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President Obama kondig skok aan in die motorbedryf

President Obama kondig skok aan in die motorbedryf

Op 30 Maart 2009 het die destydse VS. President Barack Obama stel 'n ultimatum aan die sukkelende Amerikaanse motorvervaardigers General Motors (GM) en Chrysler: Om ekstra reddingslenings van die regering te ontvang, sê hy, moet die maatskappye dramatiese veranderinge aanbring in die manier waarop hulle hul besigheid bestuur. Die president het ook 'n stel inisiatiewe aangekondig wat bedoel is om die sukkelende Amerikaanse motorbedryf te help en verbruikersvertroue te versterk, insluitend die regering se steun vir GM- en Chrysler -waarborge, selfs al het albei motorvervaardigers hul besigheid verloor. In Desember 2008 aanvaar GM (die wêreld se grootste motorvervaardiger van die vroeë 1930's tot 2008) en Chrysler (toe Amerika se derde grootste motoronderneming) $ 17,4 miljard aan federale hulp om kop bo water te hou. Op daardie tydstip is die twee maatskappye swaar getref deur die wêreldwye ekonomiese krisis en dalende motorverkope; Kritici het egter beweer dat hul probleme 'n paar dekades tevore begin het, en dat daar onder andere nie daarin geslaag is om te innoveer in die lig van buitelandse mededinging en probleme met vakbonde nie.

Die outomatiese taakspan van president Obama het vasgestel dat Chrysler te gefokus was op sy sportnutsvoertuie (SUV) en 'n te klein onderneming was om alleen te oorleef. In sy aankondiging van 30 Maart het Obama Chrysler 'n maand gegee om 'n samesmelting met die Italiaanse motorvervaardiger Fiat of 'n ander vennoot te voltooi. Kort voor sy spertyd van 30 April het Chrysler gesê dat hy ooreenkomste met die vakbond United Auto Workers sowel as sy groot skuldeisers bereik het; op 30 April het Obama egter aangekondig dat Chrysler, nadat hy met 'n paar van sy kleiner skuldeisers nie tot 'n ooreenkoms gekom het nie, aansoek sou doen om beskerming teen bankrotskap van hoofstuk 11 en dan 'n vennootskap met Fiat sou sluit. Die samesmelting was in 2014 voltooi.

Wat General Motors betref, volgens die voorwaardes wat Obama op 30 Maart aangekondig het, het die motorreus 60 dae tyd gehad om 'n groot herstrukturering te ondergaan, insluitend skerp besnoeiing en ontslae te raak van winsgewende produklyne en handelaars. Gedurende die volgende twee maande het GM gesê dat dit duisende handelaars en 'n aantal aanlegte sal sluit, asook handelsmerke soos Pontiac sal uitfaseer. Nietemin, op 1 Junie 2009 verklaar GM, wat in 1908 gestig is, bankrotskap. Die maatskappy het destyds skuld van $ 172,8 miljard en bates van $ 82,3 miljard gerapporteer, wat dit die vierde grootste Amerikaanse bankrotskap in die geskiedenis maak. GM het in 2010 weer winsgewend geword.


Presidensiële taakspan oor die motorbedryf

Die Presidensiële taakspan oor die motorbedryf was 'n ad hoc 'n groep Amerikaanse kabinetsvlak en ander amptenare wat deur president Obama gevorm is om die finansiële reddingsoperasie van motorvervaardigers Chrysler en General Motors te hanteer.

Op grond van 'n beoordeling dat motorvervaardiging 'n kritieke sektor van die ekonomie is wat 3 tot 4 miljoen werkgeleenthede vir Amerikaners bied, was die likwidasie op hande vir twee van die drie groot Amerikaanse motorvervaardigers en dat die onderbrekings die Amerikaanse ekonomie sou verwoes, die Amerikaanse regering het deur die Task Force betrokke geraak by die daaglikse bestuursbesluite van Chrysler en General Motors. [1] [2] [3]

Die Presidensiële Taakspan het in Februarie 2009 vergaderings begin en begin hou. herstrukturering en die versoeke om fondse van die maatskappye. [5] Aanbevelings bevat ook riglyne oor die verbetering van loon- en voordeelstrukture en die ontwikkeling van mededingende brandstofdoeltreffende motors vir die toekoms. In Maart 2009 het die Task Force tot $ 5 miljard se ondersteuning aan verskaffers van die motorbedryf aanbeveel [5] en teen einde Mei 2009, na aanleiding van die aanbevelings van die Task Force, het die Amerikaanse regering in totaal ongeveer $ 25 miljard aan die ondernemings geleen. Destyds word beraam dat GM $ 30 miljard meer kan verg om uit bankrotskap te kom. [6] Teen middel Julie 2009 het beide maatskappye herstruktureer en uit bankrotskap gekom. Die taakspan is teruggeskaal van 'dag tot dag' betrokkenheid tot periodieke 'monitering'. [3]

Volgens 'n verslag van April 2014 van die spesiale inspekteur -generaal van die Troubled Asset Relief Program, het die Amerikaanse regering $ 11,2 miljard verloor in sy redding van General Motors. Die Amerikaanse regering het $ 50 miljard bestee om GM te red, wat beteken dat dit 77,6 persent van sy beleggingsbedrag verhaal het. [7]


Obama skud GM, Chrysler op

President Barack Obama het 'n buitengewone poging aangekondig om die siek motorbedryf in die VSA Maandag te hervestig en gesê dat hy langtermyn federale hulp aan twee motorvervaardigers sal weerhou, tensy hulle ingrypende veranderinge aanbring om hul voortbestaan ​​te verseker.

In stomp terme het Obama gesê dat sy visie vir die hervorming van GM en Chrysler pynlik sal wees vir die ondernemings en hul werkers, maar dring daarop aan dat die sterk medisyne die enigste manier is om hulle te red - terwyl hy ook die moontlikheid laat misluk.

En hy het regstreeks met motorwerkers en gemeenskappe gepraat wat op die fabrieke staatmaak, en gesê: 'Ek sal nie maak asof die moeilike tye verby is nie. Ek kan jou nie belowe dat daar nie meer pyn kom nie. Maar wat ek jou kan belowe, is dit - ek sal vir jou veg. U is die rede waarom ek vandag hier is. ”

'Hierdie pogings, so noodsaaklik as wat dit is, sal nie alles oornag beter maak nie. Daar is werk wat nie gestoor kan word nie. Daar is plante wat nie weer oopmaak nie. . . . ”

Obama het ook die dramatiese stap geneem om die federale regering ten volle agter die produkte van die twee maatskappye te plaas - en gesê dat die Verenigde State vir die res van die jare die waarborge op hul motors sal ondersteun, in die hoop dat verbruikers nie van die gehawende ondernemings sal wegskram nie .

In die geval van GM het Obama gevra om die bedanking van Rick Wagoner, uitvoerende hoof, te bedank, en Wagoner het daaraan voldoen deur op te tree. Obama het GM 60 dae gegee om te herstruktureer en klink optimisties dat die onderneming dit kon doen.

Sien ook

In die geval van Chrysler was Obama baie meer pessimisties - hy het hulle slegs 30 dae gegee om 'n samesmeltingsooreenkoms met die Italiaanse motorvervaardiger Fiat te sluit. As hulle saamsmelt, bied hy nuwe lenings van $ 6 miljard aan. As hulle dit nie doen nie, het Obama gesê dat hulle nie meer federale hulp sal kry nie - en waarskynlik tot bankrotskap gedwing sal word.

'Jaar na jaar, dekade na dekades, het ons probleme ondervind en moeilike keuses het begin, selfs al het buitelandse mededingers ons oortref. Ons het die einde van die pad bereik, ”het Obama gesê. 'En ons as 'n nasie kan ons nie langer bekostig om verantwoordelikheid te ontneem nie. Dit is nou die tyd om ons probleme voor die oë te kyk en te doen wat nodig is om dit op te los, ”het Obama gesê.

