


Wel, by die skryf hiervan word Paramount+ nog steeds 'CBS All Access' genoem, en dit is omdat CBS en Paramount afsonderlike ondernemings was totdat 'n her-samesmelting die nie afsonderlike maatskappye meer. Vanaf Januarie 2021 het Indiana Jones -rolprente dus oorgeskakel na CBS All Access, wat binnekort in Maart Paramount+ sal wees.

So, ja, tensy jy wil huur Indiana Jones -films op Amazon Prime of iTunes of wat ook al, die avonture van Indy, Marcus Brody, Marion Ravenwood en Indy se pa (Sean Connery) is hier op CBS All Access/Paramount+

  • Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981)
  • Die Tempel van Doom (1984)
  • Die Laaste Kruistog (1989)
  • Die koninkryk van die kristalskedel (2008)

Ontvangs [wysig | wysig bron]

The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles het gemengde ontvangs van aanhangers ontvang, hoewel dit 10 Emmy -toekennings van 23 benoemings gewen het, en ook 'n Golden Globe -benoeming in 1994 vir die beste dramareeks gewen het. ΐ ] In 1993 is Corey Carrier genomineer vir die Young Artist Award in die kategorie "Beste jong akteur in 'n televisiereeks". ⏁ ] In 1994 is David Tattersall genomineer vir die ASC -toekenning in die kategorie "Outstanding Achievement in Cinematography in Regular Series". ⏂ ] Alhoewel die reeks baie toekennings gewen het, het dit ook sy kritiek behaal. Die New York Times het die vlieënier 'clunky' genoem, en#9155 ] was van mening dat die opvoedkundige elemente van die vertoning te duidelik en geforseerd was, en het gevoel dat die vertoning te sterk staatmaak op die voorkennis van die gehoor. ⏄ ] Die National Coalition on Television Geweld noem die reeks die mees gewelddadige televisiereeks van 1993, ⏅ ] ⏆ ] met 'n gemiddelde van 60 dade per episode. ⏇ ] ⏈ ] Die reeks is gekritiseer vir sy doelbewus inkonsekwente toon en styl, en die feit dat twee akteurs Young Indy speel. ⏉ ] ⏊ ]

Tydens 'n onderhoud met Vermaak weekliks, wat uitgevoer is toe hy op die stel van "Young Indiana Jones and the Mystery of the Blues" was, het Harrison Ford opgemerk "Hierdie program is wat my betref die beste ding op televisie en het niks te doen met my verbinding nie aan Indiana Jones ". ⏋ ] Die karakters van Mystery Science Theatre 3000 verwys na die program in verskeie episodes van die vroeë 1990's. Soos opgemerk deur die filmhistorikus Laurent Bouzereau en Jody Duncan, het die reeks 'n geweldige impak op die maak van Star Wars: Episode I Die Phantom Menace, die eerste aflewering van die Star Wars prequel -trilogie, wat dien as 'n sjabloon vir die vervaardiging daarvan, volgens die vervaardiger Rick McCallum, Jong Indy was 'n toetsbed om 'n nuwe manier om films te maak te leer, en verklaar dat hulle dit as een film behandel het toe hulle sewentien episodes gemaak het. ⏌ ] Vir George Lucas was die show een van die gelukkigste tye van sy loopbaan en het dit gehelp om 'n belangstelling te kweek om 'n uiteindelik ongerealiseerde live-aksie na te streef. Star Wars Wys. ⏍ ]

In die film van 2000 Wonder Boys, 'n snit uit die Jong Indiana Jones Die episode "Ierland, April 1916" kan op 'n TV gesien word terwyl 'n karakter van kanaal verander. 'N 2006-episode van die Cartoon Network stop-motion-reeks Robot hoender speel 'n jong Indiana Jones in 'n parodie van Raiders of the Lost Ark. Family Guy vervaardiger Seth MacFarlane het 'n album met Joel McNeely vrygestel wat 'n uitgebreide weergawe van die Jong Indy die liedjie "She's Wonderful, Too", en#9166 ] oorspronklik gekomponeer vir "Young Indiana Jones and the Scandal of 1920". ⏏ ] Jonathan Kasdan, seun van Raiders of the Lost Ark skrywer Lawrence Kasdan en wat vir die vyfde aan die ontwikkeling van die draaiboek gewerk het Indiana Jones paaiement, hou van die vertoning en verklaar dat hy die avonture persoonlik as kanon beskou. ⏐ ]


Inhoud

Gedurende 1973 het George Lucas geskryf Die avonture van Indiana Smith. [1] Hou daarvan Star Wars, dit was 'n geleentheid om 'n moderne weergawe van die fliekreeks van die 1930's en 1940's te skep. [2] Lucas het die konsep bespreek met Philip Kaufman, wat etlike weke saam met hom gewerk het en besluit het op die Ark van die Verbond as die MacGuffin. Die projek het tot stilstand gekom toe Clint Eastwood Kaufman gehuur het om te skryf Die Outlaw Josey Wales. [3] In Mei 1977 was Lucas in Maui en probeer ontsnap aan die enorme sukses van Star Wars. Sy vriend en kollega Steven Spielberg was ook daar, met vakansie van die werk af Maak ontmoetings van die derde soort. Spielberg het aan Lucas gesê hy is geïnteresseerd in die maak van 'n James Bond -film, maar Lucas het hom vertel van 'n idee "beter as James Bond", wat die intrige beskryf Raiders of the Lost Ark. Spielberg was mal daaroor en noem dit ''n James Bond -film sonder die hardeware' [4] en laat die karakter se van na Jones verander. [2] Spielberg en Lucas het 'n ooreenkoms met Paramount Pictures aangegaan vir vyf Indiana Jones -films. [4]

Spielberg en Lucas wou dit maak Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom baie donkerder, as gevolg van hul persoonlike buie na hul onderskeie skeidings en egskeidings. Lucas het van die film 'n prequel gemaak omdat hy nie wou hê dat die Nazi's weer die booswigte moes wees nie. Hy het idees aangaande die aapkoning en 'n spookkasteel, maar uiteindelik het hy die Sankara Stones geskep. [5] Hy het Willard Huyck en Gloria Katz aangestel om die draaiboek te skryf, aangesien hy weet van hul belangstelling in die Indiese kultuur. [6] Die belangrikste tonele waaruit daar ontsnap is Raiders of the Lost Ark is ingesluit in hierdie film: 'n ontsnapping met 'n reuse -rollende gong as 'n skild, 'n val uit 'n vliegtuig in 'n vlot en 'n jaagtog na 'n mynwa. [2] Vir die derde film het Spielberg weer die aapkoning besoek en kasteelkonsepte spook, voordat Lucas die Heilige Graal voorgestel het. Spielberg het dit voorheen as te eteries verwerp, maar het toe 'n pa-seun-verhaal bedink en besluit dat "die graal wat almal soek, 'n metafoor kan wees vir 'n seun wat versoening soek met 'n vader en 'n vader wat versoening met 'n seun soek. ' [7]

