Geskiedenis Podcasts

Kalifornië Baptiste Universiteit

Kalifornië Baptiste Universiteit

California Baptist University, ook bekend as Cal Baptist, of CBU, is 'n privaat, Christelike, liberale kunste -instelling in Riverdale, Kalifornië. Dit is die enigste Southern Baptist -kollege of universiteit aan die Weskus. Die universiteit is in 1950 deur die California Baptist College gestig deur die Los Angeles Baptist Association. Vier jaar later verdien die kollege sy handves uit die staat Kalifornië, en in 1955 verhuis dit van El Monte na die huidige plek. In daardie jaar het die universiteit onder die top vyf plaaslike liberale kunskolleges gerangskik vir studente-fakulteitsverhouding deur Amerikaanse nuus en wêreldverslagOnder die bestuur van die California Southern Baptist Convention bestaan ​​die universiteit uit sewe akademiese afdelings: College of Arts and Sciences, School of Behavioral Sciences, Dr. Metcalf School of Education, Shelby and Ferny Collinsworth School of Music en School of Nursing. en programme vir onderwysers se geloofsbriewe word op talle terreine aangebied. Die kampus is meer as 90 hektaar groot en bevat 27 geboue en is in die streek bekend vir sy missie-herlewingstyl. Daar is ook 'n koshuisfasiliteit op die kampus.


Kalifornië Baptiste Lancers

Die Kalifornië Baptiste Lancers is die 18 atletiekspanne wat die California Baptist University verteenwoordig, geleë in Riverside, Kalifornië, in NCAA Afdeling I interkollegiale sport. Die Lancers ding mee as lede van die Western Athletic Conference (WAC) vir die meeste sportsoorte. Verskeie Lancers -spanne ding mee aan ander sportkonferensies wat die WAC nie borg nie. Waterpolo vir mans ding mee in die Western Water Polo Association en vroue se waterpolo neem deel aan die Golden Coast -konferensie.

Kalifornië Baptiste Lancers
UniversiteitKalifornië Baptiste Universiteit
KonferensieWesterse atletiek konferensie
NCAAAfdeling I
Atletiese direkteurTyler Mariucci [1]
LiggingRiverside, Kalifornië
Varsity -spanne18
Basketbal arenaCBU Events Center
Baseball stadionJames W. Totman -stadion
Sagtebal stadionJohn C. Funk -stadion
Sokker stadionCBU Sokkerveld
Ander arena'sLancer Aquatics Center
Van Dyne Gym
BynaamLancers
KleureMarineblou en goud [2]
Webwerf www .cbulancers .com


1950's Redigeer

Die nuwe kollege, wat in 1950 gestig is as California Baptist College in El Monte, Kalifornië, het gedurende die eerste jaar 120 studente ingeskryf onder leiding van die eerste president, P. Boyd Smith. In 1953 beweeg die kollege onder die vleuel van die California Southern Baptist Convention, dieselfde jaar as die eerste uitgawe van die Angelos, die kollege se jaarboek, gepubliseer is. In 1954 het die kollege sy handves van die staat Kalifornië ontvang.

Binnekort het die kollege sy geriewe gegroei en in 1955 sy kampus na die destydse landelike stad Riverside verskuif.

Die kollege verhuis na 'n ruimer kampus van 75,6 hektaar wat reeds geboue gehad het wat gebruik kan word vir kantore, klaskamers en leefareas. Wat nou bekend staan ​​as die Annie Gabriel -biblioteek, was die eerste wat in 1921 gebou is. In 1927 is die oorspronklike administrasiegebou gebou, terwyl die W.E. James -gebou is in 1934 gebou. Die gebou wat nou die keramiekateljee en ketel huisves, is in 1938 gebou. In 1958 het die kollege sy tweede president, dr. Lloyd Simmons, aangewys.

1960's en 1970's Edit

In 1961 ontvang CBU volledige akkreditasie deur die Western Association of Schools and Colleges. In 1964 het die kollege begin uitbrei met die bou van die Lancer Arms -woonstelkompleks en die studentebevolking het 500 bereik.

In 1968 is die koshuise van Smith en Simmons gebou en vernoem ter ere van die kollege se eerste twee presidente. Hierdie nuwe slaapsale het groter inskrywing by die kollege moontlik gemaak.

In 1971 word dr. James R. Staples aangewys as die derde kollege -president. Twee jaar later is die Wallace Book of Life -teater gebou. In 1978 is die kollege se $ 800,000-noot vir die Riverside-kampus uiteindelik betaal en verbrand tydens 'n universiteitswye viering.

1980's en 1990's Edit

Dr Russell R. Tuck het in 1984 die vierde president van die kollege geword. Dieselfde jaar is die eerste gegradueerde verleen en akkreditasie is deur die National Association of Schools of Music ontvang.

In 1991 is Wanda's Place gestig, 'n kafee op die kampus wat vernoem is ter ere van 'n gewilde jare lange kollege-werknemer. Drie jaar later is dr. Ronald L. Ellis aangestel as die vyfde president van die kollege en die volgende jaar bereik die skool 1 000.

California Baptist College word die eerste kollege aan die Weskus wat in 1996 akkreditasie deur die Association of College Business Schools and Programs ontvang het. Die volgende jaar het die inskrywing 2 000 bereik.

In September 1998 word die California Baptist College amptelik die California Baptist University.

2000's wysig

In 2000 is die skool se 50ste bestaansjaar gevier. Die kampus het in 2001 weer uitgebrei met die toevoeging van die University Place Apartments.

Die School of Music is in 2002 gestig met die nuwe Dr. Bonnie G. Metcalf School of Education daarna in 2003. Dieselfde jaar is die nuwe universiteitskompleks, bekend as die Yeager Center, geopen met klaskamers, administrasiekantore, die kafeteria, rekenaarlaboratoriums en professore se kantore. [3]

Medio 2004 is nuwe behuisingskomplekse gebou, en later in die jaar het die universiteit sy eerste studente ingeskryf vir die meestersgraad in musiek.

Die Skool vir Ingenieurswese is in 2006 gestig. Die eerste klas in die herfs van 2007 het 55 studente gehad.

