Geskiedenis Podcasts

Kaart met die slagveld van Shiloh, 6-7 April 1862

Kaart met die slagveld van Shiloh, 6-7 April 1862

Kaart met die slagveld van Shiloh, 6-7 April 1862

Kaart met die slagveld van Shiloh, 6-7 April 1862

Kaart geneem uit Gevegte en leiers van die burgeroorlog: I: Sumter to Shiloh, p.470

Keer terug na Battle of Shiloh/ Pittsburg Landing



Kaart met die slagveld van Shiloh, 6-7 April 1862 - Geskiedenis

Die Slag van Shiloh, ook bekend as die Slag van Pittsburg Landing, is van 6 tot 7 April 1862 in die Westerse teater van suidwestelike Tennessee geveg. Dit word beskou as een van die belangrikste vroeë gevegte tydens die burgeroorlog. Dit het begin met die Konfederate onder leiding van generaal Albert S. Johnston wat 'n verrassingsaanval op die troepe van die Unie geloods het onder bevel van generaal Ulysses S. Grant in die suidweste van Tennessee. Die tweedaagse stryd het die Konfederate in die eerste dag 'n aansienlike oorwinning behaal, maar hulle kon die volgende dag nie hul posisie beklee nie en het voor die Unie-magte geswig. Uiteindelik het albei troepe groot verliese gely, met 'n totaal van 23,746 slagoffers.

Voor die Slag

In Maart 1862 het generaal Henry Halleck, wat die Amerikaanse troepe in die weste gelei het, die troepe onder generaal -majoor Grant en generaal Don Carlos Buell na die suide geneem om die suidelike spoorweë te verdeel. Generaal Grant het Tennessee -rivier bestyg met behulp van 'n stoomboot, opgeslaan by Pittsburg Landing, ongeveer 36 kilometer noordoos van Korinthe. Hier vestig hy sy basis vir bedrywighede, met sy voorwaartse kampe wat 3 myl binnelands by die Shiloh Meeting House -kerk geleë is. Halleck het Grant aangeraai om nie die rebelle te konfronteer voordat hy versterking gekry het van Buell's Army of Ohio nie. By die aankoms van Buell sou die gesamentlike magte na Korinte gaan en die westelike Konfederale spoorweginfrastruktuur permanent afbreek.

Aan die ander kant, na die verliese van Donelson en Forts Henry in Februarie 1862, is generaal Johnston van die Konfederale Weermag gedwing om uit Kentucky te ontruim en 'n groot deel van Sentraal- en Wes -Tennessee aan die Federale oor te laat. Johnston het sy manne bymekaargekom in Corinth, Mississippi, om hulle voor te berei op enige toekomstige offensiewe operasies. Dit was 'n verrassing vir die Unie -kant, wie se Tennessee -weermag 'n geruime tyd sou verg om voor te berei op sy offensief langs die Tennessee -rivier. Grant het kamp opgeslaan by Pittsburg Landing op die westelike oewer van die Tennessee -rivier en 'n paar dae lank gebore om rou rekrute te boor en te wag vir 'n back -up van generaal -majoor Don Carlos Buell en die magte van Ohio. Johnston was bewus van die ligging en sterkte van Grant, sowel as die komende ondersteuning van die Yankees, daarom beplan hy om die kwesbare Unie -posisie op 4 April aan te val, maar weens slegte weer en ander kommer, is die aanval tot April vertraag 6.

6 April: Dag een

Teen die aanbreek van Sondag, 6 April, het die manne van Johnston 'n verrassingsaanval in die omgewing van die Shiloh -kerk geloods. Generaal Grant en sy trop van ongeveer 40 000 man wat gereed was vir die plig, is onkant betrap deur die aanslag. Vakbondtroepe het nietemin saamgetrek, en 'n bittere geveg het op Shiloh Hill uitgebreek. Konfederale brigades het die hele oggend geleidelik veld gewen. Dit het die Federale genoodsaak om onwillig plek te gee om 'n reeks verdedigingsposisies by die Peach Orchard, Shiloh Church, Hornet ’s Nest en Water Oaks Pond te beveg.

Die verrassing was om goeie resultate te behaal tot later op die dag toe Johnston se troepe ongeorganiseerd begin raak het as die Federals. Die aanval het nie koördinasie gehad nie, aangesien afdelings, brigades en korps verstrengel geraak het. Middagmiddag besluit generaal Johnston om toesig te hou oor 'n aanval op die linkerflank van die Unie. Terwyl hy dit gedoen het, het 'n verdwaalde koeël hom in die regterbeen geskiet en hom noodlottig gewond gelaat. Johnston sterf later die dag, en generaal P.G. Beauregard word die bevelvoerder van die Konfederale troep. Later die middag het die gehawende Federale 'n verdedigingslinie gevestig wat uit Pittsburg strek, veranker deur ruwe klowe en massale artillerie aan hul flanke en voorkant. Boonop het die troepe van Buell begin aankom en die verdediging is verder versterk. Die gevegte het tot laat in die nag aangehou, maar die leër van die Unie het dit gehou. Beauregard was nie bewus van die aankoms van Buell ’ se troepe van ongeveer 40 000 mans nie en was van plan om Grant die volgende dag in 'n ander aanval te vernietig.

7 April: Dag twee

Teen die dagbreek van 7 April het die Unie 'n totaal van 45 000 mans gehad (na die aankoms van die mans van Buell ’), terwyl die konfederate, wat die vorige dag 8500 slagoffers gely het, minder as 20 000 effektiewe mans gehad het. Tot die verbasing van Beauregard, het die troepe van die Unie met 'n massiewe teenaanval begin teen die dagbreek van 7 April. Die getalle rebelle is deur die dag deur die versterkte Federale gehamer. Alhoewel die konfederate 'n paar desperate teenaanvalle geloods het, het hulle uitgeput geraak en kon hulle nie meer die toenemend sterker federale aanval stuit nie.

Die federale magte het aangehou aanval totdat hulle die Konfederate teruggedwing het na die Shiloh -kerk. Generaal Beauregard het sy manne vaardig verwyder en teruggegaan na Korinte, maar die Federale het hulle nie agtervolg nie. Met die einde van hierdie geveg, was die aantal slagoffers hier meer as wat Amerikaners in vorige gevegte gesien het. Uiteindelik bly die uiteindelike beheer van die spoorwegaansluiting van Corinth steeds in twyfel.