Na die vrystelling van 1989 van Indiana Jones en die laaste kruistog, Laat Lucas die reeks eindig, aangesien hy voel dat hy nie aan 'n goeie plotapparaat kan dink om die volgende aflewering te bestuur nie, en verkies om eerder te vervaardig The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles, wat die karakter in sy vroeë jare ondersoek het. Ford speel Indiana in een episode en vertel sy avonture in 1920 in Chicago. Toe Lucas in Desember 1992 die rol van Ford speel, besef hy dat die toneel die moontlikheid van 'n film met 'n ouer Indiana -rolprent in die vyftigerjare oopmaak. Die film kan 'n B-film uit die wetenskapfiksie uit die vyftigerjare weerspieël, met vreemdelinge as intrige. [8] Ford hou nie van die nuwe hoek nie en sê vir Lucas: "Ek is in geen geval so in 'n Steven Spielberg -film nie." [9] Spielberg self, wat vreemdelinge uitgebeeld het in Maak ontmoetings van die derde soort en E.T. die Buitelandse, dit teëgestaan. Lucas bedink 'n verhaal wat Jeb Stuart van Oktober 1993 tot Mei 1994 in 'n draaiboek verander het. [8] Lucas wou hê Indiana moes trou, wat Henry Jones Sr kon laat terugkeer, en sy kommer uitspreek oor die vraag of sy seun tevrede is met wat hy bereik het. Nadat hy verneem het dat Joseph Stalin belangstel in psigiese oorlogvoering, besluit Lucas om Russe as die skurke te hê en dat die vreemdelinge psigiese kragte het. [10] Na die volgende konsep van Stuart, het Lucas gehuur Laaste Kruistog skrywer Jeffrey Boam om die volgende drie weergawes te skryf, waarvan die laaste in Maart 1996 voltooi is. Drie maande later, Onafhanklikheidsdag is vrygestel, en Spielberg het aan Lucas gesê dat hy nie nog 'n uitheemse invalsfilm sou maak nie (of ten minste eers tot Oorlog van die wêrelde in 2005). Lucas besluit om hom toe te spits op die Star Wars eerder prequels. [8]

In 2000 het Spielberg se seun gevra wanneer die volgende Indiana Jones film vrygestel word, wat hom belangstel om die projek te laat herleef. [11] Dieselfde jaar ontmoet Ford, Lucas, Spielberg, Frank Marshall en Kathleen Kennedy tydens die huldeblyk aan Ford van die American Film Institute en besluit dat hulle weer die ervaring van die maak van 'n Indiana Jones -film wil geniet. Spielberg het ook gevind dat die terugkeer na die reeks 'n blaaskans van sy vele donker films gedurende hierdie tydperk was. [12] Spielberg en Lucas bespreek die sentrale idee van 'n B-film met vreemdelinge, en Lucas stel voor om kristalskedels te gebruik om die idee te grond. Lucas vind hierdie artefakte so fassinerend soos die Ark [13] en was van plan om dit vir 'n Jong Indiana Jones episode voor die kansellasie van die program. [8] M. Night Shyamalan is aangestel om te skryf vir 'n beoogde opname in 2002, [11] maar hy was oorweldig deur die taak en beweer dat dit moeilik was om Ford, Spielberg en Lucas te laat fokus. [14] Stephen Gaghan en Tom Stoppard is ook genader. [11]

Frank Darabont, wat verskeie geskryf het Jong Indiana Jones episodes, is aangestel om in Mei 2002 te skryf. [15] Sy draaiboek, getiteld Indiana Jones and the City of Gods, [8] is in die 1950's afspeel, met oud-Nazi's wat Jones agternagesit het. [16] Spielberg het die idee bedink as gevolg van werklike figure soos Juan Perón in Argentinië, wat na bewering Nazi-oorlogsmisdadigers beskerm het. [8] Darabont beweer Spielberg hou van die draaiboek, maar Lucas het probleme daarmee en besluit om self die skryfwerk oor te neem. [8] Lucas en Spielberg erken dat die omgewing van die 1950's die Koue Oorlog nie kon ignoreer nie, en die Russe was meer aanneemlike skurke. Spielberg het besluit dat hy nie die Nazi's kan versadig nadat hy die regie gedoen het nie Schindler se lys, [17] terwyl Ford gevoel het "Ons pruim [b] het die Nazi's uitgedien." [9] Die belangrikste bydrae van Darabont was om Marion Ravenwood weer as die liefdesbelang van Indiana bekend te stel, maar hy het vir hulle 'n 13-jarige dogter gegee, wat volgens Spielberg te veel lyk The Lost World: Jurassic Park. [8]

Jeff Nathanson ontmoet Spielberg en Lucas in Augustus 2004 en lewer die volgende konsepte in Oktober en November 2005, getiteld Die atoommiere. David Koepp het van daar af voortgegaan en sy teks die onderskrif gegee Verwoester van wêrelde, [8] gebaseer op die aanhaling van Robert Oppenheimer. Dit is verander na Koninkryk van die kristalskedel, aangesien Spielberg dit 'n meer uitnodigende titel gevind het wat die plotapparaat eintlik genoem het. [18] Koepp wou die karakter van Mutt as 'n nerd uitbeeld, maar Lucas weier en verduidelik dat hy in Marlon Brando moet lyk Die Wilde Een "Hy moet wees wat Indiana Jones se pa aan [hom] gedink het - die vloek kom terug in die vorm van sy eie seun - hy is alles wat 'n pa nie kan verdra nie." [8] Koepp werk saam met Lawrence Kasdan aan die film se "liefdesdialoog". [19]

Die Walt Disney Company besit die Indiana Jones intellektuele eiendom sedert die verkryging van Lucasfilm, die produksiemaatskappy van die reeks, in 2012, toe Lucas dit vir $ 4 miljard verkoop het. [20] Walt Disney Studios besit die verspreidings- en bemarkingsregte vir die toekoms Indiana Jones films sedert 2013, met Paramount wat die verspreidingsregte op die eerste vier films behou en 'finansiële deelname' ontvang van addisionele films. [21] [22] [23]

Film Amerikaanse vrystellingsdatum Geredigeer deur Draaiboek deur Verhaal deur Vervaardig deur
Raiders of the Lost Ark 12 Junie 1981 (1981-06-12) Steven Spielberg Lawrence Kasdan George Lucas en Philip Kaufman Frank Marshall
Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom 23 Mei 1984 (1984-05-23) Willard Huyck en Gloria Katz George Lucas Robert Watts
Indiana Jones en die laaste kruistog 24 Mei 1989 (1989-05-24) Jeffrey Boam George Lucas en Menno Meyjes
Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull 22 Mei 2008 (2008-05-22) David Koepp George Lucas en Jeff Nathanson Frank Marshall
Film sonder titel 29 Julie 2022 (2022-07-29) James Mangold James Mangold, Jez Butterworth en John-Henry Butterworth [24] James Mangold Frank Marshall, Kathleen Kennedy, Simon Emanuel en Steven Spielberg [25]

Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981) Redigeer

Die eerste film speel af in 1936. Indiana Jones (Harrison Ford) word deur regeringsagente gehuur om die Ark van die Verbond voor die Nazi -Duitsers op te spoor. Die Nazi's het spanne wat op soek is na godsdienstige artefakte, insluitend die Ark, wat volgens gerugte 'n leër maak wat die Ark dra voordat dit onoorwinlik is. [26] Die Nazi's word gehelp deur die aartsmededinger van Indiana en die Franse argeoloog René Belloq (Paul Freeman). Met die hulp van sy voormalige geliefde en stoere kroegeienaar Marion Ravenwood (Karen Allen) en sy vriend Sallah (John Rhys-Davies), slaag Indiana daarin om die ark in Egipte te herstel. Die Nazi's steel die ark en vang Indiana en Marion. Belloq en die Nazi's hou 'n seremonie om die ark oop te maak, maar as hulle dit doen, word hulle almal doodgemaak deur die toorn van die ark. Indiana en Marion, wat oorleef het deur hul oë toe te maak, slaag daarin om die Ark na die Verenigde State te kry, waar dit in 'n geheime stoorpakhuis gestoor word.

Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (1984) Redigeer

Die tweede film speel af in 1935, 'n jaar tevore Raiders of the Lost Ark. Indiana ontsnap aan Chinese gangsters met die hulp van die sanger/aktrise Willie Scott (Kate Capshaw) en sy twaalfjarige sidekick Short Round (Jonathan Ke Quan). Die drietal val in Indië neer, waar hulle op 'n dorp afkom wie se kinders ontvoer is. Die Thuggee onder leiding van Mola Ram (Amrish Puri) het ook die heilige Sankara Stones geneem, wat hulle sal gebruik om die wêreld oor te neem. Indiana slaag daarin om Mola Ram se bose mag te oorkom, red die kinders en bring die klippe terug na hul regmatige plek en oorkom sy eie huursoldaat. Die film word beskou as 'n uitblinker in die franchise, aangesien dit nie die universiteit van Indy of 'n antagonistiese politieke entiteit bevat nie, en minder gefokus is op argeologie, wat aangebied word as 'n donker film met groot elemente, menslike opoffering en marteling.

Indiana Jones en die laaste kruistog (1989) Redigeer

Die derde film speel af in 1938. Indiana en sy vriend Marcus Brody (Denholm Elliott) word deur die Amerikaanse sakeman Walter Donovan (Julian Glover) aangewys om die Heilige Graal te vind. Hulle werk saam met dr. Elsa Schneider (Alison Doody), waarna Indiana se vervreemde pa Henry (Sean Connery) opgehou het voordat hy verdwyn het. Dit blyk dat Donovan en Elsa in 'n bondgenootskap is met die Nazi's, wat Henry Jones gevange geneem het om Indiana te kry om hulle te help om die Graal te vind. Indiana herstel egter sy pa se dagboek gevul met sy navorsing, en slaag daarin om hom te red voordat hy die plek van die graal vind. Beide Donovan en Elsa val in die versoeking van die Graal, terwyl Indiana en Henry besef dat hul verhouding met mekaar belangriker is as om die relikwie te vind.

Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull (2008) Redigeer

Die vierde rolprent speel af in 1957, negentien jaar daarna Die Laaste Kruistog. Indiana leer rustig voordat sy 'n nuwe avontuur aandurf. Hy jaag teen agente van die Sowjetunie, onder leiding van Irina Spalko (Cate Blanchett) vir 'n kristalskedel. Sy reis neem hom deur Nevada, Connecticut, Peru en die Amazone -reënwoud in Brasilië. Indiana word gekonfronteer met verraad deur een van sy beste vriende, Mac (Ray Winstone), word voorgestel aan 'n smeermes genaamd Mutt Williams (Shia LaBeouf), wat sy seun blyk te wees (sy regte naam word onthul as Henry Jones III), en word herenig met, en trou uiteindelik met Marion Ravenwood, wat in die eerste film bekendgestel is.

Naamlose vyfde film (2022) Redigeer

Na 'n ontwikkelingshel (soos die vorige aflewering), [11] 'n vyfde Indiana Jones film is deur Disney aangekondig met James Mangold wat skryf en regie doen, [27] [28] Ford keer terug om die titelkarakter te speel, [29] en Spielberg, Marshall en Kathleen Kennedy vervaardig. [30] Dit word beplan om op 29 Julie 2022 vrygestel te word. [31] Frank Marshall het bevestig dat die film 'n opvolger sal wees, [32] en in Mei 2020 het hy gesê dat skryfwerk "pas begin het". [30] Die voormalige uitvoerende hoof van Disney, Bob Iger, het aangedui dat die film nie die gevolgtrekking van die franchise as geheel sal wees nie. [33]

Ford het gesê hy sal terugkeer vir 'n vyfde film as dit nie nog twintig jaar neem om te ontwikkel nie. [34] In 2008 stel Lucas voor dat hy 'volgende keer Shia LaBeouf die hoofkarakter sou maak en dat Harrison Ford sou terugkom soos Sean Connery in die laaste fliek', [35], maar later het hy gesê dat dit nie die geval sou wees nie. [36] [a] In Augustus 2008 ondersoek Lucas moontlike plotapparate en verklaar dat Spielberg oop is vir die idee van die vyfde film. [37] [b] In November 2010 het Ford gesê dat hy en Spielberg wag dat Lucas 'n idee aan hulle voorlê. [39] In Maart 2011 het Karen Allen gesê: "Wat ek weet, is dat daar 'n verhaal is waarvan hulle hou, wat 'n groot stap vorentoe is." [40] In Julie 2012 het Frank Marshall onthul dat "dit nie aan is totdat daar 'n skrywer oor die projek is nie." [41]

In Oktober 2012 het The Walt Disney Company Lucasfilm verkry en daardeur Disney eienaarskapregte verleen aan die Indiana Jones intellektuele eiendom. [42] [43] In Desember 2013 het Walt Disney Studios die verspreidings- en bemarkingsregte vir die toekoms gekoop Indiana Jones films, met Paramount Pictures wat 'finansiële deelname' ontvang van addisionele films. [21] [22] [23] In Desember 2013 het studiovoorsitter Alan Horn gesê dat 'n vyfde Indiana Jones Die film sou vir minstens 2-3 jaar nie gereed wees nie. [44] In 'n Mei 2015 -onderhoud met Vanity Fair, Het Kathleen Kennedy planne vir 'n vyfde film bevestig en gesê dat 'n ander film "eendag in hierdie onderneming gemaak sal word. Ons het nog nie aan 'n draaiboek begin werk nie, maar ons praat daaroor." [45]