2010's wysig

CBU het sy College of Health Science in die herfs van 2010 bygevoeg toe die inskrywing meer as 4 700 studente was. [4] Ook in September 2010 het CBU ook sy derde kampusrestaurant, Brisco's Village Café, geopen. [5]

Op 30 Augustus 2011 is verpleegstudent Domaine Javier uit die California Baptist University geskors omdat sy 'n transgender vrou was. [6] Die rede vir die uitsetting van Javier was dat sy daarvan beskuldig is dat sy 'bedrog gepleeg het of gepoog het om identiteit te verberg' deur aansoek te doen en as vrou by die skool aanvaar te word. 'N Staatshof in Kalifornië het beide die universiteit en Javier gedeeltelike oorwinnings oorhandig. [7] In 2014 is Javier $ 4 000 plus advokaatgeld toegeken.

Op 8 September 2015 het CBU sy eerste doktorsgraad, 'n doktorsgraad in verpleegpraktyk (DNP) deur die School of Nursing aangebied.

Die CBU Events Center is geopen in November 2017. [8] Die jaar daarna is die CBU Dennis en Carol Troesh Engineering Building geopen. [9]

Annie Gabriel Library Edit

Die Annie Gabriel -biblioteek is vernoem ter ere van juffrou Annie Gabriel, wie se geskenke die aanvanklike ontwikkeling van die versameling moontlik gemaak het.

Benewens meer as 110 000 drukvolumes en 150 000 e-boekbesit, bied die biblioteek toegang tot meer as 30 000 tydskrifte en 79 databasisse. Die biblioteek het 'n groeiende versameling van meer as 17 000 DVD's en streaming video's. Die biblioteek is saam met 'n navorsingsrekenaarlaboratorium toegerus met draadlose dienste in die hele gebou.

  • Die Southern Baptist Depository and Archive bied boeke, tydskrifte, jaarlikse byeenkomste en verenigings, staatskoerante, materiaal vir Sondagskool -kurrikulum en ander Southern Baptist -publikasies aan.
  • Die California Baptist University Queenie Simmons Archive bied toegang tot inligting oor die geskiedenis van CBU deur sy versameling jaarboeke, kampuspublikasies, foto's en ander historiese dokumente, benewens die versamelde vraestelle van S. G. Posey, Lawrence Nelson en Melodie Yocum.
  • Die P. Boyd Smith Hymnology -versameling bevat meer as 2100 bundels wat oor drie eeue strek en meer as twintig tale verteenwoordig. Dit is 'n waardevolle bron vir himnoloë en musikoloë, sowel as historici van kerkmusiek.
  • Die Wallace -versameling van meer as 2 400 volumes bevat 'n persoonlike versameling evangelisasiemateriaal wat aan die instelling gegee is ter herinnering aan dr D. E. Wallace, voormalige professor in Bybel- en godsdiensonderrig.
  • Die Nie Wieder! Versameling is 'n groeiende versameling hulpbronne vir studente wat die Holocaust ondersoek en die implikasies daarvan vir Joods-Christelike verhoudings.

Skoolargitektuur Redigeer

California Baptist University is bekend in die stad Riverside vir sy Mission Revival -styl -argitektuur. Baie van die ouer strukture op die kampus is gedurende die 1920's en 30's gebou, 'n tyd toe hierdie spesifieke styl gewild was. Die Mission Inn in die middestad van Riverside is ook gebou in die Mission Revival -styl. Geboue wat op die kampus gebou is, het hierdie argitektoniese tradisie gevolg.

In 2004 is CBU erken in 'n November 2004 -artikel in die Amerikaanse skool en universiteit tydskrif, wat erkenning gee aan uitnemendheid in onderwysontwerp, vir die bou van die Yeager -sentrum, deur Kroh/Broeske Architects in Riverside. Die universiteit het ook eerbewyse van die stad Riverside gewen.

In 2005 is die JoAnn Hawkins -musiekgebou gebou. Dit huisves die Collinsworth School of Music.

'N Nuwe gebou vir CBU se Jabs School of Business is toegewy en geopen vir gebruik in Augustus 2012.

'N Nuwe gebou vir ontspanningsentrums is in Januarie 2013 toegewy en bied 'n wye verskeidenheid fisieke fiksheidsopsies aan studente en werknemers.

'N Nuwe Events Centre is in November 2017 geopen om verskeie universiteitsport- en aanvangsgeleenthede aan te bied. [8]

'N Nuwe gebou vir CBU se Gordon and Jill Bourns College of Engineering, die Dennis en Carol Troesh Engineering Building, is toegewy en geopen vir gebruik in Julie 2018. [9]

'N Nuwe hoofingang na die CBU -kampus is in Augustus 2019 geopen.

Op 20 September 2019 het CBU 'n nuwe Athletic Performance Center ingewy met 'n kamer van 10 800 vierkante meter, die grootste sodanige fasiliteit vir 'n NCAA Afdeling I-nie-sokkerinstelling in die staat Kalifornië. [10]

Jaarlikse kampustradisies Redigeer

CBU se kantoor vir kampusaktiwiteite bied 'n reeks jaarlikse sosiale en ontspanningsgeleenthede aan, insluitend: Fortuna Bowl, 'n binnemuurse vlagvoetbalkampioenskap met mans- en vrouespanne op die voorste grasperk in die kampus in November Midnight Madness, 'n energieke geleentheid wat die basketbal begin seisoen deur die mans- en vrouebasketbalspanne bekend te stel aan honderde juigende studente wat by die byeenkomssentrum ingepak is. Skoolgees word verhoog met speletjies en aflosse, soos die dunk-wedstryd en 3-punt-skietery, en gratis kos en pryse vir die ondersteuners Yule, 'n formele ete en 'n aand van vermaak in 'n vooraanstaande plek in Suid-Kalifornië, waar die jaar se Mr. & amp. Me. CBU word vroeg in Desember laat-ontbyt onthul, wat tydens die finale week van elke semester gehou word, waar skoolfakulteit en personeel ontbyt bedien aan studente en TWIRP (The Woman Is Required to Pay), 'n weeklange geleentheid waar vroulike studente manlike studente nooi prettige aktiwiteite en geleenthede gedurende die week. Hoogtepunte van die week sluit in: 'n Barn Dance, kompleet met 'n oproeper, vierdans- en kostuumwedstryd, geleenthede op en buite die kampus, insluitend konserte, Engelse en Dodgers-bofbalwedstryde, en reise na Disneyland, Sky Zone en ander uitstappies in Suid-Kalifornië .

Internasionale diensprojekte wysig

International Service Projects, of ISP, is die CBU-gebaseerde program waardeur studente gedurende die somer drie weke in die buiteland kan dien. 'N ISP -span bestaan ​​oor die algemeen uit 8-10 studente en word gelei deur 'n CBU -fakulteit of personeellid. Sedert dit in 1997 gestig is, het ISP -spanne in meer as 40 lande op ses kontinente diens gedoen. Terwyl hulle oorsee is, neem die spanne deel aan 'n verskeidenheid bedieninge wat musiek, drama, sport, etnografie, kinderbediening en onderrig in Engels kan insluit. Studente kan ook deelneem aan Amerikaanse diensprojekte, of USP's, wat op dieselfde manier as ISP's gereël word, maar op Amerikaanse bestemmings gerig is.