'Maar ek is vol vertroue dat as ons elkeen bereid is om ons deel te doen, hierdie herstrukturering, net so pynlik as op kort termyn, nie 'n einde sal wees nie, maar 'n nuwe begin vir 'n groot Amerikaanse bedryf, 'n motorbedryf dit is weereens 'n 21ste-eeuse motorbedryf wat nie meer in die wêreld meeding nie, wat nuwe werkgeleenthede skep, nuwe welvaart loslaat en die brandstofdoeltreffende motors en vragmotors vervaardig wat ons in die rigting van 'n energie-onafhanklike toekoms sal bring. "

Die Withuis het Sondag eers sy planne uitgebrei en gesê dat hulle tot die gevolgtrekking gekom het dat nóg GM nóg Chrysler, soos dit nou bestaan, meer federale reddingsboeie verdien - en dat dramatiese stappe van beide maatskappye vereis om aan te toon dat hulle kan oorleef.

'Die pyn wat gevoel word op plekke wat op ons motorbedryf staatmaak, is nie die skuld van ons werkers nie, wat onvermoeid werk en desperaat wil sien dat hul ondernemings slaag. En dit is nie die skuld van al die gesinne en gemeenskappe wat vervaardigingsaanlegte deur die generasies ondersteun het nie. Dit is eerder 'n mislukking van leierskap - van Washington tot Detroit - wat ons motorondernemings tot op hierdie punt gelei het, 'het Obama gesê.

Die administrasie het bevind dat albei motorvervaardigers nie hul "lewensvatbaarheid" bewys het soos vereis volgens die massiewe staatslenings wat hulle reeds ontvang het nie, en het bepaal dat nie een van hulle nog 'n reddingsboei moet ontvang sonder om noemenswaardige veranderinge aan te bring nie.

'Ons het ongelukkig tot die gevolgtrekking gekom dat geen van die plan wat deur enige van die twee maatskappye voorgelê is, lewensvatbaarheid verteenwoordig nie, en daarom nie die aansienlike ekstra beleggings wat hulle versoek het, regverdig nie,' het 'n senior amptenaar aan verslaggewers gesê.

Obama het ook duidelik gemaak dat hy vol vertroue is dat GM kan omdraai, maar hy is nie so seker oor Chrysler nie. 'Chrysler is 'n moeiliker situasie,' het die amptenaar gesê. 'As [Chrysler en Fiat] nie tot 'n bevredigende ooreenkoms kan kom nie ... en as daar geen ander lewensvatbare vennootskap vir Chrysler ontstaan ​​nie, kan ons nie meer Amerikaanse belastinggeld in Chrysler belê nie.'

Maar die aankondiging van Obama loop reeds in weerstand van die Michigan -wetgewers, wat gesê het dat dit nie ver genoeg gaan nie. Die goewerneur van Michigan, Jennifer Granholm, het gesê dat Wagoner, uitvoerende hoof van GM, 'n offerlam word.

Die stoot na Wagoner, 'n 30-jarige GM-veteraan, kom van die presidensiële taakmag van die tesourie oor die motorbedryf, wat Obama in Februarie genoem het in plaas van 'n 'motor-tsaar'. Dit is tot dusver die duidelikste voorbeeld van die buitengewone nuwe rol wat die regering in die Amerikaanse sake as beheerder van die reddingsbeurs speel.

GM en Chrysler het die gesamentlike federale hulp van $ 17,4 miljard wat hulle sedert Desember ingeneem het, amper opgebruik. GM het tot $ 16,6 miljard meer gevra, en Chrysler het nog $ 5 miljard gevra.

Die waarborgprogram, 'n verrassingsaanbod, is daarop gemik om verbruikers aan te moedig om motors aan te skaf sonder om bekommerd te wees of die vervaardiger uit die sak sal wees teen die tyd dat iets breek. Die administrasie belowe om "agter hierdie nuwe motors te staan ​​wat van GM of Chrysler gekoop is ... van onsekerheid."

'Geen Amerikaner moet hom bekommer oor die koop van 'n motor by Chrysler, GM gedurende die volgende tydperk nie,' het die amptenaar gesê, wat bygevoeg het dat die administrasie geen kosteberaming vir die 'Warranty Commitment Program' het nie.

Die administrasie het ook aangekondig dat om die betrokke gemeenskappe te help, 'n direkteur van herstel vir motorwerkers en gemeenskappe aangewys word. Die pos gaan aan Edward Montgomery, 'n arbeidsekonoom en voormalige adjunk -sekretaris van arbeid, wie se taak is om 'te werk om alle hulpbronne van die regering te benut om die werkers, gemeenskappe en streke wat op die Amerikaanse motorbedryf staatmaak, te ondersteun'.

In skerp taal beskryf die administrasie se vyf-bladsy "Bepaling van lewensvatbaarheid" vir GM die harde bevindings: "General Motors het nie voldoen aan die voorwaardes van sy leningsooreenkoms nie. ... Daar word egter sterk geglo dat ... 'n aansienlike herstrukturering tot 'n lewensvatbare GM sal lei. "

Amptenare het dit duidelik gemaak dat Chrysler baie slegter daaraan toe is as GM.

'As u selfs na die voorlegging van Chrysler se eie lewensvatbaarheid kyk, sal u sien dat hulle dit op grond van hul eie aannames soortgelyk', het die amptenaar gesê. 'Hulle genereer regtig nooit 'n positiewe kontantvloei nie. Hulle is regtig nooit in 'n posisie om hul skuld af te betaal nie. Dit is nie 'n baie realistiese of werkbare plek vir 'n onderneming om te wees nie. "

'As u na dinge kyk soos die posisie van motors in Consumer Reports, sien u baie groot verskille tussen die twee ondernemings,' het die amptenaar gesê. “Malibu van General Motors het verlede jaar die motor van die jaar -toekenning gewen. Chrysler het nul motors - geen motors nie - wat deur Consumer Reports aanbeveel word. ”

Die amptenaar het bygevoeg: 'Daar is beslis baie goeie Chrysler -motors, en ons probeer niemand daarvan weerhou om dit te koop nie. Maar ons probeer hierdie lewensvatbaarheidsbeoordelings doen. ”

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President Obama kondig die historiese standaard vir brandstofdoeltreffendheid van 54,5 mpg aan

WASHINGTON, DC en president Obama het vandag 'n historiese ooreenkoms met dertien groot motorvervaardigers aangekondig om die volgende fase in die nasionale voertuigprogram van die Administration & rsquos voort te sit, wat die brandstofverbruik verhoog tot 54,5 myl per liter vir motors en ligte vragmotors teen modeljaar 2025. Die president was saam met Ford, GM, Chrysler, BMW, Honda, Hyundai, Jaguar/Land Rover, Kia, Mazda, Mitsubishi, Nissan, Toyota en Volvo & ndash, wat saam meer as 90% van alle voertuie wat in die Verenigde State verkoop word, sowel as die United Auto Workers (UAW) en die staat Kalifornië, wat 'n integrale deel was van die ontwikkeling van hierdie ooreenkoms.

