Geskiedenis Podcasts

Daniel T Griffin DE -54 - Geskiedenis

Daniel T Griffin DE -54 - Geskiedenis

Daniel T. Griffin

Daniel Thornburg Griffin, gebore op 25 Maart 1911 in Allendale, Ill, wat in die 1930's by die Navys aangesluit het en het voortdurend gedien tot en met sy dood tydens die Japannese aanval op Pearl Harbor 7 Desember 1941. Lugvaartmasjinis se Mate First Class Griffin is aangehaal deur die opperbevelhebber. , Pacific Fleet, vir sy vinnige en doeltreffende optrede en sy totale miskenning van persoonlike gevaar ter verdediging van Naval Air Station, Kaneohe Bay.

(DE-54: dp. 1.400, 1. 306 '; b. 37'; dr. 13'6 "; s. 24 k.
kpl. 186; a. 3 3 ". 3 21" tt .. 8 dcp .. 1 dcp. (hh.). 2 dt ..
kl. Buckley)

Daniel T. Griffin (DE-54) is op 25 Februarie 1943 gelanseer deur Bethlehem-Hingham Shipyard, Hingham, Mass .; geborg deur mev D. T. Griffin en in opdrag van 9 Junie 1943, kommandant luitenant P. M. Fenton, USNR.

Na 'n reis wat 'n konvooi tussen 15 Augustus en 24 September 1943 na 'n konvooi na Casablanca, Frans -Marokko, begelei het, neem Daniel konvooi tussen New York en Noord -Ierland aan, en maak agt transatlantiese reise tussen 13 Oktober 1943 en 23 September 1944. Sy arriveer op Staten Island , NY, 22 Oktober vir omskakeling na 'n hoë spoedvervoer. Sy is op 23 Oktober 1944 herklassifiseer APD-38.

Op 'n seiljag uit Norfolk 13 Januarie 1945 het Daniel T. Griffin op 6 Februarie by Pearl Harbor aangekom om saam met sloopspanne onder water te dien. Sy het op 14 Februarie sy konvooi -diens na Ulithi en Kossol Passage vrygelaat, en toe op 5 Maart in San Pedrobaai, Leyte, aangekom vir invals repetisies van Hononhan -eiland. Op 19 Maart is sy op pad na Kerama Retto, en arriveer op die 26ste. Tydens die aanval op Okinawa het sy skepe by Kerama Retto afgeskerm en myne gevee wat plofstof op die Okinawa -strande afgelewer het, en tot 18 Mei as reddingsskip opgetree. Op 6 April het sy verskeie selfmoordaanvalle bestry wat ten minste twee vyandelike vliegtuie laat spat het. Toe Morris (DD-417) getref word, beskerm Daniel T. Griffin haar teen verdere aanval wat haar help om haar vure te blus en haar na Kerarea Retto te begelei. , dan begelei
'n konvooi terug na Okinawa, en nog een van Okinawa na Ulithi. Op 11 Julie het sy in San Pedro Bay, Leyte, aangekom vir uiteenlopende diens in die Filippyne tot 22 September toe sy met besettingstroepe na Kure, Japan, seil en van 6 tot 11 Oktober haar passasiers laat beland het. Toe sy op 16 Oktober terugkeer na Manila, herontplooi sy troepe in die Filippyne tot 2 Desember toe sy na die Verenigde State vaar. Sy bel kortliks in San Diego, arriveer op 11 Januarie 1946 in Norfolk en Green Cove Springs, Fla. 4 Maart. Sy is op 30 Mei 1946 uit die kommissie in die reservaat geplaas.

Daniel T. Griffin het een strydster vir World ontvang. Tweede Wêreldoorlog diens.


USS Daniel T. Griffin (DE 54)

Herklassifiseer as hoëspoedvervoer APD-38 23 Oktober 1944.
Ontmantel 30 Mei 1946.
Op 15 November 1966 oorgeplaas na Chili en herdoop Virgilio Uribe.
Getref deur die U.S.N. 1 Desember 1966.
Virgilio Uribe is in 1995 ontmantel en vir afval afgebreek.

Opdragte gelys vir USS Daniel T. Griffin (DE 54)

Let asseblief daarop dat ons steeds aan hierdie afdeling werk.

BevelvoerderVanAan
1Perry Maurice Fenton, USNR9 Junie 19432 Oktober 1943
2Frederick Denfield, USNR2 Oktober 19438 Januarie 1944
3James A. Eastwood, USNR8 Januarie 19441 Junie 1945
4Egbert R. Ferguson, USNR1 Junie 194515 November 1945

U kan ons opdragte -afdeling help verbeter
Klik hier om gebeure/kommentaar/opdaterings vir hierdie vaartuig in te dien.
Gebruik hierdie asseblief as u foute opspoor of hierdie skepe -bladsy wil verbeter.

Media skakels


7 Desember 1941 [wysig | wysig bron]

Die oggend van 7 Desember 1941 staan ​​Daniel roetinewag by die Kaneohe Naval Air Station. Sy PBY was gereed om in die baai te sit met twee van die vier bemanningslede reeds aan boord. Toe Daniel sien hoe die Japanse vliegtuie die basis nader, besef hy dat dit nie van die Amerikaanse weermag afkomstig was nie. Daniel roep die bemanningslede aan boord van die vliegtuig om die enjins te begin terwyl hy na die PBY begin swem. Daniel het in die vlieëniersitplek gaan sit en die vliegtuig begin taxi neem vir die opstyg. Daniel se PBY is deur die Japannese geweervuur ​​getref net toe hy in die lug raak. Dit het aan die brand geraak en gesink in Kaneohe Bay, waar dit volgens die Universiteit van Hawaii en die Universiteit van Oos -Carolina nog steeds rus. Daniel is erg verbrand, maar het daarin geslaag om uit die vliegtuig te ontsnap en terug te probeer swem. Die Japannese vliegtuie het met masjiengeweer die Kaneohe -baai se waters aangehou. Daniel het 'n koeëlwond aan die kop opgedoen wat aan die regterkant agter sy oor ingekom het en aan die linkerkant van sy gesig uitgekom het, wat hom onmiddellik doodgemaak het. Daar word geglo dat Daniel die eerste dienspligtige was wat die dag by Kaneohe -baai gesterf het. Daniel se vrou, Lucille, sien toe sy vliegtuig in die baai afstorm en later aan die brand steek, weet nie of haar man oorleef het nie. Op 12 Desember het die Kaneohe -polisie die basis gebel om aan te meld dat 'n lyk aan wal gespoel het. Daniel T. Griffin is geïdentifiseer en dood verklaar. Daniel is begrawe in 'n tydelike graf op die noordelike oewer van Kaneohe -eiland saam met verskeie ander dienspligtiges wat tydens die aanval omgekom het. Sy lyk is later opgegrawe en weer by 'n begraafplaas in Colorado Springs, CO, begrawe. Die vrou van Daniel, Lucille, het later 'n aanhalingsbrief van admiraal Chester Nimitz ontvang met verwysing na die dapperheid van Daniel se optrede sonder om sy persoonlike welsyn te verontagsaam.


USS DANIEL T GRIFFIN DE-54 geraamde vlootskipvertoning

Dit is 'n pragtige skeepsvertoning ter herdenking van die USS DANIEL T GRIFFIN (DE-54). Die kunswerk beeld die USS DANIEL T GRIFFIN in al haar glorie uit. Hierdie uitstalling is meer as net 'n artistieke konsep van die skip, en bevat 'n pasgemaakte skeepstekenplaat en 'n gegraveerde bordstatistiekplaat. Hierdie produk is ryklik afgewerk met pasgemaakte dubbele matte en 'n swart raam van hoë gehalte. Slegs die beste materiaal word gebruik om ons skeepsuitstallings te voltooi. Navy Emporium Ship Displays is 'n vrygewige en persoonlike geskenk vir elke Navy -matroos.

  • Pasgemaakte en kundig gegraveerde marinekam geplaas op fyn swart vilt
  • Kunswerke is 16 duim x 7 duim op swaar mat
  • Gegraveerde gedenkplaat met die belangrike statistieke van die skip
  • Ingesluit in 'n hoë kwaliteit 20 duim x 16 duim swart raam
  • Keuse van matte kleur opsies

KYK ASSEBLIEF ONS ANDER GROOT USS DANIEL T GRIFFIN DE-54 INLIGTING:
USS Daniel T Griffin DE-54 Gasteboekforum


Daniel T Griffin DE -54 - Geskiedenis

USS DANIEL T. GRIFFIN DE 54/APD 38

Datum en plek onbekend.