California Baptist University is 'n gesamentlike lid van die National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) op Afdeling I -vlak. [11]

CBU neem deel aan die Western Athletic Conference in die meeste sportsoorte. Die universiteit het voorheen deelgeneem aan die Pacific West Conference op Divisie II -vlak. [12] CBU bied 18 sportsoorte aan (9 vir mans en 9 vir vroue): [13] Vir mans borg California Baptist bofbal, basketbal, landloop, gholf, sokker, swem en duik, baan (afstand), waterpolo en stoei. Vir vroue borg California Baptist basketbal, strandvlugbal (toekoms), landloop, gholf, sokker, sagtebal, swem en duik, baan (afstand), vlugbal en waterpolo.

Skole Redigeer

  • Kollege vir Gesondheidswetenskappe
    • Departement Kinesiologie
    • Departement doktersassistentstudies
    • Departement van Openbare Gesondheidswetenskappe
    • Departement van Geallieerde Gesondheidsberoepe
    • Departement Argitektuur
    • Departement Grafiese Ontwerp
    • Departement Fotografie
    • Departement Film
    • Departement Visuele Kunste
    • Departement Lugvaartwetenskap
    • Departement Kommunikasiekuns
    • Departement Geskiedenis en Regering
    • Departement Moderne Tale en Literatuur
    • Afdeling Natuur- en Wiskundige Wetenskappe
    • Departement Lugvaart-, Nywerheids- en Meganiese Ingenieurswese
    • Departement Biomediese Ingenieurswese
    • Departement Chemiese Ingenieurswese
    • Departement Siviele Ingenieurswese en Konstruksiebestuur
    • Departement Rekenaarkunde, sagteware en datawetenskappe
    • Departement Elektriese en Rekenaaringenieurswese

    Akkreditasies Redigeer

    California Baptist University is geakkrediteer deur die akkrediteringskommissie vir senior kolleges en universiteite van die Western Association of Schools and Colleges. In Maart 2011 het WASC 'n herbevestiging van 10 jaar aan die universiteit toegeken, die maksimum akkreditasietydperk wat deur WASC toegestaan ​​is. [14] Dit is die eerste keer in CBU se meer as 60-jarige geskiedenis dat die instelling die maksimum uitbreiding van akkreditasie ontvang het.

    Boonop het die verskillende skole en kolleges van die CBU akkreditasies van en lidmaatskap van organisasies wat verband hou met hul spesifieke dissiplines. Hierdie akkreditasies en lidmaatskappe sluit tans in:

    • CBU se Dr Robert K. Jabs Business School is nasionaal geakkrediteer deur die Association of Collegiate Business Schools and Programs (ACBSP).
    • CBU se Shelby en Ferne Collinsworth School of Music is geakkrediteer deur die National Association of Schools of Music (NASM).
    • Onderwysersopleidingsprogramme wat aangebied word deur CBU se Dr. Bonnie G. Metcalf School of Education word goedgekeur deur die California Commission on Teacher Credentialing (CTC). Goedkeuring is verleen vir sowel meer- as een-vak-geloofsbriefprogramme.
    • Die Master of Science in Athletic Training (MSAT) -program wat deur CBU se Departement Kinesiologie aangebied word, is geakkrediteer deur die CAATE [15]
    • CBU se verpleegprogram aangebied deur CBU's School of Nursing word goedgekeur deur die Board of Registered Nurses (BRN) en is geakkrediteer deur die Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education (CCNE).
    • CBU se baccalaureusgraadprogramme in biomediese ingenieurswese (BSBME), chemiese ingenieurswese (BS), siviele ingenieurswese (BSCE), elektriese en rekenaaringenieurswese (BSECE) en meganiese ingenieurswese (BSME) is geakkrediteer deur die Engineering Accreditation Commission van die Accreditation Board for Engineering and Tegnologie (BOOV) [16]
    • CBU se Master of Public Health (MPH) -program is geakkrediteer deur die Council on Education for Public Health (CEPH). [17]

    Die universiteit is lid van die American Association of Higher Education, die Association of Independent California Colleges and Universities, die International Association of Baptist Colleges and Universities, die Council for Christian Colleges and Universities en die Servicemembers Opportunity Colleges.


    Inhoud

    Die basketbalprogram vir mans begin in 1969 op NAIA -vlak speel en het tot 2010 op daardie vlak gebly en aan die Golden State Athletic Conference deelgeneem. In 2010 het California Baptist Lancers in alle sportsoorte oorgegaan na die NCAA Division II en op 1 Julie 2011 by die Pacific West Conference in alle sportsoorte aangesluit. Atletiekkonferensie op 1 Julie 2018 in alle sportsoorte. Die skool kom in aanmerking vir Afdeling I -na -seisoen -kompetisie in die seisoen 2022–23. [3]

    Resultate van College Basketball Invitational (CBI) Redigeer

    The Lancers het een keer in die College Basketball Invitational (CBI) verskyn. Hulle rekord is 0–1.

    Jaar Rond Opponent Uitslag
    2019 Eerste ronde Loyola Marymount L 55–56

    NCAA Afdeling II toernooi resultate Wysig

    The Lancers het in 5 NCAA Division II -toernooie verskyn. Hulle gesamentlike rekord is 7–5.

