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Die Terra Nova -ekspedisie van Robert Falcon Scott begin

Die Terra Nova -ekspedisie van Robert Falcon Scott begin

Robert Falcon Scott se skip, die Terra Nova, vaar op 15 Junie 1910 vanaf Cardiff, Wallis, op pad na Antarktika. Alhoewel dit sy doel sal bereik, eindig die ekspedisie in 'n tragedie, terwyl Scott en sy metgeselle hul lewens prysgee om die tweede party te word wat die Suidpool bereik.

Scott het voorheen die Ontdekking ekspedisie, een van die eerste groot verkennings van die Antarktika, van 1901 tot 1904. Hy het 65 man gewerf om hom te help met sy soeke na "om die Suidpool te bereik en om die eer van die prestasie aan die Britse Ryk te verseker." Scott, Melbourne, Australië, Scott het verneem dat 'n Noorse ekspedisie onder leiding van Roald Amundsen, wat beweer het dat hy na die Noordpool was, in werklikheid na Suid jaag om Scott te verslaan. volgende jaar voorberei vir die reis na die suide, kousdepots wat tydens die poolreis gebruik kan word, en wetenskaplike navorsing doen terwyl hulle op die Antarktiese somer wag.

LEES MEER: Die verraderlike wedloop na die Suidpool

Uiteindelik het Scott aan die einde van September verskeie spanne, in totaal 28 mans, sowel as gemotoriseerde slee, ponies en honde in diens geneem. Namate die ekspedisie sy doel bereik het, het Scott hoofwetenskaplike, Edward Wilson, weermagkaptein Lawrence Oates, Royal Indian Marine Marine luitenant Henry Bowers, en Ontdekking veteraan Edgar Evans om hom by die laaste benadering aan te sluit. Op 16 Januarie 1912 het die party Amundsen se vlag by die Suidpool gewaar en is hy verpletter om te besef dat hulle geslaan is. Die volgende dag, toe hy daar aankom en sy eie vlag plant, skryf Scott: “Groot God! Dit is 'n aaklige plek en vreeslik genoeg dat ons daaraan gewerk het sonder die beloning van prioriteit. ”

Moedeloos begin hulle die terugreis in die hoop om ten minste die eerste te wees wat berig dat hulle die paal bereik het, maar hulle sal nooit weer terugkeer na die Terra Nova. Evans sterf op 17 Februarie aan verskeie beserings nadat hy herhaaldelik geval het. Oates, erg bevrore en oortuig dat hy sy metgeselle vertraag, stap op 16 Maart uit sy tent en kom in 'n sneeustorm in 'n oënskynlike selfopoffering. 'N Paar dae later, 'n paar kilometer later, die res van die span word deur 'n storm gestop en na hul tent geneem, waaruit hulle nooit sou uitkom nie. Die lyke van Wilson, Bowers en Scott is op 12 November gevind, tesame met hul afskeidsbriewe en rekords van hul ekspedisie. Alhoewel historici onlangs begin het om Scott se aanmatigende leierskapstyl en baie van sy taktiese besluite te bevraagteken, het hy met sy dood onmiddellik as 'n tragiese held in Brittanje beskou.


Robert Falcon Scott

Robert Falcon Scott is gebore op 6 Junie 1868 in ‘Outlands ’ – 'n klein landgoed in Stoke Damerel, Devonport (nou die Milehouse -omgewing van Plymouth). ‘Con ’ soos sy ouers hom genoem het, was die derde van ses kinders. Hy het twee ouer susters gehad met die naam Ettie en Rose, 'n jonger broer genaamd Archibald en twee jonger susters met die naam Grace en Katherine.

Scott se oupas en ooms was saam besig en het 'n aantal brouerye en huise (eethuise) gefinansier, waaronder die Castle Street, Hoegate en Vauxhall Street Breweries en die Pope ’s Head Inn in Looestraat. Terwyl sy ooms ook 'n loopbaan in die gewapende magte volg, Robert se pa, het John Edward Scott 'n swak gesondheid opgedoen, sodat hy sy tyd in beslag geneem het by die bestuur van die Hoegate -brouery wat hy daarna saam met die gesinshuis geërf het.

Scott is op 30 Junie 1868 in die Stoke Damerel -kerk gedoop.

Hierdie doopbeker is aan Scott oorhandig deur sy peetouers, M & amp; S Falcon. Dit is in 2013 vir die versamelings van The Box aangekoop, met die ondersteuning van die V & ampA -aankooptoelaagfonds, die Heritage Lottery en donasies van die Friends of Plymouth City Museum en Art Gallery en die Devon and Cornwall Polar Society.

Scott is eers in die kwekery tuis opgelei en het daarna vier jaar by 'n plaaslike dagskool in Stoke Damerel gebly. Net soos sy ooms, was hy bestem vir 'n militêre loopbaan en is hy aan boord gestuur by Stubbington House School, Hampshire, waar hy voorbereid was op die toelatingseksamens vir die Royal Navy.

Nadat hy sy eksamens geslaag het, keer hy terug na die Westcountry by die Royal Naval -opleidingsskip HMS Britannia by Dartmouth as 'n kadet van net 13. Scott het HMS verlaat Britannia as middelskip in Julie 1883, sewende algeheel in 'n klas van 26, waarna hy by sy eerste skip HMS aangesluit het Boadicea.

Discovery Expedition 1901 tot 1904

Die British National Antarctic Expedition van 1901 tot 1904, bekend as die Discovery Expedition, was die eerste amptelike Britse verkenning van die Antarktiese gebied vir meer as 60 jaar.

Scott het die ekspedisie gelei op bevel van sir Clements Robert Markham, sekretaris van die Royal Geographical Society. Nadat die £ 90,000 (gelykstaande aan £ 5,5 miljoen vandag) ingesamel is wat nodig was om die projek en die bou van 'n spesialisnavorsingsvaartuig, die SS Discovery, te finansier, het die matrose en wetenskaplikes uiteindelik op 6 Augustus 1901 die Britse waters verlaat.

Teen 8 Januarie 1902 het Discovery die Antarktiese sirkel binnegedring. Op 2 November 1902 vertrek Scott, assistent -chirurg Edward Wilson en derde offisier Ernest Shackleton met ondersteunende partye op 'n reis om so ver as moontlik suid te kom. Hulle keer op 3 Februarie 1903 terug na die skip nadat hulle 300 myl verder suid gereis het as enigiemand voor hulle en binne 480 myl van die Suidpool self.

Die ontdekking was op hierdie stadium ysgebonde, en die span het nog 'n jaar in die gebied deurgebring om verskeie navorsings- en waarnemingsreise te onderneem. Uiteindelik is Discovery op 17 Februarie 1904 van die ys bevry en op 10 September 1904 in Portsmouth aangekom.

