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Columbia Records laat die countrylegende Johnny Cash na 26 jaar val

Columbia Records laat die countrylegende Johnny Cash na 26 jaar val


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Die krities bekroonde biografie uit 2002 Walk The Line beeld die lewe en loopbaan van Johnny Cash uit van sy aanvanklike opkoms tot ster in die 1950's tot sy herlewing na 'n afname in dwelms in die 1960's. Die keuse van hierdie tydperk het vanuit Hollywood -perspektief volkome sin gemaak, maar vanuit 'n historiese perspektief het dit meer as die helfte van die verhaal uitgelaat. Daar was nog 'n dramatiese herlewing in die tweede helfte van Johnny Cash se loopbaan van 50 jaar, wat op 15 Julie 1986 'n ander laagtepunt bereik het, toe Columbia Records hom uit die lys haal ná 26 jaar van geskiedenisskaping.

Columbia onderteken Johnny Cash vir die eerste keer in 1960 deur 'n winsgewende kontrak te gebruik om hom weg te lok van sy Sun Records, sy eerste etiket en ook die vroeë tuiste van Elvis Presley, Jerry Lee Lewis en Carl Perkins. Cash se eerste enkelsnit van Columbia, "All Over Again", het die land die top -5 gehaal, en sy tweede, "Don't Take Your Guns To Town", het tot by #1 gekom, terwyl hy ook na die pop -top 40 gekom het. Maar die grootste treffers van Cash se loopbaan kom nog, insluitend ongelooflike agt #1-albums in 'n tydperk van agt jaar: Ring of Fire: The Best of Johnny Cash (1963); Ek loop die lyn (1964); Johnny Cash se grootste treffers (1967); By die Folsom -gevangenis (1968); By San Quentin (1969); Hallo, ek is Johnny Cash (1970); Die Johnny Cash Show (1970); en Man In Swart (1971). Gedurende hierdie tydperk het Johnny Cash hom gevestig as 'n titaniese figuur in die Amerikaanse populêre kultuur, terwyl hy miljoene en miljoene plate vir Columbia verkoop het, maar teen die middel van die tagtigerjare het modes in country-musiek dramaties van sy outydse styl afgeskuif, en die treffers het eenvoudig opgehou kom.

In 1986, nadat die jazz-legende Miles Davis ook onlangs uit sy kunstenaarslys geskrap is, het Columbia besluit om sy nie meer winsgewende verhouding met Johnny Cash te beëindig. Cash het nie lank professioneel aan die gang gebly nie, maar vier oorspronklike albums en talle heropnames van vroeëre materiaal oor die volgende sewe jaar op Mercury Records vrygestel. Maar eers in 1994 het Cash werklik weer sy kreatiewe peiling gevind. Dit was die jaar dat hy die album uitgereik het Amerikaanse opnames, die eerste in 'n reeks albums op die gelyknamige etiket onder leiding van Rick Rubin, die oorspronklike vervaardiger van die Beastie Boys en die medestigter, saam met Russell Simmons, van Def Jam Records.

Onder die invloed van Rubin het Cash oorgegaan na 'n rou, gestroopte klank wat uiters suksesvol was by kritici, met country-tradisionaliste en met hipster-nuwelinge in country-musiek. Toe sy tweede Rubin-vervaardigde album, Ongeketting, in 1998 'n Grammy gewen vir die beste countryalbum, het American Recordings 'n advertensie van 'n volledige bladsy geplaas Advertensiebord tydskrif met 'n foto van 1970 waarin Cash sy middelvinger onder die sarkastiese kopielyn laat vaar, "American Recordings en Johnny Cash wil die musiekinstelling en die radio van Nashville erken vir u ondersteuning."

Johnny Cash het nog twee uiters suksesvolle solo-albums met American Recordings gehad voor sy dood in 2003. Rick Rubin word in 2007 mede-hoof van Columbia Records, 'n pos wat hy in 2012 verlaat het.


Johnny Cash

John R. Cash (gebore J. R. Kontant 26 Februarie 1932 - 12 September 2003) was 'n Amerikaanse sanger, liedjieskrywer, musikant en akteur. [4] Baie van Cash se musiek bevat temas van hartseer, morele verdrukking en verlossing, veral in die latere stadiums van sy loopbaan. [5] [6] Hy was bekend vir sy diep, kalm bas-baritonstem, [a] [7] die kenmerkende klank van sy Tennessee Three-orkes, gekenmerk deur treinagtige kitaarritmes, 'n opstandigheid [8] [9] ] tesame met 'n toenemend sombere en nederige houding, [5] gratis gevangeniskonserte, [10] en 'n handelsmerk van 'n swart klerekas wat hom die bynaam gegee het "Die man in swart". [b]

Cash, gebore uit arm katoenboere in Kingsland, Arkansas, het na vier jaar in die lugmag bekendheid verwerf in die ontluikende rockabilly -toneel in Memphis, Tennessee. Hy begin tradisioneel sy konserte deur bloot homself voor te stel: "Hello, I'm Johnny Cash", [c] gevolg deur "Folsom Prison Blues", een van sy kenmerkende liedjies. Benewens "Folsom Prison Blues" bevat sy ander handtekeningliedjies "I Walk the Line", "Ring of Fire", "Get Rhythm" en "Man in Black". Hy het ook humoristiese nommers soos 'One Piece at a Time' en 'A Boy Named Sue' opgeneem, 'n duet met sy toekomstige vrou, June, genaamd 'Jackson' (gevolg deur nog vele duette na hul troue) en liedjies soos 'Hey' , Porter "," Orange Blossom Special "en" Rock Island Line ". [13] Gedurende die laaste fase van sy loopbaan het hy liedjies gedek deur kontemporêre rockartieste van die tyd, en sy mees opvallende covers was "Hurt" van Nine Inch Nails, "Rusty Cage" van Soundgarden en "Personal Jesus" van Depeche Mode.

Cash is een van die topverkoper-musiekkunstenaars van alle tye en het meer as 90 miljoen plate wêreldwyd verkoop. [14] [15] Sy genre-omspannende musiek omvat country, rock en roll, rockabilly, blues, folk en gospelklanke. Hierdie crossover -appèl besorg hom die seldsame eer om opgeneem te word in die Country Music, Rock and Roll en Gospel Music Halls of Fame.


Johnny Cash

Carrie Rivers kontant. Toe John drie jaar oud was, het sy pa gebruik gemaak van 'n nuwe Roosevelt -plaasprogram en sy jong gesin na Dyess Colony in die noordooste van Arkansas verhuis. Daar boer die Cash -gesin 20 hektaar katoen en ander seisoenale gewasse, en die jong John het saam met sy ouers en broers en susters in die veld gewerk.

Musiek was 'n integrale deel van die daaglikse lewe in die Cash -huishouding. John het 'n verskeidenheid musikale invloede ingeslaan, van die volksliedere en gesange van sy ma tot die werksliedere uit die veld en nabygeleë spoorweë. Hy het hierdie geluide geabsorbeer asof 'n spons water opneem. In latere jare sou Cash uit sy lewe in Arkansas put vir inspirasie: "Pickin 'Time", "Five Feet High and Rising" en "Look at Them Beans" is alles refleksies oor Cash se vroeë lewe.

Kontant het in Dyess Colony gebly tot met sy hoërskool in 1950. As jong man het hy na Detroit gegaan op soek na werk. Hy beland in Pontiac, Mich., En werk in 'n motorfabriek. Sy ampstermyn in die Noordland was kortstondig en Cash het gou by die Amerikaanse lugmag aangesluit. Na basiese opleiding in Texas (waar hy die eerste vrou Vivian Liberto ontmoet het), is hy na Landsberg, Duitsland, gestuur. Terwyl hy in diens was, het Cash sy eerste orkes, die Landsberg Barbarians, georganiseer. duim | 300px | regs | Johnny Cash - Hurt

Na sy ontslag in 1954 keer Cash terug na die staat en trou met Liberto. Hy en sy nuwe bruid vestig hom gou in Memphis, waar Cash 'n verskeidenheid werksgeleenthede - insluitend dié van 'n verkoper van toestelle - werk terwyl hy by die musiekbedryf probeer inbreek.

In 1954 het Cash ’n oudisie as solo -kunstenaar vir Sam Phillips se Sun Records gedoen. Hy het die hoop gewek om gospelmusiek vir die etiket op te neem, maar Phillips het die idee onmiddellik ontwrig. Teen die volgende lente was Cash egter in die Sun Studios om saam met sy band The Tennessee Three op te neem. Die oorspronklike groep het bestaan ​​uit kitaarspeler Luther Perkins, baskitaarspeler Marshall Grant en Red Kernodle op pedaalstaal. Kernodle het uit die sessie gered en Cash se eerste vrystelling vir die etiket, "Hey Porter", het 'n yl, maar hoogs effektiewe instrumentale begeleiding gehad. Alhoewel dit 'n indrukwekkende enkelsnit was, kon die liedjie nie in kaart bring nie.

