Geskiedenis Podcasts

HMS Victorious

HMS Victorious

HMS Victorious

HMS Oorwinnaar was die minste aktiewe lid van die Majestic-klas van voorgevreesde slagskepe, wat tydens die Eerste Wêreldoorlog as 'n wag dien en daarna as 'n herstelskip. In vooroorlogse planne is sy toegewys aan die 7de Slag eskader met die Kanaalvloot, maar in plaas daarvan is sy na die Humber gestuur as deel van die 9de Slag eskader. Sy het daar gebly tot Februarie 1915, toe sy na Elswick on the Tyne gestuur is om ontwapen te word. Haar 12in -gewere is gebruik om die Lord Clive -monitors te bewapen Prins Rupert en Generaal Wolfe. Daarna is sy na Scapa Flow gestuur om as herstelskip op te tree.

Verplasing (gelaai)

15.730-16.060t

Vinnigste spoed

16kts natuurlike konsep
17kt gedwonge konsep

Pantser - gordel

9in

- skote

14-12in

- Barbette

14in

- geweerhuise

10in

- kasmatte

6in

- konntoring

14in

- dek

4in-2,5in

Lengte

421 voet

Bewapening

Vier 12in kanonne
Twaalf 6 in vinnige vuurwapens
Sestien 12pdr vinnige vuurpistole
Twaalf 2pdr vinnige vuurwapens
Vyf 18 -torpedobuise, vier onder water

Bemanning komplement

672

Van stapel gestuur

19 Oktober 1895

Voltooi

November 1896

Verkoop vir afskeid

1922

Kapteins

Kaptein R. Nugent (1914)

Boeke oor die Eerste Wêreldoorlog | Onderwerpindeks: Eerste Wêreldoorlog


Gepantserde vliegdekskepe in die Tweede Wêreldoorlog

USS CIMARRON hervul USS ROBIN (HMS VICTORIOUS) op 12 Julie 1943.

USS Robin: Dit is die Amerikaanse vliegdekskip wat nog nooit was nie.

Dit is ook die naaste wat die USN werklik aan die mitiese "Project Rainbow" gekom het, waar eksperimente met teleportasie veronderstel was dat skepe in die lug verdwyn het voordat hulle weer êrens anders verskyn het.

Met die eerste oogopslag blyk dit te wees wat dit beweer. Dit was 'n skip onder Amerikaanse bevel. Sy vliegtuig het die USN -wit ster. Sy bemanning het USN -klere gedra. Sy radio -operateurs het met Amerikaanse aksente gepraat. Baie van sy vliegtuigbemanning het ook die kenmerkende twangs gehad.

Maar die naam stem nie ooreen met die in die USN-inventaris nie: USS Robin was veronderstel om 'n mynveër / sleepboot te wees.

Hierdie een was 'n vliegdekskip.

En die skip self het die vlag van die Royal Navy gevlieg.

Die oorsaak was die slag van Santa Cruz -eilande.

USS Hornet was verlore. Enterprise het eenvoudig te veel strydskade opgedoen om effektief te wees.

Dit het Saratoga verlaat. En haar herstelwerk sou haar tot November 1942 uit die voorste linie hou.

USS WASHINGTON, gesien oor die see -orkane aan boord van HMS VICTORIOUS in Julie 1942.

Die effek was dat 'n Amerikaanse lugvaartvloot 'n ander lugdiens moes verskyn, asof dit uit die niet gekom het.

Uiteindelik sou hierdie 'wonderwerk' plaasvind in die vorm van USS Robin.

Dit is een van die vergete verhale van die Tweede Wêreldoorlog - toe die Verenigde State Brittanje gevra het om sy verminderde Stille Oseaan -vloot te versterk na die groot verliese van 1942.

Die min verwysing na "USS Robin" is gewoonlik verward, onvolledig-of bloot 'n herhaling van nog 'n swak saamgestelde opsomming.

Soos altyd is die verhaal baie meer alledaags - en kompleks - as wat algemeen verstaan ​​word.

'N Japannese bomwerper word in vlamme neergeskiet terwyl USS ENTERPRISE 'n byna misloop tydens die slag van Santa Cruz.

Notule van First Sea Lord na premier
[PREM 3/163/1] 5 November 1942

Vervoerversterkings vir Suidwes -Stille Oseaan Hiermee is twee voorlopige ondersoeke wat handel oor die moontlikheid om die S.W. Pacific na "Torch", op die basis dat ons tydens die operasie geen ongevalle aan belangrike eenhede ly nie. Die situasie sal weer hersien word as ons weet hoe dit met 'fakkel' gevaar het.

Waardering deur Admiraliteit
[PREM 3/163/1]
Draer versterkings vir Suidwes -Stille Oseaan

Vervoerversterking van S.W. Stille Oseaan
Die aangehegte waardering toon dat die Amerikaners tot die volgende lente in vlootmagte minderwaardig sal wees as die Japannese in die Suidwes -Stille Oseaan, selfs al versterk ons ​​hulle deur drie vliegdekskepe. Sonder hierdie versterkings sal dit aansienlik minderwaardig wees, en die veiligheid van die lug- en seeroetes oor die Stille Oseaan kan in gevaar gestel word. Selfs as Guadalcanal val, mits ons verdere Japannese vooruitgang in die suide betwis en druk in Nieu -Guinee onderhou, moet die Japannese voldoende in die Stille Oseaan wees om te verhoed dat hulle groot operasies elders kan uitvoer.

2. Dit moet beklemtoon word dat die gevolgtrekking noodwendig ietwat spekulatief moet wees, met die beperkte kennis van die vloot-, lug- en landmagte wat betrokke is by hierdie teater wat in die Admiraliteit beskikbaar is. Boonop het ons in ons berekeninge voorsiening gemaak vir U.S.S. RANGER versterk hierdie gebied na 'TORCH', alhoewel die Amerikaners dit blykbaar nie graag wil hê om hierdie skip bloot te stel aan 'n ernstige toets nie weens haar swak onderwaterbeskerming.

Die Indiese Oseaan
3. Aktiwiteit in die Suidwes-Stille Oseaan, tesame met die algemene tekort aan skeepvaart, sal na ons mening die Japannese aktiwiteit in die Indiese Oseaan beperk tot vlootuitvalle en strooptogte op skeepvaart of hawens. Daar is twee metodes om dit teen te werk: -
(a) Deur superieure vlootmagte in Ceylon en
(b) Deur lugmagte op die strand, voldoende om kusvaart, hawens en ankerplekke te dek.
Daarbenewens sal vlootbegeleiding teen stropers nodig wees vir belangrike konvooie buite die beskerming van luggebaseerde lug.
4. As gevolg van ons tekort aan vliegdekskepe en vernietigers, is dit onwaarskynlik dat ons in die eerste helfte van 1943 'n Oos -vloot kan bied wat beter is as die vloot wat die Japannese beskikbaar sou stel indien hulle risiko's in die Stille Oseaan -gebied sou aanvaar. Aangesien die swakker vloot nie beskerming kan bied nie, is dit die beste manier om te vertrou op die begeleiding van kruisers, wat ondersteun word deur vlieënde boot- en verkennings- en lugaanvalle. By die aanvaarding van hierdie kursus aanvaar ons noodwendig afleiding of stop van die handel gedurende die tydperk van enige Japannese sterkte. Dit moet egter nie baie lank duur nie, aangesien hulle nie in staat is om voorafbase te neem terwyl dit in die Suidelike Stille Oseaan voorkom nie.
5. Dit volg dus dat ons, deur die versterking van die Suid -Stille Oseaan met groot eenhede van die Oostelike Vloot te versterk en die aanvalsomvang wat die Japannese moet tegelykertyd te vergroot met die bedreiging wat die Geallieerde magte kan opdoen, meer kan doen om die veiligheid van die Indiese Oseaan te verhoog as om 'n swak oostelike vloot in hierdie gebied te behou. Van hierdie optrede is die opbou van vlieënde bote en lugmagte in die Indiese Oseaan 'n uitvloeisel.

Die Atlantiese Oseaan
6. Met die GRAF ZEPPELIN moontlik vroeg in 1943 in diens, moet twee groot vlootdraers in die Verenigde Koninkryk of in Gibraltar gehou word om aanleg en herstelwerk moontlik te maak.
As alle ander vlootvervoerders van die Suid -Stille Oseaan losgemaak sou word, sou die kanse om die Russiese konvooie deur die Vloot te beskerm, verminder word, aangesien die risiko's groter sou wees. Aanbod aan Rusland deur die noordelike roete kan volgende jaar selfs groter word. Selfs as die Duitse lugsterkte in Noord -Noorweë verswak, is dit onwaarskynlik dat ons dit sal kan benut deur voldoende lugbeskerming te bied vir die tuisvloot oos van Bear Island.

