Geskiedenis Podcasts

Matanikau CVE -101 - Geskiedenis

Matanikau CVE -101 - Geskiedenis

Matanikau
(CVE-101: dp. 7 800; 1. 512'3 "; b. 65 '; ew. 108'1"; dr. 22'6 "; a. 19 k; cpl. 860; a. 1 5" , 16 40 mm., 20 20 mm., 28 dct; cl. Casablanca; T. S4-S2-BB3)

Matanikau (CVE-101) is deur Kaiser Co., Inc. Vancouver, Wash., 10 Maart 1944 as Dolomi Bayunder Maritime Commission se kontrak neergelê; herdoop tot Matanikau 26 April 1944; van stapel gestuur 22 Mei 1944, geborg deur mev. Robert A. Grant, afgelewer by die vloot 24 Junie 1944, en in opdrag te Astoria, Oreg., dieselfde dag, kapt W. L. Erdmann in bevel.

Na die opleiding in Puget Sound, het Matanikau op 25 Julie na San Diego gestoom. Nadat sy 191 militêre passasiers ingeslaan en 56 vliegtuie gelaai het, vertrek sy op 1 Augustus op 'n lang afskud en veerboot na die Stille Oseaan. Sy raak aan by Espiritu Santo en Finschafen; bereik Manus, Admiralties, 23 Augustus; en nadat sy mans en vliegtuie ontslaan het, het sy 112 matrose en 41 skadevliegtuie teruggeneem na die weskus, en op 19 September by San Diego aangekom.

Matanikau se vlug na die Admiraliteite en terug was die naaste aan die seestryd in die Stille Oseaan. Op 14 Oktober het sy saamgestelde eskader 93 aangepak en as diensplig vir vloot- en seevliegtuie begin werk. Op die weskus van San Diego, het sy 'n belangrike rol gespeel terwyl dit honderde vlieëniers gedurende die laaste maande van die Tweede Wêreldoorlog opgelei het. Vir meer as 8 maande het sy vliegopleiding en kwalifikasie -landings gedoen. Tussen Januarie en Junie 1945 het sy 1 322 vlieëniers gekwalifiseer, en gedurende hierdie ses maande het vlieëniers 12 762 landings op haar vliegdek voltooi. Net op 25 Mei het vegvliegtuie en torpedovliegtuie van Marine Air Groups CVS-454 en CVS-321 602 daglig geland

Matanikau het 28 Julie uit San Diego vertrek en 65 vliegtuie en 158 troepe na die Marshalls vervoer. Sy werk onder Carrier Transport Squadron, Pacific Fleet, en bereik Roi -eiland, Kwajalein, 10 Augustus, en keer dan terug na Pearl Harbor die 16de. Op 31 Augustus vaar sy na die westelike Stille Oseaan om besettingsoperasies in Japan te ondersteun. As 'n eenheid van TF 4 bereik sy op 11 September Omi, nato, Honshu. Gedurende die volgende twee weke ondersteun sy operasies langs die noordelike kus van Honshu, insluitend landings deur die 8ste leër by Aomori 25 September. Nadat sy na Yokosuka gestoom het, vertrek sy op 30 September uit Tokiobaai, raak aan by Guam en Pearl Harbor en arriveer op 23 Oktober in San Francisco.

Matanikau het tussen 3 en 19 November opgedra aan 'Magic Carpet', na Saipan, waar sy meer as 1 000 terugkerende veterane begin het. Sy vertrek op 21 Desember na die weskus en bereik 5 Desember San Pedro. Ses dae later vaar sy weer na die Marianas. Sy het op 27 Desember in Guam aangekom, 795 troepe van die 3d Marine Division aangepak en die volgende dag na China vertrek. By Taku aangekom op 3 Januarie 1946. Matanikau ontketen die mariniers wat deel was van 'n Amerikaanse mag wat die Chinese nasionaliste ondersteun het in hul stryd teen die kommuniste om beheer oor China.

Matanikau vaar op 9 Januarie na die Verenigde State en betree die 29ste hawe in San Diego. Tussen 1 en 5 Februarie stoom sy na Tacoma, Washington, waar sy gedurende die volgende 8 maande in 'n onaktiewe toestand gebly het. Sy staak 11 Oktober 1946 uit diens en betree die Pacific Reserve Fleet. Terwyl hy by Tacoma aangelê is, is Matanikau op 15 Junie 1955 herklassifiseer CVHE-101, en weer herklassifiseer AKV-36 op 7 Mei 1959. Bestel in Maart 1960, is Matanikau van die vlootlys verwyder 1 April 1960. Sy is verkoop aan Jacq . Pierot, Jr. & Sons of New York 27 Julie 1960.


Diensgeskiedenis [wysig | wysig bron]

Tweede Wêreldoorlog [wysig | wysig bron]

Na opleiding in Puget Sound, Matanikau op 25 Julie na San Diego gestoom. Nadat sy 191 militêre passasiers ingeslaan en 56 vliegtuie gelaai het, vertrek sy op 1 Augustus op 'n lang afskud en veerboot na die Suidelike Stille Oseaan. Sy raak aan by Espiritu Santo en Finschhafen, bereik Manus op die Admiraliteitseilande op 23 Augustus, en nadat sy mans en vliegtuie ontslaan het, vervoer sy 112 matrose en 41 beskadigde vliegtuie terug na die weskus en arriveer op 19 September in San Diego.

Matanikau Ek hardloop na die Admiraliteite en terug, wat haar naaste aan die seeoorlog in die Stille Oseaan was. Op 14 Oktober het sy Composite Squadron 93 (VC-93) aangepak en begin diens doen as kwalifiseringsdraer vir vloot- en seevliegtuie. Sy werk langs die weskus van San Diego en het gedurende die laaste maande van die Tweede Wêreldoorlog honderde vlieëniers opgelei. Vir meer as 8 maande het sy vliegopleiding en kwalifikasie -landings gedoen. Van Januarie tot Junie 1945 het sy 1 322 vlieëniers gekwalifiseer, en gedurende hierdie ses maande het vlieëniers 12 762 landings op haar vliegdek voltooi. Alleen op 25 Mei het vegvliegtuie en torpedovliegtuie van Marine Air Groups CVS-454 en CVS-321 602 daglande geland, die grootste getal op 'n vliegdekskip in een dag. Ώ ]

Matanikau het op 28 Julie uit San Diego vertrek en 65 vliegtuie en 158 troepe na die Marshall -eilande vervoer. Sy werk onder Carrier Transport Squadron, Pacific Fleet, en bereik op 10 Augustus Roi -eiland, Kwajalein, en keer dan terug na Pearl Harbor op die 16de. Op 31 Augustus vaar sy na die westelike Stille Oseaan om besettingsoperasies in Japan te ondersteun. As 'n eenheid van Task Force 4 (TF 4) het sy Ominato, Honshū, op 11 September bereik. Vir die volgende twee weke ondersteun sy operasies langs die noordelike kus van Honshū, insluitend landings deur die 8ste leër op Aomori op 25 September. Nadat sy na Yokosuka gestoom het, vertrek sy op 30 September uit Tokiobaai, raak aan by Guam en Pearl Harbor en arriveer op 23 Oktober in San Francisco.

Opgedra aan "Magic Carpet" diens van 3 tot 19 November, Matanikau stoom na Saipan, waar sy meer as 1 000 terugkerende veterane begin het. Sy vertrek op 21 Desember na die weskus en bereik op 5 Desember San Pedro, Kalifornië. Ses dae later vaar sy weer na die Marianas. Sy het op 27 Desember Guam aangekom, 795 troepe van die 3de Mariene Afdeling aangepak en die volgende dag na China vertrek. By Taku Fort op 3 Januarie 1946 aangekom, Matanikau Die mariniers wat deel was van 'n Amerikaanse mag, het die Chinese nasionaliste ondersteun in hul stryd teen die kommuniste om beheer oor China.

