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Lughawe-ongeluk brand toeskouers

Lughawe-ongeluk brand toeskouers

'N Lugvertoning waarby militêre stralers by die Ramstein-vliegbasis in Duitsland betrokke was, raak tragies op 28 Augustus 1988 toe drie stralers in die lug bots en in die skare val. Nege-en-sestig van die 100,000 toeskouers is dood en nog honderde beseer.

Teen die einde van die NAVO-geborgde vertoning op 28 Augustus het die Italiaanse Frecce Tricolori-span wat met Aermacchi MB 339-stralers gevlieg het, hul roetine begin. Die span is gelei deur luitenant -kolonel Ivo Nutallari, wat 'n kruising probeer het waarin sy vliegtuig baie naby die ander spanvliegtuie verbygery het. Nutallari het die gewaagde beweging verkeerd bereken en sy straler het met die hoofgroep gebots. Drie van die stralers ontplof in die lug en veroorsaak dat wrakstukke en vliegtuigbrandstof op die skare neersak. Die drie vlieëniers is op slag dood, net soos ongeveer 30 toeskouers. Nog meer mense is ernstig beseer, baie met kritieke brandwonde. In die loop van die volgende twee maande sterf ongeveer 30 ander slagoffers in hospitale weens hul uitgebreide brandwonde.

In die nadraai van die ramp het Duitsland drie jaar lank openbare lugvertonings verbied voordat dit weer toegelaat is toe strenger veiligheidsmaatreëls getref is. Nou moet vliegtuie op 'n aangewese afstand weg van die toeskouers vlieg, en mag nie in die rigting van die skare beweeg word nie.


Lugskou

'N lugskou, (of lugskou, lugskou, lug tattoo) is 'n openbare geleentheid waar vliegtuie uitgestal word. Dit bevat dikwels aerobatiese demonstrasies, sonder dat dit 'statiese lugvertonings' genoem word met vliegtuie wat op die grond geparkeer is.

Die grootste lugskou gemeet aan die aantal uitstallers en grootte van die uitstallingsruimte is Le Bourget, gevolg deur Farnborough, terwyl die Dubai -lugskou en die Singapore Air Show albei die derde plek behaal. Die grootste lugvertoning of invlieg volgens aantal deelnemende vliegtuie is EAA AirVenture Oshkosh, algemeen bekend as "Oshkosh" na sy ligging in Wisconsin, met ongeveer 10 000 vliegtuie wat jaarliks ​​deelneem. Die grootste militêre lugskou ter wêreld is die Royal International Air Tattoo, by RAF Fairford in Engeland. [1]


Inhoud

Tien Aermacchi MB-339 PAN-stralers van die uitstallingspan van die Italiaanse lugmag, Frecce Tricolori, het hul "deurboorde hart" uitgevoer (Italiaans: Kardioïde, Duits: Durchstoßenes Herz) vorming. In hierdie formasie skep twee groepe vliegtuie 'n hartvorm voor die gehoor langs die aanloopbaan. By die voltooiing van die onderste punt van die hart, gaan die twee groepe langs mekaar parallel met die aanloopbaan. Die hart word dan deurboor deur 'n eensame vliegtuig wat in die rigting van die gehoor vlieg.

Die botsing tussen die lug het plaasgevind toe die twee hartvormende groepe by mekaar verbystap en die deurdringende vliegtuig hulle getref het. Die deurdringende vliegtuig het op die aanloopbaan neergestort en gevolglik het beide die romp en die gevolglike vuurbal van lugvaartbrandstof in die toeskouergebied getuimel, die skare getref en tot stilstand gekom teen 'n yskaswa wat gebruik is om roomys na die verskillende verkopershutte in die omgewing te gee.

Terselfdertyd het een van die beskadigde vliegtuie van die hartvormende groep vasgery in die nood mediese ontruiming UH-60 Black Hawk helikopter en die helikopter se vlieënier, kaptein Kim Strader, beseer. Hy is 20 dae later, op Saterdag, 17 September 1988, in die Brooke Army Medical Center in Texas dood aan brandwonde wat hy in die ongeluk opgedoen het.

Die vlieënier van die vliegtuig wat die helikopter getref het, het uitgestoot, maar is dood toe hy die aanloopbaan tref voordat sy valskerm oopgaan. Die derde vliegtuig het in die botsing ontbind en dele daarvan was langs die aanloopbaan gestrooi.

Na die ongeluk het die oorblywende vliegtuie hergroepeer en by die Sembach -vliegbasis geland.

Omvang wysig

Van die 31 mense wat gesterf het, is 28 deur puin getref in die vorm van vliegtuigonderdele, konsertina -draad en items op die grond. [3] Sestien van die sterftes het in die dae en weke na die ramp plaasgevind weens ernstige brandwonde, die laaste was die verbrande en beseerde helikoptervlieënier. [4] Ongeveer 500 mense moes na die gebeurtenis hospitaalbehandeling soek, [ aanhaling nodig ] en meer as 600 mense het die middag by die kliniek aangemeld om bloed te skenk. [ aanhaling nodig ]

Kritiek Redigeer

Die ramp het ernstige tekortkominge aan die lig gebring in die hantering van grootskaalse mediese noodgevalle deur Duitse burgerlike en Amerikaanse militêre owerhede. Amerikaanse militêre personeel het nie onmiddellik Duitse ambulanse op die basis toegelaat nie, en die reddingswerk is oor die algemeen belemmer deur 'n gebrek aan doeltreffendheid en koördinasie. [5] Die reddings -koördineringsentrum in Kaiserslautern was tot 'n uur nadat dit plaasgevind het, nie bewus van die omvang van die ramp nie, alhoewel verskeie Duitse medevac -helikopters en ambulanse reeds op die terrein aangekom het en saam met pasiënte vertrek het. Amerikaanse helikopters en ambulanse was die vinnigste en grootste manier om brandoffers te ontruim, maar het nie genoeg vermoë gehad om dit te behandel nie, of het dit moeilik gevind om dit te vind. Verdere verwarring is bygevoeg deur die Amerikaanse weermag se gebruik van verskillende standaarde vir binneaarse kateters van Duitse paramedici. 'N Enkele standaard is in 1995 gekodifiseer en in 2013 opgedateer met 'n nuwer weergawe. [6] Die groen party van Wes -Duitsland het die regering onmiddellik onder druk geplaas om alle lugvertonings te verbied.

Aksies wysig

'N Krisisberadingsentrum is onmiddellik gestig in die nabygeleë Southside Base Chapel en het die hele week oop gebly. Basiese geestesgesondheidswerkers het in die daaropvolgende weke groeps- en individuele berading gebied, en hulle het die reaksiewerkers twee maande na die tragedie ondersoek en weer ses maande na die ramp om die herstel te bepaal. [7]