Die nadraai

Grant se loopbaan is na die einde van hierdie geveg tydelik geraak, dit was nadat Halleck sy manne saamgesnoer het en Grant in die posisie van tweede-in-bevel gedelegeer het. Onder leiding van Halleck het die leërs van die Unie geleidelik na Korinthe gevorder en dit vroeg in Mei ingeneem. Na die verowering van Korinthe kry generaal Halleck 'n ekstra versterking van die magte van generaal John Pope en gaan versigtig suidwaarts van Tennessee af. Halleck is later bevorder tot die pos van generaal -in -opperhoof van alle leërs van die Unie, en na sy uittrede na die ooste, is Grant in bevelvoerderposisie herstel. Grant sou dan in Julie die Mississippi afstoot en Vicksburg beleër.

Aan die ander kant, Beauregard, het 'n rugsteun gekry van generaal-majoor Earl Dorn en sy Trans-Mississippi-leër. Hy vorder egter suidwaarts na Tupelo en verlaat die mees praktiese oos-na-wes-spoorkommunikasie in die westelike Konfederasie. Al met al het die tweedaagse slag van Shiloh die Konfederale weermag verslaan en 1728 van sy mans dood, insluitend hul bevelvoerder, Albert Johnston. Vakbondmagte het 'n ongevalle-getal van 13,047 mans opgedoen, met 1,754 wat in die geveg gesterf het, waaronder 'n hooggeplaaste amptelike generaal W. Wallace. Beide kante het groot verliese gely, en niemand het vermoed dat die oorlog nog drie jaar sou duur nie, terwyl daar nog agt groter en bloediger gevegte was.


Kaart Algemene kaart van Buell van die slagveld van Shiloh. [6-7 April 1862] Kopieer 1

Die kaarte in die Map Collections -materiaal is óf voor 1922 gepubliseer, vervaardig deur die Amerikaanse regering, óf albei (sien katalogusrekords wat elke kaart vergesel vir inligting oor die datum van publikasie en bron). Die Library of Congress bied toegang tot hierdie materiaal vir opvoedkundige en navorsingsdoeleindes en is nie bewus van enige Amerikaanse kopieregbeskerming nie (sien titel 17 van die Amerikaanse kode) of enige ander beperkings in die kaartversamelingmateriaal.

Let daarop dat die skriftelike toestemming van die outeursregte -eienaars en/of ander regtehouers (soos publisiteits- en/of privaatheidsregte) nodig is vir verspreiding, reproduksie of ander gebruik van beskermde items wat verder toegelaat word as billike gebruik of ander statutêre vrystellings. Die verantwoordelikheid vir die onafhanklike beoordeling van 'n item en die verkryging van die nodige toestemmings berus uiteindelik by persone wat die item wil gebruik.

Kredietlyn: Library of Congress, Geografie en kaartafdeling.


Kaart met die slagveld van Shiloh, 6-7 April 1862 - Geskiedenis

Die Slag van Shiloh het (amptelik) 23 746 ongevalle veroorsaak uit 109 784 soldate wat betrokke was. Die eerste groot stryd van die oorlog, die skrikwekkende lys van ongevalle van Shiloh, het die noorde en suide verras. Shiloh sou ook die sesde dodelikste slag van die burgeroorlog word.

Die Burgeroorlog Slag van Shiloh Battlefield Map

Westelike teater van die burgeroorlog vroeg in 1862
Burgeroorlog Slag van Shiloh kaart

Shiloh Burgeroorlog: Die Unie en die Konfederale Weermagte bots

Slag van Shiloh -kaart

Western Theatre of the Civil War and Battle of Shiloh Map

Aanbevole leesstof: Shiloh: Die stryd wat die burgeroorlog verander het (Simon & Schuster). From Publishers Weekly: The bloodbath at Shiloh, Tenn. (6-7 April, 1862), het 'n einde gemaak aan die oorblywende onskuld in die Burgeroorlog. Die gesamentlike 23 000 slagoffers wat die twee leërs mekaar in twee dae toegedien het, het Noord en Suid geskok. Ulysses S. Grant het kop gehou en daarin geslaag om, met versterkings, 'n harde oorwinning te behaal. Vervolg hieronder …

Die Konfederale generaal Albert Sidney Johnston is gewond en doodgebloei en het P.G.T. Beauregard om uit te skakel en terug te trek met 'n bedroefde grys geklede leër. Daniel (Soldier in the Army of Tennessee) het 'n puik nagevorsde bundel gemaak wat 'n beroep sal doen op sowel die begin -burgeroorlogleser as diegene wat reeds vertroud is met die verloop van gevegte op die beboste terrein wat grens aan die Tennessee -rivier. Sy indrukwekkende navorsing behels die oordeelkundige gebruik van kontemporêre koerante en uitgebreide versamelings ongepubliseerde briewe en dagboeke. Hy bied 'n uitgebreide bespreking van die algehele strategiese situasie wat die geveg voorafgegaan het, 'n oorsig van die generaals en hul leërs en, binne die aantekeninge, skerp ontledings van die vele kontroversies wat Shiloh veroorsaak het, insluitend assesserings van vorige geleerdheid oor die geveg. Hierdie eerste nuwe boek oor Shiloh in 'n generasie word afgesluit met 'n deeglike hoofstuk oor die gevolge van die twee noodlottige dae van konflik.

Aanbevole leesstof: Shiloh -In Hell before Night. Beskrywing: James McDonough het 'n goeie, leesbare en bondige geskiedenis geskryf van 'n geveg wat die skrywer as een van die belangrikste in die burgeroorlog beskryf, en skryf 'n interessante geskiedenis van hierdie beslissende konfrontasie in 1862 in die Weste. Hy meng eerste -persoon en koerantverslae om die boek 'n goeie balans te gee tussen die generaal se siening en die soldaat se siening van die geveg. Vervolg hieronder …

Veral verhelderend is sy beskrywing van die Konfederale generaal Albert Sidney Johnston, die bevelvoerder wat op die eerste dag van die geveg vermoor is. McDonough voer 'n redelik oortuigende argument dat Johnston ver skort by die beeld wat baie hom in kontemporêre en historiese geskrifte gee. Hy word gewoonlik uitgebeeld as 'n ervare en beslissende bevelvoerder van mans. Hierdie boek toon dat Johnston 'n man met beskeie oorlogs- en bevelervaring was, en dat hy kort voor die burgeroorlog bekendheid verwerf het. Sy optrede (of onbedagsaamheid) voor die vergadering in Shiloh - om byvoorbeeld sy ondergeskikte Beauregard die bevel te laat neem - onthul 'n man wat probleme ondervind het om die verantwoordelikheid wat deur sy bevel op hom geplaas is, te bestuur. Die skrywer lewer 'n goeie taak om verskeie ander historiese vrae en probleme, soos Johnston se reputasie teenoor die werklikheid, aan te bied wat werklik baie belangstelling vir die bladsye bied.