Cash se opvolgberig vir Sun het egter aansienlik beter gevaar. "Cry, Cry, Cry" het daarin geslaag om te kraak Advertensiebords Top 20, wat 'n hoogtepunt bereik het op nommer 14. 'n Lang reeks opeenvolgende kaarte het gevolg. "So Doggone Lonesome" en "Folsom Prison Blues" breek albei in by die vakblad se Top 10. Maar Cash se vierde treffer -enkelsnit was sy loopbaansang. "I Walk the Line" geskiet naAdvertensiebordse nommer 1 -posisie en het ongelooflike 43 weke op die rekordkaarte gebly en uiteindelik meer as 2 miljoen eksemplare verkoop.

In 1956 het hy 'n jarelange droom verwesenlik toe hy genooi is om op die Grand Ole Opry op te tree. Teen 1957 het Cash 'n indrukwekkende reeks treffers behaal en meer as 200 datums per jaar gewerk. Die jaar daarna skakel hy oor na Columbia Records op soek na meer artistieke vryheid. Hy het nog steeds aspirasies gehad om evangelieverslae te maak en het gevoel dat hy 'n beter kans het om hierdie doelwit op 'n ander etiket te bereik.

Gedurende die res van die vyftigerjare en tot in die sestigerjare het Cash voortgegaan om merkwaardige rekords te lewer en konsekwent in kaart gebring. "Don't Take Your Guns to Town", "I Got Stripes", "Ring of Fire", "Understand Your Man" en "The Ballad of Ira Hayes" het almal die boonste registers van die rekordkaarte bereik. Voorkoms op Die Ed Sullivan Show, Die Tonight Show en ander top-gegradeerde netwerkprogramme gevolg. In die vroeë 1960's het konsepalbums soos Bitter trane en Ballades van die Ware Weste maak hom 'n gunsteling onder die volksmusiek, wat uitloop op 'n verskyning op die Newport Folk Festival.

Maar alles was nie goed nie. Kontant het buite beheer geraak. Sy huwelik was besig om in duie te stort en egskeiding was onvermydelik. Sy uitmergelende toerprogram (wat nou tot 300 vertonings per jaar was) het ook sy tol geëis. Kontant het van dwelms afhanklik geraak om die gejaagde pas vol te hou. Teen die middel van die 1960's was Cash 'n wrak en dit het 'n impak op sy loopbaan gehad.

Teen 1967 kon Cash egter sy verslawing oorkom met die hulp van sy sangmaat June Carter en haar gesin. In 1968 is hy en Carter getroud en het sy loopbaan 'n renaissance beleef. Gedurende die res van die dekade en tot in die sewentigerjare was Cash boaan sy spel. 'N Paar lewendige opnames wat in die Folsom -gevangenis en San Quentin gemaak is, het albei goud gekry, en 'n paar toekennings het gevolg, waaronder die Country Music Association se entertainer of the year en Male Vocalist -toekennings in 1969.

Die finale uitbetaling was egter 'n netwerk -televisieplek. Première in 1969, Die Johnny Cash Show uitgesaai op ABC. Die vertoning is opgeneem in die Ryman -ouditorium van Nashville en bevat 'n eklektiese mengsel van gaste, van Bob Dylan en Neil Young tot Louis Armstrong en Merle Haggard. Deur sy keuse van gaste het Cash gehelp om die generasiegaping te oorbrug en musikale hindernisse af te breek. Hy gebruik die vertoning ook as 'n forum om die land se gesamentlike bewussyn te bespreek en te verhoog oor sosiale kwessies van die dag, soos die lot van die inheemse Amerikaners, hervorming van die gevangenis en die konflik in Viëtnam. Die produksie het in 1971 opgehou, maar Cash het jare lank talle spesiale aanbiedinge aangebied.

In 1980, op 48 -jarige ouderdom, word Johnny Cash die jongste lewende inwoner van die Country Music Hall of Fame. Die Rock and Roll Hall of Fame het hom in 1995 sy eer verleen en maak hom dus een van 'n handjievol country -kunstenaars in albei organisasies.

In 1985 sluit Cash aan by vriende Willie Nelson, Waylon Jennings en Kris Kristofferson om The Highwaymen te vorm. Die supergroep het tussen 1985 en 1995 drie albums vrygestel en 'n treffer nommer 1 behaal met die enkelsnit "Highwayman" vanaf hul eerste album, Die snelwegmanne. Alhoewel hy aan die einde van die negentigerjare ernstige gesondheidsprobleme ondervind het, het Cash 'n professionele herlewing beleef nadat hy met die Amerikaanse platemaatskappy Rick Rubin onderteken het. Amerikaanse opnames, wat in 1994 vrygestel is, het 'n Grammy gewen vir die beste kontemporêre volksalbum. Die opvolg, 1996's Ongeketting, verdien die Grammy vir die beste country -album in 1997. Sy vrystelling in 2000 American III: Solitary Man, bevat 'n omslag van Neil Diamond se "Solitary Man", wat Cash a Grammy gewen het vir die beste manlike country -sang in 2001.

In 2002 word Cash vrygestel American IV: The Man Comes Around wat die enkelsnit "Hurt" van die Nine Inch Nails ingesluit het. Cash verdien drie CMA -toekennings in 2003, en die bekroonde video vir "Hurt" het 'n MTV -toekenning en 'n Grammy gewen.

Nadat hy in Mei 2003 sy vrou, June Carter Cash, onverwags verloor het, is Johnny Cash op 12 September 2003 in die Baptist -hospitaal in Nashville, Tenn., Oorlede weens komplikasies van diabetes.

In 2005, 'n filmweergawe van sy vroeë romanse met Carter, getiteld Loop op die lyn, is deur Oscar genomineer vir die beste prent. 'N Enkelsnit-samestelling met die titel Die legende van Johnny Cash is ook in 2005 vrygestel en het meer as 2 miljoen eksemplare verkoop. Die jaar daarna het Lost Highway die laaste aflewering van sy Amerikaanse opnames vrygestel, Amerikaanse V: 'n Honderd snelweë, met sy laaste sessies met Rubin.  

In Desember 2013 het 'n verlore Johnny Cash -album genaamd  Uit onder die sterre, wat 12 snitte bevat wat tussen 1981-1984 deur Johnny Cash en Billy Sherrill opgeneem is, is deur sy enigste seun aan John Carter, John Carter Cash, ontdek. Dit is opgestel deur die vervaardigingsonderneming  Columbia, maar ná sy ontdekking byna 30 jaar later, is dit op 25 Maart 2014 vrygestel as 'n postume album deur Legacy opnames.


Die nuwe & -heruitreiking van Johnny Cash -vrystellings moet nie oor die hoof gesien word nie

Vir al julle Johnny Cash -aanhangers daar buite, was daar die afgelope tyd 'n magdom vrystellings- en aankondigingsaktiwiteite, en jy moet bewus wees van 'n paar nuwer dinge, waarvan sommige oud is, en dit alles waardig is om op jou radar te wees.

Alhoewel baie Johnny Cash- of country -musiekaanhangers al 'n kopie van die ikoniese Johnny Cash -gevangenisalbums versier het By die Folsom -gevangenis (1968) en By San Quentin (1969) uit 'n tweedehandse winkel, of 'n platewinkel, of uit u ouerversamelingsversameling, sal hulle op 7 Augustus uiteindelik weer op vinyl verskyn. Dit is nogal mal om te dink dat hulle ooit uit vinyl was, maar dit is al jare die geval.

Johnny Cash word ook op 7 Augustus heruitgereik op vinyl Greatest Hits Vol. 1, en The Johnny Cash Collection, His Greatest Hits Vol. 2, wat Cash ’s grootste liedjies tydens sy Columbia Records -era vasgelê het. As u dus gewag het vir u geleentheid om The Man in Black se mees ikoniese liedjies en optredes op vinyl te haal, is dit u geleentheid.

Een van die tydperke van Johnny Cash -musiek wat die meeste oor die hoof gesien en vergeet is, was nadat Columbia hom beroemd laat val het, maar voordat hy met Rick Rubin en sy American Recordings -afdruk begin werk het. Dit was die tyd dat Cash van 1986 tot 1991 by Mercury Records onderteken is.

Nou is die kwikjare van Johnny Cash ’ in die vorm van 'n boks vrygestel. Die 7 CD- of 7 LP -stel bevat ses studio -albums, waaronder 1986's Klas van '55 opgeneem saam met Roy Orbison, Jerry Lee Lewis en Carl Perkins, en Water uit die Wells of Home wat samewerking met kunstenaars soos Paul McCartney, Emmylou Harris en die Everly Brothers insluit. Die boksstel is op 26 Junie vrygestel nadat dit oorspronklik op 24 April vrygestel sou word. Baie min fanfare het die vrylating vergesel.

