Geskiedenis Podcasts

8 Februarie 2018 Dag 10 van die Tweede Jaarv - Geskiedenis

8 Februarie 2018 Dag 10 van die Tweede Jaarv - Geskiedenis

8 Februarie 2018 Dag 20 van die Tweede Jaar

07:35 vertrek die PRESIDENT uit die Withuis op pad na die Washington Hilton

South Lawn

07:40 arriveer die PRESIDENT by die Washington Hilton

Washington Hilton

07:45 neem die PRESIDENT deel aan 'n bilaterale vergadering met die president van Guatemala

Washington Hilton

08:00 Die PRESIDENT lewer opmerkings tydens die National Prayer Breakfast

Washington Hilton

09:00 Die PRESIDENT vertrek uit die Washington Hilton op pad na die Withuis

Washington Hilton

09:05 DIE PRESIDENT arriveer in die Withuis

South Lawn

11:30 AM ontmoet die PRESIDENT met James Mattis, minister van verdediging

Ovaal kantoor


12:30 PM DIE PRESIDENT eet middagete saam met die minister van veterane, David Shulkin
Privaat eetkamer


Theodore Roosevelt se vrou en ma sterf

Roosevelt was aan die werk in die wetgewer van die staat New York en het probeer om 'n wetsontwerp op die hervorming van die regering te kry toe hy deur sy gesin ontbied is. Hy het teruggekeer huis toe om te sien dat sy ma, Mittie, aan tifuskoors beswyk het. Op dieselfde dag sterf sy vrou van vier jaar, Alice Lee, aan die siekte Bright, 'n ernstige niersiekte. Slegs twee dae voor haar dood het Alice Lee die egpaar se dogter, Alice, gebaar.

Die dubbele tragedie het Roosevelt verwoes. Hy het die mense rondom hom beveel om nie sy vrou se naam te noem nie. Beswaard van hartseer het hy die politiek laat vaar, die baba Alice by sy suster Bamie agtergelaat en aan die einde van 1884 toegeslaan op die Dakota -gebiede, waar hy as 'n boer gewerk het en twee jaar as balju gewerk het. Toe Roosevelt nie besig was om vee groot te maak of as die plaaslike wetgewer op te tree nie, het hy tyd gekry om sy passie vir lees en geskiedenis te geniet. Nadat 'n sneeustorm in 1885 sy gewaardeerde beeskudde uitgewis het, besluit Roosevelt om terug te keer na die oostelike samelewing. Toe hy in 1886 in New York teruggekeer het, het hy weer die politiek aangeneem en die opvoeding van sy voorbarige dogter, Alice, oorgeneem, wat later 'n nasionale beroemdheid geword het.

Na 'n tydperk in die Spaans-Amerikaanse oorlog en as goewerneur van New York, verower Roosevelt 'n plek as William McKinley ’s se vise-presidensiële stuurman in 1900. Toe McKinley aan die begin van sy tweede termyn in 1901 oorlede is, verhuis Roosevelt na die Wit Huis, waar hy en sy gesin die volgende agt jaar sou deurbring.

Alice het haar pa bewonder en respekteer, maar volgens haar herinneringe en vriende het sy 'n wrok teenoor hom gehad omdat sy haar as baba verlaat het. Nie lank nadat hy in 1886 met sy tweede vrou, Edith, getroud is nie, het Alice meegeding dat sy nie net met haar pa se politieke makkers en nuwe vrou om sy aandag meeding nie, maar ook met haar vyf halfbroers wat vinnig opeenvolgend opgedaag het. Die hoogmoedige Alice het moontlik weerwraak as skandalige gedrag aangeneem.

Die Roosevelt -era het saamgeval met 'n onderdrukkende tyd in die geskiedenis van vroue, maar die uitgesproke en onafhanklike Alice het aanvaarbare gedrag ontwrig en as eerste dogter in die kollig geval. Alice se aktiwiteite as 'n jong volwassene, soos om te rook en laat saam met seuns uit te bly, het haar pa ontstel, wat haar nietemin toegelaat het. In 'n geval toe Roosevelt herhaaldelik by 'n vergadering in die Withuis ingebars het, het hy om verskoning gevra: ek kan die land bestuur, of ek kan Alice beheer, maar ek kan nie beide doen nie.

Nadat Roosevelt die amp verlaat het, het Alice 'n hoë profiel in die Washington -samelewing gehandhaaf. Sy is verbied om die Taft Withuis te besoek nadat 'n voodoo -pop van mevrou Taft (begrawe deur Alice) in die voorste grasperk gevind is. President Wilson het haar ook verbied uit die Withuis -samelewing as vergelding omdat sy in die openbaar 'n lelike opmerking oor hom gemaak het. Wilson was nie haar enigste doelwit nie. Sy het eens opgemerk dat haar vriend, Calvin Coolidge, vise -president van Warren Harding, lyk asof hy op 'n piekel gespeen is.


Historiese gebeure op 8 Junie

    Italië wat deur Attila, die Hun St Silverius, binnegeval word, begin sy regering as Katolieke pous Vikings in lang skepe van die hedendaagse Noorweë wat die klooster van St Cuthbert op die eiland Lindisfarne buit, aan die noordoostelike kus van Engeland, vasvang en doodmaak van monnike Louis V de Luie, gekroon as koning van Frankryk

Gebeurtenis van Rente

1191 Koning Richard I van Engeland arriveer in die hedendaagse Israel in Akker om by die beleg van Akker aan te sluit tydens die Derde Kruistog

Uitvoering

1405 Richard le Scrope, aartsbiskop van York en Thomas Mowbray, graaf van Norfolk, word in York tereggestel op bevel van die koning van Engeland, Henry IV se bevel

Oorwinning in Slag

1632 Frederick Henry, prins van Oranje, verower Sittard

    Slag by Amegical: Engelse en Portugese vloot klop die Spaanse Siddi -generaal Yadi Sakat, verwoes die Mazagon -fort in Mumbai Engelse troepe val op Brest (300 vermoor) Britse vloot beset Belle Île aan die kus van Bretagne

Gebeurtenis van Rente

1779 Admiraal Horatio Nelson en kaptein Thomas Hardy op HMS Foudroyant vaar teen die Spaanse vloot

    Die vulkaan Laki in die suide van Ysland begin met 'n uitbarsting van 8 maande, met 10 000 mense dood en wydverspreide hongersnood in Asië en Europa veroorsaak.

Musiek Première

1787 & quot; Tarare & quot; 'n opera van Antonio Salieri première in die Théâtre de la Porte Saint-Martin in Parys

Handves van Regte

1789 James Madison stel 'n voorgestelde Handves van Regte voor in die Amerikaanse Huis van Verteenwoordigers

Moord op Spencer Perceval

1812 Robert Jenkinson word premier van die Verenigde Koninkryk na die moord op Spencer Perceval

Die Britse premier Spencer Perceval word vermoor deur John Bellingham, tekening deur John Heaviside Clark
    39 Duitse state verenig ingevolge die Konfederasiewet 'n Opstand met driehonderd werkers in die Engelse stad Pentrich begin, maar word byna onmiddellik vernietig. Hongersnood na Cape Turn Battle in Gwanga: Britse troepe verslaan Bantu Pitcairn Eilandbewoners kom op Norfolk Island aan. Amerikaanse sanitêre kommissie kry uitvoerende goedkeuring Amerikaanse burgeroorlog: Tennessee stem om af te skei van die Union Valley Campaign-Battle of Cross Keys, Virginia Tristanderl en Zusholde, première Ives W. McGaffey van Chicago neem patent op die eerste stofsuier, noem dit 'n masjien wat kwoteer en die Amerikaanse kongres onderskryf 'n sentkaart

Gebeurtenis van Rente

1880 Russiese skrywer Fjodor Dostojevski lewer 'n emosionele toespraak by die onthulling van 'n monument vir Poesjkin in Moskou