Aanbevole leesstof: Shiloh en die Westelike veldtog van 1862. Oorsig: Die bloedige en beslissende tweedaagse slag van Shiloh (6-7 April 1862) het die hele verloop van die Amerikaanse burgeroorlog verander. Die indrukwekkende bevelvoerder van die Noordelike oorwinning, Ulysses S. Grant, se nasionale bevelvoerder, het die nasionale kollig in die kollig geplaas, die lewe van die konfederale bevelvoerder Albert S. Johnston geëis en die idee vir altyd begrawe dat die burgeroorlog 'n kort konflik sou wees. Die brand by Shiloh het sy oorsprong in die sterk vooruitgang van die Unie gedurende die winter van 1861-1862, wat gelei het tot die verowering van Forts Henry en Donelson in Tennessee. Vervolg hieronder …

Die offensief stort generaal Albert S. Johnston in die gevorderde lyn in Kentucky in duie en dwing hom om tot in die noorde van Mississippi terug te trek. Johnston was angstig om die vyand aan te val en begin om die suidelike magte te konsentreer by Corinth, 'n groot spoorwegsentrum net onder die grens van Tennessee. Sy gewaagde plan het daartoe gelei dat sy weermag van die Mississippi noordwaarts marsjeer en die leër van General Tennessee van General Grant vernietig voordat hy met 'n ander leër van die Unie kon skakel om hom by hom aan te sluit. Die oggend van 6 April spog Johnston met sy ondergeskiktes: "Vanaand sal ons ons perde in die Tennessee natmaak!" Hulle het dit amper gedoen. Johnston se ingrypende aanval het die niksvermoedende federale kampe by Pittsburg Landing getref en die vyand van posisie na posisie verplaas toe hulle terugval na die Tennessee -rivier. Johnston se skielike dood in die Peach Orchard, tesame met hardnekkige federale weerstand, wydverspreide verwarring en Grant se vasbeslotenheid om die veld te behou, het die Unie -leër van vernietiging gered. Die aankoms van generaal Don C. Buell se versterkings daardie aand het die geveg gety. Die volgende dag het Grant die inisiatief aangegryp en die Konfederate aangeval en hulle van die veld af verdryf. Shiloh was een van die bloedigste gevegte van die hele oorlog, met byna 24 000 mans wat dood, gewond en vermis is. Edward Cunningham, 'n jong Ph.D. kandidaat studeer onder die legendariese T. Harry Williams aan die Louisiana State University, ondersoek en skryf Shiloh en die Western Campaign van 1862 in 1966. Alhoewel dit ongepubliseer bly, beskou baie Shiloh -kenners en parkwagters dit as die beste algehele ondersoek van die geveg ooit geskryf. Die historiografie van Shiloh is inderdaad besig om Cunningham in te haal, wat dekades voor moderne geleerdheid was. Die historiese historici van die Westerse Burgeroorlog, Gary D. Joiner en Timothy B. Smith, het Cunningham se pragtig geskrewe en diep nagevorsde manuskrip uit die onverdiende onduidelikheid opgewek. Volledig geredigeer en ryklik geannoteer met bygewerkte aanhalings en waarnemings, oorspronklike kaarte en 'n volledige volgorde van stryd en tabel met verliese, sal Shiloh en die Westelike veldtog van 1862 verwelkom word deur almal wat die gevegsgeskiedenis op sy beste geniet. Edward Cunningham, Ph.D., studeer onder T. Harry Williams aan die Louisiana State University. Hy was die skrywer van The Port Hudson Campaign: 1862-1863 (LSU, 1963). Dr Cunningham sterf in 1997. Gary D. Joiner, Ph.D. is die skrywer van One Damn Blunder from Beginning to End: The Red River Campaign of 1864, winner of the Albert Castel Award 2004 and the 2005 AM Pate, Jr., Award, and Through the Howling Wilderness: The 1864 Red River Campaign and Union Mislukking in die Weste. Hy woon in Shreveport, Louisiana. Oor die skrywer: Timothy B. Smith, Ph.D., is skrywer van Champion Hill: Decisive Battle for Vicksburg (wenner van die Mississippi Institute of Arts and Letters Non-fiction Award 2004), The Untold Story of Shiloh: The Battle en die slagveld, en hierdie groot slagveld van Shiloh: geskiedenis, geheue en die oprigting van 'n burgeroorlog nasionale militêre park. Tim, 'n voormalige veldwagter by Shiloh, gee geskiedenis aan die Universiteit van Tennessee.

Aanbevole leesstof: Shiloh: 'n roman, deur Shelby Foote. Oorsig: In die roman Shiloh lewer die historikus en burgeroorlogkenner Shelby Foote 'n ekstra, onwrikbare verslag van die slag van Shiloh, wat in April 1862 in twee dae uitgevoer is. Deur die bewegings van die troepe deur die bos van Tennessee te weerspieël met die aktiwiteit van elke soldaat se gedagtes, bied Foote die leser 'n breë perspektief van die geveg en 'n gedetailleerde oorsig van die kwessies daaragter. Vervolg hieronder …

Die geveg word tasbaar namate Foote die waarnemings van vakbond- en konfederate -offisiere, eenvoudige voetsoldate, dapper manne en lafaards verweef en die gebrul van die muskiete en die waas van die geweerrook beskryf. Die lewendige verhaal van die skrywer skep 'n ryk kroniek van 'n belangrike stryd in die Amerikaanse geskiedenis.

Aanbevole leeswerk: See the Elephant: RAW RECRUITS AT THE SLAG VAN SHILOH. Beskrywing: Een van die bloedigste gevegte in die burgeroorlog, die tweedaagse verlowing naby Shiloh, Tennessee, in April 1862, het meer as 23 000 slagoffers gelaat. Meer as 160 nuut gewerfde regimente en ander soldate wat nog ernstig opgetree het, veg saam met ervare veterane. In die frase van die tyd het hierdie mans na Silo gekom om 'die olifant te sien'. Vervolg hieronder …

Deur die briewe, dagboeke en ander herinneringe van hierdie rou rekrute aan beide kante van die konflik te gebruik, gee 'Seeing the Elephant' 'n lewendige en waardevolle primêre weergawe van die verskriklike stryd. Uit die wye verskeidenheid stemme wat in hierdie bundel ingesluit is, kom 'n genuanseerde beeld na vore van die sielkunde en motivering van die beginner soldate en die maniere waarop hul houding teenoor die oorlog beïnvloed is deur hul ervarings by Shiloh.