Ander albums wat in die boksstel ingesluit is, is Johnny Cash kom stad toe (1987), Boem Chicka Boem (1990), en Die raaisel van die lewe (1991). Die CD -weergawe van die boksstel bevat ook Classic Cash: Hall of Fame -reeks (vroeë mengsels). Hierdie vroeë mengsels van die 1988 -album is onder die knie gekry van bande wat pas in die Universal -kluise ontdek is. Die albums is almal geremaster uit die oorspronklike Mercury -opnames deur Kevin Reeves by UMG Studios in Nashville. Nuwe voeringsnotas is deur die historikus Scott Schinder geskryf.

Die boksstel bevat ook sewe bonussnitte, insluitend B-kante, alternatiewe weergawes en die vrystelling van 'I Draw The Line', asook die totale Mercury-jare van Johnny Cash en die#8217 se Mercury-jare. Daar is nie genoeg gemaak van hierdie seldsame en onbekende opnames wat uiteindelik die lig sien nie.

En as u nie 'n hele boksstel wil opspring nie, Easy Rider: Die beste van die Mercury -opnames, 'n nuwe versameling van 24 hoogtepunte uit Cash's Mercury -diskografie, is ook op CD, 2LP en digitale aflaai vrygestel. Elke individuele Johnny Cash-album uit sy Mercury-jare is ook beskikbaar op vinyl van 180 gram.

En laaste maar nie die minste nie, het Third Man Records aangekondig dat hulle op 5 Mei 1973 'n lewendige uitvoering van 17 liedjies met Johnny Cash in die Ahmanson-teater in Los Angeles vrystel, genaamd 'N Nag om te onthou. 'N Deel van die konsertreeks wat deur Clive Davis saamgestel is en#8220Week to Remember ”, waar talle kunstenaars wat deur Columbia geteken is, op die verhoog kom vir optredes. Dit word op 31 Julie op “vintage white ” vinyl deur Third Man vrygestel.

As deel van die pakket is daar ook 'n DVD met filmmateriaal uit die agtergrond wat uit die geleentheid geneem is, waarna Johnny Cash in seldsame vorm vasgevang word. Die pakket bevat ook 'n goue 7 ″ van Ruston Kelly wat aan die een kant "Dark and Bloody Ground ”" speel, en 'n raaiselkunstenaar aan die ander kant 'n raaiselagtige Johnny Cash -liedjie.

'N Nag om te onthou Snitlys:

1. Grootrivier
2. Sondagoggend kom af
3. Die stad New Orleans
4. Ballade Van Barbara
5. 'n Seun met die naam Sue
6. Na Memphis toe gaan
7. That Silver Haired Daddy Of Mine - saam met Carl Perkins
8. Medley: Hey Porter/ Folsom Prison Blues/ Wreck Of The Old 97/ Orange Blossom Special
9. I Walk The Line
10. Jackson – met June Carter Cash
11. As ek 'n timmerman was - met June Carter Cash
12. Help my om deur die nag te kom
13. Help my met June Carter Cash en Larry Gatlin |
14. Here, is dit ek?/Die Laaste Avondmaal
15. As ek 'n hamer gehad het met June Carter Cash
17. Daddy Sang Bass met June Carter Cash en Carl Perkins
16. Sal The Circle Unbroken wees met June Carter Cash en Carl Perkins
18. Folsom Prison Blues (outro)


Hoofstuk 3: Na bo

'N Sessie in Julie 1958 in Nashville saam met die vervaardiger Don Law, het Cash se styging in die groot etiketgroepe beklemtoon, toe hy begin werk aan liedjies wat sy debuutalbum uit Columbia, The Fabulous Johnny Cash, sou uitmaak. 'N Westerse liedjie van daardie album, Don't Take Your Guns To Town, was in 1959 ses weke lank boaan die country-kaarte, en Cash het 'n nuwe dekade ingegaan as 'n gevestigde kunstenaar in sy beste jare.

Musieklegende Johnny Cash (Foto: John R. Hamilton / John Wayne Enterprises)

'Die 1960's was kreatief gesproke my produktiefste tyd,' het hy in Cash geskryf. 'Dikwels was ek nie in my beste stem nie, want die amfetamiene het my keel drooggemaak en my soms tot krake en fluistering gereduseer, maar dit was nie altyd die storie nie, en my energie en krag was hoog.'

Cash se dwelmgebruik het toegeneem. Hy het hotelkamers vernietig, vertonings gekanselleer, brande begin, motors gesneuwel, is vasgesteek weens die onwettige verkryging van pille, die Grand Ole Opry -voetligte uitgeskakel en homself vervreem van sy vrou en vier dogters.

'Ek sou goed begin voel na twee of drie dae sonder dwelms,' het hy geskryf. 'Maar dan sou ek by die huis kom, gewoonlik op 'n Maandag, en ek sou die spanning van my huwelik so hard vind dat ek na die apteker sou ry, twee of driehonderd pille sou kry, die woestyn in sou gaan my kampeerder, en bly daar buite, so lank as wat ek kon. "

Op 11 Februarie 1962 het June Carter by die Johnny Cash -padskou aangesluit. Sy was 'n dogter van die akoestiese kitaar -grootmoeder Maybelle Carter en lid van die Carter -stam, 'n groep bekend as 'The First Family of Country Music'. Mnr. Cash was 'n geruime tyd betower deur haar skoonheid, humor en talent, en sy herken vinnig die magnetisme van Mr. Cash en die duidelike behoefte aan 'n opsigter.

Benewens die spoelpille en strelende senuwees, het sy vir Cash 'n liedjie geskryf wat angstige gevoelens oor hul toenemende verhouding beskryf. Dit sou een van sy bekendste treffers word: Ring of Fire tref nommer 1 in 1963, geskryf deur Carter en Merle Kilgore.

'So 'n liedjie gaan vir ewig voort,' het Cash in 2002 aan The Tennessean gesê.

Terwyl 'n groot deel van die musikale Nashville die ontluikende volksbeweging geïgnoreer het, het mnr. Cash sommige van die volkskunstenaars en ideologieë omhels. Hy verskyn op die New York Folk Festival in 1965, neem 'n duet saam met Carter op in Bob Dylan se It Ain't Me Babe in 1964, neem 'n konsepalbum op oor die inheemse Amerikaanse lewe met die naam Bitter Tears en ondersteun die burgerregtebeweging in die openbaar.

'Toe ek jonk was, het ek my pa sien uitspreek teen die Viëtnam -oorlog, teen die Ku Klux Klan, en dit is waar my sosiale aktivisme gewortel is,' het dogter Rosanne Cash aan The Tennessean gesê. "Hy het nooit gebuig nie. Hy het nooit eers amper gebuig nie."

'N Deurdagte stem van insluiting en 'n kanaal vir kruisbestuiwing tussen volks- en plattelandskunstenaars, in die middel van die 1960's kan mnr. Cash ook 'n kwaai en gewelddadige man wees wat geneig is tot buiging en uitbarstings.

'Die mengsel van amfetamiene en alkohol was 'n verslawende gif,' het hy in Man In Black geskryf. "My vrou en kinders was bang vir die vreemde man wat ek geword het."

Vroeg in 1967 is hy en Vivian geskei, te midde van groot misbruik, maar teen die einde van 1967 het Cash hom daartoe verbind om van dwelms ontslae te raak, hoewel sy vertoning van 13 Januarie 1968 in die Folsom-gevangenis 'n bewys was dat hy nog steeds in raak met sy donker kant.

By Folsom het hy gevangenes verheug, gevloek en geskerts en gesing oor eiersuigende honde en die Cocaine Blues met 'n vleeslike en wildheid wat tegelyk opwindend, vermaaklik en empaties was. Die opname van die program, wat as Johnny Cash in die Folsom -gevangenis vrygestel is, word nou beskou as een van die belangrikste albums in die country -musiekgeskiedenis.

Vir Mr. Cash bied 1968 wonderlike en tragiese oomblikke. Hy stel Junie Carter voor op die verhoog op 1 Februarie en trou 'n maand later met haar. Hy was op die punt om konsertdatums op te stel wat hy gemis het toe hy te streng was, en hy het twee treffers op die ranglys vrygestel. Maar in Augustus 1968 sterf die jarelange bandmaat en 'boom-chicka-boom' innoveerder Luther Perkins tydens 'n huisbrand. Die kitaarspeler Bob Wooten het gou by die orkes aangesluit en deel uitgemaak van 'n groep wat Marshall Grant, drummer W.S. "Fluke" Holland en oorspronklike Sun rockabilly Carl Perkins.

Die verandering in huwelikstatus en lewenstyl val saam met 'n toenemende aandag aan geestelike aangeleenthede, en Cash het gereeld met gehore en onderhoudvoerders gepraat oor sy Christelike oortuigings. Hy sou later 'n boek skryf oor die apostel Paulus met die naam Man In White.

