Geskiedenis Podcasts

Aaseters in die tekstielbedryf

Aaseters in die tekstielbedryf

Die jongste kinders in die tekstielfabrieke is gewoonlik as aasdiere en stukke gebruik. Aasdiere moes die los katoen onder die masjinerie optel. Dit was uiters gevaarlik aangesien die kinders die taak sou verrig terwyl die masjien nog werk. David Rowland, gewerk as 'n aasdier in Manchester: "Die aasdier moet die kwas neem en onder die wiele vee, en onder die leiding van die draaiers en die stukkers in die algemeen wees. Ek moes gereeld onder die wiele wees, en gevolglik As gevolg van die voortdurende beweging van die masjinerie, was ek gereeld aan ongelukke blootgestel. Ek was gereeld verplig om plat te lê om te voorkom dat ek omgery word.

John Brown het hieroor in sy boek geskryf, Robert Blincoe se Memoir (1833): "Die taak wat Robert Blincoe die eerste keer opgedra het, was om die los katoen wat op die vloer val op te tel. Blykbaar kan niks makliker wees nie ... Hy hou ook nie van die stof en die rookkanaal waarmee hy half versmoor het nie. Hy voel gou siek, en deur voortdurend te buk, pyn sy rug. Blincoe neem hom dus vry om te gaan sit; katoenfabrieke. Sy miskyk, meneer Smith, het vir hom gesê dat hy op sy bene moet bly. "

Frances Trollope, skryf oor hierdie werk in haar roman, Michael Armstrong: Factory Boy (1840): ''n Meisie van ongeveer sewe jaar oud, wat as aasdiens werk, moes die vlieënde stukke katoen wat die werk kan belemmer, onophoudelik van die fabrieksvloer afhaal ... terwyl die sissende masjinerie oor haar loop en wanneer dit word vaardig gedoen, en die kop, liggaam en die uitgestrekte ledemate wat versigtig op die vloer vasgeplak is, die bestendige, maar dreigende massa, kan verbygaan en oor die duiselig kop en bewende liggaam terugbeweeg sonder om daaraan te raak. Maar ongelukke kom gereeld voor; en baie is die vlasslotte wat in die proses onbeskof van die baba se koppe geskeur word. "

Angus Reach, skryf in die Die Morning Chronicle, het gesê: "Die stukke, meisies of seuns, loop langs die muil terwyl dit vorder of terugtrek, haal die gebreekte drade op en herenig hulle. Die aasdier, 'n seuntjie of meisie, kruip af en toe onder die muil as dit by is rus en maak die meganisme skoon van oortollige olie, stof en vuil. "

Die joernalis, Edward Baines, verdedig die aanstelling van jong kinders as stukke en aasdiere: "Dit is nie waar om die werk van stukke en aasdiere as voortdurend inspanend voor te stel nie. Geen van die werk waarin kinders en jongmense besig is met meulens vereis konstante aandag. Dit is byna onmoontlik om enige werk te verlig. Die liggaam se posisie is nie skadelik nie: die kinders loop rond en kry die geleentheid om gereeld te sit as hulle so geneig is. "

Die taak wat die eerste keer aan Robert Blincoe opgedra is, was om die los katoen wat op die vloer geval het, op te tel. Smith, het vir hom gesê dat hy op sy bene moet bly.

'N Klein dogtertjie van ongeveer sewe jaar oud, wat as aasdiens werk, moes die vlieënde stukke katoen wat die werk belemmer, onophoudelik van die fabrieksvloer afhaal ... Maar ongelukke gebeur gereeld; en baie is die vlasslotte wat in die proses onbeskof van babakoppe afgeskeur word.

Vraag: Op watter ouderdom het u in 'n katoenmeul begin werk?

Antwoord: Net toe ek ses geword het.

Vraag: Watter werk het u in die eerste plek in 'n meule gehad?

Antwoord: Die van 'n aasdier.

Vraag: Sal u die aard van die werk wat 'n aasdier moet doen, verduidelik?

Antwoord: Die aasdier moet die kwas neem en onder die wiele vee, en onder die leiding van die draaiers en die snyers in die algemeen wees. Ek was gereeld verplig om plat te lê om te voorkom dat ek omgery of gevang word.

Dit is nie waar om die werk van stukke en aasdiere as voortdurend spannend voor te stel nie. Die liggaam se posisie is nie skadelik nie: die kinders loop rond en kry die geleentheid om gereeld te sit as hulle so geneig is.

Die aasdiere, wat in die verslag van die fabriekskomitee gesê is dat hulle 'voortdurend in droefheid is, altyd in angs, en elke oomblik wat hulle moet spaar, strek hul hele lengte in 'n toestand van sweet. " Ek het die aasdiere vier minute op 'n slag in stilte gesien, maar ek kon beslis nie vind dat hulle die simptome van die toestand vertoon wat in die verslag van die fabriekskomitee beskryf word nie.

Die stukke, meisies of seuns, loop langs die muil terwyl dit vorder of terugtrek, haal die gebreekte drade op en verenig dit weer. Die aasdier, 'n seuntjie of dogtertjie, kruip af en toe onder die muil as dit rus, en maak die meganisme skoon van oorbodige olie, stof en vuil.

Die menings van twee mediese heer van Manchester, met wie ek oor fabrieke en gesondheid gepraat het, het sommige hieroor gesê: dat die wreedheid van Manchester en van die Manchester -agente nie te wyte is aan die arbeid van die meulens nie, maar aan die gebrekkige huishoudelike reëlings vir netheid en ventilasie.


Werk van die huis af: Engelse binnelandse tekstielbedryf

Verken die verhaal van Engeland se binnelandse tekstielbedryf, die geboue wat hulle gehuisves het en die mense wat daarin gewerk het.

Om tuis te werk, is vir baie van ons nou 'n werklikheid. Dit is ook iets waarmee ons voorouers vertroud was.

In die vyftigerjare het die historikus JM Perst huise gefotografeer wat vir huishoudelike tekstielproduksie gebruik is. Hierdie 'kothuisbedryf' het oorleef lank nadat die industriële revolusie die lewens van die meeste mense verander het.

Lees verder om die verhaal van hierdie nywerhede, die geboue wat hulle gehuisves het en die mense wat daarin gewerk het, te verken - met die fokus op Hillfields, 'n voorstad in die hartjie van die lintweefbedryf van Coventry.


Tekstielbedryf in Indiese scenario

Die tekstielbedryf beklee 'n unieke plek in ons land. Dit is een van die vroegste wat in Indië tot stand gekom het, beslaan 14% van die totale industriële produksie, dra by tot byna 30% van die totale uitvoer en is die tweede grootste indiensnemingsgenerator naas die landbou. Die tekstielbedryf voorsien in een van die mees basiese behoeftes van mense, en dit is belangrik om volgehoue ​​groei te handhaaf om lewensgehalte te verbeter. Dit het 'n unieke posisie as 'n selfstandige bedryf, van die vervaardiging van grondstowwe tot die lewering van voltooide produkte, met 'n aansienlike waardetoevoeging in elke stadium van verwerking, dit is 'n groot bydrae tot die land se ekonomie. Die groot potensiaal daarvan om werkgeleenthede in die landbou-, nywerheids-, georganiseerde en gedesentraliseerde sektore en landelike en stedelike gebiede te skep, veral vir vroue en benadeeldes, is opmerklik. Alhoewel die ontwikkeling van die tekstielsektor vroeër plaasgevind het in terme van algemene beleide, erken die belangrikheid van hierdie sektor.

