Geskiedenis Podcasts

Geskiedenis van Valiant I - Geskiedenis

Geskiedenis van Valiant I - Geskiedenis

Valiant ek

(Snyer: t. 13; l. 60 '; b. 12'6 "; dr. 8'; s. 8 k .; kpl. 9;
a. 1 1-st., 1 .30-motor. mg.)

Die eerste Valiant (SP-535)-'n seilsnyer wat in 1896 voltooi is deur Charles S. Drowne, is in 1907 herbou en is in 1917 met 'n hulpmotor toegerus om haar seile te vergroot. gratis huurkontrak van Henry M. Warren en in gebruik geneem in Philadelphia op 29 Mei 1917 Ens. R. F. Watson, USNRF, in bevel.

Valiant het gedurende die Eerste Wêreldoorlog plaaslik in die 4de Naval District -patrolliepligte in die Cape May, N.J. -gebied, plaaslik uitgevoer.

op 11 Januarie 1919 by die Corinthian Yacht Club, naby Philadelphia, Pa.


Geskiedenis van Valiant I - Geskiedenis

Valiant Products, Inc. het meer as 75 jaar ervaring in die vervaardiging van vullis, linne, puin en woonbakke, en die eerste gootmaatskappy wat kluise vir residensiële berging aanbied, ook vervaardig deur Valiant. Valiant Products bied ook verskillende soorte tuitvoeders en herwinningstelsels.

Ons doel is om klante tevrede te stel en dit vir hulle makliker te maak om met een van ons vele verkoop- en dienstegnici te praat oor vrae of versoeke om pryse. Valiant is trots daarop om met al ons kliënte te praat sonder dat 'n vervaardigingstelsel in die Verenigde State ons telefone beantwoord. Ons wil hê dat ons kliënte moet weet dat hulle altyd kan bel en met 'n persoon kan praat, nie met 'n masjien nie. Al ons produkte word in die Verenigde State vervaardig, en ons is trots daarop om die American People aan die werk te hou en ons werk nie uit die buiteland uit te kontrakteer nie.

'N Wêreldwye leier in spesialiteitsbouprodukte!

Posadres:
Posbus 405
Lakeland, FL 33802

Afleweringsadres:
939 West Quincy St.
Lakeland, FL 33815


Die Psioniese agenda

Die Voorbode strokiesprente sentreer rondom Harbingers, of psiots. Hierdie ras van psionies -bevoegde supermense is baie baie Valiant se antwoord op Marvel se mutante. Trouens, in die oorspronklike reeks van 1992 is die normaliteit van baie psiote vasgestel om kritiek te lewer op hoeveel van die mutante in X mans titels lyk net soos supermodelle soos superhelde. In teenstelling met mutante, wat natuurlik kragte ontwikkel rondom puberteit, moet psiote hul vermoëns tipies veroorsaak deur kragte van buite.

Die Harbinger -organisasie self word bestuur deur Toyo Harada, 'n oënskynlik tydlose oorlewende van bombardemente uit die Tweede Wêreldoorlog wat sy eie magte onafhanklik kon aktiveer. Hy is van plan om sy organisasie te gebruik om 'n leër van psiote in te samel en die status quo van die aarde omver te werp, om in wese as gode te regeer.

Die hoof Voorbode protagonis, Peter Stanchek, het verneem van Harada se verraderlike planne en het - met die hulp van sy vriend - die land gesoek na meer psiote soos hy om Harbinger te bestry. Die groep het uiteindelik na die media gegaan om die bestaan ​​van psiote te onthul, en die organisasie van Harada is op dreef, terwyl die hele wêreld verneem het van die oorlog onder hul neuse. Uiteindelik ontsnap 'n groep onopgeleide psiote uit 'n navorsingsfasiliteit, wat die rampspoed ontvlam Voorbodeoorloë. Hierdie gebeurtenis het die Valiant Universe geskok, terwyl Bloodshot en Stanchek se groep die kinders probeer beskerm het teen Harada se planne, terwyl die H.A.R.D. Corps word teruggebring deur Project Rising Spirit om die kinders te vang vir hul eie bedoelings.


Jy het net aan die oppervlak gekrap Dapper familie geskiedenis.

Tussen 1957 en 2004, in die Verenigde State, was die lewensverwagting van Valiant op die laagste punt in 1957 en die hoogste in 2004. Die gemiddelde lewensverwagting vir Valiant in 1957 was 34 en 94 in 2004.

'N Buitengewone kort lewensduur kan aandui dat u dapper voorouers in moeilike omstandighede geleef het. 'N Kort lewensduur kan ook dui op gesondheidsprobleme wat voorheen in u gesin voorgekom het. Die SSDI is 'n soekbare databasis met meer as 70 miljoen name. U kan geboortedatums, sterfdatums, adresse en meer vind.


Notas

  • Hierdie uitgawe is een van vier eenskote wat tussen April-Julie 2017 gepubliseer is ter ere van die klassieke Dapper verhale uit die 1990's. Hierdie een is gebaseer op Bob Layton se Rai #0 - "The Blood of Heroes" (1992). Die belangrikste verskil is ook in "Blood of Heroes" die terugflits tonele ontbreek tonele terwyl die hele verhaal in "The History of the Valiant Universe" in 'n reeks terugflits-tonele afspeel, waarvan die meeste herinterpretasies is van belangrike oomblikke van die afgelope vyf jaar.
  • Die tome word nie deur Rai ontbloot nie, soos voorgestel in die werwing, maar een van Gilad se veilige huise (of plekke) wat hy bewaar om wapens en artefakte op te slaan, hou van die Book of the Geomancer.

Valiants pogings – The History of Valiant Comics – Part 3

omslag deur NORM BREYFOGLE

In Julie 1995 beleef die Valiant Heelal GEBOORTBEWING,'n herlaai om die strokiesprente te help om die strokiesprente meer geskik te maak vir die behoefte van Acclaim vir die ontwikkeling van eiendomme vir hul kern -videospeletjies. Geboortebewing het die Valiant -lyn gekrimp deur te kanselleer onder die uitvoering van titels soos Raien Geheime wapens, en het die meeste van die oorblywende boeke oorgeskakel na 'n afleweringskedule van twee keer per maand. Daar kan nie gesê word dat dit halfhartig gedoen is nie, want hulle het 'n paar van die destydse grootste skeppers, Dan Jurgens (Sonkrag), Ron Marz en Bart Sears (XO Manowar), Tim Truman en Rags Morales (Turok), en John Ostrander (Ewige Kryger) sowel as goed betaal (berigte sê tot $ 20,000 per kwessie).

Valiant het destyds twee afdrukke geloods, Armada wat gefokus het op gelisensieerde eiendomme, soos Magic: The Gathering, en Windjammer, 'n skepper besit lyn. Maar in die hooflyn van Valiant het die geboorte van die Birthquake misluk. Aankondiging het alles verander aan die titels wat hulle nog publiseer, en baie van die lesers wat Valiant nog gehad het, herken nie meer die karakters wat hulle die afgelope vier jaar liefgehad het nie. Die hele Valiant -lyn is herontwerp. Een van die mees sigbare slagoffers was die kompas -logo wat sedertdien 'n stapelvoedsel op Valiant -omslae was Magnus Robot Fighter #1, dit is vervang met 'n nuwe gestileerde V logo. Valiant het letterlik sowel as figuurlik sy gevoel vir rigting verloor. Die verkope het gedaal, en teen die herfs van 1996 is die laaste Valiant -strokiesprent gepubliseer, X-0 Manowar #68.