Tydlyn wysig

Tyd Besonderhede [8]
15:40 Opstyg van die Frecce Tricolori
15:44 Botsing
15:46 Brandbestryders kom op
15:48 Die eerste Amerikaanse ambulans kom
15:51 Die eerste Amerikaanse ambulanshelikopter arriveer
15:52 Tweede Amerikaanse ambulanshelikopter arriveer
15:54 Die eerste Amerikaanse ambulanshelikopter vertrek
16:10 Die Duitse ambulanshelikopter Christoph 5 van Ludwigshafen arriveer
16:11 Die Duitse ambulanshelikopter Christoph 16 van Saarbrücken arriveer
16:13 10 Amerikaanse en Duitse ambulanse arriveer
16:28 Ongeveer 10–15 ambulanse arriveer. Agt mediese helikopters (Amerikaanse lugmag, ADAC, SAR) op die toneel
16:33 Die eerste mediese helikopter van die Rettungsflugwacht arriveer
16:35 Dokter op noodoproep oor die radio:
"Ons soek na verbrande pasiënte wat deur die Amerikaners sonder hulp van ons weggetrek en vervoer word. Hulle het vir ons gesê niemand van hulle is meer hier nie. Nie al die beseerdes word per helikopter of ambulans weggevoer nie. Daar heers 'n totale chaos om ons en sommige van die beseerdes word selfs op bakkies vervoer wat nie by die nooduitgang vertrek nie, hulle ry langs die drywende besoekers. Dit was 'n verskriklike gesig om mense met verbrande klere en 'n verslapte vel te sien woel van pyn van verslae en geskok met pyn op hierdie voertuie. ”
16:40 Die eerste sleepwa vir die vervoer van die lyke kom aan
16:45 Die tweede sleepwa vir die vervoer van die lyke kom aan
16:47 Destyds het die Duitse hoofkwartier vir noodgevalle geen idee gehad van die afmetings nie, blyk uit die radiokommunikasie:
"Ja, en dit is die probleem. Ons weet nog nie wat gebeur het nie, hoeveel beserings en wat nog meer. Die voorste noodgeneeskundige het nog geen terugvoer gestuur nie. Hy wil eers 'n sinoptiese siening hê"
17:00 Destyds arriveer verskeie medici met helikopters. Later het hulle gesê:
"Toe ons kort na 5:00 aankom, was daar geen beseerde mense meer nie. Ons kon sien dat die laaste erg beseerde mense in Amerikaanse helikopters gelaai is. Ons kon 'n paar bakkies met beseerde mense sien wegvoer. Dit was nie moontlik om 'n beampte in beheer, 'n operasionele direkteur of selfs 'n kontakpersoon te vind [.] sodat ons op eie inisiatief by die Johannis -hospitaal in Landstuhl aankom. Ek het 'n besturende paramedikus van die operasie gevra om die ontruiming te koördineer. Maar daar was geen. "
18:05 'N Ambulansehelikopter arriveer by die Landstuhl Regional Medical Center. Die paramedikus het later gesê:
"Ons het 'n groot aantal ernstig gebrande, ernstig beseerde mense absoluut sonder hulp gevind. hospitaalverpleegster wat ons by die vlug bygewoon het, ek het verskeie beseerdes behandel by die helikopterlandingsone by die militêre hospitaal en ek het nie eers een Amerikaanse geneesheer daar gesien nie "
18:20 Die lyke word met die twee platformvragmotors van die toneel af vervoer
18:30 'N Bus vol beseerde mense arriveer in Ludwigshafen (80 km weg). 'N Paramedikus het later gesê:
"5 ernstig verbrande mense was in die bus. Daar was geen paramedikus wat hierdie vervoer bygewoon het nie. Net 'n nie-Duitssprekende bestuurder wat nie vertroud was met die omgewing nie, op 'n odyssie deur die stad totdat hy die hospitaal kon vind."

Verskeie verskillende video -opnames van die ongeluk is gemaak. Hulle wys dat die "deurdringende" vliegtuig (Pony 10) te laag en te vinnig by die kruispunt ingekom het met die ander twee groepe (vyf vliegtuie aan die linkerkant en vier aan die regterkant) toe hulle die hartvormige figuur voltooi het. Hoofvlieënier luitenant -kolonel Ivo Nutarelli, wat Pony 10 gevlieg het, kon nie sy hoogte regstel of sy spoed verlaag nie en bots met die voorste vliegtuig (Pony 1, bestuur deur luitenant -kolonel Mario Naldini) van die linkerformasie "binne" die figuur vernietig die vliegtuig se stertgedeelte met die voorkant van sy vliegtuig. [ aanhaling nodig ] Ponie 1 het toe buite beheer geraak en die vliegtuig links onder getref (Ponie 2, bestuur deur kaptein Giorgio Alessio). Lt. -kolonel Naldini het uitgestoot, maar is dood toe hy die aanloopbaan tref voordat sy valskerm oopgaan. Sy vliegtuig het op 'n taxibaan naby die aanloopbaan neergestort, 'n medevac -helikopter vernietig en sy vlieënier, kaptein Kim Strader, ernstig beseer. Pony 2, die derde vliegtuig wat by die ramp betrokke was, is ernstig beskadig as gevolg van die impak met Pony 1 en het langs die aanloopbaan neergestort en in 'n vuurbal ontplof. Die vlieënier, kaptein Alessio, is op slag dood.

Pony 10, die vliegtuig wat die ongeluk begin het, het voortgegaan op 'n ballistiese baan oor die aanloopbaan, heeltemal buite beheer en in vlamme, die voorste gedeelte daarvan is vernietig deur die botsing met Pony 1. Die vliegtuig het die grond getref voor die toeskouerstand, ontplof in 'n vuurbal en die vernietiging van 'n polisievoertuig wat geparkeer was binne die konsertina-draadheining wat die aktiewe aanloopbaan gebied definieer. Die vliegtuig het voortgegaan, 'n entjie in die kar gery voordat hy die drie-strand konsertina-draadheining opgetel het, 'n noodweg bereik het, 'n skare raakgery het en 'n geparkeerde roomyswa gestamp het. Die gebied van die ongeluk, gesentreer op die vlieglyn en so naby aan die lugvertoning as wat burgerlike toeskouers kon kom, is beskou as die 'beste sitplekke in die huis' en was dig saamgepak. Die hele voorval, van die botsing van die eerste twee vliegtuie tot die botsing in die skare, het minder as sewe sekondes geneem, en het byna geen tyd vir toeskouers gelaat om te ontsnap nie. Die lae hoogte van die maneuver (45 meter bo die skare) het ook bygedra tot die kort tydsbestek.

'N Ondersoek na foto's en beeldmateriaal van die ramp het getoon dat die landingsuitrusting van Pony 10 op 'n stadium afgekom het. impak, maar daar is geen aansienlike bewyse wat daarop dui dat die onderstel deur 'n aantal faktore verlaag kon word nie. In Januarie 1991, Werner Reith, 'n Duitse joernalis van die koerant Die Tageszeitung, het in 'n artikel voorgestel dat die Ramstein -ramp veroorsaak kon word deur 'n skielike tegniese probleem - of selfs sabotasie - in Nutarelli se vliegtuig. Geen ondersteunende bewyse kon ingesamel word nie. Reith het daarop gewys dat luitenant -kolonel Nutarelli en luitenant -kolonel Naldini veronderstel was om besonderhede te ken van 'n ander lugramp, die bloedbad in Ustica in 1980, met verwysing na Italiaanse persbronne. Regter Rosario Priore, wat die saak destyds ondersoek het, het bevind dat hulle minute voor die Ustica -voorval oefenvlugte naby hulle uitgevoer het, maar hy het hul dood beslis as sabotasie verwerp.


Die oorlewende van die Ramstein-lugskou herinner aan die verskrikking van 'n ramp wat 70 mense doodgemaak het en honderde lewens op die 30ste verjaardag met brandwonde laat brand het

'N OORLEWENDE van die Ramstein -lugramp in 1988, wat 70 mense doodgemaak het, sê die beeld van vlamme wat op duisende toeskouers reën, is vir ewig in sy geheue ingebrand.

Aaron Knowles was net drie toe Italiaanse stuntvliegtuie in die lug bokant die Amerikaanse vliegbasis in Kaiserslautern, Duitsland, gebots het voordat hulle onder die skare ingeloop het.

Hy het hulpeloos toegekyk hoe sy pa na die brand hardloop en 'n handjievol van die meer as 1 000 beseerdes in die ongeluk wegsleep, van wie honderde lewensveranderende brandwonde opgedoen het.

Spookagtige foto's wys hoe die Aermacchi-stralers in 'n vuurbal in die lug ontplof en hordes mense wat spring waar hulle afgekom het.

Terwyl gesinne van slagoffers voorberei om die dooies op die 30ste herdenking te gedenk, skryf Aaron 'n ontnugterende verslag van sy herinneringe aan die dag wat begin: & quotI remember flames. Ek onthou gille. & Quot

Hy het aan Stars and Stripes vertel hoe hy gesien het hoe sy pa, destyds 'n lugmag -sersant, 'n man met 'n erg beseerde arm oor die veld dra.

Hy het bygevoeg: & quot Ek onthou nie of sy arm daar was of nie. Ek onthou net die bloed.