Inleiding

Die tekstielbedryf ondergaan 'n groot heroriëntering in die rigting van nie-kledingstowwe van tekstiele, bekend as tegniese tekstiele, wat ongeveer twee keer groter word as die tekstiel vir kledingstoepassings en nou meer as die helfte van die totale tekstielproduksie uitmaak. Die prosesse wat betrokke is by die vervaardiging van tegniese tekstiele verg duur toerusting en geskoolde werkers en is tans gekonsentreer in ontwikkelde lande. Tegniese tekstiele het baie toepassings, insluitend lakensfiltrasie en skuurmateriaal, meubels en termiese beskerming teen stoffering en bloedabsorberende gordels, kleeflint en verskeie ander gespesialiseerde produkte en toepassings. Die Indiese tekstielbedryf ondergaan 'n vinnige transformasie en is besig met integrasie met die wêreldwye tekstielhandel en -industrie. Hierdie verandering word gedryf deur die geleidelike aftakeling van die MFA en die noodsaaklikheid van die onlangs ondertekende Algemene Ooreenkoms Handel & ampstarief. In hierdie gewaagde, nuwe scenario moet Indië verder gaan as sy rol as 'n land wat slegs 'n bevredigende kwota is.

Geskiedenis van tekstiel

Die geskiedenis van tekstiel is amper so oud soos die van die menslike beskawing, en namate die tyd aanstap, het die tekstielgeskiedenis homself verder verryk. In die 6de en 7de eeu v.C. kom die oudste aanduiding van die gebruik van vesel saam met die uitvinding van vlas en wolstof by die opgrawing van inwoners van die Switserse meer. In Indië is die kultuur van sy in 400AD ingevoer, terwyl katoen spore terug na 3000 vC draai. In China het die ontdekking en gevolglike ontwikkeling van serikultuur- en spinsy -metodes om 2640 vC begin, terwyl in Egipte die kuns om linne te draai en weef in 3400 vC ontwikkel het. Die ontdekking van masjiene en die wydverspreide toepassing daarvan in die verwerking van natuurlike vesels was 'n direkte uitvloeisel van die industriële revolusie van die 18de en 19de eeu. Die ontdekkings van verskillende sintetiese vesels soos nylon het 'n wyer mark vir tekstielprodukte geskep en geleidelik gelei tot die uitvinding van nuwe en verbeterde bronne van natuurlike vesel. Die ontwikkeling van vervoer- en kommunikasiegeriewe het die verhandeling van gelokaliseerde vaardighede en tekstielkuns tussen verskillende lande vergemaklik.

Tekstielgeskiedenis in Indië


Indiese tekstiel geniet 'n ryk erfenis en die oorsprong van tekstiele in Indië spoor terug na die Indusvallei -beskawing, waar mense tuisgemaakte katoen gebruik het om hul klere te weef. Rigveda, die vroegste van die Veda, bevat literêre inligting oor tekstiele en verwys na weefwerk. Ramayana en Mahabharata, die vooraanstaande Indiese epos, beeld die bestaan ​​van 'n wye verskeidenheid weefsels in antieke Indië uit. Hierdie epos verwys na ryk en gestileerde kledingstuk wat deur die aristokrate gedra word en gewone eenvoudige klere wat die gewone mense dra. Die hedendaagse Indiese tekstiel weerspieël nie net die wonderlike verlede nie, maar voldoen ook aan die vereistes van die moderne tyd.

Invloede van veranderinge wat die bedryf vorm

Ons sal 'n paar van die meer beduidende veranderinge wat die Indiese tekstielbedryf het, vorm en vorm.

Veranderinge in klem

Daar was 'n duidelike en positiewe verskuiwing van kwaliteit na kwaliteit. Vroeër is Indiese tekstiele as goedkoop en van lae gehalte beskou. Die bedryf is destyds gedryf deur groot volumes, wat van kardinale belang was. Die beste kwaliteit is in Europa en Japan vervaardig. Sedertdien het Indië 'n lang pad gevorder en ontstaan ​​as 'n vervaardiger van garings en weefsels van hoë gehalte. Die toonaangewende meulens soos Raymonds, Read & amp Taylor, Aravind -meulens, ens. Verbeter hul kwaliteitstandaarde wat in die wêreld heers.

Implementering van nuwe toerusting

Die tekstielbedryf het ook 'n hoë tegnologie geword. Die tekstielbedryf het ook 'n hoëtegnologie -industrie geword. Geen liggaam kon vroeër bekommerd gewees het dat die bedryf tegniese vaardighede van die hoogste gehalte sou benodig nie. Die moderne tekstielmasjinerie is volledig gerekenariseer en benodig nuwe vaardighede om dit effektief te bestuur.

Nuwe bemarkingstendens

Aan die bemarkingskant was daar 'n totale verandering, met byna alle spelers in die bedryf wat hul bereik tot internasionale markte uitbrei. Die impak van hierdie neigings op die tekstielbedryf is groot. 'N Onderneming kan homself toenemend net op die plaaslike markvraag of slegs uitvoer uitvoer. Daar moet gekyk word na die globale markte in totaliteit.

Kompetisie

Hierdie dwang om toegang te verkry tot en mee te ding op internasionale markte, was miskien een van die reddende genade vir die bedryf. Dit is duidelik dat die vermoë en die noodsaaklikheid om wêreldwye mededinging te ontmoet, die bedryf genoop het om sy tegnologie, produkkwaliteit, kostestruktuur en bemarkingsvaardighede op te gradeer. Ons het werklik meer uit die kompetisies geleer as by onsself.

Gedesentraliseerde sektore

'N Ander sigbare verandering hou verband met die omvang van die bedrywighede. Vroeër was die tekstielmeulens oor die algemeen redelik groot. Die grootte word 'n nie-beperkende faktor met die koms van die kragweefsel, wat klein wewers in staat gestel het om hul eie weefsels te maak en te bemark in direkte kompetisie met groot meulens.

Tegnokrate

'N Ander verskuiwing in die bedryf is met betrekking tot entrepreneurskap. Dit was moontlik dat tegnokrate klein, draaiende, weef- en verwerkingsfabrieke kon hê. Dit alles was vroeër die domein, slegs van groot ondernemings.

