Geskiedenis Podcasts

Eastport- AK - Geskiedenis

Eastport- AK - Geskiedenis

Eastport II

(AK: Ibp. 345 '; b. 49'10 "; dr. 23'8"; s. 9 k .; cpl. 70)

Die tweede Eastport (nr. 3342) is in Augustus 1918 gebou deur Osaka Iron Works Co., Inneshima, Japan; omskep deur Puget Sound Navy Yard, oorgeplaas na die vloot deur die Shipping Board 18 Oktober 1918; en dieselfde dag in opdrag, kommandant luitenant G. F. Swanson, USNRF, in bevel.

Op 'n seiljag vanaf Puget Found Navy Yard, 29 Oktober 1918, het Eastport op 30 November 1918 in Valparaiso aangekom met 'n vrag coke en dit verruil vir een van Chileense nitraat wat sy afgelewer het in Jacksonville, Fla., 26 Januarie 1919. Sy laai katoen en ander vrag by Galveston en het die Atlantiese Oseaan oorgesteek vanaf Norfolk, aangekom by Le Havre 4 April.

Op die 30ste het sy na New Orleans begin, besig om by Cardiff af te koel en die gestremde NOTS -vragskip West Grama op pad te help. Sy het op 15 Junie in New Orleans aangekom. Eastport is op 19 Junie 1919 uit diens gestel en is dieselfde dag na die skeepsraad teruggestuur.


'N Uitsig oor Eastport, met die ou blikkies sardientjies, die Tides Institute en Museum of Art, 'n voormalige bank, 'n nuwe restaurant en meer. (Met vergunning van Tides Institute en Museum of Art)

Die Boston Wêreld het die naweek 'n storie gehad oor die stad wat nooit te sê het nie, Eastport, Maine. Soos ons die afgelope paar jaar aanlyn geskryf het, en in hierdie tydskrifverhaal vroeg in 2014, balanseer Eastport die probleme en die geleenthede van sy ongewone ligging, aan die noordoostelike uiterste van Down East Maine, oor 'n seestraat van Campobello Island in Kanada .

Moeilikheid: dit is so ver van enige ander plek. Dit is twee uur per motor vanaf Bangor, vier plus van Portland. Geleentheid: die verre omgewing is so ongerepte en pragtig, en so naby aan die gety-kragpotensiaal van die Baai van Fundy as die toeristiese en mariene-ekonomiese potensiaal van die see.

Moeilikheid: daar is so min mense, ongeveer 1300, wat armer en ouer is as die gemiddelde, selfs in 'n toestand wat oor die algemeen arm is en met die hoogste gemiddelde ouderdom van alle state is. Geleentheid: soveel van hierdie min mense was so vindingryk om kunsverwante, gevorderde tegnologie, ontspannings-, omgewings- en ander moontlike toekoms vir hul stad te ondersoek.

In die middestad van Eastport, met die ineengestorte golfbreker aan die regterkant, kyk dit vanuit die Commons -gebou in die middel van die stad (James Fallows / The Atlantic)

Die Wêreld volg op 'n wending in die Eastport -ekonomie wat ek vroeg in September aangemeld het: die manier waarop die gevolge van die oorlogvoering in Sirië selfs hierdie oënskynlik geïsoleerde plek bereik het, plus hoe die ongeluk van 'n ineenstortende ondergang die stad se pogings bemoeilik het. Lees werd, vir die kombinasie van swaarkry en hoop, en ook vir die baie goeie foto's en grafiese illustrasie van die swanger-koei-handel.

As deel van die Eastport-verhaal is dit ook die moeite werd om hierdie stuk van Deb vroeg in September te besoek, oor die verrassend ambisieuse en grootskaalse kunstenaars in 'n klein dorpie. Onder ander karakters ontmoet u Jenie Smith, die nefroloog wat as 'n koffiekroeg eienaar dien (en wat ons die eerste keer as verhoogbestuurder by die plaaslike speelhuis gesien het tydens 'n produksie van Die Glass Menagerie). Sy bied 'n mooi slotaanhaling in die Wêreld stuk. Ook Richelle Gribelle, hieronder getoon, deel van die kunstenaar-in-koshuis-program in die stad.

Richelle Gribelle, van Kalifornië, tydens haar tyd as kunstenaar-in-koshuis in Eastport hierdie herfs (James Fallows)

Sterkte en voorspoed vir die plaaslike patriotte van Eastport, veral nou as nog 'n winter aanbreek.

Susters oorspronklik uit Darfoer, hervestig in Sioux Falls, Suid -Dakota. Die jong dame aan die linkerkant was 'n trotse lid van die openbare hoërskool ROTC. Deborah Fallows / die Atlantiese Oseaan

Deb Fallows het 'n nuwe pos oor wat eintlik betrokke is by die vestiging van immigrante uit Sirië - of Somalië of Kongo of Bhoetan - in die Amerikaanse stede wat die voortou geneem het. Dit is gebaseer op ons beriggewing in Sioux Falls, Burlington, Erie, Fresno, Dodge City en elders. Ek moedig u aan om dit oor algemene beginsels te lees, en om hierdie bykomende redes:

1. Meer en meer 'n as in hierdie veldtog, en in die voortdurende stryd om te bepaal wat vir Amerika volgende gaan gebeur, is 'n meningsverskil oor die vraag of Amerika beter is as 'n meer ras- en kultureel uiteenlopend die samelewing, of as een meer "tradisionele" homogene samelewing.

In vergelyking met die meeste ander ontwikkelde samelewings, is Amerikaners meer pro-diversiteit. Dit is wat 'n groot wêreldwye opname van Pew vanjaar bevind het:

Maar binne die Verenigde State is die ondersteuners van die Demokrate/Clinton dramaties gemakliker met hierdie soort verandering as Republikeine en Trump -ondersteuners. Uit 'n ander Pew -opname:

As u hierdie verskille wil sien, nooi ek u uit om die kommentaarafdeling van Deb se jongste pos (versigtig) te besoek, waarin sommige mense die bedreiging van buitestaanders beledig en ander hulle verwelkom.

2. Ons ervaring regoor die land was dat die meer mense word blootgestel aan immigrante en vlugtelinge, die hulle is minder paniekerig oor hulle. Ek sal nie nou probeer om u 'n verwysings-en-gekoppelde bewys daarvan te gee nie, alhoewel ek 'n skakel na hierdie video sal gee. Ek sal sê dat dit 'n kragtige, konsekwente indruk is - en dat u byvoorbeeld Donald Trump 'n lustiger gejuig sal hoor vir 'Bou die muur!' in New Hampshire of Iowa as in Texas of Kalifornië.

Ek sal ook hierdie onlangse stuk in die NYT van Garden City, Kansas, waar ons ook tyd deurgebring het. Dit handel oor die onlangse wit-nasionalistiese komplot om Somaliese vlugtelinge en immigrante daar aan te val. Die tema, soortgelyk aan wat ons gesien het, was dat die gemeenskap self sy nuwe lede opneem, maar mense van elders besluit om hierdie uitheemse 'bedreiging' te hanteer.

(Ter wille van die rekord en vir latere bespreking: Somaliërs en Soedanese is meer voor die hand liggende buitestaanders in die weste van Kansas as die Mexikaanse en ander Latino -immigrante wat al geslagte lank daar is. Die Somaliërs en Soedanese kom meer as losstaande jong mans aan, eerder as in gesinne. Hulle het baie minder 'n gevestigde gemeenskap om aan te sluit. Hulle is hoofsaaklik Moslem en dus meer godsdienstig vreemd as die hoofsaaklik Katolieke immigrante uit Latyns. Die taalkundige en kulturele gaping is groter. Tog: dit was nie mense in Garden City self nie wat besluit het om teen hulle te beplan.)

3. Die voormalige Wall Street -figuur, nou fotograaf en skrywer (insluitend vir Die Atlantiese Oseaan) Chris Arnade het 'n reeks reise deur die land onderneem wat 'n soort sinusgolf is wat ek en Deb doen. Hy dramatiseer die mense wat seergemaak en weggelaat is deur ekonomiese polarisasie, waarvan ons hulle bewus was, maar het ook gepraat oor die mense wat 'n pad vorentoe probeer vind. Dit is twee dele van 'n komplekse moderne geheel. Ons sienings oor die immigrasiefront is meer direk kongruent as oor ander onderwerpe. U kan daaroor lees in 'n tweet -reeks deur hom, hier begin.

Kort weergawe: ons sê almal dat as u meer aangemoedig wil voel oor die moontlikhede in hierdie land, doen wat in die meeste tydperke van ons geskiedenis waar was: praat met mense wat geveg het om dit die arena te maak vir hul gesin se toekoms .

4. Ek en Deb bespreek môreoggend, 30 Oktober, hierdie kwessies en ander, regstreeks van 08:30 tot 9:15, op C-Span's Washington Journal, met Steve Scully (wat self van Erie afkomstig is). Ons gaan op dieselfde tyd as die Marine Corps Marathon, wat ek vroeër in die vroeë dae gehardloop het, net voor die wedstryd Redskins-Bengals uit Londen.