As ek met my ma praat, sê sy dat ek te jonk was om die ongeluk te onthou. Maar dit is onmoontlik om so iets te vergeet. & Quot

Sewe en sestig toeskouers en drie vlieëniers is dood toe die Italiaanse Tricolori-span se beroemde Pierced Heart-maneuver lelik skeefgeloop het.

Een van die stralers kom te vinnig en te laag in en steek deur die kant van die ander stuntvliegtuie by die Flugtag ➈ airshow.

Sy ma onthou gereeld hoe sy gekyk het hoe 'n vuurbal die twee voorste rye verswelg en byvoeg: 'Ek onthou ek het julle gegryp en gehardloop.'

En die vader van Aaron het bygevoeg: 'Ek het twee van die vlieëniers wat neergeslaan het, gevind en die reddingshelikopter se ongeluksterrein beveilig voordat hy 'n lyk opgetel het wat die veiligheids- en reddingspan en die mediese lykskouer ondersteun.'

Kyk wat wêreldwyd opslae maak

ROME PANIEK

MESHORROR

GAAN VIRAAL

KONING VAN DIE SWINGERS

LEWE VAN DIE HELE

DAG AARDE STOED NOG

Op hierdie stadium, sê Aaron, sal sy pa moet ophou om die storie te vertel.

Dit was die dodelikste lugskouongeluk ooit tot 2002, toe 77 op die vliegveld Sknyliv in die Oekraïne omgekom het.

'N Godsdienstige seremonie word Dinsdag gehou ter herinnering aan diegene wat gesterf het terwyl familielede en oorlewendes die normaalweg buite die perke mag besoek.

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'N Geskiedenis van vliegtuigongelukke regoor die wêreld, waarvan 77 die ergste in die Oekraïne dood is

Amptenare van die Indiese lugmag ondersoek die verkoolde oorskot van 'n vliegtuig nadat twee vliegtuie van die IAF se aerobatiese span Surya Kiran naby die Yelahanka -vliegbasis in Bengaluru neergestort het | PTI

Nieu-Delhi: Twee Hawk -vliegtuie van die Surya Kiran Aerobatics Team het naby die Yelahanka -vliegbasis in Bengaluru neergestort tydens 'n oefensessie Dinsdag vir die komende Aero India 2019 -vertoning.

Een vlieënier is dood terwyl twee ander beseer is, het die Indiese Lugmag (IAF) gesê.

Voor die aero -vertoning, wat Woensdag sou begin, kyk ThePrint na die geskiedenis van aero -vertonings en aërobiese ongelukke.

Wat is aerobatika?

Aerobatics is die oefening van vlieënde maneuvers, wat vliegtuighoogtes insluit wat gewoonlik nie in normale vlugte gebruik word nie. Lugvaart word uitgevoer met vliegtuie, sweeftuie en, in seldsame gevalle, helikopters soos Westland Lynx.

Aerobatiese vertonings word gehou vir ontspanning, vermaak, opleiding en sport.

Die eerste lugskou, waarby verskeie vliegtuie betrokke was, is in 1909 in Reims, Frankryk, gehou.

Le Bourget in Parys, Farnborough in die Verenigde Koninkryk, Dubai en Singapoer se lugskoue tel vandag onder die grootste ter wêreld.

Geskiedenis van vliegtuiguitstortings

Rampongelukke tydens aerobatiese vertonings was sedert die koms van hierdie vertonings 'n algemene kenmerk.

Tussen 2000 en 2018 is ten minste 124 ongelukke regoor die wêreld aangemeld - hiervan het drie in Indië gebeur.

Voor Dinsdag se ongeluk in Bengaluru het die laaste dodelike vliegtuigongeluk in Indië in 2010 in Hyderabad tydens die Indian Aviation Show plaasgevind en twee vlieëniers is dood.

In die VSA het 'die ongelukskoers van burgerlike lugskoue 31 ongelukke per 1 000 burgerlike luggebeurtenisse getoon', 'n studie oor ongelukke in die land tussen 1993 en 2013.

Die studie het opgemerk dat uit die 174 burgerlike lugskouongelukke tussen 1993 en 2013 minstens 52 sterftes behels het.

Dit het ook bevind dat die algemeenste oorsake van sterftes tydens lugskouongelukke die volgende is: Brand, vlieënierfout, vliegvlug en ligging buite die lughawe.

Berugte ongelukke

Die geskiedenis toon dat die meeste dodelike ongelukke burgerlike sterftes behels.

Die dodelikste lugskouongeluk in die geskiedenis het in 2002, naby Sknyliv -vliegveld, in Lviv, Oekraïne, plaasgevind. Nadat 'n Russiese Sukhoi Su-27 uit 'n komplekse 'rolduikmaneuver' gekom het, het sy linkervleuel die grond geknip. Die Sukhoi het op verskeie stilstaande vliegtuie vasgery voordat dit ontplof het.

In hierdie voorval is 77 mense dood en meer as 500 toeskouers beseer. Tot almal se afgryse het die dooies 28 kinders ingesluit.

Nog 'n soortgelyke lugskouongeluk het in 1988 in Wes -Duitsland plaasgevind - wat 70 mense doodgemaak het, waaronder die drie vlieëniers.

Hierdie verslag is reggestel om die akkurate getal van die ongevalle tydens die ongeluk in die Oekraïne te weerspieël.

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Indië het meer, gratis, regverdige, nie-koppelteken en joernalistiek bevraagteken, omdat dit voor verskeie krisisse te staan ​​kom.

Maar die nuusmedia is in 'n eie krisis. Daar was wrede afdankings en betaalverlagings. Die beste van joernalistiek is besig om te krimp en gee toe aan 'n ruwe skouspel in die beste tyd.

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7 dodelike lugskouongelukke wat toeskouers verstom het

Die Amerikaanse lugmag Thunderbirds keer vir die eerste keer terug na lugvertonings sedert 'n dodelike ongeluk in April.

Die Thunderbirds het op sosiale media aangekondig van hul komende optredes 18-20 Mei by AirPower oor Hampton Roads by Join Base Langley Eustis in Virginia. Dit sal die eerste openbare optrede wees sedert majoor Stephen Del Bagno se dood op 4 April. Bagno het Thunderbirds nr. 4-vliegtuig in die vliegtuigspan met ses vliegtuie gevlieg.

Hy is dood in 'n ongeluk oor die Nevada -woestyn.

Die dodelike ongeluk kom maande ná 'n ander ongeluk met die Thunderbirds einde Junie op die Dayton Internasionale Lughawe. 'N Ongeluk het op 23 Junie voor die Dayton -lugskou plaasgevind en beseer vlieënier -kaptein Erik Gonsalves en personeel van taktiese vliegtuie, Sgt. Kenneth Cordova. Die F-16 het aansienlike skade opgedoen, en die Thunderbirds het alle optredes tydens die lugskou gekanselleer.

Lugvertonings kan riskant wees vir kunstenaars. Ongeveer 52 persent van die burgerlike lugskouongelukke wat tussen 1993 en 2013 plaasgevind het, het ten minste een sterftes behels, volgens FAA se algemene lugvaart- en lugtaxi -opname en die data van die National Transportation Safety Board. Die data bestudeer 174 burgerlike lugskouongelukke.

Hier is sewe ander lugskouongelukke wat toeskouers en die lugvaartbedryf die afgelope jare geskok het:

'N Vliegwalker en haar vlieënier sterf in 2013 in 'n vurige vliegtuigongeluk terwyl hulle voor duisende optree by die Vectren Dayton Air Show, die tweede noodlottige ongeluk in ses jaar tydens die skou. Die 450 HP Stearman -tweedekker met die vleuelwalder Jane Wicker (46) en vlieënier Charlie Schwenker (64) was die derde daad van die program, wat naby die skousentrum op die Dayton Internasionale Lughawe opgetree het toe die ongeluk omstreeks 12:45 plaasgevind het. LEES DIE VOLLE VERHAAL

In 2007 het die vlieënier Jim LeRoy tydens 'n akrobatiese roetine nie daarin geslaag om die speling van die grond te behou nie en het sy 400-perk-enkelsitplek-tweedekker neergestort, volgens die National Transportation Safety Board. Die veiligheidsraad het bevind dat 'rookolie' in die lug waar die kunstenaars vlieg, ook tot die ongeluk bygedra het.