    Jaar Rond Opponent Uitslag
    2014 Streeks kwarteindronde Staat Chico L 71–77
    2015 Streeks kwarteindronde
    Streeks halfeindronde
    Streekfinale
    Staat Chico
    Seattle Pacific
    Azusa Pacific
    W 67–61
    W 78–77
    L 79–91
    2016 Streeks kwarteindronde
    Streeks halfeindronde
    Cal Poly Pomona
    UC San Diego
    W 70–63
    L 69–71
    2017 Streeks kwarteindronde
    Streeks halfeindronde
    San Francisco staat
    UC San Diego
    W 71–50
    L 80–84
    2018 Streeks kwarteindronde
    Streeks halfeindronde
    Streekfinale
    Elite agt
    UC San Diego
    Azusa Pacific
    Wes -Oregon
    Queens
    W 81–67
    W 72–68
    W 80–76
    L 94-100

    NAIA -toernooi -uitslae Redigeer

    Jaar Saad Rond Opponent Uitslag
    1976 10 Eerste ronde
    Tweede ronde
    Husson
    Lincoln Memorial
    W 95–81
    L 78–107
    2005 Eerste ronde
    Tweede ronde
    # 13 Lubbock Christian
    # 4 Robert Morris (IL)
    W 77–66
    L 71–105
    2007 Eerste ronde # 12 Lubbock Christian L 77–105
    2008 10 Eerste ronde
    Tweede ronde
    Xavier (LA)
    Oklahoma City
    W 77–69
    L 63–69
    1. ^CBU -handelsmerkstylgids (PDF). Besoek op 31 Januarie 2017.
    2. ^
    3. Robin, Brian (10 November 2017). "Die nuwe Cal Baptist University -arena in Riverside beïndruk op die openingsdag". Die pers-onderneming. Besoek op 17 April 2018.
    4. ^
    5. Wellman, Sammi (13 Januarie 2017). "CBU kondig D1, WAC Move aan". cbulancers.com. Besoek op 17 April 2018.

    Hierdie artikel van die kollege -basketbalspan is 'n stomp. U kan Wikipedia help deur dit uit te brei.

    Hierdie artikel oor 'n basketbalspan in Kalifornië is 'n stomp. U kan Wikipedia help deur dit uit te brei.


    Uitgelese skole

    College Factual bied hoër onderwys, kollege en universiteit, graad, program, loopbaan, salaris en ander nuttige inligting aan studente, fakulteite, instellings en ander internetgehore. Gegee inligting en data kan verander word. Die opname op hierdie webwerf impliseer of verteenwoordig nie 'n direkte verhouding met die onderneming, skool of handelsmerk nie. Alhoewel inligting op die tydstip van publikasie as korrek beskou word, is dit moontlik dat dit nie korrek is nie en geen waarborg word verskaf nie. Kontak die skole om enige inligting te verifieer voordat u daarop staatmaak. Finansiële hulp kan beskikbaar wees vir diegene wat kwalifiseer. Die vertoonde opsies kan geborgde of aanbevole resultate insluit, nie noodwendig op grond van u voorkeure nie.


    Gegradueerdes van 1965

    Duane Chism

    San Antonio, Texas gebied
    Ervare HR -bestuurder, afrigter, EEO -fasiliteerder, ondersoeker en uitvoerende bestuurder.
    Regeringsadministrasie

    Onderwys
    Troy State University 1976 — 1977
    Master of Science (M.Sc.), Menslike Hulpbronbestuur/Personeeladministrasie, Algemeen

    Kalifornië Baptiste Universiteit 1963 — 1965
    Bachelor of Arts (BA), Geskiedenis en Biologie

    Ervaring
    Omnisec International 2003 - Hede
    Koeweit -skakelkantoor, Defense Language Institute 1992 - 2003
    Lackland AFB 1988 - 1991

    Sandra Heflin

    Bakersfield, Kalifornië
    President, stigter van Color of Language
    Onderwysbestuur

    Onderwys
    California State University-Northridge 1982 — 1983
    Magistergraad, Kommunikasie-gestremdes en gehoorgestremdes

    Kalifornië Baptiste Universiteit 1960 — 1965
    Baccalaureusgraad, Opvoedkunde

    Ervaring
    Kleur van taal 2001 - Hede
    Kleur van taal September 2001 - Hede
    Gemeenskap 1970 - Hede
    Verskeie agentskappe, skole en programme 1970 - Hede
    California State University, Bakersfield Desember 2010 - Desember 2013
    Verskeie babaskoolprogramme 1965 - 2001
    CA School for the Deaf, Riverside 1980 - 1986

    Vaardighede
    Hoër onderwys, Microsoft Office, Navorsing, sosiale media, redigering, gebeurtenisbeplanning, PowerPoint, onderrig, openbare spraak, vertaling, tutoriaal, klaskamer, Amerikaanse gebaretaal, opleiding, kliëntediens, kurrikulumontwikkeling, openbare betrekkinge, sosiale netwerk, strategiese beplanning, Tolking, Grant -skryfwerk, Microsoft Excel, bestuur, leierskap, gebaretaal, elementêre onderwys, proeflees, programontwikkeling, dowe kultuur

    Sandra Heflin

    Bakersfield, Kalifornië
    Eienaar, taalkleur
    Organisasie sonder winsbejag

    Onderwys
    Cal State University, Northridge 1982 — 1984
    MA, Kommunikasie Gestremdes, Doof en Gehoorzaam Klem

    Kalifornië Baptiste Universiteit 1960 — 1965
    BA, Opvoedkunde, Sosiologie, Godsdiens

    Ervaring
    Cal State, Bakersfield, CA Januarie 2010 - Hede
    Kleur van taal Augustus 2001 - Hede
    Eie ondernemers September 1965 - Hede
    Stockdale Christian School, Bakersfield, CA September 1994 - Junie 2001
    CA. Skool vir Dowes, Riverside, CA September 1980 - Junie 1986

    Vaardighede
    Gesertifiseerde gebaretaal. Teofostiese gebed.

    Kersvader Sandiego

    Groter San Diego -gebied
    Onafhanklike vermaaklikheidspersoon
    Vermaak

    Onderwys
    Kalifornië Baptiste Universiteit 1962 — 1965
    Sosiologie/sielkunde

    Ervaring
    Aspen Bemarkingsdienste Desember 2010 - Desember 2010

    Vaardighede
    Teater, Voice Over

    Wayne Whatley

    Bakersfield, Kalifornië
    HOOF VAN OPNAMEPARTIES by CORNERSTONE ENGINEERING
    Siviele ingenieurswese

    Onderwys
    Kalifornië Baptiste Universiteit 1963 — 1965

    Ervaring
    CORNERSTONE ENGINEERING, INC April 2001 - Hede
    Hardey Engineering, Inc. Maart 1993 - Maart 2001

    Bill & Bettie Weir

    Onderwys
    Kalifornië Baptiste Universiteit 1962 — 1965
    Baccalaureusgraad, Musiek

    So. Illinois Universiteit, Carbondale, ILLINOIS 1950 — 1951
    Baccalaureusgraad, Liggaamsopvoeding Onderrig en Afrigting

    Southern Methodist University: 1949 — 1950
    Baccalaureusgraad, algemene vereistes, Phys Ed, hoofvak

    Ervaring
    Maplewood. St. Louis Mo .: FBC, Woodland Acres, Garnett Road, Tulsa, OK Augustus 1965 - Junie 1994
    Baptistekerke in Kalifornië, Texas, Missouri en Oklahoma September 1961 - Augustus 1965


    Akkreditasie

    California Baptist University (CBU), wat alle programme insluit wat aangebied word deur die Afdeling Online en Professionele Studies, is geakkrediteer deur die Western Association of Schools and Colleges Senior College en University Commission (WSCUC). Baie voornemende studente is onseker oor watter universiteitsgrade werkgewers of universiteite sal aanvaar. Hierdie streeksakkreditasie deur WSCUC beteken dat u vol vertroue kan wees dat u CBU -graad deur skole en maatskappye regoor die land erken en gerespekteer word.

