Geskiedenis Podcasts

15th Fighter Group (USAAF)

15th Fighter Group (USAAF)

15th Fighter Group (USAAF)

Geskiedenis - Boeke - Vliegtuie - Tydlyn - Bevelvoerders - Hoofbase - Komponenteenhede - Toegewys aan

Geskiedenis

Die 15th Fighter Group (USAAF) het die grootste deel van die Tweede Wêreldoorlog as deel van die weermag vir Hawaii deurgebring, voordat hy vroeg in 1945 na Iwo Jima gegaan het om deel te neem aan die gevegte van Iwo Jima, Okinawa en die aanvalle op die Japanese Huis Eilande.

Die groep is op 1 Desember 1940 op Hawaii geaktiveer en was toegerus met 'n verskeidenheid vliegtuie, waaronder verskillende tipes bomwerpers, aanvalvliegtuie en waarnemingstipes.

Die groep is swaar getref tydens die Japannese aanval op Pearl Harbor, maar het wel 'n paar vlieëniers in die lug gekry en 'n aantal oorwinnings behaal. Lt George Welch het vier oorwinnings gekry en luitenant Kenneth M Taylor met twee.

Die groep het die grootste deel van die oorlog as deel van die Sewende Lugmag deurgebring, en 'n deel van die Hawaïese weermag. 'N Aantal eskaders het deur die groep gegaan op pad na die sentrale of suidelike Stille Oseaan.

Teen 1944 was dit duidelik dat Hawaii nie meer bedreig word nie en die groep het begin voorberei om langafstand -bomwerpers -missies te vlieg. Dit is laat in 1944 gestandaardiseer op die P-15 Mustang.

In Maart 1945 verhuis die groep na Iwo Jima, waar dit aan latere dele van die stryd om die eiland deelneem. Die eerste vliegtuig het op 6 Maart ingevlieg en op 8 Maart geveg. Hulle was teen 10 Maart volledig in werking, sodat die begeleiers die volgende dag na veiliger waters kon vertrek. Alhoewel hulle operasioneel was, het hul basis nog vroeg in die veldtog onder vyandelike artillerievuur gekom,

Die groep het 'n mengsel van gevegs -lugpatrollies gevlieg, vanaf 7 Maart dagbreek- en skemerpatrollies, en grondaanvalmissies aangeval en vyandelike posisies aangeval wanneer die grondbevelvoerders dit versoek. Dit was 'n nuwe taak vir die 15de se vlieëniers, maar hulle het dit goed uitgevoer. Hulle is ook gebruik om die Japannese vliegvelde op Chichi Jima en Haha Jima aan te val.

Die groep het ook verder begin reik. In Maart 1945 begin dit met aanvalle op die Bonin-eilande en die eerste escortmissie na Japan kom op 7 April 1945. Die groep wen 'n onderskeidende eenheidsitaat vir hierdie missie, wat sien dat dit B-29's begelei om die Nakajima-fabriek naby Tokio aan te val.

In April en vroeg in Mei het die groep 'n aantal direkte aanvalle op Japanse vliegvelde op Kyushu uitgevoer in 'n poging om die aantal kamikaze -aanvalle wat die vloot in Okinawa getref het, te verminder. Dit het die res van die oorlog 'n mengsel van vegvliegtuie oor Japan en langafstand -begeleide missies gevlieg, wat vanaf die somer deel uitmaak van die twintigste lugmag.

Die groep is in November 1945 amptelik na Hawaii oorgeplaas, hoewel sonder personeel of toerusting. Dit is effektief hervorm op Hawaii, maar is daarna op 15 Oktober 1946 geïnaktiveer.

Boeke

Hangende

Vliegtuie

1940-1944: Mengsel van Curtiss A-12 Shrike, Grumman OA-9 Goose, Martin B-12, Curtiss P-36 Hawk, Bell P-39 Airacobra, Curtiss P-40 Warhawk
Laat 1944 en verder: Noord-Amerikaanse P-51 Mustang

Tydlyn

20 November 1940Opgestel as 15de Pursuit Group (Fighter)
1 Desember 1940Geaktiveer in Hawaii
Februarie 1942Herontwerpte 15de Pursuit Group (Interceptor)
Mei 1942Herontwerpte 15de vegtergroep

Bevelvoerders (met afspraakdatum)

Maj Clyde K Rich: 1 Desember 1940
Maj Lorry N Tindal: 6 Desember 1940
Lt.kol Paul W Blanchard: 20 September 1941
LtCol William S Steele: 12 Februarie 1942
Lt ColSherwood E Buckland: 5 Maart 1943
ColJames O Beckwith Jr.: 27 September 1943
Lt ColDeWitt S Spanje: 16 April 1945
Lt KolJulian E Thomas: 17 Mei 1945
Kol John W Mitchell: 21 Julie 1945
Kol William Eades: c. November 1945
Kol Oswald W Lunde: 25 Nov 1945-15 Okt 1946.

Hoofbase

Wheeler Field, TH: 1 Desember 1940
Bellows Field, TH: 3 Junie 1944-5Feb 1945
South Field, Iwo Jima: 6 Maart 1945
Bellows Field, TH: 25 November 1945
Wheeler Field, TH: 9 Feb-15 Okt 1946.

Komponenteenhede

6de vegvliegtuig: 1943-1944
12de vegvliegtuig eskader: 1942
18de vegvliegtuig: 1943-1944
45ste vegvliegtuig: 1940-1946
46ste vegvliegtuig: 1940-1944
47ste vegvliegtuig: 1940-1946
78ste vegvliegtuig: 1943-1946

Toevertrou aan

1942-1945: VII Fighter Command; Sewende Lugmag
1945-1946: 7de Fighter Wing; Sewende Lugmag


Vyftiende Lugmag

Die Vyftiende Lugmag (15 AF) is 'n genommerde lugmag van die United States Air Force se Air Combat Command (ACC). Dit het sy hoofkwartier by die Shaw -lugmagbasis. 15 AF is op 20 Augustus 2020 heraktiveer om die eenhede van die negende lugmag en die twaalfde lugmag te konsolideer om 'n nuwe genommerde lugmag te vorm wat verantwoordelik is vir die opwekking en voorstelling van die konvensionele magte van Air Combat Command. [2]

15de lugmag
Aktief30 Oktober 1943 - 15 September 1945
31 Maart 1946 - 19 Maart 2012
Heraktiveer 20 Augustus 2020
Land Verenigde State
Tak Amerikaanse lugmag
Verloofings
Tweede Wêreldoorlog - EAME -teater
Versierings
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award (10x)
Webwerf www .15af .acc .af .mil
Bevelvoerders
BevelvoerderMajoor Chad Franks [1]
OnderbevelvoerderBrig. Genl Richard H. Boutwell
Senior aangewese leierCCM Benjamin W. Hedden

Vyftiende AF, wat op 1 November 1943 gestig is, was 'n gevegsmag van die Amerikaanse weermag wat in die Europese teater van die Tweede Wêreldoorlog ontplooi is, wat strategiese bombardementoperasies vanaf basisse in die suide van Italië beoefen en lug-tot-lug-gevegte teen vyand neem vliegtuie.

Tydens die Koue Oorlog was 15 AF een van die drie genommerde lugmagte van die United States Air Force Strategic Air Command (SAC), wat bevel gegee het oor die Amerikaanse strategiese bomwerpers en missiele op wêreldwye skaal. Elemente van die 15de lugmag wat tydens die Koreaanse oorlog in Viëtnam -oorlog besig was met gevegsoperasies, asook Operation Desert Storm.

15 AF is op 1 Oktober 2003 opnuut aangewys as die vyftiende ekspedisie -taakmag (15 EMTF). 15 EMTF het ondersteuning gebied vir strategiese lugbrug vir alle Amerikaanse departemente van verdediging, sowel as vir die brandstof vir die lugmag in vrede en oorlogstyd vir die Stille Oseaan streek. 15 EMTF is op 20 Maart 2012 geïnaktiveer.

Op 20 Augustus 2020 is 15 AF heraktiveer as 'n genommerde lugmag onder Air Combat Command as deel van 'n herorganisasie om die konvensionele magte van ACC te konsolideer.


