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Die vuurwapen John Ringo is dood aangetref

Die vuurwapen John Ringo is dood aangetref

John Ringo, die beroemde geweergevegsman, word dood aangetref in Turkey Creek Canyon, Arizona.

John Ringo, romanties in lewe en dood, was vermoedelik 'n man wat deur Shakespeare aangehaal word, wie se verstand net so vinnig soos sy geweer was. Sommiges het geglo dat hy 'n universiteitsopleiding het, en sy gevoel van eer en moed word soms vergelyk met die van 'n Britse heer. In werklikheid was Ringo nie 'n formeel opgeleide man nie, en hy kom uit 'n sukkelende werkersklas-Indiana-familie wat hom min voordele gebied het. Tog lyk dit asof hy beter gelees is as die meeste van sy medewerkers, en hy het duidelik 'n beeld gekweek as 'n verfynde heer.

Teen die ouderdom van 12 was Ringo reeds 'n skoot met 'n pistool of 'n geweer. Hy het die huis verlaat toe hy 19 was en uiteindelik in Texas beland, waar hy in 1875 betrokke geraak het by 'n plaaslike vete, bekend as die 'Hoodoo War'. Hy het minstens twee mans vermoor, maar dit blyk asof hy vrygespreek het van vervolging, of as hy in hegtenis geneem is, uit sy tronksel ontsnap. Teen 1878 word hy beskryf as 'een van die wanhopigste mans in die grensgebiede' van Texas, en hy besluit dat dit tyd is om die staat te verlaat.

In 1879 het Ringo weer opgeduik in die suidooste van Arizona, waar hy hom aangesluit het by die bont geledere van outlaws en gunslingers wat rondom die bloeiende myndorp Tombstone gehang het. Met die bynaam 'Nederlands', het Ringo die reputasie gehad dat hy 'n gereserveerde alleenloper was wat gevaarlik was met 'n geweer. Hy spook in die salonne van Tombstone en was waarskynlik 'n alkoholis. Nie lank nadat hy aangekom het nie, het Ringo 'n man doodgeskiet omdat hy geweier het om saam met hom 'n drankie te drink. Op een of ander manier kon hy weer gevangenisstraf vermy deur die stad tydelik te verlaat. Hy was nie betrokke by die berugte skietgeveg by die O.K. Corral in 1881, maar hy het later vir Doc Holliday (een van die oorlewendes van die O.K. Corral -stryd) na 'n skietgeveg uitgedaag. Holliday het geweier en burgers het beide mans ontwapen.

Die manier waarop Ringo dood is, bly 'n raaisel. Dit lyk asof hy in 1882 moedeloos geraak het, miskien omdat sy gesin hom koud behandel het toe hy hulle vroeër in San Jose besoek het. Getuies het berig dat hy selfs sterker as gewoonlik begin drink het. Op hierdie dag in 1882 is hy dood gevind in Turkey Creek Canyon buite Tombstone. Dit het gelyk asof Ringo homself in die kop geskiet het en die amptelike uitspraak was dat hy selfmoord gepleeg het. Sommige het egter geglo dat hy vermoor is deur sy drinkvriend Frank "Buckskin" Leslie of 'n jong dobbelaar met die naam "Johnny-Behind-the-Deuce." Om sake verder te bemoeilik, beweer Wyatt Earp later dat hy Ringo vermoor het. Die waarheid bly tot vandag toe nog duister.


John Ringo

Wat op 3 Mei gebeur het, het slegs 'n lang paragraaf op 'n binneblad van die Austin Daily Statesman geskryf. Wat kon gebeur het, sou groot nuus oor die hele Suidwes gewees het.

Klaarblyklik nie een wat die sabbat in geestelike besinning sou deurbring nie, het 'n man wat die koerant as 'meneer John Ringo' genoem het, daardie Sondagoggend 'sy tyd in 'n huis in die oerwoude deurgebring'. Die "oerwoude" was Victoriaanse joernalistieke kode vir 'n gebied met bordele en salonne langs Second Street in die hoofstad, net bokant die destydse wilde bedding van die Colorado-rivier.

Soos die koerant berig: 'Omstreeks 4 uur [vermoedelik die oggend, hoewel Ringo daardie Sondag die hele dag kon wees], het hy sy beursie gemis en in die gang gestap waar 'n paar of vier van Austin se mooi jong manne gaan sit, kom hy op hulle neer met sy klein pistool en beveel hulle om die hande op te hou ”

Ringo, wie se naam opvallend was as 'n wesenlike getuie na 'n bietjie stof in Arizona op 8 Maart waarin een Dick Lloyd doodgeskiet is, het die twee Austin -mans met vuurwapens vasgehou terwyl hy hulle gesoek het vir sy afwesige geld.

"Omdat hy nie sy beursie gevind het nie, glimlag hy stralend oor die jongmanne en trek terug na sy kamer terwyl hulle rustig uitgly en die feite aan die polisie rapporteer," vertel die staatsman.

Ben Thompson, die skietman, het die oproep beantwoord. Dat stadsmarskalk Thompson sou kies om die situasie self te hanteer, eerder as om een ​​van sy offisiere te stuur, dui aan dat hy geweet het dat die pistoolpakker Ringo was. En hy het beslis geweet wie Ringo is.


Gebore in Indiana in 1850, verhuis Ringo en sy gesin eers na Missouri en later na Kalifornië. Weeskind toe sy pa hom in 1864 per ongeluk met 'n geweer doodgemaak het, het Ringo vyf jaar later na Texas gegaan. In 1875 raak hy betrokke by die Mason County Hoo-Doo-oorlog, 'n gewelddadige vete wat (letterlik) oorgebloei het in die provinsies Burnet, Llano en Lampasas. Ringo het 'n geruime tyd agter tralies in Burnet, Lampasas en Austin deurgebring en 'n moordverkragting vrygespring toe die saak van die hand gewys is en na ongeveer 'n dekade in die Lone Start besluit om weswaarts na Arizona te trek.

Nie lank nadat hy in die gebied aangekom het nie, het Ringo 'n man gewond tydens 'n skietery. In die moderne omgangstaal het dit gelyk asof hy probleme ondervind het met die bestuur van alkohol en woede.

Thompson, self geen goeie skoene nie, het Ringo as reputasie geken as hy nie bekend was nie.

Toe die brits-gebore marshal met snor by die duik van rooi lig aan Ringo se deur klop, moes die gewapende man uit Texas geantwoord het met 'n onbeleefde 19de-eeuse weergawe van "Gaan weg-ek het nie 'n pizza bestel nie." Sans waarborg, het Thompson "die deur vrolik oopgeskop en tot oneindige afsku van meneer Ringo hom ingehaal." (Soos in hegtenis geneem.)

Of Ringo 'n poging aangewend het om vir sy geweer te gaan, word nie aangemeld nie, maar die maarskalk het hom ontwapen sonder om 'n doppie te druk. Thompson het moontlik gereageer op die onwilligheid van Ringo om in hegtenis geneem te word deur liggies met die loop van sy ses skieters op sy kop te tik, maar die koerant was stil oor die onderwerp. Aangesien Ringo op Thompson neergegooi is, gegewe die sterk gedokumenteerde temperament van enigeen, sou slegs een van hulle nie staande gebly het toe die rook verdwyn nie.

Teen hierdie tyd het een van Thompson se beamptes as 'n rugsteun opgedaag en 'met hom [Ringo] na die stasie gemarsjeer.


Die koerantverhaal het nie gesê of Ringo in die klink oornag het nie, maar die volgende dag kry hy 'n boete van $ 5 en koste vir die versteuring van die vrede en $ 25 en die koste om 'n pistool te dra. ('N Prettige boete: op grond van die verbruikersprysindeks sou $ 30 gelykstaande wees aan $ 648 in vandag se dollars.)

Nadat hy sy "beursie" verloor het, moes Ringo óf kontant in een van sy stewels weggesteek het, óf daarin geslaag het om 'n vinnige lening aan te gaan. Hy het sy geld aan die stadshof betaal en, volgens die Daily Statesman se woorde, ''n wyser as nie hartseer man agtergelaat nie'.