Teen die laat sestigerjare het mnr. Cash getoer met 'n ensemble wat Perkins, lede van die Carter -familie en die stemgroep The Statler Brothers insluit. So 'n magdom talent het gesorg vir 'n groot verskeidenheid, en meneer en mevrou Cash het net so 'n toneel by die huis gehou deur musikante uit te nooi om stories te deel en liedjies te ruil.

Mnr. Cash behou vriendskappe met kunstenaars in die buiteland, en hy en die banjo-innoveerder Earl Scruggs was twee van die min prominente kunstenaars in Nashville wat met polities linksgesinde volks- en popmusici vermeng het tydens hierdie omstrede tyd van onrus en oorlog in burgerregte in Vietnam .

'N Vriend van mnr Cash was Bob Dylan: Hulle het sedert die vroeë 1960's 'n korrespondensie gevoer. Mnr. Cash sing saam met Dylan op Girl From the North Country, die afskopspoor na Dylan se 1969 Nashville Skyline -album. Mnr. Cash het ook 'n Grammy-bekroonde voeringnotas tot die album bygedra.

Bob Dylan, links, oefen saam met Johnny Cash op die verhoog van die Ryman -ouditorium voor 'n opname van 'The Johnny Cash Show' in 1969. (Foto: Jimmy Ellis / The Tennessean)

Tydens 'n moeilike Verre -Ooste -toer in 1969 het mnr. Cash soms meer as tien vertonings per dag gespeel vir militêre troepe in onder meer Saigon, Viëtnam. Die spanning van die toer was op Cash en hy het teruggegaan na die pille.

'My bevryding van dwelmverslawing was nie permanent nie,' sou hy later skryf. "Alhoewel ek nooit teruggekeer het om jare op 'n slag aan amfetamiene te spandeer nie, het ek sedert 1967 op verskillende tye verskillende gemoedsveranderende middels gebruik: amfetamiene, slaappille en pynstillers op voorskrif."

In Februarie 1969 maak mnr Cash weer 'n album by 'n gevangenis. Hierdie keer was dit San Quentin, waar hy voorheen drie keer besoek het. Hy het 'n liedjie met die naam San Quentin geskryf.

'San Quentin, mag u vrot en brand in die hel,' sing hy, en gevangenes skree 'n mengsel van waardering en ontsteltenis wat gevaarlik klink. Mnr. Cash sou dikwels later opmerk dat die toneel skaars beheer is, en dat as die gevangenes geskreeu het: 'Breek!'

Sowel San Quentin as Folsom Prison Blues is geskryf in 'n eerste-persoon-vertelling wat baie luisteraars daartoe gelei het dat Mr. Cash self in die tronk was. Hy het dit nie gedoen nie, alhoewel hy 'n bietjie tyd in die tronk deurgebring het op geringe aanklagte.

A Boy Named Sue, 'n liedjie van Shel Silverstein wat daardie aand opgeneem is, was die grootste treffer van die At San Quentin-album. Dit was 'n vyf weke lange country-treffer en het die Country Music Association se enkelprys van die jaar gewen.

Junie 1969 bring At San Quentin vry, en dit was die begin van die Johnny Cash Show van ABC-TV. Cash het die meeste van die 56 episodes in die Ryman-ouditorium in Nashville opgeneem, en hy het daarop aangedring dat kunstenaars wat destyds omstrede was, insluitend Dylan, Pete Seeger en Arlo Guthrie. Die atipiese mengsel van country, rock, folk en jazz was bedoel om voegwoorde in die kollig te plaas, nie botsings nie, en die program het gehelp om die bekendheid van mnr. Cash te verbreed onder diegene wat nie na country -musiek geluister het nie.

Mnr. Cash sou in 1969 meer as 6 miljoen plate verkoop, wat dit die suksesvolste jaar van sy loopbaan sou wees. Vietnam het gewoed, Richard Nixon was president en Johnny Cash, 'n 37-jarige boorling van Kingsland, Ark., Was groter as The Beatles.


Benodig u 'n crash -kursus in country -musiekgeskiedenis? Hier is 100 jaar se trivia

Was u die persoon aan die trivia -tafel wat vergeet het toe Johnny Cash sterf? Kan u nie onthou watter jaar Patsy Cline 'Crazy' vrygestel het nie? Om 'n leë teken te maak oor hoe lank die Grand Ole Opry bestaan?

Van die geboorte van Kitty Wells in 1919 tot die oorheersing van Kacey Musgraves tydens die Grammy Awards in 2019, hier is 100 jaar kennis van country -musiek. Grawe in.

Met "Dit was God wat Honky Tonk Angels gemaak het", en Kitty Wells het die eerste vroulike solo -kunstenaar geword wat in 1952 boaan die Billboard se countrykaart was. Dan bedank Wells, bekend as die Queen of Country Music, na haar inleiding tot die Country Music Hall of Fame deur Minnie Pearl, verlede jaar se opvolger, tydens die CMA Awards -vertoning in die Grand Ole Opry House op 11 Oktober 1976. (Foto: Gerald Holly / The Tennessean)

1919: Kitty Wells word in Nashville gebore.

1920: Klein Jimmy Dickens word gebore in Bolt, Wes -Virginia.

1921: Honky-tonk great Webb Pierce word gebore in West Monroe, Louisiana.

1922: Kommersiële opnames van country -musiek begin by die speurder Eck Robertson.

1923: Hank Williams word gebore in Mount Olive, Alabama.

1924: Die radio-omroeper George D. Hay sluit aan by die "National Barn Dance" -program by die WLS-AM in Chicago, en die konsep sou hom volg na sy volgende optrede by die WSM-AM van Nashville.

1925: WSM maak sy eie 'skuurdans'-program van een uur bekend, wat tot die historiese Grand Ole Opry sal ontwikkel.

1926: Country groot Ray Price is gebore in Wood County, Texas.

1927: In 'n ateljee in Bristol, Tennessee, vind 'n opnamesessie deur genrehistorici die country -musiek "oerknal" plaas. Die sessies het debuutalbums opgelewer van The Carter Family en Jimmie Rodgers.

1928: Rodgers stel sy eerste "Blue Yodel (T vir Texas) vry." 'N Tiental vervolgverhale sal volg oor die volgende vyf jaar, tot sy dood in 1933.

1929: June Carter Cash en Buck Owens word gebore.

1930: Die wonderlike liedjieskrywer Curly Putman word gebore. Oor 34 jaar skryf hy 'Groen, groen gras van die huis'.

George Jones tree op tydens die CBS Records -ete en vertoning in die Municipal Auditorium op 21 Oktober 1968. (Foto: S.A. Tarkington / The Tennessean)

1931: George Jones word gebore in Saratoga, Texas.

1932: 'N Verbysterende jaar vir geboortemusiek. Johnny Cash, Patsy Cline, Loretta Lynn en Mel Tillis word almal binne sewe maande gebore.

1933: Die vroeë country -ster Jimmie Rodgers sterf op 35 -jarige ouderdom.

1934: Die ou speurder Gid Tanner stel een van die grootste treffers van die jaar vry, "Down Yonder."

1935: Die Carter -familie stel 'Can the Circle Unbroken (by en by) vry.'

1936: Kris Kristofferson word gebore in Brownsville, Texas.

1937: Kitty Wells en Johnny Wright is getroud en begin 'n lang reeks Power City -paartjies. Hulle sal 74 jaar saam bly.

Charley Pride is in 1938 in Mississippi gebore. (Foto: Charles Sykes / Invision / AP)

1938: Toekomstige country -musiek baanbrekers Charley Pride word in Mississippi gebore.

1939: Gene Autry stel sy kenmerkende deuntjie "Back in the Saddle Again" vry.

1940: Jimmie Davis se opname van "You Are My Sunshine" is een van die beste treffers van die jaar.

1941: Ernest Tubb stel honky-tonk country-liedjie "Walking the Floor Over You" vry.

1942: Tammy Wynette, die 'first lady' van country -musiek, word gebore in Itawamba County, Mississippi.

1943: Die Grand Ole Opry verhuis na die Ryman -ouditorium in die middestad van Nashville.

1944: Brenda Lee word in Atlanta gebore.

1945: Geskryf deur Jenny Lou Carson en uitgevoer deur Tex Ritter, word "You Two-Timed Me One Time Too Frequently" die eerste nommer 1-treffer wat 'n vrou geskryf het.

Dolly Parton is gebore in Pittman Center, Tenn., In 1946. Hier sing Parton & quotDon 't Try to Cry & quot tydens die RCA Records -vertoning by die D.J. Konvensie op 21 Oktober 1967 in die Munisipale Ouditorium. (Foto: Jimmy Ellis / The Tennessean)

1946: Dolly Parton word gebore in Pittman Center, Tennessee.

1947: Hank Williams het sy eerste groot treffer met 'Move It On Over'.

