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Die kasteel van Edinburgh

Die kasteel van Edinburgh

Die kasteel van Edinburgh, wat bo -op Castle Rock hoog is, dien Skotland al eeue lank, en dien een of ander tyd as 'n vesting, koninklike woning, regerings setel, wapens en gevangenis. Die kasteel van tallose beleërings, koninklike geboortes en sterftes, moorddadige intriges en militêre uitstallings, die kasteel van Edinburgh was lank 'n simbool van die Skotse geskiedenis en nasionale trots. Vandag is die kasteel oop vir die publiek wat besienswaardighede soos die Stone of Scone, die Skotse koninklike regalia, bekend as die Honours, die National War Museum, die National War Memorial en sulke beroemde reuse middeleeuse kanonne soos Mons Megs kan sien. Die gewildste toeriste -aantreklikheid in Skotland, die kasteel, tesame met die stad Edinburgh, word deur UNESCO as 'n wêrelderfenisgebied gelys.

Vroeë geskiedenis

Edinburgh Castle, geleë op 'n vulkaniese rotsagtige uitkyk met rotsagtige kranse aan drie kante, oorheers die skyline van die hoofstad van Skotland. Die besetting van die terrein strek tot in die Bronstydperk, en argeologiese opgrawings het aan die lig gebring dat die krans op 'n kunsmatige vlak gelyk was c. 900 vC. In die 1ste en 2de eeu nC, tydens die ystertydperk, het die terrein 'n fort gevestig wat tipies was vir daardie tydperk. Hierdie fort was waarskynlik die hoofstad van die Votadini -stam. Die fort, meestal saamgestel uit hout en grondwerke, het 'n ingang beskerm deur twee groot slote. Geboue in die fort is ook van hout gemaak, en baie het klipvloere en vuurherde. Daar is ook bewyse van 'n klipafvoerstelsel op die terrein. Handel tussen die Votadini en die Romeine in Suid- en Sentraal -Brittanje word bewys deur bevindings van ingevoerde juweliersware.

Die fort was bekend as Din Eidyn, 'n naam wat later in Edinburgh verengels is.

Die kasteel verskyn die eerste keer in die literatuur in die versameling poëtiese verse in die vroeë 7de eeu nC, bekend as Die Gododdin. Op hierdie tydstip was dit die vesting van 'n vesting wat deur die stam met dieselfde naam gebou is, wat toe dele van die suide van Skotland en Noord -Engeland beheer het. Die fort was bekend as Din Eidyn, 'n naam wat later in Edinburgh verengels is nadat die Angels die Gododdin verower het en dit in besit geneem het. Ongelukkig bly daar geen dele van die kasteel of vestings voor die 11de eeu nC as 'n vesting in die vroeë Middeleeue nie, en daar is slegs 'n paar oorblyfsels van die mense wat daar gewoon het.

Die Middeleeuse kasteel

Saint Margaret of Scotland (c. 1046-1093) was, as die tweede vrou van Malcolm III (r. 1058-1093), die koningin van Skotland van 1070 tot haar dood in November 1093. Haar bewind en bydrae tot die verspreiding van Roman Katolisisme in haar koninkryk is herdenk in die Normandiese kapel wat by die Edinburgh Castle gebou is, vandag die oudste oorspronklike deel van die vesting. Die privaat kapel is waarskynlik omstreeks 1130 gebou deur Margaret se seun David I van Skotland (r. 1124-1153). David het 'n boustot van baie kastele in Skotland begin, waaronder die kasteel van Edinburgh, waar hy waarskynlik 'n kasteelwinkel in Normandiese styl gebou het.

Ondanks sy formidabele voorkoms op 'n magtige rots en relatiewe selfversorging in water, was die kasteel danksy die Fore Well 'n teleurstelling as dit by beleërings kom. Na die inname van Willem I van Skotland (r. 1165-1214), neem die Engelse beheer oor die kasteel tussen 1174 en 1186. Die kasteel is herwin, maar in 1296 het Edward I van Engeland (r. 1272-1307) daarin geslaag om kry toegang na slegs 'n drie dae lange beleg. Thomas Randolph, graaf van Moray, het die beheer van die kasteel teruggeneem van die Engelse garnisoen daar in 1314 tydens die stryd om die Bruces as die koningshuis van Skotland te vestig.

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'David's Tower' was eens 30 meter hoog en die ligging van die koninklike kamers ongeveer 'n eeu nadat dit voltooi is in die middel van die 1370's.

Robert the Bruce (r. 1306-1329), ongetwyfeld nie beïndruk met die rekords van die vestings nie, het die kasteel tot in sy fondamente in 1314 gesloop, hoofsaaklik as 'n seker manier om te verseker dat die Engelse dit nooit gebruik het as hulle ooit gevang het nie die rots weer. 'N Engelse mag het die sitadel in 1335 verower, en hulle het die kasteel begin herbou. 'N Klein Skotse mag onder leiding van sir William Douglas het egter as handelaars voorgekom en die kasteel in 1341 vir Skotland herower.

'N Nuwe koninklike kasteel het die groot projek geword van Robert die Bruce se seun en opvolger, David II van Skotland (r. 1329-1371). David het 'n massiewe nuwe toring bygevoeg, miskien geïnspireer deur 'n soortgelyke nuwe toevoeging tot Windsor Castle in Engeland. 'David's Tower', soos dit bekend geword het, was eens 30 meter hoog en was ongeveer 'n eeu lank die plek van die koninklike kamers nadat dit in die middel van die 1370's nC voltooi was. James I van Skotland (r. 1406-1437) het teen die einde van sy bewind nog 'n toring bygevoeg, net agter David's Tower, wat 'n groot saal bevat wat spesiaal vir bankette gebou is. Uiteindelik het hierdie 'Groot Kamer' die koninklike kamers in David's Tower vervang. Dit was óf die Great Chamber of James I se toring óf die Great Hall of David's Tower wat in 1440 een van die berugste episodes van die kasteel aangebied het, die sogenaamde 'Black Dinner'. Hierdie maaltyd het plaasgevind toe die gevolg van die jong Jakobus II van Skotland (1437-1460 nC) die twee jong erfgename van die magtige Douglas-stam gehuisves het. Die Douglas -seuns is hartlik uitgenooi om te eet, maar die betrokke aand is 'n bul op 'n skottel aangebied. Dit was 'n teken dat die seuns weggeneem en tereggestel moes word.

Geen van hierdie middeleeuse toevoegings tot die kasteel nie, en die meeste van die geboue dateer vandag uit die bewind van Jakobus IV van Skotland (r. 1488-1513). David's Tower het byvoorbeeld tydens 'n beleg in duie gestort, en die ruïnes daarvan is nou heeltemal bedek deur die Half Moon Battery. Die Crown Square (voorheen bekend as die Grand Parade en naby die voormalige terrein van David's Tower) is geskep deur Jakobus III van Skotland (r. 1460-1488) en bestaan ​​steeds as 'n binnehof wat die simboliese hart van die koninklike geword het huishoudelike woonbuurte in die kasteel volgens die hedendaagse koninklike wonings van die vasteland van Europa. Die groot middeleeuse vesting het uiteindelik begin omskep in 'n paleis.

Die Vroeë Moderne Kasteel

Jakobus IV het die kasteel as 'n koninklike woning gebruik, maar die rol daarvan as 'n vesting is nie heeltemal vergeet nie; die koning gebruik dit as 'n bewaarplek van die artillerie -stukke van die koninkryk. King James het ook 'n nuwe groot saal by die kasteel gevoeg (voltooi ongeveer 1510), en dit was dan die gasheer van die Skotse parlement. Die Great Hall het deur die eeue 'n geruite geskiedenis beleef, en hoogtes was die gebruik daarvan vir staatsbankette, terwyl die laagtepunte die gebruik daarvan as 'n militêre kaserne en dan in die 19de eeu was. Die plafon wat vandag in die saal gesien word, is die laat -Middeleeuse oorspronklike, analise wat getoon het dat die eikebome oorspronklik uit woude in Noorweë gekom het c. 1510. Die koninklike paleis van die Crown Square was nou voltooi en was die plek van die eerste en laaste koninklike geboorte van die kasteel, die van toekomstige James VI van Skotland (oftewel James I van Engeland, 1603-1625) op 19 Junie 1566 CE .

