Geskiedenis Podcasts

George Washington word 'n meester -vrymesselaar

George Washington word 'n meester -vrymesselaar


We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.

George Washington, 'n jong planter van Virginia, word 'n meestermesselaar, die hoogste basiese rang in die geheime broederskap van die Vrymesselary. Die seremonie is gehou by die Masonic Lodge No. 4 in Fredericksburg, Virginia. Washington was 21 jaar oud en sou binnekort sy eerste militêre operasie as majoor in die koloniale militia van Virginia beveel.

Vrymesselary het ontwikkel uit die praktyke en rituele van die klippe van die klipkappers in die Middeleeue. Met die agteruitgang van die Europese katedraalgebou het "lodges" besluit om nie-kliphouwers toe te laat om lidmaatskap te behou, en die geheime broederlike orde het in Europa gewild geword. In 1717 is die eerste Grand Lodge, 'n vereniging van losies, in Engeland gestig, en vrymesselary is spoedig deur die Britse Ryk versprei. Die eerste Amerikaanse Mason -lodge is in 1730 in Philadelphia gestig, en die toekomstige revolusionêre leier Benjamin Franklin was 'n stigterslid.

Daar is geen sentrale vrymesselaarse gesag nie, en Vrymesselaars word plaaslik beheer deur die vele gebruike en rituele van die orde. Lede spoor die oorsprong van messelwerk terug na die oprigting van die koning Salomo se tempel in Bybelse tye en daar word van hulle verwag om in die 'Opperwese' te glo, spesifieke godsdienstige rituele te volg en 'n gelofte van geheimhouding te handhaaf rakende die seremonies van die orde. Die messelaars van die 18de eeu het hulself gehou by liberale demokratiese beginsels wat godsdienstige verdraagsaamheid, lojaliteit teenoor die plaaslike regering en die belangrikheid van liefdadigheid insluit. Vanaf die aanvang het die Vrymesselary aansienlike teenkanting ondervind van die georganiseerde godsdiens, veral van die Rooms -Katolieke Kerk.

Vir George Washington was die aansluit by die Vrymesselaars 'n oorgangsritueel en 'n uitdrukking van sy burgerlike verantwoordelikheid. Nadat hy 'n meester van die vrymesselaar geword het, het Washington die opsie gehad om deur 'n reeks bykomende rituele te gaan wat hom na hoër 'grade' sou bring. In 1788, kort voordat hy die eerste president van die Verenigde State geword het, is Washington verkies tot die eerste aanbiddende meester van Alexandria Lodge No.

Baie ander leiers van die Amerikaanse rewolusie, waaronder Paul Revere, John Hancock, die Marquis de Lafayette en die saboteurs van die Boston Tea Party, was ook Vrymesselaars, en vrymesselaarsrituele was getuies tydens gebeure soos die presidensiële inhuldiging van Washington en die lê van die hoeksteen van die Amerikaanse Capitol -gebou in Washington, DC - 'n stad wat vermoedelik ontwerp is met vrymesselaarsimbole in gedagte. Vrymesselaarsimbole, wat deur Washington goedgekeur is in die ontwerp van die Groot Seel van die Verenigde State, kan op die rekening van een dollar gesien word. Die All-Seeing Eye bo 'n onvoltooide piramide is onmiskenbaar vrymesselaars, en die boekrol daaronder, wat die koms van 'n 'New Secular Order' in Latyn aankondig, is een van die jare lange vrymesselary se doelwitte. Die Groot Seël verskyn op die dollarnota tydens die presidentskap van Franklin D. Roosevelt, ook 'n Vrymesselaar.

Vrymesselary was steeds belangrik in die Amerikaanse politiek, en minstens 15 presidente, vyf hoofregters van die Hooggeregshof en talle kongreslede was messelaars. Presidente wat bekend is as Vrymesselaars, sluit in Washington, James Monroe, Andrew Jackson, James Polk, James Buchanan, Andrew Johnson, James Garfield, William McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, Warren Harding, Franklin Roosevelt, Harry Truman, Lyndon Johnson en Gerald Ford. Tans is daar na raming twee miljoen Vrymesselaars in die Verenigde State.

LEES MEER: 5 van die mees geheimsinnige geheime genootskappe van die geskiedenis


Vrymesselary

In 1795, John Jones van Dublin, Ierland, die eienaar van The Sentimental and Masonic Magazine, stuur 'n stel van vyf volumes en 'n brief aan Washington waarin toestemming gevra word om die sesde deel aan Washington op te dra. Die tydskrif is geïllustreer met gravures en dek 'n verskeidenheid inligting, waaronder politieke menings, redaksionele tekenprente, liedjies, reeksfiksie en boekresensies.

Die oorsprong van die Vrymesselary is onduidelik. Die skepping van die Craft (soos dit ook genoem word) het met verloop van tyd plaasgevind tussen die eerste aangetekende heer wat in 1599 by 'n klipmesselaar in Edinburgh aangesluit het en die publikasie van 1721 in Londen van The Constitutions of the Free-Masons deur die Skotte Presbiteriaanse minister James Anderson. 1

Vrymesselary is in wese 'n selfverbeterende, vrywillige vereniging wat morele, intellektuele en geestelike lesse leer deur drie inisiasieseremonies. Vrymesselary en rsquos drie grade is gemodelleer na 'n vakman vordering: vakleerling, Fellowcraft, en meester Mason. Vrymesselary was, en bly, oop vir alle mense met 'n goeie reputasie wat 'n geloof in Godheid bely (in die lodge genoem The Supreme Architect of the Universe). Teen die 1750's was 'n verskeidenheid Christene en nie-Christene, Europese en nie-Europese mans, en 'n paar vroue, lid. 2

Vrymesselary het gewild geword in stede namate politieke, kommersiële en intellektuele elite in 'n lodge bymekaargekom het. Met aristokratiese, en later koninklike beskerming, het die Vrymesselary ontwikkel tot die vooraanstaande broederlike organisasie van die agtiende eeu. Die vroegste rekords van Amerikaanse vrymesselaars -lodges is in Philadelphia. In 1732 is Boston & rsquos St. John & rsquos Lodge behoorlik saamgestel deur die Grand Lodge van Engeland en bly dit die oudste lodge in Noord -Amerika. Verweef met die Britse Verligting, het vrymesselaars lodges in Europa en die Amerikas gevorm. Die netwerk van Skotte, Engelse en Irish Lodge het gehelp om die Britse handelsryk saam te brei. 3

Alhoewel Amerikaanse elites aanvanklik by die Vrymesselaars aangesluit het om tred te hou met sagmoedige Engelse gedrag, het die broederskap bygedra tot die verspreiding van die idees en ideale agter die Amerikaanse Revolusie. Tydens die rewolusionêre era het onder meer die vrymesselaars George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, James Otis en Paul Revere ingesluit. Terwyl individuele Vrymesselaars aktief deelgeneem het aan die Amerikaanse Revolusie, het die Vrymesselary, sowel as 'n instelling sowel as die plaaslike losies, polities neutraal gebly. 4

Washington het by die Vrymesselary aangesluit in die Lodge in Fredericksburg, Virginia. Hy was 20 jaar oud toe hy die eerste graad ingeskrewe vakleerling op 4 November 1752 ontvang het. Hy het die lodge twee pond en drie sjielings betaal om aan te sluit. Tien dae nadat hy 21 geword het, op 3 Maart 1753, is hy geslaag tot die tweede graad van Fellowcraft. Op 4 Augustus 1753 word hy verhoog tot die derde graad van meester Mason. Die lodge & rsquos oorlewende notuleboek bevat Washington wat nog net twee vergaderings bywoon: 1 September 1753 en 4 Januarie 1755. 5

Baie van die Washington & rsquos -broers in die Fredericksburg Lodge het later in die kontinentale weermag of Virginia Militia gedien, waaronder Hugh Mercer, George Weedon en Thomas Posey. Washington & rsquos & ldquoMother Lodge & rdquo is herdoop en genommer as Fredericksburg Lodge nr. 4 na die oprigting van die Grand Lodge of Virginia in 1778. Dit bly vandag bymekaar. 6

