Geskiedenis Podcasts

Stierkop uit die tempel van Ninhursag

Stierkop uit die tempel van Ninhursag


Repatriasie van 'n Libanese “Bull ’s Head ”

Die Metropolitan Museum het 'n laat Fenisiese marmer "Bull's Head" aan die hof aanklaers van Manhattan oorhandig nadat die eienaars hul federale regsgeding teen die repatriasie laat vaar het toe hulle 'n definitiewe bewys van die artefakte van die direktoraat -generaal van oudhede gelewer het. Lynda en William Beierwaltes, kunsversamelaars in Colorado, het die artefak in 1996 te goeder trou vir $ 1 miljoen gekoop by 'n handelaar in Londen. In 2010 verkoop die Beierwaltes die marmer "Bull's Head" aan Michael H. Steinhardt in 2010, wat die marmerstandbeeld die afgelope jaar aan die Met geleen het. Kurators van The Met het kommer uitgespreek oor die herkoms van die voorwerp en het in Julie met Libanese owerhede in verbinding getree. By die kennis van die herkomsgeskil van die voorwerp, het Steinhardt afstand gedoen van die eienaarskap van die voorwerp aan die Beierwaltes. Die 2 300 jaar oue standbeeld keer terug na Libanon om te sien in die Nasionale Museum van Beiroet.

Hierdie saak word nog ingewikkelder deur die ontdekking van 'n tweede gesteelde Libanese artefak wat deur die Beierwaltes aangekoop is op grond van 'n profiel van die egpaar in 1998 in Home & amp Country. Die tweede oudheid "'n argaïese marmer bolyf van 'n kalfdraer", is in 1996 vir $ 4,5 deur dieselfde handelaar gekoop, en is eweneens later in 2015 aan Steinhardt verkoop. 'N Lasbrief vir beslaglegging is op 10 Oktober uitgereik en sal teruggestuur word te sien in die Nasionale Museum van Beiroet na afloop van die eis van die eienaar.

Beide oudhede is tydens die Libanese burgeroorlog gesteel uit pakhuise in Byblos, saam met nog 600 artefakte, wat almal op die swart mark beland het. Die twee voorwerpe is in 1967 opgegrawe tydens die opgrawings van die Tempel van Eshmun, een van die goed bewaarde Fenisiese terreine in Libanon. Die opgrawings op die terrein, wat die einde van die Feniciese tydperk omstreeks 450 v.C. verteenwoordig, is gehou van 1963 tot die begin van die Libanese burgeroorlog in 1975 en is gelei deur die Franse argeoloog Maurice Dunand. Die standbeelde is veral waardevol, aangesien dit baie kenmerkend is vir die tydsperiode en gemaak is van marmer, 'n bron wat nie in Libanon voorkom nie en daarom ingevoer word om die Tempel van Eshmun te bou.

Die suksesvolle repatriasie van hierdie artefakte was te wyte aan die noukeurige opname van die opgrawings wat fotografiese bewyse van hul oorsprong gelewer het. Voorheen is agt ander oudhede uit die Tempel van Eshmun suksesvol gerepatrieer nadat dit in Switserland deur die argeoloog Rolf Stucky ontdek is. Die regsgeding vir hierdie twee voorwerpe beklemtoon die belangrikheid van deeglike dokumentasie van argeologiese opgrawings. Die plundering van die Tempel van Eshmun was die grootste gedokumenteerde plundering in die Libanese burgeroorlog. Talle meer artefakte is egter tydens die oorlog geplunder deur onwettige opgrawings sonder dokumentasie om die herkoms te bewys.


Met Museum gee nog 'n ou beeldhouwerk oor aan DA vir ondersoek

Hierdie ou bulkop is moontlik uit Libanon geplunder. Die Metropolitan Museum of Art, waar dit geleen is, het dit aan die Manhattan DA oorhandig. Met vergunning van William en Lynda Beierwaltes.

Vir die tweede keer in minder as 'n maand het New York se Metropolitan Museum of Art 'n ou kunswerk aan die owerhede oorgedra onder verdenking dat dit geplunder is. Daar word vermoed dat die betrokke stuk, 'n 2300-jarige marmerbul en kop van 8217, tydens die burgeroorlog in die 1980's uit 'n pakhuis in Libanon gesteel is.

Die standbeeld, wat byna 'n meter lank is, word sedert 2010 aan die museum geleen en is in die Griekse en Romeinse galerye vertoon. Dit behoort aan William en Lynda Beierwaltes, wat in 1996 meer as $ 1 miljoen daarvoor betaal het, volgens die New York Times. Michael H. Steinhardt het die beeld in 2010 by die egpaar gekoop, net om aan te dring op die terugkeer daarvan nadat hy van die moontlike herkomsprobleme geleer het.

'By 'n ontdekking van 'n Met -kurator dat hierdie geleende item tydens die Libanese burgeroorlog uit die stoor van die regering gesteel is, het die museum onmiddellik opgetree, het Kenneth Weine, die kommunikasiehoof van die Met ’, in 'n verklaring gesê . Ons het die Libanese regering en die kredietverlener gekontak, ons het die item van die skerm afgehaal en ons werk saam met federale en staatsowerhede. ”

Hierdie ou bulkop is moontlik uit Libanon geplunder. Die Metropolitan Museum of Art, waar dit geleen is, het dit aan die Manhattan DA oorhandig. Met vergunning van William en Lynda Beierwaltes.

Die Beierwaltes dagvaar afsonderlik die direktoraat van oudhede in Libanon in die federale hof en beweer dat daar geen bewyse is dat die werk gesteel is nie, en dat die verjaring selfs al bestaan. 'Die Beierwaltes is goedkoop kopers met skoon hande, het die egpaar se prokureur, William G. Pearlstein, gesê Tye. Daarteenoor het Libanon vir meer as 50 jaar versuim om binnelands of internasionaal op te tree om diefstal van die bul se kop aan te meld.

Die bul se kop is ontdek tydens opgrawings in die Temple of Eshmun in Sidon, Libanon, in 1967. Die museum het die werk aan die distriksprokureur Cyrus R. Vance in Manhattan oorgegee nadat 'n lasbrief op 6 Julie verkry is.

Die kantoor van die distriksprokureur in Manhattan is ook nou in besit van 'n ou vaas uit die Met -versameling, wat verlede week beslag gelê is op vermoedens dat dit gesteel is.


Paranormale ondersoeke

Met die reputasie dat dit die mees spookagtige gebou in Toowoomba is, word paranormale fanatici uitgenooi om by die & lsquoSouth East Paranormal & rsquo -span aan te sluit vir 'n paranormale ondersoek van die Royal Bull & rsquos Head Inn.

Die nagspooktoere in Toowoomba het in 2014 by die Royal Bull & rsquos Head Inn begin en was baie gewild, so hulle het aangehou. Die plaaslike inwoners van Toowoomba glo sterk in die paranormale.

Die kenners sal deelnemers deur middel van ondersoekprosedures lei en sien daarna uit om die aand met u te deel.

Alle toerusting word voorsien en die koste beloop $ 50,00 + besprekingsfooi per persoon.

Hierdie geleentheid is vir persone van 18 jaar en ouer.

Vir meer inligting:

Bel: 0490 363 719


Geleenthede vir besoekers:

Versoek 'n begeleide toer (4-12 mense) of lees hul eenbladsy vir meer inligting oor die geeste. Spooktoere (1 uur) en jagtogte op bespreking beskikbaar. Spookagtige eetplekke.

Dae/tye van die operasie:

Restaurante eet gereeld. Spooktoere, eet en jag op afspraak of as 'n geskeduleerde geleentheid.

Koste:

Spooktoere $ 15/persoon of $ 10/persoon as u eet.
Paranormale ondersoeke (spookjagte) $ 40 per persoon of $ 30 per persoon as u daar eet.