    16de Belmont: Jim McLaughlin aan boord van Forester wen in 2:43 Eerste Huisreël Wetsontwerp vir Ierland verslaan met 343 stemme teen 313 in die Britse Huis van Algemene Herman Hollerith ontvang 'n patent vir sy ponskaartrekenaar Kabelkar begin diens in LA Homer A Plessy weier om na die geskeide RR -motor te gaan (Plessy v Ferguson) Eerste motordief Baron de Zuylen se Peugeot word gesteel deur sy werktuigkundige in die Parys Britse Ope Manne -gholf, Royal St George's GC: Harry Vardon van Jersey behou Open wen 3de titel met 5 houe van Jack White

Gebeurtenis van Rente

1905 Die Amerikaanse president, Theodore Roosevelt, stuur identiese aantekeninge aan Japan en Rusland en versoek hulle om te onderhandel en vyandelikhede te beëindig, en bied sy persoonlike dienste aan

    Die Belgiese regering van Schollaert val Carl Laemmle bevat Universal Pictures. 34,7 ° F (1,5 ° C) in De Bilt, Nederland 92,3 ° C (33,3 ° C) in De Bilt, Nederland Slag van Verdun: Duitsers verower Fort Vaux na etlike dae van intense gevegte Walt Disney -gegradueerdes van Benton High School Nova Aquila, die helderste nova sedert Kepler se nova van 1604, ontdek dat Reds se Edd Roush in die middel aan die slaap raak tydens 'n lang binneveld-argument Heinie Groh gaan hom wakker maak, maar die skeidsregter gooi Roush uit vir die vertraging van die eerste vlugland van die VSA na Australië (Sir Charles Kingford) 61ste Belmont: Mack Garner aan boord van Blue Larkspur wen in 2: 32.8

Bofbal Rekord

1933 A se eerste baseman, Jimmie Foxx, slaan 3 agtereenvolgende tuiswedlope toe Philadelphia New York Yankees met 14 - 10 4 opeenvolgende HR's oorskry nadat Foxx die vorige dag laas gehardloop het.

    Amerikaanse gholf vir mans, Oakmont CC: 25 -jarige klubprofiel Par Parks Jr, wat geen vorige toernooi gewen het nie, klop die Skot Jimmy Thomson met 2 houe 67ste Belmont: Willie Saunders aan boord van Omaha wen in 2: 30.6 Wêreld se grootste blomblomme in die Botaniese Tuin in NY , 12 'calla lily Gert Terblanche, 'n plaaslike skoolseun, ontdek fossiele van 'n onbekende' robuuste 'menslike voorouer, later genoem Paranthropus robustus deur Robert Broom, in Kromdraai, Blaauwbank River Valley in Suid-Afrika 72ste Belmont: Fred A Smith aan boord Bimelech wen in 2: 29.6 Ontdekking van element 93, neptunium, aangekondig Laaste Britse troepe verlaat Narvik, Noorweë Britse en Franse troepe omverwerp pro-Duitse Sirië

Musiek Opneem

    1ste SS-Panzer Korps se teenaanvalle by die Geallieerdes in Normandië beset Port-en-Bessin Normandië Nederlandse Duitse Weerstandsvegter arresteer generaal Montgomery in Normandië, vestig die hoofkwartier in Chateau de Creully

Gebeurtenis van Rente

1946 Raymond Scott en Bernard Hanighen se musiekblyspel & quotLute Song & quot, met Mary Martin, Yul Brenner en Nancy Davis, en regie deur John Houseman, sluit in Plymouth Theatre, NYC, na 142 optredes

Gebeurtenis van Rente

1946 Sukarno vra vir anti -koloniale verset in Indonesië

    Herlewing van Jerome Kerns se musical & quotSally & quot sluit in Martin Beck Theatre, NYC, na 36 optredes John Rudder word 1st negeroffisier in Amerikaanse mariniers

Televisie Première

1948 "Texas Star Theatre" het première op NBC-TV, met "Mr. Televisie & quot Milton Berle het in September van dieselfde jaar 'n permanente aftrede gemaak

Negentien vier-en-tagtig gepubliseer

1949 publiseer Secker & amp; Warburg die deurslaggewende roman van George Orwell "Nineteen Eight-Four" in die totalitêre staat Oseanië

    Boston Red Sox roete St Louis Browns, 29-4 op Fenway Park, het 6 MLB-rekords opgestel, insluitend lopies aangeteken en die meeste totale basisse, 60 Jean Duvieusart word die Belgiese voorste toetskrieketdebuut van die beroemde West-Indiese draaitweeling Alf Valentine en Sonny Ramadhin in 1ste toets v Engeland by Manchester Valentine neem 8-104 op dag 1, maar WI verloor met 202 lopies. Sir Thomas Blamey word die enigste veldmaarskalk in die Australiese geskiedenis. Cluster van 6 tornado's raak in Flint, Michigan, dood

Gebeurtenis van Rente

1955 L.A. Dodgers -werper (en toekomstige Baseball Hall of Fame -bestuurder) Tommy Lasorda om plek te maak op die rooster vir toekomstige Hall of Famer, werper Sandy Koufax

    Lim Yem Hock vorm die regering van Singapoer se WDAM TV-kanaal 7 in Laurel-Hattiesburg, MS (NBC) begin met die uitsaai van Richard B. Fitzgibbon, Jr., vermoor deur 'n ander USAF-vlieënier in Viëtnam, en word die eerste Amerikaner wat in die Viëtnam-oorlog dood is

LPGA Kampioenskap

1958 LPGA -kampioenskap, Churchill Valley CC: Mickey Wright wen die eerste van 13 groot titels met 6 houe van Fay Crocker

    1ste amptelike & quotmissile mail & quot lands (Jacksonville, Florida) X-15 maak die eerste vlug sonder krag, vanaf 'n B-52 op 11.500 m 1ste datum in James Clavell se roman & quotNobel House & quot

'Die banaliteit van die kwaad'

1960 Argentynse regering eis dat Adolf Eichmann vrygelaat moet word

Bofbal Rekord

1961 Milwaukee stel rekord van 4 opeenvolgende HR's (Eddie Mathews, Hank Aaron, Joe Adcock en Frank Thomas)

    Jim Beatty loop 'n wêreldrekord van 2 myl (8: 29.8) & quot; Meneer die president & quot sluit in die St James Theatre NYC na 265 optredes 95ste Belmont: Braulio Baeza aan boord van Chateaugay wen in 2: 30.2 American Heart Association is die eerste agentskap om 'n veldtog teen sigarette te voer & quot The Little Old Lady ( van Pasadena) & quot, opgeneem deur die 1960's Amerikaanse popsangers, Jan en Dean, word vrygestel MLB Draft: Kansas City Athletics A se uitgesoekte buitenspeler Arizona State University Rick Monday #1 inhuldiging MLB Ontwerp Amerikaanse troepe beveel om aanvallend te veg in Viëtnam USSR lanseer Luna 6 it mis die maan met 99.000 myl NFL en AFL kondig planne aan om NFC en AFC te word in Topeka in 1970, Kansas word verwoes deur 'n tornado wat registreer as 'n & quotF5 & quot; op die Fujita -skaal: die eerste wat $ 100 miljoen skadevergoeding oorskry. Sestien mense word dood, nog honderde beseer en duisende huise word beskadig of vernietig. Israel val USS Liberty in die Middellandse See aan, en vermoor 34 Amerikaanse bemanningslede Bermuda neem sy grondwet aan.