Bekroonde strokiesprente ... Valiant Heroes.

omslag deur ASHLEY WOOD

1996 was moontlik die einde van Valiant Comics, maar nie die karakters daarvan nie. Acclaim Entertainment was steeds daartoe verbind om hierdie karakters elke Woensdag in die strokieswinkel te bring, en Acclaim Comics is gebore. Weereens het Acclaim weer begin en die rooster van Valiant hervorm tot 'n vorm wat hulle in die Acclaim -videospeletjies kan gebruik. Onder leiding van die nuwe hoofredakteur Fabian Nicieza, is nuwe verhale aan karakters soos gegee X-O Manowar, Bloodshot, Shadowman en Ninjak om hulle meer videospeletjies vriendelik te maak. Nicieza het ook 'n paar van die beste skeppers in die bedryf gesoek om te help om dit te laat gebeur, hierdie keer het hy Mark Waid, Garth Ennis en Kurt Busiek ingeroep om vir te skryf X-0 Manowar, Shadow Man en Ninjak. Ongelukkig was nie een van hierdie karakters dieselfde as die oorspronklike weergawes nie; dit was nuwe karakters, met nuwe kragte, wat pas die oorspronklike name gekry het. Terwyl sommige (XO Manowar) die basiese konsepte dieselfde het (man in 'n ongelooflike kragtige wapenrusting), is ander soos Ninjak nie herkenbaar nie. Alhoewel Acclaim Comics vroeë sukses behaal het, sou dit eintlik wees

omslag deur MARK BRIGHT

een van Acclaim se oorspronklike titels wees, Quantum en Woody dit sou een van die titels wees wat die beste ontvang is. Dit is 'n mengsel van aksie en humor wat deur Christopher Priest en Mark Bright geskep is deur die verhaal van die "World's Worst Superhero Team" te maak, wat die boek baie gewild onder lesers en kritici gemaak het.

Maar dit het nie daar geëindig nie; videospeletjies gebaseer op Shadow Man en Turok sou ook suksesvol wees vir Acclaim, wat 'n treffer nodig gehad het. Turok, Die suksesvolste videospeletjie van Acclaim gebaseer op die Valiant Heroes, het voorheen slegs 'n minimale voorkoms in Acclaim Comics gemaak, eens as 'n miniserie wat direk verband hou met die Turok Dinosaur Jagter spel wat Acclaim in 1997 vrygestel het, en 'n paar ander handvol eenskote. Acclaim sou een maak om 6 speletjies met Turok in die hoofrol te produseer, en nog 2 gebaseer op die Acclaim Comics -weergawe van Skaduwee.

Die sukses van hierdie speletjies het nie gelei tot die hobbel in die komiese verkope waarop hulle gehoop het nie, en teen 1999 was byna die hele reeks weer gekanselleer. Aankondiging was egter toegewy aan die strokiesprente. In 'n poging om by die oorspronklike Valiant -aanhangers uit te kom, het Acclaim Jim Shooter in die pen gebring Eenheid 2000,'n reeks wat bedoel was om die Original Valiant Universe met die Acclaim Universe saam te bind en eintlik 'n nuwe heelal te skep waarin Acclaim se strokiesprente sou plaasvind. Ongelukkig was Acclaim in ernstige finansiële probleme en het alle strokiesprente gekanselleer en besluit om eerder op Acclaim &# te fokus 8217 se kernbesigheid om videospeletjies te vervaardig. Nadat slegs 3 van die beplande 6 uitgawes van Unity 2000 gestuur is, is die boek en die hele reël gekanselleer. (Die plot en uiteensettings van die nie -geproduseerde kwessies is aanlyn beskikbaar gestel deur Jim Shooter)

Dapper: Wedergeboorte

Acclaim het voortgegaan om videospeletjies te maak, maar teen 2004 het die maatskappy om bankrotskap aansoek gedoen. In 2005 het entrepreneurs Dinesh Shamdasani en Jason Kothari 'n groep gelei om die Valiant Comics -biblioteek by Acclaim Entertainment te bekom en Valiant Entertainment te stig. Die nuutgestigte maatskappy het oorspronklik gehoop om harde herdrukke van belangrike Valiant -verhaallyne te produseer, maar hierdie plan het vertragings ondervind weens 'n regstryd oor die handelsmerk. 'N Ander groep, Valiant Intellectual Properties, LLC. het probeer om handelsmerkaanmeldings vir sommige van die Valiant -titels te maak. Dit sou eers in 2007 opgelos word, toe die twee maatskappye sou skik, wat die weg sou oopmaak vir Valiant Enterprises Voorbode: die begin met 'n nuwe verhaal, The Origin of Harada, geskryf deur Shooter in 2008, gevolg deur XO Manowar: geboorte, met 'n nuwe verhaal The Rise of Lydia van Bob Layton. Valiant Entertainment sou in die herfs van 2008 Shooter as hoofredakteur aanstel, maar hy sou vertrek om die herbekendstelling van die Dark Horse Comics te skryf van die Gold Key Characters wat deel uitmaak van die oorspronklike Valiant Universe.

In Junie 2011 kondig Valiant Entertainment amptelik aan dat hulle nuwe materiaal gaan druk met die karakters wat hulle by Acclaim gekry het.

omslag deur Jim Starlin Kunswerk deur ANTHONY CASTRILLO

Met die skryf hiervan het Valiant Entertainment te veel onthul oor hul planne, behalwe dat hulle nuwe strokiesprente gaan vervaardig met die karakters van Valiant in 2012. Geen titels is genoem nie en geen kreatiewe spanne is aangekondig nie, maar Valiant het dit wel gedoen tweet dat dit NIE dieselfde dapper heelal sal wees as enige van die vorige uitgewers nie, maar hulle sal geïnspireer word deur die oorspronklike skepping. Dit is my gevoel dat ons baie nuus kan verwag NEW YORK COMIC CON kom hierdie 13-16 Oktober uit die Javits Center in Manhattan.

En ek, vir een, is opgewonde daarvoor.

David "The Exile" Vandervliet, ek skryf oor wat ek ooit op die oomblik laat uitkyk het.

Onder my kundigheidsgebiede: DC Comics, Doctor Who, Star Wars, Star Trek, Musical Theatre, M Theory, Chess, Stellar Cartography en Gardening.

As u hou van wat u hier lees, kan u meer oor my kyk by
Verban in Geeksville


Geskiedenis van Valiant I - Geskiedenis

Griekse legende - Pegasus
Bellerophon die Valiant, seun van die koning van Korinte, het Pegasus, 'n gevleuelde perd, gevange geneem. Pegasus het hom na 'n geveg met die monster met drie koppe, Chimera, geneem.

Icarus en Daedalus - 'n antieke Griekse legende
Daedalus was 'n ingenieur wat deur koning Minos in die tronk was. Met sy seun, Icarus, het hy vlerke gemaak van was en vere. Daedalus vlieg suksesvol van Kreta na Napels, maar Icarus is moeg om te hoog te vlieg en vlieg te naby aan die son. Die vlerke van was smelt en Icarus val dood in die see.

Koning Kaj Kaoos van Persië
Koning Kaj Kaoos heg arende aan sy troon en vlieg om sy koninkryk.

Alexander die Grote
Alexander die Grote het vier mitiese vleueldiere, genaamd Griffins, ingespan na 'n mandjie en om sy koninkryk gevlieg.

Vroeë pogings van vlug

Omstreeks 400 vC - China
Die ontdekking van die vlieër wat deur die Chinese in die lug kon vlieg, het mense laat dink oor vlieg. Vlieërs is deur die Chinese tydens godsdienstige seremonies gebruik. Hulle het ook baie kleurvolle vlieërs vir die plesier gebou. Meer gesofistikeerde vlieërs is gebruik om die weerstoestande te toets. Vlieërs was belangrik vir die uitvinding van vlug, aangesien dit die voorloper van ballonne en sweeftuie was.

Mense probeer soos voëls vlieg

Vir baie eeue het mense probeer om net soos die voëls te vlieg. Vlerke van vere of ligte hout is aan arms vasgemaak om hul vliegvermoë te toets. Die resultate was dikwels rampspoedig, aangesien die spiere van die menslike arms nie soos 'n voël is nie en nie met die krag van 'n voël kan beweeg nie.

Die ou Griekse ingenieur, Hero of Alexandria, het met lugdruk en stoom gewerk om bronne van krag te skep. Een eksperiment wat hy ontwikkel het, was die aeolipile wat stoomstrale gebruik het om roterende beweging te skep.

Hero het 'n bol bo -op 'n waterkoker gemonteer. 'N Vuur onder die ketel het die water in stoom verander, en die gas het deur pype na die bol gegaan. Twee L-vormige buise aan weerskante van die bol het die gas laat ontsnap, wat 'n stoot van die bol veroorsaak het wat dit laat draai het.

1485 Leonardo da Vinci - Die Ornithopter

Leonardo da Vinci se Ornithopter

Leonardo da Vinci het die eerste werklike vliegstudies in die 1480's gedoen. Hy het meer as 100 tekeninge gehad wat sy teorieë oor vlug illustreer.