Foto ingedien deur Robert S. Mullady GM 3/c
Aan boord Desember 1943 tot Maart 1946

Ek het onlangs by die Chileense vloot as luitenant-bevelvoerder afgetree, en ek was aan diens aan die APD & quotUribe & ex-USS Daniel T.Griffin as onder-luitenant in 1985. Sy is in 1994 uit diens geneem en as 'n teiken voor die kus van Valparaiso gesink. Ek het sterk gevoelens vir haar gehad, want sy was my eerste skip. en waar ek my eerste groot gevoel gehad het, nooit weer nie!
Wil net laat weet.

Groete,
Gonzalo Lagarini
LCDR (R)
Chileense vloot

U webmeester reageer op die e-pos en vra om bevestiging dat ex-DE54/APD38 inderdaad as 'n teiken gesink is. LCDR Lagarini het geantwoord:

Dankie vir jou vinnige antwoord. Met betrekking tot u vraag, verstaan ​​ek dat u die inligting moet bevestig; dit is geen probleem nie. Die dag toe sy gesink is, het ek met 'n PC-7-vliegtuig gevlieg (ek was destyds 'n vlootvlieënier, luitenant JG)

Ek was veronderstel om ons "Escuadra" (ons vloot) aan te val, en later die dag sou die skepe verbygaan en 'n skoot van die APD neem. sy was NIE maklik om te sink nie; trouens, sy is verskeie kere getref, maar wou nie sink nie. 'n groep seëlmanne moes teruggaan na haar toe en 'n bietjie TNT ingooi om haar klaar te maak. Dit het in November 1995 gebeur.

Voordat ek hierdie inligting [hierdie e -pos] gestuur het, het ek dit bevestig met die beampte wat die TNT aan boord geplaas het en wat nog steeds in diens is.

Ek stuur ook 'n foto van haar geneem in 1987 in die Bay of Concepcion.


Daniel T Griffin DE -54 - Geskiedenis

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Mogensen -> MAJ
Paul R.
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Ochsner -> MSG
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Regina C.
Reali -> SGT
Cheyenne
C. Willey -> MSG
Joseph J.
Andres Jr. -> 1SG
Tobias C.
Meister -> SSG
Ayman A.
Taha -> CPL
George A.
Lutz II ->

SFC
Lance S.
Cornett -> SSG
Edwin H.
DazaChacon -> SFC
Tsjaad A.
Gonsalves -> SGT
Alberto D.
Montrond -> SSG
Clinton T.
Newman -> MSG
Emigdio E.
Elizarraras -> SSG
Ricardo
Barraza -> SGT
Dale G.
M. Brehm -> SFC
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L. Robinson -> SFC
Richard J.
Herrema -> SPC
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Torres -> SSG
Nathan J.
Vacho -> 1SG
Carlos N.
Saenz -> CW5
Jamie D.
Weke -> MAJ
Matthew W.
Worrell -> CPT
Shane R. M.
Mahaffee -> LTC
Daniel E.
Holland -> SSG
Christen
Longsworth -> SFC
Daniel B.
Crabtree -> MSG
Thomas D.
Maholic -> SSG
Michael A.
Dickinson II -> SSG
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Caban -> SFC
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Knox -> SSG
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Dominguez -> CW2
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Chay -> SFC
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Nguyen -> 2LT
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Lundell -> SGT
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Adkins -> SGT
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Miller ->

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Thomas E.
Vandling Jr. -> CPT
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Freeman -> MAJ
Alan R.
Johnson -> SGT
James J.
Regan -> SPC
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Kleredrag -> SPC
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Gordon -> PFC
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Thomas -> SGT
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Wilkinson -> CW3
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Vaughn -> SSG
Michael D.
Thomas -> SGT
Timothy P.
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Conner -> SSG
Joshua R.
Whitaker -> MSG
Arthur L.
Lilley -> SFC
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Winder -> SSG
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Rolfing -> MAJ
James M.
Ahearn -> SGT
Keith A.
Kline -> SFC
Sean K.
Mitchell -> CPL
Jason M.
Kessler -> SSG
Jesse G.
Clowers Jr. -> SFC
Jeffry D.
Ketel -> SGT
Charles B.
Kitowski III -> SSG
Robert R.
Pirelli -> SPC
George
V. Libby -> SFC
Adrian M.
Elizalde -> SFC
Michael J.
Tully -> CPL
Benjamin
C. Dillon -> SFC
Justin S.
Monschke -> SSG
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Curreri -> MAJ
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Neil Jr. -> SGT
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Robertson -> SSG
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Bruin -> SFC
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McDowell -> SSG
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Gasper -> SPC
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Gathercole -> SFC
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Nunez -> SPC
Thomas F.
Duncan III -> SSG
Travis K.
Hunsberger -> SFC
Jeffrey M.
Rada
Morales -> MSG
Shawn E.
Simmons -> SGT
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Treber -> MSG
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Jong -> SSG
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Coleman -> CPT
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Gerief -> SGT
Jonathan
K. Peney -> SGT
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Creighton -> SPC
Joseph W.
Dimock II -> SGT
Anibal
Santiago -> SGT
Justin B.
Allen -> CPT
Jason E.
Holbrook -> SSG
Kyle R.
Warren -> MSG
Jared N.
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Cerros Jr. -> SFC
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Domeij -> PFC
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Andrew T.
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Brandon F.
Eggleston -> SSG
Brandon R.
Peper -> MSG
Gregory R.
Trent -> SSG
Jeremie S.
Grens -> SFC
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Stephens -> SFC
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Marquez -> WO1
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Kashif M.
Memon -> SGT
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Quinn -> SSG
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T. Lee -> SPC
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A. Landis -> SFC
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Gass Jr. -> SFC
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Weer -> SFC
Michael A.
Cathcart -> SSG
Matthew R.
Ammerman ->

SFC
Matteus
McClintock -> SSG
Matthew V.
Thompson -> SSG
Adam S.
Thomas -> MAJ
Andrew D.
Byers -> SFC
Ryan A.
Gloyer -> SSG
James F.
Moriarty -> SSG
Kevin J.
McEnroe -> SFC
Matthew C.
Lewellen ->

SSG
Merk
de Alencar -> SGT
Joshua
Rodgers -> SGT
Cameron
Thomas -> SSG
Logan J.
Melgar -> SSG
Aaron
Butler -> SSG
Emil
Rivera-Lopez-> SSG
Jeremia
Johnson -> SSG
Bryan
Swart -> SSG
Dustin
Wright -> SGT
La David
Johnson -> CW2
Jakob
Sims -> SFC
Stephen
Cribben ->

SFC
Mihail
Golin -> MSG
Jonathan
J. Dunbar -> SSG
Alexander
W. Conrad -> SFC
Christopher
A. Celiz -> SFC
Reymund R.
Transfigurasie -> CW3
Taylor
J. Galvin -> MAJ
Brent R.
Taylor -> SGT
Leandro A.S.
Jasso -> CPT
Andrew P.
Ross -> SFC
Eric M.
Emond ->

CW2
Jonathan
R. Boer -> SGT
Cameron
A. Meddock -> SSG
Joshua
Z. Beale -> SFC
Sal D.
Lindsay -> MSG
Micheal
B. Riley -> SGM
James G.
Sartor -> MSG
Luis F.
DeLeon-Figueroa-> MSG
Jose J.
Gonzalez -> SFC
Dustin
B. Ard -> SFC
Jeremy
W. Griffin -> SFC
Michael
Goble ->

"Tyd sal die glorie van hul dade nie verdof nie."
- John J. Pershing, generaal van die leërs


Buckley klas


Die vernietiger begelei USS Barr (DE 576) van die Amerikaanse vloot.

Tegniese informasie

TikDestroyer Escort
Verplasing1400 BRT
Lengte306 voet
Aanvulling213 mans
Bewapening3 3 ”gewere (3x1) 4 1,1” AA
10 20 mm
3 21 ”torpedobuise (1x3)
2 dieptesladingbane
8 diepteladingprojektors
1 krimpvarkie
maksimum spoed23 knope
MotoreTurbo elektries, 2 skagte
Krag12000 HP
Notas oor die klasVerskeie skepe van hierdie klas is tydens die Tweede Wêreldoorlog aan Brittanje verhuur om die kapteinsklas van die Royal Navy te word. Die skepe word nie op hierdie bladsy gelys nie.

