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Alfred Rosenberg

Alfred Rosenberg

Alfred Rosenberg, die seun van 'n Estse ma en 'n Litause vader, is gebore in Tallinn, Rusland (nou Estland), op 12 Januarie 1893. Hy studeer argitektuur aan die Riga Technical Institute, waar hy by 'n pro-Duitse studentegroep aansluit.

Tydens die Eerste Wêreldoorlog het hy in Parys gewoon. Alfred Rosenberg ondersteun die Blankes tydens die Russiese Revolusie. Rosenberg het later beweer dat hy in 1917 in Moskou die eerste keer 'n afskrif daarvan gesien het Die protokolle van die geleerde ouderlinge van Sion. Volgens Konrad Heiden: "'n Geheimsinnige gebeurtenis. Rosenberg self het al dikwels vertel hoe die onbekende skielik by die kamer instap, die boek neersit en stilweg vertrek. Vir Rosenberg was dit 'n teken uit die hemel. Sowel die plek as die uur was belangrik ... Moskou, 1917 .... Die wêreld was vol vuur. Miskien het hy, Alfred Rosenberg, hom beter verstaan ​​as ander, want in sy eie siel kon hy die gaas wat deur haat en liefde tussen die nasies geweef is sterker voel as ander. Hy kom uit die tsaar se Baltiese, Duitse provinsies. Hy kon skaars sê of hy was meer Russies of meer Duitsers, maar vandag was daar groter dinge waaroor hy duidelikheid moes verkry .... Sekerlik was een van die verstommendste, verreikendste en bloedigste sameswerings van alle tye gebonde aan daardie uur. lees sou gaan f ar. "

Nadat die Bolsjewiste beheer oor Rusland verkry het, verhuis Rosenberg na Duitsland waar hy hom met die groot gemeenskap van Wit Russe in München vestig. In 1920 ontmoet Rosenberg Adolf Hitler in 1923 en volgens Louis L. Snyder was "Hitler gefassineer deur die skynbaar groot kennisfonds van die jong man". Rosenberg het by die National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP) aangesluit en in 1923 redakteur van die partykoerant geword, Voelkischer Beobachter.

Rosenberg het aan die Beer Hall Putsch deelgeneem, maar het gevlug toe die geveg begin het. Voor sy arrestasie in 1923 het Hitler daarin geslaag om 'n potloodbrief na Rosenberg te stuur. Dit lui: "Beste Rosenberg, van nou af sal u die beweging lei. Soos Rosenberg self in sy outobiografie erken, Herinneringe (1949), was dit 'n verrassende keuse. Alan Bullock, die skrywer van Hitler: 'n studie in tirannie (1962), het daarop gewys: "Alhoewel hy op 'n tyd 'n groot invloed op Hitler gehad het, was Rosenberg nie 'n daadwerklike man nie en was hy nog nooit een van die klein kringetjies wat die sameswering gelei het nie. As leier was hy ondoeltreffend en het dit moeilik gevind óf om sy besluit te neem óf om sy gesag te laat geld. Dit was juis die gebrek aan hierdie eienskappe wat Hitler aangetrokke het: Rosenberg as sy adjunk sou geen gevaar inhou vir sy eie posisie in die Party nie. "

Ian Kershaw stem nie saam met hierdie siening nie. Hy argumenteer in Hitler 1889-1936 (1998): "Hy ontbreek duidelik aan leierseienskappe, hy was skaars 'n voor die hand liggende keuse, en was net so verbaas soos die ander deur Hitler se benoeming. Moontlik, soos gewoonlik vermoed word, was dit juis Rosenberg se gebrek aan leiersvermoë wat hom by Hitler geprys het. Sekerlik sou 'n minder waarskynlike mededinger van Hitler hom nie kon voorstel nie, maar dit sou veronderstel dat Hitler in die traumatiese nasleep van die mislukte putsch 'n duidelike, machiavelliaanse beplanning kon maak, dat hy verwag het wat sou gebeur en eintlik sy beweging wou en verwag 'n Meer waarskynlike verklaring is dat hy 'n oorhaastige en ondeurdagte besluit geneem het, onder druk en in 'n depressiewe gemoedstoestand, om die party se aangeleenthede toe te vertrou aan 'n lid van sy München-coterie wie se lojaliteit onbetwisbaar was. . Rosenberg was in werklikheid een van die min leidende figure in die beweging wat nog beskikbaar was. "

Rosenberg besoek Adolf Hitler gereeld in die Landsberg -kasteel en daar word beweer dat hy gehelp het om te skryf Mein Kampf. Hy het ook verskeie pamflette geskryf wat sy hondsdol antisemitisme weerspieël. Hy het ook geglo in die bestaan ​​van 'n Joodse sameswering - dat die Jode 'n plan gehad het om die heidense wêreld te vernietig en dit dan oor te neem deur die mag van 'n internasionale superregering. Hierdie soort plan is breedvoerig beskryf in Die protokolle van die geleerde ouderlinge van Sion, wat in 1903 in Rusland gepubliseer is.

Daar word geglo dat die man agter die vervalsing Pyotr Ivanovich Rachkovsky, die hoof van die Parys -afdeling van Okhrana, was. Daar word aangevoer dat hy sy agent, Matvei Golovinski, opdrag gegee het om die vervalsing te vervaardig. Die plan was om hervormers in Rusland aan te bied as deel van 'n kragtige wêreldwye Joodse sameswering en antisemitisme om die openbare aandag van Rusland se groeiende sosiale probleme af te weer. Dit is versterk toe verskeie leiers van die Russiese Revolusie van 1905, soos Leon Trotsky, Jode was. Norman Cohn, die skrywer van Lasbrief vir volksmoord: die mite van die Joodse sameswering (1966) het aangevoer dat die boek 'n belangrike rol gespeel het om fasciste te oorreed om die bloedbad van die Joodse volk te soek.

In 1926 stig Rosenberg die German People's Publishing House en publiseer 'n maandelikse tydskrif The World Struggle. 1929 stig Rosenberg die Militant League for German Culture. Die jaar daarna is hy verkies tot die Reichstag. Hy het gehoop om die minister van buitelandse sake van Duitsland te word, maar verloor vir Joachim von Ribbentrop. In plaas daarvan het hy die taak gekry om toesig te hou oor ideologiese opleiding en opvoeding in die NSDAP.

Rosenberg het gewerk Die mite van die twintigste eeu vir agt jaar. Dit is gepubliseer in 1930. Die uitgewer noem die skrywer ''n geïnspireerde en begaafde siener' en prys die boek as ''n bron van fundamentele voorskrifte op die gebied van die menslike geskiedenis, godsdiens en kulturele filosofie, byna oorweldigend in omvang'. Rosenberg -boek het die 'Nordiese gees' geprys en die 'korrupte invloed van minderwaardige rasse' probeer verduidelik. Albert Speer beskryf die boek as 'die standaardteks vir partyideologie', maar hoor hoe Hitler sê dat dit 'n boek is wat niemand kan verstaan ​​nie, wat geskryf is deur 'n man wat 'in vreeslik ingewikkelde terme dink'.

Die uitgewer noem die skrywer ''n geïnspireerde en begaafde siener' en prys die boek as ''n bron van fundamentele voorskrifte op die gebied van die menslike geskiedenis, godsdiens en kulturele filosofie, byna oorweldigend in omvang'. William L. Shirer, die skrywer van Die opkoms en ondergang van die Derde Ryk (1964), het aangevoer dat hoewel Rosenberg as die 'intellektuele leier' van die Nazi -party gepromoveer is, hy 'n 'middelmatige intelligensie' was.

Louis L. Snyder het daarop gewys dat volgens Rosenberg: "Die Germaanse element van die Nordiese ras, het Rosenberg geskryf, het orde uit chaos na Indië, Persië, Griekeland, die Romeinse keiser, Frankryk, Engeland en die Verenigde State gebring. Die hoogste waarde van die Nordiese ras sy eer, 'n besondere eienskap van die Duitse volk. Wotan se gees kan gevind word in sulke Nordicsas Luther, Dante, Frederick the Great, Bismarck en Hitler. "

William L. Shirer, die skrywer van Die opkoms en ondergang van die Derde Ryk (1964), het aangevoer dat hoewel Rosenberg as die "intellektuele leier" van die Nazi -party gepromoveer is, hy 'n "middelmatige intelligensie" was. Die mite van die twintigste eeu het vinnig 'n topverkoper geword, net die tweede Mein Kampf. Teen Desember 1936 is 50 000 eksemplare verkoop. Rosenberg het die slagspreuk ontwikkel: "Die Joodse vraag sal eers opgelos word wanneer die laaste Jood Duitsland en die Europese vasteland verlaat het".