Handikap toeganklik:

Ja
Eetkamer en toilette op die eerste verdieping

TV -programme uitgesaai op:

FOX23 News - Cobleskill taverne -amptenaar 'spook'

ABC News10 - Maak 'n draai deur 'Bull's Head Inn' in die Haunted Restaurant van die Hoofstreek


Die geskiedenis en betekenis van die Chicago Bulls -logo

Die tema vir die stryd teen bulle is eintlik baie algemeen in Illinois. Die spannaam kan 'Matadors' of 'Bullfighters' wees. Nadat hulle 'n bietjie daaroor gedink het, het hulle besluit om dit so eenvoudig soos 'Bulls' te noem. En dit was 'n uitstekende oplossing vir promosiedoeleindes. Watter wese kan ander die beste doen in terme van krag, krag en krag? 'N Bul kan, veral as die bul uit Chicago kom. Boonop beklemtoon harde en aggressiewe kleure van swart en rooi die boodskap tot woeste uiterstes! Die betekenis van Chicago Bulls is so duidelik soos die blou lug. Die span sal almal wat dit kan teenstaan, ophef. En die handelsmerk pas perfek by al die span se prestasies.

Die logo vir Chicago Bulls is geskep deur 'n professionele ontwerper in 1996. Die hoof van die woedende bul val beslis op en daar is 'n span se naam tussen die horings. 'N Lettertipe wat in die basketbal -logo van Chicago Bulls gebruik word, is gebaseer op 'n sekere lettertipe wat moeilik is om te raai. Die meeste kenners impliseer dat die oorspronklike lettertipe Stymie Black was. Dit is duidelik, simmetries en doelbewus gekerf. Sommige sê egter dat dit Rockwell Extra Bold is wat verander word.


Belangrikheid van die Pashupatinath -tempel

Die spesifieke installeringstydperk van die Pashupatinath -tempel is nog onbekend. Dit word dus beskou as die oudste en belangrikste tempel van Kathmandu, waarskynlik die oudste tempel in Nepal. Daar word egter geglo dat die heiligdom weer in die vyftiende eeu deur Lichhavi-keiser Shupuspa opgerig is nadat die struktuur deur termiete geëet is.

Geleidelik word nog vele heiligdomme rondom hierdie tempel met twee verdiepings gebou. Soos die Vaishnava, Ram Mandir uit die 14de eeu en die Guhyeshwari Shakti peeth, wat in 'n 11de-eeuse manuskrip verskyn. Dit is 'n baie belangrike tempel vir Hindoes en ou erfenisaanhangers.

Die Bagmatirivier wat naby verbygaan Pashupatinath Tempel is ook een van die heilige waterlope in Nepal. Duisende pelgrims van oor die hele wêreld kom om hierdie tempel te respekteer. Baie Hindoe -toegewydes duik elke dag in hierdie heilige rivier en sing ou Vediese mantras. Daar word beweer dat sodra ons 'n bad neem, al die sonde wat deur ons gedoen is, sal vrykom. Behalwe dat dit Heilige Rivier is, is hierdie heilige waterloop sedert 'n paar jaar gelede baie besoedel weens die baie bevolkte gebied en nalatigheid van mense.

Shiva lingam van die Pashupatinath -tempel en#8211 funksies

Lingam: Een van die unieke hoogtepunte van Pasupatinath Shivalinga is dat 4 koppe in verskillende rigtings in die linga op sigself gevorm word. Die oostelike rigting staan ​​bekend as Tatpurusha, die kop of mond wat noordwaarts gerig word, word Vamadeva (Uma Maheshwor) genoem, die westelike Sadyojata (Barun) en die gesig wat na die suide wys, staan ​​bekend as Aghora. Die hoogtepunt word Ishana genoem, wat Nirakara (vormloos) is. En dit simboliseer ook die Hindoeïsme se 5 hoofelemente, naamlik aarde, lug, lig, water en eter.

Onthou dat dit verbode is om 'n kamera in die hoof heiligdom te neem, dus is dit onmoontlik om foto's van Pashupatinath te neem, maar dit lyk net soos die onderstaande prentjie.

'N Ander besondere aspek van hierdie tempel is dat slegs vier priesters die heilige afgod mag aanraak. Algemene mense mag dit nie aanraak nie. Bhatt kan daaglikse rituele uitvoer terwyl Bhandari slegs die helper en versorger van die tempel is. Selfs Bhandari mag nie aan die Lingam raak nie.

Let wel: Die hoof Priester van die Pashupatinath -tempel kom gewoonlik uit Suid -Indië, omdat hierdie stelsel vanaf die 8ste eeu geïmplementeer is deur die poging van Adi Shankaracharya om kulturele uitruil aan te moedig. Bhatt is 'n hoogs opgeleide Vediese geleerde van die Brahmin -familie. Dit is nie maklik om van Bhatta te wees nie Pasupati heiligdom, hulle moet goed ervare wees, plus die eksamen moet slaag en moet aan baie kriteria voldoen.

Geskiedenis/verhaal van die Pashupatinath -tempel van Nepal

In Hindoeïsme het die oppergod Shiva vroeër verskyn as 'n ander inkarnasie (Avatar) op die aarde om die moeilike en gevaarlike situasie te beheer om die lewende wesens te beskerm en of om die kwaad te vernietig. Pasupatinath is die inkarnasie van Lord Shiva, die term Pashupati is afgelei van die Sanskrit woord genaamd "Pashu'Beteken 'n dier of lewende wesens en'Pati en Nath “Bedoel Beskermer en of Here. Ek het reeds gesê dat die werklike datum oor die bevindings van Pashupatinath Shivling vir enigiemand onbekend was en is nog steeds. Alhoewel daar min tradisionele verhale en legendes oor die lingam van die tempel, wat hieronder gegee word.

1. Wensvervullende Kamdhenu-koei:

Eenmalige Lord Shiva, wat vroeër in die Kailash Parvat, was verveeld en hy besluit om te verdwyn sonder om iemand daarvan in kennis te stel. Die godin Parvati, sy eggenoot, was rustig gespanne omdat Shiva etlike dae lank nie verskyn het nie. Met haar geestelike sig het die godin Parbati opgemerk dat 'n goudkleurige takbok saam met kudde wei in die oerwoud van die pragtige vallei van Kathmandu. Die gebied staan ​​deesdae algemeen bekend as Mirgasthali.

Godin Parvati herken Lord Shiva, wat in die vorm van 'n mooi en mooi hert was. Sy het 'n plan gemaak en vertrek na Mirgasthali deur haarself net soos 'n hert vir 'n trop te masker. Daarna het sowel God Shiva as godin Parvati daar 'n baie lang tyd saam gebly en pret gehad en ontstaan ​​in die lewenstyl van die hert.

Beide here verdwyn uit Kailash, die nuus oor die afwesigheid van Shiva en Parvati het wyd versprei in Sworga-Lok (hemel). Die afwesigheid van here lyk 'n goue tydperk vir duiwels en monsters, en daarom het hulle 'n geleentheid aangegryp om ander gode te moeilikheid deur hulle aan te val. Kort daarna het ook hulle (die slagoffer) hul geestelike gesig benut en beide Lord Shiva en Parvati ontdek wat in die oerwoude van Mirgasthali (bosgebied langs die Pashupatinath Mandir) woon.

Met die bedoeling om hulle te gryp, het Lord Brahma en Vishnu 'n meesterplan gemaak om die takbok te gryp. Bishnu en Brahma het probeer om die takbok vas te hou, Lord Brahama kon net een van die horings aanskaf. Die horing het kort in 3 stukke gekraak. Een van die stukke val in Gokarna, 2de verlore in die Sleshmantak -woud, en die grootste deel val en verdwyn presies waar dit bestaan Shiva Linga van Pashupatinath is geposisioneer.

Baie jare later het 'n cowboy opgemerk dat een van die pragtige koei se melkkliere uit sy kudde altyd leeg was. Cowherd is nuuskierig om te weet, op 'n dag het hy besluit om die aktiwiteite van Kamdhenu op te spoor en te sien wat die ware verhaal daaragter is. Op 'n redelike manier volg hy haar uiteindelik, en hy vang haar terwyl hy volmelk op die grond laat val.

Later besluit hy om te grawe waar die melk gegooi word, gevolglik vind hy 'n pragtige 4 -mondige lingam en nadat mense 'n heiligdom begin oprig het en dit begin bid het. Dieselfde plek waar ons die linga in die belangrikste Pashupatinath -tempel kan sien. Daar word ook gesê dat die seuntjie na die uitgrawe in as verander het as gevolg van die dodelike strale van 'n lingam.