Vanaf 1778 en die res van sy lewe was Washington gereeld deelnemer aan vrymesselaarseremonies. Op 24 Junie 1779 het Washington byvoorbeeld die American Union Lodge en die viering van die fees van Johannes die Doper bygewoon. Die lodge het bestaan ​​uit beamptes en manne wat by die regimente in Connecticut aangewys is. Hy besoek ook King Solomon & rsquos Lodge in Poughkeepsie, New York, op 27 Desember 1783. 7

Na die oorlog, in 1784, aanvaar Washington die uitnodiging van sy vriende en bure om 'n banket in Junie by Alexandria Lodge nr. 39 by te woon, waar hy tot erelid verkies word. Vier jaar later het hy ingestem om bevelvoerder van die lodge te word toe dit sy trou van die Grand Lodge van Pennsylvania na die Grand Lodge van Virginia oorgedra het. In 1794 het die lodge William Williams die opdrag gegee om Washington geklee in Vrymesselaars -regalia te skilder. Na Washington se dood het die lodge sy naam verander na Alexandria-Washington Lodge nr. 22. 8

As president het Washington briewe uitgeruil met baie plaaslike vrymesselaars en groot losies. Hy ontmoet ook afvaardigings van Vrymesselaars tydens sy besoek aan Rhode Island in 1790 en sy toer van 1791 deur die suidelike state. Sy belangrikste vrymesselaarsbedrywigheid het egter plaasgevind op 18 September 1793. As grootmeester was hy voorsitter van die seremoniële lê van die hoeksteen van die Capitol in die Verenigde State. 9

By die begrafnis in Washington en rsquos 1799 het broers van Alexandria Lodge vrymesselaarsrituele uitgevoer. Na Martha Washington se dood het die lodge baie waardevolle items uit die landgoed gekry, waaronder 'n vrymesselaarsvoorskoot wat in 1793 uit Frankryk gestuur is. Met hierdie items en baie nuuskierighede het die lodge in 1812 'n museum geopen. 10

In 1910 word die George Washington Masonic National Memorial Association gestig. Toe, in 1932, het die Vereniging sy groot Vrymesselaars -gedenkteken opgedra aan Washington in Alexandria, Virginia. Vandag vertoon Alexandria-Washington Lodge No. 22 baie van sy waardevolle Washington-artefakte en ontmoet dit steeds daar. Die George Washington Masonic National Memorial verwelkom die publiek sewe dae per week om die talle uitstallings te sien en te geniet van die skouspelagtige uitsig op die top van sy 333 voet toring. 11

Washington self het sy lidmaatskap van en die verhouding met die Vrymesselary die beste verwoord toe hy in 1790 op die broeders van King David & rsquos Lodge in Newport, Rhode Island, antwoord:

Omdat ek daarvan oortuig is dat 'n regverdige toepassing van die beginsels waarop die Vrymesselaars -broederskap berus, privaat deugd en openbare welvaart moet bevorder, sal ek altyd die belang van die Genootskap bevorder en deur hulle as 'n verdienstelike beskou word broer. 12

Mark A. Tabbert
Direkteur van versamelings
George Washington Masonic National Memorial Association

1 David Stevenson, Die eerste vrymesselaars: die vroeë losies van Skotland en hul lede, 2de uitgawe (Edinburgh: Grand Lodge of Scotland, 2001) en John Hamill, The Craft: A History of English Freemasonry (Verenigde Koninkryk: Aquarian Press, 1986).

2 Margaret C. Jacob, Leef die Verligting: Vrymesselary en Politiek in die agtiende-eeuse Europa (NY: Oxford University Press, 1991).

3 William R. Weisberger, Wallace McLeod en S. Brent Morris, reds. Vrymesselary aan beide kante van die Atlantiese Oseaan: opstelle oor die vaartuig op die Britse eilande, Europa, die Verenigde State en Mexiko (Boulder, CO: Oos -Europese monografieë, 2002).

4 Melvin M. Johnson, Die begin van die vrymesselary in Amerika (NY: George H. Doran Company, 1924). Steven C. Bullock, Revolutionary Brotherhood: Freemasonry and the Transformation of the American Social Order, 1730-1840 (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1996.) Sien ook William R. Denslow, 10.000 beroemde vrymesselaars. V. 1-4 (Fulton, MO: Missouri Lodge of Research, 1957) en Ronald E. Heaton, Vrymesselaarslidmaatskap van ons stigters (Bloomington, IL: Masonic Book Club, 1965).

5 Ronald E. Heaton en James R. Case, Comp. Die Lodge by Fredericksburgh: 'N Oorsig van die vroeë rekords. Norristown, PA: Ronald E. Heaton (gedruk in die VSA) 1975, en J. Travis Walker, A History of Fredericksburg Lodge No. 4, A.F. & amp A.M., (1752-2002) (Fredericksburg VA: Sheridan Books Inc., 2002).

7 J. Hugo Tatch, Die feite oor George Washington as 'n Vrymesselaar. (NY: Macoy & rsquos 1931).

8 Charles H. Callahan, Washington the Man and the Mason (Washington: National Publishing Co., 1913).

9 J. Hugo Tatch. Die feite oor George Washington as 'n Vrymesselaar. (NY: Macoy & rsquos 1931).

10 Charles H. Callahan, Washington the Man and the Mason (Washington: National Publishing Co., 1913).

11 Die George Washington Masonic National Memorial www.gwmemorial.org

12 Washington se Vrymesselaars -korrespondensie soos gevind onder die Washington Papers in die Library of Congress, red. Julius Friedrich Sachse (Philadelphia: Press of the New Era Printing Company, 1915).


George Washington word 'n Master Mason - GESKIEDENIS

U sien hulle oral waar u kyk. Slim vermom op TV, ingebed in tydskrifte en skuil in kragtige advertensies. Soms is hulle subtiel of subliminaal, ander kere uitlokkend, direk en verstommend. Hulle gebruik vreemde simbole, tekens, talismans en handdrukke wat ons gedagtes programmeer en beheer.

Hulle besit al die groot mediamaatskappye en opvoeding, sodat hulle al die nuus en inligting wat u kry, beheer. Al die banke en regters is in hul sak. Hulle is 'n vyandige bevolking van kritiese denkers. U kan hulle nie ontvlug nie, maar sodra u dit verstaan ​​vir wat dit is, is u nie meer bang vir hulle nie.

Moenie jou leuenagtige oë glo nie
Die struktuur van die vrymesselary, die vrymesselaars en die uitgawe van die Bybel, aangebied aan nuut opgewekte lede. Miskien die bekendste en mees herdrukte foto, wat vrymesselaarsgrade as 'n trap uitbeeld.

Henry Makow, slim uitvinder en essayis, sê dat dit die belangrikste komponente is van die sataniese sameswering wat ons nou met die grootste krag van die bose konfronteer. Hierdie sataniese komplot, waarsku Makow, en slaag slegs omdat mense nie kan glo dat iets so kolossaals en monsterliks ​​bestaan ​​nie. ’

Die wêreld is 'n wedstryd vir ons siel. Die mense wat produkte, geweld en seks gebruik, werk nie lukraak nie, wat ook al verkoop. Hulle het vrymesselaarsimbole in hul logo's. Die topspelers volg 'n okkultiese skrif wat ontwerp is om ons liggaam en siel te verslaaf. Hulle bou 'n reuse gevangenis gebaseer op hul eie geestelike hel. Dit is die Nuwe Wêreldorde, ons is die gevangenes. ”

Verklaring van menseregte, 1789. Die alles sienende oog met 'n piramide in die middel, onder die teks Ouroboros (slang wat sy eie stert eet of#8216 die oneindige lus ’), omring deur twee vrymesselaarpilare.

