Geskiedenis Podcasts

G-2 SS-27-Geskiedenis

G-2 SS-27-Geskiedenis

G-2 SS-27

G-2

(SS-27: dp. 400 (n.); 1. 161 '; b. 13'1 "; dr. 12', s. 14 k.
kpl. 24; a. 4 18 "tt.; Kl. ~ 2)

G-2 is neergelê as Tuna 20 Oktober 1909- herdoop tot G 2, 17 November 1911; gelanseer deur die Lake Torpedo Boat Co., Bridgeport, Conn., 10 Januarie 1912, geborg deur juffrou MarJorie F. Miller voltooi in die New York Navy Yard, en in opdrag van 6 Februarie 1915, Lt. (j.g.) R. C. Needham in bevel.

G 2 het by Afdeling 3 van die Submarine Flotilla 27. Maart in Portsmouth, VA, aangesluit vir oefenvaarte wat haar in Norfolk, Charleston, New York, Newport en Provincetown gevind het. Die duikboot is van 26 Maart 1916 tot 28 Junie 1917 uitgebrei opgeknap in die New York Navy Yard en die Lake Torpedo Boat Co., waarna dit aan die Submarine Flotilla, Patrol Force U.S.

Die duikboot het in New London gebly vir verdere installasies tot 23 Augustus toe sy vertrek na Boston Lightship na instruksionele en eksperimentele operasies. Met die aanvang van studente het sy gehelp met die opsporing van duikbootopsporingstoestelle vir die eksperimentele raad in Margaret, en in eksperimentele probleme met SC - 2 het sy basis van Boston na New London, Conn., 20 Oktober 1917, gekombineer en eksperimentele werk oor klankopsporing gekombineer. toestelle met opleiding vir die nuutgestigte Submarine School in die omgewing van Block Island en Long Island Sounds. Sy het gedurende Junie en Julie 1918 verdedigende patrolliediens gehad, terwyl sy 'n luister- en periskoopwaarskuwing op die stasie buite Block Island onderhou het. Sy het met magnetiese detektore en die Very System Signal -apparaat geëksperimenteer en die sterkte van haar romp getoets aan dieptelading. Terselfdertyd het sy studentebeamptes opgelei in samewerking met die eksperimentele stasie in New London, Conn.

G-2 het tot na die Eerste Wêreldoorlog skoolgehou en eksperimenteer, en sy het 2 April 1919 uit diens geneem. 30 Julie 1919 het die teikenboot skielik oorstroom en gesink by haar vasmeerplekke in Two Tree Channel naby Nianticbaai. Sy het in 131/2 voue afgekom en drie van die inspeksiebeamptes verdrink. Die duikboot is nooit opgewek nie.


Florida State Standards for Social Studies: Graad 2

SS.2.A.1.2 Gebruik die mediasentrum, tegnologie of ander inligtingsbronne om inligting op te spoor wat antwoorde gee op vrae oor 'n historiese onderwerp. 6
Voorgestelde titels vir Florida Social Studies State Standard SS.2.A.1.2

SS.2.A.2. Historiese kennis

SS.2.A.2.1 Besef dat inheemse Amerikaners die eerste inwoners in Noord -Amerika was. 7
Voorgestelde titels vir Florida Social Studies State Standard SS.2.A.2.1

SS.2.A.2.2 Vergelyk die kulture van inheemse Amerikaanse stamme uit verskillende geografiese streke van die Verenigde State. 5
Voorgestelde titels vir Florida Social Studies State Standard SS.2.A.2.2

SS.2.A.2.3 Beskryf die impak van immigrante op die inheemse Amerikaners. 4
Voorgestelde titels vir Florida Social Studies State Standard SS.2.A.2.3

SS.2.A.2.4 Ontdek hoe die daaglikse lewe van mense in koloniale Amerika mettertyd verander het. 3
Voorgestelde titels vir Florida Social Studies State Standard SS.2.A.2.4

SS.2.A.2.5 Identifiseer redes waarom mense deur die geskiedenis na die Verenigde State gekom het. 3
Voorgestelde titels vir Florida Social Studies State Standard SS.2.A.2.5

SS.2.A.2.6 Bespreek die belangrikheid van Ellis Island en die Statue of Liberty vir immigrasie van 1892 - 1954. 2
Voorgestelde titels vir Florida Social Studies State Standard SS.2.A.2.6

SS.2.A.2.7 Bespreek waarom immigrasie vandag voortduur. 6
Voorgestelde titels vir Florida Social Studies State Standard SS.2.A.2.7

SS.2.A.2.8 Verduidelik die kulturele invloede en bydraes van immigrante vandag. 6
Voorgestelde titels vir Florida Social Studies State Standard SS.2.A.2.8

SS.2.A.3. Chronologiese denke

SS.2.A.3.1 Identifiseer terme en benamings van tydvolgorde. 14
Voorgestelde titels vir Florida Social Studies State Standard SS.2.A.3.1

FL.SS.2.G. Aardrykskunde

SS.2.G.1. Die wêreld in ruimtelike terme

SS.2.G.1.1 Gebruik verskillende soorte kaarte (polities, fisies en tematies) om kaartelemente te identifiseer. 5
Voorgestelde titels vir Florida Social Studies State Standard SS.2.G.1.1

SS.2.G.1.2 Soek die tuisdorp van die studente, Florida en Noord -Amerika met behulp van kaarte en aardbolde, en vind die hoofstad en die nasionale hoofstad. 4
Voorgestelde titels vir Florida Social Studies State Standard SS.2.G.1.2

SS.2.G.1.3 Merk die kontinente, oseane, ewenaar, eerste meridiaan, noord- en suidpool op 'n kaart of aardbol. 6
Voorgestelde titels vir Florida Social Studies State Standard SS.2.G.1.3

SS.2.G.1.4 Gebruik 'n kaart om die lande in Noord -Amerika (Kanada, die Verenigde State, Mexiko en die Karibiese Eilande) op te spoor. 3
Voorgestelde titels vir Florida Social Studies State Standard SS.2.G.1.4

FL.SS.2.E. Ekonomie

SS.2.E.1. Begin Ekonomie

SS.2.E.1.1 Besef dat mense keuses maak weens beperkte hulpbronne. 2
Voorgestelde titels vir Florida Social Studies State Standard SS.2.E.1.1

SS.2.E.1.2 Besef dat mense goedere en dienste lewer wat gebaseer is op verbruikersvereistes. 10
Voorgestelde titels vir Florida Social Studies State Standard SS.2.E.1.2

SS.2.E.1.3 Besef dat die Verenigde State handel dryf met ander lande om goedere en dienste uit te ruil. 3
Voorgestelde titels vir Florida Social Studies State Standard SS.2.E.1.3

SS.2.E.1.4 Verduidelik die persoonlike voordele en koste verbonde aan spaar en besteding. 4
Voorgestelde titels vir Florida Social Studies State Standard SS.2.E.1.4

FL.SS.2.C. Burger en regering

SS.2.C.1. Fundamente van die regering, die reg en die Amerikaanse politieke stelsel

SS.2.C.1.1 Verduidelik waarom mense regerings vorm. 6
Voorgestelde titels vir Florida Social Studies State Standard SS.2.C.1.1

SS.2.C.1.2 Verduidelik die gevolge van afwesigheid van reëls en wette. 5
Voorgestelde titels vir Florida Social Studies State Standard SS.2.C.1.2

SS.2.C.2. Burgerlike en politieke deelname

SS.2.C.2.1 Identifiseer wat dit beteken om 'n burger van die Verenigde State te wees, hetsy by geboorte of deur naturalisasie. 4
Voorgestelde titels vir Florida Social Studies State Standard SS.2.C.2.1

SS.2.C.2.2 Definieer en pas die kenmerke van verantwoordelike burgerskap toe. 10
Voorgestelde titels vir Florida Social Studies State Standard SS.2.C.2.2

SS.2.C.2.3 Verduidelik waarom Amerikaanse burgers regte gewaarborg het en identifiseer regte. 5
Voorgestelde titels vir Florida Social Studies State Standard SS.2.C.2.3

SS.2.C.2.4 Identifiseer maniere waarop burgers 'n positiewe bydrae in hul gemeenskap kan lewer. 9
Voorgestelde titels vir Florida Social Studies State Standard SS.2.C.2.4

SS.2.C.2.5 Evalueer die bydraes van verskillende Afro -Amerikaners, Spaanse, Inheemse Amerikaners, veterane en vroue. 22
Voorgestelde titels vir Florida Social Studies State Standard SS.2.C.2.5

SS.2.C.3. Struktuur en funksies van die regering

SS.2.C.3.1 Identifiseer die Grondwet as die dokument wat die struktuur, funksie, bevoegdhede en perke van die Amerikaanse regering bepaal. 5
Voorgestelde titels vir Florida Social Studies State Standard SS.2.C.3.1

SS.2.C.3.2 Herken simbole, individue, gebeure en dokumente wat die Verenigde State verteenwoordig. 8
Voorgestelde titels vir Florida Social Studies State Standard SS.2.C.3.2


Lêer: USS G-2 aan die gang, omstreeks 1916, met USS Fulton (AS-1) na astern.jpg

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U kan nie hierdie lêer oorskryf nie.