Alfred Thoma beweer later dat "Rosenberg in geen geval die aanhitser van 'n vervolging van Jode was nie, net soos hy een van die leiers en opstellers was van die beleid wat deur die Party en die Ryk aangeneem is. Rosenberg was beslis 'n oortuigde anti -Bemoedig en spreek sy oortuiging en die redes daarvoor uit, mondelings en skriftelik. Antisemitisme was vir hom 'n negatiewe element, en sy belangrikste en mees positiewe pogings was gerig op die verkondiging van 'n nuwe Duitse intellektuele houding en 'n nuwe Duitser Omdat hy dit na 1918 bedreig gevind het, het hy 'n teenstander van die Jood geword ... maar ... die aard van Rosenberg se antisemitisme was veral intellektueel. " Thoma het daarop gewys dat hy in die Nuremburg Party Rally van 1933 uitdruklik 'n 'ridderlike oplossing' van die Joodse vraag genoem het en dat Rosenberg nooit uitdrukkings gebruik het soos: 'Ons moet die Jode vernietig waar ons dit ook al vind; ons sal maatreëls tref wat sukses sal verseker. Ons moet alle gevoelens van simpatie laat vaar. ”

Na die aanvanklike sukses van Operasie Barbarossa het Rosenberg minister van oostelike gebiede geword. Dit is aangevoer deur Laurence Rees, die skrywer van Die Nazi's: 'n waarskuwing uit die geskiedenis (2005), dat Rosenberg gepoog het om 'n meer gematigde benadering tot die besetting van die Sowjetunie te volg. Dit is gekant teen Adolf Hitler en Erich Koch, die Rykskommissaris vir die Oekraïne. "Rosenberg het Hitler ontmoet op 16 Julie 1941 by die Fuhrer se hoofkwartier in Oos -Pruise, die Wolf's Lair, en het sy mening uitgespreek dat die nasionalistiese sentimente van die Oekraïners aangemoedig moet word. Hitler het nie beswaar gemaak nie. Op 'n latere konferensie het Hitler selfs gesinspeel dat die Oekraïne sou eendag as onafhanklik binne die Duitse Ryk beskou kon word. Maar dit was bloot woorde om die lojale, maar misleide Rosenberg gelukkig te hou. Op 19 September onthul Hitler sy ware gevoelens aan 'n meer ideologies simpatieke Nazi. Notas oorleef van 'n ontmoeting tussen Hitler en Erich Koch , die Nazi Gauleiter van Oos -Pruise en het onlangs die Rykskommissaris vir die Oekraïne aangestel. " Die aantekeninge van die vergadering lui: "Sowel die Führer as die Reichskommissar Koch verwerp 'n onafhanklike Oekraïne .... Boonop sal daar amper niks in Kiev (die hoofstad) staan ​​nie. Die neiging van die Fuhrer om die groot stede van Rusland te vernietig, is een voorwaarde voor die permanensie van ons mag in Rusland sal verder gekonsolideer word deur die versplintering van die Oekraïense nywerheid van die Rykskommissaris, om die proletariaat terug te keer na die land. ”

Rosenberg wou die onderwysstelsel in die Oekraïne verbeter en 'n universiteit in Kiev bou. Die Rykskommissaris vir die Oekraïne, Erich Koch was dit nie eens nie en het die skole gesluit en gesê: "Oekraïense kinders het geen skole nodig nie. Wat hulle moet leer, sal hulle deur hul Duitse meesters geleer word. '' Op 5 Maart 1943 het Koch 'n toespraak gehou waar hy aangevoer het : "Ons is die Meesterras en moet hard regeer, maar net ... ek sal die heel laaste uit hierdie land trek. Ek het nie gekom om saligheid te versprei nie ... Die bevolking moet werk, werk en weer werk ... Ons het beslis nie hierheen gekom om ons manna te gee nie. Ons het hierheen gekom om die basis vir oorwinning te skep. Ons is 'n meesterras, wat moet onthou dat die laagste Duitse werker ras en biologies duisend keer meer werd is as die bevolking hier. "

Dr Wilhelm Ter-Nedden het onder Rosenberg in Berlyn gewerk: "U sou nie glo dat die soort verwarring daar was nie ... Die administrasie het weggesmelt .... By hierdie geleenthede was ek getuie van Koch wat Rosenberg van 'n strook skeur, op so 'n manier dat Ek sou hom uitgegooi het! En Rosenberg het dit reggekry. " Ter-Nedden vertel die verhaal van Koch tydens 'n middagete het Rosenberg heeltemal geïgnoreer, net met die persoon langs hom gepraat totdat hy uiteindelik oor die tafel geleun en hard gesê het: 'Is dit vir jou so vervelig, Rosenberg, soos vir my? ? "

Aleksey Bris was 'n twintigjarige student in die Oekraïne toe hy in 1942 aangebied het om as tolk vir die Duitsers te werk. Eendag het hy aan Ernst Erich Haerter, die Duitse kommissaris van Horokhiv, sy plaaslike stad, gesê dat hy eendag sou wou gaan voort met sy studies en word 'n dokter. Die Duitse kommissaris antwoord Koch: "Ons het u Oekraïners nie nodig as dokters of ingenieurs nie, ons het u nodig as mense om die koeie te versorg." Volgens Bris beskou die Duitsers hulself as 'gode op aarde' en besluit hy om by die Oekraïense nasionalistiese partisane (UPA) aan te sluit.

Rosenberg is onder druk geplaas deur ander senior lede van die Nazi -party om die besette mense hard te behandel. Martin Bormann skryf op 23 Julie 1942 aan hom: "Die Slawiërs moet vir ons werk. Vir sover ons hulle nie nodig het nie, kan hulle sterf. Daarom is verpligte inenting en Duitse gesondheidsdienste oorbodig. Die vrugbaarheid van die Slawiërs Dit is onwenslik. Hulle kan voorbehoedmiddels gebruik of aborsie beoefen - hoe meer hoe beter. Onderwys is gevaarlik. Dit is genoeg as hulle tot 100 kan tel .... Elke geleerde is 'n toekomstige vyand. Godsdiens laat ons aan hulle as 'n middel van voedsel. Hulle kry nie meer as wat absoluut noodsaaklik is nie. Ons is die meesters. Ons kom eerste. "

Op 5 Maart 1943 het Erich Koch 'n toespraak gelewer waarin hy aangevoer het: 'Ons is die Meesterras en moet hard maar net regeer ... Ons is 'n meesterras, wat moet onthou dat die laagste Duitse werker ras en biologies duisend keer meer waardevol as die bevolking hier. ”

Albert Speer het aangevoer dat hierdie benadering die weerstand teen die Nazi -besetting verhoog: "Ek het een van die beroemdste kerke van Kiëf 'n hoop puin gevind. 'N Sowjet -poeierblad het daarin geblaas, is meegedeel. Later het ek by Goebbels verneem dat die kerk was doelbewus opgeblaas op bevel van Erich Koch, Rykskommissaris van die Oekraïne; die idee was om hierdie simbool van Oekraïense nasionale trots te vernietig. in werklikheid was die Oekraïne op daardie stadium nog so vredeliewend dat ek sonder 'n begeleiding deur die uitgebreide woude kon ry. 'n Half jaar later, danksy die verdraaide beleid van die oostelike kommissarisse, was die hele gebied besmet met partydiges. "

Volgens sy biograaf, Louis L. Snyder: 'In hierdie pos het Rosenberg die germanisering van die Oosterse volke onder brutale omstandighede bevorder, toesig gehou oor slawe -arbeid en die uitroeiing van Jode gereël en verantwoordelik vir die afronding van kwotas van werkers en dit na die Ryk gestuur. " Gedurende hierdie tydperk het hy kuns en oudhede geplunder wat in besit was van Jode wat in Pole en die Sowjetunie woon.