Die ekspedisie het 'n groot aantal geografiese en wetenskaplike resultate opgelewer en is as 'n triomf voorgehou. Scott het afskeid geneem van die Royal Navy om die amptelike ekspedisierekening te skryf. Uiteindelik hervat hy sy vlootloopbaan nadat hy 'n nasionale held geword het, maar dit was nie lank voordat hy hom voorberei het om terug te keer na die Antarktika nie.

Terra Nova -ekspedisie 1910 tot 1913

Nadat mede -ontdekkingsreisiger Ernest Shackleton nie op die Nimrod -ekspedisie van 1909 die Suidpool bereik het nie, was Scott vasbeslote om die eer self te behaal. Teen 1910 het hy befondsing gekry om die vaartuig Terra Nova aan te skaf en vertrek hy na die Antarktika as bevelvoerder van 'n Britse ekspedisiemag.

Bereik die pool

Vroeë ongelukke en 'n moeilike eerste seisoen het beteken dat voorbereidende planne vir die trek na die Pool in die gedrang gekom het. 'N Span van 16 mans het uiteindelik op 1 November 1911 die 800 myl afgetrek. Scott was slegs vergesel deur Edward Wilson, Henry Bowers, Lawrence Oates en Edgar Evans op die laaste 167 myl. Hulle het op 17 Januarie 1912 by die Suidpool aangekom om te sien dat die Noorse ontdekkingsreisiger Roald Amundsen hulle met vyf weke geslaan het.

'N Tragiese reis

Die leë party het teruggedraai en was amper halfpad terug na die basiskamp toe Edgar Evans op 17 Februarie naby die voet van die Bearmore -gletser gesterf het. Met 400 myl oor het hul vooruitsigte versleg met verslegtende weer, bevrorenheid, sneeublindheid, honger en uitputting. Op 16 Maart het 'n swak Oates die tent verlaat en na sy dood geloop eerder as om die ander te belemmer.

Op 19 Maart 1912 het die drie oorblywende mans net 18 km van 'n voorraadopslagplek en veiligheid kamp opgeslaan. Kwaai sneeustorme het aangebreek en na nege dae het hul voorraad opraak. Met bevrore vingers skryf Scott briewe aan familie en vriende saam met 'n aangrypende brief aan die publiek. Hy was die laaste man wat op 29 Maart 1912 gesterf het. Die lyke is op 12 November 1912 deur 'n soekgeselskap ontdek. Die wêreld is ingelig oor hul tragiese dood toe Terra Nova op 10 Februarie 1913 Nieu -Seeland bereik het. Binne 'n paar dae het Scott 'n nasionale ikoon en is vandag nog steeds onder die top 100 Britte aangewys.

Nalatenskap

Sedert 1912 het mense se mening van Scott verander. Aanvanklik is hy as 'n held beskou. In latere jare is hy gesien as iemand wat moedig, maar sorgeloos was. Vandag onthou ons hom met meer liefde vir die eerste Britse ekspedisie wat die Suidpool bereik het en vir die wetenskaplike resultate van sy twee ekspedisies, wat albei die grondslag gelê het vir Antarktika se omgewingsnavorsing en klimaatnavorsingstudies.

Prestasies

  • het gehelp om hierdie vreemde en moeilike landskap in kaart te bring
  • foto's en inligting oor die geologie en wildlewe gegenereer
  • ons geleer het oor die weerpatrone en ysstrome
  • gevestigde kusbasisse en skuilings
  • het een van die mees oortuigende visuele rekords in die geskiedenis van verkenning geskep danksy Herbert Ponting se argief van 1700 foto's van die Terra Nova -ekspedisie
  • het ons gehelp om die slaggate van poolverkenning te verstaan, soos skeurbuik, sneeublindheid en bevrorenheid
  • begin met ontleding en verbeterings rakende die gebruik van ski's, honde, ander vorme van vervoer, klere en voedselvoorrade

Regoor die wêreld

Die prestasies van Scott en sy bemanning is oor die hele wêreld gemerk met gedenktekens, standbeelde, plate, loodglasvensters en stratename. In die vorige eeu is ook die oprigting van die Scott Polar Research Institute in Cambridge, die stigting van die wetenskaplike basis van die Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station in die VSA, en die behoud van Scott ’s Hut ’ en ‘ Discovery Hut & #8217 op Ross Island deur Nieu -Seeland en die Verenigde Koninkryk.

Hier in Plymouth

Scott is gebore in ‘Outlands ’, 'n groot huis wat eens op Outlandweg, Plymouth, by Milehouse gestaan ​​het. Die Scott Estate, bestaande uit Scott Road, Wilson Crescent, Bowers Road, Oates Road, Evans Place en Terra Nova Green, is ontwikkel naby die perseel van ‘Outlands ’. 'N Paar gedenkplate ter herdenking van Scott se geboorteplek kan op die grensmure St Bartholomew's Church, naby die plek van die gesinshuis, gesien word. Die oorspronklike en oudste Scott -gedenkplaat is meer as 100 jaar gelede by die ingang na ‘Outlands ’ onthul.

Die National Memorial for Scott en die Polar Party is in 1925 in Mount Wise Park, Devonport, onthul, en 'n spesiale herwydingseremonie het in Maart 2012 plaasgevind as deel van die Scott 100 Plymouth -byeenkomsprogram. Die gedenkteken word ondersteun deur die stadsraad van Plymouth.

Deesdae ondersteun Plymouth Hospitals Trust, by Derriford, Polar -verkenning deur mediese ondersteuning en opleiding vir die British Antarctic Survey (BAS) deur die BAS Medical Unit.


So lui die laaste aangrypende dagboekinskrywing van kaptein Robert Falcon Scott. Scott se eie loopbaan, gebore in 1868 uit 'n Devonshire -gesin met sterk militêre en naelverbindings, het in 1888 begin toe hy by die kadette ingeskryf is, 13 jaar oud. aangestel deur die Royal Geographic Society as kaptein van die British National Antarctic op die HMS Discovery-ekspedisie van 1901-1904, wat verder bereik het as vorige spanne. Terug van die ekspedisie as 'n nasionale held en bevorder as kaptein, het Scott geld ingesamel vir 'n tweede reis in 'n poging om die eerste span te wees wat die gesogte Suidpool bereik het.

Die noodlottige 11-man Terra Nova-bemanning, insluitend die dierkundige Edward Wilson, het in Junie 1911 van Cardiff vertrek met 'n arsenaal honde, ponies en motorslee vir vervoer. Scott was vol optimisme en het in sy dagboek op 2 Augustus 1911 opgemerk: 'Ek is seker ons is so perfek as wat ervaring kan bied'. Die groep het uiteindelik die volgende Oktober van hul basis af vertrek. Na 'n reeks verlammende terugslae, insluitend die verlies van 'n motorslee, en die dood van ses ponies, wat nie by die ongunstige weersin was nie, is baie van die ondersteuningspan teruggestuur. Die vyf oorblywende mans - Scott, Wilson, Henry Bowers, Lawrence Oates en Edgar Evans - was verplig om te voet voort te gaan en hul toerusting te vervoer. Ten spyte van hierdie uitdagings het die verminderde span op 17 Januarie 1912 uiteindelik die pool bereik om te sien dat hulle in die wedloop deur die Noorse span onder leiding van Roald Amundsen geklop is. Oorkom met 'n gevoel van persoonlike mislukking, merk Scott pynlik in sy dagboekinskrywing op: 'Die ergste het gebeur ... die hele dag moet drome gaan' en 'Groot God! Dit is 'n aaklige plek '.