Die Ornithopter -vliegmasjien is nooit eintlik geskep nie. Dit was 'n ontwerp wat Leonardo da Vinci geskep het om te wys hoe die mens kan vlieg. Die moderne helikopter is gebaseer op hierdie konsep.

1783 - Joseph en Jacques Montgolfier - die eerste lugballon

Een van die Montgolfier se ballonne

Die broers, Joseph Michel en Jacques Etienne Montgolfier, was uitvinders van die eerste lugballon. Hulle het die rook van 'n vuur gebruik om warm lug in 'n sysak te blaas. Die sysak was aan 'n mandjie vasgemaak. Die warm lug styg toe en laat die ballon ligter as lug wees.

In 1783 was die eerste passasiers in die kleurvolle ballon 'n skaap, haan en eend. Dit het tot 'n hoogte van ongeveer 6 000 voet geklim en meer as 1 myl afgelê.

Na hierdie eerste sukses het die broers mans in ballonne begin stuur. Die eerste bemande vlug was op 21 November 1783, die passasiers was Jean-Francois Pilatre de Rozier en Francois Laurent.

1799 - 1850's - George Cayley

Een weergawe van 'n sweeftuig

George Cayley het gewerk om 'n manier te vind waarop 'n mens kan vlieg. Hy het baie verskillende weergawes van sweeftuie ontwerp wat die bewegings van die liggaam gebruik het om te beheer. 'N Jong seun, wie se naam nie bekend is nie, was die eerste wat een van sy sweeftuie gevlieg het.

Meer as 50 jaar het hy die sweeftuie verbeter. Hy het die vorm van die vlerke verander sodat die lug korrek oor die vlerke sou vloei. Hy het 'n stert vir die sweeftuie ontwerp om te help met die stabiliteit. Hy het 'n tweedekkerontwerp probeer om die sweeftuig sterk te maak. Hy het ook erken dat daar krag nodig sou wees as die vlug lank in die lug sou wees.

Een van die vele tekeninge van sweeftuie

Cayley geskryf Op Ariel Navigation wat toon dat 'n vastevlerkvliegtuig met 'n kragstelsel vir aandrywing en 'n stert om te help met die beheer van die vliegtuig die beste manier sou wees om die mens te laat vlieg.

Pogings uit die 19de en 20ste eeu

Een van Lilienthal se sweeftuie

Die Duitse ingenieur, Otto Lilienthal, het aerodinamika bestudeer en gewerk om 'n sweeftuig te ontwerp wat sou vlieg. Hy was die eerste persoon wat 'n sweeftuig ontwerp het wat 'n persoon kon vlieg en wat lang afstande kon vlieg.

Hy was gefassineer deur die idee van vlug. Op grond van sy studies oor voëls en hoe hulle vlieg, het hy 'n boek geskryf oor aërodinamika wat in 1889 gepubliseer is en hierdie teks is deur die Wright Brothers gebruik as die basis vir hul ontwerpe.

Na meer as 2500 vlugte is hy dood toe hy beheer verloor het weens 'n skielike sterk wind en in die grond neergestort het.

Lilienthal se sweeftuig in vlug

Samuel Langley was 'n sterrekundige, wat besef het dat krag nodig is om die mens te help vlieg. Hy het 'n model van 'n vliegtuig, wat hy 'n vliegveld genoem het, gebou, wat 'n stoommotor bevat. In 1891 vlieg sy model 3/4 myl voordat die brandstof opraak.

Langley het 'n toelaag van $ 50 000 ontvang om 'n volwaardige vliegveld te bou. Dit was te swaar om te vlieg en dit het neergestort. Hy was baie teleurgesteld. Hy het opgegee om te probeer vlieg. Sy belangrikste bydraes tot die vlug was pogings om 'n kragsentrale by 'n sweeftuig te voeg. Hy was ook bekend as die direkteur van die Smithsonian Institute in Washington, DC

Model van Langley Aerodrome

Octave Chanute gepubliseer Vordering in vliegmasjiene in 1894. Dit versamel en ontleed al die tegniese kennis wat hy kon kry oor lugvaartprestasies. Dit het al die wêreld se lugvaartpioniers ingesluit. Die Wright -broers het hierdie boek as basis vir baie van hul eksperimente gebruik. Chanute was ook in kontak met die Wright Brothers en het gereeld kommentaar gelewer oor hul tegniese vordering.


Orville en Wilbur Wright en die eerste vliegtuig


Orville en Wilbur Wright was baie doelbewus in hul soeke na vlug. Eerstens lees hulle oor al die vroeë vlugontwikkelings. Hulle het besluit om ''n klein bydrae' tot die studie van vlugbeheer te lewer deur hul vlerke in die vlug te draai. Toe begin hulle hul idees met 'n vlieër toets. Hulle het geleer hoe die wind sou help met die vlug en hoe dit die oppervlaktes kan beïnvloed sodra dit in die lug is.

'N Tekening van 'n Wright Brothers -sweeftuig (1900)

Foto van die werklike 12 pk -enjin wat tydens die vlug gebruik word

Hulle het 'n windtunnel ontwerp en gebruik om die vorms van die vlerke en die sterte van die sweeftuie te toets. In 1902, met 'n volmaakte sweeftuigvorm, het hulle hul aandag gevestig op hoe om 'n aandrywingstelsel te skep wat die krag wat nodig is om te vlieg, kan skep.

Die vroeë enjin wat hulle ontwerp het, het byna 12 perdekrag opgelewer. Dit is dieselfde krag as twee hand aangedrewe grassnyers!

Die Wright Brother's Flyer

Die & quotFlyer & quot het om 17:35 op 17 Desember 1903 van gelyk grond na die noorde van Big Kill Devil Hill, Noord -Carolina, opgehef. Orville het die vliegtuig geloods wat ongeveer seshonderd pond geweeg het.

Werklike Flight of The Flyer by Kitty Hawk

Die eerste swaarder as lugvlug het in twaalf sekondes honderd-en-twintig voet afgelê. Die twee broers vlieg om die dag om die beurt met die vierde en laaste vlug wat 850 voet in 59 sekondes afgelê het. Maar die Flyer was onstabiel en baie moeilik om te beheer.

Die broers keer terug na Dayton, Ohio, waar hulle nog twee jaar gewerk het om hul ontwerp te vervolmaak. Uiteindelik, op 5 Oktober 1905, stuur Wilbur die Flyer III vir 39 minute en ongeveer 24 myl sirkels rondom Huffman Prairie. Hy het die eerste praktiese vliegtuig gevlieg totdat dit sonder gas was.

Die mensdom kon nou vlieg! Gedurende die volgende eeu is baie nuwe vliegtuie en enjins ontwikkel om mense, bagasie, vrag, militêre personeel en wapens te vervoer. Die vooruitgang van die 20ste eeu was alles gebaseer op hierdie eerste vlugte van die American Brothers uit Ohio.


Valiant 40

Die Valiant 40 was een van die eerste seilbote wat deur die marine-argitek Robert Perry ontwerp is, en is in 1973 bekendgestel.

Die ontwerp van die boot is destyds as revolusionêr beskou deur aspekte van wedrenne -ontwerp in oop seiljagte te bring, wat tot dusver swaar en stadig tradisionele bote beteken het. [2] Die Valiant 40 word toegeskryf aan die geboorte van die kategorie van die "performance cruiser". [3] Dit was die eerste vaart op 'n monohull wat 'n gemodifiseerde kiel gehad het om gewig te verminder en 'n benatte oppervlak te verminder, terwyl die spoed en gemak van die rompvorm deur die wind verhoog word. Minstens drie Valiant 40's is met middelborde gebou.

Op 'n stadium in 1976 is 'n nuwe tipe hars met die handelsnaam "Hetron" in die veselglasopstelling gebruik. Die nuwe hars is ontwerp om brandvertragend te wees en is oorspronklik laat in die Viëtnam -oorlog volgens die spesifikasies van die Amerikaanse weermag ontwikkel. Daar word algemeen vermoed dat die nuwe hars verantwoordelik was vir uitgebreide nie-osmotiese blase van die romp-, dek- en kajuithuisstrukture in bote wat tussen 1976-1981 gebou is. [2]

Baie van die "blisterbote" is "herstel" deur die buitenste lae veselglas van die buitekant van die romp te verwyder (óf onder- en bokant, óf net onderkant onder die waterlyn). Die herstelwerk behels toe dat die gestroopte romp vir 'n paar maande uitgedroog is (gewoonlik in die woestyn van Kalifornië of Mexiko), gevolg deur die buiteklas met verskeie lae veselglas met vinylesterhars of polyesterhars. Baie blase het egter teruggekeer op 'blisterbote' (romp nr. 120 tot 249 [4]) ondanks groot herstelwerk. [5]

Die sukses van verskeie Valiant 40's wat aan die begin van die 1980's aan lang seevaarte deelgeneem het, het hierdie boot onder die aandag van die wêreldseilgemeenskap gebring. Van besondere belang was 'n solo "verkeerde pad" -wedloop wat in die Suidelike Oseaan voltooi is op 'n Westabout-baan, wat die heersende winde in vaar met behulp van 'n fabrieks-voorraad V-40. Baie paartjies het suksesvolle transoseaniese reise onderneem en Valiant 40's draai gereeld 256 myl dae op 'n gang.