Die Middellandse See
7. Die stafhoofde het besluit dat ons belangrikste amfibiese operasies in 1943 in die Middellandse See gedoen moet word met die doel om die vyandelike magte so groot as moontlik te strek. Hulle het ook aanbeveel dat ons in hierdie teater eers moet mik op: -
(i) Die uitskakeling van asmagte in Noord -Afrika uit die Ooste, tesame met die hulp wat uit die Weste verleen kan word.
(ii) Die vang van Sardinië uit die Weste by die vroegste geleentheid. Gegewe voldoende lugmagte aan die kus aan die Noord-Afrikaanse kus aan weerskante, behoort konvooie om die uitskakeling van asmagte in Libië te ondersteun, nie die teenwoordigheid van hoofskepe of draers nodig nie.
8. Ondersoeke na die vang van Sardinië het tans twee reëls gevolg: -
(a) vang deur direkte aanranding van Cagliari en (b) die vang van Cagliari deur landwaartse opmars van die Weskus.
Weens 'n gebrek aan intelligensie was daar nog geen besluit of 'n direkte aanval op Cagliari moontlik is nie, maar as dit sou, sou ons baie vinniger ons vegmagte op hierdie manier kon vestig. Lugondersteuning vir die aanranding kan waarskynlik vanuit Tunisië verskaf word deur langafstandvegters versterk deur vegters van hulpvliegtuie. Om 'n direkte aanval op Cagliari in te meng, moet die Italiaanse vloot die dreigement van 'n swaar lugaanval uit Tunisië aanvaar. As hierdie bedreiging toereikend was, sou geen swaar vlootmag van die vloot en daarom geen vlootdraers teen die Italiaanse vloot nodig wees nie.
| Die alternatiewe plan behels lugversorging vir 'n paar dae totdat die weermag Cagliari en sy vliegvelde verower het. Om hierdie landing aan die Weskus te dek, sal 'n mag van 3 slagskepe en 2 draers waarskynlik nodig wees om te verhoed dat die Italiaanse vloot uit die noorde inmeng. Hierdie alternatiewe plan is waarskynlik nie haalbaar nie, tensy die vyand nie sy landgarnisoen versterk nie en die krag van die Duitse lugmag in die Middellandse See baie verminder word.
9. Vir aanvallende vlootoptrede teen die Franse of Italiaanse Rivieras, sou die ondersteuning van vlootvliegtuie nodig wees. Vir enige operasie teen Sicilië sou vlootvliegtuie ook nodig wees om swaar vlootdekmagte te ondersteun.
10. Om op te som, as daar geen vlootdraers vir die Middellandse See beskikbaar gestel kan word nie, is die vang van Sicilië waarskynlik nie moontlik nie. Die verowering van Sardinië kan egter moontlik wees as 'n direkte aanval op Cagliari gedoen kan word. In hierdie geval moet ons dus die hoop laat vaar om die Middellandse See weer oop te maak vir 'n vol verkeer. Deur onsself aanstootlike vlootuitvalle soos die bombardement van Genua te ontken, beperk ons ​​ook ons ​​vermoë om die aanspreeklikheid van Italië teenoor Duitsland te vergroot.

Opsomming van die probleem
11. Ons breë strategie is om Duitsland te verslaan, en slegs die minimum kragte wat ons nodig het om ons belange in die Ooste te beskerm, van hierdie doel af te lei. Die probleem voor ons lê dus in die interpretasie van die woord "minimum". Aan die een kant, sonder Britse steun, kan die Amerikaanse trans-Stille Oseaan trans-Stille Oseaan lug- en seeroetes aan die ander kant in gevaar gestel word, met slegs twee groot draers in die Noord-Atlantiese Oseaan, kan ons nie ons Mediterreense strategie benut nie ten volle en kan nie hoop om die gebied weer oop te maak vir ons aflewering nie.
12. Ons moet vermy om ons draermagte in klein groepe te verdeel. As ons die Amerikaners wil versterk, moet ons dit op so 'n groot skaal moontlik doen, nie net omdat 'n kompromie nie ons doel sal bereik om die Japannese in hierdie gebied te bevat nie, maar ook omdat swak versterkings ons aan groter risiko's blootstel uitputting.
13. Ons kry geen nuwe vlootvervoerders tot in 1944, wanneer ONDRAAGLIK en ONVOORWAARLIK in diens is nie. Teen die middel van 1944 verwag die Amerikaners om elf vlootvervoerders en nege omskepte kruisskipdraers te voltooi, bykomend tot hul huidige magte.
14. Tensy ons die Amerikaners tot die uiterste van ons vermoë ondersteun in die huidige noodgeval, is dit onwaarskynlik dat ons in die laaste helfte van 1943 vlootondersteuning sal kry vir Europese operasies - moontlik in die Middellandse See - wanneer die situasie in die Stille Oseaan sou moes herstel.
15. Uit die voorgaande argumente, en natuurlik, onderhewig aan enige ongevalle wat in "TORCH" opgedoen is en 'n bevredigende oplossing vir die probleem van die Franse vloot, beveel ek aan dat ons die Amerikaanse vlootmagte in die Stille Oseaan versterk ten koste van die Middellandse See en die Indiese Oseaan gedurende die volgende ses maande.

Afsluiting
16. Hierdie waardering handel slegs oor die kwessie van draers. 'N Afsonderlike referaat oor die Battleship -probleem is aangeheg.

Japannese vliegtuie kom saam op USS HORNET tydens die slag van Santa Cruz.


Inleiding

Welkom by hierdie amptelike webwerf van die HMS Victorious Association. As u reeds 'n lid is, waardeer ons dat u weer 'n draai kom maak as u net besoek, welkom by hierdie gelukkige groep broers. Maak nie saak wie u is nie, groet asseblief in die gasteboek en deel u kommentaar met ons.

Miskien kom u in aanmerking by hierdie trotse groep mans wat eens die magtigste vliegdekskepe beman het wat die Britse koninklike vloot ooit vervaardig het? As dit so is, is u baie bevoorreg. 'N Paar oorlogskepe van die Royal Navy word vergeet terwyl die manne wat hulle beman het nog lewe. Tog het sommige skepe, ongelooflik diegene met 'n buitengewone stambok, soos HMS Victorious, bly soms 'n onaantasbare herinnering wat 'n matroos droom in 'n kortstondige geskiedenis. Maar die getroue manne van hierdie Vereniging is nie van plan om dit met hul skip te laat gebeur nie.

Almal in die vereniging verstaan ​​dat 'n besoeker, hoewel hy 'n voormalige bemanningslid van Victorious was. Dit is moontlik dat hulle nie hier by ons kan aansluit nie, bloot omdat hulle aan ander verenigings behoort (geld in hierdie pensioentydperk!), wat natuurlik is vir 'n matroos wat op soveel skepe gevaar het. Maar sluit aan as jy kan. Terwyl die koninklike vloot oral om ons geskeur word, is lidmaatskap van 'n vereniging soos ons 'n manier om terug te veg om ons erfenis lewend te hou.

Dankie dat u die webwerf besoek het. Sê hallo in ons gasteboek, hoekom nie. Besoek ook die galery en stuur 'n foto van jouself of die skip in vir opname in een van die albums. As u nie lid is nie, nooi ons u uit om nou aan te sluit. As besoeker is u ook welkom om ons forum te betree, waar u toegelaat sal word om onbeperk nuwe boodskappe te stuur en nuwe plasings by te voeg.


Britse vervoerder se agtervolging

Britse slagskepe was betrokke by die soektog, maar die vliegdekskepe HMS Victorious en HMS Ark Royal het getoon dat die tyd van die groot slagskip verby was. Lugaanvalle is deur Swordfish tweedelige torpedobomwerpers geloods, en dit was 'n vliegtuig van die Ark Royal wat beslis huis toe slaan en die Bismarck agtertoe tref met 'n torpedo wat haar roer vasdruk en stuur nie moontlik maak nie.

HMS Ark Royal met Swordfish -bomwerpers bo -op

In die besef dat sy skip waarskynlik gedoem was, het admiraal Lütjens 'n radiosein gestuur wat lojaliteit aan Adolf Hitler verklaar en geloof in 'n uiteindelike Duitse oorwinning. Britse vernietigers het die Bismarck gedurende die nag van 26/27 Mei aangeval en haar reeds uitgeputte bemanning konstant by hul gevegstasies gehou.

Dagbreek op 27 Mei het die Britse slagskepe HMS King George V en HMS Rodney voor die moord gewaar. Die Bismarck het nog steeds sy hoofbewapening van 8 × 15 ″ kaliber gewere in werking, maar is uitgeskiet deur die KGV se 10 × 14 ″ en die Rodney se 9 × 16 ″ wapens. Die Bismarck word spoedig deur swaar skulpe geteister en haar eie gewere word geleidelik uitgeslaan.