New Jersey Scuba Diving

Soort: skeepswrak, duikboot, Amerikaanse vloot Gebou: 1912, Bridgeport, CT USA Spesifikasies: (161 x 13 voet) 400 ton, geen bemanning versink: Woensdag 30 Julie 1919
gestig na wapentoetse en#8211 3 ongevalle (inspeksie bemanning) Diepte: 81 ft

(Onderzeeër nr. 27: verplasing 375 (surf.), 516 (subm.) Lengte 161 ′ balk 13 𔃻 ″ diepgang 12 𔄀 ″ spoed 14 knope (surf.), 10 knope (sub) komplement 26 bewapening 6 18 ″ torpedobuise klas G-1)

Tuna (Onderzeeër nr. 27) is op 20 Oktober 1909 in Bridgeport, Conn., Neergelê deur die Lake Torpedo Boat Co. G-2 op 17 November 1911 van stapel gestuur op 10 Januarie 1912 geborg deur Mej Marjorie F. Miller wat na die beëindiging van die Lake -kontrak op 7 November 1913 na die New York Navy Yard gesleep is en op 1 Desember 1913 in diens geneem is, het Lt. (jg) Ralph C. Needham in bevel.

Vertrek uit New York op sleepwa van duikboot tender Ozark (Monitor nr. 7) het die dompelbare torpedoboot op 28 Februarie 1914 by die torpedostasie, Newport, Rhode Island, aangekom. G-2 spandeer die volgende vyf maande duikopleiding en ingenieursoefeninge met G-1 in Long Island Sound en Narragansettbaai. Tydens hierdie proewe het die boot ses ondergedompelde lopies gemaak tot 'n maksimum diepte van 37 voet. Haar enjins was egter lastig, en nadat die ankeras van die hawe op 31 Maart misluk het, is die boot na New York gesleep vir herstelwerk. Terwyl dit daar was, het finansiële oorwegings daartoe gelei G-2 word op 15 Junie 1914 in reserwe -kommissie geplaas.

G-2 is op 6 Februarie 1915 in New York in volle kommissie geplaas, lt (jg). Ralph C. Needham in bevel. Die boot is gekoppel aan afdeling drie, Submarine Flotilla, Atlantic Fleet, en sluit aan by G-1, Fulton (Submarine Tender No.1) en sleepboot Sonoma, vir 'n vaart na Norfolk op 25 Maart. Twee dae later daar aangekom, het die dompelpomp maneuvers in Hampton Roads uitgevoer voordat hulle in April na Charleston gegaan het en op die 17de daar aangekom. Na 'n kort herstelperiode, het die afdeling teruggegaan na New York en op 9 Mei langs die pier in die 135ste straat vasgemeer.

Op 18 Mei, G-2 het by ander oorlogskepe aangesluit en in hersiening geslaag voor president Woodrow Wilson, wat van die seiljag af gekyk het Mayflower. Die boot vaar daarna na Nantucket om deel te neem aan 'n oorlogsprobleem buite Block Island, voordat sy op 25 Mei haar torpedo's by Newport aflaai. Die onderdompelaar het weer na New York bestel vir 'n opknapping, en het weer die bekende waters van Long Island Sound oorgesteek voordat hy op 22 Junie by die monding van die Oosrivier aangekom het. Terwyl jy langs die rivier staan ​​met G-4die twee bote het egter met duikboot gebots K-22 in 'n ongewone drie-boot ongeluk. Gelukkig het nie een van die bote skade gely nie. G-2 het later die dag die Navy Yard daar binnegekom vir 'n uitgebreide opknapping.

Begelei na Provincetown, Mass., Per sleepboot Iwana en Ozark, G-2 het tussen 1-10 Desember die finale aanvaardingsproewe begin. Na die suksesvolle evolusies, waartydens die proefraad opgemerk het dat daar baie items nodig was wat modernisering vereis, het die boot op 14 Januarie 1916 na New York teruggekeer vir 'n opknapping. Ses maande later het G-2 verskuif na die werf van die Lake Torpedo Boat Company vir voltooiing, met nuwe duikroer, hidrovliegtuie, elektriese bedrading en 'n nuwe krukas. Hierdie werfwerk het uitgebreide aanpassings vereis en die boot het eers weer in diens gekom totdat dit by New London konvooi is Sonstraal II (SP-42) op 28 Junie 1917.

Op 21 Augustus, G-2 het via die Cape Cod Canal na Boston geseil om mee te werk Aylwin (Vernietiger nr. 47), duikbootjagter SC-6, en stoomjag Margaret (SP-527). Daar het die boot 'n vloot -eksperimentele raad gehelp Margaret voer verskillende klankdetektortoetse in nabygeleë waters uit. Die duikboot het ook oefenbenaderings gedoen en dien as 'n onderrigplatform vir offisiere en aangewese duikbootstudente.

Op 20 Oktober terug na New London, G-2 gekombineerde werk op klanktoestelle met opleiding vir die nuutgestigte Submarine School buite Block Island en in Long Island Sound. Gedurende sewe maande se operasies het sy met magnetiese detektore en sleeptoestelle geëksperimenteer en nuwe periskope en ander duikboot -toerusting probeer. Die boot het hierdie toetse met afdelingpatrolliebote uitgevoer Wacondah (SP-238) en Thetis (SP-391), asook talle subchasers. Toe sy leer oor die moontlike nabyheid van Duitse U-bote, het sy einde Junie 1918 en weer middel Julie vierdaagse patrollies by Block Island uitgevoer.

G-2 het aan die einde van die Eerste Wêreldoorlog uit New London voortgegaan met skoolplig, met die toets van luister- en flitssein -toestelle onder ander toerusting. Op 30 Augustus het haar bemanning byvoorbeeld die sterkte van die drukromp en die betroubaarheid van elektriese toerusting getoets teen ontploffings van dieptelading. Op 12 September Thetis eksperimenteer met 'n magnetiese detektor terwyl G-2 lê op die bodem in 86 voet water en, in November, G-2 selfs eksperimentele werk met patrollie -seevliegtuie uitgevoer. Hierdie plig eindig in Januarie 1919 toe sy vir inaktivering beplan was.

Die boot, wat op 2 April 1919 gestaak is, is aangewys as 'n teiken vir die toets van dieptelading en vuurnette in Nianticbaai, Conn. vasmeerplekke in Two Tree Channel naby Nianticbaai. Sy het met 13-1/2 vate afgegaan en drie van die inspeksiespan verdrink. Te diep en te oud om te red, is die duikboot op 11 September 1919 uit die vlootlys geslaan.


USS Casimir Pulaski (SSBN-633)

Deur die handvatsels teen die Skipper te slaan, draai die kronkel vinnig om alles te kontroleer voordat u by 030 stop.

Die donker romp wat laag tot by die water vaar, skynbaar onwetend en onverskillig vir sy naderende ondergang.

Die kaptein staar duisend myl in die afdalende as met hidrouliese olie, terwyl sy gedagtes vasgesteek is op die taak.

"Stel diepte op een nul voet"

"Vloedbuis vier en maak die buitedeur oop."

"Die volgende waarneming sal 'n skietwaarneming wees."