    CBU Online het verskeie toekennings ontvang en is al agt jaar agtereenvolgens deur U.S. News & World Report aangewys as 'n topskool in die land.

    Beste kolleges 2021 streeksuniversiteite Wes

    Beste kolleges 2021 sosiale mobiliteit

    Beste kolleges 2021 eerstejaar -ervarings

    Beste kolleges 2021 mees innoverende


    Arlington Baptiste Universiteit

    Arlington, Texas

    Godsdienstige affiliasie: Baptiste
    Denominasie: World Baptist Fellowship

    Arlington Baptist University het vir die ergste lys gekwalifiseer omdat hy aansoek gedoen het om 'n vrystelling van titel IX om diskrimineer teen sy studente op grond van seksuele oriëntasie en geslagsidentiteit, terwyl hulle steeds federale fondse ontvang.

    Kampusgeskiedenis

    • Desember 2015 - Versoek om vrystelling van titel IX ingedien
    • Mei 2016 - Departement van Onderwys versoek verdere inligting
    • Augustus 2016 - 9 Texas -kolleges is een van die 'absoluut ergste' vir LGBT -studente, sê die gay -regte -groep
    • Augustus 2016 - Die nege meeste anti -LGBT -kolleges in Texas
    • Februarie 2018 - Antwoord op vrystelling van titel IX van die departement van onderwys onder Trump -administrasie waarin nou gesê word dat die brief van Mei 2016 om verdere inligting (brief van hooggeplaaste amptenaar waarin titel IX strydig is met godsdienstige beginsels) is nie nodig vir 'n instelling om 'n godsdiensvrystelling te eis nie.

    Dit is in skerp kontras met die geskrewe briewe van die departement van onderwys onder die Obama -administrasie waarin aanvullende inligting aangevra word voordat 'n titel IX -vrystelling ontvang word, soos in die brief lui: Die geskrewe "versoek" vir vrystelling van 'n instelling is in die eerste plek 'n versoek om versekering van OCR van vrystellings van sekere afdelings van die regulasie. Godsdienstige instellings wat nie vooraf skriftelike erkenning van OCR gesoek of ontvang het nie, kan steeds hul vrystelling beroep nadat OCR ontvang het 'n klag van titel IX. As die kollege egter skriftelike erkenning van die vrygestelde status van die OCR wil hê, kan die kollege 'n verklaring van sy hooggeplaaste amptenaar indien wat die bepalings van titel IX identifiseer wat strydig is met die spesifieke beginsels van die beherende godsdienstige organisasie.


    Die Universiteit van Redlands het sy oorsprong in die stigting van twee ander Baptiste -instellings, California College in Oakland (nie te verwar met die stigting van die Universiteit van Kalifornië nie, maar 'n Baptiste -kollege wat gestig is met 'n skenking van $ 28,000 op 'n webwerf wat deur mev. . EH Gray) en die Universiteit van Los Angeles, wat in 1883 die eerste keer voorgestel is deur Charles Button, 'n prediker wat 'n vereniging van Baptistekerke in Suid -Kalifornië oortuig het om geld in te samel vir die Universiteit van Los Angeles. Beide instellings is in 1886 geopen, maar LAU het nooit finansieel solvent geword nie, het nie meer as 'n universiteit opgehou nie en groot skuld aangegaan. Die Baptiste het in 1905 'n onderwyskommissie aangestel om geld in te samel om die skuld te kanselleer en die universiteit as hoërskool te heropen. Nadat die aardbewing in San Francisco van 1906 die finansies van die California College beskadig het, het die kommissie begin om die likwidasie van beide instellings te ondersoek om 'n nuwe instelling in Suid -Kalifornië te ontwikkel.

    Nadat die Baptiste -opvoedingskommissie voorlopig 'n voorstel aanvaar het om met Congregationalists saam te werk om van Pomona 'n sterk interkerklike kollege te maak, het Jasper Newton Field, 'n nuwe Baptiste -leraar in Redlands, die Redlands Board of Trade oorreed om die kollege in Redlands, Kalifornië en die suide te volg. Baptistekonvensie in Kalifornië om die aanbod van Pomona te verwerp.

    Die keuse van Redlands Edit

    Die konvensie het 'n tweede kommissie aangestel om die pogings met Baptiste in Noord -Kalifornië om 'n kollege in Suid -Kalifornië te stig, te koördineer. Newton Field word eers lid, daarna voorsitter van die kommissie van 14 lede.

    As gevolg van wankommunikasie het die California College vir eers sy outonomie behou en die kommissie slegs die fisiese bates van die Los Angeles Universiteit gelaat om in kapitaal vir 'n nuwe universiteit oor te skakel. Intussen het Redlands ten minste 100,000 dollar en 40 hektaar (160,000 m2) voorgestel vir 'n kampus (op grond geskenk deur die Baptiste leek mnr. K.C. Wells) as die Baptiste Kerk van 240,000 tot 500,000 dollar sou kon inbring om die universiteit te bou. Op 27 Junie 1907 het die kommissie in Pasadena vergader en uit 'n veld wat Azusa, Pasadena en Riverside insluit, almal ten gunste van die voorstel van Redlands gestem.

    Redlands het gewen omdat daar geen ander kollege in daardie deel van die staat was nie, wat 'n groot plaaslike beskerming verseker het. Daar was ook groot interkerklike belangstelling onder die plaaslike burgers in 'n nie-sektariese kollege in Redlands. Van die sewe ondertekenaars van die Redlands -petisie was slegs een Baptis, maar almal was kollegas uit die Ooste en die Noorde wat die onderwys waardeer het. Van die oorspronklike kuratorium van die nuwe instelling sou drie nie-baptiste wees en leke in die meerderheid, wat 'n verandering was vanaf die dae toe die administrasie van hoër onderwys in die VSA hoofsaaklik deur ministers gedoen is.