Teen 10:10 het die Bismarck se gewere stil geword en haar bo -opset was verwoes, met brande oral. Die vaartuig HMS Dorsetshire het uiteindelik toegesluit en die nou rokende romp getorpedeer. Die Bismarck sak uiteindelik omstreeks 10.40 vm, en laat net meer as honderd oorlewendes in die water sukkel.

Syfers wissel, maar daar word vermoed dat 110 matrose deur die Royal Navy gered is, en nog 5 word 'n paar uur later deur 'n Duitse weerskip en die duikboot U-75 opgetel. Admiraal Lütjens en die kaptein Ernst Lindemann van die Bismarck was nie een van die oorlewendes nie.


HMS Victorious - Geskiedenis

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    Ter herdenking van die 75ste herdenking van VE -dag, hier is 'n verbeterde weergawe van 'n vroeëre beeld in my stroom, van die WWII -draer HMS Victorious (R38).

    Sy was die tweede vliegdekskip van die Illustrious-klas wat onder die vlootprogram van 1936 bestel is. In 1937 by die Vickers-Armstrong-werf in Newcastle-upon-Tyne gelê en twee jaar later in 1939 gelanseer, is haar ingebruikneming tot 1941 uitgestel weens die groter behoefte aan begeleide vaartuie vir diens in die Slag van die Atlantiese Oseaan.

    Haar diens van 1941-42 het beroemde aksies teen die slagskip Bismarck, verskeie Arktiese konvooie en die voetstukkonvooi na Malta ingesluit.

    Intussen, aan die einde van 1942 in die Stille Oseaan, was die Amerikaanse vloot op slegs een operasionele draer, Saratoga, na verliese in die vroeë gevegte teen die Japannese. Langs die Saratoga kom die 'USS Robin' gedurende die somer van 1943, ook bekend as die Victorious, op 'n kort leenperiode aan die Amerikaanse vloot.

    Aan die einde van 1943 in die Atlantiese Oseaan het Victorious bygedra tot verskeie aanvalle op die Tirpitz voor operasies in die Indiese Oseaan aan die einde van 1944. Uiteindelik het sy deel geword van die Britse Stille Oseaan -vloot in die laaste stadiums van die oorlog teen Japan waar sy was twee keer getref deur kamikazes wat beperkte skade aangerig het as gevolg van haar gepantserde vliegdek.

    Sy is uitgebrei herbou in die vyftigerjare en het tussen 1958 en 1968 in die vorm hierbo gedien. Vliegtuie wat sigbaar is, sluit in De Havilland Sea Vixen FAW.1s en FAW.2s, Blackburn Buccaneers, 'n paar Fairey Gannets en 'n enkele Westland Wessex. Brandweerparty en noodhulpspanne oefen agter die geparkeerde vliegtuig.

    Hierdie foto van haar wat vinnig in die trope stoom, is aan my gegee deur 'n familievriend wat in die 1960's aan die gang was in die Verre Ooste. Geskandeer vanaf 'n 8x6 -afdruk.

    Die Trident -kern duikboot HMS Victorious word naby Faslane in Skotland afgebeeld.

    HMS Victorious was die tweede van die vier ballistiese missiel -duikbote wat uit die Devonshire Dock Hall in Barrow gekom het, waar sy op 29 September 1993 amptelik 'gelanseer' is. meer as 40 jaar van ononderbroke kernafskrik, aangesien ten minste een van die vier 'bomwerpers' te alle tye op patrollie is.

    Fotograaf: Sersant Tom Robinson RLC

    Hierdie beeld kan afgelaai word met 'n hoë resolusie op www.defenceimagery.mod.uk onderhewig aan die bepalings en voorwaardes van die Open Government License op www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence/. Soek prentnommer 45155268.jpg

    Thorpe St Andrew 1939 - 45

    Naam: ALDRED, CHARLES NOEL GEORGE

    Rang: Privaat Regiment/Diens: Royal Norfolk Regiment Unit Teks: 5th Bn.

    Ouderdom: 27 Sterfdatum: 15/02/1942

    Bykomende inligting: Seun van Charles Aldred, en van Gertrude Aldred, van Thorpe, Norwich.

    Soort ongeval: Oorlog van die Gemenebes dood

    Graf/Gedenkverwysing: Coll. graf 17. D. 4-11. Begraafplaas: KRANJI WAR CEMETERY

    Dit was die dag waarop Singapoer oorgegee het.

    Naam: ALDRED, LESLIE GORDON

    Diens: Royal Navy Unit Teks: H.M.S. Cleopatra

    Ouderdom: 22 Sterfdatum: 16/07/1943

    Bykomende inligting: Seun van Charlotte Alfred, van Norwich.

    Graf/Gedenkverwysing: 72, 1. Gedenkteken: CHATHAM NAVAL MEMORIAL

    16de raakskut deur torpedo uit Italiaanse duikboot

    Groot skade aan die struktuur opgedoen met oorstromings in masjineriekompartemente.

    Slegs 'plaaslike' bewapening was moontlik.

    30 van die skeepsmaatskappy is dood of vermis met 23 gewondes,

    (Let wel: Duikboot waarskynlik DANDALO, maar 'n ander bron beweer ALAGI)

    17de Terug na Malta met 10 knope wat deur HM Destroyers QUIBERON en QUAIL vertoon is

    met AA -omslag deur HMS EURYALUS.

    Naam: ALLAWAY, EDWARD WILSON

    Regiment: Royal Norfolk Regiment Unit Teks: 4de miljard.

    Ouderdom: 25 Sterfdatum: 13/02/1942

    Bykomende inligting: Eggenoot van W. Allaway, van Thorpe, Norwich.

    Graf/Gedenkverwysing: Kolom 47. Gedenkteken: SINGAPORE MEMORIAL

    Naam: AMOND, KENNETH ALFRED

    Diens: Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve, 139 vierkante meter.

    Bykomende inligting: Seun van Alfred en Vivien May Amond, van Thorpe, Norwich. Soort ongeval: Oorlog van die Gemenebes dood

    Gedenkverwysing: Paneel 140. RUNNYMEDE MEMORIAL

    Waarskynlik hierdie voorval, hoewel daar na Navigator verwys word na Sgt F A Amond

    & quot Airborne 1200 3Mar43 van Marham om 'n molibdeenmyn te bombardeer. Tuisgemaak, deur Fw190's onderskep en afgeskiet aan die Noorse kus. F/O Bulpitt word begrawe in die hawestad Egersund. Sgt Amond het geen bekende graf nie en word herdenk op die Runnymede Memeorial. F/O A.N.Bulpitt KIA Sgt F.A.Amond KIA & quot

    Daar word beweer dat een vliegtuig op hierdie datum 'n muskiet neergeskiet het, maar dit is later na 'n Blenheim gewysig. Die vlieënier was Uffz. Schmid van 7./JG 1. Combat was op 50m, oor die see om 14.42 Sentraal -Europese tyd.

    03/03/43: 10 muskiete van 139 vierkante meter, onder leiding van W/C Shand DFC, vlieg laag om die molibdeenmyne by Knaben in Noorweë aan te val. Hierdie presisie -aanval was baie suksesvol.

    10 Mosquitos van No 139 Squadron het 'n langafstand-aanval uitgevoer op die belangrike molibdeenmyn by Knaben in Noorweë. Die teiken is suksesvol gebombardeer, maar 1 muskiet is deur FW 190's neergeskiet

    NOORWEG: 10 muskiete van RAF No. 139 Sqdn het 'n langafstandaanval uitgevoer op die belangrike molibdeenmyn in Knaben in Noorweë. Die teiken is suksesvol gebombardeer, maar 1 muskiet is deur Fw 190's neergeskiet, beweer Uffz. Schmid van 7./JG 1 vir sy eerste moord.

    Naam: ARMIGER, WILLIAM CHARLES

    Regiment: Royal Norfolk Regiment

    Ouderdom: 24 Sterfdatum: 15/02/1942

    Bykomende inligting: Seun van William en Ethel Ada Armiger eggenoot van Daisy Rosa Jessie Armiger, van Thorpe, Norwich, Norfolk.

    Graf/Gedenkverwysing: Kolom 49. Gedenkteken: SINGAPORE MEMORIAL

    Dit was die dag waarop Singapoer oorgegee het.

    Naam: ARTIS, WILLIAM GEORGE Voorletters: W G

    Regiment: Royal Norfolk Regiment Unit Teks: 6de Bn.

    Bykomende inligting: Seun van William George en Gladis Artis eggenoot van Irene Mary Artis, van Thorpe, Norfolk.