"Laat die COB aan die Conn. Rapporteer."

'COB, sal u die vuurtoets hier druk?'

Die COB met 'n gespanne voorkoms op sy gesig, "Aye Skipper."

Die Kaptein met 'n soort hartseer glimlag sê: "Dit sal nie nou die eerste keer wees nie?"

"Geen skipper nie, maar ek hoop dit is die laaste so."

'Dit is lankal laas dat ons saam met die boot af na die boot gestap het, nie waar nie?'

'Ja, ek is 'n E2 en jy 'n O1, ek het jou bo daardie tyd oortref, nie waar nie?'

Die kaptein lag, wat die spanning op albei gesigte verlig: "Ja, jy het my altyd op 'n sekere manier oortref. Jy het knorrige ou hooflesse geneem nog lank voordat jy 'n E5 was."

Die COB glimlag vir 'n oomblik en sê: "Ons het albei 'n lang pad gekom sedert daardie dae, en nou is dit amper op 'n einde."

Weereens die ongemaklike draai om die omvang om te stop met die duikboot in die kruishare.

'Baie goed, dit is vir MOT, Shoot tube vier.'

Die COB se hand kom vinnig op, stop dan oor die sleutelsleutel en wankel daar. In 'n streng stem wat so effens kraak, sê die kaptein: "Skiet die vis!" Die taai, harde hand van die hoofman wat nie ooreenstem met die pyn in sy oë nie, slaan op die sleutel neer.

"Buis vier het elektries gevuur," berig die hoof ongelukkig.

"Vyf en vyftig sekondes, kaptein."

"COB, ek het beter nie gemis nie."

"Ja Meneer, jammer, maar dit is moeilik om u kwaliteitsboot te laat sink."

"Skipper, volgens Sonar, Torpedo loop reguit en normaal."

"5, 4, 3, 2, 1, Skipper, Plus 1, 2, 3,"

Die kaptein kyk deur die periskoop na sy "Damn" om beloon te word met die gewelddadige geiser seeskuim onder die motorkamer van die sub. Omhoog, reeds in twee gebreek deur die ontploffing van die Mark 16 -torpedo, is sy tot die res van die ewige verdoeming op die seebodem gedoem. "COB, kyk. Dit is 'n beter einde om geskrap te word."

As hy kyk, sien hy hoe die punte van die gebroke swart romp vinnig in die diepblou see verdwyn. "Ja, sy sal rus by al haar susters, waar sy hoort, Skipper. Sy het ons weer goed gedien."

Dit is opgedra aan die bote wat die laaste finale maatreël vir ons in wapentoetse gegee het. S (T) Gesink as teiken uit "US Submarines Through 1945" deur Norman Friedman. Jim Christley het op ander plekke navorsing gedoen en die gebruik hiervan vriendelik toegelaat. Daar is ook kommentaar bygevoeg deur matrose wat op die boot gery het wat hulle laat sink het of kennis dra van die sinking.