Die meeste mense is natuurlik so ver weg, hulle gedagtes is so deurspek van okkultisme wat verkry is uit dekades van propaganda wat hulle in die alledaagse lewe ondervind, dat hulle nie meer die werklikheid kan ontsyfer nie. Die meerderheid is vasgevang in 'n soort sielkundige ‘Matrix ’.

Die elite hou natuurlik nie daarvan om blootgestel te word in hul vuil werke en kwaadwillige optrede nie. Hulle en hul verdwaalde trawante, met verwysing na die oorweldigende ‘ sien geen kwaad nie, hoor geen kwaad nie en daar kan verwag word dat massas mense in die samelewing vinnig na die aanval spring en probeer om dit alles te ontken.

Vrymesselary in Amerika
Verteenwoordiging van George Washington in wêreldwye museums, met 'n vrymesselaarsvierkantige kompas met die son tussenin, met verwysing na die kennis van Lucifer en die kennis van Lucifer.

Hoe en wanneer het die Vrymesselary begin? Voordat Vrymesselary in 1717 in die openbaar verskyn het, het dit so 'n hoë geheimhouding beoefen dat daar nog baie min bekend was oor hoe dit begin het.

In Amerika is die vrymesselary gestig teen die middel van die 1700's, toe George Washington 'n meester -messelaar geword het. Die eerste Amerikaanse Mason -lodge is in 1730 in Philadelphia gestig, en die toekomstige revolusionêre leier Benjamin Franklin was 'n stigterslid.

Toe hierdie standbeeld van George Washington, die eerste president van die Verenigde State, onthul word, kon die mense nie verstaan ​​waarom hul gewaardeerde president in so 'n vreemde, half naakte houding uitgebeeld word nie. Kyk na die klassieke beeld van die sataniese simbool van ‘Baphomet ’ wat sy vingers wys soos hierbo so onder ’, en alles word duidelik.

George Washington, 'n jong planter van Virginia, word 'n meestermesselaar, die hoogste basiese rang in die geheime broederskap van die Vrymesselary. Die seremonie is gehou in die vrymesselaarslodge in Fredericksburg, Virginia. Washington was 21 jaar oud en sou binnekort sy eerste militêre operasie as majoor in die koloniale militia van Virginia beveel. Nadat hy 'n meester -metselaar was, het Washington die opsie gehad om deur 'n reeks bykomende rituele te gaan wat hom na 'n hoër graad sou bring. In 1788, kort voordat hy die eerste president van die Verenigde State geword het, is Washington verkies tot die eerste ‘Worshipful Master ’ van Alexandria Lodge.

George Washington as vrymesselaar in 'n vrymesselaarslodge. U kan die dambordvloere sien wat in die gewone media gebruik word, wat die balans tussen goed en kwaad uitbeeld. Versprei deur die George Washington Masonic National Memorial Association. Dit is in die Scottish Rite Journal (Augustus 1992) gedruk. George Washington in 'n vrymesselaarspose. Om sy nek is die embleem van die maangodin, vroulike aanvulling op die songod, Osiris, wat heimlik in die okkultiese Vrymesselary aanbid word. Hierdie embleem, gekombineer met die diamantvormige toestel net daarbo, dui aan dat Washington die gelofte van wraak aan alle vyande van die Orde van die Illuminati afgelê het. Weer George Washington met die vrymesselaars teken met die naam ‘ The Hidden Hand Of The Men Of Jahbuhlun ’ of ‘ The Brotherhood of ‘Jahbuhlun ’. President George Washington neem die ampseed af as die eerste president van die Verenigde State ná die aanneming van die Amerikaanse grondwet deur die state. Die heer aan die linkerkant gee 'n besliste diaboliese weergawe van 'n geheime genootskap -handteken, en die heer regs agter Washington doen die vrymesselaarsgebaar. Baie skilderye en tekeninge van afgevaardigdes wat die Onafhanklikheidsverklaring opgestel en goedgekeur het, toon dat een of meer van die afgevaardigdes in die geheim sy lidmaatskap van die geheime genootskap identifiseer deur middel van 'n handsein. Ons kan nog 'n voorbeeld sien van dieselfde gebaar wat die man aan die linkerkant sy heup hou. Die naam van Jesus word nooit in die onafhanklikheidsverklaring of die daaropvolgende grondwet van die Verenigde State genoem nie. In plaas daarvan het ons land se stigters vae, Illuministiese gekodeerde terme gebruik soos “Nature ’s God ” of “Providence. ” Benjamin Franklin, 'n belangrike leier van die afgevaardigdes, was sowel 'n grootmeester -vrymesselaar (Lodge of Nine Sisters, Paris, France) en 'n Rosicrucian. Thomas Jefferson, wat gehelp het om die Onafhanklikheidsverklaring op te stel, het positief geskryf oor die Orde van Illuminati en die stigter daarvan, die Europese Jesuïet -professor Adam Weishaupt.

Terwyl George Washington (1732-1799) waarskynlik die bekendste Amerikaanse Vrymesselaar is, kan Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790) 'n kort tweede wees.

Die eerste Vrymesselaarsboek wat in Amerika gedruk is. Die boek heet ‘Die Grondwette van die Vrymesselaars‘ en is in Junie 1734 deur Benjamin Franklin gedruk.

Benjamin Franklin het 'n Vrymesselaar geword toe hy in 1731 in die St. John's Lodge in Philadelphia begin het. Sy betrokkenheid by die broederskap het oor die volgende vyftig jaar uitgebrei, waartydens hy verskeie leiersrolle beklee het. Hy dien as grootmeester van Pennsylvania in 1734 en provinsiale grootmeester van Pennsylvania in 1749. Terwyl hy tydens die Amerikaanse rewolusie in Parys was, word Franklin lid van die Lodge of Nine Sisters (La Loge des Neuf Soeurs) en dien as die eerbiedwaardige meester van 1779 tot 1781.

Die man wat Illuminati begin het
Johann Adam Weishaupt was 'n Duitse filosoof, professor en stigter van ‘ The Order of The Illuminati ’ in 1776.

Voordat ons die oorsprong van hierdie samelewing verstaan, laat ek die stigter van Illuminati, Adam Weishaupt, aanhaal:

Universele geluk, volledig en vinnig, kan bereik word deur die beskikking oor hiërargie, rang en rykdom. Prinse en nasies sal verdwyn sonder geweld van die aarde, die mensdom sal een gesin word, die wêreld sal die woonplek van redelike mans wees.

Een dollarrekening is vol simboliek om te ontsyfer. ‘In God We Trust ’ – dit is nie die God van Abraham, Isak en Jakob nie. As hulle God sê, bedoel hulle God van hierdie wêreld.

Hierdie gedagtes van Adam Weishaupt dui duidelik op sy begeerte na 'n nuwe wêreldorde. 'N Kort agtergrond oor hom sou ons help om hierdie begeerte beter te verstaan.

Adam Weishaupt is gebore in Ingolstadt, Beiere, op 6 Februarie 1748. Sy vroeë opvoeding was onder die magtigste instituut van daardie tyd en die Jesuïete. Die Jesuïete het invloed gehad op die godsdienstige en politieke scenario van daardie tyd, en Adam het moeg geword daarvoor. Toe Adam as die kanonieke wet verkies is, wou Adam die swaar invloed van die Jesuïete verander met sy radikale en vrye denke ‘Age of Enlightenment ’ filosofieë. Met verloop van tyd het hy ook bewus geword van okkultisme en hermetisme.

Die hoof van die Katolieke kerk, die Vatikaan -Jesuïete Pous Franciscus, speel tot vandag toe 'n groot rol en invloed in groot misleiding.

Weishaupt het daaraan gedink om 'n vrymesselaar te word, maar het die idee verlaat omdat dit nie sy soeke volledig bevredig het nie. Hy het gou besef dat om die godsdienstige en politieke grondbeginsels van die Jesuïete omver te werp, hy sy eie geheime genootskap moes stig met 'n elite -span wat in sy propaganda geglo het, en op 1 Mei 1776 was The Order of The Illuminati gestig. Die stelsel wat hy gebruik het, was gebaseer op die Vrymesselary, maar met sy eie agenda, persoonlike kinkels en aanraking. Mettertyd het die geheime sekte gegroei met lede wat uit verskillende dele van die elite strek, een van die belangrikste invloede was die beroemde en geheimsinnige okkultis van destyds Cagliostro en die Duitse diplomaat baron Adolf Franz Friederich Knigge. Sy vrymesselaarsverbande en organisatoriese vaardighede is onmiddellik deur die Orde in gebruik geneem.

