Geskiedenis Podcasts

Groot geleenthede, sporthoogtepunte en Nobelpryse van 2006 - Geskiedenis

Groot geleenthede, sporthoogtepunte en Nobelpryse van 2006 - Geskiedenis

Groot gebeurtenis/ Sport/ Nobelpryse/ Pulitzer -pryse/ Akademie/ Gewilde flieks/ Populêre boeke/ Populêre televisieprogramme/ Populêre musiek/ Groot gebeure van 2006

    • Hamdan vs Rumsfeld
    • a

Sport

  • MLB 2006: Wêreldreeks
    St. Louis Cardinals wen met 4-2 teen die Detroit Tigers
    -Oct 21 ... St. Louis 7 in Detroit 2
    -Oct 22 ... Louis 1 in Detroit 3
    -Oct 24 ... Detroit 0 in St. Louis 5
    -Okt 26 ... Detroit 4 in St Louis 5
    -Okt 27 ... Detroit 2 in St Louis 4
  • NFL
    Super Bowl XL
    Pittsburgh Steelers wen 21-10 teen Seattle Seahawks
    -Super Bowl Box Score
    Pittsburgh ... 0 7 7 7- 21
    Seattle ...... 3 0 7 0-10
  • Professionele gholf
    Groot wenners vir mans
    -The Masters: Phil Mickelson ...- 7 tot par
    -US Open: Geoff Ogilvy ...+5 tot par
    -British Open: Tiger Woods ...- 18 tot par
    -PGA-kampioenskap: Tiger Woods ...-18 par
    Vroue se groot wenners
    -Kraft Nabisco-kampioenskap: Karrie Webb ...- 9 tot par
    -US Women's Open: Annika Sorenstam
    -LPGA-kampioenskap: Se Ri Pak ...- 8 tot par
    -Weetabix Britse Ope vir Vroue: Sherri Steinhauer ...- 7 tot par

Gewilde liedjies

1 Daniel Powter Bad Day
2 Sean Paul Temperatuur
3 Nelly Furtado feat. Timbaland Promiskueus
4 James Blunt Jy is pragtig
5 Shakira feat. Wyclef Jean Hips Moenie lieg nie
6 Natasha Bedingfield Ongeskryf
7 Gnarls Barkley Crazy
8 Chamillionaire feat. Krayzie Bone Ridin '
9 Justin Timberlake Sexyback
10 Beyonce feat. Slim Thug Check it

Gewilde flieks

  • Die wat ons verlaat het
  • Die Prestige
  • 300
  • Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest
  • V vir Vendetta
  • Die lewens van ander
  • Casino Royale
  • Die vakansie
  • Die fontein
  • Kind van mans
  • Beste prentjie: Botsing
  • Beste regisseur: Ang Lee vir Gebreekte berg
  • Beste akteur: Phillip Seymour Hoffman vir Capote
  • Beste aktrise: Reese Witherspoon vir Loop op die lyn
  • Beste manlike byspeler: George Clooney vir Syriana
  • Beste vroulike byspeler: Rachel Weisz vir Die konstante tuinier

Grammy -toekennings

  • Rekord van die jaar: "Boulevard of Broken Dreams"- Green Day
  • Liedjie van die Jaar: "Soms kan jy dit nie alleen maak nie"- U2
  • Album van die jaar: "Hoe om 'n atoombom af te breek"- U2
  • Beste nuwe kunstenaar: John Legend

Nobelpryse

.

  • Vrede: Muhammad Yunus en Grameen Bank "vir hul pogings om ekonomiese en sosiale ontwikkeling van onder af te skep".
  • Fisiologie of medisyne: Andrew Fire en Craig Mello "vir hul ontdekking van RNA-interferensie-geen-stilmaak deur dubbelstrengs RNA".
  • Ekonomiese Wetenskappe: Edmund S. Phelps "vir sy ontleding van intertemporale afwykings in makro -ekonomiese beleid".
  • Chemie: Roger D. Kornberg "vir sy studies oor die molekulêre basis van eukariotiese transkripsie".
  • Fisika: John C. Mather en George F. Smoot "vir hul ontdekking van die swart liggaamsvorm en anisotropie van die kosmiese mikrogolf agtergrondstraling".
  • Letterkunde: Orhan Pamuk "wat in die soeke na die melancholiese siel van sy geboortestad nuwe simbole ontdek het vir die botsing en vervleging van kulture".

Pulitzer -pryse

  • Openbare dienste: Times-Picayune en die Sun Herald
  • Nasionale verslaggewing: James Risen en Eric Lichtblau, Die New York Times
  • Internasionale verslagdoening: Joseph Kahn en Jim Yardley, New York Times
  • Redaksie: Rick Attig en Doug Bates, Die Oregonian
  • Redaksie Tekenprente: Mike Luckovich, Atlanta Journal-Constitution
  • Kommentaar: Nicholas D. Kristof, New York Times
  • Kritiek: Robin Givhan, Washington Post
  • Funksieskrywing: Jim Sheeler, Rockey Mountain News
  • Klopverslaggewing: Dana Priest, Washington Post
  • Verduidelikende verslagdoening: Die Chicago Tribune, Personeel
  • Ondersoekende verslagdoening: Susan Schmidt, James Grimaldi en R. Jeffrey Smith, Washington Post
  • Breaking News: Personeel van Times-Picayune
  • Fiksie: Geraldine Brooks, Maart
  • Biografie/outobiografie: Kai Bird en Martin Sherwin, Amerikaanse Prometheus: Die triomf en tragedie van J. Robert Oppenheimer
  • Geskiedenis: David Oshinsky, Polio: 'n Amerikaanse verhaal
  • Poësie: Claudia Emerson, Laat vrou
  • Algemene nie -fiksie: Caroline Elkins, Imperial Reckoning: The Untold Story of Britain's Gulag in Kenya
  • Musiek: Yehudi Wyner, Klavierkonsert: Chiavi in ​​Mano

Groot geleenthede, sporthoogtepunte en Nobelpryse van 2006 - Geskiedenis

Nuus, gebeure, tegnologie, pryse en gewilde kultuur.

Gebeurtenisse 2006
  • Twaalf steenkoolmynwerkers sterf in die Sago -mynramp naby Buckhannon, Wes -Virginië in die Verenigde State.
  • 362 Moslem -pelgrims sterf tydens 'n stormloop tydens die steniging van die duiwelritueel op die laaste dag by die Hajj in Mina, Saoedi -Arabië.
  • Verskeie Europese koerante herdruk omstrede tekenprente wat die profeet Mohammed uitbeeld, wat woede en oproer in die daaropvolgende weke veroorsaak het

Groot geleenthede, sporthoogtepunte en Nobelpryse van 2006 - Geskiedenis

Die opskrifte in 2006 is gekenmerk deur die dood, skandale en politiek: 12 sterf in die Sago -mynramp. Voormalige bestuurders van Enron skuldig. Doodsvonnis vir Saddam Hussein. Irak se opstandeling al-Zarqawi vermoor. Oorlog in Libanon. Kernskerm in Iran, Noord-Korea. "Krokodiljagter" vermoor. Voormalige Beatle in egskeidingstryd. Trans-Atlantiese terreurplot verwoes. Oud-Russiese spioen vergiftig. Megakerklike prediker in seksskandaal. Demokrate wen middeltermyn.

Gebruik die skakels hieronder of regs om terug te kyk na 'n paar van die belangrikste verhale van die afgelope 12 maande. En stem uit vir die topverhaal van 2006.

Joy het binne drie kort ure tot droefheid gekom vir familielede van 'n dosyn mans wat vasgevang was in die Sago -myn in Wes -Virginia. Net voor middernag 4 Januarie het myners se families gedink die mans het hul beproewing oorleef. Een mynwerker is na 'n hospitaal gehaas terwyl kerkklokke gelui het ter viering van hul voortbestaan. Maar teen 03:00 op 5 Januarie het 'n mynbeampte gesê dat daar 'n tragiese 'wankommunikasie' was en dat die ander 12 dood was na 41 uur onder die grond.

Honderde duisende betogers het in meer as 140 stede in ten minste 39 state opgedaag en geëis dat die land na raming 11 miljoen tot 12 miljoen ongedokumenteerde immigrante 'n kans kry om die Amerikaanse droom te verwesenlik. In Washington het die Huis en die Senaat heelwat verskillende weergawes van immigrasiehervorming goedgekeur, maar 'n omvattende wetsontwerp was voor die middeltermyn van November ontwykend. In plaas daarvan het die Kongres 'n heining van 700 myl goedgekeur langs 'n derde van die grens tussen die VSA en Mexiko, wat Bush 12 dae voor die verkiesing onderteken het.