Gebeurtenis van Rente

1968 James Earl Ray, vermeende moordenaar van Martin Luther King Jr., gevange geneem

Moord

1968 Die lyk van die vermoorde Amerikaanse senator Robert F. Kennedy word by die Arlington National Cemetery begrawe

Franse Ope Vrouetennis

1968 Franse Ope Vrouetennis: die Amerikaanse Nancy Richey klop Ann Haydon-Jones met 5-7, 6-4, 6-1 vir haar tweede en laaste Grand Slam-enkelspeltitel


Inhoud

Waarnemende Edit

1963–1975: Kinderjare en vroeë jare as kinderkunstenaar Edit

Sridevi is op 13 Augustus 1963 in die dorp Meenampatti [19] naby Sivakasi van die huidige Tamil Nadu, Indië [20], gebore uit Ayyapan en Rajeshwari. [21] [22] [23] [24] [25] Haar pa was 'n prokureur van Sivakasi, Tamil Nadu. Haar ma, Rajeshwari, 'n Telugu -aktrise, was van Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh. Sy het 'n suster en 2 stiefbroers. [26] [27]

'Ek het nie skoolgegaan nie, maar ek het in die rolprentbedryf beland en sonder 'n leemte gewerk - van die kinderakteur af het ek na die heldin gegaan. Daar was nie tyd om na te dink nie en ek was dankbaar daarvoor.

Sridevi het haar loopbaan as kinderakteur op die ouderdom van 4 in die Tamil -film begin Kandan Karunai in 1967. [29] Daarna het sy die rol van die jong Muruga gespeel in Thunaivan. [30] Sridevi maak haar debuut in die Telugu -film as kinderkunstenaar met die film van 1970 Maa Nanna Nirdoshi. [31] Baby Sridevi se optrede in Poompatta (1971) in Malabaars het haar die Kerala State Film Award vir beste kinderkunstenaar gewen. [32] Kandan Karunai (1967), Nam Naadu (1969), Prarthanai (1970), Babu (1971), Badi Panthulu (1972), Bala Bharatam (1972), Vasantha Maaligai (1972) en Bhakta Kumbara (1974) is die bekendste rolprente in haar loopbaan as kinderkunstenaar. [32] In 1972 debuteer Sridevi as kinderkunstenaar in Bollywood met Rani Mera Naam geregisseer deur K. S. R. Das. [33] Sy verskyn ook in die film Julie, waar sy die jonger suster van die protagonis Lakshmi gespeel het. [32] Sy het saam met Jayalalitha in Thirumangalyam, Kandan Karunai en Adi Parashakti opgetree. [34]

1976–1982: Oorgang na rolle vir volwassenes en wydverspreide sukses in die Suid -Indiese bioskoop Edit

In 1976 speel Sridevi haar eerste hoofrol in die Tamil -film Moondru Mudichu geregisseer deur K. Balachander. [35] Sy het dit gevolg met 'n aantal films met Kamal Haasan en Rajinikanth. Sridevi se eerste vrystelling van 1977 was Gayathri, gevolg deur Kavikkuyil en 16 Vayathinile, waar sy die rol gespeel het van 'n jong meisie wat tussen haar twee geliefdes vasgevang is. [36] Sy het ook 'n hoofrol in die film se Telugu -remake gespeel Padaharella Vayasu in 1978. [37] Haar daaropvolgende noemenswaardige films was die van Bharathi Raja Sigappu Rojakkal, S. P. Muthuraman's Priya, Karthika Deepam, Johnny, Varumayin Niram Sivappu en Aakali Rajyam. [38] Sy het saam met N. T. Rama Rao opgetree Vetagadu, Sardar Papa Rayudu, Bobbili Puli, Regter Chowdhary en Aatagadu. [37] Sy tree saam met Sivaji Ganesan op Sandhippu, Kavari Maan en die coproduksie wat deur Sri Lanka verfilm is Loods Premnath. [39]

Sridevi debuteer as kinderkunstenaar in Kannada met Bhakta Kumbara (1974) onder leiding van Hunsur Krishnamurthy. [40] Haar ander films as kinderkunstenaar in Kannada is ingesluit Bala Bharatam en Yashoda Krishna. [40] Sy was ook deel van Hennu Samsarada Kannu (1975), geregisseer deur A.V. Sheshagiri Rao. Sridevi het ook as voorsprong teenoor Ambarish opgetree Priya (1978), vervaardig deur S. P. Muthuraman. [40] Sy het Malayalam -rolprente as kinderakteur by Kumara Sambhavam in 1969, [41] gevolg deur I. V. Sasi's Abhinandanam. Haar opvallende Malayalam -films as die hoofrolspeler was Thulavarsham, geregisseer deur N. Sankaran Nair in 1976, en M. Masthan's Kuttavum Shikshayum, 'n remake van die Tamil -film Pennai Nambungal met Kamal Haasan wat oorkant haar speel. [42]

Sy verskyn daarna in die Malayalam -uitgawes soos Aa Nimisham, Angeekaram en Satyavan Savithri. [42] In 1981 speel sy in die Tamil -film Meendum Kokila wat haar die Filmfare -toekenning vir beste aktrise - Tamil, gewen het. [43] In 1982 speel Sridevi 'n hoofrol Moondram Pirai speel 'n vrou wat aan retrograde geheueverlies ly en wen die Tamil Nadu State Film Award vir beste aktrise. [44] Sy is saam met Kamal Haasan in 27 films oor verskillende tale gepaar. [45]

Sridevi se opvallende films in haar moedertaal Telugu sluit in Konda Veeti Simham, Kshana Kshanam, Vetagaadu, Sardar Paparayudu en Bobbili Puli. [37] Saam met A. Nageswara Rao verskyn sy in films soos Muddula Koduku, Premabhishekham, Bangaru Kanuka en Prema Kanuka sowel as met Krishna in Kanchu Kagada, Kalavari Samsaram, Adavi Simhalu, Krishnavatharam, Burripalem Bolludu, Vajrayudham, Gharana Donga, Kirayi Kotigadu, Pachani Kapuram, Makutam Leni Maharaju, Ramarajyamlo Bheemaraju, Jayam manade, Samajaniki saag, Mama allulla sawal, Ram Robert Rahim en Khaidi Rudrayya. [37] Sy het saam met Chiranjeevi opgetree in Jagadeka Veerudu Atiloka Sundari, S. P. Parasuram. [37] Haar optrede in die regie van Ram Gopal Varma in 1992 Kshana Kshanam oorkant Venkatesh, wen haar die Filmfare -toekenning vir beste aktrise - Telugu en die Nandi -toekenning vir beste aktrise. [46] Sy het saam met die Telugu -superster Krishna in die grootste aantal Telugu -films opgetree.

1983–1986: Deurbraak in Hindi -bioskoop Edit

Sridevi het haar debuut as heldin in Hindi -films gemaak Solva Sawan in 1979. [47] 4 jaar later is sy onderteken om teenoor Jeetendra te speel Himmatwala (remake van Telugu -film Ooruki Monagadu (1981)). Die film is in 1983 vrygestel en was een van die Hindi-films met die hoogste wins van die jaar. [48] ​​[49] Dit het Sridevi in ​​Bollywood gevestig en haar die beroemde sobriquet 'Thunder Thighs' besorg. [50] Haar dansnommer "Nainon Mein Sapna" het woede geword Rediff waarin gesê word dat "die waterpotte die meeste rame in 'Nainon Mein Sapna' oorheers het, maar dit was Sridevi se versierde uitrustings en hoofdeksels wat die vertoning gesteel het". [51] Sy het gevolg Tohfa, wat die Hindi-film met die hoogste wins van 1984 was. [52] Die film het Sridevi gevestig as een van die voorste aktrises van Bollywood, [53] met Filmfees tydskrif wat haar 'ongetwyfeld nommer 1' op hul voorblad verklaar. [54]

Die paar Jeetendra-Sridevi het saam 16 films gemaak Himmatwala (1983), Jaani Dost (1983), Regter Chaudhry (1983), Mawaali (1983), Akalmand (1984), Tohfa (1984), Balidaan (1985), Aulad (1987), Suhagan (1986), Ghar Sansar (1986), Dharm Adhikari (1986), Sone Pe Suhaaga (1988) was suksesvol en Aag Aur Shola (1986), Himmat Aur Mehanat (1987), Sarfarosh (1985) was flops [55] [56]

Sadma wat in 1983 vrygestel is, het Sridevi groot kritiek gelewer. [57] 'n Remake van haar Tamil -film Moondram Pirai, Sadma is ingesluit in iDivase lys van '10 films wat nie 'n blokbuster was nie 'moet kyk'. [58] Sridevi se optrede as kind-vrou wat aan geheueverlies ly, word deur Indian Express ''n mylpaal in haar roemryke loopbaan' genoem. [59] Sridevi verskyn ook in die Middag 'n lys met 'uitdagende rolle wat deur Bollywood Actors gespeel word', wat haar optrede in die film beskryf as 'haar beste optrede ooit'. [60] In 2012 speel Adil Hussain, Sridevi se mede-ster in Engels Vinglish onthul dat hy 'n aanhanger van die aktrise geword het nadat sy na haar gekyk het Sadma. [61] Die Sridevi-Kamal Hasan-paar verskyn ook op die CNN-IBN 2012 lys van 'Grootste romantiese paartjies op selluloïde'. [62] Die film het Sridevi haar eerste Filmfare -benoeming vir beste aktrise gewen.