Nadat litigasie en ander sake -probleme die produksie van die Valiant 40 in Washington gedwing het, het 'n makelaar wat Valiants verkoop het, die vorms vir die boot gekoop en voortgegaan met die produksie in Texas naby die oewer van Lake Texoma. Die Valiant 40 is effens herontwerp om die Valiant 42 te word, wat 35 jaar lank in produksie voortgesit is. Valiant Yachts het ook modelle van 32 voet, 37 voet, 39 voet, 47 voet en 50 voet vervaardig.

Die Valiant 40 is in 1997 verkies tot die American Sailboat Hall of Fame [3] en is aangewys as Cruising Sailboat of the Decade.


Eksklusief: “Rai: The History of the Valiant Universe ”#1 van Roberts en Portela kom in Junie aan

Rai is die eerste oorspronklike karakter wat vir Valiant Comics geskep is, in 1991. Die geskiedenis van Rai, geskep deur Jim Shooter, was nog altyd verweef met die hele Valiant -heelal, beide uit die verre verlede en in 'n onsekere toekoms. Ter viering van die 25ste herdenking van die gedeelde heelal van die onderneming, stel Valiant vier eenmalige opnames bekend om verskillende klassieke verhale en karakters te vier. Ons kan uitsluitlik onthul die derde van hierdie eenskote, “Rai: The History of the Valiant Universe ” deur Rafer Roberts en Francis Portela, wat in Junie verskyn.

Die kwessie strek van die geskiedenis tot die 41ste eeu, en maak dit een van die mees uitgestrekte verhale in die geskiedenis van Valiant, en pas dit by “Rai ”#0, wat een van die eerste ondersoeke was Valiant se geskiedenis in 1992.

Ons het twee eksklusiewe voorblaaie, asook die volledige persverklaring om hieronder met u te deel. Maak seker dat u die probleem later vanjaar oplos.

Roberts & #038 Portela Chronicle RAI: ​​DIE GESKIEDENIS VAN DIE VALIANT UNIVERSE #1 - Kom in Junie!
Van antieke beskawings tot 4001 n.C., Valiant se volgende herdenking Special Chronicles Heroes en#038 skurke deur die eeue

Soos onthul in Multiversity Comics, kondig Valiant met trots aan dat RAI: ​​DIE GESKIEDENIS VAN DIE VALIANT UNIVERSE #1 - 'n verstommende selfstandige verhaal wat die sage agter Valiant se grootste helde en skurke onthul het van die prehistorie tot die 41ste eeu! Op 14 Junie, kruis die lang en verhaal geskiedenis agter die opkoms van die mees formidabele helde op aarde met die veelvuldige Harvey Award-genomineerde Rafer Roberts (Harbinger Renegade) en die bekroonde kunstenaar Francis Portela (Faith), terwyl hulle 'n wonderlike oorsig bied van Valiant se eeue lange universum. Hierdie selfstandige eenmalige opname, geïnspireer deur die oorspronklike, legendariese RAI #0, is die uiteindelike inleiding tot die historiese oomblikke wat die dapper heelal vir ewig sal definieer ... verlede, hede en toekoms!

Rai, die geesbewaarder van die aarde, het 'n antieke boek ontdek, gevul met die grootste verhale van die geskiedenis en die donkerste oomblikke van die beskawing. Die geskiedenis van die dapper heelal word in skokkende en openbarende besonderhede blootgestel aan die begin van die eertydse Mesopotamië tot by die opkoms van New Japan. Van X-O Manowar tot Bloodshot tot Faith tot Divinity …-geskiedenis onthul ongekende onthullings vir Valiant se grootste helde en antagoniste!

Op 14 Junie groet die all-star-skeppers Rafer Roberts en Francis Portela 25 jaar van die tuisvoog van New Japan en stel 'n propvol springpunt in vir die grootste onafhanklike superheld-heelal in strokiesprente met RAI: ​​THE GISTORY OF THE VALIANT UNIVERSE #1 - met voorblaaie van Clayton Crain (4001 AD), Clayton Henry (Harbinger Wars), Robert Gill (Book of Death) en Jeffrey Veregge (Red Wolf)!

Boonop: Op 12 April begin die herdenking van Valiant se mees gevierde helde met 'n deurmekaar avontuur van die topverkoper-skrywer Fred Van Lente (Archer & Armstrong) van New York Times en die Eisner-bekroonde kunstenaar Cary Nord (XO Manowar) in IMMORTAL BROTHERS: THE TALE OF THE GREEN RIDDER #1-'n spesiale soektog van 48 bladsye na die Arthur-legende saam met Archer & #038 Armstrong, the Eternal Warrior, en Ivar, Timewalker!

Gryp dan op 10 Mei die wapens saam met die topverkoper-skrywer Robert Venditti van New York Times (Hal Jordan & #038 The Green Lantern Corps.) En die bekroonde kunstenaar Renato Guedes (Bloodshot Reborn, Wolverine) terwyl hulle EVERNAL WARRIOR: AWAKENING #loslaat 1-die tweede van vier spesiale uitgawes ter ere van die mees geliefde Valiant-verhale wat ooit vertel is, met 'n spesiale selfstandige verhaal wat uit Gilad Anni-Padda se lang opmars deur die eeue geskeur is.

Vir meer inligting, besoek Valiant op Facebook, Twitter, Tumblr, Instagram en ValiantUniverse.com.

Besoek ValiantStore.com vir Valiant -goedere en meer

RAI: DIE GESKIEDENIS VAN DIE VALIANT UNIVERSE #1
Geskryf deur RAFER ROBERTS
Kuns deur FRANCIS PORTELA
Voorblad A van CLAYTON CRAIN
Omslag B deur CLAYTON HENRY
Variant -omslag deur ROBERT GILL
Variantomslag deur JEFFREY VEREGGE
Ninjak vs. Die Valiant Universe -variant is ook beskikbaar
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Deel op

Brian Salvatore is 'n redakteur, podcaster, resensent, skrywer in die algemeen en algemene taakmeester by Multiversity. As hy nie skryf nie, vind hy musiek, kuier saam met sy kinders of speel musiek met sy kinders. Hy het ook 'n hond met die naam Lola, 'n roeiboot, en het eenkeer vir Jimmy Carter ontmoet. E -pos hom gerus oor goeie bier, die New York Mets, of die beste manier om Chicken Parmagiana te maak (voeg 'n dun skyfie prosciutto onder die kaas by).


Inhoud

RV1 (R -reeks) Wysig

Nadat die Plymouth Valiant 'n sukses in die Verenigde State geword het (begin met die bekendstelling van 1959), het Chrysler Australië se eerste plaaslik gemonteerde Valiant, die RV1 (R-reeks), vrygestel. Dit is amptelik onthul deur die premier van Suid -Australië, Sir Thomas Playford, in Januarie 1962 [ aanhaling nodig ] en is bymekaargemaak by Chrysler se Mile End -fasiliteit. [2]

Die RV1 (of R -reeks) Valiant was 'n onmiddellike sukses. Nie almal is dadelik deur die styl van die motor opgeneem nie, maar die algemene konsensus [ vaag ] was dat die motor 'n moderne kwaliteit van amper 'n ruim ouderdom gehad het.

Die Valiant se prestasie met 145 remperdekrag (108 kW) van die 225 was ook opmerklik Skuins-6 enjin. Dit was baie krag in vergelyking met die mededingende Holdens en Fords, wat slegs 75 pk (56 kW) en 90 pk (67 kW) SAE onderskeidelik aangebied het.