Hierdie ooreenkoms oor brandstofstandaarde verteenwoordig die belangrikste stap wat ons as 'n land ooit geneem het om ons afhanklikheid van buitelandse olie te verminder, en president Obama het gesê. Die meeste van die ondernemings vandag was deel van 'n ooreenkoms wat ons twee jaar gelede bereik het om die brandstofdoeltreffendheid van hul motors oor die volgende vyf jaar te verhoog. Ons het 'n aggressiewe teiken gestel en die maatskappye stap op die bord. Teen 2025 sal die gemiddelde brandstofverbruik van hul voertuie byna verdubbel tot byna 55 myl per liter

Gebaseer op die Obama-administrasie en rsquos-ooreenkoms vir modeljare 2012-2016-voertuie, wat die brandstofdoeltreffendheid tot 35,5 mpg sal verhoog en gesinne hierdie jaar begin spaar by die pomp, sal die volgende ronde standaarde prestasie vergelyk met 54,5 mpg of 163 gram/ myl CO2 vir motors en ligte vragmotors teen modeljaar 2025. Om die doelwitte van hierdie historiese ooreenkoms te bereik, sal staatmaak op innoverende tegnologie en vervaardiging wat ekonomiese groei aanmoedig en huishoudelike werkgeleenthede van hoë gehalte in die nuutste nywerhede in Amerika kan skep.

Hierdie programme, gekombineer met die modeljaar 2011 -ligte vragmotorstandaard, verteenwoordig die eerste betekenisvolle opdatering van brandstofdoeltreffendheidstandaarde in drie dekades en strek oor modeljare 2011 tot 2025. Saam sal dit Amerikaanse gesinne $ 1,7 biljoen dollar aan brandstofkoste bespaar, en teen 2025 lei tot 'n gemiddelde brandstofbesparing van meer as $ 8 000 per voertuig. Boonop verminder hierdie programme die olie wat ons verbruik dramaties, bespaar 'n totaal van 12 miljard vate olie en teen 2025 verminder die olieverbruik met 2,2 miljoen vate per dag en verminder dit daagliks tot die helfte van die olie wat ons van OPEC invoer.

Die standaarde bekamp ook koolstofbesoedeling, en verminder meer as 6 miljard ton kweekhuisgas gedurende die program se lewensduur en verminder meer as die hoeveelheid koolstofdioksied wat die Verenigde State verlede jaar uitstoot. Die oliebesparing, verbruikers- en omgewingsvoordele van hierdie omvattende program word uiteengesit in 'n nuwe verslag getiteld Driving Efficiency: Cutting Costs for Families at the Pump and Slashing Dependence on Oil, wat die administrasie vandag bekend gemaak het.

Die Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) en die Department of Transportation (DOT) werk al etlike maande nou saam met motorvervaardigers, die staat Kalifornië, omgewingsgroepe en ander belanghebbendes om te verseker dat hierdie standaarde haalbaar, koste-effektief is en die keuse van verbruikers behoue ​​bly . Die program sal die strengheid van standaarde vir passasiersmotors elke jaar met gemiddeld vyf persent verhoog. Die strengheid van standaarde vir bakkies en ander ligte vragmotors sal jaarliks ​​gemiddeld met 3,5 persent toeneem vir die eerste vyf modeljare en gemiddeld vyf persent per jaar vir die laaste vier modeljare van die program, ten einde verantwoordelik te wees vir die unieke uitdagings verbonde aan hierdie klas voertuie.

Hierdie standaarde sal help om ekonomiese groei aan te spoor, die omgewing te beskerm en ons nasionale veiligheid te versterk deur Amerika se afhanklikheid van buitelandse olie te verminder. & ldquo Saam werk ons ​​die weg vir 'n nuwe generasie skoon voertuie. & rdquo

& ldquoDit is nog 'n belangrike stap in die rigting van geldbesparing vir bestuurders, ons afhanklikheid van ingevoerde olie verbreek en die lug wat ons inasem, skoonmaak, sê Lisa P. Jackson, EPA -administrateur. Amerikaanse verbruikers vra vir skoner motors wat hul lug besoedel of hul begrotings verbreek by die petrolpomp, en ons innoverende Amerikaanse motorvervaardigers reageer met planne vir sommige van die mees brandstofdoeltreffende voertuie in ons geskiedenis. & rdquo

'N Nasionale beleid oor brandstofverbruikstandaarde en uitstoot van kweekhuisgasse bied regulatoriese sekerheid en buigsaamheid wat die koste vir motorvervaardigers verminder, terwyl olieverbruik en skadelike lugbesoedeling aangespreek word. Verbruikers sal steeds toegang hê tot 'n uiteenlopende vloot en kan die voertuig koop wat die beste by hul behoeftes pas.

EPA en NHTSA ontwikkel 'n gesamentlike voorgestelde besluitneming, wat volledige besonderhede oor die voorgestelde program en ondersteunende ontledings sal insluit, insluitend die koste en voordele van die voorstel en die gevolge daarvan vir die ekonomie, motorvervaardigers en verbruikers. Nadat die voorgestelde reëls in die Federale Register gepubliseer is, is daar geleentheid vir openbare kommentaar en openbare verhore. Die agentskappe beplan om teen einde September 2011 'n kennisgewing van voorgestelde reëlmaatreëls uit te reik. Kalifornië beplan om sy voorgestelde reël binne dieselfde tydsraamwerk as die federale voorstel aan te neem.
Gegewe die lang tydsbestek wat die standaarde vir ligte voertuie MY2022-2025 stel, is EPA en NHTSA van voorneme om 'n omvattende tussentydse evaluering voor te stel. In ooreenstemming met die agentskappe en die verbintenis tot die handhawing van 'n enkele nasionale raamwerk vir die regulering van broeikasgassen en brandstofverbruik, sal die agentskappe die tussentydse evaluering in noue samewerking met Kalifornië uitvoer.

By die bereiking van die vlak van standaarde wat hierbo beskryf is vir die 2017-2025-program, verwag die agentskappe dat motorvervaardigers en die gebruik van gevorderde tegnologie 'n belangrike element van die transformasie van die voertuigvloot sal wees. Die agentskappe oorweeg 'n aantal aansporingsprogramme om vroeë aanvaarding en bekendstelling op die mark aan te moedig van gevorderde tegnologieë wat prestasieverbeterings en veranderings in prestasieveranderings verteenwoordig, insluitend:


FEITBLAD: Obama -administrasie kondig aksies van die federale en private sektor aan om die aanneming van elektriese voertuie in die Verenigde State te bespoedig

Die Obama -administrasie neem verantwoordelike stappe om klimaatsverandering te bekamp, ​​toegang tot skoon energietegnologieë te verhoog en ons afhanklikheid van olie te verminder. Daarom kondig die administrasie vandag, op die hakke van die Amerikaanse ministerie van energie (DOE) se eerste beraad oor volhoubare vervoer, 'n ongekende reeks aksies aan van die federale regering, private sektor en state, sowel as 'n nuwe raamwerk vir samewerking vir voertuigvervaardigers, elektriese nutsdienste, laai -ondernemings vir elektriese voertuie en state, wat alles daarop gemik is om die ontplooiing van laai -infrastruktuur vir elektriese voertuie te versnel en meer elektriese voertuie op die pad te bring. Die samewerking, gesmee deur die Withuis in vennootskap met DOE en die Departement van Vervoer (DOT), die lugmag en die weermag, en die Environmental Protection Agency, en is gefokus op 'n stel Riglyne vir die bevordering van elektriese voertuie en laai -infrastruktuur dat byna 50 organisasies vandag aanmeld.

Deur saam te werk in die federale regering en met die private sektor, kan ons verseker dat bestuurders van elektriese voertuie toegang tot laaistasies by die huis, by die werk en op die pad het - 'n nuwe manier van dink oor vervoer skep wat Amerika vorentoe sal dryf. Vandag se aankondigings sluit in:

  • Ontsluit tot $ 4,5 miljard se leningswaarborge en nooi aansoeke uit om die kommersiële implementering van innoverende laaifasiliteite vir elektriese voertuie te ondersteun
  • Die bekendstelling van die FAST Act -proses om nulvrye en alternatiewe brandstofkorridors te identifiseer, insluitend vir laai van elektriese voertuie regoor die land, en 'n poging om 'n visie vir 2020 te ontwikkel vir 'n nasionale netwerk van snellaaistasies vir elektriese voertuie wat sal help om te bepaal waar langs die land Dit is die beste om die snellaaiprogramme op te spoor
  • Aankondiging van 'n beroep op die staat, provinsie en munisipale regerings om saam te werk met die federale regering om vlootvliegtuie teen 'n afslagprys aan te skaf
  • Maak gebruik van die krag van data en bied 'n 'Electric Vehicle Hackathon' aan om insigte te ontdek en nuwe oplossings te ontwikkel vir die laai van elektriese voertuie
  • Die publikasie van 'n gids vir federale finansiering, finansiering en tegniese bystand vir elektriese voertuie en laaistasies en
  • 35 nuwe ondernemings, nie-winsgewende organisasies, universiteite en nutsdienste teken aan by DOE's Workplace Charging Challenge en verbind hulle om toegang tot hul laai vir elektriese voertuie te bied.