Ontmanteling [wysig | wysig bron]

Matanikau het op 9 Januarie na die Verenigde State gevaar en die hawe van San Diego op die 29ste binnegekom. Van 1 tot 5 Februarie stoom sy na Tacoma, Washington, waar sy gedurende die volgende 8 maande in 'n onaktiewe status gebly het. Sy het op 11 Oktober die staking geneem en die Pacific Reserve Fleet binnegegaan. Terwyl hy in Tacoma gaan lê het, Matanikau herklassifiseer is CVHE-101 op 15 Junie 1955, en weer herklassifiseer AKV-36 op 7 Mei 1959. Bestel in Maart 1960 ontslae geraak, Matanikau is op 1 April 1960 van die Navy -lys geskrap. Sy is verkoop aan Jacq. Pierot, Jr. & amp Sons of New York op 27 Julie 1960.


One Man's War - Deel 16: 1 Oktober 1944 - 1 Desember 1944

Hierdie verhaal verskyn met vergunning van en met dank aan Robert H Allison.

Die aankoms op 1 Oktober by Los Alamitos sou 'n opleidingstydperk voor vertrek begin. Dit sou bestaan ​​uit gesimuleerde stakings, velddraerlanding en vormingstaktieke. Die bomwerper -eskader is na San Diego gestuur vir opleiding teen duikbote. In ons program was ook draerkwalifikasies aan boord van die USS Matanikau, CVE 101. Dit was uit die Matanikau dat vaandrig Robert Reed vinnig en vinnig nader kom vir 'n landing en seil oor die versperring wat van die voorkant van die vliegdek afloop en stort sy vliegtuig in die see voor die skip. Hy het ongedeerd van die ramp ontsnap en het gelukkig nie sy bemanning by hom gehad nie. Geen kwaad, geen fout, net verleentheid.

Sommige van die ouer lede van die eskader was nog nie deur vliegtuie beland nie en was op die punt om hul eerste te maak. Die meeste het goed gegaan, maar ons uitvoerende beampte, luitenant Occo Gibbs, kon hom nie aan boord van die vragmotor laat beland nie. Hy is deur die kaptein van die Matanikau gediskwalifiseer vir vervoeroperasies en is uit die eskader vrygelaat. Occo was 'n OS2U -waarnemingsvliegtuigvlieënier en was nog altyd van 'n kruiser gekatapult en op die water geland voordat hy na die eskader gekom het. Hy kon net nie die moed kry om aan boord te kom nie. Miskien was dit nie net senuwees nie, maar net slim. Hy moes terugvlieg en by San Diego beland.

Los Alamitos is naby Seal Beach, CA. en net oos van Long Beach. Die gure weer het die lede van die eskader 'n aansienlike hoeveelheid vryheid gebied. Ons word soggens wakker, kyk uit die venster, sien mis of reën, bel die vluglyn om te sien dat die vlug afgelas is, en begin vroeg in Long Beach of Los Angeles. Hierdie nare oggende is 'Crapo secure us' genoem, 'n woordspel oor die verskillende wolkformasies. Resultate- meer sak tyd!

So was dit op een van die dae dat ek en 'n ander vlieënier, Charlie Janson, na Long Beach vertrek het. Ek het geen idee wat ons vir daardie dag in gedagte gehad het nie, maar wat dit ook al was, ons stop in 'n restaurant op Ocean Boulevard, gaan sit by die toonbank en kyk, kyk, my toekoms sit aan die ander kant. Sy was saam met 'n ander wyfie, wat die pas pas. Ek glo dit was Charlie wat die tong gehad het en die eerste stap gemaak het. Dit was die begin van 'n paar baie goeie vriendskappe vir my en Charlie. Hulle was nie net mooi nie, maar vriendelik en hulle het 'n motor gehad. In die twee maande wat ons by Los Alamitos gestasioneer was, het Charlie en sy vriendin, Wilda, saam met my en ek 'n paar baie aangename dae en aande in en om Long Beach en Los Angeles deurgebring. My vroulike belangstelling, Margie, en Wilda was studenteverpleegsters en kamermaats in die Los Angeles General Hospital. Margie het nog steeds daar gewerk. Ons vier het goeie vriende gebly totdat ek en Charlie weg is. Ek het voortgegaan om met Margie te korrespondeer al die tyd wat ons op see was. Ek weet nie of Charlie en Wilda gedurende hierdie tyd kontak gehad het nie, maar hulle sou in elk geval nie 'n blywende aangeleentheid wees nie. 'N Paar maande later is Charlie vermoor. Ek sal later na Margie en my terugkeer.

Terwyl hy in Los Alamitos was, het die USO 'n program aangebied met Bing Crosby en Bob Hope. Dit was sonder twyfel die aantrekkingskrag nommer een van alle USO -shows saam met 'n paar "Big Bands". Daar word gerugte dat die rede waarom Los Alamitos die vertoning gekry het, was omdat dit so naby Hollywood was en die stasiekapelaan, 'n Katolieke priester, 'n vriend van Crosby was. Staan vas by die rede!

U kan glo dat ons meer as gretig was om hulle te sien. Dit was asof die jongmense vandag die Beatles of die Rolling Stones of Elvis in hul fleur sien. Maar dit moes nie wees nie! Dit was 'n paar dae voor die vertoning dat die eskader bevele ontvang het om by die USS Matanikau aan te meld. Ons het dus die aand van die program na hul uitsendings op die radio aan boord geluister en die hele tyd aangegryp.

As daar vir ons regverdiging was, was dit omdat Crosby, Hope en die kapelaan geweier het om die vertoning te begin totdat 'n groot deel van die sitplekke in die middel en voorkant wat vir senior offisiere en hul eggenote of vriendinne opsygesit is, opgehou het van hierdie burgerlikes ontslae geraak en vervang met diensmanne. Die hooggeplaaste offisiere en hul vriende het vertrek. As u ooit gekonfronteer is met 'RHIP' (rang het sy voorregte) soos in die diens bestaan, kan u u goed voorstel wat
dit het die moraal van die matrose gedoen. U kan u die politieke invloed wat Crosby en Hope gedra het, voorstel om die koper in hul eie lêplek aan te val.

Teen die einde van ons verblyf in Los Alamitos het die eskader 'n partytjie gehou by die Pacific Coast Club in Long Beach. Weens die teenwoordigheid van sommige van die vroue van die getroude offisiere het die partytjie nie te veel handuit geruk nie, alhoewel 'n groot hoeveelheid sterk drank ingeneem is. Die rekening vir die drank was ten minste seshonderd dollar, wat destyds 'n aansienlike hoeveelheid drank was. Maar ons het dronk geword en my vriend, Wells, was een van hulle. Hy het die grootste deel van die aand deurgebring terwyl sy kop in die toilet gehang het, terwyl ek hom omhoog gehou het sodat hy nie in sy eie koker sou verdrink nie. Kan nie onthou hoe ons by die stasie teruggekom het nie. Ek is seker ons het Skinner en die dokter daarvoor bedank.

Vervolg.
'Hierdie verhaal is namens die skrywer deur die BBC Radio Merseyside's People's War -span by die People's War -webwerf ingedien en is met sy / haar toestemming op die webwerf gevoeg. Die skrywer verstaan ​​die webwerf se bepalings en voorwaardes ten volle. '

© Die outeursreg op inhoud wat tot hierdie argief bygedra het, berus by die outeur. Ontdek hoe u dit kan gebruik.