  • SS-2 A-1 was die teiken. Verkoop vir die opheffing van 26 Jan 22 met USS Puritan.
  • SS-3 A-2 Adder 16-Jan-22 26/01/1922 Gebruik as teiken. Hulk het in Manilabaai, naby Corregidor, gesink
  • SS-4 A-3 Grampus Gebruik as teiken. Hulk het in Manilabaai, naby Corregidor, gesink
  • SS-5 A-4 Moccasin 16-Jan-22 Gebruik as teiken. Hulk het in Manilabaai, naby Corregidor, gesink
  • SS-6 A-5 Snoek 16-Jan-22 Gesink deur ontploffing 15 Apr 17 Gered Word as teiken gebruik. Hulk het in Manilabaai, naby Corregidor, gesink
  • SS-7 A-6 Bruinvis 16-Jan-22 Gebruik as teiken. Hulk het in Manilabaai, naby Corregidor, gesink
  • SS-8 A-7 Haai 16-Jan-22 Word as teiken gebruik. Hulk het in Manilabaai, naby Corregidor, gesink
  • SS-9 C-1 Octopus Word as teiken gebruik. Hulk het in Manilabaai, naby Corregidor, gesink
  • SS-10 B-1 Viper 16-Jan-22 Gebruik as teiken. Hulk het in Manilabaai, naby Corregidor, gesink
  • SS-11 B-2 Inktvis 17-Jan-22 Gebruik as teiken. Hulk het in Manilabaai, naby Corregidor, gesink
  • SS-12 B-3 Tarantula 17-Jan-22 Gebruik as teiken. Hulk het in Manilabaai, naby Corregidor, gesink
  • SS-19 1/2 (Seal) G1 aangewese teiken 19 Feb 20 getref 29 Aug 21. S (T) in Narragansettbaai, RI het in 105 'water gesink 20 Junie 21 net noord van Taylor's Point.
  • SS-26 Thrasher G4 is aangewys as 'n diepte-teiken teiken 6 Desember 19 verkoop 15 April 20.
  • SS-27 Tuna G2 gestig in afwagting van diepte-ladingstoetse 30 Julie 19 gedeeltelik opgehef en geskrap 1962. Sy lê langs Pleasant Beach naby Niantic Bay, CT in 80 voet water.
  • SS-48 L-8 15 November 22 S (T) in 110 voet water, 3 myl suid van Brenton Reef Light, buite Narragansettbaai in 1926 in 'n toets van die noodlottige Mk 6 magnetiese ontpletter.
  • SS-85 R8 19 Augustus 36 bombardement. SS-94 R 17 na UK 9 Mrt 42 Ret 6 Sept 44 gedien as teiken geslaan 22 Junie 45 verkoop 16 Nov 45.
  • SS-121 S-16 S (T) 3 Mei 45 in 250 voet water, 30 myl van Key West af
  • SS-122 S-17 S (T) 5 April 45
  • SS-124 S-19 S (T) net langs Pearl Harbor [Londen-verdrag] op 18 Desember 38.
  • SS-126 S-21 gesink as sonardoelwit 23 Maart 45.
  • SS-140 S-35 S (T) 4 April 46 na gebruik as skadebeheer-hulk vir die nuwe Fleet Damage Control School.
  • SS-142 S-37 S (T) 4 April 46 "voordat u van San Diego afgeskakel word?"
  • SS-143 S-38 S (T) vanaf San Diego 20 Februarie 45.
  • SS-164 Bass het op 12 Maart 45 as 'n sonar-teiken getref.
  • SS-184 Skipjack Bikini teiken gesink 25 Julie 46 verhoog 2 Sept 46 S (T) 11 Aug 48.
  • SS-196 Searaven Bikini teiken 46 Julie (T) 11 September 48.
  • SS-203 Tuna Bikini teiken, S (T) 24 September 48.
  • SS-217 Guardfish S (T) 1 Okt 61 deur Dogfish en Blenny 97 myl suid van Block Island
  • SS-241 Bashaw S (T) 13 September 69 SS-242 het as bergingsafrigter 3 Desember 70 van Hawaii afgestuur.
  • SS-243 Bream S (T) 7 November 69 deur Sculpin (SSN 590) langs die suide van Kalifornië.
  • SS-259 Jack S (T) deur eenhede van die Amerikaanse sesde vloot op 1 September 68 na terugkeer uit Griekeland. Sink het plaasgevind binne 10 myl van 320 16 'N x 1320 05' E. (Deur Entemedor, nota van Frank Hill)
  • SS-260 Lapon geleen aan Griekeland 8 Augustus 1957. Terug in Amerikaanse beheer en S (T) in 1973
  • SS-262 Muskellunge S (T) 9 Julie 68 deur Tench (SS-417). Sy het nog al die onderdele, gereedskap, ens. Aan boord gehad toe sy die laaste duik gemaak het. Enigeen van u wat destyds in New London was, onthou hoe moeilik dit was om onderdele te kry om die dieselbote aan die gang te hou, maar die eskader het 'n Jarhead wat die wenkbroue bewaak het, sodat ons niks kon red nie.
  • SS-263 Paddle (geleen aan Brasilië op 18 Januarie 1957. Na berig word, het sy op ongeveer 30 Junie 1968 gesink.
  • SS-270 Raton verkoop 12 0ct 73, maar word as doelwit gebruik.
  • SS-274 Rock verkoop op 17 Augustus 72, maar word as doelwit gebruik.
  • SS-282 Tunny S (T) 19 Junie 70 deur USS Volador SS490
  • SS-283 Tinosa het 60 November na gebruik as 'n ASW-teiken toegedien.
  • SS-285 Balao Main-romp wat as teiken van Charleston, South Carolina, gesink is 300 46,5'N x 740 11'W op 4 September 63. Die toring en die skêr is by Navy Memorial Museum, Washington Navy Yard.
  • SS-292 Devilfish S (T) deur USS Wahoo (SS 565) in 2000 vate water op 370 05'N x 1240 8 'W tydens 'n MK16 Mod8-dienstoets op 14 Augustus 68.
  • SS-293 Dragonet S (T) 17 September 61 na plofbare toetse in Upper Chesapeake Bay in 150 voet water.
  • SS-299 Manta-doelskip 49-53 S (T) 16 Julie 69 van Norfolk Va.
  • SS-300 Moray S (T) 18 Junie 70 van San Clemente Island.
  • SS-302 Sabalo S (T) 15 Feb 73 in Sub Sink Ex Project Thurber.
  • SS-305 Skate Bikini teiken 46 Julie, dan S (T) vanaf San Clemente op 5 Oktober 1948.
  • SS-308 Apogon Bikini-teiken gesink 25 Julie 46 Regop op die onderste 800yd SW van Test Baker Site.
  • SS-309 Aspro S (T) 16 November 62.
  • SS-311 Archerfish S (T) 17 Okt 68 in 2000 vate water op Lat 320-23.0'N en Lng. 1220-58.1'W. Teen 2114Z het hierdie datum 'n MK37-2-torpedo, wat deur USS Snook (SSN-592) afgevuur is, die agterkant getref en ontplof, maar nie die teiken gesink nie. Dit was die tweede van twee MK37-2-torpedo's wat gebruik is; die eerste het nie die teiken aangeskaf of aangeval nie. By 2226Z, nadat 'n MK14-5-torpedo op die sye geslaan is, het Archerfish in die helfte verdeel naby die batteryleek en neergedaal na haar laaste rusplek aan die kus van San Diego, Kalifornië.
  • SS-312 Burrfish S (T) 19Sept 69.
  • SS-315 Sealion S (T) 8 Julie68.
  • SS-317 Barbero S (T) 7 0ct 64 by Greenfish.
  • SS-324 Blenny het gesink as rif van Ocean City NJ. (Boek is verkeerd hieroor. Sy is nie as teiken gesink nie, maar as 'n visrif by Ocean City MD.)
  • SS-331 Bugara het onder sleep vir doel 1 Junie 71 verloor.
  • SS-337 Carbonero S (T) 27 Aug. 75.
  • SS-342 Chopper het 21 Julie 76 gesink terwyl dit as 'n vasgemaakte onderwater teiken aangelê is.
  • SS-347 Cubera S (T) Datum onbekend deur USS Salmon aan die kus van San Diego. Dit was nadat sy uit Venezuela gesleep is, waar sy in 1972 geleen is.
  • SS-362 Guavina S (T) 14 November 67 deur Cubera met 'n Mk 16 van Cape Henry Va af. Ek het 'n foto van die ontploffing uit Cubera se periskop, die datum word op 11 November 67 gegee.
  • SS-377 Menhaden vasgemaak onderwater teiken 76 later verkoop.
  • SS- 386 Pilotfish Sunk Bikini 25 Jul 46 grootgemaak S (T) 16 0ct 48.
  • SS-392 Sterlet S (T) 31 Julie 69 deur Sargo.
  • SS-393 Queenfish S (T) 14 Aug 63 deur Swordfish.
  • SS-395 Redfish S (T) 16 0ct 69 van Sea Fox.
  • SS-398 Segundo S (T) 8 Aug. 70 deur Salmon.
  • SS-399 Sea Cat test hulk 1968-72 verkoop 18 Mei 73 (ook berig gesink)
  • SS-400 Sea Devil S (T) 24 November 64 is deur USS VOLADOR gesink
  • SS-490, 'n eenheid van SUBFLOT ONE/SUBRON FIVE deur 'n MK37-1. LCDR Glenn M. Brewer was C.O. van VOLADOR destyds. Ek was op die TDjC en LT John B. Thomas, 'n voormalige ENC (SS) aan boord van SEA DEVIL slaan die vuurplunker eintlik vir die skoot. Torpedo het in die After Engine Room -gebied getref. Sea Devil het nie gesink voordat dit deur die USS Halsey (DLG), later CG, beskadig is nie.
  • SS-401 Sea Dog S (T) 18 Mei68.
  • SS-404 Spikefish S (T) 4 Augustus 64 aangemeld
  • SS-412 Trepang S (T) 16 September 69.
  • SS-416 Tiru se laaste vloot duikboot in diens wat beplan word om deur die USS Silversides na die dompel teiken S (T) 2 0ct 76 na die afstandbeheer oorgeplaas te word.
  • SS-419 Tigrone S (T) op 25 Okt. 76. USS Sea Devil (SSN-664) het MK 48 warshot op 'n onderdompelde teiken afgevuur. Wapen het verskeie kere aangeskaf, maar het steeds weggedraai. . . sommige het destyds vermoed dat die boordrekenaar nie die teiken vir naby-in sou bekragtig nie, omdat daar geen geraas uit die teiken was wat stilstaan ​​aan twee bergingspontons nie. Kabel op een ponton het die volgende oggend in rowwe see geskei en die teiken sak. . . Wapensbeampte en TM3 op die destydse brug van Sea Devil. . . ponton uit water opgeskiet het. . . baie woelende lug op die oppervlak. . . slegs flotsam was stukke houtdek.
  • SS-422 Toro verkoop op 65 April (ook gerapporteer)
  • SS-428 Ulua opgeskort 12 Augustus 45, gebruik as onderwater ontploffingstoets Hulk Norfolk 51-58 getref 12 Junie 58.
  • SS-568 Harder S (T) langs Pearl Harbor, 1991
  • SS-573 Salm vir omskakeling in sonar-teiken vir vlak water. Gesink naby Hudson Canyon as onderste teiken, Junie 1993
  • SSG-574 Grayback 13 April 86 Gesink as teiken in of naby Subic Bay, RPI. SS-576 Darter S (T) 7 Jan 92 van Pearl Harbor, HI. deur USS Tautog (SSN 639) in 'n Mk 48 ADCAP -toets.

Seehonde

DEUR WILLIAM GALVANI
SEILERS HET HONDE NA SEE GEMAAK AANGESIEN 'N PAAR honde wat saam met Noag gestuur is. Nietemin, die prentjie van die floppy-eared poedel wat so jaloers en selfversekerd lyk soos die jong duikbote wat haar omring het, het my verras. Wat was die hond se naam? Ek het gewonder. Waarom was dit op 'n duikboot? 'N Skraap agterop die foto het slegs aan die lig gebring dat dit die bemanning van die USS Whale was nadat hy teruggekeer het van sy agtste oorlogspatrollie in die Stille Oseaan. Die Submarine Force Library and Museum in Groton, Connecticut, waar ek die regisseur is, het duisende boeke, dokumente en foto's oor Amerikaanse duikbootbedrywighede, maar ek het nie 'n lêer oor gelukbringers nie. Was daar honde aan boord van ander duikbote? Indien wel, kan ons genoeg inligting oor hulle vind om 'n uitstalling vir die museum te plaas? Die kurator, die argivaris en ek het die volgende ses maande dopgehou vir foto's en verhale van wat ons seehonde genoem het. Ons vondste was af en toe ongereeld dat ons 'n prentjie in 'n vouer of 'n kort verwysing in 'n vergeelde nuusblad kon opspoor. Toe publiseer ek 'n beroep in Polaris, die maandblad van die Submarine Veterans of World War II. In gegote briewe met foto's, ID -kaarte, diensrekords en koerantberigte. Die antwoorde het getoon dat die veterane se gevoelens vir hul troeteldiere na byna vyftig jaar sterk bly. Een het geskryf: "Sy was werklik een van ons bemanning, en ons was almal lief vir haar. Sy was 'n troos ... As ons stil hardloop en 'n goeie diepte kry." 'N Ander een onthou:' 'n Hoof van een van die sewehonderd skepe in die ankerplek (by Ulithi) het besluit om met ons hond weg te gaan, en ek het ingetree en 'n gebreekte neus gekry vir my pogings. Hoop Garbo waardeer dit! ' 'N Derde onthou: "Sedert ek die boot verlaat het voordat Betty dit gedoen het, kan ek nie van haar uiteindelike lot vertel nie. Mag haar siel in vrede rus." Uit hierdie korrespondensie het ek ontdek dat tydens die Tweede Wêreldoorlog baie duikbote in die Verenigde State maskotte saam met hulle in die Stille Oseaan gedra het. Ons het wel 'n uitstalling saamgestel met die naam "Sea Dogs: Mascots of the Silent Service." Dit is steeds so gewild onder die publiek as die gelukbringers by hul spanne en om dieselfde rede: die honde het hul harte aangeraak.