LeRoy se geel Bulldog Pitts het van 'n spiraaldraai in die grond voortgegaan, 300 voet gegly en in vlamme uitgebars. LeRoy was deel van 'n tweevliegtuig-aërobatiese span bekend as Codename: Mary's Lamb. LeRoy is op slag dood. SIEN FOTO'S VAN DAYTON AIR SHOW CRASH

'N Valskermspringer is dood nadat hy beseer is tydens 'n sprong by die Chicago Air & Water Show in 2015. Sers. Eerste klas Corey Hood, 32, van Cincinnati, sterf in die Northwestern Memorial Hospital op 'n dag nadat hy ernstig beseer is toe hy 'n woonstelgebou raakloop en op die grond val na 'n botsing in die lug met 'n ander valskermspringer bo die Michigan-oewer, die Chicago. Tribune berig.

'N Stunt in 2016 op 'n lugvertoning op die Dekalb-Peachtree-lughawe in Georgië het geëindig in 'n verdraaide metaal, vlam en 'n veteraanvlieënier. Pilot Greg Connell, van Suid-Carolina, het neergestort en is Saterdag dood tydens 'n lugvertoning op DeKalb-Peachtree-lughawe. Die geleentheid, wat vintage vliegtuie sowel as spesiaal ontwerpte stuntvliegtuie getrek het, is die Good Neighbor Day Air Show genoem. LEES DIE VOLLE VERHAAL

Thunderbirds moet vir die eerste keer optree sedert dodelike ongeluk https://t.co/y2nM5Gg2NS pic.twitter.com/e3YLMms1OG

& mdash Dayton Daily News (@daytondailynews) 15 Mei 2018

Die aërobatiese vlieënier van Louisville, Jay "Flash" Gordon, is dood in 'n vliegtuigongeluk in Tennessee in 2015. Hy het 'n hoëprestasie-Russiese straler op 'n lugskou naby Knoxville gevlieg, berig die Louisville Courier Journal. Hy was 'n "pionier van luggehalte wat vlug gebruik het om wiskunde en wetenskap saam met jongmense te bekamp terwyl hy mildelik aan plaaslike instellings gegee het, vriende en kennisse wat Maandag herroep is." LEES DIE VOLLE VERHAAL

'N Ervare vlieënier sterf in 'n tweedekkerbotsing in Augustus 2016 by die Airshow van The Cascades in Madras, Oregon. Volgens die Jefferson County Sheriff's Office het Marcus Bruce Paine (61) met 'n Boeing Stearman -tweedekker gevlieg en neergestort. Die vliegtuig het 'n baie lae hoogte met 'n rookroete gedoen, en ongeveer driekwart van die pad om die lus toe Paine probeer optrek. Die onderkant van die vliegtuig het steeds die grond getref, berig die Anchorage Daily News.

'N 47-jarige vlieënier is in 2014 dood toe sy vliegtuig neergestort het tydens 'n lugvertoning op die Stevens Point Munisipale Lughawe in Wisconsin, het die polisie gesê. Die vliegtuig het lugmaneuvers gedoen tydens 'n aerobatiese gedeelte van die tweejaarlikse lugskou toe dit in 'n beboste gebied ongeveer 1000 voet oos van die aanloopbaan van die lughawe neergestort het, berig die Pioneer Press.


10 sterftes uit die werklike lewe op film vasgevang

'N Sekere emosie ontstaan ​​in die menslike liggaam wanneer ons 'n tragiese gebeurtenis op video sien. Sedert die videokamera uitgevind is, is sekere tye vasgevang, bewaar en gebêre sodat almal dit kan sien. In hierdie snitte het mense gely as gevolg van 'n onvoorsiene tragedie, maar as 'n bevolking leer ons uit hierdie ervarings. Baie van die video's wat op hierdie lys verskyn, is ontelbare ure bestudeer deur wêreldintellektuele, in 'n poging om soortgelyke voorvalle te voorkom. Sommiges sal die idee om hierdie artikel te skep, terughou, maar dit is voltooi met 'n streng keuringsproses vir elke snit. Dit is die eerste deel van twee sulke lyste, en om video's nie te ontstel nie, is die video's slegs gekoppel en nie ingebed nie.

Datum: 24 Mei 2001
Ongevalle: 23 mense

Die Versailles -huweliksaal was 'n struktuur in die suidooste van Jerusalem. Die aand van 24 Mei 2001 vier Keren en Asaf Dror hul huweliksontvangs op die plek. Honderde vriende en familie was bygewoon en die partytjie was in volle gang toe 'n groot gedeelte van die derde verdieping in duie stort. As gevolg van die mislukking het 23 mense tot hul dood geval en 380 is beseer. Die gebeurtenis is die ergste burgerlike ramp in die geskiedenis van Israel. Dit het die publiek geskok, nie net weens die aantal sterftes nie, maar omdat die ineenstorting op 'n videokamera gedokumenteer is. Die video is op plaaslike en internasionale televisie uitgesaai.

Dit is 'n absoluut skokkende stuk band wat die ineenstorting duidelik toon. Dit is verstommend hoe slegs een gedeelte van die vloer meegee en 'n groot gat skep. Tydens die reddingspoging is drie mense lewend in die puin gevind. 'N Ondersoek na die ramp het tot die gevolgtrekking gekom dat dit nie deur 'n terreuraanval veroorsaak is nie. Dit is verder bevestig deur getuies wat berig het dat hulle 'n gevaarlike sak in die huweliksvloer gesien het kort voor die mislukking. Die sak is duidelik sigbaar in die video. In 'n aanvanklike ondersoek was die ineenstorting die skuld vir die ineenstorting van die Pal-Kal-metode vir die bou van ligte, ondervloerse betonvloerstelsels.

Die kant van die gebou wat misluk het, is ontwerp om 'n struktuur van twee verdiepings te wees. Laat in die konstruksieproses is besluit dat beide kante van die gebou ewe hoog is, en 'n derde verdieping is by die korter kant gevoeg. Die ingenieur, Eli Ron, uitvinder van die Pal-Kal-boumetode, is gearresteer en daarna in Augustus 2002 aangekla op aanklag van manslag. Na die ramp is die Versailles -wet deur die parlement van Israel aangeneem. Dit het 'n spesiale komitee gestig wat verantwoordelik is vir die behandeling van die beseerdes. In Oktober 2004 is die drie eienaars van die Versailles -huweliksaal skuldig bevind aan die dood van mense en skade deur nalatigheid. [Knipsel]

Datum: 28 Augustus 1988
Ongevalle: 70 mense

Op 28 Augustus 1988 het 300 000 mense die jaarlikse Ramstein Airshow in Wes -Duitsland bygewoon. Die geleentheid is by die Amerikaanse Ramstein -lugbasis gehou. Tydens die vertoning het 'n botsing tussen die lug plaasgevind waarby talle Aermacchi MB-339 PAN-strale betrokke was. In die chaos het 67 toeskouers en drie vlieëniers gesterf. Altesaam 346 mense het ernstige beserings opgedoen tydens die ontploffing en brand. Die gebeurtenis is die tweede dodelikste lugskouramp in die geskiedenis. Die botsing tussen die lug het plaasgevind toe tien Aermacchi MB-339 PAN-strale van die uitstallingspan van die Italiaanse lugmag, Frecce Tricolori, hul deurboorde hartvorming uitvoer. Op die vertoning skep twee groepe vliegtuie 'n hartvorm voor die gehoor langs die aanloopbaan. By die voltooiing van die onderste punt van die hart loop die twee groepe vliegtuie mekaar parallel met die aanloopbaan verby.