Kostebewussyn

Die groter mededingingsdruk het die noodsaaklikheid beklemtoon om die koste van elke tipe, of dit nou energie, water of arbeid is, te beheer, en elke fabriek is baie kostebewus en industriële ingenieurs hou 'n gedetailleerde spoor van elke kosteparameter, insluitend energie verbruik insluitend energieverbruik, afvalbeheer, masjiendoeltreffendheid en produktiwiteit. Dit sal ongetwyfeld 'n deurlopende oefening moet wees. Aangesien koste genadeloos en aanhoudend verlaag moet word.

Arbeidsintensiewe bedryf

Die tekstielbedryf wat arbeidsintensief is, migreer stadig uit hoëkostelande, soos die Verenigde State, Europa, Japan, Australië, Taiwan en Korea. Al hierdie lande was op 'n tyd toonaangewende tekstielvervaardigers. Maar met die hoë arbeidskoste word kapasiteit in hierdie lande elders herlei. Dit gebeur, selfs al ontwikkel die ontwikkelde ekonomieë groot beleggings in beter masjinerie en outomatisme.


Die nuwe lewe tydens industrialisering

Die industriële rewolusie, ondanks die vele voordele daarvan, soos om die pad na die moderne lewe te bepaal, was nie ideaal vir fabriekswerkers nie. Besigheidseienaars en entrepreneurs was diegene wat voorspoed geniet het en die industriële lewe, 'n lewenswyse, wat op die draerskouers van gewone werkers uitgevoer is. Die industriële revolusie was verantwoordelik vir georganiseerde werk, dissipline, 'n werkskedule en vele ander dinge wat ons as samelewing tot vandag toe gehou het. Maar in die nasleep van die rewolusie is werkers nie deur wette beskerm nie, en sommige sou selfs sê dat dit eintlik die eiendom van die fabriek was. Fabriekswerkers moes dag en nag werk vir ellendige loontjeks in gevaarlike omstandighede sonder veiligheidswaarborg tot die stigting van die eerste vakbonde wat ook in die 19de eeu gebore is met die doel om die misbruik van werknemers te stop.

Wat die omgewing betref, is die industriële revolusie gekenmerk deur besoedeling, vuil lug, rook, en die dorpe het gou grys geword onder die swaar rookwolke. Manchester was veral bekend vir mis, besoedelde lug en industriële afval, en dit word dikwels bestempel as die stad van hebsug, konstante werk en wins met sy groot industriële skoorstene wat skynbaar nooit slaap nie.

Hierdie inligting word verskaf deur


Opstel oor katoen tekstielbedryf

Lees hierdie opstel om meer te wete te kom oor die tekstielbedryf in katoen. Na die lees van hierdie opstel leer u: 1. Geskiedenis van die katoentekstielbedryf 2. Ligging van die katoentekstielbedryf 3. Onlangse neiging in lokalisering 4. Produksie en handel.

Opstel # Geskiedenis van die katoen tekstielbedryf:

Die tekstielbedryf van katoen is die oudste onder alle vervaardigingsaktiwiteite. Die geskiedenis van die katoen tekstielbedryf kan selfs in die vroeë fase van die menslike beskawing opgespoor word. Die teken van die bestaan ​​van die katoen -tekstielbedryf was goed gevestig in al die vroeë beskawings, soos Indusvallei, Egipte, Vedies, Romeins, ens.

Selfs vandag is hierdie bedryf miskien die algemeenste bedryf ter wêreld. Wat kapitaalbetrokkenheid en arbeidsdeelname betref, is die katoentekstielbedryf ongetwyfeld ongeëwenaard in die industriële wêreld.

Byna elke land in die wêreld is nou ontsteld oor die vervaardiging van tekstielprodukte. Hierdie tradisionele bedryf het 'n seevorming in sy lang geskiedenis ondergaan, maar die basiese kenmerke van die bedryf bly onveranderd.

Katoen tekstielbedryf is 'n arbeidsintensiewe agro-gebaseerde bedryf. Wêreldwyd bied tekstielbedryf en milieu werk aan miljoene. Alhoewel die behoefte aan arbeid heeltemal afhanklik is van die tegnologiese en sjinologiese vooruitgang van die land, is die arbeidsbetrokkenheid in die tekstielbedryf baie hoog in vergelyking met ander nywerhede.

Afhangende van die aard van die produkte, kan tekstielgoedere onderverdeel word in drie hoofgroepe. Hierdie goedere word in verskillende vervaardigingsfases vervaardig.

I. Tekstiel- en tekstielprodukte.

III. Produkte vir ander gebruik.

Die tekstiel- en tekstielprodukte dek 'n wye verskeidenheid goedere. Die produksieproses is op vlak gebaseer. Minstens drie produksieproses is nodig vir die vervaardiging van tekstielgoedere, bv. spin, weef en vervaardiging van stukgoed. Die produksie van klere is 'n uitbreiding van die tekstielbedryf. Dit produseer produkte vir direkte verbruik van mense.

Opstel # Ligging van die katoen tekstielbedryf:

Enige onbeplande industriële konsentrasie, in sy gevorderde stadium, moet verskeie sosio- en sku -ekonomiese nadele in die gesig staar. 'N Wetenskaplike en beplande ligging kan slegs wins maksimeer deur die koste te verminder. Die tekstielbedryf van katoen is geen uitsondering nie.

Om die totale produksie- en bemarkingsbesteding en volhoubare groei in die toekoms te verminder, moet die bedryf die ligging met die laagste koste uitvind. Net soos ander vervaardigingsbedrywe, speel die koste van arbeid, mark en vervoer 'n deurslaggewende rol in die keuse van die industriële ligging.

Volgens die Weberiese terminologie is katoen as grondstof suiwer van aard. Die verhouding van rou katoen en eindproduk, lap, is dieselfde. Die materiaalindeks van grondstowwe is dus eenheid. Daar word beraam dat gewigsverlies van rou katoen tydens vervaardiging onbeduidend is. Byvoorbeeld, een ton rou katoen produseer een ton garing.

Hierdie hoeveelheid gare lewer ook 'n ton lap. Aangesien daar geen gewigsverlies van grondstof in die vervaardigingsproses is nie, kan grondstof volgens die Weberiaanse hipotese geen beduidende invloed op die liggingspatroon uitoefen nie.

In hierdie geval kan die katoentekstielbedryf in die mark, grondstof of op enige tussenplek geleë wees. Ongeag die ligging, vervoerkoste sal nie verander nie. Aangesien vervoerkoste nie 'n aansienlike trek kan uitoefen nie, bepaal die ander faktore, soos die loonkoers van die arbeid, markfasiliteite, die beskikbaarheid van grondstowwe, klimaat, krag en agglomerasie van nywerhede die ligging.

Die algemene neiging van die ligging van die tekstielbedryf toon aan dat ondernemers drie soorte liggings verkies.

1. Die tekstielsentrums binne die mark.

2. Die tekstielsentrums binne die grondstofbron.

3. Die tekstielsentrums het tussen die twee streke ontwikkel.

Volgens die konsep met die laagste koste, moet die markplek die meeste voorkeur geniet. As krag en goedkoop arbeid binne die mark beskikbaar is, is die produksiekoste minimaal. Die mark in die katoenproduserende gebied sal natuurlik die winsgewendste plek wees. Dit is egter 'n seldsame kombinasie. Bombay, Ahmedabad in Indië, Sjanghai in China, Tasjkent in die GOS en Atlanta in die VSA verteenwoordig hierdie tipe ligging.