Rosenberg is aan die einde van die Tweede Wêreldoorlog deur geallieerde troepe gevange geneem. Hy is tydens die oorlogsmisdade in Neurenberg beskuldig van misdade teen die mensdom. Sy advokaat, Alfred Thoma, het toegegee dat Rosenberg wel terme soos die 'uitwissing van Jood' gebruik het. Hy het egter bygevoeg: "Oordrewe uitdrukkings was altyd deel van die Nasionaal -Sosialistiese propagandawapens. 'N Hitler -toespraak was skaars denkbaar sonder belediging van sy interne of eksterne politieke teenstanders, of sonder dreigemente van uitroeiing. Elkeen van Hitler se toesprake het 'n miljoen weergalm. keer deur Goebbels tot by die laaste spreker van die Party in 'n klein herberg. Dieselfde sinne en woorde wat Hitler gebruik het, is herhaal, en nie net in alle politieke toesprake nie, maar ook in die Duitse pers, in alle hoofartikels en opstelle, totdat weke of maande later 'n nuwe toespraak gehou is wat 'n nuwe weergawe van 'n soortgelyke soort teweeggebring het. Rosenberg was geen uitsondering nie. het min of min daaraan gedink dat nie een van die frases in werklikheid duidelik was nie, maar dat dit 'n sinistere dubbele betekenis gehad het, en hoewel dit 'n werklike uitsetting kon beteken het, maar dat dit ook die fisiese vernedering en moord op die Jode. ”

Alfred Rosenberg is skuldig bevind en tereggestel op 1 Oktober 1946. 'n Joernalis, Howard Kingsbury Smith, het die teregstelling waargeneem: "Ten spyte van sy toegewyde ateïsme word hy vergesel deur 'n protestantse kapelaan wat hom na die galg gevolg het en langs hom gebid het. Rosenberg kyk een keer by die kapelaan, sonder uitdrukking. Negentig sekondes nadat hy aan die einde van 'n hangertou geswaai het. Syne was die vinnigste teregstelling van die tien. "

Alhoewel hy op 'n tyd 'n groot invloed op Hitler gehad het, was Rosenberg nie 'n daadwerklike man nie en was hy nog nooit een van die klein kringetjies wat die sameswering gelei het nie. Dit was juis die gebrek aan hierdie eienskappe wat Hitler aangetrokke het: Rosenberg as sy adjunk sou geen gevaar vir sy eie posisie in die party inhou nie.

Rosenberg, wat nie net 'n intellektuele nie, maar ook 'n eerbiedwaardige en eerbiedwaardige was, was binnekort op die ergste voet met die growwer elemente in die party, veral die twee mededingende Jood-aasmakers en lechers, Julius Streicher en Hermann Esser, wat saam aangeval het om elke aanval besluit wat Rosenberg, Gregor Strasser, Ludendorff en Pohner gemaak het, en hulle daarvan beskuldig dat hulle Hitler se posisie ondermyn. Hulle het weer teruggegee deur te eis dat die ander uit die party geskors moet word en Hitler se verwerping daarvan. Maar Hitler wou nie kant kies nie: as hy gedwing word om te besluit, verkies hy Streicher, Esser en Amann, hoe onbetwisbaar ook al, omdat hulle lojaal aan hom was en van hom afhanklik was. Mans soos Strasser, met tien keer die ander se vermoëns, was juis daarom meer geneig om 'n onafhanklike lyn te volg.

Politieke kwessies van belang was betrokke by hierdie persoonlike rusies. Wat moes gedoen word noudat die party ontbind is en Hitler in die tronk was? Hitler se antwoord, hoe gekamoefleer ook al, was eenvoudig: Niks. Hy wou nie hê dat die party sy lot sonder hom sou laat herleef nie. Maar Gregor Strasser, Rohm en Rosenberg, ondersteun deur Ludendorff, was angstig om deel te neem aan die nasionale en staatsverkiesings van die lente van 1924. Hitler, wat nie 'n Duitse burger was nie, is outomaties uitgesluit en het van die begin af almal aangeval parlementêre aktiwiteite as waardeloos en gevaarlik vir die onafhanklikheid van die beweging. Dit was wel so dat sulke taktieke nou noodsaaklik was as die party die weg van wettigheid sou volg, maar Hitler was besorg oor die bedreiging van sy persoonlike posisie as leier van die Party as ander tot die Reichstag verkies word terwyl hy buite bly.


'N Misterieuse gebeurtenis. Moskou, 1917. Ver na die weste was die Duits-Russiese fase van die Eerste Wêreldoorlog besig om tot 'n einde te kom in verbrokkelde loopgrawe; in die strate van die hoofstad eb en vloei die Russiese rewolusie. Alfred Rosenberg, die seun van 'n skoenmaker, gebore in Reval (Tallinn) aan die Oossee, was toe vier en twintig jaar oud; hy was van Duitse afkoms, maar as 'n Estlander was hy 'n onderwerp van die Russiese tsaar. Hy is grootgemaak in die Duitse en Russiese tale; hy het eers ingenieurswese en argitektuur gestudeer in Riga, ook aan die Baltiese See; toe die Duitse leër Riga beset het, het hy gevlug. Nou studeer hy in Moskou.

Die aardbol was aan die brand. Maar vandag was daar groter dinge waaroor hy duidelikheid moes verkry. Hier in die heilige stad van Rusland, in die taal van Rusland, het hy 'n boodskap ontvang. Juda, 'n boek het u diepste gedagtes laat ontstaan! Hy, die student, sluit sy oë en glo dit sy hele lewe lank, so vas soos 'n rots. Het 'n nuwe tydperk van die wêreldgeskiedenis op daardie tydstip in Moskou begin? Een van die verstommendste, verreikendste en bloedigste sameswerings van alle tye was sekerlik verbind tot daardie uur. Hy wat kon lees, gaan ver.

"Die nasies", sê die demoon, "liefde en eer vermetelheid by staatsmanne. Hulle word gekonfronteer met 'n daad van geweld: dit was vies, maar slim! 'N Skelm se truuk, maar wonderlik uitgevoer! Met watter waagmoed! Ons leiers moet na hul doel met ongeëwenaarde vrymoedigheid. Dan breek ons ​​alle weerstand op ons pad. " Die visioen gee 'n ysige koue en 'n asem van dodelike waarheid.

Die demoon van wêreldoorheersing het gepraat. Hy het die groot geheim verkondig: die wêreld kan oorheers word. Gebuig van moegheid, eis die mense onderwerping. En diegene wat hulle weerstaan, word getem deur vreeslike houe en lyding. Die moderne samelewing is belas met 'n magiese stroom wat by alle mense dieselfde gedagtes skep. Die massas verwag groot dinge van hul heersers. En om hierdie rede is groot dinge maklik.

Dit is die ware sin van die geheime geskrifte wat ons vandag ken Die protokolle van die wyse manne van Sion. Alles in hulle ontwikkel uit die basiese idee dat wêreldoorheersing in ons tyd moontlik is: met soewereine minagting word getoon met watter relatiewe gemak dit bereik kan word. Later, in die derde, vierde en vyfde hand, is hierdie diepgaande gedagtes saamgevleg met 'n stuk vervalsings en doelgerigte leuens wat die hele dokument tot die punt van onverstaanbaarheid verwar en verduister het. Maar presies in hierdie toestand kon dit deur miljoene lesers ingesluk word sonder om dit te verstaan, en dit het dit sy groot uitwerking gegee.

Vandag kan ons die oorspronklike inhoud van die dokument herskep. Die inhoud daarvan is hoe om diktatuur te vestig met die hulp - en misbruik - van demokratiese metodes. Die oorsprong van die keiser word beskryf. Ons word vertel dat demokrasie, as dit tot sy uiterste gevolgtrekking kom, die beste wapen aan die woekeraar verskaf. Verder bied demokrasie op internasionale gebied eintlik 'n diktator, wat homself stewig in een land gevestig het, die moontlikheid van wêreldoorheersing. Dit is die ware inhoud van die beroemde Protokolle.

Net voor sy arrestasie op 11 November 1923 het Hitler Alfred Rosenberg, redakteur van die Volkischer Beobachter, in beheer van die verbode party tydens sy afwesigheid, ondersteun deur Esser, Streicher en Amann. Soos 'n aantal toonaangewende Nazi's (waaronder Hef3, Scheubner-Richter en Hitler self), lê Rosenberg se oorsprong nie binne die grense van die Duitse Ryk nie. Gebore in 'n welgestelde burgerlike familie in Reval (nou Tallinn), Estland, die introverte, selfgestileerde party "filosoof", dogmaties, maar saai, arrogant en koud, een van die minste charismatiese en die minste gewilde van Nazi-leiers, verenig die ander party bigwigs net in hul intense afkeer van hom. Hy ontbreek duidelik aan leierseienskappe, en was skaars 'n voor die hand liggende keuse, en was net so verbaas as ander oor Hitler se benoeming. Rosenberg was in werklikheid een van die min leidende figure in die beweging wat nog beskikbaar was.

Die Slawiërs moet vir ons werk. Ons kom eerste.