Die standaardratkas in die RV1 was 'n drie-spoed handratkas met 'n vloerverskuiwing met 'n nie-sinchro-eerste ratkas. 'N Drie-spoed TorqueFlite-outomatiese drukknoppie was opsioneel. [3] Ander opsies sluit in 'n verwarmer-afskakel-eenheid, sowel as 'n "Moparmatic" luukse drukknop-transistorradio.

Die RV1 Valiant was die eerste Australiese motor wat met 'n alternator in plaas van 'n kragopwekker gekom het, en in plaas van spiraalvere het die Valiant 'n draaibare skorsing gekry. Die remme was hidrouliese trommels van 230 mm voor en agter. Die RV1 het 'n gesimuleerde buiteband op die bagasiedeksel, maar die noodwiel was eintlik onder die vloer van die bagasieruim.

Die basismodel word vir £ 1299 verkoop.

SV1 (S -reeks) Wysig

In Maart 1962 vervang Chrysler die Amerikaanse 1961-model R Valiant met die Amerikaanse 1962 SV1 (S-reeks) Valiant. Die SV1 het dieselfde bak as die RV1 gebruik, met kosmetiese veranderinge, insluitend die verwydering van die gesimuleerde noodwiel op die bagasiedeksel en ronde agterste lampe wat die kat-oogvormige van die R-model vervang het. Daar was 'n hersiene radiatorrooster en 'n nuwe buitekant.

Meganiese veranderinge sluit in die verskuiwing van die handratkas na die stuurkolom, nuwe kogelgewrigte en 'n nuwe ratverminderings-startmotor.

10,009 SV1 Valiants is verkoop, waarvan 5,496 outomaties en 4,513 handleidings.

AP5 -reeks wysig

Op 30 Mei 1963 vervaardig Chrysler Australia die eerste volledig Australiese vervaardigde Valiant, die AP5. In Februarie van daardie jaar het [4] Chrysler Australia begin werk aan sy nuwe Tonsley Park -fasiliteit van $ 36 miljoen in Suid -Australië, [5], waar hy die jaarlikse produksie tot 50 duisend motors kan verhoog. Die nuwe fabriek het sy eerste Valiants op 31 Maart 1964 geproduseer. [4]

Die AP5 ("AP" vir Australiese produksie [6]) was 'n heeltemal nuwe ontwerp met slegs die vier deure, voorruit en voorwagte wat gedeel is met sy Noord -Amerikaanse eweknie. Aanvanklike motors het die ruitveërpatroon aan die linkerkant behou, maar dit is gou verander na 'n RHD-uitleg. Die Skuins-6 die aandrywing is behou, maar die AP5 was aansienlik eenvoudiger in styl as sy R- ​​en S-model. Met 'n hoë plaaslike inhoud en spesifikasies wat vir die plaaslike omstandighede geoptimaliseer is, versterk hierdie nuwe Valiant die handelsmerk se posisie op die mark. 'N Nuwe luukse Regal weergawe ingesluit in die reeks. In November 1963 'n AP5 Safari stasiewa vrygestel is. Die totale produksie van die AP5 -reeks beloop 49.440 voertuie. [7]

AP6 -reeks wysig

In Maart 1965 is die AP5 vervang deur die AP6. Die bak was dieselfde, maar daar was 'n nuwe sierrooster oor die tema van die Noord -Amerikaanse Plymouth Barracuda uit 1964, en daar was nuwe afwerkings binne en buite. Die outomatiese ratkas word nie meer deur drukknoppies beheer nie, maar eerder deur 'n konvensionele hefboom. Die AP6 bevat ook ander nuwe funksies, soos selfverstelbare remme en akriel-emaljeverf, destyds die mees gevorderde outomatiese afwerking wat beskikbaar was. Die AP6 -modelreeks het die Valiant Wayfarer, die eerste Valiant-gebaseerde coupe-nut wat deur Chrysler Australia gebou is.

Die AP6 was die eerste Australiese Valiant wat aangebied is met 'n V8-enjin-die 273 cu in (4,47 L) LA V8, wat in 1964 in Amerikaanse Valiants bekendgestel is, en in Augustus 1965 in Australië vrygestel is. Die enjin het 180 rem-perdekrag ( 130 kW) en het die Valiant tot 'n topsnelheid van 109 km/h (175 km/h) gestoot.

Die V8 was slegs beskikbaar as 'n model in sy eie reg, die V8 Valiant, met 'n dak met vinylbedekking, individuele bakkiesitplekke, 'n outomatiese skuifhendel op die konsole en 'n tweekleurige stuurwiel.

Die Skuinste-6 'Die nokas is ook effens opgegradeer vir 'n verbeterde wringkrag deur 'n toename in duur en verhoog.

Chrysler Australia het gesukkel om aan die vraag te voldoen, met die Valiant wat in Tonsley Park teen 'n maksimum van 200 motors per skof van agt uur gebou is. Kliënte moes tot vier maande wag vir die aflewering van 'n nuwe AP6. Pryse beloop van $ 2,500 tot $ 3,650.

VC -reeks wysig

The VC Valiant was introduced in March 1966 and, although underneath it was basically the same car as the preceding AP6 Series, the body was extensively restyled giving the illusion of being longer and lower.

The modern new design was highlighted by sharp, squared-off edges and corners clearly influenced by Chrysler in the United States. The front now had a full-width horizontal grille while the rear was also much squarer with vertical taillights.

The range of models again consisted of the Valiant standard or Regal sedan, standard or Safari Regal wagon and Wayfarer utility. They featured higher standard equipment levels as well as new safety features, such as optional disc brakes on V8 models, which were named 'Valiant V8/Safari V8' and were essentially Regal models.

The VC Series was built both for its major market, Australia, but also for export to the United Kingdom, as announced at the October 1966 London Motor Show, based on the following range of uniquely named models (brackets indicate the equivalent Australian nameplate):

  • Medium Saloon (Valiant equivalent)
  • Medium Safari Estate Car (Valiant Safari wagon equivalent)
  • Regal Highline Saloon Automatic (Valiant Regal equivalent)
  • Regal Highline Safari (Valiant Safari Regal wagon equivalent)
  • Premium V8 Saloon (Valiant V8 equivalent)
  • Premium Safari Estate Car (Valiant Safari V8 wagon equivalent)

In total, Chrysler Australia built 65,634 VC Series models.

VE Series Edit

This Valiant was an all-new design introduced in October 1967, based on the North American platform, which had a 108 in (2,700 mm) wheelbase. The bonnet and guards were shared with the also-new 1967 North American Dodge Dart, with other styling cues otherwise inherited from the North American Valiant. The car featured slightly larger body dimensions and greater interior space than the preceding VC Series. The roofline was also flattened out and the rear window was given a concave profile.

Higher levels of standard equipment were featured and two engine options became available. The basic Slant-6 was retained with its 145 bhp (108 kW) rating, but a new 2-barrel carbureted version was released with output of 160 bhp (120 kW). The 273 V8 was also improved and made available across the entire Valiant range.

Other upgrades included the introduction of a larger 64-litre (14 imp gal 17 US gal) fuel tank, shorter gear lever throw on the manual gearbox, relocation of the dipswitch from under the brake pedal to the high left of the firewall, and the windscreen wiper motor was relocated to the engine side of the firewall — greatly reducing wiper noise. All models benefited from additional safety features (some compulsory under new Australian Design Rules, or ADRs) such as dual circuit brakes with a tandem master cylinder, double sided safety rims, front seat belts and front power disc brakes on V8 models.

The VE range consisted of Valiant & Valiant Regal sedans, Valiant Safari & Valiant Regal Safari station wagons and Valiant, Valiant Wayfarer & Dodge utilities, the latter being a lower-priced version of the Valiant utility. The flagship model followed on from the AP6 and VC V8 theme, being similarly equipped with bucket seats, floor shift automatic, and vinyl roof all standard, but was given the new name "VIP" to distinguish it from other models, since the V8 engine option was made available across the range. It also shared the 3 'sergeant stripes' of the VC V8 on the rear quarter panel.

The biggest accolade for the VE Valiant was Wheels "Car of the Year" in 1967 — the first for Chrysler Australia. [8]

68,688 VE Valiants were built. [9]

VF Series Edit

In March 1969, the VE was replaced by the VF model. The new car shared its middle section with the previous VE Valiant, but there was new front and rear styling. The new front end featured a horizontally convex grille, replacing the VE's concave design. The front indicators were placed at the top leading edge of the front guards rather than in a more conventional location in the grille or front bumper. This allowed the VF's front bumper to be thinner and less prominent, which made the single round headlights look larger, and the front end appeared more aggressive as a result.