Geskiedenis [wysig | wysig bron]

Begin 1941 as deel van die Southeast Air District, is dit toegerus met 'n reeks agtervolgingsvliegtuie met 'n missie van lugverdediging van Florida. Na die Pearl Harbor -aanval is dit aan die Caribbean Air Force in Panama toegewys, waar dit ter verdediging van die Panamakanaal gewerk het. Vroeg in 1943 na die Verenigde State teruggekeer waar dit 'n P-47 Thunderbolt geword het, later P-51 Mustang-vervangingseenheid (RTU) vir III Fighter Command. Ongeaktiveer op 1 Mei 1944 as deel van 'n herorganisasie van opleidingseenhede.

Noord-Amerikaanse F-86D-40-NA Sabre 52-3722 34th Air Division, Davis Monthan AFB, Arizona, Junie 1957

In 1953 heraktiveer as deel van die Air Defense Command as 'n lugverdedigingskader, aanvanklik toegerus met F-86A Saber day-vegters, wat aanvanklik na Davis-Monthan AFB, Arizona, gestuur is met 'n missie vir die lugverdediging van die Suidwes-Verenigde State. In 1954 weer toegerus met F-86D Sabre Interceptors. In 1957 begin hy weer met die Noord-Amerikaanse F-86L Sabre, 'n verbeterde weergawe van die F-86D wat die semi-outomatiese grondomgewing, of die SAGE-rekenaarbeheerde rigtingstelsel vir afsnitte, bevat. Die diens van die F-86L was redelik kort, want teen die tyd dat die laaste F-86L-omskakeling afgelewer is, is die tipe reeds uitgefaseer ten gunste van supersoniese onderskepers.

In 1960 ontvang die nuwe McDonnell F-101B Voodoo supersoniese interceptor, en die F-101F operasionele en omskakelingsafrigter. Die tweesitplek-afrigterweergawe was toegerus met dubbele kontroles, maar het dieselfde bewapening as die F-101B en was ten volle bestrybaar. In Desember 1964 geïnaktiveer as deel van 'n herskikking van Davis-Monthan na Tactical Air Command en ADC interceptor bases die vliegtuig wat na ander ADC eskaders gestuur word.


Gedetailleerde geskiedenis

Die terrein van 'n voormalige militêre vliegveld is in 1943 geopen en gesluit in 1947. Die vliegveld is hoofsaaklik gebruik deur eenhede van die 8ste Lugmag van die Amerikaanse weermag, hoofsaaklik 386ste Bomber Group, en 56th Fighter Group, en ook deur 354th Fighter Group van die 9de Lugmag en 65ste Air Sea Rescue. Verspreide barakplekke was suid van die vlieënde veld geleë. Nadat Amerikaanse magte die basis in September 1945 verlaat het, het die Royal Air Force Mosquitos en daarna Meteor (vroeë jet) vliegtuie van die basis af gevlieg. Die oprigting van die basis is verval en Boxted is in 1947 as 'n aktiewe militêre vliegveld gesluit.


Alex Parker se 1/32ste Tamiya Noord-Amerikaanse P-51D Mustang

Alex Parker het Tamiya's Pacific Theatre 1/32 Noord-Amerikaanse P-51D/K Mustang-kit in die 15th Fighter Group, 47th Fighter Squadron, gebou "Lil Butch".

Alex Parker

Alex se fokus vir hierdie konstruksie was op 'n vliegtuig wat betrokke was by die eerste VLR -escortmissie na Japan op 7 April 1945. Gebruik die vertelling van die missie uit die boek van Carl Molesworth Baie lang afstand P-51 Mustang-eenhede van die Stille Oseaan-oorlog, Besluit Alex oor die Mustang wat deur kaptein Robert R. Down gevlieg word, wat saam met eerste luitenant Dick Hintermeier 'n Kawasaki Ki-45 Toryu (Nick) neergeskiet het. Dit word beskou as die eerste lugoorwinning oor die Japannese Eilande deur 'n 7de Fighter Command Mustang. Captain Down sou later 'n Nakajima Ki-44 Shoki (Tojo) op dieselfde missie afskiet.

Kaptein Robert R. Onder van die 47ste FS/15de FG met grondpersoneel (Mark Stevens/7th Fighter Command Association)

Alex het harsbande van Barracuda Studios gebruik om die unieke rubberwiele wat saam met die Tamiya-stel, veiligheidsgordels van RB Productions en die vervangingsvate van koper vir die Zoukei Mura P-51D Mustang-kit (vervaardig deur Aber) te vervang, om die bouwerk te verbeter.

Alex Parker

Benewens die toevoeging van die bedradingskabel en vonkpropdrade, het Alex ander drade en slange ingesluit om die uitstekende weergawe van Tamiya van die Mustang se Packard -geboude Rolls Royce Merlin -enjin te beskryf.

Alex Parker

Alex het 'n rugkussing by Mustang in die oorlog en veiligheidsgordels van RB Productions bygevoeg. Uiters goeie toevoegings tot 'n reeds lekker kajuit.

Alex Parker

Die onderstaande prentjie wys hoe besig die gedetailleerde enjinkompartement en kajuit is nadat die romphelftes bymekaargemaak is.

Alex Parker

Draad is by die wielputte gevoeg om hidrouliese en elektriese lyne na te boots.

Alex Parker

Benewens die kopervate, is draad by die gewere se baaie gevoeg, en Alex het baie goed gedoen met die skilder van die 50 kaliber ammunisie.

Alex Parker

Alex het Alclad II -lakke gebruik vir die natuurlike metaalafwerking. Al die eskadermerke, nasionale kentekens, rompnommers en die reeksnommers is op geverf. Aangesien daar geen handelsmerke vir 150 beskikbaar is nie “Lil Butch” Op 1/32ste skaal het Alex maskers gemaak vir die nasionale kentekens, rompnommers, reeksnommers en die vliegtuignaam “Lil Butch” met behulp van 'n Silhouette Cameo masker snyer. Mr. Color en MRP -lakverf is gebruik vir die merke.

As u die vermoë het om u eie verfmaskers te maak, kan u byna onbeperkte moontlikhede kry vir merktekens. Die goeie mense by Large Scale Planes het 'n nuwe webwerf/forum geskep vir diegene wat belangstel om hul eie verfmaskers te maak, genaamd Scale Model Paint Masks. Kyk hier: https://www.scalemodelpaintmasks.com/

Alex Parker

Alex het wyd gebruik gemaak van pastelle in die kajuit, enjinkompartement, wielputte en aan die buitekant om die model te verweer. Ek hou van hoe die pastelle saam met duidelike jasse goed werk om die halfglans-voorkoms van merke en glans van die Alclad II-metaalafwerkings af te weer.

Alex Parker

In die algemeen 'n uiters mooi gebou.

Alex Parker


Inhoud

Die eenheid het sy geskiedenis teruggevoer na 9 Mei 1917, die Lugvaartafdeling, US Signal Corps, het die eenheid herontwerp as die 15de Aero-eskader op 22 Augustus 1917. Met historiese vliegtuie soos die Curtis "Jenny" JN-4 tweedekker, het die eskader gedien as 'n vliegopleidingseenheid tussen 1917-1919. Na 'n kort tydjie op die onaktiewe lys en 'n reeks organisatoriese veranderinge, het die eenheid op 25 Januarie 1923 verskyn as die 15de waarnemingskader. Dit het 'n uiteenlopende en eindelose reeks intelligensie-, toesig- en verkenningsrolle begin vir die eenheid wat oor meer gestrek het. as agt dekades.

Op 20 Maart 1938 het die 15de Observation Squadron van Scott Field, Illinois, na Eglin Field, Florida, ontplooi vir twee weke se skieteropleiding. Vyf-en-dertig beamptes en 108 aangewese mans was betrokke. Ώ ]

Die eenheid is op 1 Augustus 1997 heraktiveer by die Indian Springs Air Force Auxiliary Field onder bevel van die 57th Operations Group, 57th Wing.

Tydens die Viëtnam-era was die 15de taktiese verkenningskader op die Kadena Air Base, Japan, met die RF-101. Die eenheid het baie ontplooiings na Suidoos -Asië gehad en verkenningsopdragte uitgevoer ter ondersteuning van Amerikaanse gevegsoperasies in die teater.