'N Toonaangewende lid, 'n invloedryke Noord -Duitse diplomaat en okkultis, Friederich Knigge, wat die ‘Hidden hand ’ -teken vertoon. Knigge het in die 1780's by die Orde van die Illuminati aangesluit en was die doeltreffendste werwer.

Na bewering is die groep in 1788 deur die regering ontbind weens wetgewende en strafregtelike aanklagte, maar soos ons weet, het die geheime genootskap nooit heeltemal ontbind nie, dit het trouens sy tentakels versprei na Vrymesselary en Rosekruisers en deur Amerika se stigting geïnfiltreer. vaders wat deel was van hierdie geheime genootskappe.

Albert Pike, historikus, skrywer, digter, redenaar, regsgeleerde en 'n 33ste graad grootmeester okkultis vrymesselaar en Scottish Rite Masonic figuur.

Hy het die beroemde vrymesselaarswetboek geskryf met die naam ‘Moraal en dogma van die Antieke en Aanvaarde Skotse Rite van Vrymesselary‘, waar Lucifer die ligdraer genoem word:

Die Apokalips is vir diegene wat die negentiende graad ontvang, die Apotheose van daardie Verhewe Geloof wat alleen na God streef, en al die pompe en werke van Lucifer verag. Lucifer, die Ligdraer! Vreemde en geheimsinnige naam om aan die Spirit of Darkness te gee! Lucifer, die Seun van die oggend! Is dit hy wat die Lig, en met sy prag ondraaglike blindings swak, sensuele of selfsugtige siele? Twyfel nie! want tradisies is vol goddelike openbarings en inspirasies: en inspirasie is nie van een eeu of van een geloofsbelydenis nie.

Net soos die meeste okkultiste, het Albert Pike 'n ‘ -geestesgids, ’ wat Goddelike wysheid uitgedeel het en hom ingelig het oor hoe om die Nuwe Wêreldorde te bereik. A ‘geestegids ’ is 'n ‘being ’ wat iemand ontmoet wat hulself oorgegee het aan die praktyk van die okkulte, maar mense wat die New Age -godsdiens beoefen, beskou dit nie as 'n slegte ding nie. Trouens, hulle sal sterk aanvoer dat hulle vervul is met geluk en vreugde deur in wisselwerking met hul geestelike gidse te wees, en nie te besef dat hulle tydelik mislei is deur Satan wat saam met sy demone as 'n engel van Lig om te mislei:

En#8220 En geen wonder vir Satan self word omskep in 'n engel van die lig nie. Daarom is dit nie 'n groot ding as sy bedienaars ook verander word as die bedienaars van geregtigheid nie … ” (2 Korintiërs 11: 14-15).

U kan dit sien met 'n okkultiese Baphomet -figuur. Sulke sataniese simbole word gebruik in towery en swart magie. Dieselfde Baphomet -simbool is later aangeneem deur ‘The Wickedest Man In The World ’, die Britse okkultis en satanis Aleister Crowley. Hy het die stigter van die Kerk van Satan Anton LaVey en die godsdiens van LaVeyan Satanisme geïnspireer.

Een boodskap wat Albert Pike van sy geestelike gids ontvang het, en waarvan ons in werklikheid 'n demoniese visie is, beskryf hy in 'n brief wat hy aan Mazzini ('n Italiaanse revolusionêre leier van die middel van die 1800's sowel as die direkteur van die Illuminati) in 1871 oor 'n sameswering wat drie wêreldoorloë behels wat beplan was in 'n poging om die wêreld oor te neem. Die Pike -brief aan Giuseppe Mazzini was tot 1977 in die British Museum -biblioteek in Londen te sien. Baie internetwebwerwe beweer dat hierdie brief in die Britse biblioteek in Londen woon, wat ontken dat die brief bestaan.

Albert Pike se brief aan Mazzini, gedateer 15 Augustus 1871. – ‘ Die Illuminati -plan vir Wêreldoorlog 3 om die nuwe wêreldorde in werking te stel ’, wat wys hoe drie wêreldoorloë vir baie geslagte beplan is. Dit is gekopieer deur William Guy Carr, voormalige intelligensiebeampte in die Royal Canadian Navy.

Die Eerste Wêreldoorlog moet tot stand kom sodat Illuminati die mag van die tsare in Rusland kan omverwerp en van daardie land 'n vesting van ateïstiese kommunisme kan maak. Die verskille wat veroorsaak word deur die “agentur ” (agente) van die Illuminati tussen die Britse en Germaanse ryke, sal gebruik word om hierdie oorlog aan te spoor. Aan die einde van die oorlog sal kommunisme gebou en gebruik word om die ander regerings te vernietig en die godsdienste te verswak. ”

Studente in die geskiedenis sal erken dat die politieke alliansies van Engeland aan die een kant en Duitsland aan die ander kant, gesmee tussen 1871 en 1898 deur Otto von Bismarck, mede-samesweerder van Albert Pike, 'n belangrike rol gespeel het in die totstandkoming van die Eerste Wêreldoorlog. In 1917, in Fatima, voor die einde van hierdie Eerste Wêreldoorlog en voor die Bolsjewistiese Revolusie in Rusland.

Die Tweede Wêreldoorlog moet aangewakker word deur voordeel te trek uit die verskille tussen die fasciste en die politieke Sioniste. Hierdie oorlog moet teweeggebring word sodat Nazisme vernietig word en dat die politieke Sionisme sterk genoeg is om 'n soewereine staat Israel in Palestina in te stel. Tydens die Tweede Wêreldoorlog moet die Internasionale Kommunisme sterk genoeg word om die Christendom in balans te bring, wat dan in toom gehou sou word tot die tyd dat ons dit nodig sou hê vir die laaste sosiale ramp. ”

Na hierdie Tweede Wêreldoorlog is die kommunisme sterk genoeg gemaak om swakker regerings te kon oorneem. In 1945, tydens die Potsdam -konferensie tussen Truman, Churchill en Stalin, is 'n groot deel van Europa eenvoudig aan Rusland oorgegee, en aan die ander kant van die wêreld het die nadraai van die oorlog met Japan gehelp om die gety van kommunisme te vee in China in.

Die Derde Wêreldoorlog moet aangewakker word deur voordeel te trek uit die verskille wat veroorsaak word deur die “agentur ” van die “Illuminati ” tussen die politieke Sioniste en die leiers van die Islamitiese Wêreld. Die oorlog moet so gevoer word dat Islam (die Moslem Arabiese Wêreld) en die politieke Sionisme (die Staat Israel) mekaar onderling vernietig. Intussen sal die ander nasies, wat weer eens verdeeld is oor hierdie kwessie, gedwing word om te veg tot volledige fisiese, morele, geestelike en ekonomiese uitputting ... Ons sal die Nihiliste en die ateïste loslaat, en ons sal 'n geweldige sosiale ramp veroorsaak wat in alle die afgryse daarvan sal die nasies duidelik die effek van absolute ateïsme, die oorsprong van wreedheid en die bloedigste onrus toon. Dan sal die burgers, verplig om hulself te verdedig teen die wêreldminderheid revolusionêre, die vernietigers van die beskawing uitroei, en die menigte, ontnugter met die Christendom, wie se deïstiese geeste vanaf daardie oomblik sonder kompas of rigting sal wees, angstig is vir 'n ideaal, maar sonder om te weet waar om sy aanbidding te verwerf, sal dit die ware lig ontvang deur die universele manifestasie van die suiwer leer van Lucifer, wat uiteindelik in die openbare siening uitgebring word. Hierdie manifestasie sal voortspruit uit die algemene reaksionêre beweging wat sal volg op die vernietiging van die Christendom en ateïsme, tegelyk verower en uitgeroei. ”

Sedert die terreuraanvalle van 11 September 2001 toon wêreldgebeure in die Midde -Ooste 'n groeiende onrus en onstabiliteit tussen Jode en Arabiere. Dit strook heeltemal met die oproep om 'n Derde Wêreldoorlog tussen die twee en hul bondgenote aan beide kante te voer. Hierdie Derde Wêreldoorlog kom nog, en onlangse gebeure wys ons dat dit nie ver is nie.