Ringo het na Missouri geskei, maar teen die herfs het hy na Arizona teruggekeer. Na die OK Corral -geveg in Tombstone in Oktober, word hy leier van die bende wat Wyatt Earp teenstaan. Op 17 Januarie 1882 daag Ringo Earp en John (Doc) Holiday uit om te veg, maar 'n polisiebeampte het ingegryp voordat iemand 'n sneller getrek het.

Die geskiedenis wys dat 'n skietwedstryd tussen Thompson en Ringo die grenswaarde van King Kong teenoor Godzilla sou gewees het. Minder as 'n jaar later het iemand Thompson in 'n huis in San Antonio vaudeville doodgeskiet in 'n saak wat amptelik onopgelos bly. En op 13 Julie 1882 vind iemand Ringo dood in Arizona aan 'n skynbaar self-toegediende skietwond.


Die skutvegter John Ringo is dood aangetref - GESKIEDENIS

Die lewe en tye van.

Johnny Ringo Die Ringo -familie kom na Amerika.

Philip Jansen Ringo was die eerste Ringo wat na Amerika gekom het. Hy is in die 1600's in Holland gebore. Hy sou trou in New Amsterdam, twee jaar voordat dit New York hernoem sou word. Die Ringo -gesin sou vinnig oor die Verenigde State versprei, met Ringo's in Kentucky, Indiana, Missouri, Arkansas, Texas, Nevada en Kalifornië.

Philip Jansen Ringo het vyf kinders gehad, waarvan een Albertus Ringo 1656-1679 genoem is, van wie John Peters Ringo direk afstam.

Martin Ringo is op 1 Oktober 1819 in Kentucky gebore.

Op 5 September 1848 trou Martin Ringo met juffrou Mary Peters in Clay County, Missouri.

Nadat hulle getroud is, verhuis die egpaar na Wayne County, Indiana, waar hulle hul eerste kind sou hê.

John Peters Ringo word gebore.

Mary Peters Ringo gee geboorte aan John Peters Ringo in Greenfork, County Wayne, Indiana.

Ringo was die oudste van 'n gesin van twee seuns en drie meisies. Die ander kinders was Martin Albert, Fanny Fern, Mary Enna en Mattie Bell.

John Ringo se suster Augusta trou met 'n jonger.

Coleman Purcell Younger, die oom van Thomas Coleman ["Cole"] Younger van latere outlaw -roem, trou in 1853 met Augusta.

Die Ringo -gesin trek weswaarts.

Martin Ringo, wat nog steeds in Liberty County, Missouri, woon, besluit om 'n wa op te laai en sy gesin te verhuis na San Jose, Kalifornië, waar sy oudste suster Augusta saam met haar man Coleman Younger woon. Dit sou 'n verwoestende reis van vyf maande na die weste wees!

Op 7 Junie word die jong Johnny Ringo op pad na Kalifornië deur 'n wa omgery en sy voet ernstig beseer. Op dieselfde dag sien die jong John Ringo die moord op 'n man op 'n wa.

Op 15 Julie word die Ringo -familiewa -trein deur Indiese pyle aangeval, maar almal gelukkig oorleef die aanval.

Die pa van John Ringo maak homself per ongeluk dood.

Op 30 Julie, terwyl hy wes deur Wyoming reis, stap Martin Ringo met sy haelgeweer uit sy wa, toe dit per ongeluk afgaan en sy brein uitblaas. Die haelgeweer kom in sy regteroog en kom bo -op sy kop en versprei sy brein oral. Die jong John Ringo en die res van sy gesin moes sy oorskot optel en hom op 'n heuwel langs die roete begrawe. Wat 'n traumatiese ervaring vir die jong John Ringo wat maar veertien jaar oud was. Na die vinnige begrafnis aan die kant van die pad, het die gesin voortgegaan met die wa -rit na die weste.

Dink u dat hierdie traumatiese ervaring daartoe gelei het dat John Ringo se latere probleme met alkohol en uiteindelik 'n geweer op sy kop gesit het en selfmoord gepleeg het?

Die Ringo -gesin arriveer in Kalifornië.

Aan die einde van Oktober of vroeg in November, na 'n lang en traumatiese reis na die weste, het die Ringo -familie uiteindelik na die boerdery Augusta en Coleman Youngers in San Jose, Kalifornië, gekom waar die gesin in 'n koetshuis op die plaas sou woon.

Na 'n jaar op die jonger boerdery, verhuis Mary Ringo haar gesin na 'n huis in Second Street, in San Jose, Kalifornië. Die jong Johnny Ringo was nou vyftien jaar oud.

Ringo se kommerwekkende jare.

Hierdie vyf jaar in San Jose, Kalifornië, was regtig die begin van 'n onrustige John Ringo. Na die gruwelike ervaring van John dat sy pa per ongeluk dood is, het John 'n baie moeilike jong man geword en baie swaar begin drink.

Ringo, wat nou negentien jaar oud en ontsteld is, verlaat die huis in San Jose, Kalifornië, en gaan na Texas.

Ringo in Mason County, Texas.

Gedurende hierdie tyd sou Ringo as lid van die Scott Cooley outlaw -band aan die Mason County -oorlog deelneem.

Ringo verhuis na Arizona.

Ringo trek wes in Arizona -gebied in. Dit was in hierdie tyd toe Ringo begin beeste voer het vir die boer, N.H. "Old Man" Clanton.

Die onlangs gestigte stad Tombstone, Arizona, floreer met silwer, salonne, dobbel en wilde vrou. As gevolg van die behoefte aan vleis, was die veebedryf ook sterk aan die toeneem en Ringo het beeste oor die hele gebied saam met Ike, Phin en Billy Clanton, Curly Bill Brocius, Peter Spencer, die McLaury -broers en verskeie ander bedryf.

Ringo in 'n skietery.

Op 9 Desember is Ringo betrokke by 'n skietgeveg in 'n salon in Safford, Arizona.

14 Desember berig die Arizona Miner en die Tucson Star -koerant dat John Ringo in werklikheid betrokke was by 'n skietery in Safford, Arizona. 'N Man met die naam Louis Hancock is deur 'n koeël oppervlakkig in die keel gewond.

Ringo & Ike Clanton koop eiendom in New Mexico

John Ringo en Ike Clanton het 'n kennisgewing oor die ligging in Grant County, New Mexico, ingedien. Die kennisgewing was vir 320 hektaar weiveld en landbougrond in Animasvallei, ongeveer 45 kilometer noord van Guadalupe Canyon. In die kennisgewing is gesê dat die 320 hektaar 'Alfalfa of Cienega Ranch' genoem sou word. Later word hierdie plaas San Simon Cienega genoem en word dit dikwels Joe Hills Ranch genoem.

'N Muiltrein van Meksikane wat $ 4000 in munte en goud bevat, is in 'n hinderlaag in die Skeleton Canyon doodgemaak. Gerugte lui dat verskeie beeswerkers van "Old Man" Clanton's, waaronder John Ringo, betrokke was by die moorde.

"Old Man" Clanton word vermoor.

John Ringo se vriend en sakevennoot Newman Haynes "Old Man" Clanton word in 'n hinderlaag deur Mexikane doodgeskiet en vermoor in Guadalupe Canyon, Animasvallei, New Mexico. William Lang, Dixie Lee Gray, Charley Snow en Jim Crane is ook dood. Billy Byers en Harry Ernshaw het albei die aanval oorleef. Was hierdie hinderlaag wraak vir die moorde waarvan Johnny Ringo vermoedelik 12 dae tevore in die Skeleton Canyon betrokke was?

Kogels vlieg agter die OK Corral.

14:30 nm. 26 Oktober 1881

Die bekendste skietgeveg uit die geskiedenis van die wilde weste vind plaas op 'n leë perseel wat amptelik bekend staan ​​as lot #2, blok 17, in Tombstone, Arizona. Die negentienjarige Billy Clanton en Tom en Frank McLaury word vermoor. Virgil en Morgan Earp is ernstig gewond. Wyatt Earp en Doc Holliday ontsnap sonder beserings. Sodra die rook verdwyn, wou Ike Clanton dat die Earps en Holliday gearresteer word vir die moorde. Hierdie beroemde skietgeveg staan ​​vandag algemeen bekend as die skietgeveg by die OK Corral. Alhoewel Ringo nie teenwoordig was toe hierdie skietgeveg plaasgevind het nie, sou dit hom baie pla, want die vermoorde mans was almal goeie vriende en sakevennote.