Aanbevole leesstuk: The Shiloh Campaign (Civil War Campaigns in the Heartland) (hardeband). Beskrywing: Ongeveer 100 000 soldate het in die slag van Shiloh in April 1862 geveg, en byna 20 000 mans is dood of gewond. Meer Amerikaners sterf op die slagveld van Tennessee as wat gesterf het in die vorige oorloë van die land saam. In die eerste boek in sy nuwe reeks, het Steven E. Woodworth 'n groep uitstekende historici byeengebring om hierdie belangrike stryd te heroorweeg en diepgaande ontledings te gee van die belangrikste aspekte van die veldtog en die gevolge daarvan. Die agt talentvolle bydraers ontleed die belangrikste gebeurtenisse van die veldtog, waarvan baie nog nie voldoende aandag geniet het nie. Vervolg hieronder …

John R. Lundberg ondersoek die rol van Albert Sidney Johnston, die gewaardeerde Konfederale bevelvoerder wat indrukwekkend herstel het na 'n minder as ster prestasie by forte Henry en Donelson net om te sterf by Shiloh Alexander Mendoza ontleed die belangrike, en miskien beslissende, stryd om te verdedig Timothy B. Smith ondersoek die volgehoue ​​legende dat die Hornet Nest die plek was van die warmste gevegte by Shiloh, Steven E. Woodworth, na die omstrede optog van Lew Wallace na die slagveld en wys waarom Ulysses S. Grant nooit het hom vergewe Gary D. Joiner bied die diepste analise van aksie deur die Unie -kanonne, Grady McWhiney beskryf die besluit van PGT Beauregard om die aanval van die eerste dag te stop en kry sy aanspraak op oorwinning en Charles D. Grear toon die stryd 8217's het 'n uitwerking op die Konfederale soldate, waarvan baie die stryd nie as 'n nederlaag vir hul kant beskou het nie. In die laaste hoofstuk ontleed Brooks D. Simpson hoe bevelverhoudings spesifiek die interaksies tussen Grant, Henry Halleck, William T. Sherman en Abraham Lincoln die veldtog beïnvloed het en die algemene opvattings oor Grant se reaksies op Shiloh se nadraai beïnvloed het. . Die Shiloh -veldtog sal lesers se begrip versterk van 'n deurslaggewende stryd wat die westelike teater gehelp het om die verowering van die Unie te ontsluit. Dit sal beslis verdere studie en debat oor een van die belangrikste veldtogte van die Amerikaanse burgeroorlog inspireer en debatteer.

Aanbevole leesstof: gids tot die Slag van Shiloh, deur Army War College. Beskrywing: Aangesien Ulysses S. Grant en William Tecumseh Sherman hul onervare troepe voorberei het op 'n massiewe offensief deur 'n ewe groen Konfederale weermag in April 1862, was die uitslag van die Burgeroorlog nog steeds in twyfel. Vir twee van die mees chaotiese en verwoestende dae van die oorlog het die Unie -magte die rebelle teenaanval en afweer. Die verliese was groot-meer as 20 000 slagoffers uit 100 000 Unie- en Konfederale troepe. Vervolg hieronder …

Maar uit die stryd het Grant en Sherman hul eie vakbond gesmee wat 'n belangrike faktor sou wees in die finale oorwinning van die Unie -weermag. Vir die Konfederate was Shiloh 'n verwoestende teleurstelling. Teen die tyd dat die beleg verby was, het hulle sowel die geveg as een van hul bekwaamste bevelvoerders, Albert Sidney Johnston, verloor. Ooggetuieverslae deur stryddeelnemers maak hierdie gidse 'n waardevolle bron vir reisigers en reisigers wat 'n groter begrip wil hê van vyf van die verwoestendste, maar invloedrykste jare in die geskiedenis van ons land. Eksplisiete aanwysings na besienswaardighede en kaarte-wat die aksie illustreer en die detail van troeposisie, paaie, riviere, hoogtes en boomlyne soos dit 130 jaar gelede was, help om die gevegte tot lewe te bring. In die veld kan hierdie gidse gebruik word om die omgewing en omvang van elke geveg te herskep, wat die leser 'n gevoel gee van die spanning en vrees wat elke soldaat moes ervaar het toe hy sy vyand tegemoet gegaan het. Hierdie boek is deel van die U.S. Army War College Guides to Civil War Battles -reeks.

Aanbevole leesstof: Shiloh: A Battlefield Guide (This Hallowed Ground: Guides to Civil War), deur Mark Grimsley (outeur), Steven E. Woodworth (outeur). Beskrywing: Peabody ’s Battle Line, McCuller ’s Field, Stuart ’s Defense, the Peach Orchard en Hell ’s Hollow van wat gebeur het aan die oewer van die Tennessee in April 1862. Hierdie slagveldgids blaas lewe in die geskiedenis van die burgeroorlog, en gee lesers 'n duidelike beeld van die omgewing ten tyde van hul verlowing, wie was waar, en wanneer en hoe die stryd gevorder het. Vervolg hieronder …

Die gids is ontwerp om die gebruiker op 'n eendag-toer deur een van die belangrikste slagvelde van die oorlog te lei, en gee presiese aanwysings na al die belangrikste plekke op 'n manier wat weerspieël hoe die geveg self verloop het. 'N Rykdom aan kaarte, lewendige beskrywings en noukeurige, maar toeganklike ontleding maak die gebeurtenisse en die geografie van die slagveld duidelik, wat die ervaring van Shiloh vir die ernstige student, die toevallige besoeker en die leunstoel -toeris verbeter.

Oor die outeurs: Mark Grimsley is 'n professor in geskiedenis aan die Ohio State University. Hy is die skrywer van And Keep Moving On: The Virginia Campaign, May – June, 1864, en die mederedakteur van Civilians in the Path of War, albei uitgegee deur die University of Nebraska Press. Steven E. Woodworth is 'n professor in geskiedenis aan die Texas Christian University. Hy is die skrywer van Chickamauga: A Battlefield Guide en Six Armies in Tennessee: The Chickamauga and Chattanooga Campaigns.

Aanbevole leesstuk: Die Slag van Shiloh en die betrokke organisasies (hardeband). Beskrywing: Hoe kan 'n noodsaaklike 'hoeksteen van die geskiedskrywing van Shiloh' vir die algemene publiek so lank nie beskikbaar wees nie? Dit is wat ek aanhou dink het terwyl ek hierdie heruitgawe van die 1913 -uitgawe van David W. Reed's “The Battle of Shiloh and the Organisations Engaged gelees het. ” Reed, 'n veteraan van die Slag van Shiloh en die eerste historikus van die Shiloh National Military Park, is ingeskryf om die amptelike geskiedenis van die geveg te skryf, en hierdie boek was die resultaat. Reed het 'n kort, bondige geskiedenis van die gevegte geskryf en heelwat ander waardevolle inligting op die daaropvolgende bladsye ingesluit. Die groot en indrukwekkende kaarte wat by die oorspronklike teks vergesel is, word hier omskep in digitale formaat en ingesluit op 'n CD in 'n klep agter in die boek. Die skrywer en voormalige Shiloh Park Ranger, Timothy Smith, is verantwoordelik om hierdie belangrike naslaanwerk uit die duisternis terug te bring. Sy inleiding tot die boek plaas dit ook in die regte historiese raamwerk. Vervolg hieronder …