Valiant and Valiant Regal models were once again available, and the VF range also saw the introduction of the Valiant Regal 770 and an upgraded VIP model. The VF VIP was introduced two months after the Valiant range and was no longer a Valiant V.I.P. but was now marketed as a Chrysler VIP, in sedan form only. It offered a stretched (112 inches or 2,800 millimetres) wheelbase, with longer rear doors than the Valiant. As with previous model changes, the VF boasted even more safety features including a padded instrument panel and energy absorbing steering column.

A larger 5.2 L (318 cu in) version of the LA V8 replaced the 273, taking the V8's top speed to 109 mph (175 km/h). Transmission options remained the same: three-speed manual or three-speed TorqueFlite automatic.

The most significant introduction to the VF range was the all new two-door Valiant Hardtop — essentially, a North American Dodge Dart coupé with the Australian Valiant front sheetmetal and interior trim. At over 5,000 mm (200 in), it is the longest coupe ever built in Australia. [10] Released six months after the other VF Valiants in September 1969, it was available in Valiant, Valiant Regal and Valiant Regal 770 models.

In mid 1969, Chrysler released a fast four-door named Valiant Pacer. A low-cost, high-power version of the bread-and-butter Valiant sedan, the Pacer featured a high-performance six-cylinder engine and three-speed manual gearbox with floor shifter. Despite a lack of exterior chrome, the VF Pacer stood out with its red and black grille, simulated-mag wheel hub caps, special body striping, 'Pacer 225' decals, and choice of "Wild Blue", "Wild Red", or "Wild Yellow" exterior colours. The sparsely trimmed interior featured high back bucket seats, and distinctive black on white instrument dials with a dash-top-mounted tachometer. Although lacking the V8 of its rivals, the Pacer could reach almost 180 km/h (112 mph) and, at $2798, was $400 cheaper than the base GTS Monaro. The Pacer was powered by a special version of the trusty 225 Slant-6. With two-barrel carburettor, high-flow exhaust system, and 9.3:1 compression ratio, it produced 175 bhp (130 kW). Standard brakes were finned, servo-assisted drum brakes all round, although most buyers opted for the optional front discs. [ aanhaling nodig ] Underneath was Valiant's basic torsion bar suspension, lowered by 125 mm (5 in) to improve handling and with a front anti-sway bar fitted. A 'Sure-Grip' limited-slip differential with either 3.23:1 or 2.92:1 ratios was optional.

Contemporary road testers were mostly full of praise for the Pacer, noting there were few cars that could match it on a performance for price basis. [ aanhaling nodig ] Modern Motor (May, 1969) took a VF Pacer sedan to 60 mph (97 km/h) in a respectable 10.5 seconds, the 1 ⁄ 4 mile (400 m) in 17.5 seconds and topped out at 111 mph (179 km/h).

In 1969, Chrysler's market share reached 13.7%. In total, 52,944 VF Valiants were built.

VG Series Edit

August 1970 saw the introduction of another facelifted version of the VE/VF bodystyle in the VG Valiant. The VG's most noticeable difference was the use of rectangular headlamps instead of the traditional round ones (except on VIP models, which used quad round headlamps). The guard-top indicator location was carried over from the VF. The grille was a horizontal, single-plane item, and the taillamps were revised and wrapped around to the body side. Sedan, Wagon, Ute and Hardtop body styles were offered once again as well as the same luxury levels as before.

The biggest announcement to come with the VG Valiant was of the all new Hemi-6 engine, replacing the Slant-6. The new engine was introduced as a 245 cu in (4.0 L) unit with quasi-hemispherical combustion chambers. Die "Hemi" name was already legendary in America with Chrysler's use of the Hemi V8, hence Chrysler Australia's marketing leverage for its 6-cylinder offering. The 1-barrel version of the 245 produced 165 bhp (123 kW) and 235 lbf⋅ft (319 N⋅m).

The sporty Pacer sedan was available again, but whereas the VF Pacer was only offered with the one power output, the new VG Pacer offered 3 different versions of the new 245 Hemi-6 engine, though Chrysler Australia didn't publish any power output figures for the Pacers. The standard Pacer had a 2-barrel carburettor and produced 185 bhp (138 kW). Option E31 produced 195 bhp (145 kW) and included a two-barrel carburettor, higher-performance camshaft, smaller fan, and windage tray. Option E34 produced 235 bhp (175 kW) and included a 4-barrel carburettor, high-performance camshaft, dual-plate clutch, manual choke, modified instrument cluster, torque-limiting engine mount strut, larger radiator, smaller fan, windage tray, premium engine bearings, shot-peened crankshaft and connecting rods, and high-capacity oil pump. Option E35 included a 4-barrel carburettor, high-performance camshaft, heavy-duty engine bearings, a dual-plate clutch, torque-limiting engine mount strut, and the ordinary Pacer-spec transmission.

The VG series Pacers were also the first and last to be offered in the Hardtop body style, of which three were optioned with the E31 package and three were optioned with E35 package. No VG Pacer Hardtops were available with the E34 option. Due to Chrysler Australia's policy (local content law/government law) of using only locally produced components, and the unavailability of a local four-speed gearbox, the Pacer was offered with only a three-speed floor shift manual transmission.

A total of 46,374 VG Valiants were built.

VH Series Edit

Chrysler released the VH Valiant range in June 1971. The VH was the first fully Australian-designed Valiant and was a major change from the preceding VG range — these were larger cars, styled to look even larger than they were. The grille treatment on the new VH range was a direct design descendant from the US Mopars with the central recessed area for grille and headlamps, surrounded by uninterrupted trim on the outer leading edge of the whole assembly. The rectangular headlamps were carried over from the VG model.

The model range of the VH Valiant was quite extensive, starting with the new entry-level Valiant Ranger, and progressing to Valiant Ranger XL, Valiant Pacer, Valiant Regal, and Valiant Regal 770.

Carried over from the VG range, the basic Hemi-6 245ci engine was standard equipment for Ranger XL and Regal, but a new 265 cu in (4.3 L) version offered 203 bhp (151 kW) and was standard equipment for the Regal 770. The Fireball 318 V8 engine was still an option, but only available on the Regal 770 sedan. The basic Ranger sedan featured a new low compression Hemi-6 215ci engine that operated on Standard grade petrol. This engine was not available on the other sedan cars in the VH range.

Unlike the VG range, Valiant Pacer was now only available in 4-door sedan form. Apart from vivid paint colours, optional bonnet blackouts and striping, the new Pacer featured a higher performance version of the 265ci engine, with 218 bhp (163 kW) at 4,800 rpm and 273 lbf⋅ft (370 N⋅m) at 3,000 rpm. The Pacer could run the quarter-mile in 15.9 seconds, get to 100 km/h in 7.6 seconds and reach a top speed of 185 km/h.

In fact, at its release, the VH Valiant Pacer set the record for being the fastest mass-produced four-door sedan with a six-cylinder engine manufactured in Australia, a record which stood for 17 years. [ aanhaling nodig ]

The Pacer's days as the VH performance model were numbered, because that same year saw the announcement and introduction of what was to become Chrysler Australia's most recognised new car — the Valiant Charger. In total, only 1,647 VH Valiant Pacer sedans were produced.

The new Valiant Charger was unlike anything that had come before and it had the Australian motoring press calling it, ". the most handsome car Chrysler has ever produced, and probably the best looking car ever produced by an Australian manufacturer". [ aanhaling nodig ] A short-wheelbase, fastback coupe with an aggressive wedge-like stance, the Charger's design gave the effect of speed, even when it was standing still.

Chrysler's TV campaign for the Charger featured the young adults at whom it was targeted, waving at one as it swept by them and shouting "Hey, Charger!" [11] One of the more memorable TV ads of the time, it created a cliché that haunts today's owners. Charger won Wheels magazine's Car of the Year award for 1971 and was widely acclaimed by others in the motoring press, as well as the public.

The Valiant Charger came in four model guises, closely mirroring the existing sedan range — Charger, Charger XL, Charger 770, and Charger R/T. The first of the serious "track pack" R/T Chargers had option E38. Despite being hampered by a three-speed gearbox, it still drew favourable comments from Wheels: "We achieved a time of 14.8 seconds for the quarter-mile — on smoother surfaces the Charger galloped away so easily that a best of 14.5 seconds is within reach". [ aanhaling nodig ] Being a three-speed gearbox, these quarter-mile runs took only one gear change.

