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Geskiedenis van Tuscaloosa, Alabama

Geskiedenis van Tuscaloosa, Alabama

Tuscaloosa, die setel van die provinsie Tuscaloosa, is in die weste van die sentrale Alabama, aan die Black Warrior River geleë. Die stad is vernoem na die Choctaw -hoof Tascaluza, oftewel Tuskalusa, wat in 1540 deur Hernando de Soto in die Slag van Mauvila verslaan is. Die woord Tuscaloosa is afgelei van twee Choctaw -Indiese woorde - "tushka" (vegter) en "lusa" (swart). Die riviere by Tuscaloosa was die mees suidelike plek op die rivier wat gedurende die grootste deel van die jaar deurlopend gedryf kon word. Dieselfde netwerk van Indiese paadjies wat op die terrein saamgedrom het, het later wit setlaars na die gebied gebring. Die digtheid van wit setlaars in die gebied het aansienlik toegeneem na die oorlog van 1812. Die houthutte wat gou naby die groot Creek -dorp gevestig is, is vernoem ter ere van die legendariese Choctaw -opperhoof. Alabama se territoriale regering het Tuscaloosa op 13 Desember 1819, die vorige dag, opgeneem. Alabama betree die Unie as die 22ste staat. In 1826 is Tuscaloosa gekies as die hoofstad van die staat en het as sodanig gedien tot 1846. Die plek van die hoofstad is nou 'n argeologiese terrein, bewaar in Capitol Park. Die Universiteit van Alabama is hier gestig in 1831. Die stad het vinnig gegroei totdat die hoofstad na Montgomery, wat 'n vinnige afname in die bevolking veroorsaak het. Die Bryce State Hospital for the Insane, wat in die 1850's gestig is, het egter gehelp om die stad se lot te herstel. Die fasiliteit, wat nou Bryce State Hospital genoem word, is die grootste psigiatriese fasiliteit in die staat in die staat. Gedurende die laaste deel van die oorlog het 'n bemanning van die Unie -troepe wat die stad aanval, die kampus van die Universiteit van Alabama verbrand. Na die Burgeroorlog het Presbyterians die Stillman College gestig, een van die vooraanstaande swart kolleges in die Suide. die hawe van die Golf van Mobile, wat veral die mynbou- en metallurgiese nywerhede in die streek stimuleer. Die stad is nou die middelpunt van nywerheid, handel, gesondheidsorg en onderwys vir die streek wat algemeen bekend staan ​​as Wes -Alabama.Die munisipale lughawe van Tuscaloosa is Van de Graff Field. Robert Jemison Van de Graaff, Amerikaanse fisikus en uitvinder van die Van deGraaff -kragopwekker, is in 1901 in Tuscaloosa gebore. Sy kinderhuis, die Van de Graaff -herehuis, staan ​​nog steeds. groot ou eikebome. In 1916 het die Druid City Infirmary met 10 beddens geopen. Dit het uiteindelik gegroei tot die DCH Regional Medical Center. As universiteits- en universiteitsdorp het Tuscaloosa 'n wye verskeidenheid museums. Die Alabama Museum vir Natuurgeskiedenis op die UA campushas die Hodges Meteoriet, die enigste meteoriet wat 'n mens getref het. Op die kampus is ook die Children's Hands-On Museum, wat vir die eerste keer in 1986 geopen is. Bryant Museum vereer die legendariese voetbalafrigter van die UA. Die Westervelt-Warner Museum of American Art is naby die NorthRiver Yacht Club in Tuscaloosa geleë. Die Kunsteraad van Tuscaloosaprodelings bied steun aan om artistieke ondernemings in die Tuscaloosa -omgewing te ondersteun.


Tuscaloosa

Ons redakteurs gaan na wat u ingedien het, en bepaal of hulle die artikel moet hersien.

Tuscaloosa, stad, setel (1819) van die provinsie Tuscaloosa, Wes -Alabama, VSA, aan die Black Warrior River, ongeveer 90 kilometer suidwes van Birmingham. Dit is in 1816 gestig deur Thomas York op grond wat na die Creek -oorlog vir vestiging oopgemaak is, en is vernoem na die Choctaw -hoof Tuscaloosa ("Black Warrior"), wat in 1540 teen die Spaanse ontdekkingsreisiger Hernando de Soto geveg het. Die stad was die hoofstad van die staat ( 1826–46) en is gedeeltelik verbrand (April 1865) tydens die Amerikaanse burgeroorlog.

Dienste, veral gesondheidsorg en onderwys, is 'n groot deel van die ekonomie. Pluimveeverwerking en steenkoolmynbou is ook belangrik. Vervaardigings sluit in motors, bande, draadskerms, kompakte skywe, papierprodukte en staal. Die stad is die tuiste van die Universiteit van Alabama (geopen 1831), Stillman College (1876) en Shelton State Community College (1979). Lake Lurleen State Park en die westelike deel van die Talladega National Forest is naby. Die argeologiese park Moundville is 23 km suid van die stad geleë. Verskeie antebellum-huise bly oor, waaronder Gorgas House (1829) en Battle-Friedman House (1835). Die Alabama Museum vir Natuurgeskiedenis is op die universiteitskampus.

Tuscaloosa is in April 2011 getref deur 'n kragtige tornado (deel van die Super -uitbraak van 2011) wat 'n groot deel van die stad en die omliggende gebied verwoes het. Inc. 1819. Pop. (2000) stad, 77 906 Tuscaloosa MSA, 164 875 (2010) stad, 90 468 Tuscaloosa MSA, 219 461.

Hierdie artikel is onlangs hersien en bygewerk deur Kenneth Pletcher, senior redakteur.