Die kasteel het weer tydens 'n beleg van vier dae in 1573 nie daarin geslaag nie, toe 'n Engelse leër met kanonne die ondersteuners van die afgesette Maria, die Koningin van Skotte (r. 1542-1567) in 'n vinnige voorlegging gebombardeer het. Na die beleg is 'n massiewe halfsirkelvormige battery, die Half Moon Battery, by die kasteel se verdediging aan die oostekant gevoeg. Die Battery spog met 'n groep brons kanonne bekend as die 'Seven Sisters'. Hierdie toevoeging kenmerk die kasteel se primêre rol as 'n vesting, en monarge verkies nou om eerder in die gemakliker Holyroodhouse -paleis, ook in die hoofstad, te woon. Die kasteel van Edinburgh is deur sommige staatsamptenare as 'n woning gebruik, en dit het die tuiste geword van die nasionale argiewe, 'n arsenaal en af ​​en toe 'n gevangenis.

Die opgeknapte kasteel was inderdaad meer 'n uitdaging vir aanvallers, soos blyk uit die lang beleëringe van 1640 tydens die Verbondsoorloë en in 1650 deur Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658). Gedurende die res van die 17de en tot en met die 18de eeu het die kasteel 'n militêre kaserne geword - die kapel van St. Margaret is selfs gebruik om artillerie -ammunisie op te slaan - en 'n kamp vir krygsgevangenes, soos tydens die Jakobitiese rebellie (1745-1746) en die Napoleontiese oorloë (1803-1815), onder andere konflikte. Deur die jare het die gevangenes van die gevangenis toenemend internasionaal geword en het gewissel van seerowers van die Karibiese Eilande tot Amerikaners wat tydens die Vryheidsoorlog (1775-1783) gevange geneem is. In 1842 is die Militêre Gevangenis gebou vir ongehoorsame soldate uit die kasteel se eie kaserne; verbeeldingryke strawwe sluit in die vervoer van kanonkogels van die een deel van die gevangenis na 'n ander. Daar was ook 'n militêre hospitaal.

In die vroeë dekades van die 19de eeu het die kasteel baat gevind by 'n groot nuwe paradegrond, bekend as die Esplanade, wat die paradegrond van 1753 hervorm en die voormalige terrein van openbare teregstellings, Castle Hill, dek. Hierdie oop ruimte bied nou elke Augustus die wêreldbekende Royal Edinburgh Military Tattoo aan. Verdere hervorming het plaasgevind, veral op die poorthuise en die Groot Saal in die laaste kwart van die 19de eeu as deel van 'n nuwe proses om Skotse nasionale trots te verhoog, 'n neiging wat verder blyk uit die bou van 'n Skotse National War Memorial op die rots in 1927, 'n geskikte plek, aangesien die kasteel self tydens die Eerste Wêreldoorlog (1914-1918) 'n bombardement van Zeppelin ondergaan het.

Die Kasteel Vandag

Edinburgh Castle is vandag, met meer as 'n miljoen jaarlikse besoekers, die gewildste toeristebestemming van Skotland. Behalwe dat dit 'n indrukwekkende monument op sigself is met elke klip vol geskiedenis, is die kasteel ook die tuiste van die National War Museum en drie regimentale museums. As deel van die stad Edinburgh word die kasteel deur UNESCO aangewys as 'n wêrelderfenisgebied, 'n eer wat in 1995 toegeken is.

Die hoofhekke van die kasteel is aan die oostekant, die enigste toeganklike kant van die rotsagtige plato, en is in 1888 gebou om 'n veel ouer struktuur te vervang. Die tweede stel poorte wat u deurloop, dateer uit die 1570's (na die beleg van 1573 hierbo genoem), en is eens versterk met drie ekstra paar houtdeure. Die bokant van hierdie struktuur, Argyle Tower, is in 1887 bygevoeg. 'N Bykomende binnehek is Foog's Gate, wat dateer uit die laaste deel van die 17de eeu nC. Net na die portcullis -hek is 'n vlug van 70 kliptrappe, die Lang Trappe, en dit lei na die hart van die kasteel. 'N Minder vermoeiende roete is die geplaveide pad reguit vorentoe, wat in die 17de eeu gebou is om magtige kanonne in die kasteel te laat trek.

The Governor's House is 'n gebou uit 1742 in die Georgiese styl en die amptelike woning van die goewerneur wat optree as die bevelvoerder van die leër in Skotland. The New Barracks, wat in 1799 voltooi is, funksioneer as 'n militêre kaserne en is die gasheer vir die Regimentele Museum van die Royal Scots Dragoon Guards. Die nabygeleë Drill Hall bevat die Museum of the Royal Scots en die Royal Regiment of Scotland. Ten slotte is die hondbegraafplaas een van die meer nuuskierige hoeke van die kasteel. Dit is in die 1840's geskep en gereserveer vir getroue viervoetige metgeselle van soldate in die kaserne en regiment-gelukbringers soos Dobbler (d. 1893), wat die Argyll en Sutherland Highlanders vergesel het na Suid-Afrika, Sri Lanka en China gedurende sy nege jaar van aktiewe diens.

Hierdie grootste Skotse kastele bevat baie histories belangrike voorwerpe, en die belangrikste hiervan is die Stone of Scone. Die sandsteenblok, ook bekend as die Stone of Destiny, word geassosieer met die kroning van die Middeleeuse Skotse konings in die Scone Abbey op die eiland Scone in Perthshire. Volgens die legende sal Skotse konings slegs regeer waar die klip woon. Edward I van Engeland, wat in 1296 uit 'n doelbewuste politieke propaganda uit Skotland uit Skotland verwyder is, is uiteindelik in 1996 aan die Skotse volk terugbesorg.

Langs die Stone of Scone in die Crown Room van die kasteel is die items van die Skotse koninklike regalia, gesamentlik bekend as die Honours. Hierdie items dateer uit die 16de eeu en bestaan ​​uit 'n kroon, septer en staatswaard. Hulle is die eerste keer saam gebruik in die kroning van Mary, Queen of Scots in 1543 in Stirling Castle. Die kroonjuwele is in 1818 herontdek deur die groot romanskrywer en geskiedskrywer Sir Walter Scott (1771-1832) in 'n geslote kamer in die kasteel tydens die moeilike geskiedenis van Engeland, wat deur die groot romanskrywer en historikus Sir Walter Scott (1771-1832) opgesluit is. al meer as 'n eeu lank nie deur iemand gesien nie, maar word gou in die Crown Room waar hulle vandag bly, in die openbaar vertoon. Deur die jare is meer juwele bygevoeg om die versameling te verryk, en dit sluit in die Stewart Jewels met die groot robynring wat Charles I van Engeland (r. 1625-1649) gedra het tydens sy kroning in die Westminster Abbey.

Die beroemde Mons Meg-kanon woon nou by die Edinburgh Castle, 'n artillerie wat in die middel van die 15de eeu nC gebou is, moontlik vir Jakobus II van Skotland. Die massiewe kanon weeg ses ton en het een keer kanonkogels van 48 cm (19 in) in deursnee oor 'n afstand van 3,2 km (2 myl) afgevuur. Mons Meg, wat in 1754 na die Tower of London geneem is, het die eer van 'n volledige militêre begeleiding ontvang en in 1829 na die Edinburgh Castle teruggekeer. , wat elke dag om 13:00 (behalwe Sondae) afgevuur word, 'n tradisie wat in 1861 begin het as 'n navigasiehulp vir verbygaande skepe.


Die legendes en raaisels rondom die kasteel van Edinburgh

Een nag in Augustus, 'n paar eeue gelede, het 'n vurige rooikop, sproet, skrikkerig jongetjie gedra met 'n tartan kilt wat sy pa vir hom gegee het, verslete sjofele skoene wat heel waarskynlik aan sy oupagrootjie behoort het, en 'n doedelsak om sy dun lyf liggaam is in 'n geheime tonnel gestuur om te sien waarheen dit lei.

'N Hele ondergrondse tonnels is ontdek onder die Royal Mile, die afdraande straat wat Edinburgh Castle en Holyrood Palace in die stad Edinburgh verbind, voorheen bekend as Dunedin, of Athene van die Noorde, soos sommige dit genoem het vanweë die ooreenkoms met die stad van gode in Griekeland.

Die seuntjie sou in die tonnel naby die top van die Royal Mile instap en 'n deuntjie speel terwyl hy diep onder die grond loop. Daar word gedink dat hy van die ander kant af sou gaan, waar dit ook al sou wees. Sy vordering word bepaal deur mense op die grond, aangehelp deur die klank van sy musiek. Dit was ten minste die plan.