Reed se geskiedenis van die veldtog en stryd beslaan slegs sewentien bladsye en is bedoel om 'n kort geskiedenis van die onderwerp te wees. Die detail word in die res van die boek onthul. En watter detail is daar nie! Reed se strydvolgorde vir Shiloh daal tot op die regiment- en batteryniveau. Hy bevat die name van die leiers van elke organisasie waar bekend, insluitend of hierdie mans gedood, gewond, gevange geneem of 'n ander lot gely het. In 'n tikkie wat nie gereeld in moderne studies gesien word nie, noem die skrywer ook die oorspronklike regiment van brigade -bevelvoerders. In nog 'n mooi detail volgens die orde van die geveg, word stafoffisiere vir elke brigade en hoër organisasie gelys. Die belangrikste punt van die boek en waar dit werklik skyn, is in die afdeling met die titel "Gedetailleerde bewegings van organisasies". Riet volg elke eenheid in hul bewegings tydens die geveg. Die lees van hierdie gedeelte saam met die verwysing na die gerekenariseerde kaarte gee 'n goeie basis vir toekomstige studie van Shiloh. Vyf en veertig bladsye dek die brigades van al drie leërs wat by Shiloh teenwoordig is.

Wargamers en buffers sal die 'Abstract of Field Returns' geniet. Hierdie afdeling bevat 'n presentasie vir diens, verloofdes en ongevalle vir elke regiment en battery in 'n maklik leesbare tabelformaat. Grant se hele Army of the Tennessee het sterkte vir Present for Duty. Buell's Army of the Ohio word ook goed getel. Die Konfederale Weermag van die Mississippi word minder akkuraat getel, gewoonlik slegs tot by die brigadevlak en vertrou baie keer slegs op verloofde sterkpunte. Dit gesê, koop hierdie boek as u op soek is na 'n goeie naslaanwerk vir hulp met u stryd.

In wat volgens my 'n ongekende stap in die burgeroorlogsliteratuur is, het die University of Tennessee Press die ietwat ongewone besluit geneem om Reed se gedetailleerde kaarte van die veldtog en stryd op te neem in 'n CD wat ingesluit is in 'n plastiekhuls aan die agterkant van die boek . Die koste om die groot kaarte te reproduseer en dit as uitvouings of in 'n sak in die boek op te neem, moes onbetaalbaar gewees het, wat hierdie interessante gebruik van 'n CD genoodsaak het. Die kaarte was eenvoudig om te sien en het 'n PDF -formaat. Al wat u nodig het, is Adobe Acrobat Reader, 'n gratis program, om dit te sien. Dit sal interessant wees om te sien of ander uitgewers die voorbeeld volg. Kaarte is 'n integrale deel van die militêre geskiedenis, en hierdie oplossing is baie beter as om te besluit om swak kaarte of glad nie kaarte op te neem nie. Die Read Me -lêer wat by die CD verskyn het, gee die volgende inligting oor:

Die kaarte op hierdie CD is skanderings van die oorspronklike groot kaarte wat in die 1913 -uitgawe van D. W. Reed se The Battle of Shiloh and the Organizations Engaged gedruk is. Die oorspronklike kaarte, wat in 'n baie groot formaat was en uit die bladsye van hierdie uitgawe gevou is, is van verskillende groottes, tot 23 duim by 25 duim. Hulle is oorspronklik in 1901 geskep deur die Shiloh National Military Park onder leiding van sy historikus, David W. Reed. Dit is die mees akkurate Shiloh -gevegskaarte wat bestaan.

Die kaarte op die CD word gestoor as PDF -lêers (Portable Document Format) en kan op enige bedryfstelsel (Windows, Macintosh, Linux) gelees word deur gebruik te maak van Adobe Acrobat Reader. Besoek http://www.adobe.com om Acrobat Reader af te laai as u dit nie op u stelsel geïnstalleer het nie.

Kaart 1. Die werksveld waaruit die leërs in Shiloh, Maart en April 1862 gekonsentreer is

Kaart 2. Die gebied tussen Corinth, Miss., En Pittsburgh Landing, Tenn., Wat posisies en roete van die konfederale weermag in sy vordering tot Shiloh, 3, 4, 5, & amp; 6, 1862

Kaart 3. Posisies op die eerste dag, 6 April 1862

Kaart 4. Posisies op die Tweede Dag, 7 April 1862

Volledige onderskrifte verskyn op die kaarte.

Timothy Smith het studente van die burgeroorlog 'n enorme guns bewys deur hierdie belangrike vroeë werk oor Shiloh weer te publiseer. Die slag van Shiloh en die betrokke organisasies is al generasies lank vertrou deur Park Rangers en ander ernstige studente van die geveg, vir 'n nuwe generasie burgeroorloglesers. Hierdie klassieke naslaanwerk is 'n noodsaaklike boek vir diegene wat belangstel in die Slag van Shiloh. Liefhebbers van burgeroorlog, strydlustiges en diegene wat geïnteresseerd is in taktiese besonderhede, sal Reed se werk ook baie goed vind. Sterk aanbeveel.


Shiloh Tennessee Battlefield - Sneden 1862 - 28,13 x 23

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Order of Battle

Whether your topic is directly related to the tactical conduct of the battle or has something to do with a broader aspect, it is very likely you will need to know how the two armies were organized. You will need to have at hand some kind of reference regarding which regiments were part of which brigade, who commanded each division and which brigades composed it, etc.

To gain knowledge of these matters, consult an Order of Battle of the Union and Confederate forces at Shiloh.

Q. What is an Order of Battle?

A. An Order of Battle is a document that explains the organization and composition of a military force at some period of time, whether a specific point in time or over some longer period. The term originates from eras (such as the early modern period) when commanders documented the actual arrangement on the field of particular units in a battle line. &ldquoOrder of Battle&rdquo for military historians, however, has come to mean any document (whether in the form of formatted text, a chart, table, etc.) that makes clear the hierarchical command relationships and organizational structure of a military force. It is usually used to make clear the composition of larger forces, whether the entire military force of one nation or coalition a part thereof, such a field army, etc.

Order of Battle

The armies that fought at Shiloh were rather large, and having at hand a full order of battle of both the Union and Confederate sides will likely be of great help. At the very minimum, know which regiments composed your brigade, and know the division of which your brigade was part. When you start examining the OR, you may wish to look for reports, correspondence, other documents, etc. not just from your brigade but from each of its component regiments, etc. You may also use the Order of Battle for Shiloh in concert with various maps to increase your understanding of which opposing units your brigade faced and which nearby friendly units&rsquo actions might have affected your unit.