Ann Coulter, wie se siening oor Amerika se toekoms en immigrasie ... ietwat anders is, sal ook môre verskyn, maar nie terselfdertyd nie.

Die binneland van Amerika was opwindend vir Albert Bierstadt en die verbeeldingryke landskapskilders van die 19de eeu. Dit is nuut opwindend, op 'n ander manier. ('Onder die Sierra Nevada -berge', Albert Bierstadt, 1868, Smithsonian Institute, via Wikimedia)

1) Ontmoet die pers -podcast. Gistermiddag het ek met Chuck Todd gepraat vir sy podcast, die segment het vandag opgegaan, en u kan dit hier op Soundcloud of vanaf die MTP -webwerf vind.

Ons het hoofsaaklik gepraat oor die verkiesing, immigrasie, die siklusse van klaswrywing deur die Amerikaanse geskiedenis, die strategiese en ekonomiese implikasies van TPP, ensovoorts. Maar naby die einde, Chuck (wat ek ken uit sy dae as redakteur van Blitslyn, deel van die Atlantiese Oseaan kombineer) het my gevra waar ek volgende wil woon.

Die uitgangspunt was: oor die jare het my vrou Deb en ek, plus ons kinders toe hulle klein was, in 'n reeks vreemde plekke gewoon en berig oor wat interessant lyk. Wat en waar sou die volgende interessant wees?

Ek het nie die vraag verwag nie en net sonder om te dink, "die binneland van die Verenigde State."

Met 'binneland' bedoel ek 'n afkorting vir die ander plekke as die handjievol groot kusstede wat die media -bewustheid en die gevoel van chique oorheers: Boston na DC aan die ooskus, Seattle na LA in die weste, 'n vergunning van Miami en San Diego, en 'n klompie ander. Hierdie media-gedagtekaart skep basies 'n prentjie van die Verenigde State asof dit Australië was, terwyl die aksie langs die rand gebeur.

'N Gevoel van opgewondenheid oor die res van die land weerspieël natuurlik wat Deb en ek die afgelope paar jaar op ons reise aangemeld het, maar dit is iets wat ek sterker glo, hoe meer ek sien. As u met groot oë deur die land reis en hoofsaaklik afgestem is van die nasionale politieke nuus, sou u dink dat dit 'n groot, interessante, uiteenlopende beskawing is in die proses om die vele kwale van die era te hanteer en op te los.

Aangesien ek nie die vraag verwag het nie, het Chuck nie die antwoord verwag nie, maar ons het ingestem en het voortgegaan met sommige van die politieke en ekonomiese gevolge daarvan.

2) Volgende ronde van Knight Challenge. Een van die vele onderwaardeerde aspekte van 'binnelandse Amerika' is die oorvleuelende netwerk van organisasies en individue wat werk aan burgerverbeteringspogings. Verlede week, in Birmingham, Alabama, het ek en Deb mense van regoor die land ontmoet wat betrokke was by die 'Doelgeboude gemeenskappe'. Gedurende die maande het ons hul eweknieë ontmoet van NeighborWorks America, van ArtPlace America, van die National League of Cities, die Urban Libraries Council, MakerFaire and the Maker Movement, Main Street America sentrum, en vele ander. Baie hande, baie kragte, trek in 'n soortgelyke rigting. Hulle sien toenemend die resonansie in hul verbonde werke.

Van die vele stigtings en liefdadigheidsorganisasies wat in hierdie koninkryk werk, is 'n belangrike program die The Knight Cities Challenge, uit die Community -program van die Knight Foundation of Miami. Ses maande gelede het ek geskryf oor sommige van die 37 wenners van die 2016 Cities Challenge-toekennings, wat altesaam $ 5 miljoen aan toelaes vir burgerverbeterings gedeel het.

Aansoeke en nominasies vir die 2017 -toelaes is oop nog 'n week. U het volgende middag Donderdag, 3 November, tot Oos -tyd tyd om aansoek te doen namens u buurt, burgerlike organisasie of gemeenskap. Besonderhede hier. Dit is 'n goeie program en die moeite werd om na te kyk.

RJ Messenger (links), suksesvolle Erie -entrepreneur, by die Radius CoWork -ruimte in die sentrum van Erie. Nicolas Pollock / The Atlantic

Ek hoop u kyk na die tweede in die reeks kortfilms Die Atlantiese Die videospan het met my en my vrou Deb gedoen, aangesien ons gedurende die verkiesingsjaar deur die land was. Die eerste in die reeks is hier, en my item wat dit beskryf, is hier.

Beide hierdie video's, vervaardig deur Die Atlantiese Nic Pollock, is bedoel om kwessies wat op die nasionale veldtog prominent is, te pas by hul gevolge van stad tot stad. Hierdie een het tonele uit drie stede wat ekonomiese en sosiale ontwrigtings hanteer: Erie, Pennsylvania Dodge City, Kansas en Fresno, Kalifornië.

U kan self sien wat dit wys. Maar vir my is 'n baie kragtige tema die generasie -kontras wat ons telkens in die land teëgekom het.

Die ergste in Erie: mense in die 50's en 60's, of ouer, het grootgeword en 'n vaste werk in 'n groot fabriek verwag. Die laaste van die reuse -fabrieke gaan stadig toe - dit stuur die meeste van sy werksgeleenthede nie na Mexiko of China nie, maar na (snak) Texas - en mense wat daar gewerk het, is bedroef. Mense in hul twintigs en dertigs het nooit verwag dat hulle die werk sou hê nie en reageer anders. Soos u sal sien:

Om 'n punt uit te brei wat ons sedert 2013 sonder ophou deur hierdie verslae gemaak het, en in my voorbladverhaal vroeër vanjaar, is die ontwrigtings, die polarisasie, die pyn en die woede van Amerika se tweede vergulde tydperk werklik. Maar wat ook werklik is, is die gevoel in baie (natuurlik nie alle) dele van die land dat 'n reaksie moontlik is nie, dat hulle agente van hul eie lot en die van hul gemeenskap kan wees, in plaas van net voorwerpe om buitemagte te verpletter.

Dit is een van die motiewe wat u in hierdie video sal sien. Dit raak verskeie ander waaroor ons gereed is om weer te begin skryf (soos hier uiteengesit), as hierdie verkiesingsveldtog ooit eindig en as ek weer beheer oor my lewe kry: die omvang van die innoverende pogings in Erie, die omvang van die middestad herontwikkelingskemas in Fresno en die impak van tegniese sentrums soos Bitwise (wie se medestigter u in die film sal sien) die dramatiese stap wat Dodge City jare gelede geneem het met sy veldtog "Why Not Dodge", wat nou sulke gevolge het.

Voorlopig nog 'n blik op die vorige video in hierdie reeks, oor die verskil tussen 'bou 'n muur op nasionale vlak'. woede waarmee immigrasie bespreek word en die rustiger toon op die plekke waar 'n groot aantal immigrante en vlugtelinge eintlik opgeneem word:

Nasionale politiek hierdie siklus laat my erger voel. Blootstelling aan die land buite die politiek behoort iemand beter te laat voel. Daar is baie aan die gang.

Entrepreneur Alicia De La Torre, van Dodge City, Kansas Nicolas Pollock / The Atlantic

Die afgelope jaar plus my vrou Deb en ek het aangevoer dat die "bou 'n muur!" -Styl teen immigrasie in Republikeinse partypolitiek nie ooreenstem met die lewende werklikheid van die dele van die Verenigde State waar immigrasie die grootste en duidelikste effek.

Dit is deel van die saak wat ek in Maart in 'n voorbladverhaal gemaak het waaroor ek in Julie in Dodge City, Kansas, geskryf het en wat Deb in Augustus besoek het aan 'n Siriese vlugtelinggesin in Erie, Pennsylvania. Deur die Amerikaanse geskiedenis was immigrasie altyd ontwrigtend - in baie periodes baie meer ontwrigtend as wat dit nou is. Byna elke punt in sy geskiedenis het mense wat reeds teenwoordig was, die groep wat die laaste tyd aangekom het, as 'anders' en 'erger' beskou as die groepe wat voorheen geassimileer en in die algemeen daarin geslaag het. Maar in vergelyking met die meeste ander samelewings, is die proses van assimilasie steeds kwaai in die Verenigde State, en algeheel (soos ek elders aanvoer) was die land se enorme voordeel.

Die video -span van die Atlantic het 'n uitstekende videobehandeling van hierdie tema aangebied. Dit is vervaardig deur Nic Pollock en is hierdie somer geskiet in Dodge City, Erie, en ook die San Joaquin -vallei van Kalifornië rondom Fresno.

