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Gatling DD- 671 - Geskiedenis

Gatling DD- 671 - Geskiedenis


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Gatling

Richard Jordan Gatling, gebore in Hartford County, NC, 12 September 1818, het bekendheid verwerf as die uitvinder van masjiene om katoen, rys en koring te plant; en hennepbreker; 'n stoomploeg; en 'n skroefskroef vir stoombote. Tydens die Burgeroorlog het hy 'n masjiengeweer met 'n veelvlakke ontwerp. Hy sterf in New York 25: Februarie 1903.

(DD-671: dp. 2,04), 1,376 ~ 5 ", b. 39'7"; Dr. 17'9 ", 35 k .; cpl. 329; a. 5 5", 10 40 mm., 10 21 "tt .; cl. Fletcher).

Gatling (DD-671) is op 3 Maart 1943 neergelê deur die Federal Ship Building & Dry Dock Co, Kearny N.J., wat op 20 Junie 1943 gelanseer is, geborg deur mev John NV. Gatling, die vrou van die kleinseun van die uitvinder, en op 19 Augustus 1943 in diens van die New York Navy Yard, lt.kom. Alvin H. Richardson in bevel.

Nadat die nuwe vernietiger vroeg in November uit Bermuda en verandering in New York verander is, het die nuwe vernietiger 'n beroep op Norfolk, VA gedoen om opleidingskruise vir bemannings van vernietigers te ondergaan wat nog in aanbou is.

Op 19 November 1943 gaan Gatling na Trinidad, Brits -Wes -Indië, om die vervoerder Langley na Norfolk te begelei. Gatling staan ​​op 3 Desember uit Norfolk en vergesel Intrepid deur die Panamakanaal na San Francisco en arriveer op 22 Desember. Die volgende dag vaar sy na Pearl Harbor.

Op 16 Januarie 1944 het Gatling met Task Force 9 gesorteer om die komende inval op die Marshall -eilande te ondersteun, en daarna was Gatling voortdurend by die draertaakmagte toe hulle Japannese buiteposte tref en uiteindelik die hart van Japan self tref.

In Februarie het die eerste vervoerderstaking teen Truk plaasgevind. Gatling het vuurondersteuning verskaf tydens die aanval en 'n paar dae later die platte gekyk tydens aanvalle op die Marianas. In Maart het sy deelgeneem aan die aanval op die eiland Emirau en begin April in die lugaanvalle op die Palau -argipel. Die taakspan het suidwaarts gestamp om Hollandia, Wakde, Sawar en Same, Nieu -Guinee te tref, en die weermag se landings by Aitape, Tanahmerahbaai en Humboldtbaai het van 21 tot 26 ondersteun; .April. tydens hierdie aksie het Gatling 'n radarplank gestaan ​​en vegvliegtuie gerig. Na nuwe aanvalle op Truk einde April 1944, ondersteun Gatling die inval en besetting van die Marianas van 10 Junie tot 5 Julie. In die Slag van die Filippynse See, 19 en 20 Julie, word Gatling toegeskryf aan die doodskiet van ses Japannese vliegtuie.

Laat daardie maand het die taakspan van die draers weer die Palaus getref en Yap en Ulithi geskiet. Begin Augustus het die Bonin -eilande teikens geword vir Gatling se kragtige gewere, en in September het die draers wat sy bewaak het, herhaaldelik Japannese teikens in die Filippyne getref.

In Oktober was daar aanvalle teen Okinawa op die 10de en teen Formosa, Luzon en die Visayas van die 11de tot die 23e. Op 24 Oktober, nadat vyandelike bomme Princeton in die Slag van die Sibuyan See gesink het, het Gatling meer as 300 van die oorlewendes van die ligte draer gered. Vir heldhaftigheid om hierdie manne te red, is 4 van Gatling se bemanning bekroon met die Marine Corps Medal. en 10, ander het die Bronze Star ontvang.

Gatling het die oorlewendes by Ulithi laat beland en weer by die taakgroepe van die draers aangesluit vir die aanvalle in November en Desember teen die Filippyne. Na 'n kragtige tifoon waarin 3 vernietigers omgeslaan het, het Gatling na oorlewendes gesoek en gehelp om meer as 100 man uit die see te red.

Met Kersfees 1944 keer die verwoester terug na Ulithi. Die taakspan het 29 Desember gesorteer om Formosa en Luzon gedurende Januarie 1945 te tref. In die hoop om 'n Japannese vlug op te spoor en te vernietig: in daardie gebied het admiraal Halsey die taakmag op 10 Januarie na die Suid -Chinese See geneem en teikens in IndoChina en op China getref. kus.

In die middel van Februarie het die draers aanvanklike aanvalle op Honshu geloods met Tokio as hul hoofdoelwit. As deel van 'n pieklyn meer as 30 myl voor die hoofmagte, was Gatling eens binne 40 myl van Honshu af. Op 19 en 20 Februarie, as deel van Destroyer-afdeling 99, begelei sy .North Carolina en Indianapolis na Iwo Jima om die dapper mariniers te ondersteun wat veg om die vulkaniese vesting uit Japan te verwoes om 'n basis te word vir B-29's wat beskadig is oor die huis eilande. Gatling, wat weer by die taakspan van die vervoerder aangesluit het, het einde Februarie en vroeg in Maart bygestaan ​​by nuwe stakings teen Honshu en Okinawa. Sy het onafhanklik na Iwo Jima teruggekeer en dwarsdeur Maart Japannese walbatterye geblaas om die inval te ondersteun. Tydens sy plig het die veelsydige en besige verwoester die hele bemanning van 'n B-29 gedwing om te red terwyl hy terugkeer van 'n missie teen Nagoya.

Op 29 Maart 1945 onderskei sy haar van Iwo Jima en begelei transports wat oorwinnende mariniers na Guam vervoer. Die vernietiger vaar daarna na die Verenigde State vir welverdiende opknapping en herstelwerk, en arriveer in April in San Francisco.

Na herstelwerk en opknapping, het Gatling New Jersey en Biloxi na Eniwetok begelei en Wake Island onderweg gebombardeer. Sy gaan voort om New Jersey te begelei, en arriveer op 9 Augustus in Guam. Daar kom die nuus dat Japan die bepalings van die Potsdam -verklaring aanvaar het en ingestem het om oor te gee. Die magtige seestryd is gewen. Gatling is nou op pad na Japan om vervoer te vergesel met die 4de mariene afdeling, terwyl die 3d -vlootbyeenkoms van Japan af was. OP 3 September 1943 het Gatling in Tokiobaai gestoom as 'n eenheid van die Allied Naval Occupation Forces of Japan.

Tydens haar aggressiewe loopbaan in die Tweede Wêreldoorlog het Gatling! het meer as 175 000 myl afgelê en 77 ton hoë plofstof uit haar gewere afgevuur. Sy het twee vyandelike skepe laat sink en agt Japannese vliegtuie laat spat, hetsy as doodslag of as hulp. Benewens haar ander reddingsmissies, wat die lewens van meer as 400 matrose behou het, het sy 37 vlieëniers gered wat op see gedwing moes word. Uiteindelik is hierdie heldhaftige bedrywighede deur twee besige strydjare bereik sonder dat 'n enkele man verloor is deur vyandelike optrede, siekte of ongeluk wat Gatling op 16 Julie 1946 uit diens geneem het en die Atlantiese Reserwe-vloot in Charleston, SC binnegegaan het.

Nadat die kommunistiese aggressie in Korea uitgebreek het, het die veteraanvernietiger op 4 Junie 1951 weer begin in Charleston, SC, Comdr NV. J. Keating in bevel. Tot Augustus 1952 het sy aan die Atlantiese kus opereer. en in die WES -Indië voordat hy na die Philadelphia Naval Shipyard gaan vir modernisering.