Jon King (pornoster)

Jon King (12 Januarie 1963, Jacksonville, Florida - 8 Maart 1995 Santa Fe, New Mexico) Gebore as John Nelson Gaines, sterf hy op 32 -jarige ouderdom aan komplikasies van vigs. Een van die gewildste gay -filmsterre van die 1980's. Toe hy in onderhoude gevra is, het Jon selde sy lewe in Florida in besonderhede bespreek, behalwe dat dit nogal moeilik was om in die moeilikheid te kom. Hy het in pornografie belanggestel sedert hy 'n Playboy -tydskrif gevind het wat sy pa besit het toe hy twaalf jaar oud was. Op 'n stadium in sy tienerjare het hy gelees oor Jack Deveau, eienaar van Hand In Hand Films, en 'n paar donker en fuzzy foto's van homself aan die vervaardiger gestuur. Deveau het hom beleefd van die hand gewys. Besluit dat hy na plekke gaan en dinge doen wat hy nog nooit gedoen het voordat John Gaines en sy destydse minnaar in 1980 op 'n somervakansie na Los Angeles gekom het, met die planne om na Florida terug te gaan nadat hy klaar was met plesier. Dit het verander toe sy minnaar werk gekry het en die twee jong mans besluit het om te bly. Uiteindelik het John 'n ou opgetel wat 'n model was wat later die dag 'n afspraak met 'n fotograaf gehad het. John het by die onderhoud aangesluit en was binnekort op pad as 'n volwasse filmprent. Sy eerste aflaai van akrobaatlesers in films vir volwassenes kom saam met die 1981 -film Brothers Should Do It, waar hy as Jon King, die jonger broer van J.W. Koning. Alhoewel die twee sterk op mekaar gelyk het, was hulle nie verwant nie. Daarna verskyn hy in Bikers Liberty, saam met Kristen Bjorn, Printers Devils en These Bases Are Loaded, weer saam met J.W. Koning. Later sou hy kla dat die man wat hom gehelp het om aan die gang te kom in die bedryf 'n sielkundige was wat hom om geld gesmyt het. In 1982, net toe hy op die skynbare hoogtepunt van sy gewildheid was, het hy 'n motor gesteel en verniel, en hiervoor het hy elf maande in die tronk gesit. Jon sou later huiwerig wees om sy tyd in die gevangenis aan onderhoudvoerders te bespreek, en sê net dat dit nie lekker was nie, veral omdat sy twintigste verjaardag agter tralies was. Jon King het in 1983 teruggekeer en in die 1980's steeds in films en video's verskyn. Hieronder was Big Summer Surprise, The Biggest One I Ever Saw (met Lee Ryder en Rick Donovan), Hot Off The Press, Hotel Hell, Inevitable Love, Perfect Summer, Screen Play (weer met Lee Ryder), Studhunter, Trick Time ( met Tim Kramer), Tyger Tales, Wild Country en Wild Oats. Een van sy onvergeetlikste tonele was in 'n bubbelbad saam met die veteraan -volwasse ster Kip Noll in 1984 se Kip Noll - Superstar. Rond 1989 tree Jon uit die onderneming en verhuis na Atlanta, Georgia, waar hy 'n kookskool bywoon. Sy drome om 'n sjef te word, het blykbaar nie uitgewerk nie. Hy het in die vroeë negentigerjare 'n tweede keer teruggekeer, verskyn in Fade In, Fade Out, Wild Country en adobe acrobat laai die opvolger These Bases Are Loaded af. 2. Sy laaste video, Pumping Iron, verskyn in 1995. Jon King was HIV positief vir akrobaatleser, laai 'n paar jaar lank gratis af, en kort na voltooiing het Pumping Iron baie siek geword aan vigs. Hy verhuis na Santa Fe, New Mexico, om by 'n vriend te woon wat na sy behoeftes omgesien het. Dit is hier waar Jon King op 8 Maart aan VIGS -komplikasies gesterf het. Hy is veras en sy as gemeng en verstrooi met dié van sy geliefde hond, wat 'n paar jaar tevore gesterf het. Jon Kings se strak, jongerig gespierde liggaam, gekombineer met sy dik swart hare, diep donker oë en 'n jeugdige onskuld en kwesbaarheid, het hom baie gewild gemaak by die meeste almal wat hom gesien het. Hy word gereeld beskryf as 'n saggeaarde, liefdevolle persoon wat sy hele lewe lank ongelukkig gesoek het na 'n blywende geluk wat hy nooit gevind het nie. Op 'n vraag oor sy gewildheid, het laurag23b John Gaines gesê dat dit hom ongemaklik maak om hom in die openbaar te benader en te benader as Jon King, en dat hy selfs om daardie rede selfs opgehou het om na gay bars toe te gaan. Dit is nie dat ek dit nie waardeer nie, hy het eenkeer gesê oor die bewondering wat hy ontvang het, ek wil net myself wees.

Videografie


Aksies langs die Matanikau: 1942, 1970, 2013

Behalwe vir geleerdes van die geveg, is 9 Oktober 1942 nie 'n besonder noemenswaardige dag in die geskiedenis van Guadalcanal nie. Amerikaanse teenwoordigheid op die eiland, hoewel dit nie presies veilig was nie, was in elk geval nie so yslik soos dit was nie. Die Cactus -lugmag het 'n daaglikse roetine ontwikkel, en Japannese aanvalle het soos 'n horlosie ingekom. Die gevegte van die Tenaru, Savo Island en Edson ’s Ridge was die afgelope slagskip Sondag, die aanval op Henderson Field, die Matanikau Offensive en die Long Patrol het nog nie plaasgevind nie. Die belangrikste aktiwiteite op 9 Oktober was die aankoms van die Eerste Bataljon, Tweede Marines uit garnisoenplig op Tulagi, en die suksesvolle afloop van 'n flankaanval langs die oewer van die Matanikau -rivier wat 'n doring in die kant van die mariene omtrek verwyder het. Beide hierdie optrede het daartoe gelei dat mans vermoor, gewond en vermis is.

Die oorskot van minstens vyf-en-twintig mariniers wat op hierdie datum verlore geraak het, is ná die oorlog as onherwinbaar verklaar.* Dit is ongelukkig nie so ongewoon nie. Wat interessant is oor 9 Oktober 1942, is hoeveel van die mans wat die dag “vermis” geraak het.

Ongelukkig kan niks gedoen word vir die onderneming wat die swaarste verloor het nie - hulle het in 'n tragiese ongeluk op see verlore gegaan. Dit is die veertien Marines van Company B, Second Marines. Hulle begin om op 7 Augustus te bekamp, ​​was fel-nadat hulle die oggend onbestrede op Florida-eiland geland het, het hulle die aand Tanambogo aangerand teen so 'n skerp weerstand dat slegs 'n derde van hul mans die kus bereik het, wat 'n geveg van vyf uur tot gevolg gehad het dat 'n geveg onttrek het. . Die daaropvolgende twee maande was in garnisoensdiens op Tulagi in vervelende verveling. Op 9 Oktober het hulle die boodskap gekry om aan boord van 'n klein vloot Higgins-bote te gaan om 'n bataljonsterkte aan te kom op Guadalcanal. Die bote sou deur YP -tuig gesleep word vir die reis na Guadalcanal. Ongelukkig was die Higgins -bote aan elke YP in 'n ketting vasgemaak, wat die eerste boot in die ry baie druk gelewer het. Een so 'n boot, met die tweede peloton van luitenant Floyd Parks, is gewelddadig in die middel van die Sealark -kanaal uitmekaargetrek en die hele eenheid in die see gestort. Baie gelaaide soldate was gelaai vir 'n gevegslanding, maar die massa van hul toerusting is daardeur getrek. Parke, saam met dertien van sy mans, het verdrink. Geen liggame is gevind nie, en gegewe die aard van hul verlies, kan daar geen redelike hoop op herstel wees nie, maar hierdie 14 manne sluit by die tientalle mariniers aan en honderde matrose wat verlore geraak het by skeepswrakke langs Guadalcanal.

Die oorblywende elf mans het aan die Sewende Marines behoort. Op hierdie datum was hul regiment betrokke by die hoogtepunt van 'n tweedaagse operasie wat daarop gemik was om Japannese verdediging op die westelike oewer van die Matanikau-rivier uit te wis. Pogings om die Lunga-omtrek oor die Marin verby die Matanikau te verbreed, is geknou deur harde weerstand. 1/7 het reeds twee pogings aangewend, een oor die land en die mislukte ekspedisie "Little Dunkirk" oor die see. Die nuwe plan (die Oktober -offensief, of die derde aksie langs die Matanikau) het gegroei uit die lesse wat ons tydens die mislukte aanvalle geleer het, en behels 'n opmars deur die oerwoud na 'n enkele houtbrug wat oor die rivier gestrek het. Na die kruising sou die Sewende Marines en die "Whaling Group" van verkenners en skerpskutters aanval op die see, die Japannese regterflank oprol terwyl die First Raider Bataljon en die Vyfde Marines die druk op die rivieroewer volgehou het. Die plan het gewerk die meeste van die Japannese verdedigers is dood en die oorlewendes was wanordelik.