Onderzeeboere se troeteldiere was gewoonlik klein en van gemengde ras. Bemannings het dit verkry deur koop en geskenk of in die handel vir 'n boks of twee bier. Een hond jaag selfs aan boord van 'n onderdak toe die boot aan die gang is. Die honde juig en vermaak die mans tydens hul lang oorlogspatrollies. Hulle het gehelp om die spanning en moegheid van ure se stil hardloop of nagte van oppervlakaanvalle te verlig. Die mans het op hul honde gewag. Hulle het vir hulle steak en spek gevoer, hulle het hulle ID -kaarte en diensrekords gegee, en hulle het hulle vrylik oor die hele Stille Oseaan geneem, en meer as een gelukbringer het 'n smaak vir bier gekry. Bemannings het hul troeteldiere leibande en halsbande gemaak, kompleet met gevegs -duikbote en dienssterre. Sommige honde het spesiale jasse gedra met die oorlogsrekord van hul boot. Ten minste een misdadiger het selfs na kaptein se mas gegaan. Garbo was die perfekte duikboot -gelukbringer. 'N Hondjie wat so klein was dat sy in 'n wit matroos se hoed weggesteek kon word, het aan boord gekom van die USS Gar (SS 206) in Hawaii omtrent die tyd van die boot se tiende oorlogspatrollie. Sy en die bemanning het dadelik van mekaar gehou en sy het aan boord gebly vir die res van die Gar se vyftien oorlogspatrollies. Die hondjie het haar tuisgemaak in die voorste torpedokamer. Elke keer as die sub aan die gang was, het Garbo haarself heeltemal op die bullnose gestasioneer en geblaf. Nadat sy elke patrollie deur die gar getrek het van stam tot agter toe sy in elke kompartement aankom, kom die bemanning daar onder aandag. 'Sy was die eienaar van die boot en het dit geweet', onthou Jim Bunn, motor -masjinismaat Tweede klas. Garbo verdien die gevegs duikboot -kentekens wat sy aan haar kraag gedra het, saam met 'n ster vir elke suksesvolle patrollie wat sy op die Gar gemaak het. Onder die swaarste diepte -aanvalle, toe die meters lek, gloeilampe breek en brande uitbreek, bly Garbo so speels soos altyd. Bunn het gesê: 'Sy moes 'n medalje gekry het om sy humeur en moraal te behou toe ons dit die nodigste gehad het.' Almal was welkom om haar te troetel, maar slegs die skipper, lt. -kmdt. George Lautrup, jr., En die kok, Red Balthorp, kon haar kom haal. Die skipper het haar op sy skouer gesit en haar saans met die leer na die brug gedra vir vars lug.

Op 'n aand terwyl die Gar op die oppervlak hardloop tydens 'n oorlogspatrollie op die Palau -eilande, stap Garbo van die sigaretdek af en verdwyn in die duisternis. Die mede. Onmiddellik met 'n dogoverboard -soektog begin. Terwyl die boot kranksinnige sirkels in vyandelike waters maak, het 'n uitkykpunt uiteindelik die gelukbringer onder die brug opgemerk, veilig op die hoofdek. Tussen patrollies het Garbo by die bemanning by hul hotel in Pearl Harbor gebly. Sy het deelgeneem aan die skip se partytjies, en soos sommige van haar tweebeen-skeepsmate, het sy nie haar limiet geken nie. Nadat sy te veel bier gegooi het, was sy geneig om in meubels te verdwyn. Garbo het twee kleintjies gebaar terwyl die baba onderweg was na Ulithi, die vader van die USS Tambor (SS 198). Die bemanning van die Gar het die kleintjies vir ander bote in bote verruil. Aan die einde van die oorlog, toe die Gar terugkeer na die Verenigde State, het die motorbestuurder, Jim Ellis, Garbo saamgeneem huis toe. Skeeter se tweede besoek aan die mas kom toe hy die been van 'n onderoffisier as 'n brandkraan beskou het. Sugie het by die bemanning van die USS Besugo (SS 321) aangesluit toe hy ses weke oud was. By die sub-ingebruiknemingspartytjie in Junie 1944 het die hondjie, geklee in 'n pasgemaakte matroosblou trui, uit die arms van die bestuurder gekyk. Sugie het die shakedown -vaart gemaak en al vyf oorlogspatrollies waartydens die Besugo meer as veertigduisend ton vyandse skeepvaart gesink het. Hy hou van bier en whisky, geminag met 'n gilly ('n gemene drank gedistilleer uit die alkohol in torpedo -brandstof), en sou in 'n knippie 'n pienk dame drink. Duikbootkos pas hom uitstekend, en hy het veral daarvan gehou om op 'n stoel te sit terwyl die bemanning hom met 'n lepel voer. Sy eetlus het nie daar gestop nie: hy kou kougom (en sluk dit), hy sal seep eet as iemand hom nie dophou nie, en hy kou graag sokkies wanneer hy kan, veral die skipper. Skeeter, gelukbringer van die USS Halibut (SS 232), was ook 'n veehouer. Die bemanning het hom in Lefty se kroeg in San Francisco aangeskaf terwyl die sub in 1944 ondergaan is.

Hy is eers daarvan beskuldig dat hy die vrede in die voorste batterykomparty versteur het en dat hy teisterend en strydlustig was. Kmdt. I. J. Galantin, die heilbot se C.O., het die saak met 'n waarskuwing van die hand gewys. Skeeter se tweede besoek aan die mas kom toe hy die been van 'n onderoffisier as 'n brandkraan beskou het. Maar die hond het uiteindelik 'n eerbare ontslag gekry en is in Julie 1945 uit die vloot in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, opgedoen. Ander was nie so gelukkig nie. Potshot het drie oorlogskruise aan boord van die USS Hoe (SS 258) oorleef om net deur 'n torpedo -vragmotor omgery te word tydens 'n roetine -stop by Pearl Harbor. Myrna, die gelukbringer van die USS Sawfish (SS 276), nog 'n slagoffer, was een van 'n werpsel van ses kleintjies wat gebore is aan Luau, die gelukbringer van die USS Spadefish (SS 411). Myrna was nog steeds nie gespeen toe haar bemanning haar aan boord van die Sawfish gesmokkel het nie. Aan die einde van die negende oorlogspatrollie van die Sawfish, is die sub na Camp Dealy op Guam vir rus en ontspanning. Myrna het geslaap onder 'n tafel waarop verskeie matrose gesit het toe 'n ander man by hulle aangesluit het, die tafel het neergestort en hul gelukbringer vermorsel. Die ongeluk het die bemanning weke lank depressief gelaat. Myrna se ma, Luau, was 'n plank eienaar op die Spadefish, nadat sy in Februarie 1944 aan boord gekom het, deur 'n groot, sagte steak uit die lewe van die landlub gelok nadat die bemanning haar in 'n kroeg in Vallejo, Kalifornië, ontdek het. Sy onderskei haar in die diens. When writing up the Spadefish's first war patrol, Lt. Cmdr. G. W. Underwood noted that Luau "contributed greatly to the morale with her ready playfulness with all hands. She was a bit perturbed by the depth charges, but soon recovered with only a slight case of depth charge nerves." If Hollywood had dreamed up a sea dog, it would have been Betty, a white toy poodle who was the mascot of the USS Whale (SS 239). She came aboard in Honolulu in September 1943, prevailing over the protests of the Whale's executive officer by licking the captain's hand. She was then designated Dog First Class, issued service and medical records, and given the run of the ship. She avoided the noisy engine rooms and hid in the control room during gunnery practice.