In die herfs van 1952 staan ​​Gatling as 'n eenheid van die NAVO -magte uit Newport, RI, vir Europa en besoek Skotland, Noorweë en België tydens Operasie "Mainbrace." Later was sy aktief in die Caribbean Operation "Springboard", wat na St. Thomas en San Juan bel. Terug na die winters van die Verre Ooste wat sy so goed geken het, het Gatling op 3 Junie 1933 in Tokio aangekom en by die Task Force 77 aangesluit om die Verenigde Nasies se magte in Korea te ondersteun. Daarna, na die son, stoom sy na Manila, Saigon, Singapoer, Colombo, en loop deur die Suez -kanaal en roep Frankryk en Portugal aan. Sy keer aan die einde van die somer 1953 terug na Philadelphia.

Na herstelwerk en opleiding in die waters van New England, vaar Gatling na Portugal, Frankryk en Italië. Oor die Atlantiese Oseaan en deur die Panamakanaal kom die vernietiger op 7 Oktober 1955 in Guayanilla, Ecuador. Die jaar daarna besoek sy Frankryk en Kuba as deel van haar uiteenlopende werksprogram.

In 1957 het Gatling weer deelgeneem aan die NAVO -oefeninge, met 'n beroep op Spanje, Griekeland, Turkye en Libanon. Verdere operasies het haar na Engeland, weer na Spanje gebring en in 1958 na San Juan en Kuba. Haar laaste groot operasies het haar na die aanloophavens van Pakistan, Iran en Iran geneem, waarna Gatling op 11 Oktober 1959 na haar tuisbasis op Rhode Island teruggekeer het.

Gatling, na uitstekende diens in oorlog en vrede, weer op 2 Mei 1960 uit diens gestel en die Atlantiese Reserwe -vloot binnegegaan. Tans lê sy in Norfolk.

Gatling het agt strydsterre ontvang vir diens in die Tweede Wêreldoorlog en een gevegster vir Koreaanse diens.


USS Gatling (DD 671)

Ontmantel 16 Julie 1946.
Opnuut in gebruik geneem op 4 Junie 1951.
Ontmantel 2 Mei 1960.
1 Desember 1974 getref.
Verkoop 22 Februarie 1977 en gebreek vir afval.

Opdragte gelys vir USS Gatling (DD 671)

Let asseblief daarop dat ons steeds aan hierdie afdeling werk.

BevelvoerderVanAan
1T/Cdr. Alvin Franklin Richardson, USN19 Augustus 194327 Desember 1944
2T/Cdr. Vincent James Meola, USN27 Desember 194426 November 1945

U kan ons opdragte -afdeling help verbeter
Klik hier om gebeure/kommentaar/opdaterings vir hierdie vaartuig in te dien.
Gebruik hierdie asseblief as u foute opspoor of hierdie skepe -bladsy wil verbeter.

Opmerklike gebeurtenisse met betrekking tot Gatling sluit in:

12 Februarie 1944
Taakmag 58 het Majuro Atoll verlaat vir operasie HAILSTONE, 'n aanval op die Japannese basis by Truk Atoll.

Task Force 58 bestaan ​​uit die volgende skepe

Taakgroep 58.1 Vliegtuigdraers USS Enterprise (kapt. MB Gardner, USN), USS Yorktown (kapt. RE Jennings, USN), ligte draer USS Belleau Wood (kapt. AM Pride, USN), ligte kruisers Santa Fé (kapt. J. Wright, USN ), Mobile (kapt. CJ Wheeler, USN), Biloxi (kapt. DM McGurl, USN), USS Oakland (kapt. WK Phillips, USN) en die verwoesters USS Clarence K. Bronson (lt. -dr. JC McGoughran, USN) , USS Cotten (Cdr. FT Sloat, USN), USS Dortch (Cdr. RC Young, USN), USS Gatling (Cdr. AF Richardson, USN), USS Healy (Cdr. JC Atkeson, USN), USS Cogswell (Cdr. HT Deutermann, USN), USS Caperton (Cdr. WJ Miller, USN), USS Ingersoll (Cdr. AC Veasey, USN), USS Knapp (Cdr. F. Virden, USN).

Taakgroep 58.2 Vliegtuigdraers USS Essex (kapt. RA Ofstie, USN), USS Intrepid (kapt. TL Sprague, USN), ligte draer USS Cabot (kapt. MF Schoeffel, USN), swaar kruisers USS Wichita (kapt JJ Mahoney, USN), USS Baltimore (kapt. WC Calhoun, USN), ligte kruisers USS San Francisco (kapt. HE Overesch, USN), USS San Diego (kapt. LJ Hudson, USN), vernietigers USS Owen (Cdr. RW Wood, USN), USS Miller (Cdr. TH Kobey, USN), USS The Sullivans (Cdr. KM Gentry, USN), USS Stephen Potter (Cdr. CH Crichton, USN), USS Hickox (Cdr. WM Sweetser, USN), USS Hunt (Cdr. HA Knoertzer, USN), USS Lewis Hancock (Cdr. CH Lyman, 3rd, USN), USS Stembel (Cdr. WL Tagg, USN) en USS Stack (Lt.Cdr. RE Wheeler, USN).

Taakgroep 58.3 Vliegtuigskip USS Bunker Hill (kapt. TP Jeter, USN), ligte draers USS Monterey (kapt. LT Hundt, USN), USS Cowpens (kapt. RP McConnell, USN), slagskepe USS North Carolina (kapt. FP Thomas, USN) , USS Massachusetts (kapt. TD Ruddock, Jr., USN), USS South Dakota (kapt. AE Smith, USN), USS Alabama (kapt. FD Kirtland, USN), USS Iowa (kapt. JL McCrea, USN), USS New Jersey (kapt. CF Holden, USN), swaar kruisers USS Minneapolis (kapt. RW Bates, USN), USS New Orleans (kapt. SR Shumaker, USN), vernietigers USS Izard (Cdr. EK van Swearingen, USN), USS Charrette (Cdr. ES Karpe, USN), USS Conner (Cdr. WE Kaitner, USN), USS Bell (Cdr. LC Petross, USN), USS Burns (Cdr. DT Eller, USN), USS Bradford (Cdr. RL Morris , USN), USS Brown (Cdr. TH Copeman, USN), USS Cowell (Cdr. CW Parker, USN), USS Wilson (Lt.Cdr. CK Duncan, USN), USS Sterett (Lt.Cdr. FJL Blouin, USN ) en USS Lang (Cdr. H. Payson, Jr., USN).

Media skakels


Die uitvinder van die Gatling -geweer wou hê dat dit lewens moes red

Die ikoniese ‘BRRRRRT ’ van die A-10 ’s GAU-8 30mm outokanon word geskep deur sy uiters hoë vuurtempo. Die geweer kan dit bereik danksy die Gatling-ontwerp van meer as een vat. In plaas daarvan om al sy rondtes uit 'n enkele vat af te vuur, gebruik die geweer sewe vate om die hitte wat ontstaan ​​wanneer dit afvuur, te versprei. Hierdie ontwerp is die idee van die Amerikaanse uitvinder, dr. Richard J. Gatling.

Dr. Richard J. Gatling (Public Domain)

Gatling was 'n kreatiewe suidelike man uit Noord -Carolina. Op 21 -jarige ouderdom het hy 'n skroefskroef vir stoombote uitgevind. Hy is egter verslaan deur John Ericsson, wat 'n paar maande tevore die ontwerp gepatenteer het. Gatling het as handelaar en onderwyser in Noord -Carolina gewerk voordat hy op 36 -jarige ouderdom na Missouri verhuis het. Daar werk hy verder as handelaar en uitvinder. Hy het 'n ryssaaimasjien en 'n koringboor gemaak om te help met die boerdery. Na 'n geveg met pokke, het Gatling in medisyne belanggestel.

Gatling het die Ohio Medical College bygewoon en studeer in 1850. Alhoewel hy 'n dokter gehad het, beoefen hy nooit eintlik medisyne nie. Gatling was eerder meer geïnteresseerd in die uitvind van dinge. Hy het voortgegaan om in die sakewêreld te werk en aan idees te dink tot die uitbreek van die burgeroorlog.