'N Uitsig oor Edinburgh, Skotland, gesien vanaf Calton Hill – 13 Julie 2017. In die beeld kan die kasteel van Edinburgh bo -op die heuwel waarin die ou stad van die Skotse hoofstad geleë is, gesien word.

Maar toe, halfpad langs die myl, stop die musiek skielik. Hulle het die seuntjie se naam uitgeroep, maar niemand het geantwoord nie. Hulle het die tonnel gefynkam en#8212 gewaag so ver as wat hulle dit waag en#8212 na hom gesoek. Hy was nêrens te vinde nie. Daar was geen spoor van hom of van sy maer lyf en die doedelsak wat hy gespeel het nie. Die seuntjie was weg, en niemand het geweet hoekom nie.

Honderde jare het verloop sedert en elke Augustus vind die Edinburgh Military Tattoo -byeenkoms in die stad plaas. Heel aan die einde, na al die tradisionele kiltparades van die Skotse regiment, en al die liedjies wat deur honderde tromspelers gespeel word, en nog meer, doedelsakters, een piper, wat alleen staan ​​en hoog op die skanse van die kasteel van Edinburgh gesit word, speel 'n treurige deuntjie op sy pype.

Die 2011 Militêre Tatoeëring in Edinburgh. Foto: LA (Phot) Sally Stimson/MOD

Daar is vreemde berigte oor 'n melodie in die kamers van die kasteel wat blykbaar uit die niet kom. Sommige mense sê dat hulle dit gehoor het terwyl hulle op die Royal Mile geloop het. Die plaaslike legende vertel dat dit die huilende lied is van 'n verlore siel wie se spook, wat ewig in die tonnels onder die stad ronddwaal, sy doedelsak voortspeel op soek na 'n uitweg.

So miskien speel die eensame piper elke jaar die treurige deuntjie ter nagedagtenis aan die verlore seun. Of, as dit nie vir hom was nie, dan sekerlik vir almal wat binne of voor die mure hul lewens verloor het en probeer het om die grootste vesting van Skotland te verdedig of oor te neem.

Die kasteel het 'n herkenbare simbool van Edinburgh en Skotland geword. Foto deur: Andrea Vail CC by 2.0

Daar is selde 'n plek op die planeet wat ooreenstem met die langdurige en kleurryke geskiedenis van Edinburgh Castle, wat bo-op die oorblyfsels van 'n ou uitgestorwe vulkaan die stad se skyline beheer vol verhale en legendes van vervloë dae .

The Great Hall, Edinburgh Castle In eertydse glorie herstel, hoewel dit by meer as een geleentheid in sy geskiedenis as kaserne gebruik is. Foto deur Mike Pennington, CC BY-SA 2.0

Die kasteel sit bo -op Castle Rock, 'n vulkaniese prop wat 350 miljoen jaar gelede gevorm is en as 'n vroeë menslike nedersetting in die Bronstydperk gedien het. Opgrawings wat in die negentigerjare uitgevoer is, toon bewyse van bewoning met argeoloë wat dateer uit die Bronstydperk wat hulle ontdek het, al vanaf 850 vC.

Argeologiese bewyse dui aan dat die plek waarop hierdie mense gewoon het, bekend was as "Aluana" of "rotsplek", en as gevolg van die natuurlike versterking daarvan, is Castle Rock sedertdien 'n nedersetting en militêre basis en 'n bewering dat dit die langste is bewoonde gebied in die land.

Die kasteel is gebou op 'n vulkaniese rots, soos gesien hier vanuit die West Port-omgewing Foto deur Kim Traynor CC BY-SA 3.0

Dit is 'n plek so oud dat teen die tyd dat 'n kasteel die eerste keer amptelik in historiese literatuur genoem is, die naam en die stigting daarvan reeds gehul was in mites en legendes.

Die eerste is gekoppel aan die beroemde Arthur -legendes, of meer spesifiek aan die bladsye van die Middeleeuse Walliese epiese gedig Y Gododdin. Volgens hierdie waardevolle stuk literatuur uit ongeveer die 7de eeu nC, dien 'n vesting met die naam "The Castle of the Maidens" as 'n heiligdom vir die "Nine Maidens", waarvan een die magtige towenaar Morgan le Fay, koning was Arthur se toegewyde beskermer.

'N Telefoto -opname van Edinburgh Castle teen 'n pragtige blou lug, Skotland, die Verenigde Koninkryk.

Nog 'n dokument, maar hierdie keer nie van Wallies nie, maar van Skotse oorsprong, die Orygynale Cronykil van Skotland geskryf deur Andrew van Wyntoun, dui daarop dat Ebraucus, koning van die Britte, vroeër 'n vesting genaamd "Maiden's Castle" opgerig het.

8 oudste kastele van regoor die wêreld

Edinburgh Castle, die indrukwekkende gebou wat ons vandag ken, dateer egter uit die 12de eeu toe David I, die seun van Saint Margaret van Skotland, die eerste keer (ten minste amptelik) 'n kasteel op Castle Rock opgerig het ter nagedagtenis aan sy moeder.

Die verhaal gaan dat die Skotse koning Malcolm III in 1070 nC met 'n Engelse prinses getrou het, wat vanweë haar regverdigheid en vrygewige aard bekend gestaan ​​het as die heilige Margaret van Skotland en 'n reputasie gekry het as "The Pearl of Scotland".

Malcolm en Margaret soos uitgebeeld in 'n 16de-eeuse wapenrusting.

Haar man is in die geveg dood en sy, hartseer en hartseer, sterf binne enkele dae nadat sy die nuus gehoor het. Haar seun David I het die groot kasteel op Castle Rock en 'n wonderlike kapel gebou om haar te vereer.

Aan die einde van die 12de eeu het die spanning tussen Engeland en Skotland toegeneem, en dit lyk asof monarge en edeles byna altyd op Edinburgh en die stad se kasteel fokus. Hy wat dit gehou het, beheer die stad Edinburgh en daarmee saam Skotland.

Met verloop van tyd verdien dit dus die reg om 'die verdediger van die nasie' genoem te word, en om dieselfde rede het dit herhaaldelik beleër. Die eerste belangrike veldslag was in die laat 13de eeu toe Edward Longshanks (Edward I van Engeland) die kasteel probeer verower en die Skotse troon in beslag neem. Dit was egter net die begin.

Detail van 'n eietydse tekening van die kasteel van Edinburgh in 1573, waarin dit omring is deur aanvallende batterye.

Gedurende sy uitgebreide geskiedenis is die kasteel van Edinburgh 23 keer aangeval, beleër en binnegeval, meer as enige plek in Brittanje of enige ander kasteel ter wêreld. Die helfte van hierdie gevegte het tydens 'n kort tydperk van 50 jaar plaasgevind toe die kasteel heen en weer tussen Skotse en Engelse hande gegaan het tydens die Onafhanklikheidsoorloë (1296-1341), terwyl die kasteel van Edinburgh byna heeltemal vernietig is.

St. Margaret ’s Kapel van Edinburgh Castle in Edinburgh, Skotland.

Toe Robert die Bruce in 1314 beleër het, vernietig hy elke gebou behalwe een: Margaret ’s Chapel, wat vandag nog ongeskonde staan ​​en die oudste gebou in Skotland is.

'N Uitbeelding uit die laat-16de eeu van die kasteel, van Braun en Hogenberg ’s ‘Civitates Orbis Terrarum, en#8217 met die toring van David in die middel.

Herstelwerk aan die kasteel is uitgevoer deur David II van Skotland in die 14de eeu. Maar Edinburgh, die kasteel en die Skotse mense moes nie rus nie.

Engeland het probeer om "die verdediger van die nasie" en die nasie self by meer as een keer te herower en beleër na beleg op die kasteel, een van hulle teen Maria, koningin van Skotte in 1573, duur twee jaar lank.

Die kasteel van Edinburgh, soos dit moontlik voor die lang beleg van 1571-73 gelyk het, met die David's Tower en die paleisblok, in die middel en links.

In 1650 slaag Oliver Cromwell in sy pogings om die kasteel te verower, en vermoor Charles I, die laaste Skotse monarg wat op die troon in Edinburgh sit.

Van toe af het die kasteel sy status verloor. In plaas daarvan om 'n verdediger van 'n nasie te wees, is dit verander in 'n gevangenis waar duisende militêre en politieke gevangenes uit die Sewejarige Oorlog, die Amerikaanse Revolusie en die Napoleontiese Oorloë gehou is. Miskien het hulle 'n geheimsinnige doedelsakmelodie in die donkerte van die kerkers gehoor wat hulle laat twyfel het of hulle stadig maar seker hul kop verloor.