Dit maak geen kwaad as die een of ander kommissaris af en toe op 'n ordentlike manier optree teenoor die een of ander Oekraïner nie. Hy moet egter nie vriendelik met hulle wees nie. Maar hy kan 'n man op die skouer klap en hom goeie raad gee en vir hulle 'n bottel snaps koop. Maar hy moet nie dronk word met hulle en afstand hou nie; dit is noodsaaklik vir 'n behoorlike meester in die Ooste.

'N Meester is iemand vir wie 'n man wat onder hom geplaas is, hom laat doodslaan. Die bevolking moet besef daar is geen ander uitweg as om Duitse leierskap te aanvaar nie. Die vraag vir ons is: Wat spaar ons die meeste in Duitse mannekrag en wat bring ons die beste tot politieke sukses? Ons het nie net die taak om produksie in die besette Europese gebiede te verhoog nie, maar om dit aansienlik te verhoog.

Rosenberg ontmoet Hitler op 16 Julie 1941 by die Fuhrer se hoofkwartier in Oos -Pruise, die Wolf se leer, en het sy mening uitgespreek dat die nasionalistiese sentimente van die Oekraïners aangemoedig moet word. Aantekeninge oorleef van 'n ontmoeting tussen Hitler en Erich Koch, die Nazi Gauleiter van Oos -Pruise en onlangs aangestel as Rykskommissaris vir die Oekraïne. "Sowel die Fuhrer as die Reichskommissar Koch verwerp 'n onafhanklike Oekraïne ... Boonop sal amper niks in Kiev (die hoofstad) bly staan ​​nie. verder gekonsolideer word deur die versplintering van die Oekraïense industrie deur die Rykskommissaris om die proletariaat terug te keer na die land. ”

Wat 'n plesier moes dit tog vir Hitler gewees het om in 'n ontmoeting met 'n Nazi -hardliner soos Koch te verklaar dat dit sy 'neiging was om Rusland se groot stede te vernietig'. Hier kon hy eerlik wees. Met Rosenberg, tegnies Koch se meerdere in die Nazi -hiërargie, was hy vir lang periodes ondeursigtig. Hierdie gedrag lyk aanvanklik nuuskierig, aangesien dit Hitler self was wat Rosenberg aangestel het. Maar Hitler se gedrag is verklaarbaar, in ooreenstemming met die metodes wat hy oor die algemeen gebruik het om die Nazi -staat te beheer en te manipuleer.

In die eerste plek was Nazi -hiërargieë nie soos dit gelyk het nie. Koch het 'n baie groot mate van outonomie in die manier waarop hy besluit om die Oekraïne te bestuur, en hy kon direk aan Hitler rapporteer, sou hy dit wou, deur die outomatiese toegang wat deur sy ander pos as Gauleiter van Oos -Pruise gewaarborg is, sodat Rosenberg kon wees omseil wanneer nodig. Tweedens was Hitler altyd getrou aan diegene, soos Rosenberg, wat hom in die tye van 'stryd' vasgehou het voordat die Nazi's aan bewind gekom het - en hier was 'n wonderlike werk as beloning vir sy lojaliteit. Derdens het die aanstelling van Rosenberg Hitler in staat gestel om Koch teen hom te speel as hy wou.

In gevegte onder leidende Nazi's het die Führer se rol as die laaste arbiter in die stelsel behoue ​​gebly. Uiteindelik hou Hitler nie daarvan om skriftelike bevele aan mense soos Rosenberg en Koch uit te reik nie, so die teenwoordigheid van hierdie konflik tussen hulle het hom 'ontkenbaarheid' toegelaat as iets katastrofies skeefloop. Soos Hitler erken het toe hy in die somer van 1942 met die bevelvoerende generaals van die Duitse weermaggroepe gepraat het, was hy bereid om te sê wat hy ook al sou voel: 'Sonder die sielkundige effek, sou ek sover gegaan het as wat ek kon ; Ek sou sê: "Kom ons stig 'n volledig onafhanklike Oekraïne." Ek sou dit sonder om te knipoog sê en dit dan in elk geval nie doen nie. elke Duitse soldaat net so in die openbaar: 'Dit is nie waar nie; wat ek nou net gesê het, is slegs taktiek. ”

Nou kom ek by 'n nuwe onderwerp: In teenstelling met die aanname van die vervolging, was Rosenberg in geen geval die aanhitser van 'n vervolging van Jode nie, net soos hy een van die leiers en die uitgangspunt was van die beleid wat deur die Party en die Ryk aangeneem is , soos die vervolging beweer .... In sy geval was antisemitisme egter nie die uitnemendste van sy aktiwiteite nie ... Omdat hy dit na 1918 in gevaar gestel het, het hy 'n teenstander van die Jood geword. Selfs sulke verskillende persoonlikhede soos Von Papen, Von Neurath en Raeder bely nou hul oortuiging dat die deurdringing van die Joodse element in die hele openbare lewe so groot was dat dit 'n verandering moes aanbring, vind my egter baie belangrik. , dat die aard van Rosenberg se antisemitisme bo alles intellektueel was. By die Party Rally van 1933 noem hy byvoorbeeld uitdruklik 'n 'ridderlike oplossing' van die Joodse vraag. Ons het nooit gehoor hoe Rosenberg uitdrukkings gebruik soos "Ons moet die Jode vernietig waar ons hulle ook al vind; ons sal maatreëls tref wat sukses sal verseker. Ons moet alle gevoelens van simpatie laat vaar." Die vervolging self haal die volgende aan as 'n uitdrukking van die program wat Rosenberg vir homself opgestel het ... "Nadat die Jode vanselfsprekend uit alle amptelike posisies verdryf is, sal die Joodse vraag 'n beslissende oplossing vind deur die opstel van ghetto's. "

... Dit was nie bloot 'n kwessie dat Rosenberg nie in 1933 aan die boikot van Jode deelgeneem het nie, dat hy nie in 1933, 1934, 1935, ens. uitlanding, verbod op huwelike, terugtrekking van die stemreg, uitsetting uit alle belangrike posisies en ampte). Bowenal het hy nooit deelgeneem aan die optrede van 1938 teen die Jode nie, ook nie aan die vernietiging van sinagoges of aan antisemitiese betogings nie. Hy was ook nie die aanhitser op die agtergrond wat minder mense uitgestuur of beveel het om sekere optrede te pleeg nie. Om seker te wees, Rosenberg was 'n ware volgeling van Hitler, wat Hitler se slagspreuke opgeneem het en dit deurgegee het. Byvoorbeeld, die leuse, "Die Joodse vraag sal eers opgelos word wanneer die laaste Jood Duitsland en die Europese vasteland verlaat het", en een keer die slagspreuk van "Uitwissing van die Jood".

Oordrewe uitdrukkings was altyd deel van die Nasionaal -Sosialistiese propaganda. Dieselfde sinne en woorde wat Hitler gebruik het, is herhaal, en nie net in al die politieke toesprake nie, maar ook in die Duitse pers, in alle hoofartikels en essays, totdat daar weke of maande later 'n nuwe toespraak gehou is wat oor 'n nuwe eggo van 'n soortgelyke soort.

Rosenberg was geen uitsondering nie. Hy herhaal, soos almal, al die slagspreuke van Hitler, insluitend die van die 'oplossing van die Joodse vraag', en een keer ook die van 'uitwissing van Jood'. Blykbaar het hy, net soos Hitler se ander ondersteuners, net so min of min daaraan gedink dat nie een van die frases in werklikheid duidelik was nie, maar dat dit 'n sinistere dubbele betekenis gehad het, en hoewel dit moontlik 'n werklike uitsetting beteken het, maar dat dit moontlik ook kon impliseer die fisiese vernietiging en moord op die Jode.

Mag ek die tribunaal op hierdie punt daaraan herinner dat Rosenberg tydens sy getuienis in September 1943 verwys het na 'n toespraak van die Britse premier in die Laerhuis, waarin gesê is dat Pruisiese militarisme en nasionaal -sosialisme uitgeroeide wortel en tak. Geen Duitser het dit letterlik geïnterpreteer nie, en ek glo dat niemand dit geïnterpreteer het dat Duitse soldate en die Nasionaal -Sosialisme fisies uitgeroei moes word nie.

Afgesien van die kennis en wil van die Duitse volk, en afgesien van die kennis en wil van die meerderheid van die leierskap van die Party - dit wil sê, slegs bekend aan Bormann, Himmler en Eichmann - is daar uitgebroei en uitgevoer, vanaf 1941, 'n massamisdaad wat alle menslike konsepte van rede en sedelikheid oortref het. Die 'Joodse vraag' is nog verder ontwikkel en tot 'n sogenaamde 'finale oplossing' gebring.