Alle skepe van die Buckley -klas

Amerikaanse vloot (meer oor die Amerikaanse vloot)

102 Destroyer Begeleiders van die Buckley klas. 5 van hulle het verlore gegaan.

Skepe uit Buckley-klas getref deur U-bote (4)

Boeke wat oor hierdie onderwerp handel, sluit in:

Die Buckley-klas Destroyer Escorts, Bruce Hampton Franklin, 1999


Daniel T Griffin DE -54 - Geskiedenis

ARSOF het van 2001 tot 2020 geval

Aan my mede -krygers en burgers,

Hierdie webwerf is 'n huldeblyk aan die manne en vroue van die US Army Special Operations Command wat die uiteindelike prys betaal het in ons oorlog teen die ekstremiste en ander vyande van ons land sedert die aanvalle van 9-11. Hulle lewens en opoffering soos hier uiteengesit, getuig van die merkwaardige en onwrikbare bereidwilligheid van Amerikaners om die moeilikste en gevaarlikste take te aanvaar en ons lewenswyse te beskerm. Ons moet altyd daaraan herinner word deur die verhale op hierdie bladsye dat vryheid nie gratis is nie, maar dat dit deur elke generasie betaal word met die bloed van die beste seuns en dogters van Amerika.

Ons Sal Nie Vergeet nie.

In hul naam en ter nagedagtenis aan diegene wat voorgekom het en gehoor gegee het aan die oproep om by ons nasie se soldaat aan te sluit en die unieke las van spesiale operasies te aanvaar - wees trots op wie u is, wat u doen en waarmee u dit doen, vir u is sonder gelyke - Sine Pari.

  • SOEK DEUR FOTO
  • USASOC
  • Spesiale magte
  • Rangers
  • 160ste SOAR
  • PSYOP
  • Siviele Sake
  • Wys alles

MAJ
Wallace
C. Hogan Jr. -> SPC
Jonn J.
Edmunds -> PFC
Kristofor T.
Stonesifer -> MSG
Jefferson D.
Davis -> SFC
Daniel H.
Petithory -> SSG
Brian C.
Prosser ->

SFC
Nathan R.
Chapman -> SGT
Thomas F.
Allison -> SSG
James P.
Dorrity -> CW2
Jody L.
Egnor -> MAJ
Curtis D.
Feistner -> SGT
Jeremy D.
Foshee -> SSG
Kerry W.
Frith -> CPT
Bart D.
Owens -> SSG
Bruce A.
Rushforth Jr. -> CW2
Stanley L.
Harriman -> SPC
Marc A.
Anderson -> CPL
Matthew A.
Commons -> SGT
Bradley S.
Crose -> SGT
Philip J.
Svitak -> SFC
Daniel A.
Romero -> SSG
Gene A.
Vance Jr. -> SFC
Peter P.
Tycz II -> SFC
Christopher
J. Speer -> SFC
Mark W.
Jackson ->

SSG
Gregory M.
Frampton -> CW3
Thomas J.
Gibbons -> SSG
Daniel L.
Kisling -> CW3
Mark S.
O'Steen -> SSG
Orlando
Morales -> MSG
George A.
Fernandez -> SSG
Nino D.
Livaudais -> SPC
Ryan P.
Lang -> CPT
Russell B.
Rippetoe -> CPL
Andrew F.
Chris -> SSG
Timothy M.
Conneway -> 1SG
Christopher
D. Kis -> CPL
Mark A.
Bibby -> LTC
Anthony L.
Sherman -> SFC
Mitchell A.
Lane -> SFC
William M.
Bennett -> MSG
Kevin N.
Morehead -> LTC
Charles H.
Buehring -> SSG
Paul A.
Sweeney -> SGT
Jay M.
Seën -> PFC
Charles E.
Bush Jr. ->

SGT
Roy A.
Hout -> MSG
Kelly L.
Hornbeck -> SPC
Adam G.
Kinser -> SFC
Curtis
Mancini -> SGT
Danton K.
Seitsinger -> SPC
Nichole M.
Frye -> MSG
Richard L.
Ferguson -> SGM
Michael B.
Stapel -> CPL
Patrick D.
Tillman -> CW3
Bruce E.
Prys -> CPT
Daniel W.
Eggers -> SPC
Joseph A.
Jeffries -> SFC
Robert J.
Mogensen -> MAJ
Paul R.
Syverson III -> SSG
Paul C.
Mardis Jr. -> CPT
Michael Y.
Tarlavsky -> SSG
Aaron N.
Holleyman -> SSG
Robert S.
Goodwin -> SSG
Tony B.
Olaes -> PFC
Nathan E.
Stahl -> LTC
Mark P.
Phelan -> MAJ
Charles R.
Soltes Jr. -> SSG
Michael G.
Owen -> CPL
Jonathan J.
Santos -> CPL
William M.
Amundson Jr. -> SGT
Bryan L.
Freeman Jr. -> SGT
Michael C.
O'Neill -> SGM
Robert D.
Odell ->

SFC
Pedro A.
Munoz -> SGT
Jeremy R.
Wright -> SFC
Mickey E.
Zaun -> SFC
Allen C.
Johnson -> SFC
Steven M.
Langmack -> SSG
Leroy E.
Alexander -> CPT
Charles D.
Robinson -> SFC
Victor H.
Cervantes -> SSG
Christopher
N. Piper -> MSG
Robert M.
Horrigan -> MSG
Michael L.
McNulty -> SSG
Shamus O.
Goare -> CW3
Corey J.
Goodnature -> SGT
Kip A.
Jacoby -> SFC
Marcus V.
Muralles -> MSG
James W.
Ponder III -> MAJ
Stephen C.
Ryk -> SFC
Michael L.
Russell -> CW4
Chris J.
Scherkenbach -> SGT
Jason T.
Palmerton -> PFC
Damian J.
Garza -> PV2
John M.
Henderson Jr. -> SFC
Brett E.
Walden -> SSG
Christopher
M. Falkel -> CPT
Jeremy A.
Chandler -> SFC
Trevor J.
Sterf -> MSG
Ivica
Jerak -> CPL
Timoteus
M. Shea -> SFC
Obediah J.
Kolath -> MAJ
Gregory J.
Fester -> SFC
Lawrence E.
Morrison -> SSG
Gary R.
Harper Jr. -> SSG
Matthew A.
Kimmell -> PFC
Dillon M.
Jutras -> MAJ
Jeffrey P.
Toczylowski -> SFC
James S.
Ochsner -> MSG
Anthony R.
C. Yost -> SGT
Regina C.
Reali -> SGT
Cheyenne
C. Willey -> MSG
Joseph J.
Andres Jr. -> 1SG
Tobias C.
Meister -> SSG
Ayman A.
Taha -> CPL
George A.
Lutz II ->

SFC
Lance S.
Cornett -> SSG
Edwin H.
DazaChacon -> SFC
Tsjaad A.
Gonsalves -> SGT
Alberto D.
Montrond -> SSG
Clinton T.
Newman -> MSG
Emigdio E.
Elizarraras -> SSG
Ricardo
Barraza -> SGT
Dale G.
M. Brehm -> SFC
Christopher
L. Robinson -> SFC
Richard J.
Herrema -> SPC
Teodoro
Torres -> SSG
Nathan J.
Vacho -> 1SG
Carlos N.
Saenz -> CW5
Jamie D.
Weke -> MAJ
Matthew W.
Worrell -> CPT
Shane R. M.
Mahaffee -> LTC
Daniel E.
Holland -> SSG
Christen
Longsworth -> SFC
Daniel B.
Crabtree -> MSG
Thomas D.
Maholic -> SSG
Michael A.
Dickinson II -> SSG
Eric
Caban -> SFC
Merideth L.
Howard -> SSG
Robert
J. Paul -> SPC
Adam L.
Knox -> SSG
Carlos
Dominguez -> CW2
Scott W.
Dyer -> SSG
Ronald L.
Paulsen -> SGT
Daniel W.
Wyn hart -> SSG
Kyu H.
Chay -> SFC
William R.
Bruin -> SFC
Tung M.
Nguyen -> 2LT
Scott B.
Lundell -> SGT
Dustin M.
Adkins -> SGT
Marco L.
Miller ->