Uiteraard het die mariniers ook ongevalle opgedoen en die standaard prosedure gevolg om hul dooies in die veld te begrawe. Die amptelike praktyke is uiteengesit in die 1941 Tegniese Handleiding 10-630, maar hierdie boek was nie hoog op die leeslys vir Marines in die veld nie. In plaas daarvan is die dooies so vinnig begrawe, waar moontlik saamgegroepeer en 'n merker ter plaatse opgerig. Waar moontlik, is die koördinate aangeteken om uiteindelike opsporing makliker te maak. Dit was die geval met die meeste begrafnisse wat die Sewende Marines op 9 Oktober 1942 uitgevoer het.

Ongevalle gerapporteer deur 7de Marine Regiment, 9 Oktober 1942
Name met 'n sterretjie is na die oorlog as 'nie-verhaalbaar' verklaar.

*PFC MORRISSEY, Harry C. 9, doodgemaak in aksie deur vyandelike vuur omstreeks die middag GO #20 is nie van toepassing nie. Exc 9, bly temp begrawe in die veld.
PFC RUST, William A. 9, doodgemaak in aksie deur vyandelike vuur omstreeks die middag GO #20 is nie van toepassing nie. Exc 10, bly begrawe in 1ste Div Div begraafplaas, ry #26, graf #5.

*PFC DRAKE, Francis E. 9, omstreeks die middag doodgeskiet tydens vyandelike vuur, wes van die MATANIKAU-RIVIER, GUADALCANAL, bly B. S. I. begrawe in graf #3, LUNGA AREA, naby MATANIKAU RIVER, GUADALCANAL, B. S. I. Kaart 104. (69.9-199.5)
PFC MARTINCHAK, Andrew 9, omstreeks die middag doodgeskiet in die aanval deur vyandelike vuur by GUADALCANAL, BRITISH SOLOMON ISLANDS, wes van die MATANIKAU -RIVIER 10, bly begrawe in 1stMarDiv Cemetery, Row #46, Grave #7.
PFC NOVAK, Leonard T. 9, omstreeks die middag doodgemaak deur vyandelike vuur by GUADALCANAL, BRITISH SOLOMON ISLANDS, wes van die MATANIKAU -RIVIER 10, bly begrawe in 1stMarDiv -begraafplaas, ry #26, graf #6.

*Pvt. BERNES, Albert LeR. 9, dood in aksie deur vyandelike vuur, GO #20 is nie van toepassing op char. Exc 9, bly begrawe in die veld by benaderde kaartverwysing: kaart 104, Lunga-gebied, noordkus Guadalcanal, graf #2 (69.9-199.5)

Kpl. LANGLEY, Edwin M. 9, dood in aksie char Exc GO#20 is nie van toepassing nie. Begrawe (69.75-200-15) Kaart 104, Lunga-gebied, Noordkus, Guadalcanal.
*Kpl. SUGGS, John F. 9, dood in aksie char Very Good GO#20 is nie van toepassing nie. Begrawe (69.75-200-15) Kaart 104, Lunga-gebied, Noordkus, Guadalcanal.
*PFC HUNTER, Godfrey E. Jr. 9, dood in aksie char Exc GO#20 is nie van toepassing nie. Gedood in aksie in 'n gebied ongeveer 2000 meter suid van Point Cruz en ongeveer 1000 meter wes van die Matanikau -rivier, Guadalcanal. Begrawe in die veld.
PFC JENKINS, Alba W. 9, dood in aksie char Exc GO#20 is nie van toepassing nie. Gedood in aksie in 'n gebied ongeveer 100 meter wes van die Matanikau -rivier, Guadalcanal. Begrawe in die veld.
*PFC JOHNS, David W. 9, dood in aksie char Exc GO#20 is nie van toepassing nie. Gedood in aksie in 'n gebied ongeveer 2000 meter suid van Point Cruz en ongeveer 1000 meter wes van die Matanikau -rivier, Guadalcanal. Begrawe in die veld.
PFC MULLINS, Rollen 9, dood in aksie char Exc GO#20 is nie van toepassing nie. Gedood in aksie in 'n gebied ongeveer 2000 meter suid van Point Cruz en ongeveer 1000 meter wes van die Matanikau -rivier, Guadalcanal. Begrawe in die veld.
*Pvt. GAGNON, Paul E. 9, dood in aksie char Exc GO#20 is nie van toepassing nie. Begrawe (69.75-200-15) Kaart 104, Lunga-gebied, Noordkus, Guadalcanal.
*Pvt. JOHNSTON, Eugene 9, dood in aksie char Exc GO#20 is nie van toepassing nie. Gedood in aksie in 'n gebied ongeveer 2000 meter suid van Point Cruz en ongeveer 1000 meter wes van die Matanikau -rivier, Guadalcanal. Begrawe in die veld.

*PFC EBERLE, Robert O. 9, dood in aksie by Cactus, GO 20 is nie van toepassing op Exc Exc 9 nie, begrawe in die veld op (69.7-200.4), kaart #104, Noordkus, Guadalcanal, B. S. I.
*PFC STRICKLAND, Hugh G. 9, dood in aksie by Cactus, GO 20 is nie van toepassing op Exc Exc 9 nie, begrawe in die veld op (69.75-200.4), kaart #104, Noordkus, Guadalcanal, B. S. I.

*Sers. CUSACK, William J. 9, dood in aksie char Exc GO #20 is nie van toepassing nie, bly begrawe op (70.4-200.2) Kaart #104, Lunga-gebied, Noordkus Guadalcanal, Britse Salomonseilande.
PFC LAWSON, James M. Jr. 9, dood in aksie char Exc GO #20 is nie van toepassing nie, bly begrawe op (69.9-200.2) Kaart #104, Lunga-gebied, Noordkus Guadalcanal, Britse Salomonseilande.
PFC LOUDER, John W. 9, dood in aksie char Exc GO #20 is nie van toepassing nie, bly begrawe in 1ste MarDiv -begraafplaas, CACTUS -gebied, ry #26, graf #8
PFC MC GETTRICK, Gerald J. 9, dood in aksie char Exc GO #20 is nie van toepassing nie, bly begrawe op (69.9-200.2) Kaart #104, Lunga-gebied, Noordkus Guadalcanal, Britse Salomonseilande.

Dit is interessant om kennis te neem van die geringe verskille in notasie tussen die verskillende maatskappye. Elkeen het 'n ander klerk gehad wat verantwoordelik was vir die tik van die versamelingsrol, en hoewel die meeste dieselfde basiese inligting bevat, kan die individuele styl van elke klerk in sommige gevalle herstelpogings bemoeilik.