1948: Eddy Arnold, die Tennessee Plowboy, oorheers die Billboard -kaarte met ses liedjies wat die beste plek in die jaar behaal het.

1949: Opry se gunsteling Little Jimmy Dickens geniet 'n reeks treffers, waaronder 'Country Boy' en 'A-Sleeping at the Foot of the Bed'.

1950: WSM, radiogasheer van die Grand Ole Opry, brei uit na televisie en begin WSM-TV.

1951: Loretta Lynn kry nog 'n klein sussie, Brenda, wat opgroei tot 'n lid van Crystal Gayle.

1952: Met "It was not God Who Made Honky Tonk Angels", is Kitty Wells die eerste vroulike solo -kunstenaar wat boaan Billboard se country -lys geplaas is.

1953: Die gevierde country -kunstenaar Hank Williams sterf op Oujaarsdag op 29 -jarige ouderdom.

1954: Elvis Presley maak sy enigste verskyning in die Grand Ole Opry.

1955: Groot sukses bereik 'n handjievol prominente jong name in country -musiek - waaronder Johnny Cash, Porter Wagoner en George Jones.

1956: Johnny Cash skryf en teken "I Walk the Line" op.

1957: Dit is 'n bietjie country, 'n bietjie rock 'n 'roll -' Jailhouse Rock 'is terselfdertyd boaan die Country & amp Western en R & ampB -kaarte.

1958: Johnny Cash tree op in die San Quentin-gevangenis, 'n vertoning bygewoon deur Merle Haggard, wat destyds 'n vonnis van twee jaar uitgedien het.

1959: Die eerste Grammy -toekennings bevat een toekenning vir die beste country- en westerse optrede. Dit gaan na die Kingston Trio se "Tom Dooley."

1960: Die bekendste honky-tonk van Nashville, Tootsies Orchid Lounge, maak oop op Lower Broadway.

1961: Patsy Cline stel 'n trefferweergawe van die Willie Nelson -liedjie 'Crazy' vry.

1962: Die siellegende Ray Charles stel 'Modern Sounds in Country and Western Music' vry.

1963: Patsy Cline sterf op 30 -jarige ouderdom aan 'n vliegtuigongeluk.

1964: Jim Reeves word dood in 'n vliegtuigongeluk.

1965: Die toekomstige country/pop -superster Shania Twain word gebore.

1966: 'Just Between You and Me', die eerste groot country -treffer vir Charley Pride, word in Desember vrygestel.

1967: Die Country Music Association bied sy eerste prysuitdeling in Nashville aan.

1968: Johnny Cash stel sy historiese lewendige album "At Folsom Prison" vry.

1969: Country -musiekprogramme "Hee Haw" en "The Johnny Cash Show" debuut in Nashville.

Loretta Lynn tree op as gas op die Grand Ole Opry -verhoog op 19 Oktober 1985, waar die gasheer Roy Acuff na 'n afwesigheid van vier maande teruggekeer het. 'N Hartvoeding het die 82-jarige Acuff verhinder om op te tree. (Foto: Kathleen Smith / The Tennessean)

1970: Loretta Lynn stel haar loopbaanbepalende treffer, 'Coal Miner's Daughter', bekend.

1971: Alison Krauss word gebore in Decatur, Illinois.

1972: Die eerste CMA "Fan Fair" word in Nashville bekendgestel, 'n geleentheid wat tot die jaarlikse CMA -musiekfees kan ontwikkel.

1973: The year's top hits include "Old Dogs, Children and Watermelon Wine," "Louisiana Woman, Mississippi Man" and, just in time for Christmas, "If We Make It Through December."

1974: The Grand Ole Opry moves from the Ryman Auditorium to the newly built Opry House at Opryland.

1975: George Jones and Tammy Wynette get divorced, but that doesn't stop them from continuing to release hit duets, including "Golden Ring."

1976: Future country music giants Blake Shelton and Luke Bryan are born.

1977: Elvis Presley dies at his Graceland estate at age 42.

1978: As "Mammas Don't Let Your Babies Grow Up to Be Cowboys" rules the radio, Chris Stapleton is born in Lexington, Kentucky.

1979: Bluegrass pioneer Lester Flatt dies.

1980: Country music takes over Hollywood, with motion pictures "Coal Miner's Daughter," "Urban Cowboy," "Honeysuckle Rose" and "9 to 5" all debuting on the silver screen.

1981: After a 21-year run, TV's "The Porter Wagoner Show" airs its final episode.

1982: In the same year he's inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame, Marty Robbins dies at age 57.

1983: Cable TV goes country with the launches of CMTV (now CMT) and The Nashville Network (TNN).

1984: Ernest Tubb dies at age 70.

The Highwaymen were Waylon Jennings, Johnny Cash, Willie Nelson and Kris Kristofferson. (Photo: Courtesy of Sony Music Entertainment / Photo by Jim McGuire)

1985: Johnny Cash, Waylon Jennings, Willie Nelson and Kris Kristofferson form the Highwaymen, an outlaw country supergroup.

1986: After 28 years, Columbia Records drops Johnny Cash from its roster.

1987: Randy Travis' "Forever and Ever, Amen" is essentially country's song of the summer, topping the chart for three weeks.

1988: Kacey Musgraves is born in Golden, Texas.

1989: A string of artists defined as the country music Class of 1989 — Garth Brooks, Clint Black, Alan Jackson and Travis Tritt — begin a run of mainstream success. Also, Taylor Swift is born.

Garth Brookswon the Entertainer of the Year award during the 1991 to 1994, 1998 and 1999 Academy of Country Music Awards shows. Here, he is with one of his four awards from the CMA Awards show, including Entertainer of the Year, in 1991 (Photo: Delores Delvin / The Tennessean)

1990: Garth Brooks releases his landmark album "No Fences," and its first single, "Friends in Low Places."

1991: After sustaining injuries in a car accident while en route to the Grand Ole Opry, Dottie West dies at age 58.

1992: Crossover hit "Achy Breaky Heart" by Billy Ray Cyrus begins its ascent into the pop culture history books.

1993: Conway Twitty dies at 59.

1994: Twenty years after it lost the Grand Ole Opry, the Ryman Auditorium is reopened and quickly becomes Nashville's most cherished venue.

1995: Canadian country singer Shania Twain rises to fame with her sophomore album, "The Woman in Me."

1996: Hit-makers Tim McGraw and Faith Hill get married.

Hit-makers Tim McGraw and Faith Hill got married in 1996. Here, they give an interview at the Daisy Hill Barn Party in Franklin on Oct. 13, 1996. They were married on Oct. 6. (Photo: Freeman Ramsey / The Tennessean)

1997: LeAnn Rimes and Trisha Yearwood each record "How Do I Live," and both versions are huge hits.

1998: Faith Hill's "This Kiss" continues an era of huge country/pop crossovers.

1999: Keith Urban makes his solo American country music debut.

2000: The soundtrack to "O Brother, Where Art Thou?" sparks renewed interest in traditional country, folk and bluegrass.

2001: Garth Brooks enters his first full year of retirement, having walked away from the stage in October 2000.

2002: Alan Jackson's 9/11 response, "Where Were You (When the World Stopped Turning)," is named CMA's Song of the Year.

2003: Johnny Cash dies at age 71.

2004: Miranda Lambert begins work on her debut album, "Kerosene," launching her prolific career.

"American Idol" winner Carrie Underwood in June 2005 (Photo: Sanford Myers / The Tennessean)

2005: Carrie Underwood wins the fourth season of "American Idol," launching her country music career.

2006: Bakersfield Sound pioneer Buck Owens dies at age 76.

2007: Both Bon Jovi and the Eagles make a play for Music Row with country-tinged albums.

2008: The legendary Eddy Arnold dies at 89.

2009: Garth Brooks returns to the stage for a five-year Las Vegas residency.

2010: Taylor Swift dominates January's Grammy Awards, including an Album of the Year win for "Fearless."

2011: Country superstars Blake Shelton and Miranda Lambert get married. They'll divorce four years later.

2012: TV's "Nashville" brings the drama of Music Row to prime time.

2013: Bobby Bare, "Cowboy" Jack Clement and Kenny Rogers lead an all-star induction class at the Country Music Hall of Fame.

Taylor Swift has decided to let Apple Music stream her "1989" album. (Photo: John Davisson / Invision / AP)

2014: Taylor Swift makes a clean break from country music with the pure pop album "1989."

2015: A country radio consultant sparks outrage after calling female artists "the tomatoes in our salad," which spawns the hashtag #TomatoGate.

2016: Merle Haggard dies in his home state of California.

2017: Route 91 Harvest, a country music festival in Las Vegas, becomes the site of the deadliest mass shooting in U.S. history.

2018: With “Best Shot," Jimmie Allen becomes the first black male artist to launch his career with a No. 1 song at country radio.