Geskiedenis van Tuscaloosa, Alabama - Geskiedenis

Bron: Alabama As It Is deur Benjamin Franklin Riley, D. D., 1887, getranskribeer deur C. Anthony

Die graafskap Tuscaloosa is in 1818 georganiseer. Dit word genoem uit die Indiese naam van die hoofstroom. Dit is een van die bekendste graafskappe van die staat, die belangrikste stad wat eens die hoofstad van Alabama was, en nou die setel van die Staatsuniversiteit, die Insane Asylum, sowel as die van 'n aantal vroulike onderskeidende skole was.

Die elemente van rykdom in die provinsie Tuscaloosa is uiteenlopend. Daar is 'n groot verskeidenheid gronde sowel as produksies, en die provinsie het 'n groot hoeveelheid minerale.

Dit het 'n oppervlakte van 1,390 vierkante myl.

Bevolking in 1870, 20 081 bevolking in 1880, 24 957. Wit, 15 216 gekleurd, 9 741.

Tilled Land: 111,171 hektaar. & Mdash Area geplant in katoen, 33,773 hektaar mielies, 38,638 hektaar hawer, 6,974 hektaar koring, 2,689 hektaar rog, 130 hektaar suikerriet, 35 hektaar tabak, 20 hektaar patats, 919 hektaar. Katoenproduksie: 11 137 bale.

In die hele provinsie Tuscaloosa is die oppervlak heuwelagtig en stukkend. Hierdie onreëlmatigheid heers in sommige oorde meer as in ander miskien, maar dit is die algemene reël. Die vrugtevrugte wissel baie. In die oostelike, noordoostelike en noordelike dele van die graafskap is daar maar min lande van groot waarde vir bewerkingsdoeleindes. Die grond is sag, alhoewel daar gebiede is waar die land redelik produktief is. Kunsmis, wat met oordeel gebruik word, sal selfs die mees belowende grond in hierdie dele van die land produktief maak. Deur die middel van Tuscaloosa, en in die westelike en suidelike gedeeltes, word die waardevolste en voordeligste gronde aangetref. Die lande wat die boere die meeste ag, is dié wat langs die strome lê. Hierdie bodems is in sommige afdelings baie smal, maar is byna altyd vrugbaar. Die beste lof vir aanplantings lê langs die Warrior -rivier, in die onderste deel van die graafskap.

Nadat hierdie rivier verby die stad Tuscaloosa gestroom het, begin die bodems breër word en word dit lank reeds verbou. In hierdie afdeling vind u 'n paar van die mees uitnodigende plase in die staat. Beide mielies en katoen lewer baie op. Die grootste deel van die katoenoes van die provinsie Tuscaloosa word op die valleilande geplant. Uit die voorafgaande moet nie afgelei word dat die produktiewe gronde tot die wasbakke van die land beperk is nie. Dit is nie die feit nie. Daar is 'n groot hoeveelheid hoogland wat baie gewaardeer word vir sy produktiewe vermoëns. Na raming word die helfte van die bewerkbare gronde van die provinsie Tuscaloosa bestee aan die vervaardiging van katoen. Mielies, hawer, ertjies, rog en sorghum groei met groot gereedheid Grasse en klawers groei pragtig wanneer hulle verbou word. Deur die woude en op die ou landerye en uitgestrekte lande is daar gedurende driekwart van die jaar 'n swerm inheemse klawers en grasse, wat uitstekende weiveldgeriewe bied. Dit word in verband gebring met die feit dat die land merkwaardig goed natgemaak is, veral in dele waar die beste kruie uitspruit, dui op die gunstigheid van hierdie streek vir veeboerdery. Baie van die inwoners waardeer hierdie feit en is reeds besig met hierdie winsgewende nywerheidsbedryf.

Die woude van die graafskap is gevul met geel of langblaar denne, wat grootliks groei en op groot hoogte die eik, wit, rooi, blackjack en Spaanse eike, soetgom, populier, elm, hickory, baai, kersie en katoenhout . Daar is baie saagmeulens in die land wat toegewy is aan die vervaardiging van hout. Die talle strome wat deur hierdie enorme woude vloei, het gewoonlik 'n aansienlike val, en bied baie waardevolle sitplekke vir meulens en ander soortgelyke ondernemings. Die waterkrag van die provinsie is geweldig groot. Die minerale rykdom van die graafskap, hoewel grootliks onontwikkeld, is groot. Daar word beraam dat byna, indien nie heeltemal nie, vyf-sewende van die totale oppervlakte van die provinsie steenkool bevat. Die kwaliteit van die steenkool is goed. Die steenkoolmaatreëls van hierdie graafskap word beskou as die dikste van die Warrior -steenkoolveld, en inderdaad die dikste wat in die wêreld bestaan ​​het. Die uitgebreide minerale rykdom van die graafskap kan hier niks meer genoem word nie. Vir diegene wat belangstel om die saak te ondersoek, word verwys na die akkurate verslag van professor Henry McCalley, assistent -staatsgeoloog, oor die Warrior -steenkoolveld. Dit word onder die vaandel van die staat gepubliseer en is vir verniet verspreiding. Vlaggesteentes en mangaan word in die land aangetref. Vervoer word beveilig deur die Alabama Great Southern -spoorweg en die Warrior -rivier. Die eerste hiervan bied kommersiële fasiliteite aan New Orleans en Cincinnati, en laasgenoemde maak 'n natuurlike snelweg na die golf oop. Die nuwe spoorlyn van Mobile na die Tennessee -rivier sal na verwagting deur hierdie provinsie loop. Dit, tesame met die natuurlike voordele, maak Tuscaloosa 'n uitnodigende plek vir verblyf.