Die uitstekende hoofstad van Skotland is vandag die tweede mees besoekte stad in die Verenigde Koninkryk (natuurlik die eerste in Londen), en miljoene mense van regoor die wêreld reis daarheen om die talle wêrelderfenisgebiede, pragtige musiekfeeste, historiese herontwerpe en alles te sien soorte eienaardige plekke wat verhale vertel van spoke, monsters of 'n legendariese volkshelde.

Die kasteel van Edinburgh het die reputasie as die mees spookagtige en mees besoekte in die stad. En met sulke geskiedenis en soveel legendes daaraan verbonde, is dit geen verrassing nie.

Vir die moeite werd, kan 'n doedelsakmelodie altyd op straat in Edinburgh gehoor word. Kom dit van 'n verlore seun êrens diep onder die strate, of net om die draai? Die enigste manier om dit te weet, is om dit self te ondersoek. Want as u op soek is na towerkuns, is die stad en sy groot kasteel so magies en legendaries as wat 'n plek ooit kan kry.

Martin Chalakoski is 'n vryskutskrywer wat aangetrokke is tot die geskiedenis en gefassineer word deur vreemdhede. Hy het bygedra tot die Abandoned Spaces en dra geleidelik by tot The Vintage News.


10 ongelooflike feite van die kasteel van Edinburgh

1. Die kasteel is op die top van 'n vulkaan geleë.

Die laaste vulkaniese ontploffing het byna 350 miljoen jaar gelede plaasgevind! Daar is baie argeologiese bewyse wat bewys het dat daar lewe bestaan ​​voor die ontploffings.

Die laaste ontploffing het daartoe gelei dat Castle Rock ontstaan ​​het. Die argitekte het die kasteel in die 12de eeu gebou. Ek bedoel, hoe optimisties was hulle om 'n fort bo -op 'n vulkaan te bou en te hoop dat dit nooit uitbars nie? Grappies eenkant, dit is 'n verbluffende moderne skepping en is 'n simbool van die wedywering tussen Engeland en Skotland.

Ons sal later praat oor die wedywering en beslaglegging op Edinburgh Castle.

2. Die kasteel is die mees beleërde plek in die hele Skotland.

Hierdie kasteel het waarskynlik ontelbare vyandige magte beleef en is byna 23 keer in beslag geneem! Dit is een van die mees versterkte forte in die hele Europa.

Sommige van die merkwaardigste konflikte in die Skotse geskiedenis van die kasteel is soos volg –

  • Longshanks Siege of 1296: Edward I verlaat die kasteel in puin en plunder die stad en stuur al die juwele en skatte na Londen
  • Lang Siege- In hierdie beslag het die fort teen die regeringsmagte gestaan ​​en homself verdedig. Dit duur byna twee jaar, van 1571 tot 1573. Uiteindelik het die garnisoen die Mary Queen of Scots ondersteun.
  • Jacobite Rising van 1745: Bonny Prince Charlie het baie pogings aangewend, maar kon nie die kasteel inneem nie.

Dit was enkele van die berugte gevalle wat in die kasteel van Edinburgh plaasgevind het.

3. Die kasteel het die oudste gebou in Skotland.

St. Margaret's Chapel, wat op dieselfde plek geleë is, is een van die oudste geboue wat nog steeds stewig in Skotland staan.

Die kasteel is gedurende 'n lang tydperk gebou, en baie van die geboue is wreed geplunder tydens verskillende oorloë of wanneer die fort in beslag geneem is.

St. Margaret's Chapel is in die 12de eeu gebou. Margaret was die eggenoot van Malcolm III, wat bekend was vir haar heiligheid en reinheid en sterf aan 'n gebroke hart net drie dae na die ontydige dood van Malcolm op die slagvelde.

Dit was een van die min strukture wat onveranderd gelaat is toe Robert the Bruce in 1314 die koninklike paleis in beslag geneem en geplunder het.

4. Die raaisel van Skotse kroonjuwele.

Die kroonjuwele staan ​​ook bekend as die “Honours of Scotland ”. Die kroon, die septer en die swaard van die staat bestaan ​​uit die eerbewyse van Skotland. Al hierdie dinge is in die ou dae gebruik om die nuwe vorste en konings te kroon.

Daar was baie ander Britse regalias, maar hierdie paar was die enigste wat uit die hande van Oliver Cromwell ontsnap het. Hy het die ander uitgeroei.

Later na die Unie van 1707 is beide Engeland en Skotland onder dieselfde kroon verenig. Die eerbewyse van Skotland is daarna in 'n kluis gebêre, goed weggesteek in die kasteel van Edinburgh.

Hierdie feit is heeltemal uit die gedagtes van mense verwyder. Byna 'n eeu later, in die 18de eeu, het sir Walter Scott die eerbewyse opgegrawe. En hulle is weer aan die lig gebring sodat die gewone mense dit kon sien.

Tydens die Tweede Wêreldoorlog is dit weer weggesteek, want daar was kommer dat hierdie skatte in die hande van die Duitsers kon kom. Nou is daar 'n reëling vir 'n openbare uitstalling van hierdie kroonjuwele van Skotland.

5. Die kasteel het 'n sinistere teenwoordigheid.

Daar word gesê dat die gees van die Lone Piper steeds om die honderde gange van die kasteel van Edinburgh hang. 'N Jong seuntjie is in die vertroulike gange wat onder die kasteel van Edinburgh was, oorgedra. Hy het opdrag gekry om sy pype te speel.

Dit sal die deskundiges help om te merk en vas te stel waarheen die ondergrondse gange lei. Die piper dryf weg van sy koers en dwaal van die gange af.

Niemand het ooit weer van hom gehoor nie. Tot vandag toe is daar 'n onaangename gevoel wanneer 'n mens na die kerke gaan, en 'n mens kan snags na die onheilspellende, spookagtige deuntjies van die pyp luister.

Daar is meer aangrypende verhale oor die kasteel van Edinburgh, maar ons sal later daaroor kom.

6. Die ou geweer van die kasteel van Edinburgh

Tydens die bewind van die Skotse vorste was daar geen iPhones of Rolex -horlosies gevind nie.

Toe skepe die Firth Of Forth kruis, het navigateurs en matrose vir eers uitgesien na die kasteel van Edinburgh. Dit was die plig van die kasteel om die tyd bekend te maak deur na 'n geweer van 18 pond te skiet.

Navigators het hul chronometers aangepas en verder gegaan. Hierdie ou vroue -verhaal is nou 'n tradisie wat nog steeds deur die mense van die kasteel gevolg word.

7. Die kasteel het as 'n woning vir 'n olifant opgetree.

Die 78ste Highlanders het van Sri Lanka na Edinburgh Castle teruggekeer. Hulle het 'n olifant saamgebring.

As een van die belangrikste infanterie -kaserne, het die olifant saam met die kamerade gewoon. Die olifant was 'n ywerige bierliefhebber en besoek die kasteel se kantine vir 'n pint. U kan meer van sy tekens in die National War Museum of Scotland vind.

8. KGB het die kasteel verander.

Koning Jame IV van Skotland was 'n bietjie paranoïes oor mense agter sy rug gaan. Hy regeer gedurende die 16de eeu en beveel om gate in die muur te boor om sy hofdienaars af te luister. Dit is 'n luidrugtjie genoem, en dit beteken die ore van die koning.

Later, toe die Sowjet -president Mikhail Gorbatsjof in Edinburgh besoek afgelê het, het KGB beveel dat al die gate gesement en gemonteer moet word. 'N Mens is nooit te oud vir spioenasie nie.

9. Ontelbare krygsgevangenes.

Benewens 21 Pirates of the Caribbean, het die kasteel van Edinburgh tydens die Vryheidsoorlog ook verskeie Amerikaners in die tronk gesit. Die uitdagende kerf van die Amerikaanse vlag in die kerkers van Edinburgh Fort bly 'n bewys daarvan.

10. 'n Hondebegraafplaas!

Die honde metgeselle van die bataljons van Skotland het 'n gereserveerde en unieke plek in die vesting. Die gelukbringer van die Black Watch 42nd Highlanders, Jess en Dobbler, wat Argyll en Sutherland Highlanders in hul ondernemings in China, Sri Lanka en Suid-Afrika vergesel het, hou onvergeetlike plekke.

Hulle lojaliteit en deernis is opmerklik en het hier ontsaglike respek gekry deur hulle te begrawe langs die soldate wat hul lewens in die gevegte van Skotland afgestaan ​​het.