SGT
Thomas E.
Vandling Jr. -> CPT
Brian S.
Freeman -> MAJ
Alan R.
Johnson -> SGT
James J.
Regan -> SPC
Ryan C.
Kleredrag -> SPC
Brandon D.
Gordon -> PFC
Kristofer
Thomas -> SGT
Adam A.
Wilkinson -> CW3
Hershel D.
McCants Jr. -> CW3
John A.
Quinlan -> SPC
Travis R.
Vaughn -> SSG
Michael D.
Thomas -> SGT
Timothy P.
Padgett -> SGM
Bradly D.
Conner -> SSG
Joshua R.
Whitaker -> MSG
Arthur L.
Lilley -> SFC
Nathan L.
Winder -> SSG
Robb L.
Rolfing -> MAJ
James M.
Ahearn -> SGT
Keith A.
Kline -> SFC
Sean K.
Mitchell -> CPL
Jason M.
Kessler -> SSG
Jesse G.
Clowers Jr. -> SFC
Jeffry D.
Ketel -> SGT
Charles B.
Kitowski III -> SSG
Robert R.
Pirelli -> SPC
George
V. Libby -> SFC
Adrian M.
Elizalde -> SFC
Michael J.
Tully -> CPL
Benjamin
C. Dillon -> SFC
Justin S.
Monschke -> SSG
Joseph F.
Curreri -> MAJ
Jeffrey R.
Calero -> CPT
Benjamin D.
Tiffner -> SSG
Patrick F.
Kutschbach -> SGT
Steven C.
Ganczewski ->

SSG
Ryan D.
Maseth -> SSG
Justin R.
Whiting -> SSG
Robert J.
Miller -> SSG
William R.
Neil Jr. -> SGT
Nicholas A.
Robertson -> SSG
Jason L.
Bruin -> SFC
David L.
McDowell -> SSG
Frank J.
Gasper -> SPC
Christopher
Gathercole -> SFC
David
Nunez -> SPC
Thomas F.
Duncan III -> SSG
Travis K.
Hunsberger -> SFC
Jeffrey M.
Rada
Morales -> MSG
Shawn E.
Simmons -> SGT
James M.
Treber -> MSG
Mitchell W.
Jong -> SSG
David W.
Textor -> CPT
Richard G.
Cliff Jr. -> SFC
Jamie S.
Nicholas -> SFC
Gary J.
Vasquez -> SGT
William P.
Rudd -> MAJ
Robert D.
Lindenau -> SGT
Nicholas A.
Casey ->

SSG
Anthony D.
Davis -> SSG
Marc J.
Klein -> SSG
Jeremy E.
Bessa -> MSG
David L.
Seer -> CPL
Ryan C.
McGhee -> CPL
Benjamin
S. Kopp -> CW2
Douglas
M.Vose III -> SFC
Alejandro
Granado III -> CPT
Ronald G.
Luce Jr. -> SFC
Severin W.
Summers III -> CPT
John
Tinsley -> CPL
Nicholas R.
Roush -> SFC
William B.
Woods Jr. -> SSG
Andrew T.
Lobosco -> SSG
Jason S.
Dahlke -> PFC
Eric W.
Hario -> SFC
Duane A.
Thornsbury -> SFC
Bradley S.
Bohle -> SFC
Shawn P.
McCloskey -> SSG
Joshua M.
Meulens -> SSG
Jack M.
Martin III -> SFC
Christopher
D. Shaw -> SGT
Roberto D.
Sanchez -> SSG
Keith R.
Biskop -> SGT
Josue E.
Hernandez
Chavez -> CW3
Niall D.
Lyons -> SSG
Shawn H.
McNabb -> SFC
David E.
Metzger -> CW4
Michael P.
Montgomery -> SGT
Nickolas A.
Mueller -> SSG
Matthew A.
Pucino ->

SSG
Rusty H.
Christen -> SPC
Marc P.
Decoteau -> CPT
David J.
Thompson -> SFC
David J.
Hartman -> SFC
Matthew S.
Sluss- Tiller-> SSG
Mark A.
Stets Jr. -> SGT
Joel D.
Clarkson -> CPL
Michael D.
Jankiewicz -> SSG
James R.
Patton -> SGT
Ronald A.
Kubik -> SGT
Jason A.
Santora -> MSG
Mark W.
Coleman -> CPT
Kyle A.
Gerief -> SGT
Jonathan
K. Peney -> SGT
Andrew J.
Creighton -> SPC
Joseph W.
Dimock II -> SGT
Anibal
Santiago -> SGT
Justin B.
Allen -> CPT
Jason E.
Holbrook -> SSG
Kyle R.
Warren -> MSG
Jared N.
Van Aalst -> SGT
Andrew C.
Nicol -> SPC
Bradley D.
Rappuhn -> SPC
Christopher
S. Wright -> SGT
Martin A.
Lugo -> SFC
Ronald A.
Grider -> SFC
Calvyn B.
Harrison -> SFC
Lance H.
Vogeler -> SSG
Kevin M.
Pape ->

SFC
Dae H.
Park -> MSG
Benjamin F.
Bitner -> SFC
Martin R.
Apolinar -> SGT
Aaron J.
Blasjo -> CPT
Joseph W.
Schultz -> SSG
Jeremy A.
Katzenberger -> SFC
Wyatt A.
Goudsmid -> MSG
Benjamin A.
Stevenson -> CPT
Waid C.
Ramsey -> SGT
Alessandro
Plutino -> MSG
Daniël R.
Adams -> SSG
Michael W.
Hosey -> SGT
Tyler N.
Holtz -> SPC
Ricardo
Cerros Jr. -> SFC
Kristoffer B.
Domeij -> PFC
Christopher
A. Horings -> 1LT
Ashley I.
Wit ->

SFC
Benjamin B.
Wyse -> SGT
Tanner S.
Higgins -> SSG
Andrew T.
Britton-Mihalo-> SSG
Brandon F.
Eggleston -> SSG
Brandon R.
Peper -> MSG
Gregory R.
Trent -> SSG
Jeremie S.
Grens -> SFC
Riley G.
Stephens -> SFC
Aaron A.
Henderson -> SSG
Justin C.
Marquez -> WO1
Joseph L.
Schiro -> SGT
Thomas R.
MacPherson -> SFC
Ryan J.
Savard -> CW2
Michael S.
Duskin -> SSG
Kashif M.
Memon -> SGT
Clinton K.
Ruiz ->

CPT
Andrew M.
Pedersen-Keel-> SFC
James F.
Grissom -> SSG
Michael H.
Simpson -> WO1
Sean W.
Mullen -> SSG
Stephen
M. Nuut -> MSG
George A.
Bannar Jr. -> SFC
Liam J.
Nevins -> SGT
Joshua J.
Strickland -> SSG
Timothy R.
McGill -> SGT
Patrick C.
Hawkins -> SPC
Cody J.
Patterson -> CPT
Jennifer M.
Moreno -> SGT
Joseph M.
Peters -> SSG
Patrick H.
Quinn -> SSG
Richard L.
Vazquez -> SSG
Alex A.
Altviool ->

SSG
Daniel
T. Lee -> SPC
Christopher
A. Landis -> SFC
Roberto C.
Skelt Jr. -> SPC
John A.
Pelham -> CPT
Jason B.
Jones -> SSG
Jason A.
McDonald -> SSG
Scott R.
Studenmund -> SSG
Girard D.
Gass Jr. -> SFC
Andrew T.
Weer -> SFC
Michael A.
Cathcart -> SSG
Matthew R.
Ammerman ->

SFC
Matteus
McClintock -> SSG
Matthew V.
Thompson -> SSG
Adam S.
Thomas -> MAJ
Andrew D.
Byers -> SFC
Ryan A.
Gloyer -> SSG
James F.
Moriarty -> SSG
Kevin J.
McEnroe -> SFC
Matthew C.
Lewellen ->

SSG
Merk
de Alencar -> SGT
Joshua
Rodgers -> SGT
Cameron
Thomas -> SSG
Logan J.
Melgar -> SSG
Aaron
Butler -> SSG
Emil
Rivera-Lopez-> SSG
Jeremia
Johnson -> SSG
Bryan
Swart -> SSG
Dustin
Wright -> SGT
La David
Johnson -> CW2
Jakob
Sims -> SFC
Stephen
Cribben ->

SFC
Mihail
Golin -> MSG
Jonathan
J. Dunbar -> SSG
Alexander
W. Conrad -> SFC
Christopher
A. Celiz -> SFC
Reymund R.
Transfigurasie -> CW3
Taylor
J. Galvin -> MAJ
Brent R.
Taylor -> SGT
Leandro A.S.
Jasso -> CPT
Andrew P.
Ross -> SFC
Eric M.
Emond ->

CW2
Jonathan
R. Boer -> SGT
Cameron
A. Meddock -> SSG
Joshua
Z. Beale -> SFC
Sal D.
Lindsay -> MSG
Micheal
B. Riley -> SGM
James G.
Sartor -> MSG
Luis F.
DeLeon-Figueroa-> MSG
Jose J.
Gonzalez -> SFC
Dustin
B. Ard -> SFC
Jeremy
W. Griffin -> SFC
Michael
Goble ->

"Tyd sal die glorie van hul dade nie verdof nie."
- John J. Pershing, generaal van die leërs


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GALAXIES
Die Galaxies, gestig in Ironwood, 'n myndorp in die noordwestelike hoek van die Michigan-boonste skiereiland, was die eerste rock and roll-band wat uit die ysterryke Gogebic-reeks van die streek gekom het. Die debuut-enkelsnit van die groep was een van die vroegste produksies deur 'n Top 40 opnamekunstenaar wat 'n groter bekendheid sou verwerf as 'n Grammy-bekroonde platemaatskappy in Los Angeles en Nashville. Alhoewel die sterrestelsels die eerste U.P. groep om 'n enkelsnit op 'n nasionale platemaatskappy vry te stel, het die groep gesplinter voordat hulle hul groot potensiaal bereik het.