Die hart word dan deur die alleen vliegtuig deurboor in die rigting van die gehoor. Tydens die ongeluk het die hartboorende vliegtuig met twee ander stralers gebots. Na die botsing het die vliegtuig onmiddellik in die aanloopbaan vasgery en uitmekaar gebars. Die romp en die gevolglike vuurbal van lugvaartbrandstof stort in die toeskouersgebied, tref die skare en kom tot stilstand kom teen 'n koelwa. Die ongeluksterrein is beskou as die beste sitplekke in die huis, wat op die skou gerig is. Een van die drie vlieëniers kon uit sy straler skiet, maar is dood toe hy die aanloopbaan raak voordat sy valskerm oopgaan. 'N Groot hoeveelheid video is van die ongeluk geneem. By voltooiing van die hartfiguur het die deurdringende vliegtuig (Pony 10) te laag en vinnig by die kruispunt ingekom. Die hele voorval het minder as 7 sekondes geneem, en mense in die skare het nie tyd gehad om weg te hardloop van die vlieënde straleronderdele nie.

Soos alle tragiese gebeure, het hierdie Ramstein -ramp 'n samesweringsteorie geïnspireer. Twee maande voor die ramp in die lugskou het Aerolinee Itavia Flight 870 in die Tyrreense See neergestort en al 81 mense aan boord doodgemaak. Die Italiaanse regering het nog nooit 'n amptelike verduideliking gegee waarom Flight 870 'n volledige mislukking ondervind het nie. Die gebeurtenis staan ​​in die Italiaanse media bekend as die Ustica -bloedbad. Die rol van die Italiaanse lugmagpersoneel in die tragedie is onduidelik.

Verskeie lede van die groep is egter ondersoek en na die hof gebring vir 'n aantal oortredings wat verband hou met die voorval, waaronder vervalsing van dokumente, meineed, misbruik van amp en bystand. Vier generaals is aangekla van hoogverraad oor die bewerings dat hulle die regering se ondersoek na die ongeluk belemmer het deur inligting oor lugverkeer ten tyde van die Ustica -ramp te weerhou. Daar word voorgestel dat twee van die vlieëniers wat tydens die lugvertoningsramp dood is, luitenant -kolonel Nutarelli en luitenant -kolonel Naldini, die besonderhede rondom die Ustica -bloedbad verstaan. [Knipsel]

Datum: 11 Mei 1985
Ongevalle: 56 mense

Valley Parade is 'n voetbalstadion in Bradford, West Yorkshire, Engeland. Dit is in 1886 gebou en was die tuisveld van Bradford City A.F.C. sedert 1903. In 1908 is Bradford City tot die hoogste sokkerafdeling bevorder. Hulle het die FA Cup in 1911 gewen, wat Bradford tot dusver net die grootste eer was. Op 11 Mei 1985 het 'n skare van 11 076 aanhangers Bradford City en die laaste wedstryd van die seisoen teen Bradford City teen Lincoln City bygewoon. Die telling was gelykop 0 & ndash0 na 40 minute se spel, toe 'n klein vuurtjie drie rye terug van die grond en rsquos se hoofstaan ​​opgemerk is. Binne minute het die vuur vinnig oor die hele stadion versprei. Valley Parade & rsquos -dak het begin verkrummel, met hout en asfalt wat op die skare val. Dit het minder as vier minute geneem voordat die hele stand in vlamme verswelg is.

Swart rook omhul die agterste gange, waar waaiers wou ontsnap. In sommige gevalle het die toeskouers probeer om op smal roetes te vlug wat tot geslote deure gelei het. Die enigste uitweg vir die meeste mense was direk op die veld. Die brand is dood toe 56 toeskouers en minstens 265 ander beseer is. Daar word geglo dat die brand ontstaan ​​het toe 'n toeskouer 'n vuurhoutjie laat val het of 'n sigaret deur die gate van die staanplekke aangesteek het, en vullis daar onder aan die brand gesteek het. In 1985 het die Valley Parade -sitplekke geen opstanders nie, wat 'n groot hoeveelheid vullis en papier onder die staander kon toelaat. Een ooggetuie, Geoffrey Mitchell, het aan die BBC gesê dat dit soos 'n flits versprei het. Ek het nog nooit so iets gesien nie. & Rdquo Die tragedie word beskryf as die ergste brandramp in die geskiedenis van Britse voetbal. Valley Parade het sedert die ramp beduidende konstruksiewysigings ondergaan. [Knipsel]

Sedert die vervaardiging van videokameras is 'n aantal invloedryke politieke sluipmoorde op film vasgelê. This article will be examining two of the most important events, the death of Alexander I of Yugoslavia, and John F. Kennedy of the United States. Other notable politicians to be assassinated on videotape include Prime Minister of Israel, Yitzhak Rabin, Pakistan-born politician, Benazir Bhutto, Mexican politician, Luis Donaldo Colosio, Egyptian President, Anwar Sadat, and the brutal 1985 murder of Kazuo Nagano, who was a Japanese businessman who swindled 3,855 people, mostly elderly, out of 12 billion yen. Alexander I was the first king of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1929&ndash34) as well as the last king of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (1921&ndash29). In 1921, on the death of his father, Alexander inherited the throne of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, which from its inception was colloquially known as Yugoslavia.

On January 6, 1929, King Alexander abolished the Constitution of Yugoslavia, prorogued the Parliament and introduced a personal dictatorship called the January 6th Dictatorship. In the same month, Alexander tried to banish, by decree, the use of Serbian Cyrillic to promote the exclusive use of the Latin alphabet. By 1931, King Alexander put forth a new Constitution which transferred executive power to the king. On October 9, 1934, Alexander was traveling to Marseilles in order to make a visit to the Third French Republic. He was attempting to strengthen the two countries&rsquo relationship in the Little Entente, which was an alliance by Czechoslovakia, Romania and Yugoslavia. As Alexander and French Foreign Minister Louis Barthou traveled in a car through the streets, a gunman named Vlado Chernozemski stepped from the street and shot the King and his driver. Alexander I was instantly killed by the bullet, and Barthou was accidentally shot by a French policeman and also died in the attack.

The event was one of the first assassinations ever captured on film. The shooting occurred very close to the cameraman, who was only feet from the action. The cameraman captured not merely the assassination, but the immediate aftermath. The assassin, Vlado Chernozemski, was a Bulgarian member of the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization (IMRO) and an experienced marksman. Immediately after assassinating King Alexander, he was cut down by the sword of a mounted French policeman, and then beaten to death by the crowd. In the video, Alexander&rsquos deceased body can be seen. During this time in history, The IMRO was a political organization that fought for secession of Vardar Macedonia from Yugoslavia. It has since been suggested that the group was working under the secret sponsorship of Italian dictator Benito Mussolini. The film record of Alexander I&rsquos assassination remains one of the most notable pieces of newsreel in existence. [Clip]

Date: July 27, 2002
Casualties: 77 People

On July 27, 2002, over 10,000 spectators gathered to watch an air show at the Sknyliv airfield (now known as Lviv International Airport) near Lviv, Ukraine. The event was staged to commemorate the 60th anniversary of the Ukrainian Air Force&rsquos 14th Air Corps. At the height of the performance, a Ukrainian Air Force Sukhoi Su-27 jet fighter, that was being flown by two experienced pilots, lost control while entering a rolling maneuver and crashed into a crowd of people. The aircraft flattened out upon impact, skidding across the ground and striking a glancing blow to the nose of an Il-76 transport aircraft. It then began to break apart and made a cartwheel into the crowd of spectators.

Both pilots were able to eject from the aircraft and survived the accident with minor injuries. The air show spectators were not as lucky, 77 people were killed in the disaster, including 19 children. In all, 543 citizens were injured and 100 of the people required medical attention for serious head injuries, burns and bone fractures. The event is the worst air show accident in history. Following the disaster, the pilots proclaimed that the flight map they had received differed from the actual layout. On the flight data recorder, one pilot asks, &ldquoAnd where are our spectators?&rdquo An air show pilot should always know where the crowd is located.