Die span het op 19 Januarie die 1500 terugreis van die pool af begin, maar is deur verdere komplikasies geplaas, insluitend uitputting, verlammende weerstoestande en vinnig afnemende voedselvoorraad. Gekonfronteer met sy eie sterflikheid, lui die laaste inskrywing in Scott se dagboek op 29 Maart: 'Hierdie rowwe aantekeninge en ons lyke moet die verhaal vertel'. Tragies genoeg is die mans se liggame agt maande later gevind nadat hulle gesterf het van honger en erge rypbyt. Die groep was slegs 11 myl weg van die veiligheid van 'n aangewese voorraadopslagplek.

Saam met die eeufees van die noodlottige Terra Nova-ekspedisie van 1910-1913, het die Natural History Museum in 2012 'n baanbrekende uitstalling gehou met meer as 200 skaars artefakte, persoonlike besittings en wetenskaplike eksemplare. Die uitstalling is geïnspireer deur 'n hernieude belangstelling van historici om Scott se omstrede reputasie as ontdekkingsreisiger te herstel en te red, wat oorheers is deur die mislukking van die Terra Nova -reis. Die doel van Scott se laaste ekspedisie was om die ongekende menslike tragedie te belig en 'n fassinerende nuwe lig te werp op 'n verhaal van uithouvermoë, verydelde ambisie en die beperkings van die mens in die soeke na wetenskaplike ontdekking.

Die hoogtepunt van die uitstalling was 'n replika van 'n lewensgrootte van Scott's hut wat as basis vir operasies gebruik is, en bevat werklike items uit die ekspedisie, waaronder potte, eetgerei, hondehalsbande, ski -pale en opvallendste 'n foto van Scott se vrou, sowel as 'n verskeidenheid briewe aan moeders, susters en vrouens. Die regte hut, wat tussen 1911 en 1913 deur 'n totaal van 25 mans gedeel is, oorleef nog steeds in Antarktika en is wonderbaarlik bewaar deur die subpolêre weerstoestande met baie van die inhoud daarvan nog binne.
Deur Erdinch Yigitce


Robert Falcon Scott se Terra Nova -ekspedisie begin - GESKIEDENIS

Die Terra Nova -ekspedisie

'N Wanhopige wedloop om die Suidpool te verower

Die geoloog Thomas Griffith Taylor en die weerkundige Charles Wright kyk vanuit die ysgrot uit na die Terra Nova.

Beeld: Herbert Ponting/Scott Polar Research Institute, Universiteit van Cambridge/Getty Images

In 1910 het die Britse ontdekkingsreisiger Robert Falcon Scott 'n ambisieuse ekspedisie na Antarktika onderneem, met die doel om onbekende woestyne te verken, wetenskaplike studies te doen en bowenal die eerste persoon te word wat die Suidpool bereik het.

Hy het kompetisie gehad. Ernest Shackleton het die vorige jaar binne 100 myl van die paal gekom, en die Noorse ontdekkingsreisiger Roald Amundsen het ook ten doel gehad om dit eers te bereik.

Na die verkryging van openbare en private befondsing, het die Britse Antarktiese ekspedisie (in die volksmond die Terra Nova Ekspedisie, na die naam van die voorraadskip), vertrek na Antarktika.

In Januarie 1911 val die skip in die Ross Dependency, 'n deel van die bevrore kontinent suid van Nieu -Seeland, oorheers deur die Ross Ice Shelf, wat destyds by baie bekend was as die 'Great Ice Barrier'.

Aan die rand van die versperring, aan die vulkaniese oewers van Ross Island, het die ekspedisie se kuspartytjie sleehonde, ponies, gemotoriseerde sleë en 'n voorafvervaardigde houthut van 50 by 25 voet met isolasie van seewier afgelaai.

Beeld: Universal History Archive/UIG via Getty Images

Mans en sleehonde op die Terra Nova, op pad na Antarktika.

Beeld: Library of Congress/Corbis/VCG via Getty Images

Die seeman Mortimer McCarthy aan die stuur van die Terra Nova.

Beeld: Herbert Ponting/Scott Polar Research Institute, Universiteit van Cambridge/Getty Images

Skipchirurg George Murray Levick velle 'n pikkewyn op die dek van die Terra Nova.

Beeld: Herbert Ponting/Scott Polar Research Institute, Universiteit van Cambridge/Getty Images

'N Adéliepikkewyn dwaal oor die pak ys in die Ross Dependency.

Beeld: Herbert Ponting/Scott Polar Research Institute, Universiteit van Cambridge/Getty Images

Mans reël voorraad by die kamp op Cape Evans, met die aktiewe vulkaan Erebus in die agtergrond.

Beeld: Herbert Ponting/Scott Polar Research Institute, Universiteit van Cambridge/Getty Images

Kapt. Lawrence Oates sorg vir die ponies in hul stalle aan boord van die Terra Nova.

Beeld: Herbert Ponting/Public Domain

Hoofwetenskaplike dr Edward Wilson met Nobby die ponie. Die ponies is vir slee gebring, maar dit was ongeskik vir die klimaat en terrein van Antarktika.

Beeld: Herbert G. Ponting/Library of Congress/Corbis/VCG via Getty Images

'N Hondespan rus by 'n ysberg.

Beeld: Herbert G. Ponting/Library of Congress/Corbis/VCG via Getty Images

Die Terra Nova veranker in McMurdo Sound.

Beeld: The Print Collector/Print Collector/Getty Images

'N Adéliepikkewyn verdedig sy nes teen die fotograaf Herbert Ponting in Cape Royds, Ross Island.

Beeld: Herbert Ponting/Scott Polar Research Institute, Universiteit van Cambridge/Getty Images

Chris die sleehond luister na 'n grammofoon.

Beeld: Herbert Ponting/Scott Polar Research Institute, Universiteit van Cambridge/Getty Images

Onderoffisier Edgar Evans.

Beeld: Herbert Ponting/Scott Polar Research Institute, Universiteit van Cambridge/Getty Images

Met die oprigting van die kamp het die ekspedisielede begin met hul verskillende eksperimente en verkennings.

Mans verhit 'n maaltyd op 'n kampstoof.

Beeld: Herbert Ponting/Scott Polar Research Institute, Universiteit van Cambridge/Getty Images

Ekspedisie -kok Thomas Clissold lei 'n keiserpikkewyn aan 'n tou.

Beeld: Herbert Ponting/Scott Polar Research Institute, Universiteit van Cambridge/Getty Images

Dr Edward Wilson in 'n slee -uitrusting.