Map showing the battlefield of Shiloh, 6-7 April 1862 - History

Battle of Shiloh Battlefield Map

Shiloh Battlefield Map

Battle of Shiloh Map: Union and Confederate Armies

Shiloh Battlefield Map

Battle of Shiloh Map: Confederate Army Advance and Assault

Shiloh Battlefield Map

Battle of Shiloh Map: Union Counter Assault

Recommended Reading : Shiloh : A Battlefield Guide (This Hallowed Ground: Guides to Civil War), by Mark Grimsley (Author), Steven E. Woodworth (Author). Description: Peabody’s Battle Line, McCuller’s Field, Stuart’s Defense, the Peach Orchard, and Hell’s Hollow—these monuments mark some of the critical moments in the battle of Shiloh but offer the visitor only the most meager sense of what happened on the banks of the Tennessee in April 1862. This battlefield guide breathes life into Civil War history, giving readers a clear picture of the setting at the time of engagement, who was where, and when and how the battle progressed. Vervolg hieronder …

Designed to lead the user on a one-day tour of one of the most important battlefields of the war, the guide provides precise directions to all the key locations in a manner reflecting how the battle itself unfolded. A wealth of maps, vivid descriptions, and careful but accessible analysis makes plain the sweep of events and the geography of the battlefield, enhancing the experience of Shiloh for the serious student, the casual visitor, and the armchair tourist alike.

About the Authors: Mark Grimsley is a professor of history at Ohio State University . He is the author of And Keep Moving On: The Virginia Campaign, May–June, 1864, and the co-editor of Civilians in the Path of War, both published by the University of Nebraska Press . Steven E. Woodworth is a professor of history at Texas Christian University . He is the author of Chickamauga : A Battlefield Guide and Six Armies in Tennessee : The Chickamauga and Chattanooga Campaigns.

Recommended Reading : Guide to the Battle of Shiloh , by Army War College . Description: As Ulysses S. Grant and William Tecumseh Sherman prepared their inexperienced troops for a massive offensive by an equally green Confederate army in April 1862, the outcome of the Civil War was still very much in doubt. For two of the most chaotic and ravaging days of the War, the Union forces counterattacked and fended off the Rebels. Losses were great--more than 20,000 casualties out of 100,000 Union and Confederate troops. Vervolg hieronder …

But out of the struggle, Grant and Sherman forged their own union that would be a major factor in the Union Army's final victory. For the Confederates, Shiloh was a devastating disappointment. By the time the siege was over, they had lost both the battle and one of their ablest commanders, Albert Sidney Johnston. Eyewitness accounts by battle participants make these guides an invaluable resource for travelers and nontravelers who want a greater understanding of five of the most devastating yet influential years in our nation's history. Explicit directions to points of interest and maps--illustrating the action and showing the detail of troop position, roads, rivers, elevations, and tree lines as they were 130 years ago--help bring the battles to life. In the field, these guides can be used to recreate each battle's setting and proportions, giving the reader a sense of the tension and fear each soldier must have felt as he faced his enemy. This book is part of the U.S. Army War College Guides to Civil War Battles series.

Recommended Reading : Shiloh: The Battle That Changed the Civil War (Simon & Schuster). From Publishers Weekly: The bloodbath at Shiloh , Tenn. (April 6-7, 1862), brought an end to any remaining innocence in the Civil War. The combined 23,000 casualties that the two armies inflicted on each other in two days shocked North and South alike. Ulysses S. Grant kept his head and managed, with reinforcements, to win a hard-fought victory. Vervolg hieronder …

Confederate general Albert Sidney Johnston was wounded and bled to death, leaving P.G.T. Beauregard to disengage and retreat with a dispirited gray-clad army. Daniel (Soldiering in the Army of Tennessee) has crafted a superbly researched volume that will appeal to both the beginning Civil War reader as well as those already familiar with the course of fighting in the wooded terrain bordering the Tennessee River . His impressive research includes the judicious use of contemporary newspapers and extensive collections of unpublished letters and diaries. He offers a lengthy discussion of the overall strategic situation that preceded the battle, a survey of the generals and their armies and, within the notes, sharp analyses of the many controversies that Shiloh has spawned, including assessments of previous scholarship on the battle. This first new book on Shiloh in a generation concludes with a cogent chapter on the consequences of those two fatal days of conflict.

Recommended Reading : Shiloh and the Western Campaign of 1862 . Review: The bloody and decisive two-day battle of Shiloh (April 6-7, 1862) changed the entire course of the American Civil War. The stunning Northern victory thrust Union commander Ulysses S. Grant into the national spotlight, claimed the life of Confederate commander Albert S. Johnston, and forever buried the notion that the Civil War would be a short conflict. The conflagration at Shiloh had its roots in the strong Union advance during the winter of 1861-1862 that resulted in the capture of Forts Henry and Donelson in Tennessee . Vervolg hieronder …

The offensive collapsed General Albert S. Johnston advanced line in Kentucky and forced him to withdraw all the way to northern Mississippi . Anxious to attack the enemy, Johnston began concentrating Southern forces at Corinth , a major railroad center just below the Tennessee border. His bold plan called for his Army of the Mississippi to march north and destroy General Grant's Army of the Tennessee before it could link up with another Union army on the way to join him. On the morning of April 6, Johnston boasted to his subordinates, "Tonight we will water our horses in the Tennessee !" They nearly did so. Johnston 's sweeping attack hit the unsuspecting Federal camps at Pittsburg Landing and routed the enemy from position after position as they fell back toward the Tennessee River . Johnston 's sudden death in the Peach Orchard, however, coupled with stubborn Federal resistance, widespread confusion, and Grant's dogged determination to hold the field, saved the Union army from destruction. The arrival of General Don C. Buell's reinforcements that night turned the tide of battle. The next day, Grant seized the initiative and attacked the Confederates, driving them from the field. Shiloh was one of the bloodiest battles of the entire war, with nearly 24,000 men killed, wounded, and missing. Edward Cunningham, a young Ph.D. candidate studying under the legendary T. Harry Williams at Louisiana State University , researched and wrote Shiloh and the Western Campaign of 1862 in 1966. Although it remained unpublished, many Shiloh experts and park rangers consider it to be the best overall examination of the battle ever written. Indeed, Shiloh historiography is just now catching up with Cunningham, who was decades ahead of modern scholarship. Western Civil War historians Gary D. Joiner and Timothy B. Smith have resurrected Cunningham's beautifully written and deeply researched manuscript from its undeserved obscurity. Fully edited and richly annotated with updated citations and observations, original maps, and a complete order of battle and table of losses, Shiloh and the Western Campaign of 1862 will be welcomed by everyone who enjoys battle history at its finest. Edward Cunningham, Ph.D., studied under T. Harry Williams at Louisiana State University . He was the author of The Port Hudson Campaign: 1862-1863 (LSU, 1963). Dr. Cunningham died in 1997. Gary D. Joiner, Ph.D. is the author of One Damn Blunder from Beginning to End: The Red River Campaign of 1864, winner of the 2004 Albert Castel Award and the 2005 A. M. Pate, Jr., Award, and Through the Howling Wilderness: The 1864 Red River Campaign and Union Failure in the West. He lives in Shreveport , Louisiana . About the Author: Timothy B. Smith, Ph.D., is author of Champion Hill: Decisive Battle for Vicksburg (winner of the 2004 Mississippi Institute of Arts and Letters Non-fiction Award), The Untold Story of Shiloh: The Battle and the Battlefield, and This Great Battlefield of Shiloh: History, Memory, and the Establishment of a Civil War National Military Park. A former ranger at Shiloh, Tim teaches history at the University of Tennessee .