Enigmatiese Art

Tekens en simboliek in die geheime okkultiese wêreld speel een van die grootste rolle, en dit is immers die manier van kommunikasie en voorstelling. Vrymesselary verberg die grootste geheim, selfs al is sy lidmaatskap in die algemeen, slegs 'n onsigbare broederskap word daaraan toevertrou. Slegs die 33ste graad kultuslede en meestermesselaars van die hoogste rang ken die ware agenda en doel van hul samelewing.

Net soos alles wat te doen het met die okkulte, en veral Lucifer, is dit idees wat uit die Bybel geneem en gespin is. Die meeste van hierdie okkulte sienings kan op een of ander stadium in die Bybel opgespoor en voorgestel word.

Hierdie skildery heet ‘Jacob`s Ladder ’, ‘Stairway to Heaven ’ of ‘ The 13th Pillar ’. Swart en wit dambordvloer fondament gebou op ‘Good and Evil ’ of ‘ Darkness and Light ’. Twee vrymesselaarpilare wat dualiteit voorstel. Dieselfde pilare verteenwoordig die simbool van rooi en blou kleure in die tempel van Salomo, ‘ Esther 1: 6 – KJV ’. Die rede waarom baie van hierdie kleursimboliek uit die Bybel kom, is omdat baie van hierdie okkultiese lering, indien nie alles nie, afkomstig is van die kennis van gevalle engele en/of van die oproep van demone.

Rooi en blou is amper meer verteenwoordigend van die hegelse dialek, waar jy die een krag het om die ander te bestry, terwyl die eindresultaat in werklikheid die uiteindelike uitkoms is. Hierdie kleure word om 'n spesifieke rede in politieke partye geïmplementeer, demokrate en republikeine veg altyd teen mekaar.

Van duisternis tot lig, 1908. Weer vol okkultiese simboliek. Vrymesselaars handdruk/greep tussen twee ‘angel ’ figure. Dieselfde ideologie deur die ‘ lig en kennis van Lucifer ’ te absorbeer, word geïmpliseer in die beroemde okkultistiese boek Manly P. Hall ‘Geheime leringe van alle ouderdomme‘. Manly P. Hall se kuns uit ‘Die geheime leer van alle ouderdomme‘ lyk soortgelyk aan die Vrymesselary en#8216Luciferiaanse verligting ’. Dieselfde dier in 'n ander vorm. Die piramide verlig die ‘gekose ’.

As die Mason verneem dat die sleutel die korrekte toepassing van die dinamo van lewende krag is, het hy die raaisel van sy kunsvlyt geleer. Die siedende energie van Lucifer is in sy hande ” – Manly P. Hall, 33ste graad Mason, uit die boek ‘Die verlore sleutels van die Vrymesselary‘.

Onafhanklike Orde van Odd Fellows, Ons leuse, 1883, deur J. W. Dorrington. Daar is geskryf: ‘Besoek die siekes – glo die nood, begrawe die dooies en voed die weeskind op ’. ‘As Bo, So Below ’: Art of the American Fraternal Society, 1850-1930. Die eerste omvattende opname van die ryk kunsaar wat tydens die "Goue Eeu" van die Amerikaanse broederlike samelewing geskep is.
The Initiation Rituals
French movie ‘Occult Forces‘ 1943, exposing the Freemasonic rituals. Following World War 2, the film’s writer, Jean-Marie Rivière, was imprisoned. It`s producer, Robert Muzard, and director, Paul Riche were Executed in 1949, for their part in the production of this film.

Masonic expert Lynn F. Perkins alludes to the gigantic amount of extracurricular research and work needed to uncover the greatest secrets of the Masonic Fraternity. Hy skryf:

“The true wisdom is concealed and hidden, not only from those who do not join the Masonic Order but also from those who ‘take’ the degrees, and it will remain hidden until each Mason seeks revelation and finds the Truth for himself. There are no interpretations in the Ritual, they have to be sought elsewhere.”

Hoodwinked! Pity the poor, foolish man who becomes a Freemason! In the very first degree ritual, that of Entered Apprentice, a blindfold is put over his eyes, and a cable-tow is hung around his neck. Symbolically, the dumb candidate is “Hoodwinked.” Little does he know that his superiors intentionally set out to deceive the candidate and they contrive their deceit through all the ritual degrees up to and including the 33rd.

Albert Pike, Echoing Steinmetz, Manly P. Hall, Perkins and all the other high level Masonic authorities, goes so far as to mock and disparage lower level Masons, especially those who have earned only the first three degrees (‘the Blue degrees’). After acknowledging that the lower level brethren are ‘intentionally misled,’ he goes on to say that it is not intended that the initiate understand the symbols and deepest secrets of the Order, but worse, the Masonic Lodge’s rituals and lectures are designed so that the lower level Masons shall imagine he does understand them. It is only at a later time, as he has moved up the ladder of degrees, that the purposely dumbed down Mason discovers he’s been had, that he’s been played for a fool. In other words, he’s been ‘hoodwinked’. So, in effect, Masons are lied to, tricked, made fun of, and intentionally led astray, with only a little knowledge added to their brain reservoirs as they advance up the chain. Meanwhile, the poor, pitiful souls imagine they are really in on all the secrets of the Craft. Their Masonic superiors play them all for suckers.

The Masonic Order in the U.S.A. has some two million initiates who have voluntarily undergone occultic laced rituals to be accepted as common brethren. ‘Raise to the sublime degree of Master Mason’. The Master takes the candidate by the Master Mason`s grip, and bracing his right foot against him, raises him upon the five points of fellowship. This is done by putting the inside of your right foot to the inside of the right foot of the one to whom you are going to give the word, the inside of your own knee to his, laying your breast close against him, you put your left hands on each other backs, and each one putting his mouth to the right ear, in which position alone you are permitted to give the Master Mason word, which is MAH-HAH-BONE.
Ter afsluiting

They follow and believe in ‘The Great Architect’ of the Universe, which is Lucifer. Their true ‘light’. They Believe Lucifer is in control of time and space, that he freed mankind from darkness in the Garden of Eden by sharing knowledge that would one day lead them to become their own ‘Gods’. They are the ‘builders’ who rejected the true cornerstone – Lord Christ. Most people still deny everything they hear or see, no matter how truthful the information and evidence is. I guess some things can never change.

If you found this article informative, please consider supporting further work through a small monthly donation on Patreon to keep this website`s existence. If you prefer, you can make a one time donation here. Sincerely, thank you.


Was George Washington a Christian or a Freemason?

Many skeptics of Christianity claim George Washington was a freemason and not at all a Christian. Many Christians claim the opposite. So which is it? Our first President is, obviously, not alive today to really set the record straight. It would be very helpful if he were. Since he is not, to form a conclusion on what George Washington believed we have to dive into his writings and documentation from contemporaries, and build a case from there.

First, it should be noted the practices of freemasonry in the 18 th century were not necessarily incompatible with Christianity. It is completely plausible for George Washington to be both a born-again Christian and a freemason. In fact, records show George Washington was associated with both.

But can we draw a conclusion he was more of one than the other?

As a freemason, George Washing was a “member” for over 30 years. In that time, he attended only 4 meetings total. Many freemasons want to paint him as their most famous member, which, they literally did paint portraits of him in freemason garb. But he never once sat for one of those, and most were done after his time. In fact, George Washington claimed the one painting done during his time to be “mason propaganda” to paint him as such.[1] Not that you could blame the freemasons, would there be a better face for any organization to associate with than the most famous person in the entire United States of America?