Sy het ook saam met Akkineni Nageswara Rao se seun Nagarjuna opgetree Aakhari Porattam (1988), Khuda Gawah (1992) en Govinda Govinda (1993). Sy het ook die hoofrol gespeel vir beide Dharmendra en sy seun Sunny Deol.

Sridevi het suksesvolle paring met Rajesh Khanna gehad in films soos Naya Kadam (1984), Maqsad (1984), Masterji (1985) en Nazrana (1987). In 1986 kom die slangfantasie Nagina wat gesien het hoe Sridevi 'n vrou wat verskuif het, speel. Die film was die tweede film met die grootste wins van die jaar, [63] [64] met Box Office India waarin gesê word dat Sridevi "die onbetwiste nommer 1" bly. [53] Dit is ook aangewys as een van die beste slang fantasie films Yahoo. [65] Times of India ingedeel Nagina as een van die 'Top 10 Snake Films of Hindi Cinema'. [66] Sridevi se klimaksdansnommer 'Main Teri Dushman' bly ook een van die beste slangdanse in Bollywood [67] met Desi treffers noem dit "een van Sridevi se mees ikoniese dansnommers. wat aanhangers nog hoendervleis gee" [68] en iDiva beskryf dit as 'die spul filmlegendes'. [69] Buitendien NaginaIn 1986 sien Sridevi ook lokettreffers in Subhash Ghai se multi-ster Karma en Feroz Khan's Janbaaz. Volgens CNN-IBN's Bollywood Blockbusters,' het Sridevi se gewildheid so gegroei dat ondanks 'n gasverskyning Janbaaz, het sy die hoofrolin Dimple Kapadia van die film heeltemal oorskadu. "[70]

1987–1997: Wydverspreide erkenning, supersterre en aftrede Edit

Sridevi het die sukses van Nagina deur 'n dom misdaadjoernalis in die film van 1987 te speel Mnr Indië teenoor Anil Kapoor, wat beskryf is deur Rediff as "een van die mees ikoniese films van sy tyd". [71] Onder die regie van Shekhar Kapur, het dit een van die hoogste treffers van die jaar geword en ook 'n plek gevind in Hindustan Times ' lys van 'Top 10 patriotiese films van Hindi Cinema'. [72] [73] Terwyl die handel beroemd gemaak het dat die film die naam moes gehad het Mevrou Indië, [74] Rediff het ook gesê dat "Sridevi 'n volledige show-stealer in die film was". [71] Die navolging van Sridevi van Charlie Chaplin in die film is beskryf deur The Times of India as "die snaaksste daad wat sy nog ooit gedoen het". [75] Rediff Sridevi verskyn ook in sy lys met 'Super 6 Comic Heroines' waarin gesê word dat 'haar mobiele gesigsuitdrukkings Jim Carrey slapelose nagte kan gee' en dat 'haar grootste pluspunt die vermoë is om heeltemal onbelemmerd voor die kamera te wees'. [76]

Die dansnommer '' Hawaa Hawaai '', aangehaal deur Die Times of India as "een van die onvergeetlike nommers van Sridevi", [77] het ook 'n gewilde bynaam vir die aktrise geword. [78] [79] Behalwe komedie, verskyn Sridevi in ​​die video vir die liedjie 'Kaate Nahin Kat Te' Filmfees beskryf Sridevi as "werklik 'n godin in 'n blou sari". [80] [81] Rediff Die liedjie verskyn ook in die lys met 'Top 25 Sari Moments' wat Sridevi se "vermoë om eroties te lyk, prys, selfs al is sy van kop tot tone bedek". [82] Box Office India verklaar dat met die sukses van Mnr Indië, Sridevi "het haar oorheersing voortgesit" oor haar tydgenote Jaya Prada en Meenakshi Sheshadri. [53]

In 1989 kom ChaalBaaz, wat Sridevi in ​​'n dubbele rol gespeel het, speel tweeling susters wat by geboorte geskei is. Filmfees het haar optrede op die vierde plek in die lys van '80 ikoniese uitvoerings van Hindi Cinema 'geplaas, en verklaar dat "Sridevi se voorliefde vir giggel en haar vermoë om duidelik tranerig te lyk wanneer dit nodig is, hierdie optredes tot in die fynste toestand versier. Hel, sy het Sunny Deol en Rajinikanth laat lyk sidekicks in die film ". [83] Die Times of India Die artikel 'Bollywood's Hit Double Roles' het geskryf: 'Die optrede van Sridevi het die loket geskok'. [84] Rediff die film verskyn in die aftelling van '25 beste dubbele rolle in Bollywood' met 'wat u nie besef voordat u dit gesien het nie Chaalbaaz is hoe ongelooflik Sridevi dit is om albei kante van die spektrum uit te beeld ", [85] en dat die film" haar posisie as aktrise met 'n moordende komiese tydsberekening bevestig het. "[71] Die Indian Express oor Sridevi se optrede in ChaalBaaz, het die regisseur Pankaj Parashar gesê: "Sy het haar reikwydte met die fliek bewys en daarna het sy baie aanbiedinge gekry wat haar in 'n dubbele rol gespeel het". [86] Haar slapstick reëndans "Na Jaane Kahaan Se Aayi Hai" het suksesvol geword The Times of India beskryf dit as ''n Sridevi -klassieke waar sy eenvoudig wow lyk met haar tjirpende uitdrukkings en reëndruppels wat haar wange soen'. [87]

In dieselfde jaar verskyn ook die Yash Chopra romantiese musieksaga Chandni, met Sridevi wat die titelrol vertolk. Die film het na vore getree as een van die grootste grootfilms van 1989. [88] Aangehaal deur The Times of India as "een van die mees bekykde films van die Indiese film", [89], bevestig die film ook Sridevi se posisie as die beste vroulike ster van die 1980's. [90] [91] Terwyl sy boaan die Hindustan Times 'lys van Yash Chopra se' Top 5 heldinne ', [92] CNN-IBN Sy was ook die eerste op 'n soortgelyke lys en sê: "Yash Chopra verewig Sridevi as die perfekte Chandni". [93] India Today en NDTV het haar ook in sulke lyste opgeneem en gesê dat die film Sridevi 'as die liefste van die land' gevestig het. [94] [95] [96] Die Tribune skryf: 'Leena Daru behaal weer 'n wenner toe sy die'Chandni Soek vir Sridevi. Elke straathoek verkoop die salwar-kameez en dupatta wat die heldin 'n verfrissende voorkoms gegee het, wat selde op die Indiese skerm gesien word ", [97] Sridevi se dansnommer" Mere Haathon Mein Nau Nau Nau Choodiyaan "was ook gewild onder die gehoor, [98] en sy het ook haar stem verleen aan die film se gewilde titelsnit. [99] Sridevi het nominasies vir beste aktrise by Filmfare gekry vir beide Chandni en ChaalBaaz in 1989, wen vir laasgenoemde.

