Geskiedenis Podcasts

Oshhosh YTB -757 - Geskiedenis

Oshhosh YTB -757 - Geskiedenis

Oshhosh
(YTB-757: dp. 356 (f.), 1. 109 ', b. 30', dr. 14 ', s. 12 k, cpl. 10; a. 2,50 mg; cl. Pontiac)

Oshiosh (YTB-757) is op 23 Maart 1960 deur Southern Shipbuilding Corp., Slidell, La .; begin 29 Julie 1960 en voltooi op 28 Desember 1960.

Van 1961 tot 1970 bedien Oshhosh (YTB-757) die 5th Naval District, Norfolk, Va.


Die geskiedenissklas van Clark ’ eindig hierdie jaar

Hierdie jaar het Erick Clark die besluit geneem om uit die onderwys te tree, en ons personeel en studente sal hom mis.

Sy boeiende, maar rustige onderrigstyl het 'n positiewe impak op baie studente in die loop van sy loopbaan gehad.

"Hy is so passievol oor onderrig, en hy was altyd vrolik en vol energie," sê senior Mya Marquart.

Hy het altesaam 29 jaar geleer en vir 6 jaar vir die staat Wisconsin gewerk by Winnebago Mental Health voordat hy 23 jaar na Noord gekom het om sosiale studies te onderrig, en 15 jaar lank bofbal af te rig.

Hy studeer aan Oshkosh-Noord in 1983 en gaan na UW-Oshkosh vir sy voorgraadse graad. Gedurende hierdie tyd het hy vir die Oshkosh Recreation Department gewerk, waar hy die voormalige Oshkosh North -onderwyser Dave Morrison ontmoet het, wat ook deel was van die bofbalprogram. Morrison het Clark aangemoedig om onderrig te ondersoek, en in 2005 ontvang hy sy meestersgraad aan die Lakeland College.

Clark is altyd lief vir geskiedenis en doen sy bes om hierdie passie aan sy studente oor te dra.

'Ek hou van geskiedenis', sê hy. 'Ek hou van die verband [tussen] geskiedenis en huidige gebeure. Dit is waaroor dit eintlik gaan, om te sien hoe die geskiedenis vandag die wêreld weerspieël. ”

Sy onderrig weerspieël daardie passie.

"Die verskil tussen 'n goeie klas en 'n goeie klas is wanneer jy kan sien dat 'n onderwyser 'n entoesiasme vir hul vak het," sê senior Max Yanacek. "Mnr. Clark is die perfekte voorbeeld van die soort onderwyser. ”

Alhoewel studente sy topprioriteit is, is die werksomgewing wat deur ander personeellede geskep is, die beste ding om by Oshkosh -Noord vir Clark te werk.

'Ons het 'n baie goeie afdeling vir sosiale studies en in die algemeen baie goeie onderwysers.'

Sy mede -kollegas stem saam.

Steve Danza, hoof van die departement sosiale studies, sê dat hy die meeste sal misloop van Clark: 'saam eet tydens die middagete, die lekker gesprekke en die sin vir humor van Clark'.

'N Ander onderwyser, Chis Hansen, onthou Clark se wonderlike verhaalvermoë.

'My gunsteling herinneringe saam met hom is om na sy verhale te luister. Hy is 'n goeie storieverteller en dit is 'n uitstekende eienskap om as geskiedenisonderwyser te hê, 'sê Hansen.

Sowel Hansen as Danza is dit eens dat sy geestige opmerkings en vinnige denke altyd gesprekke eksponensieel beter gemaak het, ongeag die onderwerp.

Clark tree moontlik uit die onderwys, maar hy het baie planne vir die komende jare. Alhoewel hy waarskynlik nie dadelik sal vervang nie, is hy van plan om betrokke te bly by die skool deur saam te werk met Scott Morrison ('n huidige en byna afgetrede onderwyser in Noord) en die program Drivers Ed agter die stuur. Hy wil meer tyd spandeer saam met sy kleindogter sowel as met ander onderwysers wat voor hierdie jaar afgetree het en opgewonde is oor sy eie skedule.

Behalwe 'n lang erfenis van sy onderrig, wil Clark studente ook raad gee wanneer hulle die hoërskool voltooi.

'Die hoërskool is 'n voorbereiding vir die lewe, of u nou dadelik gaan werk, na die skool of na die weermag ... Noord is 'n uitstekende plek om dit te doen as u as student van plan is om goed te doen. Die geleentheid is elke dag hier, en u moet daarvan gebruik maak. ”

Terwyl Clark nie meer geskiedenis in Oshkosh -Noord sal onderrig nie, sal sy nalatenskap vir ewig in die mure, die sale en die harte van sy studente bly.


Geskiedenis

Die geskiedenis van RPC begin middel 1990's in 'n vergadering van die Apple Valley Presbyterian Church (AVPC), 'n gemeente van die Ortodokse Presbiteriaanse Kerk. (OPC) in Neenah, WI. Iewers in die notule van die vergadering word verwys na die kerk se begeerte om 'n OPC -gemeente in die stad Oshkosh te sien vestig.

Maar eers in die vroeë maande van 2014 het die oudstes van AVPC die doelbewuste keuse gemaak om elke dag in die openbaar te bid vir 'n sendingwerk (kerkplant) in Oshkosh. Die ouderlinge was vasbeslote om met gebed te begin en na te dink oor hierdie groot onderneming, nie volgens hul eie swak gesig en gevoel nie, maar in die lig van God se soewereine krag en plan.

DIE VORM VAN 'N KERNGROEP

Een jaar later, in Februarie 2015, het twee AVPC -gesinne, in antwoord op hierdie gebede, hul gereedheid en bereidwilligheid verklaar om 'n Sondagaand Bybelstudie in Oshkosh te begin. Vinnig is 'n toegewyde kerngroep van 12 siele gevorm rondom hierdie pioniers, waaronder drie mans wat georden is as regerende ouderlinge wat reeds by AVPC gedien het.

'N PASTORALE SOEK

Teen Augustus 2015 het die AVPC -ouderlinge 'n pastorale soektogkomitee gevorm. Binne 'n paar maande het die ondersoekkomitee en die ouderlinge besluit oor mnr. Bob Holda as hul kandidaat.

Bob het onlangs gegradueer aan die Reformed Seminary in Mid-America in Dyer, IN en was 'n lisensiaat in die OPC se ring van die Midde-Weste. Nadat die oudstes met Bob 'n onderhoud gevoer het en die gemeente 'n geleentheid gehad het om die Holda -gesin te leer ken, het die AVPC -sessie van ouderlinge Bob aan die gemeente voorgehou. Op 17 Julie 2016 het AVPC eenparig gestem om Bob as die kerkplanter vir die Oshkosh -sendingwerk te noem en Bob het die oproep met graagte aanvaar.

BESTELLING VAN 'N MINISTER

Op 21 Oktober 2016 het predikante en regerende ouderlinge van die Ring van die Midde -Weste van die OPC by AVPC in Neenah, WI, vergader en die heer Bob Holda aangestel as 'n Bedienaar van die Woord en Sakrament. Hulle het hom aangestel as die mede -pastoor van AVPC, met die primêre verantwoordelikheid om die AVPC se dogtergemeente in Oshkosh, Resurrection Presbyterian Church, te plant.

BOB ’S ORDINASIEDIENS : Luister na die diens van die ordening en installasie van Bob, wat 'n preek insluit van ds Bruce Hollister, 'n aanklag aan Bob, gegee deur ds. Marcus Mininger, en 'n heffing aan die gemeente, gehou deur ds. Alan Strange.

VROEGE GROEI

Op 4 Desember 2016 het RPC weekliks op die Here se dag begin vergader vir openbare aanbidding by die Christian Community Childcare Center in Jacksonstraat 3870, Oshkosh, WI 54901. Hulle het daar aanbid tot 8 Julie 2018 en gedurende die 19 maande, die kerngroep van RPC het van 12 tot 36 lede gegroei. Daarbenewens het RPC gedurende hierdie seisoen sy eerste korttermyn sendelinge gestuur om ramphulpwerk in Houston, TX, te verrig, na die orkaan Harvey.