Die ingang na die begraafplaas word gerespekteer, maar dit is sigbaar vanaf die Argyll -battery hierbo.

Alhoewel die feite betowerend is, sal die geskiedenis van Edinburgh u vir die res van u dag in gedagtes hou!


Die geskiedenis van die kasteel van Edinburgh: 900 jaar om die hoofstad van Skotland te beskerm

Daar word beraam dat daar eens ongeveer 3000 kastele in Skotland was, maar een staan ​​kop en skouers bo die res: die geskiedenis van Edinburgh Castle word gekenmerk deur geweld, politieke en godsdienstige intrige en die opkoms en val van monarge.

Nietemin, vandag is die ikoniese vesting van Edinburgh die land se grootste betaalde toeriste-aantreklikheid. Binne kan u 'n paar van die kosbaarste besittings van die land besigtig, waaronder die eerbewyse van Skotland of die kroonjuwele van Skotland.

Die oorsprong van Edinburgh Castle

Edinburgh Castle sit bo -op 'n uitgestorwe vulkaan en bied 'n uitstekende uitkykpunt oor die stad. Dit was 'n natuurlike plek vir 'n gebou wat verdediging, beheer en eer gekombineer het.

Die oudste bestaande deel van die kasteel - wat ook die mees verouderde gebou van Edinburgh is - is die St Margaret's Chapel, wat uit die 12de eeu dateer.

Die kapel is deur koning David I gebou om sy moeder, koningin Margaret (later St Margaret), te herdenk.

Mettertyd het koning David II David's Tower bygevoeg, wat 'n residensiële en verdedigende ontwerp was. Die groot Groot Saal was die werk van koning James IV. Die belangrikste kenmerk daarvan is 'n houtdak met balke wat op klippe rus, gegraveer met simbole van Skotland en sy vorste. Vandag glinster sy mure met 'n indrukwekkende vertoning van swaarde, skilde, wapens en wapens.

Aanvalle op die kasteel van Edinburgh

As 'n militêre vesting en die mees gesogte gebou in die hoofstad van Skotland, is Edinburgh Castle baie keer gevange geneem en herower. Trouens, dit is meer beleër as enige ander plek in Brittanje, met 23 aangetekende pogings om die kasteel te vang. Taking the castle wasn’t just a tactical coup for Scotland’s enemies but a blow to the morale of the Scots. Violent tensions, often between England and Scotland, are now consigned to the history books but conflicts were brutal and unforgiving.

Captured in 1296 by England’s King Edward I, the Scots reclaimed it with a night attack in 1314. The English successfully attacked again in 1335 before, in 1341, Scots disguised as merchants took it back. Cromwell’s forces occupied the castle in 1650. At one point it was even handed over to the English as a ransom payment. It was captured twice by Covenanters in the 17th century, fighting against King Charles I’s imposition of Episcopacy. Bloody battles ensued with the Jacobites in the 18th century.

The ascent of King James VI

As a thriving tourist attraction today, the Royal Palace within Edinburgh Castle is a big draw as it was the home of Scotland’s kings and queens. A highlight is a small room where events unfolded that changed British history. In 1566 the birth chamber saw the arrival of a little boy, son of Mary, Queen of Scots, who was made King James VI of Scotland just a year later.

Mary, Queen of Scots’ strained relations with England led her cousin, Queen Elizabeth I, to sign her death warrant. When Queen Elizabeth I died without issue, the bloodlines led back to Mary’s son James. In 1603 the crowns of England and Scotland were united and James VI of Scotland also became King James I of England and Ireland.

In 1617 King James I returned to Edinburgh Castle to celebrate his Golden Jubilee. His birth chamber was redecorated for the occasion: it’s still possible to see the gilded decoration.

Scotland’s Crown Jewels

Scotland’s Crown Jewels, or the Honours of Scotland, are on display in the Crown Room. These include a sceptre presented to King James IV by Pope Alexander VI in 1494 a sword, gifted in 1507 by Pope Julius II and the crown, which was first worn for the coronation of Mary of Guise in 1540.

As potent symbols of the Scottish monarchy, protecting the jewels was paramount. In the 1650s, the Honours were whisked to Dunnottar Castle, in the northeast of Scotland, then onto the small village of Kinneff, to evade Cromwell’s Parliamentarian Army.

After the Union of England and Scotland in 1707, they were locked away and not seen again until 1818. During WWII the Honours of Scotland were tucked away below a medieval latrine closet in case of Nazi invasion.

Another key attraction is the Stone of Destiny. Present at the coronation of Scottish monarchs for centuries, the stone – while unassuming to look at – is powerfully symbolic. In 1296, King Edward I of England removed the stone from Scone Palace in Perthshire and had it built into his own throne at Westminster Abbey.

On Christmas Day in 1950, four Scottish students managed to steal the stone. Its disappearance caused uproar and its location was a mystery until it was found, draped in The Saltire, outside Arbroath Abbey in 1951. This was no random drop off point but the site where the Declaration of Arbroath – in which Scotland’s nobles swore their independence from England – was written in 1320. The stone was returned to London until, in 1996, it was given back to Scotland. It will only leave the country again for a coronation at Westminster Abbey.

Edinburgh’s military links

Edinburgh Castle’s colourful military past has created other poignant sites on the sprawling complex, which adds a brutal reality to the tales of invasion, duplicity and heroics. The National War Museum of Scotland first opened in 1933 and covers 400 years of conflict. The Prisons of War exhibition tells of the inmates who languished in the castle, from pirates captured off Argyll to a five-year-old drummer boy from the Battle of Trafalgar.

The Royal Scots Dragoon Guards still have a small military garrison at the castle, but it’s the National War Memorial that often stops people in their tracks. It opened in 1927, when the architect Sir Robert Lorimer and 200 Scottish artists and craftsmen first created a Hall of Honour and Shrine, which features delicate stained glass and sculptures dedicated to Scotland’s lost generations and the names of the fallen on the Rolls of Honour.

The One O’ Clock Gun

One of the greatest appeals of Edinburgh Castle is that it’s still part of the city’s daily life. The firing of the One O’Clock Gun, which once allowed ships in the Firth of Forth to set their maritime clocks, still marks time in ‘Auld Reekie’. The Royal Edinburgh Military Tattoo and summer concerts are also huge draws.

And the biggest party of the year is, of course, Hogmanay, where new year celebrations see fireworks light up the skies, musicians performing and revellers partying as the nation – and the whole world – celebrate with the people of Edinburgh and its mighty castle.


Edinburgh Castle, The Story of A Magnificent and Historic Castle


Prior to joining the United Kingdom, Scotland is a kingdom of its own under the name Kingdom of Scotland. As an empire, of course, Scotland also has a castle as the residence of the royal family as well as the bastion. The castle is Edinburgh Castle, the most important building in the history of Scotland at the same time most iconic landmarks and buildings in the city of Edinburgh and even Scotland.

Die kasteel van Edinburgh stands majestically on the Castle Rock hill which has a height of 130 meters above sea level. This hill formed from the remains of a volcano that has erupted estimated at 340 million years ago.

Until the end of the prehistoric era, has not found evidence to suggest that this hill was inhabited. But then the area around the hill grown rapidly and become a civilization. In the year 683, the city was founded by British troops and later named as Edinburgh. Since then, Scotland have started to be colonized by the British forces with Castle Rock serve as one of the centers and military headquarters.

Edinburgh Castle is known was built in the 12th century by King David I. He was the youngest son of the ruler of Scotland before, that King Malcolm III with the daughter of the British empire which later became known as the Queen Margaret. The castle was built by using rocks from the volcano so it looks magnificent and sturdy .

One of the first buildings constructed in the complex of the castle is St Margaret’s Capel, built in memory of his mother. King David uses the castle as a center of military power as well as administrative center in Scotland. The desire of Scotland to escape from the British cause frequent conflicts between them, and the center of the conflict is of course always leads to mastery of Edinburgh Castle.

Which party has control of Edinburgh Castle is believed to have mastered the entire area of Scotland. A Scottish independence war which first occurred in 1926 when England led by King Edward I who invades Scotland and then mastered Edinburgh Castle. This raises the reaction and resistance of the people of Scotland, led by one of the greatest hero William Wallace.

Edinburgh Castle Image. Image Via: edinburghcastle.gov.uk

Edinburgh Castle on The Castle Rock Hill

Scotland’s independence war struggle continued until many years with continued by Robert the Bruce, one of the greatest kings of Scotland. During the war took place, either Scotland or England alternately occupied the Edinburgh Castle.