Professionals close to the case have suggested that the pilots were slow to react to automated warnings issued by the flight computer. Ukrainian president Leonid Kuchma publicly blamed the military for the disaster and dismissed the head of the Air Force, Volodymyr Strelnykov. The pilots involved in the accident were assigned the majority of blame. They were each given lengthy prison sentences and forced to pay the families of victims a large sum of money. Many separate videos of the crash were taken and released to the public. The clip I have selected clearly shows the plane hit the crowd, but does not show the true horror and chaos that ensued. Other videos of the disaster are much more revealing. [Clip]

Date: February 20, 2003
Casualties: 100 People

The Station was a glam metal and rock themed nightclub located in West Warwick, Rhode Island. On the night of February 20, 2003, the club experienced the fourth deadliest nightclub fire in American history, killing 100 people. The fire started just seconds into the headlining band, Great White&rsquos opening song, when pyrotechnics set off by the group&rsquos tour manager, Daniel Biechele, ignited flammable acoustic foam on both sides of the drummer&rsquos alcove. The flames were at first thought to be part of the act, and only as the fire reached the ceiling did some people realize it was uncontrolled.

In less than a minute, the entire stage was engulfed in flames, with most of the band members fleeing for the west exit. However, Great White&rsquos lead guitarist, Ty Longley, was killed in the disaster. As the nightclub&rsquos fire alarm system made everyone aware of the impending danger, most people naturally headed for the front door. There were four possible exits in the building, but people began to panic. The ensuing stampede led to a crush in the narrow hallway leading to the front exit, quickly blocking the passageway completely and resulting in numerous deaths. The fast-moving fire engulfed the entire club in 5½ minutes.

The fire, from its inception, was caught on videotape by cameraman Brian Butler, for WPRI-TV of Providence, and the beginning of the tape was released to national news stations. The video shows how lucky Butler was to evacuate the building when he did. I have included the extended version of the film that is extremely revealing. Five seconds of footage captured in the middle of the tape gives a horrifying glimpse of the human crush that formed at the front of the club entrance. After the incident, the band&rsquos manager and the club owner were convicted on involuntary manslaughter charges. As of August 2008, nearly $175 million has been offered to the families of the victims of the fire by various defendants in settlement. [Clip]

Date: November 23, 1996
Casualties: 122 People

On November 23, 1996, Ethiopian Airlines Flight 961 was hijacked en route from Addis Ababa to Nairobi. The plane was taken hostage by three Ethiopians who were seeking political asylum in Australia. The three inexperienced terrorists used a covered bottle of liquor as a fake bomb and were armed with an axe. The hijackers demanded the plane be flown to Australia. However, the captain informed the group that the aircraft did not have enough fuel to make it all the way to Australia. Instead of flying towards Australia, the captain followed the African coastline. The hijackers noticed that land was still visible and forced the pilot to steer east. Captain Leul then secretly headed for the Comoro Islands, which are midway between Madagascar and the African mainland.

The plane was nearly out of fuel as it approached the island group, but the hijackers continued to ignore the captain&rsquos warnings. Out of options, Leul began to circle the area. When the aircraft ran out of fuel, the crew used a ram air turbine to preserve the most essential functions, but this cut-off the hydraulic systems, making the flaps inoperable. This forced Leul to land the plane at more than 175 knots (about 320 km/h or 200 mph). While still fighting with the hijackers, he tried to ditch the aircraft in shallow waters 500 yards (457 m) off Le Galawa Beach Hotel, near Mitsamiouli, at the northern end of Grande Comore Island. Leul attempted to land parallel with the waves in an effort to smooth the landing. The left engine and wingtip struck the water first. The engine acted as a scoop and struck a coral reef, slowing the left side of the aircraft quickly, causing the Boeing 767 to violently spin left and break apart. Island residents and tourists, including a group of scuba divers and some French doctors on vacation, quickly came to the aid of the crash survivors.

Sadly, 122 of the 172 passengers and crew died in the crash. Many people perished because they inflated their life jackets in the cabin too early, causing them to be trapped inside by the rising water. This fact has directly led to further notices about not inflating the vests before exiting the plane. A tourist on the beach recorded a video of ET-AIZ crashing into the water. The clip has served as an important tool in studies of aviation crashes and procedures. The event was one of very few examples of a large airliner landing in the water, and the first hijacked water landing. Both the captain and co-pilot of the flight survived the crash and received aviation awards. They continue to fly for Ethiopian Airlines today. [Clip]

John F. Kennedy was the 35th President of the United States, serving from 1961 until his assassination, in 1963. He ruled America during a time of high uncertainty and strong tensions with Russia and other communist nations. On November 22, 1963, JFK traveled, with his wife Jacqueline, to Texas in order to smooth over factions in the Democratic Party. As the Presidential motorcade entered the West End district of Dealey Plaza, in Dallas, Kennedy was attacked and shot once in the upper back. Seconds later he was shot a second time in the side of the head and died almost instantly. He was only 46 years old and remains the youngest U.S. president to die. Lee Harvey Oswald, an employee of the Texas School Book Depository, from which the shots were suspected to have been fired, was arrested on charges of killing Kennedy.

Oswald denied shooting anyone, but was killed by Jack Ruby on November 24, before he could be indicted or tried for the murder. Following the assassination, President Johnson created the Warren Commission to investigate the assassination, which concluded that Oswald was the lone assassin. The results of this investigation are disputed by many. The death of JFK has proved to be an important moment in U.S. history because of its impact on the nation and the ensuing political repercussions. Besides the Patterson-Gimlin Bigfoot film, the Abraham Zapruder clip of the JFK assassination is probably the most watched piece of tape in history. It gives a relatively clear view on the entire event. The video is one of the most studied and scrutinized pieces of film in history, with many impurities. It wasn&rsquot shown to the national public until March 6, 1975, when the clip was featured on the ABC late-night television show Good Night America, hosted by Geraldo Rivera.

After the Kennedy assassination, United States Presidents stopped traveling in convertible vehicles. Today, the limousine of Barack Obama has extensive security features. It holds military grade armor and run flat tires. The doors of the vehicle weigh as much as a Boeing 757 airplane cabin door and the engine is equipped with an Eaton Twin Vortices Series 1900 supercharger system. The outside of the car is only heard through an internal speaker system. The vehicle is perfectly sealed against biochemical attacks and has its own oxygen supply and firefighting system built into the trunk. It can emit tear gas and fire a salvo of multi-spectrum infrared smoke grenades, used as a countermeasure. The limo has a driver enhanced video system and is able to move in complete darkness. The trunk acts as a blood bank for Obama and he is constantly flanked by multiple cars. When the U.S. president travels out of town, his motorcade consists of about 45 vehicles. Times have changed since November 22, 1963. [Clip]

Date: September 11, 2001
Casualties: 3,000 People

The September 11 attacks were a series of coordinated suicide attacks by al-Qaeda upon the United States, on September 11, 2001. On that morning, 19 al-Qaeda terrorists hijacked four commercial passenger jet airliners and intentionally crashed two of the airliners into the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center, in New York City, killing everyone on board and many other people working in the buildings. Within two hours of impact, both of the World Trade Center towers collapsed. The hijackers crashed a third airliner into The Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia, just outside Washington, D.C. The fourth plane crashed into a field near Shanksville in rural Pennsylvania. In all, nearly 3,000 people perished in the events. According to the New York State Health Department, 836 responders have since died, as of June 2009.

In the rescue effort, 343 firefighters and 60 police officers from New York City and the Port Authority were killed. Hundreds of separate videos were taken on the morning of September 11. The tragedy was captured and broadcast on live television all over the world, with many people witnessing victims jumping to their death from the burning towers. After the initial plane hit the World Trade Center&rsquos North Tower, a camera was constantly fixed on that area. For this reason, both the impact of the second plane on the South Tower and the subsequent building collapses were widely recorded. The raw footage is shocking and is a grim reminder of what occurred that morning. I have included a clip of the second plane striking the World Trade Center South Tower. [Clip]

Date: March 11, 2011
Casualties: 15,000 People

In the last 100 years, many tragic videos have been captured showing the world&rsquos natural disasters. Few clips have compared to videos taken from the 2004 Indian Ocean and the 2011 Japanese earthquake and tsunami mega disasters. On March 11, 2011, an undersea megathrust earthquake occurred off the coast of Japan. It was the most powerful known earthquake to have ever hit Japan, and one of the five most powerful earthquakes since modern record-keeping began, in 1900. The earthquake triggered a collection of extremely destructive tsunami waves, up to 38 meters (124 ft). In some cases, the water traveled up to 10 km (6 mi) inland.