VIND 'N NUWE HUIS

Op 15 Julie 2018 het RPC begin aanbid in die ou, St. Jehosephat's Katolieke Kerk, geleë te Congresslaan 1205, Oshkosh, WI 54901. Hulle is opgewonde oor die nuwe bedieningsgeleenthede wat hulle op hierdie plek het met eksklusiewe, 24/7 toegang aan die gebou deur 'n huurkontrak wat hulle onderhou met die American Legion Cook-Fuller Post 70, wat die eiendom op 29 Desember 2017 by die Most Blessed Sacrament Parish van die Rooms-Katolieke Kerk gekoop het.

Deur konstante toegang tot hierdie gebou te hê, het RPC veral aandag gegee aan hul uitreik in die omliggende omgewing. Dit het pastoor Bob gedurende die week 'n kantoor en studie gebied. Dit het RPC moontlik gemaak om 'n Sondagaandstudie van 17:00 by die kerk te begin, wat in Januarie 2019 begin het en op almal behalwe die eerste Sondag van elke maand plaasvind. En dit het ons die ruimte gegee om te groei tot 'n volwasse gemeente van Christus, opgebou in liefde en waarheid.


Oshkosh is vernoem na Menominee Chief Oshkosh, wie se naam 'klou' beteken [5] (vgl. Ojibwe oshkanzh, "die klou"). [6] Alhoewel die bonthandel die eerste Europese setlaars al in 1818 na die gebied lok, het dit nooit 'n belangrike speler in die bonthandel geword nie. Die mynbou van die 1820's in die suidweste van Wisconsin, tesame met die opening van die Erie -kanaal, het kommersiële aktiwiteite van die Fox River Valley en Green Bay af verskuif. Kort na 1830 het 'n groot deel van die handel weswaarts getrek, omdat daar in die streek te veel gevang was. [ aanhaling nodig ] Na die publisiteit wat deur die Black Hawk -oorlog in 1832 veroorsaak is, was daar meer belangstelling in die vestiging van Wisconsin deur blankes aan die ooskus, veral New York, Indiana en Virginia, en teen 1836 die stede Milwaukee, Madison, Janesville, Beloit, en Fond du Lac is gestig, met Madison die hoofstad van 'n nuwe territoriale regering, wat die weg gebaan het vir die ekonomiese en politieke belangrikheid van die suidelike deel van die staat. [7] [8] Oshkosh sou egter tot in die twintigste eeu steeds een van die vyf grootste stede in Wisconsin wees. [9]

Die vestiging en groei van die houtbedryf in die omgewing het die ontwikkeling van Oshkosh aangespoor. Oshkosh, wat reeds as die setel van die land aangewys is, is in 1853 as 'n stad ingelyf. Dit het 'n bevolking van byna 2800. [10]

Die houtbedryf het goed gevestig geraak namate sakemanne voordeel trek uit die vaarpaaie om toegang tot beide markte en noordelike kelders te verkry. Die aankoms van spoorvervoer in 1859 het die bedryf se vermoë uitgebrei om aan die vereistes van 'n vinnig groeiende boumark te voldoen. Op 'n tyd was Oshkosh bekend as die "saagselshoofstad van die wêreld" vanweë die aantal houtmeule in die stad, 11 teen 1860.

Tydens die Burgeroorlog is die 21ste Regiment, Wisconsin Infanterie, van die Union Wisconsin Volunteers in Oshkosh georganiseer, met baie nuwe rekrute. Dit was een van twee eenhede wat in die staat georganiseer is, die ander was die 6de regiment, Wisconsin Infantry, georganiseer in Camp Randall, Madison. Die 21ste het op 5 September 1862 saamgetrek en opgeruk na Ohio en Louisville, Kentucky, waar dit later dieselfde jaar aan die vesting van Louisville deelgeneem het. Dit was verbonde aan die Army of the Ohio en later aan die Army of the Cumberland. [11]

Teen 1870 het Oshkosh die derde grootste stad in Wisconsin geword, met 'n bevolking van meer as 12,000. Die gemeenskap het 'n verskeidenheid professionele onderwysers, prokureurs, dokters, sakemanne en ander gelok wat dit gehelp het om te floreer. Die Oshkosh Daily Noordwes koerant (nou die Oshkosh Noordwes) is omstreeks hierdie tyd gestig, net soos die Oshkosh State Normal School (nou die Universiteit van Wisconsin Oshkosh). Hout het voortgegaan as die steunpilaar van die stad. Teen 1874 het dit 47 saagmeulens en 15 gordelroosmeulens gehad.

Op 28 April 1875 het Oshkosh 'n 'Groot Brand' gehad wat huise en besighede langs Hoofstraat noord van die Foxrivier verteer het. Die brand het 70 winkels, 40 fabrieke en 500 huise verswelg, wat byna $ 2,5 miljoen (of $ 51,2 miljoen in 2010 -geld) skade berokken het. [12] [13]

Omstreeks 1900 was Oshkosh die tuiste van die Oshkosh Brewing Company, wat die bemarkingsleuse "By Gosh It's Good" geskep het. Sy Chief Oshkosh -handelsmerk het 'n nasionaal verspreide bier geword.

Die bevolking van die stad in 1910 was 33,062, wat dit die staat se vierde grootste stad maak, voor Madison en Green Bay. [14]

Die Oshkosh All-Stars het van 1937 tot 1949 in die National Basketball League gespeel, voordat die NBL en die Basketball Association of America saamgesmelt het tot die NBA. Oshkosh het vyf keer die eindstryd van die NBL se kampioenskap gehaal.

Historiese distrikte Redigeer

Die stad het 'n totaal van 33 lyste op die National Register of Historic Places. Sommige entrepreneurs en sakemanne in die omgewing het hul lot in die houtbedryf verdien. Baie het beduidende bydraes tot die gemeenskap gelewer, beide in die politiek en in die ondersteuning van filantropiese organisasies. Na verwoestende brande in die middel van die 1870's, is nuwe geboue in gebruik geneem in Oshkosh wat 'n verskeidenheid goeie ontwerp uitdruk: vir residensiële, kommersiële, burgerlike en godsdienstige gebruik.

Die vele strukture wat die historiese gebiede van die stad uitmaak, is grootliks die gevolg van die kapitaal en materiaal wat deur die hout en die gepaardgaande houtvervaardigingsbedrywe gegenereer word. Oshkosh het vanaf Oktober 2011 ses historiese distrikte gehad. Dit sluit die Algoma Boulevard, Irving/Church, North Main Street, Oshkosh State Normal School op die Universiteit van Wisconsin - Oshkosh -kampus, Paine Lumber Company en Washington Avenue historiese distrikte in.

Die stad het 27 historiese geboue en persele wat individueel op die NRHP gelys is vanaf Oktober 2011. Elf is huise, vier is kerke, en die res sluit skole, kolleges, 'n bank, 'n vuurhuis, 'n sterrewag, die distrikshof en 'n begraafplaas waar baie van die entrepreneurs begrawe is.

Volgens die United States Census Bureau het die stad 'n totale oppervlakte van 68,92 km2, waarvan 66,28 km2 grond is en 2,64 km2 water is. [16]

Klimaatsverandering

In die mees onlangse klimatologiese norm het 'n warm, somer, vogtige kontinentale klimaat (Köppen: Dfa) naby die 22 ° C -drempel (die gemiddelde van die warmste maand is 22,2 ° C). [17] Somersdae is warm tot warm met koel tot sagte nagte. Die winters is koud en lank met matige sneeuval. Neerslag bereik 'n hoogtepunt van laat lente tot vroeë herfs.