Yash Chopra speel Sridevi in ​​sy 1991 musikale romantiese drama tussen generasies Lamhe. The Times of India het dit opgeneem in die lys van 'Top 10 films van Yash Chopra' wat dit beskryf as 'n verhaal van "liefde wat die grense van tyd en ruimte oorskry" [100] Rediff noem dit "Een van sy mees definitiewe films, Chopra het sy eie bevindinge van romanse oortref met die insiggewende, lieflike Lamhe". [101] Sridevi het beide die rolle van ma en dogter gespeel iDiva beskryf as "nog 'n dubbele rol, maar dit was anders as wat voorheen gespeel is". [69] Groet deur Rediff [71] [102] Sridevi se volksdansnommer 'Morni Baga Ma' het ook 'n woede geword en was 'een van die merkwaardigste films van haar loopbaan. Songs 'van Yash Chopra deur Hindustan Times. [92] Lamhe was 'n ongelooflike sukses by die loket, maar het groot kritiek gekry en het deur die jare 'n kultus-klassieke geword. [58] [103] Oor die film het kritikus Rachel Dwyer geskryf in haar biografie van die filmmaker "Yash Chopra se eie gunsteling film, Lamhe ('Oomblikke', 1991), het die gehoor op 'n klasbasis verdeel: dit was baie gewild onder metropolitaanse elites en die oorsese mark, wat dit moontlik gemaak het om gelyk te breek, maar dit het 'n swak reaksie op die loket gehad (grootliks laer klas, veral die herhaling) gehoor) vanweë die veronderstelde bloedskande -tema ". [104] Die Hindoe berig dat "Met skakerings van bloedskande, Lamhe veroorsaak meer as 'n fladdering en bly die praatjie van die stad ", [105] terwyl Sridevi self in 'n onderhoud met Rajeev Masand erken dat sy die onderwerp" te vet "gevind het. [106] Alhoewel die film mee flop Rediff beskryf die mislukking daarvan as 'een van die bisarre, onverklaarbare oomblikke van teater', [101] Lamhe het 5 Filmfare -trofeë gewen, waaronder die beste film en Sridevi se tweede beste aktrise. Haar gewilde Rajasthani -kostuums in die film het ontwerper Neeta Lulla ook haar eerste National Film Award vir beste kostuumontwerp gewen. [107]

In 1992 speel Sridevi die hoofrol in die epos Khuda Gawah oorkant Amitabh Bachchan. Die aktrise speel weer 'n dubbele rol as die Afghaanse vegter Benazir en haar dogter Mehendi. Hy is meestal geskiet in Mazar-i-Sharif, Afghanistan, [108] waarmee hy goeie sake gedoen het BBC berig dat "dit vir tien weke in Kaboel na vol huise gehardloop het". Khuda Gawah bly steeds gewild in Afghanistan en Rediff berig dat die film "in groot aanvraag is na die heropening van teatersale in die land" in 2001. [109] By Filmfare het die film die beste regisseurstrofee gewen terwyl Sridevi 'n benoeming vir beste aktrise gewen het. Tydens die produksie van Jurassic Park in 1992–93 het die bekroonde Hollywood -regisseur en vervaardiger Steven Spielberg Sridevi genader vir 'n klein rol in die film. Sridevi het die aanbod egter geweier nadat hy die status van die rol geëvalueer het. Sy was die aktrise met die hoogste besoldiging in Indië van 1985 tot 1993. [110] Die aktrise se groot begroting vir 1993 Roop Ki Rani Choron Ka Raja was een van Indië se duurste films wat nog ooit gemaak is. [111] Alhoewel die film by die loket misluk het, word Sridevi waardeer Times of India noem haar vermomming in 'n komedietoneel 'die beste rol van Suid -Indië ooit deur 'n aktrise'. [112]

Sridevi speel volgende in die 1993 -riller Gumrah, oorkant Sanjay Dutt. Onder die regie van Mahesh Bhatt speel die aktrise 'n sanger wat valslik beskuldig word van dwelmsmokkel in Hong Kong. Bollyspice het in sy 'Sridevi Retrospective' gesê dat "Ondanks baie goeie optredes van die res van die rolverdeling, Gumrah was regtig Sridevi se film. Sy het die vroulike emosie en robuustheid tot 'n groot mate geïllustreer, dat u die film grotendeels onthou vir haar belangrike bydrae daartoe. " in Laadla die sakemagnaat Sheetal Jaitley speel. Die karakter, beskryf deur Times of India as 'onbeskof, dominerend en baie mededingend' [112], het sy nog 'n nominasie vir beste aktrise vir Filmfare gebring.

Sy speel in haar comeback -film in Malayalam in 1996 Bharathan's Devaraagam, 'n liefdesverhaal waarin sy oorkant Aravind Swamy gespeel het. Die laaste groot rolprent waarin Sridevi gespeel het voordat sy 'n blaaskans van die bedryf geneem het, was Judaai, vrygestel in 1997. Saam met Anil Kapoor en Urmila Matondkar speel die aktrise 'n gulsige huisvrou wat baie moeite doen vir geld. Die kritikus Subhash K. Jha, wat oor haar swanesang gepraat het, het geskryf dat Sridevi 'ons die mooiste haas in die steek gelaat het' Judaai. 'N Verskriklike film wat ek al male sonder tal gekyk het om te sien hoe sy die geldsinnige harridan speel wat haar man aan Urmila Matondkar' verkoop '. Wie anders as Sridevi kan so 'n verregaande rol speel met so 'n entoesiastiese elan ?! "[114] terwyl Bollyspice verklaar dat "sy haar gepoleerde toneelspelvaardighede gebruik het om haar karakter se hebsug en individualisme op so 'n groteske vlak te illustreer." [71] Judaai het Sridevi haar agtste nominasie vir beste rolprent in Filmfare besorg. In 1996 trou Sridevi met Boney Kapoor van die beroemde Bollywood Royalty, die Kapoor -gesin. Gedurende die jare 1996–1997 het haar ma komplikasies gehad wat veroorsaak word deur breinkanker. Na haar ma se dood in 1997, het Sridevi 'n pouse uit die filmbedryf.

2004–2010: Kort terugkeer en televisie -debuut Edit

Na 'n onderbreking van 6 jaar keer Sridevi kortliks terug na die klein skerm in die Sahara-sitkom Malini Iyer (2004–2005). Sy verskyn ook op Jeena Isi Ka Naam Hai (2004) en as beoordelaar in die TV -program Kaboom (2005). Sy het 'n mengelmoes van sommige van haar musieknommers by die 52ste Filmfare Awards 2007 uitgevoer. Sy was ook lid van die Raad van Direkteure van die Asian Academy of Film & amp Television. [115]

Op 19 September 2009 verskyn Sridevi op die Sony TV -program 10 Ka Dum.

Op 13 Mei 2012 verskyn Sridevi in ​​die Star Plus-geselsprogram Satyamev Jayate.