Ironwood is die westelikste stad in Michigan, op dieselfde lengtegraad as St. Louis, Missouri, en is een van die min stede in die deelstaat in die sentrale tydsone. Ironwood is naby die grens van Wisconsin in Gogebic County geleë. Die oorsprong van Gogebic (uitgespreek & quotgo-GIH-bik & quot) is troebel, hoewel dit byna seker gewortel is in 'n inheemse Amerikaanse taal. Een voorstel is dat dit vernoem is na die Gogebic -meer, wie se naam op sy beurt afkomstig is van die woord & quotagogebic & quot; wat beteken dat 'n kwotum water wat op 'n hoë plek hang, verwys na die hoë hoogte van die meer.

Die ontdekking van groot neerslae ystererts, tesame met die aankoms van die spoorweg in die gebied, het gelei tot die opening van verskeie groot myne en die ontwikkeling van die houtbedryf en die toestroming van immigrante hoofsaaklik uit Swede, Duitsland, Engeland, Italië, Pole, en Finland.

Hurley, Wisconsin, word geskei van Ironwood deur die Montreal -rivier en is die geboorteplek en tuiste van die enigste oorlewende lid van die sterrestelsels, Andy Abraham. Sowel hy as Christine (Gygi) Sullivan, weduwee van die sanger Danny Sullivan van die sterrestelsels, onthou Hurley as 'n moeilike houthuis met strookklubs en prostitute wat die mynwerkers, houthakkers, jagters en ander avontuursoekers in die omgewing bedien het.

Teen die tyd dat Christine in 1960 aan die hoërskool studeer, het die stad 'n deel van sy bekendheid verloor. Sy het gesê dat daar 'n boek geskryf is oor die skandalige reputasie van Hurley en Hayward, 'n ander houtkappie in die noorde van Wisconsin, genaamd Hurley, Hayward en Hell. Die titel is vermoedelik ontleen aan die oproep van 'n treinkondukteur op die dag van "All on board for Hurley, Hayward and Hell" vir die houthakkers en mynwerkers wat in twee van die wildste stede in die streek op soek was na whisky en los vroue.

Die Pulitzerpryswenner, Edna Ferber, het haar roman Come And Get It uit 1935 gebaseer op Hurley se vroeë houtkapdae in Wisconsin. 'N Gelyknamige film is gemaak in 1936. Dit is geregisseer deur Howard Hawks en William Wyler en speel die hoofrolle van Edward Arnold, Frances Farmer en Joel McCrea. Die film bevat ook die liedjie "Aura Lee" uit die burgeroorlog, waarvan die melodie gebruik is vir "Love Me Tender", Elvis Presley se nommer 1-treffer in 1956.

Andy Abraham het 'n ietwat ongewone opvoeding gehad. Sy ma was 'n taverneienaar in Hurley en het Nora's Bar geopen in 1940. Abraham, wat in 1942 gebore is, en sy ses broers en susters het bo gewoon. Nora Abraham was 'n stoere dame wat 'n sigaar in haar kroeg gerook het, maar baie goedhartig was buite haar werkplek. Andy Abraham onthou dat sy ma 'mal oor musiek was en altyd 'n klavier in die huis gehad het'. Sy het seker gemaak dat Andy en sy broer van kleins af klavier neem en daarop aangedring dat hulle ook tapdanslesse moet neem.

Tapdans -voordragte in kostuums van hoede en sterte was Andy Abrahams se inleiding tot die optrede voor 'n gehoor. Die voordragte was waar Abraham die eerste keer sy toekomstige bandmaat in die sterrestelsels, Danny Sullivan, ontmoet het toe hulle albei voor die tienerjare was. Sullivan, wat in Ironwood gebore en gewoon het, het ook kraanlesse geneem en saam met sy suster Diane tydens die voordrag gedans.

Abraham’s biological father left when he was a child, and he was brought up by his stepfather who had a logging camp that he would operate every day. Andy was just ten-years-old when he started working in the woods with his stepfather. They would haul loads of pulp for a paper mill to a railroad boxcar on the first run and then mining timber to shore up the underground mines in Montreal, Wisconsin, located 5 miles southwest of Hurley. The Montreal Mine was part of the Gogebic Range and, at one time, was the deepest iron ore mine in the world.

Rock and roll first came to the Hurley-Ironwood area via the radio. Teens like Andy Abraham and Danny Sullivan tuned in to WLS out of Chicago for the Dick Biondi Show. Inspired by what he heard, Abraham’s first record purchase was “Rock Around The Clock” by Bill Haley And His Comets. From there he went on to purchase the latest hits by Elvis Presley, Little Richard, and the recordings on the Sun label of Carl Perkins, Johnny Cash, and Jerry Lee Lewis at the Johnson Music Store at 126 W. Aurora in Ironwood. Johnson’s doubled as an appliance store where you could buy hot water heaters, toilets, washers and driers, and televisions, as well as musical instruments and the latest rock and roll hits.

In a recent MRRL interview, Andy Abraham stated that Ironwood’s local station WJMS was “pretty progressive for being that far north.” Besides broadcasting rock and roll, the station had a regular band called the WJMS Barnyard Ramblers that played live on Saturday mornings, sponsored by the Brookdale Dairy. Abraham said that the group played mostly country music, but they were versatile and also performed some early rockabilly tunes. Andy got to know the band members, especially the guitar players, and watching the Barnyard Ramblers planted the seed that eventually led to Abraham joining his first band.

That opportunity would present itself just across the Montreal River in Ironwood in 1958. Ironwood native Greg Winn received a guitar for his birthday during his junior year at St. Ambrose High School. Winn had attended the seminary as a youngster, intending to become a priest, but changed his mind and returned to Ironwood. The area had a lot of good guitar players and teachers and Winn picked up some basic chords and taught himself to play. Things started to come together when his classmate and good friend, Danny Sullivan, also got a guitar.

Greg Winn was interviewed years later about his time in the Galaxies by Jim Oldsberg for his Lost and Found magazine. Oldsberg’s resulting article, Ad Libbing with The Galaxies, offers the best account of the band’s formation. “We started a band called the Halfbeats”, Winn told Oldsberg. “Our original drummer’s name was Jerry Gregory, one of our classmates. He had one drum, a snare, which he borrowed from the high school. He could keep a beat, but there wasn’t much he could do with only a snare. He soon lost interest and dropped out.” *

Winn and Sullivan then recruited Denny Galka from nearby Hurley as their second drummer but they need a bass player to round out the band. Danny Sullivan ran into Andy Abraham, who was a sophomore at J. E. Murphy High School in Hurley, told him about the band, and mentioned that they were looking for another guy. Abraham had started out on piano and had no trouble switching to electric bass after taking some lessons from a local musician.