The most recognised performance Chargers were the Six Pack cars. Die term six pack denoted the triple side-draught Weber 2BBL carburettors with which the 265 Hemi-6 engine – in option E37, option E38, and later option E49 – produced levels of power unheard of on a naturally aspirated six-cylinder at the time. The triple carburettors also made for a distinctive throaty note when under acceleration.

E38 versions of the Charger R/T featured a 265 Hemi-6 which produced 280 bhp (209 kW) while the E37 was the street tune option made available on Charger 770 and Charger R/T. E38 was a race-ready Charger R/T with the additional A84 Track Pack option, which included a 35-imperial-gallon (160 l) fuel tank. There was also an A87 Track Pack option that included all the race track goodies, but for the larger fuel tank.

In mid-1972, the E38 option was superseded by the more powerful and greatly refined four-speed transmission E49 option. This drew comments from Wheels such as, "The raw quivering power is instantaneously on tap and with a ratio for every conceivable situation the Charger just storms through. It would take a Ferrari Daytona with racing driver Jackie Ickx at the wheel to stay with one". [ aanhaling nodig ] All E49s came with a Track Pack, 21 of which featured the huge fuel tank with dual fillers. The E49 six pack engine came with a baffled sump, tuned length headers, special shot-peened crankshaft, connecting rods, pistons, rings, cam, valve springs, a twin plate clutch and of course the triple 45 mm dual throat Weber carburetors. Chrysler quoted this engine as producing 302 bhp (225 kW) which, in a 1,372 kg (3,025 lb) car, made for rapid acceleration.

The R/T E49 was the ultimate Valiant Charger, and with only 149 built the E49s are still widely considered today as one of the greatest Australian "muscle" cars ever produced. [ aanhaling nodig ] Road tests of the era recorded quarter-mile times of between 14.1 and 14.5 seconds. 0 to 100 mph (161 km/h) in 14.1 seconds was the norm. This compares to times of 14.6 for the next quickest accelerating Australian muscle car, the Ford XY Falcon GT-HO (Phase III).

Although the Six Pack Chargers were the dominant performance players in the VH range, there was another Charger, the 275 bhp (205 kW), 340 cu in (5.6 L) V8 powered E55, that came close. Option E55 was applied to the new Charger 770 SE in August 1972, and this car could reach 60 mph (97 km/h) in 7.2 seconds and complete the quarter-mile in 15.5 seconds — all topped off by a top speed of 122 mph (196 km/h).

A batch of several hundred VH Charger 770 318 V8s were exported to Japan along with CH sedans. The Chargers had a CH-like nose with VH sheet metal surrounding the CH four headlights and grille, a combination that NZ assembler Todd Motors would later use to create its unique VJ Valiant Regal 770 sedan. The Japanese cars also had air conditioning, side marker lights and separate white reversing lights as well as mirrors conforming to Japanese market regulations.

Overall, Chrysler Australia manufactured 67,800 VH Valiant cars.

New Zealand distributor Todd Motors had assembled the Valiant sedan from CKD kits since the AP5, mostly following the Australian range though with fewer variants and engine choices plus local upholstery. For the VH, it was a little more adventurous, launching a unique-to-NZ Ranger XL sedan as the base model with a two-barrel carburetor version of the 245ci Hemi-6 engine, no tail lamp trim surrounds or door window brightwork, unique seats and upholstery, and manual or automatic, column-shift transmission. The Regal 770 had the 265ci Hemi-6, floor-console automatic shifter, round dials with wood trim in place of the strip speedo and its own unique front bucket seats and trim. The 318ci V8 was optional and a vinyl roof was standard but could be deleted to order. Todd's sole locally built Charger model was also to '770' trim with the 265ci Hemi-6 six and three-speed floor shift auto and did not have the bumper overriders standard in Australia. Early runs had one-piece front door glass and hinged opening rear side windows but, due to problems with water leaks and excessive wind noise, this was soon changed to opening front quarterlights and fixed rear side glass. Wagons were imported from Australia, to Australian specification.

CH Series Edit

The VH model range also saw the introduction of the new luxury class vehicles, the CH reeks. The CH was a further 4 inches (100 mm) longer in the wheelbase than the VH Valiant — 115 in (2,900 mm) — with a total length of 197 in (5,000 mm). It featured quad round headlamps and a different rear end treatment, and had quieter suspension and higher equipment levels.

The CH (or "Chrysler by Chrysler", as it is commonly referred to) was a four-door luxury model intended to compete with the Ford Fairlane and Holden's Statesman models in the luxury car market in Australia. [12]

Also released in October 1971 was a two-door version of the CH which was called the Chrysler Hardtop, and shared the same wheelbase as the four-door Chrysler, along with the front and rear end treatment.

VJ Series Edit

May 1973 saw the introduction of the next model in the new All-Australian designed Valiant — The VJ. Although essentially a facelifted version of the VH Valiant before it, the VJ's subtle changes made enough of an impact on the buying public to make it the biggest selling Chrysler Valiant model of all, with 90,865 units being sold.

Externally the VJ Valiant continued on with the VH series body styles, though the VJ reverted to single 7" round headlamps and a new 8-segment grille. VJ sedans also received new horizontal taillights. Although the physical changes were few, many other new features were introduced in the VJ Valiant range, such as electronic ignition, rustproofing and floor-mounted shifters as standard features. Chrysler upgraded equipment levels in July 1974 with front disc brakes, door reflectors, lockable glovebox and retractable seatbelts all as standard features.

While the VJ range still offered sedan, wagon, ute, hardtop and coupe variants, the performance-oriented Pacer sedans and Charger R/T coupes were deleted from the new range. However, a variation of the E37 Six Pack engine (now with four-speed manual transmission) was made available, in the form of option E48, with most of the cars bearing this option ending up being base model VJ Charger coupes. Four VJ Charger coupes were built by special order featuring the VH series option E49 engine. The other carry-over performance variant was option E55, with the 340ci V8 engine option officially remaining as restricted to Charger 770 coupe application only.

In August 1974, a special run of 500 Sportsman coupes were released, based upon the Charger XL model. They were only available in Vintage Red with white body accents. These cars also had a unique white interior with plaid cloth seats and featured a standard 265 engine with a choice of either manual or automatic transmissions.

In New Zealand, Todd Motors was even more adventurous with the VJ. The base Ranger XL and Charger were updated, as in Australia, with similar NZ-only variations as the VH but the VJ Regal 770 was something of a 'parts bin special' and essentially a merger of a VJ Regal with a CH Chrysler. The nose - also used for several hundred VH Chargers built for the Japanese market - combined the CH's four headlamps and grille with VH Valiant sheetmetal (retaining the older, larger, clear park/indicator lamps) while the rest of the body was as per Australian VJ. Inside, new front seats were CH style, with individual chairs forming a bench shape, and a column automatic shifter was now used. Earlier cars had all-vinyl upholstery but cloth was fitted as standard later. New Zealand VJ Regals also had a vinyl roof in black or beige and the panel between the tail lights was also trimmed in vinyl to match - the vinyl trim could be deleted to order.

CJ Series Edit

The Chrysler was given a facelift in May 1973 to become the CJ Series. The two-door hardtop was dropped leaving only the four-door sedan to carry on the fight against its Ford and Statesman luxury competitors. The related Valiant hardtop's production continued.

VK Series Edit

In October 1975 the VK Valiant was released with few external changes from the previous VJ model. The Ranger now had an argent version of the VJ Charger grille, the Charger XL had a white version and the Charger 770 also had the argent grille. The VK Valiant Regal featured a "grille within a grille". [13] The Ranger sedan, Regal sedan, and Charger all now shared the same tail-light treatment, using a horizontal layout with four chrome contours to keep air flow away and keep the lenses clean. The Chargers were not called Chrysler Valiant Chargers any longer with the 'Valiant' name being dropped. [14]

The VK Regal also had blinker repeaters housed in small chrome boxes which sat on top of both front guards. Another unusual option was the Fuel Pacer option from the Chrysler US parts bin which detected low engine vacuum – as under hard acceleration – and illuminated the driver side guardtop blinker repeater to indicate wasteful driving. Inertia-reel seatbelts and slightly different heater controls were introduced on the VK, as well as a combination control stalk for the lights and wipers from the Mitsubishi Galant. The Ranger also got full-length door trims, and carpet was now standard.