Die aankondigings van vandag bou voort op 'n rekord van vordering met verskeie programme in die administrasie wat besig is om elektriese voertuie op te skaal en infrastruktuur aan te vul, insluitend by die departemente vir energie, vervoer, verdediging en by die Environmental Protection Agency. Trouens, in die afgelope agt jaar het die aantal inpropmodelle vir elektriese voertuie toegeneem van een na meer as 20, die batterykoste het met 70 persent gedaal, en ons het die aantal laaistasies vir elektriese voertuie van minder as 500 in 2008 tot vandag meer as 16 000 - 'n 40 -voudige toename.

Ongekende elektriese voertuigkoalisie wat byna 50 voertuievervaardigers, elektriese voertuie, laadmaatskappye vir elektriese voertuie, state en organisasies vergroot om elektriese voertuie te verhoog

Vandag teken bykans 50 bedryfslede in samewerking met die administrasie by die volgende aan Riglyne vir die bevordering van elektriese voertuie en laai -infrastruktuur. Hierdie verbintenis dui op die begin van 'n samewerking tussen die regering en die industrie om die ontplooiing van laai -infrastruktuur vir elektriese voertuie te verhoog.

Gebaseer op bestaande vennootskappe tussen die federale regering, state en gemeenskappe, vervaardigers en kleinhandelinfrastruktuur vir elektriese voertuie en laai, elektriese nutsdienste, nasionale laboratoriums, universiteite en nie -regeringsorganisasies, onderskryf ons die volgende riglyne om die gebruik van elektriese voertuie te verbeter en 'n nasionale huishouding te skep , werkplek en stedelike laai -infrastruktuur wat vir alle Amerikaners beskikbaar is:

  • Verhoog die markomskakeling na elektriese voertuie deur dit vir verbruikers maklik te maak om hul voertuie te laai met 'n netwerk-gekoppelde infrastruktuur wat toeganklik, bekostigbaar, beskikbaar en betroubaar is, en waar moontlik met ander lae-koolstofvervoermaatreëls verbind is.
  • Bevorder die aanneming van elektriese voertuie deur die toegang tot laai-infrastruktuur te verhoog en die ontwikkeling van inprop-elektriese voertuie te ondersteun wat so toeganklik, beskikbaar en gerieflik is as motors met petrol.
  • Bevorder 'n robuuste mark vir voertuigvervaardigers, nutsdienste, diensverskaffers van toerusting en ondersteuningsbedrywe wat 'n konsekwente gebruikerservaring, keuse van kliënte verseker en 'n vaartbelynde toestemmingsproses moontlik maak.
  • Verbeter die Amerikaanse vervaardigingsmededingendheid, innovasie en die ontwikkeling van gevorderde tegnologie.
  • Trek private hefboomfinansies, staats- en federale beleggings aan in die ontplooiing van elektriese voertuie, infrastruktuur, navorsing en ontwikkeling, en onderwys en uitreik.
  • Aktiveer slim laai en integrasie van voertuigenetwerk deur oplossings soos vraagreaksie en ander strategieë vir energieopberging en vragbestuur.

Ondertekenaars by die Riglyne vir die bevordering van elektriese voertuie en laai -infrastruktuur sluit die volgende bedryfslede, agentskappe, organisasies en state in:

  • Avista
  • Berkshire Hathaway Energy
  • BMW
  • California Air Resources Board
  • ChargePoint
  • Verbruikers se energie
  • Met Edison
  • Connecticut Green Bank
  • Dayton Power & amp Light Company
  • Duke Energy
  • Edison Electric Institute
  • Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA)
  • Energiebronne
  • EVGo
  • Florida Power and Light Company
  • Ford
  • Georgia Power
  • General Motors
  • Greenlots
  • Hawaiian Electric
  • Hawai`i elektriese lig
  • Maui Electric
  • Indianapolis Power & amp Light Company
  • Kansas City Power & amp Light
  • Louisville Gas & amp Electric en Kentucky Utilities
  • Mercedes-Benz USA, LLC
  • National Association of State Energy Officials (NASEO)
  • Nasionale rooster
  • NextGen Climate America
  • Staat New York
  • Nissan
  • Oranje en Rockland
  • Portland General Electric
  • PPL Electric Utilities
  • Pacific Gas en elektries
  • PNM -hulpbronne
  • Puget Sound Energy
  • Edison in die suide van Kalifornië
  • Suidelike Kompanjie: Alabama Power
  • Suidelike Kompanjie: Georgia Power
  • Suidelike Kompanjie: Gulf Power
  • Southern Company: Mississippi Power
  • Staat Kalifornië
  • TECO Energie
  • Tesla
  • Westar Energy

UITVOERENDE AKSIES OM LADENDE INFRASTRUKTUUR TE VERHOOG

Finansiering verskaf om laai -infrastruktuur op te skerp

Ontsluit $ 4,5 miljard aan leningswaarborge en nooi aansoeke uit om innoverende laaigeriewe vir elektriese voertuie te ondersteun: Die DOE se kantoor vir leningsprogramme (LPO) het vandag 'n aanvulling uitgereik tot sy titel XVII Renewable Energy and Efficient Energy (REEE) Projects Solicitation, wat verduidelik dat sekere laaifasiliteite vir elektriese voertuie (insluitend hardeware en sagteware) nou in aanmerking kom onder die werwing. Die werwing kan tot $ 4,5 miljard aan leningswaarborge bied om innoverende projekte vir hernubare energie en energie -doeltreffendheid in die Verenigde State te ondersteun. Leningswaarborge kan 'n belangrike hulpmiddel wees om innoverende tegnologieë te kommersialiseer, omdat hierdie projekte moontlik nie volle kommersiële finansiering kan bekom nie weens die risiko's wat gepaard gaan met tegnologie wat nog nooit op kommersiële skaal in die Verenigde State ontplooi is nie. Die DOE se LPO ondersteun 'n groot, uiteenlopende portefeulje van meer as $ 30 miljard aan lenings, leningswaarborge en verbintenisse aan ongeveer 30 afgeslote en toegewyde projekte landwyd, insluitend toonaangewende projekte vir hernubare energie, vervaardigingsgeriewe vir gevorderde tegnologie en twee van die eerste nuwe kernreaktors begin bou in die Verenigde State oor meer as drie dekades.

Publisering van 'n gids vir federale finansiering, finansiering en tegniese bystand vir elektriese motors en laaistasies: DOE en DOT publiseer 'n gids vir die uiteensetting van spesifieke voorbeelde van befondsingsprogramme, finansieringsaansporings en tegniese bystand om die land se ekonomiese, omgewings- en energiesekerheid te bevorder, deur die ondersteuning van elektriese motors en laaistasies wat petroleumgebruik en kweekhuisgasvrystellings verminder uit die vervoersektor. Dit bevat ook die huidige belastingkrediete en aansporings wat van toepassing is op EV -heffings. Die Data Center van Alternatiewe Fuels van die DOE bied 'n uitgebreide databasis van federale en staatsprogramme wat EV's en infrastruktuur ondersteun.