Paul McCartney en Heather Mills het gesê hulle skei ná vier jaar se huwelik. Daar word verwag dat Mills, wat 'n jong dogter by McCartney het, 'n groot deel van die voormalige Beatle se fortuin sal eis. Koerante het beweerde hofstukke gepubliseer waarin beweer word dat McCartney Mills mishandel het, en dat Paul Paul belowe het om homself 'kragtig' te verdedig. Elders het Britney Spears en Kevin Federline uitmekaar gegaan, Angelina Jolie en Brad Pitt is na Namibië om hul baba te kry, Tom Cruise en Katie Holmes het 'n kind gehad en trou, en Madonna het kontroversie veroorsaak deur 'n Malawiese baba aan te neem.

Na vier jaar se ondersoeke, 16 weke van getuienis en ses dae van jurie -beraadslaging, is Jeffrey Skilling, voormalige uitvoerende hoof van Enron, en stigter Kenneth Lay skuldig bevind aan sameswering en bedrog. Die voormalige bestuurders is skuldig bevind daaraan dat hulle die publiek mislei het oor die finansiële gesondheid van Enron, wie se ineenstorting in 2001 'n golf van korporatiewe bedrog simboliseer wat die land oorval het. Lay (64) is op 5 Julie aan koronêre siekte dood terwyl hy op vonnis afwag. Skilling is op 23 Oktober tot 24 jaar tronkstraf gevonnis.

Twee bomme van 500 pond het die jag op Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, die gewildste opstandeling in Irak, beëindig. Op grond van 'n doolhof van intelligensie en wenke, het die weermag gerig op 'n 'veilige huis' noord van Baquba waarin die leier van al -Qaeda in Irak gebly het. Lugmag F-16 oorlogsvliegtuie het die bomme gelanseer, wat die huis in puin gelê het. Al-Zarqawi, 'n in Jordanië gebore Sunni-militant met 'n Amerikaanse premie van $ 25 miljoen op sy kop, het vermoedelik die bloed van duisende op sy hande gehad as leier van die groep agter talle onthoofdings, sluipmoorde en bomaanvalle.

Italië wen 'n strafdoelstryd met 5-3 om die Wêreldbekertoernooi vir die vierde keer op te hef nadat Zinedine Zidane opspraakwekkend van die veld gestuur is omdat hy Marco Materazzi met sy kop gestamp het. Die Franse kaptein het die rooi kaart in die laaste wedstryd van sy loopbaan naby die einde van die eindstryd gekry, wat ná ekstra tyd met 1-1 gelykop was. 'N Paar maande later verbreek Materazzi sy stilte en sê aan Gazzetta dello Sport dat dit 'n opmerking is wat hy oor die suster van Zidane gemaak het wat die voorval veroorsaak het. Materazzi het gesê toe Zidane aangebied het om hom sy Frankryk-trui te gee in reaksie op die aanhoudende hempgetrek deur die Italianer, het hy geantwoord: "Ek sou jou suster verkies."

'N Reeks van sewe ontploffings het minstens 186 mense doodgemaak en ongeveer 700 ander gewond op stampende pendeltreine en stasies tydens die spitstyd in die Indiese finansiële hoofstad Mumbai. Indië het die Pakistanse intelligensie-agentskap en 'n Pakistanse Islamitiese militante groep, Lashkar-e-Taiba, beskuldig van betrokkenheid, maar Pakistan en die groep ontken dat hulle enige skakels het. In November het die Indiese polisie meer as twee dosyn mense aangekla weens die aanval, waaronder 13 in aanhouding.

Israel het 'n reeks bomaanvalle in Libanon geloods nadat Hezbollah -magte Israel binnegedring het, drie soldate doodgemaak en nog twee ontvoer het, 'n stap wat die Israeliese premier 'oorlogsdaad' genoem het. 'N Maand later het 'n skietstilstand in werking getree, en ontheemdes het begin huis toe keer. Ongeveer 'n miljoen mense aan elke kant van die grens is verplaas, het amptenare gesê. Volgens die owerheid in die twee lande is 908 dood en 3,877 gewond in Libanon, en 159 sterftes en meer as 1 000 gewondes in Israel.

By 'n uitbraak van E. coli -bakterieë in spinasie is minstens drie mense dood en 199 ander in 26 state dood. 'N Bejaarde vrou uit Nebraska, 'n volwassene in Wisconsin en 'n 2-jarige Idaho-seuntjie sterf tydens die uitbraak, wat gevind is in spinasie wat in drie provinsies in Kalifornië gekweek is. Federale amptenare het gesê dat hulle vasgestel het dat die eerste siekte op 2 Augustus plaasgevind het, en het aanbeveel dat verbruikers van alle rou spinasie wegkom. Regoor die land het die blaargroen uit die winkelrakke en slaaibare verdwyn toe produsente besendings herroep het.

Terroriste was in die "finale stadium" van 'n komplot om gelyktydig soveel as tien stralers te blaas terwyl Brittanje na die Verenigde State vertrek het toe Britse en Pakistaanse owerhede saamgespan het om die aanvalle te stuit, het amptenare gesê. Daar word geglo dat die plotters beplan om 'n sportdrankie met 'n gelagtige stof te meng om 'n sterk plofstof te maak wat met 'n MP3-speler of selfoon aangesteek kan word. Die nuus oor die komplot het reis chaos veroorsaak omdat vlugte gekanselleer is en passasiers verbied is om vloeistowwe aan boord te bring.

John Mark Karr is in Thailand gearresteer in verband met die moord op JonBenet Ramsey, 'n 6-jarige skoonheidskompetisie-deelnemer wie se geslaan en verwurgde lyk tien jaar gelede in die kelder van haar gesin in Colorado gevind is. Karr (41) het aan verslaggewers gesê hy was saam met JonBenet die aand toe sy dood is en dat haar dood 'n ongeluk was. Karr is aan Colorado uitgelewer, maar sy toelating het net die bespiegeling verdiep of die saggeaarde onderwyser die misdaad gepleeg het. Byna twee weke later het amptenare hul saak teen Karr laat vaar nadat DNS -toetse hom nie aan die saak kon koppel nie.

Iran het 'n sperdatum van die Verenigde Nasies oorskry waarin die Islamitiese republiek gevra word om sy kernaktiwiteite te staak of sanksies in die gesig te staar. Teheran dring daarop aan dat sy program slegs vir vreedsame doeleindes is, en president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad het belowe om nie toe te gee aan Westerse belange nie. Maar die Bush -administrasie vermoed dat Iran sy kernprogram gebruik om wapens te ontwikkel, en president Bush het gevra dat Iran wêreldwyd geïsoleer word totdat dit 'sy kernambisies laat vaar'. China en Rusland-albei veto-lede van die Veiligheidsraad-was huiwerig om Iran te sanksioneer, en Moskou het wapenooreenkomste met Teheran aangegaan.

Steve Irwin, die entoesiastiese "Crocodile Hunter" wat gehore regoor die wêreld betower het met sy avontuurlike natuurlewe, is doodgemaak deur 'n pyl wat sy bors deurboor het terwyl hy 'n TV -program op die Great Barrier Reef aan die noordoostelike kus van Australië geskiet het. Irwin (44) word oorleef deur sy vrou, Terri, en hul twee kinders, Bindi Sue en Robert. 'Die wêreld het 'n wonderlike wildlewe -ikoon, 'n passievolle natuurbewaarder en een van die trotsste pa's op die planeet verloor,' het Irwin se bestuurder en vriend John Stainton aan verslaggewers gesê. 'Hy het gesterf deur te doen waarvoor hy die liefste was.'

'N Swaar gewapende vragmotorbestuurder het homself in 'n eenkamer-Amish-skoolhuis in Pennsylvania versper, en vyf meisies doodgemaak ter dood voordat hy homself om die lewe gebring het, het die polisie gesê. Die moordenaar het aan sy vrou gesê dat hy 20 jaar gelede kinders gemolesteer het en hy wou droom om dit weer te doen. Hy het smeermiddel na die skoolhuis gebring, maar daar was geen bewyse dat die slagoffers seksueel aangerand is nie. Dit was die land se derde dodelike skoolskietery in 'n week. In Colorado het 'n 53-jarige man gyselaars seksueel aangerand voordat hy 'n 16-jarige student en daarna homself vermoor het. En 'n hoërskoolleerling in Wisconsin word daarvan verdink dat hy sy skoolhoof vermoor het nadat hy gedissiplineer is omdat hy tabak gedra het.