Van Julie 2005 tot Junie 2006 het die 15de verkenningskader deelgeneem aan meer as 242 afsonderlike aanvalle wat 132 troepe betrek het by kontakmagbeskermingsaksies wat 59 Hellfire-missiele ondervra het. ΐ ]

Vanaf 2005 het die eenheid die 163d verkenningsvleuel van die California Air National Guard opgelei om die MQ-1. te bestuur. Die 163d word herontwerp as 'n MQ-1-eenheid.

Afstamming [wysig | wysig bron]

  • Georganiseer as 2d Lugvaartskool eskader op 9 Mei 1917
  • Herkonstitueer en gekonsolideer (1924) met 15de eskader (waarneming)
  • Geaktiveer op 15 Mei 1928
  • Geaktiveer op 3 Desember 1947
  • Opnuut aangewys 15de Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron, Photo-Jet op 5 Februarie 1951
  • Opnuut aangewys 15de Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron op 8 Oktober 1966
  • Opnuut aangewys 15de taktiese intelligensie -eskader op 20 Februarie 1991
  • Opnuut aangewys 15de verkenningskader op 31 Julie 1997

Opdragte [wysig | wysig bron]

  • Onbekend, 1917–1919 (maar moontlik Aeronautical [later, Air] Division, Signal Corps, 9 Mei 1917
  • Opleidingsafdeling, Departement Militêre Lugvaartkunde, Seinkorps, 24 April 1918
  • Afdeling Operasies, Departement Militêre Lugvaartkunde, Seinkorps, 9 Julie 1918
  • Training and Operations Group, Lugdiens, 29 Jan-18 Sep 1919
  • Sesde Korpsgebied, 21 September 1921
  • 6de Afdeling, Lugdiens, 24 Maart 1923
  • Sesde Korpsgebied, 1 Junie 1927
  • 6de Afdeling, Lugdiens (later, 6 Afdeling, Lugvaart), 15 Mei 1928
  • 14de waarnemingsgroep, 8 Mei 1929
  • 12de waarnemingsgroep, 1937 - Julie 1938
  • Onbekend, Julie 1938
  • Field Artillery School, c. 9 Januarie 1941
  • III Lugsteunkommando, 1 Sep 1941
    , 12 Maart 1942
    , 22 Desember 1943
    , 30 Desember 1943
    , 4 Januarie 1944
    , 13 Junie 1944
    , 24 Jun 1945, 3 Aug 1945, 3 Feb 1946, 21–31 Maart 1946, 3 Des 1947 - 1 Apr 1949
    , 25 Februarie 1951
    , 1 Okt 1957
    , 25 April 1960
    , 1 Mei 1978, 11 Feb 1981, 1 Okt 1989 - 1 Okt 1990
  • 548th Reconnaissance Technical Group, 15 Maart 1991, 3 Jul 1991, 13 Apr 1992 - 1 Jun 1994, 1 Aug 1997 - hede

Stasies [wysig | wysig bron]

    , New York, 9 Mei 1917 - 18 September 1919. (Eenheid gedemobiliseer), Illinois, 21 September 1921., Texas, (dag onbekend) - 1 Junie 1927. (Eenheid geïnaktiveer), Michigan, 15 Mei 1928. (Ontplooi tot Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, 24 September - 28 Oktober 1928, Michigan, 28-31 Oktober 1928, Illinois, 8-11 Junie 1930, Kentucky, 14-27 Junie 1930.), Illinois, omstreeks 28 Junie 1930. (Detachment at Post Field , Oklahoma, omstreeks 1 Desember 1940 - 9 Januarie 1941.), Oklahoma 9 Januarie 1941., Texas, 16 Desember 1941. (Flight at Post Field, Oklahoma, December 1941 - April 1942), Kentucky, 23 April 1942. Army Airfield. Kentucky, 26 Junie 1942., Mississippi, 6 November-4 Desember 1943. (AAF-467), Engeland, 22 Desember 1943. (AAF-404), Engeland, 1 Maart 1944. (AAF-449), Engeland, 16 Maart 1944. (AAF-465), Engeland, 27 Junie 1944. (A-27), Frankryk, 10 Augustus 1944. (A-39), Frankryk, 26 Augustus 1944. (A-64), Frankryk, 9 September 1944. (Y-94), Frankryk, 1 Desember 1944. (Y-57), Duitsland, 14 Maart 1945
    (Y-64), Duitsland, 3 April 1945.
  • Erfurt/Bindersleben-vliegveld (R-9), Duitsland, 16 April 1945. (R-28), Duitsland, 24 April 1945.
  • Reims, Frankryk, 23 Junie - 13 Julie 1945., Florida, 3 Augustus 1945., Florida, 21 Desember 1945., Suid -Carolina, 3 Februarie - 31 Maart 1946. (Eenheid geïnaktiveer) (later, Pous AFB), Noord -Carolina, 3 Desember 1947 - 1 April 1949. (Eenheid geaktiveer) (Ontplooi op Lawson AFB, Georgia, 22 Augustus - (dag onbekend) September 1948 Turner AFB, Georgia, September 1948 en Eglin Air Force Auxiliary Field No 3, Florida, (dag onbekend) - 3 Oktober November 1948.), Japan, 25 Februarie 1951. (bedryf deur Taegu AB, Republiek Korea), Republiek Korea, 16 Maart 1951., Republiek Korea, 23 Augustus 1951., Japan, 2 Maart 1954 ., Japan, 25 Augustus 1955., Okinawa (later, Japan), 18 Augustus 1956. (ontplooi na Osan AB, Republiek van Korea, 26 Januarie - 12 Februarie 1968 en Itazuki AB, Japan, 13 Februarie - ongeveer 25 Julie 1968. ), Republiek Korea, 1 Oktober 1989 - 1 Oktober 1990. (Eenheid geïnaktiveer), Hawaii, 15 Maart 1991 - 1 Junie 1994. (Eenheid geïnaktiveer), Nevada, 1 Aug 1997 - hede

Vliegtuie [wysig | wysig bron]

Embleem [wysig | wysig bron]

'N Duif in natuurlike kleure met verlengde vlerke op 'n teleskoop wat in swart omlyn is op 'n skild van blou en geel skuins van "noordwes" na "suidooste", die blou hierbo, die geel onder. Goedgekeur op 2 April 1924


15th Fighter Group (USAAF) - Geskiedenis

Agtergrond
Toegewys aan die Amerikaanse weermaglugmag (USAAF), 13de lugmag (13de AF), 347ste vegtergroep (347ste FG) in die Suidelike Stille Oseaan (SOPA). Hierdie eskader het die P-38 Lightning tydens die Stille Oseaan-oorlog bedryf en is veral bekend vir hul rol wat deelgeneem het aan die & quotYamamoto Mission & quot.

Oorlogsgeskiedenis
Op 29 September 1942 word die 339ste vegvliegtuig (339ste FS) gestig en twee dae later op Nieu -Caledonië geaktiveer. Op 5 Oktober 1942 is agt vlieëniers van die 70ste vegvliegtuig (70ste FS), insluitend kaptein John W. Mitchell, losgemaak vir diens by die 339ste FS op Guadalcanal.

Gedurende November 1942 word majoor John W. Mitchell die bevelvoerder (C. O.) en die eskader toegerus met die P-38G Lightning, die eerste eskader in die Suidelike Stille Oseaan (SOPA) wat die tweemotorige vegter bedryf het. Die eerste nie -amptelike bynaam was die & quotSunsetters & quot (ook gespel & quotSun Setters & quot) vanweë hul sukses met die vernietiging van Japannese vliegtuie. Die nie -amptelike bynaam was & quot; Gremlins & quot; met die motief van 'n Gremlin -wese wat 'n mace vasgehou het wat bo -op twee arende vlieg.

Op 15 Desember 1942 het vyf P-38G Lightnings onder leiding van kaptein William C. Sharpsteen SBD Dauntless duikbomwerpers oor Munda begelei. Nadat hy van die missie teruggekeer het, het die vlieënier van die P-38G, Woods, geslinger en die tweede Lt. Eugene D. Woods is in sy reddingsvest waargeneem, maar is nie weer opgespoor nie en verklaar Missing In Action (MIA).