Op daardie stadium het Gatling in Indianapolis, Indiana, gewoon. Toe die uniesoldate van die geveg terugkeer, het Gatling iets opgemerk oor die slagoffers van die oorlog. Meer soldate is dood of uit aksie geneem deur siekte op die slagveld as deur koeëls of granaat. Gatling het afgelei dat as daar 'n wapen bestaan ​​wat die aantal mans verminder wat nodig is om 'n oorlog te voer, meer mans gespaar kan word. 'Dit het by my opgekom dat as ek 'n masjien - 'n geweer - kan uitvind, wat deur 'n vinnige vuur hom een ​​man in staat sou stel om soveel gevegspligte as honderd te doen, dat dit in 'n groot mate die noodsaaklikheid van groot leërs, en gevolglik sou die blootstelling aan geveg en siektes aansienlik verminder word, het hy geskryf.

Dr. Gatling se patent op ‘ Verbetering in batterywapens en#8217 (Amerikaanse patente -kantoor)

Tydens die Burgeroorlog kon 'n hoogs opgeleide soldaat vyf rondes per minuut skiet. Gatling het tot die gevolgtrekking gekom dat sy ontwerp eenvoudig moes wees met baie min opleiding. Die geweer is aangedryf deur 'n krukas wat met die hand gedraai is. Dit het 'n vuurtempo van tot 200 rondes per minuut moontlik gemaak sonder dat vaardigheid nodig was. Daarbenewens is die geweer deur middel van 'n laaier met swaartekrag gevoed. Dit het beteken dat die laaier net patrone van bo af moes neersit om die geweer aan die brand te hou. Weereens was baie min vaardigheid nodig.

Die Gatling -geweer het sy gevegsdebuut gemaak in die beleg van Petersburg, Virginia, in 1864. Die geweer was egter onbewys en duur. Die 12 gewere wat in Petersburg gebruik is, is persoonlik deur die bevelvoerders van die Unie aangekoop. Eers in 1866 het die Amerikaanse weermag die Gatling -geweer aangeneem nadat 'n verkoopsverteenwoordiger dit in 'n geveg gedemonstreer het.

Tot sy ontsteltenis het sy uitvinding min daartoe bygedra om die ongevalle van menslike konflik te verminder. Die geweer is eerder verder verfyn met die uitvindings van nuwer, dodeliker patrone en rooklose kruit. Terwyl die Gatling-geweer tot laat in die 19de eeu gebruik is, het die ontwerp daarvan aanleiding gegee tot moderne roterende gewere soos die voormelde GAU-8 Avenger, die M61 Vulcan en die M134 Minigun. Die nalatenskap van Gatling ’ bevat ook 'n Tweede Wêreldoorlog Fletcher-klas vernietiger, USS Gatling (DD-671), sowel as die slangwoord “gat ”, wat 'n verkorting is van die geweer wat na hom vernoem is.

'N Battery van 1-duim Gatling-gewere c. 1877 (Amerikaanse weermag)

Gatling geweer

Die Gatling Gun, oorspronklik getiteld King Gun, is 'n Westerse skoot in 1969 in New Mexico met die destydse goewerneur van New Mexico, David Cargo, in 'n klein rol.
Richard Jordan Gatling 12 September 1818 26 Februarie 1903 was 'n Amerikaanse uitvinder wat veral bekend is vir sy uitvinding van die Gatling -geweer wat beskou word
van die burgeroorlog, Richard Gatling, die skepper van die gatling gun, bied sy uitvinding aan die federale regering. Maar Gatling word ontvoer deur twee sluipmoordenaars
USS Gatling DD - 671 was 'n Fletcher -klas vernietiger van die Amerikaanse vloot, vernoem na Richard Jordan Gatling, die uitvinder van die Gatling -geweer Gatling
Die Gatling -geweer was een van die eerste vuurwapens en 'n moderne klas roterende kanonne. Gatling kan ook verwys na: Bart Gatling gebore 1871 - 1950
in die 1860's deur Richard Jordan Gatling Gatling Gatling vervang later die handgeknipte meganisme van 'n geweerkaliber Gatling -geweer met 'n elektriese motor, 'n relatief
masjiengeweer Kettinggeweer Vuurwapenaksie Gatlinggeweer Algemeen - doelmasjiengeweer Swaar masjiengeweer Ligte masjiengeweer Lys van vuurwapens Lys van masjiengewere Lys
bereik sonder dat die vate oorverhit word. Gatling vervang later die handgeknipte meganisme van 'n geweerkaliber Gatling -geweer met 'n elektriese motor, 'n relatief
gewere soos die Maxim -geweer Alle modelle van Gatling -gewere is in 1911 deur die Amerikaanse weermag na 45 jaar diens verouderd verklaar. Na die Gatling -geweer
masjiengeweer infanterie en wa, parapet, masjiengeweer Londen: H.M.S.O. 1900 Diagram van 2 Vat Gardner op veldwa omskep Gatling van
Qing Minigun XM214 Microgun M197 Gatling gun Minigun Komodo Armament Eli gun Nordenfelt Gun Gast Gun Chain gun Gatling gun die 1860's vuurwapen wat ontstaan ​​het

2018 - 06 - 21. Video van die K nexecutioner, 'n K nex Gatling -geweer in werking Video van die Lego Gatling -geweer in werking The Disintegrator, 'n 288 -skoot, gemotoriseer
ontsnap aan die Gatling -vuur. Parker, John H. Lt. The Gatlings in Santiago, Middlesex, VK: Echo Library herdruk 2006 Die drie Gatling -gewere bestee
Myriad CIWS was 'n tweeling 7 -vat, 25 mm Gatling -geweer CIWS wat ontwikkel is deur 'n konsortium, waaronder Oto Melara. Die stelsel se primêre doel, as dit ooit sou verdwyn
geraas wat die projektiel maak terwyl dit tuimel. Agar gun Confederate Revolving Cannon Gatling gun Gorgas masjiengeweer Artikel uit The Artilleryman magazine deur
verbeter die afvuurkoerse van hul vliegtuig se outokanon sonder om die Gatling -geweer -konsep of aangedrewe rewolwerkanon te gebruik. Vorige pogings het óf relatief
T250 Gatling -geweer met ses vate gemonteer op 'n verlengde M113 -gepantserde personeeldraaiplatform. In die vroeë 1960's het die weermag besluit om met wapens gebaseerde stelsels te gebruik
Daarom het die geweer gefunksioneer as 'n soort vluggeweer wat koeëls in bars skiet, in vergelyking met die hedendaagse Gatling -geweer en die ware masjiengewere wat daarin geslaag het
algemeen geklassifiseer as outokanonne in plaas van swaar masjiengewere In die laat 19de eeu het Gatling -gewere en ander ekstern aangedrewe tipes soos die Nordenfelt