2019: Kacey Musgraves wins the coveted Album of the Year honor at the Grammy Awards for her third studio release, "Golden Hour."


Johnny Cash

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Please note: the tracklisting is detailing the 7 LP Boxset edition.

In 1986, after almost 30 years on Columbia Records, Country music legend Johnny Cash released his first album on Mercury Records &ndash Class Of &rsquo55, in collaboration with fellow Sun Records alumni Roy Orbison, Jerry Lee Lewis and Carl Perkins. Seven years later, his last recording before signing with Rick Rubin&rsquos American Recordings would be another collaboration, &ldquoThe Wanderer&rdquo, with U2.

In the years that span those recordings, Johnny Cash released a total of six albums for Mercury. Despite significant focus and attention around his Columbia and American recordings, his Mercury catalogue has never been revisited&hellip until now.

UMe / Mercury Records are proud to announce that April 2020 will see the release of Johnny Cash: The Complete Mercury Studio Albums (1986-1991) &ndash a 7CD/ 7LP boxed set featuring newly remastered audio for the very first time, using the original Mercury master tapes.

Notably, the album Classic Cash: Hall Of Fame Series is presented in a 2LP format for the very first time. All the LPs are pressed on 180g vinyl for the highest quality audio fidelity and the box includes a MP3 download voucher.

With brand new liner notes by music writer Scott Schinder, Johnny Cash: The Complete Mercury Studio Recordings (1986-1991) represents the very first deep dive into the Country music legend&rsquos Mercury catalogue, and reveals its importance as the bridge between his better known catalogues on Columbia and American.


Johnny Cash: The Complete Columbia Album Collection

The Complete Columbia Album Collection is a box set by country singer Johnny Cash, released in 2012 (see 2012 in music) on Columbia Records and Legacy Recordings.

The set consists of 63 CDs, the majority of which are reissues of 59 albums released by Cash during his 1958–1986 tenure with Columbia. Each CD is packaged in a replica of the original LP cover, with any albums originally issued as a two-LP set condensed onto one disc with the exception of The Gospel Road which remains in a two-CD configuration. Bonus material includes a two-CD set titled The Singles, Plus, compiling non-album tracks and duets taken from other albums a Carter Family album on which Cash provided guest vocals the two albums Cash recorded for Columbia as a member of the supergroup The Highwaymen and an extended edition of the Sun Records album With His Hot and Blue Guitar with additional tracks from the Sun era (including the complete contents of his second Sun album, Sings the Songs That Made Him Famous). Hot and Blue Guitar is the only album to be presented in an extended edition all other albums are featured with their original contents, without augmentation. As such this is not a complete survey of everything Cash recorded for Columbia for example, additional performances from the At Folsom Prison en At San Quentin live shows, included on separate reissues of the two albums, are not included. Also omitted is the 1975 album Destination Victoria Station which had featured new performances of previously released recordings, the 1961 album The Lure of the Grand Canyon, the 1980 gospel album A Believer Sings the Truth, as well as most of the tracks issued on Columbia's Bootleg series of 2011–2012. [1] [2] Out Among the Stars, a complete album recorded by Cash in the early 1980s but not released at that time, is also omitted as it would not be released officially until 2014.

Many of the albums featured in the set make their CD debut in the collection. According to country historian Rich Kienzle's liner notes (part of a 200-page book included in the set), one album Koncert V Praze (In Prague–Live) received its first North American release in the set. [3]


Mocktail

The Blackberry Hill

Photo credit: Elana Lepkowski, stirandstrain.com

Stirred up by Jeff Dasher, lead bartender Shady Lady Saloon in Sacramento, CA, which is near where Folsom Prison still stands. We asked Jeff to make a mocktail since Johnny Cash famously struggled with addiction.

The “Hill” of the drink’s name is a reference to a line in Jeff’s favorite Johnny Cash song, “Cocaine Blues,” where he mentions getting in a little trouble with the sheriff of Jericho Hill.

Ingredients:

  • 1 1/2 ounces Blackberry-thyme syrup (because of “doing time” in prison… get it? Find a recipe here)
  • 3/4 ounce Lemon juice
  • Bundaberg Ginger Beer
  • Vanilla bitters (to add a little darkness to the cocktail to honor the “Man in Black”)
  • Ice
  • Swartbessies

Instruksies:
Pour Blackberry-thyme syrup and lemon juice in a highball glass. Top that off with ginger beer, add ice and a few drops of bitters. Garnish with a few blackberries and enjoy.


Johnny Cash

Look up the word “legend” in the dictionary and you’ll find Johnny Cash. From his birth in Arkansas in 1932 through his amazing recording career and marriage to June Carter Cash, he lived life to the fullest right up to the very end. Here’s our Johnny Cash timeline.

Feb. 26, 1932
Johnny Cash is born in Kingsland, Arkansas to Ray Cash and Carrie Cloveree, Southern Baptist cotton farmers.

1944
Brother Jack is nearly cut in half by a table saw and dies after a week of suffering. Cash later says that he felt guilt because he had gone fishing that day.

1954
Marries Vivian Liberto.

1955
Releases his first recording with Sun Records: “Hey Porter” and “Cry Cry Cry.”

1955
Daughter Rosanne Cash is born.

1957
Releases a full-length album on Sun Records.

1964
Releases the album, Bitter Tears.

1965
Is arrested in El Paso, Texas for possession of narcotics.

1965
Releases the album, Ballads of the True West.

1966
Is arrested in Starkville, Mississippi for trespassing on private property. He had been picking flowers.

1967
June Carter and Cash win a Grammy for Best Country & Western Performance, Duet, Trio or Group for their song, “Jackson.”

Oct. 1967
Attempts suicide by crawling into Nickajack Cave in Tennessee. He comes out of the cave after having a religious relevation.

1968
Cash proposes to Carter onstage at a concert in London, Ontario and she accepts.

March 1, 1968
Cash and Carter marry.

Aug. 1968
His guitarist Luther Perkins dies in a house fire.

Oct. 1968
Friend and next door neighbor Roy Orbison’s house burns down, killing two of Orbison’s sons. This event, in addition to the loss of Luther Perkins, affected Cash profoundly.

1968
Releases the album, Johnny Cash at Folson Prison.

Johnny Cash by die Folsom -gevangenis

1969
Releases the album, Johnny Cash by San Quentin. The single “A Boy Named Sue” reaches #1 on the country charts and #2 on the U.S. pop charts.

Johnny Cash by San Quentin

1969
His tv show premieres on the ABC network.

1970
Their son, John Carter Cash, is born.

1970
Carter and Cash win a Grammy for Best Country Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal for “If I Were a Carpenter.”

1971
Writes the song “Man in Black” with the lyrics: “I wear the black for the poor and the beaten down, / Livin’ in the hopeless, hungry side of town, / I wear it for the prisoner who has long paid for his crime, / But is there because he’s a victim of the times.”

1975
Publishes an autobiography, Man in Black. It sells 1.3 million copies.

Man in Black by Johnny Cash

Sept. 27. 1976
Cash and Carter guest star together on an episode of Klein huisie op die Prairie entitled “The Collection.”

Johnny Cash on Klein huisie op die Prairie

1980
At the age of 48, Cash is the youngest living inductee into the Country Music Hall of Fame.

1981
Stars in the tv movie, The Pride of Jesse Hallam.

1983
Stars in the tv movie, Murder in Coweta County, co-starring Andy Griffith.

1983
He is attacked by an ostrich in his wild animal park in Tennessee, crushing several ribs and having his stomach torn open. While recovering, he becomes addiction to painkillers.

Dec. 1983
Cash checks into Betty Ford to kick his prescription pill addiction.

1986
Publishes a novel, Man in White.

Man in White by Johnny Cash

July 1986
Columbia Records drops Cash after a decade without a hit.

1993
Sings the vocals on the U2 song, “The Wanderer,” on the Zooropa album.

April 1994
Releases the acoustic album, Amerikaanse opnames. Produced by Rick Rubin, the success of the album revives his career and brings him a new generation of fans. It wins a Grammy for Contemporary Folk Album of the Year.

1996
Releases a second album with Rubin called Ongeketting. The album wins a Grammy award for Best Country Album.

1997
Cash is diagnosed with Shy-Drager syndrome, a neurodegenerative disease related to diabetes.

1998
He is hospitalized with severe pneumonia.

1998
Publishes his second autobiography, Cash: The Autobiography.

2000
Releases the album, American III: Solitary Man. It wins the Grammy for Best Country Male Vocal Performance for the cover of Neil Diamond’s “Solitary Man.”

American III: Solitary Man

2001
Due to heart trouble, June is fitted with a pacemaker.

2002
Releases the album, American IV: The Man Comes Around. One song, “Hurt,” is written by Trent Reznor of Nine Inch Nails and becomes a huge hit.

American IV: The Man Comes Around

Oct. 2002
Films the video for “Hurt.” The video receives seven nominations at the MTV Video Music Awards and wins for Best Cinematography.