Op 15 Maart 2016 het Disney aangekondig dat die vyfde film op 19 Julie 2019 vrygestel sal word, met Ford wat sy rol weergee, Spielberg, regie, Koepp en Kennedy en Marshall as produsente. In Junie bevestig Spielberg dat Lucas ten spyte van die uitvoerende vervaardiger sal terugkeer Sperdatum Hollywood anders aangemeld het. [46] [47] Spielberg het ook aangekondig dat John Williams sou terugkeer om die partituur saam te stel. [48] ​​Op 25 April 2017 het die amptenaar Star Wars webwerf het die film se vrystellingsdatum opgedateer tot 10 Julie 2020. [49] In September 2017 het Bob Iger gesê dat die toekoms van die franchise met Ford onbekend is, maar dat die film "nie net eenmalig is nie". Spielberg het belowe dat Indiana nie doodgemaak sal word nie, [33] en Koepp verklaar dat Mutt nie in die film sal terugkeer nie. [50] In Januarie 2018 het Sperdatum Hollywood berig dat Spielberg na die film kyk as sy volgende projek na die voltooiing van Klaar speler een. [51] [c]

In Junie 2018 is berig dat Jonathan Kasdan Koepp as draaiboekskrywer vervang het en dat die film sy vrystellingsdatum vir 2020 sou misloop. [53] [54] Kort daarna het Disney die vrystellingsdatum van die film tot 9 Julie 2021 uitgestel. [55] 'n Paar maande later het Marshall gesê: 'Ek weet nie of jy dit 'n skrywerskamer sou noem nie, maar baie mense dat ons vertroude idees en dinge vertrou. " [56] In Mei 2019 is berig dat Kasdan sy draaiboek van nuuts af geskryf het, maar dat sy werk nou vervang word deur Dan Fogelman, wie se draaiboek ''n heeltemal ander uitgangspunt' gebruik. [57] Twee maande later het Ford gesê dat die film "volgende jaar moet begin draai". [58] Later berigte het die begin van die verfilming tot April 2020 verklein, [59] wat daarop dui dat hooffotografie by die Iver-gebaseerde Pinewood Studios sou plaasvind. [60] Koepp het in September 2019 gesê dat hy weer aan die projek werk, en dat hulle 'hierdie keer 'n goeie idee gekry het'. [61] [d]

In Februarie 2020 tree Spielberg uit as direkteur en verklaar dat hy 'die sweep van Indy aan 'n nuwe generasie wil deurgee om hul perspektief op die verhaal te bring'. [63] James Mangold is die regisseur van die film, [30] terwyl Spielberg as 'n "hands-on" vervaardiger aangeheg sal bly. [63] In April 2020 is berig dat die vrystellingsdatum van die film tot 29 Julie 2022 vertraag is weens die COVID-19-pandemie. [31] In Mei 2020 het Marshall gesê dat die werk eers begin het met die draaiboek. [30] In afsonderlike onderhoude het Koepp en Marshall onthul dat Mangold aan die verhaal werk. [27] [64] [65] In Januarie 2021 het John Rhys-Davies belangstelling getoon om sy rol as Sallah weer te gee. [66] In April 2021, Phoebe Waller-Bridge, Mads Mikkelsen, [67] and Thomas Kretschmann [68] joined the cast, [69] with production scheduled to begin later that year. Williams was confirmed to return as composer, [25] and that Jez and John-Henry Butterworth would be co-writing the film with Mangold. [24]

In May 2021, Mads Mikkelsen was quoted as saying he had read the script and that "it was everything I wished it to be." [70] Later that month, Boyd Holbrook and Shaunette Renée Wilson joined the cast. [71] Filming began in June 2021, [72] including on location at Bamburgh Castle, [73] North York Moors Railway, [74] and Leaderfoot Viaduct [75] in the Scottish Borders.

SeasonEpisodesOriginally aired
First airedLast airedNetwerk
16March 4, 1992 ( 1992-03-04 ) April 8, 1992 ( 1992-04-08 ) ABC
222September 21, 1992 ( 1992-09-21 ) July 24, 1993 ( 1993-07-24 )
TV films4October 15, 1994 ( 1994-10-15 ) June 16, 1996 ( 1996-06-16 ) The Family Channel

A television series titled The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles (1992–1996) featured three incarnations of the character: Sean Patrick Flanery played Indiana aged 16–21 Corey Carrier played an 8- to 10-year-old version in several episodes and George Hall narrated the show as the 93-year-old Jones, who bookended each episode. Lucas began developing the series in 1990 as "edutainment" that would be more cerebral than the films. The show was his first collaboration with producer Rick McCallum, and he wrote the stories for each episode. Writers and directors on the show included Carrie Fisher, Frank Darabont, Vic Armstrong, Ben Burtt, Terry Jones, Nicolas Roeg, Mike Newell and Joe Johnston. In die Chronicles, Jones crosses paths with many historical figures, played by stars such as Daniel Craig, Christopher Lee, Bob Peck, Jeffrey Wright, Marc Warren, Catherine Zeta-Jones, Elizabeth Hurley, Anne Heche, Vanessa Redgrave, Julian Fellowes, Timothy Spall and Harrison Ford as a 50-year-old Indiana in one episode (taking the usual place of Hall). [76] [77] [78]

The show was filmed in over 25 countries for over 150 weeks. Season one was shot from March 1991 to March 1992 the second season began two months later and wrapped in April 1993. [79] The ABC network was unsure of Lucas's cerebral approach, and attempted to advertise the series as an action-adventure like the films. Ratings were good if unspectacular, and ABC was nervous enough to put the show on hiatus after six episodes until September 1992. [76] With only four episodes left of the second season to air, ABC eventually sold the show to the Family Channel, who changed the format from 50-minute episodes to 90-minute TV movies. Filming for the final four episodes took place from January 1994 to May 1996. [79] The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles received a mixed reception from fans, although it won 10 Emmy Awards out of 23 nominations, as well as a 1994 Golden Globe nomination for Best Drama series. It was also an experimentation ground in digital effects for Lucasfilm. [76]

The original broadcast versions of some episodes were briefly released in Japan on laserdisc in 1993 and on VHS in 1994. However, Lucas drastically reedited and restructured the show for its worldwide home video release. Major structural changes were made, including the complete removal of the 'bookend' sections narrated by the 93-year-old Jones, and the editing of all the one-hour episodes together into two-hour episodes. Approximately half of the series was released on VHS in various markets around the world in 1999, but the entire series was not released until its DVD debut, in a series of three boxsets released from 2007 to 2008, to tie in with the theatrical debut of Kingdom of the Crystal Skull. Among other extras, the DVDs include approximately 100 new historical featurettes.

Cast Edit

This is a list of characters who have appeared in the Indiana Jones film franchise.