Beeld: Herbert Ponting/Scott Polar Research Institute, Universiteit van Cambridge/Getty Images

'N Ekspedisielid geniet 'n blikkie boontjies by die kamp.

Beeld: Herbert Ponting/Scott Polar Research Institute, Universiteit van Cambridge/Getty Images

Eerste offisier Victor Campbell het ses mans geneem en die Terra Nova oos gevaar in die hoop om wetenskaplike werk in King Edward VII Land te verrig. Op pad terug na die kamp het hulle 'n verrassing teëgekom - Roald Amundsen se ekspedisie het aangebreek en het in die Baai van Walvisse kamp opgeslaan.

Die twee partye het lekker gekuier, en Campbell het vinnig na die kamp teruggekeer om Scott in kennis te stel dat sy mededinger opgedaag het.

Alhoewel hy ontsteld was oor hierdie ontwikkeling, het Scott besluit om voort te gaan soos beplan en begin om steeds meer voorraaddepots in die binneland van die kontinent te lê ter voorbereiding van die stoot na die paal.

Die missie het byna onmiddellik komplikasies ondervind. Die partytjie is deur hewige sneeustorme gehou. Die ponies, wat baie slegter gevaar het as wat verwag is, het begin verswak en sterf. Slegs twee van die agt ponies op die depotlegging het teruggekeer.

Kapt. Scott en ander ekspedisielede poseer by die kamp nadat hulle van die depot-ekspedisie teruggekeer het.

BEELD: Herbert Ponting/Scott Polar Research Institute, Universiteit van Cambridge/Getty Images

Die hondehanteerder Cecil Meares en kapt. Lawrence Oates kook spek vir die honde.

Beeld: Herbert Ponting/Scott Polar Research Institute, Universiteit van Cambridge/Getty Images

Intussen het partye van geoloë die omliggende gebiede verken, ongekende streke ondersoek en monsters en monsters versamel.

Die 25 mans van die kuspartytjie het met die begin van die Antarktiese winter in April 1911 in die hut neergedaal en die tyd bestee met lesings, wetenskaplike studies en af ​​en toe sokkerwedstryde. Scott het sy berekeninge en beplanning vir die reis na die paal voortgesit.

In die middel van die winter het hoofwetenskaplike, dr. Edward Wilson, verskeie mans in 'n uitstappie gelei om keiserpikkewyn -eiers uit 'n rookwinkel 60 myl daarvandaan te haal, waartydens hulle windsterkte en temperature van tot -77 grade Fahrenheit tot by -orkaan verduur het. Hulle het drie eiers uit die beproewing gekry.

Kaptein Scott, aan die hoof van die tafel, vier sy 43ste verjaardag.

Beeld: Herbert Ponting/Scott Polar Research Institute, Universiteit van Cambridge/Getty Images

Die geoloog Frank Debenham maal steenmonsters.

Beeld: Herbert Ponting/Scott Polar Research Institute, Universiteit van Cambridge/Getty Images

Fotograaf Herbert Ponting in sy tydelike donker kamer.

Beeld: Herbert Ponting/Scott Polar Research Institute, Universiteit van Cambridge/Getty Images

Beeld: Hulton-Deutsch Collection/CORBIS/Corbis via Getty Images

Apsley Cherry-Garrard kyk hoe Michael die ponie in die sneeu rol.

Beeld: Herbert Ponting/Scott Polar Research Institute, Universiteit van Cambridge/Getty Images

Kapt Scott skryf in sy dagboek in sy kwartiere. Foto’s van sy vrou en seun versier die muur agter hom.

Beeld: Herbert Ponting/Scott Polar Research Institute, Universiteit van Cambridge/Getty Images

'N Man staan ​​bo -op die Matterhorn Berg met die aktiewe vulkaan Mount Erebus in die agtergrond.

Beeld: Herbert Ponting/Scott Polar Research Institute, Universiteit van Cambridge/Getty Images

Mans in "The Tenements." Henry Robertson Bowers, Lawrence Oates, Cecil Meares en Edward L. Atkinson lê op beddings, terwyl Apsley Cherry-Garrard aan die linkerkant staan.

Beeld: Herbert Ponting/Scott Polar Research Institute, Universiteit van Cambridge/Getty Images

Anton Omelchenko staan ​​aan die einde van die Barne -gletser op Ross -eiland.

Beeld: Herbert Ponting/Scott Polar Research Institute, Universiteit van Cambridge/Getty Images

Hondehanteerder Cecil Meares by die klavier in die hut.

Beeld: Herbert Ponting/Scott Polar Research Institute, Universiteit van Cambridge/Getty Images

Kapt. Scott het hom toegerus vir sy stoot na die Suidpool.

Beeld: Hulton Archive/Getty Images

Toe die lente uiteindelik aanbreek, het Scott sy plan uiteengesit om die Suidpool te bereik.

'N Aanvanklike partytjie van 16 mans sou oor die Groot Ysversperring vertrek, met voorrade met motorslee, ponies en honde. Lede van die party sou op spesifieke breedtegrade terugdraai en 'n laaste groep van vyf verlaat om die paal te bereik.

Die groep met die motorslee het op 24 Oktober 1911 vertrek. Die slee het na ongeveer 50 myl afgebreek. Sonder hulle moes Scott sy plan aanpas en die honde laat voortduur.

Kaptein Scott lei 'n slee -party om die Suidpool voor Amundsen te bereik.

Beeld: Hulton Archive/Getty Images

'N Bevrore Charles Wright in die kamp nadat hy teruggekeer het van die Great Ice Barrier as deel van die eerste ondersteuningsparty wat Scott se stoot na die Suidpool gehelp het.

Beeld: Herbert Ponting/Scott Polar Research Institute, Universiteit van Cambridge/Getty Images

Op 4 Desember bereik die partytjie die verste rand van die Great Ice Barrier en begin die Beardmore -gletser klim. Op 20 Desember bereik hulle die begin van die uitgestrekte, leë plato wat tussen hulle en die paal lê.

Die honde is terug na die basis gestuur, en op 3 Januarie 1912 het Scott die vier mans gekies wat saam met hom by die poolparty sou aansluit: Hoofwetenskaplike dr Edward Wilson, Lawrence Oates, Henry Bowers en Edgar Evans.

Die laaste vyf mans het suidwaarts gestoot. Op 16 Januarie, te midde van die eindelose uitgestrekte wit niks om hulle, sien hulle iets - 'n swart vlag wat wapper van 'n slee -hardloper.

'N Nota is aangeheg. Amundsen het hulle met 'n maand geklop.

Crestfallen, Scott en sy metgeselle bereik die volgende dag die Suidpool en ontdek die kamp wat Amundsen die dag daarna agtergelaat het.

Dr. Wilson, kapt. Scott, kapt. Oates, Henry Bowers en Edgar Evans poseer op die Suidpool.

Kaptein Scott en die poolparty ontdek 'n tent wat Amundsen agtergelaat het, wat 'n maand tevore die Suidpool bereik het.