The men liked to take their dog on liberty in Pearl Harbor because, as Lt. Emmett Fowler, Jr., recalled, Betty was a "girl getter" it didn't take long for the poodle's escorts to strike up conversations with their mascot's attractive admirers. The weather was bad at Midway when the Whale returned from one patrol, and the port captain ordered the sub to remain outside the harbor till conditions improved. Unwilling to linger where his vessel might become a target for Japanese submarines, the C.O. entered port anyway. The irate port captain met the sub at the pier and yelled at the C.O. while the Whale was going alongside, then came aboard and continued to argue. Tiring of the stream of abuse, Betty slashed an eight-inch rip in the port captain's pants leg. A subsequent admiral's inquiry in Pearl Harbor exonerated the Whale's C.O. Betty had only been defending her crew. The port captain was relieved of his duties. Victory and the end of the war meant the breaking up of most submarine crews. Garbo, Skeeter, Betty, and other dogs went home with crew members. Porches, lawns, and the occasional cat replaced steel hulls, tile decks, and depth charges. Gabby, mascot of the USS Gabilan (SS 252), proudly represented all submarine sea dogs when he marched with his crew in a welcome-home victory parade in Mobile, Alabama, in October 1945.

A Silent Warrior's Final Day

On a dark and gloomy rain-filled day, a shroud of secrecy permeated the air on the Bremerton waterfront. It was the perfect setting for the final day in the top-secret career of the Bangor-based USS Parche, one of the world's most prolific spy submarines. By the time its life ended Tuesday in a decommissioning ceremony at the Bremerton naval base, the Parche was the most highly decorated ship in Navy history - even though most Americans have never heard of it. Commissioned in 1974, the Parche spent 30 years and 19 deployments as America's top espionage sub, reportedly tapping the undersea military communication lines of the Soviet Union during the Cold War, plucking lost Soviet weaponry from the ocean floor and gathering intelligence on other enemies afterward. The Parche (pronounced PAR-chee) was officially designated by the Navy as a "research and development" submarine. And it did plenty of that, testing new sonar and undersea warfare technologies. But its highly classified missions, none of which have ever been officially confirmed, are the most intriguing aspect of its history. Many of those missions were deemed to be of "vital importance to U.S. national security," earning the submarine an unprecedented nine Presidential Unit Citations. The vast majority of ships never receive even one. For being the most decorated ship ever, shouldn't more people be made aware of what it accomplished? "Those that need to know, know," said a matter-of-fact Rear Adm. Ben Wachendorf, who commanded the Parche from 1988 to 1993. Wachendorf, now U.S. defense attachй in Moscow, traveled from Russia to be at Tuesday's ceremony. "I wouldn't have missed it for anything," he said. "It means a lot to be able to say goodbye to an old friend." In fact, all but one of the Parche's nine former commanders were present at the Parche's decommissioning. In addition, about 130 former crew members, most belonging to the USS Parche Association, were on hand to witness the sub's inactivation. Those who returned to see their sub one last time said it was not only the camaraderie of submarine life that made Parche special, but also the exotic and extremely challenging missions it completed, which often involved excruciatingly long periods spent submerged with dwindling food and supplies. "It's the end of the life cycle," said Manchester resident Will Longman, chairman of the Parche Association. "It's very meaningful. The camaraderie does not go away. And the uniqueness of Parche imparts its own special camaraderie."

The Parche also was the last of the Navy's 37 Sturgeon-class fast attack subs to be deactivated - though it barely resembled any of the other ships of that class. That's because its hull was extended by 100 feet to accommodate extensive classified modifications in a four-year stay at Mare Island Naval Shipyard near San Francisco in the late 1980s and early 1990s. In 1994, the Parche and its crew of 190 moved from Mare Island to Bangor. It had already earned six Presidential Unit Citations by that time and earned another three after its transfer to Bangor, including a ninth for its final deployment that ended in late September. The Parche's final resume also included 13 Navy Expeditionary Medals and 10 Navy Unit Commendations - all unprecedented numbers. "Parche has had a career unmatched in the annals of submarine history," said Rear Adm. Paul Sullivan, commander of the Pacific Fleet submarine force. "Parche has gathered enough citations that are just truly remarkable ..based on her superb performance in critical national tasking. "She now ranks among the most legendary vessels to ever have sailed under our flag." Sullivan compared the Parche's storied past to other historic Navy vessels, such USS Constitution, USS Monitor, USS Missouri and USS Nautilus. "And now there is Parche," he said. The ship figured prominently in "Blind Man's Bluff: The Untold Story of American Submarine Espionage," a nonfiction book published in the 1990s, which described how it spent its Cold War days spying on the Soviet Union. It's also been reported the sub, with a claw-like device, was able to pick up lost Soviet missiles or bombs from the sea floor. Later, it reportedly deployed unmanned drones to complete many of the espionage tactics. Following the Cold War, the Parche continued its highly classified missions, with many observers citing an even higher sense of secrecy. It's said the Parche spent plenty of time in the Persian Gulf, gleaning intelligence on Iraq and Iran, and traveled through the Western Pacific keeping tabs on China and North Korea.

Capt. Richard Charles, the Parche's first commander, traveled from Mobile, Ala., for Tuesday's ceremony. He took command while the sub was being built and went on its first deployment, a five-month journey in the Mediterranean Sea. After that, the sub transferred to the West Coast and began its spy missions a few years later. "Those guys in the Pacific had all the fun," Charles joked. "I just built it. It's always sad to see a ship retire, but after a while, they are like you and me they wear out." Ironically, the name of the Parche's last at-sea commander, Capt. Charles Richard, was a mirror image of the sub's first. Richard was relieved in a change-of-command ceremony Tuesday after leading the Parche on two post-September 11th deployments, including one that lasted 122 days in 2002. "Being commander of this ship was an extraordinary experience and I was fortunate to be given the experience," he said. "I hope that each man who has served aboard this ship will look back and swell with pride knowing that he answered his country's call." Following the ceremony, the Parche, probably one of the least known subs to the general public because of its highly classified missions, silently shifted over to Puget Sound Naval Shipyard. There, it will be torn apart and recycled over the next few years. And it's probably the first time in the Parche's history that its whereabouts will be known. "That just proves our success that nobody knows what we do," said Bremerton resident Curt Mathews, who retired off the Parche last year. "It's kind of fun. People say, 'The Parche? I never heard of it?' Well, that's good. And we like it that way and that's why we were successful in all of our missions."


New Jersey Scuba Diving

World War II – USS Blenny SS-324 – 312 ft, 1,810 tons, 8 knots submerged

Everyone knows what a submarine is – a ship that can go underwater. Hardly needs any explanation. Unless you’re in the US Navy. By the Navy definition, only their modern, nuclear-powered boats ( all submarines are called “boats” ) are true submarines, designed to operate beneath the surface almost indefinitely. Anything else is merely a “submersible”, tied to the surface by the need for fuel and air. Wat ook al.

Submarines have a long history. Leonardo DaVinci sketched submarine vessels in the 1500s, but that’s a far cry from actually building one. Both the North and the South experimented with submarines during the Civil War, although only the desperate South actually used theirs in combat – the famous Hunley. Submarine development continued in Europe during the later 1800s, with no really useful results.

It was two Americans who separately built the first really practical submarines around the turn of the century, both right here in New Jersey. John Holland’s 45 ft Holland IV, built in Elizabeth, became the SS-1, the first boat accepted by the US Navy for operational use. The choice was more for political reasons than any superiority of design. Terwyl die Holland functioned adequately above and below the water, Holland’s methods for submerging, surfacing, and depth-keeping were clumsy. The perfection of diving and underwater control was left to Simon Lake, who began his work in Keyport, later in Toms River. Lake’s submarine designs were much more advanced than Holland’s, and Simon Lake should really be considered the father of the modern submarine. However, although the Navy eventually bought several of Lake’s submarines as well, their early preference for Holland has enshrined his name with that title. Lake spent his later years and much of his fortune vainly searching for the wreck of the HMS Hussar and its sunken treasure in the 1930s.