Op 5 Januarie 1943 het ses P-38G Lightnings onder leiding van majoor John W. Mitchell opgestyg vanaf Fighter 2 (Kukum) op Guadalcanal wat in twee elemente van drie P-38's elk op 'n escortmissie bo en agter B-17 Flying Fortresss vlieg die 11de Bombardement Group op 'n bombardement teen 'n Japannese & quotcruiser & quot; buite Buin en Tonolei -hawe aan die suidelike kus van Bougainville en buite Shortland Island. Oor die teiken word hulle onderskep deur wat die Amerikaanse kant beweer het dat dit vyf-en-twintig A6M-nulle en vlotvliegtuie was, en drie het neergeskiet. Trouens, die Japannese mag het twee A6M2-N Rufes van die 802 Kokutai, ses A6M-nulle van die 204 Kokutai plus F1M2 Petes van die 11de watervliegtuigafdeling ingesluit. Die VSA beweer dat drie Japannese vliegtuie neergeskiet en twee weerligte verloor het: P-38G-vlieënier Hilken (MIA) en P-38G-vlieënier Dinn (MIA).

Op 13 Februarie 1943 het ses P-38G Lightnings opgestyg vanaf Fighter 2 (Kukum) op Guadalcanal op 'n begeleiding vir ses B-24-bevryders wat in twee golwe vlieg vir 'n bombardement teen Japannese skepe in die Shortland na Buin-gebied. Die begeleier het ook sewe P-40F Warhawks van die 44ste vegvliegtuig ingesluit. Die weer was goed met duidelike sigbaarheid. Inkomend na die teiken het twee P-38's en drie P-40's die missie gestaak en teruggekeer na Guadalcanal, wat vier P-38's en sewe P-40's gelaat het om die bomwerpers te begelei. Oor die teikengebied is die B-24's aangeval deur 30 A6M-nulle en 15-toegeruste vegvliegtuie (A6M2-N Rufes), met 'n swaar skil wat deur vlootvaartuie daaronder afgevuur is. Verlore is P-38G-vlieënier Rist (MIA), P-38G-vlieënier Morton (gered), P-38G-vlieënier Lockridge (gered) en P-38G-vlieënier Cramer (gered).

"Slagting op Valentynsdag"
Op 14 Februarie 1943 het tien P-38G Lightnings opgestyg vanaf Fighter 2 (Kukum) op Guadalcanal op 'n begeleiding vir nege PB4Y-1-bevryders. Verlore is P-38G-vlieënier White (MIA), P-38G-vlieënier Finkenstein (MIA), P-38G-vlieënier Huey (POW/MIA) en P-38G-vlieënier Mulvey (gered). As gevolg van die ernstige Amerikaanse verliese, het hierdie missie bekend gestaan ​​as die & quotSaint Valentines Day Massacre & quot.

Op 23 Februarie 1943 is die 339ste vegvliegtuig (Twin Engine) amptelik herontwerp.

Op 1 April 1943 het P-38G Lightnings opgestyg vanaf Fighter 2 (Kukum) op Guadalcanal op 'n onderskepmissie. Verlore is P-38G-vlieënier Young (gered).

"Yamamoto Mission"
Op 18 April 1943 het P-38G Lightnings opgestyg vanaf Fighter 2 (Kukum) op Guadalcanal op die "Yamamoto Mission" onder leiding van majoor John W. Mitchell wat met valtenks oor die oop oseaan op lae hoogte vlieg om die kans om raakgesien en gemaak te word, te verminder. drie kursusveranderinge op spesifieke tye om die afsnypunt oor die suide van Bougainville te bereik. Die formasie is in twee groepe verdeel: een om dekking te bied en die moordenaarsgroep om die bomwerpers aan te val. Die P-38's het G4M1 Betty 2656 Tail 323 met passasier Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto en G4M1 Betty Tail 326 met passasier-admiraal Matome Ugaki afgeskiet en neergeskiet. Die Amerikaanse vlieëniers het verkeerdelik drie bomwerpers geëis en begeleide nulle is neergeskiet. In werklikheid is slegs die twee bomwerpers neergeskiet en geen begeleide nulle het verlore gegaan nie. Die P-38G-vlieënier Hine (MIA) is verlore.

Op 3 Julie 1943 vertrek op 'n begeleiding oor Rendova -eiland. Verlore was P-38G 42-13500 vlieënier 2de Robert N. Sylvester (MIA).

Op 14 Julie 1943 is P-39N Airacobra 42-18258 vlieënier Morris B. Pace (MACR 79) en P-39N 42-18260 vlieënier Daniel R Wolterding (MACR 80) verlore.

Op 17 Julie 1943 het P-38 Lightnings opgestyg vanaf Fighter 2 (Kukum) op Guadalcanal op 'n missie om B-24 Liberators oor Kahili-vliegveld in die suide van Bougainville te begelei. Oor die teiken van 20 000 'is die formasie deur Japannese vegters onderskep. Verlore is P-38G 42-13361 vlieënier 1ste James W. Hoyle (MIA) en P-38G & quotMatilda & quot 43-2206 vlieënier 2de Lt. Benjamin H. King (gered)

Op 20 Augustus 1943 is die 339th Fighter Squadron, Two Engine, amptelik herontwerp.

Op 23 September 1943 het P-38 Lightnings opgestyg op 'n missie om bomwerpers te begelei op 'n missie oor Kahili-vliegveld in die suide van Bougainville.

23 B-24's, 16 P-38's en 60+ USN-duikbomwerpers, gedek deur AAF, insluitend P-38's van die 339th Fighter Squadron, USMC, USN, en Royal New Zealand Air Force (RNZAF) vegters, val Kahili Allied vliegtuig eis toe minstens 9 vegters het neergeskiet

Op 19 Oktober 1943 het dertien P-38 Lightning vier en twintig B-24 bevryders begelei op 'n bombardement teen Kara Airfield op Bougainville. Terugkerend, P-38H 42-66626 vlieënier 1ste luitenant James L. Eubanks (MIA) en P-38H 42-66888 vlieënier 2de luitenant George D. Richards (MIA) het 'n lugbotsing gehad met albei verlore.

Op 17 Januarie 1944 het die eskader op 'n bomwerpersmissie oor Rabaul opgestyg. Verlore is P-38J 42-67179 vlieënier 2de Lt. Charles E. Black (MIA), P-38H 42-66680 vlieënier 1ste Lt. Gifford G. Brown (MIA), P-38H 42-66897 vlieënier 1st Lt. Glen E Hart (oorleef), P-38J 42-67171 vlieënier 2de Lt. John E. Langen (MIA).

Op 15 Junie het 1944 deel geword van die Verre Ooste Lugmag (FEAF) toe die 5de Lugmag (5de AF) en 13de Lugmag (13de AF) tot die einde van die Stille Oseaan -oorlog gekombineer is.

Op 13 Februarie 1945 verhuis die eskader na die Wama -vliegveld op die eiland Morotai. Op 22 Februarie 1945 beweeg die grondvlak van die eskader na die San Jose -vliegveld (McGuire Drome) op die eiland Mindoro.

Op 6 Maart 1945 verhuis die eskader na die Puerto Princesa -vliegveld op die eiland Palawan. Teen 25 Maart 1945 werk die hele eskader vanaf die Puerto Princesa -vliegveld tot aan die einde van die Stille Oseaanoorlog.