    Van die begin af was daar debat oor wat die nuwe instelling, 'n 'universiteit' of 'n 'kollege' genoem moet word. Field het voorgestel dat Redlands 'n volledige universiteit word met 'n mediese skool en professionele programme, hoewel ander dit meer realisties as 'n liberale kunskollege beskou het. Field se visie het egter die dag gedra, en die Baptiste het hom aangekla dat hulle hul deel van die aanvangsfondse ingesamel het. Nadat hy meer as $ 300 000 ingesamel het, het die kuratorium op 13 Januarie 1909 met die volle steun van die Redlands -gemeenskap besluit om hom as eerste president van die Universiteit van Redlands te verkies. [1]

    Baanbrekende Edit

    Die grond is op 9 April 1909 gebreek op die heuwel waar die administrasiegebou nou staan. Op die perseel was eens die huis van dr. J. D. B. Stillman, persoonlike dokter van senator Leland Stanford, deel van 'n wingerd van 100 hektaar groot. Nadat hy met 'n graaf gebreek het, het Field gesê:

    'N Kort tydjie gelede was ons nie hier nie, nog 'n paar jaar sou ons hiervandaan weggegaan het. Mag dit ons hoogste doel wees terwyl ons hier is om die beste rekenskap van die kragte wat God ons gegee het, ten goede te bereken. In die naam van die Here van die leërskare rig ons ons baniere op. Mag die onderwysinstelling wat op hierdie gronde geleë is, die naam Christen in die beste sin van die term vir ewig waardig wees. Mag die beleid daarvan nie te eng of te breed wees nie, maar dit sal tot eer van God en die welsyn van die mensdom terugkeer, met altyd die seël van goddelike goedkeuring. In die naam van die Vader en die Seun en die Heilige Gees. [1]

    Die deure maak oop Edit

    Die nege stigterslede het op 30 September 1909 hul eerste klasdag in die Redlands Baptist Church gehou, met 39 studente wat dit bygewoon het. Materiaal is by die Smiley -biblioteek geleen, en die Hoërskool Redlands het hul wetenskaplike laboratoriums aangebied. (Toe die California College in Oakland uiteindelik in 1909 gelikwideer word om die Berkeley Baptist Divinity School te vervaardig, is wetenskapstoerusting en boeke wat nie nodig was vir goddelike opvoeding nie, in 1914 aan Redlands geleen.)

    Byna onmiddellik het spanning ontstaan ​​tussen studente en die fakulteit. Op 18 Desember 1909 het die fakulteit 'n resolusie ingedien wat die bywoning van studente by danse of kaartpartytjies verbied sonder skriftelike toestemming van ouers. Die trustees het die fakulteit ondersteun, wat studentedans of kaartspel absoluut verbied het, en later verbied studente om te trou, verbod wat langer as drie dekades duur.

    Op 27 Januarie 1910 het die Universiteit van Redlands sy fisiese deure oopgemaak deur die nuut voltooide administrasiegebou te beset. Bekins Hall en die president se herehuis was die enigste twee ander geboue wat voltooi is. President Field word aangekla van die verdere beveiliging van $ 200 000 vir skenking, maar die Great Freeze van 1911, wat die helfte van die sitrusgewas in Kalifornië uitgewis en die plaaslike ekonomie ernstig beskadig het, het dit onmoontlik gemaak. Field het oos gegaan vir hulp, maar het amper leeg gekom. Die salarisse van die fakulteit het 7 maande agterstallig geraak, maar die fakulteit het voortgegaan met krediet wat die plaaslike gemeenskap ontvang het om die skool oop te hou.

    Nadat die trustees besluit het '' dat dit in die beste belang van die Universiteit is om tydelik die president se huis vir die musiekafdeling te gebruik ', President Field bedank in 1914. Die trustees reageer op kritiek op UR se kostekoste soos gerapporteer aan die Northern Baptist Convention. Soos die verslag lyk, sou die onderwysraad van die Noordelike Doper nie die universiteit aan voornemende skenkers goedkeur nie. Victor LeRoy Duke, dekaan en professor in wiskunde, het as waarnemende president oorgeneem. Hy is formeel deur die trustees aangestel op 24 Junie 1915. [1]

    With the change in administration from Field to Duke, the dream of building a large university faded to a determined focus on building and retaining a strong liberal arts college. However, for the first several years operating deficits continued to average $17,617 annually. The Southern California Baptist community called a mass-meeting in Los Angeles, endorsed the school as "the Baptist College of the Southwest," and initiated a campaign to raise $50,000 to clear outstanding debt. The following spring the Northern Baptist Education Board, after meeting with the Trustees, reversed their decision of two years earlier and also endorsed the school, promising to help raise an endowment. [1]

    After the U.S. entered World War I in 1917, the national Baptist campaign for UR's endowment was called off. The trustees and faculty had decided that no beginning classes in German would be offered, and required a pledge of loyalty to the United States from graduating seniors before degrees were conferred. Continued fundraising for UR depended mainly on the local efforts of George Cortner, UR's business manager, while President Duke adjusted the college to a war-time economy. The university recruited 131 men to qualify the campus for the Students’ Army Training Corps program, whose tuition expenses were to be paid by the federal government in exchange for military training. However, due to the armistice, the Corps was ordered demobilized before the end of its first term, though the new recruits made 1918-19 a banner year for Redlands athletics.

    Tensions between faculty and students continued. Determining in May 1918 that "the existence of fraternities and sororities in this democratic institution is not for the best interests of the University of Redlands" the faculty invited the students’ "cooperation with the object of their ultimate elimination." The students requested, deftly, that the faculty provide substitutes for their organizations before they gave them up. Hazing and other rowdiness were becoming issues, however, so the trustees and faculty ultimately decided in 1923 that residential fraternity houses would not be allowed. Criticism of the faculty in the student newspaper that year brought a faculty motion that any article concerning the administration must be submitted to the president's approval before publication. [1]

    By 1925, Redlands employed 25, and student enrollment had increased to 465. Finances had improved to the extent that, with significant volunteer help, UR was able to erect 12 new buildings by the end of the decade. New dormitories, classrooms, a library, memorial chapel and gymnasium were built. A school of education was added. The developing alumni base also started to support the university. The first alumni gift to the school, in planning since 1916, was the Greek theater completed in 1927. By 1928, the University's endowment was $2,592,000, the fourth largest in the state and among the top ten percent of American universities. [1]

    Statements of faith Edit

    In the post-war readjustment period following the armistice, concerns for orthodoxy in religious leadership lead the Northern Baptist Convention to send inquiries to various denominational institutions investigating the loyalty of students, faculty and administration to Baptist doctrine. In response, the UR Trustees passed a "loyal Baptist doctrinal declaration" in 1923, which read:

    The trustees of the University of Redlands … hereby reaffirm and declare their continued faith in the historic Baptist position in regard to the Great Doctrines of the Bible, especially in the inspiration and authority of the Holy Scriptures, the Deity of Jesus Christ, His supernatural Birth, and Resurrection and His sacrificial Atonement.