Klimaatdata vir Oshkosh (norme van 1991–2020, uiterstes 1893 – hede)
Maand Jan Feb Mrt Apr Mei Jun Jul Aug Sep Okt Nov Des Jaar
Rekord hoë ° F (° C) 57
(14)
67
(19)
83
(28)
91
(33)
104
(40)
102
(39)
107
(42)
102
(39)
99
(37)
90
(32)
78
(26)
65
(18)
107
(42)
Gemiddelde hoë ° F (° C) 26.1
(−3.3)
29.9
(−1.2)
41.3
(5.2)
54.4
(12.4)
67.3
(19.6)
77.3
(25.2)
81.7
(27.6)
79.8
(26.6)
72.5
(22.5)
59.0
(15.0)
44.2
(6.8)
31.8
(−0.1)
55.4
(13.0)
Daaglikse gemiddelde ° F (° C) 18.1
(−7.7)
21.4
(−5.9)
32.4
(0.2)
45.0
(7.2)
57.7
(14.3)
68.0
(20.0)
72.2
(22.3)
70.4
(21.3)
62.6
(17.0)
49.9
(9.9)
36.6
(2.6)
24.7
(−4.1)
46.6
(8.1)
Gemiddelde lae ° F (° C) 10.2
(−12.1)
12.9
(−10.6)
23.5
(−4.7)
35.7
(2.1)
48.0
(8.9)
58.8
(14.9)
62.7
(17.1)
61.0
(16.1)
52.7
(11.5)
40.8
(4.9)
28.9
(−1.7)
17.5
(−8.1)
37.7
(3.2)
Rekord lae ° F (° C) −32
(−36)
−34
(−37)
−24
(−31)
5
(−15)
20
(−7)
28
(−2)
30
(−1)
32
(0)
25
(−4)
8
(−13)
−8
(−22)
−27
(−33)
−34
(−37)
Gemiddelde neerslag duim (mm) 1.34
(34)
1.11
(28)
1.92
(49)
3.21
(82)
3.94
(100)
4.82
(122)
3.76
(96)
3.40
(86)
3.26
(83)
2.89
(73)
2.05
(52)
1.59
(40)
33.29
(846)
Gemiddelde sneeuval duim (cm) 9.8
(25)
10.1
(26)
5.4
(14)
1.8
(4.6)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.3
(0.76)
1.8
(4.6)
10.0
(25)
39.2
(100)
Gemiddelde neerslagdae (≥ 0,01 in) 8.9 8.1 8.6 11.4 12.1 11.4 10.2 9.8 9.3 10.4 9.0 9.3 118.5
Gemiddelde sneeu dae (≥ 0,1 in) 6.3 5.7 3.3 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 1.7 5.5 23.7
Gemiddelde ultraviolet indeks 1 2 3 5 7 8 8 7 5 3 2 1 4
Bron 1: NOAA [18] [19]
Bron 2: Weeratlas (UV -indeks) [20]
Historiese bevolking
Sensus Pop.
18606,086
187012,663 108.1%
188015,748 24.4%
189022,836 45.0%
190028,284 23.9%
191033,062 16.9%
192033,162 0.3%
193040,108 20.9%
194039,089 −2.5%
195041,084 5.1%
196045,110 9.8%
197053,082 17.7%
198049,620 −6.5%
199055,006 10.9%
200062,916 14.4%
201066,083 5.0%
2019 (geskatte)67,004 [4] 1.4%
Amerikaanse sensusburo

Sensus van 2010 Wysig

Teen die sensus [3] van 2010 was daar 66.083 mense, 26.138 huishoudings en 13.836 gesinne in die stad. Die bevolkingsdigtheid was 2,582,4 inwoners per vierkante myl (997,1/km 2). Daar was 28 179 wooneenhede teen 'n gemiddelde digtheid van 1,101,2 per vierkante myl (425,2/km 2). Die rasse -samestelling van die stad was 90,5% Blanke, 3,1% Afro -Amerikaners, 0,8% Inheemse Amerikaners, 3,2% Asiërs, 0,7% van ander rasse en 1,7% van twee of meer rasse. Hispanic of Latino van enige ras was 2,7% van die bevolking.

Daar was 26 138 huishoudings, waarvan 25,7% kinders onder die ouderdom van 18 gehad het, 38,7% egpare wat saam gewoon het, 10,0% 'n vroulike huishouding gehad het sonder 'n man teenwoordig, 4,3% 'n manlike huisbewoner sonder 'n vrou teenwoordig, en 47,1% was nie-gesinne. Van alle huishoudings bestaan ​​34,4% uit individue, en 11,4% het iemand wat alleen woon, 65 jaar of ouer. Die gemiddelde huishoudelike grootte was 2,24 en die gemiddelde gesin grootte was 2,90.

Die gemiddelde ouderdom in die stad was 33,5 jaar. 18,6% van die inwoners was onder die ouderdom van 18 18,7% was tussen die ouderdomme van 18 en 24 26,7% was van 25 tot 44 23% was van 45 tot 64 en 12,9% was 65 jaar of ouer. Die geslagsopset van die stad was 51,2% mans en 48,8% vroue.

2000 -sensus Redigeer

Vanaf die sensus [21] van 2000 was daar 62.916 mense, 24.082 huishoudings en 13.654 gesinne in die stad. Die bevolkingsdigtheid was 2 662,2 mense per vierkante myl (1 028,0/km 2). Daar was 25 420 wooneenhede met 'n gemiddelde digtheid van 1 075,6 per vierkante myl (415,3/km 2). Die rasse -samestelling van die stad was 92,73% wit, 2,19% swart of Afro -Amerikaanse, 0,52% inheemse Amerikaners, 3,03% Asiërs, 0,03% Pacific Islander, 0,53% van ander rasse en 0,98% van twee of meer rasse. 1,69% van die bevolking was Spaans of Latino van enige ras. Volgens die sensus 2000 was 52,2% van Duitse en 6,3% Ierse afkoms.

Daar was 24 082 huishoudings, waarvan 27,3% kinders onder die ouderdom van 18 gehad het, 44,3% getroude paartjies wat saamwoon, 9,1% 'n vroulike huishouding gehad het sonder 'n man en 43,3% nie-gesinne. Van alle huishoudings bestaan ​​32,4% uit individue, en 11,7% het iemand wat alleen woon, 65 jaar of ouer. Die gemiddelde huishoudelike grootte was 2,31 en die gemiddelde gesin grootte was 2,95.

In die stad was die bevolking versprei, met 20,7% onder die ouderdom van 18, 18,1% van 18 tot 24, 29,7% van 25 tot 44, 18,3% van 45 tot 64 jaar en 13,1% wat 65 jaar oud was of ouer. Die gemiddelde ouderdom was 32 jaar. Vir elke 100 wyfies was daar 99,9 mans. Vir elke 100 vroue van 18 jaar en ouer was daar 98,7 mans.

Die mediaaninkomste vir 'n huishouding in die stad was $ 37.636, en die mediaaninkomste vir 'n gesin was $ 48.843. Mans het 'n gemiddelde inkomste van $ 33,750 teenoor $ 24,154 vir vroue gehad. Die inkomste per capita vir die stad was $ 18,964. Ongeveer 5,2% van die gesinne en 10,2% van die bevolking was onder die armoedegrens, insluitend 8,6% van diegene onder 18 jaar en 6,9% van die 65 jaar of ouer.


Wanneer is die Allerheiligste Sakramentegemeente in Oshkosh gestig?

Op Saterdag, 14 Julie 2007, het die Allerheiligste Sakrament Parish amptelik 'n gemeente geword. Dieselfde naweek het die nuwe misskedule in werking getree. Op die aanbiddingsplek van die Sint Petrus was daar 'n 16:00 nagwaakmis saam met 'n mis van 09:00 op Sondag. Op die St. Mary Worship Site was daar Sondag 'n mis van 7:30 en 10:45. 16 Julie, ds. Joel Sember het as 'n deeltydse assistent van die nuwe gemeente aangekom.

Op Saterdag, 18 Augustus 2007, om 16:00 liturgie, het ds. James Jugenheimer is deur biskop Zubik geïnstalleer as die eerste leraar van die Most Blessed Sacrament Parish in Oshkosh.

Op 1 Julie 2009 het ds. Joel Sember is as assistent na twee gemeentes in De Pere, Wisconsin, oorgeplaas. Hy is nie vervang nie. Sy jeug en entoesiasme het sy stempel afgedruk op ons nuwe gemeente.

In die herfs van 2013, na baie maande se beplanningsvergaderings met Norbertine, het ds. Jim Nelson, wat as ons konsultant vir die bisdom Liturgiese Renovasie gedien het, is 'n volledige opknapping van die St. Mary bo -kerk begin. Die Ganther Corporation het toesig gehou oor die projek. Nadat daar ontdek is dat verskeie ekstra gewigdraende balke bygevoeg moet word om die boonste kerkvloer te versterk, is die opknapping uitgebrei tot die onderste kerk. Spesiale pogings is aangewend om die historiese integriteit van die St. Die einddoppe van die ou, verslegtende banke is gered en in die nuwe banke hergebruik. 'N Nuwe altaar is gemaak uit een van die oorspronklike altare van die kerk. Die eucharistiese motief wat met linoleum op die vloer gelê is, is met marmermosaïek in die teëlvloer weergegee. 'N Nuwe koorarea en doopvont is geskep, 'n oprit wat na die heiligdom lei, geïnstalleer, en 'n Rood -skerm is gebou om die bymekaarkomgebied van die kerk te skei. Die Heilige Week -dienste is gevier in die opgeknapte kerk. Die nuwe altaar het later aangebreek, al die oorspronklike kandelaars is heropgemaak en die heiligdom wat op die St. Josafat gehang het, is naby die tabernakel aangebring. Op die fees van Corpus Christi in Junie 2013 is die nuwe altaar onthul en ingewy vir gebruik deur biskop David Ricken. In die voorste motief van die altaar is die beeld van Maria. Moeder van die Nagmaal. Die onderste kerk, met 'n nuut geïnstalleerde kombuisie, dien nou as 'n gemeentesaal.