339ste vegvliegtuig bekend
P-38F 43-2178 #143 vlieënier Chandler se uiteindelike lot is onbekend
P-38G 42-12690 #100 uiteindelike lot onbekend waarskynlik geskrap
P-38G 42-13361 vlieënier Hoyle MIA 17 Julie 1943, 1 vermis
P-38G & quotMatilda & quot; 43-2206 vlieënier King het op 17 Julie 1943 gered
P-38G 43-2238 #122 vlieënier Thomas Lanphier uiteindelike lot onbekend waarskynlik geskrap
P-38G & quotOld Ironsides & quot 43-2239 #138 afgeskryf op 29 Maart 1943
P-38G "Oriloe" 43-2242 #129 vlieënier Murray Shubin uiteindelike lot onbekend waarskynlik geskrap
P-38G & quot; Miss Virginia & quot; 43-2264 #147 uiteindelike lot onbekend waarskynlik geskrap
P-38G & quotDaisy 2de & quot #125 uiteindelike lot onbekend waarskynlik geskrap
P-38G-vlieënier Dinn MIA 5 Januarie 1943, 1 vermis
P-38G-vlieënier Hilken MIA 5 Januarie 1943, 1 vermis
P-38G wat deur Young bestuur is, het op 1 April 1943 gered
P-38G-vlieënier Hine MIA 18 April 1943, 1 vermis
P-38H 42-66626 vlieënier Eubanks MIA 19 Oktober 1943, 1 vermis
P-38H 42-66671 vlieënier Kincaid het op 7 Januarie 1944 neergestort
P-38H 42-66680 vlieënier Brown MIA 17 Januarie 1944, 1 vermis
P-38H 42-66864 vlieënier Whistler MIA 30 September 1943, 1 vermis
P-38H 42-66888 vlieënier Richards MIA 19 Oktober 1943, 1 vermis
P-38H 42-66897 vlieënier Hart neergestort op 17 Januarie 1944 gered
P-38J 42-67171 vlieënier Langen MIA 17 Januarie 1944, 1 vermis
P-38J 42-67179 vlieënier Swart 17 Januarie 1944, 1 vermis
P-38J 42-67618 vlieënier Kelly het 20 Januarie 1944 neergestort, 1 vermis
P-38J 42-67783 vlieënier McCloud het op 28 Januarie 1944 gered
P-38-vlieënier Studley het op 20 Januarie 1944 gered, gered
P-38-vlieënier Woods MIA 15 Desember 1942, 1 vermis

339ste vegvliegtuigbevelvoerder (C. O.)
Majoor John W. Mitchell November 1942

Verwysings
347th Fighter Group Advanced Echelon APO 709 & quot Voorlopige intelligensie -opsomming van die operasies van weermagvliegtuie by Cactus - 1 Desember 1942 tot 17 Februarie 1943 & quot 21 Februarie 1943 bladsy 1-3
Guadalcanal and the Origins of the 13th Air Force page 182, 240 [PDF] via Wayback Machine 20 Mei 2006
Geskiedenis van Marine Corps Aviation in die Tweede Wêreldoorlog (1952) deur Robert Sherrod bladsy 135 (14 Februarie 1943)
13th Fighter Command In World War II (2004) deur William Wolf
Operation KE (2012) deur Roger & amp; Dennis Letourneau bladsye 32-33 (P-38G Lightning, 339ste arriveer Guadalcanal), 86 (5 Januarie 1943)
Dankie aan James Lansdale, Edward Rogers en Justin Taylan vir addisionele navorsing en ontleding


15th Fighter Group (USAAF) - Geskiedenis

Harvey J. Scandrett
USAAF Fighter Pilot in Nieu -Guinee en oor Japan

Agtergrond
Harvey J. Scandrett is gebore in Liberal, Kansas en het later saam met sy gesin na Los Angeles verhuis. Hy het UCLA bygewoon en woon in Noord -Hollywood, CA. In 1940 het hy by die US Army Air Force (USAAF) aangesluit en is hy opgelei as 'n vegvlieënier by Randolph Field en aangestel as 'n 2de luitenant-reeksnommer O-399564.

Eerste toer van plig in Nieu -Guinee
In Januarie 1942 na die buiteland na Australië gestuur. Toegewys aan die 5th Air Force, 35th Fighter Group, 40th Fighter Squadron & quotRed Devils & quot as 'n Airacobra -vlieënier op Antil Plains Airfield in Queensland.

In die middel van Mei 1942 vlieg hy 'n Airacobra noordwaarts na 7-Mile Drome naby Port Moresby vir 'n tydelike diens by die 36ste vegvliegtuig. Toe hy op 16 Mei 1942 aankom, vlieg hy onmiddellik met missies teen Japannese lugaanvalle en vegvliegtuie deur A6M2 -nulle wat Port Moresby aanval.

Op 17 Mei 1942 het Scandrett begin met die bestuur van 'n Airacobra op 'n missie om A6M2 -nulle oor Port Moresby te onderskep. Tydens die luggeveg het hy 'n Zero -neerlaag geëis en amptelik 'n lofoorwinningskrediet gekry. Dit was sy eerste en enigste lugoorwinning van die Tweede Wêreldoorlog en die eerste oorwinning wat deur die 40ste FS geëis is. Alhoewel twee nulle die missie verloor het, is albei beskadig deur 'n AA -vuur, nie deur die onderskep Airacobras nie.

Op 18 Mei 1942 begin die bestuur van 'n Airacobra op 'n missie om Japannese bomwerpers wat deur A6M2 Zeros begelei is, oor Port Moresby te onderskep.

Op 16 Junie 1942 begin die loods van 'n Airacobra as deel van 'purple flight' op 'n missie om A6M2 Zeros te onderskep op 'n vegvliegtuig wat die verlies van vier Airacobra en die C. O. Lt. Stephen Smith beseer het.

Op 20 Maart 1943 is hy versier deur luitenant -generaal George C. Kenney en brig -generaal Ennis Whitehead en is bekroon met die Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC), Silver Star en Air Medal.

Staatsdiens
In Mei 1943 keer hy terug na die Verenigde State vir 'n nuwe toewysing en word bevorder tot die rang van majoor. Teen die einde van 1943 was hy gestasioneer op Page Field in Fort Myers, Florida as die bevelvoerder (C. O.) van die 15de vegvliegtuig. Teen die middel van September 1943 toegewys aan die 53rd Fighter Group (53rd FG) groepsbedrywighede. Op 14 Oktober 1944 op 26 -jarige ouderdom trou hy met Retha Steelman van St. Petersburg, Florida, in die kapel nr. 4 by Drew Field.

Hy word bevorder tot die rang van luitenant -kolonel en is toegewys aan die 506ste vegtergroep, hoofkwartier wat by die 7de vegterkommando, 301ste vegvlerk aangesluit is.

Tweede toer van plig Iwo Jima
Gedurende 1945 was Scandrett die adjunk-bevelvoerder (C. O.) 506th Fighter Group wat die P-51D Mustang vir baie langafstand (VLR) missies vanaf North Field (APO 86) op Iwo Jima oor Japan bedryf het.

Sendinggeskiedenis
Op 1 Junie 1945 het die vlieënier P-51D & quot; Madam Wham-Dam & quot; 44-72607 begin op 'n begeleiding na Osaka in Japan. Inkomend was die weer 'n ernstige front met buie en buie van 30,000 'of meer met 'n basis op seevlak tot 200'. Die voorkant was stewig bewolk met 'n basis van 200 tot 6 000 voet bo.

Hierdie P-51 is laas per radio om 10:55 en op ongeveer 31 ° N Long 137 ° O oor die Noord-Stille Oseaan gekontak. Toe dit nie terugkom nie, is dit amptelik as Missing In Action (MIA) gelys en toegeskryf aan weersomstandighede. In totaal het 27 P-51's met 24 vlieëniers verlore gegaan weens die slegte weer.

Gedenktekens
Scandrett is amptelik op die dag van die sending dood verklaar. Hy het voorheen die Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC), Silver Star, Air Medal gewen. Toe hy Missing In Action (MIA) gaan, het hy ook postuum die Purple Heart verdien.


Geskiedenis [wysig | wysig bron]

Tweede Wêreldoorlog [wysig | wysig bron]

P-39Q's van die 46ste FS op Makin Island in Desember 1943.