Soos reeds aangedui, is die watertoevoer van die land onbeperk. Die strome is die riviere Black Warrior, Sipsey en North en Valley, Yellow, Grant 's, Rock Castle, Wolf, Shoal, Davis en Big Sandy. Verskeie hiervan dring deur tot groot gebiede van swaar, waardevolle hout. Op die lae plekke, gewoonlik langs die spruite, word digte remme van wilde riet aangetref, wat baie geniet word deur voorraad. Vrugte van verskillende variëteite is volop in die hele land. Die belangrikste hiervan is appels, perskes, pere, pruime, kersies en aarbeie. Daar is verskeie florerende nywerhede in die graafskap, waaronder die Tuscaloosa Cotton Mills, by Cottondale en die Cotton Factory in Tuscaloosa, die yster gietery en die oliemolens van katoensaad, naby die stad Tuscaloosa. Ander bedrywe is in oordenking.

Die besienswaardighede in die provinsie is Tuscaloosa, die setel, met 'n bevolking van 2 000 Northport, Cottondale en Fosters.

Tuscaloosa is een van die mees uitnodigende plekke in die staat, beide as woonplek en as 'n vervaardigingsplek. Die nabyheid aan die groot mineraalvelde en die ligging aan die hoof van die navigasie op die Warrior, gee dit 'n besliste voordeel as 'n vervaardigingspunt. Dit is al jare lank die setel van die Universiteit van Alabama, een van die bekendste literêre instellings van die Suide. Daar bestaan ​​ook instellings vir vroulike opvoeding. Die stad is al lank bekend om sy skoonheid, sy breë strate, in die skaduwee van die inheemse waterval, sy aantreklike kerke, uitstekende skoolgeboue en aantreklike wonings. In die sosiale kultuur is dit die eweknie van enige suidelike stad. Die ligging daarvan is gunstig vir die aanplant van industriële ondernemings. Net buite sy perke buig die val van die Warrior -rivier, wat vanweë hul geweldige krag uitstekend pas by die ligging van fabrieke. Omring deur soveel elemente van natuurlike rykdom en met 'n gesonde ligging, is die stad Tuscaloosa in die toekoms baie prominent. Dit is aan die hoof van die navigasie van die Warrior -rivier geleë en geniet kommersiële betrekkinge met Mobile deur 'n reeks stoomwaens.

'N Ysterbrug strek oor die rivier in die noordwestelike deel van die stad en verenig dit met die spaarsamige stad Northport, anderkant die Warrior. Gronde word in verskillende dele van die provinsie geraam en wissel tussen $ 2 en $ 25 per hektaar. Binne die perke van die land is 109,520 hektaar regeringsgrond.

TUSCALOOSA County.

Bron: Noord -Alabama - Histories en biografies deur Smith & De Land, Birmingham, Ala 1888 - getranskribeer deur Veneta McKinney

Bevolking: Wit, 15 216 gekleurd, 9 711. Oppervlakte, vierkante myl, 1,390. Bosveld, almal. Grusagtige heuwels en langblare, 675. Steenkool is 965 vierkante kilometer groot.

Akker - In katoen (ongeveer) 33.773 in koring 38.638 in hawer 6.974 in koring 2.689 in rog 130 in suikerriet 35 in tabak 20 in patats 919. Geskatte aantal bale katoen, 12.000.

County Seat - 2,500 bevolking van Tuscaloosa, geleë aan die Black Warrior River aan die hoof van stoombootnavigasie en op die Alabama Great Southern Railroad.

Koerante gepubliseer by County Seat - Gazette, Times en Alabama University - die voormalige Demokratiese en laasgenoemde opvoedkundige.

Poskantore in die graafskap - Binion's Creek, Clement's Depot, Coaling, Cottondale, Dudley, Fosters, Hagler, Hayes, Hybernia, Hickman 's, Hull, Humphrey, Jena, Leled Lane, McConnell 's, Marcumville, Moore & #39s Bridge, New Lexington, Northport, Odenheim, Olmsted Station, Oregonia, Reuben, Romulus, Samantha, Sipsey Turnpike, Skelton, Sylvan, Tannehill, Tuscaloosa, Tyner, Waldo, White Cloud.

Tuscaloosa County is op 7 Februarie 1818 gestig.

Die oorspronklike noordelike grens was dié van die huidige graafskappe Marion en Winston. Dit is vernoem na die rivier Tuscaloosa, wat daardeur vloei. Die naam is afkomstig van die Choctaw-woorde, tusca, warrior, loosa, black, vandaar Black-warrior. Die noordelike en noordoostelike gedeeltes van die graafskap bevat die beste geel dennewoude met lang blare in die staat. Populier, as, wit eik, hickory en beuk, en ander van die bosbome, waarvan sommige wonderlik groot is. Steenkool, ystererts en vuurkleie is volop in die hele land.

Benewens die koningin en halfmaan, is verskeie spoorweë geprojekteer en opgemeet, en 'n groot mag bou nou een, die Tuscaloosa Northern, wat die Warrior nege myl bokant die stad kruis, en die groot steenkool- en houtband noord en noordoos van die stad, en maak verbinding met die Georgia Pacific in Ada, en daarvandaan met die groot St. Louis & amp; Memphis -stelsels, wat toegang tot die Groot Weste bied. Die Gulf & amp Chicago is ondervra van Florence na Mobile, met 'n merkwaardige lae graad, gegewe die rowwe land waardeur die noordelike afdeling deurloop. Die Mobile & amp Tuscaloosa is ook ondersoek, wat via Jackson na Natchez uitgebrei sal word. Boonop is nog 'n belangrike spoorlyn, die Great Northwestern, wat van Montgomery deur die Cahaba- en Warrior-steenkoolvelde, via Tuscaloosa na Sheffield, gebou moet word.

Die Tuscaloosa Cotton Mills, met ongeveer 200 weefstowwe, het ses jaar gelede met $ 40,000 kapitaal begin en meer as $ 250,000 aan werknemers uitbetaal. Die garingmeulens van L. P. Gander loop ongeveer 3000 spindels en het hul opbrengs binne die afgelope jaar verdubbel. Dit is aan die rivierfront geleë en is 'n voorbeeld van sukses. Die Cottondale Mills was ewe suksesvol. Benewens hierdie, is vier of vyf uitgebreide steenwerwe suksesvol in bedryf.