Ondersteun die ontwikkeling van laaigange vir elektriese voertuie

Die proses begin om alternatiewe brandstofkorridors aan te wys as deel van die Fixing America's Surface Transportation (FAST) Act: Vandag vra die DOT nominasies van staats- en plaaslike amptenare om te help met die maak van aanwysings vir alternatiewe brandstofkorridors. Artikel 1413 van die FAST -wet vereis dat die minister van vervoer nasionale EV -laai-, waterstof-, propaan- en aardgas -brandstofkorridors aanwys, en die benoemingsproses sal verseker dat die korridors wat vir die aanwysing voorgestel word, 'n nasionale netwerk van alternatiewe brandstofgeriewe sal skep. By die aanwysing van gange sal die DOT (1) die benoemde fasiliteite oorweeg, (2) bestaande gange insluit wat deur state aangewys is, en (3) die vraag na en ligging van bestaande vulstasies en infrastruktuur in ag neem. DOT sal ook aansoeke evalueer op grond van hul vermoë om emissies te verminder en saam te werk in die openbare en private sektor. Besonderhede oor hierdie program kan hier of hier gevind word.

Kriteria ontwikkel en 'n plan voorstel vir 'n nasionale netwerk van snellaaistasies vir elektriese motors: DOE en DOT het ooreengekom om saam te werk aan die ontwikkeling van 'n 2020 -visie vir 'n nasionale netwerk van snellaaistasies vir elektriese motors om kus tot kus, landwye reis met nulemissies te vergemaklik. Deur voort te bou op die beplande aanwysing van alternatiewe brandstofkorridors ingevolge die FAST Act, sal DOE en DOT in samewerking met die DOE National Laboratories, DOT Volpe Center en ander belanghebbendes van die regering en die industrie in die boekjaar 2017 begin met die ontwikkeling van kriteria wat sal help spesifieke liggings te identifiseer vir die opstel van snellaainfrastruktuur langs die DOT-aangewese nasionale en gemeenskapskorridors. Die voorgestelde poging sal aandag gee aan vier sleutelareas wat belangrik is vir die evaluering van die potensiaal vir 'n nasionale netwerk vir vinnige laai, insluitend: (1) liggingskriteria vir laaiplekke (2) laai- en nutsinfrastruktuurbehoeftes en koste -evaluering (3) impak van elektriese vraagkoste op verbruikers en nutsdienste en (4) potensiële innovasies op die langer termyn, insluitend evolusie tot 350 kilowatt (kW) vinnig laai. Die vennootskap sal hierdie vrae aanspreek om die nodige inligting te verskaf vir die basis van 'n dialoog met belanghebbendes om openbare-private vennootskappe, befondsing en finansieringsmodelle vir die implementering van 'n nasionale snellaaienetwerk te help definieer. Op dieselfde manier sal die DOE en DOT hierdie naweek belanghebbendes byeenroep om kritieke behoeftes vir 'n nasionale netwerk van snellaaistasies te identifiseer.

Uitbreiding van die elektriese voertuigvloot

Uitnodiging van staats-, provinsie- en munisipale EV -vloot om by die federale regering by die verkryging van motors aan te sluit: Die kantoor van federale volhoubaarheid nooi die vloot van die staat, provinsie en munisipale regering uit om kragte saam te snoer met federale agentskappe om hul gesamentlike koopkrag te maksimeer en hul EV en aankope van infrastruktuur saam te voeg. Deur dit te doen, kan regerings op alle vlakke hul aankoopkoste verlaag, die beskikbaarheid van tegnologie uitbrei en die vraagversekerheid van motorvervaardigers verhoog. Die Office of Federal Sustainability werk saam met kopers van die regering en agentskappe om die aankoop van EV -vloot te koördineer en saam te voeg, met spesifieke strategieë vir die verkryging van verkrygings. Alleenlik beplan die federale regering om meer as 500 inprop-hibriede elektriese voertuie (PHEV) of motors in die boekjaar 2017 aan te skaf.

DOE se kantoor vir energie -doeltreffendheid en hernubare energie (EERE) onderteken 'n memorandum van verstandhouding (MOU) met die American Public Power Association (APPA) om saam te werk aan munisipale vlootelektrifisering: Deur hierdie ooreenkoms verseker EERE en APPA gesamentlike pogings om elektrisiteit van persoonlike en vlootvervoer in munisipaliteite in die Verenigde State moontlik te maak. EERE en APPA sal inligting verskaf om die opvoeding en bewustheid van die voordeel van elektriese motors vir openbare kragverskaffers en plaaslike amptenare te verhoog, en 'n gemeenskapsaksieplan ontwikkel wat gerig is op kleiner gemeenskappe met minder as 200 000 elektriese kliënte. Die vennootskap sal ook werk om die laaipogings op die werkplek by openbare kragvoorsienings te verbeter, die impak van elektriese motors in openbare kraggemeenskappe te bestudeer en insigte oor infrastruktuurinstallasie en EV -interaksie met die moderne netwerk te deel.

Driving Technological Innovation and Increasing Access to Data

Leveraging the Power of Data through an ‘EV Hackathon’: Today, the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) is announcing that they will host an EV hackathon this fall. Hackathons are events that bring together coders, data scientists, topic experts, and interested members of the public to discover insights and develop new solutions. The event will take place in concord with the release of anonymized data on EV charging stations to the research and software development community. The ‘EV Hackathon’ represents a unique opportunity to bring together the EV and software communities to collaborate to enhance EV deployment.

Conducting a Technology Study to Explore the Feasibility for Fast Charging, up to 350 KW, for EVs: DOE will partner with industry, the National Laboratories, and other stakeholders to develop a study that will examine the vehicle, battery, infrastructure, and economic implications of direct current (DC) fast charging of up to 350 kW, which is expected to be completed by the end of 2016. A 350 kW charging system could charge a 200 mile range battery in less than 10 minutes. The implementation of DC fast charging has the potential to impact many technology areas and tackle key technological barriers associated with high rate charging (50 kW and above), and fast charging increases the utility of EVs, aides in their adoption, and helps enable widespread use of EVs.

Announcing that the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) will Lead Research to Achieve the Strategic Battery500 Goal: A multi-partner team, led by PNNL as part of the Battery500 research consortium, will receive an award of up to $10 million per year for five years to drive progress on DOE’s goal of reducing the cost of vehicle battery technologies. Battery costs exceeded $500/kWh when President Obama launched his EV Everywhere Grand Challenge goal of making EVs that are as affordable and convenient for the American family as gasoline-powered vehicles, and low-cost, high performance batteries are a key component of the strategy to attain the President’s goal. The Battery500 Consortium aims to triple the specific energy (to 500 WH/kg) relative to today's battery technology while achieving 1,000 electric vehicles cycles. This will result in a significantly smaller, lighter weight, less expensive battery pack (below $100/kWh) and more affordable EVs. The Battery500 consortium will include four DOE National Laboratories and five universities in an effort aimed at achieving revolutionary advances in battery performance. Consortium partners include the following:

  • Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (research partner and advisory board)
  • Brookhaven National Laboratory
  • Idaho National Laboratory
  • SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory
  • Binghamton University (State University of New York)
  • Stanford University (research partner and advisory board)
  • University of California, San Diego
  • Universiteit van Texas in Austin
  • University of Washington
  • IBM (advisory board)
  • Tesla Motors, Inc. (advisory board)

Increasing Charging Infrastructure in Our Homes and Workplaces

The Standard for High Performance Green Buildings Will Consider a Revision to Encourage EV-Ready Building Practices: By employing EV-Ready building practices, multi-unit dwelling and commercial building developers can prepare a facility with electrical infrastructure to accommodate a future charging station installation, resulting in significant cost savings for building owners and tenants. To encourage more EV-Ready development in cities and states across the country, an EV-Ready building code measure has been introduced to the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) 189.1, a standard for high performance green buildings that in 2018 will become the basis for the International Green Construction Code. Through the adoption of this EV-Ready building practice, cities and states can align with the EV building strategies identified by Federal agencies in the 2016 Guiding Principles for Sustainable Federal Buildings.