    We further declare that it is the purpose of the University of Redlands to remain faithful to these historic Baptist principles. (Minutes of the Board of Trustees, June 19, 1923) [1]

    Furthermore, in 1926 they resolved:

    …that we recognize and appreciate the distinct field of service of the Christian college, namely, in addition to a high standard of scholarship, its main objective is the molding of Christian character and that this is best made possible through the fostering of faith by the emphasis placed on spiritual things both in the class room and in the social contact of faculty with the students.

    Resolved, further, that prior to the employment of a teacher for a position on the faculty of the University of Redlands, such person shall be made acquainted with the above and shall not be employed unless he is in sympathy with and desirous cooperating with the program of the University of Redlands.

    Resolved, further, that it is the will of the University of Redlands that any teacher who may find himself out of sympathy with the program and purpose of the University shall without controversy or delay, tender his resignation. (Statement of Faith, June 7, 1926) [1]

    Thus, statements of faith in Baptist doctrine were required of faculty appointments to the University. Still, the number of non-Baptists interested in a Redlands education continued to grow, and by 1927 non-Baptists for the first time exceeded the numbers of Baptists enrolled at Redlands. The Trustees responded by requesting the students and faculty help frame a declaration addressing the ideals of the University, which were:

    To establish and maintain a Christian institution of higher education which emphasizes the spiritual life in which students may search for the truth, unhampered by prejudice, superstition, or skepticism, and in an atmosphere permeated by the spirit of the Great Teacher – to the end that they become men and women, whose wholesome bodies are fit temples for the indwelling of the Holy Spirit whose social graces make them welcome where gentlefolk congregate whose keen minds enrich scholarship whose reverent souls worship God in spirit and in truth whose loyal lives exemplify the teachings of Jesus Christ and serve to advance His Kingdom and His righteousness. (Report of the Committee on Ideals, January 27, 1931) [1]

    Redlands during the Great Depression Edit

    By the beginning of 1932, the effects of the Great Depression started to be felt at the University. Enrollment soared, as there was no work to be found, but student indebtedness also increased exponentially, as well as the amount the University owed banks. Salaries were cut, and employees were laid-off. On March 3, 1933, the day after the governor declared a moratorium on banks, President Duke died of a cerebral hemorrhage.

    In the wake of Duke's death, antagonism developed between the faculty and trustees over forced retirements and other severances. The Trustees appointed Dr. W. Rafferty acting president on the day of Duke's funeral, but as he did not want the job on a permanent basis a nationwide search was immediately undertaken for Duke's successor. The board unanimously elected lay member Dr. Clarence Howe Thurber, Dean of Faculty and Director of Education at Colgate University, as the third president of the University of Redlands.

    Although Dr. Thurber agreed with the "statement of faith" required of all UR faculty since 1926, he quickly became known as a relentless innovator. "Education," he stated at his inaugural address on December 6, 1933, "cannot be ‘poured in’ or ‘plastered on,’ it must be ‘rooted out’ for oneself . Leaners not learners result from spoon feeding . Shall we not then, re-examine our whole set up in an endeavor to quicken the love of learning?" He proceeded to do so, working with the Faculty to reorganize the curriculum to make it "abreast of the foremost institutions of the nation." [1]

    His administration, however, soon ran afoul of ultra-conservative churches. Their student members complained of a liberal attitude toward Baptist doctrine being inoculated by Robert H. Lynn, Crawford Professor of Biblical, Missionary and Ethical Instruction. Although the trustees attempted to assuage the matter by conducting a hearing between Lynn and the complaining students, the report they issued commending the Christian spirit of both parties further alienated the critical Baptists.

    The Upton Sinclair affair Edit

    Although the Redlands community initially supported the faculty's academic freedom, the later affair of Dr. William H. Roberts, a Redlands psychology professor who became the campaign manager for Upton Sinclair's run for governor in 1934, severely strained town and gown relations in the predominantly Republican community.

    The affair lead to the undoing of President Thurber. Although he requested Roberts drop all political activity at once, which Roberts promised to do, Roberts later discovered Thurber acted without authorization of the Board of Trustees, so he continued to speak for Upton Sinclair in public under the assumed name of "Allan Brand." Sinclair had already lost the election by the time Thurber found out about it three months later he was so incensed he charged Roberts with unethical conduct, and furthermore presided over his trial before the Faculty Council as both prosecutor and juryman. While the faculty trial returned a verdict of "not guilty as charged," it recommended Roberts be fired anyway. Thurber himself resigned two years later too many people had come to view him as both an autocratic authoritarian and inept administrator, though the event was also viewed as a victory for Baptist fundamentalists on the Board of Trustees. [1]

    Sectarian strife continues Edit

    The schism between sectarianism and non-sectarianism continued through the administration of Elam J. Anderson, Redland's fourth president. Formerly the President of Linfield College in Oregon, he was a deeply religious man, and though he also believed in the scholastic ideal of the denominational college as a non-sectarian institution, he did not find evangelical zeal incompatible with intellectual inquiry. As he said at the Southern California Baptist Convention four months before assuming office, "The Baptist is the first denomination which has insisted that each person has the right to think for himself."' [1]

    As President, Anderson spent so much time in off-campus outreach to the Baptist community that non-Baptist students and some faculty felt neglected. However, he was an open and capable enough administrator to create diplomatic channels for hearing and handling complaints. Still, the ultra-conservative churches never forgot their suspicions. In 1941 they appointed a committee to survey all church members requesting signed complaints against Robert Lynn, which they sent in summary to Lynn and President Anderson, requesting a private meeting in Los Angeles to discuss them. They complied, though this was unprecedented, and raised concerns for academic freedom among the faculty. Anderson assuaged them by promising all parties that the only reason for the meeting would be for the investigating committee to "gain a new understanding of the task, our ideals and prayers for the University, and a sympathetic acquaintance with Professor Lynn." [1] Although the meeting was successful to that effect, the churches represented by the investigating committee did not accept their recommendation to continue supporting the university. Anderson continued to hold his ground, however, refusing to submit academic freedom to sectarian authority, and the problem gradually eased when the more militant churches broke from the Northern Baptist Convention in the middle 40s.