World War II – German Type IXc U-boat – 251 ft, 1,051 tons, 8 knots submerged

None of these early submarines were practical as weapons of war – they were small, short ranged, and extremely slow. In addition, these early subs lacked periscopes for underwater navigation and targeting, and like the Hunley, they carried primitive weapons that were at least as dangerous to themselves as to any enemy. All that changed during World War I with rapid advances in submarine technology and weapons, mainly in Germany. ( see U-151 ) these advances continued through World War II, when German U-boats were the scourge of the Atlantic, operating right up to our coast, sinking hundreds of ships over the course of the war. Similarly, long-ranged American submarines prowled the Pacific, eventually sinking almost every Japanese merchant vessel. While the Germans ultimately lost the Battle of the Atlantic, the Americans certainly won the “Battle of the Pacific.” After the war, advanced technology captured from the Germans, who were again at the forefront of submarine development, was combined with nuclear power to produce what the Navy now considers to be the true submarine.

'N Ohio-class nuclear powered Trident missile submarine 560 ft, 18,700 tons submerged, 25+ knots submerged

Ironically, modern submarines carry such fearsomely destructive arsenals that they no longer even bother to target surface ships. Instead, their primary mission is now to hunt each other.

2004 – the US Navy’s newest class of attack submarine – USS Virginia SSN-774 377 ft, 7,800 tons submerged, 32+ knots submerged


G-2 SS-27 - History

Ons redakteurs gaan na wat u ingedien het, en bepaal of hulle die artikel moet hersien.

SS, abbreviation of Schutzstaffel (German: “Protective Echelon”), the black-uniformed elite corps and self-described “political soldiers” of the Nazi Party. Founded by Adolf Hitler in April 1925 as a small personal bodyguard, the SS grew with the success of the Nazi movement and, gathering immense police and military powers, became virtually a state within a state.

From 1929 until its dissolution in 1945, the SS was headed by Heinrich Himmler, who built up the SS from fewer than 300 members to more than 50,000 by the time the Nazis came to power in 1933. Himmler, a racist fanatic, screened applicants for their supposed physical perfection and racial purity but recruited members from all ranks of German society. With their sleek black uniforms and special insignia (lightninglike runic S’s, death’s head badges, and silver daggers), the men of the SS felt superior to the brawling brown-shirted Storm Troopers of the SA, to which initially they were nominally subordinate.

When Hitler, with SS help, purged the SA in 1934 and reduced it to political impotence, the SS became an independent group responsible, via Himmler, to Hitler alone. Between 1934 and 1936 Himmler and his chief adjutant, Reinhard Heydrich, consolidated SS strength by gaining control of all of Germany’s police forces and expanding their organization’s responsibilities and activities. At the same time, special military SS units were trained and equipped along the lines of the regular army. By 1939 the SS, now numbering about 250,000 men, had become a massive and labyrinthian bureaucracy, divided mainly into two groups: the Allgemeine-SS (General SS) and the Waffen-SS (Armed SS).

The Allgemeine-SS dealt mainly with police and “racial” matters. Its most important division was the Reichssicherheitshauptamt (RSHA Reich Security Central Office), which oversaw the Sicherheitspolizei (Sipo Security Police), which, in turn, was divided into the Kriminalpolizei (Kripo Criminal Police) and the dreaded Gestapo under Heinrich Müller. The RSHA also included the Sicherheitsdienst (SD Security Service), a security department in charge of foreign and domestic intelligence and espionage.

The Waffen-SS was made up of three subgroups: the Leibstandarte, Hitler’s personal bodyguard the Totenkopfverbände (Death’s-Head Battalions), which administered the concentration camps and a vast empire of slave labour drawn from the Jews and the populations of the occupied territories and the Verfügungstruppen (Disposition Troops), which swelled to 39 divisions in World War II and which, serving as elite combat troops alongside the regular army, gained a reputation as fanatical fighters.

SS men were schooled in racial hatred and admonished to harden their hearts to human suffering. Their chief “virtue” was their absolute obedience and loyalty to the Führer, who gave them their motto: “Thy honour is thy loyalty.” During World War II the SS carried out massive executions of political opponents, Roma (Gypsies), Jews, Polish leaders, communist authorities, partisan resisters, and Russian prisoners of war. Following the defeat of Nazi Germany by the Allies, the SS was declared a criminal organization by the Allied Tribunal in Nürnberg in 1946.


Doel

This is the point where you start the real evaluation of the piece and try to figure out the purpose for its creation. You must be able to think as the author of the document. At this point you are still only focusing on the single piece of work you are evaluating.

  1. a. Why does this document exist?
  2. b. Why did the author create this piece of work?
  3. c. What is the intent?
  4. d. Why did the author choose this particular format?
  5. e. Who is the intended audience?
  6. f. Who was the author thinking would receive this?
  7. g. What does the document &ldquosay&rdquo?
  8. h. Can it tell you more than is on the surface?

Maatskappy Geskiedenis

G2 Secure Staff, LLC employs over 6,000 aviation services professionals at 54 top traveled airports across the United States.

We provide a wide range of aviation service solutions, including Terminal, Security, Aircraft Appearance, Ramp, Passenger Service, Cargo and Maintenance services. Please see our services tab at the top of our page to view a detailed page with each service. We provide services for long and short term agreements based on your company’s needs .

We only use the most up-to-date technology to assure our operations run as smooth as possible. Our tablet devices can track the location of our work force as well as assign necessary assignments in order to create a quick and smooth experience for our customers . We also utilize the same technology to improve timeliness within our operations .

Due to experience, we have a great understanding of the aviation industry and take notice when we see an employee going above and beyond their line of work. To those employees who work hard day in and day out we award with a Service Excellence Pin. This unique pin can be proudly displayed on their outer most garments while they work.

Our customers have all responded very favorably to our service delivery which is led by experienced management and dedicated employees. Our Operations management consists of a blend of former airline, aviation staffing and aviation security professionals. The talent level and diversity of this team allows G2 to funnel customer resources directly to the operation in a quality manner.

Our primary focus is to ultimately limit air carrier expenses in challenging times. Accordingly, all legacy and many low cost air carriers are included in our overall client portfolio of approximately 100 customers.


Sosiale sekerheid

First version of SSN card. No form number and no revision date. The preprinted information on the card face was in blue ink with a Social Security Board seal (in a lighter shade of blue) in the center of card. The SSN was in red ink. The date of issue was typed on the card. Had a &ldquostub&rdquo to type in the mailing address. (The stub was to be put away for safe keeping.) Left edge was perforated. The card had a curved header showing &ldquoSocial Security Act.&rdquo Under the header was &ldquoaccount number.&rdquo Had preprinted legends &ldquodate of issue&rdquo and &ldquoemployee's signature.&rdquo The instructions on the back were in black ink.

Second version of SSN card . Same as the first version of the card. The stub had a centered legend &ldquoFor Office Use Only.&rdquo

Third version of SSN card . The card itself was the same as the prior version but there were some variations in the printings. In some printings the SSN was printed on the stub in others it had to be typed on. In some printings the stub had pre-printed spaces for the NH's name and address.

First version of replacement SSN card . On the back of the card the form number was shown as &ldquoForm OA-702 DUP.&rdquo The card format was the same as the original SSN card except it was light green and had &ldquoDUPLICATE&rdquo printed diagonally across the face in red letters (green letters for those used by RRB). There was a Social Security Board seal in the middle of the card. The left margin was not perforated. The back of the RRB version showed only &ldquoRR&rdquo in large letters. The cards did not have a stub.

Second version of replacement SSN card . The preprinted information was in blue ink. &ldquoDuplicate&rdquo was not printed on the card. On the back of the card was &ldquoForm OA-702.1.&rdquo Date of issue was omitted. All printed information was in black ink. Back of card had: Federal Security Agency, Social Security Board

Fourth version of SSN card . The preprinted &ldquodate of issue&rdquo was eliminated. &ldquoEmployee's signature&rdquo changed to &ldquoworker's signature.&rdquo The stub had the SSN preprinted in red. &ldquoFederal Security Agency&rdquo was printed on the back of the stub. Instructions said to show card to employer.