Die amptelike nuusagentskap van Noord -Korea het berig dat die land 'n suksesvolle ondergrondse kerntoets uitgevoer het. Vyf dae later het die VN se Veiligheidsraad eenparig gestem om sanksies teen Noord -Korea op te lê as straf vir die toets. Noord -Korea verwerp die resolusie en stap uit die kamer van die Veiligheidsraad. Die toets kom drie maande nadat Noord-Korea ses missiele getoets het, waaronder 'n langafstand-Taepodong-2-vuurpyl wat vermoedelik die westelike Verenigde State kon bereik. Die Taepodong -vuurpyl het na 40 sekondes misluk, maar die Verenigde State het die toetse as 'uitlokkend' bestempel.

New York Yankees se kruik, Cory Lidle, is dood toe sy vliegtuig op 'n hoë gebou in Manhattan neerstort en in vlamme uitbars. Volgens die voorlopige verslag van die National Transportation Safety Board is 'n ligte wind en 'n stywe draai -radius faktore in die ongeluk, wat ook die vluginstrukteur Tyler Stanger doodgemaak het. Ondersoekers het nie vasgestel wie die vliegtuig tydens die ongeluk gevlieg het nie. Een inwoner van die woonstelgebou is ernstig verbrand toe die vliegtuig in haar woonstel op die 30ste verdieping vasgery het. Lidle het pas die 2006-seisoen voltooi met 'n rekord van 12-10.

Eerwaarde Ted Haggard moes noodgedwonge bedank as leier van die megakerk in Colorado, wat hy meer as 20 jaar gelede begin het nadat die ondersoekraad gesê het hy is skuldig aan 'seksueel onsedelike gedrag'. In 'n brief aan lede van sy New Life Church erken Haggard 'seksuele onsedelikheid' en noem hy homself ''n bedrieër en 'n leuenaar'. Hy het ook erken dat hy metamfetamien gekoop het. Die skandaal het bekend geword toe Mike Jones, 'n voormalige prostituut, aan verslaggewers gesê het Haggard betaal hom vir seks vir meer as drie jaar. Jones het gesê hy het hom uitgespreek weens Haggard se steun vir 'n staatswysiging wat die huwelik van dieselfde geslag verbied.

Die voormalige Irakse leier Saddam Hussein en twee ander beskuldigdes is ter dood veroordeel deur op te hang vir 'n wrede ineenstorting in 1982 in die Sjiïtiese stad Dujail. Hussein is tereggestel op 30 Desember en is die volgende dag begrawe in dieselfde begraafplaas as sy seuns, wat in 'n brandstryd in 2003 met Amerikaanse magte dood is. Sedert Hussein as Irak se leier omver gewerp is, word die land geteister deur opstandige en sektariese geweld, en sommige noem dit 'n burgeroorlog. In 'n verslag van Desember deur die tweeledige Irak -studiegroep word die situasie 'ernstig en verslegtend' genoem en veranderings in die Amerikaanse beleid aanbeveel.

Demokrate het die eerste keer in 'n dosyn jaar in die Amerikaanse middeltermynverkiesings in 2006 vir die eerste keer in 'n dosyn jaar beheer geneem van beide die Huis van Verteenwoordigers en die Senaat, en president Bush en die voorste Demokrate het vinnig belowe om oor die weg te kom ondanks 'n hardnekkige veldtog. Die verkiesingsuitslae is gesien as 'n referendum oor Bush, die oorlog in Irak en kongresskandale. Die dag na die stemming het Bush aangekondig dat Donald Rumsfeld, minister van verdediging, teen die einde van die jaar uittree.

Die voormalige KGB-spioen Alexander Litvinenko is op 23 November in 'n Londense hospitaal dood en groot hoeveelhede polonium-210 is in sy liggaam gevind. Litvinenko (43) was 'n jarelange kritikus van die Russiese regering, wat hy die skuld gegee het vir sy skielike, noodlottige siekte. Russiese owerhede ontken enige rol. Spore van die radioaktiewe materiaal is gevind by Litvinenko se huis, plekke waar hy geëet het en waar hy vergader het net voordat hy siek geword het, sê die owerhede. Daar is ook spore gerapporteer oor British Airways -vliegtuie, 'n Londense voetbalstadion en die Britse ambassade in Moskou. Die Britse polisie het gesê dat hulle die dood as 'n moord beskou.


Hillary Rodham Clinton

Gedurende die eerste dekade van die 21ste eeu was Hillary Clinton (gebore in Chicago, 1947) die eerste voormalige presidentsvrou wat 'n belangrike elektiewe amp beklee het, wat in Januarie 2001 as senator van New York tot die kongres verkies is. Sy was die eerste vrouekandidaat vir die Amerikaanse president wat amper 'n benoeming van 'n groot politieke party gewen het (kandidaat verklaar in Januarie 2007, toegegee in Junie 2008). In 2009 word Clinton die eerste voormalige presidentsvrou wat in die kabinet dien, in haar hoedanigheid van die Amerikaanse minister van buitelandse sake vir Barack Obama, bevestig in Januarie 2009.


2006 beraad

Die Academy of Achievement het 300 uitstaande nagraadse studente uit 40 lande na Los Angeles, Kalifornië, gebring vir die 45ste jaarlikse International Achievement Summit. Van 1 tot 4 Junie 2006 het 'n onvergelykbare verskeidenheid wêreldleiers in die kunste, die sakewêreld, die industrie, die openbare diens en die wetenskappe hul ervaring en insig gedeel met die afgevaardigdes van die Akademie en rsquos en het die leiers van vandag idees uitgeruil met die leiers van môre.

Summit Hosts en lede van die Akademie, Steven Spielberg en George Lucas, verwelkom die gaste in Los Angeles.

Hierdie & rsquos Summit is aangebied deur die legendariese filmmakers George Lucas en Steven Spielberg. Die voorsitter van die beraad was Catherine B. Reynolds, voorsitter en uitvoerende hoof van die Catherine B. Reynolds -stigting. Die beraad is moontlik gemaak deur 'n ruim toelae van The Catherine B. Reynolds Foundation.

Lede van die Golden Plate Awards Council: President Bill Clinton saam met Vaira Vike-Freiberga, president van Letland.

Vyftig ontvangers van die Academy & rsquos Golden Plate -toekenning en 30 nuwe eerbewoners het die beraad bygewoon. Internasionale staatsmanne onder die akademielede was: die 42ste president van die Verenigde State, William J. Clinton, kroonprins Salman van die president van Bahrein, Vaira Vike-Freiberga, president van Letland, Festus Mogae van Botswana, en agbare Ehud Barak, voormalige premier van Israel . Twee voormalige bevelvoerders van die NAVO, generaal Wesley Clark en generaal Joseph Ralston, en twee ontvangers van die Nobelprys vir vrede: Aartsbiskop Desmond Tutu en dr. Mohamed ElBaradei, direkteur -generaal van die Verenigde Nasies se Internasionale Atoomenergie -agentskap.

Summit -gasheer George Lucas wens Wendy Kopp, stigter en president van Teach for America, geluk met die ontvangs van die goue medalje van die Academy of Achievement tydens die 2006 International Achievement Summit in Los Angeles.

Akademielede van al drie die takke van die Amerikaanse regering sluit in hooggeregshofregter Anthony M. Kennedy, direkteur van nasionale intelligensie John D. Negroponte en drie lede van president George W. Bush & rsquos kabinet: Vervoer Sekretaris Norman Mineta, Onderwyssekretaris Margaret Spellings en Behuising en sekretaris van stedelike ontwikkeling, Alphonso Jackson. Lede van die kongres wat die beraad bygewoon het, was Edward Markey, Jane Harman en die minderheidsleier van die Huis van Verteenwoordigers, Nancy Pelosi. Ander vooraanstaande staatsamptenare was: die voormalige leier van die Demokrate in die Senaat, agbare Tom Daschle, die burgemeester van Chicago, Richard M. Daley en die burgemeester van Los Angeles, Antonio Villaraigosa.

Regter Anthony M. Kennedy met sy vrou Mary, en die burgemeester van Los Angeles, Antonio Villaraigosa, met sy vrou Corina.