  • Die Gatling Gun, oorspronklik getiteld King Gun, is 'n Westerse skoot in 1969 in New Mexico, met die destydse goewerneur van New Mexico, David Cargo.
  • Richard Jordan Gatling 12 September 1818 26 Februarie 1903 was 'n Amerikaanse uitvinder wat veral bekend is vir sy uitvinding van die Gatling -geweer wat beskou word
  • van die burgeroorlog bied Richard Gatling, skepper van die gatling gun, sy uitvinding aan die federale regering. Maar Gatling word ontvoer deur twee sluipmoordenaars
  • USS Gatling DD - 671 was 'n Fletcher -klas vernietiger van die Amerikaanse vloot, vernoem na Richard Jordan Gatling, die uitvinder van die Gatling -geweer Gatling
  • Die Gatling -geweer was een van die eerste vuurwapens en 'n moderne klas roterende kanonne. Gatling kan ook verwys na: Bart Gatling gebore 1871 - 1950
  • in die 1860's deur Richard Jordan Gatling Gatling Gatling vervang later die handgeknipte meganisme van 'n geweerkaliber Gatling -geweer met 'n elektriese motor, 'n relatief
  • masjiengeweer Kettinggeweer Vuurwapenaksie Gatlinggeweer Masjiengeweer vir algemene doeleindes Swaar masjiengeweer Ligte masjiengeweer Lys van vuurwapens Lys met masjiengewere
  • bereik sonder dat die vate oorverhit word. Gatling vervang later die handgeknipte meganisme van 'n geweerkaliber Gatling -geweer met 'n elektriese motor, 'n relatief
  • gewere soos die Maxim -geweer Alle modelle van Gatling -gewere is in 1911 deur die Amerikaanse weermag na 45 jaar diens verouderd verklaar. Na die Gatling -geweer
  • masjiengeweer infanterie en wa, parapet, masjiengeweer Londen: H.M.S.O. 1900 Diagram van 2 Vat Gardner op veldwa omskep Gatling van
  • Qing Minigun XM214 Microgun M197 Gatling gun Minigun Komodo Armament Eli gun Nordenfelt Gun Gast Gun Chain gun Gatling gun die 1860's vuurwapen wat ontstaan ​​het
  • Die M197 elektriese kanon is 'n 20 mm drie -vat elektriese Gatling -tipe kanon wat deur die Amerikaanse weermag gebruik word. Die M197 elektriese kanon was
  • het 'n aantal basiese konsepte getoon wat gebruik is by die ontwerp van die Gatling Gun wat die volgende jaar gepatenteer is. Die ontwerp, soos gepatenteer, bestaan ​​uit
  • Gun was 'n vinnige vuurwapen wat in die laat 19de eeu ontwikkel is. Dit was 'n meervoudige wapen soortgelyk aan die veel meer algemeen bekende Gatling -geweer
  • is deur die Britse Royal Navy aangeneem as 'n toevoeging tot hul Gatling- en Gardner -gewere Tydens 'n betoging in Portsmouth 'n tien -vat -weergawe
  • masjiengeweer peule met 750 rondtes. Dit het 'n hoë vuurtempo van 4 5 000 rondtes per minuut en is ook een van die min selfaangedrewe gewere van die Gatling -tipe
  • 1990 Amerikaanse rapper wie se verhoognaam masjiengeweer is Kelly Alle bladsye met titels wat begin met masjiengeweermasjien pistool Masjiengeweer Gatling gun
  • Brigadier -generaal John Henry Parker aka Gatling Gun Parker 19 September 1866 14 Oktober 1942 was 'n brigadier -generaal in die Amerikaanse weermag
  • en Kanadese deskundige in die gebruik van die vroeë masjiengeweer Hy is veral bekend vir sy gebruik van 'n Gatling -geweer ter ondersteuning van die Kanadese milisie in Noordwes
  • infanterie. Die eerste suksesvolle vuurwapen met vinnige vuur is die Gatling Gun wat deur Richard Gatling uitgevind is en deur die Unie -magte tydens die Amerikaanse burgerlike
  • Electric GAU - 8 A Avenger is 'n 30 mm hidroulies aangedrewe sewe -vat Gatling -outokanon wat tipies gemonteer is in die Amerikaanse lugmag
  • Die XM301 Cannon is 'n ekstern aangedrewe, drie -vat 20 mm Gatling -geweer gemaak deur General Dynamics vir die Amerikaanse weermag. Ontwikkel vir gebruik met die RAH - 66
  • 2018 - 06 - 21. Video van die K nexecutioner, 'n K nex Gatling -geweer in werking Video van die Lego Gatling -geweer in werking Die Disintegrator, 'n 288 -skoot, gemotoriseer
  • ontsnap aan die Gatling -vuur. Parker, John H. Lt. The Gatlings in Santiago, Middlesex, VK: Echo Library herdruk 2006 Die drie Gatling -gewere bestee
  • Myriad CIWS was 'n tweevoudige 7 -vat, 25 mm Gatling -geweer CIWS wat ontwikkel is deur 'n konsortium, waaronder Oto Melara. Die stelsel se primêre doel, as dit ooit sou verdwyn
  • geraas wat die projektiel maak terwyl dit tuimel. Agar gun Confederate Revolving Cannon Gatling gun Gorgas masjiengeweer Artikel uit The Artilleryman magazine deur
  • verbeter die afvuurkoerse van hul vliegtuig se outokanon sonder om die Gatling -geweer -konsep of aangedrewe rewolwerkanon te gebruik. Vorige pogings het óf relatief
  • T250 Gatling -geweer met ses vate gemonteer op 'n verlengde M113 -gepantserde personeeldraaiplatform. In die vroeë sestigerjare het die weermag besluit om wapens te gebruik
  • Daarom het die geweer gefunksioneer as 'n soort vluggeweer wat koeëls in bars skiet, in vergelyking met die hedendaagse Gatling -geweer en die ware masjiengewere wat daarin geslaag het
  • algemeen geklassifiseer as outokanonne in plaas van swaar masjiengewere In die laat 19de eeu het Gatling -gewere en ander tipes ekstern aangedryf, soos die Nordenfelt

Gatling geweer: minigun, gatling gun fallout 76, гатлинг, gatling 1862, gatling 1874, m61 vulcan ammo, митральез гатлинга, gshg gun

Minigun.

Vreemde Heartland -geskiedenis: die vreemde rede waarom die gatling -geweer. Koning Gun. MPAA -gradering. Vrystellingsdatum. Jun 1972. Première -inligting. nie beskikbaar nie. Produksiemaatskappy. Broadway Enterprises, Inc. Western International. Gatling gun fallout 76. The Gatling Gun The Spanish American War Centennial Website. Die Gatling -geweer, soos dit bekend sou wees, was miskien die wapen wat die meeste in die arsenaal van die vakbonde gebruik is. Selfs as industriële tegnologie.

Митральез гатлинга.

Gatling Gun Date, Inventor & Usage GESKIEDENIS. 9 mm kruk -gatlinggeweer. 90 DAG LEIDINGSTYD MIN. Handelaars Kontak Drew vir navrae 260 441 9603. [email protected] Neem Glock mags. Gatling 1862. Gatling Gun Rubberband Guns. Vroeë Gatling -gewere kon 200 rondes per minuut afvuur. Alhoewel dit nie 'n outomatiese wapen was nie, het die Gatling, as die eerste suksesvolle masjiengeweer, die weg heeltemal gebaan.

Rare Gatling Gun bring $ 222.000 by Cowans $ 1.1 miljoen wapens.

Die Corkis -vuurwapen skiet elke kwartaal vir 4 sekondes op alle teikens voor hom, met 'n totaal van 120 170 220 270 320 160 160 bonus AD -skade,. Hoe die masjiengeweer die geveg tydens die Eerste Wêreldoorlog verander het. Vliegtuigwapens en geweerstelsels 20 mm, 25 mm en 30 mm vuurwapenstelsels vir militêre vliegtuie, helikopters en vegvliegtuie.

Definition of Gatling gun at.

Продолжительность: 2:09. Gatling gun Wiktionary. As 'n praktiese militêre masjiengeweer, het die Gatling geen gelyke nie. Dit skiet van 800 tot 1.000 skote per minuut, het 'n groot akkuraatheid en die groter kalibers het 'n. ISL: Gatling Gun en Richard Jordan Gatling IN.gov. The Gatling Gun for Police Patrol Service. Dit is 'n voorskou. Maak 'n keuse hieronder om toegang tot hierdie advertensie te verkry? Meld aan. Het probleme.

Guns of History MS4010 Burgeroorlog GATLING GUN 1:16 SKAAL.

'N Vuurwapen met 'n vinnige vuur met 'n groep vate. Die eerste praktiese masjiengeweer, dit is amptelik deur die Amerikaanse weermag aangeneem in 1866. Byna vier dekades lank. Gatling gun Wor Dictionary of English. Twee kavalerie -woestyne steel 'n gatwapen uit hul eenheid om 'n inheemse Amerikaanse stam aan te val en hul goud te steel, en vind gou dat hulle deur hul voormalige gesoek word. Bestudeer hierdie ou geweer: die waaiergeweer het miljoene verskrik. Die CLEVELAND GATLING GUN BATTERY was 'n onafhanklike militêre organisasie wat in Junie 1878 gestig is deur prominente Clevelanders wat bekommerd was oor die.


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Mei is die maand van die militêre duiker! Ons vier Navy Divers, EOD techs, Navy SEALs, Seabee duikers en alle militêre dienslede wat duik kwalifikasies verwerf!

Duikers in die Amerikaanse vloot beskik oor uitsonderlike duikkundigheid en vaardighede - uitnemendheid wat nodig is om die gevaarlike, uitdagende aard van militêre duik veilig te hanteer.