    Begraafplaas: KANCHANABURI WAR CEMETERY

    Die berugte Burma-Siam-spoorlyn, gebou deur die Statebond, Nederlandse en Amerikaanse krygsgevangenes, was 'n Japannese projek wat gedryf is deur die behoefte aan verbeterde kommunikasie om die groot Japannese leër in Birma te ondersteun. Tydens die bou daarvan het ongeveer 13 000 krygsgevangenes gesterf en langs die spoorlyn begrawe. Na raming het 80 000 tot 100 000 burgerlikes ook gesterf tydens die projek, hoofsaaklik dwangarbeid wat uit Malaya en Nederlands -Indië gebring is of in Siam (Thailand) en Birma (Myanmar) ingeroep is. Twee arbeidsmagte, een in Siam en die ander in Birma, werk van teenoorgestelde punte van die lyn na die middel. Die Japannese was daarop gemik om die spoorweg binne 14 maande te voltooi en die werk is in Oktober 1942 begin. Die lyn, 424 kilometer lank, is teen Desember 1943 voltooi. Die grafte van diegene wat gesterf het tydens die bou en instandhouding van die Burma-Siam-spoorlyn (behalwe vir die Amerikaners, wie se oorskot gerepatrieer is) is van kampbegrawe en geïsoleerde plekke langs die spoorweg na drie begraafplase in Chungkai en Kanchanaburi in Thailand en Thanbyuzayat in Myanmar oorgeplaas

    Bykomende inligting: Seun van Albert James Bryant en Amy lsabel Bryant, van Thorpe St. Andrew.

    Begraafplaas: THORPE-NEXT-NORWICH (ST. ANDREW) KERKGRAAI

    Derek is op hierdie dag dood tydens die 'Baedekker' -aanval op Norwich. Sy adres word gegee as "Upways" Thorpe Next Norwich.

    Regiment/Diens: Koninklike Artillerie

    Eenheidsteks: 5/3 Maritime Regt.

    Ouderdom: 20 Sterfdatum: 10/03/1943

    Bykomende inligting: Seun van Joseph en Margaret Burr, van Thorpe, Norfolk.

    Gedenkverwysing: 74, 2., CHATHAM NAVAL MEMORIAL

    Die maritieme regiment was soldate wat op handelskepe neergesit is om vuurwapens te bestuur. Dit was iets wat die Britse regering destyds geswyg het, en dit kan dus moeilik wees om vas te stel op watter skepe hulle gedien het.

    Convoy SC121 het op die 9de verskeie skepe verloor, nadat hulle deur Force 10 Gales se dae gebreek is, het hulle 'n maklike prooi geword van 'n wolfpak.

    Ek kan nie seker wees of Joseph Burr op een daarvan was nie, maar die skip wat op hierdie dag verloor is, was die 4,946 ton SS Nailsea. 45 uit 49 bemanningslede het verlore gegaan, waaronder 9 kanonne volgens een bron,

    Diens: Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve

    Bykomende inligting: Seun van Robert en Emily Emma Caston, van Thorpe, Norfolk.

    Gedenkverwysing: Paneel 226., RUNNYMEDE MEMORIAL

    Lancaster LM722 Inligting

    Datum 1. 23 September 1944

    Datum 2. 24 September 1944

    LM722 is afgelewer by 166 vierkante meter 2Sep44. Daar word geglo dat hierdie vliegtuig tydens sy eerste aanval verlore gegaan het. Wanneer dit verlore gegaan het, het die vliegtuig 'n totaal van 46 uur gehad. LM722 was een van twee 166 vierkante meter wat Lancasters verloor het tydens hierdie operasie. Sien: PB242

    Airborne 1840 23Sep44 van Kirmington. Spoorloos verloor. Almal word herdenk op die Runnymede -gedenkteken. F/O J.G. Davies KIA Sgt C.L. Caston KIA Sgt A.Rollinson KIA F/O F. Cameron KIA F/S J.McK Dillon RAAF KIA Sgt R.B. Ward KIA Sgt R.Leigh KIA & quot

    549 vliegtuie - 378 Lancasters, 154 Halifaxes, 17 Mosquitos van nr. 1, 3, 4 en 8 groepe na Neuss. 5 Lancasters en 2 Halifaxes verloor. Die verslag van Bomber Command sê dat die meeste van die bomaanvalle in die beskuldigdebank en fabrieksgebiede geval het.

    Daar was dieselfde aand nog aanvalle op die Dortmund Emms -kanaal, en in totaal het 22 vliegtuie verlore gegaan. Die nagvegter -aansprake vir daardie nag is 7 Lancasters en 8 x 4 motorbomwerpers. Geen flakeise word aangeteken nie.

    Augustus 2016 - opgedateer - sien kommentaar hieronder.

    Naam: CHANCE, ALBERT EDWARD

    Diens: Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve

    Bykomende inligting: Seun van Edward en Margaret Pearson Chance eggenoot van Olive Mary Chance, van Twickenham, Middlesex.

    Soort ongeval: Oorlog van die Gemenebes dood

    Grafverwysing: 1. O. 1. Begraafplaas: COLOMBO (LIVERAMENTU) begraafplaas

    Regiment/Diens: Koninklike Artillerie

    Eenheidsteks: 65 (The Norfolk Yeomanry) Anti-Tank Regt

    Grafverwysing: 2. D. 19. Begraafplaas: BENGHAZI WAR CEMETERY

    Andersins kan baie J Clark's sonder besonderhede in die veld vir bykomende inligting, dus nie uitgeskakel word nie.

    Nog 'n slagoffer van die duur, maar uiteindelik suksesvolle poging om Tobruk, Operation Crusader, te verlig.

    Regiment: Suffolk Regiment, 4e Bn.

    Bykomende inligting: Man van E. A. Crane, van Thorpe, Norwich.

    Gedenkverwysing: Kolom 55, SINGAPORE MEMORIAL

    Diens: Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve

    Ouderdom: 23 Sterfdatum: 30/06/1941

    Bykomende inligting: Seun van Percy Edward en Janet Elsie Curl, van Eaton, Norwich.

    Gedenkverwysing: Paneel 32, RUNNYMEDE MEMORIAL

    Nie maklik opspoorbaar nie - een bemanningslid van Wellington BL -P van 40 Squadron is egter af, soos nie bekend op die Lost Bombers -terrein nie.

    Naam: CURTIS, RONALD HENRY Voorletters: R H

    Nasionaliteit: Verenigde Koninkryk

    Rang: Luitenantregiment/diens: Koninklike artillerie -eenheid van Hong Kong en Singapoer Teks: 2 H.A.A. Regt.

    Ouderdom: 30 Sterfdatum: 05/03/1943

    Bykomende inligting: Seun van Edward George en Edith Curtis eggenoot van D. J. Curtis, van Risely, Berkshire.

    Graf/Gedenkverwysing: Kolom 3. Gedenkteken: SINGAPORE MEMORIAL

    'N Opvolgende ondersoek van die Military Genealogy -webwerf het aan die lig gebring dat dit Ronald H was wat van Norwich afkomstig was. Aangesien die ander moontlikhede almal Reginalds was, het ek dit verwyder

    Diens: Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve

    Bykomende inligting: Seun van Thomas Henry en Frances Mary Cutler, van Norwich.

    Gedenkverwysing: Baai 5, paneel 5., LEE-ON-SOLENT MEMORIAL

    Sub Lt Cutler is vermis, vermoedelik vermoor tydens lugoperasies van HMS Victorious.

    Gedurende Augustus 1944 was HMS Victorious in die Verre Ooste.

    23ste bedekte oostelike vloot-eenhede wat lugreddingsfasiliteite bied tydens reeks

    van aanvalle deur Amerikaanse weermagvliegtuie op Sumatra (Operations BOOMERANG).

    29ste het lugaanvalle op Padang, Indaroeng en Emmahaven uitgevoer met HMS ILLUSTRIOUS en HMS INDOMITABLE begelei deur HMS HOWE en Eastern Fleet -eenhede. (Operasie BANQUET).

    Regiment: The Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey), 1/5th Bn.

    Bykomende inligting: Seun van William Henry en Margaret Anne M. Davis eggenoot van Hilda May Davis, van Thorpe, Norwich.

    Grafverwysing: X. J. 7. Begraafplaas: EL ALAMEIN WAR CEMETERY

    Diens: Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve

    Ouderdom: 19 Sterfdatum: 25/06/1944

    Bykomende inligting: Seun van David N. Dowe en Alice E. Dowe, van Thorpe St. Andrew, Norfolk.