Benewens mnr. Lucas en mnr. Spielberg, het vooraanstaande verteenwoordigers van die rolprentbedryf die regisseurs Peter Jackson en Chris Columbus ingesluit, asook die skermsterre Samuel L. Jackson, Robin Williams, Sally Field, Olivia de Havilland en Dame Julie Andrews. Ou en nuwe lede van die Akademie uit die musiekwêreld was Quincy Jones, Dame Kiri Te Kanawa, Sheryl Crow, Trisha Yearwood, Sonny Rollins en John Williams. Onder die literêre kontingent was die skrywers Gore Vidal, Joan Didion, Carlos Fuentes en Arthur Golden, en die Pulitzer -pryswenners A. Scott Berg en N. Scott Momaday. Nobelpryswenners wat op die beraad verskyn het, was onder andere dr Michael Brown, dr Robert H. Grubbs, dr John Hall en dr A. Michael Spence. Sportlegendes Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, Dorothy Hamill en sir Roger Bannister keer terug na die beraad om die Academy & rsquos-eerbewyse aan nuwe aanhangers te oorhandig. Ondernemingsleiers op die beraad was onder meer Telmex -voorsitter, Carlos Slim Hel & uacute, voorsitter van Research in Motion, James Balsillie, stigter van Home Depot, Bernard Marcus, stigter van die Carlyle -groep, David Rubenstein en uitvoerende hoof van JPMorgan Chase, Jamie Dimon.

Hollywood-legendes Olivia de Havilland en Dame Julie Andrews met die L.A. Lakers-legende Kareem Abdul-Jabbar.

Akademielede, honneurs en studente -afgevaardigdes het in die glansryke Regent Beverly Wilshire Hotel gebly by een van Amerika se bekendste kruisings, Wilshire Blvd. en Rodeo Drive, in die hartjie van die stad Beverly Hills. Die opwinding begin die eerste aand, want lede van die Akademie en studente -afgevaardigdes was opgewonde om deur die twee suksesvolste filmmakers van alle tye, George Lucas en Steven Spielberg, verwelkom te word. Die eerste toekenning van die beraad is oorhandig aan Wendy Kopp, stigter en president van Teach for America. Akademielid A. Scott Berg, ontvanger van die Pulitzer -prys vir biografie, vertel van die vroeë geskiedenis van Hollywood en hoe die immigrante -stigters van die rolprentbedryf hul eie Amerikaanse drome vervul en die voorste verskaffers van die droom vir die hele wêreld geword het.

Die eerste oggendsessie van die 2006 -beraad fokus op die grense van medisyne en wetenskaplike navorsing. Die baanbreker -neurochirurg dr. Benjamin S. Carson het hierdie eie odyssie van die ghetto na die operasiesaal vertel. Dr. Hans Keirstead het 'n oortuigende multimedia -voorstelling gemaak van sy revolusionêre werk waarin menslike stamselle gebruik word in die behandeling van rugmurgbesering en veelvuldige sklerose. Dr Michael Brown, 'n ontvanger van die Nobelprys vir Geneeskunde, bespreek sy baanbrekerswerk in die studie van cholesterol en die rol daarvan in kardiovaskulêre siektes, die grootste oorsaak van sterftes en gestremdhede in die Westerse Wêreld.

Sally K. Ride, lid van die toekenningsraad, die eerste Amerikaanse vrou in die ruimte, gesels met die Akademie -vergadering.

Dr Miguel Nicolelis van die Duke -universiteit het sy historiese navorsing aangebied op die punt van neurowetenskap en robotika, insluitend 'n revolusionêre deurbraak in die ontwikkeling van neuroprostetiese hulpmiddels om gestremdes en verlamdes te help. Dr Spencer Wells, direkteur van die Genographic Project, het hierdie ongekende internasionale onderneming bespreek, met behulp van molekulêre genetika om die migrasiepaaie van die mensdom van die begin af op te spoor. Hy het selfs sy bevindings gedeel oor die voorvaders van die voorsitter van die beraad, Catherine B. Reynolds, en die akademielid, dr. Benjamin S. Carson.

Sally Field, lid van die toekenningsraad, ontvang twee Oscars vir beste aktrise en ontmoet afgevaardigdes van die Akademie -studente.

Die eerste paneelbespreking van die beraad het die verband en konflik tussen wetenskap en geloof ondersoek. Die televisiejoernalis Kathleen Matthews het die bespreking gemodereer. Dr Francis Collins, direkteur van die National Human Genome -projek, en dr. Benjamin S. Carson het hul sienings aangebied as wetenskaplikes wie se werk ingelig en geïnspireer is deur hul godsdienstige geloof. Die evolusionêre bioloog dr. Richard Dawkins en die filosoof dr. Daniel Dennett het aangevoer dat godsdienstige oortuiging nie deur bewyse of wetenskaplike metodes ondersteun word nie. Hulle uiters geanimeerde bespreking van hul kernoortuigings kan gehoor word in die Audio Recordings -gebied van die Akademie -webwerf.

Die telekommunikasiemagnaat Carlos Slim en Emilio Azc & aacuterraga, saam met sy vrou Sharon, en president Bill Clinton.

'N Ander vooraanstaande wetenskaplike wat tydens die beraad gepraat het, was dr. Robert H. Grubbs, ontvanger van die Nobelprys vir chemie in 2005, wat sy deurbraak in chemiese metatese bespreek het, die ontdekking van die sogenaamde & ldquoGrubbs-katalisator, en rdquo wat die produksie van nuwe beloof medisyne en nuwe materiale vir die industrie, terwyl die risiko's van chemiese afval verminder word.

Nancy Pelosi, leier van die huisminderheid, ontvang die Academy & rsquos Golden Plate -toekenning wat deur die toekenningsraadslid, agbare Tom Daschle, tydens die Internasionale Prestasieberaad van 2006 in Los Angeles, Kalifornië, oorhandig is.

Die eerste oggend en sessies is afgesluit met 'n voorlegging deur die 42ste president van die Verenigde State, William J. Clinton. Hy het gepraat oor die noodsaaklikheid dat die nasies van die wêreld in die komende eeu 'n kursus van internasionale en ko -integrasie en rdquo volg. Onmiddellik na sy toespraak gaan sit die president vir 'n lang vraag-en-antwoord-sessie met Akademiestudente, en beskryf die vlak van openhartige toespraak wat gedurende die Internasionale Prestasieberaad heers.

President Bill Clinton spreek sy mede -akademielede en studente -afgevaardigdes toe tydens die beraad van 2006.

Die uitruil van idees het voortgegaan tydens die middagete, aangesien stamselpionier dr. James D. Thomson met die Akademie en mediese studente en bioloë vergader het vir 'n verdere ondersoek van baie van die wetenskaplike en etiese vrae wat tydens die oggend- en rsquosessie geopper is. 'N Groot deel van die middagsessie was gefokus op die pogings van privaat individue en openbare instellings om die wêreld se moeilikste probleme op te los. Uitvinder Dean Kamen vertel van sy pogings om goedkoop watersuiweringstelsels aan ontwikkelende samelewings te bied. Verbruikersadvokaat Ralph Nader het uitgebrei gepraat oor die behoefte aan hervorming van die Amerikaanse politieke stelsel om misbruik van mag deur spesiale belange te voorkom. Onderwater ontdekkingsreisiger dr. Sylvia Earle bespreek die skade wat die mensdom aan ons natuurlike omgewing aangerig het, terwyl kongreslid Ed Markey sy eie stryd bespreek het om die omgewing te beskerm deur die politieke proses.

Julie Taymor, die bekroonde Broadway-direkteur van Die leeu koning het haar werk in teater, film en opera bespreek. Hoewel haar wêreldpremière produksie van die opera Grendel Juffrou Taymor was in die laaste oefenweek by die Los Angeles Opera tydens die beraad, maar het genadiglik tyd geneem om die monumentale projek te vertel om die verhaal van haar eie kreatiewe ontwikkeling met die afgevaardigdes van die Akademie en rsquos te deel.

Toekenningsraadslid Arthur Golden, die skrywer van Herinneringe van 'n Geisha, wat die Golden Plate-toekenning oorhandig aan Julie Taymor, die bekroonde Broadway-direkteur van Die leeu koning, by die International Achievement Summit.

Die grootste lewende romanskrywer van Mexiko, Carlos Fuentes, het die politieke rol van die skrywer in Latyns -Amerika en die res van die wêreld aangespreek. Die burgemeester van Chicago, Richard M. Daley, gaan sit vir 'n bespreking van & Openbare-private vennootskappe en Jamie Dimon, uitvoerende hoof van JPMorgan Chase. 'N Ou vriend van die Akademie, MSNBC, het hul stimulerende bespreking oor die vrugbare samewerking van die openbare en private sektore gemodereer Hardebal gasheer Chris Matthews.