Ek sal binnekort meer te sê hê oor die video en die tema, maar vir eers sê ek: ek hoop dat u dit sal kyk. Dit is die eerste van 'n reeks video's wat ooreenstem met retoriek op nasionale vlak oor 'n verkiesingsjaarkwessie en die stad-vir-stad-realiteit van hierdie moeilike vrae. Ek hoop dat u dit interessant vind - en, wel, ontroerend, soos ons gedoen het by die ontmoeting met die gesinne wat u hier sien.

Dink weer aan die werklike mense wat u in hierdie video sien, soos ek en Deb nie kan help nie, terwyl u na die volgende toespraak 'bou 'n muur' luister.

Hierdie skermkiekie uit die video is ('n goeie) deel van die ervaring op die gebied van verslagdoening, in hierdie geval by me. De La Torre tortilleria. By my is Ernestor De La Rosa, die stadsadministrateur in Dodge City oor wie ek hier geskryf het.

Nicolas Pollock / The Atlantic

Deel van die ou vervaardigingsgang in Erie, Pennsylvania. In baie van hierdie geboue word steeds vervaardig, en die stad is besig om 'n ingrypende plan vir ekonomiese en burgerlike herlewing te oorweeg. James Fallows

Nie om te veel te verpersoonlik nie, maar ek voel asof my lewe die afgelope paar weke die argument wat ek en Deb Debut gemaak het tydens ons American Futures-reise weergee.

As ek in die nasionale politiek gewikkel was-wat saak maak!-deur middel van tydskrifartikels, of die Trump Time Capsules of Trump Nation-reeks, voel ek heeltemal die verwikkeldheid en die stryd wat hierdie veldtog as 'n hele.

Maar dan kan ek en Deb teruggaan na verslagdoening oor die aspekte van die huidige Amerikaanse lewe ander as die nasionale politieke stryd, en vind dat hulle selfs nou nog steeds verbasend positief bly. ('Positief' in dieselfde sin as wat ek in Maart in my voorbladverhaal aangevoer het: die land het groot probleme, maar in die grootste deel van die land voel mense asof hulle vorentoe beweeg eerder as agteruit hulle.)

Twee voorbeelde: Verlede week op hierdie tydstip was ek in Fresno, Kalifornië, en praat met verteenwoordigers van die California Partnership vir die San Joaquin -vallei oor die manier waarop hul samewerkingspogings ooreenstem met patrone wat ons elders in die land gesien het, van Maine tot Mississippi. Ek het ook die kans gekry om te sien hoe ver en vinnig die vordering met die herontwikkeling van Fresno se historiese Fulton Street Mall gevorder het, waarvan u oor die jare kan lees oor hoe u hier en hier begin. Die een hartseer opmerking in Fresno is dat Peeve's Pub, wie se stigter Craig Scharton 'n sentrale figuur was in die herverbeelding van homself, en wie se ups en downs ek probeer vertel het, in 'n afwaartse fase is en sy deure gesluit het . Dit word gemis.

Vanmiddag is ek in Erie, Pennsylvania-wat ek wil komplimenteer deur dit as 'n Fresno van die ooste te beskou-vir die 'Metro 100' konferensie oor die toekoms van die stad, saam aangebied deur Erie's Jefferson Educational Society en die Erie County Gaming Revenue Authority (wat ek in 'n vorige pos behandel het). Die konferensie word gevolg deur 'n aandbyeenkoms van die Jefferson oor die daadwerklike implementering van Erie se nuwe burgerlike herlewingsplan. As jy in die omgewing is, kom gerus!

As 'Moenie wanhoop nie!' let op myself tydens die uiterste van hierdie presidensiële veldtog as 'n gedagte-organiseerder voor die middag se konferensie in Erie en as 'n blik op lesers van die rykdom van wat ek en Deb in die land gevind het, hier is 'n voorbeeld van die dinge wat ons al sou geskryf het as die veldtog my brein nie vernietig nie, en wat ons sal bereik sodra dit verby is.

Van Erie en sy omgewing:

  • die geskiedenis van hierdie Jefferson Society, wat 'n baie ongewone rol speel wat 'n voorbeeld kan stel vir ander stede met soortgelyke uitdagings
  • die strukturele wreedheid van die befondsingsstelsel vir die openbare skole van Erie, wat 'n skande vir die staat Pennsylvania moet wees en 'n waarskuwende voorbeeld is vir ander dele van die land
  • die rol van 'n tegniese koöperasie genaamd Radius CoWork, en wat dit gedoen het om nuwe ondernemingsmoontlikhede oop te maak in 'n stad wat van sy swaar vervaardigings-, GE-oorheersde era afskuif
  • hoe die plaaslike Behrend-kampus van Penn State saam met gevorderde vervaardigingsaanlegte in die streek gewerk het om plaaslike werkers met vaardige werk met hoër loon te verbind
  • hoe 'n spesifieke plaaslike vervaardiger van hoë waarde gegroei en gedy het
  • waarom die onderneming wat nou die grootste privaat werkgewer van die stad is, Erie Insurance, in die omgewing gebly het en 'n groot deel van die middestad herontwikkel het
  • hoe 'n publikasie wat as 'n plaaslike alt-weekblad begin het, ontwikkel het
  • en 'n paar ander dinge.

Daar is 'n soortgelyke lys komende verhale uit die weste van Kansas, insluitend die verrassende gevolge van die "Why not Dodge?" veldtog in Dodge City, en die groei van plaaslike distilleerderye en brouerye daar. En meer uit Alabama, Texas, en verder.

Ek sê vir myself, met 27 dae oor tot die verkiesing, moenie wanhoop nie! Beter dinge gebeur as wat die nuus oorheers - en het my eie onlangse uitset oorheers. Ek sê ook vir lesers: Moenie wanhoop nie! Sal binnekort meer bewyse vir die bewering lewer.

Intussen sien ons julle vanaand in Erie.

'N Samewerking van biblioteke en gemeenskappe regoor die land Outside The Lines

Tydens ons American Futures -toer deur die land die afgelope drie jaar, het ek en Jim biblioteke gesien, die een na die ander, om die mense in hul gemeenskappe te betrek. Dit werk soms op 'n verrassende en taamlik onbiblioteekagtige manier, ten minste volgens tradisionele maatreëls.

Byvoorbeeld, biblioteke word kantore vir entrepreneurs en nuwe ondernemings. Dit is veilige plekke vir kinders en bied soms huiswerk onder toesig en selfs maaltye onder toesig. Bibliotekarisse leer hoe om kliënte te help met gesondheidskwessies en persoonlike finansiële uitdagings.

Biblioteke is spilpunte van tegnologie, van biblioteekgebruikers om dokumente te druk tot die borg van Maker Spaces. En dit is sentrums vir die gemeenskap, wat ruimte bied vir burgerskapklasse of 'n hoek vir saadleningsprogramme vir ywerige tuiniers.

Hierdie week is meer as 250 biblioteke en organisasies regoor die land, en eintlik die hele wêreld, besig om die boodskap oor die nuwe relevansie van biblioteke in mense se gemeenskappe en lewens uit te saai.

Buite die lyne is 'n week lange viering van kreatiewe biblioteekgebeurtenisse en -ervarings om biblioteke aan hul gemeenskappe bekend te stel of weer bekend te stel. Die idee het ontstaan ​​uit 'n samewerking tussen passievolle Colorado -biblioteekdirekteure en -bemarkers, waaronder die Colorado State Library en Anythink Libraries, 'n openbare biblioteekstelsel in Adams County, Colorado, het Erica Grossman van Anythink aan my beskryf.

Hier is 'n paar van die idees waarmee biblioteke hierdie jaar vorendag gekom het:

Verf Strong Orlando (met vergunning Outside The Lines)

Die Orange County Library System in Orlando help die gemeenskap om te genees. Die biblioteek en 'n sakeman van 'n plaaslike kunsvoorraadwinkel bied Paint Strong Orlando, 'n openbare kunsuitstalling, aan.

Fietsryers in Colorado -parke, met biblioteekkaarte (met vergunning buite die lyne)

In Colorado werk die Colorado Parks and Wildlife saam met die staatsbiblioteke sodat stappers 'n weekpas na die parke van die staat kan besoek by hul plaaslike biblioteek, plus 'n rugsak, verkyker en parkinligting. Dié poging het in Junie begin.

Bier en boeke in Vermillion, Suid -Dakota (met vergunning Outside the Lines)

En my persoonlike gunsteling, waar Jim se wêreld en myne bots: Vermillion, Suid-Dakota, bied 'n bier-en-boeke-geleentheid aan. Gaan na die biertuin van die biblioteek (!) Om 'n handwerkbier te gryp en ontmoet die nuwe biblioteekdirekteur. Dis Vrydag moet dit nie misloop nie!

'N Cowboy met sy kudde in Maine, op pad na Turkye. met vergunning van Quoddy Tides

Gisteraand het my vrou Deb 'n verslag opgestel met die naam "Little Town, Big Art." Dit gaan oor hoe 'n verrassend ambisieuse poging in The Arts - skilderkuns, beeldhouwerk, fotografie, drama, musiek, feeste (soos die Pirate Festival wat die naweek aan die gang is), ens. - 'n baie klein plek 'n baie groter ekonomiese en kulturele teenwoordigheid as dit gegee het andersins sou gehad het.