Voorheen het klimaat 'n dominante rol gespeel in die ligging van die katoentekstielbedryf. Die meeste nywerhede in die afgelope eeue is ontwikkel in streke met 'n sagte en vogtige klimaat. In droë streke was draadbreuk die belangrikste struikelblok vir weef en spin. Die klassieke voorbeeld van klimaatgeleide plekke was in Bombay in Indië en New England in die VSA

Tekstielgoedere, veral die vraag na klere, word altyd deur die mode gelei. In die meeste gevalle is tekstielgoedere opvallend van aard. Met verloop van tyd verander die mode van die samelewing en die smaak van die verbruiker aansienlik. Om tred te hou met die veranderende mode en bewus te wees van die aangepaste smaak van tekstielmeulens wat verbruikers vervaardig, stel hulle hul eenhede naby die mark op.

Byvoorbeeld, in die vroeë groei, is Amerikaanse tekstielmeulens in New England gevestig, dit wil sê in die omgewing van die mark, hoewel die grootste deel van die katoen in die suidelike en suiwer state vervaardig is. Sedert die tsaristiese periode word katoen grootliks verbou in die Asiatiese GOS, maar tekstielmeulens was hoofsaaklik gekonsentreer in sy Europese eweknie, meestal in die markgebied Moskou-Tula en Oekraïne.

Wat die lokalisering van katoen betref, is die faktore kompleks. Die lokaliseringsfaktore wissel ruimtelik. Selfs die sosiale en ekonomiese toestande van die streek beheer die terreinkeuse. Die redes is ook baie dinamies van aard. Anders as ander nywerhede, is lokaliseringsfaktore ook nie staties nie. Trouens, van tyd tot tyd verander die liggingspatroon.

Die staat New England in die VSA is byvoorbeeld nie meer 'n ideale plek vir die groei van die bedryf nie. Dit het baie van sy vroeëre voordele verloor. Die bedryf is verskuif na die katoenverbouingsgebiede van die suide van die VSA.

In Rusland was 'n migrerende neiging van tekstielmeulens in die rigting van die Asiatiese katoen verbouingskanale sigbaar. In Indië, byvoorbeeld, verloor die tekstielsentrums van Bombay-Ahmedabad ook hul vorige betekenis en word nuwe sentrums opgerig rondom die plaaslike markte.

Daar kan gesê word dat, met die verdwyning van oorspronklike voordele, nywerhede 'n sentrifugale neiging uit die streek toon. Die nuwe sentrums neem die plek in van afnemende tradisionele sentrums. 'N Historiese ontleding van die liggingspatroon toon aan dat tekstielmeulens in die vroeëre groeitydperk in die rigting van grondstofbronne ontwikkel is, want op daardie stadium was die vervoerstelsel swak ontwikkel. Weg van die katoenverbouingsgebied was die beskikbaarheid van rou katoen ook baie laag.

As gevolg van 'n groter vraag, was die prys van rou katoen natuurlik op die verre plekke hoog. Maar in die tweede fase van ontwikkeling het die vinnige vordering van die vervoerstelsel maklike toeganklikheid in die streek moontlik gemaak.

Destyds het die prys van rou katoen dieselfde geword naby die grondstofbron en die mark. Uiteraard het die mark gunsteling geword vir die ligging van die plant. Die belangrikheid van grondstof het geleidelik sy vorige belangrikheid verloor.

Die belangrikheid van krag in die lokalisering van die katoen tekstielbedryf kan nie onderskat word nie. In die eerste ontwikkelingsperiode was die tekstielbedrywe meestal langs die waterbron geleë. Maar met die bekendstelling van steenkool, was die waterplek nie meer belangrik nie, maar die beskikbaarheid van steenkool speel steeds 'n belangrike rol in die bepaling van die ligging.

Die tekstielbedryf van katoen was basies 'n arbeidsintensiewe bedryf. Die vroeë geskiedenis van lokalisering en verskuiwing in enige land toon dat die ontwikkeling van die katoen tekstielbedryf 'n voorvereiste was. Die behoefte aan klere en die vereiste van lae tegnologie het die ondernemers in staat gestel om die bedryf op die been te bring. 'N Geringste opleiding was genoeg vir die arbeiders om kennis te maak met die produksiestelsel.

Op daardie tydstip was die loonkoers van die arbeid ook baie laag. Die loonkoers van die arbeid was 'n belangrike oorweging vir die ligging. 'N Geringe verhoging van die loonkoers het baie verskil gemaak tussen die een plek en die ander. New England -tekstielsentrums in die VSA het byvoorbeeld na Piemonte verskuif vanweë die heersende loonkoers.

In sommige gevalle het spesialisering in 'n spesifieke produk en die algemene kwaliteit van die produk baie gehelp om die ontwikkeling te handhaaf. In hierdie gevalle floreer die tekstielbedryf op die uitvoermark. Die ontwikkeling van die Lancashire-streek in Engeland en Tokio-Yokohama in Japan was sterk en skaam van die buitelandse mark.

Opstel # Onlangse neiging in lokalisering van die katoen tekstielbedryf:

Die onlangse neigings in die ontwikkeling van tekstielbedrywe verskil duidelik in ontwikkelings- en ontwykende lande soos die VSA, Japan, die Verenigde Koninkryk en ontwikkelende en onderontwikkelde lande soos China, Indië, Bangladesh, ens. industrie is verspreiding.

In hoogs ontwikkelde lande van Wes -Europa, Japan en die VSA is die produksie van tradisionele goedere nie meer belangrik nie. Hierdie lande konsentreer nou op die vervaardiging van kwaliteit goedere eerder as die vervaardiging van growwe vesel. Die invoer van primêre produkte uit onderontwikkelde en ondergeskikte lande is goedkoper om dit binne die lande te vervaardig.

Hierdie ingevoerde goedere word as grondstowwe behandel en vir kwaliteit produksie gebruik. Die tegniese kennis van die ontwikkelde lande dien nou as hul hoofstad. Hierdie beperkte tegnologie skep 'n voordeel vir gevorderde lande. Die rol van onderontwikkelde lande word dus as 'n blote grondstofverskaffer beskou.

Die outomatisering en hoë loonkoers van die arbeid het die lande genoodsaak om 'n kapitaalintensiewe vervaardigingsaktiwiteit aan te gaan, eerder die voormalige arbeidsintensiewe aktiwiteit. Maar, in vergelyking met die ander vervaardigingsaktiwiteite, benodig katoentekstiel nog steeds 'n vergelykbare en skamele lae kapitaal.

Die tradisionele lande met die hoogste posisie in katoentekstielbedrywe, soos die VSA en Japan, staar nou skerp mededinging van die opkomende lande soos Taiwan en Suid-Korea in die gesig.