Recommended Reading : Shiloh --In Hell before Night . Description: James McDonough has written a good, readable and concise history of a battle that the author characterizes as one of the most important of the Civil War, and writes an interesting history of this decisive 1862 confrontation in the West. He blends first person and newspaper accounts to give the book a good balance between the general's view and the soldier's view of the battle. Vervolg hieronder …

Particularly enlightening is his description of Confederate General Albert Sidney Johnston, the commander who was killed on the first day of the battle. McDonough makes a pretty convincing argument that Johnston fell far short of the image that many give him in contemporary and historical writings. He is usually portrayed as an experienced and decisive commander of men. This book shows that Johnston was a man of modest war and command experience, and that he rose to prominence shortly before the Civil War. His actions (or inaction) prior to the meeting at Shiloh -- offering to let his subordinate Beauregard take command for example -- reveal a man who had difficulty managing the responsibility fostered on him by his command. The author does a good job of presenting several other historical questions and problems like Johnston 's reputation vs. reality that really add a lot of interest to the pages.

Recommended Reading : The Battle of Shiloh and the Organizations Engaged (Hardcover). Description: How can an essential "cornerstone of Shiloh historiography" remain unavailable to the general public for so long? That's what I kept thinking as I was reading this reprint of the 1913 edition of David W. Reed's “The Battle of Shiloh and the Organizations Engaged.” Reed, a veteran of the Battle of Shiloh and the first historian of the Shiloh National Military Park , was tabbed to write the official history of the battle, and this book was the result. Reed wrote a short, concise history of the fighting and included quite a bit of other valuable information in the pages that followed. The large and impressive maps that accompanied the original text are here converted into digital format and included in a CD located within a flap at the back of the book. Author and former Shiloh Park Ranger Timothy Smith is responsible for bringing this important reference work back from obscurity. His introduction to the book also places it in the proper historical framework. Vervolg hieronder …

Reed's history of the campaign and battle covers only seventeen pages and is meant to be a brief history of the subject. The detail is revealed in the rest of the book. And what detail there is! Reed's order of battle for Shiloh goes down to the regimental and battery level. He includes the names of the leaders of each organization where known, including whether or not these men were killed, wounded, captured, or suffered some other fate. In a touch not often seen in modern studies, the author also states the original regiment of brigade commanders. In another nice piece of detail following the order of battle, staff officers for each brigade and higher organization are listed. The book's main point and where it truly shines is in the section entitled "Detailed Movements of Organizations". Reed follows each unit in their movements during the battle. Reading this section along with referring to the computerized maps gives one a solid foundation for future study of Shiloh . Forty-five pages cover the brigades of all three armies present at Shiloh .

Wargamers and buffs will love the "Abstract of Field Returns". This section lists Present for Duty, engaged, and casualties for each regiment and battery in an easy to read table format. Grant's entire Army of the Tennessee has Present for Duty strengths. Buell's Army of the Ohio is also counted well. The Confederate Army of the Mississippi is counted less accurately, usually only going down to brigade level and many times relying only on engaged strengths. That said, buy this book if you are looking for a good reference work for help with your order of battle.

In what I believe is an unprecedented move in Civil War literature, the University of Tennessee Press made the somewhat unusual decision to include Reed's detailed maps of the campaign and battle in a CD which is included in a plastic sleeve inside the back cover of the book. The cost of reproducing the large maps and including them as foldouts or in a pocket in the book must have been prohibitive, necessitating this interesting use of a CD. The maps were simple to view and came in a PDF format. All you'll need is Adobe Acrobat Reader, a free program, to view these. It will be interesting to see if other publishers follow suit. Maps are an integral part of military history, and this solution is far better than deciding to include poor maps or no maps at all. The Read Me file that came with the CD relays the following information:

The maps contained on this CD are scans of the original oversized maps printed in the 1913 edition of D. W. Reed's The Battle of Shiloh and the Organizations Engaged. The original maps, which were in a very large format and folded out of the pages of this edition, are of varying sizes, up to 23 inches by 25 inches. They were originally created in 1901 by the Shiloh National Military Park under the direction of its historian, David W. Reed. They are the most accurate Shiloh battle maps in existence.

The maps on the CD are saved as PDF (Portable Document Format) files and can be read on any operating system (Windows, Macintosh, Linux) by utilizing Adobe Acrobat Reader. Visit http://www.adobe.com to download Acrobat Reader if you do not have it installed on your system.

Map 1. The Field of Operations from Which the Armies Were Concentrated at Shiloh , March and April 1862

Map 2. The Territory between Corinth , Miss. , and Pittsburgh Landing, Tenn. , Showing Positions and Route of the Confederate Army in Its Advance to Shiloh , April 3, 4, 5, & 6, 1862

Map 3. Positions on the First Day, April 6, 1862

Map 4. Positions on the Second Day, April 7, 1862

Complete captions appear on the maps.

Timothy Smith has done students of the Civil War an enormous favor by republishing this important early work on Shiloh . Relied on for generations by Park Rangers and other serious students of the battle, The Battle of Shiloh and the Organizations Engaged has been resurrected for a new generation of Civil War readers. This classic reference work is an essential book for those interested in the Battle of Shiloh. Civil War buffs, wargamers, and those interested in tactical minutiae will also find Reed's work to be a very good buy. Sterk aanbeveel.


Sketch of the Battlefield of Shiloh

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Battle of Shiloh begins

The Civil War explodes in the west as the armies of Union General Ulysses S. Grant and Confederate General Albert Sidney Johnston collide at Shiloh, near Pittsburgh Landing in Tennessee. The Battle of Shiloh became one of the bloodiest engagements of the war, and the level of violence shocked North and South alike.