Hier is 'n opvolgbrief oor 'n minder kunssinnige aspek van dieselfde plek, Eastport, Maine. Soos ek in hierdie artikel 'The World Comes to a Tiny Town' genoem het, was een van die maniere waarop hierdie deel van Down East Maine met die wêreld verbind was, deur dragtige koeie oor die Atlantiese Oseaan te vervoer, hoofsaaklik na Turkye. Daardie onderneming het nog 'n slagoffer geword van die gruwelike oorlogvoering in Sirië en die uitwerking daarvan op Turkye.

Bob Godfrey van Eastport, een van wie se loopbaan as fotograaf was, stuur 'n e -pos oor die soort verrassing wat die dragtige beeste na sy stad gebring het:

In my Indiana fotografie besigheid was my grootste kliënt 'n dier farmaseutiese onderneming. As gevolg hiervan het ek baie beeste geneem. Min het ek geweet dat daar in Eastport tienduisende beeste deur hierdie klein plek sou kom.

Eendag, 'n paar jaar gelede, was ek besig om koffie te drink, voor die venster by die Happy Crab, toe ek 'n swart Angus agter die biblioteek sien hardloop! Ek het nie Ierse koffie gedrink nie.

'N Cowboy het by die wal langs die WaCo Diner opgedaag, die koei gegooi en dit vasgedruk. Verskeie mans het die dier op 'n palet gerol, 'n vurkhyser het die palet op 'n platwa gesleep, en die bakkie is teruggery na die hawe.

Blykbaar kan selfs beeste 'n tweede gedagte hê oor die oorsteek van die see.

Sy briefie was getiteld "die teësinnige beesse matroos". Geen groter punt nie, net 'n deel van die verrassings van ons uitgestrekte land - en 'n rede om weer na Deb se nuwe stuk te verwys. Baie sterkte aan Eastporters vir die naweek se seerowerfees.

Die koei se beoogde wegbreekroete, verby die Peavey -biblioteek aan die linkerkant. (James Fallows)

Eastport sentrum, van bo, tydens ons vorige besoek James Fallows

Vroeg in 2014 het ek 'n tydskrifartikel geskryf oor die 1300 inwoners van Eastport, Maine, met die titel "The Little Town That Might." Die tema was dat hierdie klein nedersetting, op die verste uiterste van Down East Maine, net 'n kilometer oor 'n seestraat van die beroemde Campobello -eiland in Kanada, op alle denkbare maniere probeer om 'n lewensvatbare ekonomiese en kulturele toekoms vir homself uit te dink.

Dit het baie belê in die hawe van die diep water (vanweë die Maine-fjorde, dit is die diepste aan die Amerikaanse Atlantiese kus) om vervoer na kliënte regoor die wêreld te hanteer. Dit was 'n kuns- en toerismesentrum, insluitend walviskyk en ander ekotoerisme-aktiwiteite langs die skouspelagtige kus.

Head Harbor Light, aan die oostelike punt van Campobello Island naby Eastport (James Fallows)

Dit was besig om 'n belangrike salmboerdery te word, benewens die kreef- en sint-jakobssnywerhede. 'N Onvermoeide groep plaaslike burgers het planne nagestreef om pragtige, maar versplinterde geboue in die middestad te herontwikkel. En verder deur 'n lys waaroor u in daardie artikel kan lees en 'n aantal gepaardgaande plasings.

Daar was nog 'n element in die portefeulje van Eastport -ambisies: 'n plan om elektrisiteit op te wek uit die kragtige strome van sy Passamaquoddy- en Cobscook -baaie, wat na die aangrensende en beroemde getybaai van Fundy vloei.

Reeds voordat hy president geword het, het Franklin Roosevelt-wat die omgewing geken het van kinderjare besoeke aan die gesin se somerhuis op Campobello-goedgekeur vir die skep van gety-kragstelsels in Eastport en naby Lubec. As president het hy WPA -befondsing gemagtig vir die damme en kragsentrales wat die Passamaquoddy Bay Tidal Power Project sou uitmaak. Teenstanders van die kongres het die finansiering gestaak voordat die projek voltooi is. Maar die damme en dyke is nog steeds daar, tesame met sommige van die huise wat die WPA gebou het, wat dan vir 'n jeugopleidingsentrum gebruik is en as militêre behuising tydens die Tweede Wêreldoorlog.

Natuurlik is die getye nog steeds daar, en in Eastport het 'n groep genaamd die Ocean Renewable Power Company (ORPC) groot onderzeese turbines getoets, soos die hieronder getoon, om laekoste hernubare krag uit die getystroom te genereer.

Turbine Generator Unit (TGU) van Ocean Renewable Power Company. Die turbines, wat van saamgestelde materiale gemaak is om korrosie te weerstaan, draai soos paddlewiele om elektrisiteit op te wek. Omdat water 800 keer digter is as lug, kan dit proporsioneel meer energie opvang as soortgelyke turbines in die wind. (ORPC foto)

Toe ons Eastport die eerste keer besoek het, was hierdie groot turbines en die geel rame waarmee dit aan die seebodem vasgesteek was, in 'n droë dok, om ondersoek te word na hul lang proeflopie in die water. Sedertdien het ORPC sy komponente in Maine, Alaska en elders getoets. Die doel van die toetse, het ek vandag in 'n oproep met Bob Lewis, die bedryfsdirekteur van die ORPC en die hoofveiligheidsbeampte gesê, was om ingenieursvraagstukke te verfyn eerder as om enige fundamentele konseptuele of wetenskaplike vrae op te los. Die onderneming het ook uitgebreide toetse gedoen om te verseker dat daar saam met salm en ander wild in hul gebiede bestaan.

ORPC se drywende TidGen -stelsel (ORPC) Twee dae gelede, net toe ons Eastport verlaat ná ons laaste besoek, het die Amerikaanse departement van energie aangekondig dat ORPC 'n toelaag van $ 5,3 miljoen (as deel van 'n groter $ 20 miljoen -program) gewen het om sy jongste te ondersteun 'TidGen'-projek vir MHK (mariene en hidro-kinetiese) energie. Hierdie nuwe projek verskil in drywende bo-op vinnig bewegende water, eerder as om op die seebodem geanker te word. (Die skematiese regs toon die swewende model.) "Dit maak dit moontlik om in die voordeligste waterkolom te plaas," het Bob Lewis aan my gesê. As 'n gesamentlike verklaring van die senatore van Maine, die Republikein Susan Collins en Independent Angus King, het gesê:

Die toekenning is bedoel om ORPC te help om die prestasie te verbeter en sy TidGen® Power System te kommersialiseer deur verskeie gevorderde komponenttegnologieë te integreer. Hierdie projek, wat op 11 vorige ontplooiings in die water gebaseer is, sal verbeterings integreer in 'n kommersieel lewensvatbare en gesertifiseerde gety-kragstelsel.

Die nuwe drywende ontwerp van die toestel sal die turbine naby die oppervlak beweeg om hoër vloedsnelhede vas te lê en dit sal help om die installasie- en waterkoste te verminder, wat uiteindelik die energiekoste verlaag.

Dit is die manier waarop die revolusie van skoner energie regoor die wêreld plaasvind: projek vir projek, verbetering deur verbetering, klein ingenieursverbeterings wat beduidende stappe in die praktiese vooruitgang beteken.

Daar gebeur meer, ten goede en ten kwade, in Eastport, soos ons in komende verslae sal probeer verduidelik - verweef met meer uit Erie, Pennsylvania en Dodge City, Kansas. Die prentjie heel bo in hierdie berig is 'n aanduiding van een van die dinge wat vir Eastport slegter gegaan het. Op die openingsfoto sien u 'n golfbreker en pier wat belangrike dele van Eastport se ekonomie en sy kultuur was. 'N Aanlegplek vir die beskerming van cruiseskepe vir plaaslike bote, selfs 'n plek vir dagvisvang - dit was wat die breekwater beteken:

Die golfbreker in Eastport, twee jaar gelede (James Fallows)

In Desember 2014, net soos Eastport besluit het om herstelwerk aan die golfbreker toe te staan, het dit skielik in duie gestort, baie bote beskadig en hierdie deel van die hawe toegemaak. Toe ons verlede week besoek het, was herstelwerk nog aan die gang:

Die golfbreker in Eastport word herstel, anderhalf jaar nadat dit meegegee het (James Fallows)

Die doel is om weer aan die begin van die volgende somer se seisoen oop te maak - vir hengelaars, plesiervaartuie, vaartuie en die normale lewe van die hawe. Meer vooruit, oor die suksesse en terugslae van stede soos Eastport, maar op die oomblik is ons bly om te weet van hierdie goeie nuus vir ORPC.