Third version of replacement SSN card . The card was the same as the prior version. The stub had a box designated &ldquoworker's name and home address.&rdquo

Fourth version of replacement SSN card (12/42 revision). The revision date was printed on the back of the card. The legend &ldquoemployer's name&rdquo was pre-printed on the stub. Preprinted information on the card and stub was in blue ink. Instructions (in black ink) included information about name changes.

Fifth version of SSN card (4/43 revision). The card looked the same as the prior version. Instructions on the back of the card were expanded.

Sixth version of SSN card (7/44 revision). The same as the prior version, except the left edge was straight and the form number (&ldquoForm OA-702&rdquo) and the revision date (7-44) appeared in the lower left corner of the stub and the back of the card.

Fifth version of replacement SSN card (7/44 revision). The card was the same as the prior version. &ldquoEmployer's name&rdquo was no longer preprinted on stub.

Seventh version of SSN card (1/46 revision). The seal was now the Social Security Administration Seal and both the card and the stub bore the legend &ldquoFor Social Security Purposes Not For Identification.&rdquo Back of the card showed: Federal Security Agency, Social Security Administration.

Sixth version of replacement SSN card (1/46 revision). Both card and stub showed &ldquoFor Social Security Purposes--Not For Identification&rdquo across the bottom. Back of card showed: Federal Security Agency, Social Security Administration.

Eighth version of SSN card (6/48 revision). Some cards were the same as the prior version others had a new header, &ldquoSocial Security&rdquo with a small SSA seal in the header between &ldquoSocial&rdquo and &ldquoSecurity.&rdquo There were variations in the printings of this version.

Seventh version of replacement SSN card (3/48 revision). Card had the Social Security Administration seal instead of the Social Security Board seal. Back of card showed: Federal Security Agency, Social Security Administration.

Eighth version of replacement SSN card (10/48 revision). The SSA seal appeared as a slightly stippled design in the same shade of blue as the rest of the format. Instructions on the back of the card and the stub were printed in blue ink.

Ninth version of replacement SSN card (7/49 revision). The card was the same as the prior versions with the &ldquoSocial Security&rdquo header.

Printings of the 6/48 version of the SSN card had a header &ldquoSocial Security&rdquo with a small SSA seal between the two words.

Ninth version o f SSN card (1/52 revision). &ldquoSignature&rdquo instead of &ldquoWorker's signature&rdquo appeared on card and stub.

Tenth version of replacement SSN card (1/52 revision). &ldquoSignature&rdquo rather than &ldquoWorker's signature&rdquo appeared on card and stub.

Tenth version of SSN card (4/53 revision). The card was the same as the prior version. The instructions on the back of the card were revised. Also showed: Department of Heath, Education, and Welfare, Social Security Administration.

Eleventh version of replacement SSN card (4/53 revision). The card was the same as the prior version. Instructions on back of card were changed. Back showed: Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Social Security Administration.

Eleventh version of SSN card (2/54 version). The seal on the card was changed to a small DHEW seal.

Twelfth version of replacement SSN card (2/54 revision). The seal was changed to a DHEW seal.

Twelfth version of SSN card (7/54 revision). The card was the same as the prior version. There were small changes in the instructions on the back of the card.

Thirteenth version of replacement SSN card (7/54 revision). Card and stub were the same as the prior version. Instructions on the back of the card and stub used the term &ldquofield office&rdquo rather than &ldquodistrict office.&rdquo

Fourteenth version of replacement SSN card (3/56 revision). The card and stub were the same as the prior version. Instructions included information for the NH to get in touch with SSA if totally disabled.

Thirteenth version of SSN card (4/56 revision). The card was the same as the prior version. Instructions on the back of the card said to get in touch with SSA if a worker became totally disabled.

Fifteenth version of replacement SSN card (4/56 revision). The card and stub were the same as the prior version. Some cards may have been printed with 4/56 revision date (rather than 3/56).

Sixteenth version of replacement SSN card (10/58 revision). The card and stub were the same as the prior version. Instructions included information that a woman should contact SSA when she reached age 62.

Fourteenth version of SSN card (5/59 revision). The card and the stub were the same as the prior version. Instructions added information that a woman should contact SSA when she reached age 62. The instructions on the back were in black ink.

Fifteenth version of SSN card (9/61 revision). The card and stub revised to read &ldquoFor Social Security and Tax Purposes -- Not For Identification.&rdquo

Seventeenth version of replacement SSN card (11/61 version). The card and stub revised to read &ldquoFor Social Security and Tax Purposes -- Not For Identification.&rdquo

Seventeenth version of SSN card

Eighteenth version of SSN card (1/72 revision). Legend &ldquoNot For Identification&rdquo was no longer on card (shown from 1946 to 1972). A large DHEW seal was in the middle of the card. The format of the stub was changed to envelope size (the card was a small two-sided tear-off of the stub). The instructions were expanded on the back of the card and stub and were in black ink.

Eighteen version of replacement SSN card . This was the last version of the replacement SSN card. Thereafter, original and replacement cards looked the same.

Nineteenth version of SSN card (4/76 revision). The card is the same as the prior version. The stub size is smaller. The instructions are less and are printed in blue ink.

Twentieth version of the SSN card (5/80 revision). The seal is changed to a DHHS seal.

Twenty-first version of the SSN card (4/81 revision). The card is the same as the prior version.

On May 17, 1982, SSA began annotating SSN cards issued to aliens assigned nonwork SSNs &ldquoNOT VALID FOR EMPLOYMENT.&rdquo

Twenty-second version of SSN card (6/82 revision). The card is the same as the prior version. The SSN was removed from the card stub. Instructions add information about legend on non-work SSN cards.

Twenty-third version of SSN card (9/82 version). The card is the same as the prior version.

Twenty-fourth version of SSN card (10/83 revision). SSA begins issuing counterfeit resistant SSN card (on blue banknote paper with randomly placed colored planchettes on the back).

Twenty-fifth version of SSN card (4/84 revision). The card is the same as the prior version with the instructions reformatted.

Twenty-sixth version of SSN card (1/87 revision). Same as prior version with slightly darker shade of blue ink on back of card and stub.

Twenty-seventh version of SSN card (1/88 revision). Anti-copy VOID pattern added as security feature for card.

On September 14, 1992, SSA began showing the legend &ldquo VALID FOR WORK ONLY WITH INS AUTHORIZATION &rdquo for aliens with temporary work authorization.

Twenty-eighth version of SSN card ( January 1994). Language on the card tells NHs to &ldquoKeep card in a safe place to prevent loss or theft.&rdquo

Twenty-ninth version of SSN card ( April 1995), has SSA's new seal on the card.

Thirtieth version of the SSN card (06/99). Corrected SSA address to which cards should be returned.

Thirty-first version of the SSN card (12/2002). Instructions updated for clarity, to ask that the NH report changes in name, U.S. citizenship or alien status to SSA and not allow others to use SSN. The instruction &ldquodo not carry it with you&rdquo added to the back of the card.

Thirty-second version of the SSN card (03/2004). The language, &ldquoDO NOT CARRY IT WITH YOU&rdquo is added to the face of the card and the anti-copy VOID pattern is removed. In April 2004 the restrictive legend, VALID FOR WORK WITH INS AUTHORIZATION is changed to show INS change to DHS.

Thirty-third version of the SSN card (11-2006). Left side of SSN card carrier includes an explanation of the date printed under signature line on SSN card. Right side of carrier provides instructions for signing card. Beginning 04/07, the date the card is issued is printed under the signature line. Beginning 9/08/07, the number holder&rsquos name will always be printed on two lines, with the last name printed directly below the first and middle names.

Thirty-fourth version of the SSN card (10-2007). The 10-2007 version of the SSN card includes additional security features. Some of the more recognizable features are:

A unique non-repeating spiral design, replacing the existing marbleized pattern. The new pattern will be the same or a very similar color to the current background and will continue to be erasable.

Color shifting inks added to the face of the card very recognizable since it is used in currency.

A latent image on the face of the card, visible only when the document is viewed at specific angles.


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