Karakters Film series Television series
Raiders of the Lost Ark Temple of Doom Last Crusade Kingdom of the Crystal Skull Untitled film The Young Chronicles
Seisoen 1 Season 2
Dr. Henry "Indiana" Jones Jr. Harrison Ford Harrison Ford Harrison Ford Sean Patrick Flanery (age 16–21)
Corey Carrier (age 8–10)
George Hall (age 93)
River Phoenix
(age 13) [80]
Boutalat (age 3) Harrison Ford (age 50)
Neil Boulane (infant)
Marcus Brody Denholm Elliott Denholm Elliott Denholm Elliott
(photograph)
Sallah John Rhys-Davies John Rhys-Davies John Rhys-Davies
(photograph)
Marion Ravenwood Karen Allen Karen Allen
René Belloq Paul Freeman [81]
Major Arnold Toht Ronald Lacey [82]
Colonel Dietrich Wolf Kahler [83]
Wilhelmina "Willie" Scott Kate Capshaw Kate Capshaw
(photograph)
Short Round Ke Huy Quan [84]
Mola Ram Amrish Puri [85]
Maharaja Zalim Singh Raj Singh
Chattar Lal Roshan Seth
Professor Henry Jones Sr. Sean Connery Sean Connery
(photograph)
Lloyd Owen
Alex Hyde-White
(young) [86]
Walter Donovan Julian Glover [87]
Dr. Elsa Schneider Alison Doody [88]
Colonel Vogel Michael Byrne [89]
Kazim Kevork Malikyan
Herman J. J. Hardy
Henry "Mutt" Jones III Shia LaBeouf
Irina Spalko Cate Blanchett
George "Mac" Michale Ray Winstone
Professor Harold Oxley John Hurt
Colonel Dovchenko Igor Jijikine
Dean Charles Stanforth Jim Broadbent
TBA Phoebe Waller-Bridge
TBA Mads Mikkelsen
TBA Thomas Kretschmann
TBA Boyd Holbrook
TBA Shaunette Renée Wilson
Anna Jones Ruth De Sosa
Helen Seymour Margaret Tyzack
Remy Baudouin Ronny Coutteure
Thomas Edward
"T. E." Lawrence
Joseph A. Bennett Douglas Henshall

Additional crew and production details Edit

Film Composer Redakteur Kinematograaf Produksie
maatskappy
Distributor
Raiders of the Lost Ark John Williams Michael Kahn Douglas Slocombe Lucasfilm Ltd. Paramount Pictures
Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom
Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade
Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull Janusz Kamiński
Untitled fifth film TBA Phedon Papamichael Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures

Box office performance Edit

Critical and public response Edit

Academy Awards Edit

The series has been nominated for 13 Academy Awards, of which they have won 6. Raiders of the Lost Ark was also given a Special Achievement Award for Best Sound Effects Editing.

Award category
Raiders of the Lost Ark Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull
Best Art Direction Won
Best Sound Won Nominated
Best Cinematography Nominated
Best Director Nominated
Best Film Editing Won
Best Original Score Nominated
Best Picture Nominated
Best Sound Effects Editing Special Achievement
(Ben Burtt and Richard L. Anderson)
Won
Best Visual Effects Won

Romans wysig

A novelization of Raiders of the Lost Ark was written by Campbell Black and published by Ballantine Books in April 1981. [104] It was followed by Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom, written by James Kahn and published by Ballantine in May 1984. [105] Finally, Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade was published in May 1989, and was the first Indiana Jones book by Rob MacGregor. [106] A fan of the first two films, MacGregor admitted that writing the novelization made him "somewhat disappointed" with the third film, as he had expanded the script whereas Steven Spielberg had cut scenes to tighten the story. [107]

George Lucas asked MacGregor to continue writing original novels for Bantam Books. These were geared toward an adult or young adult audience, and were prequels set in the 1920s or early 1930s after Jones graduates from college. Of the film characters, Lucas only permitted Marcus Brody to appear. [107] He asked MacGregor to base the books on real myths, but except for the deletion of a sex scene, the writer was given total creative freedom. His six books – Indiana Jones and the Peril at Delphi, Indiana Jones and the Dance of the Giants, Indiana Jones and the Seven Veils, Indiana Jones and the Genesis Deluge, Indiana Jones and the Unicorn's Legacy, en Indiana Jones and the Interior World – were published from February 1991 to November 1992. The Genesis Deluge, published in February 1992 and featuring Noah's Ark, was the best-selling novel MacGregor felt this was because it "had a strong following among religious-oriented people [. ] because they tend to take the Noah's Ark story to heart and think of it as history and archaeological fact, rather than myth." MacGregor's favorite book was The Seven Veils, [107] which featured real-life explorer Percy Fawcett and the death of Indiana's wife, Deirdre Campbell. [108] [109] [110] [111] [112] [113]

Martin Caidin wrote the next two novels in Bantam's series, Indiana Jones and the Sky Pirates en Indiana Jones and the White Witch. These feature Gale Parker as Indiana's sidekick they introduced afterwords to the series, regarding each novel's historical context. [114] [115]

Caidin became ill, so Max McCoy took over in 1995 and wrote the final four novels: Indiana Jones and the Philosopher's Stone, Indiana Jones and the Dinosaur Eggs, Indiana Jones and the Hollow Earth, en Indiana Jones and the Secret of the Sphinx. McCoy set his books closer in time to the events of Raiders of the Lost Ark, which led to his characterizing Indiana as "a bit darker". The prolog of his first book featured a crystal skull, [116] and this became a recurring story, concluding when Jones gives it up in the final novel. Lucas's involvement with McCoy's novels was limited, although LucasFilm censored sexual or outlandish elements in order to make the books appeal to younger readers [117] they also rejected the theme of time travel in the final book. [116] Sallah, Lao Che, Rene Belloq and the Nazis made appearances, and McCoy also pitted Jones against Benito Mussolini's fascists and the Japanese. Jones also has a doomed romance with Alecia Dunstin, a librarian at the British Museum. [118] [119] [120] [121] A novel involving the Spear of Destiny was dropped, because Dark Horse Comics was developing the idea and later DC Comics developed the idea. [116]

The books were only published in paperback, as the series editor felt readers would not be prepared to pay the hardback price for an adventure novel. [122]

In February 2008, the novelizations of the first three films were published in one edition [123] James Rollins' Kingdom of the Crystal Skull novelization arrived the following May. [124] Children's novelizations of all four films were published by Scholastic in 2008. [125]

MacGregor was said to be writing new books for Ballantine for early 2009, but none have been published. [126]

A new adult adventure, Indiana Jones and the Army of the Dead by Steve Perry, was released in September 2009. [127]

A novel based on the video game Indiana Jones and the Staff of Kings, written by MacGregor to coincide with the release of the game, was canceled due to problems around the game's production. [128]

Additionally, German author Wolfgang Hohlbein wrote eight Indiana Jones novels in the early 1990s, which were never translated to English.

List of novels Edit

All of the following were published by Bantam Books, with the exception of Army of the Dead, which was published by Del Rey.