In Desember 2013 het 'n vrygewige skenker aangebied om 'n lewensgrootte Fontanini-geboorte-stel vir ons St. Dit word die eerste keer vir Kersfees van daardie jaar gebruik, en word nog een van die skatte van die Allerheiligste Sakrament.

In Junie 2016 het ons 'n Leierskapberaad oor die gemeente gehou om die visie, missie en rigting van ons gemeente vir die komende jare te bepaal. Uit hierdie beraad kom ons nuwe gemeentelike missiestelling:

Ontmoet Jesus in die Nagmaal
Die Evangelie uitleef
Om ander na Christus te bring

In Julie 2017 is Father Jerry Pastors deur biskop David Ricken geïnstalleer as die tweede pastoor van die Most Blessed Sacrament Parish.

In Julie 2020 vier die Allerheiligste Sakrament -parochie die ordening tot die Heilige Priesterskap van haar eerste gemeentesoon, ds. Ben Johnson.

In die jare wat verloop het sedert ons 'n gemeente geword het, groei die Allerheiligste Sakramentsgemeente steeds in die lig van die Heilige Gees. Ons gemeentelike uitreiking sluit nou ondersteuning in van die Dag vir Dag Warming Shelter wat in die voormalige kafeteria van St. Peter geopen is, die Salvation Army's Coats for Kids en Kersgeskenkprogram, die Back to School Back-pack program, die St. Vincent De Paul Society, die veiligheidstad van die Oshkosh -polisiekantoor, en die Bella Medical Clinic's Walk for Life, Brown Bag Sondae vir die Oshkosh Area Community Pantry en soveel meer.

Alhoewel ons geskiedenis kort is, is baie reeds bereik deur Grace vir die groter heerlikheid van God, maar daar is nog baie om te doen.


Vereistes en keuring Wysig

In die somer van 2008 het die Amerikaanse departement van verdediging (DoD) begin ondersoek instel na die moontlikheid om 'n ligtergewig, terrein-geskikte MRAP-variant te ontwikkel en aan te skaf om die swak paaie en moeilike terrein van Afghanistan aan te spreek. Bronseleksie-aktiwiteit oorweeg die reaksie van meer as 20 ondernemings op 'n Request for Information (RFI)/markopname van 21 Augustus 2008 en middel November 2008 het die Amerikaanse regering 'n vooraf-versoek vir 'n M-ATV uitgereik. Vroeg in Desember 2008 is die formele M-ATV-versoek vir voorstelle (RFP) uitgereik. Die oorspronklike M-ATV-programvereiste was vir tussen 372 en 10 000 voertuie, met die waarskynlikste produksiehoeveelheid as 2 080. [10]

In Maart 2009 het dit bekend geword dat twee elk van ses verskillende voertuigtipes (van vyf vervaardigers) vir twee maande se evaluering by die Amerikaanse weermag afgelewer is, waarvan tot vyf ID/IQ (onbepaalde aflewering/onbepaalde hoeveelheid) ) kontrakte toegeken sou word. [11] Benewens Oshkosh se voorstel, het BAE Systems twee voorstelle ingedien, dit is 'n Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV) ontwerp en 'n FMTV-gebaseerde Caiman afgeleide. Force Dynamics ('n gesamentlike onderneming Force Protection/General Dynamics Land Systems (GDLS)) bied die Cheetah aan, GDLS-C (Kanada) bied 'n RG-31 MRAP-afgeleide aan, en Navistar bied 'n MXT-oplossing aan. [12]

Nadat GDLS-C se RG-31 in Mei 2009 uit die kompetisie uitgeskakel is, is aangekondig dat die vyf oorblywende bieërs ID/IQ-kontrakte gekry het en elk drie produksie-gereed toetsvoertuie vir die volgende fase van die kompetisie moes lewer . Na afloop van die toetsing verklaar die Amerikaanse DoD dat hy van plan is om 'n enkele M-ATV-produsent te kies, maar na goeddunke produksieorders by verskeie produsente kan plaas, soos met die aanvanklike MRAP-aankoop. Op 30 Junie 2009 is die M-ATV kontrak toekenning aangekondig met 'n enkele ID/IQ kontrak toekenning aan Oshkosh. [13] [14] [15] Brigadier-generaal Michael Brogan, programbeampte van die United States Marine Corps vir MRAP, verklaar dat die Oshkosh M-ATV gekies is omdat dit die beste oorleefbaarheid het en Oshkosh oor die beste tegniese en vervaardigingsvermoëns beskik mededingers. Die Oshkosh -bod was ook die tweede goedkoopste. [16] [17] [18]

Die aanvanklike M-ATV-afleweringsbestelling was ter waarde van meer as $ 1 miljard en het 2 244 M-ATV's ingesluit. Die algehele M-ATV-vereiste het vroeg in Junie toegeneem van 2 080 tot 5 244 M-ATV's, dit het 2 598 (weermag), 1 565 (mariniers), 643 (Amerikaanse spesiale operasionele kommando), 280 (lugmag), 65 (vloot), en 93 vir toetsing. [19]

Produksie en opknapping Redigeer

In Julie 2009 is die eerste 46 M-ATV's afgelewer, en in November is die 1 000ste M-ATV oorhandig. Oshkosh het sy kontraktuele verpligting bereik om in Desember 2009 1,000 M-ATV's per maand voor die skedule te vervaardig, en deur die gebruik van sy bestaande vervaardigingsfasiliteite in Oshkosh, WI (50%), en gebruik te maak van sy JLG-teleskopiese hanteringsfasiliteit in McConnellsburg wat deur 'n resessie getref is. , PA (50%). [20] Die eerste voertuie het in Oktober 2009 in Afghanistan aangekom en moes almal teen Maart 2010 afgelewer word. [21]

In totaal is 8 722 M-ATV's afgelewer by die Amerikaanse weermag, U.S. Marine Corps, U.S. Air Force en U.S. Special Operations Command (SOCOM). M-ATV's is in twee hoofvariante gelewer. Die basismodel word aangedui as M1240 met die Objective Gunner Protection Kit [OGPK] bemande rewolwer; dit word aangewys as M1240A1 as dit toegerus is met die Underbody Improvement Kit (UIK). Die tweede hoofvariant het die naam M1277 en is toegerus met M153 CROWS afstandbeheerde wapenstasie (RCWS). Die SOCOM-spesifieke variant, wat in kleiner getalle vervaardig word, word aangedui as M1245 M1245A1 met UIK aangebring. [22]

As deel van die algehele verkoop van die MRAP-vloot, sal die Amerikaanse regering ongeveer 80% (ongeveer 7 000) van die M-ATV-vloot behou, waarvan 5,651 (insluitend 250 vir SOCOM) deur die weermag bewaar word. [22] By Oshkosh se Wisconsin-fasiliteit en die Red River Army Depot word tans gewerk om die ongeveer 7 000 M-ATV's wat op 'n gemeenskaplike boustandaard gehou is, terug te stel. Oshkosh het 'n aanvanklike M-ATV-terugstellingskontrak van 500 voertuie in Augustus 2014 ontvang. Drie bykomende kontrakopsies vir 100 voertuie elk is in Desember 2014 toegeken. Die totale kontrakwaarde is meer as $ 77 miljoen. Die aflewerings sou tot September 2015 voortduur. [22]

Stel werksentrums in op die terugkeer van voertuie na die standaard van die Lae Aanvanklike Produksie (LRIP) 22: in wese die standaard vir die finale M-ATV-produksielotjie. LRIP 22 bevat opgraderings soos die UIK en 'n verbeterde outomatiese brandblussisteem (AFES). Herstelwerk voeg ook Engineering Change Proposals (ECP's) by wat insluit akoestiese handtekeningvermindering (demper), modulêre ammunisie -beperkingstelsel (MARS) ammunisieopberging en 'n paar verskuiwings van die staat se gemeubileerde toerusting (GFE). [22]