Sridevi het ook 'n passie vir skilderkuns ontwikkel. In Maart 2010 is haar skilderye verkoop deur 'n internasionale kunsveilinghuis met die geld wat ingesamel is. [116]

2012–2018: Volledige terugkeer, finale werke en postume filmoptredes

Na 'n 15-jaar afwesigheid van film, speel Sridevi 'n hoofrol Engels Vinglish (2012), 'n komediedrama van die debuutregisseur Gauri Shinde. [117] In die film speel sy Shashi Godbole, 'n huisvrou wat vir 'n Engelssprekende kursus inskryf nadat haar man en dogter bespot het met haar Engelse vaardighede. Die film en die uitvoering van Sridevi het groot kritiek gekry. The Times of India noem dit "maklik een van die beste films van 2012" en Sridevi se optrede "'n meesterklas vir akteurs." [118] Raja Sen van Rediff het gevind dat die rolprent '' 'n wenner is [...] Slegs 2 films elke jaar maak seker dat u dit sien Engels Vinglish twee keer! "[120] Rajeev Masand van CNN-IBN skryf Sridevi lewer "'n prestasie wat niks minder as perfek is nie [.] Dit is warm en vaag en laat jou met 'n groot glimlag op jou gesig." [121] "Sridevi doesn't miss a beat. Her performance is a triumph", added the critic Anupama Chopra. [122] Komal Nahta said she "makes the best comeback in Bollywood history and delivers a landmark performance." [123]

With the high critical acclaim and huge commercial success of English Vinglish, Sridevi became the only actress in Bollywood to make a successful comeback as a leading lady after marriage and a long hiatus. [124] [125] Gauri Shinde featured her in the Financial Times 2012 list of '25 Indians To Watch'. [126] She topped Rediff.com's annual listing of the "Bollywood's Best Actresses" in 2012 the website wrote English Vinglish "is a simple film where things are credible, never melodramatic" and Sridevi "always judges the tone right. It's the sort of performance younger actresses should learn from." [127] Sridevi was declared the most-admired Bollywood actress of 2012 in a mobile survey conducted by Vuclip, the world's largest mobile research company. [128] She was nominated for several awards, including her ninth nomination for Best Actress at Filmfare. [129] Following an appearance during the song "Apna Bombay Talkies" in the film Bombay Talkies (2013), [130] Sridevi starred in the Tamil fantasy action adventure film Puli (2015), [131] which became her last Tamil film before her death in 2018. [132]

Sridevi was next seen in her home production titled Mom (2017), which marked her 300th film. [133] In the thriller film, she played a mother who sets out to avenge the rape of her daughter. Sridevi said that as a mother and an artiste, she empathized with her character's rage, and found it hard to be in a normal state during the filming. [134] Mom was released on 7 July 2017 to highly positive reviews, with critics widely appreciating Sridevi's performance. [135] The Times of India en The Indian Express added Sridevi "demonstrates why she is the high-priestess of Indian cinema" and that she "needs only a twitch or a glance to prove that she is a powerhouse and there are several scenes she lifts by just being there." [136] [137] For her performance, Sridevi received the National Film Award for Best Actress and earned nominations for Best Actress and Best Actress (Critics) at Filmfare and the Screen Award for Best Actress. [138] At the time of her death, Sridevi was not shooting for any upcoming films and her last on-screen appearance was in Aanand L. Rai's film Nul (2018) in a cameo. [139] Sridevi had signed the 2019 film Kalank, produced by Karan Johar however, due to her demise she was replaced by Madhuri Dixit. [140] Another film she had signed, the Malayalam film Sree Sree Devaraagam, a sequel to Sridevi's own 1996 hit film Devaraagam, was subsequently shelved after her death in 2018. [141]

Mode wysig

Sridevi is cited by media publications as a fashion icon. Her taste in clothes was varied and ranged from stylish casual to opulently majestic. She made her debut as a fashion model in 2008. The actress modelled clothes for designers Priya and Chintan at the Lakme Fashion Week. [142] The next year, she displayed the work of jewelry designer Queenie Dhodhy at the HDIL India Couture Week. [143] She worked at Lakme Fashion Week again in 2010, [144] and at Delhi Couture Week 2012, showing clothes designed by Sabyasachi Mukherjee. [145]

She has also appeared on the cover of several fashion magazines. In 2007, she was featured on the cover of Hi Blitz with the tagline "The Goddess Returns". [146] In 2011, she featured on the cover of Marie Claire, [147] and in 2012, she was on the cover of L'Officiel. [148] In 2013, Sridevi appeared on the cover of Vogue, which was mentioned in Hindustan Times, [149] The Times of India, [150] and India Today. [151]

Sridevi received the 'Ultimate Diva' award at the Ciroc Filmfare Glamour & Style Awards in 2015. [152] [153]

Sridevi was always accompanied by her mother Rajeshwari or by her sister Srilatha to the film sets during shooting of her films between 1972 and 1994. [154] Sanjay Ramasamy is married to her sister Srilatha since 1989. [155]

Her father died in 1991, while she was shooting for Lamhe [156] and her mother died in 1996, as a result of the complications suffered from an operation that she underwent in 1995 on a brain tumor at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York. The neurosurgeon operated on the wrong side of her brain destroying her vital tissues of vision and recent memory. This was widely reported in US media at that time which then led to a successful court battle and prompted then President Bill Clinton’s proposal of a program for hospitals to disclose their medical malpractice and errors. [157] [158] [159]

Sridevi was extremely discreet about her privacy and rarely gave interviews or discussed her private life in them. In the 1980s, she was reported to have married actor Mithun Chakraborty, [160] whom she met on the sets of Jaag Utha Insan (1984). [9] In 1996, she married producer Boney Kapoor. The couple had two daughters, Janhvi (born. 1997), who is herself an actress, and Khushi (born. 2000). [161] [162]

Despite being known for her portrayals of a strong, vivacious and exuberant woman on-screen, Sridevi was an extremely introverted and reserved person off-screen. CNN-IBN correspondent Rajeev Masand says "I have never known anyone who was so painfully shy, so quiet off-screen, who just transformed into a force of nature when the cameras came on. She was an interviewer’s nightmare, but the movie-buff’s dream". [163] Commenting on her reserved nature, Firstpost says "Behind the glamorous heroine with twinkling, magical eyes and a stunning face, was an inherently shy woman, often mistaken as arrogant. The truth is she was shy. Having begun to act when she was just 4, she did not complete formal education or get much of a chance to interact with kids of her own age. Consequently, she developed a strong dislike for crowds and noise." [164]

On 20 February 2018, Sridevi and her youngest daughter Khushi had flown to Al Jazirah Al Hamra in Ras al-Khaimah, United Arab Emirates, to attend the wedding of her nephew Mohit Marwah. She decided to spend a couple of days in Dubai to shop for her eldest daughter Janhvi's 21st birthday, after the wedding. [165] [166] Her husband Boney Kapoor was not present with them on the wedding day as he had to attend a meeting in Lucknow on 22 February. However he had already planned a surprise visit to his wife, with whom he spoke on the morning of 24 February, when she told him that "Papa (that's how Sridevi addressed Boney), I'm missing you." [167] According to Boney, he took a 15:30 flight to Dubai and reached Jumeirah Emirates Towers Hotel around 18:20 (Dubai time) in Room 2201 where the actress was staying. She and Boney briefly met and chatted for 30 minutes or so. Afterwards, they decided to have dinner. [168] Sridevi went to bathe and to get dressed for dinner, while Boney waited in the living room. After 15–20 minutes, around 19:00, he called out to the actress as they were getting late but was unable to get a response. [169]

Sridevi was pronounced dead on 24 February 2018 at 19:00 GMT in her hotel room where her husband had found her. [4] [18] [170] At first, it was announced by her brother in-law Sanjay Kapoor to the Indian media that the cause of death was a cardiac arrest, but the investigation to her death began early Sunday morning around 2:30, and the case was transferred to Dubai Public Prosecution by Dubai Police, where General Department of Forensic Evidence, Dubai revealed that the cause of death was "accidental drowning". [171] [172] [173] The toxicology report later also revealed that traces of alcohol were found in her body, and water was found in her lungs. [174] [175] [176]

After rumors that news of her death was an Internet hoax, her brother-in-law, Sanjay Kapoor, confirmed that it was indeed true. [177] [178] [179] Her fans, co-stars and other Bollywood stars posted condolences on Twitter to mourn the death. [180] [181] [182] [183] After a few days of police investigation, on 27 February, Sridevi's case was closed, and on the night of that day, her body was flown back to Mumbai, India. Ashraf Thamarassery, a Keralite who helped bring back her body to India [184] [185] by her husband and her stepson, Arjun Kapoor, on a private jet belonging to Anil Ambani. [186] Her funeral took place on 28 February, at the Vile Parle Seva Samaj Crematorium in Mumbai. The final rites were performed by her husband Boney Kapoor. [187] [188] Sridevi was cremated with state honours and also received a gun salute at her funeral. [189] Her pyre was lit by her husband. [190] On 3 March, Sridevi's ashes were flown into Tamil Nadu via Chennai by her husband and her two daughters Jhanvi Kapoor and Khushi Kapoor and later taken to and immersed in the sea off the coast of Rameshwaram. [191] [192]