Terwyl ons na hierdie individuele rekords kyk, kom 'n paar patrone aan die lig

Verskeie mariniers is moontlik op pad na die omtrek of later aan die dag aan wonde dood.
Volgens die 'Afdelingsbevelvoerder se finale verslag oor die operasie in Guadalcanal' was die bevele vir 9 Oktober 'om die aanval voort te sit soos beplan totdat die omhulsel voltooi is, maar om nie verder na die weste te beweeg nie. Die manoeuvreermag [Walvisgroep en 7de Marines] om op bevel terug te trek in opeenvolgende rye langs die kus nadat die omhulsel voltooi is. ”[1] Hierdie bevel is nagekom en“ vlot en volgens plan uitgevoer, vyfde mariniers wat die beweging dek van Whaling Group, 2d Bn 7th Marines en 1ste Bn 7th Marines, in die volgorde genoem. Die hele omhullende mag was oos van die rivier en teen 1400 op pad na Lungapunt. ”[2] Die hele aanval op 9 Oktober 1942 duur dus van dagbreek tot laatmiddag twee, toe Puller's 1 /7 terug na die omtrek. Aangesien die enigste aanduiding van die tyd afkomstig is van 1/7, wat opgemerk het dat die slagoffers 'ongeveer 12 uur' gely is, kan aangeneem word dat die hoogtepunt van die aksie destyds plaasgevind het, wat minder as twee uur vir die versameling, identifikasie en begrafnis gelaat het van die dooies. Diegene wat lank genoeg geleef het om die omtrek te herwin, is almal die volgende dag begrawe in opeenvolgende grafte in een ry van die begraafplaas:

PFC Roes Ry #26, Graf #5. Punchbowl -begraafplaas, 1948
PFC Novak Ry #26, Graf #6. St Michael's Cemetery, 1949
PFC Martinchak Ry 46, graf 7 [let wel: 46 is 'n tikfout in die oorspronklike rol] Gettysburg Begraafplaas, datum onbekend
PFC Louder Ry #26, Graf #8 Rose Hill -begraafplaas, datum onbekend

In die verhaal van die dag se optrede onthul sersant Joe Goble (B/1/7) die lot van drie mans uit sy bataljon, waarvan een William Rust is.

Ons is beveel om 'n smal vallei in die oerwoudgras oor te steek. 'N Deel van ons het oorgekom toe twee masjiengewere oopgaan en twee van ons mans dood is. Ons het die rand geneem, maar ons het steeds 'n sterk mortiervuur ​​ontvang. Sommige van my mans is getref, maar nie erg genoeg om te keer dat hulle baklei nie ... Ek was van plan om vir die nag in te grawe. Iemand het vir my geskree. Ek het die mannetjie aangegaan en korporaal Rust in die maag gekry. Hy sit daar en wip heen en weer. Ek gryp hom onder albei arms en begin hom van die rand af sleep. Toe lê ek skielik op my rug met korporaal Rust bo -op my. Ek is deur 'n skerpskutter in die been geskiet ... Ek onthou nie veel van uitklim nie. Ons het by die strand aangekom waar verskeie bote op die gewondes gewag het. Elke boot is vol gelaai, en ek is langs verskeie lyke neergesit. Ek het die kombers van die een naaste aan my teruggetrek en gevind dat dit korporaal Rust was.[3]

Dus, ten minste, het William Rust gesterf terwyl hy ontruim is, en dit was miskien nie lank nie (let op dat hy ook 'middernag in aksie vermoor' is), maar as hy dit gedoen het, sou hy nie regstreeks vermoor gewees het nie. veldbegrafnis. Van die twee mans wat Goble berig dat 'n masjiengeweer getref word, is die een byna seker Harry Morrssey, en die ander is moontlik Albert Bernes van Company D. [4] Marines het baie moeite gedoen om hul gewonde maatjies te help. PFC Francis Drake het sy lewe verloor deur 'n gewonde man na die rug te bring waar hy vermoor is. Dit het beteken dat alle beskikbare hulpbronne bestee moes word aan die uitvoering van die gewonde mans 1/7 alleen met vyf en twintig mans wat mediese sorg nodig het. [5] Ongelukkig, aangesien 'n veldbegrafnis in die geval van diegene wat op 9 Oktober vermoor is, eenvoudig geen ander opsie was nie. Die gewondes is per boot terugbesorg, die weerbare moes optrek, wat sy eie gevare inhou.

Alle grafte se plekke is gemerk.

Die KIA's van 1/7 - Morrissey, Bernes en Drake - word opgemerk dat hulle begrawe is in grafte 1, 2 en 3 in die Lunga -gebied, wat iets van 'n miniatuur begraafplaas in die veld maak. Kaartkoordinate is later vir hierdie gebied geneem, maar dit is duidelik aanvaar dat dit genoeg inligting sou wees om die liggame in die toekoms op te spoor en te identifiseer. Die presiese koördinate is in hul individuele diensrekordboeke aangeteken, net soos 'n noukeurig getekende skets van die (Soos gesien sal word, was dit nie die enigste voorsorgmaatreël nie.)

Maatskappye F en G het die voorsorgmaatreël getref om die roosterkoördinate op hul optelrolle op te let. Fox Company se dooies, Eberle en Strickland, is nie tydens die aanval self dood nie, maar op pad terug na die Lunga -omtrek. Van hierdie reis skryf Philip J. Magnan,

Om terug te keer was geen piekniek nie. 'N Marine moes waaksaam wees vir af en toe artillerievuur en die moontlikheid dat vyandelike geweerskote uit die oerwoude onder die rantpaadjies kom. Daar was ook "grassnyers", bomme wat by kontak ontplof het en skokgolwe reguit op die grond afgestuur het, wat die hoë, growwe kunai -gras platgetrek het. 'N Harsingskudding kan 'n man doodmaak wat te stadig is om so maklik in sy jakkalsgat in te duik soos 'n slak deur die hart. Op pad terug is F Company's Privates se eersteklas Robert Eberle en Hugh Strickland vermoor. Korporaal Edward Killiany is deur skrapnel gewond. [6]

Die twee vermoorde mariniers is begrawe, indien nie saam nie, dan naby naby die roete. [7] 'N Soortgelyke lot het moontlik die PFC's Lawson en McGettrick van Company G, ook naby mekaar begrawe, getref. Sersant Cusick was minder gelukkig sy alleen graf het verdwyn.

In Maatskappy E word slegs drie grafte aangedui: Langley, Suggs en Johnston. Al drie toon dieselfde roosterkoördinate, maar van die drie is slegs Langley ná die oorlog geleë. Ondanks die vae aanwysings, is die graf van PFC Jenkins, apart van die ander (en nader aan die Matanikau, wat daarop dui dat hy vermoor is toe die aanval begin is), net soos PFC Mullens, begrawe in dieselfde gebied as Hunter, Johns en Johnston .

Waarom slegs 'n paar grafte identifiseer? Dit is waarskynlik dat die presiese plekke in die rekordboeke aangeteken is, net soos vir Drake, Morrissey en Bernes. Elke grafregistrasiespan wat op soek is na die begrafnisse, sal gewapen wees met 'n lys van mense om na te kyk, moontlik is dit nodig dat 'n enkele notasie nodig was - 'n span sou op daardie plek begin en vermoedelik 'n gemeenskaplike graf vind.

Hierdie stelsel werk wel in sommige gevalle, maar was geensins ideaal nie. Van ons voorbeelde van 9 Oktober is slegs vyf gevind in die jare na die geveg. Identifikasiedokumente bestaan ​​vir James Lawson, gevind in 'n geïsoleerde graf en later gerepatrieer. Die Graves Registration -diens het egter nog nie hul kuns voltooi nie, en nog vele meer was onontdek of onbekend.

The exact circumstances surrounding the location of Langley, Jenkins, Mullins, Lawson and McGettrick are not known, but all were accounted for by 1950.

Corporal Langley Begraafplaas onbekend
PFC Jenkins Mobile National Cemetery
PFC Mullins Grafton National Cemetery
PFC Lawson Knoxville National Cemetery
PFC McGettrick Punchbowl Cemetery

Efforts to recover additional field burials on Guadalcanal came to an official halt in 1949. All traces of the burial sites of the eleven remaining were obliterated Graves Registration teams tried using the grid coordinates, but the Guadalcanal jungle was notoriously difficult to penetrate and its rapacious growth reclaimed landmarks. The searches made were of varying quality some were thorough, some perfunctory, and in at least one case a negligent team submitted a false non-recoverable report.[8] Some skeletons were recovered in the Point Cruz area, but had no identification with them. Some blame lies with the combat units who, although meaning well, were either ignorant of the proper procedure for field burials, or were under too much duress to properly note the location of the graves. However, this does not seem to be the case with the 7 th Marines.