Feb. 2003
Wins a Grammy for Best Country Male Vocal Performance for the song “Give My Love to Rose.” The video for “Hurt” wins a Grammy for Best Short Form Video.

April 7, 2003
June appears on the CMT Flameworthy Awards to accept an award in honor of Cash.

May 7, 2003
June undergoes heart valve replacement surgery. The surgery appears at first to be a success.

May 15, 2003
Unexpected complications arise from the surgery and she dies at the age of 73 in Nashville, Tennessee.

Sept. 12, 2003
Johnny Cash dies of complications from diabetes at the age of 71. He is buried next to June in Hendersonville, Tennessee.

Nov. 18, 2005
A film about their life, Walk the Line, is released. It stars Joaquin Phoenix as Cash and Reese Witherspoon as June Carter Cash.


Johnny Cash’s dark California days

Johnny Cash’s life in the 1960s is mostly remembered as a time of glorious achievement — from the landmark prison albums at Folsom and San Quentin to the launch of the ABC-TV series featuring such guests as Bob Dylan and the Doors that led to his becoming a giant figure in popular culture, a symbol to millions, no less, of the best of American social values.

But Cash also experienced excruciatingly dark times in the decade, fueled by drugs and guilt over the breakup of his marriage.

VIR DIE REKORD:
Johnny Cash: An article about Johnny Cash in the Oct. 13 Arts & Books section said the Doors appeared on the singer’s television show. The group was not among his guests. -

Cash, 26, moved to California with his wife, Vivian, and his first three daughters in the summer of 1958, hoping for a career in the movies. It was a heady time. Thanks to such hits as “I Walk the Line” and “Folsom Prison Blues,” he was the hottest young country artist in years and had just been lured away from tiny Sun Records by Columbia Records. Cash, whose musical approach was flavored by elements of folk, blues and gospel music, wasn’t a great singer technically, but the heart of his music conveyed elements of human struggle with inspiration and conviction. His trademark “boom-chicka-boom” instrumental sound (pioneered by guitarist Luther Perkins) felt as steady and affirming as an amplified heartbeat.

He bought an upscale, $75,000 home on Hayvenhurst Avenue in Encino that was previously owned by Johnny Carson and just down the street from where the Jackson family would later set up their compound.

The first three years were happy ones, but things started unraveling amid drug and marital tension as well as an embarrassing B-movie film debut (he played a crazed gunman in the film-noirish “Five Minutes to Live”). He would star in more films, including “A Gunfight” in 1971 with Kirk Douglas, and several made-for-TV exercises, but he never earned the reputation of a serious actor.

Hoping for a new start away from the glare of Hollywood, Cash moved his family to the relatively isolated village of Casitas Springs in Ventura County in 1961 — but things only got worse.

Hating confrontation, Cash stopped coming home for months at a time and struck up affairs with other women, notably June Carter, who joined his touring group in 1962. As he fell deeper into drugs, his behavior became so self-destructive that those around him feared for his life. The year 1965 would bring particular humiliation and pain.

One of the most vivid childhood memories of Cash’s two oldest daughters, Rosanne and Kathy, was watching their mother, Vivian, puffing anxiously on a cigarette as she stared through the living room window of their Casitas Springs home on those rare nights when she thought her husband might actually be coming home. Vivian imagined him in the arms of June Carter, or dead somewhere of a drug overdose, and she prayed to see the headlights in the driveway that would prove her wrong. On most nights, Vivian gave up around 1 a.m. and tried to grab a few hours sleep before getting the girls ready for class at St. Catherine-by-the-Sea elementary school.

Though Cash was showing up less and less often, she held out hope that he would be home one night in June 1965 after his manager, Saul Holiff, phoned to say that Johnny was on the way. Vivian took her familiar place at the window and let the girls, who now numbered four, stay up late to greet their father, whom they hadn’t seen in months. By 2 a.m., she knew she was going to be alone with the children again.

It was nearly a week of day-and-night vigils before Cash’s camper — which he named “Jesse” after the outlaw Jesse James — headed up the driveway. Despite all the pain he had caused her, she wanted to run to him just like the day he arrived home at the Memphis airport after a three-year Air Force stay in Germany. As he approached the front door, her nostalgia gave way to resentment. Cash, feeling guilty and defensive, sensed her fury, and an argument broke out immediately. Finally, he shouted that he wanted a divorce. He had broached the subject before, but never so angrily.

Johnny Western, a musician-friend, says Cash told him that he offered Vivian a half-million-dollar settlement, though he must have been kidding himself if he thought he could put that much money together. Most of the new Columbia contract income was going to pay off old loans. Vivian shouted back, refusing even to consider a divorce, and he stormed off to his office sanctuary.

As Kathy recalls, “Dad would try so hard to stay positive, to make light of things, to always have a great sense of humor, but he would get into these moods where he just seemed to shut down and didn’t want to talk or really do much of anything except spend time by himself in his office.”

Rosanne remembers the period as frightening and heartbreaking.

“It just got to where it was like somebody else was coming home, not my daddy,” she says. “The drugs were at work. He’d stay up all night. He and my mom would fight. It was so sad. He would always be having accidents. He turned the tractor over one day and almost killed himself, and we had to call the fire department after he set fire to the hillside. One time he took me on his lap and put his arms around me and said, ‘I’m glad to be alive,’ because the tractor could have rolled over on him. He held me so tightly. I felt so close to him. I wished it could always be like that. But then he’d be gone again.”

The girls finally got to see their dad before they left for school the next morning, but he was gone by the time they returned home. As he had so often, he wanted to escape. He drove his camper to the nearby home of his nephew Damon Fielder.

Damon slid in beside Johnny in the camper on the morning of June 27, and the pair started out on the short drive to the Sespe Creek entrance of the Los Padres National Forest watershed. The forest is one of the many natural wonders of California and one reason why Cash was drawn to Casitas Springs. Covering nearly 1.8 million acres, it stretched from the breathtaking Big Sur coastline to mountain ranges to the south and was home to many protected species, including the California condor.

Getting into the passenger seat was Damon’s first regret of the day. Cash was a terrible driver under the best of circumstances — and it was clear from his dazed look that he had already been into the amphetamines he favored. The resulting series of starts and stops made the camper feel like something from a slapstick comedy.

As Damon crashed against the door while the camper careened along the rugged dirt road, his patience was also taking a beating. Watching Cash take a swig of whiskey and down a few more pills, Damon couldn’t hold his tongue any longer.

“Why do you take those things?”

“I like to control my moods and they help me do that,” Cash replied unapologetically.

Cash just scooped up more pills from an old fruit jar as the camper bounced along the dirt trail.

Damon was so upset he didn’t want to sit near Cash as he stopped near a promising fishing spot. “I’m going to fish over there. I don’t want anything to do with you,” he told Cash, who replied, “That’s fine. I don’t want to be by you, either.” Damon headed to a secluded stretch of water.

His tranquillity was broken by a strong smell in the usually pure Los Padres air. It was smoke, and it was coming from the direction of the camper. He rushed back to find Cash on his knees in front of the truck, fanning a fast-spreading blaze. There was a spent package of matches by his side. Damon figured his uncle had started the fire to keep warm and in his drugged state had let it get out of control.

As flames swept through the nearby brush, he realized they needed to get out fast. He called for Cash to come along, but the belligerent singer said he wasn’t going anywhere. Damon tried to grab his uncle, but Cash resisted, and he was too strong to budge. In a panic, as the fire surrounded them, Damon grabbed a thick tree branch and swung at Cash’s head as hard as he could. The blow brought Cash to his knees, but it didn’t knock him out as Damon had hoped. Cash got up and stumbled over to the shallow creek, where he sat down, thinking he’d be safe.

Damon raced for help, warning other campers along the trail and eventually hooking up with a fire helicopter crew. His heart was racing until the helicopter landed and he saw his uncle was still alive in the creek. This time he had no trouble persuading him to vacate the area. The pills and whiskey had begun to wear off, and the water was cold.

Watching Cash get into the helicopter, Damon knew he’d helped save his uncle’s life. He was crushed a few days later to hear that Cash told his mother, that Damon had left him in the forest to die.

Cash was equally disingenuous when asked by forestry officials investigating the cause of the 508-acre burn how the fire got started. He blamed it on sparks from a defective exhaust system on his camper. When a judge later questioned Cash, he was equally defiant: “I didn’t do it, my truck did and it’s dead, so you can’t question it.” Asked during a deposition about the loss of 49 of the region’s 53 condors in the blaze, he didn’t make any friends when he snapped, “I don’t care about your damn yellow buzzards.”

Columbia Records canceled plans for a live recording at the Kansas State Reformatory — which, in retrospect, was a stroke of good luck. Cash was in such bad shape physically and emotionally that the prison album would probably have been a disaster, ending any chance that there would ever have been a Folsom Prison album.