Expanding DOE’s Workplace Charging Challenge to Include 35 New Businesses, Non-profits, Universities, and Utilities: DOE’s Workplace Charging Challenge encourages America’s employers to commit to providing EV charging access for their workforce. Vehicles are parked at homes and workplaces most of the time, making the Workplace Charging Challenge a significant opportunity to expand our nation’s charging infrastructure. In fact, charging at work can potentially double an EV driver's all-electric daily commuting range. Participating employers include organizations that are assessing their employees’ need for charging to those who have successfully launched workplace charging programs. DOE’s Workplace Charging Challenge has grown to more than 350 partners since its launch in January 2013, and is on track to meet its goal to partner with 500 United States employers by 2018. The 35 new partners announced today include:

  • Bates College
  • Berkshire Hathaway Energy
  • CenterPoint Energy, Inc.
  • City of Seattle
  • Clean Future, Inc.
  • Confluence Environmental Center
  • Con Edison
  • Duke Energy Carolinas
  • Duke Energy Florida
  • Duke Energy Indiana
  • Duke Energy Kentucky
  • Duke Energy Ohio
  • Duke Energy Progress
  • Eugene Water & Electric Board
  • Fresh Start Detail Co.
  • Hawai`i Electric Light Company
  • Hawaiian Electric Company
  • Hyundai
  • Joseph Hughes Construction
  • Maui Electric Company
  • Morris Energy Consulting
  • NIKE, Inc.
  • North American University
  • North Coast Electric
  • Olympic College
  • Orange and Rockland Utilities
  • Southern Company: Alabama Power
  • Southern Company: Georgia Power
  • Southern Company: Gulf Power
  • Southern Company: Mississippi Power
  • Southwest Clean Air Agency
  • Sustainable Future LLC
  • The Valley Hospital
  • University of Oregon
  • Utah Valley Hospital

PRIVATE SECTOR COMMITMENTS TO INCREASE ELECTRIC VEHICLE CHARGING INFRASTRUCTURE

Twelve utilities and charging companies are announcing commitments to increase deployment of EVs and charging infrastructure, and to use the Guiding Principles to Promote Electric Vehicles and Charging Infrastructure to work together to accelerate EV deployment.

  • Avista commits to install electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) in its Eastern Washington service territory, as part of a two-year pilot program recently approved by the Washington Utilities and Transportation Commission. Provided full participation levels, Avista expects to install a total of 272 EVSE connection ports in approximately 200 different locations: 120 in residential homes, 50 at workplaces, and 30 in public locations, including 7 DC fast chargers to enable regional EV travel.
  • Florida Power and Light (FPL) is committed to the mass market adoption of EVs by working with local, state, and federal stakeholders on initiatives that will help drive EV adoption. FPL will continue to educate and support residential and commercial customers on the benefits of EVs and work with them to remove barriers to adoption. FPL also commits to continue to place EVs into its fleet when possible.
  • Die Hawaiian Electric Companies have committed to work with all stakeholders to support EVs as part of reaching the islands’ goal of 100 percent renewable energy for electricity by 2045. The Hawaiian Electric Companies will continue to install more DC fast charging stations, research demand management and demand response strategies in EV charging and seek new policy and infrastructure opportunities to provide reliable, clean power for EV charging.
  • Kansas City Power & Light (KCP&L) commits to continuing its leadership and support of the electric transportation market by deploying 10 percent of its Clean Charge Network in underserved and low-income areas of its service territory. KCP&L believes that charging infrastructure should be available and accessible to its customers of all income levels.
  • National Grid commits to help accelerate EV and EV charging market growth in the Northeast, by bringing forward regulatory proposals for new EV charging infrastructure development and consumer education in the territories it serves. These initiatives will build on the company’s planned efforts to demonstrate new technologies such as DC fast charging, expand workplace charging for employees, and increase plug-in vehicles and technology deployment within the company fleet.
  • Portland General Electric (PGE), Oregon’s largest electric utility company, commits to engage stakeholders and submit a proposed plan to Oregon Public Utility Commission in 2016 defining the utility role in transportation electrification, pursuant to recently passed Oregon legislation, which identifies transportation electrification as key to meeting Oregon’s greenhouse gas emissions targets. PGE also commits to work with Federal partners, including DOT and DOE, and the Edison Electric Institute in appropriate leadership roles to continue to advance transportation electrification. PGE will spend 5-10 percent of its corporate fleet budget on electrification, and commits to encourage and incentivize PGE employees to acquire EVs and serve as ambassadors for electrification.
  • Die Public Service Company of New Mexico (PNM) will provide the associated infrastructure to the City of Albuquerque for their purchase of an all-electric bus fleet for the soon to be built Albuquerque Rapid Transit system. The project is the first of its kind in New Mexico and the first all-electric Bus Rapid Transit system in the United States.
  • Southern California Edison(SCE) will collaborate with stakeholders to develop plans to meet California Senate Bill 350 requirements for on-going, comprehensive utility programs and investments to accelerate widespread adoption of transportation electrification. SCE’s plans will complement stakeholders’ efforts to expand available charging infrastructure, deliver effective market education and outreach, encourage incentives, and improve customers’ experience. SCE will also launch its Clean Fuel Reward program in 2016 to provide incentives to residential EV owners using proceeds from California’s Low Carbon Fuel Standard program.
  • Southern Company and its electric-generating traditional operating companies – Alabama Power, Georgia Power, Gulf Power, and Mississippi Power – have been and will continue to be leaders in the advancement and promotion of the electric transportation market. Southern Company remains active in both the on-road and non-road markets, working with industry, municipalities, government, and the military to further the use of electric transportation and to ensure the development of necessary charging infrastructure. Southern Company is committed to consumer education through social media outreach and community charging programs as well as special concierge events provided through the REVolution program. The Southern Company Energy Innovation Center, meanwhile, continues to facilitate and encourage industry research aimed at improving the effectiveness and cost-efficiency of EV technology.
  • DieEdison Electric Institute (EEI) will work with its member electric companies and their associated state regulatory commissions to a) provide the charging infrastructure needed to scale electric transportation, b) develop measures that support the market while controlling costs and ensuring benefits are shared by all customers, and c) engage in direct outreach and education to customers.

Charging Companies

  • ChargePoint commits up to $20 million toward the deployment of a national network of high-speed charging stations as part of public-private partnerships. This includes research and development investments, site identification, smart city deployments and DC fast charger corridors. ChargePoint will work with the DOT, other Federal, State, and local government agencies, and private entities to determine the optimal location for such high-speed charging stations, and to secure financing from private entities and through public-private partnerships. In order to future-proof the network, ChargePoint is committed to developing a line of high-speed DC fast chargers with 125-350 kW charging capacity. ChargePoint commits to work with the broader industry to develop the standards necessary for interoperability, allowing drivers to use one account to charge at stations manufactured by multiple vendors. ChargePoint commits to make access to its high-speed network simple, accessible and convenient through industry-leading driver services and mobile applications. ChargePoint commits to work with original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) to make data available to help optimize their vehicle programs and better understand driver behavior. ChargePoint commits to work with utilities to make data available to help improve vehicle grid integration and better understand driver behavior.
  • EVgo commits to invest $100 million in EV infrastructure over the next 5 years to expand its nation-leading charging network. This investment will focus on providing customers with access to high-speed charging at charging rates significantly faster than what is available on the market today.