2. Mahabharata

Na voltooiing van die 18 dae lange Kurukshetra -stryd, wou die wenner Pandavas herstel van die sonde pleeg deur dieselfde bloedverwante mense en Brahmane tydens die oorlog met kaurav dood te maak. Pandavas het dus besluit om die heerskappy van die koninkryk aan hul nageslag oor te dra, en het hulle na Kashi (Vanaras) gestuur om die seën van Lord Shiva te bewerkstellig. Daar word gesê dat Vanaras die gunsteling plek van Siva was. Die god Shiva was egter van plan om van hulle weg te bly omdat hy nie tevrede was met die gevolg van die mega -slag by Kurukshetra nie. Dus het hy sy voorkoms as 'n bul (Nandi) verander en na die Himalajas vertrek.

Na 'n paar maande later, toe pandavas Lord Shiva nie kon sien nie, het hulle ook na Himalaya gegaan. Uiteindelik kan Bhim, die tweede broer van Pandavas, Nandi teenstaan; hulle het aangeneem dat dit Lord Siva moet wees. Bhima het probeer om die bul te vang deur die stert daarvan vas te gryp, maar binne 'n sekonde is dit verdwyn. Later verskyn die heer weer as verskillende dele van Bull op 'n ander plek. Net so, stert in Kedarnath, vlootdeel in Madhyamayeshowor en so meer. Die hoofrol in Doleshwor Mahadev in Bhaktapur Nepal. Na die aanraking van die liggaamsdele van Nandi-rupi Maheshwor, is pandava dus van die sonde ontslae geraak.

Sommige mense glo dat daar gedebatteer word as Pashupatinath is die deel van die kop en 'n paar heilige vertroue dat Pasupatinath 'n plek is waar pandavs gesien en geseën is deur Shankar. D.w.s. toe Bhima die stertgedeelte van die bul wou vashou, het die stert in Kedarnath geval, Nandi het na die oostekant (Nepal) begin hardloop en verskillende dele op 'n ander plek laat val, en pandavs het die Nandi gevolg. uiteindelik het hulle in die Kathmandu -vallei aangekom en Bull se kop sak in Bhaktapur. Uiteindelik het Shiva verskyn en hulle geseën op die presiese plek waar die Pashupati -tempel nou staan.

Die 12 Jyotirlingam in Indië, soos Kedarnath, Somnath, Shreesail mallikarjuna, Mahakal, Nageshwor, Omkareshwor, Bhimshankar, Trayambakameshwor, Baijanatha, Ghumeshwor, Biswanath en Rameshwaram word vertrou as 'n liggaamsdeel van Shankar en lingam van Pashupatin as hoof van Lord Shiva.

3. Devalaya Legende

'N Ander geskiedenis beweer dat daar slegs 'n lingam op hierdie plek was, waar die Pashupatinath Mandir nou bly. Volgens die vraag en noodsaaklikheid is die tempel tot 5 verdiepings gebou onder toesig van Supuspadev. En later is hierdie tempel op die middeljarige ouderdom deur malla king opgeknap. Daar word gesê dat Ananta malla 'n dak daaraan toegevoeg het.

4. Lichhavi -verhaal

Jaydev II was die laaste en bekende koning van die Lichchavi-ryk en hy het 'n inskripsie in die binnehof van die Pashupati-tempel opgerig, wat wel die afstamming van die Lichchhavin-dinastie toon. Soos beskryf deur sy klipopskrif, is die Pashupatinath -tempel omstreeks 300 nC gebou deur 'n Lichhavi -koning Supushpa Dev, die eerste lichhaviaan wat die Kathmandu -vallei binnegekom het.

Die argitektuur van die Pashupatinath -tempel

Die tempel is ontwerp in Nepalees pagode -styl. Baie kenmerke van hierdie hoogs versierde tempel bestaan ​​uit pragtig gesnyde hout, wat 'n pragtige uitkyk gee op antieke groot argitektuur. Die dak van hierdie heiligdom met twee verdiepings is in goud-koper geklee, die spits daarvan bestaan ​​uit goud en hierdie goue toppunt spesifiseer die ikoon van godsdienstige gedagtes. Die vier hoofhekke (deure) bestaan ​​uit silwer. Binne in die Pashupatinath-tempel kan ons 'n hoogte van 6 voet Shiva-lingam sien met dieselfde omtrek, wat algemeen bekend staan ​​as goddelike klip (blink harde swart klip). Die standbeeld van Nandi (Bull), net voor die westelike hek van die belangrikste Pashupati -heiligdom, is uit brons opgemaak.

Ander feite en aantrekkingskrag van die Pashupatinath -tempelgebied.

Inskrywing of Darshan: Slegs die Hindoes, Nepalees Boeddhiste, Sikhs en Jain -groepe van Indiese afkoms mag binne die belangrikste heiligdom van Pashupati ingaan. As u egter 'n ander godsdienstige oortuiging het, kan u vrylik in die omgewing rondbeweeg, behalwe vir die beste heiligdom. Verder, as u van westerse oorsprong is, en wat onlangs Hindoeïsme beoefen het, is dit ook verbied om die belangrikste tempelkompleks binne te gaan.

Begrafnis seremonie: Verassing Ghats lê aan die suidekant van die belangrikste heiligdom, net oewer van die heilige rivier, bekend as Bagmati. Baie Hindoeïsme -volgelinge wil hul begrafnis na Arya Ghat na hul dood neem, die lyk bedek met geel doek en neergelê op die houtvuur om dit te verbrand en in as te verander. Dit is eenvoudig een van die beroemde plekke waar die Hindoes -begrafnisplegtigheid gehou word. Daar word geglo dat diegene wat hier veras word, die volgende wedergeboorte in 'n menslike baarmoeder sal neem, nie in 'n dier nie.

Sages of Heilige man en vroue: Sandus, Yogis, Saints of Sadhvi (heilige vrou) is nirvana -soekers wat algemeen voorkom in hierdie Pashupatinath -tempel. Hulle is heeltemal afsydig van algemene luukshede en daar word geglo dat sommige 'moksha' bereik of probeer bereik deur diep in te skakel by biddende here en deur middel van meditasie. Die gebruik van cannabis is een van die bekende uniekheid van Sadhus, en selfs die wet lyk neutraal vir hulle omdat dit as 'n gewyde offer gebruik word om Lord Siva te aanbid en later saamgebed word. Ook ander algemene mense gebruik hasj -artikels, een keer per jaar, veral op die Mahasivaratri -fees. Al is dit onwettig vir gewone mense, maar smokkel sal volgens wet ernstige gevolge vir enigiemand inhou.

  • Nanga Baba.

  • Sadhu Baba by Pashupatinath

Kalki Murti: Volgens Hindoeïsme bestaan ​​daar altesaam 4 yugas (era) in 1 siklus, en dit is 1ste Satya (goue era), 2de Treta, 3de Duwapar en tans 4de Kali Yuga, wat geglo het dat die 4de era begin het na die einde van Kurukshetra, Mahabharat oorlog. Agter die hooftempel van Pashupatinath kan ons 'n ou afgod van "Birupakchya" sien, ook bekend as die Kalki -standbeeld. Lord Shankar word ook erken as Virupakchya Bhagawan (god). Daar word gesê dat die halwe liggaam afgod elke jaar stadig sy hoogte bereik as dit in volle grootte sou word, dat die hele wêreld in duie stort. Dit beteken die einde van die Kali Yuga. Plaaslike mense het aangeneem dat hierdie standbeeld aan die einde van die wêreld in die grond begrawe sal word en dat dit geleidelik weer verskyn met die siklus van die tyd (era).

Feeste: Hoofsaaklik Teej (vrouefees) en Mahashivaratri is die belangrikste geleenthede wat die feestelike omgewing na die tempel van Pashupatinath bring. Omdat duisende toegewydes bymekaar kom en die geleentheid vier. Terwyl die heiligdom tydens die Teej -fees deur die wyfie bedek word, gaan etlike duisende dames na die tempel om in die heilige Bagmatirivier te week, die Here te aanbid en die hele dag te vas. Aangesien hierdie praktyk veronderstel is om 'n salige en langdurige verhouding te maak. Normaalweg dra baie wyfies by hierdie geleentheid rooi-gekleurde sarisse, wat gewoonlik tradisioneel op trougeleenthede gedra word, en hulle probeer om te sing en dans.