Beeld: Hulton-Deutsch Collection/CORBIS/Corbis via Getty Images

Alhoewel dit nie die triomf was wat hulle in die vooruitsig gestel het nie, was hul missie voltooi. Hulle het omgedraai en teruggegaan soos hulle gekom het.

Die vyf mans het die polêre plato met gemak oorgesteek, maar het begin sukkel toe hulle die Beardmore -gletser bestyg. Evans, wat aan erge bevrorenheid en ander beserings gely het, het ineengestort en gesterf toe hulle op 17 Februarie die onderkant van die gletser nader.

Die oorlewende vier mans het oor die Great Ice Barrier gegaan na 'n voorraadopslagplek waar hulle beplan het om met die honde spanne te vergader. Maar die honde het nooit gewys nie.

Bevrorenheid en gangreen in Oates se voete het dit onmoontlik gemaak om meer as 'n paar kilometer per dag te marsjeer. Teen 17 Maart, sy 32ste verjaardag, het hy ook die gebruik van sy hande verloor en het hy geweet dat hy die groep vertraag. Oates het in hul tent teen die wind gestrompel en vir die ander gesê: 'Ek gaan net buite en kan 'n rukkie wees', en stap na sy dood.

Scott, Bowers en Wilson het voortgegaan om by die dag meer swak en siek te word. Op 20 Maart, net 18 kilometer van die grootste voorraaddepot, is hulle deur 'n hewige sneeustorm geïmmobiliseer.

Op 29 Maart het Scott sy laaste dagboekinskrywing aangeteken.

Terug by die kamp het die ander lede van die ekspedisie talle reise na depots gelewer in die hoop om die poolparty te vang, sonder sukses. Nadat hy in die hut oorwinter het, het 'n soekgeselskap op 29 Oktober begin.

Minder as twee weke later het hulle die lyke van Scott, Wilson en Bowers gevind. Hulle het 'n kliphok oor hulle gebou waar hulle gelê het.

Ekspedisielede keer terug na Nieu -Seeland op die Terra Nova nadat hulle die lyke van Scott en die ander slagoffers gevind het.


Kaptein Robert Falcon Scott en die noodlottige Terra Nova -ekspedisie

Robert Falcon Scott CVO (6 Junie 1868 - ongeveer 29 Maart 1912) was 'n Royal Navy -offisier en ontdekkingsreisiger wat twee ekspedisies na die Antarktiese streke gelei het: die Ontdekking ekspedisie van 1901–1904 en die noodlottige Terra Nova ekspedisie van 1910–1913.

Op die eerste ekspedisie het hy 'n nuwe suidelike rekord opgestel deur na 82 ° S se breedtegraad te marsjeer en die Antarktiese plato ontdek, waarop die Suidpool geleë is. Op die tweede onderneming het Scott 'n groep van vyf gelei wat op 17 Januarie 1912 die Suidpool bereik het, minder as vyf weke na die Suidpool -ekspedisie van Amundsen.

Die dodelike wedloop na die Suidpool

'N Beplande ontmoeting met ondersteunende honde -spanne uit die basiskamp het misluk, ondanks die geskrewe instruksies van Scott en op 'n afstand van 261 km van hul basiskamp by Hut Point en ongeveer 20 km van die volgende depot , Het Scott en sy metgeselle gesterf.

Scott se laaste brief

Ek wil jou vertel dat ek nie te oud was vir hierdie werk nie. Dit was die jonger manne wat eerste ondergekom het.

Ek wil hê dat u 'n bevoegdheid moet kry vir my weduwee en seun. Ek laat hulle baie siek, maar voel dat die land hulle nie moet verwaarloos nie. Ons is immers 'n goeie voorbeeld vir ons landgenote, indien nie deur op 'n knap plek te kom nie, deur dit soos mans te sien toe ons daar was. ”

Race to the South Pole-The Terra Nova Expedition Documentary

Toe Scott en sy party se liggame ontdek word, het hulle die eerste Antarktiese fossiele wat hulle ooit gevind het, in hul besit gehad. Die fossiele was vasbeslote om van die Glossopteris boom en bewys dat Antarktika eens beboste was en by ander kontinente aangesluit het.

Voor sy aanstelling om die Ontdekking ekspedisie, het Scott die loopbaan van 'n vlootbeampte in die Royal Navy gevolg. In 1899 het hy 'n toevallige ontmoeting gehad met Sir Clements Markham, die president van die Royal Geographical Society, en sodoende verneem hy van 'n beplande Antarktiese ekspedisie, wat hy spoedig vrywillig sou lei.

Nadat hy hierdie stap geneem het, word sy naam onlosmaaklik verbind met die Antarktika, die werkveld waarop hy hom gedurende die laaste 12 jaar van sy lewe verbind het.

Die graf van Scott en bowers

Na die nuus van sy dood, word Scott 'n gevierde held, 'n status wat weerspieël word deur gedenktekens wat in die Verenigde Koninkryk opgerig is. In die laaste dekades van die 20ste eeu is daar egter vrae oor sy bekwaamheid en karakter. Kommentators in die 21ste eeu het Scott meer positief beskou nadat hulle die temperatuurdaling onder −40 ° C (−40 ° F) in Maart 1912 beoordeel het, en nadat hulle Scott se skriftelike bevele van Oktober 1911 herontdek het waarin hy die opdrag gegee het honde spanne ontmoet en hom bystaan ​​met die terugreis.

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  • Kaptein Scott en die suidelike partytjie op die Suidpool. Britse Antarktiese ekspedisie, 1910-13. Fotograaf: Henry Bowers
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Roetes na die Suidpool geneem deur Scott en Amundsen

Die Terra Nova Ekspedisie, amptelik die Britse Antarktiese ekspedisie, was 'n ekspedisie na Antarktika wat plaasgevind het tussen 1910 en 1913. Dit is gelei deur Robert Falcon Scott en het verskillende wetenskaplike en geografiese doelwitte gehad. Scott wou voortgaan met die wetenskaplike werk wat hy begin het met die leiding van die Ontdekking ekspedisie na die Antarktika van 1901 tot 1904. Hy wou ook die eerste wees wat die geografiese Suidpool bereik het. Hy en vier metgeselle bereik die paal op 17 Januarie 1912, waar hulle vind dat die Noorse span onder leiding van Roald Amundsen hulle met 34 dae voorafgegaan het. Die hele geselskap van Scott het gesterf tydens die terugreis van die paal, sommige van hul liggame, tydskrifte en foto's is agt maande later deur 'n soekgeselskap gevind.

Die ekspedisie, vernoem na sy voorraadskip, was 'n privaat onderneming, gefinansier deur openbare bydraes en 'n staatstoelaag. Dit het verdere steun van die Admiraliteit, wat ervare seelui na die ekspedisie vrygelaat het, en van die Royal Geographical Society.