  • Indiana Jones and the Peril at Delphi (Feb 1991) – by Rob Macgregor
  • Indiana Jones and the Dance of the Giants (June 1991) – by Rob Macgregor
  • Indiana Jones and the Seven Veils (Dec 1991) – by Rob Macgregor
  • Indiana Jones and the Genesis Deluge (Feb 1992) – by Rob Macgregor
  • Indiana Jones and the Unicorn's Legacy (Sept 1992) – by Rob Macgregor
  • Indiana Jones and the Interior World (1992) – by Rob Macgregor
  • Indiana Jones and the Sky Pirates (Dec 1993) – by Martin Caidin
  • Indiana Jones and the White Witch (1994) – by Martin Caidin
  • Indiana Jones and the Philosopher's Stone (1995) – by Max McCoy
  • Indiana Jones and the Dinosaur Eggs (1996) – by Max McCoy
  • Indiana Jones and the Hollow Earth (1997) – by Max McCoy
  • Indiana Jones and the Secret of the Sphinx (1999) – by Max McCoy
  • Indiana Jones and the Army of the Dead (2009) – by Steve Perry

Indiana Jones novels by Wolfgang Hohlbein:

  • Indiana Jones und das Schiff der Götter (1990) – (Indiana Jones and the Longship of the Gods)
  • Indiana Jones und die Gefiederte Schlange (1990) – (Indiana Jones and the Feathered Snake)
  • Indiana Jones und das Gold von El Dorado (1991) – (Indiana Jones and the Gold of El Dorado)
  • Indiana Jones und das verschwundene Volk (1991) – (Indiana Jones and the Lost People)
  • Indiana Jones und das Schwert des Dschingis Khan (1991) – (Indiana Jones and the Sword of Genghis Khan)
  • Indiana Jones und das Geheimnis der Osterinseln (1992) – (Indiana Jones and the Secret of Easter Island)
  • Indiana Jones und das Labyrinth des Horus (1993) – (Indiana Jones and the Labyrinth of Horus)
  • Indiana Jones und das Erbe von Avalon (1994) – (Indiana Jones and the Legacy of Avalon)

Children's novels Edit

Find Your Fate Redigeer

Ballantine Books published a number of Indiana Jones books in the Find Your Fate line, written by various authors. These books were similar to the Choose Your Own Adventure series, allowing the reader to select from options that change the outcome of the story. Indiana Jones books comprised 11 of the 17 releases in the line, which was initially titled Find Your Fate Adventure. [129]

  • Indiana Jones and the Curse of Horror Island (June 1984) – R. L. Stine
  • Indiana Jones and the Lost Treasure of Sheba (June 1984) – Rose Estes
  • Indiana Jones and the Giants of the Silver Tower (Aug 1984) – R. L. Stine
  • Indiana Jones and the Eye of the Fates (Aug 1984) – Richard Wenk
  • Indiana Jones and the Cup of the Vampire (Oct 1984) – Andy Helfer
  • Indiana Jones and the Legion of Death (Dec 1984) – Richard Wenk
  • Indiana Jones and the Cult of the Mummy's Crypt (Feb 1985) – R. L. Stine
  • Indiana Jones and the Dragon of Vengeance (Apr 1985) – Megan Stine and H. William Stine
  • Indiana Jones and the Gold of Genghis Khan (May 1985) – Ellen Weiss
  • Indiana Jones and the Ape Slaves of Howling Island (1986) – R. L. Stine
  • Indiana Jones and the Mask of the Elephant (Feb 1987) – Megan Stine and H. William Stine

Scholastic Edit

In 2008, Scholastic released a series of middle-grade novels based on the stories and screenplays. Each book of this edition included several pages of color stills from filming.

  • Indiana Jones and the Raiders of the Lost Ark – Ryder Windham
  • Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom – Suzanne Weyn
  • Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade – Ryder Windham

In May 2009, two new middle-grade books were to begin a new series of Untold Adventures, though no further books appeared. [130]

  • Indiana Jones and the Pyramid of the Sorcerer – Ryder Windham
  • Indiana Jones and the Mystery of Mount Sinai – J.W. Rinzler

Young Indiana Jones Redigeer

In the early 1990s, different book series featured childhood and young adult adventures of Indiana Jones in the early decades of the century. Not all were directly tied to the Young Indiana Jones Chronicles TV series.

The following books are set in Indy's mid- to late-teen years.

  • Young Indiana Jones and the Plantation Treasure (1990) – by William McCay
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Tomb of Terror (1990) – by Les Martin
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Circle of Death (1990) – by William McCay
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Secret City (1990) – by Les Martin
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Princess of Peril (1991) – by Les Martin
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Gypsy Revenge (1991) – by Les Martin
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Ghostly Riders (1991) – by William McCay
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Curse of Ruby Cross – by William McCay
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Titanic Adventure (1993) – by Les Martin
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Lost Gold of Durango (1993) – by Megan Stine and H. William Stine
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Face of the Dragon – by William McCay
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Journey to the Underworld (1994) – by Megan Stine and H. William Stine
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Mountain of Fire (1994) – by William McCay
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Pirates' Loot (1994) – by J.N. Fox
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Eye of the Tiger (1995) – by William McCay
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Mask of the Madman (unpublished) – by Megan Stine and H. William Stine
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Ring of Power (unpublished) – Megan Stine

These books were novelizations of episodes of the TV series. Some feature Indy around age 8 others have him age 16–18.

  • The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles: The Mummy's Curse – by Megan Stine and H. William Stine
  • The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles: Field of Death – by Les Martin
  • The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles: Safari Sleuth – by A.L. Singer
  • The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles: The Secret Peace – by William McCay
  • The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles: The Trek of Doom – by Les Martin
  • The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles: Revolution! – by Gavin Scott
  • The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles: Race to Danger – by Stephanie Calmenson
  • The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles: Prisoner of War – by Sam Mclean

These are labeled Choose Your Own Adventure boeke. Like the TV series, some feature Indy around age 8, others age 16–18.

The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles:

  • The Valley of the Kings – by Richard Brightfield
  • South of the Border – by Richard Brightfield
  • Revolution in Russia – by Richard Brightfield
  • Masters of the Louvre – by Richard Brightfield
  • African Safari – by Richard Brightfield
  • Behind the Great Wall – by Richard Brightfield
  • The Roaring Twenties – by Richard Brightfield
  • The Irish Rebellion – by Richard Brightfield

Young Indiana Jones:

  • The Mata Hari Affair – by James Luceno
  • The Mummy's Curse – by Parker Smith
  • The Curse of the Jackal – by Dan Barry
  • The Search for the Oryx – by Dan Barry
  • The Peril of the Fort – by Dan Barry
  • Lost Diaries of Young Indiana Jones – by Eric D. Weiner
  • The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles: On the Set and Behind the Scenes – by Dan Madsen
  • Indiana Jones Explores Ancient Egypt – by John Malam
  • Indiana Jones Explores Ancient Rome – by John Malam
  • Indiana Jones Explores Ancient Greece – by John Malam
  • Indiana Jones Explores The Vikings – by John Malam
  • Indiana Jones Explores The Incas – by John Malam
  • Indiana Jones Explores The Aztecs – by John Malam

Comic books Edit

Video games Edit

Since the release of the original film, there have been a number of video games based on the Indiana Jones series. These include both games based on (or derived from) the films, as well as those featuring the characters in new storylines.