    Soort ongeval: Oorlog van die Gemenebes dood

    Graf/Gedenkverwysing: Plot 2. Ry D. Graf 13. Begraafplaas: ST. PIERRE CEMETERY, AMIENS

    Lancaster LM574 Inligting

    LM574 is afgelewer by nommer 463 vierkante meter 15 Mei44. Onvolledige operasionele geskiedenis. Daar word egter opgeteken dat LM574 aan die sleuteloperasie teen Duisburg 21/22May44 deelgeneem het en 'n totaal van 82 uur gehad het. LM574 was een van drie No.463 vierkante meter wat Lancasters verloor het tydens hierdie operasie. Sien: LM571 LM597

    Lug 2244 24 Junie 44 om 'n vlieënde bom terrein aan te val. Op 'n afstand van 13 000 voet deur 'n Ju88, wie se kanonvuur 'n ontploffing veroorsaak het, het F/O Syddall duidelik afgegooi. Puin van die Lancaster het geval by Longuevillette (Somme), 3 km SW van Doullens. Die vermoorde word begrawe by amiens in die St-Pierre-begraafplaas.

    P/O A.Sydall is geïnterneer in Kamp L3, PoW No.6509. Bevorder tot F/O tydens gevangenskap. & quot

    Lancaster Mk111 LM574 JO-J Target Prouville Frankryk

    Daar is 'n paar wonderlike foto's van die spanne op die webwerf van die eskader. Ek dink nie Sgt Dowe was onder hulle nie, maar hy sou baie van hierdie gesigte geken het, dieselfde lewe geleef het en bedroef het oor diegene wat vroeër in die oorlog verlore was.

    Daar is ten minste 5 vier motorjagers wat hierdie aand in die Amiens -gebied neergeskiet is, beweer.

    Naam: DOWNING, MAXWELL WILLIAM

    Rang: Luitenantregiment/diens: Glider Pilot Regiment, A.A.C. Eenheidsteks: 2de vleuel sterfdatum: 22/09/1944

    Graf/Gedenkverwysing: 27. B. 4. Begraafplaas: ARNHEM OOSTERBEEK WAR CEMETERY

    Opdateer Militêre geslagsregister het Maxwell as gebore NW -Londen, maar woonagtig in Norwich.

    Naam: DYE, WALTER JAMES Voorletters: W J

    Eenheidsteks: H.M. Submarine Turbulent

    Ouderdom: 24 Sterfdatum: 23/03/1943

    Toekennings: genoem in versendings

    Bykomende inligting: Seun van Walter George en Elsie May Dye eggenoot van Kathleen Dye, van West Hampstead, Londen.

    Soort ongeval: Oorlog van die Gemenebes dood

    Graf/Gedenkverwysing: Paneel 78, Kolom 1. Gedenkteken: PORTSMOUTH NAVAL MEMORIAL

    Na voltooiing van die opbou vroeg in 1942 is sy in die Middellandse See ontplooi vir die onderskepping van voorraadverkeer na en van Noord-Afrikaanse hawens. Die indrukwekkendste rekord van sinkings het in April 1942 begin toe sy twee voorraadskepe van Brindisi af gesink het, gevolg deur nog drie van Noord -Afrika die volgende maand. Op 29 Mei torpedeer sy die Italiaanse vernietiger EMANUELE PESSAGNO wat byna onmiddellik van Benghazi af sak. Tydens haar volgende patrollie in die Golf van Sirte gedurende Junie het sy nog 'n vragskip gesink, maar sy is sterk aangeval deur die vernietiger PEGASO toe sy op 4 Julie 'n konvooi van drie vervoer aanval. Alhoewel sy die omhulsel van die Italiaanse verwoester STRALE laat sink het wat naby Cape Bon gestrand was ná 'n lugaanval in Junie, het haar rekord op 17de van daardie maand gesneuwel toe sy die Italiaanse handelsmerk NINO BIXIO van Navarino af getorpeer het. Hierdie skip was ongemerk, maar het 2 921 geallieerde krygsgevangenes vervoer, waaronder baie Nieu -Seelandse en Indiese soldate van Benghazi na Brindisi. Na berig word, is meer as 400 mense doodgemaak en het die skip dryf gelaat. Dit is nie bekend of die beoogde deurgang van hierdie skip deur gedecodeerde seine bekend was nie.

    Tydens verdere patrollies in die res van die jaar is nog drie voorraadskepe gesink en die duikboot het ook deelgeneem aan die geallieerde aanlandings in Noord -Afrika (Operasie TORCH) toe dit ontplooi is om enige Italiaanse ingryping tydens die verloop van die aanrandingskonvooie te voorkom. Vroeg in 1943, terwyl sy in diens was in Algiers in die westelike Middellandse See, het sy 'n patrollie in die Tyrreense See uitgevoer en nog drie handelsware bygevoeg tot haar lys van suksesvolle sinkings. Tydens haar volgende patrollie op 14 Maart in hierdie gebied is sy deur Italiaanse torpedobote aangeval en laat sink. Haar sinkings beloop in nege maande 35 000 ton en haar kommandant, kommandant J Linton, RN word met 'n postume Victoria Cross toegeken.

    HMS Turbulent (Cdr. John Wallace Linton, DSO, DSC, RN) sailed from Algiers on 23 February 1943. She was sunk off Maddalena, north east Sardinia by depth charges from Italian motor torpedo boats on 12 March 1943. HMS Turbulent was declared overdue on 23 March 1943 when she failed to return to base.

    Commander Linton has been in command of submarines throughout the War. He has been responsible for the destruction of 1 cruiser, 1 destroyer, 20 merchant vessels, 6 schooners and 2 trains. A total of 81,000 tons of enemy shipping sunk. From 1st January 1942 to 1st January 1943 he spent 254 days at sea, including 2,970 hours diving. During this period he was hunted 13 times and had 250 depth charges dropped on him. His career has been one of conspicuous gallantry and extreme devotion to duty in the presence of the enemy.

    Regiment/Service: Royal Army Ordnance Corps

    Age: 33 Date of Death: 24/07/1944

    Additional information: Son of Alfred Charles and Annie Eyre, of Norwich husband of Ruth Eyre, of Norwich.

    Grave/Memorial Reference: Sec. 54. Grave 156. Cemetery: NORWICH CEMETERY, Norfolk

    Name: GARLAND, CYRIL DOUGLAS GUTHRIE

    Service: Royal Air Force Volunteer

    Reserve Unit Text: 80 Sqdn.

    Age: 38 Date of Death: 28/11/1942

    Additional information: Son of Frank and Henrietta Garland, of Norwich husband of Catherine Garland, of Norwich.

    Grave/Memorial Reference: 3. A. 22. Cemetery: HELIOPOLIS WAR CEMETERY

    Re-equipment with Hurricanes began in February 1941 but when British forces were compelled to evacuate the country, the squadron was still equipped with Gladiators as well.

    On its return from Greece the squadron was sent to Syria, from where it operated detachments in Palestine and Cyprus before moving totally to Cyprus in July 1941 and then back to Syria in August. The squadron finally joined the fighting in the Western Desert in October 1941 and following the breakout at El Alamein it was tasked with covering the lines of communication, remaining in North Africa until January 1944. A move to Italy was short-lived as in April the squadron was sent back to Britain in preparation for Operation 'Overlord'.

    General Headquarters, Middle East Command was set up in Cairo shortly before the outbreak of the Second World War, remaining there throughout the war years. In January 1941, a Royal Air Force Sector Headquarters for Fighter Defence Canal Zone was established. Cairo was also a significant hospital centre during the Second World War, as well as a leave centre with many social clubs and hostels. The cemetery at Heliopolis was opened in October 1941 for burials from the many hospitals in the area coping with the wounded and sick, mainly from the Western Desert campaigns

    There are no Hurricanes recorded as shot down in North Africa on the 28/11, but there are two on the 27th . Previous claim was the 14th.

    Name: GERMANY, WILLIAM JOHN Initials: W J

    Service: Royal Navy Unit Text: H.M.S. Leda

    Age: 39 Date of Death: 20/09/1942

    Additional information: Son of Mr. and Mrs. William J. Germany husband of Gladys H. Germany, of Thorpe St. Andrew, Norfolk.

    Casualty Type: Commonwealth War Dead

    Grave/Memorial Reference: 54, 1. Memorial: CHATHAM NAVAL MEMORIAL

    September Nominated for return to UK for refit with HMS BRAMBLE.

    13th Joined return convoy QP14 with HMS BRAMBLE as part of Ocean Escort

    for return to UK. Other ships of Ocean Escort were :

    (Note :HM Cruiser SCYLLA, HM Escort Aircraft Carrier AVENGER,

    HM Destroyers ASHANTI, ESKIMO, FAULKNOR, FURY,

    INTREPID, MARNE, METOER, MILNE, OFFA, ONSLAUGHT,

    ONSLOW, OPPORTUNE, SOMALI, TARTAR, WHEATLAND,

    WILTON, BLANKNEY, MIDDLETON, HM Trawlers AYRSHIRE,

    LORD AUSTIN, LORD MIDDLETON, NORTHERN GEM, HM

    Auxiliary AA Ships ALYNBANK, PALOMARES and POZARICA

    Distant Cover was provided by ships of Home Fleet in view of any

    attack by German heavy warships.