When Scotland re-mastered by the British, the two royal marriages are not uncommon. One is that King James IV of Scotland, married Margaret Tudor, the eldest daughter of Henry VII of England. The marriage would produce offspring Scottish king who has a British royal lineage.

So when the power vacuum in England after Queen Elizabeth I died without a male heir, James VI of Scotland who is the great-grandson of King James IV became the only offspring who is entitled to be king. Appointment of King James VI of Scotland became king of England marked the merging of the two kingdoms, and he was known as King James I of England.

Edinburgh Castle Scotland UK

Edinburgh Castle Scotland Photography. Image Via: dreamhouseapartments.com

Since then, Edinburgh Castle is no longer used as the residence of the king of Scotland. Last King of Scotland descent who masters English and Edinburgh Castle was King Charles I. After the reign of Charles I, Edinburgh Castle widely used by the British empire as a place to imprison prisoners of war, be it from the Seven Years War, the American Revolution until the Napoleonic Wars.

But the defection of events prisoners of this jail in 1811 makes this castle is no longer safe for use as a prison. Since then, Edinburgh Castle then functioned as a national monument and opened to the public. Renovations and improvements subsequently made to the castle in order to be more attractive for the visitors to come.

Edinburgh Castle is now known as one of the most attractive tourist destinations in the city of Edinburgh. The castle is in the form of a complex consisting of magnificent buildings in it. The building that will be first seen when entering the main gate is the Half Moon Battery, which is a ring-shaped high wall built on the ruins of David’s Tower.

This fortress was first used as one of the main defenses of the castle, complete with weapons and special chambers for storing ammunition. The room is now used as a gallery to display the artifacts and implements of war that remain. The main building and the most protected of course, is a building that is home to the royal family, the Royal Palace.

In place is then born great kings of Scotland, including the King James VI. The exterior of the building is decorated by the clock tower and became one of the most iconic among other buildings in the castle. The interior of the building is decorated with decorations and paintings which make it the most beautiful building.

One of the most interesting rooms is the Crown Room, a place to store and display objects that are symbols like the royal crown, robes, swords or armor king. Another magnificent room of the castle is the Great Hall, the most spacious room which is used as a place to hold ceremonies, including the appointment of a king or a formal banquet.

This building was built during the reign of King James IV in the 16th century, with a Renaissance-style interior design. In the era after the leadership of King Charles I, the hall is a barracks or shelter for the troops. A collection of various types of weapons and armor as well as the many amenities featured in this room.

One of the interesting attractions of Edinburgh Castle, is the One O’Clock Gun, the event shelling is done every day to indicate that the time has shown at 1 pm. Shelling was first performed in 1861 as a time marker signal for ships that are in the area, Firth of Forth, the water flows towards the sea to the north.

Although it is now shipping a marker signal that time is not necessary, but the shelling has become one of the attractions of interest to visitors. At first the shelling was held in the castle Half Moon Battery by using a 64-pounder cannon, now these attractions is done by using the 105 mm cannon on the ramparts overlooking the north, the Mill’s Mount Battery.

Edinburgh Castle Photo. Image Via: dailyrecord.co.uk

Edinburgh Castle Aerial View

In addition to these attractions, visitors will also be able to see a collection of guns and weapons owned by the castle, one of which is Mons Meg, one of the world’s most famous weapons. Edinburgh Castle still has a few pieces of other buildings were also magnificent and interesting, such as St. Margaret’s Capel which is the oldest building in the complex of the castle, dungeon, Scottish National War Memorial, and the National War Museum and Regimental Museum.

There are many historical, heroic stories, buildings and objects of interest that can be seen in the castle. During this visit the castle, visitors will be accompanied by an audio guide that will accompany the trip to explore the most magnificent buildings in Scotland. Visiting Edinburgh city would not be complete without visiting Edinburgh Castle.


A Turbulent Past

As conflicts continued between England and Scotland towards the end of the 12th century, Edinburgh and its castle became the focus of the invaders. It became obvious that whoever held the stronghold in their grasp, controlled the city of Edinburgh and consequently Scotland. The castle then earned the title of “the defender of the nation”.

When Robert the Bruce laid siege to Edinburgh Castle in 1314, he almost destroyed every building within the castle except for Margaret’s Chapel, which is now considered to be the oldest surviving building in Scotland.

England continuously tried to siege the castle and take hold of it one of those sieges was against Mary, Queen of Scots in 1573, which lasted for two full years. In 1650, the infamous Oliver Cromwell succeeded in his attempts to capture the castle, killing Charles I, the last monarch to rule Scotland from Edinburgh.

Afterwards, Edinburgh Castle was turned into a prison where thousands of military and political prisoners were held over the years from the Seven Years War, the American Revolution, and the Napoleonic Wars.

Nowadays, millions of people from all over the world travel to Scotland to visit its numerous world heritage sites, entertaining music festivals, historical re-enactments and get to know its mysterious tales and legends.

Edinburgh Castle is known as the most haunted castle in the city, so it’s no surprise it has so many visitors year round.

Edinburgh Castle Opening Times:

Last Entry one hour before closing time.

Ticket Prices:

Gate Prices:

Online Prices

A child ticket is for ages between 5 – 15. Concessions include the unemployed and over 60s.

Have you ever visited Edinburgh Castle? Comment below your experience and your favourite part of the Scottish Gem.


Edinburgh Castle to transform into ‘Castle of Light’

History is set to come to life at Edinburgh Castle this winter, as the iconic landmark is illuminated with tales from Scotland’s past.

The mesmerising 90-minute journey of light, sound and wonder, entitled Castle of Light, will treat guests to an evening of dazzling animations, never seen before at the castle in its 900 year history. Running over six weeks throughout the festive season, from Thursday 14 November to Sunday 22 December, the castle will be transformed using state-of-the-art projections and enchanting storytelling.

9-year-old Erin Kempton took to the castle to enjoy a sneak preview of what’s in store as Castle of Light was officially launched, with early bird tickets on sale from 9.30am tomorrow morning (Tuesday 3 September).

The countdown is now on to the event which will be the biggest light experience to hit the city centre, bringing together a consortium of the finest digital and visual talent in Scotland to create a truly immersive experience which will captivate locals and visitors alike every Thursday, Friday, Saturday and Sunday.

Gillian Macdonald, Head of Business Development at Historic Environment Scotland (HES), which operates Edinburgh Castle, said: “Castle of Light invites visitors to watch the history of this iconic landmark come to life as it illuminates the very walls that saw it unfold.

“Using state-of-the-art projections to create a truly wonderful, immersive lighting adventure, this is sure to be a magical experience for all the family and we can’t wait for everyone to enjoy it."

Double Take Projections, NL Productions, Andy McGregor Design and War Productions Ltd are working together, in partnership with HES, to create an innovative illuminated walking tour, with timed entries between 5.30pm and 8.30pm.

Among them, the group have provided projection lightshows around the globe from The Enchanted Forest in Pitlochry to Sydney Opera House via the Forth Bridges and Blackpool Tower. The creation of this world class event, hosted in their home city, within such an iconic building, will be a truly unique experience.

Andy McGregor, Creative Director of Castle of Light, said:

“I grew up by the Meadows in the shadow of this rock but I'm now seeing the Castle with fresh eyes. As a team, we will be drawing on the history, geology, mythology and the sheer drama of the site to conjure a spectacle that we hope will excite, entertain and enlighten audiences of all ages and backgrounds. To a certain extent, it is like being given a set of (very big) keys to a (a very big) toy shop – but with rather more responsibility! - and we are thrilled to be involved in such an exciting project for this national treasure.”

Tickets for the Capital’s first light spectacular, set within the historic walls of Edinburgh Castle, go on sale tomorrow, Tuesday 3 September, from 9.30am with special early bird rates available for September. Tickets will also be available for an ‘Access’ night taking place on Monday 2 December for people with additional support needs.

Standard tickets cost £20 (concessions, family tickets and discounts for Historic Scotland members available). F

About Castle of Light

Datums: Castle of Light will run every Thursday, Friday, Saturday and Sunday from Thursday 14 November to Sunday 22 December, excluding Thursday 28 November. In addition to these dates, a special ‘access’ night will be held on Monday 2 December, for guests with additional support needs.

Time: Timed entry from 5.30pm to 8.30pm. Event closes at 10pm. HES suggest that you allow around 90 minutes to fully experience the show.