Virgil Earp, polisiehoof van die grafsteen, het 'n lokval gekry toe hy Fifth Street in Tombstone oorgesteek het. Hy sou die aanval oorleef, maar is lewenslank kreupel in sy linkerarm. Die goeie vriende van Ringo, Ike en Phin Clanton, is in hegtenis geneem weens die hinderlaag, maar vrygelaat omdat getuies bevestig het dat hulle in Charleston was toe die aanval plaasgevind het. Gerugte was dat Ringo ook by hierdie aanval betrokke was.

Ringo daag Doc en Wyatt uit om 'n skietgeveg te veroorsaak.

Ringo daag openlik Doc Holliday en Wyatt Earp uit om 'n skietgeveg in Allenstraat, in Tombstone. Alles is vinnig deur die Tombstone -polisie tot bedaring gebring voordat iets werklik plaasgevind het.

Morgan Earp word vermoor deur 'n nie-geïdentifiseerde aanvaller terwyl hy swembad speel in 'n salon in Tombstone. Daar word geglo dat Frank Stilwell die oorsaak was, maar sommige mense glo dat John Ringo ook betrokke was.

Op of om hierdie datums verlaat Wyatt Earp Tombstone.

Wyatt Earp vermoor John Ringo se goeie vriend Curly Bill Brocius.

Ringo pleeg selfmoord.

John Ringo het blykbaar selfmoord gepleeg deur homself op of op hierdie datum in die kop te skiet, naby die Turkse kreek in Sulphur Springs Valley, Arizona.


Ringo dood aangetref.
13 Julie 1882
John Ringo se lyk word teen die boom gevind (foto hierbo) op Turkey Creek, Sulphur Springs Valley, Arizona van skynbare selfmoord. Op geheimsinnige wyse het hy sy geweergordel onderstebo gedra toe hy dood gevind is. Oor die jare was daar baie gerugte oor die dood en of moord op John Ringo, maar die meeste gerugte skiet nie aan feite nie, wat ons laat glo dat hy in werklikheid selfmoord gepleeg het.

Die graf van John Ringo
John Ringo se lyk is gevind langs die westelike Turkey Creek, 'n paar honderd paar wes van die Sanders Ranch -huis in die suidooste van Arizona. Hy word begrawe in die gemerkte graf hierbo.

Om die Sanders Ranch op te spoor: ry vanaf US 66 twaalf myl ooswaarts op snelweg 181. Waar 181 skerp links draai, ry ongeveer vier myl reguit op die gruis West Turkey Creek -pad na die Sanders Ranch aan die linkerkant. Die graf is 'n entjie wes van die plaashuis langs die West Turkey Creek.

BELANGRIK: Die graf is op 'n privaat terrein geleë, en die Sanders -familie het 'n paar groot honde, dus u moet reëlings tref voordat u die eiendom binnekom.

Die historiese plakkaat wat by die graf aangebring word

Tucson Star Newspaper lees:

John Ringgold, een van die bekendste mans in die suidooste van Arizona, is verlede Vrydag dood aangetref in die Morse's Canyon, in die Chiricahua -berge. Hy het klaarblyklik selfmoord gepleeg. Hy was in hierdie afdeling bekend as 'King of the Cowboys' en was in die uiterste vreesloos. Hy het baie stankvriende en bittere vyande gehad. Die pistool, met een kamer leeg, is in sy gebalde vuis gevind. (Hy) skiet homself in die kop, (die) koeël wat tussen die oog en oor in die regterkant kom, en kom bo -op die kop uit. Sommige lede van sy gesin woon in San Jose, Kalifornië.

As jy meer feite het.

Stuur 'n e-pos aan ons as u meer inligting oor John Peters Ringo het. U historiese bydraes sal baie waardeer word, dankie.


Is Ringo baie geleer?

Sommige sê dat John Ringo se opvoeding bogemiddeld was. Miskien 'n graad? Byvoorbeeld geskrifte deur sy Tombstone -vriend, Billy Breckenridge. Hy skryf: "Ringo was 'n geheimsinnige man. Hy het 'n universiteitsopleiding gehad, maar was bedag en moedeloos. Hy het baie gedrink asof hy sy probleme sou verdrink, hy was 'n volmaakte heer as hy nugter was, maar was geneig om twisgierig te wees as hy drink. Hy was 'n goeie skoot en bang vir niks. "13   Ten spyte van sulke stories - het sy skoolopleiding waarskynlik geëindig toe hulle Missouri verlaat het, of kort daarna. 3   Hy hou waarskynlik van lees, wat die indruk wek van goeie opvoeding. Maar vir kollege -dokumentasie, of baie opleiding, is daar regtig geen.

Toe die gesin in San Jose kom, het die weduwee haar gesin na haar suster geneem. Vir haar skoonboer se boerdery was hy Thomas Coleman "Cole" Younger. Die oom van die meer bekende, jeugdige naamgenoot wat weens roof en moord tronk toe is. John het op die plaas gehelp terwyl hy daar gewoon het. 1


Butch Cassidy – Wild Bunch Leader

Robert Leroy Parker, ook bekend as Butch Cassidy, het bekend geword as leier van die Wild Bunch. Die bende was aan die einde van die 19de eeu berug vir trein- en bankrooftogte. In 1901, nadat die bende uitmekaar was en Cassidy jare lank op vlug was, het hy na Suid -Amerika gevlug met die mede -bendelid Harry Alonzo Longabaugh en die vroulike metgesel Etta Place. Cassidy is vermoedelik vermoor deur die polisie en militêre magte in die suide van Bolivia in 1908. Daar was egter gerugte oor sy voortbestaan.


Graf van Johnny Ringo

Sien alle foto's

Op 14 Julie 1882 het 'n plaaslike arbeider van Turkey Creek, Arizona, afgekom op die lyk van 'n dooie man wat teen 'n boom sit. 'N Koeëlwond het die man se tempel deurboor en 'n rewolwer met 'n koeël ontbreek is in sy hand gevind. Die oorledene is geïdentifiseer as Johnny Ringo, 'n berugte misdadiger en vigilante.

Sy dood is as 'n selfmoord bepaal en hy is begrawe waar sy lyk gevind is. By die verneem van sy dood, het die Grafsteen grafskrif gepubliseer dat, “Baie vriende sal oor hom treur. En baie ander sal in die geheim bly wees om van sy dood te hoor. ” Baie het ook die omstandighede van sy afsterwe bevraagteken.

Om die onsekerheid rondom sy dood te verstaan, moet u eers sy onstuimige lewe verstaan. Ringo is op 3 Mei 1850 in Greens Fork, Indiana, gebore, hoewel sy gesin gereeld in sy jeug verhuis het. In Wyoming, toe hy 14 jaar oud was en sy gesin uit Missouri na Kalifornië emigreer, het sy pa homself per ongeluk doodgeskiet. Tog het die gesin hul reis na Kalifornië voortgesit, waar Ringo die res van sy kinderjare deurgebring het.

Ringo verhuis in die 1870's na Mason County, Texas. Daar het hy bevriend geraak met 'n voormalige Texas Ranger wat Johnny in die geveggeveg begelei het en saam met wie hy as waaksaamheid aan verskeie konflikte tussen boere en rustelaars deelgeneem het. Gedurende hierdie tydperk is hy gearresteer en van moord aangekla, maar het óf ontsnap óf vrygespreek (die amptelike hofrekords ontbreek). Ringo, wat John Wesley Hardin as een van sy kollegas beskou het, was nie 'n tipiese outlaw nie. Alhoewel hy beperkte opleiding gehad het, het hy dit geniet om Shakespeare aan te haal.