Ek glo ek kan sê dat Rosenberg nooit, openlik of in die geheim, gemik was op die fisiese uitwissing van die Jode nie. Sy reserwe en matigheid was beslis nie bloot taktiek nie. Die insinking van antisemitisme in misdaad het plaasgevind sonder sy medewete of wil. Die feit op sigself dat hy antisemitisme gepreek het, regverdig sy straf as moordenaar van Jode so min as wat Rousseau en Mirabeau verantwoordelik gehou kan word vir die daaropvolgende gruwels van die Franse Revolusie.

Hoeveel weet die beskuldigdes van die misdade teen die mensdom, van die moorde in die ooste, van die 'finale oplossing', die konsentrasiekampe of Auschwitz? Goring het tot die einde toe 'n lojalis gebly: hy het self nie geweet nie, beweer hy; en waarskynlik ook nie Hitler nie. Hy sou nie eens toelaat dat gruweldade stelselmatig plaasgevind het nie; die meeste wat hy sou toegee, was dat daar moontlik 'geïsoleerde gevalle' van likwidasies was. ' voor 1943. "Onmiddellik nadat ek kennis hiervan gekry het," het hy aan die Tribunaal gesê, "het ek net soos ek voorheen geveg het, nie net teen die finale oplossing nie, maar ook teen hierdie tipe behandeling van die Joodse probleem." Wat het hy dit gedoen? 'protesteer hy teen Hitler en die volgende dag teen Himmler. I did not only draw their attention to my personal attitude and my completely different conception which I had brought over from Austria and to my humanitarian qualnns, but immediately from the first day, I concluded practically every one of my situation reports right to the very end by saying that there was no hostile power that would negotiate with a Reich which had burdened itself with this guilt." Chiefly thanks to his intervention, Kaitenbrunner ventured, the persecution of Jews ended in October 1944. At various points in the trial, other defendants protested that they had helped Jews at specific moments - among them Schacht, Ribbentrop, Yapen, Schirach, Seyss-Inquart, and Speer.

There was some contrition at Nuremberg, although few noteworthy instances. Hans Frank, once determined to rid the Generalgouvernement of Jews, handed over to the Americans his voluminous diary of the days when he ruled in Krakow and claimed in prison to have committed himself anew to Catholicism. "A thousand years will pass and still Germany's guilt will not have been erased," he told the court."' Walther Funk, president of the Reichsbank, accused of having received deposits of gold taken from the teeth of gassed Jewish victims, was singularly unimpressive-"a broken heap of flesh," wrote Norman Birkett in his diary, "half-asleep during most of the days, apathetic and listless, and raising blinking eyes to the bright lights installed in the Court for the benefit of the cinematograph operators." Testifying about his pretrial interrogation, in which he had broken into tears, Funk told his attorney that he had just been released from the hospital at the time.

Rosenberg was dull and sunken-cheeked as he looked around the court. His complexion was pasty-brown, but he did not appear nervous and walked with a steady step to and up the gallows.

Apart from giving his name and replying 'no' to a question as to whether he had anything to say, he did not utter a word. Despite his avowed atheism he was accompanied by a Protestant chaplain who followed him to the gallows and stood beside him praying.

Rosenberg looked at the chaplain once, expressionless. His was the swiftest execution of the ten.


Missing Nazi Diary Recovered

Alfred Rosenberg's diary could shed new light on Nazi command systems.

The diary of Nazi leader Alfred Rosenberg disappeared without a trace after his trial in Nuremberg. Sixty-four years later it's been recovered in upstate New York.

In an early assessment of its contents, the U.S. government and the United States Holocaust Museum say it will shed new light on the inner workings of the Nazi high command. "The diary will be an important source of information to historians that complements and in part contradicts already known documentation," a Holocaust Museum statement said in an assessment of the find. Further details will be revealed today at a press conference in Wilmington, Delaware.

Who was Rosenberg? Charles Fenyvesi reports.

Alfred Rosenberg was a misfit among misfits. He viewed himself as an intellectual, and—measured against Nazi bigwigs like Adolf Hitler, Rudolf Hess, and Hermann Goering—perhaps he was. But that is faint praise. Rosenberg wrote a best-selling book, The Myth of the Twentieth Century, that became the bible of the Nazi movement. Its translations sold well in many European countries, encouraging anti-Semitism. Its elephantine sentences and complex, pseudo-scientific "facts" and semi-mystical tenets were hard to follow, though the text bristled with the hatred of Jews, Russians, Poles, Czechs, and others he condemned as "subhuman." According to the architect Albert Speer, who became the Minister of Armaments and War Production for the Third Reich, Hitler called the book "stuff that nobody could understand." William L. Shirer, the great American historian of the Nazi era who knew Rosenberg, called his mind "muddled."

Ironically the architect of the Nazi theory of German racial superiority was considered by many Germans a foreigner, born in Estonia, then part of the Russian empire. He chose to study at Moscow University and was proud of his diploma in architecture. His enemies in the Nazi party spread rumors that he was not a Baltic German, as he claimed, and that he had Russian ancestry—or he was of Estonian stock. The rumors went as far as suggesting that while a student in Russia witnessing the Bolshevik Revolution, he flirted with the notion of joining it. But shortly after he migrated to Germany, he became one of the first members of Hitler's party.

In 1923, following an unsuccessful coup d'etat, Hitler was imprisoned and named Rosenberg the head of the Nazi party until his release. But Hitler told his inner circle that Rosenberg was lazy and unfit to lead. Rosenberg was a poor public speaker who lacked charisma and friends in the Nazi party. Nonetheless, in 1934 Hitler put Rosenberg in charge of the spiritual and philosophical education of the Nazi party. He promoted the idea of the German Reich's eastern expansion and advocated a merciless war on the Slavs. He invented the notion of "Lebensraum"—living space—and argued that it was not only a necessity, but also a moral imperative for Germans, the "master race," to conquer territories where inferior races had failed to create a high culture. After Germany attacked the Soviet Union, Rosenberg became Reich minister for the occupied territories.

In 1946, the international tribunal in Nuremberg found Rosenberg guilty of crimes against humanity due to his shaping of Nazi ideology, and sentenced him to death. He was hanged. According to an American journalist present, he was the only Nazi leader who declined the offer to make a final statement.


ALFRED ROSENBERG

Plaas deur GLADIVM » 25 Oct 2002, 09:28

Alfred Rosenberg was the philosopher of the nazi ideology , a Baltic German he joined NSDAP in the early years and had initially a great influence over Hitler .
His most famous or infamous work was " THE MYTH OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY" in which he advocated a neo-paganism which would have freed the world from the
concept of humility , charity , mercy propagated by the catholic church which he hated as much as jewish and would have liked to see germans return to the concept of the Teutons race-soul whose values of honour , personality and freedom which reflected the superiority of their race .
The myth of 20 century was a very obscure book and even Hitler openly said that he had not read it and had not much respect for its contents .

Rosenberg lost his influence with Hitler because of his haugthy manners and intellectual arrogance and despite retaning major posts by 1939 was unable to influence nazi policy .
After german victory on the western front , Rosenberg was the head of TASKFORCE ROSENBERG , an organisation dedicated to loot the "ownerless properties " in France Belgium & Holland . (that meant all Jewish owned work of arts and precious objects ) and arrange their transfer to Germany . Goring often went to the task force deposit in Paris to select work of arts for his residence .
After outbreak of the war in the east Rosenberg was appointed Ostminister for the occupied russian territories but in fact had very little authority over subordinates like Koch who insituted a reign of terror in Ukraine .
In this instance we find a reediming feature in Rosenberg personality , he was appaled to the treatment meted out out to the inhabitants (not jewish)
of the occupied areas and even wrote to Hitler to protest against the policy of extermination adopted against the population . Hitler did not even answer his complaints and instead of resigning Rosenberg remained at his post clinging to any vestige of power , embroiled in endless disputes with Himmler , Goring & Goebbels
By the time of the Nuremberg trial , Rosenberg was a broken man and blamed other mazi leaders . like Gebbels & Goring for the degenaration of nazi ideology in their struggle and lust for power .
Rosenberg was condemned to death and it could have not been otherwise being the chief ideologue of the third reich but the accusation of war crimes was perhaps not so accurate as in fact he was not really involved in the concentration camps system and the policy of extermination .
The above is just a very brief resume' of Rosenberg life and could be discussed more in depth and details with other members if anyone is interested to dig into the life and times of the main ideologue of the third reich

Plaas deur AgentBach » 25 Oct 2002, 23:56

Alfred Rosenberg's NSDAP Number

Plaas deur discovery1777 » 27 Oct 2002, 12:25

Plaas deur GLADIVM » 28 Oct 2002, 07:30

to discovery 1777 ,
What do you mean clear this up ?
What proof do you mean ?
I do not know his party number , sorry
hope to read from you and better understand yr message

Plaas deur AgentBach » 07 Dec 2002, 05:55

Plaas deur Mark Costa » 07 Dec 2002, 06:15

I too do not understand what Discovery 1777 wants cleared up but Rosenberg's party number was # 14. If you want proof of that check a photo of the his party membership book in Charles Hamilton's Leaders and Personalities of the Third Reich Violume 1.