Die topverkoper-skrywer en diplomaat Carlos Fuentes, 'n eregas van die Akademie in 2006, spreek die afgevaardigdes toe.

Hooggeregshofregter Anthony M. Kennedy het gepraat oor die ontwikkelende konsep van internasionale geregtigheid en daarna by Chris Matthews en filmregisseurs George Lucas, Peter Jackson en Chris Columbus aangesluit vir 'n bespreking van & ldquoThe Meaning of Movies. & Rdquo Justice Kennedy, 'n indrukwekkend geleerde en waarnemende student van die Amerikaanse en wêreldrolprent, het 'n kragtige opmerking gemaak oor die krag van die film om ernstige morele vrae te beantwoord, afgesien van blote vermaak. Hy het hom egter weerhou van die bespreking van kwessies wat deur verskeie onlangse films aan die orde gestel is, aangesien dit sake aangaan wat binnekort voor die Hooggeregshof self kan kom.

& ldquoLord of the Rings & rdquo -regisseur Peter Jackson en sy vrou, draaiboekskrywer Fran Walsh, saam met die gasheer Steven Spielberg in 2006.

Die aand het die saamgestelde Akademielede en studente -afgevaardigdes na die legendariese filmstudio 20th Century Fox gereis. Op 'n massiewe klankverhoog waar sommige van die mees volhoubare filmklassieke geskep is, het hulle 'n onvergeetlike aand van musiek en herinneringe geniet met die Los Angeles Philharmonic en 'n skitterende verskeidenheid talent uit die wêreld van musiek en rolprente. George Lucas het gepraat oor sy vroeë stryd as filmmaker, en oor die betekenis van 'n doelgerigte, kreatiewe lewe, wat die goed gepubliseerde seëninge van rykdom en oppervlakkige beroemdheid oortref. Die geliefde ster van Die klank van musiek, Dame Julie Andrews, het haar herinneringe gedeel oor die skiet van die tydlose klassieke net daar by 20th Century Fox Studios.

Akademielid Trisha Yearwood tree op saam met die legendariese dirigent en komponis John Williams tydens aandete.

Die Oscar-bekroonde komponis John Williams het die Los Angeles Philharmonic gelei in 'n suite van sy oorspronklike musiek vir die films van George Lucas en Steven Spielberg. Asemrowende beelde van Kake, Star Wars, Maak ontmoetings van die derde soort, Raiders of the Lost Ark en ET gespeel oor 'n ontsagwekkende rolprentskerm terwyl die gehoor opgewonde was oor die klanke van Williams en rsquos -roerende musiek wat lewendig geword het met die volle krag van 'n lewendige simfonieorkes. Steven Spielberg stap toe op die verhoog en hou die gehoor in 'n verrassende onthullende verklaring van die oorsprong van sy lewenslange liefdesverhouding met die bewegende prentjie.

Saxofoon kolos en 2006 eregas Sonny Rollins tree op in die 20th Century Fox Studio.

Een van Amerika se gunsteling sangers, die akademielid Trisha Yearwood, sing & ldquo How Do I Live, en rdquo uit die film ConAir, begelei deur John Williams en die L.A. Philharmonic. Die Filharmonie begelei ook twee skouspelagtige talentvolle studente -afgevaardigdes van die Akademie, Sergei Semishkur en Larissa Yudina, jong operasangers uit die konservatorium van die Mariinsky -teater in St. Petersburg, Rusland, wat 'n roerende duet gesing het van Rigoletto.

Die legendariese jazzsaksofonis Sonny Rollins het 'n ontsagwekkende solo-improvisasie oor Amerikaanse temas uitgevoer. Mnr. Rollins is toe in die Akademie opgeneem deur die Basketball Hall of Fame, groot Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, wat vertel het van die inspirasie wat hy as jong atleet gekry het toe hy Sonny Rollins hoor optree het. Na die prysuitdeling is Sonny Rollins saam met die fenomenale jong tapdansmeester Savion Glover op die verhoog vir 'n skouspelagtige gesamentlike improvisasie. Rollins en Glover het 'n byna telepatiese mate van musikale kommunikasie getoon, wat die gehoor verstom het met hul onuitputlike ritmiese uitvinding.

& ldquoStar Wars & die skepper van rdquo George Lucas neem Samuel L. Jackson, die wêreldwye filmster met 'n groot wins, by die Akademie.

Een van die lewende legendes van Hollywood, die tweemalige Oscar-wenner Olivia de Havilland, het genadiglik 'n opregte toejuiging van die hele vergadering aanvaar vir haar leeftyd van artistieke prestasie en persoonlike integriteit. 'N Gunsteling onder hedendaagse gehore, die wêreld se grootste filmster, Samuel L. Jackson, het die tweede toekenning van die aand aanvaar.

Toekenningsraadslid Dame Julie Andrews neem Dame Kiri Te Kanawa, internasionaal bekroonde sopraan, aan.

A legendary star of the world of opera, Dame Kiri Te Kanawa, accompanied by the Los Angeles Philharmonic, thrilled the crowd with her soaring renditions of Ave Maria, O mio babbino caro, and &ldquoClimb Every Mountain.&rdquo In an inspiring conclusion to an evening of matchless musical artistry, Te Kanawa was inducted into the Academy by her fellow Dame Commander of the British Empire, Julie Andrews. The entire assembly then took their seats for an elegant dinner, served in the vast sound stage, transformed for the night into an elegant banquet hall through the magic of Hollywood. Inspiring images of Academy honorees from the last 45 years played on the giant screen while student delegates and Academy members enjoyed a sumptuous meal and shared their thoughts and impressions of an incredibly full day.

Awards Council member Eli Broad, an entrepreneur and philanthropist, presents the Golden Plate Award to David M. Rubenstein, Co-founder and Managing Director of The Carlyle Group, at the International Achievement Summit.

The following morning&rsquos session, back at the Beverly Wilshire, brought even more intense concentration on world affairs. Chris Matthews led a discussion of the challenges of improving the quality of life for the people of the Third World. Participants included: the President of Botswana, His Excellency Festus Mogae UNICEF Director Ann Veneman inventor Dean Kamen and former Assistant Surgeon General Dr. Susan Blumenthal. Students asked deeply probing questions of the panelists, and all present were impressed by the warmth and eloquence of President Mogae, whose country is an island of stability and relative prosperity in Sub-Saharan Africa.

John D. Negroponte, the Director of National Intelligence, receives the Academy&rsquos Golden Plate Award presented by Council member President Vaira Vike-Freiberga of Latvia during the 2006 Achievement Summit in Los Angeles.

The morning&rsquos audience was also charmed by the youthful Crown Prince of Bahrain, His Royal Highness Prince Salman bin Hamad Al-Khalifa, who surprised many in the audience with his candor in discussing the challenges and opportunities facing his country, a progressive oasis in the troubled Middle East.

Legendary novelist and social critic Gore Vidal seated onstage at the 2006 International Achievement Summit.

David Rubenstein, founder and Managing Director of The Carlyle Group, gave a surprisingly humorous account of the many setbacks he encountered on his career path, from serving as a 27-year-old advisor to President Jimmy Carter to creating the world&rsquos leading private equity firm, a power in politics and international finance. In one of the most compelling individual presentations of the Summit, the legendary author and social critic Gore Vidal took the stage. Now in his 80s, the great novelist, essayist and sometime political candidate held the audience spellbound with a witty but lacerating assessment of the state of American culture and democracy. For once, the Academy student delegates were too awe-struck to ask questions of a speaker, but they gave him a powerful ovation, and many of his admirers among the student delegates and Academy honorees clustered around him after he left the stage. The focus on public affairs continued as former NATO Commander and presidential candidate General Wesley Clark joined President Vaira Vike-Freiberga of Latvia to explore the future of the Euro-American alliance. Their discussion was moderated by the Director of the Center for Public Leadership at Harvard&rsquos John F. Kennedy School of Government, former White House advisor David Gergen. Google founder Larry Page, who first attended the International Achievement Summit as a student delegate in 2000, returned once again as a member of the Academy to discuss the challenges of building a massive company and threading the labyrinth of ethical questions that arise in conducting business in the international economy.

Presidential advisor David Gergen moderates a lively discussion of &ldquoPublic-Private Partnerships&rdquo with Mayor Richard Daley and JPMorgan Chase CEO Jamie Dimon.