Noord-Amerikaanse P-51D-20-NA Mustangs van die 45ste vegvliegtuig, met 'n begeleide sending vanaf Central Field, Iwo Jima, Junie 1945. Serials 44-63325 44-63314 44-63474 44-63428

Die eenheid is oorspronklik saamgestel as die 15de Pursuit Group (Fighter) en is op 1 Desember 1940 op Wheeler Field, Hawaii, geaktiveer as deel van die weermag vir die Hawaiiaanse eilande. Γ ] Die oorspronklike eskaders van die groep was:

'N Bietjie meer as 'n jaar later, op 7 Desember 1941, het hy gevegsoptrede gedoen tydens die Japannese aanval op militêre installasies in Hawaii. Bomaanvalle en aanvalle daardie oggend deur vliegtuie van die Japannese strydmag gebaseer op karweier het baie toegewysde vliegtuie vernietig en groot ongevalle veroorsaak, maar 12 van die groep se vlieëniers het daarin geslaag om hul Curtiss P-36 Hawk en Curtiss P-40 te lanseer. vliegtuie van Wheeler en Haleiwa Fields, het altesaam 16 soorte gevlieg en 10 vyandelike vliegtuie vernietig. Second Lieutenants George S. Welch and Kenneth M. Taylor, P-40 pilots assigned to the 47th Pursuit Squadron, shot down four and two, respectively, Γ] and were later cited for extraordinary heroism during the attack. Both received the Distinguished Service Cross.

With the outbreak of war, the group's primary mission remained the air defense of the Hawaiian Islands but training pilots for combat became its secondary task. Aircraft flown for training during the war included the Curtiss A-12 Shrike, Grumman OA-9 amphibious observation plane, Martin B-12, Boeing P-26 Peashooter, Curtiss P-36 Hawk, Bell P-39 Airacobra, Curtiss P-40 Warhawk, and the Republic P-47D Thunderbolt.

On 12 February 1942, the unit was redesignated the 15th Pursuit Group (Interceptor). Γ] Several months later, the unit was redesignated the 15th Fighter Group. Γ] That summer, the group's mission changed. Although defense of the islands continued to be an important responsibility, continuing to provide combat training for pilots became the primary mission for the next two years.

Additional squadrons, including the 6th Night Fighter Squadron, Η] the 12th Fighter Squadron, ⎖] and the 78th Fighter Squadron, ⎗] were added to the group. The group deployed squadrons to the Central and South Pacific for operations against Japanese forces. Γ] Then, in April 1944, the remaining elements of the 15th Fighter Group returned to Hawaii and began training for very-long-range (VLR) bomber escort missions, obtaining North American P-51 Mustangs later in the year. Γ ]

In January 1945, ordered into combat, the group left Hawaii for Saipan in the Marianas Islands, remaining there until a landing strip could be secured by the Marines on Iwo Jima. The first fighter aircraft to arrive at Iwo Jima were P-51s of the 15th's 47th Fighter Squadron the morning of 6 March, with the 45th and 78th Squadrons following the next day. They supported Marine ground units by bombing and strafing cave entrances, trenches, troop concentrations, and storage areas. Γ] By the middle of March, the group also began strikes against enemy airfields, shipping, and military installations in the Bonin Islands. Γ ]

On 7 April 1945, the 15th flew its first Very Long Range (VLR) mission to Japan, providing fighter escort for the Boeing B-29 Superfortress bombers that attacked the Nakajima aircraft plant near Tokyo, and was awarded the Distinguished Unit Citation. Γ] In late April and early May that year, the 15th struck Japanese airfields on Kyūshū to curtail the enemy's suicide attacks against the invasion force on Okinawa and also hit enemy troop trains, small factories, gun positions, and hangars in the Bonins and Japan. Γ ]

During the summer of 1945, the 15th Fighter Group (along with the 21st Fighter Group and the VII Fighter Command) were reassigned to Twentieth Air Force. Γ] The group continued its fighter sweeps against Japanese airfields and other targets, in addition to flying long-range B-29 Superfortress escort missions to Japanese cities, until the end of the war. Γ] After the war, the group remained on lwo Jima until 25 November 1945, when it transferred (without personnel and equipment) to Bellows Field, Hawaii. Γ] There it absorbed the personnel and equipment of the 508th Fighter Group. ⎘] On 8 February 1946, the unit moved to Wheeler Field, where it remained until inactivated on 15 October 1946. Γ] Its personnel and equipment were transferred to the 81st Fighter Group, which assumed its mission, personnel land equipment. ⎙]

Aerial Victories Number Note
Group Hq 3 ⎚]
6th Night Fighter Squadron 20 ⎛] ⎜]
12th Fighter Squadron 5 ⎜] ⎝]
45th Fighter Squadron 33.5 ⎞]
46th Fighter Squadron 7 ⎜] ⎞]
47th Fighter Squadron 43 ⎟]
78th Fighter Squadron 39 ⎠]
Group Total 150.5

Air Defense Command [ edit | wysig bron]

47th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron Convair F-102A-55-CO Delta Dagger 56-1021, 15th Fighter Group, Niagara Falls Municipal Airport, New York 1959

The 15th was again activated on 18 August 1955 as the 15th Fighter Group (Air Defense) at Niagara Falls Municipal Airport, NY, where it replaced the 518th Air Defense Group as a result of Air Defense Command (ADC)'s Project Arrow, which was designed to bring back on the active list fighter units which had compiled memorable records during the two World Wars. ⎡] There it was responsible for the air defense of an area that included Western and Northern New York and parts of Ontario, Canada. It was reunited with one of its former units, now designated the 47th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron (FIS), Γ] ⎢] which was already at Niagara Falls, where it had been assigned to the 518th. ⎢] The 47th FIS was equipped with radar equipped and rocket armed F-86D Sabres. ⎣] In the fall of 1957, the squadron upgraded to data link equipped F-86Ls ⎣] and later, by the summer of 1958 to Convair F-102 Delta Dagger aircraft ⎣] The group performed air defense operations for the 4707th Air Defense Wing and Syracuse Air Defense Sector until July 1960, when it was discontinued. The group was also assigned several support squadrons to perform its mission as USAF host unit for the active duty portions of Niagara Falls Airport.

Viet Nam War Era [ edit | wysig bron]

On 1 July 1962, the 15th Tactical Fighter Wing (TFW) was organized by Tactical Air Command at MacDill AFB, Florida ⎨] and assigned to the 836th Air Division. Operational squadrons of the wing and squadron tail codes were:

  • 45th Tactical Fighter Squadron Δ] (FC)
  • 46th Tactical Fighter Squadron Ε] (FD)
  • 47th Tactical Fighter Squadron Ζ] (FE) ⎩] (FB)(Activated on 8 January 1964 as part of a wing transition from three squadrons of 25 aircraft each to four squadrons of 18 aircraft each.)

Emblem of the 15th Tactical Fighter Wing

The wing was initially equipped with the obsolescent Republic F-84F Thunderjet which was obtained from Air National Guard units, in 1964 the wing upgraded to the tail-coded McDonnell-Douglas F-4C Phantom II. The 15 TFW was the second wing to be equipped with the F-4.

The mission of the 15 TFW was to conduct tactical fighter combat crew training. The wing participated in a variety of exercises, operations and readiness tests of Tactical Air Command. ⎨] The wing trained pilots and provided logistical support for the 12th Tactical Fighter Wing. ⎨] It was reorganized as a mission-capable unit at the time of the Cuban missile crisis of 1962, returning afterwards to a training mission. ⎨]

With the departure of the 12 TFW in 1965, the 15 TFW's mission became acting as a replacement training unit for F-4 aircrews prior to their deployment to Southeast Asia. ⎨] The wing deployed 16 F-4s at Seymour Johnson AFB, North Carolina, during the Pueblo crisis in 1968. ⎨]

In 1965, the wing deployed its 43d, 45th, 46th and 47th Tactical Fighter Squadrons to SEA, ⎨] where they participated in the air defense commitment for the Philippines from Clark AB and flew combat missions from Cam Rahn Bay Air Base in South Vietnam and Ubon Royal Thai Air Force Base in Thailand. Members of the 45 TFS achieved the first U.S. Air Force aerial victories of the Vietnam War when they destroyed two MIGs on 10 July 1965. Captains Thomas S. Roberts, Ronald C. Anderson, Kenneth E. Holcombe, and Arthur C. Clark received credit for these kills. The 43d TFS was reassigned to Elmendorf AFB, Alaska on 4 January 1970.