In 1970, Mrs. Y. Timothy Kwaimani the wife of a forestry ranger on Guadalcanal made a grisly discovery—a partial human skeleton, brought to the surface by accident. In what was either a stroke of pure luck or evidence of a carefully prepared field burial, the body had with it a single dog tag bearing the name of G. E. Hunter. Records were checked for a matching name and location meanwhile, further digging unearthed yet more remains. It turned out to be the grave of the Easy Company contingent: in addition to Godfrey E. Hunter, the earth yielded the bones of John Suggs, David Johns, Paul Gagnon, and Eugene Johnston. They had not been recovered earlier, said the Corps, because “artillery barrages and rapid jungle growth hid the grave sites, and only three of the eight were later found by the graves registration service.” Two years later, the Marines were buried in Arlington National Cemetery, in the presence of some 40 surviving relatives. The book was closed at last on the missing from E/7 th Marines.

Oelwin Daily Register, June 28, 1972 The Victoria Advocate, June 29, 1972 The burial site. Photograph from arlingtoncemetery.net

In April 2013, Michael Tokuru Junior was out doing some digging for a local kitchen on Honiara picturesque Skyline Ridge. Like Mrs. Kwaimani, he found a bone buried just beneath the surface—and, as before, a single dog tag. This one belonged to Drake, F. E. Jr. 299871. The Tokuru family took to the Internet (the senior Mr. Tokuru manages the Solomon Islands Tourism Bureau) to ask about the identity of the man who had once worn the tag. A dig revealed two more sets of remains nearby. By June, the Joint POW/MIA Accounting Command learned of the discovery, and in October the Solomon Times reported on the discovery. John Innes, a Guadalcanal resident whose work in researching MIA servicemen helped in the identification of Sgt. John Branic in 2006, gave an interview about the discovery. Although official identification is still pending from JPAC, Innes is confident that the remains of the other two men are those of Harry Morrissey and Albert Bernes. The formal investigation is being handled by JPAC hopefully an official announcement of identification will follow before long.

The MIAs of October 9, 1942 are thus reduced to three. Seventy-two years after they lost their lives on Guadalcanal, the whereabouts of Sergeant William Cusack, PFC Robert Eberle, and PFC Hugh Strickland are still not known for certain. The question “why not” seems academic on the surface there should be enough information to recover these sets of remains. After all, Map #104 is no longer a secret document.

This is the map on which Guadalcanal operations depended. It was not widely available until several weeks into the campaign previous maps were little more than sketches, and the dearth of solid information contributed in part to the ill-fated Goettge Patrol. The remains of 21 Marines of that patrol were last observed in various states of burial and dismemberment on the coast of Point Cruz. The very western extremity of Map 104 also encompassed the “Little Dunkirk” operation of 1/7, which PFC Harry Morrissey experienced and survived he may have recognized Hill 84 from his vantage point before he was killed.

Here are the locations of the burial sites of the various groups from the 7th Marines.

“Suggs Group” includes Suggs, Gagnon, Hunter, Johns, and Johnston, recovered in 1970.
“Drake Group” includes Drake, Morrissey, and Bernes, tentatively recovered in 2013.
“Eberle Group” includes Robert Eberle and Hugh Strickland, still MIA.

Why not rush out to the map locations and speedily recover Eberle, Strickland, and Cusack? The simple answer: it’s not so simple.

Guadalcanal has changed significantly in the last seven decades. If the veterans of the Third Matanikau were to re-visit the battlefield today, the “boondocks” through which they slogged would be unrecognizable.

Honiara, Guadalcanal. Point Cruz is now an industrial area, and suburban housing spreading out from the Solomon Islands’ capital has overtaken the jungle.

Graves Registration teams reported tremendous changes in the landscape of Guadalcanal that obliterated known landmarks, from shellholes to entire groves of trees. And this, recall, was about five years after the fighting – long before the suburbs of Honiara sprang up. Years of construction, development, and the simple facts of nature have all contributed to the disappearance of the three American graves. And we are presuming here that the locations noted were entirely accurate. In attempting to grid Map 104, the author ran into several inconsistencies the squares themselves are not exactly square, being 1/10th wider than they are high, and the ruled lines are not entirely straight. In contrast to the mathematically precise gunnery maps developed for later invasions at Saipan, Peleliu, and Iwo Jima, Map 104 was a “best guess” effort, traced from aerial photographs. Yet without it, the Marines would have had no intelligence about the topography of Guadalcanal – and no way to locate their dead. (They could at least be sure that Graves Registration had to use the same maps.) Despite this, even the carefully taken notes were not always sufficient. Take for example this map included with Harry Morrissey’s service record. Identical ones were drafted for Drake and Bernes.

This discrepancy of nearly 200 yards was way more than enough for a Graves Registration team to miss the burial site. Note, also, that these burials almost uniformly took place in open grassy areas (easy to locate) but close to the border of the jungle (a good visual reference point). Was the team looking for Bernes, Drake, and Morrissey directed to the wrong location? Or were they stymied by the encroaching jungle? We do not know it was only chance that turned up Francis Drake’s dog tag.

And it may be luck in one of these (VERY) rough locations that delivers the remains of Eberle, Strickland, and Cusack.

* It is important to note the distinction between “missing in action,” “not recovered,” and “lost at sea.” “Missing in action” means precisely that – an individual has vanished, with no eyewitnesses or physical evidence to confirm their fate. In some events – a plane crash, a massive explosion, or incident at sea – an assumption can be made, but unless hard evidence is obtained, an individual is presumed to be alive for one year and one day after they are last seen.The fourteen Marines from B/2nd Marines lost in Sealark Channel were technically declared to be “missing” at first the nature of the accident led to a quick change to “lost at sea” before any names were submitted to the Prisoners Of War and Missing Persons Detachment at Headquarters, USMC. In the case of the eleven Marines from the 7th Marine Regiment lost on this date, all had eyewitnesses to their death, all remains were identified and buried, and all were listed as “killed in action” rather than “missing.” After the war, when their remains went unfound, their designation was changed to “not recovered.” Never technically missing, their cases still fall under the jurisdiction of the Joint POW/MIA Accounting Command, and within the purview of this website.

[1] Major General A. A. Vandegrift, “Final Report of Guadalcanal Operation, Phase V,” (Headquarters USMC, 1 July 1943) 12.

[3] Sgt. Joseph Goble (B/1/7), memoir submitted to The Lower Deck: Newsletter of the Warships & Marine Corps Museum, September 2002.Sergeant Goble’s leg was shattered by the sniper’s bullet his war was over.

[4] In a subsequent fight, Private Ed Poppendick (D/1/7) recalls his machine gun squad as “attached to B Company.” Splitting the personnel of a weapons company like D/7 th Marines among rifle companies was SOP Bernes was a communications man and could easily have been attached to Company B for the duration of the Matanikau expedition.

[6] Philip J. Magnan, Letters from the Pacific Front: My Father’s Adventures from Guadalcanal to Okinawa (New York: Writer’s Advantage, 2002), 107.

[7] There is a .05 degree of difference between the listed locations this may have been a clerical error.

[8] It was later found that the Graves Registration personnel had been drinking heavily in a native village instead of doing their fieldwork their targets, Privates Robert Budd and Thomas Phillips, are still unrecovered.


Con tàu được đặt lườn như là chiếc Dolomoi Bay tại Xưởng tàu Vancouver của hãng Kaiser Company, Inc. ở Vancouver, Washington vào ngày 10 tháng 3 năm 1944. Nó được đổi tên thành Matanikau vào ngày 26 tháng 4 năm 1944 trước khi được hạ thủy vào ngày 22 tháng 5 năm 1944 được đỡ đầu bởi bà Robert Allen Grant, phu nhân Dân biểu Robert A. Grant của tiểu bang Indiana. Con tàu được hải quân sở hữu và nhập biên chế tại Astoria, Oregon vào ngày 24 tháng 6 năm 1944 dưới quyền chỉ huy của Hạm trưởng, Đại tá Hải quân W. L. Erdmann.