  • Sadhu baba geniet tydens Maha-Shivaratri (deur: Abhishek Singh)
  • Vrouefees Teej (foto deur: Ganesh Poudel)
  • Nanga baba tydens die Shivaratri -fees (deur: Xiquinho Silva)

Maha-Shivaratri is 'n fees wat deur elke Hindoe -volgeling in Nepal en Indië beoefen word. Op Maha Shivaratri wens getroude vroue van alle ouderdomme die welstand van hul eggenote, enkellopende dames bid vir 'n man soos Shiva, beskou as die goeie lewensmaat. Tydens Shivaratri het die Pashupatinath mandir As die hele nag oop is, word die heiligdom verlig met tradisionele lampe en 'n moderne beligtingstelsel. Die hele nag geniet die toegewyde deur heilige liedere te sing en daarop te dans.

Die roem van die Shree Pashupatinath -tempel en Mahashivaratri -fees versprei vinnig oor die hele wêreld as gevolg van die Nirvana -soekers en hul aktiwiteite. Baie reisigers uit verskillende lande kom hierheen net om hierdie fees te geniet. Honderde wyses uit verskillende dele van Indië en Nepal arriveer gewoonlik hier tydens die Maha Shivaratri -fees. U kan verskillende soorte babas hier teëkom, waaronder Nangababas buitengewoon. Nanga -wyses is die belangrikste aantrekkingskrag van die skare; hulle is min in getal en beweeg gewoonlik heeltemal naak tydens die geleentheid. Rook van cannabis is algemeen en toegelaat vir hulle; hulle het in beswyming verloor en verskillende aktiwiteite gedoen. Dikwels bedek hulle hul liggaam met as. Op hierdie fees is hasj vir een dag wettig en word dit ook vir ander mense toegepas. Baie van hulle (heiliges) is vriendelik, maar sommige smeek dalk geld om 'n draai by hulle te neem.

Hoe om die Pashupatinath -tempel te bereik?

Dit is baie maklik om te benader by die Uitgangspunt vir die tempel in Pashupati, bloot omdat dit in die Kathmandu -vallei, die hoofstad van Nepal, lê. Dit neem ongeveer. 40 minute van die sentrale gebied van die metropolitaanse stad af. U kan 'n bus neem vanaf enige plek in Kathamandu. U kan 'n direkte mikrobus vanaf enige plek op die ringpad na Pashupatinath haal. As u in die middestad van die stede is, soos Thamel, ensovoorts, is dit beter om die bus of sjampoe van Jamal of Ratnapark na Gausala te neem (Pashupati omgewing). U kan ook 'n taxi of fiets huur. As u nie verkies om met 'n voertuig te ry nie, koop net 'n stadskaart en beweeg volgens die rigting wat dit wys.

Beste tyd en seisoene om die Pashupatinath -tempel te besoek

In terme van die seisoen kan u gedurende elke seisoen besoek, maar as u van plan is om ander aktiwiteite soos stap of stap te doen, bel die beste tyd om Nepal te besoek. Die tempel of mandir moet elke dag van 4 tot 19 uur oopgemaak word vir algemene gebed. Die binneste punt (ook bekend as Garbagriha) waar die lingam gevestig is, bly egter oop van 5 tot 12 uur deur Mool (hoof) Bhatta vir oggendrit. Dit bly bedags gesluit en weer oopgemaak vir 5 tot 7 uur vir aandrit. Die perfekte tyd om die heiligdom te besoek, is dus oggendure of laat in die aand.

Belangrike inligting vir Pashupati Mandir -besoekers

Om in die Pashupatinath-tempelperseel te kom, moet 'n buitelandse persoon slegs duisend Nepalees R ($ 10) betaal as toegangskoste. Om meer inligting hieroor en vir u gemak te kry, kan u 'n gelisensieerde plaaslike gids huur, of as u nie inligting oor rituele en konveksie wil kry nie, betaal u slegs die toegangsgeld en beweeg u volgens u eie styl.

Aandag: jy moet versigtig wees terwyl jy binne toer Pashupatinath -tempelgebied. Omdat honderde ape in elke stap aangetref word. Ons kan selfs nie agterkom waar wat en watter tyd hulle ons goed gryp nie. Hou eerder u belangrike dinge in u sak, moenie dat hulle raai dat u enige voedsel saamneem nie. Vermy altyd oogkontak daarmee.


Storielyn

Die missie

Die Black Bulls arriveer by Raque vir 'n missie, maar die meeste van hulle besluit om eerder pret te hê op die strand. Terwyl hulle pret op die strand het, verander die Black Bulls -pret in 'n lawaai. As Asta van die missie onthou, daag Yami Sukehiro op en begrawe hulle as straf in die sand. Hy vertel hulle dat hy geleer het dat die tempel op die bodem van die see is en dat hulle die enigste kans het om daar te kom gedurende die nag van 'n volmaan. Hy vertel dan vir Noelle Silva dat sy die enigste is wat hulle daar kan kry en dat sy haar perke sal moet oorskry om dit te kan doen.

Later die aand, terwyl sy oefen om haar magie te beheer en te dink hoe sy moet verbeter, hoor sy 'n geluid en vind Asta. Hulle praat en besluit om saam te oefen om mekaar te help. Asta merk op iemand sing, en hulle ontdek dat dit 'n meisie is wat op 'n rots sing. Ώ ]

Die meisie sien Asta en Noelle raak en stel haarself graag voor. Noelle stel haarself en Asta voor en vra waarom Kahono hier is. Kahono antwoord dat sy haar sang beoefen het en dat sy 'n afgod wil wees. Sy sien dat Asta beseer is en genees hom met haar Song Magic. Sy vra dan om hul vriend te wees, waarop hulle saamstem. Sy raai Noelle aan om haar mana nie te veel te onderdruk nie, anders verloor sy beheer oor haar magie. Kahono vertel haar ook dat die gebruik van 'n goeie geheue om gemoedsrus te verkry die beste werk, maar Noelle dink net daaraan hoe haar gesin op haar neersien.

Noelle besluit om voort te gaan met opleiding en word vir 'n paar dae deur Asta en Kahono gehelp. Op die nag van die volmaan kon Noelle nog nie beheer kry nie. Asta sê vir haar dat sy moet ophou dink en net haar hele mana moet los. Noelle sê vir hom dat dit nie reg sal gaan nie, maar hy antwoord dat hy haar sal red as iets gebeur. Sy laat al haar mana los en is op die punt om bewusteloos te raak as sy die Black Bulls hoor juig. Sy dink na oor hoe die Black Bulls haar erken het en kry dit reg om beheer te kry oor haar Sea Dragon's Cradle -spel. In haar opgewondenheid verloor sy beheer oor haar spel en val sy in Asta se arms. Sy soek daarna Kahono, wat weg is en sien uit daarna om Noelle by die tempel te ontmoet. ΐ ]

Seebodem -tempel

'N Spel speel

Nadat sy Kahono nie kon vind nie, versamel Noelle die res van die Black Bulls in haar betowering en stap hulle die see in. Sodra hulle die versperring van die Grand Magic Zone bereik, slaag hulle daarin om deur die rowwe stroom te kom en sien 'n pragtige uitsig. Skielik verskyn 'n draaikolk van mana voor hulle, waarop Yami Asta gooi, wat dit regkry om die maalkolk te vernietig. Hulle kom by die seebodem -tempel. Die Black Bulls gaan dan nader aan die tempel as hulle toevallig mense sien wat hulle vrolik groet. Yami vra die mense vir hul baas met 'n kwaai blik, en een van die mense wat 'n ewe kwaai gesig gebruik, vertel dat hulle die hoëpriester wil hê. Die mense lei dan die Black Bulls na die tempel.