Beginning in October 1968, when the 4424th Combat Crew Training Squadron (CCTS) was organized, the wing began began Martin B-57G Canberra night intruder tactical bomber aircrew training. ⎨] On 8 February 1969, the 13th Bombardment Squadron, was organized as a tactical B-57 squadron (Tail Code: FK) Night Intruder tactical bomber aircrew training. ⎪] The squadron and eleven aircraft deployed to Ubon RTAFB, Thailand on 1 October 1970. Three B-57Gs were left behind at MacDill with the 4424th CCTS as trainers. In 1969, the wing assumed host USAF responsibility for MacDill from the 836th AD and was assigned the 15th Combat Support Group to carry out this mission. ⎫] The 15th was inactivated on 1 October 1970, ⎨] and was replaced by the 1st Tactical Fighter Wing when the 1st TFW was reassigned from ADC to Tactical Air Command and moved from Hamilton AFB, CA to MacDill. ⎬] The 4424th CCTS remained at MacDill, coming under the 1st TFW and finally disontinuing on 30 June 1972 ⎬] with the return of the B-57Gs to the United States (to Kansas ANG).

Pacific Air Forces [ edit | wysig bron]

One year later, on 20 October 1971, the 15th Tactical Fighter Wing was redesignated the 15th Air Base Wing and activated at Hickam AFB, Hawaii on 1 November 1971. Assigned to Pacific Air Forces (PACAF), the 15th assumed the personnel, equipment, mission, and duties previously performed by the 6486th Air Base Wing, which was simultaneously discontinued. ⎭] This reactivation reestablished the organization in Hawaii, where the 15th Pursuit Group was formed in 1940, and the lineage, history and honors of the 15th Fighter Group were bestowed on the Wing. ⎮] The 15th ABW managed Hickam, Wheeler, Dillingham, and Johnston Island Air Force Bases, Bellows Air Force Station, and several smaller subsidiary bases. ⎨] It provided base level support for headquarters PACAF and more than 100 tenant organizations. ⎨] Its 15th Operations Squadron provided special airlift for the Commander in Chief, Pacific (CINCPAC), and the USAF and US Army components of Pacific Command, initially with VC-118 aircraft ⎨] until inactivating in 1975, when the wing absorbed its assets. ⎯] Its 9th Airborne Command and Control Squadron provided airborne Command and control support for CINCPAC. ⎨] Responsibility for Johnston Island subsequently transferred to the Defense Nuclear Agency on 1 July 1973 but on that same date, the 15th ABW assumed operational responsibility for Wake Island. Dillingham later transferred to Army control on 27 February 1975, as did Wheeler AFB on 1 November 1991. In 1999, the 15th ABW once again assumed responsibility for Johnston Island . Operational control of Wake Island transferred to the 36th Air Base Wing (13th Air Force), Andersen AFB, Guam, on 1 October 2000.

From April to September 1975, the wing sheltered over 93,000 orphans, evacuees, and refugees from Southeast Asia as part of Operation Babylift and Operation New Life. ⎰] In 1980 the wing participated in Project Lagoon, a program to remove radioactive waste from Enewetak Atoll. ⎰]

On 13 April 1992 the 15th Operations Group (OG) was activated as the wing implemented the USAF objective wing organization. Upon activation, the 15th OG assumed was reassigned the wing's operational squadr0ns and responsibility from the 15 Air Base Wing for managing operational matters at Hickam AFB and Bellows AFS, Hawaii and Wake Island Airfield. It also provided command and control for the defense of the Hawaiian Islands and directed tactical control of Hawaii Air National Guard alert F-15 aircraft.

On 28 April 2003, the wing was redesignated the 15th Airlift Wing and begun preparation to stand up a first-of-its-kind active duty/associate Air National Guard C-17 organization. Almost three years later, on 8 February 2006 the wing welcomed in the first of eight C-17 Globemaster III cargo jets changing Hickam's identity and mission from strictly en route support to include performing local and worldwide airlift operations in support of combat and humanitarian missions.

On 18 May 2010, the wing was redesignated the 15th Wing in anticipation of the addition of air refueling to its airlift mission. ⎱] Four days earlier, its 15th Mission Support Group was inactivated as Hickam AFB became part of JBPHH and the US Navy assumed most support responsibility for the installation. In October, the wing added F-22 Raptors to the aircraft it flies when the 19th Fighter Squadron moved from Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson, Alaska to become an active duty associate unit of the Hawaiian Air National Guard's 199th Fighter Squadron. ⎲ ]


Major John W. Mitchell

By Stephen Sherman, Oct. 1999. Updated June 29, 2011.

J ohn Mitchell was swatting flies in his tent at Fighter Two when the phone rang, "Get over to the Navy briefing bunker. There's a mission for you and your guys. You'll like it."

Major Mitchell, the CO of the 339th Fighter Squadron, based at Guadalcanal, headed over to the bunker with Tom Lanphier, one of his top pilots, where they met Admiral Marc Mitscher and "every brass hat on the island." It was April 17, 1943.

In the crowded room they looked over a document marked "TOP SECRET", which outlined Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto's schedule for an inspection trip from Rabaul to Bougainville, along with an order signed by United States Navy Secretary Frank Knox:

"SQUADRON 339 P-38 MUST AT ALL COSTS REACH AND DESTROY. PRESIDENT ATTACHES EXTREME IMPORTANCE TO MISSION." The senior Navy and Marine Corps officers took over the discussion, and Mitchell and Lanphier were gradually pushed out to the edge of the group. When the planning bogged down, they were re-invited. All agreed that only U.S. Army Air Force P-38 Lightnings, equipped with drop tanks had the range for the job. Mitchell ruled out any attempt to get Yamamoto during a shipboard leg of his trip, "My men wouldn't know a sub-chaser from a sub. It'll have to be in the air." After more discussion, Admiral Mitscher cut it off, noting that Mitchell and Lanphier would have to work out the details. Extra-large drop tanks had already been ordered Mitchell wanted a top-quality Navy compass.

Die plan

That evening Mitchell pored over maps of the Solomons with Lanphier and Joe McGuigan, the intelligence officer. They laid out a course that after leaving Guadalcanal, would keep them 50 miles away from the Japanese-held islands of New Georgia, Vella Lavella, and the Treasuries. The planned route from Guadalcanal to the interception point at Bougainville was 400 miles, two hours flight time. Based on their estimates of Yamamoto's air speed (180 MPH) and scheduled arrival at Kahili, they estimated that he would be at the interception point at 9:35AM. The brass had called for "maximum effort" to get Yamamoto that meant Mitchell would lead 18 P-38 Lightnings on the mission.

Mitchell assembled his men just before midnight to brief them on the raid. All 40 of his pilots had volunteered for the mission. He promptly informed them of the eighteen pilots on the flight teams:

  • the shooters or killer group (4) - Tom Lanphier , Rex Barber , McLanahan, and Moore
  • the cover group (6) - Mitchell leading, Doug Canning , Jack Jacobson , Frank Holmes , Hine, and Goerke. Holmes and Hine were the alternates for the killer group.
  • the second cover group (8) - eight pilots of the 12th Sqn, led by Louis Kittel

As the rain came down on the black hilltop, he explained the risks and uncertainties: missing Yamamoto altogether, new drop tanks being installed that night, running out of fuel, getting jumped by Zeros. They guessed that he would be flying at about 5,000 feet. After the wave top flight, the Lightnings of the killer group would climb to that altitude the cover group to 20,000. Mitchell emphasized the importance of low level flying and radio silence he didn't want the Japs to pick up on this mission.

When the meeting broke up, Mitchell walked back to his tent, and lay down. He could hear Glenn Miller's "Serenade in Blue" from Canning's tent.

Agtergrond

Maybe he thought about Yamamoto, about Pearl Harbor, about December 7, 1941, when he was with the 70th Pursuit Squadron, stranded near Charlotte, North Carolina, due to a malfunctioning P-40. At that time, John Mitchell was a twenty-six year old from Mississippi , born 14-Jul-1915 . He had been valedictorian of his high school class, a student at Columbia University , and was a three year Army veteran. He managed to get married in the confused weeks just after Pearl Harbor, and then shipped out to San Francisco. On his arrival at the 70th FS base at Hamilton Field, he learned that most of the experienced men of the squadron had been sent to Java, to try to stem the Japanese onslaught. (They failed, and most of them died.)