Die vloot het sedert 1882, toe die eerste vlootduikskool gestig is, op militêre duikers staatgemaak. Ondanks die koms van onderzeese tegnologie soos UUV's, bly die vindingrykheid van menslike duikers noodsaaklik vir vlootbedrywighede.

Uitstekende boeke deur Edward Ellsberg

Aan die onderkant, onder die son van die Rooi See, geen baniere, geen bugels en The Far Shore


Richard Jordan Gatling

Richard Jordan Gatling (12 September 1818 - 26 Februarie 1903) was 'n Amerikaanse uitvinder wat veral bekend is vir sy uitvinding van die Gatling -geweer, die eerste suksesvolle masjiengeweer.

Gatling is gebore in Hertford County, Noord -Carolina, in 1818. Op 21 -jarige ouderdom het Gatling 'n skroefskroef vir stoombote geskep, sonder om te besef dat John Ericsson 'n paar maande tevore gepatenteer het. Terwyl hy in Noord -Carolina gewoon het, werk hy in die kantoorklerk se kantoor, kort skoolgehou en handelaar geword. Op 36-jarige ouderdom verhuis Gatling na St. Louis, Missouri, waar hy in 'n winkel vir droë goedere werk en 'n ryssaaimasjien en 'n koringboor uitvind (masjiene om te help met die aanplant van rys en koring, onderskeidelik). masjiene het baie gedoen om 'n rewolusie in die landbousisteem in die land te maak. Na 'n aanval op pokke het Gatling in medisyne belanggestel. Hy studeer aan die Ohio Medical College in 1850 met 'n MD. Alhoewel hy sy dokter gehad het, het hy nooit geoefen dat hy meer geïnteresseerd was in 'n loopbaan as uitvinder nie. By die uitbreek van die Burgeroorlog woon Gatling in Indianapolis, Indiana. Daar het hy hom toegewy aan die volmaaktheid van vuurwapens. In 1861, dieselfde jaar as wat die oorlog begin, het hy die Gatling -geweer uitgevind, 'n jaar later het hy die Gatling Gun Company gestig.

Teen die vroeë 1850's was Gatling suksesvol genoeg in die sakewêreld om met Jemima Sanders, 19 jaar jonger as Gatling en die dogter van 'n vooraanstaande dokter in Indianapolis, 'n huwelik aan te bied. Hulle trou op 25 Oktober 1854. Haar jonger suster Zerelda was getroud met David Wallace, die goewerneur van Indiana. Hy was 'n aktiewe lid van sy vrymesselaarslosie en was lid van Center Lodge nr. 23.

Later in sy lewe het Gatling uitvindings gepatenteer om toilette, fietse, stoomreiniging van rou wol, pneumatiese krag en vele ander velde te verbeter. Hy is verkies as die eerste president van die American Association of Inventors and Manufacturers in 1891 en dien vir ses jaar. Alhoewel hy nog baie ryk was ten tyde van sy dood, het hy verskeie fortuine verdien en verloor deur sy beleggings.

In sy laaste jare verhuis Gatling terug na St. Louis, Missouri, om 'n nuwe onderneming te stig vir die vervaardiging van sy stoomploeë, of trekkers. Terwyl hy in New York was om sy dogter te besoek en met sy patentagentskap te praat, sterf Gatling by sy dogter se huis op 26 Februarie 1903. Hy word begrawe by die Crown Hill Cemetery in Indianapolis, Indiana.

Sy bydraes is herdenk deur die Amerikaanse vloot tydens die Tweede Wêreldoorlog toe die Fletcher Class Destroyer DD-671 die USS Gatling gedoop is.

Terwyl hy die bekendste was vir die uitvinding van die Gatling -geweer, het Gatling 'n aantal ander uitvindings uitgevind en gepatenteer. Sy uitvindings sluit in 'n skroefskroef en 'n koringboor ('n plantapparaat) in 1839, 'n hennepbreker in 1850, 'n stoomploeg (stoomtrekker) in 1857, die Gatling -geweer in 1861, 'n seestoomram in 1862 en 'n motor aangedrewe ploeg (trekker).

Gatling het die Gatling -geweer uitgevind nadat hy opgemerk het dat 'n meerderheid van die soldate wat in die burgeroorlog geveg het, weens siekte eerder as geweerskote verlore gegaan het. In 1877 skryf hy:

Dit het by my opgekom dat as ek 'n masjien - 'n geweer - kan uitvind, wat deur 'n vinnige vuur, een man in staat sou stel om soveel gevegspligte as honderd te doen, dat dit in 'n groot mate die noodsaaklikheid van groot leërs sou vervang. en gevolglik sal blootstelling aan stryd en siektes aansienlik verminder word.

Die geweer was gebaseer op Gatling se saadplanter. 'N Werkende prototipe is ontwikkel in 1861. In 1862 stig hy die Gatling Gun Company in Indianapolis, Indiana om die geweer te bemark. Die eerste ses produksiegewere is tydens 'n brand in Desember 1862 in die fabriek vernietig. Al ses van hulle is op Gatling se koste vervaardig. Onverskrokke het Gatling gereël dat nog 13 by die Cincinnati Type Factory vervaardig word.

Alhoewel die geweer tydens die burgeroorlog ontwikkel is, was daar baie min aksie. Dit is deels omdat Gatling vanweë sy wortels in Noord -Carolina daarvan beskuldig is dat hy 'n koperkop was, maar dit is nooit bewys nie. Benjamin F. Butler het 12 gekoop en admiraal David Dixon Porter een gekoop, dit was eers in 1866 dat die Amerikaanse regering amptelik Gatling -gewere gekoop het.In 1870 verkoop hy sy patente vir die Gatling -geweer aan Colt. totdat dit in 1897 heeltemal deur Colt geabsorbeer is. In 1893 het Gatling 'n Gatling -geweer gepatenteer wat die handmeganisme met 'n elektriese motor vervang het, 'n relatief nuwe uitvinding op die tydstip, wat 'n vuurtempo van 3000 rondes per minuut behaal het.

Die handgeknipte Gatling-geweer is deur die Amerikaanse weermag in 1911 verouderd verklaar. Dekades later, na die Tweede Wêreldoorlog, is die meganiese konsep opgewek en gekoppel aan elektrisiteitsaangedrewe motor in die M61 Vulcan.

Toekennings ontvang deur uitvinder

Hy is verkies as die eerste president van die American Association of Inventors and Manufacturers in 1891 en dien vir ses jaar. Alhoewel hy nog baie ryk was ten tyde van sy dood, het hy verskeie fortuine verdien en verloor deur sy beleggings.


Mục lục

Gatling được đặt lườn tại xưởng tàu của hãng Federal Shipbuilding and Drydock Company ở Kearny, New Jersey en 3 na 3 op 1943. nội của nhà phát minh Gatling và nhập biên chế vào ngày 19 th 8 năm 1943 tại Xưởng hải quân New York dưới quyền chỉ huy của Thiếu tá Hải quân Alvin H. Richardson.

Thế Chiến II Sửa đổi

1943 Sửa đổi

Sau khi hoàn tất chạy thử máy tại vùng biển Bermuda và được cải biến tại New York en op 11 November 1943, Gatling đi đến Norfolk, Virginia để hoạt động huấn luyện cho thủy thủ đoàn những tàu khu trục còn đang được chế tạo. Van 19 tot 11 Langley (CVL-27) đi Norfolk, rồi lên đường từ đây vào ngày 3 tháng 12, hộ tống cho tàu sân bay Onversetlik trong hành trình băng qua kênh đào Panama để đi San Francisco, California, đến nơi vào ngày 22 tháng 12. Nó lên đường đi Trân Châu Cảng ngay ngày hôm sau.

1944 Sửa đổi

Gatling khởi hành vào ngày 16 tháng 1 năm 1944 để tham gia Lực lượng Đặc nhiệm 58, lực lượng tàu sân bay nhanh trực thuộc Đệ Tam hạm đội, để hỗ trợ cho cuộc đổ bộ chiếm đóng quần đảo Marshall. Nó sau đó liên tục hoạt động cùng lực lượng đặc nhiệm tàu sân bay trong các cuộc tấn công xuống các căn cứ tiền phương của Đế quốc Nhật Bản.