Die geskiedenis het die eerste keer aangeteken dat Ringo in 1879 in Arizona was, waar hy in 'n salon in Safford vir 'n mede -klant 'n skeut whisky gekoop het. Die man het geweier en gesê dat hy bier verkies. Ringo het die man in die ingewande geskiet, maar hy het oorleef. Ringo het daarna na die mynboomstad Tombstone gegaan, waar hy begin bees ritsel het en met 'n plaaslike bende, bekend as die Cowboys, omgegaan het.

Gedurende sy tyd in Tombstone ontwikkel hy wedywerings met wetmanne en skieters Wyatt Earp en Doc Holliday. In verskeie onderhoude later in sy lewe lyk dit asof Earp die eer vir Ringo se dood aanvaar. Volgens ander bronne het Earp egter reeds Arizona verlaat en was tydens die skietery in Colorado. Daar word ook beweer dat Holliday hom vermoor het, wat in die blockbuster -fliek uit 1993 uitgebeeld word Grafsteen. Die meerderheid van die bewyse ondersteun egter die oorspronklike gevolgtrekking dat Ringo aan selfmoord gesterf het.

Die rede vir die vermeende selfmoord van Ringo is onbekend, maar daar is baie bespiegelings daaroor. As hy wel sy eie lewe geneem het, sal die rede daarvoor waarskynlik vir altyd 'n raaisel bly. Vandag word sy graf bewaar as 'n historiese plek.


Die skutvegter John Ringo is dood aangetref - GESKIEDENIS

Daar word waarskynlik meer onwaarhede oor Johnny Ringo vertel as enige ander skietery in die Amerikaanse Weste. Op 'n stadium het skrywers hom 'Tombstone's Deadliest Gunfighter' genoem, en beweer dat hy 'n aantal gewapendes doodgemaak het in dramatiese konfrontasies van aangesig tot aangesig. Aangesien hy 'n beëdigde vyand van die Earp -broers en Doc Holliday was, word vermoed dat hy die man was wat verantwoordelik was vir die verminking van Virgil Earp en die moord op Morgan Earp. Daar word aanvaar dat hy deelgeneem het aan die Texas Mason County reeksoorlog van die 1870's, omdat sy eerste arrestasie omstreeks daardie tyd in Austin plaasgevind het. Baie historici dink dat hy in Missouri gebore is omdat hy daar skoolgegaan het. Daar is selfs die verhaal dat hy beter opgelei is as die meeste geweervuurders, met verwysing na Shakespeare en poësie, nadat hy William en Jewell College in Liberty, Missouri, bygewoon het. Behalwe vir die eerste sin, is dit alles mite.

Gebore John Peters Ringo op 3 Mei 1850, die oudste kind van Martin en Mary (Peters) Ringo in Washington, Wayne County, Indiana, het Johnny die spreekwoordelike swart skaap van die gesin geword. Hy het wel skoolgegaan in Gallatin, Missouri, waarheen sy pa die gesin in 1856 verhuis het om te ontsnap aan die toenemende waaksaamheid in Indiana, maar hy het slegs 'n laerskoolopleiding gehad. Nadat twee Konfederale nagryers in 1862 deur die Unie -magte op die plaas Ringo op die plaas plaas, het Martin Ringo besluit om uit te verkoop. In 1864 stuur Martin sy gesin na San Jose, Kalifornië. Na 'n Indiese aanval in Wyoming, skiet Martin Ringo per ongeluk sy brein uit toe die sneller van sy geweer in sy bagasieband vasgekeer word, en laat die jong Johnny die volle verantwoordelikheid dra vir sy gesin se welsyn en veiligheid. Johnny was 'n skoot, en hy neem sy gesinsverantwoordelikheid baie ernstig op. Sy ma se swaer was kolonel Coleman Younger van die berugte jonger stam, en die Ringo's woon ongeveer 'n jaar op die jonger boerdery in San Jose voordat hulle na die stad verhuis het.

In 1870 was Johnny 'n lang, aantreklike man met rooibruin hare, donker somber oë, maklike maniere en wat die tekens van opvoeding en verfyning toon. Hy verlaat San Jose na die koringoes, en verdien genoeg geld om na Missouri te gaan om saam met familielede daar te gaan kuier. Toe die boodskap by hom kom dat sy jonger broer tuberkulose opdoen en besorg is oor die gesin se geldsake, reis hy na Texas om die veehandel te begin. Hy ontmoet 'n groep boere in die Llano County, onder wie Moses Baird, wat met hom bevriend was. Die jaar was 1873, en in die naburige Mason County het die oorlog tussen Duitse immigrante en plaaslike boere net begin toeneem.

Teen September 1875 was Johnny deel van die Scott Cooley -faksie van outlaw -veehouers in Llano County, en toe Moses Baird in 'n bloedige hinderlaag in Mason County vermoor word, het Ringo en 'n man geïdentifiseer net toe Williams dadelik die wapen opgeneem het en agter die moordenaar aan gegaan het deur 'n koeël deur die man by 'n waterkrip te sit. Drie maande later is Ringo in die naburige Burnet County gearresteer en aangekla van die bedreiging van 'n ander man se lewe. Binne 'n paar dae was die boere in al drie die provinsies in oproer oor die arrestasie van Ringo, en moes hy onder swaar bewaking in 'n gevangenis in die Lampasas -distrik beveilig word om te keer dat hy deur sy vriende uitgebreek word. Dit het nie gewerk nie. Vier maande later, deur sy landbouvriende bevry, het Ringo na Mason County gegaan, waar hy uiteindelik in Oktober 1876 in die Llano County op die aarde gery is deur 'n gesamentlike mag van Texas Rangers en plaaslike regsgeleerdes uit Llano County. Hy is na Austin gebring vir bewaring, maar teen hierdie tyd het hy 'n reputasie gekry in soveel verskillende provinsies dat hy bekend was as een van die wanhopigste mans in Texas. Terwyl hy in die gevangenis opgesluit was, het hy die ware nommer een -vuurwapen van Texas, John Wesley Hardin, ontmoet. Vir die res van sy kort lewe sou die gesin van Johnny Ringo hom verloën en nooit die verhale wat rondom sy naam grootgeword het, erken of betwis nie.

Dit het twee jaar geneem voordat die aanklagte teen hom van die hand gewys is, en hy het dadelik vir konstabel van Llano County gehardloop. Hy het die verkiesing gewen, byna 'n jaar lank op die pos gebly en daarna 'n aandeel in Arizona Territory opgetel, wat 'n deel van New Mexico insluit, waar hy twee broers vermoor het tydens 'n onderonsie. Op die vlug van moordaanklagte in New Mexico, dryf hy na Arizona, op pad na Tombstone. Sy reputasie as 'n gewapende rower het hom gevolg, aangesien Texans nou in Tombstone aankom om die mynbonus te verdien. Hierdie Texans het verhale oor sy verlede begin versprei. Ongedaan van al die gerugte en geskinder, het hy post -traumatiese stres -sindroom begin opdoen en sterk begin drink.

Dit was nie lank nie, voordat Johnny met 'n losweg georganiseerde groep beesroers, bekend as die Clanton -bende, in die steek geloop het. John Behan, die balju van Cochise County, het 'n ooreenkoms aangegaan om ander kant toe te kyk toe die Clantons Mexikaanse bees ritsel, maar toe Wyatt Earp na Tombstone kom, het dinge drasties begin verander. Nadat Old Man Clanton en die helfte van die bende in Guadalupe Canyon deur woedende Mexikaanse boere vermoor is, word Ringo die hoof van die ritselaars. Sy hoofluitenant was Curly Bill Brosius.

Ten tyde van die berugte skietgeveg by die O.K. Corral in Oktober 1881 was Johnny Ringo terug in Kalifornië by sy susters. Niemand weet presies wanneer hy na Tombstone teruggekeer het nie. Op 28 Desember 1881 is Virgil Earp deur onbekende aanvallers geskiet en lewenslank verlam, en Wyatt het aangekla dat Ringo een van die mans was. Hy is moeg vir Wyatt se aantygings teen hom en daag Wyatt en Doc Holliday op die strate van Tombstone uit. Dit was 15 Februarie 1882, en hy is onmiddellik gearresteer en in die tronk gegooi voordat 'n skietery kon plaasvind.