Getygronde wat deel sou wees van die New Quaddy Tidal Power-plan van die New Deal-era. (James Fallows)

Eastport, Maine, 'die klein stadjie', waar ons terug is om terug te kyk na 'n stad wat homself wil herskep. James Fallows

Ek en my vrou Deb is hierdie week weer onderweg, maar as 'n herinnering aan die deurlopende tema:

  • People across the country are aware of the serious economic, political, cultural, social, public-health, infrastructure, environmental, and other problems of contemporary America during this Second Gilded Age but
  • in most parts of the country, the possibility of dealing with those problems seems closer at hand, and more encouraging, than it does in national politics.

1. Syrian Refugees in Erie. Two weeks ago, Donald Trump gave a big, angry speech in Erie, Pennsylvania, about the economic decline of the area and the threat posed in particular by Syrian refugees. Just after that, Deb spent time with a Syrian refugee family in Erie. You can read her report here.

The more we have traveled in parts of America that are actively undergoing ethnic and cultural change—whether western Kansas with its Latino immigrants, or South Dakota with its refugee arrivals, or Allentown, Pennsylvania, as it shifts from Pennsylvania Dutch to Latino, or Holland, Michigan, as it shifts from Dutch-Dutch to a more varied population—the more frequently we have witnessed the ongoing power of the American assimilative process.

Around the world and over the eons, ethnic change and newcomer-adjustment has never been automatic or problem-free. But the process moves on more irresistibly in the United States than in most other societies. And based on what we have seen, in most parts of the country it’s occurring with less tumult and trauma than at many other points in our past. (For instance: 1840s 1880s-1910s mid-1960s early 1980s.)

Deb’s report on the Zkrit family—formerly of Aleppo, now of Erie—conveys part of what we have seen. But so does this response, which came in from a reader in the Midwest:

Is it possible to send the Zkrit family packages, welcoming them? Maybe a PO box?

My wife and I have two girls, 8 and 5, and are heartbroken at what is happening to the Syrian people. We’re blessed to know we’ll never know this type of suffering: for ourselves and for our kids.

Deb put the reader in touch with the refugee-resettlement group in Erie. Obviously this is just one note from just one (generous) family. My point for now is how heavily the anecdotal evidence weighs for us on this same side. Over the years we’ve seen and heard more of this kind of response than the “build a wall” “send ’em back” “we don’t want them here!” tone so familiar from political news.

2. Where government works, in Oklahoma. When it comes to national voting patterns, Oklahoma is arguably the very most conservative state. The current FiveThirtyEight polls-only reading gives Donald Trump a 99.4 percent chance of victory there. A reader in an Oklahoma city sends this note:

My wife and I were enjoying a libation on the front porch this Sunday evening in the heartland, when we hear someone cry out “Call 911!” We see smoke a few houses down. Within two minutes, the first fire engine. Within 10 minutes, two more, plus police and EMT. [JF: The reader sends a photo of the immediate response, which I’m not using because it would identify the neighborhood.]

After it is clear everything is under control, the fire is out, and the house was empty, we turn to leave. I mention to my neighbors, “Ya know, folks complain about gummint, but look what we just saw happen.” A neighbor replied, “Yep. Gummint works here in *[city name]*. ”

And of course by extension it doesn’t work anywhere else.

3) Worst place in America. A year ago, Christopher Ingraham of the Washington Post wrote that by some objective measures the “worst place” to live in America was the tiny city of Red Lake Falls, Minnesota. Of course he’s aware, as everyone is, that other cities could seem “worst” by other measures. San Bernardino, where Deb and I have spent a lot of time, is arguably worse-off than any other place in California. Mississippi usually has more than its share of “worst” lists. Erie is seriously threatening to close its public high schools.

But Red Lake Falls could make its case. Earlier this year, a s a journalistic and data-analysis experiment, Ingraham, his wife, and their small children actually moved there. This past week he wrote about what he has found.

By now you can probably guess what’s coming: Ingraham reports that things are actually going better in this “worst” place than you would ever guess from afar. Sample from his story “What life is really like in ‘America’s worst place to live’”:

The data do not tell you about the relentless industriousness of the people here. Everybody seems to have three or four jobs. One of our neighbors runs a beef cattle operation during the day, drives a bulk mail truck between Fargo and Grand Forks, N.D., at night, and picks up odd trucking jobs here and there on the side. He and his wife built a lovely stone patio behind their house earlier this summer, which I’ve seen them use twice.

The spirit of industry is shared by the younger generations, too. Shortly after we arrived, our friends who run a tubing business in town offered to see whether any of their high school-age summer staff would be interested in babysitting for us on the side. “A lot of the kids are looking for a second job,” they explained. Throughout the summer, kids have stopped by periodically to ask whether there’s any yardwork that needs doing, to make a few bucks for the county fair.

Even though everyone seems to be holding down multiple jobs, opportunities for additional work abound. Around here, you see “help wanted” signs everywhere—at gas stations and restaurants, even hanging on the window at the Red Lake Falls Gazette, the local newspaper serving the town, which publishes once a week.

Statisticians also have not figured out a great way to capture neighborliness, either. Since we moved here three months ago, folks have gone out of their way to help us feel at home.

Of course I realize (as Ingraham must) that the “everyone has three or four jobs” detail could also be a data point for the wage-slavery of modern America. And of course the pressure on middle-income jobs is the fundamental problem of just about every economy in the world, from America’s to China’s to Egypt’s.

But the part of the country where Ingraham now lives, like many others we have visited, was never based on the high-wage factory jobs whose loss has been so traumatic for former paper-mill workers in northern Maine or former steelworkers in Allentown. I know what Ingraham means in talking about “industriousness,” rather than immiseration, as a way some smaller communities have worked for a long time (it is familiar from my small-town upbringing) and that is not automatically associated with economic resentment or fatalism. The piece is very much worth reading.

4) The dynamics of news. In the same vein, a reader who I believe lives outside the U.S. writes about the split between widespread pessimism on America’s overall prospects, and much brighter feelings about the parts of America people know first-hand. During the Republican convention, Politico had the headline: “GOP Delegates Say the Economy is Terrible—Except Where They Live.” The reader writes:

If this is a generalized phenomenon, it would seem to be a result of the news and opinion media those folks were ingesting. That is, their view of themselves was sincere and positive but their view of the country as a whole was skewed by the information they were taking in.

The combined reality of each of their data points, however, would actually be that the general malaise we hear about is not supported, at least not by their anecdotal evidence.


Eastport Historic District

Die Eastport Historic District encompasses the late 19th-century commercial center of the city of Eastport, Maine. Set on a five-block stretch of Water Street, this area was almost completely redeveloped after a major fire in 1886, and many of its buildings are the work of a single architect, Henry Black. The district was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1982, and enlarged slightly in 2016. [1]

The city of Eastport is located on Moose Island at the far southeastern tip of Maine, with the Canadian province of New Brunswick just across Passamaquoddy Bay. In the mid-19th century, Eastport served as a major regional commercial center, and developed a significant sardine-packing industry in the 1870s. On October 14, 1886, a fire devastated the city center, destroying its central business district and its commercial wharves. In the following year, the city rebuilt its downtown. [2]

The rebuilt area extends along Water Street, the city's east-facing waterfront area, between Sullivan and Key Streets. There are 26 buildings that were built in 1887, with two more added by 1893, and one in 1928-29. Fourteen of the 1887 buildings were designed (or have been attributed to) Henry Black, an architect who had been based for some years in Saint John, New Brunswick. Black arrived in Eastport in February 1887, and was apparently the only architect directly involved in the rebuilding effort. Buildings typifying his work include the Eastport Savings Bank at 41 Water Street, and the Ferris & Son building at 4 Boynton Street, both Italianate in style, one in brick and the other in wood. Other architect-designed buildings in the district include the Peavey Memorial Library (1893, Rotch and Tilden), and the Frontier National Bank at 30 Water Street (1882, Charles Kimball). Most of the district's buildings are brick Italianate structures, although some are wooden, and the library is Romanesque in style. [2] The 2016 enlargement added the former Seacoast Canning Company plant at 15 Sea Street it was built in 1908 for what was at the time the world's largest sardine cannery company. [3]


USS Eastport , a 570-ton ironclad river gunboat and ram, was originally built at New Albany, Indiana, in 1852 as a civilian side-wheel steamer. She was being converted to an ironclad by the Confederates when Union gunboats captured her at Cerro Gordo, Tennessee in February 1862. The vessel was susequently completed by the Federals.

Eastport entered U.S. service in August 1862. Following a brief operational period in the upper rivers, she went back into the shipyard for further work, and was there in October 1862 when she was transferred to the Navy. Reentering active service in early 1863, Eastport was damaged by grounding near Vicksburg, Mississippi, in February, necessitating further repairs. Back on duty by mid-1863, she participated in the Red River expedition beginning in March of the following year. On 15 April 1864, near Grand Ecore, Louisiana, Eastport was damaged by a Confederate "torpedo". Salvage was thwarted by low water levels in the falling Red River, and capture by the enemy appeared likely, so she was destroyed on 26 April.