WATERMEULENS VAN TUSCALOOSA -LAND IN 1886

Bron: Bulletin, Geological Survey of Alabama, deur Truman H. Aldrich, 1886 - getranskribeer deur Veneta McKinney

Die volgende is 'n lys van die waterkragte wat gebruik word. Die meeste van hierdie magte is klein, maar hulle vorm 'n groot totaal, en hulle verteenwoordig slegs 'n onbeduidende deel van die mag wat ontwikkel kan word.


Tuscaloosa County

Clark Hall, geleë in die west-sentrale deel van die staat en die tuiste van die staat se grootste universiteit, Universiteit van Alabama, is Tuscaloosa County die geboorteplek van "Queen of the Blues" Dinah Washington (1924-1963), een van die invloedrykste sangers van die twintigste eeu, en die National Football League -ster John Stallworth van die Pittsburgh Steelers. Die provinsie was waarskynlik ook die tuiste van die mees gevierde afrigter van die universiteitsvoetbal van die twintigste eeu, Paul "Bear" Bryant, sowel as die staat se eerste vrou, die goewerneur van Alabama, Lurleen Wallace. Die stad Tuscaloosa het van 1826 tot 1845 as die hoofstad van die staat gedien. Tuscaloosa County word beheer deur 'n verkose kommissie van vyf lede en bevat die geïnkorporeerde stede Coaling, Northport en Tuscaloosa.
  • Stigtingsdatum: 6 Februarie 1818
  • Oppervlakte: 1336 vierkante myl
  • Bevolking: 202 471 (skatting van 2016 -sensus)
  • Groot waterweë: Black Warrior River, Tombigbee River
  • Groot snelweë: Interstate 20/59, U.S. 43, U.S. 82, U.S. 11
  • County Seat: Tuscaloosa
  • Grootste stad: Tuscaloosa
Tuscaloosa County Courthouse Tuscaloosa County is een van die oudste provinsies in Alabama. Die Alabama Algemene Vergadering het Tuscaloosa County op 6 Februarie 1818 geskep uit lande wat deur die Creeks en Choctaws afgestaan ​​is. Die graafnaam kom waarskynlik af van Tuskaloosa, 'n Mississippiaanse kaptein wat in 1540 in die geveg gedood is deur magte onder bevel van die Spaanse ontdekkingsreisiger Hernando de Soto. Die vroegste setlaars van die graafskap kom uit Virginia, die Carolinas en Georgië. Sommige van die vroegste dorpe sluit in Newton, Northport, Holt, Coaling en Tuscaloosa. Die stad Tuscaloosa is in 1826 as die hoofstad van die staat aangewys en het in daardie hoedanigheid gedien tot 1845, toe die setel van die regering na die meer sentraal geleë Montgomery verskuif is. Terwyl Tuscaloosa as hoofstad gedien het, is 'n handves vir die stigting van die eerste openbare universiteit in 1827 uitgereik. In 1831 het die Universiteit van Alabama amptelik sy deure geopen met 'n inskrywing van 52 studente. Kalk -Cola -bottelaanleg Tuscaloosa is in 1819 aangewys as die setel van die provinsie Tuscaloosa, en in 1822 is die provinsie se setel na Newton, net 'n paar kilometer van Tuscaloosa, verskuif. Binne 'n paar jaar is Newton opgeneem in Tuscaloosa, en Tuscaloosa word weer die setel in 1826. Baie van die oorspronklike strukture, insluitend die hofgebou, is verwoes in 'n tornado wat in die 1840's deurgeloop het. Die huidige hof, 'n moderne baksteenstruktuur, is in 1964 gebou en het verskeie opknappings en aanbouings ondergaan. Downtown Northport Volgens ramings van die 2016 -telling was die bevolking van die Tuscaloosa County 202 471. Van die totaal het 65,4 persent van die respondente hulself as wit geïdentifiseer, 31,0 persent as Afro -Amerikaner, 3,3 persent as Spaans, 1,5 persent as Asiërs, 1,0 persent as twee of meer rasse en 0,1 persent as inheemse Amerikaners. Die setel Tuscaloosa is die grootste stad in die provinsie Tuscaloosa, met 'n geskatte bevolking van 96,352. Ander belangrike bevolkingsentrums in die graafskap sluit in Northport, Holt, Coker, Lake View, Brookwood en Coaling. Die mediaan huishoudelike inkomste was $ 48,022, vergeleke met $ 44,758 vir die staat as geheel, en die inkomste per capita was $ 23,896 in vergelyking met $ 24,736 vir die staat as geheel. Mercedes-Benz produksielynboerdery was die heersende beroep in die provinsie Tuscaloosa gedurende die negentiende eeu, en die belangrikste landbougewasse was koring, mielies en hawer. Tuscaloosa County sit ook bo -op die Warrior Coal Field, en steenkoolmynbou was ook belangrik vir die land se ekonomie. Uitgestrekte woude in die noordelike deel van die graafskap het ook gedurende die vroeë tot middel van die negentiende eeu houtbedrywe na die graafskap gebring. Met die bekendstelling van hidro -elektriese krag in die vroeë twintigste eeu, het industriële groei 'n sterk oplewing gekry. Vandag is die land se ekonomie uiteenlopend en brei dit uit, veral langs die Interstate 20/59 Industrial Corridor, waar motoronderdele, elektronika, plastiek, houtprodukte, voedselprodukte en chemikalieë vervaardig en vervaardig word. Gesondheidsorg en opvoeding is verantwoordelik vir ongeveer 30 persent van die nie-landbou-arbeidsmag, en die provinsie Tuscaloosa het groot beleggings by ondernemings in Duitsland en Japan getrek.
  • Opvoedkundige dienste, en gesondheidsorg en maatskaplike bystand (30,5 persent)
  • Vervaardiging (14,2 persent)
  • Kleinhandel (10,7 persent)
  • Kuns, vermaak, ontspanning en verblyf en voedseldienste (8,8 persent)