Plaas deur David Thompson » 07 Dec 2002, 21:13

Here's the International Military Tribunal judgment on Rosenberg:

"He joined the Nazi Party in 1919, participated in the Munich Putsch of 9 November 1923, and tried to keep the illegal Nazi Party together while Hitler was in jail. Recognized as the Party's ideologist, he developed and spread Nazi doctrines in the newspapers Voelkischer Beobachter and NS Monatshefte, which he edited, and in the numerous books he wrote. His book Myth of the Twentieth Century had a circulation of over a million copies.

In 1930 Rosenberg was elected to the Reichstag and he became the Party's representative for Foreign Affairs. In April 1933 he was made Reichsleiter and head of the Office of Foreign Affairs of the NSDAP (The APA). Hitler, in January 1934, appointed Rosenberg his deputy for the supervision of the entire spiritual and ideological training of the NSDAP. In January 1940, he was designated to set up the "Hohe Schule," the center of National Socialist ideological and educational research, and he organized the "Einsatzstab Rosenberg" in connection with this task. He was appointed Reich Minister for the Occupied Eastern Territories on 17 July 1941.

As head of the APA, Rosenberg was in charge of an organization whose agents were active in Nazi intrigue in all parts of the world. His own reports, for example, claim that the APA was largely responsible for Romania's joining the Axis. As head of the APA, he played an important role in the preparation and planning of the attack on Norway.

Rosenberg, together with Raeder, was one of the originators of the plan for attacking Norway. Rosenberg had become interested in Norway as early as June 1939, when he conferred with Quisling. Quisling had pointed out the importance of the Norwegian coast in the event of a conflict between Germany and Great Britain and stated his fears that Great Britain might be able to obtain Norwegian assistance. As a result of this conference Rosenberg arranged for Quisling to collaborate closely with the National Socialists and to receive political assistance by the Nazis.
When the war broke out Quisling began to express fear of British intervention in Norway. Rosenberg supported this view and transmitted to Raeder a plan to use Quisling for a coup in Norway. Rosenberg was instrumental in arranging the conferences in December 1939 between Hitler and Quisling which led to the preparation of the 'attack on Norway and at which Hitler promised Quisling financial assistance. After these conferences Hitler assigned to Rosenberg the political exploitation of Norway. Two weeks after Norway was occupied, Hitler told Rosenberg that he had based his decision to attack Norway "on the continuous warnings of Quisling as reported to him by Reichsleiter Rosenberg."

Rosenberg bears a major responsibility for the formulation and execution of occupation policies in the Occupied Eastern Territories. He was informed by Hitler, on 2 April 1941, of the coming attack against the Soviet Union, and he agreed to help in the capacity of a "Political Adviser." On 20 April 1941 he was appointed Commissioner for the Central Control of Questions Connected with the East European Region. In preparing the plans for the occupation, he had numerous conferences with Keitel, Raeder, Goering, Funk, Ribbentrop, and other high Reich authorities. In April and May 1941 he prepared several drafts of instructions concerning the setting up of the administration in the Occupied Eastern Territories. On 20 June 1941, two days before the attack on the U.S.S.R., he made a speech to his assistants about the problems and policies of occupation. Rosenberg attended, Hitler's conference of 16 July 1941, in which policies of administration and occupation were discussed. On 17 July 1941, Hitler appointed Rosenberg Reich Minister for the Occupied Eastern Territories and publicly charged him with responsibility for civil administration.

War Crimes and Crimes against Humanity

Rosenberg is responsible for a system of organized plunder of both public and private property throughout the invaded countries of Europe. Acting under Hitler's orders of January 1940 to set up the "Hohe Schule," he organized and directed the "Einsatzstab Rosenberg,", which plundered museums and libraries, confiscated art treasures and collections, and pillaged private houses. His own reports show the extent of the confiscations. In "Aktion-M" (Moebel), instituted in December 1941 at Rosenberg's suggestion, 69, 619 Jewish homes were plundered in the West, 38,000 of the in in Paris alone, and it took 26,984 railroad cars to transport the confiscated furnishings to Germany. As of 14 July 1944, more than 21,903 art objects, including famous paintings and museum pieces, had been seized by the Einsatzstab in the West.

With his appointment as Reich Minister for the Occupied Eastern Territories on 17 July 1941, Rosenberg became the supreme authority for those areas. He helped to formulate the policies of Germanization, exploitation, forced labor, extermination of Jews and opponents of Nazi rule, and he set up the administration which carried them out. He took part in the conference of 16 July 1941, in which Hitler stated that they were faced with the task of "cutting up the giant cake according to our needs in order to be able: first, to dominate it, second, to administer it, and third, to exploit it," and he indicated that ruthless action was contemplated. Rosenberg accepted his appointment on the following day.
Rosenberg had knowledge of the brutal treatment and terror to which the Eastern people were subjected. He directed that the Hague Rules of Land Warfare were not applicable in the Occupied Eastern Territories. He had knowledge of and took an active part in stripping the Eastern territories of raw materials and foodstuffs, in which were sent to Germany. He stated that feeding the German people was first on the list of claims on the East, and that the Soviet people would suffer thereby. His directives provided for the segregation of Jews, ultimately in ghettos. His subordinates engaged in mass killings of Jews, and his civil administrators in the East considered that cleansing the Eastern Occupied Territories of Jews was necessary. In December 1941, Rosenberg made the suggestion to Hitler that in a case of shooting 100 hostages, Jews only be used.


Alfred Rosenberg – The track of the jew through the ages

Translated with an Introduction and Notes by Alexander Jacob. This classic study of the Jews, written when Rosenberg was only twenty-six years old, is based on an astonishingly wide range of historical sources and marked by the clearest understanding of the essential spiritual and intellectual differences between the Jews and the Europeans. Tracing the history of the Jews in Europe from the Middle Ages to the Russian Revolution, it reveals the frighteningly ruthless manner in which the Jews, always a state within any state, gradually succeeded in destroying all the European empires in their aim of establishing a Zionist world-republic. In the final analysis, the real danger of such a world-republic (which continues today under the guise of globalism) is seen to be that, by violently undermining the spiritual cultural foundations of the European states, it subjects the European peoples to a despotism whose intellectual aridity and obscenity are plainly revealed in the Talmud.


Irene Rosenberg Daughter of Alfred Rosenberg

Plaas deur Helge » 03 Jun 2012, 08:08

Irene Rosenberg Daughter of Alfred Rosenberg goes to his father. He is imprisoned in Nuremberg

Source: 30/09/1946 published by British Pathè

Re: Irene Rosenberg Daughter of Alfred Rosenberg

Plaas deur J. Duncan » 03 Jun 2012, 10:29

Thanks Helge for finding and posting some unique photos. I know a bit about Rosenberg, having read some of the biographical books available in English language. Rosenberg was married twice. I think Irene was a product of the second marriage. The first marriage was to a sweetheart Rosenberg knew in Moscow during his college years, a woman who I think went on to become a dancer and a liberal minded person. They became estranged and I think she later fell ill and Rosenberg divorced her. Rosenberg speaks of her in his memoirs. Little is known about Rosenberg's family life and this daughter Irene. Within the pages of Robert Cecil's "The Myth of the Master Race", there is a photo of a pudgy Rosenberg greeting Hitler on his birthday in the mid to late thirties with his young daughter Irene, who looks about 8 at the time.

For further information on Alfred Rosenberg and his thought please see the following:

1. Robert Cecil: "The Myth of the Master Race: Alfred Rosenberg and Nazi Ideology" (best bio in English)
2. Alfred Rosenberg "Memoirs"
"The Myth of the Twentieth Century" translated by Vivian Bird
"Selected Writings" (Roots of the Right book series) edited by Robert Pois
3. Fritz Nova: "Alfred Rosenberg: Nazi Theorist of the Holocaust"

4. James B. Whisker "The Philosophy of Alfred Rosenberg"
"The Social, Political, and Religious Thought of Alfred Rosenberg"
5. Peter Viereck "Metapolitics: From the German Romantics to Hitler"
6. Albert Chandler "Rosenberg's Nazi Myth".