Die span wetenskaplikes van die ekspedisie het 'n omvattende wetenskaplike program uitgevoer, terwyl ander partye Victoria Land en die Western Mountains ondersoek het. 'N Poging tot landing en verkenning van King Edward VII Land was onsuksesvol. 'N Reis na Cape Crozier in Junie en Julie 1911 was die eerste lang slee -reis in die dieptes van die Antarktiese winter.

Vir baie jare na sy dood was die status van Scott as 'n tragiese held onbetwisbaar, en min vrae is gevra oor die oorsake van die ramp wat sy polêre party oorwin het. In die laaste kwart van die 20ste eeu is die ekspedisie onder die loep geneem en is meer kritiese standpunte uitgespreek oor die organisasie en bestuur daarvan. Die mate van persoonlike skuld van Scott en, meer onlangs, die skuld van sekere ekspedisielede, bly omstrede

This is simply the story of a boy trying to grow up, survive, thrive, have fun & discover himself against a backdrop of events that might best be described as ‘explosive’, captivating & shocking the world for thirty long years.


History of Scott’s Expedition

He had previously led the major National Antarctic Expedition (1901–04) during which he reached a record 82º11’ South, and a great many scientific and geographical discoveries were made. However, while science and geography remained key objectives to Antarctic explorers of the day, the real prize in the public’s imagination was the South Pole.

Just 18 months before Scott’s second expedition departed, Shackleton had turned back only 97 miles south of the Pole. Aware of how close Shackleton had come to snatching what he regarded as his trophy, Scott planned his British Antarctic Expedition 1910–13 meticulously. It was to be the pinnacle of Edwardian exploration with the attainment of the Geographical South Pole for Britain being the ultimate goal. Today, the legend of that expedition continues to echo down the years, a bittersweet epic of triumph and tragedy immortalised forever in the history of human endeavour and exploration.

Upon returning from the Antarctic in 1904, Scott wrote his account of the expedition The Voyage of the Discovery, before returning to the British Navy. He was promoted to Captain and married Kathleen Bruce in 1908.

From early 1909 he had held an Admiralty post as Naval Assistant to the Second Sea Lord but he resigned later that year to concentrate on planning and raising money for his second Antarctic expedition. The British Government pledged £20,000, with the governments of New Zealand and Australia also contributing along with various businesspeople and private donors. Places in the expedition were also effectively ‘sold’ with Lawrence Oates and Apsley Cherry-Garrard each paying £1,000 to join, and so from these combined sources the total budget of £40,000 was raised.

Aside from reaching the Pole, a comprehensive scientific programme was planned. Dr Edward Wilson was appointed senior scientist and he assembled a competent group of professionals for the shore party with fields including, meteorology, magnetism, glaciology, geology, marine biology and cartography. The Terra Nova, built as a whaler in Dundee and used as the relief ship on the National Antarctic Expedition, was selected as the expedition’s vessel.

The Terra Nova left London on 1 June 1910, but Scott travelled later by fast steamer to Cape Town where he joined the ship before it departed for Melbourne on 2 September. Whilst in Melbourne he received news that was to distress him deeply. The veteran Norwegian polar explorer Roald Amundsen had been planning an expedition to reach the North Pole but was thwarted by news that the American, Robert Peary, had reached the Pole on 6 April 1909. Undeterred, Amundsen simply switched his goal to the other end of the planet, pointing the Fram to Antarctica and the South Pole. He left Norway on 6 June 1910 keeping his intentions secret even from most of his crew until he reached Madeira where he sent this telegram to Scott: “Beg leave to inform you Fram proceeding Antarctic. Amundsen”.

Scott worked hard not to convey his concern at Amundsen’s plans to his men and continued preparations for the expedition as they sailed to New Zealand. Terra Nova finally set off from Lyttelton on 29 November 1910, taking on coal in Port Chalmers before departing south. On board was a vast quantity of stores including 162 carcasses of mutton and three carcasses of beef, cheese and butter obtained in New Zealand, and an impressive array of equipment representing the latest technology of the day.

There were three Wolseley motor tractors and drums of Shell petrol, two Siberian and 17 Manchurian ponies (seven Indian Army mules were taken south for the second season), 33 Siberian dogs, a comprehensive selection of Burroughs Welcome medical and photographic supplies, clothing, tools, photographic equipment, sledging equipment, and surveying, navigating and scientific instruments. A large quantity of compressed coal in 12 and 25lb blocks was obtained in Cardiff, and from Australia there were 45 tons of Geelong fodder and a quantity of oil-cake, bran and crushed oats for the ponies. A large number of British schools raised funds and presented the expedition with dogs, ponies, sledges, sleeping bags and tents.

The ship also carried several prefabricated huts. The building, designed for the expedition’s winter quarters, 15 metres by 8 metres in plan with a gabled roof rising to a central ridge 4.3 metres high, had been prefabricated in London. A trial erection of the hut took place at Officers’ Point in Lyttelton this revealed serious deficiencies in the sizes and quantities of some timbers, which were made good before the expedition sailed. In addition, there were three smaller buildings: one, without iron fastenings so that it could be used for magnetic observations, was erected at Cape Evans a hut for the Eastern Party (later designated the Northern Party) which was erected at Cape Adare, and a third with an observation deck on the roof to be used as a meteorological station at Granite Harbour. This was never unloaded it was taken back to New Zealand and it stands today on the property that used to belong to JJ Kinsey at Clifton in Christchurch.

The expedition got off to a rough start. Shortly after the Terra Nova left New Zealand she was hit by a storm which nearly sank her. Arriving at Ross Island in January 1911, a landing was made at Cape Crozier but the idea of setting up the base here was abandoned. Thick sea-ice prevented the vessel getting through to the old Discovery hut on Hut Point, near the present-day United States McMurdo Station, so, on 4 January, Scott landed some 25 kilometres north at the ‘Skuary’ to investigate establishing his winter quarters there.

The gently sloping ground of this narrow volcanic neck of land with the ramparts of Mount Erebus rising behind and McMurdo Sound in front proved ideal for establishing his base. Originally discovered during Scott’s National Antarctic Expedition 1901–04, the area was named for the large number of skuas that flocked there, but Scott renamed it Cape Evans after the expedition’s second-in-command, Lieutenant Edward ‘Teddy’ Evans. A short distance inland is a large lake named Skua Lake, while to the east the ground rises to form The Ramp and beyond, glaciated slopes rise toward the summit of Mount Erebus. From the hut site there are fine views east over McMurdo Sound to the Trans-Antarctic Mountains and south to the Dellbridge Islands.

After an inspection of the site by Scott, Evans and Wilson, unloading began immediately. In Wilson’s words,

“We found a most admirable sandy flat for the hut with a long snow drift for the horses and easy access from the sea ice”.

There was also ice for water and ideal sites for meteorological and other scientific stations.