Early bird rates (for September only)
Adult (16-59yrs) £18 Concessions (60yrs+) £14.40 Child (5-5yrs - must be accompanied by an adult) £10.80.

Standaard
Adult (16-59yrs) £20 Concessions (60yrs+) £16 Child (5-5yrs - must be accompanied by an adult) £12.

Castle of Light Consortium Partners

War Productions Limited
War Productions Limited have been trading since 1989 and has a strong focus towards the artistic use of digital video. Beginning as a lighting company, WarPro’s creative bent shifted towards the use of live projection in the very early days of the technology as production company for Orbital, Aphex Twin, Shamen and more. WarPro have specialized more and more in the creative use of projection for an ever growing commercial and artistic client base

Double Take Productions
Double Take Projections Ltd is an innovative Scottish design consultancy specialising in creating immersive visual experiences using a technique called Projection Mapping. They are a bespoke company, creating unique one-off spectacles, and able to radically alter the character of an environment or object by projecting from different angles onto a variety of surfaces.
Double Take have years of experience of producing and designing some of Scotland’s biggest Light shows. Double Take are a one stop shop for projection activity, designing content, designing social content and marketing material.

NL Productions
NL Productions is a creative event production company based in Leith with more than forty years’ experience in the industry.
Over the years, NLP has built up a large number of professional relationships across a wide variety of industries based on trust, reliability and a high standard of communication and project management.

Andy McGregor
Andy McGregor has over 25 years’ experience as a multimedia artist, designer and creative director. He was a founder member of the art / dance music & performance group Fini Tribe and pursued this alongside a degree at Glasgow School of Art. In the late 80’s he began working in digital media and enrolled in the post graduate electronic imaging course in Dundee. He has consistently worked at the boundaries of design, art, technology and performance. He has produced work for high profile organisations such as The National Galleries of Scotland, Historic Scotland, Glasgow Life, Venice Theatre Biennale, Edinburgh International Science Festival, Harper Collins Publishing UK, The Queen’s Gallery at Holyrood House and Drambuie Distillers.

About Historic Environment Scotland (HES)

  • We are the lead public body charged with caring for, protecting and promoting the historic environment. We will lead on delivering Scotland’s first strategy for the historic environment, Our Place in Time.
  • Historic Scotland, Scran, Canmore, The National Collection of Aerial Photography (NCAP), The Engine Shed, Stirling Castle and Edinburgh Castle are sub-brands of HES.
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Ghosts of Edinburgh Castle Scotland's haunted fortress on the hill

Visitors near and far stand in awe of this ancient fortress atop Castle Rock, a towering land formation created from a volcanic plug. The craggy peak has been inhabited since the Bronze Age (900 BC), while records indicate Edinburgh Castle has been in existence since 600 AD. In the epic Welsh poem Y Gododdin, a work that dates back to anywhere between the 7 th and early 11 th centuries, are references to Din Eidiyn, the stronghold of Edinburgh.

The ancient citadel has since seen its share of sieges, attacks, military occupations, and royal residents. With its history of upheaval, it’s no wonder Edinburgh Castle has been regarded as the most haunted location in Scotland.

Tortured souls from centuries ago reportedly still linger in the castle’s many halls, chambers, and dungeons. Those who wander these passages today report strange sensations such as a sudden drop in temperature and feelings of being watched. Some experience unexplained sounds, a ghostly touch across the face and burning on the arm, or a tugging on one’s clothing. Photographs snapped at the site reveal patches of fog, sometimes colored green.

Such supernatural encounters led a team of nine paranormal researchers to investigate the Scottish castle in 2001. Along with 200 carefully chosen participants—none of whom had prior knowledge of its haunted lore—the team delved into every nook and cranny and reported on what they saw. The verdict? More than half encountered paranormal activity in areas already known to be haunted.

What spirits could be behind this otherworldly activity? For that, we must take a trip through Edinburgh Castle’s haunting past.

The castle’s dungeon has a high degree of paranormal activity. Countless prisoners have been locked up in its cells, suffering torture, malnourishment, and death. More than 500 French prisoners were held here during the Seven Years War and later American colonial captives from the American Revolutionary War.

Many have been lost to time, but one inmate’s tale lives on. A prisoner desperate to escape buried himself in a dung barrow. He made it past the guards, only to meet his death as the barrow’s contents were dumped down the steep, rocky slope of Castle Rock. He makes himself known by trying to push you off the battlements and emanating a strong scent of dung.

The tragic end of one royal captive lives on as well. During the 16th century, Lady Janet Douglas or Lady Glamis was wrongfully accused of witchcraft and burned at the stake as her 16-year-old son watched in horror. She was happily married to the 6th Lord of Glamis until his death in 1528. Alas, King James V considered the Glamis family a threat to his power. Once her husband passed, King James accused Lady Glamis of poisoning him. He tortured and forced false confessions out of her servants and family, seized Glamis Castle (once Queen Elizabeth’s childhood home) and sent her to the castle dungeons to await her execution. She was nearly blind from the subterranean darkness by the time guards brought her to the stake. Hollow knocking can be heard late at night, which some say are the sounds of workers constructing the platform where Lady Glamis was burned alive.

Another hotbed of activity is the Royal Mile, a busy succession of streets that lead through the Old Town to Edinburgh Castle. Below the Royal Mile are underground caverns, unearthed by townsfolk several hundred years ago. A piper playing bagpipes was instructed to explore the tunnels that stretched from High Street to Holyrood House, a place of Scottish royal residence for the likes of Mary, Queen of Scots. He played a tune as he moved deeper into the caves so that others could mark his progress from above.

Then, at about the half-way point, the music abruptly stopped. A rescue party went in to look for the piper, but they found not a trace. If you listen closely while in Edinburgh Castle, you may hear his lonely bagpipes playing from the street above or within the fortress walls.

In addition to these haunting tales, are a bevy of lesser-known spectral figures wandering the castle grounds. Legends tell of a headless drummer from the 17 th century who taps upon his snare. The ghostly outline of a man in a leather apron has been seen walking through a doorway in one of the castle’s haunted vaults. Even canines can’t rest easy here. Just beyond the castle entrance, visitors have seen a black hound with a misty glow around it. The dog is believed to be buried in the pet cemetery by the Army Garrison.

The paranormal tales surrounding Edinburgh Castle go on and on. The deeper one wanders down its stone corridors, the more ghosts you’re bound to meet.


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Edinburgh Castle is a historic fortress that dominates the skyline of the city of Edinburgh, Scotland from its position on Castle Rock. Human settlers have lived here from as far back and the Bronze and Iron Age. For more fascinating facts and information about Edinburgh Castle, see the fact file below or download the comprehensive worksheet pack which can be utilized within the classroom or home environment.