As die Swart Bulle die tempel binnegaan, word hulle skielik deur 'n reuse -vis aangeval. Geluk Voltia, Magna Swing en Gauche Adlai verslaan die vis maklik, en die hoëpriester groet hulle met graagte en onthul dat die vis deur sy Game Magic gemaak is. Die hoëpriester onthul dat hy weet waarna hulle op soek is en dat hulle 'n wedstryd gaan speel. Α ] Na 'n paar oortuigings stem die Black Bulls saam om te speel, en die hoëpriester roep die ander priesters van die tempel en versprei dan almal (behalwe Yami) na ander plekke in die tempel, waarna hy die reëls verduidelik. Yami word kwaad omdat hy nie ingesluit is nie, maar Gifso sê vir Yami dat hy te sterk is, wat veroorsaak dat Yami saam met die priester na die gevegte kyk.

As Asta, Magna, Luck en Gauche vier priesters teëkom, vertel Gifso vir Yami dat sy priesters sterk is, maar is geskok as die priesters maklik verslaan word. Β ] Gifso sê dat die spel nog nie verby is nie en dat die drie groter priesters nie so maklik verslaan sal word nie. In die spel kruip Finral Roulacase weg van die Hammerhead Shark Priest en probeer ontsnap. Finral besef dat hy nie die gebied kan verlaat nie, en Gifso stuur 'n monstervis agter Finral aan. Elders eet Charmy Pappitson gelukkig kos toe die Dolphin Priest skielik verskyn. Charmy is gereed om te veg, maar die priester laat Charmy maklik aan die slaap raak. Elders ontmoet Asta die Swordfish Priest, wat homself voorstel as Kiato en onthul dat sy droom 'n danser is wat almal in die koninkryk wil sien. Kiato onthul ook dat mense van die seebodem -tempel nie na die Clover Kingdom kan gaan nie, maar die hoëpriester sal hom toelaat om te gaan as 'n priester die wedstryd wen. Kiato begin dan Asta aanval, en Asta onthul sy droom en slaag daarin om Kiato terug te stoot. Kaito raak opgewonde oor die geveg, en Asta en Kiato laai mekaar af.

Elders ontmoet Noelle die Dolphin Priest. Noelle probeer haar weg uit die stryd bluf, aangesien sy net verdedigingsperiodes het, maar die priester onthul dat sy Kahono is en sê dat sy gewag het dat Noelle by die tempel kom. Γ ] Elders getuig Yami en Gifso dat Vanessa Enoteca die Anglerfish Priest kon verslaan. Yami sê dat hy geld op die weddenskap moes sit, terwyl Gifso dink oor hoe hy sal kan wen as sy seun en kleinkinders ernstig word. Terug in die spel vra Noelle vir Kahono waarom sy haar op die strand gehelp het, waarop Kahono sê dat sy, terwyl sy haar magie beoefen het, ook op soek was na mense om na die tempel te gaan om die spel te speel. Noelle antwoord dat Kahono haar net gebruik het, maar Kahono sê dat hulle regtig vriende is en dat sy Noelle gaan veg met alles wat sy het.

Kahono probeer dan om Noelle aan die slaap te maak, maar Noelle keer dit deur 'n versperring op te sit. Kahono skakel oor na 'n aanvallende spel om die versperring af te neem. Noelle val aan, maar die spel mis heeltemal. Kahono vra wat Noelle doen, waarop Noelle antwoord dat sy steeds nie haar mana kan beheer nie. Kahono vertel haar dat Noelle haar mana kan beheer, maar niemand wil seermaak nie. Kahono probeer haar dan ernstig laat veg vir haar doel. Elders worstel Asta met Kiato en sukkel dit om sy teenstander se bewegings te lees. Kiato sê dat Asta se swaard nutteloos is as hy nie teen magie veg nie en vertel Asta dat hy kan opgee as hy wil. Asta dink dat hy kan verloor, maar besluit dan om sy teenstander se bewegings na te boots. Kiato sê dat dit nie vir Asta sal help nie, maar Asta sê dat hy Kiato se Butoh Magic met sy spiere sal naboots. Asta slaag daarna daarin om Kiato se aanval en tellers te vermy. Kiato's wonders what kind of reflexes Asta has, while Yami excitedly says that Asta's abilities are far greater than that.

Another Player

Elsewhere Luck and Magna are having a difficult time against Gio, who apologizes for what the High Priest is putting them through. Luck notices that the priest has a large amount of mana, and reasons that he is the strongest one. Gio then activates Sea God's Hammer to finish the fight quickly. Luck and Magna charge at the priest, when Vetto and three members of the Eye of the Midnight Sun crash into the temple and decide to join them. Δ] Back at Raque's beach Sekke Bronzazza is terrified after having witnessed Vetto defeat fifty Magic Knights. At the temple Luck and Magna witness Vetto crush Gio, and Luck thinks about how Vetto's mana far surpasses Yami's. Gio suddenly gets up and asks Vetto what he is doing here. Vetto tells him that they are here for the magic stone and that he will give everyone despair before stealing the stone. Vetto then sends three other Eye of the Midnight Sun members to search the area. Gio tells Vetto to leave, but Vetto says that the priest is going to have to make him. Gio attacks with his water hammer but Vetto protects himself. Vetto then uses his magic to easily take down Gio along with Luck and Magna.

Gifso is shocked that his son was defeated so easily and that he had never seen a person as powerful as Vetto. Yami decides to end the game to go fight, which Gifso asks who Vetto is. Yami tells him that Vetto is a high-ranking member of a terrorist group. Gifso then tells Yami that they cannot leave because of his magic. Yami decides to break the wall to leave but notices that a member of the Eye of the Midnight Sun has trapped him and the priest in Different Dimension Sphere. Vetto notices that Yami is here and tells Yami to watch as he kills all of Yami's comrades. Yami asks if he can talk to his comrades, to which Gifso says that Yami can. Yami then tells everyone that the Eye of the Midnight Sun is here and that they are have to surpass their limits to face them. Gifso then tells them that he is changing the rules to that they have unlimited amount of time and that they just have to defeat the Eye of the Midnight Sun members to pass. Asta and Kiato decide to postpone their fight in order to combat the next enemy. Elsewhere Vetto wonders who will be his next prey when Luck and Magna suddenly get up and say that they will not be defeated so easily. Vetto gets excited and says that he cannot wait until they succumb to despair. Ε ]

Manga thinks about how they were able to get back up and wonders how they are going to fight Vetto, while Luck tells Vetto to come and attack them again. Magna wonders what is Luck thinking about, which Vetto suddenly charges. Luck dodges and counter but it does barely anything. Vetto compliments Luck and start to battle with Luck. While watch the battle, Magna think about how he first meet Luck and how wild and strong Luck is. Magna decides to join in and manages to land a blow on Vetto. Luck then thinks back to when he first meet Magna and how Magna is his first friend. Vetto manages to throw Luck on to Magna and says that play time is over. Magna and Luck tells Vetto that they are just warming up. Elsewhere Asta and Kiato are running to Luck and Magna's location, when Asta asks about how Kiato was able to make his moves hard to read. Kiato says that he enters into a trance while dancing. Asta and Kiato then continue on to Magna and Luck's location.

At the battle, Vetto tells Magna and Luck that the despair if all that is left for the two. Which Magna and Luck get back up and reply that they cannot be despair since they would be too embarrassed to face Asta. Magna and Luck continue the battle until they are to launch a composite spell at Vetto. Asta and Kiato reach their location and witness Vetto defeating Magna and Luck along with their spell. Vetto then goes in to finish Luck and Manga but Asta blocks the attack. Vetto tells Asta the he is going to inflict ten times to pain that Asta inflicted onto Licht. Asta replies that he is going to take up Luck and Magna's role and then takes out his second sword and attacks Vetto. Ζ] Gifso is shocked the Magna and Luck's combine spell did not leave a scratch on Vetto, which Yami says that Magna and Luck tries their hardest and that Asta should learn from them. At the battle, Vetto says that he will not come out unscathed after taking an Anti-magic attack. Asta asks what they are planning with all their mana, but Vetto replies that Asta does not need to know and that he is going to defeat Asta like the rest. Kiato notices that his father has been defeated, and thinks about how Vetto's mana is so massive that it is protecting him. Vetto then tells them that when he gets the Magic Stone, he will kill everyone in the Seabed Temple. Kiato tells Vetto that he will never allow that to happen and he along with Asta charge at Vetto. Asta and Kiato attack Vetto but he easily manages to push them back. Asta notices that Vetto is reading their movements and that Vetto is so fast that he cannot read his movement, and then talks when Kiato about how they will not fighting each other seriously before.