Op 28 Mei 2015 kondig Oshkosh aan dat die Amerikaanse weermag 'n kontrakwysiging aan hom toegestaan ​​het vir die herstel van 360 ekstra M-ATV's. Die wysiging bevat opsies vir die herstel van tot 1,440 bykomende M-ATV's. Die aflewerings vir hierdie nuutste wysiging het begin in Oktober 2015. Oshkosh is op kontrak om 'n gesamentlike 1 160 M-ATV's met 'n totale waarde van meer as $ 115 miljoen te herstel. [23]

In Januarie 2017 het die US Marine Corps bekend gemaak dat hulle ongeveer 80 M-ATV's oor 'n tydperk van vyf maande sal opgradeer en opknaap; die werk sal drie tot vier weke vir elke M-ATV duur en ongeveer $ 385,000 per voertuig kos, met beide Marine- en lugmag se M-ATV's betrokke. Die belangrikste verskil tussen die twee dienste M-ATV's is die bewapening Lugmag M-ATV's is toegerus met 'n CROWS (Common Remotely Operated Weapon Station), terwyl Marine M-ATV's toegerus is met 'n handmatige OGPK (Objective Gunner Protection Kit) rewolwer. [24]

Ontwikkelings Redigeer

Op die byeenkoms van die Association for Unmanned Vehicle Systems International (AUVSI) 2013 het Oshkosh aangekondig dat die TerraMax-stelsel in die M-ATV geïntegreer word, sodat die tipe in 'n onbemande grondvoertuig omskep kan word. Die doel is om die M-ATV te gebruik as 'n onbemande platform vir roeteopruiming en teen geïmproviseerde missies deur ingenieurs. [25]

Oshkosh Defense onthul die M-ATV Extended Wheel Base Medical (EXM) variant op die International Defense Exhibition and Conference (IDEX) 2015 (22–26 Februarie) in Abu Dhabi, Verenigde Arabiese Emirate. Hierdie variant van die M-ATV het genoeg binnekapasiteit om twee rommelgebonde pasiënte, twee ambulante pasiënte, 'n dokter, bevelvoerder en bestuurder gelyktydig te vervoer. Die aanpasbare interne opset van die M-ATV EXM stel ook in staat om vinnig toegang tot toerusting te kry deur 'n dokter wat sentraal geleë is. [26]

In Februarie 2015 het Oshkosh Defense en Alliant Techsystems 'n demonstrasie van die M230LF 30 mm kettinggeweer op 'n M-ATV gehou om die lewensvatbaarheid en doeltreffendheid van 'n mediumkaliber wapenstelsel vir ligte taktiese voertuie te demonstreer. Die lewendige vuurdemonstrasie toon 'n verbeterde akkuraatheid in mobiele toestelle en verbeterde dodelikheid op die M-ATV met behulp van die geweer, gemonteer op die R400S-Mk2, 'n 3-as gestabiliseerde afstandstuurwapenstasie wat minder as 400 kg weeg (880 lb). Die toevoeging van die 72,6 kg (160 lb) M230LF wat op die RWS gestabiliseer is, bied mobiele presiese dodelikheid, gewoonlik gereserveer vir swaarder gevegsvoertuie, met buitengewone mobiliteit in die veld en MRAP-beskermingsvlakke. [27]

Die M-ATV was meer oorleefbaar as die Humvee en was ligter as ander MRAP-weergawes, maar om die oorlewing en mobiliteit van troepe verder te verbeter, het die Amerikaanse weermag die Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV) -program onderneem om 'n voertuig te kry wat 'n ligte gewig kombineer. , mobiliteit en beskerming. In Augustus 2015 kry Oshkosh die kontrak vir hul Light Combat Tactical All-Terrain Vehicle (L-ATV), wat ontwerplesse geneem het uit die veld van die M-ATV en dit in 'n vragmotor met twee derdes van die gewig en vinniger afgeskakel het. -spoed van die pad. [28]

Teen 2018 het die Marine Corps 'n Counter-Unmanned Aerial System (C-UAS) ontplooi wat op 'n M-ATV gemonteer kan word. Die Counter-UAS-stelsel van die grondgebaseerde lugverdediging (GBAD) bestaan ​​uit die RPS-42 S-bandradar, die Modi-elektroniese oorlogstelsel, visuele sensors en Raytheon Coyote anti-drone UAV om vyandige drones op te spoor, op te spoor en te vernietig. [29]

Die M-ATV kombineer 'n gepantserde romp van Plasan wat ontwerp is vir die Northrop Grumman/Oshkosh JLTV Technology Development (TD) fase voorstel [30] [28] met enkele elemente van die Medium Tactical Vehicle Replacement (MTVR) onderstel en Oshkosh se TAK-4 ophanging stelsel. Die TAK-4-ophanging is veerliggend en volledig onafhanklik en bied 16 duim wielry.

Vir oorlewing, benewens die V-vormige romp wat geoptimaliseer is vir IED-beskerming, sluit ander hulpmiddels die vermoë in om 'n 7,62 mm-rondte na die motorolie/koelmiddel/hidrouliese stelsel te neem en ten minste een kilometer verder te ry. Die enjinkompartement word ook beskerm met die Stat-X-brandweerstelsel. [31] 'n Sentrale bandopblaasstelsel (CTIS) en plat insetsels laat die M-ATV toe om minstens 30 myl teen 30 km / h te ry, selfs al verloor twee bande druk. Die M-ATV beskik ook oor 'n vastrapbeheerstelsel en sluitweerremme.

Bewapening is op die dak gemonteer en kan met die hand of op afstand bestuur word. Handmatige opsies sluit in 'n M240-masjiengeweer, 'n Mk 19-granaatlanseerder, 'n M2 Browning-masjiengeweer, 'n MILAN-tenk-geleide missiel of 'n BGM-71 TOW-tenk-geleide raketlanseerder. Afstandsopsie is gewoonlik die CROWS (Common Remotely Operated Weapon Station), maar soos voorheen genoem, het Oshkosh ook vir demonstrasiedoeleindes die R400S-Mk2, 'n 3-as gestabiliseerde afstandwapenstasie, as die M230LF-ketting-outokanon aangebring is, aangebring.

Ander M-ATV-funksies sluit in 'n HVAC-stelsel en afsetpunte vir die laai van draagbare elektroniese toestelle. [4] Die M-ATV is ook uniek onder ontwerpe van die MRAP-tipe deurdat hy selfmoordtipe agterdeure gebruik. [19]

Die leër van die Verenigde Arabiese Emirate het aanvanklik 55 M-ATV's bestel deur middel van 'n FMS-verkoop in 2011. Die VAE het in Julie 2012 nog 750 M-ATV's direk by Oshkosh bestel. Dit is om groter veldrymobiliteit en bemanningsbeskerming te bied vir plaaslike veiligheid en vrede -gebruikers van die operasie sluit die elite Presidensiële Wag in. Aflewerings is in Augustus 2013 voltooi. [32] [33] [34] In September 2014 versoek die VAE nog 44 M-ATV's uit Amerikaanse surplusvoorrade. [35]

In September 2013 het die Saoedi-Arabiese weermag begin onderhandel vir 'n bevel vir 'n onbekende aantal M-ATV's. [36] Saoedi-Arabië het na raming 450 M-ATV's ontvang, insluitend 'n paar uitgebreide asafstandvariante. [3]

Op 7 April 2014 het die Amerikaanse regering 162 M-ATV's aan die Kroatiese leër geskenk vir gebruik in kleinskaalse gevegsoperasies in stedelike en beperkte omgewings. [37] Vyftien M-ATV's gaan na die Kroatiese kommando van die spesiale magte (SFCOM), vyf by die ondersteuningsbevel (SCOM), twee by die militêre polisieregiment, en 78 tree in 2015 in diens van die Kroaties leër, met 'n nog 62 sal in 2016 volg vir die 1ste bataljon van die gemotoriseerde wagte -brigade in Gospic. [38]