Games adapted or derived from the films Edit

  • Raiders of the Lost Ark (1982, Atari Inc) – The first Indiana Jones video game. Released on the Atari 2600. (1985, Atari Games) – Arcade game, later converted to many home computer and console formats, including an NES version in 1988.
  • Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade: The Action Game (1989, LucasArts) – One of two Last Crusade-based games released by LucasArts in 1989.
  • Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade: The Graphic Adventure (1989, LucasArts)
  • Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (1991, Taito) – Released for the NES console.
  • Indiana Jones' Greatest Adventures (1994, JVC/LucasArts) – The final film adaptation until 2008, based upon all three original films. Released on the Super Nintendo Entertainment System.
  • Lego Indiana Jones: The Original Adventures (2008, LucasArts) – Based on the original three movies and the Lego toy franchise.
  • Lego Indiana Jones 2: The Adventure Continues (2009, LucasArts) – A sequel to the original Lego Indiana Jones spel.

Original games Edit

  • Indiana Jones in the Lost Kingdom (1985, Mindscape)
  • Indiana Jones in Revenge of the Ancients (1987, Mindscape) – Released for the Apple II and PC DOS computer platforms.
  • Indiana Jones and the Fate of Atlantis (1992, LucasArts) – Released for DOS (IBM PC) compatibles in 1992.
  • The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles (1993, Jaleco) – Released for the NES console.
  • Instruments of Chaos starring Young Indiana Jones (1994, LucasArts) – Released for the Sega Genesis
  • Indiana Jones and His Desktop Adventures (1996, LucasArts)
  • Indiana Jones and the Infernal Machine (1999, LucasArts) – Released in 1999 on the PC, as well as for the Nintendo 64
  • Indiana Jones and the Infernal Machine (2D Version) (2001, LucasArts) – A 2D version of Infernal Machine released for the Game Boy Color
  • Indiana Jones and the Emperor's Tomb (2003, LucasArts) – a prequel to Temple of Doom. Released on the PlayStation 2, Xbox and Microsoft Windows in 2003.
  • Indiana Jones and the Staff of Kings (2009, LucasArts) – Released in June 2009 for the Nintendo DS, Wii, PSP and PS2. [131]
  • Indiana Jones and the Lost Puzzles (2009, THQ) – Developed by Universomo and published by THQ Wireless for BlackBerry, iOS, and Windows Mobile. [132][133][134][135]
  • Indiana Jones Adventure World (2011, Zynga) – The social gaming company Zynga partnered with Lucasfilm to produce this game late 2011. [136]
  • Untitled Indiana Jones game (TBA, Bethesda Softworks, MachineGames, Lucasfilm Games) – a new game announced to be in development on January 12, 2021 with Todd Howard executive producing. [137]

Cancelled games Edit

  • Indiana Jones and the Iron Phoenix – An intended sequel to The Fate of Atlantis, intended for a 1995 release, but was cancelled. developed a game around 2006 as a reskin of a cancelled Tomb Raider game, but this incarnation was not successful either. [138]

Theme park attractions Edit

Prior to Disney's acquisition, George Lucas collaborated with Walt Disney Imagineering on several occasions to create Indiana Jones attractions for Walt Disney Parks and Resorts worldwide. Indiana Jones-themed attractions and appearances at Disney theme parks include:

  • Die Indiana Jones Epic Stunt Spectacular! show opened at Disney's Hollywood Studios in Lake Buena Vista, Florida, in 1989.
  • The Indiana Jones et le Temple du Péril roller-coaster opened at Disneyland Paris in Marne-la-Vallée, France, in 1993.
  • The Indiana Jones Adventure, which opened at Disneyland in Anaheim, California, in 1995 and at Tokyo DisneySea in Chiba, Japan, in 2001.
  • 'N Indiana Jones-themed bar lounge, "Jock Lindsey's Hangar Bar", opened in 2015 at Disney Springs at the Walt Disney World Resort. [139][140] at Disney's Hollywood Studios featured a scene based on Raiders of the Lost Ark.

Toy lines Edit

For the holiday season following the June 1981 debut of Raiders of the Lost Ark, Kenner produced a 12-inch-tall "Authentically styled Action Figure" of Indiana Jones. The next spring they delivered nine smaller-scale (3 3 ⁄ 4 ") action figures, three playsets, replicas of the German desert convoy truck and Jones's horse, all derived from the Raiders Fliek. [141] They also offered a Raiders board game. [142]

In conjunction with the theatrical release of The Temple of Doom in 1984, TSR, Inc. released miniature metal versions of twelve characters from both films for a role playing game. LJN Toys Ltd. also released action figures of Jones, Mola Ram, and the Giant Thugee.

No toys were produced to tie in with The Last Crusade in 1989

Sideshow Collectibles, Gentle Giant, Diamond Select Toys and Kotobukiya [145] also earned Indiana Jones licensing rights in 2008. [146] [147] [148] [149] Lego released eight play sets to coincide with the fourth film, based on Raiders en The Last Crusade as well as on Kingdom of the Crystal Skull [150] [151]

Merchandise featuring franchise cross-overs include a Mr. Potato Head "Taters Of The Lost Ark" set by Hasbro, [152] Mickey Mouse as Indiana Jones, [153] and a Muppets-branded Adventure Kermit action figure, produced by Palisades Toys and based on the frog's appearance in the Disney World stunt show as seen in The Muppets at Walt Disney World. [154]

Disney Vinylmation introduced a series based on Indiana Jones characters in 2014. [155]

Role-playing games Edit

There have been two publications of role-playing games based on the Indiana Jones franchise. The Adventures of Indiana Jones Role-Playing Game was designed and published by TSR, Inc. under license in 1984. [156] Ten years later, West End Games acquired the rights to publish their own version, The World of Indiana Jones.

Pinball Edit

A pinball machine based on the first three films was released in 1993. Stern Pinball released a new edition in 2008, which featured all four movies. [157]


Smart as a Whip

“Seventy percent of all archaeology is done in the library. Navorsing. Reading,” says professor Indiana Jones to a roomful of students in Last Crusade. But it’s the other 30 percent—the boulder-fleeing, the snake-dodging—that makes for good cinema. Moviegoers lining up today for the professor’s fourth outing probably aren’t looking for what you’d describe as an intellectual experience. Who can claim to have geleer enigiets van Raiders of the Lost Ark—beyond the fact that if you happen to be present at the opening of the Ark of the Covenant and prefer your face unmelted, you had better close your eyes?

Yet in the early ‘90s, George Lucas decided the Indy franchise had more to teach than just how to survive a run-in with an occult artifact. What began as a software project for his George Lucas Educational Foundation eventually grew into The Adventures of Young Indiana Jones, a TV series about Indy’s coming of age in the first part of the 20 th century. “This is not an action-adventure film,” Lucas told the New York Times. “It deals with issues and ideas.” Recently, when the show was released on DVD, Lucas expressed his hope that it might be a valuable component of “a modern high school history class.”

The sprawling series, which aired in weekly hourlong episodes on ABC, follows Indy on his adventures around the globe, first as a young child (Corey Carrier), then as a teenage soldier and spy during World War I (Sean Patrick Flanery), and later as a college student. Each episode sends Indy on a sort of extreme field trip, where he meets great figures and witnesses seismic events—like Zelig without the neurosis, or “Forrest Gump with a whip,” as Lucas has put it. In his formative years, Indiana safaris with Teddy Roosevelt, excavates a mummy’s tomb with Howard Carter, becomes pen pals with T.E. Lawrence (“Dear Ned …”), jams with Sidney Bechet, and punches Ernest Hemingway in the face.