“Denny Galka was a very successful teenage entrepreneur in his own right,” Abraham told Oldsberg. He ran his own record hop dances known as ‘Spinner Sanctum’. They were mostly in northern Wisconsin. Our first public performance, at a teen dance, was with him at the Hurley Memorial Building. Denny took 50% and wanted to split the other 50% with the rest of us. It was obvious then that we couldn’t do too much with him.” *

“Dick ‘Nite Train’ Williamson, an established disc jockey from Bessemer, Michigan, also ran record hops,” Winn told Oldsberg. They asked Williamson to be their agent/manager which led to Galka leaving the band. Williamson then brought in drummer Bernie Michelli to replace Galka. Michelli, who was eight years older, was also from Bessemer, which was located ten miles east of Ironwood, and had drummed in jazz, polka and country bands, as well as for strippers in Hurley. “We were his first rock band,” Winn stated “but as far as experience went, Bernie was by far the most well-rounded musician of the four of us.” *

The band had uniforms for their first gig with Williamson as their manager. They knew a seamstress in Hurley who made them pink puffy-sleeved blouses complete with a cummerbund, worn over black slacks. They were still billing themselves as the Halfbeats but were looking for a new name. Williamson suggested 'The Galaxies' from the new Ford Galaxie. The company had put out the model in early 1959 in a marketing attempt to appeal to the excitement surrounding the Space Race between the United States and Russia. The band was unanimous in accepting the new moniker.

“The first real dance I remember us playing was in Ashland, Wisconsin, just south of Lake Superior. We only knew 20 songs, which we had to play over and over,” Winn told Jim Oldsberg. “We played whatever was popular on the radio, but people often compared our style to Buddy Holly, Gene Vincent, and Eddie Cochran. I thought we sounded most like Vincent.” “Dan Sullivan was incredible,” Winn recalled “he was able to listen to a song twice and have all the lyrics and performer’s style memorized.” *

Andy Abraham had this to say about the Galaxies’ lead singer: “Danny Sullivan was a totally unassuming kind of person. If you were his friend, you were his friend period. I liked everything about him right off the bat. On stage, he was a female magnet. They were attracted to him immediately. He was a showman, and would get down and lay on the floor while performing.”

The Galaxies regularly rehearsed in the basement of St. Ambrose Church in Ironwood which had a stage. The band also had a regular gig in the Ironwood Memorial Building, which could hold a 1,000 people for a dance. It was at these dances that the band tried out their new songs and stage routines.

They started writing their own songs right away because they knew that original songs were important if the band was the be successful in rock and rock and roll. Buddy Holly and Chuck Berry were early role models. Danny wrote on his own at home. Andy also wrote at home on the piano while Greg Winn composed with both Sullivan and Abraham and contributed several guitar instrumentals.

Because of the young ages of Winn, Sullivan, and Abraham, the band was prevented from playing in bars. They played mostly high school hops or community dances to which teenagers would come. Most every town in the north had some sort of auditorium with a stage at one end of it and Dick Williamson booked the Galaxies for dances all over the Upper Peninsula, northern Wisconsin, and as far west as Minnesota.

The Galaxies had no idea that Williamson was going to be such as dynamo as their manager, but he was a well-known radio personality at WJMS and had a show six nights per week. He had quite a following, and got a lot of young people to come to his dances. Williamson also brought national acts to Ironwood including Conway Twitty, Dale Hawkins, Buddy Knox, and Jimmy Bowen and that’s how the Galaxies first met the man who produced their first 45.

Jimmy Bowen began as a teenage recording star in 1957 with his hit, “I’m Sticking With You”. The song was originally released as the flipside of Buddy Knox’ # 1 hit “Party Doll”, a song co-written by Knox and Bowen and recorded with their group, the Rhythm Orchids. “I’m Sticking With You” became a big hit on its own, selling over one million copies but Bowen’s singing career was not a successful as that of Knox, and he wanted to move into record production instead.

The Galaxies opened for Jimmy Bowen at a gig in Ironwood on June 20, 1959. He was impressed with the band, told them about the Kay Bank Studios in Minneapolis, Minnesota, and gave the Galaxies the phone number and address. Bowen was very anxious to get into record production and encouraged them to record with him.

Kay Bank Studios was a recording facility located at 2541 Nicollet Avenue in Minneapolis. Daniel Heilicher and his brother Amos started in a business together in the 1930s, distributing and stocking jukeboxes. In 1954, they founded the Soma Record label ("Amos" backwards), and started producing records in cooperation with Vernon Bank, owner of Kay Bank Studios.

Some significant recordings were made at Kay Bank and released on the Soma label over the years: Bobby Vee and The Shadows with “Susie Baby” in 1959, the Fendermen released “Muleskinner Blues” in 1960, and the Castaways’ “Liar, Liar” from 1965 were all on Soma. Although the songs were released on other labels, Dave Dudley recorded “Six Days On The Road” and the Trashmen recorded “Surfin’ Bird” at Kay Bank. In addition, Chad Allen and the Expressions (later renamed the Guess Who) came down from Canada and recorded their classic “Shakin’ All Over” at Kay Bank Studios.

Being from small towns in the Upper Peninsula, it was quite an experience traveling to their first recording session in September of 1959. “It was a big deal to make the long trip down to the Twin Cities spend the night in a hotel on our own wander the streets and look up at the 20 or 30 story buildings (nothing was over 2 or 3 stories in Ironwood), and get to work in a ‘real’ recording studio with a national star,” Winn recalled. “It was a blast!” *

Prior to the Galaxies’ first recording session at Kay Bank, they sometimes featured a singer named Mel Nikula at their gigs. Nikula worked for WDMJ-TV, the Upper Peninsula’s first television station. Although he was not a rocker like Danny Sullivan, Nikula was an effective ballad singer and was invited to accompany the band to the session in Minneapolis.

“The Galaxies spent six hours in the studio that day with Jimmy Bowen and C. W. Kendall who helped out with the musical direction. The band recorded four of their original tunes. First off was the incredible Sullivan-penned rocker, “If You Want To Be My Baby”. Danny Sullivan’s vocals were a cross between Eddie Cochran and Gene Vincent with a little Elvis thrown in for good measure. Greg Winn’s energetic Gibson lead guitar work on the tune and on his own instrumental composition of “Ad Lib” were fabulous, while Andy Abraham and Bernie Michelli tied everything together on bass and drums. The two other songs recorded that day were written by Abraham “I Want To Rock” with Andy on lead vocal, and the ballad “Love Has Its Ways” which featured Mel Nikula.” *

“Jimmy Bowen worked out all the accompanying paperwork, and the Galaxies paid him for his services as producer as well as the cost of the studio time. They also picked up the tab for the pressing of the 45 rpm. Because they were on a limited budget, only 300-500 copies of the record were pressed. “If You Want To Be My Baby” backed with “Ad Lib” was released on the band’s own Darbo label. (Darbo came from Jimmy Bowen’s wife’s name, Darlene Bowen).” *

Dick Williamson advised the band to change their name to ‘Danny and the Galaxies’ on the “If You Want To Be My Baby’ a-side of the disc because he felt that it would be easier to sell the band if one of the members was highlighted. Since Danny Sullivan was the singer and also had a very strong stage presence, he was the logical choice. Listen to "If You Want To Be My Baby" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wECpg2QX1C4

Unfortunately, Jimmy Bowen seemed to lose interest in the Galaxies after the session for a variety of reasons. His long partnership with Buddy Knox was coming to an end as was his recording contract with Roulette Records. He didn’t use his music industry contacts to help the band get signed to a national record company that could have promoted and distributed the single. Instead, Bowen signed with a new label and continued his singing career for a few more years. In the early 1960s, Bowen moved to Los Angeles and was hired as a record producer by Frank Sinatra for his new label, Reprise Records. He would go on to produce hits for Dean Martin, Sammy Davis Jr. and Dino, Desi, & Billy along with Sinatra’s # 1 hit “Strangers In The Night” which won three Grammys in 1967, including Record of the Year for Bowen.

In the early 1970s, Bowen moved to Nashville where he enjoyed great success producing Glen Campbell, Conway Twitty, Kenny Rogers, Hank Williams Jr., the Oak Ridge Boys, Reba McEntire, and Garth Brooks. Bowen also revolutionized the way music was recorded in Nashville, introducing digital technology and modernizing the way instruments were recorded and mixed.