'N Maand later is Morgan Earp vermoor terwyl hy pool speel in die biljardsaal van Campbell en Hatch. Ringo ontken enige betrokkenheid, maar die volgende maand keer hy rustig terug na Kalifornië. Toevallig was dit omtrent dieselfde tyd dat Wyatt en sy man hul heksejag na die moordenaars van Morgan Earp begin.

Ringo keer in Mei terug na Tombstone, maar met Wyatt en sy posse nog op soek na Morgan se moordenaars, het hy verstandig na Mexiko gegaan, waar hy blykbaar 'n paar maande onder 'n veronderstelde naam gewoon het. Terug in Julie 1882 na Tombstone, wou Ringo sy smarte verdrink. Hy, Billy Claibourne, en Buckskin Frank Leslie het dit twee weke lank regdeur die suidooste van Arizona opgeskuif. Op 'n oggend verlaat Tombstone, het 'n versengende rit oor nege myl mesquite en kaktus hulle by Antelope Springs tot stilstand gebring, waar hulle nog 'n dag lank gedrink het. Hulle het uitmekaar gegaan en Ringo het die pad na Sulphur Springs geneem om nog 'n dag te drink. Heeltemal bevlek, stap hy uiteindelik by sy perd uit en sê hy gaan na Galeyville.

In die Wes -Turkye Creek Canyon staan ​​'n buitengewone boom. Drie bome het saam gegroei rondom 'n rots van 18 cm en vorm 'n sitplek, soos 'n stoel. Dit is hier, op 14 Julie 1882, dat Johnny Ringo dood gevind is. Alhoewel verrotting plaasgevind het, word geraam dat hy slegs een dag dood was. Sy stewels ontbreek, en sy jas is van hom afgeskeur, repe lap uit sy jas het sy voete en hande vasgemaak. Aan sy regterkant leun sy Winchester, en daarby was sy hoed. Twee patroongordels was om sy lyf, een onderstebo. Sy pistoolgordel was vol. Daar was slegs sewe patrone in die geweergordel. Sy regterhand het 'n Colt .45 gehou. Die vuurwapen wat in sy horlosieketting vasgevang is, het verhoed dat sy hand in sy skoot val. Hy het die geweer teen sy kop bo sy regteroor neergesit en die sneller getrek. Slegs een dop is ontplof. Sy perd is later ver bo die canyon gevind met sy stewels oor die saal vasgemaak.

Wyatt Earp sou later beweer dat hy en Doc Holliday vir Ringo vermoor het en daarna die toneel geskilder het om selfmoord te laat lyk. Billy Claibourne het die vinger van agterdog gewys op Buckskin Frank Leslie, maar Pony Deal, wat Ringo so goed ken as enigiemand, het geglo dat die moordenaar 'n mede-blikhoring-speler genaamd Johnnie-Behind-The-Deuce O Rourke was. Pony Deal het O’Rourke eintlik doodgemaak oor Ringo se dood. Toe Buckskin Frank Leslie uitvind dat dit Claibourne was wat hom met die vingers geslaan het, het hy Claibourne dadelik in stukke gesny. Die amptelike uitspraak was en is steeds selfmoord.

Johnny Ringo was bloot 'n beesroeser en boswaaier, nie die staaloog-skieter wat in westerse fiksie uitgebeeld word nie. Hy is begrawe, nie ver van Tombstone nie, langs West Turkey Creek, naby die plek waar sy lyk in 1882 gevind is. Sy graf kan besoek word, maar slegs met toestemming van die grondeienaar.

ADDENDUM: Ons ontvang die volgende e -pos van Aaron Ringo in Desember 2005. Sy genealogiese navorsing is uitgebreid en maak 'n oortuigende saak dat Ringo se naam nooit 'Ringgold' was nie. Hierdie inligting is anders as die aanvaarde historiese rekords waarop hierdie artikel oorspronklik gebaseer was. Die skrywer glo egter nou dat Aaron korrek is en dat die artikel verander is om hierdie nuwe inligting te weerspieël. As u historiese navorsing doen en 'n meer gedetailleerde rekening wil hê, is sy e -posadres en adres hier ingesluit, sodat u direk met hom kan opvolg:

Ek weet dit, want my familie het ons geslagsregister redelik goed vasgemaak. Daar was Ringgolds wat hier beland het, wat moontlik verband hou met die Ringos. Volgens die storie het ten minste een Ringo -gesin die naam na Ringgold verander om die matte se baggers te mislei. Die Ringo -naam was blykbaar swaar
wat verband hou met suidelike simpatie, en hierdie spesifieke tak van die familie wou nie hê dat iemand probeer om hul huis weg te neem nie.

Nog 'n interessante voorsmakie vir jou. Toe die oorbelle uit Tombstone opraak, was Johnny Ringo in die pos.


The Last Days of Kate & Dok

Was Kate 'Big Nose' ouderling saam met Doc Holliday in Tombstone tydens die Earp-Cow-boy-probleme wat gelei het tot die dodelike skietgeveg van 26 Oktober 1881? Kate het gesê dat sy dit was, maar na die skietgeveg het sy die stad verlaat en nooit weer teruggekeer nie.
— Painting “The Last Days of Kate & Doc” by Bob Boze Bell, Photo of Kate Elder and All Other Art by Bob Boze Bell, Photos/Maps Courtesy True West Archives Unless Otherwise Noted —

Kate Elder was a working girl. Throughout most of her young life, she was employed as a soiled dove—a woman of ill fame, a sporting gal, a prostitute. It was Kate’s relationship with John Henry (Doc) Holliday that brought her notoriety and lifted her out of the role of a mere courtesan to that of common-law wife to the well-known gambler, gunfighter and dentist.

Kate’s story of her life on the frontier as a soiled dove, and her time with one of the West’s most recognizable characters, has value. She was in her eighties when she dared to recall all that had transpired since she’d left Hungary, where she was born, up to the events preceding the historic gunfight near the O.K. Corral. Kate claims to have witnessed the famous gun battle in October 1881. What she said happened between she and Doc leading up to the incident, and what transpired afterwards with outlaw John Ringo, adds another controversial layer to the historic event.

It was a chilly evening in mid-March 1881. Kate had traveled from Globe, Arizona, where she had a business, to Tombstone to see Doc. According to her, she made the trip at his request. Doc had taken up residence on Sixth Street in a small boardinghouse positioned between a funeral parlor and a winery.

Kate said that a holdup, in which driver Bud Philpot and a passenger were killed, occurred during her visit to Tombstone. One of the four suspects in the stage robbery and the double killing was William Leonard, one of Doc’s friends he had met in Las Vegas, New Mexico. When Leonard relocated to southern Arizona he fell in with a bad crowd and began robbing stages. It wasn’t long before Doc was implicated in the crime. His friendship with Leonard, and a visit he had made to his home near Tombstone, made him look suspicious.

A group of outlaw cow-boys, including well-known Cochise County, Arizona, residents Ike Clanton, Pete Spencer, Frank Stillwell and Curly Bill Brocius, encouraged the rumor of Doc Holliday’s involvement in the robbery. An article in the March 24, 1881, edition of the Arizona Weekly Citizen implicated Doc in the crime as well. Three of the robbers were headed to Mexico. “The fourth is at Tombstone and is well-known and has been shadowed ever since his return.” Doc was furious. Many suspected him of taking part in the robbery, and that included Kate.

“I thought that after the holdup things looked very suspicious about the Earps and Doc,” Kate recalled later. “Something tells me Doc was in with Wyatt, Virgil and Morgan in that affair. One night after we retired, Warren Earp came after Doc and said that Wyatt wanted to see him at his home. Doc was gone for almost two hours, and when he returned I could see that he was very much put out about something. He kept saying, ‘the damned fool! I didn’t think that of him.’ And later he said, ‘I have to get up early in the morning, but I will think about it.’ This was after the holdup.

“In the morning, after we had our breakfast, Doc said. ‘Well, I don’t know what I am going to stack up against today. I am getting tired of it all.’”