    The 1940s brought many changes to the University of Redlands. They began with the bombing of Pearl Harbor. As conscriptions and enlistments for the war depleted classes, courses were set up for the soldiers at Camp Haan and March Field. Physical education and military science courses at the college began to assume a much higher priority. An emergency control center was set up in California Hall, and drills were conducted in event Redlands was bombed.

    Although the war-time economy was disastrous to faculty finances, the University itself was on a much surer footing. Rather than cut salaries or lay-off employees, the Trustees promised to borrow against capital to maintain "an efficient educational program" and "efficient faculty personnel." By February 12, 1942, in fact, for the first time in twenty years, the University was completely out of debt.

    The July 1, 1943, arrival of a Navy V-12 unit, composed of 631 men for officer candidate training, along with a civilian enrollment of 473 women and 110 men, gradually lead to the easing of social restrictions at Redlands. Military men were not required to attend chapel, and on New Year's Eve the Marines clandestinely held the first impromptu dance ever at Redlands. Two months later, the Navy held the first formal dance on the commons, and the Trustees finally discarded the "no dancing" policy in 1945, after the Redlands V-12 unit had been disbanded. [2]

    President Anderson died unexpectedly in 1944. Rather than select an acting president, Redlands was run by a faculty administrative committee for a while. In June 1945, the Trustees elected George H. Armacost, then head of Education at William and Mary, the fifth president of the University. He served as president for 25 years, leading the university through times of tremendous change, and instituting it. As he later said in a 1990s interview, in order to establish himself "one of the first things I had to do was root out the old-line Baptists from the Board." [3]

    The passage of the GI Bill the year before further opened the doors at Redlands. By special action of Congress, housing units from Washington State University for 50 veteran's families were installed on campus. Of the 219 graduates of June 1949, 126 were veterans, and of these 70 were married, breaking Redlands' longstanding policy against student marriage.

    The 50s saw other changes. Fraternity houses were established for the first time, and other improvements made to the university. KUOR, the university's radio station, began broadcasting in 1955. The first Ph.D. ever granted by the University was received in 1957, by Milton D. Hummex, in Philosophy.

    Faced with increased competition for student recruiting due to the establishment of new state universities in Riverside and San Bernardino, Redlands partnered with other institutions to form the Independent Colleges of Southern California organization in 1952, to jointly publicize their programs and solicit support from local industry. In 1954, an Association of Independent California Accredited Colleges and Universities of both Northern and Southern California was formed to lobby the state legislature on issues affecting their campuses. New, ambitious fund raising goals were set in anticipation of Redlands' 50th anniversary in 1959.

    The effects of the free speech movement began to be felt at Redlands in 1967, when students invited Bettina Aptheker, a Cal student and avowed Communist, to speak on campus. Although the event occurred without violence or other disruption to the university, Armacost suspended the organizers for five weeks in violation of a 1963 Board policy that explicitly prohibited communists from speaking on campus. He later reduced the suspensions to two and a half weeks, and a university and community council was developed for approving controversial speakers.

    In this time, planning started for an experimental college to be attached to the University of Redlands. James Graham Johnston, of IBM, made the founding grant, and buildings were constructed for the purpose of developing Johnston College as a separate institution that would complement Redlands, similar to the way the Claremont Consortium was organized. Although the Redlands planners only intended it to be an academically autonomous school of foreign policy, in line with the ordinary conventions of the university, those directly involved as its students and faculty envisioned Johnston as something far different.

    Dr. Presley McCoy, Johnston's first Chancellor, developed its contract-driven pedagogical philosophy by means of a series of encounter groups held at an initiating student and faculty retreat at Pilgrim Pines, Yuciapa, in September 1969. This encounter-driven approach became the lasting pedagogical philosophy of Johnston. According to John Watt, a faculty fellow who was present at Pilgrim Pines:

    Certainly one of Johnston's major and most lasting objectives was to find ways of combining education of mind and heart. This was expressed in the language of the times as combining cognitive and effective learning, creating a living learning environment and confluent education. None of these concepts does justice to the intensity with which the College engaged in this process, especially under the leadership of its first Chancellor Pressley McCoy. McCoy's approach. was the force which brought about Pilgrim Pines and which introduced the encounter group mode into every social structure, from classes to faculty and community meetings. -John Watt, "Johnston College: A Retrospective View", Journal of Humanistic Psychology, XXI (Spring 1981), pp. 41-42.

    This approach did not bode well with President Armacost, who went to Pilgrim Pines in order to discuss McCoy's controversial hiring of Jeanne Friedman, an avowed Communist, as a faculty member, following her well-publicized arrest for felonies at Stanford. According to Ed Williams, another professor present at these events:

    A great moment of truth came at Pilgrim Pines when the University President came to the terrible realization that some promises he never could endorse had gone out to all 180 vibrating students, in materials he hadn't read carefully enough. There was an amazing confrontation with the President and Pres McCoy on a public platform sticking their jaws out at each other. Pres said, 'We have the right to develop our own social rules,' President Armacost said, 'Pres, you do not and you never did.'

    The profound repercussions of that confrontation alone almost blew up Pilgrim Pines and we faculty, consciously, deliberately went much further in developing academic collegiality with students than we otherwise might have done, just as a way of relieving their anger and frustration over social control issues.

    I suppose a fourth seed of destruction was thereby sown. Because students emerged with split feelings, almost split personalities: 'The academic program is ours and well will live by it heart and soul but the student life policies are theirs, and we will undermine them however we can. We will develop our own group ethic of self-protective disobedience. -Ed Williams, "A Confirmation and Critique", Tydskrif vir Humanistiese Sielkunde, XXI (Spring 1981, p 20-21)

    These objectives were realized when Armacost suspended a Johnston girl for keeping a cat in her dorm, in violation of health regulations. McCoy readmitted her, and her cat, a few weeks later, which was one of many factors leading to McCoy's forced resignation in 1971. These events continued to be debated on campus for years afterward however, as an independent institution, Johnston had lost the support of both the University and the community of Redlands.

    Broader student militancy at Redlands lead to compulsory chapel attendance gradually being discontinued in the early 1970s. The seventh President of the University, Dr. Douglas Moore, was not even Baptist. The campus became truly interdenominational and multicultural, going for years without Baptist clergymen on the Board of Trustees, but remained true to the spirit of its founding.


    *The racial-ethnic minorities count is calculated by taking the total number of students and subtracting white students, international students, and students whose race/ethnicity was unknown. This number is then divided by the total number of students at the school to obtain the racial-ethnic minorities percentage.

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