Before the company broke for lunch, America&rsquos pioneer of integrative medicine, Dr. Andrew Weil, gave the audience a welcome lesson in relaxation. Dr. Weil demonstrated a simple but effective technique of conscious breathing that produced highly beneficial results. The entire party then strolled a few short blocks through the sunny streets of Beverly Hills to a casual luncheon at the world-famous restaurant Spago, founded by Academy member Wolfgang Puck. After lunch, the Academy members traveled to the Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA) for another impressive afternoon of symposium speakers and panel discussions.

Award-winning novelist Joan Didion spoke movingly of her odyssey from the heights of success as a novelist and screenwriter to the depths of tragedy and personal loss so vividly expressed in her latest book, The Year of Magical Thinking. America&rsquos first woman in space, Dr. Sally Ride, recalled her historic achievement in space travel and her present campaign to encourage young women and girls to pursue the study of math and science.

Golden Plate Awards Council member President Festus G. Mogae of Botswana greets President William J. Clinton.

The same afternoon, the Academy was privileged to hear a unique discussion of &ldquoGlobal Cooperation in the Fight Against Terrorism.&rdquo The speakers included: Director of National Intelligence John D. Negroponte former Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak Congresswoman Jane Harman, the ranking Democrat on the House Intelligence Committee General Joseph Ralston, former NATO Commander and the recipient of the 2005 Nobel Prize for Peace, Director General of the UN International Atomic Energy Agency, Dr. Mohamed ElBaradei. The discussion was moderated by David Gergen.

Congresswoman Jane Harman and Mohamed ElBaradei, recipient of Nobel Peace Prize and Academy honoree.

The Academy&rsquos international student delegates afforded themselves of this once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to press the panelists with some of the most difficult questions surrounding these fateful issues. Only in the atmosphere of the International Achievement Summit could public figures participate in so free a discussion of vital questions, without fear that their remarks would be exploited by the news media.

&ldquoFly! Fly!&rdquo Archbishop Desmond Tutu exhorts the Academy delegates during an inspiring symposium presentation.

The vibrant young speaker of the California State Assembly, Fabian Núñez, spoke of the challenges facing America&rsquos most populous state, the fifth-largest economy in the world. Speaker Núñez then joined Transportation Secretary Norman Mineta, former Senate Democratic leader Tom Daschle, House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi and Michael Deaver, a former advisor to President Ronald Reagan, for a discussion of leadership and politics, led by David Gergen. Over the course of the Summit, the Academy also heard from Housing and Urban Development Secretary Alphonso Jackson and from the dynamic Mayor of Los Angeles, Antonio Villaraigosa.

JPMorgan Chase CEO Jamie Dimon receives the Golden Plate Award from the Mayor of Chicago, Richard M. Daley.

The afternoon session closed with an inspiring address by Archbishop Desmond Tutu. This spiritual leader of the movement for human equality in his own South Africa, took as his text the African fable of the eagle raised among chickens, who must discover his power of flight. &ldquoFly! Fly!&rdquo he exhorted the students, urging them to make full use of their own undiscovered powers.

Home Depot co-founder Bernard Marcus receives the Golden Plate from former Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak.

After the afternoon session, the students were treated to a private tour of the most talked-about art exhibit of the year. Five works by the great Austrian painter Gustav Klimt, stolen by the Nazis during World War II, had at last been returned by the Austrian government to their rightful owner. Maria Altmann, the sole survivor of the cultured Viennese family that had commissioned these works at the beginning of the 20th century, now resides in Los Angeles she graciously lent the paintings to LACMA for this special exhibit. Among the paintings were two portraits of Mrs. Altmann&rsquos aunt, Adele Bloch-Bauer, among the most famous works of Viennese Art Nouveau. Only a week after the Summit, it was reported that the Neue Galerie in New York City had purchased one of the portraits for a reported $135 million, the highest sum ever paid for a work of art.

Archbishop Desmond M. Tutu and music impresario Quincy Jones before the 2006 Banquet of the Golden Plate.

The International Achievement Summit culminated on Saturday night with the spectacular Banquet of the Golden Plate, held in the Grand Ballroom of the Regent Beverly Wilshire, magnificently decorated for the occasion. In a moving ceremony, the Class of 2006 was inducted into the Academy of Achievement by distinguished past honorees of the Academy. The Hosts of the Summit, Catherine B. Reynolds, George Lucas and Steven Spielberg, welcomed Academy members, student delegates and many distinguished guests to the evening, and accepted a proclamation of recognition from the City of Beverly Hills.

Robin Williams performs a spontaneous &ldquoAcademy rap&rdquo with Sheryl Crow at the 2006 Banquet of the Golden Plate.

Following a superb dinner, a delighted audience greeted award-winning singer and songwriter Sheryl Crow to the stage. Accompanied by her longtime collaborators, she performed a powerful acoustic set of her most famous songs, &ldquoIf It Makes You Happy,&rdquo &ldquoA Change Would Do You Good,&rdquo &ldquoThe First Cut Is the Deepest,&rdquo &ldquoAll I Wanna Do,&rdquo &ldquoSoak up the Sun,&rdquo and &ldquoEvery Day is a Winding Road.&rdquo From the first few notes, the audience members rose to their feet, led by Archbishop Desmond Tutu, and the Banquet became an uninhibited dance party. During Miss Crow&rsquos last number, Academy member Robin Williams jumped onto the stage and improvised a spontaneous rap, hilariously recapping the Academy activities of the previous days, while Sheryl Crow and the band kept the crowd dancing. Student delegates rushed the stage, and even usually reserved friends of the Academy such as David Gergen were seen swaying arm in arm behind the band. On this celebratory note, the evening&rsquos program concluded. The following day, the Academy&rsquos out-of-town guests and student delegates returned to their homes and schools, still warmed and inspired by memories of their visit to Los Angeles and the International Achievement Summit.

American Academy of Achievement Board Chairman Wayne Reynolds and Summit Host Chairman Catherine B. Reynolds enjoy Sheryl Crow&rsquos performance with enthusiastic student delegates at the 2006 Banquet ceremonies.


Albert Lasker Medical Research Award

Dr. Leland “Lee” Hartwell (1998)

Hartwell was one of three scientists to share the 1998 award. They were honored for discovering a universal mechanism that controls cell division in all eukaryotic organisms (organisms whose cells contain a nucleus), from yeast to frogs to humans. Hartwell also provided evidence that cells have “checkpoints” for detecting and repairing errors that might occur during cell division. His findings on normal cell division laid the groundwork for further research on how this process goes awry in cancer cells.

The Lasker Awards are among the most respected science prizes in the world. Since 1945, the Lasker Foundation has recognized the contributions of scientists, physicians and public servants who have made major advances in the understanding, diagnosis, treatment, cure and prevention of human disease. Lasker Awards often presage recognition by the Nobel committee, so they have become popularly known as “America's Nobels."


‘The Quarter’ shows masterly hand of Nobel laureate Naguib Mahfouz

The collection of short stories, published posthumously, gently lays bare the foibles of the denizens of a neighborhood in old Cairo.

I visited Cairo in 2006 to write a story about the legacy of Nobel Prize in Literature laureate Naguib Mahfouz, who had recently died. The tribute that stood out to me was given by the manager of a cafe in which Mahfouz had gathered with other writers. He said, “Naguib Mahfouz gave the Nobel people the honor by accepting their award, not the other way around.”

Now the accuracy of that statement is reinforced by the publication in English of “The Quarter,” a collection of 18 stories that were found among Mahfouz’s papers. The slim book of short stories was first published in Arabic last year as “The Whisper of Stars.”

Taken together, the collection of narratives adds up to a vivid and emotionally expansive expression of life and people in Gamaliya, the quarter of old Cairo where Mahfouz grew up and set some of his most famous works.

Mahfouz was a master at developing diverse characters, including the tyrannical patriarch of the family, al-Sayyid Ahmad Abd al-Jawad from his “Cairo Trilogy” and the petty clerk obsessed with becoming a minister in “Respected Sir,” Othman Bayyumi.

In the quarter there is no deep probing of individuals. Rather it is the quarter residents in total – the quarter itself that is actually the character. In the work, Mahfouz displays his versatility as a writer who can be stimulating, poignant, and touching in stories that are at times little more than briefs.

Inheritance, fairness, and the billionaire class

The quarter people are at once gritty and other worldly, believing in healers, saints, and even demons that inhabit the cellar of an old fort. Authorities are disdained. Rumors dominate. The quarter "has its own hidden tongue, although no one knows to whom it belongs," writes Mahfouz. "It can whisper misgivings and reveal secrets."