Die tekstiel- en klerebedryf word as 'n basiese bedryf beskou. Al die ontwikkelende lande probeer nou hul inheemse nywerheid ontwikkel, vanweë toenemende mededinging in die internasionale sowel as op die tuismark van gevorderde tekstielproduserende lande.

Om die indringing van buitelandse produkte te weerstaan, word die tekstielbedryf meer en meer kennis -ingrypend. Die kleinste kostefaktor speel ook 'n dominante rol. Die vernuwing van sintetiese vesels bied groot probleme vir die groei van die tekstielbedryf. Om hierdie skerp mededinging die hoof te bied, is 'n verbeterde verskeidenheid weeflywe soos pendel minder weefstoel en lugstraalweefstelle bekendgestel vir hoër produksie.

Die lokaliseringsfaktore van die katoen tekstielbedryf is so kompleks dat dit baie moeilik is om vas te stel wat die redes is vir die konsentrasie van nywerhede in 'n spesifieke streek. Die oorspronklike faktore bestaan ​​nie meer nie, maar die nuwe faktore verander ook steeds.

Die faktore wat verantwoordelik is vir die ligging van haar katoentekstielbedryf in die VSA, is moontlik nie van toepassing op Indië nie. Die alomteenwoordige en skaam mark van katoentekstielbedrywe regoor die wêreld is moontlik verantwoordelik vir die verspreide of verspreide aard van die katoentekstielbedryf.

Opstel # Produksie en verhandeling van katoen tekstielprodukte:

Alhoewel die tekstielbedryf een van die mees verspreide nywerhede ter wêreld is en oor die hele wêreld ontwikkel is, kom die grootste deel van die produksie uit min lande ter wêreld. Die tradisionele produserende lande soos China, Japan, GOS en Indië dra die grootste deel van die produksie by, maar as gevolg van die groot vraag in die land, neem die uitvoer van hierdie lande geleidelik af.

Die nuut ontwikkelde lande soos Taiwan, Suid -Korea, Hong Kong, Singapoer, Brasilië en Mexiko voer meer as die helfte van die totale uitvoer van vervaardigde tekstielgoedere uit. Die vinnige ontwikkeling van sintetiese vesels in die ontwikkelde lande soos die VSA, Japan, Suid -Korea, Duitsland en GOS het die produksie van katoentekstielprodukte grootliks verminder. Die goedkoop prys van die produkte uit nuwe lande het ook die uitvoer van toonaangewende lande verminder.

Volgens die beskikbare syfers van 2005-06 het ses lande uit China, Indië, Rusland, die VSA, Japan en Italië in 2004 70 % van die wêreld se produksie opgelewer. Indië, GOS, die VSA en Japan.

Die produksie van verskillende lande word in die tabel gegee. Japan is die leier van die uitvoer van katoen tekstielprodukte. Tans voer Taiwan, Hong Kong en Suid -Korea ook 'n aansienlike hoeveelheid tekstielprodukte uit. Indië en Duitsland voer 'n mate van tekstielprodukte uit nadat hulle aan hul binnelandse vereistes voldoen het.


Groei in die industrie van formaldehied-aasdiere, neigings, grootte, aandeel, spelers, omvang van die produk, streeksvraag, impakte van COVID-19 en voorspelling vir 2026

Global Market Monitor stel die nuwe marknavorsingsverslag bekend: “Groei, markneigings, neigings, grootte, aandeel, spelers, produkomvang, streeksaanvraag, COVID-19-impak en voorspelling in 2026 vir die produksie van formaldehied” markspelers in die gesig staar in die Formaldehyde Scavengers -mark. Verder word die verslag aangevul deur markdinamika, streekontleding, segmentstudie, 'n reeks historiese syfers en tabelle van 2014 tot 2020 en voorspelling tot 2026.

Formaldehied -aasdiere word gebruik om die uitstoot te verlaag in die vervaardiging van veselplaat en spaanplaat met medium digtheid en ook in voltooide produkte. Langdurige formaldehiedvrystellings kan moontlike gesondheidsgevare inhou en daarom word dit noodsaaklik om hierdie emissies te beheer. Formaldehied -aasdiere is gebruik om formaldehiedvrystellings in verskeie hout-, papier- en tekstielbedrywe te verlaag.

As gevolg van die toename in toepassings, word verwag dat die wêreldmark aansienlik sal groei, so in die komende paar jaar sal die versending van formaldehied -aasdiere 'n bestendige neiging toon.

As gevolg van die implementering van streng regulasies rakende formaldehiedvrystellings, sal dit 'n sterk stukrag gee aan die wêreldwye formaldehied -aasmark. Die formaldehiedvanger het ook die vermoë om die produksie van formaldehied in die vervaardigingsproses van houtbord te belemmer. Een van die belangrikste faktore vir die groei van die wêreld se afvalmark vir formaldehied kan die toename in die vraag na kunshoutpanele wees.

Kry 'n GRATIS voorbeeld van die markverslag van formaldehied -aasdiere by:
https://www.globalmarketmonitor.com/request.php?type=3&rid=590251

Die belangrikste spelers in hierdie verslag bevat:
Georgia-Stille Oseaan Chemikalieë
StarChem
CHIMAR
SYNTHRON
Smaragdmateriaal
TAG Chemcials
Jagter
Belangrike kwessies aangespreek

Die tipe- en toepassingsanalise:
Op grond van die tipe vertoon hierdie verslag die verkoopsvolume, inkomste (miljoen dollar), produkprys, markaandeel en groeitempo van elke tipe, hoofsaaklik verdeel in:
Neutralisasie reaksie
Katalitiese ontbinding
Oksidasie-vermindering
Sluitprop

Op grond van die toepassing toon hierdie verslag die verkoopsvolume, inkomste (miljoen dollar), produkprys, markaandeel en groeikoers van elke toepassing/eindgebruiker, hoofsaaklik verdeel in:
Houtpaneel
Bedekking
stof
Binne -omgewingsbeskerming
Ander

Klik op die onderstaande skakel om die belangrikste tendense in die bedryf te identifiseer:
https://www.globalmarketmonitor.com/reports/590251-formaldehyde-scavengers-market-report.html

Volledige inhoudsopgawe
https://www.globalmarketmonitor.com/request.php?type=3&rid=590251

Formaldehied aasdiere rapporteer inhoudsopgawe:
Hoofstuk 1 Verslagoorsig
Hoofstuk 2 Markneigings en mededingende landskap
Hoofstuk 3 Segmentering van die mark vir formaldehiedvreters volgens soorte
Hoofstuk 4 Segmentering van die mark vir formaldehied-aasdiere deur eindgebruikers
Hoofstuk 5 Markanalise volgens groot streke
Hoofstuk 6 Produkproduk van die mark vir formaldehied -aasdiere in groot lande
Hoofstuk 7 Noord -Amerika Formaldehied aasdiere Landskap Analise
Hoofstuk 8 Europa Formaldehied aasdiere Landskapsanalise
Hoofstuk 9 Asië -Stille Oseaan Formaldehied aasdiere Landskap Analise
Chapter 10 Latin America, Middle East & Africa Formaldehyde Scavengers Landscape Analysis
Chapter 11 Major Players Profile
11.1 Georgia-Pacific Chemicals