So he didn’t go to many meetings and he wasn’t that closely associated with the freemasons, but that doesn’t necessarily make George Washington a Christian.

Records show, George Washington had a very close association with his home church, Christ Church, in Alexandria, VA. You can go to this church today and sit in the very church “box” which belonged to the Washington family. His adopted daughter, Nelly, (who was, in fact, his step-granddaughter) noted he rarely missed a Sunday, even if roads were bad and it took them over 2-3 hours to get there.

While he was traveling with his military and political career, which was indeed much of his career, record after record shows he attended church. Whether he was wintering at Valley Forge, or while he was in the First Continental and Constitutional Congresses in Philadelphia, he would attend services and fervently prayed. Right after he was inaugurated as President of the United States at Federal Hall in New York City, he immediately went to church to commit his presidency in prayer.

But as everyone knows, just going to church does not make you a Christian. The character of Christianity must be found in the person as well. Rev Henry Muhlenberg, an active Revolutionary who served with Gen Washington at Valley Forge, recorded that the General “rode around among his army…and admonished each and every one to fear God…and to practice Christian values.”[2]

George Washington’s family did not doubt his convictions as a Christian. Nelly wrote much later of George Washington’s beliefs. Claiming him to be a private and quiet man, but undoubtedly a Christian. She said, “It the greatest heresy to doubt his firm belief in Christianity. His life, his writings, prove that he was a Christian. He was not one of those who act or pray, “that they may be seen of men” [Matthew 6:5]. He communed with his God in secret [Matthew 6:6].”

In his writings, George Washington very often attributed successes and happenstances to “ Divine Providence.” Many people have taken it to mean he did not believe in the power of Jesus Christ. However, “George Washington’s writings reveal 54 different titles [of the names for God].”[3]

And if he did not believe in Jesus Christ, how then would skeptics be able to define the following statement from George Washington’s prayer journal, “O eternal and everlasting God…Increase my faith in the gospels…daily frame me more and more into the likeness of thy son Jesus Christ, that living in thy fear, and dying in thy favor, I may in thy appointed time attain the resurrection of the just unto eternal life.”

The lack of evidence for George Washington being an ardent freemason and the overwhelming verification (literal volumes of accounts) of his Christian character, one can make a good case George Washington was indeed a Christian, but also a believer of Jesus Christ. He drew his values from Christian sources and his hope from Christianity.

George Washington established his life and faith upon Christianity. Truly, a reflection of the nation he was so instrumental in founding. This is just one example of how America’s footing was founded on the root of Christianity.

[1] Findings concerning George Washington’s association with Freemasonry:
Barton, David (2005). The Question of Freemasonry and the Founding Father. Wallbuilders Press Texas.

[2] Beliles, Mark A. & Stephen k. McDowell (1989). America’s Providential History. The Providence Foundation Charlottesville, VA.

Free CrossExamined.org Resource

Get the first chapter of "Stealing From God: Why Atheists Need God to Make Their Case" in PDF.


Taft, the 27th president, was made a Mason in 1909, just before becoming president. He was made a Mason "at sight" by the grand master of Ohio, meaning he did not have to earn his acceptance into the lodge like most others do.

Harding, the 29th president, first sought acceptance into the Masonic brotherhood in 1901 but was initially "blackballed." He was eventually accepted and held no grudges, wrote John R. Tester of Vermont. "While president, Harding took every opportunity to speak for Masonry and attend Lodge meetings when he could," he wrote.


Brother George Washington's Masonic Apron

When the young Marquis de Lafayette came to America at the age of 20 and joined George Washington's army for the Battle of Brandywine in 1777, the American cause had become his cause.

The affection each man held for the other is legendary. So too is the legacy of Masonic history developed through that affection, The Lafayette Apron, of white satin and embroidered by Madame Lafayette, was presented to Bro. Washington by Bro. Lafayette in August of 1784. The apron was presented to the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania by the Washington Benevolent Society on July 3, 1829 and is now on display in the Grand Lodge Museum at the Masonic Temple in Philadelphia. It is a study in symbolism. For example, the apron border colors of red, white and blue are the national colors of both the United States and France. Symbols are silent emblems having meaning only when interpreted. Given the unique character of the interpretation process, it can be understood that no symbol has absolute meaning.

In preparing the following, the late Bro. Frank W. Bobb, Grand Lodge librarian and curator Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, has used those meanings most widely accepted by Masonic scholars in interpreting the symbolism of the Washington Apron.


George Mason

Washington realized that many citizens suspected the Convention would be merely a seizure of power from the states by an all-powerful, quasi-royal central government. He had to be persuaded even to attend.

Video

Thomas Jefferson and George Mason on Washington's Second Term

In this video designed for classrooms, Thomas Jefferson and George Mason discuss the legacy of the US Constitution and the future of the union.

Historiese terrein

Gunston Hall

George Mason's plantation home in Fairfax, Gunston Hall, is operated as a house museum.

Renowned for his authorship of the Virginia Declaration of Rights,and the Virginia Bill of Rights and Constitution, George Mason became an advocate for the rights of colonists by the 1760s and flourished through the 1770s. Later in life, Mason remained politically independent, refusing to sign the 1787 Constitution because he disagreed with several of the document provisions including a lack of a bill of rights.

George Mason teamed with George Washington first in 1769 when both were members of the Virginia House of Burgesses. Looking for a way to protest British tax policies, the two drafted a document which came to be known as the Virginia Resolves. The measures called for a boycott of British luxury goods imported into the colony. To ensure enforcement the Resolves organized local committees to police for strict compliance. Mason and Washington wanted the associations to ensure the boycott would aid in placing economic pressure on Great Britain. In that same year, Washington acquired 100 acres of land from Mason, adding to the growth of Mount Vernon lands.

Several years later, Mason and Washington corroborated again in response to the 1774 Coercive Acts passed by Parliament. A meeting chaired by Washington in Alexandria, Virginia during the summer adopted what became known as the Fairfax Resolves. Authored by Mason, the resolutions warned that a conspiracy existed in British halls of power bent on making the colonists second class citizens. The Resolves also suggested a meeting of a continent-wide congress to once again organize a boycott of British imports. Mason showed off his skills as an adroit political thinker in his authorship of the Resolves, repeating the notion that only the elected representatives of a province could pass binding laws on its people.

Mason attended the 1787 Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia participating in several debates concerning the various powers entrusted to the new government. However, he ultimately refused to sign the finished document, protesting&mdashamongst other shortcomings&mdashthat the new blueprint lacked a bill of rights.

In the months that followed, Mason continued to voice his concerns at the Virginia Ratification convention. Joined by Patrick Henry and Edmund Randolph, Mason and the anti-federalists nearly derailed ratification of the Constitution in Virginia. Though the anti-federalists lost the battle, they won a greater victory. A deal was struck by both sides to adopt suggestions for writing protections of individual rights when the first Congress convened. James Madison would later lean heavily on Mason's earlier work when he drafted the Bill of Rights.

Mason was constantly plagued with health issues during his life, and remained out of the spotlight after the inauguration of his old friend George Washington. Mason retreated to his home at Gunston Hall, remaining a vocal critic of the new government and many of the policies initiated by the Federalist Party, including Alexander Hamilton's financial plan. Weakened by recurring gout, Mason passed away on October 7, and is buried on the grounds of his beloved Gunston Hall.

James MacDonald, Ph.D.
Northwestern State University

Bibliografie:

Chernow, Ron. Washington: A Life. New York: Pikkewyn.

Ellis, Joseph J. His Excellency George Washington. New York: Knopf, 2004.

Ferling, John. The Ascent of George Washington: The Hidden Political Genius of An American Icon. New York: Bloomsbury, 2009.

Longmore, Paul K. Die uitvinding van George Washington. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988.

Rutland, Robert Allen. George Mason: Reluctant Statesman. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1961.