In January 2015, it was reported that the U.S. was to donate 308 Mine Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP) vehicles to Uzbekistan under the Excess Defense Articles program. Requested totals include 159 M-ATVs with UIK, plus 50 Maxxpro Plus, 20 MaxxPro recovery, 50 BAE RG-33L CAT II and 70 Cougar CAT 1 (W/ISS (65) W/O ISS 5) vehicles. [39] [40]

In February 2015, it was disclosed that the U.S. was providing 20 M-ATVs to African Union (AU) peacekeepers in Somalia. These M-ATVs will replace older 1980s-vintage Casspir vehicles. [41]

On 25 February 2015, Polish special forces received 45 M-ATVs. The handover ceremony took place in Cracow, Poland and the US Ambassador in Poland, Stephen D. Mull, participated in the event. Delivery of the MRAP vehicles was carried out within the framework of the Excess Defense Articles program, the standard way that the U.S. military gives surplus equipment to allies. [42]

In June 2016, photographs released by the Iraqi Ministry of Defence showed M-ATVs with Iraqi Special Operations Forces (ISOF) (also known as the Counter-Terrorism Service (CTS)) units advancing northwards for the operation to retake the Islamic State-held city of Mosul. [43]

Oshkosh formerly announced the addition of designated variants to the M-ATV family in April 2014. [44] The range has evolved since then, the current five variants announced in May 2016. [45]

The five current variants are: [46]

  • M-ATV Special Forces – 5-seat with protected cargo area. Curb Weight: 31,467 lb (14,273 kg) payload: 5,500 lb (2,495 kg). [47]
  • M-ATV Assault – modular seating for up to 11. Curb Weight: 35,450 lb (16,080 kg) payload: 4,400 lb (1,996 kg). Extended wheelbase. [48]
  • M-ATV Engineer – modular seating for 5 to 11. Curb Weight: 35,225 lb (15,978 kg) Payload: 4,400 lb (1,996 kg). Mine roller ready. Extended wheelbase. [49]
  • M-ATV Command – 5-seat. Curb Weight: 35,128 lb (15,934 kg) payload: 4,400 lb (1,996 kg). Extended wheelbase. [50]
  • M-ATV Utility – 5-seat. Curb weight w/fuel: 29,344 lb (13,310 kg) payload: 7,000 lb (3,181 kg). Flatbed platform with ISO-lock corner fixings. Extended wheelbase. [51]

6×6 technology demonstrator Edit

In October 2015, Oshkosh unveiled an M-ATV 6×6-wheeled technology demonstrator. The vehicle was designed with greater interior volume to transport three crew and 8–12 troops and to have greater payload capacity while maintaining MRAP-level protection and off-road mobility, combining the TAK-4 independent suspension and the M-ATV 6×6's all-wheel steer for maneuverability across any terrain. Top speed is 65 mph (105 km/h) with a 70 percent off-road/30 percent on-road suspension durability profile. It has a curb weight of 21 tons (42,000 lb or 19,000 kg), a payload capacity of 12,000 lb (5,400 kg), and the same turning radius as the 4x4 version. [52] [53]


Since the University’s inception as a teacher-training school in 1871 to its stature today as a premier comprehensive institution, quality and innovative higher education have been hallmarks of UW Oshkosh’s success.

In the early years, the Oshkosh State Normal School was Wisconsin’s foremost institution for educating teachers and the first such school in the nation to have a kindergarten. Rose C. Swart, a powerhouse in the model school department for half a century, introduced practice teaching in 1872. Tuition was free to all who declared their intention to teach in Wisconsin public schools. In 1916, fire destroyed the main campus building Dempsey Hall replaced it in 1918.

As the educational focus evolved and expanded, the institution underwent several name changes to the Oshkosh State Teachers College in 1927 and the Wisconsin State College Oshkosh in 1951. A graduate school was added in 1963, transforming the one-time normal school into a fully developed university.

In its centennial year of 1971, the institution merged into the Wisconsin system and became the University of Wisconsin Oshkosh. Innovations — such as a new academic calendar with 14-week semesters and three-week interim sessions and a Faculty Development Program — followed when Chancellor Robert Birnbaum arrived in 1974.

UW Oshkosh’s academic excellence continued to gain recognition under the leadership of chancellors Edward M. Penson, John E. Kerrigan and Richard H. Wells. New programs, institutes and degrees have kept the curriculum relevant, while building expansions, renovations and additions support the institution’s continued growth.

But Titans don’t live in the past.

Today, led by Chancellor Andrew J. Leavitt, UW Oshkosh proudly serves the region as the third-largest university in Wisconsin with an annual on- and off-campus enrollment of nearly 14,000.

Future-minded campus initiatives include a commitment to sustainability, including the goal of carbon-neutral campuses by 2030, and continued investment in relevant liberal arts education across the curriculum.


From the archives: Clarence 'Inky' Jungwirth blueprints Oshkosh history

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Clarence "Inky" Jungwirth, 95, autographs his book for Tom Beyer, right, wearing Oshkosh B'Gosh clothing during the Oshkosh Memorabilia Club show March 21, 2015, at the Oshkosh Senior Center. (Photo: Jeannette Merten/For USA TODAY NETWORK-Wisconsin) Buy Photo

Editor's note: The Oshkosh Northwestern originally published this story Nov. 15, 2012. Clarence "Inky" Jungwirth died Sunday.

It's difficult to figure out where to start when the story comes to Clarence "Inky" Jungwirth, so let's start with that nickname.

You might think "Inky" comes from him writing the book on Oshkosh, its history and its people almost two dozen times over. Or from his stint as an Oshkosh Northwestern columnist covering the activities of Oshkosh soldiers in H Company as they went through training before shipping out to the Pacific theater during World War II. Or from his start at Oshkosh Corp. 66 years ago running a blueprint machine. Or maybe even from his passion for reading an average of four books per month.

Those would all be wrong, though.

Instead, the 93-year-old's nickname stems from his days growing up on the south side in the rough and tumble Sixth Ward.

"In the early formation of the Sixth Ward, if you didn't have a nickname, you were considered a sissy," Jungwirth explained. "The nicknames were given to you by your physical characteristics, your habits. Out of the hundred kids in my gang, I was the runt of the gang. I was only five feet tall. . So they called me 'Incubator Baby.'"

In his 93 years, Jungwirth's seen Oshkosh transform itself from a lumber town to a manufacturing center. He's watched religious and ethnic divisions dissolve and geographical ones rise up in their stead. He's seen population shifts from downtown to the town of Algoma.

Also, he's delivered dry cleaning, worked in a tailor's shop, learned typing, studied journalism for a spell, earned a history degree from the University of Wisconsin-Oshkosh when he was 68, learned engineering and drafting trades so well he boasts he can "design a truck mentally without paper" and still finds plenty of time to spend with his three children, six grandchildren and eight great-grandchildren.

His memory, knowledge of history and skill across a variety of trades has kept him sharp as a tack even after 66 years on the job at Oshkosh Corp., minus a brief retirement more than 20 years ago.

"I have to keep 50,000 old trucks going," he explains. "I retired in 1987, but they called me back six months later. The company once had a meeting to see if they could clone me."

In short, he's never at a loss for a good story and is always happy to share them with anyone who asks, with no sign of compunction about anything he might share.

"All the teachers in Oshkosh know me," Jungwirth said. "I've lectured at every school in the city, mostly about my World War II experiences. I have a lot to say, so if you don't like the way I talk, don't ask me to speak. I don't give a damn."

It all started back at a time when a man of his age — 13 or 14 — would normally have followed his father's and relatives' footsteps and gone to work at the Paine Lumber Mill after finishing grade school at Sacred Heart.

"My mom saw something in me. She insisted I go to high school," he explained. "I graduated with honors, but I had to work before school cleaning a tailor's shop and after, delivering clothes. I'd work 100 hours in a month for $8 pay."

He joined the National Guard on June 24, 1940, and was sent off to Louisiana where the journalism, drafting and typing courses he took in school paid off, even if "at the time that meant a boy was a sissy."

He was made H Company's clerk as it and the rest of the Army's 32nd Infantry, shipped off to Australia before engaging in the Battle of Buna, on New Guinea, one of the first battles in the Pacific theater.

He would later become a part of the 24th Infantry and fought in the battles for Leyte, Bataan and Mindanao, one of the last battles in the Pacific. He and his fellow soldiers gave a lot, but Jungwirth also said he lost something ingrained in him since a young boy: his animosity toward other ethnicities and religions.