While Bowen went on to fame and fortune, things were quite different for the Galaxies. “We never made a penny in royalties from the record,” said Greg Winn. “What little we made came from selling small quantities of discs ourselves, off the stage. Neither song ever got played on the air in Minneapolis, but both were aired in our hometown.” *

In an advertisement in the Ironwood Daily Globe, the band was pictured under the banner ‘Home Town Boys Make Good!’ Area residents were invited to hear the record over WJMS-AM 590 and attend a live afternoon performance at Johnson Music Store by ‘the Range’s first recording group’. The Darbo record also earned the Galaxies a gig at the ornate Ironwood Theatre, built in 1928. The movie palace presented two complete band performances at 7 and 9pm along the thrilling 1959 motion picture Speed Crazy, starring Brett Halsey. All seats were 75 cents. **

Greg Winn remembered the performance. “Dan Sullivan was a good-looking Irish/Italian kid trying his darnedest to sound like Elvis. At the Ironwood Theatre, Dan sang Ricky Nelson’s “Lonesome Town”. He laid down on the front of the stage, and they hit him with a blue spotlight. There were probably some girls there that night that wet their pants! I only sang two solos in the band – one was Dorsey Burnette’s “Hey Little One”. Andy Abraham sang the Little Richard songs he had a higher voice than Dan’s.” *

Bernie Michelli was the only member of the band that was married in 1959, and his wife, Marilyn, often traveled with the Galaxies and sold records at the gigs. “Danny had a beautiful voice,” Marilyn told the Daily Globe in 2007. “Danny was the one that could’ve gone places.” On the road, Marilyn said that Dick Williamson often pretended that she was his wife, telling the band, “you can’t have one of the Galaxies married.” ***

Putting on a good show was an important part of the Galaxies’ appeal. Bernie Michelli was featured in a lengthy drum solo during which their manager and the other members of the Galaxies took away his drums one by one, leaving “Gene of the North” (Michelli’s nickname taken from his musical idol, the great drummer Gene Krupa) with only his drumsticks. Greg Winn would leap from the stage, tethered by a 50-foot guitar cord and land on his knees or climb on Andy Abraham’s shoulders and play guitar solos behind his head. ***

These were the days when bands strove to look different from their audience. In 1959, the Galaxies added another uniform of bright white sport coats with short-sleeved red shirts and red pants. Greg Winn told Jim Oldsberg that the first time they wore the new uniforms was memorable. “We played the first set in the pink and black outfits,” Winn said. “Before the start of the second set, we closed the stage curtains and got into place behind them. The curtains opened to reveal us in those bright red and white outfits. The kids were mesmerized. That night I don’t think we could have done anything wrong.” *

Always stylish, the Galaxies' other costumes ranged from cardigan sweaters with wide gray and black stripes, to peach satin shirts, and white tuxedo jackets with green sequined lapels. **

Having a record out was an important factor in getting gigs, and Dick Williamson booked them as far away as Duluth, Minnesota, as well as Madison, Milwaukee, and Green Bay, Wisconsin. The Galaxies also appeared on television several times – The Johnny Sax Show in Green Bay and a Bandstand-type program in Duluth on which they played live rather than lip-synching.

Williamson was also instrumental in eventually getting the Galaxies a record deal. He knew John O’Brien, the regional distributor for Guaranteed Records, who was based in Milwaukee. It was through this connection that the Galaxies got a contract with the New York record label to release a second single.

Guaranteed was a subsidiary of the Carlton Records label. Carlton had enjoyed a great deal of success in 1958 and 1959 with Jack Scott who had charted 8 songs in the Billboard Hot 100, including the Top 40 hits: “My True Love”, “Leroy”, “With Your Love”, “Goodbye Baby” and “The Way I Walk”.

Guaranteed’s big artist was Paul Evans who had charted three Top 40 singles in 1959 and 1960: “Seven Little Girls Sitting In The Back Seat”, “Midnite Special”, and “Happy-Go-Lucky-Me”.

Dick Williamson had a New York connection because a girl from Ironwood that he knew, Julann Wright, was married to Merv Griffin. Williamson hoped to use his Merv Griffin connection to see if he could get the Galaxies on American Bandstand. Unfortunately, Dick Clark was one of the main targets in the congressional hearings surrounding the payola scandal at the time, and the possibility of the Galaxies appearing on the program got lost in the turmoil encircling the investigation of the Bandstand host.

“When we signed with the people at Guaranteed, Dan and Dick flew to New York. The rest of us stayed behind. I was the leader, but Dan went because he was the singer,” Winn told Oldsberg. “We were told that the contract that Jimmy Bowen had set up for us was illegal. Bowen had lost interest in us, anyway, so we figured the Guaranteed deal would be just the shot in the arm the band needed.” *

The Galaxies recorded their one and only single for Guaranteed at the Kay Bank Studios in Minneapolis in 1960. The a-side was “My Tattle Tale (I’m Gonna Tell My Mommy On You)”, a frantic rocker that lasted just 1 minute and 36 seconds, written by Sullivan and Winn. Danny Sullivan’s lead vocal is similar to Eddie Cochran’s and Greg Winn provides both the falsetto voice in the song and a driving guitar solo. Andy Abraham’s bass is also prominent in the mix. The flipside was an instrumental version of the Abraham-penned song called “Love Has Its Way” that the band had first recorded with Bowen at their first session. Listen to "My Tattle Tale" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JXNmq5VghEU

When the second 45 was issued, Johnson Music Store promoted the event with another ad. ‘The (Gogebic) Range’s own Galaxies flew to New York to make this hit record and signed a record contract with Carlton Record Corp., a national house of record hits! We’re for them, the teenagers are for them…we all wish them well,’ the copy boasted. The ad urged readers to ‘be the first to hear and buy this new record.’ **

The Galaxies made another appearance at the store where they autographed copies of the record on request. Copies of “My Tattle Tale” were enclosed in a sleeve which asked record buyers to join the Paul Evans Fan Club, although the Galaxies had a national fan club of their own. In the accompanying news story, the Ironwood Daily Globe reported that “My Tattle Tale” was in the ‘Top 60 record hits in the Milwaukee area.’ The newspaper also noted that the Galaxies ‘have been busy lately making personal appearances in Detroit and Milwaukee.’ **

Throughout 1960 and most of 1961 the Galaxies rode high locally on the success of being a national recording group. They played at the Eagles Club in Milwaukee in 1960, sharing the stage with Della Reese at the fifth annual Millie Awards. They were the opening act at a Conway Twitty concert and played at a fund-raiser for U.P. Senator Joe Mack, but they weren’t making much money. Greg Winn claimed that in 1960, he made just under $1,000. *** That might be fine for a high school student, but in 1961, Winn married his high school sweetheart Lucia and now had to think about supporting a wife, and Danny Sullivan had met Christine Gygi.

Christine was born in Ironwood in 1942 but grew up in Gile, Wisconsin, a tiny town north of Hurley. Her family was of Swiss descent and her father worked in the Cary Mine, one of the largest iron mines in the Gogebic Range. Christine attended St. Mary’s Catholic Grade School with Andy Abraham through the 8th grade in Hurley, before joining him for the next four years at the town’s J. E. Murphy High School.

She was a rock and roll fan and bought records by Buddy Holly and Elvis Presley at the Johnson Music Sore in Ironwood. Christine started dating Danny Sullivan in 1960, the year she graduated from high school. There was an immediate attraction between her and the singer who had graduated in 1959.

They were already talking about marriage when Danny and Dick Williamson flew to New York to meet with Carlton Records, and the couple married in 1961 at St. Mary’s Church in Hurley. Their first child, Sue, was born the following year.

The marriages were the reason Andy Abraham quit the band in 1961. “Everyone was getting married,” he told the Daily Globe in 2007. “You can’t be a rock-n-roll band when you’re married.” *** Interviewed by MRRL in 2017, Abraham said that leaving the band was a mistake on his part. “I didn’t realize that something like what we had in the Galaxies doesn’t come around very often.”

The Galaxies carried on with a new bass player named Denny Soltis while Abraham enrolled in college. The band traveled to Minnesota to compete in the Duluth Portorama Battle of the Bands and won the first-place trophy – the winner was determined by the applause from a crowd of over 3,000 music lovers. ***

The next blow came when Greg Winn decided to leave in late 1961 and moved to Wausau, Wisconsin. Sullivan, Michelli, and Soltis carried on as a trio for a time, but it just wasn’t the same, and the band came to an end in 1962.

Winn then moved to Racine, Wisconsin, where he worked as a computer tech for NCR. He transferred to the Twin Cities four years later and continued to work in computers as a tech instructor and tech writer. At one point, he was working full-time while taking a full course load at the university of Minnesota as a music theory major. Winn, who fathered four children with his first wife and one more with his second, moved back to the Ironwood area in 1999. He played piano and organ in a number of local churches until his death from cancer in 2014. *** Listen to Greg Winn and the Galaxies on the instrumental "Ad Lib" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rUBAf2qkK_Y

Dick Williamsom moved to Calfornia shortly after the Galaxies broke up. He died there in 2010, the result of a fall.

Bernie Michelli stayed behind in Bessemer. He and Marilyn had four children, and he had a good job with the city’s water department. He also kept the Galaxies name going, playing weddings with new members well into the 1970’s but it was a pale imitation of the original band, and this version never recorded. Bernie died of cancer in 2007.