By noon of the first day all the horses, dogs, a tent, emergency rations and two of the motor tractors were unloaded. For the rest of the day, there was a continual procession of men and ponies with sledges and by midnight most of the hut was ashore and the hut ‘scantlings’ erected. A large tent was erected for the work party and construction of the hut began in earnest. On 8 January, however, the third motor tractor was lost through the sea-ice. Two days later, as construction of the hut continued on a foundation of coarse grey scoria just a few metres from the sea, Scott noted:

“The hut is progressing apace, and all agree that it should be the most perfectly comfortable habitation. It amply repays the time and attention given to the planning. The sides have double boarding inside and outside the frames, with a layer of our excellent quilted seaweed insulation between each pair of boardings. The roof has a single matchboarding inside, but on the outside is a matchboarding, then a layer of 2-ply ‘ruberoid’, then a layer of quilted seaweed, then a second matchboarding, and finally a cover of 3-ply ‘ruberoid’. The first floor is laid, but over this there will be quilting, a felt layer, a second boarding, and finally linoleum as the plenteous volcanic sand can be piled well up on every side it is impossible to imagine that draughts can penetrate into the hut from beneath, and it is equally impossible to imagine great loss of heat by contact or radiation in that direction. To add to the wall insulation the south and east sides of the hut are piled high with compressed-forage bales, whilst the north side is being prepared as a winter stable for the ponies. The stable will stand between the wall of the hut and a wall built of forage bales, six bales high and two bales thick. This will be roofed with rafters and tarpaulin, as we cannot find enough boarding. We shall have to take care that too much snow does not collect on the roof, otherwise the place should do excellently well.”

Nine days later he had this to say of their new home, the largest building constructed in Antarctica during the heroic era:

“The hut is becoming the most comfortable dwelling-place imaginable. We have made ourselves a truly seductive home, within the walls of which peace, quiet and comfort remain supreme. Such a noble dwelling transcends the word ‘hut’, and we pause to give it a more fitting title only from lack of the appropriate suggestion. What shall we call it? The word hut is misleading. Our residence is really a house of considerable size, in every respect the finest that has ever been erected in the polar regions 50ft. long by 25 wide and 9ft. to the eaves.”


An icon van Empire?

Born in 1868, Scott shares a birth year with one of the most iconic buildings in British politics: the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in Westminster. The coincidence is significant Scott was born just as the biggest and most impressive monument to British imperial power opened its doors to (among others) the Foreign Office and the India Office. By the time Scott was building his reputation as a geographer and explorer in the early twentieth century, the ‘Scramble for Africa’ and continuing naval dominance left Britain at the height of its economic and military dominance at the same time, the gruesome Boer War and Joseph Chamberlain’s debates over free trade symbolised the moral and political ambiguity of the imperial project.

What Scott and other heroes of Empire before him provided were straightforward tales of bravery and fortitude through which ordinary Britons could make sense of Britain’s superpower status. Already famous through his successful Discovery mission (1901-04), Scott’s Terra Nova expedition, which began in 1910, promised to be his most triumphant yet. He set out with the goal of being the first person in history to reach the South Pole.

The story, however, did not play out as planned: using better navigation and much better equipment, Amundsen beat Scott to the pole by 3 days. Devastated and defeated, Scott led his five companions back towards their base camp, only to run into uniquely adverse weather conditions and freeze to death on the way.

The initial reaction to Scott’s death in Britain was an overwhelming display of public grief – comparable in many ways to the mourning of Princess Diana in the 1990s. The press obituaries were hagiographic British schools and churches across the country organised special commemorations and King George V himself kneeled to pray at Scott’s funeral in St. Paul’s Cathedral. Like General Gordon in 1885, whose defeat at Khartoum made him a national hero, Scott’s death chimed with a popular conception of peculiarly British masculinity, in which emotional fortitude and brave acceptance of fate were venerated above mere victory.

Scott’s blue plaque, erected outside his home in Chelsea in 1935 by London County Council.

Conversely, when Amundsen attended a dinner at the Royal Geographical Society in 1912, the president and future Foreign Secretary, Lord Curzon, raised a toast – not to Amundsen, but to his dogs. While Scott’s men had dragged their own sleds across the ice, the Norwegian team had relied on dog teams to carry them. This was considered to be bad conduct, even cheating – a cardinal sin in Edwardian aristocratic culture.

Sixty years later, however, Scott’s reputation suddenly came under threat. With the Empire gone and unable to arrest its terminal economic decline, Britain was psychologically less inclined to admire its most famous imperial failure. In 1979, as Margaret Thatcher was on the verge of power, a Marxist writer called Roland Huntford published The Last Place on Earth: a dual biography that pointed out the serious flaws in Scott’s planning, and the technological and strategic insight that ensured Amundsen reached the pole first. Almost overnight, the pair’s reputations reversed. Huntford’s image of Amundsen as a rugged individualist chimed well in 1980s Britain, whereas his caricature of the bungling Scott, according to historian Max Jones, became ‘the new orthodoxy’, and attacking him was ‘something of a national pastime since Huntford’s intervention’.


Edgar Evans Dies

The return trip for Scott and his Polar Party was a tortuous affair, and by February 17th the situation was a desperate one. Edgar ‘Taff’ Evans, was suffering badly from frostbite to his fingers, nose and cheeks, and a knife wound he had picked up before they had reached the Pole, had failed to heal.

He had twice fallen into crevasses and on the second occasion was badly concussed, causing rapid deterioration in both his mental and physical condition. As they descended the Beardmore Glacier Evans’ condition was hindering progress. He had left the sledge harness and tried to stumble alongside, but even this proved futile as he still could not keep pace and fell behind the team, who had to retrace their steps to fetch him.

When they located him, he was in an almost delirious state and they made camp, placing the now unconscious Evans in the tent. He would die later that night. Scott did not make a record of what was done with the body of Edgar Evans.


Scott Expedition Marks Anniversary Of Captain Robert Falcon Scott’s Epic Achievement

Whitley UK, 17 th January 2014 - 102 years ago today iconic British explorer Captain Robert Falcon Scott and his team became the first Britons to reach the South Pole. Today, more than 100 years later, two British Explorers - Ben Saunders and Tarka L'Herpiniere - are in Antarctica on route to making the first completion of his ill-fated Terra Nova route.

On the 1 st November 1911 Scott and his five man team set out from Cape Evans (Scott's Terra Nova Hut) on the 1,800 mile journey from the coast of Antarctica to the South Pole and back. The team traversed the Beardmore Glacier and on 20 th December reached the beginning of the polar plateau where upon they laid their Upper Glacier Depot. They reached the South Pole on 17 January 1912 - 102 years ago today - which declared them the first British team to achieve such a feat.

They began their return journey on the 19th January but ran into trouble on the Ross Ice Shelf. Scott's last diary entry was made on the 29th March 1912, he is presumed to have died soon after. The team was 11 miles short of their final depot (One Ton depot) and only 97 miles short of their journey's end.

Ben and Tarka's own journey is aiming to retrace and make the first completion of Scott's iconic 1910-12 Terra Nova route. They are following Scott's original 1,800 mile route from the coast to the South Pole and back - a journey that sits right at the limits of human capability. Their endeavour is to honour Scott and his men's remarkable display of human fortitude by completing the route as well as inspire others worldwide to challenge their own personal limits and realise their own potential.