BUILDING ON PROGRESS

The above-mentioned private sector commitments announced today build on a history of progress to increase EV adoption and promote EV charging infrastructure, which is illustrated by the following:


Chrysler's Bailout

On January 16, 2009, the Treasury Department approved a $1.5 billion loan for Chrysler Financial. The interest rate for the loans was one point above Libor. In return, Chrysler Financial promised to pay the government $75 million in notes and reduce executive bonuses by 40%. As a result, car buyers got zero-percent financing for five years on some models.

Chrysler received $4 billion of the $7 billion bridge loan it originally requested. In return, its owner Cerberus vowed to convert its debt to equity.

Chrysler had also asked for $6 billion from the Energy Department to retool for more energy-efficient vehicles. Chrysler wanted the Big Three to partner with the federal government in a joint venture to develop alternative energy vehicles. That didn't happen, and Chrysler didn’t get the loan from the Energy Department. Instead, it pledged to debut an electric vehicle in 2010 and ramp up its production to 500,000 by 2013.

On April 30, 2009, Chrysler filed for bankruptcy. Treasury Secretary Tim Geithner agreed to lend it $6 billion to fund operations while in bankruptcy. It emerged as a new company, 58.5% of which automaker Fiat S.p.A. of Italy now partly owned. This Fiat-Chrysler merger created the world's sixth-largest automaker. The rest is owned by the United Auto Workers Retiree Medical Benefits Trust. Chrysler closed underperforming dealerships as part of its bankruptcy proceedings.

In May 2011, Chrysler repaid $11.2 billion of its outstanding $12.5 billion in TARP loans six years ahead of schedule. The total cost to taxpayers was $1.3 billion.

In 2013, Fiat CEO Sergio Marchionne announced plans to take Chrysler public on the New York Stock Exchange. This allowed Fiat to purchase the rest of the company and merge the two into a more competitive global automaker. In October 2014, it was listed under the ticker symbol "FCAU." The new company was called Fiat Chrysler Auto Company N.V. Its 2017 market capitalization was $17 billion.

In 2016, Chrysler spun off its Ferrari division. In 2017, there were rumors that Chrysler might sell its flagship Jeep brand to a Chinese automaker. The company also switched its U.S. plants from cars to trucks and Jeep sport utility vehicles. There are no plans to build electric or self-driving vehicles.


Daley Stepping Down in Rare White House Shake-Up

WASHINGTON — President Obama announced Monday that the White House chief of staff, William M. Daley, was stepping down, jolting the top ranks of his administration less than a year before he faces a difficult re-election. Mr. Daley will be replaced by Jacob J. Lew, the budget director and a seasoned Washington insider with ties to Capitol Hill.

Mr. Daley, a fellow Chicagoan who was recruited by Mr. Obama a year ago to help strike bipartisan legislative deals, struggled to find his footing in a ferociously partisan Washington and failed to help his boss broker a huge budget agreement with Congressional Republicans last summer. His departure interrupts a run of good news for the White House, with tentative signs of life in the job market, victory over Republicans on the payroll tax and Republican presidential candidates assailing one another on the campaign trail.

It was a distracting shake-up in a White House that has prided itself on a lack of internal drama, with a tightly knit circle of loyal senior advisers playing a steadying role. Mr. Obama said he asked Mr. Daley to reconsider his decision — made after a holiday respite from the capital — but Mr. Daley, a 63-year-old member of a Chicago political dynasty, was determined to leave.

“Obviously this was not easy news to hear,” Mr. Obama said in a brief appearance in the State Dining Room, flanked by Mr. Daley and Mr. Lew. “In the end,” the president said, “the pull of the hometown we both love — a city that’s been synonymous with the Daley family for generations — was too great.”

Mr. Lew, known as Jack, is a mild-mannered and steady technocrat with long experience in the White House and on Capitol Hill, having served two administrations and a speaker of the House, Thomas P. O’Neill. He was also a deputy to Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton, coordinating the “civilian surge” in Afghanistan, which Mr. Obama said would equip him to deal with foreign policy issues.

A major question, though, is whether Mr. Lew will be any more successful than Mr. Daley in establishing himself in the president’s inner circle. It was not yet clear, for example, whether Mr. Lew would share some of his duties with Pete Rouse, a low-key former Congressional aide who is close to the president and was assigned some of Mr. Daley’s responsibilities after the failed budget talks.

That move last fall, though portrayed by the White House as sensible sharing of the burden with an adroit colleague, ended up being seen as a very public rebuke of Mr. Daley, one that undermined his standing. Administration officials said Mr. Lew and Mr. Rouse would work out those issues between them, though one said Mr. Rouse was likely to remain influential.

Mr. Lew, however, has a broader web of contacts in Washington than Mr. Daley, a former banker and commerce secretary in the Clinton administration. He also enjoys support on Capitol Hill, where Mr. Daley was criticized for not adequately cultivating leaders like Senator Harry Reid of Nevada, the majority leader who bristled last year when Mr. Daley seemed to blame Democrats as well as Republicans for lack of progress on Capitol Hill.

In a statement, Mr. Reid lavishly praised Mr. Lew, calling him a “consummate professional with intimate knowledge of Congress.” He gave credit to Mr. Daley for seeing through “a tumultuous year in which Republicans’ unprecedented obstructionism turned every issue into an all-or-nothing battle.”

Mr. Daley handed in his resignation to Mr. Obama last Tuesday after discussing it with his wife on vacation in Mexico during the Christmas holiday. In a resignation letter that was long on praise for Mr. Obama’s accomplishments, Mr. Daley did not cite a specific reason for leaving, beyond declaring, “It’s time for me to go back to the city I love.” He declined further comment.

“It’s been a pretty frenetic year,” said a senior administration official, speaking on the condition of anonymity so that he could discuss private conversations. “He felt like it was a propitious time.”

Mr. Daley, the son and brother of legendary Chicago mayors, proved to be an awkward fit on the Obama team. Chosen largely for his deal-making skills and ties to the business world, he failed to strike a “grand bargain” on the federal debt and deficit with the Republican speaker of the House, John A. Boehner — a setback that left him and other White House staff members stunned and bruised for weeks.

Mr. Daley instituted a more button-down style at the White House, after the more temperamental style of his predecessor, Rahm Emanuel, who left to run for mayor of Chicago.

The news of Mr. Daley’s departure was first reported by The Tribune Company newspaper chain.

That Mr. Daley was frustrated by Washington was no secret. In October, he told a Chicago television station that he planned to leave the White House in January 2013, at the end of Mr. Obama’s first term. In an interview with The New York Times in September, he dwelt on the failed budget negotiations, and evinced little appetite for the cut-and-thrust of partisan combat that followed them.

“The nation is being pushed into that, by the Republican primaries, by the type of ‘my-way-or-the-highway’ language in Congress,” he said.

Mr. Obama praised Mr. Daley for his role in shepherding trade agreements with Colombia, Panama and South Korea. He also helped design the president’s $447 billion jobs bill, which — with the exception of a short-term extension in the payroll tax waiver and a few other odds and ends — was stymied in Congress.

While the president said he asked Mr. Daley to reconsider his decision, he did not apply the kind of pressure he brought to bear on Treasury Secretary Timothy F. Geithner, who has for several months been eager to return to New York.

Administration officials said Mr. Daley would play a role in fund-raising for the Obama campaign, probably with the title of campaign co-chairman. With his family pedigree and Wall Street connections, he is likely to remain a force in Democratic politics. Mr. Obama said in his statement that he planned to consult Mr. Daley regularly.

The president also said that Mr. Lew, 55, had been Mr. Daley’s choice as his replacement, and the “one clear choice” for the job. Mr. Lew worked alongside Mr. Daley in the effort to strike a budget deal with Republicans.

“Jack’s economic advice has been invaluable and he has my complete trust, both because of his mastery of the numbers, but because of the values behind those numbers,” Mr. Obama said, noting that Mr. Lew, who had served in the administration of President Bill Clinton, was the only budget director in history to preside over budget surpluses for three consecutive years.