Re: Irene Rosenberg Daughter of Alfred Rosenberg

Plaas deur Helge » 03 Jun 2012, 10:45

Re: Irene Rosenberg Daughter of Alfred Rosenberg

Plaas deur J. Duncan » 03 Jun 2012, 12:09

In his memoirs, Rosenberg writes he met Hilda on a train to St. Petersburg (not Moscow as I wrongly wrote above) where his grandparents were then living:
"Hilda came into more immediate Russian customs than I, and accepted them with appropriate sympathy. she had an adopted sister, Johanna, who at the Petersburg Academy of Art, had met and married the son of the Rector. This association also helped her become acquainted with the Russians. She played for me-she played well even then-Russian compositions: Borodin and Rimsky-Korsakov. Hilda returned to Paris. She took dancing lessons from the well known Professor Landosse, as well as rythmic gymnastics. Hilda had become a favorite pupil of jean Undine and was assisting in his teaching. I gained an insight into Hilda's work and world. As for the future, I was sure we would find a way together. Hilda's health grew worse, the doctor diagnosed tuberculosis. To bed immediately, or else you can order a coffin. This was terrible a new worry that was never to end. Hilda lay in bed and was spoiled. .In the meantime my wife had returned from Switzerland and was looking for a cure. We had agreed to separate. She said that at first she might have been able to help me a little but now I had found my way. She was sick, she said, and probably would have to rely on other people for the rest of her life. The divorce was granted in the spring of 1923. later, she joined her parents in Reval, went to France in a final attempt to find a cure, and died".

So much for Hilda. That's all he writes of her. Sounds like he grew tired of her problems. When G ö ring later spoke of Rosenberg's fishy business in Paris during WWI, it was probably that Rosenberg was visiting his woman there.


Alfred Rosenberg The Track Of The Jew Through The Ages

This classic study of the Jews, written when Rosenberg was only twenty-six years old, is based on an astonishingly wide range of historical sources and marked by the clearest understanding of the essential spiritual and intellectual differences between the Jews and the Europeans.

Tracing the history of the Jews in Europe from the Middle Ages to the Russian Revolution, it reveals the frighteningly ruthless manner in which the Jews, always a state within any state, gradually succeeded in destroying all the European empires in their aim of establishing a Zionist world-republic.

In the final analysis, the real danger of such a world-republic (which continues today under the guise of globalism) is seen to be that, by violently undermining the spiritual cultural foundations of the European states, it subjects the European peoples to a despotism whose intellectual aridity and obscenity are plainly revealed in the Talmud. P/B 215 pp.


Alfred Rosenberg on the Racial Soul

Introduction by N. Wolf: The following is a collection of excerpts from The Myth of the Twentieth Century by Alfred Rosenberg, the greatest National Socialist philosopher. There are many important concepts and ideas presented in this masterpiece which he wrote, but the most important is the concept of the Race Soul. This idea, that there are two sides to race, the biological and the spiritual, is an idea that had not been widely acknowledged until Rosenberg’s work.

It is an unfortunate fact that many people do not take the time to read this book of wonderful insight either because they cannot acquire it or do not want to read it off of a computer. The purpose of these quotes gathered here is of course useful to summarize Rosenberg’s concept of the Race Soul so that it will be known and understood by more people.

THE MYTH OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY, INTRODUCTION TO THE THIRD EDITION, ALFRED ROSENBERG

We on our side do not deny very diverse influences: landscape and climate and political tradition but all this is outweighed by blood and the blood linked character. Things evolve around the reconquest of this order of rank.

To reestablish the ingeniousness of healthy blood, is perhaps the greatest task upon which man can set himself today. At the same time, this affirmation gives evidence of the sad situation of the body and the spirit, that such a deed has become a vital necessity. A contribution to this great coming act of liberation of the 20th century is what the present book intends to be. Not only the shaking up of many awakening men, but also of opponents, is the desired result.

THE MYTH OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY, BOOK I THE CONFLICT OF VALUES, CHAPTER I, RACE AND RACE SOUL

Today one of those epochs is beginning in which world history must be written anew. The old images of the human past have faded, the outlines of leading personalities are distorted, their inner driving forces falsely interpreted, their whole nature for the most part totally misjudged. A youthful life force — which also knows itself to be age old — is impelled toward form an ideology, a world view, has been born and, strong of will, begins to contend with old forms, ancient sacred practices, and outworn standards. This means no longer historically but fundamentally not in a few special domains but everywhere not only upon the heights but also at the roots.

And this sign of our times is reflected in a turning away from absolute values, that is to say, in a retreat from values held to be beyond all organic experience, which the isolated ego once devised to create, by peaceful or violent means, a universal spiritual community. Once, such an ultimate aim was the Christianising of the world and its redemption through the second coming of Christ. Another goal was represented by the humanist dream of mankind. Both ideals have been buried in the bloody chaos of the Great War, and in the subsequent rebirth out of this calamity, despite the fact that now one, and now the other, still find increasingly fanatical adherents and a venerable priesthood. These are processes of petrifaction and no longer of living tissue: a belief which has died in the soul cannot be raised from the dead.

Humanity, the universal church, or the sovereign ego, divorced from the bonds of blood, are no longer absolute values for us. They are dubious, even moribund, dogmas which lack polarity and which represent the ousting of nature in favour of abstractions. The emergence in the nineteenth century of Darwinism and positivism constituted the first powerful, though still wholly materialistic, protest against the lifeless and suffocating ideas which had come from Syria and Asia Minor and had brought about spiritual degeneracy. Christianity, with its vacuous creed of ecumenicalism and its ideal of HUMANITAS, disregarded the current of red blooded vitality which flows through the veins of all peoples of true worth and genuine culture. Blood was reduced to a mere chemical formula and explained in that way. But today an entire generation is beginning to have a presentiment that values are only created and preserved where the law of blood still determines the ideas and actions of men, whether consciously or unconsciously. At the subconscious level, whether in cult or in life, man obeys the commands of the blood, as if in dreams or, according to natural insight, as a happy expression describes this harmony between nature and culture. But culture, with the growth of all subconscious activity and of expanding consciousness and knowledge, becomes more and more intellectual, and ultimately engenders not creative tension but, in fact, discord. In this way, reason and understanding are divorced from race and nature and released from the bonds of blood. The ensuing generation falls victim to the individualistic system of intellectual absolutes, and separates itself more and more from its natural environment, mixing itself with alien blood. It is through this desecration of the blood that personality, people, race and culture perish. None who have disregarded the religion of the blood have escaped this nemesis — neither the Indians nor the Persians, neither the Greeks nor the Romans. Nor will Nordic Europe escape if it does not call a halt, turning away from bloodless absolutes and spiritually empty delusions, and begin to hearken trustingly once again to the subtle welling up of the ancient sap of life and values.

Once we recognise the awesome conflict between blood and environment and between blood and blood as the ultimate phenomenon beyond which we are not permitted to probe, a new and, in every respect, richly coloured picture of human history becomes manifest. This recognition at once brings with it the knowledge that the struggle of the blood and the intuitive awareness of life’s mystique are simply two aspects of the same thing. Race is the image of soul. The entire racial property is an intrinsic value without relationship to material worshippers who apprehend only discrete events in time and space, without experiencing these events as the greatest and most profound of all secrets.

Racial history is therefore simultaneously natural history and soul mystique. The history of the religion of the blood, however, is conversely the great world story of the rise and fall of peoples, their heroes and thinkers, their inventors and artists.