This page provides information on photographs of USS Eastport that should be available from other institutions.

The Naval Historical Center's collections include no pictures of USS Eastport . However, two photographs of her have been published in standard reference works on Civil War naval ships:

(1): Starboard bow view. This photograph has been printed in "Warships of the Civil War Navies", by Paul H. Silverstone (Naval Institute Press, 1989), page 157. It is credited to The Public Library of Cincinnati and Hamilton County (Ohio).

(2): Port broadside view, taken from somewhat toward the stern. This photograph has been printed in "The Old Steam Navy, Volume Two, The Ironclads, 1842-1885", by Donald L. Canney (Naval Institute Press, 1993), page 105. It is credited to the Arkansas History Commission.


AK Steel history: Company has been part of Middletown since 1899

The company was incorporated on Dec. 27, 1899 as the American Rolling Mill Co. and the first meeting of the new corporation was held with George M. Verity elected president.

The company patented a new, improved steel known as Armco Ingot Iron in 1909, and the name Armco was often used to refer to the Middletown firm. Armco Steel Corp. became its official name on April 17, 1948.

Then on April 7, 1994, the name Armco was replaced by AK Steel. The company’s name is derived from the initials of Armco and Kawasaki Steel Corp., which contributed several of its production facilities to the company in 1989 in exchange for a large stake in the company.

The company operates eight steel plants and two tube manufacturing plants. The steel plants are in Middletown Ashland, Ky. Butler, Pa. Coshocton Dearborn, Mich. Mansfield Rockport, Ind. and Zanesville.

Headquartered in West Chester, the company has approximately 9,500 employees at manufacturing operations in the United States, Canada and Mexico, and facilities in Western Europe.

On March 1, 2006, AK Steel began a lockout of about 2,700 workers at the Middletown Works plant. By the next day, the mill was operated by 1,800 salaried and temporary replacement workers.

One year after the lockout started, on Feb. 28, 2007, AK Steel reached an agreement with the labor union. The union members ratified the proposed contract on March 14, 2007.

Here is a listing of some of the important dates in the company’s history:

1978: Armco Steel is renamed Armco Inc.

1985: Moves its headquarters to New Jersey.

1995: The company moves its headquarters back to Middletown.

1996: AK spends $1.1 billion to construct a new steel production facility in Rockport, Ind.

1996: Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) fines the steel company for its safety record, including 10 fatalities at its plants in four years.

1999: The company acquires Armco Inc., its former parent company, for $1.3 billion. There is a lockout at the Mansfield plant after a disagreement on a three-year labor contract with 620 USWA employees.

2003: Labor dispute in Mansfield ends.

2006: There is a lockout of 2,700 workers in Middletown.

2006: AK enters into an agreement with the EPA to cleanup Dicks Creek in Middletown.

2007: The company moves its headquarters to West Chester Twp.

2017: On April 7, the company celebrates the grand opening of its new Research and Innovation Center in Middletown. The event marks the formal opening of the new $36 million, 135,000 square foot facility, built on 16-acres along I-75.


Milestones in the Canadian transmission pipeline industry:

Workmen digging trench for gas pipeline, Carlstadt (later Alderson), Alberta. [ca. 1911]

Canadian Western Natural Gas builds a natural gas pipeline from Bow Island, AB to Calgary, AB (275 km.).

Group beside flatbed rail car, Viking, Alberta. [ca. 1914]

Royalite Plant under construction, Turner Valley Alberta. [ca. 1920s]

Northwestern Utilities Company Limited completes construction of a 124 kilometre natural gas pipeline and 129 kilometres of distribution pipeline from Viking, AB to Edmonton, AB.

Northwestern Utilities’ pipeline at MacDougall Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta. 1923

Natural Gas pipeline, South Side, Edmonton, Alberta. 1923

Laying pipe for pipeline between Turner Valley and Calgary, southern Alberta. [ca. 1920-1929]

Portland Montreal Pipe Line completes its 380 kilometre oil pipeline from South Portland, Maine, USA to Montreal, QC., to transport crude oil from the port in South Portland, Maine to refineries in Montreal.

The Canadian Oil Pipeline, otherwise known as Canol, completes a crude oil pipeline from Norman Wells, NT to Whitehorse, YK.

View of rugged terrain over which the Trans Mountain Oil Pipe Line was built, Jasper National Park, Alberta. [ca.1952-1953]

View of Trans Mountain Oil Pipe Line as it goes through Jasper National Park, Alberta. [ca. 1952-1953]

Interprovincial Pipe Line Inc. (now Enbridge Pipelines Inc.) transports crude oil from Edmonton., AB to Superior, Wisconsin, USA.

Trans Mountain Pipeline system (now Kinder Morgan Canada) transports crude oil from Edmonton, AB to Vancouver, BC

Interprovincial Pipe Line Inc. extends to Sarnia, ON.

Group in boardroom of Trans Canada Pipelines, Calgary, Alberta.
October 27, 1954

Construction of Interprovincial Pipe Line. 1950

The Pembina Pipeline system is constructed to transport crude oil from the Pembina field near Drayton Valley, AB to Edmonton, AB. The Pembina system serves one of the oldest oil producing areas in Alberta.

Westcoast Transmission Company Ltd. (now Spectra Energy Inc.) begins construction on a 24-inch pipeline from Taylor, BC to the USA.

TransCanada Pipelines Ltd. begins construction on a natural gas pipeline across Canada.

Westcoast Transmission Company Ltd. begins transporting natural gas from northeastern British Columbia to the BC/US border.

TransCanada Pipelines Ltd.’s Alberta system, known as NOVA Gas Transmission Ltd. or NGTL, begins operations.

John Gold checking meters along pipe line route, Turner Valley to Calgary area, Alberta. [ca. 1947-1948]

Interprovincial Pipe Line Inc. extends to Montreal, QC.

Alyeska Pipeline completes construction of its Trans Alaska Pipeline System, known as TAPS, which moves crude oil from Prudhoe Bay on Alaska’s North Slope to Valdez, AK, USA.

Foothills Pipe Lines Ltd. begins transporting natural gas from central Alberta to the US border.

Interprovincial Pipe Line Inc. completes construction of its Norman Wells, NT to Zama, AB pipeline, which is the first buried pipeline through permafrost in Canada.

The Canadian Energy Pipeline Association is formed.

EnCana begins operation of its Express Pipeline, which transports crude oil from Hardisty, AB to markets in Montana, Utah, Wyoming and Colorado, USA.

Alliance Pipeline starts transporting natural gas from northeastern British Columbia and northeastern Alberta to Illinois, USA.

Dredging for gas pipeline, Bow River, Alberta. October 19, 1952

TransCanada Pipelines Ltd. begins transporting crude oil on its Keystone pipeline from Hardisty, AB to Cushing, Oklahoma, USA.

The Mackenzie Valley Pipeline Project, owned by a consortium, receives federal Cabinet approval to construct a 1,200 kilometre natural gas pipeline from the Mackenzie Delta, NT and on to existing pipeline infrastructure in Alberta.

CEPA and its members formally launch CEPA Integrity First, an industry-led program designed to demonstrate commitment to continuous improvement in the areas of safety, environment and socio-economics.

CEPA members formalize an existing agreement to abide by the Mutual Emergency Assistance Agreement to enhance their emergency response effectiveness by assisting each other in the event of an emergency within the member companies.

The Government of Canada approved Enbridge’s Northern Gateway pipeline, subject to 209 conditions recommended by the National Energy Board and further talks with aboriginal communities.

CEPA releases the industry’s inaugural performance report to share the recent performance of the transmission pipeline industry and the actions CEPA’s member companies are taking to improve safety, lessen environmental impacts and achieve operational excellence.


The AK-47 Might Be the Most Copied Gun In History

While most of these were simple derivations of the original design with few notable features of their own, some stand head and shoulders above the rest. But which foreign AK variants are at the top of the heap?

Here's What You Need To Remember: Many countries built their own AK-47 because they were licensed to do so, or becuase they had politically split from the Soviet Union.

The AK is one of the most widely copied weapons in the world. Due to liberal granting of licenses to manufacture, many countries in the Warsaw Pact and around the world produced their own versions of the AK. While most of these were simple derivations of the original design with few notable features of their own, some stand head and shoulders above the rest. But which foreign AK variants are at the top of the heap?