  • Professionele, wetenskaplike, bestuurs- en administratiewe en afvalbestuursdienste (7,5 persent)
  • Konstruksie (6,4 persent)
  • Ander dienste, behalwe openbare administrasie (4,9 persent)
  • Finansies en versekering, en vaste eiendom, huur en verhuring (4,1 persent)
  • Vervoer en pakhuise en nutsdienste (4,0 persent)
  • Openbare administrasie (3,6 persent)
  • Groothandel (1,8 persent)
  • Landbou, bosbou, visvang en jag, en ekstraksie (1,7 persent)
  • Inligting (1,7 persent)
Stillman College Die skoolstelsel in Tuscaloosa County het ongeveer 2000 onderwysers en administrateurs wat byna 16 000 studente in 30 laerskole en hoërskole bedien. Stadskole in Tuscaloosa het meer as 1 300 onderwysers en administrateurs in 20 laerskole en hoërskole in diens, wat meer as 9 700 studente bedien. Daar is drie instellings vir hoër onderwys in die stad Tuscaloosa. Die Universiteit van Alabama is die staat se grootste navorsingsuniversiteit en die eerste openbare kollege van Alabama. Die graafskap is ook die tuiste van Stillman College, 'n histories swart, vierjarige instelling vir liberale kunste, en Shelton State Community College, 'n tweejarige instelling wat akademiese en tegniese graadprogramme aanbied. Tuscaloosa County-kaart, wat 1,336 vierkante kilometer in die wes-sentrale Alabama bestaan, is die tweede grootste provinsie in die staat. Die graafskap strek oor die fisiografiese gedeeltes van die Cumberland-plato en die oostelike kusvlakte van die Atlantiese vlakte, wat lei tot 'n uiteenlopende geografie wat beboste en heuwelagtige in die noordooste en laagliggende en soms moerasagtige in die suidweste is. Die graafskap grens aan die Fayette en Walker Counties in die noorde, Jefferson en Bibb Counties in die ooste, Hale County in die suide, Greene County in die suidweste en Pickens County in die weste. Historiese oonde by Tannehill Daar is baie ontspanningsgeleenthede vir besoekers aan die provinsie Tuscaloosa. Lake Lurleen State Park, vernoem na goewerneur Lurleen Wallace, is ongeveer 10 minute van die sentrum van Tuscaloosa geleë en bied 1600 hektaar vir kampeer en staproetes en 'n meer van 250 hektaar vir swem en visvang. Moundville Archaeological Park, wat deel is van die Alabama Museum of Natural History, is 25 km suid van Tuscaloosa geleë, en is die tuiste van 'n Mississippiese nedersetting. Die park van 320 hektaar bevat natuurroetes, heropbou van inheemse dorpe en 'n museum met artefakte en dokumente wat verband hou met die inheemse Amerikaanse kulture in die omgewing. 'N Gedeelte van die Tannehill Ironworks Historical State Park, gebou rondom die voor-burgeroorlog Tannehill Iron Works, versprei oor die beboste heuwels van die ooste van Tuscaloosa County, hoewel die grootste deel van die park in die naburige Jefferson County geleë is. Die park bevat 'n monument vir die Konfederasie en bied kampeer, stap, gholf, stap en swem. Spesiale geleenthede in die park sluit in 'n jaarlikse heropname van 'n burgeroorloggeveg en maandelikse handelsdae. Ander buite -ontspanningsgebiede in die provinsie Tuscaloosa is Lake Tuscaloosa, Holt Lake en Lake Nichol. Boonop bedryf die Tuscaloosa County Park and Recreation Authority 31 klein openbare parke van in totaal 1,700 hektaar. Basilosaurus cetoides Tuscaloosa County is die tuiste van 'n aantal museums en kulturele sentrums. Die Alabama Museum of Natural History, geleë in Smith Hall op die Universiteit van Alabama -kampus, vertoon fossiele, gesteentes en minerale. Die Mildred Westervelt Warner Transportation Museum vier die rol wat vervoer in die geskiedenis en kultuur van Tuscaloosa gespeel het. Die Murphy Afro-Amerikaanse museum in die Murphy-Collins-huis in Tuscaloosa was die tuiste van William J. Murphy, die eerste gelisensieerde Afro-Amerikaanse sterrekundige in Alabama, en bevat gedenkwaardighede uit die familie Murphy, asook ander artefakte wat die lewenstyl van gegoede Afro-Amerikaners verteenwoordig. die eeuwisseling. Ter viering van meer as 100 jaar van Crimson Tide-sokker en verskeie nasionale kampioenskappe, huisves die Paul W. Bryant-museum op die Universiteit van Alabama-kampus 'n herskepping van die kantoor van Bear Bryant, asook ander voetbalmemorabilia. Die Children's Hands-On Museum bied opvoedkundige ervaring vir kinders van alle ouderdomme deur middel van praktiese uitstallings, programme en spesiale geleenthede.

Kentuck Kunstefees Ander besienswaardighede en geleenthede in Tuscaloosa County sluit die Kentuck Art Center in Northport in. Die galery bevat wisselende maandelikse uitstallings van plaaslike kunstenaars en bied die jaarlikse Kentuck Kunstefees aan. In die Mercedes-Benz-besoekersentrum in Vance kan besoekers die fabriek besoek en die geskiedenis van Mercedes-Benz van 1886 tot hede volg. Tuscaloosa County is ook die tuiste van baie historiese geboue, waaronder die Jemison-Van de Graaff Mansion, die Old Tavern, die Historic Drish House en die Battle-Friedman House in Tuscaloosa, die Denny Chimes Tower en Gorgas House op die kampus van die Universiteit van Alabama, en die Mildred Warner House.