THE MYTH OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY, BOOK III THE COMING REICH, CHAPTER VII THE ESSENTIAL UNITY

“This unity also holds for German history, for its men, its values, for the very old and new Myth, and for the supporting ideas of German folkhood. One form of Odin is dead, that is, the Odin who was the highest of the many gods who appeared as the embodiment of a generation still given up to natural symbolisms. But Odin as the eternal mirrored image of the primal spiritual powers of Nordic man lives today just as he did over 5,000 years ago. Hermann Wirth finds traces of decline also in the ancient world of gods and influences of the Eskimo race. This may be so, but does not influence what is actually Germanic. He embodies himself in honour and heroism, in the creation of song and or art, in the protection of law and in the eternal search for wisdom. Odin learned that through the guilt of the gods, through the breaking of the bond to the builders of Valhalla, the race of the gods must perish. Despite this decline, he nevertheless commanded Heimdall to summon the Aesir with his horn for the final decisive battle. Dissatisfied, eternally searching, the god wandered through the universe to try to fathom his destiny and the nature of his being. He sacrificed an eye so that he might participate in the deepest wisdom. As an eternal wanderer he is a symbol of the eternally searching and becoming Nordic soul which cannot withdraw self confidently back to Jehovah and his representatives. The headstrong activity of the will, which, at first, drives so roughly through the Nordic lands in the battle songs about Thor, showed directly at their first appearance the innate, striving, wisdom seeking, metaphysical side in Odin the Wanderer. But the same spirit is revealed once again with the great, free Ostrogoths and the devout Ulfilas. It is also revealed, in accordance with the times, in the strengthened Knights Order and in the great Nordic western mystics as seen in their greatest spirit, Meister Eckehart. When, in Frederick’s Prussia, the soul which once gave birth to Odin was revived at Hohenfriedberg and Leuthen, it was also reborn in the soul of the Thomas church cantor, Bach, and in Goethe. From this viewpoint our assertion will appear deeply justified, that a heroic Nordic saga, a Prussian march, a composition by Bach, a sermon by Eckehart, and a monologue by Faust, are only varied experiences of one and the same soul. They are creations of the same will. They are eternal powers which were first united under the name Odin and which later gained form in Frederick the Great and Bismarck. As long as these powers are operative, as long as Nordic blood mixes with a Nordic soul and will, Nordic man will be active and work in mystic union. This is the prerequisite of every true to type creation.”

The racially linked soul is the measure of all our ideas, our striving will and actions, the final measuring rod of our values.


Nazi policy and Rosenberg's views

Hitler was a leader oriented towards practical politics, whereas, for Rosenberg, religion and philosophy were key and he was the most culturally influential within the party. ⏔] Several accounts of the time before the Nazi ascension to power speak of Hitler as being a mouthpiece for Rosenberg's views, and he clearly exerted a great deal of intellectual influence. ⏕]

The question of Rosenberg's influence in the Nazi Party is controversial. He was perceived as lacking the charisma and political skills of the other Nazi leaders, and was somewhat isolated. In some of his speeches Hitler appeared to be close to Rosenberg's views, rejecting traditional Christianity as a religion based on Jewish culture, preferring an ethnically and culturally pure "Race" whose destiny was supposed to be assigned to the German people by "Providence". In others, he adhered to the Nazi Party line, which advocated a "positive Christianity".

After Hitler's assumption of power he moved to reassure the Protestant and Catholic churches that the party was not intending to reinstitute Germanic paganism. He placed himself in the position of being the man to save Positive Christianity from utter destruction at the hands of the atheistic antitheist Communists of the Soviet Union. Cite error: Closing </ref> missing for <ref> tag Once in power, Hitler and most Nazi leaders sought to unify the Christian denominations in favor of "positive Christianity". Hitler privately condemned mystical and pseudoreligious interests as "nonsense". ⏖] However, he and Joseph Goebbels agreed that after the Endsieg (Final Victory) the Reich Church should be pressed into evolving into a German social evolutionist organisation proclaiming the cult of race, blood and battle, instead of Redemption and the Ten Commandments of Moses, which they deemed outdated and Jewish. ⏗]

Heinrich Himmler's views were among the closest to Rosenberg's, and their estrangement was perhaps created by Himmler's abilities to put into action what Rosenberg had only written. Also, while Rosenberg thought Christianity should be allowed to die out, Himmler actively set out to create countering pagan rituals. ⏘]

Lieutenant Colonel William Harold Dunn (1898–1955) wrote a medical and psychiatric report on him in prison to evaluate him as a suicide risk:

He gave the impression of clinging to his own theories in a fanatical and unyielding fashion and to have been little influenced by the unfolding during the trial of the cruelty and crimes of the party. ⏙]

Summarizing the unresolved conflict between the personal views of Rosenberg and the pragmatism of the Nazi elite:

The ruthless pursuit of Nazi aims turned out to mean not, as Rosenberg had hoped, the permeation of German life with the new ideology it meant concentration of the combined resources of party and state on total war. ⏚]


What Does Alfred Rosenberg’s Diary Say About the Holocaust?

ALFRED ROSENBERG’S diary, spanning Spring 1936 to Winter 1944, disappeared after the war (stolen by Jewish prosecutor Robert Kempner) but was rediscovered in 2013.

The diary, touted by Henry Mayer of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum as “the most revealing Nazi documents ever found,” turns out (as reported by CODOH’s David Merlin) not to support the Jewish Holocaust story at all. Robert K. Wittman, a former FBI-agent who co-authored a book about the diary, admits it:

“There is no place in the diary where we have Rosenberg or Hitler saying that the Jews should be exterminated…. All it said was ‘move them out of Europe.’ ” [S.F. Kovaleski, NYTimes, 30 March 2016]

This is consistent with Rosenberg’s testimony at Nuremberg. Having heard the accusation of a conspiracy to annihilate Slavs and Jews, Rosenberg declared that he had no part in it:

Besides repeating the old accusations, the prosecutors have raised new ones of the strongest kind thus they claim that we all attended secret conferences in order to plan a war of aggression. Besides that, we are supposed to have ordered the alleged murder of 12,000,000 people. All these accusations have been collectively described as “genocide” — the murder of peoples. In this connection I have the following to declare in summary.

I know my conscience to be completely free from any such guilt, from any complicity in the murder of peoples. Instead of working for the dissolution of the culture and national sentiment of the Eastern European nations, I attempted to improve the physical and spiritual conditions of their existence instead of destroying their personal security and human dignity, I opposed with all my might, as has been proven, every policy of violent measures, and I rigorously demanded a just attitude on the part of the German officials and a humane treatment of the Eastern Workers. Instead of practising “child slavery,” as it is called, I saw to it that young people from territories endangered by combat were granted protection and special care. Instead of exterminating religion, I reinstated the freedom of the Churches in the Eastern territories by a decree of tolerance.

In Germany, in pursuance of my ideological convictions, I demanded freedom of conscience, granted it to every opponent, and never instituted a persecution of religion.

The thought of a physical annihilation of Slavs and Jews, that is to say, the actual murder of entire peoples, has never entered my mind and I most certainly did not advocate it in any way. I was of the opinion that the existing Jewish question would have to be solved by the creation of a minority right, by emigration, or by settling the Jews in a national territory over a ten-year period of time. The White Paper of the British Government of 24 July 1946 shows how historical developments can bring about measures which were never previously planned.

The practice of the German State Leadership in the war, as [ostensibly] proven here during the Trial, differed completely from my ideas. To an ever-increasing degree Adolf Hitler drew persons to himself who were not my comrades, but my opponents. With reference to their pernicious deeds I must state that they were not practising the National Socialism for which millions of believing men and women had fought, but rather, shamefully misusing it. It was a degeneration which I, too, very strongly condemned.

I frankly welcome the idea that a crime of genocide is to be outlawed by international agreement and placed under the severest penalties, with the natural provision that neither now nor in the future shall genocide be permitted in any way against the German people either.

Among other matters, the Soviet prosecutor stated that the entire so-called “ideological activity” had been a “preparation for crime.” In that connection I should like to state the following: National Socialism represented the idea of overcoming the class struggle which was disintegrating the people, and uniting all classes in a large national community. Through the Labor Service, for instance, it restored the dignity of manual labor on mother earth, and directed the eyes of all Germans to the necessity of a strong peasantry. By the Winter Relief Work it created a comradely feeling among the entire nation for all fellow-citizens in need, irrespective of their former party membership. It built homes for mothers, youth hostels, and community clubs in factories, and acquainted millions with the yet unknown treasures of art.

But along with my love for a free and strong Reich I never forgot my duty towards venerable Europe. In Rome, as early as 1932, I appealed for its preservation and peaceful development, and I fought as long as I could for the idea of internal gains for the peoples of Eastern Europe when I became Eastern Minister in 1941. Therefore in the hour of need I cannot renounce the idea of my life, the ideal of a socially peaceful Germany and a Europe conscious of its values, and I will remain true to it.

Honest service for this ideology, considering all human shortcomings, was not a conspiracy and my actions were never a crime, but I understood my struggle, just as the struggle of many thousands of my comrades, to be one conducted for the noblest idea, an idea which had been fought for under flying banners for over a hundred years. [IMT Transcript, 21 August 1946]


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