Touring resumed in mid-July and continued into the fall, breaking only for a couple of recording sessions until a fateful Texas swing that ended in Dallas in October. Things had improved enough that bass player Marshall Grant, who normally handled tour receipts, wasn’t on guard when Cash volunteered to take the receipts with him and deposit them in the group’s joint bank account.

After the Dallas show, Cash flew to El Paso, one of his favorite drug supply points, where he asked a cab driver to take him to Juárez and get him some pills. The driver assured him that it would be no problem, so Cash waited — feeling like an outlaw, he said — as the driver went into a Juárez bar to buy the drugs. “I slid down a little lower in the back seat each time someone looked my way,” he wrote in “Man in Black,” his 1975 autobiography. “I had never done it this way before.”

Back at his hotel, Cash popped a few pills and killed time before the evening flight to Los Angeles by searching for antique guns in some pawnshops. He was looking at a Colt .44 Army pistol, long one of his favorites, when he was approached by a man he suspected was a plainclothes policeman. Cash assumed he was curious about the gun in his hand.

“I collect antique pistols,” Cash volunteered.

“It’s a nice one,” the man replied, in what Cash described as a friendly manner.

After some more small talk, the man asked Cash what time his plane was leaving, and Cash told him.

On the way back to the hotel, he started worrying even though he had hidden all his pills in two socks, one of which he’d put inside his guitar and one in the lining of his suitcase.

By the time Cash got to his seat on the plane, he figured he was home free. Then he saw two men walking down the aisle toward him. One was the man from the pawnshop.

The man asked Cash if he had a gun, and when he nodded that he did, he was ordered off the plane. In an empty room in the terminal, the men went through his luggage and guitar case. They found the pills, but they still didn’t seem satisfied.

Finally, one asked, “Where’s the heroin?”

Cash became angry. He told them he had never taken heroin. The men explained they had assumed he was into heroin because they had seen the cab driver huddling with a known heroin dealer in the Juárez bar.

Cash was relieved, but the officers pointed out that he had still broken the law. He was taken to the county jail until a bond hearing the next day.

When Grant learned of the arrest, he hired a former El Paso County judge, Woodrow Wilson Bean, to represent Cash. Hoping to minimize publicity, Bean — whom Cash proudly pointed out was believed to be a distant relative of the legendary Judge Roy Bean — asked that newsmen be barred from the hearing, but the request was rejected.

Cash was on edge during the hearing. He cursed at a reporter and threatened to kick a photographer’s camera. In the end, he posted a $1,500 bond and was released pending arraignment.

As he headed home, Cash felt as if a mask had been ripped off, leaving him looking like a hypocrite for singing all those gospel songs and telling people they could overcome their problems. He’d been in minor scrapes with the law before, but until now, knowledge of his drug use had been limited to country music insiders. Now his fans knew the truth. Hundreds of newspapers across the country carried a photo of him being escorted out of the courthouse in handcuffs, his face grim, looking all the more sinister behind dark glasses.

This time, at least, Vivian’s wait wasn’t in vain. Cash went straight home and was contrite. Humiliated and fearing the effect of the arrest on his career, he reached out to both his wife and his parents, talking more openly than before about his addiction and vowing to turn himself around. After years of disappointment, Vivian wanted to take his pledge to straighten up as a sign that he also was going to give up June Carter and rededicate himself to his family. Maar dit was te laat.

Vivian angrily showed him the newspaper photo of him in handcuffs and his daughters told him that kids were saying bad things about him in school. For the first time in his life, he said, “I felt real shame.”

Meanwhile, Holiff was working tirelessly to persuade promoters not to give up on Cash. Most did continue to book him, but there was one highly publicized exception. Officials at Texas A&M University canceled plans for a show. “The administration didn’t feel it was wise to present an entertainer with a cloud hanging over him,” said the dean of students. “We try to provide a clean, Christian atmosphere for our students.”

But some students came to Cash’s rescue. Not only did more than 2,000 sign petitions protesting the cancellation, but a student committee worked out a deal for Cash to perform on the scheduled date at a nearby off-campus club.

When Cash returned to El Paso for the arraignment in December, he entered a no-contest plea to the charges. The next day, newspapers throughout the country carried photos of Cash walking from the courthouse, Vivian at his side. But there was no hiding the damage. Vivian told friends it was the most embarrassing moment of her life.

Leaders of the National States’ Rights Party, a white supremacist group in Alabama, seized on the photo, which, when reproduced in grainy newsprint, made Vivian look dark-skinned and possessed of facial features some considered African American. Whether outraged by the apparent miscegenation or eager to get back at him for his protest stance in the song “Ira Hayes” (Native Americans were also a target of white supremacists), the group reprinted the photo in its newspaper the Thunderbolt and undertook an aggressive campaign against Cash.

The group urged its readers to boycott Cash’s recordings and referred to Cash’s “mongrelized” children.

Fearing a backlash among fans, especially those in the South, Holiff launched a counteroffensive. He contacted Vivian’s father, Tom Liberto, asking for a copy of Vivian’s marriage certificate —which would state her race as Caucasian — and a history of her bloodlines. Liberto sent him the marriage certificate and a letter in which he detailed Vivian’s Italian, Dutch and English heritage. The material was sent to the Thunderbolt.

During this period Cash received a few death threats, and a handful of protesters showed up at some dates in the South, but there was no sign that record sales or concert attendance were suffering.

In March 1966 Cash appeared before U.S. District Judge D. W. Suttle, who gave him a 30-day suspended sentence and a $1,000 fine rather than the maximum penalty of a year in jail. Cash had pleaded for leniency: “I know that I have made a terrible mistake and would like to go back to rebuilding the image I had before this happened.”

For all his talk about wanting a divorce, Cash was torn inside. Chief among his concerns was the children.

“I knew I was going to leave Vivian, but then I’d look at those four little girls,” he recalled. “I said, ‘Man, I’m gonna give up something that’s gonna break my heart, but my heart will be broken more if I don’t marry June.’ When I was in California, my big reason for staying stoned all the time was her. I wanted to be somewhere else in my mind.”

Both married to others, Cash and Carter had a far more stormy relationship in the 1960s than his fans assumed. But they were bound by several factors. Besides a physical attraction, they shared a religious faith and the love of making music. The outgoing June also helped the shy, withdrawn Cash deal with the constant career demands.

With the marriage dissolving, however, Cash’s California dream was over. He moved on his own to Nashville, where he continued to battle drugs.

Within days of the arraignment, he was back on pills. Overdoses and near overdoses were so common that everyone in the touring party cited various times and places: Johnny Western mentioned Waterloo, June Carter named Des Moines, Grant alluded to a string of towns. In addition, there were the near-fatal drug-induced accidents, including the time Cash borrowed June’s Cadillac and crashed it into a telephone pole, breaking his nose and knocking out four upper front teeth.

To break the tension, Luther Perkins came up with a piece of advice people in Cash’s camp would repeat for years: “Let him sleep for 24 hours. If he wakes up, he’s alive, if he doesn’t, he’s dead.”

Two years later, in a different part of California, Cash would begin his march to superstardom with a triumphant concert at Folsom State Prison. By 1970, he was the biggest-selling record artist in the country. But he was fighting drugs again in the late 1970s and 1980s, and his sales sank so sharply that he was dropped by Columbia. At the start of the 1990s, Cash believed his record career was over and his musical legacy wasted.

But California was to again play a major part in his life. Cash was headlining the now-defunct Rhythm Café in Santa Ana on Feb. 27, 1993 — the day after his 61st birthday — when he was approached by Rick Rubin, a hugely successful rock and rap producer who felt Cash was still capable of great work. Three months later, they sat down in Rubin’s home above the Sunset Strip and began work on a series of albums that would contain some of the most remarkable music of Cash’s career. He would return to Los Angeles several times over the next decade to work with Rubin. The albums not only reestablished Cash’s musical legacy, but extended it.

Their collaboration was highlighted in 2002 by the music video of “Hurt,” directed by Mark Romanek, that offered a glimpse of the artist in such fragile condition that even June advised him not to release it. But Cash approved the release of the video, a final act of immense artistic courage.

This article is adapted from “Johnny Cash — The Life,” being published this month by Little, Brown. Hilburn was The Times pop music critic from 1970-2005.

What: Writers Bloc presents Robert Hilburn and Kris Kristofferson discussing the life and music of Johnny Cash

Where: Ann and Jerry Moss Theater, New Roads School, 3131 W. Olympic Blvd., Santa Monica

What: Robert Hilburn discusses “Johnny Cash — The Life” with Grammy Museum Executive Director Robert Santelli

Where: Grammy Museum, 800 W. Olympic Blvd., Los Angeles

Admission: Free, reservations required at [email protected]

When: Robert Hilburn and “Johnny Cash — The Life”

Where: Book Soup, 8818 Sunset Blvd., West Hollywood

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