Die erfenis van Tuscaloosa County, Alabama. Clanton, Ala .: Heritage Publishing Consultants, 1999.


Ou foto's, foto's, advertensies en poskaarte uit Tuscaloosa, Alabama, VSA


Tuscaloosa, Alabama, Verenigde State van Amerika

Kerk van Johannes die Doper
800 Lurleen B Wallace Blvd. N, Tuscaloosa, ALABAMA 35405
Gestig in 1911
Bron: Google maps
Foto


Tuscaloosa, Alabama, Verenigde State van Amerika

Stallworth Lake, Tuscaloosa, Ala.

"Stallworth Lake was 'n ontspanningsmeer wat aan die voet van River Hill geleë was. Die meer, wat in 1918 gebou is, het skuifborde, veerplankies, duiktorings, dryfvlotte, bootvaart, 'n draaibaan,. Lees. MEER.

Poskaart


Tuscaloosa County, Alabama Geskiedenis

Tuscaloosa County is 'n graafskap in die staat Alabama. Op grond van die sensus van 2010, is sy bevolking was 194 656. Tuscaloosa County was geskep op 6 Februarie 1818 uit die Cherokee- en Choctaw -sessie van 1816, hoewel die huidige grense daarvan eers in 1820 vasgestel is. graafskap sitplek en grootste stad is Tuscaloosa, die voormalige staatshoofstad van 1826 tot 1845. Die graafskap is genoem ter ere van Tuskaloosa, 'n belangrike hoof van die Mississippiese kultuur, beskou as voorouers van die Choctaw in die streek.

Tuscaloosa County is ingesluit in die Tuscaloosa, AL Metropolitan Statistical Area. Die graafskap is die tuiste van die Universiteit van Alabama.

Etimologie - Oorsprong van die naam van die provinsie Tuscaloosa

Die graafskap het sy naam gekry van die Choctaw -Indiese woord vir die Black Warrior River, wat deur die gebied vloei.

Demografie:

Geskiedenis van die provinsie Tuscaloosa

Tuscaloosa County, Alabama

Die provinsie Tuscaloosa is op 6 Februarie 1818 gestig, en die huidige grense daarvan is eers in 1820 vasgestel. Die graafskap het sy naam gekry van die Choctaw -Indiese woord vir die Black Warrior River, wat deur die gebied vloei. Die graafskap is bewoon deur beide Creek- en Choctaw -Indiane. Dit beslaan tans 1336 vierkante myl.

Die graafskap is eers in 1819 in die stad Tuscaloosa gevestig, in 1822 na Newton verhuis en daarna kort daarna terug na Tuscaloosa. Die stad Tuscaloosa is van 1826-1845 as die hoofstad van die staat aangewys. Die staatsuniversiteit is in 1827 in Tuscaloosa gestig. Ander noemenswaardige dorpe sluit in Northport, Brookwood, Holt en Coaling.

Teen 1860, kort voor die staat se afskeiding van die Unie, het die graafskap 'n totaal van 12,971 blankes, 84 vry gekleurde en 10,145 slawe, waarvan laasgenoemde 43,7 persent van die totale bevolking uitgemaak het.

Die oorlog het beduidende veranderinge aangebring, waaronder migrasie uit die graafskap deur swartes. "By the 1870 census, the white population of Tuscaloosa County had decreased about 9% to 11,787, while the "colored" population decreased about 19% to 8,294." Some freedmen moved to nearby counties and larger cities for more opportunities and to join with other freedmen in communities less subject to white supervision

Following passage by Alabama of the 1901 constitution that disenfrachised most blacks, followed by the state legislature passing laws to impose Jim Crow, and problems of continued violence by lynchings, many African Americans left Alabama in two waves of the Great Migration. They went to Northern and Midwestern industrial cities. Their mass departure is reflected in lower rates of county population growth from 1910 to 1930, and from 1950 to 1970.

As a result of these changes and growth by the white population, "by 1960, 100 years later, the County was listed as having 77,719 whites, about six times more than 100 years earlier, while the 1960 total of 31,303 "Negroes" was about three times more than what the colored population had been 100 years before."They represented 28.7% of the population and were still disenfranchised. After passage of the federal Voting Rights Act of 1965, African Americans regained their ability to vote and participate in the political system. In 2015, one of the four elected County Commissioners is African American. Since the late 20th century, white conservatives in Alabama and other southern states have increasingly supported Republican Party candidates. African Americans have generally supported the Democratic Party, in a realignment of politics in the state since the period after Reconstruction.

In the 21st century, the principal agricultural products have included hay, corn, cotton, soybeans, wheat and snapdragons. Major companies in the county have included JVC, Mercedes-Benz US International, Uniroyal-Goodrich, and Phifer Inc

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,351 square miles (3,500 km 2 ), of which 1,322 square miles (3,420 km 2 ) is land and 30 square miles (78 km 2 ) (2.2%) is water.It is the second-largest county in Alabama by land area and third-largest by total area. It is located in the west central part of the state, in the region commonly known as West Alabama. The county straddles the boundary between the Appalachian Highlands and the Gulf Coastal Plain and consequently boasts a diverse geography.