Lực lượng mở màn cuộc không kích xuống Truk vào tháng 2, nơi Gatling hỗ trợ hỏa lực cho cuộc tấn công rồi tiếp tục bảo vệ cho các tàu sân bay trong cuộc không kích xuống quần đảo Mariana vài ngày sau đó. Sang tháng 3, nó tham gia cuộc Đố bộ lên Emirau, tiếp nối bằng cuộc không kích xuống quần đảo Palau vào đầu tháng 4. Chiếc tàu khu trục đi về phía Nam để tấn công Hollandia, Wakde, Sawar và Same, New Guinea, nhằm hỗ trợ cho cuộc đổ bộ của Lục quân lên Aitape, vịnh Tanahmerah và vịnh Humboldt từ ngày 21 đến ngày 26 tháng 4. Trong các hoạt động này, con tàu đã làm nhiệm vụ cột mốc radar canh phòng và dẫn đường máy bay chiến đấu. Sau một đợt không kích khác lên Truk vào cuối tháng 4, nó hỗ trợ cho cuộc đổ bộ lên quần đảo Mariana từ ngày 10 tháng 6 đến ngày 5 tháng 7. Trong khuôn khổ Trận chiến biển Philippine trong các ngày 19, 20 tháng 6, Gatling được ghi công đã bắn rơi trực tiếp hay gián tiếp sáu máy bay Nhật Bản.

Cuối tháng đó, các tàu sân bay thuộc lực lượng đặc nhiệm lại không kích xuống Palau cũng như bắn phá Yap và Ulithi và sang đầu tháng 8 đã tấn công quần đảo Bonin. Các mục tiêu tại Philippines được lực lượng đặc nhiệm nhắm đến trong tháng 9. Các cuộc không kích xuống Okinawa được bắt đầu vào ngày 10 tháng 10, tiếp nối bởi các đợt tấn công xuống Đài Loan, Luzon và Visayas từ ngày 11 đến ngày 23 tháng 10. Sau khi một đợt không kích phản công của đối phương đã đánh chìm tàu sân bay hạng nhẹ Princeton (CVL-23) vào ngày 24 tháng 10 trong Trận chiến biển Sibuyan, Gatling đã đi đến trợ giúp và cứu vớt hơn 300 người sống sót từ chiếc tàu sân bay, đưa họ trở về Ulithi trước khi gia nhập trở lại lực lượng đặc nhiệm tàu sân bay cho các cuộc không kích xuống Philippines trong tháng 11 và tháng 12. Sau khi chịu đựng cơn bão Cobra vốn đã đánh chìm ba tàu khu trục, nó đã trợ giúp tìm kiếm những người sống sót, cứu vớt trên 100 người trên biển rồi quay trở về Ulithi vào ngày 25 tháng 12.

1945 Sửa đổi

Lực lượng đặc nhiệm khởi hành vào ngày 29 tháng 12 để không kích xuống Đài Loan và Luzon trong tháng 1 năm 1945 Đô đốc William Halsey Jr. đưa hạm đội tiến vào Biển Đông vào ngày 10 tháng 1, với hy vọng tìm gặp và tiêu diệt hạm đội Nhật Bản tại đây. Không tìm thấy đối thủ chính, họ tấn công những mục tiêu tại Đông Dương thuộc Pháp và dọc theo bờ biển phía Nam Trung Quốc. Đến giữa tháng 2, các tàu sân bay tung ra đợt không kích xuống đảo Honshū, Nhật Bản, với Tokyo là mục tiêu chính. Gatling nằm trong thành phần canh phòng bố trí cách 30 dặm (48 km) về phía trước lực lượng chính, và tiếp cận cách bờ biển Honshū 40 dặm (64 km).

Vào các ngày 19 và 20 tháng 2, trong thành phần Đội khu trục 99, Gatling đã hộ tống thiết giáp hạm Noord-Carolina (BB-55) và tàu tuần dương hạng nặng Indianapolis (CA-35) đi đến Iwo Jima để hỗ trợ binh lính Thủy quân Lục chiến cho trận chiến cam go nhằm chiếm đóng hòn đảo này, vốn cần đến như căn cứ không quân hỗ trợ cho các chiến dịch ném bom chiến lược của máy bay ném bom Boeing B-29 Superfortress xuống chính quốc Nhật Bản. Chiếc tàu khu trục gia nhập trở lại lực lượng tàu sân bay nhanh cho các cuộc không kích tiếp theo xuống Honshū và Okinawa vào cuối tháng 2 và đầu tháng 3, trước khi một mình quay trở lại Iwo Jima, và trong suốt tháng 3 đã bắn phá các khẩu đội pháo Nhật Bản trên bờ hỗ trợ cho cuộc tấn công. Nó đã cứu vớt đội bay một máy bay ném bom B-29 bị buộc phải hạ cánh sớm khi quay về sau một phi vụ ném bom xuống Nagoya.

Vào ngày 29 tháng 3, Gatling rời Iwo Jima hộ tống đoàn tàu vận tải chở binh lính Thủy quân Lục chiến chiến thắng quay trở lại Guam. Sau đó con tàu quay trở về Hoa Kỳ để sửa chữa và đại tu, về đến San Francisco vào ngày 18 tháng 4. Sau khi hoàn tất sửa chữa và huấn luyện ôn tập, nó hộ tống thiết giáp hạm New Jersey (BB-62) và tàu tuần dương hạng nhẹ Biloxi (CL-80) đi Eniwetok, bắn phá đảo Wake trên đường đi. Nó tiếp tục hộ tống New Jersey đi đến Guam vào ngày 9 tháng 8, nơi họ nhận được tin tức về việc Nhật Bản đầu hàng theo những điều kiện mà Hội nghị Potsdam đưa ra, và do đó kết thúc cuộc xung đột. Con tàu lên đường hướng sang Nhật Bản, hộ tống các tàu vận tải chuyên chở Sư đoàn 4 Thủy quân Lục chiến, và gặp gỡ Đệ Tam hạm đội ngoài khơi Nhật Bản. Nó tiến vào vịnh Tokyo vào ngày 3 tháng 9 như một đơn vị thuộc Lực lượng Hải quân Đồng minh chiếm đóng Nhật Bản.

Trong suốt quá trình tham gia Thế Chiến II, Gatling đã di chuyển trên 175.000 dặm (282.000 km) và bắn 77 tấn đạn pháo từ các khẩu pháo của nó. Nó đánh chìm hai tàu đối phương và bắn rơi hay trợ giúp bắn rơi tám máy bay Nhật Bản. Trong những nhiệm vụ cứu hộ, nó đã giúp cứu sống trên 400 thủy thủ và 37 thành viên các đội bay bị rơi xuống biển. Nó hoàn tất hai năm hoạt động mà không bị tổn thất một người nào bởi mọi lý do. Gatling được cho xuất biên chế vào ngày 16 tháng 7 năm 1946 và được đưa về Hạm đội Dự bị Đại Tây Dương, neo đậu tại Charleston, South Carolina

1951–1960 Sửa đổi

Sau khi Chiến tranh Triều Tiên bùng nổ do việc lực lượng Cộng sản tấn công Nam Triều Tiên, Gatling được cho nhập biên chế trở lại vào ngày 4 tháng 6 năm 1951 tại Charleston, South Carolina dưới quyền chỉ huy của Trung tá Hải quân W. J. Keating. Cho đến tháng 8 năm 1952, nó hoạt động ngoài khơi bờ biển Đại Tây Dương và tại khu vực Tây Ấn, trước khi đi đến Xưởng hải quân Philadelphia để được hiện đại hóa theo chương trình Hồi sinh và Hiện đại hóa Hạm đội (FRAM).