Kate knew he was referring to the fact that several people believed he was one of the men who robbed the stage. She tried to convince Doc to leave town with her, but he refused. “Wyatt Earp had a powerful influence over Doc,” Kate noted years later, “which I came to realize when I could not overcome that influence and induce Doc to return to Globe with me.”

B y the beginning of April 1881, Kate had left Tombstone and traveled back to her business in Globe. According to Kate, Doc sent for her a second time in June 1881. Doc invited Kate to spend Independence Day with him, and she happily accepted. Kate and Doc were reunited just before the holiday, but their time together was less than civil. His tuberculosis, which had been somewhat in remission when they lived in New Mexico, was now causing coughing fits that brought up blood. To deal with the aggravation, Doc drank to excess. Kate drank right along with him. The pair was not shy about arguing in public. The fight the couple had on July 4 ended in name-calling and cursing. Angry and crying, Kate staggered to the room she shared with Doc. The plan she had to sleep until she was no longer intoxicated was interrupted when John Behan stopped her before she reached the hotel.

Burning the Midnight Oil
When Doc arrives in Tombstone, there is no record of him practicing dentistry at all. Instead, he gambles full-time, often with Kate standing over his shoulder. The two of them are inseparable for periods of time. Other times they need to be separated.

According to Kate, “Sheriff Johnny Behan took me to Judge Spicer’s Justice of the Peace office, and the judge put me through the third degree. He asked me about the Earps and Doc Holliday. How did Doc act the evening of the holdup? He was referring to the stage holdup where Bud Philpot and a passenger were killed. Did the youngest or which one of the Earps came to me for Doc’s rifle? Did Doc change his clothes that afternoon and what did Warren Earp say, if anything? How long had I known the Earps?

“Then suddenly he asked me, ‘Are you sure that Doc Holliday was with the Earps at the holdup?’

“Then I told the judge I was positive of nothing and would not swear to anything Spicer said. He felt sure that the Earps and Holliday were in that holdup. I asked him why he did not question Mattie [Blaylock] and Alice Earp, that he knew Morgan Earp was the Wells Fargo messenger on that stage. The judge then got out of patients [sic] with me and threatened me. I said, ‘I can’t tell you any more.’”

Once Kate sobered up she wasted no time walking back any statements she might have made about Doc that implicated him in the stage robbery and death of two people. She insisted she was coerced into reporting anything negative about Doc. All murder charges against Doc were dismissed on July 9. The judge reviewing the case determined there was no evidence to show Doc had a part in the crime.

Kate planned to leave town as soon as she knew Doc was out of harm’s way. She was aware she wasn’t wanted in Tombstone. “It was after that,” Kate noted later, referring to her arrest by Virgil Earp, “Wyatt Earp became anxious to get rid of me. Several days later [once she was released] a gambler named J. M. Nichols, also known as Napa Nick, invited me to go for a buggy ride with him, but I declined. Mattie Earp, Wyatt’s wife, later told me in Globe that I was lucky in refusing the buggy ride, as Napa Nick had instructions to get rid of me in some lonely canyon.”

Sometime between late August and September 9, 1881, Kate and Doc reunited and traveled to Tucson to enjoy some time together. It wasn’t until late October that one of the Earps tracked down the couple at a popular saloon on Meyer Avenue in Tucson. According to Kate, on October 25, 1881, she was standing behind Doc watching him deal cards when Morgan Earp arrived on the scene. “The day before the fight took place in Tombstone, Wyatt sent Morgan to Tucson to tell Doc that he was wanted in Tombstone the following day,” Kate said later. “Morgan found us at Congress Hall where Doc was trying his luck at [the] faro bank. He took Doc aside and delivered the message from Wyatt.

“Then Doc came to me and told me that he would take me to our hotel, as he had to go back to Tombstone, but that he would come for me later on. I would not have it that way, though, and told him that if he was going to Tombstone I was going with him. We left on a freight for Benson and from there drove to Tombstone in a buckboard. Doc and I had a room in the building owned by Mr. and Mrs. Fly, who also had a photograph gallery there. It was on Fremont Street next to the back entrance of the O.K. Corral. We got to the room after midnight. Doc left me there, he and Morgan going away together.”

Doc and Morgan set off for the Alhambra Saloon, where Wyatt was waiting for them. Wyatt informed Doc of the difficulties he had with Ike Clanton. He told Doc about those difficulties and warned him to be on his guard.

Doc turned his attention to playing cards and drinking whiskey. He didn’t give the matter much thought until he ran into Ike at the restaurant adjacent to the saloon. It was after one in the morning, and Doc was less than sober. He cursed at Ike, which started a verbal sparring between the two. According to Ike Clanton, Doc called him a “damn son-of-a-bitch” and told him to “get his gun out.” Ike indicated in his eyewitness account of the matters leading up to the street fight that he left the eatery after his encounter with Doc. He noted that Morgan was watching the pair verbally abuse one another and that Morgan had his hand on his pistol. Seeing he was outnumbered, he left the building knowing that war between the Earps, Holliday and the cow-boys was on the horizon.

“Doc and Ike Clanton had some words in a restaurant,” Kate recalled about the events of the first night she returned to Tombstone in late October 1881. “In the morning Ike Clanton came to Fly’s photograph gallery with a Winchester rifle. Mrs. Fly told him that Doc was not there. Doc was not up yet. I went to our room and told Doc that Ike Clanton was outside looking for him and that he was armed. Doc said, ‘If God lets me live long enough to get my clothes on, he shall see me.’

“After the fight was over, Doc came in, and sat on the side of the bed and cried and said, ‘Oh, this is just awful—awful.’” — Big Nose Kate

“With that he got up and dressed. Going out he said, ‘I won’t be here to take you to breakfast, so you had better go alone.’ I didn’t go to breakfast. I don’t remember whether I ate anything or not that day.

“In a little more than a half an hour the shooting began. This lady-friend and I went to the side window, which faced the vacant lot. There was Ike Clanton, young Bill Clanton, Frank McLowry [sic], and his brother Tom on one side, Virgil, Wyatt and Morgan Earp and Doc Holliday on the other. Before the first shot was fired, Ike Clanton ran and lost his hat and left his young brother and the McLowry boys to fight it out.

“I was at the side window looking on and saw the fight. Doc had a sawed-
off shotgun. He fired one barrel, but after the first shot something went wrong. He threw the gun on the ground and finished the fight with his revolver. I saw him fall once. His hip had been grazed by a bullet. But he was on his feet again in an instant and continued to fire.

“Bill Clanton and the McLowry boys were killed. Morgan and Wyatt [She meant Virgil Earp.] were wounded. It’s foolish to think a cow ‘rustler’ gunman can come up to a city gunman in a gunfight. After the fight was over, Doc came to our room and sat on the side of the bed and cried and said, ‘Oh, this is
just awful—awful.’ I asked, ‘Are you hurt?’ He said, ‘No, I am not.’ He pulled up his shirt. There was just a pale red streak about two inches long across his hip where the bullet had grazed him. After attending to the wound, he went out to see how Virgil and Wyatt [She meant Morgan this time.] were getting along.”

On October 29, 1881, a coroner’s inquest was held, and a summary of the evidence was compiled. Doc Holliday and the Earp brothers were charged with killing the McLaurys and Billy Clanton. Doc and Wyatt were confined to the county jail.

While the inquest was being conducted, Kate befriended Johnny Ringo. Ringo was a hard drinker who had been indicted for one murder and had been involved in several others. Kate remained in the room she and Doc had shared at Fly’s boardinghouse, and it was there that Ringo found her. Doc was residing at the Cosmopolitan Hotel while out on bail. Morgan and Virgil were staying at the Cosmopolitan recuperating, and their families were with them. Doc and Wyatt had decided to stay to protect them from any cow-boys who might sneak in and try to kill the brothers.

“I kept close to my room at Mrs. Fly’s during the Earp-Holliday trial hearing before [the] justice of the peace,” Kate recalled years later. “John Ringo visited me there twice. I gave him a tumble both times. The second time he visited me he advised me to leave the camp, but I told him I did not have enough money to go back to Globe, as Doc had lost all my money playing against faro while we were in Tucson.” Kate also noted in 1935 that she had $100 at the time of the gunfight at the O.K. Corral and gave $75 of it to help with Doc’s bail.