Vetto tells them that this fight is bring him since they are both weak. Asta and Kiato tells Vetto that they will show him was they are capable of and attack. Asta and Kiato think that they can win, when Vetto sends them both flying into a wall. Vetto tells them that attacks like that will not work with him, which Asta gets back up and says that he is not down yet. Vetto then tells Asta that he has and begins to explain Asta's weaknesses. Vetto says that Asta's first weakness is that Asta is weak against long ranged attack with no mana and throws a large boulder at Asta. Asta dodges but Vetto closes and attacks, while also saying that Asta is also weak to people who use their mana to enhance their physical strength. Asta tells Vetto that he does not care, which Vetto attacks Asta's arm. Vetto then grabs Asta and tells him that his third weakness is that he never gives up and that causes Asta to get multiple injuries during a battle. Vetto tells Asta to now feel despair but Asta bites Vetto's arm and says something but Vetto does not understand him. Vetto asks what Asta is saying, when his arm is suddenly hit and he drops Asta. Noelle and Kahono appear and tell Vetto that Asta said what do you get from giving up that. Η ]

Elsewhere, Gauche is facing a member of the Eye of the Midnight Sun. Gauche thinks about how strong the guy is, while the guy continues to attack Gauche all the while saying that he is going to crush him. The guy manages to corner Gauche and going to finish him off, but Gauche suddenly appears behind the guy and defeats him. The guy wonder who he was facing, which the fake Gauche reveals that he is had transformed into Gauche midway through the fight and that he is Grey. Gauche says that there are still enemies around and that they should go look for them, which Grey agrees. Gauche then carries Grey to a passage when they suddenly notices Charmy. Gauche decides to wake her up, but notice something and suddenly trapped along with Grey. Gauche thinks about how Charmy and Grey are useless and that he will have to find a way to escape himself but suddenly remembers what Asta had said to him once. A Eye of the Midnight Sun member appears and explains that they are trapped within his magic and that they will have their mana drained. Gauche tells Grey what to do, which Grey transforms a boulder into a large piece of meat and Gauche tells Charmy the guy is after her meal. Charmy wakes up angry telling the guy to get away from her food, which the guy notices out terrifying Charmy's mana is. Charmy then uses her magic to slam the guy through some walls defeating him. Charmy then tries to eat the meat but notices that its not real. Gauche then talks to Grey about how they can use his ability to transform objects to their advantages. Grey notices that his mana is drained and says it, which Gauche and Charmy think about how they have never seen Grey's true form. Grey's transformation wears off and Charmy and Gauche are shocked to find out that Grey is really a girl. Grey tells them that its embarrassing and to not look at her, which Gauche says that he will look at a picture of his sister but Charmy tells Grey that she is good looking. Grey replies that she rather die then have people look at her, which Charmy says that she is cute and asks how old Grey is. Grey says that she is 24, which Charmy is shocked that Grey is older and Gauche says that Grey should be happier since Charmy is not the same age as her. ⎖ ]

Elsewhere, Vetto tells Noelle and Kahono that he hopes that they will entertain him. Noelle notices that Luck and Magna have been defeated and wonders how strong Vetto is. Asta says that he is not done yet and attacks, but Vetto easily hits him towards a wall. Kahono uses her magic to soften Asta landing. Kahono notices her brother and yells at him to remember their promise and wake up. Kiato wakes up and thinks about how if he did not use his magic to lower the impact of Vetto's attack then he would not have a head. Noelle is surprised that Kahono has a brother, which Kahono says that does and then they both says that they have the same dream of going to the surface. Kiato and Kahono then attack Vetto using combination magic, which Vetto says that its interesting. Kiato reveals that this magic was born from the their worship of the water god, and also says that is proof of the bond that they share with the people. Kiato also tells Vetto that he will not be able to break it, but Vetto easily rips off Kiato's leg and attacks Kahono's neck. The High Priest tries to save his grandchildren with his magic, but Vetto easily destroys them. Vetto reveals that he has a dream of them crushed and a bond of blood, which the priest wonders what Vetto is talking about. Vetto grabs Kahono's hair and asks what it feels to taste despair, but notices the look in Kahono's eye and says that he does not like it. Vetto decides to rip her limbs off, but Noelle tells him to let her go. Vetto tells her that her words will not stop him, which Noelle thinks that her magic might hit Kahono and wonders if her spell would harm Vetto. Vetto tells Noelle to just watch from their, which Noelle thinks about how everyone has fought with their lives on the line. Noelle then hears Kahono voice saying that its alright to attack and she will win since she can control her mana now. Noelle releases her mana, which the High Priest says that the temple is shaking and Yami comments that Noelle has finally woken up. Vetto wonders where all the mana is coming from, which Noelle tells Vetto that its the final warning and to get his hands off her friend. ⎗ ]

Demonic Power

Vetto realize the kind of mana that Noelle has and asks if she is royalty. Noelle says that she is and that it does not matter because she is a member of the Black Bulls and is going to make him pay for hurting her friends. Vetto tosses Kahono aside and tells her to attack with her full power because he will direct it back at her. Noelle says that she will put him down and fires a powerful spell that manages to rip off Vetto's arm and even blasts through the wall. Yami says that Noelle managed to far surpass her limits, while the High Priest says that Noelle is a goddess in her own right. Yami also thinks about how Noelle is a far greater offensive magic user then he thought. Vetto yells in pain and remembers what Licht told him once, along with a tragic moment is him life. Vetto reveals that he has a third eye and thanks them for calling him out to here, which shocks Noelle and Yami. Noelle wonders about the third eye and the sinister mana that Vetto has. Vetto then uses Demon Magic to restore his left arm which shocks everyone. Yami thinks that Vetto and the terrorist group is a lot more dangerous then he thought and tells Noelle to run. Vetto says that he is going to give Noelle a taste of her own medicine and uses his demon magic to fire a blast. Asta steps in front and saves Noelle from the blast by cutting through it with his sword. Asta says that they have not given up yet, which Vetto says that they are going to taste true despair from now on. ⎘ ]

Noelle remembers a story she once heard and thinks about how Vetto resemble the devil in the story. Finral is hiding close by and thinks about how Vetto is stronger then the boss of the Eye of the Midnight Sun and that they should be escaping through the whole the Vetto had made with his power. Noelle asks Asta how he is able to move, which Asta replies that Kahono use her healing magic little by little to heal him. Asta then suggests that they find a way to heal Kahono and Kiato after they defeat Vetto. Asta then compliments Noelle on how powerful she is and to leave the rest up to him. Finral wonders what Asta is thinking, which Vetto asks what Asta can do with his body in that shape. Asta tells Vetto that he will not give up until he achieves his dream. Vetto tells Asta that he will teach him a lesson by getting rid of all the trash. Vetto then uses his magic to attack Gio, Kahono, Kiato, Magna, and Luck, but Vanessa shows up and rescues them all while restraining Vetto. Vanessa tells Asta that his words gave her power too, which Asta tells her thanks. Vetto tells Vanessa that her magic cannot restrain him and breaks free. Vetto then fires a magic blast but Finral wraps the magic back at Vetto who diverts the attack. Finral tells them that he has to try his best too, while wondering why he is going this. Vetto tells them that no matter how many there are, they will not be able to defeat him. Vanessa tells Noelle to user her remaining mana to protect the wounded while telling Asta he has to be the one to attack since his attacks would effect Vetto.