He also beds half of the women in Europe and a fair number in the States as well. If you were a prominent woman between the years of 1916 and 1920, you probably slept with Indiana Jones. Dorothy Parker’s line about the floozy who “speaks 18 languages and can’t say no in any of them” could have equally applied to Indy—except he speaks 27. (He actually meets Parker in a late episode but in a rare act of forbearance does not attempt to have sex with her, since he is already dating three other women.) Even Edith Wharton, almost 40 years his senior, finds she can’t keep her hands off a barely legal Indy.

Predictably, many of the show’s history lessons are dubious. Young viewers who know nothing else about, say, Hemingway and Kafka will be left with dominant impressions that are either trivial or false: that the former was an accomplished cellist, that the latter once rode a file cabinet down a grand staircase. When the show does try to impart some serious history, the pendulum swings toward dull didacticism: When Indy meets Arnold Toynbee at Versailles after the war, the historian tritely admonishes that “those who forget the lessons of history are doomed to repeat it.” Indy returns to his flat and pens the phrase in his notebook, followed by a large question mark. He then looks out the window at the night sky, deep in thought.

“Edutainment” is typically a zero-sum game between its educational and entertainment elements. Yet every once in a while, Young Indiana Jones manages to pull off both at once. Joining the Mexican revolution in 1916, Indy storms a hacienda with Pancho Villa and his band. In the hacienda’s private movie theater, the revolutionaries screen American films while Indy translates. The first reel, a love story, moves the grizzled guerrillas to tears, but the jingoistic newsreel that follows forces Indy to fudge the translation to avoid causing a riot. Still, one piece of the newsreel—on developments in the war in Europe—stirs Indy, eventually driving him to enlist in the Belgian army (the only Allied force ramshackle enough not to check his age). The scene in the theater is elegantly economical: funny, tense, moving, character-developing. And it might even teach you a thing or two: about the state of World War I in 1916 and how Americans got their news about it.

Lucas had told his writers that they were making “Masterpiece Theater for the masses” and declared the show “much more like Howards End as Raiders of the Lost Ark. ” But his hope that viewers would come for Indy and stay for the edification proved naive. With 1989’s Last Crusade a fond recent memory, audiences didn’t care for this brainy young Indy, and after a few episodes deficient in whip-cracking, they began to tune out. “It didn’t matter how many times I said it was a coming-of-age series about a young boy’s exploration of history,” he told the L.A. Times as the show was failing in 1993. “[P]eople still expected to see that rolling boulder.”

The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles, as the show was originally titled, had some of the highest production values in television history it was shot on location in dozens of countries it boasted actors from Vanessa Redgrave to Max von Sydow, directors from Mike Newell to Nicolas Roeg, and writers from Frank Darabont to Carrie Fisher *. But it could still never quite shake a slightly ersatz quality: The award-winning music from Laurence Rosenthal was net not quite as stirring as John Williams’ Sean Patrick Flanery was net not quite as good-looking as River Phoenix. Steven Spielberg had nothing to do with the show, and Harrison Ford appeared only once, bookending a late episode as a ratings-boosting favor to Lucas.

ABC yanked the show after just six episodes, reviving it only after it won five Emmys. * The show died slowly and quietly, and even though Lucas had “deluged” 10,000 schools with study guides, according to his biographer John Baxter, it never had a life of its own in the classroom.

Unaccustomed to failure, Lucas now seems to hope that the advent of DVD, and the release of the latest cinematic installment in the Indy story, will finally allow him to complete his pedagogical mission. The new DVDs come in three volumes, totaling 31 discs, nearly one per episode. Why all the extra space? In addition to the Young Indiana episodes, the DVD sets feature 94 original half-hour companion documentaries. Some discs contain nothing but these documentaries, produced by Lucas and a team of documentarians he recruited. Among the luminaries to show up in the films are Henry Kissinger—in “Woodrow Wilson—American Idealist”—and Colin Powell—in “Hellfighters—Harlem’s Heroes of World War One.”

The idea is that teachers might show a Young Indiana episode in which Elizabeth Hurley plays the smitten daughter of a suffragette, after which students will be eager to sit through a documentary about Emmeline Pankhurst. And if they do, they will indeed learn something: The documentaries, whose only real tie to Young Indiana is the choice of subject matter, are well-made and much more scrupulous about accuracy than the series itself.

Is anyone taking the bait this time around? The History Channel was impressed enough (or eager enough to get a piece of the Indy marketing action) to agree to air them. And the Web turns up a few history teachers who are fans of the new releases. Thomas Riddle, a teacher in Greenville, S.C., has set up Indyintheclassroom.com. A lesson plan on the site comes complete with a chronology of WWI, a map of the Somme offensive, and viewing questions. (“Why is Indy sent to a maximum security POW camp?” “How do the Russians provide Indy and De Gaulle an opportunity to escape?”)

Riddle, who has received help and encouragement from folks at Lucasfilm (some free early cuts of the DVDs, for one thing), recently organized an event in Greenville’s science center called “Walking Through Time With Indiana Jones.”* Admirable though Riddle’s efforts may be, there is something unsettling about them too, epitomized in a line from the event’s flyer: “We’ve decided to end our exhibition time frame in the ‘50s, since that is as far as Indy’s adventures have been chronicled thus far.” The social science teacher bent on using Indy to inspire the next generation of history jocks is confronted with a tricky epistemological problem: “If a war rages somewhere in the world, and Indiana Jones isn’t there to fight in it, does it actually happen?”

Lucas’ intentions may also be admirable, but in the end, Indiana Jones isn’t any better at teaching history than Chewbacca, whose native language must be tonal, would be at teaching Chinese. Still, you could do worse than spend a few hours with Lucas’ foray into television. “People aren’t interested in ideas. It’s personalities they get excited about,” Lowell Thomas tells Indy in one episode. The show may not be so good at conveying ideas—don’t expect to pop out the DVD and suddenly be able to rattle off Wilson’s Fourteen Points. But the personality of Indiana Jones is enough to carry the show along, and the best of his adventures—his romp through Paris with Pablo Picasso, his stint as a stunt double in a John Ford Western—are, if nothing else, something to get excited about.

Correction, May 23, 2008: The article originally stated that Thomas Riddle had received DVDs from Lucasfilm so that he could get a head start on his site. In fact, the site was live before Riddle received the DVDs. (Return to the corrected sentence.)

Correction, May 27, 2008: The article originally misspelled Carrie Fisher’s name. (Return to the corrected sentence.)

Correction, June 3, 2008: The article originally stated that The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles eventually held a slot on Mondays after Monday Night Football, when most kids were asleep. Terwyl dit was eventually moved from its Saturday night slot to Monday night, it aired after Monday Night Football only on the West Coast. (Return to the corrected sentence.)


Kyk die video: Young Indiana Jones Chronicles - Ep 14: Petrograd July 1917 - Restored (Januarie 2022).