    This convoy was also carrying survivors from the ill fated PQ17.)

    14th Passage in heavy weather with no immediate threat of interference.

    20th Under attack by seven U-Boats. See HITLER'S U-BOAT WAR, Volume 2

    Whilst in position astern of convoy in poor weather, hit by two torpedoes

    Ship sank one and a half hours later in position 756.48N 06.00E with the loss of 14 lives

    86 of the ship's company were rescued but six of these died later.

    (Note : In the continuing submarine attacks, ss SILVER SWORD, which had survived

    PQ17 was sunk. The destroyer HMS SOMALI was hit by U703 and

    disabled. Taken in tow by sister HMS ASHANTI the stricken ship

    sank in heavy weather on 24th.)

    Name: GRANT, CHARLES CLIFFORD

    Rank: Driver Regiment/Service: Royal Army Service Corps

    Age: 35 Date of Death: 05/06/1942

    Additional information: Son of William Henry and Ann Charlotte Grant husband of Florence Ann Grant. of Norwich.

    Dead Grave/Memorial Reference: 8. C. 6. Cemetery: KNIGHTSBRIDGE WAR CEMETERY, ACROMA

    Name: HADDER, LESLIE ARNOLD

    Rank: Flight Sergeant (Air Gnr.)

    Regiment/Service: Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve Unit Text: 214 Sqdn.

    Age: 20 Date of Death: 04/03/1945

    Additional information: Son of George Henry and Elizabeth Annie Hadder, of Thorpe.

    Cemetery: THORPE-NEXT-NORWICH (ST. ANDREW) CHURCH CEMETERY

    I came across the grave of one of crew mates of Leslie Hadder in the church cemetery at Blickling, and after some initial false trails, I’ve written up what I found out there.

    214 squadron were equipped with Flying Fortresses at this stage, and were engaged on what are now known as Electronic Counter Measures - jamming radar and radio’s etc to protect the bomber stream.

    Returning from a mission, the plane was shot down by a German night fighter that was laying in wait in the air above RAF Oulton.

    Craft HB815 03-04/03/45 (Pilot Officer H Bennett) Badly damaged following a night-fighter attack during the Nachtjagd Operation “Gisela”. Attack was probably made by Lt Arnold Doring of 10/NJG.3. On return to Oulton, ac crash-landed at Lodge Farm on the Oulton airfield boundary at 00.51 hrs.

    There is a personal memoir of the war of one of the normal crew of this plane, who missed this particular mission because of illness.

    “Hadder, the mid-upper gunner, was the first to be buried. The doctor wouldn’t let Frank attend his funeral because of the state of his health…..As Frank hadn’t attended Hadder’s funeral, Frank went as soon as he was able, to visit Hadder’s family. His mother made a big fuss of Frank. She had heard Frank was dead, and was convinced that if Frank was still alive then Les must be alive as well. She took a lot of convincing that it was otherwise. This was a very unnerving experience, and Frank really had to steel himself to visit other relatives in similar circumstances after this.”

    10th Aug 1942 the Malta convoy 'Operation Pedestal', three carriers protect the convoy

    HMS Indomitable and HMS Eagle seen from HMS Victorious. HMS Eagle was sunk the next day.

    This is the convoy that saved Malta and was the basis for the Allies domination of the Mediterranean. The convoy consisted of 14 merchant ships and was initially protected by 46 warships.

    A fourth carrier, HMS Furious, launched her 36 planes to fly to Malta [still over 600 miles away] and turned back, as planned, on 11th.

    HMS Victorious (R38) was the second Illustrious class aircraft carrier ordered under the 1936 Naval Programme. She was laid down at the Vickers-Armstrong shipyard at Newcastle-Upon-Tyne in 1937 and launched two years later in 1939. Her commissioning was delayed, however, until 1941 due to the greater need for escort vessels for service in the Battle of the Atlantic.

    Her service in 1941 and 1942 included famous actions against the battleship Bismarck, several Arctic convoys and the Pedestal convoy to Malta. She was loaned to the United States Navy in 1943 and served in the south west Pacific under the codename USS Robin. Victorious contributed to several attacks on the Tirpitz. The elimination of the German naval threat allowed her redeployment first to the Eastern Fleet at Colombo and then to the Pacific for the final actions of the war against Japan.

    After the war, her service was broken by periods in reserve and the most complete reconstruction of any Royal Navy carrier between 1950–8, which involved the construction of new superstructure above the hangar deck level, a new enlarged flight deck, new boilers and the 984 3D AW and AD radar and data links and heavy shipboard computers able to track 50 targets and assess their priority for interrogation and interception. The reduction of Britain's naval commitment in 1967, with the end of the Confrontation with Indonesia, and a fire while under refit, prompted or excused her final withdrawal from service, 3–5 years early, and she was scrapped in 1969.

    Description from Wikipedia

    HMS VICTORIOUS departs HMNB Clyde sunshine to conduct continuation training. Picture: LA(Phot) Will Haigh

    HMS Victorious departs HMNB Clyde under the Scottish summer sunshine to conduct continuation training.

    HMS Victorious (R38) was the second Illustrious-class aircraft carrier ordered under the 1936 Naval Programme. She was laid down at the Vickers-Armstrong shipyard at Newcastle-Upon-Tyne in 1937 and launched two years later in 1939.

    Her commissioning was delayed until 1941 due to the greater need for escort vessels for service in the Battle of the Atlantic. Her 1941-42 service included famous actions against the battleship Bismarck, several Arctic convoys and the Pedestal convoy to Malta. She was loaned to the US Navy for a brief period in 1943 and served in the SW Pacific as "USS Robin". Victorious contributed to several attacks on the Tirpitz and finally operated as part of the British Pacific Fleet in the latter stages of the war against Japan where she was hit twice by kamikazes that did limited damage due to her armoured flight-deck.

    Extensively rebuilt in the 1950s, she served between 1958 and 1968 in the form seen above. Aircraft visible include De Havilland Sea Vixen FAW.1s and FAW.2s, Blackburn Buccaneers, a couple of Fairey Gannets and a single Westland Wessex. Fire party and first-aid teams are training aft of the parked aircraft. This photograph of her steaming at speed in the tropics was given to me by a family friend who served aboard her in the 1960s in the Far East.

    HMS Victorious (R38) was the second Illustrious class aircraft carrier ordered under the 1936 Naval Programme. She was laid down at the Vickers-Armstrong shipyard at Newcastle-Upon-Tyne in 1937 and launched two years later in 1939. Her commissioning was delayed, however, until 1941 due to the greater need for escort vessels for service in the Battle of the Atlantic.

    Her service in 1941 and 1942 included famous actions against the battleship Bismarck, several Arctic convoys and the Pedestal convoy to Malta. She was loaned to the United States Navy in 1943 and served in the south west Pacific under the codename USS Robin. Victorious contributed to several attacks on the Tirpitz. The elimination of the German naval threat allowed her redeployment first to the Eastern Fleet at Colombo and then to the Pacific for the final actions of the war against Japan.

    After the war, her service was broken by periods in reserve and the most complete reconstruction of any Royal Navy carrier between 1950–8, which involved the construction of new superstructure above the hangar deck level, a new enlarged flight deck, new boilers and the 984 3D AW and AD radar and data links and heavy shipboard computers able to track 50 targets and assess their priority for interrogation and interception. The reduction of Britain's naval commitment in 1967, with the end of the Confrontation with Indonesia, and a fire while under refit, prompted or excused her final withdrawal from service, 3–5 years early, and she was scrapped in 1969.

    Description from Wikipedia

    HMS Victorious (R38) was the second Illustrious class aircraft carrier ordered under the 1936 Naval Programme. She was laid down at the Vickers-Armstrong shipyard at Newcastle-Upon-Tyne in 1937 and launched two years later in 1939. Her commissioning was delayed, however, until 1941 due to the greater need for escort vessels for service in the Battle of the Atlantic.

    Her service in 1941 and 1942 included famous actions against the battleship Bismarck, several Arctic convoys and the Pedestal convoy to Malta. She was loaned to the United States Navy in 1943 and served in the south west Pacific under the codename USS Robin. Victorious contributed to several attacks on the Tirpitz. The elimination of the German naval threat allowed her redeployment first to the Eastern Fleet at Colombo and then to the Pacific for the final actions of the war against Japan.

    After the war, her service was broken by periods in reserve and the most complete reconstruction of any Royal Navy carrier between 1950–8, which involved the construction of new superstructure above the hangar deck level, a new enlarged flight deck, new boilers and the 984 3D AW and AD radar and data links and heavy shipboard computers able to track 50 targets and assess their priority for interrogation and interception. The reduction of Britain's naval commitment in 1967, with the end of the Confrontation with Indonesia, and a fire while under refit, prompted or excused her final withdrawal from service, 3–5 years early, and she was scrapped in 1969.