Vanessa and Finral say that they will support Asta while he attacks. Asta then charges, but Vetto attacks with a magic blast. Finral diverts the attack back, which Vetto easily deflects. Vetto thinks about how Finral is diverting all his long-ranged attacks and decides to attack head on. Finral then warps Asta behind Vetto, but Vetto figured that they do that and goes to attack. Vanessa creates a string in front of Asta who uses it to change direction to jump into another portal, to land an attack on Vetto from below. ⎙] Vetto stated that he's done it and goes for an attack . Vanessa pulls Asta back to them and tells Asta that he is doing a good job, which Asta replies that they are doing the most work. Noelle is amazed by the team work and how good both Vanessa and Finral are. Vetto thinks about how the wound is not healing and that Asta's sword is the only thing that can defeat him. Vetto also thinks about the two who are supporting Asta and how Vanessa is the more dangerous one for magic is hard to see. Vetto tells them that their teamwork is making him sick, and charges while saying that he will not give them a sliver a hope.

Asta continues his assault by attacking and jumping through portals. Vanessa notices that Vetto has gotten their time down, and says that she is going to surpass her limits. Vanessa wonders why Asta is giving her so much strength and that she was right to leave her home to be with the Black Bulls. Vanessa also thinks about how the thread of fate is always in ones own hand and tells Asta to do what he need to do since she will help him, which Asta tells her that he is in her hands. Finral remembers when he was a child and that his brother was always praised. Finral also remembers when his brother was made head of the family and how he just decided to run away from everything. Finral also remembers why Yami chose him for the Black Bulls and thinks about how he will make the Black Bulls the best. Finral tells Asta to trust him and just jump, which Asta says that Finral already has his trust. Asta continues to attacks while jumping through portals, which Vetto asks how long they will be able to continue to attack like this. Finral and Vanessa thinks about how they will not betray Asta trust. Vetto tells them to fall into despair already, which Asta replies that they do not have time for that nonsense while thrusting his sword through Vetto. ⎚] Vetto yells which Asta, Finral, and Vanessa thinks that they have won. Vetto grabs Asta's arms and states that his attack did not work and he let them hit him so that they will feel the most despair. Finral, Vanessa, and Noelle are shocked, which Vetto repeat the word despair over and over while breaking Asta's arms. Asta replies that its not over yet, which Vetto is shocked.

Noelle, Finral, and Vanessa are shocked, which Vanessa quickly pulls Asta back and thinks about how Asta is not normal and that he will rise to the top. Vanessa uses her threads to keep Asta's in place, which Asta thanks her for. Asta says that he can still fight, which Vanessa thinks that she understands why Asta was not born with any mana. Vanessa says that they will fight again, which Finral replies that they will do it as many times as it takes. Asta quickly grabs his other sword and heads towards Vetto, which Vetto wonders why Asta will not feel despair. Asta tells Vetto that he cannot feel despair since there is someone he cannot lose to and that his promise will not lose to despair. Asta begins the same attack like last time, which Vetto says that they are all insects that he can easily destroy but suddenly notices that he cannot read Asta's moves anymore. Vetto notices that the magic that was strengthening him is weakening and thinks about how he has been fighting while completely relying on magic. Vetto also thinks about how he was the one who lost his weapon and not Asta, and pulls the sword out. Vetto says that its impossible for him to lose to mere humans, which Asta tells him that he has not won against anyone since no one has surrendered to Vetto. Vetto tells Asta to shut up, and thinks about how he has a chill running down his spine since his magic armor and confidence has cracked. Vetto then thinks about how Asta is not a beast like him but a despair-eating demon. Asta then attacks Vetto and tells him that he has lost. ⎛ ]

Noelle notices that Vetto's mana is gone, and says that we have won. Asta looks at Vetto and asks how he likes him now. Vanessa then pulls Asta back, which Vanessa and Finral hug Asta. Finral and Vanessa tells Asta how he did a good job, which Asta replies that they are killing him. They let go which Finral says that he thinks Asta is crazy for putting his trust in them, which Asta tells him that they are the ones that Yami had brought into the squad before him so of course he would trust them. Noelle tells them that they are forgetting something, which they all compliment her. Vanessa then says that they should celebrate, but they tell her that they have to restrain Vetto. While on the ground, Vetto remembers a moment of his childhood and Licht's dream back then. Vetto also thinks that it was the humans that had taken his hope from him. Vetto then starts to release his mana, which Finral, Vanessa, and Noelle notices. Vetto thinks about how humans are the ones that took him off his path and that he will blow the water temple to the heavens. Finral notices that Vetto is doing the same attack that Licht uses a while back, but comments about how it is more powerful. Vanessa comments about how strong it is as it is burning her threads and that they cannot get close to him. Asta tells them that they will have to just put him down again, which Finral asks what should they do. Vanessa then encourages Finral which he glad accepts.

Finral, Vanessa, Noelle, and Asta prepare to attack Vetto, when Yami suddenly shows up. Noelle stated that Yami was captured, which Yami replies that he had escaped. Elsewhere, the high priest is riding a monster toy and comments about how he is glad that he did not let Yami participate in the game since it would have been boring. The high priest then heads to where Kiato and Kahono are. Elsewhere, Asta comments about how they are strong now that Yami is here and that should put Vetto down. Yami tells Asta that he is more than enough to defeat Vetto since he cannot stay on the sidelines anymore, and compliments them for going a good job. Yami turns to Vetto and thinks about how he was only able to surpass his limits was because he was watching them. Yami releases his mana and states that he was able to grow some more and obtain new spells. Vetto yells out the word despair, which Yami tells him to shut up and that it does not matter how strong Vetto is since his spell can cut through dimensions. Yami then uses his spell which cuts through Vetto's mana and Vetto himself, which Yami then thanks Vetto for taking care of his men. ⎜ ]

Game End

As Vetto dies, Yami tells him that he had never fallen into despair and also tells Vetto to now go meet his maker. Asta, Noelle, Finral, and Vanessa quickly rush over to Yami and compliment him on defeating Vetto. Yami swings his sword at them and tells them to get away from him. Nero suddenly appears and pecks Asta on his forehead multiple times. Asta says that he was wondering where Nero was, but notices that Nero has the magic stone and compliments Nero for finding it. The High Priest suddenly shows up and hugs his grandchildren while apologizing for what happened to them because of his silly game. The priest then kneels before the Black Bulls and thanks them for defeating the terrorist. The priest also says that he will grant them anything, which Yami says that they will take the magic stone. The high priest is surprised by the stone and tells them that they can have it. Yami says that the priest did not know what the stone looked like, which the priest replies that he did not know about the stone and that he had looked into their minds to find what they were after. Charmy, Gauche, and Grey arrive ready to fight, but they notice that the boss is not there.

Later most of the Black Bulls members are resting in a room. Gauche complains that they have to stay their for a day, which Finral replies that he had used to much mana in his fight. Finral then comments about how he did not know that Grey was a cute girl, which Grey says to not look at her since it is embarrassing. Vanessa tells Finral to stop looking at Grey or she will gauge his eyes out, and tells Grey that she will not make it in the world if she is easily embarrassed. Magna then says that Vanessa needs to learn a bit of modesty, but Vanessa just insults him. Luck just says that he wants to fight again. Charmy says that she is hungry, which someone asks why Charmy's only injury is her empty stomach. Magna then complains about how they were useless, which Luck tells him that that is were there current power it at. The people of the undersea temple show up and start to cheer which the Black Bulls hear. One of them comments about how a day has come where they are thanked. Luck says that he wants to get stronger, which Magna says that he will get stronger then him. Vanessa says that being cheered for is nice, which Grey says that she wants to get over her embarrassment. Gauche just says that he wants to see Marie.

Elsewhere Noelle is visiting Kahono and Kiato, who are being healed. Noelle apologizes to Kahono for not being able to protect her voice. Kahono just thanks Noelle for protecting her home and also says that she has not given up on her dream. Kahono continues to say that she will get healed so she can go to the surface again and for Noelle to come to her concert when she get makes it big. Noelle smiles and says that Kahono better save her the best seat, and leaves. Kahono then notices the look on her brothers face and asks what is the matter, which Kiato says that he is in love. Kiato also says that he will also head to the surface when he's healed and to show Noelle his dance of love. Kahono just thinks that her brother does not have a shot at Noelle.