Vào mùa Thu năm 1952, Gatling khởi hành từ Căn cứ Hải quân Newport, Newport, Rhode Island để hướng sang Châu Âu như một đơn vị thuốc Khối NATO. Nó viếng thăm Scotland, Na Uy và Bỉ trong khuôn khổ cuộc tập trận Chiến dịch Mainbrace rồi tiếp tục tham gia cuộc tập trận Chiến dịch Springboard, ghé qua St. Thomas, Virgin Islands và San Juan, Puerto Rico thuộc vùng biển Caribe. Chiếc tàu khu trục lại đi sang vùng biển Viễn Đông quen thuộc, đi đến Tokyo vào ngày 3 tháng 6 năm 1953 trước khi gia nhập Lực lượng Đặc nhiệm 77 để hỗ trợ lực lượng Liên Hiệp Quốc tại Triều Tiên. Sau đó nó lên đường quay trở về nhà, đi ngang qua Manila, Sài Gòn, Singapore, Colombo, băng qua kênh đào Suez, ghé qua Pháp và Bồ Đào Nha rồi kết thúc chuyến đi vòng quanh thế giới tại Philadelphia vào mùa Hè năm 1953.

Sau khi được sửa chữa và huấn luyện tại vùng biển New England, Gatling khởi hành đi Bồ Đào Nha, Pháp và Ý. Nó băng ngược trở lại Đại Tây Dương và đi qua kênh đào Panama, đi đến Guayaquil, Ecuador vào ngày 7 tháng 10 năm 1955. Trong năm tiếp theo, nó viếng thăm Pháp và Cuba như một phần của hoạt động thường lệ.

Vào năm 1957, Gatling lại tham gia các cuộc tập trận của Khối NATO, thực tập tại Tây Ban Nha, Hy Lạp, Thổ Nhĩ Kỳ và Li băng. Những hoạt động tiếp theo đưa nó đến Anh và Tây Ban Nha một lần nữa, và trong năm 1958 đến San Juan và Cuba. Lượt hoạt động cuối cùng đưa nó đến các cảng Địa Trung Hải, Pakistan và Iran, trước khi nó quay trở về căn cứ tại Rhode Island vào ngày 11 tháng 10 năm 1959.

Gatling cuối cùng được cho xuất biên chế vào ngày 2 tháng 5 năm 1960 và đưa về Hạm đội Dự bị Đại Tây Dương, neo đậu tại Norfolk, Virginia. Tên nó được cho rút khỏi danh sách Đăng bạ Hải quân vào ngày 1 tháng 12 năm 1974, và bị bán để tháo dỡ vào ngày 22 tháng 2 năm 1977.

Gatling được tặng thưởng tám Ngôi sao Chiến trận do thành tích phục vụ trong Thế Chiến II, và thêm một Ngôi sao Chiến trận trong Chiến tranh Triều Tiên.


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About Dr. Richard Jordan Gatling

Richard Jordan Gatling (September 12, 1818 – February 26, 1903) was an American inventor best known for his invention of the Gatling gun, considered to be the first successful machine gun though is not a true machine gun by modern definitions.

Gatling was born in Hertford County, North Carolina in 1818. At the age of 21, Gatling created a screw propeller for steamboats, without realizing that one had been patented just months prior by John Ericsson. While living in North Carolina, he worked in the county clerk’s office, taught school briefly, and became a merchant. At the age of 36, Gatling moved to St. Louis, Missouri where he worked in a dry goods store and invented a rice-sowing machine and a wheat drill (a machine to aid planting wheat). The introduction of these machines did much to revolutionize the agricultural system in the country. After an attack of smallpox, Gatling became interested in medicine. He graduated from the Ohio Medical College in 1850 with an MD. Although he had his MD, he never practiced he was more interested in a career as an inventor. At the outbreak of the Civil War, Gatling was living in Indianapolis, Indiana. There he devoted himself to the perfection of firearms. In 1861, the same year the war started, he invented the Gatling gun. A year later, he founded the Gatling Gun Company.

By the early 1850s, Gatling was successful enough in business to offer marriage to Jemima Sanders, 19 years younger than Gatling and the daughter of a prominent Indianapolis physician. They married on October 25, 1854. Her younger sister Zerelda was married to David Wallace, the governor of Indiana. An active member of his Masonic Lodge, he was member of Center Lodge No. 23.

Later in his life, Gatling patented inventions to improve toilets, bicycles, steam-cleaning of raw wool, pneumatic power, and many other fields. He was elected as the first president of the American Association of Inventors and Manufacturers in 1891, serving for six years. Although still quite wealthy at the time of his death, he made and lost several fortunes by his investments.

In his final years, Gatling moved back to St. Louis, Missouri, to form a new company for manufacturing his steam plows, or tractors. While in New York City to visit his daughter and to talk with his patent agency, Gatling died at his daughter's home on February 26, 1903. He is interred at the Crown Hill Cemetery in Indianapolis, Indiana.

His contributions were commemorated by the U.S. Navy during World War II when the Fletcher Class Destroyer DD-671 was christened the USS Gatling.

While being most known for inventing the Gatling gun, Gatling invented and patented a number of other inventions. His inventions include a screw propeller and a wheat drill (a planting device) in 1839, a hemp break machine in 1850, a steam plow (steam tractor) in 1857, the Gatling gun in 1861, a marine steam ram in 1862, and a motor-driven plow (tractor).

Gatling invented the Gatling gun after he noticed that a majority of the soldiers fighting in the Civil War were lost to disease rather than gunshots. In 1877, he wrote:

It occurred to me that if I could invent a machine – a gun – which could by its rapidity of fire, enable one man to do as much battle duty as a hundred, that it would, to a large extent supersede the necessity of large armies, and consequently, exposure to battle and disease [would] be greatly diminished.

The gun was based on Gatling’s seed planter. A working prototype was developed in 1861. In 1862, he founded the Gatling Gun Company in Indianapolis, Indiana to market the gun. The first six production guns were destroyed during a fire in December 1862 at the factory. All six of them had been manufactured at Gatling's expense. Undaunted, Gatling arranged for another 13 to be manufactured at the Cincinnati Type Factory.

Though the gun was developed during the Civil War, it saw very little action. This is partly because Gatling was accused of being a copperhead because of his North Carolina roots, but this was never proven. Gatling was never affiliated with the Confederate States government or military, nor did he live in the South during the Civil War.

Although General Benjamin F. Butler bought 12 and Admiral David Dixon Porter bought one, it was not until 1866 that the US Government officially purchased Gatling guns. In 1870 he sold his patents for the Gatling gun to Colt. Gatling remained president of the Gatling Gun Company until it was fully absorbed by Colt in 1897. In 1893, Gatling patented a Gatling gun that replaced the hand cranked mechanism with an electric motor, a relatively new invention at the time, achieving a rate of fire of 3,000 rounds per minute.

The hand-cranked Gatling gun was declared obsolete by the United States Army in 1911.

Decades later, after World War II, the mechanical concept was resurrected and wedded to electricity-driven cranking in the M61 Vulcan. That cannon has given rise to numerous variations scaled up to as high as 37 mm and down to 5.56 mm calibers offering versions that are gas-operated as well https://www.ncpedia.org/biography/gatling-richard-jordan

Richard Jordan Gatling, inventor of the machine gun and numerous other devices, was born in the Maney's Neck section of Hertford County. His father was Jordan Gatling, a slaveholder who owned an almost completely self-sufficient plantation containing more than a thousand acres his mother was Mary Barnes Gatling. Richard Jordan had three brothers, Thomas B., James Henry, and William J., and two sisters, Mary Ann and Martha. The entire family is remembered for its exceptional intellect. Jordan Gatling was himself an inventor and in 1835 patented machines for planting and for thinning cotton. James Henry, an older brother of Richard Jordan, was greatly interested in heavier-than-air flight by man and in the 1870s constructed a crude hand-powered aircraft with which he experimented unsuccessfully he also invented and patented devices for chopping cotton stalks and for converting pine into lightwood. It was in this climate of intellectual curiosity that Richard Jordan Gatling spent his boyhood. He had brief formal education at Buckhorn, a local common school. He then became a schoolmaster but gave up teaching to open a country store near the town of Winton. During this period Gatling's inventive genius first found expression. Having observed an experimental steamboat trial while on a visit to Norfolk, Va., in 1841, he conceived the principle of the screw propeller as a substitute for the slow and cumbersome paddle-type wheels then in use. At first his father refused him permission to go to Washington to patent the principle, but relented seven months later. When Gatling arrived in Washington, he learned that the celebrated Scandinavian-American inventor, John Ericsson, had patented the identical invention only a few days before.