VK six-cylinder series engines were the same as the VJ's, and the 245 Hemi-6 now featured a two-barrel carburettor like the 265 variant. The V8s were mainly 318 cu in (5.2 L) units, though the 360 cu in (5.9 L) remained an option across the entire range. It was not very popular as the mid 1970s saw the trend towards smaller cars with smaller motors. While the "three on the tree" column shift manual gearbox was still available, it was rarely specified (although still popular on Utes) and the three-speed floor change was now gone too. Buyers seeking floor-shift manual could choose the four-speed, which was available on all models but could only be had with a Hemi-6, not with a V8. [ aanhaling nodig ]

Late in the VK model run a limited edition Charger called the White Knight Special (option A50) was offered with a factory-fitted front air dam. The changes were mainly cosmetic with running gear being largely stock. There were 200 White Knight Specials made – 100 Arctic White and 100 Amarante Red. 120 were automatics and 80 were four-speeds.

20,555 VK Valiants were produced and production ceased in June 1976. This was because ADR 27A for exhaust emission control became effective on 1 July 1976, and all the car manufacturers used that date as the introduction of a new model to comply with the new standard.

VK assembly did not begin in New Zealand until nearly a year after Australian launch because a 60% sales tax levied on large engine cars, introduced during the 1973-4 oil crisis, drastically slowed VJ sales. The model range in New Zealand was pared down to Regal and Regal 770 editions.

A version of the Regal was manufactured for the South African Police as the SPP package in the late 1970's which featured triple carburetors, an uprated gearbox, uprated differential , and larger disc brakes. Approximately 2000 of this version were built and supplied

CK Series Edit

The Chrysler was given a slight a facelift in October 1975 to become the CK reeks. [15] Production ceased just one year later in October 1976 [15] when the Chrysler was replaced by the Chrysler Regal SE, a prestige version of the CL Series Valiant. [16]

CL Series Edit

The CL Series Valiant was introduced in November 1976. [17] Although it used the same bodyshell as the previous VK range, the front and rear ends were restyled. The front end used horizontally arrayed quad round headlamps flanking a central grille. The front guards and bonnet were also reworked accordingly. The new bootlid's curved leading edge flowed down to new taillights that sandwiched a simple centre garnish panel. The bumpers, however, were the same units as had been used on the 1969 VF series Valiants. [ aanhaling nodig ]

The Ranger name was dropped the base model CL was simply called Valiant, and the long-wheelbase "Chrysler by Chrysler" was replaced by the Regal SE. The CL series Regal was marketed as the Chrysler Regal, [18] in contrast to the Valiant Regal name used from the AP5 series [19] through to the recently superseded VK Series. [20] The CL series was the last to include a Charger model, which — like the previous VK model — was badged and sold as a Chrysler, not as a Valiant submodel. The CL Charger was generally available in only one trim level, the Charger 770, though a Charger XL was made available to police departments. The CL series also saw the arrival of the panel van variant to compete with similar offerings from rival makers.

Interiors carried over largely unchanged from the VK range, though the Regal SE offered luxurious buttoned-leather seating as an option. Base Valiants continued with the previous Ranger style strip speedometer, while the Regal dash featured recessed circular gauges and clock with a woodgrain finish. The Charger 770 dash was similar to that of the Regal, except it was finished in black and had a tachometer instead of a clock.

The 3.5 L (215 cu in) Hemi-6 and 5.9 L (360 cu in) V8 were dropped, and the only engine options were low- and high-compression versions of the 4.0 L (245 cu in) Hemi-6 and the 5.2 L (318 cu in) V8. The CL's introduction had closely coincided with that of the strict exhaust emission regulations contained in ADR 27A. With the 318 engine, a new emissions control system was introduced: Electronic Lean Burn.

Transmission options were 3-speed manual with floor or column shift, four-speed manual with floor shift, and three-speed Torqueflite automatic with floor or column shift. The automatic was standard equipment with the 318 V8, and optional with a 6-cylinder. The 4-speed was optional for six- and eight-cylinder models. The floor-shift auto option was fitted to most Regals and all Regal SE's. [ aanhaling nodig ]

In 1978 Chrysler released a limited edition run of 400 special Regal Le Baron models (option A17). The Le Baron was available only in Silver, with red or blue interiors. The 265 Hemi-6 was standard, and the 318 V8 was optional.

Valiant and Regal sedans also benefited from the 1978 introduction of Radial Tuned Suspension in response to Holden's having marketed their suspension as particularly suited to radial tyres. RTS improved the car's handling and roadholding significantly, and "Modern Motor" magazine proclaimed that the Valiant offered a better drive than the Holden. [ aanhaling nodig ]

The last special option in the CL range was the $816 Drifter package, available on the Charger. The Drifter package included Impact Orange, Sundance Yellow, Spinnaker White or Harvest Gold body paint, and large side and rear stripes. Drifters in white had additional "strobe stripes" on the bootlid. Engine options were again the 265 six or 318 V8, but the 4-speed manual was the only transmission option. A Drifter Pack was also offered on the Valiant Panel Van and on the Utility. [21] [22]

36,672 CL Valiants — including the last-ever Chargers — were built.

The CL was the last Valiant series assembled in New Zealand – by now the Chargers and Ranger were gone and the Regal and the Regal SE, replacing the 770, were the only models. The Regal SE was the first car to be assembled in the country with standard air conditioning.

CM series Edit

The CM was released in November 1978, and was little changed bodywise from the CL model. Only sedan and wagon models were produced.

A sports sedan called the GLX (option A16) was released as a replacement for the discontinued Charger and earlier the Pacer. Its features included a Charger grill and dashboard, special cloth trim, Cheviot Hotwire mag wheels and black door frames. It was advertised as the car "For People Who Like Their Cars Rare", as it was the last of the sports models and the jewel in the CM series. [ aanhaling nodig ] The GLX could be optioned with a 4.3 L (265 cu in) Hemi-6 or 5.2 L (318 cu in) V8. [ aanhaling nodig ]

The computer-controlled Electronic Lean Burn system continued giving favourable fuel economy when Wheels performed an economy test in 1979, they found the ELB-equipped Valiant 4.0 L (245 cu in) used less fuel than a 2.0 L (120 cu in) Ford Cortina. A Valiant achieved better than 30 miles per imperial gallon (9.4 L/100 km) in the Total Oil Economy Run. [ aanhaling nodig ]

Production of this car continued after Mitsubishi's takeover of Chrysler's Australian operations. Mitsubishi could build the car profitably even in small numbers due to its high 97% level of local Australian content and amortised tooling. However, the car was still badged as the Chrysler Valiant, not as a Mitsubishi. [23] The profit from the sale of one Valiant was equal to the profit from 3 Mitsubishi Sigmas- by this time the Company's main seller. [ aanhaling nodig ]

Valiant production ended in August 1981 with production of the CM reaching 16,005 units out of 565,338 units of all models. [23] Full-sized Chryslers were not marketed again in Australia until the 2005 release of the Chrysler 300C. [ aanhaling nodig ]

Although the Charger is arguably the best remembered Valiant in Australian motorsport, earlier models achieved class wins at the annual "Bathurst 500" production car race, something that the Charger never did. A Valiant AP5 won Class D at the 1963 Armstrong 500, a VC Valiant V8 won Class D at the 1966 Gallaher 500 and a VG Valiant Pacer won Class D at the 1970 Hardie-Ferodo 500. Chargers were raced in the Hardie-Ferodo 500 at Bathurst in 1971 and 1972 with factory support. They gained a best placing of third outright and second in class in 1972. Chrysler's policy was to race "Australian made" product, which meant the race cars ran 4.3 L (265 cu in) six-cylinder engines equipped with triple Weber carburettors and 3-speed gearboxes. Even skilled driving and good engineering could not defeat Ford's legendary Falcon GTHO Phase III with its 351 cu in (5.75 L) V8. In New Zealand, however, the Chryslers proved to be virtually unbeatable from 1971 to 1979 at the famous B&H 500-mile (later 1000 km) series at Pukekohe Park Raceway. The most successful drivers were Leo Leonard and Jim Little, who still races his Valiants (mostly pre-65 class). [ aanhaling nodig ]


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