    Description from Wikipedia

    The steam catapult launch bridle is just falling away under the main wheels of this Gannet (AEW?) that is launching from aboard (I think) HMS Victorious (there's a V on the aircraft's tail, which I assume indicates the ship the aircraft belonged to?).

    The Fairey Gannet was built in response to the 1945 Admiralty requirement GR.17/45. Fairey selected an engine based on the Armstrong Siddeley Mamba: the Double Mamba (or "Twin Mamba"), basically two Mambas mounted side-by-side and coupled through a common gearbox to coaxial contra-rotating propellers. Power was transmitted from each engine by a torsion shaft which was engaged through a series of sun, planet, epicyclic and spur gears to give a suitable reduction ratio and correct propeller shaft rotation. The Double Mamba engine could be run with one stopped to conserve fuel and extend endurance for cruise flight. The contra-rotating propellers meant that when only half of the Double Mamba was running there were no thrust asymmetry problems. The Mamba exhausts were situated on each side of the fuselage, at the root of the wing trailing edge. The gas-turbine engine could run on kerosene, "wide-cut" turbine fuel or diesel fuel, allowing the Admiralty to eliminate the dangerous high-octane petroleum spirit required to operate piston-engined aircraft from carriers.

    The pilot is seated well forward, conferring a good view over the nose for carrier operations, and sits over the Double Mamba engine, directly behind the gearbox and propellers. The second crewmember, an observer, is seated under a separate canopy directly behind the pilot. After the prototype, a second observer was included, in his own cockpit over the wing trailing edge. This addition disturbed the airflow over the horizontal stabiliser, requiring small finlets on either side.

    The Gannet has a large internal weapons bay in the fuselage and a retractable radome under the rear fuselage. The Gannet's wing folds in two places to form a distinctive Z-shape on each side. The length of the nose wheel shock absorber causes the Gannet to have a distinctive nose-high attitude, a common characteristic of carrier aircraft.

    The prototype first flew on 19 September 1949 and made the first deck landing by a turboprop aircraft, on HMS Illustrious on 19 June 1950, piloted by Lt Cdr G Callingham. The type entered production in 1953 and the RN's first operational squadron (826 NAS) was embarked on HMS Eagle. A total of 348 Gannets were built, of which 44 were the heavily modified AEW.3. Production was shared between Fairey's factories at Hayes, Middlesex and RIngway Airport, Manchester.

    An AEW variant (AEW Mk 3), carrying the American AN/APS-20F radar in a large, bulbous radome suspended beneath the fuselage, under the wing leading edge, requiring a major structural redesign. This variant first flew in August 1958, with trials carried out with HMS Centaur in November. When the AEW.3s were withdrawn and scrapped, their radar equipment was recycled into the RAF Avro Shackleton AEW.2. Gannets also operated as ECM aircraft (ECM.6) and as carrier onboard delivery (COD.4).

    The Royal Australian Navy purchased 36 Gannets and operated them from the carrier HMAS Melbourne and the shore base HMAS Albatross near Nowra, NSW. Indonesia and Germany also bought some in the late 1950s.

    The photo is probably from the early or mid-1960s as it came to me from a family friend who was serving aboard HMS Victorious during that period. There are no markings on photo or its rear.


    My War Service During my Time on the Fleet Aircraft Carrier “Victorious”

    His Majesty King George VI came aboard the HMS Victorious and came along on exercise with us to see the workings of an aircraft carrier with the aircraft etc…
    Sir Winston Churchill came aboard HMS Victorious to meet the Captain and the ships company. Both came aboard whilst we were part of the Russian convoys at Scapa Flow.

    In 1941 we left Scapa Flow in the Orkney Islands to increase the escort of the Russian convoys with the home fleet. Hoping to catch the German battle ships coming out to attack the convoys. The convoys went to Archangel and Murmance but we didn’t take it right in to the destination we waited outside for the other convoy to come back with their escort. We sailed back with them in case the German fleet came out. Then we went back to Scapa Flow, which was our base with the home fleet, and then we sailed with the Pedestal convoy to Malta, which had to get through three aircraft carriers, HMS Eagle, HMS Indomitable and the HMS Victorious. The HMS Eagle was sunk by a German or Italian submarine. Then the HMS Indomitable was hit and damaged by aircraft both Italian and German. When we came back we took a convoy of troops to Algiers in North Africa. We stayed there and helped to supply the aircraft from our ship and the troops that were landing and then we came back to England.

    The American lost so many aircraft carriers that they only had one left, the “Saratoga”, so the admiralty sent the HMS Victorious for support. We left England and went to Northern Virginia, Norfolk Virginia on New Years Day in 1943. After they did some jobs on us they gave us some new camouflage to mimic the American fleet. We left there and made our way down through to Panama, we went through Panama Canal changing our name from HMS Victorious to make out that we were an American ship carrier called “ USS Robin”. So that the Japanese would not be aware that the Americans were short of carriers. After we went through Panama Canal we sailed down to Pearl Harbour in Hawaii where the part of the American fleet took us then down to the advanced base at the time at Noumea in New Caledonia. From there we picked up all the fleet to try to catch the Japanese making a landing on another island. They didn’t arrive so we stayed there for six months doing other operations and then went to Hawaii as the Americans’ then had more aircraft carriers. We stayed in Hawaii a little while then we sailed from there to San Diego in America, and then we left there and came back through the Panama Canal, changing our ships name back to the HMS Victorious, home to England then.

    Then we left England again protecting Russian convoys in Archangel and Murmance. Then we went back to England again, then from there we left again and sailed down to the Mediterranean, by this time they had cleared the Germans form the Algiers. We had some leave there to see what was about when we landed the troops. From there we sailed on to Alexandria through the Mediterranean, then through the Suez Canal. From there we sailed to Bombay in India. We had to go in dry dock for repairs. When we left there we went to Colombo in Ceylon. From there we went around to the other side of Ceylon to Trincomalee. Attacking the Japanese at Sumatra in the Adaman islands etc. Then from there we were sent to form up the Pacific British fleet, calling in on the way down to Free Mantle in Perth. From there we sailed around to Sydney harbour after a spell there we left there with some more ships and sailed up to the Philippines where we built up the British pacific fleet. Then we went up to help the Americans on different operations attacking the Japanese. Whilst off Japan we were attacked by kami karsie planes, we then returned to Sydney Australia for repairs and then returned to attack the Japanese again until the Americans dropped the two atomic bombs. When the bombs were dropped the war was over and we came back to Australia, Sydney for spares and shore leave then eventually we came back to England calling at Portsmouth and then our home base Plymouth. This was the first time we ever came into Plymouth, as it was too dangerous to dock at Plymouth during the War.

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    Oorwinning

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    Oorwinning, flagship of the victorious British fleet commanded by Admiral Horatio Nelson in the Battle of Trafalgar on Oct. 21, 1805. The ship is preserved today as a historic relic at Portsmouth, Eng.

    HMS Victory, launched at Chatham in 1765, was a 100-gun ship of the line with a length of 186 feet (57 m), a displacement of 2,162 tons, and a crew of more than 800 men. As a flagship of Britain’s Channel and Mediterranean fleets during the American Revolution and French Revolutionary wars, the ship saw extensive action against France and its allies. In 1778 under Admiral Augustus Keppel, and again in 1781 under Richard Kempenfelt, it led engagements near the island of Ushant (Ouessant). In 1782 it flew the flag of Admiral Richard Howe in the relief of a besieged garrison at Gibraltar, and in 1793 it served under Admiral Samuel Hood during a brief occupation of Toulon, Fr. In 1797 the Oorwinning was the flagship of Admiral John Jervis in his destruction of a Spanish fleet off Cape Saint Vincent, Port.

    At the Battle of Trafalgar the Oorwinning’s flags gave Nelson’s famous signal “England expects that every man will do his duty.” Die Oorwinning itself engaged two French ships of the line from the topmast of one a sniper fired the shot that mortally wounded Nelson, who died in the ship’s cockpit in the midst of battle. After carrying Nelson’s body home, the Oorwinning continued to aid in Britain’s continental blockade during the Napoleonic Wars. By the 1830s the ship had been dismasted and moored at Portsmouth, Eng., as a stationary flagship of the naval command. There it remained until 1922, when it was placed in dry dock and restored to its condition under Nelson. The ship and an attached maritime museum have attracted tourists since 1928.

    Hierdie artikel is mees onlangs hersien en bygewerk deur Amy Tikkanen, bestuurder van korreksies.