"As GIs, we were intermingling with different cultures," he said. "I took all my animosities from the Sixth Ward and lost them in Australia and New Guinea when they saved our lives and as we dealt with natives."

He returned home to Oshkosh bearing the scars of war, malaria and post-traumatic stress disorder on Aug. 27, 1945.

"I looked like a ghost. I had the 'thousand-mile stare.' I still have dreams of being drafted after I returned from the war," Jungwirth said.

Seven days later, Oshkosh Truck Corp. took a chance and hired Jungwirth to run a blueprint machine for a few hours each day.

"They saw something in me," Jungwirth said. "I'd run the blueprint machine for three or four hours each day, but they also taught me how to draw parts in my spare time."

Oshkosh Truck's business at the time was snow removal trucks. But as the '50s and '60s gave way to the '70s and '80s, the company started to design military trucks. The first of many he helped design was the Heavy Equipment Transporter, or HET, which the company still makes for the U.S. military today.

"The soldiers loved it for hauling tanks in Germany," Jungwirth said of the HET. "And it led us to version two of the HET, which was just perfect. And it's why Oshkosh has been successful with the military ever since."

By 1991, after his brief stint in retirement ended and he returned to Oshkosh Truck, Jungwirth decided his journals and knowledge of the community's history needed to be shared. And so, in 1991, he wrote and self-published his first book, "A History of the 'Bloody Sixth Ward' in the City of Oshkosh."

"It was very popular," he modestly says.

It became the first of four books he wrote on the history of Oshkosh. He added another five volumes full of tales of Oshkosh and several autobiographical volumes as well, including his diary from World War II. Many of his books remain for sale at Apple Blossom Books downtown.


Oshkosh announced on May 30, 2013 that it had been selected by the US Marine Corps to supply its next-generation Aircraft Rescue and Fire Fighting (ARFF) vehicles. The P-19 Replacement (P-19R) will replace the Oshkosh P-19A fleet which was first fielded in 1984 and is reaching the end of its service life. [2] The P-19R contract extends through May 2018 and has a total estimated value of $192 million ($192,852,826 quoted). [5]

Following the delivery of three prototype vehicles in December 2013 for testing, [2] in April 2015 it was disclosed the P-19R had successfully completed all required government development testing and evaluation and readiness reviews required to move the program through Milestone C approval and into Low Rate Initial Production (LRIP). A delivery order was placed and LRIP commenced that month, with vehicles slated for delivery to support Product Verification Testing (PVT). Six LRIP vehicles were delivered in February 2016 to the Aberdeen Test Center in Aberdeen Maryland for PVT and Cherry Point North Carolina for First Unit Equipped (FUE) testing. Testing was conducted from March 2016 through June 2016. A Full Rate Production (FRP) decision was announced by Oshkosh on August 18, 2016. [1]

On 22 May 2017 Oshkosh announced that the U.S. Marine Corps has awarded the company a delivery order valued at more than $33 million for an additional 54 P-19Rs. Oshkosh stated the company expected to deliver the first P-19Rs in June 2017 and in total would deliver 164 P-19Rs through 2019. [6] On 27 July 2017 Oshkosh announced that the U.S. Marine Corps had awarded the company a delivery order valued at more than $16 million for an additional 23 P-19Rs. [7] On 2 November 2017 Oshkosh announced that the U.S. Marine Corps had awarded the company a delivery order valued at more than $19 million for an additional 31 P-19Rs for delivery through 2019. [8] Oshkosh announced on 6 February 2018 that the P-19R had reached its Initial Operating Capability (IOC) milestone. The P-19R contract extends through 2018 and between 164 and 200 vehicles can be ordered, with 60 vehicles delivered by February 2018. [4]

The P-19R is based on a conventional C-section rigid chassis, the wheelbase of which is 4.851 m. Motive power is provided by a rear-mounted transverse 15.2-litre Caterpillar C15 six-cylinder in-line turbocharged, water-cooled four-stroke diesel, developing 600 hp (448 kW), [9] this coupled to an Allison 4700 SP seven-speed fully automatic transmission and Oshkosh 35000 Series single-speed transfer case. This set-up is shared with Oshkosh’s Logistic Vehicle System Replacement (LVSR) which is also in service with the Marines. [3]

Suspension is Oshkosh TAK-4 fully independent double wishbone all-round, and by coil springs with 16-inches of independent wheel travel. TAK-4 suspension is fitted to the Marines’ LVSR and Medium Tactical Vehicle Replacement (MTVR) fleets, and is also fitted to the Oshkosh M-ATVs and upgraded Cougar MRAPs that are being retained by the Marines post-Afghanistan. The P-19R is fitted with Michelin XZL 16.00 R 20 tires. A Dana central tire inflation system (CTIS) is fitted, this allowing the driver to adjust tire pressures to suit the terrain being crossed. A spare wheel/tire is carried at the rear of the vehicle. [10]

The cab seats four, a driver and three crew. The driver sits centrally. [10]

The P-19R is equipped with a power divider that allows the vehicle to drive and pump simultaneously. In addition to hoses, ladders and other fire and rescue equipment, the P-19R carries 1000 gallons of water, 130 gallons of foam agent, and 500 lb of Halotron auxiliary firefighting agent. The roof and bumper turrets combined, will discharge up to 750 gallons of water per minute, and at up to 1000 ft from a fire. [10]

Cross-lay hose beds in the main body offer convenient access to fire hoses that can be used for structural fires or to draw water from a hydrant or natural source such as a river or pond. [3] On the underside of the P-19R there are nozzles that can discharge 56 liters of water and foam to extinguish a fire or fuel spill underneath the vehicle. In front of the vehicle Oshkosh has installed nozzles that spray water and foam on the windshield to keep it cool. [10]

The P-19R is also equipped with Oshkosh's Command Zone integrated control and diagnostic system originally developed for the company's commercial fire-fighting vehicle in 1999. Command Zone is a computer-controlled, electronics technology that operates and diagnoses all major vehicle networks. The backbone of the system is multiplexing technology that allows vehicle components to work in concert, streamlining diagnostic and troubleshooting efficiencies. Both a local and remote monitoring system, it allows real-time access to critical vehicle information via command and control networks, laptops, on-board display screens or hand-held personal digital devices. [10]


Oshkosh - Top Stories of the Decades

1830s
1835 George Johnson establishes a ferry from what is now Riverside Cemetery to what is now Rainbow Park.
First settlers from the eastern U.S., Webster Stanley and Gallup families, 1836
Meeting to choose official name for community so a post office can be established. The name Oshkosh wins.

1840's
First post office. John P. Gallup is postmaster.
First frame house built by Joseph Jackson at site of what is now New Moon coffeehouse.
1844 First steamboat, the Manchester.
1846 population 752 the "business district" is described as one tavern, two stores and the ferry. W.W. Wright and Joseph Jackson survey the area to the west of modern Main Street into house lots.
1847 Ferry is replaced by a float bridge. The opening of the bridge is part of the Independence Day celebration.
1849 school census reports a total population of 1032 school children, 187.
Weekly newspaper, Oshkosh Democrat, begins February 1849.

1850s
First plank road built, linking Oshkosh to Fond du Lac, 1850.
St. Peter's Church erected, 1850.
Established Riverside Cemetery, 1855.
First stagecoach started between Oshkosh, Fond du Lac and Wisconsin Rapids, 1850.
First "planked" street was Ferry (now North Main) street, 1850.
Oshkosh incorporated as a city, April 1853 first mayor Edward Eastman.
Oil street lamps used, 1853.
First bell made in Wisconsin was cast by Oshkosh resident Fred Gaenzler, 1853.
First daily newspaper, Oshkosh Courier, began, 1854.
City bought Main Street (toll) bridge and made travel across it free, 1854.
Morgan Products/Doors started in 1855.
Paine Lumber founded, 1855.
By 1856, the city has 15 industries based on lumber: saw, shingle and planning mills, sash and door factories. These industries will dominate the next 50 years.
First fair was held, Oct. 10 - 11, 1856.
First fire engine company organized, 1856.
First brick building built, 1856.
Oshkosh resident Coles Bashford elected governor of Wisconsin, 1856.
Trinity Church erected, corner of Algoma and Light (Division), 1857.
First railroad, Chicago and Northwestern, reaches the city, October 1859.
First large fire, May 10, 1859.