In addition to loss of life and destruction of infrastructure, the tsunami caused a number of nuclear accidents, of which, by far, the most serious was an ongoing level 7 event, and 20 km (12 mi) evacuation zone around the Fukushima I Nuclear Power Plant. The plant was protected by a seawall designed to withstand a 5.7 m (19 ft) tsunami, but not the 14 m (46 ft) maximum wave which arrived 41&ndash60 minutes after the earthquake. The overall cost of the quake could exceed $300 billion, making it the most expensive natural disaster on record. The Japanese National Police Agency has confirmed approximately 15,000 deaths.

The earthquake moved Honshu 2.4 m (7.9 ft) east, and shifted the Earth on its axis by almost 10 cm (3.9 in). The Bank of Japan offered 15 trillion yen (US$183 billion) to the banking system on March 14, in an effort to normalize market conditions. It is unusual for an earthquake to exceed the magnitude of 8.5. The 9.0 mark of this quake has surprised many seismologists. Sadly, over 100,000 children were uprooted from their homes during the disaster, some of whom were separated from their families because the earthquake occurred during the school day. Many videos have emerged showing the destruction. I have selected a clip that shows a collection of large ocean waves overpowering a Japanese city. [Clip]


Air Show Survivors Say Crash Was Like a Nightmare

SAN ANTONIO, Texas (AP) _ An American couple recovering from burns suffered during an air show crash in West Germany said Tuesday they still wonder how they survived, and vowed never to attend another aerobatic exhibition.

Air Force Sgt. Jeffrey McCanch, 23, his wife, Tammy McCanch, 21, and their 28-month-old son, Jeffrey, are among a group of Americans being treated at the burn unit of Brooke Army Medical Center.

Fifty-three people died and several hundred others were injured after three Italian jets crashed during a demonstration at Ramstein Air Force Base, West Germany, on Aug. 28.

McCanch said he and his family were sitting together when the crash occurred and that parts of the aircraft landed about 30 feet near them.

The McCanchs were burned on their hands, but their son, who was asleep on the ground at the time, was burned on his face, neck, back, legs and chest.

″It was just like a nightmare,″ Ms. McCanch said. ″When I was laying there on the ground . I just kept on saying, ’This is not real. It’s not happening.″

Both McCanches said they would never go to another air show as spectators, but disagreed on whether air shows should be banned.

″I don’t think there is a purpose for them,″ said Ms. McCanch, whose parents live in Indianapolis, Ind.

But her husband, who is assigned to bomb disposal unit at Kapaun Air Station near Ramstein, said the public is interested in the expensive aircraft.

″It shows the public the capabilities of the aircraft,″ he said.

McCanch said that he was trying to take pictures with a small camera when he saw the aircraft collide. He said the impact knocked them several feet away from their son and he had to race back to pick him up.

After their son’s condition stabilized, the three were flown to the Texas burn unit. The boy had a skin graft Tuesday.

″He’s doing fine. He sees us all the time. He wants to be with us as much as we can,″ Ms. McCanch said.


The timing was all wrong

On this fateful day, Nutarelli got his timing wrong, flying higher than expected before diving down too fast. As the other nine planes pass each other at 350 miles per hour, Nutarelli knows he is flying too fast and does everything he can to slow his descent. Unfortunately, a collision was unavoidable, with Nutarelli’s aircraft clipping Pony 2, piloted by Capt. Giorgio Alessio. Pony 2 explodes mid-air while Nutarelli’s jet crashes into Pony 1, shattering its tail section before cartwheeling across the sky in flames.

Stunned onlookers on the ground cannot believe what they are witnessing as Nutarelli’s plane crashes in a grassy area just in front of them, sending nearly 300 gallons of ignited jet fuel into the crowd.

Following the collision and the ensuing debris and flames, killing dozens of spectators with hundreds more suffering horrific burns. The seven remaining Machhi MB-339As form a dead man formation and return to Sembach Air Base.


The 6 Worst Air-Show Disasters: A Video Collection, Just in Time for Wings Over Houston

Support the independent voice of Houston and help keep the future of Houston Press free.

Next time you go to an air show, take a look at the fine print on the ticket. Besides the usual stuff about acts of God and "Promoter not responsible if the frontman doesn't show due to injecting Drano into his balls," there's something else. It says they're really, really not to blame if some fiery wreckage falls from the sky and turns your entire family into a small pile of smoldering embers.

The Wings Over Houston Airshow -- a tradition at Ellington Field going back to its days as an active air force base -- has never had such a tragedy as happened at the Reno Air Races last month. And as far as we know, has never even come close. However, you never know when the Hand of God might knock his fork off the table.

So lacking any fiery airshow holocaust footage from local sources, we dug up -- we hesitate to call them "favorites" -- but some of the worst from around the world, including some that had relatively tiny death tolls, but were just plain unforgivable for one reason or another:

Considered the worst airshow disaster ever. The two-seat Sukhoi Su-27 fighter (roughly equivalent to the U.S. F-15 Eagle) was performing a routine airshow maneuver when something went wrong. It's suspected that the crew misjudged their altitude.

They claimed the map of the airshow performing area, which is given to all air crews flying at these events, was not accurate and thus did not show where the crowd actually was. This determines what direction the pilots will fly during maneuvers so as to stay clear of spectators in case of a crash.

Whatever really happened in the cockpit, the plane hit the ground, exploded and cartwheeled into the spectator area. Either 77 or 84 people were killed outright, depending on your source 100 were seriously injured with mostly burns and broken bones, and another 450 were less seriously injured.

The Ukrainian justice system doesn't screw around: In 2005, a UAF court martial sentenced pilot Volodymyr Toponar to 14 years in the slammer, and his co-pilot, Yuriy Yegorov, who wasn't even in control of the airplane, to eight years. Three other officers from the Ukrainian Air Force's "Ukrainian Falcons" demonstration team got jail time. In addition, the crew was ordered to pay several million dollars in damages to the families of the victims.

This one did not happen at an airshow. It happened during a rehearsal for a show the next day at Fairchild AFB in Washington State. The investigation in the aftermath of the crash of Czar 52 -- call sign of a B-52H bomber the size of a Walmart superstore -- exposed for all to see the U.S. Air Force's tolerance and even promotion of hubris, cowardice, incompetence, failures of command at high levels, and just the most frightening bunch of people ever to be put in charge of a base stocked with nuclear weapons and the machines designed to deliver them.

The pilot, Lt. Col. Arthur "Bud" Holland, had such a reputation for being a cowboy, so out of control, that one squadron commander from the 94th Bomb Wing instructed his crews that they didn't have to fly with Holland if they felt unsafe. And lots of people felt unsafe in Holland's airplane. He once flew so low coming off the bomb range he nearly knocked a camera crew off a small ridge. That's pretty damned low in a 200-ton B-52H. Another time he instructed a navigator to crawl back to the bomb bay (through a hatch called the "Hell Hole") and straddle the beams while videotaping the bombs leaving the airplane. Not because of any operational need for such a tape, but because Holland thought it would be cool.

In other words, this guy, who had somehow made it to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel, and was appointed the wing's Chief of Standardization and Evaluation (the Air Force equivalent of an airline's chief pilot), listened to no one, was a strutting, arrogant loose cannon, and, some even say, a borderline psychotic. Oh, almost forgot: One time, Holland flew his B-52 over the field where his daughter's softball team was playing and put the aircraft into what is known as a "dead man's spiral." It's dangerous enough in a tiny Cessna. To deliberately do it in a B-52 is, well, psychotic.