Tributes and reactions Edit

The film industry, friends, and fans responded to her death through social and other media outlets. Her husband, Boney Kapoor, wrote: “To the world, she was their Chandni, the actor par excellence, their Sridevi, but to me, she was my love, my friend, mother to our girls, my partner. To our daughters, she was their everything, their life. She was the axis around which our family ran." [193] The Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi lamented the death of the actress. On social media, he stated: "Saddened by the untimely demise of noted actor Sridevi. She was a veteran of the film industry, whose long career included diverse roles and memorable performances. My thoughts are with her family and admirers in this hour of grief. May her soul rest in peace." [194] President Ramnath Kovind wrote: "Shocked to hear of passing of movie star Sridevi. She has left millions of fans heartbroken. Her performances in films such as Moondram Pirai, Lamhe en English Vinglish remain an inspiration for other actors. My condolences to her family and close associates." [195]

Many from the film fraternity and close relatives of Sridevi paid homage to her at Celebration Sports Club in Lokhandwala and also at her funeral. [196] [197] [198] Thousands of fans took to streets and paid their respects to the actress. Police had to resort to lathi-charge to control the number of fans who gathered for the procession from Celebration Sports Complex to the crematorium, the crowd was said to be more than 7,000. [199] [200]

Sridevi's funeral is estimated to have attracted the fourth-highest number of mourners, ranking below the 3 previous biggest funeral processions of non-political film personalities Mohammad Rafi, Kishore Kumar and Rajesh Khanna in India from the Hindi film industry. [201]

Sridevi is regarded as one of the greatest and most influential actresses of Indian cinema. [202] [203] [204] [205] Due to her pan-Indian appeal, she is cited as one of the most popular actresses of Indian cinema. [53] [206] [207] [208] [209] Highly regarded for her range as an actor, critics have commended particularly her comedic abilities [76] and her skills as a dancer. [210] During the 1980s, Sridevi was the highest-earning woman in the Indian entertainment industry. [53] For her role in Mr. India (1987), she was paid a then-unprecedented ₹11 lakhs, making her the highest-paid Indian actress ever. [211] In a 2013 national poll conducted by CNN-IBN on the occasion of the centenary of Indian cinema, Sridevi was voted "India's Greatest Actress in 100 Years", [212] [213] and she placed #10 in a UK poll, "100 Greatest Bollywood Stars", in the same year. [214] In 2012, Sridevi was placed at No. 2 by NDTV in the listing of "The most popular Bollywood actresses of all time". [215] Sridevi featured in Box Office India's Top Actresses list for a record setting 15 consecutive years (1983–97). [216]

An epitaph in Firstpost pointed out that Sridevi had been sufficiently important as an actor to be able to refuse parts in movies, [217] and The News Minute called her "a pathbreaker in many ways". [218] Die voog called her "the undisputed queen of Indian Cinema" . [9]

-Firstpost on the influence of Sridevi. [219] [220]

Film critic Sukanya Verma described Sridevi as "one-of-a-kind". She wrote, "Sridevi's biggest plus point is her ability to be completely uninhibited in front of the camera." [221]

Sridevi's performances, acting style and technique have been influential and have inspired numerous actresses including Juhi Chawla, Karisma Kapoor, Kajol, Rani Mukherji, Preity Zinta, Aishwarya Rai Bachchan, Kareena Kapoor, Priyanka Chopra, Vidya Balan, Deepika Padukone, Asin, Alia Bhatt, Nayanthara, Kajal Aggarwal and Anushka Shetty, who have cited her as an inspiration. [ aanhaling nodig ] In a piece for Time magazine, Priyanka Chopra wrote, "Everyone wanted her and wanted to be like her. She could be childlike, grown-up, funny, serious, beguiling, sexy—she was the ultimate actor. [. ] She was my childhood, and one of the big reasons I became an actor." [222]

In the Telugu biopic NTR: Kathanayakudu, Sridevi was portrayed by Rakul Preet Singh. [223]

In a highly exceptional move, the actress became one of the few people from the Indian entertainment industry to be accorded with full state honours usually reserved only for current and former prime ministers, union and state ministers. [224] Sridevi was included in 2018 Ter nagedagtenis section during the 90th Academy Awards ceremony. [225] On the occasion of Sridevi's birthday on 13 August 2019, Madame Tussauds Singapore has announced that a wax statue would soon be dedicated to her. [226] The statue is a replica of Sridevi's look in the iconic song, "Hawaa Hawaai" from Mr. India. Her daughters, Janhvi Kapoor and Khushi Kapoor were present at the ceremony accompanied by her husband, producer Boney Kapoor. [227]

In 2018, author and journalist Lalita Iyer wrote a biography of Sridevi. [228] In 2019, author and screenwriter Satyarth Nayak wrote a biography of Sridevi. [229] The book, Sridevi: The Eternal Screen Goddess, was published by Penguin Random House. It received positive reviews in The Times of India [230] and Die Hindoe, [231] and was also reviewed in India Today, [232] Die week, [233] Mid Day', [234] Vogue India, [235] and Firstpost. [236]


Disposable scalpels

King C. Gillette founded the American Safety Razor Company (later the Gillette Safety Razor Company) in 1901 to produce and market a handle-and-frame device that held disposable razors. John Murphy, MD, FACS, a Chicago, IL, surgeon and one of the founders of the ACS, adapted Gillette’s razors into a tool that could be used when performing surgical operations. Dr. Murphy’s version featured interchangeable blades, although it required extra instruments to complete a blade exchange. 16

In 1914, Morgan Parker, a 22-year-old engineer, invented the two-piece blade-and-handle medical scalpel that is used in ORs today. 10 It allowed rapid mass-produced, sharp blades to be used and exchanged on standard reusable handles. According to legend, Mr. Parker’s uncle, a New York, NY, surgeon, became impatient with the cumbersome process of the blade exchange in his busy practice. A glance at Mr. Parker’s elegant solution reveals its genius (see Figure 5). He stated the following in his original patent application: “For the purpose of securing the blade to the handle, headed studs are preferably provided on the handle adapted to co-act with suitable slots in the blade. When such headed studs and slot are employed, the blade may be readily secured upon the handle and when in position will be held so rigidly as to preclude the possibility of movement relative to the handle.” 17

Figure 5. Morgan Parker’s original patent

Source: United States Patent and Trademark Office, www.uspto.gov

When Mr. Parker presented his scalpel at the ACS Clinical Congress of 1915 in Boston, MA, its reception encouraged him to take it to production. Mr. Parker, an engineer but not a businessman, sought a partner. The first name listed alphabetically in the phone book under “medical suppliers” was C.R. Bard. Together, they formed the Bard-Parker Company, which became one of the iconic names in surgery. They developed cold sterilization to avoid superheating, which killed microorganisms, but also dulled the blade. The rib-back handle replaced those that bore the paired studs in 1936 in order to ensure one-way fitment between the blade and handle.

The numbering system of blades and handles is arbitrary, a fact that likely confirms the suspicions of generations of surgical interns. As part of the Bard-Parker marketing scheme, each new blade and handle design was given a new number and occasionally a letter that denoted a “new and improved” model (for example, #15C). 18 As a result, a given number has no relation to size, shape, sharpness, or even a place in the product timeline.


6. Elephants roam in Thailand.

Thais have a special place in their hearts for elephants. If you look at the shape of Thailand, it even resembles an elephant’s head. A hundred years ago, Thailand was home to over 100,000 elephants. Today the number has dwindled to 5,000. Over half of them are domesticated the rest still live in the wild. Take this quick quiz to discover more. And then, have fun creating your own elephant craft.