My favorite story is “Your Lot in Life,” in which the official in charge, who is nameless and known simply as the Head of the Quarter comments on a new and unprecedented affliction, saying the area “never has its fill when it comes to generating disasters.” This time it's a crying epidemic that begins when a pastry seller bursts into tears while wielding his rolling pin and bawls so hard his family must take him home still crying. Then a shopper with a basketful of pickled vegetables suddenly begins weeping violently. “The stories kept multiplying and becoming more elaborate,” Mahfouz writes. “There were many victims, both men and women.” Eventually the Health Inspector arrives and goes from house to house to search for the cause. Yet he is afflicted too. The end this time, however, is happy as he is cured in a musician's house by rhythm, drum beats, clapping, and singing. All the weepers are transformed and burst into laughter from the musician's poetics.

A particularly moving story is “Tawhida,” about memories of a young girl who lived with the narrator's family, in whom “happiness, beauty and magic all came together.” Many years later, the two have a chance encounter in Alexandria and the narrator does not recognize her since her face has become “gaunt, pale and wrinkled” due to old age. But then "When I heard that sweet voice again, the past came rushing back like a perfume bottle smashing to the ground" and nostalgia fills the narrator's heart.

Get the Monitor Stories you care about delivered to your inbox.

Compared by some to Balzac and Dickens, Mahfouz was credited by the Nobel committee with creating “an Arabian narrative art that applies to all of mankind.” His 34 novels are remarkably varied, ranging from ancient Egyptian themes at the start of his career to “Children of Gebelawi,” an allegory on human history to political novels in the 1960s that used symbolism to highlight the souring of the Egyptian revolution. His 13 short-story collections are also multifaceted. For example, “The Time and the Place,” a selection translated into English, contains “Zaabalawi,” which beautifully evokes Sufism (Islamic mysticism) and "The Norwegian Rat,” about how regimes use an external threat to consolidate their rule and exploitation.

It remains a mystery exactly when the stories in “The Quarter” were written although Mahfouz scholar Roger Allen, who translated them, sees similarities to another work published by the laureate in 1994. The stories were found with a note attached, saying "to be published in 1994" which never happened, perhaps because of the extremists’ attack on Mahfouz that year. It is also unclear whether the stories represent a complete work or are part of a larger work that was not finished. What is certain is that “The Quarter” stories, belated as they are in coming to light, offer further compelling testimony to the diversity of their author's creative genius.


30 pivotal moments in Apple’s history

Editor&rsquos Note: You&rsquove read our timeline of Apple&rsquos first 30 years. To put those events in perspective, our sister publication Macworld UK tapped Apple Confidential 2.0 author Owen W. Linzmayer to pick the 30 most pivotal events in each of Apple&rsquos 30 years of existence. This article is reprinted from Macworld UK &rsquos April 2006 issue.

1976: Jobs and Woz Found Apple

On April Fools&rsquo Day, Apple Computer Company is founded in a residential garage by Steve Jobs and Stephen Wozniak, both college drop-outs. Fearing financial ruin, the third co-founder&mdashRonald Wayne&mdashrelinquishes his 10 percent stake in the partnership for only $800 less than two weeks later.

Honorable Mention Markkula Writes Business Plan: In November, chip industry veteran Mike Markkula helps Jobs write a business plan, predicting sales of $500 million in 10 years.

1977: Apple II Introduced

In contrast to the $666 Apple I, a kit computer with limited appeal, the $1,298 Apple II is the first personal computer designed for the mass market, thanks to its attractive low-slung case that was complete with standard keyboard, power supply, and color graphics capability.

Honorable Mention Scott Named President: Markkula&rsquos former Fairchild Semiconductor co-worker Michael Scott brings professional management and corporate infrastructure to Apple.

1978: Apple Disk II Introduced

The Apple Disk II external drive stores 110K on 5.25-inch floppy disks. At $495, Woz&rsquos creation is half as expensive as competitive floppy drives, and much more reliable than cassette tape storage systems.

Honorable Mention Apple III Project Starts: Anxious for a follow-up hit to the popular Apple II, Apple launches the ill-fated Apple III project with engineer Wendell Sander at the helm.

1979: Apple Visits Xerox PARC

Engineers from Apple get a peek at the future of computing when they visit the labs of their Silicon Valley neighbor. Lisa and Mac projects soon adopt graphical user interfaces.

Honorable Mention Personal Software Releases VisiCalc: The world&rsquos first spreadsheet runs exclusively on the Apple II, sending Apple&rsquos hardware sales through the roof.

1980: Apple Goes Public

In the largest IPO since Ford went public in 1956, Apple debuts on the stock market with a valuation of $1.8 billion. Of Apple&rsquos 1,000 employees, more than 40 became instant millionaires thanks to their stock options.

Honorable Mention Apple III Ships: Priced from $4,340 to $7,800, the Apple III is supposed to be the firm&rsquos flagship business computer, but instead flops badly due to reliability issues.

1981: IBM Introduces the PC

IBM introduces its $1,565 personal computer. Though it sports unimpressive technical specifications, the masses don&rsquot care, and within two years IBM&rsquos market share eclipses that of Apple.

Honorable Mention Apple&rsquos First Shakeup: Following the &ldquoBlack Wednesday&rdquo firing of 40 employees, Markkula replaces Scott as president, Jobs becomes chairman, and Woz takes a leave of absence.

1982: Microsoft Begins Mac Development

Microsoft begins developing mouse-based applications for Apple&rsquos secret Mac project, but also begins work on a graphical user interface (Windows) for the IBM PC and its clones.

Honorable Mention Raskin Resigns: Recognizing that Jobs has wrested control of the Macintosh project away from him, Jef Raskin resigns.

1983: Sculley Named President, CEO

John Sculley, president of Pepsi-Cola, succumbs to Jobs&rsquo promise of a &ldquochance to change the world&rdquo as president and CEO of Apple.

Honorable Mention Lisa Introduced: The $9,995 Lisa is the world&rsquos first commercial computer with a mouse and GUI, but it bombs due to high cost, slow speed, and incompatibility.

1984: Original Mac Introduced

The much-anticipated Macintosh, &ldquothe computer for the rest of us,&rdquo finally ships. It comes with 128K of memory and a price tag of $2,495.

Honorable Mention &lsquo1984&rsquo Commercial Airs: Against the advice of its board, Apple announces the Macintosh by airing the Ridley Scott-directed &lsquo1984&rsquo commercial during the Super Bowl.

1985: Jobs Resigns From Apple

After losing a boardroom struggle with Sculley, Jobs resigns from Apple, taking a loyal band of employees that would start NeXT.

Honorable Mention Microsoft Granted Mac License: In exchange for delaying a Windows version of Excel, Apple grants Microsoft a license to use some Macintosh technology.

1986: Desktop Publishing Takes Off

Combined with Aldus PageMaker, the Mac Plus and LaserWriter Plus allow printers, graphic artists, and publishers to create professional documents for a small fraction of the cost of traditional equipment.

Honorable Mention Apple IIGS Introduced: Recognizing that Apple II sales still exceeded Mac revenue, execs OK the release of the $999 Apple IIGS, with many Mac-like features, including ADB, QuickDraw, and GUI.

1987: HyperCard Released

Apple releases Bill Atkinson&rsquos HyperCard at Macworld Expo Boston. The free program combines a simple programming environment and graphical database, allowing mere mortals to create useful &ldquostacks.&rdquo

Honorable Mention Newton Project Starts: Eager to reinvent personal computing yet again, Apple undertakes hardware engineer Steve Sakoman&rsquos proposal to create a portable device with wireless networking and handwriting recognition.

1988: Apple Sues Microsoft

After watching its Macintosh products steadily lose market share to Wintel clones, Apple finally sues Microsoft, claiming Windows 2.03 infringes on Lisa/Mac audiovisual copyrights.

Honorable Mention Next Computer Introduced: Apple&rsquos sole hardware release of 1988, the Mac IIx, pales in comparison to Jobs&rsquo Next Computer, a 12-inch cube running a Unix-derived operating system.

1989: Judge Guts Apple&rsquos Microsoft Suit

Apple&rsquos hope of obtaining legal redress is squashed as a judge throws out all but 10 claims against Microsoft. Executives squabble over how to boost the Mac&rsquos sliding market share.

Honorable Mention Mac Portable Ships: Apple unveils the $5,799 Macintosh Portable, a 16-pound &ldquono compromise&rdquo product with active-matrix LCD, full keyboard, trackball, sound output, and optional hard disk.