At another location Yami is holding a funeral service for Vetto, when he notices Asta and asks what he is doing here. Asta compliments Yami on how good he is a using ki, which Yami tells Asta to answer the question or he will hurt him. Asta says that he was exploring since they are leaving tomorrow, and that he had found some flowers where he put them by Vetto. Asta says that he can never forgive what Vetto had done, but also says that something had happened to Vetto that caused him to hate the world. Asta also says that Vetto was the one that was in the deepest of despair. Yami then asks if Asta is a fool, which Asta is surprised. Yami tells Asta to answer the question, which Asta says that he is a fool. Yami replies that its good, and that fool only have to not think things through and just have to chase after their dreams. Yami then pulls Asta's headband over his eyes, which Asta says that he cannot see and that he cannot pull his headband up since his arms are broken. Elsewhere, the people are still cheering for the Black Bulls, which Magna wonders how long they are going to cheer for and Gauche wonders how much energy they have. ⎝ ]


Bull's head from the Temple of Ninhursag - History

1. The Hinnom Valley is located just to the southeast of Old City Jerusalem.

2. The Hinnom Valley joins the Kidron Valley just to the southeast of Old City Jerusalem.

3. Today it looks nothing like it did during the Old and New Testament periods.

4. It was an ugly place where ugly things happened.

Historiese agtergrond

1. In the Hinnom Valley, the city dumped its waste and burned their trash.

Because the Hinnom Valley is located on the southeast side of Jerusalem, the prevailing winds carry the winds away from the city. For this reason, it became the city dump.

Dead animals from the temple sacrifices were thrown there to rot and be eaten by worms and maggots.

The city sewage was emptied here.

It was smelly, ugly, burning, crawling with worms, full of rot, and full of disease.

2. During the Old Testament period, many of the Israelites sacrificed their children to the false gods of Molech and Baal in the Hinnom Valley.
Leviticus 20:2: You shall also say to the sons of Israel: &ldquoAny man from the sons of Israel or from the aliens sojourning in Israel who gives any of his offspring to Molech, shall surely be put to death the people of the land shall stone him with stones.&rdquo

3. What did worship to Molech entail?

It is believed that idols of Moloch were giant metal statues of a man with a bull&rsquos head. Each image had a hole in the abdomen and outstretched forearms that made a kind of ramp to the hole. A fire was lit in or around the statue and babies were placed in the statue&rsquos arms or in the hole. When a couple sacrificed their firstborn, they believed that Moloch would ensure financial prosperity for the family and future children.

It was a custom to beat drums and play music loudly. Some believe this was done to drown out the babies&rsquo screams from reaching the ears of their parents.

4. What did worship to Baal entail?

Baal worship was rooted in sensuality and involved ritualistic prostitution in the temples. At times, appeasing Baal required human sacrifice, usually the firstborn of the one making the sacrifice.

5. With its pagan history and burning sewer stench, Jerusalem's Hinnom Valley serves as a vivid metaphor for both the Christian and Jewish concept of hell.

6. By Jesus' time in the New Testament, the Greek translation of Hinnom Valley, &ldquoGehenna,&rdquo became a synonym for hell. For this reason, the English New Testament versions of the Bible translate Gehenna as hell.

Places of Interest

5. Field of Blood. Place Judas hanged himself after betraying Christ.

Valley of Hinnom in the Bible

1. The Prophet Jeremiah strongly condemned the worship of Molech.
Jeremiah 32:31&ndash35: This city has aroused my anger and wrath, from the day it was built to this day, so that I will remove it from my sight 32 because of all the evil of the children of Israel and the children of Judah that they did to provoke me to anger&mdashtheir kings and their officials, their priests and their prophets, the men of Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem. 33 They have turned to me their back and not their face. And though I have taught them persistently, they have not listened to receive instruction. 34 They set up their abominations in the house that is called by my name, to defile it. 35 They built the high places of Baal in the Valley of the Son of Hinnom, to offer up their sons and daughters to Molech, though I did not command them, nor did it enter into my mind, that they should do this abomination, to cause Judah to sin.

2. Several of the Kings of Israel worshipped Molech and Baal.
2 Chronicles 28:1&ndash4: Ahaz was twenty years old when he became king, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem and he did not do right in the sight of the Lord as David his father had done. 2 But he walked in the ways of the kings of Israel he also made molten images for the Baals. 3 Moreover, he burned incense in the valley of Ben-hinnom and burned his sons in fire, according to the abominations of the nations whom the Lord had driven out before the sons of Israel. 4 He sacrificed and burned incense on the high places, on the hills and under every green tree.

2 Chronicles 33:5&ndash6: For he [King Manasseh] built altars for all the host of heaven in the two courts of the house of the Lord. 6 He made his sons pass through the fire in the valley of Ben-hinnom and he practiced witchcraft, used divination, practiced sorcery and dealt with mediums and spiritists. He did much evil in the sight of the Lord, provoking Him to anger.

3. God destroyed the nations that previously lived in Israel because of their evil worship of false gods.
Deuteronomy 20:16&ndash18: But in the cities of these peoples that the Lord your God is giving you for an inheritance, you shall save alive nothing that breathes, 17 but you shall devote them to complete destruction, the Hittites and the Amorites, the Canaanites and the Perizzites, the Hivites and the Jebusites, as the Lord your God has commanded, 18 that they may not teach you to do according to all their abominable practices that they have done for their gods, and so you sin against the Lord your God.

4. When Christ wanted to communicate the concept of coming judgment and hell, He used Gehenna (Hinnom) as an example.
Mark 9:42&ndash49: Whoever causes one of these little ones who believe to stumble, it would be better for him if, with a heavy millstone hung around his neck, he had been cast into the sea. 43 If your hand causes you to stumble, cut it off it is better for you to enter life crippled, than, having your two hands, to go into hell, into the unquenchable fire, 44 where their worm does not die, and the fire is not quenched. 45 If your foot causes you to stumble, cut it off it is better for you to enter life lame, than, having your two feet, to be cast into hell, 46 where their worm does not die, and the fire is not quenched. 47 If your eye causes you to stumble, throw it out it is better for you to enter the kingdom of God with one eye, than, having two eyes, to be cast into hell, 48 where their worm does not die, and the fire is not quenched. 49 For everyone will be salted with fire.

Luke 12:5: But I will warn you whom to fear: fear the One who, after He has killed, has authority to cast into hell yes, I tell you, fear Him!

Faith Lesson from the Hinnom Valley

1. Worship of false gods is ugly and destructive. Today, in a metaphorical sense, we can also sacrifice our children on the altar of false idols if we neglect God and don't raise our children to fear Him.

2. Hell is a true reality even though it might seem unjust or uncomfortable.

3. Coming judgment is certain and will take place.

4. Are we genuinely saved and walking with God so we will escape the judgment to come?


School Excursions

Children study history at school but what&rsquos the most fun way to learn? A school excursion of course!

Heritage education is important as it helps the students connect to the past and immerse in the culture of yesteryear.

School groups will take a journey back to the past when Royal Bull&rsquos Head Inn at Drayton was the centre of the town.

Life was very different from today.
Through this school program with links to the History curriculum. It allows students to be immersed in life as it was in the 1800&rsquos.
, students will explore, recognise and appreciate the history of their local area by examining the remains of the past and considering why they should be preserved.

The history of the Royal Bull&rsquos Head Inn can be divided into three key periods to facilitate student investigation and learning:

  • 1847-1875 when the Royal Bull&rsquos Head Inn operated as an hotel and tavern
  • 1879-1973 when the Inn was used as a family home and post office up until 1952
  • 1973 to the present. It is owned by the National Trust and operated as a museum.


Key themes that are the focus of the accompanying work programs are:

  • The building&rsquos function as a community hub throughout its history (inn, post office, museum)
  • Changes in technology over the period of the building&rsquos history (e.g. cooking, washing, transport)
  • The role of museums and heritage places in our society &ndash the contribution of individuals and groups to the development of Australian society (e.g. pioneers, explorers, pastoralists)
  • Development of colonial society and the Australian colonies (e.g. the expansion of the Darling Downs and the development of Toowoomba).


The National Trust has prepared an Australian Curriculum Work Program, in the History subject area, that relates to Royal Bull&rsquos Head Inn.
This education program provides opportunities for students to develop historical understanding.


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