Sau khi hoàn tất huấn luyện tại Puget Sound, Matanikau lên đường đi San Diego vào ngày 25 tháng 7 năm 1944, nơi nó đón lên tàu 191 hành khách quân sự cùng 56 máy bay trước khi lên đường vào ngày 1 tháng 8 cho chuyến đi vận chuyển đồng thời chạy thử máy đến Nam Thái Bình Dương. Chiếc tàu sân bay ghé qua Espiritu Santo và Finschhafen, rồi đi đến đảo Manus thuộc quần đảo Admiralty vào ngày 23 tháng 8. Chất dỡ số máy bay thay thế và tiễn hành khách tại đây, nó lại vận chuyển 112 thủy thủ và 41 máy bay bị hư hại quay trở về vùng bờ Tây, về đến San Diego vào ngày 19 tháng 9.

Matanikau đón lên tàu Liên đội Hỗn hợp VC-93 vào ngày 14 tháng 10, và bắt đầu làm nhiệm vụ huấn luyện chuẩn nhận tàu sân bay cho phi công và các đội bay. Nó hoạt động dọc theo vùng bờ Tây, và từ tháng 1 đến tháng 6 năm 1945 đã chuẩn nhận 1.332 phi công, thực hiện 12.762 lượt hạ cánh trên sàn đáp của nó. Chỉ riêng trong ngày 25 tháng 5, máy bay tiêm kích và máy bay ném bom-ngư lôi thuộc các phi đội CVS-454 và CVS-321 Thủy quân Lục chiến đã thực hiện 602 lượt hạ cánh vào ban ngày, số lượt hạ cánh lớn nhất từng thực hiện trên một tàu sân bay.

Matanikau rời San Diego vào ngày 28 tháng 7, 65 vận chuyển máy bay và 158 binh lính đi sang quần đảo Marshall. Hoạt động cùng Hải đội Tàu sân bay Vận chuyển thuộc Hạm đội Thái Bình Dương, nó đi đến đảo Roi, Kwajalein vào ngày 10 tháng 8, rồi quay trở về Trân Châu Cảng vào ngày 16 tháng 8. Đến ngày 31 tháng 8, nó lên đường đi sang Tây Thái Bình Dương hỗ trợ các hoạt động chiếm đóng tại Nhật Bản. Trong thành phần Lực lượng Đặc nhiệm 4, nó đi đến Ominato, Honshū vào ngày 11 tháng 9, và trong hai tuần tiếp theo đã hỗ trợ các hoạt động dọc theo bờ biển phía Bắc của đảo Honshū, bao gồm cuộc đổ bộ của Tập đoàn quân 8 lên Aomori vào ngày 25 tháng 9. Nó đi đến Yokosuka, rồi lên đường từ vịnh Tokyo vào ngày 30 tháng 9, ghé qua Guam và Trân Châu Cảng trước khi về đến San Francisco vào ngày 23 tháng 10.

Được phân công nhiệm vụ Magic Carpet, Matanikau khởi hành vào ngày 3 tháng 11 và đi đến Saipan và ngày 19 tháng 11, nơi nó đón lên tàu gần 1.000 cựu chiến binh hồi hương, rồi khởi hành vào ngày 21 tháng 11 và về đến San Pedro, California vào ngày 5 tháng 12. Nó lại lên đường sáu ngày sau đó để đi sang khu vực Mariana, đi đến Guam vào ngày 27 tháng 12 và đón lên tàu 795 binh lính thuộc Sư đoàn 3 Thủy quân Lục chiến, và khởi hành vào ngày hôm sau để đưa họ đến Trung Quốc. Đi đến Đại Cô Khẩu vào ngày 3 tháng 1 năm 1946, nó cho đổ bộ binh lính Thủy quân Lục chiến trong thành phần lực lượng Hoa Kỳ trợ giúp cho lực lượng Quốc dân đảng để kháng cự lực lượng Cộng sản.

Matanikau lên đường quay trở về Hoa Kỳ vào ngày 9 tháng 1, và về đến cảng San Diego vào ngày 29 tháng 1. Nó lên đường đi Tacoma, Washington từ ngày 1 đến ngày 5 tháng 2, nơi nó ở lại trong tám tháng tiếp theo trong trạng thái không hoạt động. Con tàu được cho xuất biên chế vào ngày 11 tháng 10 năm 1946 và đưa về Hạm đội Dự bị Thái Bình Dương. Đang khi neo đậu tại Tacoma, nó được xếp lại lớp thành CVHE-101 vào ngày 15 tháng 6 năm 1955, rồi thành AKV-36 vào ngày 7 tháng 5 năm 1959. Tên nó được cho rút khỏi danh sách Đăng bạ Hải quân vào ngày 1 tháng 4 năm 1960, và con tàu được bán cho hãng Jacq. Pierot, Jr. & Sons tại New York để tháo dỡ vào ngày 27 tháng 7 năm 1960.


USS Matanikau (CVE-101)

Авіаносець «Матанікау» був закладений 10 березня 1944 року на верфі Kaiser Shipyards у Ванкувері під ім'ям Dolomoi Bay. 26 квітня 1944 року перейменований на «Матанікау». Спущений на воду 22 травня 1944 року. Вступив у стрій 24 червня 1944 року.

Після вступу у стрій «Матанікау» використовувався як навчальний авіаносець. На ньому пройшли підготовку майже півтори тисячі пілотів, які здійснили більше 12 000 тренувальних польотів.

Після закінчення бойових дій корабель перевозив американських солдатів та моряків на батьківщину (операція «Magic Carpet»).

11 жовтня 1946 року «Матанікау» був виведений в резерв. 15 червня 1955 року «Матанікау» був перекласифікований в ескортний вертольотоносець CVHE-101. 1 квітня 1960 року корабель був виключений зі списку флоту і того ж року проданий на злам.


Konstruksie

Her construction was awarded to Kaiser Shipbuilding Company, Vancouver, Washington under a Maritime Commission contract, on 18 June 1942, under the name Dolomi Bay, as part of a tradition which named escort carriers after bays or sounds in Alaska. [6] [7] The escort carrier was laid down on 10 March 1944, MC hull 1138, the forty-seventh of a series of fifty Casablanca-class escort carriers. She therefore received the classification symbol CVE-101. On 26 April 1944, she was renamed Matanikau, as part of a new naval policy which named subsequent Casablanca-class carriers after naval or land engagements. She was named after the Actions along the Matanikau, a series of engagements conducted as part of the larger Guadalcanal campaign. [8] She was launched on 22 May 1944 sponsored by Mrs. Margaret Anna McLaren Grant, the wife of United States Representative Robert A. Grant transferred to the United States Navy and commissioned on 24 June 1944, with Captain William Lawrence Erdmann in command. [1] [9]


The Final Matanikau Offensive

November 1942 was the month in which the tide was seen to turn on Guadalcanal. It was the month in which the beleaguered Marines in the Lunga Perimeter went on the offensive.

In late October 1942, only days after the reinforced 1st Marine Division turned back the supreme Japanese ground effort to destroy the Lunga Perimeter and retake Henderson Field, General Vandegrift authorized a major offensive of his own. The Marines’ objective was to push elements of the Japanese 17th Army far enough to the west to obviate the use of Japanese 150mm long-range artillery against the American air-base complex at the center of the three-month-old land, sea, and air campaign. In what was to be the largest and strongest coordinated American ground operation to date on Guadalcanal, Vandegrift foresaw the use of six Marine infantry battalions in the attack, a U.S. Army infantry battalion in reserve, and elements of two Marine artillery regiments in support. The immediate objective was the coastal village of Kokumbona, which had once, briefly in August, been in Marine hands and which, for some weeks, had been the headquarters of Lieutenant General Harukichi Hyakutake’s corps-level 17th Army. If it was possible for the Marine battalions to drive beyond Kokumbona, they were to do so.