11.1.1 Georgia-Pacific Chemicals Company Profile and Recent Development

11.1.3 Product and Service Introduction

11.2.1 StarChem Profile and Recent Development

11.2.3 Product and Service Introduction

11.3.1 CHIMAR Company Profile and Recent Development

11.3.3 Product and Service Introduction

Chapter 12 Data Source and Research Methodology
The List of Tables and Figures

Avail a FREE Sample to Know More About the Complete Report:
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Available Customizations - Market Monitor offers customizations according to the company’s specific needs.
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Key Questions Answered by This Report:
What is the size and CAGR of the Formaldehyde Scavengers Market?
What are the key driving factors of the most profitable regional market?
Which are the leading companies in the global market?
How will the Formaldehyde Scavengers Market advance in the coming years?
What are the main strategies adopted in the global market?
Which region may hit the highest market share in the coming era?
What trends, challenges, and barriers will impact the development and sizing of the Formaldehyde Scavengers Market?

Get More Information on Global Market Monitor:
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https://www.globalmarketmonitor.com/reports/590158-smart-weight-scale-market-report.html

Bioimplants Market Report
https://www.globalmarketmonitor.com/reports/590157-bioimplants-market-report.html

Flame Cutting Machines Market Report
https://www.globalmarketmonitor.com/reports/590156-flame-cutting-machines-market-report.html

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https://www.globalmarketmonitor.com/reports/590155-azadirechtin-market-report.html

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Textile Industry

The textile industry includes establishments that convert synthetic and natural fibres into yarn, cloth, felt, etc, for use in MANUFACTURING clothing, upholstery, household linens, etc. The textile and CLOTHING INDUSTRIES together are among Canada's largest manufacturing-sector employers. Total employment averages about 170,700, broken down as follows: textiles, 60,000 and clothing factories, 110,600. Textile-mill shipments average about $6 billion annually.

History Records show that as long ago as 1671 pioneer settlers were making wool materials for clothing and furnishings. Eventually, there were hundreds of custom carding and cloth-fulling mills scattered in communities throughout Upper and Lower Canada and the Maritimes. The first complete factory system of woollen cloth manufacture started in 1826 when Mahlon Willett established a mill at l'Acadie in Lower Canada. Some evidence exists that a small cotton mill operated at Chambly (or St Athanase), Lower Canada, from 1844 to at least 1846. However, more evidence exists that a cotton mill was built in Sherbrooke, LC, in 1844. It operated until it burned in 1854 and, as it had some knitting machines in use, may have a claim to being the first knitting mill as well. In 1853 a small cotton mill was established at the St-Gabriel lock on the Lachine canal it operated until at least 1871. Other early records include a knitting factory with powered knitting machines established in a mill at Ancaster [Ont] in 1859 and the Lybster Mills, established in Merritton [Ont] in 1860. The first silk-manufacturing concern was established in Montréal by Belding Paul & Co in 1876.

The age of synthetics began in 1925 when Courtaulds (Canada) Ltd built a plant in Cornwall, Ont, to make the then new viscose rayon, often called artificial silk. Courtaulds was quickly followed in 1926 by Celanese Canada, which erected a plant in Drummondville, Qué, to make acetate yarn. In 1942 the first nylon yarn was produced in Canada by DuPont. At the time, the height of WWII, nylon remained a well-kept secret the first production was 45 denier yarn for weaving into parachute cloth. The first product made after the war was nylon hosiery yarn.

Polyester was introduced to Canada in the 1950s by ICI Ltd. Later, DuPont and Celanese became important manufacturers of this synthetic fibre, with the trade name "Dacron" used by DuPont and "Fortrel" by Celanese. Another major producer of nylon fibre in Canada is Badische Canada, of Arnprior, Ont. Its product is used mainly in carpets. Polypropylene, a most versatile synthetic fibre made by Celanese, is widely used for indoor-outdoor carpeting and for types of nonwoven textiles.

There are about 1085 textile-manufacturing plants in Canada, most of them located in Québec and Ontario. The Canadian clothing or apparel industry, with 2465 plants, is the largest single consumer of textiles, using about 40% of the industry's output (fibre-weight equivalent). The ability of the textile industry to supply its home furnishings and industrial customers depends, in large part, on the continued existence of the clothing industry. Without the economies of scale made possible by the total market, almost every subsector of the textile industry would be threatened. Thus, textiles and clothing, while separate industries, are indivisible from the standpoint of industrial survival. They are also only 2 links in a long chain that starts with the consumer, goes back through retailers to apparel manufacturers, dyers and finishers, weavers and knitters, fibre producers, the PETROCHEMICAL INDUSTRY (from which the raw materials for synthetic fibres come), and finally to the oil and gas wells. The disappearance of any link would weaken, perhaps fatally, the rest of the chain.

The employment links are also important. The weighted average employment multiplier for the textile and clothing industries has been estimated to be 1.65 ie, each job in textiles and clothing supports 1.65 jobs elsewhere in the economy. By this measure, the industries' 170,700 jobs support 281,650 additional jobs in other sectors.

Canada remains a relatively open market for textile and clothing imports from developed and developing nations. Canada's consumption of textiles and clothing by volume is about 2% of the world's total, and Canadian mills now supply less than 50% of this amount. The largest proportion of textile imports comes from developed countries (although in recent years this proportion has decreased somewhat as more come from developing countries) the largest proportion of clothing imports from developing countries. Despite substantial import-restraint legislation, Canada accepts 9 times more per capita in textiles from developed countries than the US and 3 times as much as the European Economic Community. Steps by the Canadian government, assuring the textile industry of the continuation of special protection measures, have created a fairly stable climate of confidence and have stimulated investment. The proposed FREE TRADE agreement with the US has caused some uncertainty about the future in the industry however, it would favour free trade with the US if "the adjustment and transition conditions are adequate" to retain this level of confidence.

The Canadian textile industry is internationally competitive with other developed countries in price, quality and product variety. The primary industry is as technologically efficient and productive as any in the world. Major technological advances have been introduced to accompany the shift from natural to synthetic fibres and blends, including the adoption of advanced spinning, weaving, knitting, nonwoven and finishing machinery, electronic and computerized control equipment and methods of reducing energy consumption. Canada was a pioneer in introducing a new open-end type of yarn spinning and is a leader in the use of shuttleless weaving machines. Canada rates with the leaders in the production and technical development of nonwoven fabrics, particularly in their use in geotextiles (eg, ASBESTOS fibres). Computers and microprocessors are widely used in manufacturing operations.