Three years later Gatling obtained his first patent. It was for a rice-seed planter. He then left North Carolina and moved to St. Louis to manufacture and market his planter. There, converting his machine to a wheat-planter, he amassed a fortune in the midwestern wheat fields. During the winter of 1845, Gatling contracted smallpox while on a business trip by riverboat. For two weeks, when the steamer was ice-locked, he was unable to obtain medical attention. Upon recovering from this near-fatal illness, he decided to study medicine simply to be able to care for himself and his family. Accordingly, Gatling attended both Indiana Medical College and Ohio Medical College, receiving a diploma as a physician in 1850. At this time he moved to Indianapolis, where he practiced medicine only briefly. Returning to his creative interests, he invented and patented a hemp-breaking machine and later invented a steam-plow.

The outbreak of the Civil War stimulated Gatling to produce the greatest invention of his career and one that revolutionized warfare. This was the machine battery gun that became known the world over as the "Gatling gun."

One of the most interesting aspects of the life of Gatling is his own conception of the meaning of the terrible weapon that he had created. When he invented his famed gun he acted not as a merchant of violence but as a humanitarian who wished to reduce the number of men required to fight wars and thereby reduce the incidence of death. At the beginning of the Civil War, Gatling frequently visited the trains bringing in dead and wounded troops from the battlefields and army camps. From his examinations, he learned that only three out of eighteen died from their bullet wounds the remainder died from fever, pneumonia, and other illnesses contracted in camp. The loss of life due to illness impressed Gatling with the idea that, if a weapon could be devised to shoot more bullets, fewer men would be required to fight wars and, therefore, fewer and smaller concentrations of men would be necessary. This, he contended, would cut down the rate of death by both illness and combat. He also hoped that the terror created by such a weapon would tend to discourage war altogether.

Although Gatling's humanitarian theories have proved fallacious, the essentially humanitarian conception of his invention was accepted in many respectable quarters, particularly in England where the Gatling gun was early adopted. A British newspaper of the period commented: "The general use of the formidable weapon will tend to diminish the barbarity and actual carnage of warfare, as its known relentless certainty of execution will help to prevent wars and thereby aid in keeping the peace of Christendom." The first gun was tested and patented in 1862. Although crude, it had a firing capacity of more than 200 rounds a minute. There is some evidence that this early model was used by Union forces on the James River near Richmond on 6 May 1864, but the actual facts have never been ascertained. Gatling worked diligently to refine his invention, and in 1865 an improved model was patented. Twelve guns of this model were subsequently manufactured and submitted to the U.S. Army for tests. In 1866, the Gatling gun was officially adopted by the War Department.

The gun consisted of a group of ten rifle barrels grouped around a central shaft that was revolved by gear action and a hand crank. Bullets were automatically fed into the barrels, the hammers of which revolved continuously as the hand crank was turned. A later model was capable of firing 1,200 shots a minute and, before selling his patent rights to the Colt Fire Arms Co., Gatling experimented with a model that stepped up firing to 3,000 shots a minute. The Gatling gun was eventually adopted by every European power except Belgium. It was used with particularly telling effect by the British in the Boer War and by the American armies in Cuba.

In 1854 Gatling married Jemima Sanders, the daughter of Dr. John H. Sanders of Indianapolis. The couple had four children: Mary S. (b. 1855), Ida (b. 1858), Richard Henry (b. 1870), and Robert B. (b. 1872). Gatling became a member of the Methodist church during his boyhood in North Carolina. In Indiana in 1864 he was reported to have been a member of the Order of American Knights, an organization regarded as treasonable by the federal government. He died in New York City at age eighty-four. He and his wife were buried in a family plot in Crown Hill Cemetery, Indianapolis, Ind.


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USS Gatling DD 671

World Cruise

April 1953 - December 1953 Cruise Book

Bring the Cruise Book to Life with this Multimedia Presentation

This CD will Exceed your Expectations

A great part of Naval history.

U sou die USS Gatling DD 671 reisboeke gedurende hierdie tydperk. Each page has been placed on a CD for years of enjoyable computer viewing. Die CD comes in a plastic sleeve with a custom label. Every page has been enhanced and is readable. Rare cruise books like this sell for a hundred dollars or more when buying the actual hard copy if you can find one for sale.

This would make a great gift for yourself or someone you know who may have served aboard her. Usually only ONE person in the family has the original book. The CD makes it possible for other family members to have a copy also. You will not be disappointed we guarantee it.

Some of the items in this book are as follows:

  • Ports of Call: Panama Canal, San Diego, Hawaii, Midway Island, Japan, Philippines, Saigon, Singapore, Ceylon. Suez Canal, France, Portugal Spain
  • Crossing the Equator
  • Divisional Group Photos
  • Baie bemanningsaktiwiteitsfoto's
  • Plus nog baie meer

Over 190 Photos on Approximately 72 Pages.

Sodra u hierdie boek bekyk het, sal u weet hoe die lewe hieroor was Vernietiger gedurende hierdie tydperk.

Additional Bonus:

  • 6 minute klank van & quot Klanke van Boot Camp & quot in die laat 50's vroeë 60's
  • 22 Minute Audio of " Equator Crossing " in 1967 Not this Ship but the Ceremony is the Same.
  • Other Interesting Items Include:
    • The Oath of Enlistment
    • The Sailors Creed
    • Core Values of the United States Navy
    • Military Code of Conduct
    • Navy Terminology Origins (8 Pages)
    • Examples: Scuttlebutt, Chewing the Fat, Devil to Pay,
    • Hunky-Dory and many more.

    Why a CD instead of a hard copy book?

    • The pictures will not be degraded over time.
    • Self contained CD no software to load.
    • Thumbnails, table of contents and index for easy viewing reference.
    • View as a digital flip book or watch a slide show. (You set the timing options)
    • Back ground patriotic music and Navy sounds can be turned on or off.
    • Viewing options are described in the help section.
    • Bookmark your favorite pages.
    • The quality on your screen may be better than a hard copy with the ability to magnify any page.
    • Full page viewing slide show that you control with arrow keys or mouse.
    • Designed to work on a Microsoft platform. (Not Apple or Mac) Will work with Windows 98 or above.

    Personal Comment from "Navyboy63"

    The cruise book CD is a great inexpensive way of preserving historical family heritage for yourself, children or grand children especially if you or a loved one has served aboard the ship. It is a way to get connected with the past especially if you no longer have the human connection.

    If your loved one is still with us, they might consider this to be a priceless gift. Statistics show that only 25-35% of sailors purchased their own cruise book. Many probably wished they would have. It's a nice way to show them that you care about their past and appreciate the sacrifice they and many others made for you and the FREEDOM of our country. Would also be great for school research projects or just self interest in World War II documentation.

    We never knew what life was like for a sailor in World War II until we started taking an interest in these great books. We found pictures which we never knew existed of a relative who served on the USS Essex CV 9 during World War II. He passed away at a very young age and we never got a chance to hear many of his stories. Somehow by viewing his cruise book which we never saw until recently has reconnected the family with his legacy and Naval heritage. Even if we did not find the pictures in the cruise book it was a great way to see what life was like for him. We now consider these to be family treasures. His children, grand children and great grand children can always be connected to him in some small way which they can be proud of. This is what motivates and drives us to do the research and development of these great cruise books. I hope you can experience the same thing for your family.

    As u enige vrae het, stuur 'n e-pos aan ons voordat u dit koop.

    Koper betaal aflewering en hantering. Gestuurskoste buite die VSA sal wissel van plek tot plek.

    Gaan ons terugvoer na. Kliënte wat hierdie CD's gekoop het, was baie tevrede met die produk.

    Voeg ons by u!

    Dankie vir jou belangstelling!


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Kommentaar:

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  2. Mudawar

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  3. Mocage

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