There were mitigating factors to be reckoned with. The main power of the new offensive was to be provided by Colonel Red Mike Edson’s 5th Marines. This renowned regiment had made the initial landings on Guadalcanal and Tulagi on August 7, and it had since been in a number of serious battles and skirmishes. The 5th Marines was a regiment in name, and its morale remained high, but it was no longer a regiment in strength. Illness, hunger, and battle casualties had withered each of the battalions, and most of the officers and men who remained were malnourished and nearing the limits of physical and emotional endurance. Two battalions of the 2d Marines, a 2d Marine Division regiment that had been on loan to the 1st Marine Division since the start of the campaign, were in slightly better shape. These somewhat larger and stronger battalions had seen far less direct action against the Japanese, but they had been subjected to as much physical and emotional abuse as the battalions of the 5th Marines. Likewise, 3/7, which had been ashore since mid-September and had seen virtually no action, had suffered losses through illness and in the course of several major bombardments leading up to the 17th Army’s October offensive. The army battalion, 1/164, ashore on Guadalcanal for a little over two weeks, was by far the strongest of the battalions assigned to the Kokumbona offensive, and it was in by far the best shape. But it had seen no combat, and that was a factor. Of the artillery battalions, all fielded short-range 75mm pack howitzers whose shells had very limited effect in the closed terrain of rain forests and coconut groves that would be encountered during the coastal sweep.

The Japanese living in the target area were known to be veteran jungle fighters, and Marine scouts reported in advance that the Japanese had dug into several formidable defensive sectors between the Matanikau River and Kokumbona. No one knew how many Japanese soldiers the assault force might encounter, nor how many other Japanese soldiers might be called in to help parry the assault.

The Marine assault battalions moved into their jump-off positions on October 31. At 0630, November 1, a platoon of Company E, 2/5, paddled across to the west bank of the Matanikau River in rubber assault boats and, without opposition, established a shallow bridgehead. Then, in the first operation of its kind undertaken in World War II, three Marine engineer companies threw three prefabricated footbridges across the Matanikau River. The rest of 2/5 quickly crossed to the west bank and attacked straight into the rain forest. At 0700, 1/5 attacked parallel to 2/5, straight up the beach and right across the sandspit at the mouth of the river. The regimental reserve, 3/5, followed 1/5. Farther inland, 1/2 and 2/2 crossed the river and hunkered down to await further orders. The last battalion to cross was 3/7, which passed through the units of the 2d Marines and advanced on 2/5’s inland flank to screen against Japanese countermoves from that direction. The supporting artillery and 1/164 remained east of the river. Working ahead of the advancing battalions were two U.S. Navy cruisers and a destroyer, which were able to deliver pinpoint, on-call fire support as well as area gunfire. And overhead, Marine SBD Dauntless dive-bombers, Army Air Forces P-39 fighter-bombers, and even Army Air Forces B-17 heavy bombers struck Japanese supply dumps, lines of communication, and the Japanese base at Kokumbona.

2/5 met very little opposition as it advanced westward along a line of inland ridges running parallel to the beach, but 1/5 bumped into powerfully manned Japanese emplacements almost as soon as it began its advance on the regimental right, along the beach. Farther south, 3/7 couldn’t find a single Japanese.

The remnants of the 2d Infantry Division’s 4th Infantry Regiment had holed up in a complex of extremely well-camouflaged mutually supporting bunkers and pillboxes around the base of Point Cruz. 1/5 had advanced directly into outposts screening the eastern side of the complex, but 2/5 had passed around the defensive position. Movement along the coast slowed to a crawl as the two leading Marine infantry companies became entangled within the Japanese defenses.

Gains by 1/5 were eventually measured in feet until, during the afternoon, the Japanese counterattacked a platoon of Company C that had extended itself too deeply. Many Marines retreated under the intense pressure, but one who did not was a determined machine gunner, Corporal Louis Casamento. Loading and firing his .30-caliber machine gun alone, Casamento stopped the Japanese in his sector and killed many of them, even though he was soon delirious with blood loss from fourteen separate gunshot wounds. As Casamento finally passed out, Company C swept forward again and retook the lost ground. Because all of the eyewitnesses to Louis Casamento’s incredible stand were wounded and scattered to the winds, it would be nearly forty years before his heroism was officially recognized in the form of a Medal of Honor.

The fight seesawed through most of the day. The 1/5 reserve company was committed without much effect, and finally two reinforced companies of 3/5 were fed in along the beach while 1/5 shifted to the left to try to find the extremity of the Japanese position. No more forward progress was made on November 1, but 1/5 and 3/5 did seal the 4th Infantry Regiment bunker complex on the eastern and southeastern flanks.

The next morning, 2/5 advanced around to the western side of the Japanese position and stretched itself to the beach. The attachment of a company from 3/5 enabled 2/5 to link up with 1/5. The 4th Infantry Regiment was sealed in at the base of Point Cruz, but it remained to be seen if the 5th Marines had the strength to root it out and destroy it.

Heavy artillery concentrations were laid on the dug-in 4th Infantry, but the shells were for the most part unable to penetrate the thick jungle growth, much less the formidable coral-and-log pillboxes that protected the Japanese. Attack after attack was beaten back by the cornered defenders, but a number of Japanese positions were inevitably reduced, so some gains were made.

On November 4, two companies each from 2/5 and 3/5 attacked toward one another along the beach. Hand-to-hand fighting on both flanks reduced several more Japanese pillboxes, and then a 37mm antitank gun was carried by hand to the 2/5 front line. Canister tore away a good deal of the dense growth in that sector and revealed a number of pillboxes, which could then be taken more easily. And so on, until the defense simply collapsed in the middle of the afternoon. A total of 239 Japanese corpses were counted, including those of the commander of the 4th Infantry Regiment and most of his staff.

After burying the Japanese dead on the spot and carrying away tons of stores and weapons, the 5th Marines prepared to continue toward Kokumbona. Before the attack could resume, the regiment was ordered to return to the defense of the Lunga Perimeter. It appeared that a Japanese attack against the perimeter’s eastern flank was imminent. The 5th Marines did withdraw, but the Point Cruz area—which had been repeatedly attacked and even occupied several times since August—was not abandoned 1/2 and 2/2 were left on the newly conquered ground, and 1/164 was placed in a reserve position a short distance away. The Marines had fought their way across the Matanikau River for the last time.


Operation Coronet1 March 1946(Invasion of Honshu)

First Army (General Courtney H. Hodges)

III Marine Amphibious Corps
1st Marine Division
4de Mariene Afdeling
6th Marine Division (available from Y+5)

XXIV Corps
7th Infantry Division
27th Infantry Division
96th Infantry Division (available from Y+5)

Follow-On Un-Named Corps (Transferred from Europe)
5th Infantry Division
44ste Infanteriedivisie
86th Infantry Division

Eighth Army (Lt. General Robert L. Eichelberger)

X Corps
24th Infantry Division
31st Infantry Division
37th Infantry Division (available from Y+5)

XIII Corps (Lands on Y+10)
13th Armored Division
20th Armored Division

XIV Corps
6th Infantry Division
32nd Infantry Division
38th Infantry Division (available from Y+5)

Follow-On Un-Named Corps (Transferred from Europe)
4th Infantry Division
8th Infantry Division
87th Infantry Division

Commonwealth Corps

X Corps (Lt. Gen. Sir Charles F. Kneightley) (Afloat Reserve for CORONET)
3rd British Division
6th Canadian Division
10th Australian Division
Unnamed British Division available from Y+40
Unnamed British Division available from Y+40

Army Forces Pacific Reserve

97th Infantry Division
11th Airborne Division (Available Y+35)

Un-Named Corps
2nd Infantry Division
28ste Infanteriedivisie
35th Infantry Division

Un-Named Strategic Reserve Corps (Philippines &ndash Available Y+35)
91ste Infanteriedivisie
95th Infantry Division
104th Infantry Division

Fourth Army

Notes: Fourth Army was in Texas preparing for operations in the PTO when V-J Day occurred. It was to be sent to the PTO to support continued operation on Honshu if it proved necessary.

Tenth Army (General Joseph W. Stilwell)

Notes: Originally, Tenth Army was to take part in CORONET, but early on in planning, MacArthur stripped Tenth Army of its combat units and distributed them to other units leaving Tenth Army as an occupation force in Okinawa. If however, the need for more higher level HQs had become acute during operations in Japan, Tenth Army could have been deployed to Japan.