Today the industry consists of the survivors of an extended and rigorous period of rationalization. The remaining firms are efficient, cost conscious and adaptable to the changing marketplace. Dominion Textile Inc, headquartered in Montréal, is by far the largest textile manufacturer in Canada, with annual sales of about $927 million in 1986. The company has 40 manufacturing facilities, 26 located in Canada, 7 in the US, 6 in Europe and one in Hong Kong. Of the Canadian plants, 17 are in Québec, 8 in Ontario and one in NS. Total employment is 10 500. Thirteen percent of the shares are owned by the Caisse de dépôt.

The textile industry continues to spend large sums on new machinery and modernization of facilities. For example, spending on capital equipment and repairs during the 1970s amounted to $1.8 billion, and it will be more than $3.0 billion in the 1980s. The industry has improved its export performance without imposing sacrifices on its domestic customers. To be successful in the export of commodities, such as textiles, a secure domestic base must underpin the higher risks, costs and lower net returns inherent in export marketing. The industry has recently operated in a more confident climate, which has encouraged a strong flow of investment into efficient, highly productive textile processes.


What did your ancestors do for a living?

So, you've researched your ancestors and found out who they were, where they lived and what they did for work. But what was a crofter? What ships were built in Scotland? And what is a domestic servant?

Uncover what life used to be like for your ancestors in Scotland.

Soldier

  • Before the defeat of Prince Charles Edward Stuart at the Battle of Culloden in 1746, Scotland's clan system employed private armies.
  • After this, Highlanders and Lowlanders fought under the British flag.
  • Scotland had 12 Highland regiments who fought in Europe, North America and India.
  • After defeat in the American War of Independence, disbanded troops were encouraged to settle in Canada and many Scots did.
  • Around 6,000 Scots fought in the Battle of Waterloo in 1815, and many others fought in the Crimean and Boer Wars, as well as World War I and II.
  • Over the last 50 years, many regiments have been disbanded or merged, eventually forming a single Royal Regiment of Scotland in 2006.

Visit the National War Museum and the Royal Scots Regimental Museum at Edinburgh Castle, Fort George near Inverness, the Gordon Highlanders Museum in Aberdeen, the Black Watch Castle & Museum in Perth and the Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders Museum at Stirling Castle to find out more.

Domestic servant

  • During the 19th century, domestic service was the biggest single employer for women and the second largest employer of all workers.
  • Butlers and grooms tended to be male workers, but cleaners, maids and cooks tended to be women.
  • Most domestic servants lived in their employer's house - although they weren't paid much they did at least have a guaranteed roof over their heads.
  • Most servants did all kinds of work and worked long hours with only the odd Sunday off.

Find out more on any visit to a stately home or castle by checking out the 'downstairs' where domestic servants worked. You can also visit the Georgian House in Edinburgh and Pollok House in Glasgow.

Crofter

  • Crofts were found in the Highlands and islands, and were normally worked by the tenant of the croft who paid rent to the landlord.
  • Crofting was often hard work, and was only part of the crofter's working life - often they had another job in their communities.
  • Crofting became much more concentrated after the Highland Clearances of the 18th and 19th centuries.
  • There are currently believed to be around 20,000 working crofts in Scotland. Even today, many crofters also have a second job that provides the majority of their income, or they are retired.

There are many museums throughout the Highlands and islands where you can find out more including the Gairloch Heritage Museum in Auchtercairn, the Skye Museum of Island Life in Kilmuir, Seallam! on Harris, Kirbuster Farm Museum in Orkney and Old Haa Museum in Shetland.

Farmer

  • Before the agricultural revolution, most families kept their own animals and grew enough food to feed themselves.
  • At the end of the 18th century, common grazing was replaced by self-contained farms.
  • Scotland can lay claim to several important developments in farming - including drainage and plough improvements.
  • This increased efficiency led to there being less jobs available, forcing people to move to the industrial towns and even overseas in search of work.
  • Those who stayed on farms lived in 'bothies' if they were single, or basic farm cottages if they were married.

Visit the National Museum of Rural Life in East Kilbride or the Highland Folk Museum in Newtonmore to find out more.

Fisherfolk

  • Fishing has been a big industry in Scotland for hundreds of years. Even today, you can head down to the shores and watch the fish being brought in and sent straight off to our award-winning restaurants.
  • The North Sea has a great variety of fish to offer supporting everything from crab fishing to herring and deep-sea fishing.
  • As well as fishing out on the boats, the industry created lots of jobs back on land with the family of fisherfolk working to gut, preserve, bait lines and repair nets.
  • Fishing tended to be seasonal with people relocating to the ports during the fishing season.

Visit the Scottish Fisheries Museum in Anstruther to find out more.

Shipbuilder

  • Originally shipbuilders were known as shipwrights and their skills were in woodworking.
  • Scotland's main contribution to the Industrial Revolution was to build steel-hulled ships.
  • By 1913, around 18 percent of the world's ships were built on the River Clyde, and the term 'Clyde-built' stood for quality and reliability.
  • Many famous ships were built on the Clyde including the Cunard Queen liners, warships and the Royal Yacht Britannia.
  • Workers were low paid and often didn't have permanent jobs, only working when a contract was secured for a particular ship.
  • During World War I, the shipyards were taken over by the Admiralty. Economic depression followed the war, meaning two thirds of the workforce were unemployed.

Visit the Riverside Museum in Glasgow, the Scottish Maritime Museum in Irvine and the Aberdeen Maritime Museum to find out more.

Coalminer

  • For over 100 years, coalmining played a major part both in providing work and in dominating the landscape of certain areas.
  • Coalmining initially was run by individual landowners, but during the 1800s it changed hands to private companies.
  • It was hard work and dangerous both for the miner, but also for his family - often his wife had to transport the coal that her husband had mined to the surface.

Visit the National Mining Museum Scotland in Newtongrange to find out more.

Weavers

  • Weavers used the threads created by spinners to make a variety of fabrics and materials.
  • Originally weavers worked from home - women and children worked in their own cottages - until the Industrial Revolution when big weaving sheds were set up with power looms.
  • Weavers produced: quality tweeds in the Borders, cottons in the west, damask in Dunfermline, patterned shawls in Paisley and jute in Dundee.
  • After a famous visit of George IV to Edinburgh in 1822, tartan was produced commercially as it enjoyed a big jump in demand.
  • Spinners and weavers often fell out, as weavers thought they were more superior.

Spinners

  • Spinning is when fibres are drawn out and twisted together to make a continuous thread for weaving.
  • Spinning was originally the work of unmarried daughters living in poor households. It's what the term 'spinsters' is based on.
  • Originally they worked at home, but eventually big spinning mills were set up throughout the lowlands and staffed by women and young children.
  • Wages were low and they had to work around 60 hours a week.
  • Steam power eventually replaced water power, so mills could be built in bigger areas such as Paisley and Dundee where there was a bigger workforce.

Visit New Lanark World Heritage Site - a revolutionary cotton mill - and Verdant Works in Dundee.

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Untangling the knot: A brief history of the Canadian textile industry

I have always been a wee bit of a history nerd, long before I chose it as my field of study at Carleton University. I could never stop myself from wondering about the past of places, the people who lived there, the events that transpired, and the experiences that shaped the present.