For six months, Yankee troops had been working their way up the Tennessee and Cumberland rivers. Kentucky was firmly in Union hands, and now the Federals controlled much of Tennessee, including the capital at Nashville. Grant scored major victories at Forts Henry and Donelson in February, forcing Johnston to gather the scattered Rebel forces at Corinth in northern Mississippi. Grant brought his army, 42,000 strong, to rendezvous with General Don Carlos Buell and his 20,000 troops. Grant’s objective was Corinth, a vital rail center that if captured would give the Union total control of the region. Twenty miles away, Johnston lurked at Corinth with 45,000 soldiers.

Johnston did not wait for Grant and Buell to combine their forces. He advanced on April 3, delayed by rains and muddy roads that also slowed Buell. In the early dawn of April 6, a Yankee patrol found the Confederates poised for battle just a mile from the main Union army. Johnston attacked, driving the surprised bluecoats back near a small church called Shiloh, meaning “place of peace.” Throughout the day, the Confederates battered the Union army, driving it back towards Pittsburgh Landing and threatening to trap it against the Tennessee River. Many troops on both sides had no experience in battle. The chances for a complete Confederate victory diminished as troops from Buell’s army began arriving, and Grant’s command on the battlefield shored up the sagging Union line. In the middle of the afternoon, Johnston rode forward to direct the Confederate attack and was struck in the leg by a bullet, severing an artery and causing him to quickly bleed to death. The ball severed an artery, and Johnston quickly bled to death. He became the highest ranking general on either side killed during the war. General Pierre G. T. Beauregard assumed control, and he halted the advance at nightfall. The Union army was driven back two miles, but it did not break.


Kentucky Regiments at Battle of Shiloh

(Same text on both front and back):
As a border slave state that remained in the Union, Kentucky was sharply divided in its loyalty during the Civil War. The state provided many troops to both sides at Shiloh approximately 6,500 to the Federal forces approximately 2,000 to the Confederate forces. Confederate Commanding General Albert Sidney Johnston, who was killed in action on April 6 at Shiloh, though a Texan by adoption, was a Kentuckian by birth, and he retained innumerable ties of blood and sentiment with his native state. Confederate Brigadier General John C. Breckenridge, who was a former Vice President of the United States, and who commanded the Confederate reserve corps at Shiloh, was from Kentucky. Two sons of a distinguished United States Senator from Kentucky, Senator John J. Crittenden, were in opposing armies at Shiloh: Brigadier General Thomas L. Crittenden for the Union Brigadier General George B. Crittenden for the Confederacy. Kentucky's "Confederate Governor," George W. Johnson, fought and died in the Southern ranks at Shiloh.

Five Kentucky infantry regiments, plus the Kentucky cavalry squadron of Colonel John Hunt Morgan, the Kentucky cavalry company of Captain Philip Thompson, and the Kentucky artillery battery of Captain Robert Cobb, were in the Confederate forces at Shiloh. The 7th Kentucky Infantry

served in the 2nd Brigade of the 2nd Division of Major General Leonidas Polk's 1st Corps it was deployed initially at about 8:30 A.M. of April 6 as a supporting unit on the Confederate right by 10:00 A.M. it was engaged at the Hornet's Nest. The 3rd, 4th, 6th, and 9th Kentucky Infantry regiments and Cobb's artillery served in Colonel Robert P. Trabue's 1st Brigade of Breckenridge's reserve corps. Detached from its parent corps early in the morning of April 6, the 1st Brigade entered the battle at 9:30 A.M. at the Crescent Field. Here the 3rd Kentucky Regiment was separated from the brigade by General Beauregard and ordered to another part of the battlefield. No further record remains of its location or action the first day. During the course of fighting, the brigade was moved by stages across the front until late in the afternoon it rejoined Breckenridge's corps on the extreme Confederate right. At the close of the first day's combat the brigade was at the Indian mounds overlooking the Tennessee River. All of the Kentucky Confederate units experienced hard fighting and suffered heavy casualties during the day.

Only two Kentucky regiments, the 17th and 25th Infantry regiments, were present with the Federal Army (Army of the Tennessee) during the first day of the battle. Attached to the 3rd Brigade of Brigadier General Stephen H. Hurlbut's 4th Division, they were encamped

in the northeast edge of Cloud Field (near the present marker) when the battle opened. Shifted from one hotly contested position to another during the first day of fighting, they had their severest action early in the afternoon at the Peach Orchard. Late in the day they were placed near the Pittsburg Landing road as a part of General Grant's final defensive perimeter.

The Army of the Ohio, which reinforced the Army of the Tennessee during the late afternoon and night of April 6 and the morning of April 7, contained ten regiments of Kentucky troops: the 5th Regiment of the 4th Brigade, 2nd Division the 6th Regiment of the 19th Brigade, and the 1st, 2nd, and 20th Regiments of the 22nd Brigade, 4th Division the 9th and 13th Regiments of the 11th Brigade, and the 11th and 26th Regiments of the 14th Brigade, 5th Division and the 24th Regiment of the 21st Brigade, 6th Division. The initial unit of the Army of the Ohio to arrive at the scene of battle, the 4th Division, was commanded by Brigadier General William Nelson, a Kentuckian.

The Kentucky troops in both armies shared fully in the bitter fighting of April 7 as the strengthened and reanimated Federals pressed forward as the outnumbered, exhausted, and demoralized Confederates gradually yielded the field. Morgan's Kentucky cavalry joined with Forrest's Tennessee cavalry and other detachments on April 8 to repel General

Sherman's pursuit near Mickey's - the closing action of the battle of Shiloh.

Casualties among Kentucky troops at Shiloh: Union 115 killed, 636 wounded, 29 missing Confederate 137 killed, 627 wounded, 45 missing.

Onderwerpe en reekse. Hierdie historiese merker word in hierdie onderwerplys gelys: Oorlog, Amerikaanse burger. In addition, it is included in the Former U.S. Presidents: #18 Ulysses S. Grant series list. A significant historical month for this entry is April 1862.

Ligging. 35° 8.475′ N, 88° 19.558′ W. Marker is near Shiloh, Tennessee, in Hardin County. Marker is on RIverside Drive (Brown's Ferry Road), on the left when traveling east. Located in the northeast portion of Shiloh National Military Park, just east of Cloud Field. Raak vir kaart. Marker is in this post office area: Shiloh TN 38376, United States of America. Raak vir aanwysings.

Other nearby markers. Minstens 8 ander merkers is binne loopafstand van hierdie merker. Sifting the Evidence (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line) Shiloh Indian Mounds (about 500 feet away) Mississippian Indians (about 500 feet away) Vibrant Community (approx. 0.3 miles away) Richardson's Battery (approx. 0.3 miles away) Clanton's Alabama Cavalry (approx. 0.3 miles away) Welker's Battery (approx. 0.3 miles away) 19th Alabama Monument (approx. 0.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Shiloh.


Kyk die video: The DEADLIEST battle in American HISTORY..to that point. History - Shiloh - 67 April 1862 (Januarie 2022).