  • Edinburgh Castle is built on the Castle Rock, which is a large, inactive volcano that is believed to have risen around 350 million years ago.
  • The summit of the castle rock is 130 meters (430 ft) above sea level and has rocky cliffs on the south, west, and north, rearing up to 80 meters (260 ft) from the surrounding landscape. This means the castle can only be reached from the east, where the ridge is less sloped, and the defensive advantage may have played an important part in the decision to build Edinburgh Castle there.
  • Archaeologists are unsure when Castle Rock was first used by humans and there are no records of Roman interest in the site up to the end of the first century AD (100 AD).
  • The first possible mention of Castle Rock may have been in a map, called Ptolemy’s map, in the 2nd century AD. This map shows a settlement called “Alauna” which means “rock place” and could be the earliest know name of Castle Rock.
  • An archaeological dig in 1990 revealed that people on the Bronze Age or Iron Age that followed were the first people to live there, and built a fort on Castle Rock in 2nd century AD, mid-way through the Iron Age.
  • In the early Middle Ages, Edinburgh Castle is next mentioned in 600 AD in a poem which describes a band of warriors who spent a year feasting in their fortress before fighting to the death in the battle with the Angles at Catreath in Yorkshire.
  • The first mention of a castle in Edinburgh was an account that Queen Margaret (also known as Saint Margaret of Scotland) was living at Edinburgh Castle when she heard that her husband, King Malcolm III, had died in November 1093.
  • The account also says that Queen Margaret herself died a few days later because she was overcome with grief from the loss of her husband and King Malcolm’s brother Donald Bane laid siege to the castle.
    • It was during the reigns of King Malcolm III and his sons that Edinburgh Castle became one of the most significant royal centers in Scotland. Malcolm’s son King Edgar died there in 1107.
    • King David I, Malcolm’s youngest son, reigned from 1124–1153 and spent much of his time at Edinburgh Castle where he developed Edinburgh as the center of royal power in Scotland.
    • Edinburgh Castle is thought to have been built using timber, although two stone buildings were documented as early as the 12th century. One of these buildings, St. Margaret’s Chapel, remains at the summit of the rock to this day.
    • During the Wars of Scottish Independence, starting in 1296, King Edward I of England launched an invasion of Scotland and Edinburgh Castle came under English control.
    • Edward I of England died in 1307 and on March 4th, 1314, a surprise night attack by Thomas Randolph, 1st Earl of Moray recaptured the castle for Scotland and the King of Scots, Robert the Bruce, ordered Edinburgh Castle defenses be destroyed to prevent the English re-occupying it.
    • Ownership of Edinburgh Castle changed between England and Scotland throughout the Wars of Scottish Independence in the 13th and 14 centuries.
    • In the 14th century, King David II began to rebuild Edinburgh Castle, and David’s Tower was started in 1367. When David II died in 1371, King Robert II completed the tower in the 1370s.
    • During the 15th century, the castle was used increasingly as an arsenal and armaments factory. This means Edinburgh Castle was used to store and make ammunition and guns. The first gun was purchased for the castle in 1384 and the “great bombard” Mons Meg was delivered to Edinburgh in 1457. A bombard is a type of large cannon which fires cannonballs. Mons Meg was 6 feet 6 inches long and fired 20-inch cannonballs.
    • In the 18th century and early 19th century, the castle vaults of Edinburgh Castle were used as a prison for many conflicts. These include the Seven Years’ War (1756–1763), the American War of Independence (1775–1783), and the Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815).
    • It was also during this time that several new buildings were built inside the castle. This included stores, powder magazines, the Governor’s House (1742), and the New Barracks (1796–1799).
    • The use of Edinburgh Castle came after a large prison break in 1811, after 49 prisoners of war escaped via a hole in the south wall.
    • However, the castle was used once more as a prison during World War I and World War II.
    • Edinburgh Castle is now under the care of Historic Scotland, part of the government, and is Scotland’s most-visited paid tourist attraction, with over 1.4 million visitors every year. In fact, over 70% of all visitors to Edinburgh also visit the castle.

    Edinburgh Castle Worksheets

    This bundle contains 11 ready-to-use Edinburgh Castle worksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more about Edinburgh Castle which is a historic fortress that dominates the skyline of the city of Edinburgh, Scotland from its position on the Castle Rock. Human settlers have lived here from as far back and the Bronze and Iron Age.

    Download includes the following worksheets:

    • Edinburgh Castle Facts
    • Edinburgh Castle Word Search
    • Picture Crossword
    • Fact or Bluff
    • Edinburgh Castle Timeline
    • Who am I?
    • Parts of the Castle
    • Vul die spasies in
    • Poster Making
    • Edinburgh Castle in History
    • Edinburgh Castle Acrostic

    Skakel/noem hierdie bladsy

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    Hierdie werkkaarte is spesifiek ontwerp vir gebruik met enige internasionale kurrikulum. U kan hierdie werkblaaie gebruik soos dit is, of dit met Google Skyfies wysig om dit meer spesifiek te maak vir u eie studentevaardigheidsvlakke en kurrikulumstandaarde.


    Edinburgh Castle History

    King James VI of Scotland (James 1 of England upon the death of Queen Elizabeth in 1603) was born in the castle by Mary, Queen of Scots. The ancient Honours of Scotland – the Crown, the Sceptre and the Sword of State – are viewable in the Crown Room the ‘infamous’ Stone of Destiny has also been kept here at the castle.

    The Scottish National War Memorial, designed by Lorimer, built shortly after World War One is another highlight in the castle. Edinburgh Castle is also the home of the One O’Clock Gun. This is fired every day except Sunday at precisely 1pm, a wonderful city institution, a reminder to break for lunch.

    The Edinburgh Castle Esplanade hosts annually the world-famous Edinburgh Military Tattoo over a three-week period in August. The Scottish Army & various guests present music, marching and historical reenactments under floodlights.

    The oldest building at Edinburgh Castle is St Margaret’s Chapel (above), which survived various sieges due to its religious significance: it was probably requested by King David, following his mother’s (Queen Margaret, d.1093) death at this site. Members of Edinburgh Castle garrison still have the right to marry in the Chapel building.

    Edinburgh Castle sits on the volcanic rock – the ‘crag’ of glacial ‘crag and tail’ – with the tail being the Royal Mile tapering mound which falls down to Holyroodhouse. Fronting the Castle is a gently sloping rectilinear space called the Castle Esplanade. This is a good viewing point for the city.

    There is evidence of human habitation on the Castle Rock – 135m above sea level – as far back as the Bronze Age. The early fort was called Din Eidyn, and was occupied by the Votadini, a local Celtic tribe. Die Votadini were also present at another settlement on another volcanic rock, Traprain Law, just east of Haddington.

    In 1174 to 1186 Edinburgh Castle was given to the English by King William the Lion with four other Scottish castles as security for his ransom. During the Wars of Independence (1296 – 1342) the Castle changed hands four times.
    Robert the Bruce won Edinburgh Castle back from the English in 1314. Edward III of England built a new castle in 1335 but held it only until 1341.

    Facilities
    Edinburgh Castle Restaurant – Mills Mount with self & table service
    open 7 days a week
    last ticket sold 45 mins before closing

    Besigheidstye
    check times: 0131 225 9846
    1st Apr to Oct 31st
    9.30am until 6pm, last admission 5.15pm
    1st Nov to Mar 31st
    9.30am until 5pm, last admission 4.15pm
    Christmas Day & Boxing Day
    Castle closed
    1st Jan
    11am until 5pm

    Pryse (current Nov 2005)
    Adult £9.80 Child £3.50 Concessions £7.50

    Mills Mount Cafe, Edinburgh Castle
    Mon-Sun. 9.15am – 5.15pm – contact: jane.mackenzie(at)sodexho.co.uk
    Edinburgh Castle building: please check with owners for details re access & charge

    Contact Edinburgh Castle +44 (0)131 225 9846

    View of the scottish capital looking east from Edinburgh Castle:

    photo © AW

    Military Tattoo

    The Edinburgh Tattoo is a major Scottish event which is popular all over the world. Tattoo webcam: www.outdoorexplorer.co.uk/tattoo

    There has been a proposal to relocate the Edinburgh Military Tattoo in the west part of Princes Street Gardens, below Edinburgh Castle.

    The structurally-expressive temporary stand – erected annually – on the Edinburgh Castle Esplanade is reportedly insufficient for current needs. The Military Tattoo takes place in front of the castle every Edinburgh Festival for three weeks.

    In the mid-eighties Morris and Steedman (Architects) were commissioned to produce detailed plans for a 10,000 seat Edinburgh Tattoo arena ‘below’ Edinburgh Castle, unveiled in 1989 to much controversy. Princes Street Gardens are protected but limited building work has been undertaken latterly as part of the RSA’s Playfair Project. Morris and Steedman’s Tattoo Arena was apparently influenced by the Acropolis parti in Athens.

    Die Edinburgh Tattoo began in 1950 at Edinburgh Castle and sells around 200,000 tickets per annum and is watched by approximately one million people on TV. The Edinburgh Tattoo is highly iconic and rooted in Highland traditions, yet the structure is vividly modern, its cantilevering metal spaceframe contrasting with the worn stone context.

    Although it is temporary, for many visitors (ie for the Festival or typically every Summer) the Edinburgh Tattoo is always there and thus a fascinating modern intervention in the absolute heart of the City at the head of the Old Town’s royal axis and high above the city so massively visible: it shouts ‘the Festival has started’.

    Image above from the Castle Esplanade showing Earl Haig with, beyond, Ramsay Gardens on left, and the Hub on the right.

    Edinburgh Castle Contact e-mail: hs.explorer(at)scotland.gsi.gov.uk

    Edinburgh Castle Ticket Office

    Scottish Castles : Structures in Edinburgh & Lothian

    A poular shopping destination in the capital: Jenners department store

    Edinburgh Castle context : Outlook Tower – Camera Obscura

    No larger images of the castle:

    images © AW

    The lighting at Mills Mount Restaurant is by Jonathan Speirs (of Speirs and Major), designed in conjunction with Hugh Broughton Architects

    Comments / photos for the Edinburgh Castle Scotland – Historic Scottish Architecture page welcome


    Kyk die video: Secrets of Great British Castles - Edinburgh Castle - Episode 16 - History Documentary (November 2021).