“Ringo said that some of the Clanton gang were watching for Doc to come to our room and intended to get him there,” Kate added in her memoirs. “Ringo told me ‘if I haven’t enough money, here is fifty dollars.’ So I left that evening.

“After the O.K. Corral fight, the Clanton and McLowry gang gave notice that they would get revenge on the Earps and Holliday. John P. Clum, who was mayor of Tombstone, was notified that he was on the list, and he left the camp. Virgil was the first they got. He was shot from
ambush the bullet failed to reach a vital spot, but he was laid up for a while with a shattered arm.

“Morgan was the next victim. At the time he was playing pool in the Palace Saloon. The back door of the place was half-glass, painted white. Someone scratched off enough of the pain [sic] to see through and fired through the door, killing Morgan. I understand that the killer was one of the Clanton gang by [the] name of Stilwell.”

Kate left town in November 1881 before Doc’s fate had been determined. She tended to her business in Globe and never again returned to Tombstone.

“The Last Days of Kate & Doc” is excerpted from Chris Enss’s soon-to-be-released book, According to Kate: The Legendary Life of Big Nose Kate, Love of Doc Holliday (TwoDot, 2019).

Verwante poste

The first “Doc Holli-Days” celebration, taking place in Tombstone, Arizona, this August 12-13, is already&hellip

After Mary Katherine Horony got drunk and falsely implicated Doc the Benson stage robbery on&hellip

Fiction requires a suspension of disbelief, and history buffs will have to do a lot&hellip

Chris Enss is a New York Times bestselling author who has written more than 20 books on the subject of women in the Old West.


Who Killed Johnny Ringo?

Almost everything we "know" about the outlaw gunman Johnny Ringo is either factually inaccurate, unsubstantiated hearsay, or intentional embellishment by authors to sell their books and magazine articles. Here is what we know with a reasonable degree of certitude.

We know he was born in Indiana in 1850 and died in Cochise County, AZ on July 13, 1882. We know that when he was 14, he, his siblings, and mother witnessed the accidental death of his father by gunshot. We know that some claim he received a college education and was well versed in the classics, as was Doc Holliday. But we also know that in reality he never finished grade school. By education alone, Ringo was much the inferior of Holliday.

Johnny Ringo Makes A Name For Himself In Arizona
We know that he was involved in a Texas range war and probably killed several men. We also know that he first turned up in Arizona at a bar in Safford in 1878, where he offered a whiskey to a man seated next to him. On December 14, 1879, the Arizona Daily Star commented:

"Last Tuesday night a shooting took place at Safford in which Louis Hancock was shot by John Ringo. It appears Ringo wanted Hancock to take a drink of whiskey, and he refused saying he would prefer beer. Ringo struck him over the head with his pistol and then fired, the ball taking effect in the lower end of the left ear, and passed through the fleshy part of his neck, half inch more in the neck, would have killed him. Ringo is under arrest."

Ringo was arrested for shooting Hancock. However, he posted bond and was released. He was now scheduled to appear before the Pima County grand jury in March 1880. (This was a year before Cochise County was carved out of the eastern portion of Pima County (Tucson).

Ringo didn't show. Instead, wrote a letter addressed to Sheriff Charles Shibbel on March 3, 1880, explaining why he could not appear:

"Dear Sir, being under Bond for my appearance before the Grand jury of Pima Co., I write to let you know why I can not appear--I got shot through the foot and it is impossible for me to travel for a while. If you get any papers for me, and will let me know, I will attend to them at once. As I wish to live here I do not wish to put you to any unnecessary trouble, nor do I wish to bring extra trouble on myself. Please let the Dist.-atty know why i do not appear, for I am anxious that there is no forfeiture taken on the Bond."

From this Stafford episode alone, we can reasonably assume that Johnny Ringo had "anger management" issues.

Somehow the case was resolved because in 1880, Ringo became a delegate to the Pima County Democratic Convention and served as an election official in San Simon, located in southern Arizona near the New Mexico border. The election, a complete fraud, was soon investigated by U.S. Deputy Marshall Wyatt Earp, making him the enemy of what became known as the "the cowboy faction" .

In early 1881, Ringo was in Tombstone and associated with a group of hard riding, hard drinking "cowboys" such as Ike and Billy Clanton and Frank and Tom McLaury, Billy Clayborne, and their bought-and-paid-for sheriff-protector, Johnny Behan. Like the other "cowboys", Ringo participated in cattle rustling for a tidy profit. However, he did not participate in the "Gunfight at the OK Corral" in October of that year because he was visiting his sisters in California. His sisters, and the rest of his family, staunch Methodists, resoundingly disowned him. Some say this added to his "depression" and drinking problem.

The Galeyville Incident

Ringo was in Galeyville, a small mining town on the eastern slope of the Chiricahuas. Here he got into a poker a game and began losing. When he asked the men at the table to loan him some money so that he could continue to play, they refused. He left the saloon angry, but soon returned with a man named Dave Estes. The two men held up the poker game and stole around $500 and a horse.

Ringo, on November 26, 1881 was indicted for this robbery. Deputy Sheriff Billy Breakenridge, no friend of the Earps, went to Galeyville to bring Ringo to court in Tombstone. He arrived in Tombstone on November 29, 1881. Ringo stayed at the Grand Hotel and the following morning he was officially arrested for the Galeyville robbery. On December 1, 1881, he was brought before Judge William Stillwell. He pleaded not guilty and was then released on bond. When no witnesses against him showed up the following day his case was postponed.

Virgil Earp Ambushed
On Dec. 28, 1881, Virgil Earp was severely wounded by unknown assailants. Nevertheless, Wyatt Earp claimed that Ringo was one of the men responsible. What proof did Wyatt have? None that we know of. Rumors also circulated that Ringo had been involved in a recent stage robbery.

On Jan. 17, 1882, Ringo got into a shouting match, related to the rumored stage robbery, with Doc Holliday and Wyatt Earp on the streets in Tombstone. Constable James Flynn stopped the fight and brought the men to court.

"J.H. Holliday, Wyatt Earp, Ringo arrested for carrying deadly weapons. Earp discharged, Holliday and Ringo fined $30 each."

After his argument with Wyatt Earp and Doc Holliday, Ringo became even more aligned with the "cowboys". On January 20, 1882, he was re-arrested when his bond was revoked for the Galeyville robbery. While in jail he found out that Wyatt Earp and a posse were planning to ride to Charleston to arrest the Clantons.

"James Earp being duly sworn says that upon the 23rd day of January, A. D., 1882. He saw John Ringo at the city of Tombstone said County, leaving said city, That upon the information and belief that said Ringo who is under indictment in said county for the crime of robbery is an escaped prisoner from the jurisdiction of the court of the First Judicial District said county wherefore whom an application for bail of said prisoner John Ringo was pending on said day, and said escape was made from the custody of the sheriff of said county without approval . . . by lawful authority. Setting to bail of said Ringo and definitely accuses that the purpose and intent of said Ringo is to intercept one Wyatt S. Earp a marshal entrusted with the execution of warrants for diverse persons charged with violations of the laws of this Territory and duly sworn for the arrest of said persons, and . . . believes that the purpose of said Ringo is to obstruct the execution of said warrants."

When Jackson's party got to Charleston they went to the Occidental Hotel for breakfast. However, they were stopped by Ike Clanton and several other armed men. Clanton detained Jackson and his posse even after Jackson told Ike that they had a warrant for John Ringo. According to newspaper accounts, Clanton told Jackson that "Johnny had always acted the gentleman towards him and he would see what could be done."

Ringo learned about the warrant for his arrest when his attorney arrived in Charleston. His attorney told Ringo that Sheriff John Behan would be in trouble if Ringo did not appear in court. Soon Ringo left Charleston heading for Tombstone. On January 28, 1882, Ringo was arraigned for the second time on his Galeyville indictment. On January 31, he again pleaded not guilty and was released on a $3000 bond.

A hearing was scheduled for February 2, 1882. Deputy Breakenridge went to Galeyville with bench warrants for the witnesses against Ringo and brought them to Tombstone. However, the following day these witnesses again did not appear in court to testify against John Ringo.