Eventually the truth has a habit of coming out...

Here is another of those stories that was never taught in school and intentionally suppressed by MSM. Just when you thought you knew the bad guys, a little history is revealed to demonstrate you don’t.

The more knowledge gained about the history of slavery, and the general history of Black people, the more you will understand why our society is the way it is. Why the truth is a threat to national security? Why we are in the midst of an information war? Why Black people are needed for White America to prosper? This article is not going to answer those questions however it will share tidbits of Black history not known to most that I hope we will build on over time as more readers share information and knowledge.

#EngagedE #BlackHistory

You think concentration camps started with the Nazis? Read on…

In the 1860’s, untold numbers of freed slaves were reportedly forced into American concentration camps as they made their way to freedom. They were rounded up, and some lynched, others killed, or many forced back into hard labor and subjected to torture. These contraband camps were hastily built next to Union army camps. Ja, Unie army! The same group of men who claimed to be fighting to free slaves in the name of humanity.

Did you know the Union army subjected the freed slaves to even worse than slavery? As if that could be fathomed.

Our official educators and the mainstream media have intentionally buried this story, and very little detailed information is readily available on searching. This is not surprising as it casts the Union army in a new light, plus makes one re-evaluate the real motive for the Civil War instead of the fairy tale fed to our children in school.

These camps were in Natchez, Mississippi located in an area known as the Devil’s Punchbowl. Here, over 20,000 freed slaves died in this Union army concentration camp. These men, women, and children not even given a proper burial. Shovels were left for the living to bury the bodies where they dropped. Can you imagine bodies buried in the camp where men, women, and children lived?

Black people, overjoyed at being free at last, only to be forced into conditions worse than they had left. It was something none of them could have conceived. Thousands begged to return to slavery. No wonder some call this ‘The Black Holocaust’!

Obama allocated millions of dollars in reparations to Jewish survivors of The Holocaust. Will Black people get reparations for the suffering, torture, and murder inflicted upon them by White America? Affirmative action was a quasi-reparation to Blacks for years of chronic discrimination in America. Today, the mere mention of the word is a source of deep resentment among Whites that spill over into suits about reverse discrimination. And that’s another story.

Next time you are asked to choose between Republicans and Democrats, remember the Union army’s role in building concentration camps for freed slaves and the Confederate army’s role in supporting slavery. Same coin, just two different sides. Don’t we see a bit of that today in the US Government?


2018 fourth warmest year in continued warming trend, according to NASA, NOAA

Earth's global surface temperature in 2018 was the fourth warmest since 1880, according to independent analyses by NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

Global temperatures in 2018 were 1.5 degrees Fahrenheit (0.83 degrees Celsius) warmer than the 1951 to 1980 mean, according to scientists at NASA&rsquos Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) in New York. Globally, 2018's temperatures rank behind those of 2016, 2017 and 2015. The past five years are, collectively, the warmest years in the modern record.

&ldquo2018 is yet again an extremely warm year on top of a long-term global warming trend,&rdquo said GISS Director Gavin Schmidt.

Since the 1880s, the average global surface temperature has risen about 2 degrees Fahrenheit (1 degree Celsius). This warming has been driven in large part by increased emissions into the atmosphere of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases caused by human activities, according to Schmidt.

Weather dynamics often affect regional temperatures, so not every region on Earth experienced similar amounts of warming. NOAA found the 2018 annual mean temperature for the contiguous 48 United States was the 14th warmest on record.

Warming trends are strongest in the Arctic region, where 2018 saw the continued loss of sea ice. In addition, mass loss from the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets continued to contribute to sea level rise. Increasing temperatures can also contribute to longer fire seasons and some extreme weather events, according to Schmidt.

&ldquoThe impacts of long-term global warming are already being felt &mdash in coastal flooding, heat waves, intense precipitation and ecosystem change,&rdquo said Schmidt.

NASA&rsquos temperature analyses incorporate surface temperature measurements from 6,300 weather stations, ship- and buoy-based observations of sea surface temperatures, and temperature measurements from Antarctic research stations.

These raw measurements are analyzed using an algorithm that considers the varied spacing of temperature stations around the globe and urban heat island effects that could skew the conclusions. These calculations produce the global average temperature deviations from the baseline period of 1951 to 1980.

Because weather station locations and measurement practices change over time, the interpretation of specific year-to-year global mean temperature differences has some uncertainties. Taking this into account, NASA estimates that 2018&rsquos global mean change is accurate to within 0.1 degree Fahrenheit, with a 95 percent certainty level.

NOAA scientists used much of the same raw temperature data, but with a different baseline period and different interpolation into the Earth&rsquos polar and other data poor regions. NOAA&rsquos analysis found 2018 global temperatures were 1.42 degrees Fahrenheit (0.79 degrees Celsius) above the 20th century average.

NASA&rsquos full 2018 surface temperature data set &mdash and the complete methodology used to make the temperature calculation &mdash are available at:

GISS is a laboratory within the Earth Sciences Division of NASA&rsquos Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland. The laboratory is affiliated with Columbia University&rsquos Earth Institute and School of Engineering and Applied Science in New York.

NASA uses the unique vantage point of space to better understand Earth as an interconnected system. The agency also uses airborne and ground-based monitoring, and develops new ways to observe and study Earth with long-term data records and computer analysis tools to better see how our planet is changing. NASA shares this knowledge with the global community and works with institutions in the United States and around the world that contribute to understanding and protecting our home planet.


February 8, 2018 Day 10 of the Second Yearv - History

It's been 45 years since Jane Seymour first posed in Playboy -- and it's our lucky day, because she's back! The 67-year-old knockout recently sat down for an interview and sexy photo shoot at her stunning Malibu home.

“I haven’t done any surgeries or injections or anything. I haven’t done any of it,” she told Playboy. “So I still look like ‘me.’ Everyday I’m kind of tempted, but then I look at people I know and I don’t [recognize] them. I’m authentically being me. That’s important to me.”

Before checking out her new photos, take a look at Jane from her early years. She did Playboy shoots in 1973 -- when she landed her breakout role as Bond girl Solitaire in "Live and Let Die" -- and in 1987.

The mom of four is absolutely living her best life, as evidenced not only by her Playboy spread but also her Instagram, where she loves posting photos of her kids, grandkids -- and her bombshell bikini body!

Take a look, starting with Jane's favorite image from the sensual shoot. (And read her full Playboy interview here.)


‘Many more steps to take’

In the century since it was first established, International Women’s Day has come to be marked just as frequently with celebration as it is with protest, but the day’s legacy remains steeped in the struggle for women’s rights &mdash an element that has gained renewed relevance in recent months, particularly as the #MeToo movement has taken on global dimensions.

Looking to the history of International Women’s Day today in Russia, Ruthchild points out the “irony” of recent developments in laws affecting Russian women for example, last year Vladimir Putin signed a controversial amendment to a law that decriminalized some forms of domestic violence. “How did a society which touted women’s liberation turn so quickly into a society that has reacted so strongly against notions of women’s equality and women’s rights?” she says.

And Russia is by no means the only country where women continue to face challenges to their rights. “Certainly, there are people and leaders in the U.S. who would like to turn back the clock too,” says Ruthchild. In the time since President Trump’s election in 2016 and the Women’s March in early 2017, American women have been mobilized to action by conversations surrounding sexual harassment, equal pay, threats to reproductive healthcare and more.

International Women’s Day doesn’t seem likely to lose its radical flavor any time soon.

“Days like IWD are a time to celebrate the gains that have been made and to measure how far we have come,” Boris says, “but also to see that there are many more steps to take and to rededicate to the struggle ahead.”


Kyk die video: Deken Smeets neemt afscheid - 12 november 2018 - Peel en Maas TV Venray (Oktober 2021).