Egged on by my boundless curiosity, I often buried my head in books and encyclopaedias, and whenever an opportunity presented itself, I would visit historical sites and museums. Imagine my excitement when I found out I was accepted to do my practicum at Ingenium – Canada's Museums of Science and Innovation! Now I could see for myself how history is documented and preserved, and work alongside the dedicated people who contribute to the conservation of our past.

Upon my first tour of the vast museum artifact warehouses, I couldn’t help but gawk at the great multitude of fascinating things — trains, antique cars, telephone station switchboards, typewriters… I was enraptured. However, my excitement was subdued as I approached one of the objects of my study — a steel monstrosity painted green. The Crompton and Knowles industrial silk and rayon loom, model S-6 — former property of Kingston’s DuPont textile facility — was massive, menacing and way out of my league. Yet, I was to acquaint myself with the mechanic beast. This was to be my project: the study of the artifacts in the industrial textile collection and the research of relevant material, for the purpose of expanding Ingenium’s catalogue information. Over the weeks that followed, I familiarized myself with this big machine and others like it in the collection. Although I dubbed it the “green monstrosity,” it was actually a very cool loom, considered to be top of the line in the days of its operation. Through this exploration, I began my investigation into the history of the Canadian textile industry.

Historically, textile manufacturing has been an influential Canadian industry, playing an important economic role throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. In fact, it was the third-largest employer in industrial manufacturing in the mid-nineteenth century, after iron and steel production. In the hard years of 1930 –1935, textile manufacturing sustained industrial employment. By the 1970s, Canadian textile workers earned the highest pay in the sector across the globe.

Taken from trade literature, this image shows the Model R.T.R. Wildt & Co. knitting machine used in Kingston, Ontario.

Prior to the industrialization of textile manufacturing in Canada, fabric was produced at home or imported. The earliest-known mill that undertook all the steps in textile manufacturing was a woollen mill built in the 1820s. More mills producing wool fabric were soon constructed. By the mid-1800s, the industry had expanded to include some 385 cotton mills across Upper and Lower Canada. By the early 1900s, the industry included knit goods production and a growing number of man-made fabrics using innovative blends, with close to 2,000 factories and mills in operation.

At its height in the twentieth century, the textile industry was so well organized and robust that it not only fulfilled up to 60 percent of domestic market demands, but it also met military requirements during both world wars. By the end of twentieth century, the rise of textiles manufactured in developing countries resulted in a decline in Canadian domestic production. Today, the majority of Canada’s textile needs are filled with imported goods.

My practicum at Ingenium broadened my knowledge of Canadian industry and permitted this educational excursion into Canadian history. I am also quite thrilled that I caught a glimpse of the amazing variety of artifacts housed at the museum — over 80,000 pieces demonstrating our progress and ingenuity. Although we did not become great friends, the loom and I, at least I understand its workings a little better.


Indian Textile Industry: History, Significance and Scope

Indian textile industry is one of the oldest industries in the country dating back several centuries. Even today, textile sector is one of the most significant contributors to India’s exports with approximately 13 percent of the total exports. The industry is also labour intensive employing more than a million people in different fields.

The industry has two broad sectors which are – unorganized sector and the organized sector. The unorganized sector consists of handloom, handicrafts and sericulture operating on a small scale, while the organized sector consists of spinning, garments and apparels which requires modern machinery and techniques. Talking about the market size the industry is currently estimated at around 120 billion US dollars and is expected to reach 230 billion US dollars. The Indian government is also coming up with some export promotion policies. It has allowed 100 percent FDI in the Indian textiles sector under the automatic route.

With all the schemes and policies put into practice, the future of Indian textile industry looks promising, buoyed by both strong domestic consumption as well as export demand. With the rise of consumerism and disposable income, the retail sector has experienced rapid growth in the past decade. Several international players like Marks & Spencer, Guess have raised the bar with their entry into the Indian market. With stable inputs, proper capacity utilization and steady domestic demand, the industry is expected to showcase a kind of revolution in the year 2018.
Let us run you through the history and prospects of this promising industry.

History Of Textile Industry
Indian textile enjoys a rich heritage and traces its history back to the Indus valley civilization where people used homespun cotton for weaving their clothes. One of our Veda’s – the Rigveda also contains the literary information about textiles. The Indian epics Ramayana and Mahabharata even talk about the wide variety of fabrics in ancient India. These chronicles refer to both stylized garments worn by the aristocrats and ordinary clothes worn by the common man. The modern-day textile not only reflects the splendid past but also caters to the requirements of contemporary times.

Looking into the job of a textile designer
As dull or cliched as it may sound, the job of a textile designer is equally innovative as it is creative. The field allows an individual to put his creative instincts at work on specific places such as demonstration and application of fabric construction, the detailing of design on the fabrics and production of fabric designs used in the apparels, accessories and other furnishings. A textile designer works closely with the clients and design teams to create unique fabrics using a variety of design concepts and media. In other words, a textile designer will have to incorporate both the creative side to the already finished piece keeping in sync the post-production technicalities. Yes, the field of textile designs isn’t only on the creative side but also includes pattern making, while also managing the production process. Nowadays all textile designers use CAD (Computer Aided Software ) to create designs on fabrics and other surfaces. The heat transfer printing is also used and implemented quite well on the covers. Textile designers are highly creative people as that can draw, have a superior eye for the colour, texture and an appreciation for the excellent points of textiles and fashion. They should keep themselves updated with the latest trends in fashion, understand textile techniques and should be useful for the communicators and posses the problem-solving skills keeping in mind the budget and deadlines.

Textile design education
There are some career options and work environments in the field of textile design that need you to be aware of. To become a skilled textile designer, you need professional education in fashion, art or design. Through proper training, prospective textile designers gain knowledge of the entire fabric design process. They learn to analyse and understand the various textile properties, such as weight, material, flammability and durability and how the textile will be used, then base their designs on these factors. More importantly, a textile diploma teaches them how to utilize textures, patterns and colour through experimentation with printing, dying, manipulation and embellishment techniques. There are usually two techniques used in textile design – one is painting, and another is art based techniques. A diploma teaches you to work in both categories. For a textile designer apart from good education, it is also essential to make the right connections. The goal is to establish a beneficial relationship with clients and other people in the industry. As a textile designer, you can use your creative flair and ability to generate ideas and concepts to match a brief to find work in the textile industry or to set up your own business.

Once you have professional training in textile design, doors for a promising career opens. Apart from the field of textile and clothing, you can also foray into other industries of merchandising, marketing production and fashion journalism.

To Conclude
An education in textile designing helps you to be a more skillful designer. Students looking to foray into this field will get exposed to an understanding of Indian fabrics, their surface ornamentations and its role in the global industry. Active collaboration between domestic designers and stakeholders of this segment will ensure a reliable professional knowledge to approach by the end of the course both local and global markets. Know more about the textile courses here.


Kyk die video: Balkan preuzima primat u tekstilnoj industriji (November 2021).