1990: First &ldquoLow Cost&rdquo Macs Debut

Responding to criticism that its products were overpriced, Apple releases a trio of &ldquolow cost&rdquo models: the US$999 Mac Classic, $2,400 Mac LC, and $3,800 Mac IIsi. Despite artificially imposed technical limitations, they sell so well that Apple&rsquos margins fall, frightening investors.

Honorable Mention Apple Invests in ARM: Apple pays US$2.5 million for 43 percent of ARM, maker of the CPU in the Newton. By the end of the decade, Apple would sell these shares for $792 million, covering all Newton losses, and keeping the company afloat during its darkest days.

1991: First PowerBooks Ship

Recovering from the Mac Portable embarrassment, Apple does laptops right with the release of the PowerBook 100, 140, and 170, all fully-functioning Macs in attractive, lightweight designs. Apple becomes the standard bearer in the portable market.

Honorable Mention Apple Partners With IBM: Making amends with its old nemesis, Apple announces a major partnership with IBM to produce a multimedia engine, an operating system, and computers based upon Motorola&rsquos RISC-based processor, the PowerPC.

1992: Microsoft Releases Windows 3.1

After years of playing catch-up with the Macintosh&rsquos ease of use, Microsoft&rsquos Windows 3.1 is widely seen as good enough. Apple&rsquos 15 percent market share begins eroding even faster.

Honorable Mention Ive Joins Apple: 25-year-old Londoner Jonathan Ive joins Apple&rsquos Industrial Design Group to work on the MessagePad 110. Within six years, he&rsquoll rise to become the creative force behind the iMac, a product that arguably resuscitates Apple.

1993: Newton MessagePad Ships

The $699 MessagePad establishes the personal digital assistant (PDA) market, but its lousy handwriting recognition disappoints many, ending the tenure of Sculley, Newton&rsquos chief proponent.

Honorable Mention Apple&rsquos Microsoft Suit Dismissed: Apple loses all hope of estopping the Windows juggernaut when its copyright infringement lawsuit against Microsoft is finally dismissed.

1994: First Power Macs Ship

A decade after the 8MHz Mac 128K shipped, Apple makes a bold technological leap to a completely new architecture with PowerPC-based models starting at 60MHz, while maintaining backwards compatibility.

Honorable Mention First Mac License Granted: Desperate to boost market share, Apple finally agrees to allow third-party vendors to create legit Mac clones.

1995: Microsoft Releases Windows 95

Differences between the Mac&rsquos user interface and Windows are erased in the public&rsquos mind with Microsoft&rsquos $200-million launch of Windows 95.

Honorable Mention First Mac Clone Ships: Power Computing, the first Mac licensee, ships the first Mac clone. It&rsquos faster and cheaper than anything Apple offers.

1996: Next Purchase Announced

Newly-installed CEO Gilbert Amelio shocks Mac users by killing Copland operating system project in favor of buying Next Software from long-exiled Steve Jobs.

Honorable Mention Amelio Obtains Financing: Following a $740 million quarterly loss, Apple has only five week&rsquos cash on hand. Amelio pulls off miraculous debt issue, keeping the ailing company alive.

1997: Jobs Named Interim CEO

Officially brought on as an advisor following Next purchase, Jobs subtly orchestrates the removal of Amelio, then assumes the role of interim CEO.

Honorable Mention Apple Ships Mac OS 8: To placate the faithful as they wait for a next-generation operating system, Apple releases Mac OS 8.0 it features PowerPC-native Finder, contextual menus, Personal Web Sharing, and other new technologies.

1998: iMac Introduced

Dubbed &ldquothe Internet-age computer for the rest of us,&rdquo the original Bondi blue iMac announces to the world that Apple is still a force to be reckoned with. The $1,299 consumer computer becomes the fastest Mac model ever.

Honorable Mention Mac OS X Strategy Revealed: At the Worldwide Developers&rsquo Conference, Jobs tells developers that Mac OS 8.5 and Rhapsody are only stepping stones to Mac OS X, a truly advanced operating system that would maintain backwards compatibility.

1999: AirPort Debuts on iBook

Apple gives its portable line-up the iMac treatment, releasing the consumer-oriented iBook featuring an optional AirPort Card that helps kick off an industry-wide Wi-Fi craze.

Honorable Mention Mac OS 9 Ships: Mac OS 9 is the last major update to the &ldquoold&rdquo Mac operating system, setting the stage for OS X with features such as multiple users, Keychain, automatic updating, encryption, Internet File Sharing, and Network Browser.

2000: Jobs Becomes CEO

Finally confident that Apple&rsquos turnaround is no fluke, Jobs agrees to accept CEO role, splitting his time between Cupertino and Emeryville, where he&rsquos also CEO of Pixar.

Honorable Mention Power Mac G4 Cube Released: The Cube&rsquos cool industrial design receives a warm reception, but sales turn out to be disappointing.

2001: First iPod Ships

Nobody realizes it at the time, but the tiny $399 iPod with its 5GB hard drive capable of holding 1,000 MP3s will soon transform not only Apple, but also the entire music industry.

Honorable Mention Mac OS X Ships: After years of waiting, Mac users finally get memory protection, preemptive multi-tasking, symmetric multiprocessing, and more, but the initial release of Mac OS X isn&rsquot quite ready for the masses.

2002: Jaguar Unleashed

Mac OS X 10.2, code-named Jaguar, is ready for prime time, with many improved features, including Mail, iChat, Address Book, Inkwell, QuickTime 6 with MPEG-4, improved Universal Access, enhanced Finder, Sherlock 3, Quartz Extreme, and Rendezvous.

Honorable Mention Mac OS X-Only Booting Announced: Apple drives a nail into Mac OS 9 when it announces that starting January 2003 all new Macs will be boot into Mac OS X only, though users can still run older programs in Classic mode.

2003: iTunes Music Store Opens

Building on its iPod success, Apple opens the iTunes Music Store with over 200,000 tracks available for 99 cents each.

Honorable Mention Apple Delivers Year of the Laptop: Jobs unveils the world&rsquos first laptop with a 17-inch display, as well as a 12-inch PowerBook that&rsquos the smallest notebook Apple has ever made.

2004: iPod Gets Miniaturized

Reversing a trend towards iPods with increasing capacity, Apple introduces the iPod mini with a 4GB hard drive in a physically smaller aluminum body available in an assortment of colors.

Honorable Mention iMac is Flattened: The iMac G5 features a stunning new design that integrates all components into the flat panel display that&rsquos just two inches thick.

2005: Move to Intel Announced

After more than 20 years of Macs based upon Motorola processors, Apple announces that future Macs will use CPUs from Intel.

Honorable Mention Video Arrives in iPod: Hoping to do for video what it did for audio, Apple adds the ability to play movies on new iPods.

[ Owen W. Linzmayer is the San Francisco-based author of Apple Confidential 2.0: The Definitive History of the World&rsquos Most Colorful Company (No Starch Press, 2004). ]


Make COVID 19 Vaccine A Global Common Good See details and Pledge

Make COVID 19 Vaccine A Global Common Good | Pledge Now

113 World Leaders including 19 Nobel Laureates, 36 former Chief of State and Governments, Political Leaders, Artistes, International NGOs and Institutions have signed a call initiated by Yunus Centre to declare COVID-19 Vaccines as a global common good.

The unified appeal is urging action from governments, foundations, philanthropists and social businesses to come forward to produce and/or distribute the vaccines all over the world for free. We invite all social, political, and health entities to re-affirm our collective responsibility for the protection of ALL vulnerable persons without any discrimination whatsoever.

The COVID-19 pandemic is clearly exposing the strength and weaknesses of healthcare systems in every country and highlights the obstacles and inequities in gaining access to healthcare. The effectiveness of the upcoming vaccination campaign will depend on its universality.

The signatories are pleading to all world leaders including the Secretary-General of the United Nations, Director General of the World Health Organization, religious leaders, social and moral leaders, leaders of research laboratories and pharmaceutical companies and the media to join hands and ensure that in the case of a Covid-19 vaccine, we have a global consensus that it must be deployed as a global common good.


Bottom Note

Monaco is always buzzing and active throughout the year. Monaco loves sporting activities! In this article, we have tried to cover all of the renowned sporting events of Monaco. While attending sports events, you can visit various famous places like Monte-Carlo, Jardin Exotique, Palais du Prince, Musée Oceanographique, Cathédrale de Monaco, and Les Jardins Saint-Martin.

A special mention goes to the budding industry of online gambling. Monaco has witnessed a sudden upsurge in online casinos in the recent decade and attracted considerable gambling enthusiasts. You can also play casino online in your spare time.