The Black Warrior River system is the largest watershed wholly within Alabama's boundaries and emanates from three sources: Locust Fork, Mulberry Fork, and the Sipsey Fork. The Mulberry Fork River and its tributaries flow throughout Tuscaloosa County. Near the city of Tuscaloosa, the Black Warrior River flows across the "Fall Line," a site at the juncture of two geologically distinct continental landforms that in Alabama separate the elevated and hilly Cumberland Plateau from the flat East Gulf Coastal Plain. The Upper Tombigbee Watershed drains portions of the western half of Tuscaloosa County, and the Tombigbee River is considered vitally important in terms of ecological diversity. Although the river has a high level of aquatic biodiversity because it remained relatively free from major changes for a long period of time, many of the fish and mussel species are currently at-risk.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • Northeast: Walker County Jefferson County
  • Southeast: Bibb County
  • South: Hale County
  • Southwest: Greene County
  • West: Pickens County
  • Northwest: Fayette County

Onderwys

The Tuscaloosa County School System serves students in the county who live outside the city limits of Tuscaloosa. The system has been in operation since 1871. The system is managed by a Board of Education, composed of 7 members elected by single-member districts by the voters of the county outside the limits of the city of Tuscaloosa. The Board appoints a superintendent to manage the day-to-day operations of the system. In school year 2012-13, almost 18,000 students were enrolled by the system. There are 19 elementary schools, 8 middle schools, 6 high schools. Children are also served at the Tuscaloosa Regional Detention Center and Sprayberry Regional Educational Center the latter provides services to gifted and special needs children.

The Tuscaloosa City School System serves students who live in the city of Tuscaloosa.

Post secondary education is provided by the University of Alabama and Stillman College, a historically black college founded in 1876. Both are located in the city of Tuscaloosa and both are four-year schools.


Tuscaloosa's One Place

Despite a thriving Mercedes economy, in 1998 the number of families living in poverty in Tuscaloosa was not declining. Concern for this issue prompted three volunteer task forces to examine this aspect of community life. Each task force was organized to focus on a particular set of concerns. The Challenge 21 Education Task Force explored issues related to improving pre-K readiness. The Junior League of Tuscaloosa examined ways to strengthen and focus their advocacy of young children. The United Way’s Task Force for Self-Sufficiency examined the impact of Welfare-to-Work on TANF recipients and their families.

Many problems were identified. For example, task force members learned that 30-35% of Tuscaloosa’s first graders in both the city and county schools were academically at risk when they began school, and many never overcame their developmental lag. Furthermore, despite the favorable job market, high schools in both school systems experienced a +20% dropout rate. After in-depth analysis of the problem, each task force concluded that if the community was serious about improving high school graduation rates and reducing the number of households living below poverty level, it had to muster additional resources for young children and their families.

Realizing the extraordinary cooperation and collaboration required in starting a Family Resource Center, the Junior League of Tuscaloosa, Challenge 21, and the United Way of West Alabama Welfare Reform Task Force agreed to merge their efforts and to focus on the eastern section of Tuscaloosa (Alberta City/Holt), a notably under-served area. In June 1999, the East Tuscaloosa Family Resource Center began serving families.

Initial funding was obtained through a variety of grants and local contributions. Initial funders included the City of Tuscaloosa, Junior League of Tuscaloosa, Venture grant with the United Way of West Alabama, Children’s Trust Fund, Alabama Civil Justice Foundation, Alabama Power Foundation, Bloom Foundation, and other smaller public and private contributions. Subsequent funders included the Tuscaloosa County Commission, contracts with the City and County School system and the Department of Human Resources.

During the last few years, the funding base has consistently grown to include both federal and state grants, local government support, contract services and private contributions. In 2002, the Center dropped the “East” from its name to more clearly reflect the work done throughout the community. In late 2005, the agency became Tuscaloosa’s One Place, a Family Resource Center thereby depicting the “one place” families can come to receive services. Through a dedicated effort between TOP staff and its community partners, the Family Resource Center has made a difference in the lives of local families. We are continuing to examine the needs of the community and work to find innovative ways to make a difference.


A look at Bryce Hospital, Alabama's historic insane asylum, then and now

Bryce Hospital, built in Tuscaloosa in the 1850s and opened in 1861 as the Alabama State Hospital for the Insane, is being stripped to its frame so it can be restored. In 2010, the University of Alabama bought the property and began a $40 million restoration of the original four-story main hospital building and four of the six original wings. It is part of a $121 million project that includes a new performing arts center on the property. According to University of Alabama planner Dan Wolfe, the old hospital buildings will be used as a university welcome center, a museum of mental health, a museum of the university's history, event space and classrooms for performing arts students.

(Contributed by Wil Elrick)

Bryce Hospital: Then & Now

Following are photos of Bryce Hospital as it looks in its current stripped state compared with how it has looked over 150 years. With the help of Bryce historian Steve Davis, we have identified photos as close to the comparison locations as possible.

This photo shows the exterior of Bryce's main building on a tour Friday, June 17, 2016. Click here to see more photos of the recently stripped interior of Bryce Hospital.

(Source: Alabama Department of Archives and History)

The exterior of Bryce with the staff on the lawn in the early 1900s.

(Source: Alabama Department of Archives and History)

The exterior of the east wing with patients on the lawn shown in the 1930s or 1940s.

Kelly Kazek | [email protected]

The exterior of the east wing of Bryce during a tour June 17, 2016.

Kelly Kazek | [email protected]

The layout for the Alabama State Hospital for the Insane was developed by psychiatrist Dr. Thomas Story Kirkbride who said the staggered wings allowed light into the patient wards. His designs were typically executed by the architect Samuel Sloan, as Bryce was. The center building was used for administration, staff facilities, storage, recreation rooms and living quarters for the superintendent.

Each wing to the east and west of the main building was three stories high and three wards (segments) long. The two outermost wings, one on the east and one on the west, have been demolished. The remaining four segments will be restored.

(Source: Alabama Department of Archives and History)

A photo of nurses at Bryce in the early 1900s.

(Contributed by Wil Elrick)

In the east wing, the interior was stripped all the way to the exterior walls. The University of Alabama will add a steel support structure so it can place walls where needed. This photo shows Ward 1 of the east wing, looking up from the basement to the first floor.