    Inhoud

    Right elevation, deck plan, and hull section as depicted in Brassey's Naval Annual 1902

    Oorwinnaar was laid down at the Chatham Dockyard on 28 May 1894, launched on 19 October 1895—after which fitting-out work commenced. She was commissioned into the Royal Navy about a year later, on 4 November 1896. Ώ] The ship was 421 feet (128 m) long overall and had a beam of 75 ft (23 m) and a draft of 27 ft (8.2 m). She displaced up to 16,060 t (15,810 long tons 17,700 short tons) at full combat load. Her propulsion system consisted of two 3-cylinder triple expansion engines powered by eight coal-fired cylindrical boilers. By 1907–1908 she was re-boilered with oil-fired models. ΐ] Her engines provided a top speed of 16 knots (30 km/h 18 mph) at 10,000 indicated horsepower (7,500 kW). Die Majestueuss were considered good seaboats with an easy roll and good steamers, although they suffered from high fuel consumption. She had a crew of 672 officers and enlisted men. Α ]

    The ship was armed with four BL 12-inch Mk VIII guns in twin turrets, one forward and one aft. The turrets were placed on pear-shaped barbettes six of her sisters had the same arrangement, but her sisters Caesar en Illustrious and all future British battleship classes had circular barbettes. ΐ] Α] Oorwinnaar also carried twelve QF 6-inch /40 guns. They were mounted in casemates in two gun decks amidships. She also carried sixteen QF 12-pounder guns and twelve QF 2-pounder guns. She was also equipped with five 18 in (460 mm) torpedo tubes, four of which were submerged in the ship's hull, with the last in a deck-mounted launcher. Α ] Oorwinnaar and the other ships of her class had 9 inches (229 mm) of Harvey armour, which allowed equal protection with less cost in weight compared to previous types of armour. This allowed Oorwinnaar and her sisters to have a deeper and lighter belt than previous battleships without any loss in protection. ΐ] The barbettes for the main battery were protected with 14 in (360 mm) of armor, while the conning tower had the same thickness of steel on the sides. The ship's armored deck was 2.5 to 4.5 in (64 to 114 mm) thick. Α ]


    HMS Oorwinnaar (R38)

    O HMS Oorwinnaar foi um porta-aviões operado pela Marinha Real Britânica e a quarta e última embarcação da Classe Illustrious, depois do HMS Formidable, HMS Illustrious e HMS Ontembaar. Sua construção começou em janeiro de 1937 nos estaleiros da Vickers-Armstrongs em Newcastle upon Tyne e foi lançado ao mar em setembro de 1939, sendo comissionado na frota britânica em maio de 1941. [ 1 ] Ele era capaz de transportar entre 36 e 54 aeronaves, era armado com uma bateria antiaérea composta por canhões de 113, 40 e 20 milímetros, tinha um deslocamento de mais de 28 mil toneladas e conseguia alcançar uma velocidade máxima de trinta nós (56 quilômetros por hora).

    A entrada do Oorwinnaar em serviço foi adiada pelo início da Segunda Guerra Mundial e a necessidade de desviar recursos para outras áreas. Sua primeira ação depois de comissionado foi caçar o couraçado alemão Bismarck, com uma de suas aeronaves conseguindo acertar o navio. Em seguida participou da escolta de diversos comboios de suprimentos para a União Soviética. A embarcação se envolveu em agosto de 1942 na Operação Pedestal, uma tentativa de levar suprimentos para Malta, porém foi levemente danificado por bombardeiros italianos, enquanto em novembro ela proporcionou suporte para os desembarques da Operação Tocha contra a França de Vichy no Norte da África. [1]

    O Oorwinnaar foi emprestado para a Marinha dos Estados Unidos no início de 1943 e participou da Campanha nas Ilhas Salomão durante a Guerra do Pacífico, retornando para o Reino Unido no final do ano. O porta-aviões retomou em 1944 a escolta de comboios para a União Soviética, enquanto em abril tomou parte da Operação Tungstênio contra o couraçado alemão Tirpitz, com suas aeronaves tendo acertado o navio catorze vezes e o tirando de ação por meses. O Oorwinnaar depois tomou parte em operações no Oceano Índico e também no Oceano Pacífico a partir de 1945, participando da Batalha de Okinawa e bombardeando forças no próprio Japão até o fim da guerra em agosto. [1]

    Depois da guerra, o porta-aviões ajudou a repatriar prisioneiros de guerra britânicos e transportar pessoal da Austrália de volta para o Reino Unido. O Oorwinnaar foi descomissionado em janeiro de 1947, porém voltou a ativa em outubro como um navio de treinamento, função que exerceu até março de 1950. A embarcação iniciou um processo de reconstrução em outubro de 1950 no Estaleiro Real de Portsmouth em que seu casco foi expandido, seus maquinários aprimorados e seu convés de voo substituído, dentre outras mudanças. Ele retornou ao serviço ativo oito anos depois e atuou até ser descomissionado em março de 1968 por falta de orçamento, sendo desmontado no ano seguinte. [1]


    HMS VICTORIOUS ASSOCIATION

    The first HMS Victorious was a 74-gun third rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched at Blackwall, London in 1785. She was the first ship of the Royal Navy to bear the name.

    Victorious participated in the capture of the Dutch colony of Cape Town, in which an invasion had been caused due to fears of France's expansion across the world. Britain seized the strategic Cape Town and thus secured the nation its routes to the East. The rest of her career was spent in the warm climates of the East Indies, patrolling the vast waters in that region.

    In 1803, while in Gibraltar, Victorious was condemned and then broken up at Lisbon.

    The second HMS Victorious was a 74-gun third-rate ship of the line. She was launched at Portsmouth in 1808, just five years after the first of the lineage was broken up. Her first action came the year after her launch, as part of the Baltic Squadron, in which she assisted in the bombardment of the port of Flushing (Vlissingen) in what is now the Netherlands. The naval bombardment was just a part of a much larger operation. The land force consisted of some 30,000 men. The objectives were rather simply, to assist the Austrians by invading the Low Countries and to destroy the French Fleet at their believed location of Flushing.

    The town of Flushing was actually seized, but the whole invasion soon became irrelevant and pointless, for the French Fleet had actually escaped to the port of Antwerp and the Austrians had been defeated and were negotiating peace with the French. Over 4,000 British soldiers were killed during the expedition, 106 due to combat, the rest because of an illness known as Walcheren Fever.

    Her deployment to the Mediterranean saw Victorious have her first skirmish against a French warship, on 22 February 1812 in the northern Adriatic Sea, against the French Rivoli 74, which was eventually defeated with much of her crew being killed and wounded. Rivoli was captured once the skirmish came to an end and she later served in action as a Royal Navy warship against the French. Victorious won the lineage its first battle honour during this engagement.

    Victorious served as part of Rear Admiral Sir George Cockburn's fleet in the Chesapeake Bay during the War of 1812. Victorious participated in the blockade of the Elizabeth River, keeping the USS Constitution at her berth in Norfolk during the conflict.

    Victorious returned to the United Kingdom in 1814, for harbour service that would last until she was scrapped in 1861.

    The third ship to be named HMS Victorious had the most quiet of careers. She was one of nine Majestic-class pre-Dreadnought battleships, that had an armament of 4 12 inch guns and 12 6 inch guns. She was built at Chatham Dockyard. She had a displacement of 14,900 tons with a length of 421 feet. The Majestic's were a template for many successor pre-dreadnought classes.

    Victorious had her obligatory service in the Mediterranean Fleet in early 1898 and from 1900 to 1903. During the mid-1898 to mid-1900 time frame, she served on the China Station. After these duty stations, she was transferred to in the Channel Fleet. She never saw combat service in World War I, becoming a dockyard repair ship until her eventual scrapping in 1923.

    HMS Victorious - The War Years

    HMS Victorious was built by Vickers Armstrong, Newcastle. She was laid down on 4th May 1937, and she was launched on 14th September 1939, being commissioned on15th May 1941.

    In 1935 the Admiralty took a radical step by deciding that the next generation of aircraft carriers would be afforded the same protection as the big-gun units. Previous carriers had been armoured, but only only the lower or main deck over the machinery and magazines and in a waterline belt. The "Illustrious" Class ships were to have a hangar protected against 500lb bombs and 6" shells leading to the armouring of the flight deck. The flight deck between the lifts was 3" thick and the hangar walls were 41" thick. Both Formidable and Victorious were struck by Kamikazes in 1945, but both were operating aircraft again soon after the hits - unlike the wooden-decked US carriers.

    HMS Victorious joined the Home Fleet on commissioning in May 1941, and just nine days later her pilots encountered and attacked the Bismarck. On 23rd May 1941, the new carrier HMS Victorious whose aircrews, despite their inexperience, succeeded in putting a torpedo into the battleship's midship section, which opened up a fuel tank on the Bismarck.