Speaking from Antarctica, Land Rover and Intel Global Ambassador Ben Saunders said,

"More than 100 years on, the achievement of Captain Scott and his men remains among the highest benchmarks of human endeavour. Their incredible display of fortitude in battling the harshest elements on earth to reach the South Pole before embarking on their ill-fated return is a story that has inspired many, including myself, for generations. I've always known it's a journey that sits at the very limits of human endurance - hence my fascination and ambition to retrace and celebrate it. Yet, it's only now as I follow in Scott's footsteps that I can really appreciate quite how tough it must have been. Even with the benefits of a century's innovation, Tarka and I have been and continue to be pushed to our very limits."

"We have been overwhelmed with the incredible interest and support for us and our journey shown via our blog - a huge boost and a luxury that would have been unthinkable to Scott. Please continue to follow but for today, on the anniversary of Scott and his men becoming the first Britons to reach the South Pole, please also take a moment to remember these inspirational men that have trodden our path before. We feel immensely privileged and proud to be able to honour them and hope you join us in doing so too."

Expedition patron Falcon Scott, grandson of Captain Scott said, "The Scott Expedition is a truly exceptional and meaningful way to recognise and commemorate my grandfather's expedition to the South Pole. No one in history has ever walked to the South Pole and back to the coast replicating the route my Grandfather would have taken if he had got back alive. I fully support Ben and Tarka, and admire their resilience and courage in this bold venture. With under a month to go they are doing so well, and I wish them all the best in their last few weeks as they use their final reserves to complete their return journey to the coast. Hopefully they will not experience the extreme freak cold weather on the barrier that finally killed my Grandfather and his party."

Ben and Tarka have now covered more than 1200 miles (1931km), in 85 days in Antarctica. Like Scott, they too have battled the Beardmore Glacier and Polar Plateau and reached the South Pole on 27 th December 2013, 63 days into their journey.

The duo have also experienced similar conditions to those logged by Scott - by day 63 they had battled temperatures as low as -46°C and consumed almost 378,000 calories. The monotony experienced by Scott is echoed by Ben in his diary live from the ice - http://scottexpedition.com/blog/steady-plodding

Mark Cameron, Jaguar Land Rover's Global Brand Experience Director, said "The Scott Expedition epitomises the Land Rover spirit of going Above and Beyond. Both the original Terra Nova Expedition and the current Scott Expedition have pushed the boundaries of human fortitude and endeavour to the limit overcoming the unimaginable challenges presented by the most inhospitable continent on the planet."

"Ben and Tarka's Expedition has given us the opportunity look back and celebrate the great man that was Captain Robert Falcon Scott and compare the similar extraordinary challenges faced by both teams over 100 years apart. We are able to now look to the future and I have no doubt, celebrate the first ever completion of this remarkable landmark journey."

Like Scott, Ben and Tarka have been recording their journey. Intel's latest 4 th Generation technology has enabled Ben to blog daily from the ice and readers can follow the journey on a daily basis as it unfolds via www.scottexpedition.com/blog - and can track their journey live at www.scottexpedition.com/tracking

Videos detailing Scott's original feat can be found at:

  • Ben on Scott's 1912 Terra Nova expedition - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PyMLx2mv1Qg
  • Ben visiting the Scott Polar Research Institute - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S9EtaAPWr0E&feature=c4-overview-vl&list=PLUAuh5Ht8DS1-ga6kvxIfhh0vZgIAcgV5

Further information including the Scott Polar Research Institute's online version of Scott's diary can be found here - http://scottexpedition.com/activities/learn-about-captain-robert-falcon-scott

Land Rover & Intel are co-presenting partners of The Scott Expedition. The Scott Expedition reflects the spirit of adventure, capability and rugged quality that are fundamental to Land Rover's brand and heritage.

For further information log onto www.media.landrover.com or contact:

Senior Press Officer, Land Rover

- Since 1948 Land Rover has been manufacturing authentic 4x4s that represent true breadth of capability across the model range. Defender, Freelander, Discovery, Range Rover Sport, Range Rover and Range Rover Evoque each define the world's 4x4 sectors. Land Rover products are currently sold in approximately 180 global markets.

- The technology that is now available to Ben has developed considerably since Captains Scott's mission in the early 1900s the world of Land Rover has also evolved significantly since it was founded 65 years ago. With continuous advances in design and engineering and high-tech systems giving today's models even greater off-road capabilities and on-board connectivity. At the same time, Land Rovers have retained at their heart the same essential principle of all-terrain ability that inspired the original, in the same way as Scott's polar ambition remains central to what Ben Saunders wants to achieve

- Although Land Rover vehicles will not play a physical role in Antarctica, they are highly valued by Ben as his vehicle of choice for all types of occasion - with the versatility to carry all the kit he needs to the remote training areas beyond the Arctic Circle, and take him across the UK on a busy schedule of speaking engagements and personal appearances. A great supporter of the Land Rover Discovery 4 - with its reputation as the go-to vehicle for many modern explorers - he says that it is "never just a journey" in a Land Rover as the brand is so closely associated with "adventure and excitement"

- Since 1948 Land Rover has been manufacturing authentic 4x4s that represent true breadth of capability across the model range. Defender, Freelander, Discovery, Range Rover Sport, Range Rover and Range Rover Evoque each define the world's 4x4 sectors. Land Rover products are currently sold in 178 global markets

- Ben is best known for skiing solo to the North Pole in 2004, and for blogging live from his expeditions. He is the third in history and the youngest by ten years to reach the North Pole alone and on foot

- In his home and work life, Ben drives a Land Rover Discovery. This vehicle enables him to travel to many training locations, as well as providing the space required to house all of his specialist equipment. With the history-making Scott Expedition, he will go further to demonstrate the spirit of "Above and Beyond" that's at the heart of the Land Rover brand


Follow Ben and Tarka’s Progress Online

Follow Ben and Tarka's live progress in Antarctica online from wherever you are in the world - live tracking and daily blogging

Pack Ben and Tarka’s Sled

Have a go at packing a sled bound for Antarctica and learn a little more about what Ben and Tarka are taking on their journey

Learn About Captain Scott

Learn about Scott Expedition inspiration - iconic British polar explorer Captain Scott and his 1910-12 Terra Nova Expedition

Download a Map of Antarctica

Download your own map of Antarctica to pop on your wall and annotate throughout Ben and Tarka's journey

Enjoy the Scott Expedition in Video

Get behind-the-scenes and watch the build up to Ben and Tarka's departure for Antarctica, plus see footage sent from the ice

Help Us Record History

Help us record history by transcribing some of Scott's meteorological readings from more than a century ago

Set Your Own Goal

Time Capsule - like Ben and Tarka setting out to achieve their goal in Antarctica, set yours here

Get Your Own Scott Expedition T-Shirt

Be a part of the Scott Expedition community - get your own Scott Expedition t-shirt


Kyk die video: Терра Нова на максималках (November 2021).