Mr. Lew, who divides his time between New York and Washington, has built a reputation as a pragmatic liberal who believes Democrats must compromise with Republicans on long-term deficits in order to forestall draconian cuts to entitlement programs like Medicare and Social Security.

Before joining the Obama administration, he was a banker at Citigroup, helping run a division with esoteric investments in real estate and construction — a connection that was criticized by liberal groups on Monday. No successor as budget director to Mr. Lew was announced, but his deputy, Heather Higginbottom, and Rob Nabors, currently the Congressional liaison, were considered contenders for the post.


Obama: Auto industry "leading the way" in America's comeback

Before a speech touting the productivity of the big three auto companies, President Obama admired the handiwork of a bright red Mustang, the latest iteration of Ford's iconic muscle car: "This is an American car right here, this Mustang," he said, as he stood next to the car. "That's beautiful."

"Joe Biden saw this and he flipped out," said Ford Motor Company Executive Chairman Bill Ford, as he showed Mr. Obama around the Detroit facility.

"Yeah, yeah, I know," the president replied. "He got his aviator glasses on?"

The President traveled to the heart of the American auto industry on Wednesday to lay out an optimistic message ahead of his State of the Union address later this month, pointing to the performance of U.S. auto companies as evidence of America's broader economic rebound.

"Thanks to the hard work of people like you, America's coming back," Mr. Obama told employees at the Ford plant.

The president said the auto industry and the broader manufacturing sector are "leading the way" in the longest stretch of uninterrupted job growth in American history.

"You're helping rebuild the middle class for the 21st century," he said. "Because of you, manufacturing has a future in this country."

Trending Nuus

The president's remarks previewed a central theme of his upcoming State of the Union address, which he will deliver before a joint session of Congress on January 20.

"Now that we've got some calmer waters. if we all pitch in, then we can make sure that this rising tide is actually lifting all of the boats, not just some," he said. "That's going to be the focus of my State of the Union in a couple of weeks: building on the progress that we've already made."

The factory the president spoke at is the first of its kind: a flexible manufacturing facility that produces both gas/electric hybrid vehicles and plug-in electric cars. The president said such technological advances - and the skilled workers to take advantage of them - could lay the groundwork for more prosperity to come.

He cited the expansion of apprenticeships in the year since his administration announced a $100 million apprenticeship grant competition designed to expand the most successful worker-training programs.

He also hailed the official end of the auto industry bailout, a costly endeavor initiated during his first year in office to pull General Motors and Chrysler back from the brink of potential liquidation.

"Last month the rescue of the auto industry officially came to an end," he said. "The auto companies have now repaid taxpayers every dime and more of what my administration invested. you paid the taxpayers back with your hard work, with your dedication."

The president said the auto industry bailout was "not popular," recalling polls taken at the time that gauged public support for the rescue plan at around 10 percent. But he argued it was worth saving the companies, despite public opposition. "The auto industry has proven that any comeback is possible," he said.

During a press gaggle on Air Force One en route to Detroit, White House press secretary Josh Earnest told reporters the president's remarks weren't intended to be a "victory lap," but merely an opportunity to highlight some good economic news.

"I do hope that this is a useful opportunity for us to highlight the momentum of the American economy," he said.

Earnest also rebutted concerns that pending free trade agreements could undermine the competitiveness of the auto industry. He recalled that people voiced similar concerns about a free trade agreement with South Korea that was ratified in 2011, but said the auto industry has only gotten stronger since that time. In negotiations over the transatlantic and transpacific free trade pacts, Earnest said, Mr. Obama would again insist on a deal that protects American workers and manufacturers.


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The U.S. Treasury lent money to and bought stock in GM and Chrysler. It provided incentives to spur new car purchases. In effect, the government nationalized GM and Chrysler, as it did Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac and the American International Group.

In all, the federal government extended nearly $81 billion to bail out the auto industry in a rescue effort that began under Bush’s watch and ended in December 2014, well into Obama’s second term. The effort cost taxpayers $10.2 billion.

On Nov. 27, 2018, President Donald Trump threatened to cut off federal subsidies to GM in retaliation to its planned cutbacks in the Midwest, the politically sensitive region in which Trump had promised a manufacturing rebirth during the 2016 campaign.

Trump unloaded on Twitter a day after GM announced it would shut five plants and slash 14,000 jobs in North America. “Very disappointed with General Motors and their CEO, Mary Barra, for closing plants in Ohio, Michigan, and Maryland” while sparing plants in Mexico and China, Trump tweeted, adding: “The U.S. saved General Motors, and this is the THANKS we get!”

Buyers of electric vehicles made by GM and other automakers get federal tax credits of up to $7,500, as an incentive to get more of the zero-emissions vehicles on the road.

Turning the other cheek, GM said: “We appreciate the actions this administration has taken on behalf of industry to improve the overall competitiveness of U.S. manufacturing.”

SOURCE: “This Day in Presidential History,” by Paul Brandus (2018)


All News Releases By Date

President Obama Announces National Fuel Efficiency Policy

Release Date: 05/19/2009
Contact Information: THE WHITE HOUSE Office of the Press Secretary 202-456-2580

WASHINGTON, DC – President Obama today – for the first time in history – set in motion a new national policy aimed at both increasing fuel economy and reducing greenhouse gas pollution for all new cars and trucks sold in the United States. The new standards, covering model years 2012-2016, and ultimately requiring an average fuel economy standard of 35.5 mpg in 2016, are projected to save 1.8 billion barrels of oil over the life of the program with a fuel economy gain averaging more than 5 percent per year and a reduction of approximately 900 million metric tons in greenhouse gas emissions. This would surpass the CAFE law passed by Congress in 2007 required an average fuel economy of 35 mpg in 2020.

“In the past, an agreement such as this would have been considered impossible,” said President Obama. “That is why this announcement is so important, for it represents not only a change in policy in Washington, but the harbinger of a change in the way business is done in Washington. As a result of this agreement, we will save 1.8 billion barrels of oil over the lifetime of the vehicles sold in the next five years. And at a time of historic crisis in our auto industry, this rule provides the clear certainty that will allow these companies to plan for a future in which they are building the cars of the 21st century.”

This groundbreaking policy delivers on the President’s commitment to enact more stringent fuel economy standards and represents an unprecedented collaboration between the Department of Transportation (DOT), the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the world’s largest auto manufacturers, the United Auto Workers, leaders in the environmental community, the State of California, and other state governments.

“The President brought all stakeholders to the table and came up with a plan to help the auto industry, safeguard consumers, and protect human health and the environment for all Americans,” said EPA Administrator Lisa P. Jackson. “A supposedly ‘unsolvable’ problem was solved by unprecedented partnerships. As a result, we will keep Americans healthier, cut tons of pollution from the air we breathe, and make a lasting down payment on cutting our greenhouse gas emissions.”

“A clear and uniform national policy is not only good news for consumers who will save money at the pump, but this policy is also good news for the auto industry which will no longer be subject to a costly patchwork of differing rules and regulations,” said Carol M. Browner, Assistant to the President for Energy and Climate Change. “This an incredible step forward for our country and another way for Americans to become more energy independent and reduce air pollution.”

A national policy on fuel economy standards and greenhouse gas emissions is welcomed by the auto manufacturers because it provides regulatory certainty and predictability and includes flexibilities that will significantly reduce the cost of compliance. The collaboration of federal agencies also allows for clearer rules for all automakers, instead of three standards (DOT, EPA and a state standard).

“President Obama is uniting federal and state governments, the auto industry, labor unions and the environmental community behind a program that will provide for the biggest leap in history to make automobiles more fuel efficient,” said Department of Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood. “This program lessens our dependence on oil and is good for America and the planet.”

View selected historical press releases from 1970 to 1998 in the EPA History website.


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