The Assassination of Morgan Earp

In March 1882, Morgan Earp was shot and killed by unknown men. Some have speculated that Ringo had been involved. However, the contemporary records did not implicate him in Morgan Earp's death. Moreover, there was testimony from Briggs Goodrich, another Ringo attorney, that Ringo wanted nothing more to do with the feud. Die Tombstone Epitaph published Goodrich's testimony at the coroner's hearing:

". . . By the way, [speaking to Earp] John Ringo wanted me to say to you, that if any fighting came up between you all, he wanted you to understand that he would have nothing to do with it that he was going to look after himself, and anybody else could do the same. . . ."

Two days after Morgan's death, Wyatt Earp, Doc Holliday, and others escorted Virgil Earp and his wife to the train depot in Tucson. According to Wyatt many years later, he and Doc saw Ike Clanton and Frank Stilwell lurking with rifles or shotguns near Virgil's coach. They chased after them. Ike got away. Frank didn't. Today the life-size statues of Wyatt & Doc stand near were Stilwell's riddled body was discovered the next morning.

Wyatt Earp and his posse returned to Tombstone where Wyatt refused to be arrested by Sheriff Behan, who had a telegraphed message from Pima County Sheriff Bob Paul in Tucson asking Behan to jail the Earp party for the killing of Stilwell. Wyatt, Doc and others in the Earp posse left Tombstone. Those others were Warren Earp, Sherman McMasters, Dan Tipton, “Texas Jack” Vermillion, Charlie Smith and Turkey Creek” Jack Johnson. All were willing and extremely able to back Wyatt's intention to kill the men who had ambushed Virgil and murdered Morgan.

The next morning Sheriff John Behan assembled a Cochise County posse to go after Earp and his federal posse. Ringo was one of the men in Behan's posse. George Parsons, an enlightened Tombstone miner, recorded the excitement in his diary.

"Excitement again this morning-Sheriff went out with a posse supposedly to arrest the Earp party, but they will never do it. The cow-boy element is backing him strongly-John Ringo being one of the party-there is a prospect of bad times."

Wyatt Earp and his party rode to Pete Spence's wood camp where they killed Florentino Cruz whom they were certain had been involved with the attack on Virgil and the assassination of Morgan.
Following the killing of Cruz, Wyatt Earp and his posse caught up with "Curly Bill" Brocius and some of his "cowboy" friends at a spring in the Whetstone Mountains. A gunfight ensued and the most famous outlaw in the county at that time was no more. Almost certainly, Wyatt shot and killed him.

Wyatt Earp, Doc, and the rest of the federal posse fled to New Mexico in April 1882 and then to Colorado. Both the Cochise County and Pima County sheriffs formally demanded the governors of New Mexico and Colorado extradite Wyatt, Doc and the others who were now wanted for murder in Arizona. But Wyatt had friends in high places who protected him, including the U.S. Marshall's office, Wells Fargo, Southern Pacific Railroad and wealthy individuals who had substantial investments in the Tombstone mines. Neither he, Doc, or others in the federal posse were ever extradited back to Arizona.

John Ringo resurfaced in Tombstone on May 7, 1882. The Grafskrif noted: "Jack Ringold is in town."
Ringo's robbery hearing was scheduled to begin on May 12th. The trial was continued on the 12th and rescheduled to May 18th. Apparently, no witnesses showed up to testify against Ringo and the court dismissed the charges against him and returned his $3000 bond. In May 1882, Ringo left Tombstone free of all criminal charges against him.

After a day of heavy drinking with friends near Antelope Springs, Ringo headed toward Sulphur Springs for more whiskey. He was seen in Galeyville on July 9, 1882.

Ms. Patty, Ms. Karen, & Ms. Sue discovered Johnny Ringo's Grave in June 2016.

On July 14, 1882, Ringo’s lifeless body was discovered seated at the base of a large tree. There was a bullet hole in his right temple, his boots were missing, his coat had been torn and strips of his shirt had been used to wrap his feet. His rifle rested against the tree close to him. In his right hand was a Colt .45 with only one spent shell. Ringo’s horse was found two weeks later roaming the canyon area with his boots tied across the saddle.

Ringo is buried near West Turkey Creek only a few yards from where his body was found.

The Tombstone Epitaph wrote, “Many friends will mourn him. And many others will take secret delight in learning of his death.”

A coroner’s jury ruled Ringo’s death a suicide, but many believed Wyatt and Doc had returned to Arizona and killed Ringo. This story gained some credibility when, in 1977, a book was published by the respected University of Arizona Press entitled "I Married Wyatt Earp". The publisher and author, amateur Earp historian Glenn Boyer, claimed it was based on the memoirs of Josephine "Sadie" Marcus Earp (1860-1944). The book sold extremely well until, years later, it was proven to be a fraud.

Once in Colorado, neither Wyatt nor Doc were about to take one step back into Arizona. After all, they were very well-known and wanted for murder. Moreover, neither would have had a motive to prop up poor Johnny Ringo's body against a tree and stage a suicide. Most importantly, as opportunists, there was no money to be had in Arizona. Wyatt and Doc moved on with their lives.

Ringo's Grave

The location is on private property off Highway 181 in southeastern Arizona. From Tucson, take I-10 east to Dragoon Road (Exit 310). Continue 13 miles to Hwy 191, then continue south past the ghost town of Pearce.

(Note: Along Dragoon Road are at least three worthwhile attractions: (a) Triangle T Guest Ranch (b) The Amerind Museum and (c) Golden Rule Vineyards. At Old Pearce, you will find a couple of quaint shops, most importantly, Marcia's Garden where Marcia gets milk from her herd of Nubian Diary Goats to make wonderful soaps and lotions.

At the junction of US 191 and AZ Hwy 181 is Sunizona and Sandy's Restaurant, (great pies) and RV Park. Turn left (east). Here, Hwy 181 is also named Turkey Creek Road. Where 181 takes a sharp left and heads north, go straight. The highway almost immediately turns into an unpaved road where it intersects with Kuykendall Road. If you turn south on Kuykendall, you will shortly come to Lawrence Dunham Vineyards where you can sample some very good Arizona wines. If you go, give them a call first.

Lawrence Dunham Vineyards at the base of the Chiricahua Mountains

Continue east on Turkey Creek Road. Watch for a street sign that indicates Sunglow Ranch Road. Go past Sunglow Ranch Road 200 yards and the gate to Mr. Ringo's grave is on your left. There is a locked metal box at the gravesite into which you can slip a couple of bucks donation to help maintain this historical site. Please be respectful of the owners' property. Follow the posted rules.


Frank “Buckskin” Leslie

F rank “Buckskin” Leslie was considered a suspect at the time. Frank was a slight man at 5’7” tall and 135lbs soaking wet. He arrived in Tombstone in 1880 but his reputation as a rowdy, though formidable, gunslinger preceded him. Like Johnny, Frank loved drinking and gambling. Shortly after his arrival in Tombstone, he began seeing a married woman named Mae Killeen. Mae’s husband, Mike Killeen, confronted Frank about the affair. Frank killed the man on the spot and married his widow in the same week.

Frank had an amicable relationship with the Earps. His allegiance swayed in their favor after the shooting at the OK Corral. In a fit of rage, Buckskin pistol-whipped a man outside of The Oriental Saloon and nearly killed him. The townspeople thought he was dangerous, even for Tombstone.

When Johnny died, the town whispered that Frank was responsible. Tombstone resident Billy Claiborne and Frank were drinking at The Oriental Saloon when Billy bragged on about killing three men. He insisted everyone call him Billy The Kid. Frank refused, and Billy threatened to shoot him dead over it. In response, Frank dragged him to the dusty street and shot him dead. No one in town was surprised when Frank killed him. What shocked them were his final words, “…Frank Leslie killed Johnny Ringo. I saw him do it!”

There was no real evidence that Frank killed Johnny, aside from the ramblings of a dying, inebriated, man. However, when Frank went to prison for murdering his 2nd wife, he confessed to a prison guard that he killed Johnny Ringo.


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