After re-organizing, and training new recruits as well as possible, the 70th FS embarked for Fiji on Jan. 20, 1942. The scuttlebutt was that they wouldn't be there long the Japs would kick them out soon enough. Keenly aware of their dim prospects, the young pilots lived it up on the ship as Doug Canning recalled, "We left a trail of hooch bottles all the way from the Golden Gate to Fiji." Landing at the harbor of Suva, the men of the 70th began to struggle with their P-39s in the tropical downpours and mud of Fiji. With the aid of the Bell Aircraft rep, they got the Airacobras into the air and began training in them. They trained intensively with the P-39s for six months, their only diversions being volleyball and high-stakes poker. They thought they were hot pilots and were ready to take on all comers. Then some Navy pilots from Saratoga visited and gave them some insight into real combat, showing them the greater maneuverability of the Wildcat and the technique of the Thach weave. They continued training on Fiji through autumn of 1942, entertaining several dignitaries in these months, notably WWI ace Eddie Rickenbacker - who had survived 24 days at sea on a raft, AAF chief General Hap Arnold, and a young Texas Congressman named Lyndon B. Johnson.

Aan October 5, Mitchell and eight of his pilots were detached from the 70th for duty on Guadalcanal with the 339th Fighter Squadron. They arrived just in time for the darkest days at Guadalcanal. At one point the Japanese were only 600 feet from their airstrip. The crew chiefs removed the .30 caliber machine guns from some planes, to use in a last-ditch stand. When landing at Henderson Field, the fliers dodged bushes in the runway, held there by brave crewman, to mark the location of shell holes. Several pilots were lost in night landings, due to the dim lights, the frequent storms, and the rough conditions of the strip. Despite flying the inadequate P-39, Mitchell had shot down three Jap planes by early November, and later that month was promoted to Major and CO of the 339th FS.

The arrival of the first P-38 Lightnings overshadowed his promotion. The twin-engined fighters had a top speed of 395 MPH at 25,000 feet and devastating firepower - four .50 caliber machine guns and a 20mm cannon mounted in the nose. Because they could fire straight ahead, rather than in the common converging patterns of wing-mounted guns, they could fire a constant stream of lead that was effective at all ranges up to 1000 yards. The P-38s had some drawbacks: feeble heaters, exhorbitant fuel consumption, and high maintenance (long before Meg Ryan). But the pilots loved the new planes, which inflicted even higher losses on the Japanese.

In December, Tom Lanphier, Rex Barber, Doug Canning, and other pilots of the 70th Squadron came to Guadalcanal, alternating duty with the 339th. Once Canning spotted a Jap freighter in The Slot and arranged a betting pool on which pilot could get the best hit on the ship. He put a 500 lb. bomb through her deck, sank her, and won the pool. In the early part of 1943, the pace of war slackened a little, although Barber and some other 70th pilots sank a destroyer in March.

Back in Hawaii, on April 14, the American code-breakers intercepted the message detailing Yamamoto's itinerary. The decoded and translated message made its way to Washington DC, back to Admiral Nimitz in Hawaii, then Halsey on New Caledonia, and to Mitscher on Guadalcanal. All levels approved the shoot-down mission, and Mitscher assigned it to John Mitchell of the 339th.

The Mission - April 18, 1943

Throughout the wee hours of the morning at Henderson Field, welding torches flamed brilliantly under protective tarpaulins, as the ground crews fitted the large new tanks under the wings of the P-38s. By dawn 18 planes were ready. The pilots ate their usual unsatisfactory breakfast of Spam, dried eggs, and coffee. Mitchell, inwardly doubtful of the mission's chances for success, exuded quiet confidence as he chatted with the fliers and ground crew. His last instructions before the 0700 take-off were to maintain radio silence. The Lightnings roared into life and, before getting airborne, trundled to the end of the runway, being so heavily laden. At take-off McLanahan blew a tire and shortly afterwards Moore's new tanks wouldn't feed. These two 'shooters' dropped out of the mission Hine and Holmes replaced them.

Mitchell's remaining 16 planes thundered along at wavetop level to avoid Japanese spotters. They sped northwest, sweeping widely away from Jap-occupied New Georgia. Mitchell tried to hold the planes at the dangerously low level of thirty feet with only the smooth ocean below, depth perception was almost non-existent. Horrified, Mitchell watched helplessly as one plane dipped low enough to kick up spray onto his windows. But the pilot kept control and eased the big fighter back up out of the waves. By 0800, the American raiders were 285 miles from the planned interception at that minute, Admiral Yamamoto's Betty bomber took off from Rabaul, precisely on time for his scheduled 1000 arrival on Bougainville. His entourage included one other Betty bomber and six Zeros. Yamamoto's chief of staff, Admiral Ugaki, flew in the second bomber.

The sun beat down on the large windows of the Lightnings. Designed for high altitude work, Lockheed had elected not to provide the cockpits with coolers. The pilots sweated profusely in their flying greenhouses and at 0820 changed their heading for the first time, swinging slightly to the north. Half an hour later, when abreast of Vella Lavella, they made their second planned course change, again shifting a little more to the north.

At 0900, Mitchell made their last change, heading northeast, directly toward the coast of Bougainville, only 40 miles away. He also began the slow climb for altitude at this point. The pilots test fired their guns. The minutes ticked away and the Lightnings droned on, climbing as the mountains of Bougainville came into view. 0934 when sharp-eyed Doug Canning called out "Bogeys, eleven o'clock. High." Mitchell couldn't believe it there they were, right on schedule, exactly as planned. The Japanese planes appeared bright and new-looking to the pilots of the 339th. They jettisoned their drop tanks and bored in for the attack. Holmes and Hine had trouble with their tanks, only Barber and Lanphier of the killer group went after the Japanese bombers. All the other P-38s followed their instructions to fly cover.

The attack itself has been shrouded in uncertainty and, unfortunately, in controversy. Both Lanphier and Barber claimed one bomber shot down over the jungles of Bougainville. Frank Holmes claimed another shot down over the water a few minutes later. From Japanese records and survivors, among them Admiral Ugaki, the following facts are certain. Only two Betty bombers were involved Yamamoto's was shot down over Bougainville with no survivors the second went into the ocean and Ugaki lived to tell about it. Shortly after the attack, a Japanese search party located the wreckage, including the Admiral's body, which they ceremonially cremated.

The Lightnings had waded into the Japanese flight, pouring forth their deadly streams of lead. In the manner of all aerial combat, the fight was brief, high-speed, and confused. The individual pilots recorded their impressions for the Air Combat Intelligence officers it wasn't until long after the war that anyone realized their claims for three bombers had been overstated.

The pilots uneventfully flew back to Guadalcanal, where upon landing, the ground personnel greeted them gleefully, like a winning football team. While Lanphier and Barber briefly disagreed about the air battle, all was subsumed in the generally celebratory atmosphere. Lanphier later recalled enjoying his best meal of the war that night. The controversy has continued down to the present day. Read more about the "Who Shot Yamamoto?" on the Tom Lanphier page.

For Mitchell and the other participants, the war was over. They knew far too much to risk them in front line action. All were promptly sent stateside for training and other assignments. There were among a handful of army fliers to receive the Navy Cross for their achievement. (Although Mitchell later shot down three more planes over Japan, while flying P-51s for the 15th and 21st Fighter Groups.)

Korean War

Mitchell flew again in the Korean War, taking over the 51st FIW for Gabby Gabreski in June, 1952. He shot down 4 MiGs in Korea. Among his other challenges as CO was controlling the "flight suit" mentality of his fliers, who bent all the rules in their desire to "kill MiGs." Things came to a head when Lt. Col. Edwn Heller of the 16th FIS was shot down on the wrong side of the Yalu. As Robert Dorr describes it in Korean War Aces, "Mitchell was madder than any colonel the pilot had ever seen." Mitchell and General Barcus made a lot of personnel changes and even attempted to strip on pilot, Capt. Dolph Overton, of his ace status.

He was awarded the Navy Cross, the Army Distinguished Service Cross and many other awards. He retired as a Colonel after 23 years of all fighter unit service. He died on November 15, 1995 .

An account of the longest fighter intercept mission in history, the American mission to shoot down the aircraft carrying Japan's greatest admiral. Presents evidence on the controversy over which pilot actually shot down the plane, and includes interviews with members of the P-38 Lightning squadron. Includes b&w photos.


Kyk die video: МотоМукачево Ловачка (Januarie 2022).