The East German Wieger Sturmgewehr (StG)

In the late 1980s, the German Democratic Republic was very short on cash. One way in which the East Germans had had some success in the past was in arms sales and licensed production of standard Warsaw Pact designs. But in order to compete in the more diverse global market, they needed to develop weapons in Western calibers. Thus the Wieger StG was born. It was chambered in the standard 5.56×45mm and incorporated many upgrades over the standard AK. A clone of the M16A2 flash hider was at the end of the barrel, there was an integrated front-sight gas block that still retained a relatively mid-length gas system (a system the GDR first fielded in the MPi AKS-74NK 5.45-millimeter carbine), a more lightweight and ergonomic plastic furniture, a clear plastic magazine that allowed for the user to see how many rounds were remaining, and stock spacers to allow lengthening of the stock to satisfy users who might have been less pleased with the standard “Warsaw Pact”–length AK stocks. Two orders were placed from, from India and Peru, but German reunification halted the orders and the production of the rifle. While the Wieger StG suffered a quick death, examples remain in the armory of some Bundeswehr units. They are used for weapons familiarization and OPFOR during exercises, in which they have been favorably reviewed by soldiers, a testament to the German quality of this AK variant.

The Yugoslavian Zastava M70AB2

The SFR Yugoslavia came into the AK game pretty late, perhaps due to the Soviet-Yugoslav split. While development of a domestic AK variant to replace the SKS variants began early in 1959, it was based on the milling technology of the original AK, not the stamped AKM. Yugoslavia finally got around to adopting in the AK in 1970 with the M70 AK, which was then refined into the M70B and M70B2 and M70AB2 rifle. These B and AB2 rifles were produced in the largest numbers and were the greatest success in export.

In this evolved form, they incorporated many improvements over the AKM, and even had better capability in some regards than the AK-74. Unlike the Soviets which only issued out tritium night-sights in specialized “P” variants of the AKM, phosphorous and later tritium night sights were standard on all M70 AKs. On AB2 and B2 rifles, the receiver was made out of thicker 1.5-millimeter steel, and the trunnion where the barrel is inserted in the receiver is bulged and riveted in the RPK pattern, to better sustain the shock from grenade launching. Gas cutoffs and grenade sights were standard on the M70 series, for the general capability of launching rifle grenades. The dust cover was also reinforced and locked down by means of an internal mechanism as well. Finally, issued M70 magazines came with a bolt-hold-open stop, so the bolt would lock to the rear when the rifle ran out of ammunition so the user would know it was dry.

M70s are still a standard rifle of the Serbian military (in the new B3 variant), and have seen great success on the export market. One of the notable customers was Iraq, which has used the M70AB2 and M70B2 (and its own domestic clone) from the Iran-Iraq War to the current day. Iraq even made a “precision” variant of the M70 in the Tabuk sniper rifle, a testament to the accuracy and quality of the M70 AKs.

The Polish Kbk. Wz. 1988 “Tantal” and Kbk. Sz. Wz. 1996 “Beryl”

While the Soviets adopted the 5.45 cartridge in the 1970s, most Warsaw Pact nations only got around to adopting their own versions in the 1980s. While some were rather simple direct clones like the East German MPi AK-74N, other nations like Poland took the chance to incorporate significant innovation into their rifle designs. The Tantal came with a standard-issue side-folding stock, the ability to launch rifle grenades with a multifunctional muzzle device.

Unlike the Yugoslavian M70, the Polish rifle was designed to launch rifle grenades with standard ball ammunition, so a gas cutoff was not needed. In addition to this, provisions were also added to mount the Wz. 74 Pallad underbarrel grenade launcher to the Tantal. Most interestingly, the fire-control group was modified with a selector on the left side of the rifle. Given that the AK traditionally has a selector on the right side, that can be slower to actuate in field conditions, this is a major ergonomic improvement. A three-round-burst function was also incorporated into the fire control group. Like the M70, the Tantal also came standard with luminescent night sights, although the front sight was a clip-on design like the Russian “P” night sight kits, and not integrated like the M70.

After Poland joined NATO, the Tantal evolved into the Beryl rifle. The internals were redesigned for the 5.56-millimeter NATO cartridge, and newer folding stock that gave improved cheekweld was incorporated. The unique left-side selector and provisions to mount the Pallad were retained. In later versions of the Beryl, a robust solution for mounting optics was included. A metal bar with a Picatinny rail is run from the rear sight base to the rear of the receiver, bypassing the dust cover and providing a stable, secure mount for any optics.

The Israeli IMI Galil

After bad experiences with the FN FAL, the Israelis looked at the AK rifle when they were designing their next service rifle, the Galil in 5.56×45 NATO. Given its long-stroke gas-piston operation, two-lug rotating bolt design, overall receiver design and rock-and-lock magazines, it’s safe to call the Galil an AK variant. However, it incorporates a myriad of improvements. Like the Tantal, it has a left-hand selector however, since it is directly mechanically linked to the traditional AK-type selector/safety on the right, it is a true selector/safety, unlike the Tantal’s, which is just a selector. The gas piston has raised protrusions behind the piston head to reduce slop in the gas tube and increase accuracy. The sighting system is also completely redesigned, with the rear sight being at the rear of a locking dust cover to increase sight radius. Integrated flip-up tritium sights and a straight-side folding stock are also installed. To facilitate reloads with the right hand remaining on the pistol grip, the cocking handle is lengthened and bent upwards so a soldier can pull it by reaching his left hand over the rifle. In order to avoid conscripts using their magazines to open bottles, the retaining arms used to retain the bipod were usable as a bottle opener. The bipod itself could be used to cut barbed wire. Interestingly, magazines for the Galil were also produced in higher capacities than the AK. The standard magazine held thirty-five rounds extended versions held fifty. While the Galil was replaced in frontline service by the M16 due to weight, folding-stock carbine versions of the Galil served in the IDF’s armored branch until the 2000s, and the design lives on in the Galil ACE series. South Africa also continues to field a modified version of the Galil (primarily a longer stock to accommodate taller African soldiers) in the Vektor R4/R5/R6 series.

The Finnish 7.62 Rynnäkkökivääri 62 (Rk 62)

The Finns have a long history of improving Russian weapons. During the Winter War and the Continuation War, the Finnish Army used improved variants of the Mosin rifle to fight the Russians. While the Russian rifles were not the best in accuracy, the Finnish M39 rifles were considered to be among the best of the era, achieving accuracy of around 1 MOA. The Rk 62 continued this trend into the Cold War era, being a heavily improved version of the AK. The tolerances and metal quality of the rifle are highly improved over a standard AK. The locking dust cover has a rear diopter sight with integrated tritium, and the gas piston has protrusions to reduce slop (the Galil was based on the Rk 62, and thus derives these features from it). The flash hider is unique, designed to cut barbed wire either by twisting it or shooting a round through it.

Like its predecessor, the Finnish Rk 62 was able to achieve 1 MOA accuracy, making it extremely accurate for a general-issue service rifle. It serves in the Finnish military to this day, and is currently being modernized and is expected to serve until 2035.


EASTPORT MARINA ON PICKWICK LAKE

Eastport Marina & Resort is a full service marina located on Pickwick Lake and the Tennessee River at mile marker 225 where Bear Creek and the Tennessee River join at the Mississippi Alabama stateline in Iuka, Mississippi. Eastport Marina is a 50+ year old family oriented marina, cabin rental, boat rental vacation retreat with all services for family fun and vacation. " Pickwick rental cabins.

We offer boat repair and over one hundred in-water covered boat storage slips for boats up to 40 feet in length and dry storage slips with valet service for boats up to 30 feet in length. Also available is overnight space for transient boaters up to 90 feet in length. We are on the Great Loop route. Welcome Great Loop Boaters. Our restaurant is open on Saturdays and Sundays from 8:00 a.m. to 2:30 p.m. during season. We serve a full breakfast and have the reputation of " The Best Cheeseburger on Pickwick Lake"

We have two cabin rentals for rent by the day or by the week and pontoon rental boats for rent to make your lake vacation getaway complete. So grab a weekend and book a rental cabin and rental boat for a great economical vacation. There's a lot to see and do on the lake.

Our ship store offers a variety of drinks, snacks, convenience items and souvenirs. We also sell fishing bait and fishing tackle for our fishing friends.

The fuel dock provides competitively priced mid-grade gasoline, oil, ice and pump-out service. Summer Hours are 8:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. on weekends and 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Ma. to Fri.

Current Hours 8:00 a.m. to 4:30 pm
****OPENED 7 DAYS****

Come visit us at Eastport Marina. The Best Port East of the Mississippi.
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Presentation - pdf 2mb


Text contributions from Pam Beveridge, Ruth McInnis, Ralph B. Welch, Wayne H.M. Wilcox, and George F.W. Young.
Items courtesy of Border Historical Society, Raymond H. Fogler Library, Maine Historical Society, and Ruth McInnis.

Die oorlog van 1812

Courtesy of Ruth McInnis, an individual partner

The War of 1812 ended in December 1814, but Eastport continued to be under British control for another four years. Eastport was the last American territory occupied by the British from the War of 1812 to be returned to the United States. Except for the brief capture of two Aleutian Islands in Alaska by the Japanese in World War II, it was the last time since 2018 that United States soil was occupied by a foreign government.

Lack of military support from Massachusetts for the District of Maine during the War of 1812, especially during the British occupation of Eastport, helped to support the cause of separation. Prior to the war, Mainers had been divided on whether to pursue independence from Massachusetts. The negative experiences with the War of 1812 accelerated the political process that led to Maine becoming a separate state in 1820.