Freemason Presidents of the United States of America

George Washington

President 1789-1797 / Master Mason 1753

George Washington became a Mason at age 20 in 1753. it is suggested that he may have attended approximately nine Masonic lodge meetings during the remaining 46 years of his life, and probably never presided over any lodge.

However, George Washington wrote letters in which he said he was happy to be a Mason, and, in 1791, described Masonry as being “founded in justice and benevolence…the grand object of Masonry is to promote the happiness of the human race.”

Asked more specifically about Freemasonry in 1798, Washington wrote, “…So far as I am acquainted with the principles and Doctrines of Free Masonry, I conceive them to be founded on benevolence and to be exercised for the good of mankind. If it has been a Cloak to promote improper or nefarious objects, it is a melancholly [sic] proof that in unworthy hands, the best institutions may be made use of to promote the worst designs.”

Interestingly, brother George Washington took his oath of office as the first President of the United States with his hand upon a Bible from St. John’s Lodge No. 1,of the Ancient York Masons. Since then, George Washington’s Inaugural Bible has been used used for the inaugurations of Warren G. Harding, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Jimmy Carter, and George H. W. Bush.

Additional use has been made in the funeral processions of Presidents Washington and Abraham Lincoln and in the center-stone laying of the U.S. Capitol, the addition of the Washington Monument, the centennials of the cornerstone laying of the White House, U.S. Capitol, and the Statue of Liberty, the 1964 World’s Fair as well as the launching of the aircraft carrier George Washington. As physicians and health professionals note, George Washington had good health, this amazing fact is discussed in several useful articles on men’s health.

The Washington bible is, interestingly, still in active use by St. Johns Lodge when not in civic display.

James Monroe

President 1817-1825 / Master Mason 1776

Entered Apprentice in Williamsburg Lodge No. 6 at Williamsburg, VA., on November 9, 1775. Sadly there is no record of his taking any further degrees beyond the first.

The records of Cumberland Lodge no. 8 in Tennessee, June 8, 1819, show a reception for Monroe as “a Brother of the Craft.” possibly a Master Mason in 1776.

Said of the Masonic president James Monroe, he was an “Episcopalian of deistic tendencies who valued civic virtues above religious doctrine.” Stating in his first inaugural address the concept of religious freedom, “boasting that Americans may worship ‘the Divine Author’ in any manner they choose.” From The Religion of James Monroe, in the Virginia Quarterly Review, Autumn, 2003.

Andrew Jackson

President 1829-1837 / Master Mason 1800

It is suggested that President Jackson become a Mason in Harmony lodge No. 1 in Tennessee. Harmony Lodge began as No. 29 under the charter of North Carolina, later to be named No. 1 under the Tennessee grand Lodge in 1913.

It has been said that Br. Jackson attended lodge at Clover Bottom Lodge under the Grand Lodge of Kentucky. He was present in lodge at Greeneville in 1801 and acted as Senior Warden pro-tem. The records of St. Tammany Lodge No. 29 at Nashville, which became Harmony Lodge no. 1 under the Grand Lodge of Tennessee, show that Jackson was a member.

A very active Freemason, President Jackson served as the Grand Master of Tennessee Masons from 1822 to 1823.

James K. Polk

President 1845-1849 / Master Mason 1820

Master Mason 1820. EA, FC, MM, in Columbia Lodge No. 31, Columbia, Tenn., 1820, exalted a Royal Arch Mason in La Fayette Chapter No. 4 at Columbia in 1825.

President Polk, as a Freemason and elected Commander in Chief, assisted in the cornerstone laying of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C. on May 1, 1847.

In Polk’s career as president he oversaw the opening of the U.S. Naval Academy and the Smithsonian Institution, the groundbreaking for the Washington Monument, and the issuance of the first postage stamps in the United States.

Polk was an early supporter of westward expansion expressed in a term that Democrats would later call “Manifest Destiny.”

James Buchanan

President 1857-1861 / Master Mason 1817

Master Mason 1817, Entered Apprentice Dec. 11, 1816, Lancaster Lodge No. 43, Lancaster, PA, Fellowcraft & Master Mason degrees in 1817.

President Buchanan was the Junior Warden of his lodge from 1821 to 1822, and the Worshipful Master of the lodge in 1825. He was later exalted in Royal Arch Chapter No. 43, in 1826 going on to become Deputy Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania.

Said of Buchanan in his work President James Buchanan: A Biography, by Philip S Klein, “His many talents, which in a quieter era might have gained for him a place among the great presidents, were quickly overshadowed by the cataclysmic events of civil war and by the towering Abraham Lincoln.”

Andrew Johnson

President 1865-1869 / Master Mason 1851

Master Mason 1851, Entered Apprentice, Fellowcraft, in Greeneville Lodge No. 119 now No. 3 at Greeneville, Tenn.

In 1851, johnson was probably a member of Greeneville Chapter No. 82, Royal Arch Masons, as he joined the Nashville York Rite Commandery of Knights Templar No. 1 in 1859. President Johnson received the Scottish Rite degrees in the White House in 1867.

Johnson joined the fraternity at the conclusion of his Senatorial term in the House of Representatives in 1843.

James A. Garfield

President 1881 / Master Mason 1864

Master Mason 1864, EA & FC Magnolia Lodge No. 20, Columbus, Ohio, MM Columbus Lodge No. 30, 1864, Affiliated with Garrettsville Lodge No. 246 in 1866, Affiliated with Pentalpha Lodge No. 23 Washington, D. C. as charter member in 1869. Exalted in Columbus Royal Arch Chapter 1866, and Knight Templar 1866, 14th Degree Scottish Rite 1872.

In his time, Garfield is credited as being a Chaplin of a lodge that he held membership in.

Politically interesting, Garfield supported articles of impeachment against President (and Masonic Brother) Andrew Johnson over charges that he violated the Tenure of Office Act by removing Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton.

William McKinley

President 1897-1901 / Master Mason 1865

Master Mason 1865, He is sometimes said to have received EA, FC, MM, in Hiram Lodge No. 10 in Winchester, West Virginia, in 1865, but William Moseley Brown is authority for the statement that this event took place in Hiram Lodge No. 21 at Winchester, Virginia in that year. McKinley affiliated with Canton Lodge No. 60 at Canton, Ohio in 1867 and later became a charter member of Eagle Lodge No. 43. He received the Capitular degrees in Canton in 1883 and was made a Knight Templar in 1884.

President William McKinley said in 1901 that the brotherhood of fraternal societies was similar to the brotherhood of “equal citizenship” in the U.S.

It is suggested that McKinley became a Mason upon observing fraternal kindnesses exchanged between Masons in the Union and Confederate Armies during the Civil War.

Theodore Roosevelt

President 1901-1909 / Master Mason 1901

Master Mason 1901, EA, FC, MM, in Matinecock Lodge No. 806, Oyster Bay, NY in 1901. Somewhat active, and very supportive of Freemasonry.

Theodore Roosevelt, said in 1902, “One of the things that attracted me so greatly to Masonry . . . was that it really did live up to what we, as a government, are pledged to — of treating each man on his merits as a Man”.

From Roosevelt’s obituary in the New York Times, January 1919: Colonel Roosevelt was a member of the local lodge of Masons, and never failed to keep up his interest in it. He had made a habit for many years of visiting Masonic lodges wherever he went, as a member of the Oyster Bay lodge, and, returning, to tell his brother Masons here of his visits.

William H. Taft

President 1909-1913 / Master Mason 1901

President Taft was made a Master Mason at Sight in Kilwinning Lodge No. 356, in Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1901.

That made him a member at large, until the Grand Lodge issued a demit to Taft when he became a regular member of that lodge. Somewhat active, Taft was very supportive of Freemasonry.

More on on Taft an Freemasonry from the National Heritage Museum: Making a Mason at Sight: The Case of President-Elect Taft.

To the diversity of faith that Freemasonry supports, Tast was a member of the First Congregational-Unitarian Church which he joined at an early age through his parents.
It is suggested that as he rose in government, he spent little time in Cincinnati. and attended the church infrequently worshiping when he could.