Carol Highsmith/Library of Congress

A photo taken in 2010 of Ward 5 in the east wing, which would have been on the second floor, middle section of the three-story, three-section east portion of the building. It was still in use at the time, although the last of the patients would be moved to a new facility in 2014. This photo was taken by Carol Highsmith for the Library of Congress.


Slave tunnels under mansion in Tuscaloosa, Alabama? Is dit waar?

The information and illustrations below are excerpts from a book written in 1887 as a prospectus for future investors in Tuscaloosa and reveals much about Tuscaloosa’s /Tuskaloosa’s early history.

Did you know that Choctaws once claimed the Tuscaloosa area?

Tuskaloosa means ” Black Warrior,” from the two Choctaw words Tusca, ” warrior,” and Lusa, “black.” The town took its name from the beautiful river on whose banks it is located, for the aboriginal name of the river we now call Black Warrior was Tuscaloosa. The Creeks called the river Petka Hatche, which means “River of Canes.”

The region about the Black Warrior, where Tuskaloosa now stands, was in time long past claimed by the Choctaws. When De Soto crossed the Black Warrior on his memorable expedition in the year 1541, the Choctaws doubtless held all the region around Tuskaloosa. But as the Creeks and Choctaws were perpetually at war, and the Creeks were the more warlike and aggressive of the two tribes, the Choctaws were gradually pushed further towards the West, and the country about the Tuskaloosa River became a neutral, or, rather, debatable ground between the two tribes.

Did you know there is an actual documented case of cannibalism in colonial Virginia recorded by one who participated in it? Read about it in the Historical novel Faith and Courage.

In 1809 a Creek chief, Preechee Emathla, built a village below the falls of the river. The site of this old Indian village was west of Newtown, on lands which are now the property of J. M. Van Hoose, Esq. This town was destroyed by a band of Chickasaws, under the command of Col. John McKee, in the year 1813.

In 1816 Emanuel York and John Bartow, two white men from Tennessee, settled on the plain where now stands the city of Tuskaloosa and raised a crop of corn. In 1818 the population consisted of 600 souls. The next year the town was laid out by the general government, lots were sold and the town increased rapidly in population.

Tuscaloosa chosen as the seat of government

In 1835 Tuskaloosa was chosen by the State Legislature as the seat of government. The first session was opened in November, 1836, in Bell’s Tavern, now the Washington Hotel. A site for the capitol was selected, and work on it commenced in 1827. In the same year the State Bank was located and its erection commenced. The building is now occupied by J. H. Fitts, Esq., as a residence.

To provide for the temporary accommodation of the State government a two-story frame building was built, in which the sessions of 1827 and 1828 were held. In 1829 the Legislature for the first time occupied its new house, and continued to meet there until the removal of the capital to Montgomery, in 1845. Tuskaloosa had been the capital of the State just twenty years.

University of Alabama located at Tuscaloosa in 1821

The State University, whose first endowment consisted of 14 sections of land, reserved for that purpose in the Act of Congress admitting Alabama as a State, was chartered and located at Tuskaloosa in 1821, but not opened until 1831. The University grew and flourished from the first.

After it had been made the capitol of the State, the young city grew rapidly. Many of the owners of the rich plantations on the bottoms of the Warrior and Tombigbee rivers, and in the famous “Black Belt,” made Tuskaloosa their home. The erection of handsome private residences distinguished this period. The present residence of Hon. H. M. Somerville, shown in one of the illustrations, was erected in 1830 by Capt. Deering. It served on several occasions as the gubernatorial mansion.

Trade increased rapidly in Tuscaloosa

The trade of the city increased rapidly with the increase of population in the surrounding country, and in 1845, when the capital was removed to Montgomery, Tuskaloosa was the commercial center of West Alabama. Not a little, perhaps the most, of this progress was due to the Warrior River, before the days of railroads one of the most important waterways of the State. In 1835 the first bridge spanned the river at the point where the present elegant structure stands.

The removal of the capital was a sore blow to the city. Many families which had made it their home followed the State government to its new seat but Tuskaloosa’s spirit could, at that time, not be broken. Immediately afterwards, in 1846, a stock company was organized and a cotton mill constructed and operated till the war. A foundry and machine shop was built in 1848 by Leach & Avery. Plows, and other agricultural implements, which soon acquired a wide-spread reputation, were the principal goods manufactured, but many other pieces of machinery, and during the war even several canons, left the establishment.

Hat factory provided gray hats for Confederate soldiers

During that time a hat manufactory was run in connection with the establishment, and many thousands gray hats left Tuskaloosa to cover the heads of Confederate soldiers. In 1858 the watchman of the foundry was murdered and the establishment set on fire to conceal the crime. It was at once rebuilt, only to be again reduced to ashes by Federal soldiers, under Croxton, in 1865.

A paper mill, now used as a warp and thread mill, was erected about the same time and successfully operated until the end of the war.

Phoenix-like, the foundry rose from the ashes for the second time, under the name of S. J. Leach & Sons, Mr. Avery having in the meantime died. But, in 1879, it was transformed into a cotton factory, under the name of Tuskaloosa Cotton Mills, owned by a stock company, of which J. H. Fitts, Esq., is president. The mills have been making money and constantly enlarging their capacity, even during the dullest times, and last year declared a dividend of 20 per cent. They employ now 150 hands, run 170 looms, and produce 54,000 yards of cotton plaids a week. Their capital stock is $40,000.

The illustration below is of the residences of Col. A. C. Hargrove, erected in 1856 by Robt. Jemison, Esq., one of the most enterprising, energetic and patriotic citizens of which Tuskaloosa ever boasted.

The mansion has a very interesting history about slave tunnels as seen by the following three videos made by Matt McCoy of WVUA in Tuscaloosa.


Kyk die video: Candlewood Suites Tuscaloosa Hotel - Tuscaloosa, AL (November 2021).