1860s
Schmit Trunk Co. established some time in early 1860s.
First railroad bridge built for Chicago and Northwestern, 1861.
Oshkosh men serve in the Civil War, 1861-1865.
Start of Oshkosh baseball team, the Everetts, 1865.
Commercial breweries are established: Rahr Brewery in 1864 Horn & Schwalm Brewery in 1866 Glatz Brewery in 1869.
Civic improvements continue: Main Street is paved with Nicholson pavement in 1866 30 miles of other streets are graveled.
Buckstaff Co. founded, 1869.
Second large fire, May 1866.
Oshkosh was second largest city in state, 1866.
Oshkosh High School built, 1867
Oshkosh Gas Co., now part of Wisconsin Public Service, started by J.D. Davis, 1868.
State Normal School (college) began construction, 1869.
City switched to gas lights, December 1869.

1870s
Peak lumber mill years.
Oshkosh Yacht Club established, 1870.
Oshkosh Normal School opened, fall 1871.
Northern State Hospital for the Insane opens, 1873. Later called Winnebago State Hospital and now called Winnebago Mental Health Institute.
Radford Co. established, 1874.
Oshkosh baseball team, The Amateurs, was organized, 1874.
Major fires, July 14, 1874 and April 28, 1875.
Gen. W.T. Sherman stopped in Oshkosh, 1876.
Arion Band formed, 1878 . For the next 25 years, they were the leading entertainers of the region.
The Great Road Race was held, 1878. The steam road wagon "Oshkosh" won.
First telephones in use, 1879.

1880's
Gen. Ulysses S. Grant visited Oshkosh, June 14, 1880.
J. L. Clark Carriage Co. founded, 1881 (defunct in 1930s).
Street cars, electric lights introduced, 1882.
Door-to-door mail delivery began, 1882.
A new Main Street bridge was built, 1882.
Grand Opera House opened, 1883.
Alexian Brothers Hospital built on 7 acres of land purchased from J.J. Moore and located on Jackson Street, 1884.
Devastating tornado hit Oshkosh, July 1885.
Oshkosh Savings and Loan opened as Oshkosh Mutual Loan and Building Society, 1886.
Susan B. Anthony, women's rights activist, spoke in Oshkosh, 1886.
Beginning of C.R. Meyer & Sons, 1888.
Oshkosh was dropped from Northwestern League (professional baseball), 1888.

1890's
Bridge built over Fox River at Oshkosh/Algoma Avenue, 1890.
St. Mary's Hospital (on Merritt) opened, 1891.
H.C. Doman built first horseless carriage in Oshkosh, 1892.
St. John's Catholic Church built, 1893.
Oshkosh Brewing Co. opened, 1894.
Oshkosh B'Gosh founded as Grove Manufacturing, 1895.
Globe Printing began business, 1895.
Congregation B'nai Israel organized, 1895.
Horse-drawn streetcars replaced by electric streetcars, 1897.
Oshkosh resident Raddatz successfully tested homemade submarine in Fox River, 1897.
National Grass Twine Co. founded (later named Deltox, invented the grass rug), 1897.
Woodworkers' Strike, 1898.
Beginning of Rockwell International as E.B. Hayes Machinery, 1898.
Universal Motor Co. established, 1898.
Citizens Traction Company opened Electric Park (also known as White City and EWECO Park), south of town, 1898.
Construction of draw bridge on Oregon street, 1898.

1900's
Public Library opened in new building (was in City Hall) donated by Harris and Sawyer families, 1900.
First concrete sidewalks were laid, 1900.
High School destroyed in fire, 1901.
Transit to Omro started, 1901.
Oshkosh Trunk Company opened, 1902.
F.W. Mueller (and Potter) Drug Store opened at 10th and Oregon, 1907.
Wisconsin National Life founded, 1908.

1910s
People's Brewing Co. began business, 1911 (to 1972).
A new Oshkosh/Algoma Avenue bridge opened, 1912.
Oshkosh Normal School burnt down, 1916.
Oshkosh and WW I - famous Victory Arch erected on Main Street.
St. Mary's Hospital purchased Lakeside Hospital, 1917.
Oshkosh Truck started, 1917.
Flu epidemic, 1917-1918.
Marquart Millwork founded, 1919.
New Oregon Street bridge built, 1919.

1920's
There were numerous "frog dealers" in the 1920s.
Ralph Buckstaff built observatory, 1922
West Algoma flood, 1922.
Devastating sleet/ice storm, 1922.
Museum moved into old Edgar Sawyer home, 1924.
Thousands attended Ku Klux Klan rally on the Stilson farm (corners of Jackson and Murdock), April 1926.
North Park renamed Menominee Park, Chief Oshkosh Statue and dedication, 1926. First commercial airport opened, 1927.
Bus franchise granted, 1928.
Raulf Hotel opened, 1928.

1930s
Northwestern newspaper moved into new building on State Street, 1930.
Electric streetcars shut down, 1930.
Oshkosh aviator Clyde Lee disappeared over Atlantic while attempting record-breaking flight, 1932.
Miles Kimball Co. began, 1935.
Dunphy Boat Company moved to Oshkosh, 1935.
Professional basketball team Oshkosh All-Stars formed, 1937.
A 7-Up bottling plant opened by John and Lydia Plein, 1937.
Depression hits lumber industry, 1930 - 1939.

1940's
South Park junior high and elementary school opened, 1940.
New Ohio/Wisconsin Street bridge dedicated, Aug. 25, 1940.
World War II and Oshkosh, 1941 - 1945.
Paine Art Center/Arboretum opened, 1947.
Earliest Dutch elm disease cases, late 1940s - early 1950s.

1950s
Tuberculosis epidemic, early 1950s.
Natural gas became available, 1950.
City Centennial celebration held, 1953.
Butte des Morts Hwy 41 bridge opened, 1955.
Change in form of city government, from mayor-alderman to council-manager, 1956.
Grand opening of new Oregon/Jackson street bridge, Jan. 25, 1957.
Oshkosh renamed/numbered many streets, 1957.
Airport terminal opened, 1958.
Lourdes Academy dedicated, 1959.

1960's
New Oshkosh High opened (now West High), 1961.
Schools consolidated into Oshkosh Area School District, 1961.
Miss Wisconsin Pageant moved to Oshkosh, 1963.
Pioneer Inn opened, 1965.
Largest land annexation ever (Westhaven), 1966.
Introduction of jet service to Oshkosh, 1967.
William Steiger elected to Congress, 1967.
Airport renamed Wittman Field, 1967.
"Black Thursday" demonstration at University of Wisconsin Oshkosh, Nov. 21, 1968.

1970s
First EAA convention in Oshkosh, 1970.
Downtown peace demonstrations by University of Wisconsin Oshkosh students, 1970.
Park Plaza opened, 1971.
University of Wisconsin Oshkosh celebrated 100th anniversary.
Oshkosh North High opened, 1972.
First Annual Sawdust Days celebration, 1972.
New Main Street bridge, 1973.
Devastating tornado hits west side, April 1974.
Senior Citizens' Center opened, 1975.
President Ford campaigned for reelection at Wittman Airport, April 3, 1976.
Congressman William Steiger died in office, December 4, 1978.

1980's
Jail, Safety Building opened, 1980.
Three Imperial Eggs stolen from Paine Art Center, Oct. 23, 1980.
Oshkosh had professional basketball team, Wisconsin Flyers, 1982 - 1987.
Movie, "Dreams Come True" filmed in Oshkosh, 1982.
President Ronald Reagan spoke at the Winnebago County Courthouse, May 1985.
Grand Opera House reopened, 1986.
Opening of downtown convention center/hotel, 1986.
Opening of Oshkosh Correctional Institute, 1986.
Two student "riots", 1989.

1990's
Manufacturers Marketplace outlet mall opened. Oshkosh Public Museum fire, summer 1994.
Oshkosh Public Library renovated/expanded building reopens, October 1994.
Wisconsin Central railroad tracks consolidated, removed from downtown, 1996.
Oshkosh Northwestern family newspaper sold to corporation, 1998.

2000's
Sundial built at the corner of Main and Algoma, 2000.
Hydrite Chemical Company spill caused evacuation on south side, December 2000.
Mercy Medical Center on Oakwood opened, 2000.
Wind storm, June 2001.
Public Enemies starring Johnny Depp filmed in Downtown Oshkosh, 2008.

This timeline was compiled from Local History materials, including the following circulating sources:


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