Danny Sullivan and his family moved to Wausau and took a job at the A&P store. He formed a new band called Three Of A Kind, shortly thereafter, with Sullivan on guitar and lead vocals, Wally Cegielski on steel guitar, and Dick Kamerus on drums.

In 1968, Danny, Christine, Sue, and Dan Jr., who was born in 1964, moved to Eau Claire, Wisconsin, so that Danny could attend barber school. While there, he formed another band called the Knott Brothers. The following year, Danny and family moved back to Wausau and he put together a new version of the Knott Brothers and recorded a single on the Page Records label, “Stick Out Your Cans, Here Comes The Garbage Man” backed with “I Know This Hurt by Heart”.

Sadly, Danny Sullivan suffered from manic depression but effective treatment of the condition was still in the early stages, and the medications prescribed by doctors in 1970 were not always effective in treating the disorder. In a 2017 interview with MRRL, Christine said that “the medication Danny was on at the time of his death really took him down, but we didn’t realize it.” It was during one of those very dark periods that Danny took his own life.

After Danny’s death, Christine and the children moved back to Gile where she had the support of both her family and Danny’s parents. In the late 1970’s, Christine married Kenny Forslund, an area school teacher.

Andy Abraham returned to music in 1964 when he joined a band called Frank Martinez and The Pharomen. The group recorded one single for the Soma label and both songs, “Jeanette” and a new version of “Love Has Its Way”, were penned by Abraham. He later picked up the pedal steel guitar and played in rock, country, and jazz bands all over the United States and Canada.

He met his wife in California, and they owned and operated a restaurant called The Rainbow in Olympia, Washington, that specialized in ethnic food and live jazz. Abraham and his wife produced many shows at the venue and were part of the West Coast jazz circuit for fifteen years.

In 1992, Abraham moved back to Wisconsin his mother was near death and his marriage was failing. It was shortly after moving back that he reconnected with Danny Sullivan’s son, his widow Christine, and one of Danny’s sisters at Nora’s Bar, the tavern his mother owned for over 50 years. The bar is still in the Abraham family, now owned by Andy’s brother Mike and his sister Margaret who operate it under its original name.

Dan Sullivan Jr. has been a champion of the Galaxies’ legacy for many years, giving him the chance to learn more about the father he lost when he was very young. When his grandmother, Rosie Sullivan of Ironwood, died, Dan Jr. inherited all of the memorabilia she had saved from her son’s musical career.

He has been collecting Galaxies’ materials ever since, and he has put them to good use in a museum display for Andy Abraham that he put together at the Iron County Historical Society Museum in Hurley. Sullivan is also planning an exhibit at the Ironwood Area Historical Society Museum for Greg Winn and his father, as well as one for Bernie Michelli at the Bessemer Area Heritage Center.

The Galaxies came in first place in the 2017 online vote for the Michigan Rock and Roll Legends Internet Hall of Fame with more 400 votes more than either of the other two inductees. It was the largest vote margin in the history of the MRRL Hall of Fame.


Inhoud

According to Andrew Lloyd Webber, Starlight Express has its roots in three abandoned projects: an animated TV series based on Thomas the Tank Engine, a novelty pop single, and an animated film based on Cinderella.

In 1974, Lloyd Webber approached author Reverend W. Awdry about adapting Awdry's Thomas the Tank Engine stories as an animated TV series. [5] Following the meeting, Lloyd Webber started composing, with actor and children's TV writer Peter Reeves contributing lyrics. They pitched their material to Granada TV, who commissioned a pilot episode. The episode was completed in early 1976, but Granada ultimately decided not to produce a full series as they feared that Awdry's stories were not then popular enough outside the UK to justify investing the time and money needed to make the series. [6] Ironically, the Thomas the Tank Engine series premiered seven months after Starlight Express and became highly successful.

After withdrawing from the project, Lloyd Webber heard a recording of an American soul singer, Earl Jordan, who could sing three notes at once in the style of a steam whistle. Lloyd Webber and Peter Reeves wrote a novelty pop song for Jordan called "Engine of Love", which was released in 1977. [7] The song failed to chart, but "Engine of Love" would go on to feature in some productions of Starlight Express and the melody was also later used for "He'll Whistle At Me".

Around the same time as writing "Engine of Love", an American TV station invited Lloyd Webber to compose songs for an animated film of Cinderella. In this version of the story, the Prince would hold a competition to decide which engine would pull the royal train across the United States of America. Cinderella would be a steam engine and the ugly sisters would be a diesel engine and an electric engine. The project went into development hell, but Lloyd Webber remained interested in the idea of telling a story with trains. [8]

Starlight Express proper began in early 1981. Lloyd Webber asked lyricist Richard Stilgoe to help him revive the idea as a concert for schools, in the style of Lloyd Webber's breakthrough musical, Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat. Lloyd Webber and Stilgoe presented two songs the following summer at the Sydmonton Festival, Lloyd Webber's private event for showcasing new work. The director Trevor Nunn watched the performance and offered to help develop the material from something "twee" [9] to something with more "spectacle and theatre magic". [10]

Together, Lloyd Webber, Stilgoe and Nunn developed the story to include the idea of trains and coaches racing. The choreographer Arlene Phillips was brought on board along with the designer John Napier, who suggested staging the show on roller skates. [11]

In 1983 the first act of Starlight Express was workshopped by Nunn and Phillips with a cast that included the comedian Tracey Ullman. Based on the workshop's success, Starlight Express went into full-scale production, eventually opening in March 1984.

Starlight Express has been revised many times since it was first produced. Each professional production has differed from the last. These differences range from tweaks to lyrics, to the omission or inclusion of entire songs, characters and sub-plots. Throughout Starlight Express ' s history, however, the fundamental story has stayed the same: a young but obsolete steam engine, Rusty, races in a championship against modern engines in the hope of impressing a first-class carriage, Pearl.

This plot summary reflects the show as it was first produced, in the West End in 1984.

Act 1 Edit

The reigning champion – a diesel engine called Greaseball – enters with his cavalcade train known as the Union Pacific. They boast of diesel's supremacy ("Rolling Stock"). Next, a steam engine called Rusty enters. Greaseball mocks Rusty, who replies that he will win the championship, despite steam being obsolete compared to diesel ("Call Me Rusty"). Control intervenes and orders Rusty to collect a passenger train from the marshalling yard. He returns with four coaches that make up the passenger train: a dining car called Dinah, a smoking car called Ashley, a buffet car called Buffy, and an observation car called Pearl. Control sends Rusty away to fetch a freight train as the coaches introduce themselves to the audience ("A Lotta Locomotion"). Greaseball returns. He boasts again, this time to the coaches ("Pumping Iron"). Rusty returns with the six trucks that make up the freight train: three boxcars called Rocky 1, Rocky 2 and Rocky 3, a brick truck called Flat-Top, an aggregate hopper called Dustin and a brake truck called C.B.. They introduce themselves to the audience and argue with the coaches over whether it is preferable to carry people or cargo ("Freight").

Control declares entries for the championship open. Six trains arrive to challenge Greaseball: Bobo, the French TGV Espresso, the Italian Rome-to-Milan Express Weltschaft, the German Class 103 Turnov, the Trans-Siberian Express from Russia Hashamoto, the Japanese Shinkansen Bullet Train and the City of Milton Keynes, the Advanced Passenger Train from Great Britain. Entries are about to close when a surprise entry – an electric engine called Electra – arrives. Accompanied by his entourage of five components – an armaments truck called Krupp, a repair truck called Wrench, a money truck called Purse, a freezer truck called Volta and an animal truck called Joule – Electra declares that electricity is the future of the railways ("AC/DC"). Greaseball en Electra vier mekaar op terwyl die deelnemers 'n parade vorm om die wedloop te vier ("Coda of Freight").

Beheer kondig die reëls van die kampioenskap aan: die treine sal in pare meeding, met 'n enjin wat 'n afrigter trek. Daar sal drie uitdunne uitdunne wees, en die wenner van elke uitdun gaan na die eindronde om die vinnigste trein te bepaal. Die enjins begin hul afrigters kies. Rusty bied aan om met Pearl te jaag, maar sy verwerp hom en verduidelik dat sy wag vir haar 'droomtrein' ('He Whistled at Me'). Electra se boodskapper, Purse, kom in met 'n uitnodiging van Electra. Alhoewel Electra ook nie haar droomtrein is nie, aanvaar sy dit en laat Rusty alleen.