Why capture Eastport?

Courtesy of Ruth McInnis, an individual partner

In March 1814, the New Brunswick Legislature disputed the boundary between British North American and the United States, which was established in 1784 after the American Revolution. The British called the territory containing Eastport, "Moose Island" they believed Moose Island was, and always had been theirs. The British thought the Americans—who had moved steadily up the coast and establishing towns in Castine, Machias, and eventually Eastport— had encroached on their territory.

Eastport was special because it was a sea-going trading center between American ports to the south and British Empire ports to the north in the Maritimes, as well as to the British West Indies ports of the Caribbean. Flour and salted meat came "down east" from the American states and were exchanged at Eastport for British manufactures, West Indies sugar and molasses, and gypsum from New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. Because of the Americans' Independence, they were legally cut out of the trade of the British Empire. Trade in Eastport had elements of smuggling, and the British in New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, as well as the West Indies, turned a blind eye to the lack of licenses.

It wasn't just about Eastport

For centuries, Tribal Nations, British, French, and Americans, disputed the boundaries and control of the islands in Passamaquoddy Bay. With Napoleon's abdication in 1814, the British were in a position to enforce their ownership of American territory—including Moose Island—but also to extend their reach across Northern Maine, down the Penobscot River, across New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, and all the states further west.

The capture of Eastport

Image courtesy of Special Collections, Raymond H. Fogler Library, [email protected]

Old Barracks at Fort Sullivan, ca. 1907

Image courtesy of Special Collections, Raymond H. Fogler Library, [email protected]

Image courtesy of Special Collections, Raymond H. Fogler Library, [email protected]

Old Powder House at Fort Sullivan

Image courtesy of Special Collections, Raymond H. Fogler Library, [email protected]

The citizens of Eastport were not aware of the coming invasion. Captain Jacob Varnum recorded in his journal: "When we were sitting in our piazza on the morning, enjoying a cool breeze from the ocean, suddenly the reach or strait inside of Grand Manan became whitened by the canvas of a large fleet of vessels making directly for our harbor. It was a beautiful sight but rather ominous".

There was a level of apprehension during the morning of July 11, 1814 after the townspeople learned the regiment on board the four war ships including the HMS Ramillies en HMS Borer was the 102nd—the same regiment responsible for the sacking of Hampton, Virginia in 1812. British commanders gave strict orders not to harm the citizens of Eastport and to respect private property.

The American troops at Fort Sullivan on top of Clark's Hill—a garrison of seven officers, 80 soldiers, four guns and 250 militia with inconsistent training—were terrifically outnumbered. The British 102nd Regiment of Foot had 26 officers, 84 non-commissioned officers, 571 privates, and 23 musicians. Also with them were an artillery company and engineers from Halifax. The British Navy warships carried 116 cannons, 900 sailors, and 152 Royal Marines.

The American surrender of Eastport

Courtesy of Ruth McInnis, an individual partner

British Lt. Oates took a boat ashore and presented a demand that Fort Sullivan surrender within five minutes. The American commander, Major Perley Putnam, asked for more time, which he was denied.

Before embarking on his ship, Lt. Oates noticed the soldiers at Fort Sullivan were lowering the American flag. Oates had been told to wear his hat if the Fort surrendered, and not to if it was planning to fight. Fortunately, Oates boarded his ship wearing his hat, and the capture of Eastport occurred without bloodshed.

The legendary Sir Thomas Masterman Hardy was the mastermind of the capture of Eastport and Captain of the HMS Ramillies. Hardy and Colonel Thomas Pilkington commanded the British Troops in Eastport. They issued a proclamation making it very clear that Great Britain considered Eastport and the nearby islands as British Territory.

Lt. Oates was the nephew of Sir John Coape Sherbrooke, for whom Fort Sullivan was renamed during the occupation. Lt. Oates was given the honor of taking the American Flag from Fort Sullivan to Lord Bathurst at 10 Downing Street, London, presumably to give Oates a leg up in his career, assisted by his uncle.

Townspeople were required to take an oath of allegiance to the crown or leave the island. The oath was carefully phrased, noting that allegiance was owed as long as British control extended to Moose Island. Two thirds of the approximately 1500 inhabitants took the oath. The British naval force left on July 24, 1814, but the British army remained until 1818.

A friendly occupation

During the occupation, men on Moose Island were required to sign the proclamation below. Anyone unwilling to sign moved to Lubec, which remained under American control.

We the undersigned, Do sincerely promise and swear that we will be faithful and bear true allegiance to his Majesty King George, III and will defend to the utmost of our power against all traitorous conspiracies and attempts what so ever which shall be made against his person, Crown or Dignity and we will do our utmost endeavor to disclose and make known to his Majesty, His Heirs and successors, all treasonous and traitorous conspiracies and attempts, which we shall know to be against him or them. So help me God.

Since the British considered the territory their own, and not occupied, the inhabitants were treated civilly, and there was little violence during those years.

The British were unsure they could maintain their occupation of Eastport, and kept all of the customs duties in escrow. The economy of Eastport suffered under British rule, since the advantages of smuggling ceased. Instead, Castine, Machias, and Lubec became the new international ports in Eastern Maine.

Eastport returned to American control in 1818

Item Bydra deur
Maine Historical Society

President Monroe appointed Brigadier General James Millar to lead the American delegation for the formal restoration of Moose Island. Lt. Colonel Henry Sargent, sent by the Governor of Massachusetts, accompanied him. The delegation arrived in Eastport in June, 1818, the first American soldiers to set foot in Eastport for four years. They made camp in town, and remained for a week until the British relinquished Fort Sullivan. On July 21, 1818, the Amerikaanse Mercurius reported Col. Sargent's remarks, including:

Pursuant to my instructions, I have the honor to inform you, that his Excellency John Brooks, Governor and Commander in Chief of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts has directed me to make known to you the pleasure which the Supreme Authority of the State receives from your restoration to the full enjoyment of all the rights and benefits of our Constitution and laws and to congratulate you, that the questions of title to the same, which have heretofore existed, are now finally decided by the governments of the United States and of Great Britain and that the jurisdiction of this Commonwealth over the same is now complete and undisputed.

The Treaty of Ghent ended the War of 1812 in December 1814. Despite the peace between Great Britain and America, Moose Island remained under British control since the issue of ownership of the islands in Passamaquoddy Bay was held up in commissions writing the peace treaty. By February 1818, the American and British governments signed Article 4 of the Treaty of Ghent, and Eastport was formally returned to the District of Maine on June 30, 1818.

A few days prior to the end of the occupation, 42 Eastport residents wrote a letter of gratitude and respect to British Captain Richard Gibbon, of the 98th Regiment of Foot. He was commended for honesty and fairness in administering Martial Law. Major Gallager and Dr. Betts also received high praise from residents.

The British leave Eastport on June 30, 1818

In the early morning hours of June 30, 1818 a large number of Eastport residents gathered at the parade grounds of Fort Sullivan. They eagerly awaited for the historic moment when General Miller would receive Moose Island and it would be delivered from the British.

The ceremonies began when British and American soldiers formed ranks around the Fort's flagpole. Orders were read, returning Fort Sullivan and Moose Island to the control of the United States. The color guard made up of American soldiers fired a national salute of 20 guns and the band played Yankee Doodle while the British flag was lowered. As the American flag was raised and reached the top of the pole a slight breeze caught it. The large throng of residents and soldiers shouted, because for the first time in four years the Stars and Stripes once again flew proudly over Fort Sullivan.

After the ceremonies the British and American soldiers exchanged salutes. The British formed a double column and evacuated Fort Sullivan. They were followed by a large friendly crowd of townspeople.


Historical Events in 1842

Gebeurtenis van Rente

Jan 7 Gioachino Rossini's cantata "Stabat Mater" premieres in Paris

    Dutch King Willem II charters Technical College Delft Franciscan nuns begin missionary work on Netherland Antilles Dr. William Brydon, a surgeon in the British Army during the First Anglo-Afghan War, becomes famous for (reputedly) being the sole survivor of an army of 16,500 when he reaches the safety of a garrison in Jalalabad. Charles Dickens arrives in Boston, Massachusetts with his wife, Catherine Battle of Debre Tabor: Ras Ali Alula, Regent of the Emperor of Ethiopia defeats warlord Wube Haile Maryam of Semien Moreton Bay Penal Colony abolished and opened for free settlement (modern city of Brisbane, Australia) [1] 1st adhesive postage stamps in US (private delivery company), NYC 1st known sewing machine patented in US, John Greenough, Washington, D.C. 4th Grand National: Tom Olliver aboard 7/1 Gaylad wins by 4 lengths from Seventy Four 1st US child labor law regulating working hours passed (Mass)

Musiek Premiere

Mar 3 1st performance of Felix Mendelssohn's 3rd "Scottish" Symphony in Leipzig