So Holland sets out at 7:30 a.m. the morning before the big Fairchild AFB air show, and just to keep an eye on him, his crew consisted of Lt. Col. Mark McGeehan, two other lieutenant colonels and a full colonel who happened to be the deputy wing commander. We won't go into the science of over-banking the airplane at low airspeeds and altitude, or any of that other junk. All that matters is that Holland made a student-pilot mistake and killed himself and everyone on board.

The story of Holland, Czar 52, and what turned out to be a scorching indictment of the entire U.S. Air Force's promotion, command and staffing policies, has been the subject of several books and countless articles. If you want to get scared about who's minded the nukes, Google the story of Czar 52.

Apparently, a lot of people wanted to see what Holland was going to pull the day he killed everybody in Czar 52, because the final flight was taped from a lot of angles.

4. "Ice Cream Parlor Crash," Sacramento, CA - Sept. 24, 1972 This one was bad on several levels. First, there were the 22 people who died, including the young members of a little league football team. (One eight-year-old lost nine members of his family, including both his parents, three siblings and two grandparents.)

The crash happened when the pilot of a privately owned F-86 Sabre Jet, departing the Golden West Sport Aviation Show, failed to get airborne on takeoff, plowed through the chain-link fence at the airport perimeter, crossed a road, crushed a parked car and continued through the front of the Farrell's Ice Cream Parlor in a strip mall. The Sabre Jet finally came to a stop inside the parlor.

The pilot, Richard Bingham, who it was later clear had more money than brains or flying time, climbed out of the wrecked airplane with cuts and a broken arm saying, according to witnesses, "I'm sorry, I'm sorry. get the people out!" (Too late: The NTSB report described the scene as "a slaughterhouse. It was horrible").

However, the NTSB had a pretty good explanation: Due to his inexperience in the jet, Bingham over-rotated on takeoff, which in English means he pulled back on the stick too hard too soon. It causes the airplane to raise the nose too high and often results in a crash and death of the pilot. In this case, the airplane (a more powerful Canadian version of the ubiquitous American design known up there as the "Sabre Mk. V") settled back to the ground and Bingham took off on his wild ride across the road. It was not explained why Bingham didn't simply chop the throttle and jump on the brakes.

Another effect the crash had on aviation was to prevent warbird collectors, museums and private restorers from acquiring jets for years after this tragedy. To this day the U.S. military will not sell tactical jets to civilians. Instead of just making certain that those who could afford these toys, or the museums who flew them, were competent to fly them, the FAA simply went on haphazardly certifying people to fly equally lethal WW II-vintage propeller planes.

Also, it was never satisfactorily explained why the ice cream parlor and the shopping center that contained it got a building permit just yards from the end of a busy runway that accommodated business jets on a regular basis. Sounds a lot like the kind of thing that might happen in Houston.

We included this one precisely because, disaster that it was in monetary terms, not one person was injured, let alone killed. Why waste space on this? Because it puts the lie to something those of us who were raised on anti-Soviet propaganda simply assumed to be true -- that the Soviet system, and their culture, placed no value on the individual life.

So why is it that anybody who knows anything about the aerospace industry is aware that the Russians, bar none, make the best, the safest, most consistently life-saving ejection seats in the world, and have for decades? In fact, they've spent billions upon billions of rubles researching and building devices whose sole purpose is to save the individual life. Not even the Brits, with their fabled Martin-Baker seats, or the much-vaunted US ACES II and NACES series of bang seats, can match what the Russians make.

In this video from the Royal International Air Tattoo at RAF Fairford, a pair of MiG-29s collide at a closing speed of probably 600-700 mph. The pilot of either jet had less than a second to react, pull the handle and blast himself free like a human cannonball, and with only a few hundred feet above the ground for the parachute to open.

And what do we see? Within seconds of hitting the ground -- standing up! -- our intrepid aviator Boris calmly lights up a smoke with his flaming aircraft in ruins on the ground behind him. The only thing that could have made this cooler would have been if he'd lit his cigarette off a shard of burning airplane.

And no, we don't know why the Brits call an airshow a "tattoo."

It's not official yet, but we're pretty certain that the trim tab -- a little rectangular, flap-like device -- "departed the airplane," which was going more than 400 mph at the time. Losing your trim tab is never convenient, but at those speeds and in a turn it's, well, usually fatal to the pilot. Not so often to a few dozen people.

Personally, we don't like so-called Unlimited Air Racing. It's an excuse for rich men to match peckers in front of a huge paying audience.

We don't care if they want to go out and kill themselves that way. No, our problem with it is this: Who knows how many historically significant Mustangs, Corsairs, P-38 Lightnings and F8F Bearcats, to name a few types, have been chopped up beyond recognition to make them go a little faster?

Make no mistake, too, that these planes are so heavily modified that they can't ever be restored, in most cases, to their original WW II appearance.

I know this sounds callous since families are still grieving over the people who died horribly after going out for what was to be an exciting afternoon of watching the air races. But we can't really add anything that hasn't already been said about that.

It's a cliché in the aviation business that safety regulations are always written in blood. Unfortunately, in air racing, neither the sanctioning bodies of the races, nor the FAA, bother to write even the simplest and easiest to employ safety regs in ink or blood.

Most air forces and navies of any size have at least one aerial demonstration team. In the U.S., it's the USAF's Thunderbirds and the Navy's Blue Angels. Even the U.S. Army has helicopter and parachuting demo teams. It's a dangerous business, and it goes without saying that only the best of the best need apply.

And, in the U.S., the UK (with the RAF's Red Arrows team), France and most other countries, these teams rehearse tirelessly so that their shows are as safe as they are exciting, or as safe as you can be while at the same time being so damned exciting. There are major tradeoffs between the two concepts.

In aviation circles, there are certain teams who are known to lean quite a bit more toward excitement than safety. The Italian Frecce Tricolori team was one of those the Canadian Snowbirds team had that reputation for a long time, though we're not sure it's still true. The French team has had a similar rep. But what the hell, man, do these, shall we say, slightly more daring teams put on a show! When the Canadians do their famous "bomb burst" or "palm tree" maneuver, it never fails to raise goose bumps, even without the required Scorpions music playing over the PA.

But this is about the Italian team. And the horror they created occurred at the U.S. base at Ramstein, Germany, during the annual airshow, called Flugtag '88 (roughly, "Flyday '88"). This was and is done at U.S. and NATO bases in Europe to keep up good relations with the locals. The star attraction for the 1988 Ramstein show was the Frecce Tricolori, who never left a crowd disappointed. Terrified maybe, but never let down.

The Frecce Tricolori (a reference to the Italian flag) was a relatively big team, using ten Aermacchi MB-339 PAN light ground attack or trainer jets (the two U.S. teams use no more than six powerful jets, while the Brits and Canadians nine fairly small jets). The FT were in the process of pulling off their famous Cardioide or "pierced heart" maneuver.

In this routine, two formations create a heart shape in front of the audience and parallel to the runway. Just before the climax, in which a solo plane passes through the heart at high speed -- toward the crowd -- the two groups of planes forming the heart passed each other parallel to the runway. At this point, the aircraft began to collide. As in "The Charge of the Light Brigade," someone had blundered, and into the Valley of Death rode the three-hundred (thousand) spectators.

Nowadays, precisely because of what happened during this maneuver, there is no airshow on the planet, as far as we know, that allows any performing aircraft to fly toward the crowd.

The final toll was 67 dead spectators and three dead pilots. Also, 346 spectators were seriously burned or otherwise injured when thousands of gallons of flaming jet fuel and airplane parts rolled over the crowd like a volcanic eruption.

In aviation circles, there are national air-demonstration people who rank this incident -- in terms of deaths and serious injuries -- as only the second-worst airshow disaster in history. But there are many aviation types -- including us -- who put this one at the top, primarily because of the nightmarish injuries suffered by those in that vague category lumped together as "injured." That implies that they got better. But how much better are you when your body has been left 90 percent scarred from third-degree burns?

This one, like every one of these, did not have to happen.

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Kyk die video: 20110316 - Saobracajna nesreca - TV Pancevo (Oktober 2021).