Warren G. Harding

President 1921-1923 / Master Mason 1920

President Harding received his Entered Apprentice Degree at Lodge No. 7O, in Marion, Ohio on June 28, 1901. He received no other degree until after becoming U.S. President, FC & MM in Marion Lodge No. 70 in 1920 (MM Aug. 27, 1920), Royal Arch Chapter degrees in Marion Chapter No. 62 in 1921 Knight Templar in Marion Commandery No. 36, in 1921, Scottish Rite and Shrine in 1921.

Interestingly, Harding was blackballed on the first petition for membership in 1901 on objection and rumor over his heritage. That impediment was over come and he was made an Entered apprentice on June of that year, but delaying his further progress for nearly 20 years.

Franklin D. Roosevelt

President 1933-1945 / Master Mason 1911

Master Mason 1911, EA Oct 11, 1911, FC, MM, in Holland Lodge No. 8, New York City, in 1911, Scottish Rite in Albany Consistory 1929, Shrine in 1930. Somewhat active, and very supportive of Freemasonry

Theodore Roosevelt, said in 1902, “One of the things that attracted me so greatly to Masonry . . . was that it really did live up to what we, as a government, are pledged to — of treating each man on his merits as a Man”.

Harry S. Truman

President 1945-1953 / Master Mason 1909

Master Mason 1909, EA Feb. 9, 1909, Belton Lodge No. 450, Grandview, Missouri, MM 1909. In 1911, Truman was the 1st WM of the new Grandview Lodge No. 618. Grand Master of Missouri 1940-1941. Very active and supportive of Freemasonry, Master of Missouri Lodge of Research while U.S. President, Masonic Ritualist, district lecturer and deputy Grand Master for several years, buried with Masonic rites in Independence, MO, in televised ceremony.

Harry S. Truman was Grand Master of Missouri, an enthusiastic Masonic ritualist, and Master of lodges while an active politician. He attended Masonic lodge meetings while campaigning, and while he was President of the U.S., and he wrote, “The greatest honor that has ever come to me, and that can ever come to me in my life, is to be Grand Master of Masons in Missouri”

Gerald R. Ford

President 1974-1977 / Master Mason 1949

Master Mason 1951, EA Sep. 30, 1949, Malta Lodge No. 465, Grand Rapids, Michigan, courtesy FC & MM Columbia Lodge No. 3, Washington, D.C., Apr. 20 & May 18, 1951

Ford was initiated September 30, 1949, at Malta Lodge No. 465, in Grand Rapids, Michigan, along with his half-brothers Thomas Gardner Ford (1918-1995), Richard Addison Ford and James Francis Ford. The Fellowcraft and Master Mason Degrees were Conferred by Columbia Lodge No. 3, Washington, D.C., on April 20 and May 18, 1951, as a courtesy to Malta Lodge. Brother Ford was made a Sovereign Grand Inspector General, 33rd degree, and Honorary Member, Supreme Council A.A.S.R. Northern Jurisdiction at the Academy of Music in Philadelphia, on September 26, 1962, for which he served as Exemplar (Representative) for his Class. Brother and President Ford was unanimously elected an Active Member of the International Supreme Council, Order of DeMolay and its Honorary Grand Master, at its Annual Session held at Orlando, Florida, April 6-9, 1975.

Ford held this post until January 1977, at which time he became a Past Honorary Grand Master, receiving his Collar and Jewel on October 24, 1978 in Topeka, Kansas, from the Hon. Thomas C. Raum, Jr., Grand Master, Order of DeMolay.

Lyndon B. Johnson

President 1963-1969 / Fellowcraft 1937

Lyndon B. Johnson was initiated on October 30, 1937 in Johnson City Lodge No. 561, at Johnson City, Texas. As having never completed his degrees, Johnson is not considered in this list as one of the Masonic Presidents.

Ben Franklin

Staatsman

While not a President, Ben Franklin is no less a prominent Founding Father and worthy of being added to this list.


Freemason and the Founding Fathers

George Washington is one of the most famous Freemason from the founding fathers. In the pciture you can see Washington wearing his mason apron which was very special to organization.

Many Americans celebrate our founding father and all they did to help create our country. What few of them know is that many of the founding fathers were also freemasons. Some of the more notable founding fathers to also be masons are: George Washington, Ben Franklin lead the Pennsylvania chapter, Paul Revere lead a Massachusetts chapter, John Hancock, and Chief Justice John Marshall who greatly influenced the shaping of the Supreme Court. All together it is believed that about nine of the fifty-six men that signed the Declaration of Independence were masons, and about thirteen of the thirty-nine that signed the US Constitutions were also masons.

Ben Franklin by many is believed to be the most important person from the revolutionary period that was not a president or vice president. His great influence and knowledge are what made him so important in the early formation of America.

However what is not known about the Freemasons and the Founding Fathers is what there political agenda was. Over the years many scholars have tried to dig up files and letters in order to better understand what the mason were trying to accomplish when helping found the United States. Little have had any luck but most find nothing at all. The masons took great pride in ensuring that their order stayed private and was not known to the outside world. Masons who were in the Public eye like George Washington and Ben Franklin did not openly connect their political views to their masonic association. Without any concrete evidence of what the masons believed it has been left open to the speculation and interpretation of later masons and historians. A view that is shared by all is that mason during the revolutionary period were the ones pushing for America to break away from Great Britain and become its own nation. James Brown wrote this about Ben Franklin "What influence Freemasonry may have had on the life and character of Benjamin Franklin can only be conjecture, but that it did influence him and his contemporaries in the great struggle for American independence seems beyond doubt". Its seems that even if masonry did not have a set standard of political views and agenda all the men that chose to be a part of it shared some common values and views. Like most of Founding Fathers the freemasons from this time period were men way before their time. Sharing views that many others during this time would not have shared or even understood. The bottom line of being a mason is to create a better man and a better world. They did this in America by pushing to separate from Great Britain, which was the only way they thought they could truly create religious freedom for their country. Masons are thought to also have viewed things like slavery and women’s right differently than most. Often pushing for equality in both categories. Many believe that George Washington knew that slavery was wrong and that it had no place in a free nation like America but that he knew the US was not ready to undergo such a change. All of this is speculation and some rooted in very shallow facts. To some extent however we can say that freemasons were men that strived for equality and making tomorrows America better than today.


LYNDON B. JOHNSON


Lyndon B. Johnson, 36th President, was born on August 27, 1908, on a farm near Stonewall, Texas. He was sworn in as the Chief Executive on November 22, 1963, when President John F. Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, Texas. A year later, running against the Republican nominee, Senator and Brother Barry Goldwater of Arizona, he won a landslide victory, to serve as President for the four-year term, January, 1965 January ,1969. He declined to run for re-election in 1968.

On October 30, 1937, he was initiated an Entered Apprentice in Johnson City, Texas. He never advanced. A week after his initiation he won an election for Representative in Congress and began a very busy political career in Washington which lasted until his retirement from the Presidency in January of 1969.

The opinion among Masons is divided as to whether he should be regarded as a Masonic President, since he never achieved the status of Master Mason. Masonic law in Texas declares that "Entered Apprentices and Fellowcrafts are Masons," although denied certain rights and privileges, Lyndon B. Johnson was accepted and initiated in a Masonic Lodge, and at that time was addressed as "Brother."



Kommentaar:

  1. Abdul-Sabur

    Amusing question

  2. Maimun

    Hierdie waardevolle opinie is opvallend

  3. Ivantie

    Na my mening maak u 'n fout. Kom ons bespreek dit.E -pos my by PM, ons sal praat.

  4. Toukere

    Wat volg hieruit?

  5. Ishmael

    Ek vra om verskoning, maar na my mening begaan u 'n fout. Ek kan die posisie verdedig. Skryf vir my in PM, sal ons bespreek.

  6. Thurmond

    En wat sou ons doen sonder u wonderlike frase?



Skryf 'n boodskap